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Unerased History – September 30th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 30, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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Pumpkin Day

 National Mud Pack Day

 Dangers of blogging

I remember the scientist that said to be careful what you watch or hear because someone else did it or played it and the sound waves would go on forever. His contention was that sound and light once released could never be brought back.

Blogging is very similar. Don’t get excited yet though. Blogging has some very good upsides; it just has to be used intelligently. Unlike light and sound which won’t come back, what you say on a blog can, most assuredly, come back. Some of the upsides include a great way for you to advertise your services, your products and other peoples as well to make some money. It certainly gives you an opportunity to write and put your thoughts down for others to read and. Therein, lies the beginning of the problem. Blogging is still a fairly new phenomenon, and many people are writing blogs without much thought to the long term effects of what they write or share. To give you have a framework in which to guide you to keep you safe and keep to prevent any embarrassment. Do you remember the old axiom, “You only get one chance to make a good impression.” Where one-on-one meetings are fairly easy to manage, when hundreds, thousands and millions are reading your blogs, it is much more difficult. Some basic rules and solutions:

A. Blogging is instantaneous. When you send it, it is gone immediately. There is no getting it back. Solution recommendation: Write out what you want to share in a word processor that has spelling and grammar checking turned on. Check it over, make sure everything is worded right and in the major processors you can do a “characters including spaces” check. The message will fit within the limits of the service.

B. Blogging is pervasive. Whether you write some sort of scientific dissertation or say something unkind about a former friend, colleague, spouse, supervisor, It will be all over the place and never be fully retrievable. Be very careful about what personal information, accomplishments and credits you take, they could end up in your next job interview or certification process. DO NOT EVER EXPECT PRIVACY OF ANY TYPE WHEN BLOGGING.

C. Blogging is international and instant. The message you post is posted at the speed of light and will circle the globe seven times in the next second. At any one moment people will be able to read what you write and react within minutes. Facebook, alone, has 750 million members or more than twice the population of the United States.

D. What you write is dangerous. If you are reading this it could be in a blog, in an article, in a collection of some sort. It could be in use by anyone in the world at some time or another. Remember two things: Once you release something you will never be able to find all the copies. Once a single database picks it up it will be forever irretrievable. If you don’t want someone in the year 2300 to be able to search and find your writings, don’t write them.   Be aware that what you write can be parsed, cut, changed, deleted. This is important because people can cut segments or pieces and then add them to other items, totally changing the original meaning or understanding. In your writing use short sentences and if there is a way to qualify it, use it either preceding or following the statement. Never use a quote that is not attributed and if it is your quote, add the approbation.

The biggest challenge to safe and effective blogging is to approach it in a professional manner. That means to think out what it is you really want to say and then how you want to say it. For example, in universal signage rules, an octagonal sign is a “STOP” sign. It does not have to be red. It does not have to say “STOP”. In Northern Mexico, the word on these signs is “ALTO” which in “border Mexican” means “STOP”. If you go to a country that mainly speaks Castilian Spanish, the word “ALTO” means “HIGH.” The point is that you must also consider what the post will sound or read like in other cultures. Be careful, stay sane and blog to your hearts content.

“Find something you’re passionate about and keep tremendously interested in it.”

~ Julia Child

 

votary VOH-tuh-ree, noun: 1. One who is devoted, given, or addicted to some particular pursuit, subject, study, or way of life. 2. A devoted admirer. 3. A devout adherent of a religion or cult. 4.A dedicated believer or advocate.

1452 – Gutenberg Bible was published in Germany.
1630 – John Billington, one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact, became the first criminal executed in the American colonies when he was hanged for murder at Plymouth. He was hanged for having shot John Newcomin following a quarrel.
1777 – The Congress of the United States, forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces, moved to York, Pennsylvania.
1787 – The Columbia left Boston and began the trip that would make it the first American vessel to sail around the world.
1846 – Dentist William Morton of Boston became the first to use ether as an anesthetic on a patient. He used it at Massachusetts General Hospital.
1860 – The first British tramway was inaugurated by an American, George Francis Train.
1862 – Civil War: “Stonewall” Jackson led the Confederates to victory at the second Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, during the Civil War.
1864 – Confederate troops failed to retake Fort Harrison from the Union forces during the siege of Petersburg.
1864 – In an attempt to cut the last rail line into Petersburg, Virginia, Union troops attack the Confederate defense around the entire city.
1881 – First stereo system (for a telephonic broadcasting service) was patented in Germany by Clement Adler.
1882 – The world’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin.
1899 – First Navy wireless message sent via Lighthouse Service Station at Highlands of Navesink, New Jersey.
1901 – Scottish inventor Hubert Cecil Booth patented the vacuum cleaner.
1919 – The Elaine Race Riot, also called the Elaine Massacre occurred. It was in the town of Elaine in Phillips County, Arkansas, in the Arkansas Delta. A group of about 100 black sharecroppers  led by Robert L. Hill, the founder of the Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America, protested the pricing of their cotton. In the resulting riot, many more blacks than whites died as a result of the violence. Five whites and between 100 and 200 blacks were killed.
1927 – Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season.
1930 – “Death Valley Days” was heard for the first time on the NBC Blue radio network.
1932 – US Marine “Chesty” Puller won second Navy Cross.
1933 – The half-hour country music and comedy show “National Barn Dance” debuted on WLS in Chicago, IL.
1934 – Babe Ruth played his last game for the New York Yankees.
1935 – The Hoover Dam, astride the border between  Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
1935 – “The Adventures of Dick Tracy (51:31) debuted on Mutual Radio Network.
1938 – The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations”
1938 – Britain, France, Italy, and Germany negotiated and agreed to the partitioning of Czechoslovakia in The Munich Pact. The Munich Conference ended with a decision to appease Adolf Hitler. Britain and France allowed Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to be annexed by the Nazis.
1939 – “Captain Midnight” was heard for the first time on the Mutual Radio Network. 1941 – “That Solid Old Man” was recorded by The Larry Clinton Orchestra.
1943 – Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps became the Women’s Army Corps, a regular contingent of the U.S. Army.
1943 – World War II:  In Italy, The US 5th Army continues to advance. Elements of the British 10th Corps reach the outskirts of Naples as elements of US 6th Corps capture Avellino. 1944 – USS Nautilus (SS-168) lands supplies and evacuates some people from Panay, Philippine Islands.
1945 - World War II: American Marines of the US 3rd Amphibious Corps start landing at Tientsin, in the north, to disarm 630,000 Japanese.
1946 – An international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.
1947 – The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time. The sponsors only paid $65,000 for the entire series. 1949 – After 15 months and more than 250,000 flights, the Berlin Airlift officially comes to an end.The last aircraft to land in Berlins was a C-54.
1948 -CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “It’s Magic” by Doris Day, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent) and “Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long Way)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.1950 – Korean War: U.N. forces crossed the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursued the retreating North Korean Army.
1951 – “The Red Skelton Show” debuted on NBC-TV.
1954 – Julie Andrews made her first Broadway appearance in “The Boy Friend.”

1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine, the  USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor powered vessel.  It was named after Nautilus (SS-168) of WW II fame.
1955 – James Dean, actor, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, CA.
1956 -CHART TOPPERS – “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Heywood,The Flying Saucer (Parts 1 & 2)” by Buchanan & Goodman, “Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2)” by Bill Doggett and “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1958 – US Marines leave Lebanon.
1960 – “Flintstones” premiered on TV.
1962 – In Oxford, Mississippi, James H. Meredith is escorted onto the University of Mississippi campus by U.S. Marshals, setting off a deadly riot.
1962 – Last episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar broadcast on CBS Radio, marking the end of The Golden Age of Radio.
1963 – The “Hotline” between the U.S. president and the Soviet premier was established.
1964 -CHART TOPPERS – “Oh, Pretty Woman“ by Roy Orbison, “Bread and Butter” by The Newbeats, “G.T.O.” by Ronny & The Daytonas and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1965 – Donovan made his U.S. television debut on the show “Shindig!”
1965 – President Lyndon Johnson signed legislation that established the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities.
1966 – Nazi war criminals Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed from Spandau prison after serving 20-year prison sentences.
1968 – Vietnam War: USS New Jersey, the world’s only active battleship, arrives in Vietnamese waters and begins bombarding the Demilitarized Zone from her station off the Vietnamese coast.
1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings. In the Dawson’s Field hijackings (September 6, 1970) four jet aircraft bound for New York City were hijacked by members of the Popular Front.
1971 – A committee of nine people was organized to investigate the prison riot at Attica, NY. Ten hostages and thirty-two prisoners were killed when National Guardsmen stormed the prison on September 13.
1972 -CHART TOPPERS – “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis, “Saturday in the Park” by Chicago, “Back Stabbers” by O’Jays and “I Ain’t Never” by Mel Tillis all topped the charts.
1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
1976 – California enacted the Natural Death Act of California. The law was the first example of right-to-die legislation in the U.S.
1980 -CHART TOPPERS – “Upside Down” by Diana Ross, “All Out of Love” by Air Supply, “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen and “Old Flames Can’t Hold a Candle to You” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.
1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all. The incident is known as the Tylenol murders.
1982 – “Cheers” began an 11-year run on NBC-TV. The show ended on August 19, 1993.
1982 – Ross Perot, Jr.,23, and Jay Coburn, 35, completed the first ever around-the-world helicopter flight in a Bell 206 Lone Ranger called the “Spirit of Texas.” It took 29 days and 56  stops for refueling.
1984 – Mike Witt became only the eleventh pitcher to throw a perfect game in major league baseball.
1988 -CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Worry Be Happy” by Bobby McFerrin, “I’ll Always Love You” by Taylor Dayne, “Love Bites” by Def Leppard and “Addicted” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1988 – Mikhail S. Gorbachev forced retirement on President Andrei A. Gromyko and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shakeup.
1992 – George Brett of the Kansas City Royals reached his 3,000th career hit during a game against the California Angels.
1992 – Congress approved a bill requiring the release of nearly all government files concerning the assassination of President Kennedy.
1993 – MS Dos 6.2 was released.
1993 – David Crosby and George Harrison appeared on the fifth season premiere of “The Simpsons.”
1994 – The space shuttle Endeavour and its six astronauts launched into orbit on an 11-day mission. Part of the mission was to use a radar instrument to map remote areas of the Earth.
1997 – France’s Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the persecution and deportation of Jews the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.
1998 – The General Accounting Office reported that Kenneth Starr and Robert Fiske had spent more than $40 million to investigate President Clinton’s Whitewater land deals in Arkansas and later the Monica Lewinsky affair.
1999 – The San Francisco Giants played the Los Angeles Dodgers in the last baseball game to be played at Candlestick Park (3Com Park). The Dodgers won 9-4. The attendance was 61,389 fans.
1999 – Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. Workers overload a container with uranium, exposing workers and local residents to very high radiation levels.
1999 – Defense Secretary William Cohen ordered a top-level investigation of accounts of mass killings of Korean civilians by US soldiers at No Gun Ri in 1950. 2000 – A Catholic priest crashed his car into a building housing an abortion clinic in Rockford, Ill., and attacked it with an ax. The Rev. John Earl later pleaded guilty to damaging property, and was sentenced to 30 months’ probation and two days in county jail.
2001 – Leaders of the Taliban said they had Osama bin Laden “under our control,” but would release him to the US only if shown proof that he plotted the Sep 11 attacks. Pres. Bush said he would not negotiate.
2003 – The FBI began a criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of an undercover CIA officer.
2003 – Ford planned to cut some 12,000 jobs world-wide. Chrysler planned to eliminate several thousand positions.
2004 – AIM-54 Phoenix which became the primary missile for the Northrop Grumman F-14 Tomcat was retired from the Navy.
2004 – US fiscal year 2004 ended. The CBO soon estimated a budget deficit for the year of about $415 billion.
2004 – Officials at US one-hundred fifteen int’l. airports and fourteen seaports began photographing and electronically fingerprinting travelers from twenty-seven  industrialized nations.
2005 – The US federal deficit for the fiscal year ending on this day stood at $319 billion, down from $413 billion in 2004.
2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
2005 – Out of jail after 85 days, New York Times reporter Judith Miller testified before a grand jury investigating the leak of CIA operative Valerie Plame’s identity. 2007 – In Burlingame, Ca., a shooting on Highway 101 killed Londell Wilson (25). Police used a stoplight photograph from a nearby exit to identify the car.
2008 –  U.S. Stock Market drops 777 points, the largest drop in U.S. History.
2008 – A new US law took effect as part of the 2008 Farm Bill requiring food retailers to label or display the country of origin for meat, produce and certain kinds of nuts.
2009 – The US fiscal year ended with a budget deficit at a record $1.4 trillion.
2010 – Actor Tony Curtis, who appeared in more than 100 films including Some Like It Hot and The Defiant Ones, dies in Henderson, Nevada.
2010 – Heavy rain from former Tropical Storm Nicole causes flooding in North Carolina and Virginia and delays in airline flights on the East Coast.
2011 – Anwar al-Awlaki, an American-born radical cleric linked to al-Qaida who led an organization labeled as one of the most serious threats to U.S. security, was killed by an airstrike in Yemen. In addition, American muslim and Al-Queda leader Samir Khan, 25, was killed in the same attack.
2011 –  Thirty-four Muslim shuttle bus drivers at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, were suspended indefinitely by Hertz Rent-A-Car for not clocking out when they went to pray. The company said employees were warned in person and in writing that if they did not comply with the clocking rules, they would be suspended.
2012 – U.S. military deaths in the Afghan War have reached 2,000, a cold reminder of the human cost of an 11-year-old conflict that now garners little public interest at home as the United States prepares to withdraw most of its combat forces by the end of 2014.
2013 – The hatch between the newly arrived Orbital Sciences’ Cygnus spacecraft and the Harmony module of the International Space Station was opened at 4:10 a.m. EDT this morning.  Cygnus delivered about 1,300 pounds (589 kilograms) of cargo to the six crew members of Expedition 37.

1631 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
1861 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
1915 – Lester Maddox, Governor of Georgia (d. 2003)
1917 – Buddy Rich, American drummer (d. 1987)
1924 – Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
1931 – Angie Dickinson, American actress
1935 – Johnny Mathis, American singer
1943 – Marilyn McCoo, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)

 

ROBB, GEORGE S.

WW I

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 369th Infantry, 93d Division. Place and date: Near Sechault, France, 29- September 30th, 1918. Entered service at: Salina, Kans. Born: 18 May 1887, Assaria, Kans. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While leading his platoon in the assault 1st Lt. Robb was severely wounded by machinegun fire, but rather than go to the rear for proper treatment he remained with his platoon until ordered to the dressing station by his commanding officer. Returning within 45 minutes, he remained on duty throughout the entire night, inspecting his lines and establishing outposts. Early the next morning he was again wounded, once again displaying his remarkable devotion to duty by remaining in command of his platoon. Later the same day a bursting shell added 2 more wounds, the same shell killing his commanding officer and 2 officers of his company. He then assumed command of the company and organized its position in the trenches. Displaying wonderful courage and tenacity at the critical times, he was the only officer of his battalion who advanced beyond the town, and by clearing machinegun and sniping posts contributed largely to the aid of his battalion in holding their objective. His example of bravery and fortitude and his eagerness to continue with his mission despite severe wounds set before the enlisted men of his command a most wonderful standard of morale and self-sacrifice.

 

 

BAIRD, GEORGE W.State of Connecticut
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877. Entered service at: Milford, Conn. Birth: Connecticut. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Most distinguished gallantry in action with the Nez Perce Indians.

CARTER, MASON
INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877. Entered service at: Augusta, Ga. Birth: Augusta, Ga. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led a charge under a galling fire, in which he inflicted great loss upon the enemy.

 

GODFREY, EDWARD S.
INDIAN WARS

    Rank and organization: Captain, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877.Entered service at: Ottawa, Putnam County, Ohio. Born: 9 October 1843, Ottawa, Ohio. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command into action when he was severely wounded.

 

HOGAN, HENRY_Unk
INDIAN WARS
SECOND AWARD

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877. Citation: Carried Lt. Romeyn, who was severely wounded, off the field of battle under heavy fire.

 

LONG, OSCAR F.
INDIAN WARS

  Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877.Entered service at: Utica, N.Y. Born: 16 June 1852, Utica, N.Y. Date of issue: 22 March 1895. Citation: Having been directed to order a troop of cavalry to advance, and finding both its officers killed, he voluntarily assumed command, and under a heavy fire from the Indians advanced the troop to its proper position.

 


McCLERNAND, EDWARD J.

INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877.Entered service at: Springfield, IL Birth: Jacksonville, IL. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Gallantly attacked a band of hostiles and conducted the combat with excellent skill and boldness.

 

MOYLAN, MYLES

INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877.Entered service at: Essex, Mass. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Gallantly led his command in action against Nez Perce Indians until he was severely wounded.

 

ROMEYN, HENRY

INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877.Entered service at: Michigan. Birth: Galen, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command into close range of the enemy, there maintained his position, and vigorously prosecuted the fight until he was severely wounded.

 

TILTON, HENRY R.

INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Major and Surgeon, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th,  1877. Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J. Birth: Barnegat, N.J. Date of issue: 22 March 1895. Citation: Fearlessly risked his life and displayed great gallantry in rescuing and protecting the wounded men.

 

 Chapins’ Farm or New Market Second Day of the battle 

 BLODGETT, WELIS H.

CIVIL WAR

  Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 37th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Newtonia, Mo., September 30th,  1862.Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 29 January 1839, Downers Grove, Ill. Date of issue: 15 February 1894. Citation: With a single orderly, captured an armed picket of eight  men and marched them in as prisoners.

 

HADLEY, OSGOOD T. CIVIL WAR

  Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 6th New Hampshire Veteran Infantry. Place and date: Near Pegram House, Va., September 30th,  1864.Entered service at: ——. Birth: Nashua, N.H. Date of issue: 27 July 1896. Citation: As color bearer of his regiment he defended his colors with great personal gallantry and brought them safely out of the action.

 

HUBBELL, WILLIAM S.State of Connecticut CIVIL WAR

    Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 21st Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 30th,  1864.Entered service at: North Stonington, Conn. Born: 19 April 1837, Wolcottville, Conn. Date of issue: 13 June 1894. Citation: Led out a small flanking party and by a clash and at great risk captured a large number of prisoners.

 

JAMES, MILES CIVIL WAR

    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 36th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 30th,  1864.Entered service at: Norfolk, Va. Birth: Princess Anne County, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Having had his arm mutilated, making immediate amputation necessary, he loaded and discharged his piece with one hand and urged his men forward; this within thirty yards of the enemy’s works.

 

JOHNDRO, FRANKLIN CIVIL WAR

    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 118th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 30th,  1864.Entered service at:——. Birth: Highgate Falls, Vt. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of forty prisoners.

 

MURPHY, THOMAS CIVIL WAR

    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 30th, 1864.Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 15 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

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Unerased History – September 29th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 29, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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    National Coffee Day

National Poisoned Blackberries Day

Civil War Battle of Chapin’s Farm

Today in the Civil War there was a battle known as Chapin’s Farm or New Market, VA. The battle known by this name was fought at the same time as the successful assault on Fort Harrison, and was being an extension of our line to the right. In this battle the colored troops sustained remarkable losses and performed a most conspicuous part. Their heroism was great and their fighting superb. The Fourth United Stated Colored Infantry lost 56 per cent., killed and wounded, and of the 12 of the color guard, 11 were killed and wounded, and Sergeant Major Christian A. Fleetwood gained a Congress medal of honor for saving the flag of his regiment. This gallant regiment was recruited at Baltimore, in July and August, 1863.

The Sixth United States (colored) also made a remarkable fight at New Market Heights, losing nearly 55 percent killed and wounded and not one missing or unaccounted for. Captain McMurray’s company lost 87 per cent., the greatest of any organization during the whole war.

During this battle (and it extended into tomorrow) there was a remarkable chaplain for the Confederacy who ministered to all and was the bain of General Stonewall Jackson. Here is his story:

Inspirational Story From the Civil War: Father James Sheeran

By John E. Carey

The Reverend James Sheeran, a Catholic priest, served with the 14th Louisiana Regiment from New Orleans in General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.

Writer and historian Bruce Catton once said he wished he had met Sheeran. Sheeran perplexed “Stonewall” Jackson by his tenacity and self assurance. Robert E. Lee and Phil Sheridan both backed down in the face of Sheeran’s logic and determination.

Father Sheeran ministered to those in need of religious support, cared for the sick and wounded, and performed innumerable acts of kindness for his fellow man. Sheeran’s determination and righteousness, grounded in God, inspired common soldiers and generals alike. In the face of all kinds of adversity, Sheeran displayed real backbone.

Three things seemed to guide Sheeran in every action, every disagreement and every situation. He believed in duty, the word of the Lord, and his home in the Confederacy.

During a confrontation at a hospital, Sheeran demonstrated some of his strengths.

“Across the road from our hospital,” Sheeran wrote, “was one full of Yankees. As usual having attended to the wants of our own men I visited the wounded of the enemy and offered my service.”

What Father Sheeran found in the Yankee hospital infuriated him. “I enquired if they had no surgeon of their own or any person to dress their wounds. They told me that they had several surgeons over there (pointing to the adjacent building), but they paid no attention to them, did not even come to see them.”

Sheeran marched directly to find the surgeons responsible for the Yankee wounded, telling them “of the painful condition of the wounded and requested them as a matter of humanity not to neglect them so….”

The Union medical staff “told me that they had no bandages to dress the wounds, no instruments to operate with, and that they were fatigued from the labors of the night.”

“I remarked it would be some consolation to their wounded if they would but visit them and wash the wound of those who were bathed in their own blood. I next went to their men paroled to attend to the wounded, asked why they did not wait on their companions, many of whom were suffering for a drink of water. They told me that they had no one to direct them, that their surgeons seemed to take no interest in the men.”

“I became somewhat indignant to hear the excuses of these worthless nurses, and putting on an air of authority ordered them to go to the rifle pits filled with the dead bodies of their companions and they would find hundreds of knapsacks filled with shirts, handkerchiefs and other articles that would make excellent bandages.”

“They obeyed my orders with the utmost alacrity and soon returned with their arms full of excellent bandage material, and bringing them to me asked: ‘Now sir, what shall we do with them?’” Sheeran was fully prepared to give the required final direction. “Go and tell your surgeons that you have bandages enough now.”

“Off they went to the surgeons….” Sheeran records. “In about two hours I returned and was pleased to find the surgeons and nurses all at work attending to their wounded.”

Sheeran spoke his mind and, when he believed he was in the right, he was not afraid of any man. In 1892, a Sheeran friend, Father Joseph Flynn wrote down this account of Sheeran’s run in with Stonewall Jackson:

“Going to his [Father Sheeran’s] tent one day, General Jackson sternly rebuked the priest for disobeying his orders, and reproached him for doing what he would not tolerate in any officer in his command. [The exact offense is unknown.] ‘Father Sheeran,’ said the general, ‘you ask more favors and take more privileges than any officer in the army.’ [Sheeran apparently replied] ‘General Jackson, I want you to understand that as a priest of God I outrank every officer in your command. I even outrank you, and when it is a question of duty I shall go wherever called.’ The General looked with undistinguished astonishment on the bold priest and without reply left his tent.”

Dr. Hunter McGuire, Chief Surgeon of the Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, recalled another incident between Father Sheeran and Stonewall Jackson. “At one time just before the fight at Chancellorsville,” Dr. McGuire said, “we were ordered to send to the rear all surplus baggage. All tents were discarded…. A Catholic priest belonging to one of the Louisiana brigades sent up his resignation because he was not permitted to have a tent, which he thought necessary to the proper performance of his office.”

“I said to General Jackson,” reported McGuire, “that I was very sorry to give up [the] Father–; that he was one of the most useful chaplains in the service He replied: ‘If that is the case he shall have a tent.’ And so far as I know this Roman Catholic priest was the only man in the corps who had one.”

Looking to clear the way for unrestricted access to men in need throughout the army and the countryside, Sheeran sought an authorization to go wherever and whenever he is needed. This led the chaplain into conflict with both Robert E. Lee and Phil Sheridan. Army red tape tends to restrict one’s movements to designated times and places. Sheeran set out to attain a pass authorizing the fullest freedoms imaginable.

After hearing half-answers, excuses and outright lies from dozens of officers, Sheeran obtained entry into General Lee’s presence. Lee, at first, refused to support Sheeran. But then Sheeran explained his army role, the length and arduous nature of his service, and the number of men he has prayed with and assisted along the way. Lee scribbled Sheeran a pass “that will last me the rest of the war if I should last so long.”

Later in the war, Union troops arrested Sheeran for crossing into Yankee lines. The Union Army imprisoned Sheeran at the old horse stables of Fort McHenry. Civil War Historian Scott Sheads at Fort Mc Henry in Baltimore pulled Sheeran’s file for us.

“The Reverend James Sheeran was arrested at Winchester, Virginia on November5, 1864 and confined at Fort McHenry on November 10, 1864. Arrested byorder of Major General Philip Sheridan.”

In the cold, cramped, dung and vermin filled environment, of Civil War Fort McHenry, Sheeran tired physically but his resolve stiffened. He wrote letters to General Sheridan and the Union Secretary of War, denouncing his treatment.

Ultimately, the Union Army set Sheeran free. But he again encountered red tape; only this time it is in the form of Union Army rules and restrictions. Sheeran again explained his case, this time to a befuddled General Phil Sheridan. Sheeran, as usual, departed with the passes and respect he thought he deserved.

James Sheeran knew God wanted him at his place at the front. During one engagement, Sheeran actually formed and “commanded” a rag-tag force of troops. “Our ambulance drivers….as well as our stragglers, were for stampeding,” wrote Sheeran. “Mounting my Grey and riding down….I ordered [them] to move forward as quickly as possible….” Before infantry officers arrived to take over, Sheeran wrote, “I took command of the stragglers and formed them in a line…”

Throughout the war, Sheeran retained his sense of humor and his sense of perspective.

Father Sheeran was born in Temple Mehill, County Longford, Ireland, in 1818. At the age of twelve, he emigrated to Canada and eventually settled in Monroe, Michigan where he taught in a boy’s school opened by the Catholic Redemptorist Fathers.

 


“If you can’t make it better, you can laugh at it.”

~ Erma Bombeck

 

 

prelapsarian (pree-lap-SAYR-ee-uhn) adjective
Relating to any innocent or carefree period in the past.

[From Latin pre- (before) + lapsus (fall). The term refers to the period
in the Garden of Eden before Adam and Eve lost their innocence.]

 

1399 – Richard II of England was deposed and his cousin, Henry of Lancaster, declared himself King Henry IV.
1789 – U.S. War Department established a regular army of several hundred men. Josiah Harmar was appointed the first commander-in-chief of the U.S. Army.
1812 – Seminole Indians ambushed Marines at Twelve Mile Swamp, Florida.
1829 – Greater London’s Metropolitan Police force was established by Parliament. It was championed by the then Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, giving rise to the nicknames of “Peelers” or “Bobbies” for members of the force.
1862 – Civil War: Union General Jefferson C. Davis mortally wounds his commanding officer, General William Nelson, in Louisville, Kentucky. 
1864Civil War:Union General Ulysses S. Grant tries to break the stalemate around Richmond and Petersburg—25 miles south of Richmond—by attacking two points along the defenses of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
1864Civil War:Confederate James River Squadron, Flag Officer Mitchell, supported Southern troops in attacks against Fort Harrison, Chaffin’s Farm, James River, Virginia. 
1864 – Civil War:Christian A. Fleetwood was one of 13 African-American soldiers who won the Medal of Honor at the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, Virginia.
1879Dissatisfied Ute Indians killed Agent Nathan Meeker and nine others in the “Meeker Massacre.”
1880 – First professional baseball game at New York City’s Polo Grounds.
1892 – First night football game played (Mansfield, PA).
1899 – Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) was established by Congress.
1907 – The foundation stone was laid for Washington National Cathedral, which wasn’t fully completed until 1990.
1911 – NY Yankees steal fifteen bases & get thirteen walks, beating Browns 16-12; with a major-league record six stolen bases in one inning.
1911 – Walter Brookins set an American record by flying 192 miles from Chicago to Springfield, Ill., making only two stops.
1913 – Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 36th game and 11th shutout of the year, defeating the league champion Athletics 1-0 .
1915 – Philadelphia Phillies clinch their first pennant.
1916 – American John D Rockefeller became the world’s first billionaire.
1918 – World War I: Lt. Frank Luke Jr. against orders destroyed three German balloons and downed two pursuing fighters in a final flight of vengeance for the loss of his wingman Lt. Joseph Wehner. Luke received a posthumous Medal of Honor. Luke Air Force Base in Glendale, AZ is named after him.
1920 – Babe Ruth sets then home run season record at 54.
1927 – Ruth ties record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games hitting two HRs to tie his 59 of 1921 in a 15-4 win over Washington.
1928 – Yanks (17) Tigers (28) set a nine-inning hit record (45).Tigers win 19-10.
1930 – Lowell Thomas made his debut on the CBS Radio Network replacing Floyd Gibbons. “Lowell Thomas and the News” began September 29, 1930 and ran to May 14, 1976. The program began with his signature “Good Evening Everybody.”
1932 – A five-day work week was established for General Motors workers.
1940 – The radio quiz show “Double or Nothing,” was first heard on Mutual.
1941 – World War II (Europe): Holocaust: Thirty-thousand Jews were gunned down in Kiev when Henrich Himmler sent four strike squads to exterminate Soviet Jewish civilians and other “undesirables.”
1943 – World War II: General Eisenhower and Marshal Badoglio of Italy sign the armistice agreement aboard the HMS Nelson in Malta harbor. Italy surrendered on September 8 and this formalized it. The Germans still held the country so fighting continued.
1943 – World War II: In Italy, elements the US 5th Army continue to advance. Elements of the US 6th Corps attack Avellino. The British 10th Corps reaches Pompeii.
1944 – World War II: Nazi murders took place in Marzabotto, Italy, under SS-major Reder. Retreating Nazi troops killed some 1,000 women, children and elderly while allegedly pursuing resistance fighters.
1944 – World War II: The USS Narwhal (SS-167) evacuates 81 Allied prisoners of war that survived sinking of Japanese Shinyo Maru from Sindangan Bay, Mindanao.
1946 – The “Adventures of Sam Spade” debuted on the CBS Radio Network .
1946 – First time NL pennant ends in a tie (Cards & Dodgers).
1946 – Los Angeles (previously Cleveland) Rams play first NFL game in LA.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Feudin’ and Fightin’” by Dorothy Shay, “I Wish I Didn’t Love You So” by Vaughn Monroe, “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” by Perry Como and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1947 – Dizzy Gillespie presented his first Carnegie Hall concert in New York
1947 –  First World Series televised.
1950 – The first automatic telephone answering machine was tested by the Bell Telephone Company.
1951 – First color telecast of football game on network, Philadelphia (CBS).
1951 – S B Nicholson discovers 12th satellite of Jupiter.
1951 – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett topped the charts.
1953 – Milton Berle Show premiers.
1953 – “Make Room for Daddy”, starring Danny Thomas, debuted this day on ABC-TV.
1954 – The movie musical “A Star Is Born,” starring Judy Garland and James Mason, had its world premiere at the Pantages Theater in Hollywood.
1954 – New York Giants centerfielder Willie Mays made a spectacular World Series catch. He raced back to deep center field in the Polo Grounds to make an over-the-head catch of Indian Vic Wertz’s 462-foot drive in the 8th with the score tied at 2-2.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Yellow Rose of Texas” by Mitch Miller, “Love is a Many Splendored Thing” by The Four Aces, “Tina Marie” by Perry Como and “I Don’t Care” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1955 – The Arthur Miller play “A View From the Bridge” opened at the Coronet Theater in New York City.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1956 – RCA Victor, by this day, had received 856,327 advance orders for “Love Me Tender” by Elvis Presley.
1957 – The Brooklyn Dodgers played their last game before moving to Los Angeles, losing to the Phillies 2-1 in Philadelphia.
1957 – The New York Giants played their final game at the Polo Grounds and defeated the Pirates 9-1. They would next appear as the San Francisco Giants.
1958 – “It’s All in the Game” by Tommy Edwards topped the charts.
1960 – “My Three Sons” debuted on ABC-TV.
1962 – “Sherry” by the Four Seasons topped the charts.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy nationalized the Mississippi National guard in response to city officials defying federal court orders. The orders had been to enroll James Meredith at the University of Mississippi.
1962 – “My Fair Lady” closed after a 6½ year run on Broadway. The show, at the time, held the record for the longest-running musical.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Blue Velvet” by Bobby Vinton, “Sally, Go ’Round the Roses by The Jaynetts ,“Be My Baby” by The Ronettes and “Abilene” by George Hamilton IV all topped the charts.
1963 – Cardinal’s Stan Musial’s final game, gets his 3,630th hit.
1963 – “My Favorite Martian” premiered on CBS-TV.
1963 – “The Judy Garland Show” premiered on CBS-TV.
1965 – Vietnam War: Hanoi publishes the text of a letter it has written to the Red Cross claiming that since there is no formal state of war, U.S. pilots shot down over the North will not receive the rights of prisoners of war (POWs) and will be treated as war criminals.
1967 – “I Heard it Through the Grapevine” was released by Gladys Knight & the Pips.
1969 –  “Love American Style,” premiers on ABC.
1969 –  Steve O’Neal of NY Jets, kicks longest NFL punt; 98 yards vs Denver
1970 – Egyptian Vice President Anwar el-Sadat was sworn-in as the president of Egypt following the death of Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Go Away Little Girl” by Donny Osmond, “Maggie Mae/Reason to Believe” by Rod Stewart, “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” by Joan Baez and “The Year That Clayton Delaney Died” by Tom T. Hall all topped the charts.
1973 – “We’re an American Band” by the Grand Funk Railroad topped the charts.
1977 – Eva Shain became the first woman to officiate a heavyweight title boxing match. About 70 million people watched Muhammad Ali defeat Ernie Shavers on NBC-TV.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Sharona” by The Knack, “Sad Eyes” by Robert John,Rise” by Herb Alpert and “It Must Be Love” by Don Williams all topped the charts.
1982 – Seven people in the Chicago area died after taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules poisoned with cyanide. A suspect for the murders (as of 2013) was never found. The incident led to safety seals on most consumer products. 264,000 bottles were recalled.
1983 – On the Great White Way, “A Chorus Line” became the longest-running show on Broadway, with performance number 3,389.
1983 – The War Powers Act was used for the first time by the U.S. Congress when they authorized President Reagan to keep U.S. Marines in Lebanon for 18 more months.
1984 – “Let’s Go Crazy” by Prince & the Revolution topped the charts.
1985 – “MacGyver” debuted on ABC and it lasted seven seasons, ending its run on August 8, 1992.
1986 – Cubs Greg Maddux defeats Phillies Mike Maddux (first rookie brothers.)
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston, “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake, “Lost in Emotion” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam and “Three Time Loser” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1987 – “Thirtysomething” premiered on TV.
1987 – NY Yankee Don Mattingly hits record 6th grand slam of the year.
1988 – Space shuttle Discovery was the first manned flight to launch after the Challenger disaster.
1988 – Florence Griffith Joyner and Jackie Joyner-Kersee of the U.S. won their second gold medals of the Seoul Olympics, in the 200-meter and the long jump, respectively.
1988 – Stacy Allison became the first American woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1989 – Bruce Springsteen stopped in a small salon in Prescott, AZ, and played a few songs with the band. He overheard a woman talking about financial problems concerning her medical bills. A week later she received a check for $100,000 from Springsteen.
1989 – In California The Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989 was signed into law.
1990 – “(Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection” by Nelson topped the charts.
1990 – “Millie’s Book” by First Lady Barbara Bush was the best-selling non-fiction book by a First Lady in the U.S.
1990 – The YF22 fighter, an American prototype fighter aircraft designed by Northrop and McDonnell Douglas, was first flown by Lockheed test pilot Dave Ferguson.
1992 – Magic Johnson announced that he was returning to professional basketball. The comeback was ended the following November.
1994 – The first phase of jury selection in the O.J. Simpson murder trial ended, with a pool of 304 potential jurors chosen.
1994 – Gunmen in Italy fired at the rental car of the Green family of Bodega Bay, Ca., and killed their young boy, Nicholas Green. The parents donated his organs and saved seven lives in Italy.
1994 – The U.S. House voted to end the practice of lobbyist buying meals and entertainment for members of Congress.
1995 – The O.J. Simpson trial was sent to the jury.
1996 – The Nintendo 64 video game system, known as the first ‘true’ 64-bit system, hit North American shelves.
1997 – Oklahoma City bombing defendant Terry Nichols went on trial in the same courtroom in Denver where Timothy McVeigh was convicted and sentenced to die. Nichols was later convicted of involuntary manslaughter and conspiracy, but acquitted of murder and weapons-related counts; he was sentenced to life in prison.
1997 – A 10,000 gallon oil spill occurred off the coast of Santa Barbara from an undersea pipeline to an offshore oil platform.
1999 – Pres. Clinton signed a $28 billion Treasury and Postal Services spending bill that doubled the next president’s salary to $400k, gave a 3.4% raise to senators and representatives and a federal worker’s average raise of 4.8%.
1999 – A California appeals court ruled that gunmakers can be held responsible for the criminal use of their weapons. The ruling was made in association with the 1993 San Francisco massacre at 101 California. This was a mass shooting that took place July 1, 1993 in San Francisco, California, claiming the lives of nine people including the shooter.
2000 – US Navy pilot, Lt. Bruce Joseph Donald, was killed when his F/A-18C Hornet fighter crashed into the Persian Gulf.
2001 - Pres. Bush in his weekly radio address condemned the Taliban for sheltering terrorists and said: “We did not seek this conflict, but we will win it.”
2002 – West Coast ports faced the second lockout in two days as talks failed between the Pacific Maritime Assoc. and the International Longshoreman and Warehouse Workers Union ( ILWU),
2003 – NASA outlines plans for the Space Shuttle’s Replacement, a “Space Taxi“. The next-generation space vehicle is on the drawing boards now and NASA has just issued newly defined requirements.
2003 – US The Justice Department launched a full-blown criminal investigation into who leaked the name of CIA officer Valerie Plame, the wife of ex-Ambassador Joseph Wilson, and President Bush the next day directed his White House staff to cooperate fully.
2003President Bush signed legislation to ratify the Federal Trade Commission’s authority to set up a national do-not-call list for telemarketers.
2004A US federal judge ruled that a section of the Patriot Act, that allowed the search of phone and Internet records, was unconstitutional.
2004 – Mike Melvill piloted SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan, climbed to 337,500 feet in the first leg of an attempt to capture the $10 million X Prize. The prize required a second success within two weeks.
2005 – Supreme Court Justice John Glover Roberts Jr., confirmed by the Senate to lead the Supreme Court, became the 17th Chief Justice of the US by a vote of 78-22.
2005 – NY Times reporter Judith Miller was released from 85 days of federal detention after agreeing to testify in a criminal probe into the leak of a covert CIA officer’s identity, Valerie Plame.
2005 – The Oregon Supreme Court held yesterday that its State Constitution protects live sex shows and nude dancing, also voiding a 4′ limitation.
2006 – The HiRISE camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter takes its first low-orbit, high-resolution pictures of Mars.
2006 – US Rep. Mark Foley, a prominent House Republican from Florida, resigned after the revelation that he exchanged raunchy electronic messages with a teenage boy, a former congressional page.
2006 – In Oakland, Ca., Anthony J. Quintero, a Brink’s security guard and former Marine, was shot dead during a daylight robbery. Quintero’s partner, Clifton Wherry Jr. (28), was soon arrested for the murder and admitted that he had planned the robbery.
2006 – In Cazenovia, Wisconsin, Eric Hainstock (15) walked into Weston High School with a shotgun. The principal confronted him in a corridor and was shot and killed.
2006 – The last game for the Playstation came out.
2007 – Robert Levy, mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey, disappears on after being found to have embellished his Vietnam War record.He vanished for two weeks amid allegations that he lied about his military service and illegally collected veterans’ benefits.
2007 – Iran declares the US Army and CIA, “terrorist organisations”, countering claims by America about their own armed forces.
2008 – The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposed bailout of the U.S. financial system.
2008 – US Attorney General Michael Mukasey announces the appointment of a special prosecutor to investigate the firings of nine U.S. attorneys in 2006.
2008 – Scientists reported that NASA’s Phoenix spacecraft has discovered evidence of past water at its Martian landing site and spotted falling snow for the first time.
2009 – An 8.3 magnitude earthquake strikes the Samoa Islands, triggering a tsunami that kills at least twenty in the nation of Samoa and another fourteen in American Samoa.
2009 – Norman Hsu (58), former US Democratic fundraiser, was sentenced to over 24 years in prison for fraud and breaking campaign finance laws.
2009 – Toyota Motor Corp. issued its largest-ever US recall, involving 3.8 million vehicles. Toyota and the government warned owners to remove the mats from their vehicles that could cause accelerators to get stuck and lead to a crash.
2010 – Astronomers discover the first Earth analog extrasolar planet that may be capable of supporting life, Gliese 581 g, located within the habitable zone and orbiting Gliese 581, a red dwarf star twenty light years from the solar system.
2010 – US District Court for the Northern District of California judge Jeremy D. Fogel stays the execution of sex killer Albert Greenwood Brown who was due to be executed on Thursday.
2012 – Iran accuses the United States of “double standards” over the U.S.’ delisting of the Mujahideen-e Khalq as a terrorist entity.

 

1388 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
1547 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (d. 1843)
1842 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
1907 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
1939 – Tommy Boyce, songwriter, Boyce and Hart, The Monkees
1943 – Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American television personality


Navy Seal MICHAEL A. MONSOOR

IRAQI WAR
 Posthumously

Rank and organization: Petty Officer 2nd Class (SEAL), United States Navy Place and date: southern Ar Ramadi, September 29th, 2006. Entered service at: Long Beach, CA. Birth: April 5, 1981,  Long Beach, CA. Summary of Actions:   Petty Officer Michael A. Monsoor  distinguished himself through conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a Combat Advisor and Automatic Weapons Gunner for Naval Special Warfare Task Group Arabian Peninsula in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom on 29 September 2006.  He displayed great personal courage and exceptional bravery while conducting operations in enemy held territory at Ar Ramadi Iraq.

During Operation Kentucky Jumper, a combined Coalition battalion clearance and isolation operation in southern Ar Ramadi, he served as automatic weapons gunner in a combined SEAL and Iraqi Army (IA) sniper overwatch element positioned on a residential rooftop in a violent sector and historical stronghold for insurgents.  In the morning, his team observed four enemy fighters armed with AK-47s reconnoitering from roads in the sector to conduct follow-on attacks.  SEAL snipers from his roof engaged two of them which resulted in one enemy wounded in action and one enemy killed in action.  A mutually supporting SEAL/IA position also killed an enemy fighter during the morning hours. After the engagements, the local populace blocked off the roads in the area with rocks to keep civilians away and to warn insurgents of the presence of his Coalition sniper element.  Additionally, a nearby mosque called insurgents to arms to fight Coalition Forces.

In the early afternoon, enemy fighters attacked his position with automatic weapons fire from a moving vehicle.  The SEALs fired back and stood their ground.  Shortly thereafter, an enemy fighter shot a rocket-propelled grenade at his building.  Though well-acquainted with enemy tactics in Ar Ramadi, and keenly aware that the enemy would continue to attack, the SEALs remained on the battlefield in order to carry out the mission of guarding the western flank of the main effort.

Due to expected enemy action, the officer in charge repositioned him with his automatic heavy machine gun in the direction of the enemy’s most likely avenue of approach.  He placed him in a small, confined sniper hide-sight between two SEAL snipers on an outcropping of the roof, which allowed the three SEALs maximum coverage of the area.  He was located closest to the egress route out of the sniper hide-sight watching for enemy activity through a tactical periscope over the parapet wall. While vigilantly watching for enemy activity, an enemy fighter hurled a hand grenade onto the roof from an unseen location.  The grenade hit him in the chest and bounced onto the deck. He immediately leapt to his feet and yelled “grenade” to alert his teammates of impending danger, but they could not evacuate the sniper hide-sight in time to escape harm.  Without hesitation and showing no regard for his own life, he threw himself onto the grenade, smothering it to protect his teammates who were lying in close proximity.  The grenade detonated as he came down on top of it, mortally wounding him.

Petty Officer Monsoor’s actions could not have been more selfless or clearly intentional.  Of the three SEALs on that rooftop corner, he had the only avenue of escape away from the blast, and if he had so chosen, he could have easily escaped.  Instead, Monsoor chose to protect his comrades by the sacrifice of his own life.  By his courageous and selfless actions, he saved the lives of his two fellow SEALs and he is the most deserving of the special recognition afforded by awarding the Medal of Honor.

 

*CHRISTIANSON, STANLEY R.
KOREAN WAR

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Seoul, Korea, September 29th, 1950. Entered service at: Mindoro, Wis. Born: 24 January 1925, Mindoro, Wis. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company E, in action against enemy aggressor forces at Hill 132, in the early morning hours. Manning one of the several listening posts covering approaches to the platoon area when the enemy commenced the attack, Pfc. Christianson quickly sent another Marine to alert the rest of the platoon. Without orders, he remained in his position and, with full knowledge that he would have slight chance of escape, fired relentlessly at oncoming hostile troops attacking furiously with rifles, automatic weapons, and incendiary grenades. Accounting for seven enemy dead in the immediate vicinity before his position was overrun and he himself fatally struck down, Pfc. Christianson, by his superb courage, valiant fighting spirit, and devotion to duty, was responsible for allowing the rest of the platoon time to man positions, build up a stronger defense on that flank, and repel the attack with forty-one of the enemy destroyed, many more wounded, and three taken prisoner. His self-sacrificing actions in the face of overwhelming odds sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. Pfc. Christianson gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 

 

ADKINSON, JOSEPH B.
WW I

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 119th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Bellicourt, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at:Memphis,Tenn. Born:4 January 1892,Egypt, Tenn. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: When murderous machinegun fire at a range of fifty yards had made it impossible for his platoon to advance, and had caused the platoon to take cover Sgt. Adkinson alone, with the greatest intrepidity, rushed across the fifty yards of open ground directly into the face of the hostile machinegun kicked the gun from the parapet into the enemy trench, and at the point of the bayonet captured the three men manning the gun. The gallantry and quick decision of this soldier enabled the platoon to resume its advance.

 

 

*EGGERS, ALAN LOUIS
WW I

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Machine Gun Company, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Le Catelet, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Summit, N.J. Birth: Saranac Lake, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from their platoon by a smoke barrage, Sgt. Eggers, Sgt. John C. Latham and Cpl. Thomas E. O’Shea took cover in a shell hole well within the enemy’s lines. Upon hearing a call for help from an American tank, which had become disabled thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shelter and started toward the tank, under heavy fire from German machineguns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area Cpl. O’Shea was mortally wounded, but his companions, undeterred, proceeded to the tank, rescued a wounded officer, and assisted two wounded soldiers to cover in a sap of a nearby trench. Sgt. Eggers and Sgt. Latham then returned to the tank in the face of the violent fire, dismounted a Hotchkiss gun, and took it back to where the wounded men were, keeping off the enemy all day by effective use of the gun and later bringing it, with the wounded men, back to our lines under cover of darkness.

GAFFNEY, FRANK
WW I

 

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company G, 108th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Ronssoy, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Niagara Falls, N.Y. Birth: Buffalo, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pfc. Gaffney, an automatic rifleman, pushing forward alone, after all the other members of his squad had been killed, discovered several Germans placing a heavy machinegun in position. He killed the crew, captured the gun, bombed several dugouts, and, after killing four more of the enemy with his pistol, held the position until reinforcements came up, when eighty prisoners were captured.

 

 

GUMPERTZ, SYDNEY G.
WW I

 

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: In the Bois-de-Forges, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 24 October 1879, San Raphael, Calif. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: When the advancing line was held up by machinegun fire, 1st Sgt. Gumpertz left the platoon of which he was in command and started with two other soldiers through a heavy barrage toward the machinegun nest. His two companions soon became casualties from bursting shells, but 1st Sgt. Gumpertz continued on alone in the face of direct fire from the machinegun, jumped into the nest and silenced the gun, capturing nine of the crew.

 

 

LATHAM, JOHN CRIDLAND
WW I

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Machine Gun Company, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Le Catelet, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered .service at: Rutherford, N.J. Born: 3 March 1888, Windemere, England. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from their platoon by a smoke barrage, Sgt. Latham, Sgt. Alan L. Eggers, and Cpl. Thomas E. O’Shea took cover in a shellhole well within the enemy’s lines. Upon hearing a call for help from an American tank which had become disabled thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shelter and started toward the tank under heavy fire from German machineguns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area, Cpl. O’Shea was mortally wounded, but his companions, undeterred, proceeded to the tank, rescued a wounded officer, and assisted two wounded soldiers to cover in the sap of a nearby trench. Sgts. Latham and Eggers then returned to the tank in the face of the violent fire, dismounted a Hotchkiss gun, and took it back to where the wounded men were keeping off the enemy all day by effective use of the gun and later bringing it with the wounded men back to our lines under cover of darkness.

 

 

*LEMERT, MILO
WW I

Posthumously

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 119th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Bellicourt, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Crossville, Tenn. Birth: Marshalltown, lowa. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: Seeing that the left flank of his company was held up, he located the enemy machinegun emplacement, which had been causing heavy casualties. In the face of heavy fire he rushed it single-handed, killing the entire crew with grenades. Continuing along the enemy trench in advance of the company, he reached another emplacement, which he also charged, silencing the gun with grenades. A third machinegun emplacement opened up on him from the left and with similar skill and bravery he destroyed this also. Later, in company with another sergeant, he attacked a fourth machinegun nest, being killed as he reached the parapet of the emplacement. His courageous action in destroying in turn four enemy machinegun nests prevented many casualties among his company and very materially aided in achieving the objective.

 

 

*LUKE, FRANK, JR.
(Air Mission)

WW I
Posthumously 

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 27th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service. Place and date: Near Murvaux, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 19 May 1897, Phoenix, Ariz. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: After having previously destroyed a number of enemy aircraft within seventeen days he voluntarily started on a patrol after German observation balloons. Though pursued by eight German planes which were protecting the enemy balloon line, he unhesitatingly attacked and shot down in flames three German balloons, being himself under heavy fire from ground batteries and the hostile planes. Severely wounded, he descended to within fifty meters of the ground, and flying at this low altitude near the town of Murvaux opened fire upon enemy troops, killing six and wounding as many more. Forced to make a landing and surrounded on all sides by the enemy, who called upon him to surrender, he drew his automatic pistol and defended himself gallantly until he fell dead from a wound in the chest.

 

 

*O’SHEA, THOMAS E.
WW II

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Machine Gun Company, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Le Catelet, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Summit, N.J. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from their platoon by a smoke barrage, Cpl. O’Shea, with two other soldiers, took cover in a shell hole well within the enemy’s lines. Upon hearing a call for help from an American tank, which had become disabled thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shelter and started toward the tank under heavy fire from German machineguns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area Cpl. O’Shea was mortally wounded and died of his wounds shortly afterwards.

 

 

*SMITH, FRED E.
WW I 

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Near Binarville, France, September 29th,  1918. Entered service at: Bartlett, N. Dak. Birth: Rockford, Ill. G.O. NO.: 49, W.D., 1922. Citation: When communication from the forward regimental post of command to the battalion leading the advance had been interrupted temporarily by the infiltration of small parties of the enemy armed with machineguns, Lt. Col. Smith personally led a party of two other officers and ten soldiers, and went forward to reestablish runner posts and carry ammunition to the front line. The guide became confused and the party strayed to the left flank beyond the outposts of supporting troops, suddenly coming under fire from a group of enemy machineguns only fifty yards away. Shouting to the other members of his party to take cover this officer, in disregard of his danger, drew his pistol and opened fire on the German guncrew. About this time he fell, severely wounded in the side, but regaining his footing, he continued to fire on the enemy until most of the men in his party were out of danger. Refusing first-aid treatment he then made his way in plain view of the enemy to a handgrenade dump and returned under continued heavy machinegun fire for the purpose of making another attack on the enemy emplacements. As he was attempting to ascertain the exact location of the nearest nest, he again fell, mortally wounded .

 

 

VALENTE, MICHAEL
WW I

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company D, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: East of Ronssoy, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Ogdensburg N.Y. Born: 5 February 1895, Cassino, Italy. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., i929. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy during the operations against the Hindenburg line, east of Ronssoy, France, 29 September 1918. Finding the advance of his organization held up by a withering enemy machinegun fire, Pvt. Valente volunteered to go forward. With utter disregard of his own personal danger, accompanied by another soldier, Pvt. Valente rushed forward through an intense machinegun fire directly upon the enemy nest, killing two and capturing five of the enemy and silencing the gun. Discovering another machinegun nest close by which was pouring a deadly fire on the American forces, preventing their advance, Pvt. Valente and his companion charged upon this strong point, killing the gunner and putting this machinegun out of action. Without hesitation they jumped into the enemy’s trench, killed two and captured sixteen German soldiers. Pvt. Valente was later wounded and sent to the rear.

 

BRANAGAN, EDWARD
INDIAN WARS 

Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th,  1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation. Gallantry in action.

DODGE, FRANCIS S.
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Captain, Troop D, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near White River Agency, Colo., September 29th,  1879. Entered service at: Danvers, Mass. Born: 11 September 1842, Danvers, Mass. Date of issue: 2 April 1898. Citation: With a force of forty men rode all night to the relief of a command that had been defeated and was besieged by an overwhelming force of Indians, reached the field at daylight, joined in the action and fought for three days.

 

 

FOSTER, WILLIAM
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th,  1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: England, Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

GRIMES, EDWARD P.
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th to October 5th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Dover, N.H. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: The command being almost out of ammunition and surrounded on three sides by the enemy, he voluntarily brought up a supply under heavy flre at almost point blank range.

 

 

LARKIN, DAVID
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Farrier, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.

LAWTON, JOHN S.
INDIAN WARS 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Bristol, R.l. Date of issue: 7 June 1880. Citation: Coolness and steadiness under fire; volunteered to accompany a small detachment on a very dangerous mission.

 

 

McMASTERS, HENRY A.
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Augusta, Maine. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

McNAMARA, WILLIAM
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

MERRILL, JOHN
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th,  1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 7 June 1880. Citation: Though painfully wounded, he remained on duty and rendered gallant and valuable service.

 

 

MOQUIN, GEORGE
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th,  to  October 5th 1879. Entered Service at: ———. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

MURPHY, EDWARD F.
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th,  1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Wayne County, Pa. Date of issue: 23 April 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

O’NEILL, WILLIAMState of Connecticut
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th,  1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Tariffville, Conn. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Bravery in action.

 

 

PHILIPSEN, WILHELM O.
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Troop D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 12 December 1894. Citation: With nine others voluntarily attacked and captured a strong position held by Indians.

 

 

POPPE, JOHN A.
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th to October 5th 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio. Date of issue: 27 lanuary 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

PRATT, JAMES
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Company I, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th,  1872. Entered service at: Bellefontaine, Ohio. Birth: Bellefontaine, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

RANKIN, WILLIAM
INDIAN WARS

 

Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th,  1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Lewistown, Pa. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action with Indians.

 

 

ROACH, HAMPTON M.
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th to  October 5th 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Concord, La. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Erected breastworks under fire; also kept the command supplied with water three consecutive nights while exposed to fire from ambushed Indians at close range.

 

 

WIDMER, JACOB
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 4 May 1880. Citation: Volunteered to accompany a small detachment on a very dangerous mission.

 

 

WILSON, WILLIAM
SECOND AWARD
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th,  1872. Citation: Distinguished conduct in action with Indians, Red River, Tex.

 

 

APPLETON, WILLIAM H.
CIVIL WAR 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864; At New Market Heights, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, N.H. Born: 24 March 1843, Chichester, N.H. Date of issue: 18 February 1891. Citation: The first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy’s works at Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864. Valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Va., inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage.

ARCHER, LESTER
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 96th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Fort Ann, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantry in placing the colors of his regiment on the fort.

BARNES, WILLIAM H.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: St. Marys County, Md. Date of issue 6 April 1865. Citation: Among the first to enter the enemy’s works; although wounded.

BEATY, POWHATAN
CIVIL WAR


Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio. Birth: Richmond, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.

BELCHER, THOMAS
CIVIL WAR


Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 9th Maine Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Bangor, Maine. Birth: Bangor, Maine. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took a guidon from the hands of the bearer, mortally wounded, and advanced with it nearer to the battery than any other man.

BLUCHER, CHARLES
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Pa. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Planted first national colors on the fortifications.

BRADY, JAMES
CIVIL WAR


Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 10th New Hampshire Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Kingston, N.H. Birth: Boston, Mass. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.

BRONSON, JAMES H.
CIVIL WAR


Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio. Birth: Indiana County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.

*BUCHANAN, GEORGE A.
CIVIL WAR

Posthumously


Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 148th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Ontario County, N.Y. Birth: New York. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took position in advance of the skirmish line and drove the enemy’s cannoneers from their guns; was mortally wounded.

BUCK, F. CLARENCE
CIVIL WAR


Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 21st Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Windsor Conn. Birth: Hartford, Conn. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: A;though wounded, refused to leave the field until the fight closed.

CLAY, CECIL
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 19 April 1892. Citation: Led his regiment in the charge, carrying the colors of another regiment, and when severely wounded in the right arm, incurring loss of same, he shifted the colors to the left hand, which also became disabled by a gunshot wound.

EDGERTON, NATHAN H.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Lieutenant and Adjutant, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 30 March 1898. Citation: Took up the flag after three color bearers had been shot down and bore it forward, though himself wounded.

FLANAGAN, AUGUSTIN
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 55th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Chest Springs, Pa. Birth: Cambria County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantry in the charge on the enemy’s works: rushing forward with the colors and calling upon the men to follow him; was severely wounded.

FLEETWOOD, CHRISTIAN A.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 4th U.S. Colored Troops, Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Baltimore, Md. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Seized the colors, after two color bearers had been shot down, and bore them nobly through the fight.

GARDINER, JAMES
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 36th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Gloucester, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Rushed in advance of his brigade, shot a rebel officer who was on the parapet rallying his men, and then ran him through with his bayonet.

*GASSON, RICHARD
CIVIL WAR

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 47th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Fell dead while planting the colors of his regiment on the enemy’s works.

GRAUL, WILLIAM
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Reading, Pa. Birth: Reading, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: First to plant the colors of his State on the fortifications.

GRUEB, GEORGE
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantry in advancing to the ditch of the enemy’s works.

HARRIS, JAMES H.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At New Market Heights, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: St. Marys County, Md. Date of issue: 18 February 1874. Citation: Gallantry in the assault.

HAWKINS, THOMAS R.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio. Date of issue: 8 February 1870. Citation: Rescue of regimental colors.

HICKOK, NATHAN E.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 8th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Danbury, Conn. Birth: Danbury, Conn. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.

HILTON, ALFRED B.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date. At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Harford County, Md. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: When the regimental color bearer fell, this soldier seized the color and carried it forward, together with the national standard, until disabled at the enemy’s inner line.

HOLLAND, MILTON M.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Athens, Ohio. Born: 1844, Austin, Tex. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of Company C, after all the officers had been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.

HORNE, SAMUEL B.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Captain, Company H, 11th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Winsted, Conn. Born: 3 March 1843, Ireland Date of issue: 19 November 1897. Citation: While acting as an aide and carrying an important message, was severely wounded and his horse killed but delivered the order and rejoined his general.

JAMIESON, WALTER
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: 1st Sergeant, Company B, 139th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864; At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: France. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: Voluntarily went between the lines under a heavy fire at Petersburg, Va., to the assistance of a wounded and helpless officer, whom he carried within the Union lines. At Fort Harrison, Va., seized the regimental color, the color bearer and guard having been shot down, and, rushing forward, planted it upon the fort in full view of the entire brigade.

JOHNSON, JOSEPH E.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: ——. Born: 5 February 1843, Lower Merion, Montgomery County, Pa. Date of issue: 1 April 1898. Citation: Though twice severely wounded while advancing in the assault, he disregarded his injuries and was among the first to enter the fort, where he was wounded for the third time.

KELLY, ALEXANDER
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth. Pennsylvania. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantly seized the colors, which had fallen near the enemy’s lines of abatis, raised them and rallied the men at a time of confusion and in a place of the greatest danger.

 

KRAMER, THEODORE L.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Danville, Pa. Birth: Luzerne County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took one of the first prisoners, a captain.

LAING, WILLIAM
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Hempstead, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Was among the first to scale the parapet.

McKOWN, NATHANIEL A.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Susquehanna County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.

MEAGHER, THOMAS
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Brooklyn N.Y. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Led a section of his men on the enemy’s works, receiving a wound while scaling a parapet.

PINN, ROBERT
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Massillon, Ohio. Born: 1 March 1843, Stark County, Ohio. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of his company after all the officers had been killed or wounded and gallantly led it in battle.

RATCLIFF, EDWARD
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: James County, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation. Commanded and gallantly led his company after the commanding officer had been killed; was the first enlisted man to enter the enemy’s works.

SCHILLER, JOHN
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Advanced to the ditch of the enemy’s works.

SHEA, JOSEPH H.
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 92d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Baltimore, Md. Date of issue: March 1866. Citation: Gallantry in bringing wounded from the field under heavy fire.

SKELLIE, EBENEZER
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 112th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Mina, N.Y. Birth: Mina, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having fallen, and carried them through the first charge; also, in the second charge, after all the color guards had been killed or wounded he carried the colors up to the enemy’s works, where he fell wounded.

VAN WINKLE, EDWARD (EDWIN)
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 148th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Phelps, N.Y. Birth: Phelps, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took position in advance of the skirmish line and drove the enemy’s cannoneers from their guns.

VEAL, CHARLESState of Virginia
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, Va. Birth: Portsmouth Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Seized the national colors after 2 color bearers had been shot down close to the enemy’s works, and bore them through the remainder of the battle.

*WELLS, HENRY S._Unk
CIVIL WAR

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 148th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th,  1864. Entered service at: Phelps, N.Y. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: With two comrades, took position in advance of the skirmish line, within short distance of the enemy’s gunners, and drove them from their guns.

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Unerased History – September 28th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 28, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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 Ask a Stupid Question Day

In Remembrance: Gold Star Mother’s and Families’ Day 2014

THEY SAID IT DID NOT MATTER, NONE OF IT MATTERED…

THAT’S WHAT THEY SAID

THEY REMAINED SMUG, AND SCATTERED…

TIL THE LADY LAY DEAD (Statue of Liberty)

 When Obama wrote a book and said he was mentored as a youth by Frank (Frank Marshall Davis), an avowed Communist, people said it didn’t matter.

When it was discovered that his grandparents were strong socialist,   sent Obama’s mother to a socialist school and introduced Frank   Marshall Davis to young Obama, people said it didn’t matter.

When people found out that he was enrolled as a Muslim child in school   and his father and step father were both Muslims, people said it didn’t matter.

When he wrote in another book he authored I will stand with them   (Muslims) should the political winds shift in an ugly direction,   people said it didn’t matter.

When in his book Obama admittedly said he chose Marxist friends and professors in college, people said it didn’t matter.

When he traveled to Pakistan after college on an unknown national passport, people said it didn’t matter.

When he sought the endorsement of the Marxist party in 1996 as he ran for the Illinois Senate, people said it didn’t matter.

When Obama sat in a Chicago Church for twenty years and listened to a   preacher spew hatred for America and preach black liberation theology,   people said it didn’t matter.

When an independent Washington organization that tracks senate voting records gave him the distinctive title as the most liberal senator,  people said it didn’t matter.

When the Palestinians in Gaza set up a fund raising telethon to raise   money for his election campaign, people said it didn’t matter.

When his voting record supported gun control, people said it didn’t matter.

When he refused to disclose who donated money to his election campaign   as other candidates had done people said it didn’t matter.

When he received endorsements from people like Louis Farrakhan and Moammar
Kadafi and Hugo Chavez, people said it didn’t matter.

When it was pointed out that he was a total newcomer and had   absolutely no experience at anything except community organizing,   people said it didn’t matter.

When he chose friends and acquaintances such as Bill Ayers and   Bernadine Dohrn who were revolutionary radicals, people said it didn’t matter..

When his voting record in the Illinois Senate and in the U.S. Senate   came into question, people said it didn’t matter.

When he refused to wear a flag lapel pin and did so only after a   public outcry, people said it didn’t matter.

When people started treating him as a Messiah and children in schools   were taught to sing his praises, people said it didn’t matter.

When he stood with his hands over his groin area for the playing of   the National Anthem and Pledge of Allegiance, people said it didn’t matter.

When he surrounded himself in the White house with advisors who were   pro gun control, pro abortion, pro homosexual marriage and wanting to   curtail freedom of speech to silence the opposition, people said it didn’t matter.

When he aired his views on abortion, homosexuality and a host of other  issues, people said it didn’t matter.

When he said he favors sex education in Kindergarten including   homosexual indoctrination, people said it didn’t matter.

When his background was either scrubbed or hidden and nothing could be found about him, people said it didn’t matter.

When the place of his birth was called into question and he refused to   produce a birth certificate, people said it didn’t matter.

When he had an association in Chicago with Tony Rezko, a man of   questionable character who is now in prison and had helped Obama to a   sweet deal on the purchase of his home, people said it didn’t matter.

When it became known that George Soros, a multi-billionaire Marxist,   spent a fortune to get him elected, people said it didn’t matter.

When he started appointing czars who are radicals, revolutionaries,   and even avowed Marxist/Communist, people said it didn’t matter.

When he stood before the nation and told us that his intentions were   to fundamentally transform this nation into something else, people   said it didn’t matter.

When it became known that he had trained ACORN workers in Chicago and   served as an attorney for ACORN, people said it didn’t matter.

When he appointed a cabinet members and several advisers who were tax   cheats and Marxists, people said it didn’t matter.

When he appointed a science czar, John Holdren, who believes in forced   abortions, mass sterilizations and seizing babies from teen mothers,   people said it didn’t matter.

When he appointed Cass Sunstein as regulatory czar and he believes in   Explicit Consent harvesting human organs without family consent and   to allow animals to be represented in court while banning all hunting,   people said it didn’t matter..

When he appointed Kevin Jennings a homosexual, and organizer of a   group called gay, lesbian, and Transgender Education network as safe   school czar and it became known that he had a history of bad advice to   teenagers, people said it didn’t matter.

When he appointed Mark Lloyd as diversity czar and he believed in   curtailing free speech, taking from one and giving to another to   spread the wealth and admires Hugo Chavez, people said it didn’t matter.

When Valerie Jarrett was selected as Obama’s senior White House   adviser and she is an avowed Socialist, MAO ADMIRER, people said it didn’t matter.

When Anita Dunn, White House Communications director said Mao Tse Tung   was her favorite philosopher and the person she turned to most for   inspiration, people said it didn’t matter.

When he appointed Carol Browner as global warming czar, and she is a   well known socialist working on Cap and Trade as the nation’s largest  tax, people said it doesn’t matter.

When he appointed Van Jones, an ex-con and avowed Communist as green   energy czar who was forced to resign when Jones history was made   known, by a patriot, Glenn Beck, people said it didn’t matter.

When Tom Daschle, Obama’s pick for health and human services   secretary, could not be confirmed because he was a tax cheat, people   said it didn’t matter.

When as a counterfeit president of the United States Obama bowed to the   King of Saudi Arabia, people said it didn’t matter.

When he traveled around the world criticizing America and never once   talking of her greatness, people said it didn’t matter.

When his actions concerning the Middle East seemed to support the   Palestinians over America’s long time friend Israel, people said it   doesn’t matter.

When he took American tax dollars to resettle thousands of   Palestinians from Gaza to the United States, people said it doesn’t matter.

When he upset the Europeans by removing plans for a missile defense   system against the Russians, people said it doesn’t matter.

When Obama played politics in Afghanistan by not sending our troops   what field commanders said we needed to win, people said it didn’t matter.

When he started spending us into a debt that was so big we could not pay it off, people said it didn’t matter.

When he took a huge spending bill under the guise of stimulus and used   it to pay off organizations, unions and individuals that got him   elected, people said it didn’t matter.

When he took over insurance companies, car companies, banks and other   financial institutions, people said it didn’t matter.

When he took away student loans from the banks and put it through the   government, people said it didn’t matter.

When he designed plans to take over the health care system and put it   under government control, people said it didn’t matter.

When he set into motion a plan to take over the control of all energy   in the United States through Cap and Trade, people said it didn’t matter.

When he finally completed his transformation of America into a   Socialist State people finally woke up but it was too late.

…and, when We the People stood massively against socialized medicine he told his congress “THOSE PEOPLE DON’T MATTER”

Yours Truly,
Paul Revere

A person without ambition is dead. A person with ambition but no love is dead. A person with ambition and love for his blessings here on earth is ever so alive.”

 ~Pearl Bailey

 

commodious kuh-MOH-dee-us, adjective:
Comfortably or conveniently spacious; roomy; as, a commodious house.
Commodious derives from the Latin commodus, “conforming to measure, hence convenient or fit for a particular purpose,” from com-, “with” + modus, “measure.”

48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt (may have occurred September 29, records unclear).
1066 – William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
1528 – A Spanish fleet sank in Florida hurricane; 380 died.
1542 – Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California.
1678 – “Pilgrim’s Progress” by John Bunyan (b.1628) was published.
1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the Siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the Revolutionary War.
1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the Congress to be sent to the State legislatures for approval.
1820 – The tomato is publicly proven safe when Robert Johnson eats a bushel (24 kg) of tomatoes in Salem, Massachusetts.
1822 – Sloop-of-war Peacock captures 5 pirate vessels.
1850 – The U.S. Navy abolished flogging as a form of punishment.
1850 – U.S. President Millard Fillmore named Brigham Young the first governor of the Utah territory. In 1857, U.S. President James Buchanan removed Young from the position.
1858 – Donati’s comet becomes the first to be photographed.
1863 - Union Generals Alexander M. McCook and Thomas Crittenden lose their commands and are ordered to Indianapolis, Indiana, to face a court of inquiry following the Federal defeat at Chickamauga, Tennessee. 
1867 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
1868A mob of Democrats massacred nearly 300 Black Republicans in Opelousas, Louisiana, St. Landry Parish. The savagery began when racist Democrats attacked a newspaper editor, a white Republican and schoolteacher for ex-slaves. Several Blacks rushed to the assistance of their friend, and in response, Democrats went on a “Negro hunt,” killing every Black (all of whom were Republicans) in the area that they could find.
1874 – Colonel Ranald Mackenzie (d.1889) raided a war camp of Comanche and Kiowa at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their horses.
1892 – The first nighttime football game in the U.S. took place under electric lights. The game was between the Mansfield State Normal School and the Wyoming Seminary.
1900 - Marines withdrew from Peking after the Boxer Rebellion.
1901 – At Balangiga on Samar Island, Philippine villagers surprised a the US military Company C, 9th Infantry Regiment. Church bells, used to signal the attack, were taken by the Americans. 38 of 74 US soldiers were killed.
1905 – Einstein’s paper on the special theory of relativity is published.
1906 – US troops reoccupied Cuba. They stayed until 1909.
1913 – Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi, killed 10 people.
1919 – Fastest major league game (51 mins), Giants beat Phillies 6-1
1920 – Eight White Sox indicted, threw 1919 World Series (Black Sox scandal)
1924 – The first around-the-world flight was completed by two U.S. Army planes when they landed in Seattle, WA. The trip took 175 days.
1928 – Glen Gray’s Orchestra recorded “Under a Blanket of Blue.” Kenny Sargeant performed the vocals.
1930 – Lou Gehrig’s errorless streak ends at 885 consecutive games
1936 – “Bachelor’s Children” debuted on CBS Radio.
1937 – President Franklin Roosevelt dedicated  the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River in Oregon.
1939 – Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
1939 – “Fleischmann Hour” aired for the last time on radio.
1940 – The first of the fifty old American destroyers given to Britain arrives in the UK.
1942 – World War II: Development of two new aircraft–the B-35 Flying Wing and the B-36 Peacemaker–intended for bombing runs from bases in the United States to targets in Europe are given the highest priority.
1944 – WABD in New York City telecast the first full-length musical written for TV. “The Boys From Boise” aired on the DuMont network.
1944 – World War II :  Battle of Arnhem – Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
1944 – World War II :  Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “To Each His Own” by Eddy Howard, “Five Minutes More” by Tex Beneke, “South America, Take It Away” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters and “Wine, Women and Song” by Al Dexter all topped the charts.

1949 – “My Friend Irma” was the first of 12 films starring Dean Martin & Jerry Lewis.
1950 – Task Force Matthews, consisting of the 25th Reconnaissance Company and A Company, 79th Tank Battalion, liberated 86 half-starved American POWs in Namwon.
1952 – Korean War: At Panmunjom, the U.N. proposed three alternatives for a solution to the POW issue. The communists categorically reject voluntary repatriation.
1953 – The “Bob & Ray Show,” TV Variety, last aired on NBC.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sh-Boom” by The Crew Cuts, “Hey There” by Rosemary Clooney, “Shake, Rattle and Roll” by Bill Haley & His Comets and “I Don’t Hurt Anymore” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1955 – The World Series was televised in color for the first time. The game was between the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers.
1958 – “To Know Him Is To Love Him” by the Teddy Bears was released. The song was written and composed by 18-year old Phil Spector.
1959 – Explorer VI reveals an intense radiation belt around the Earth and took the first remote imaging TV pictures of Earth meteorological conditions.
1960 – “Millionaire,” last aired on CBS-TV.
1961 – “Dr. Kildare” premieres on NBC.
1961 – “Hazel” premiered on NBC-TV.
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sheila” by Tommy Roe, “Ramblin’ Rose” by Nat King Cole,Green Onions” by Booker T. & The MG’s and “Devil Woman” by Marty Robbins all topped the charts.
1963 – “She Loves You” by the Beatles was played on the radio by Murry The K in New York. It is believed that this was the first time a Beatles song was played in the U.S.
1963 – “Blue Velvet” by Bobby Vinton topped the charts.
1963 – “New Phil Silvers Show,” debuted on CBS-TV.
1964 – First deployment of Polaris A-3 missile on USS Daniel Webster (SSBN 626) from Charleston, SC.
1967 – Walter Washington elected first black mayor of Washington, DC.
1968 – The Atlanta Chiefs won the first North American Soccer League Championship.
1968 – Vietnam War: Battle begins for the Special Forces camp at Thuong Duc, situated between Da Nang and the Laotian border.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough” by Diana Ross, “Lookin’ Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light” by Creedence Clearwater Revival, “Julie, Do Ya Love Me” by Bobby Sherman and “There Must Be More to Love Than This” by Jerry Lee Lewis all topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: Weekly casualty figures are released that contain no U.S. fatalities for the first time since March 1965.
1973 – A bomb explosion blasted out windows, splintered furniture and crumpled metal air ducts early today in the Manhattan offices of the Latin American division of International Telephone and Telegraph Corp (ITT).  No one was injured in the explosion at about 2:40 a.m. The building in New York City was bombed to protest ITT’s involvement in the September 11, 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
1976 – R&B singer Stevie Wonder releases the classic double album Songs in the Key of Life.
1976 – Muhammad Ali kept his world heavyweight boxing championship with a close 15-round decision over Ken Norton at New York’s Yankee Stadium.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Boogie Oogie Oogie” by A Taste of Honey, “Kiss You All Over” by Exile, “Hopelessly Devoted to You” by Olivia Newton-John and “I’ve Always Been Crazy” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1978 – Don Sherman, editor of Car & Driver, set a new Class E record in Utah. Driving the Mazda RX7 he reached a speed of 183.904 mph.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & The News, “Friends and Lovers” by Gloria Loring & Carl Anderson, “Walk This Way” by Run-D.M.C. and “In Love” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1987 – Encounter at Farpoint, the first episode of TV show Star Trek: The Next Generation airs.
1987 – Gladys Knight and Smokey Robinson were guests on the television show “$10,000 Pyramid.”
1991 – In response to U.S. President Bush’s reduction of U.S. nuclear arms Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised to reciprocate.
1991 – The Garth Brooks album “Ropin’ the Wind” became the first country album to debut at No. 1 on the Billboard pop chart.
1991 – “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & the Funky Bunch topped the charts,
1995 – Bobby Brown’s car was riddled with bullets in Boston’s Roxbury section. The gun battle killed his sister’s fiancé.
1996 – Landmark legislation to crack down on illegal immigrants in the United States won House passage as part of a giant federal spending bill.
1997 – The 103rd convention of the Audio Engineering Society (AES) was held in New York City, NY. The official debut of the DVD format was featured.
1997 – Newscaster David Brinkley, 74, retired after 54 years in broadcasting.
1998 – Hurricane Georges plowed into the Gulf Coast, weakening to a tropical storm but pouring rain at a pace of an inch per hour.

1999 – The Supreme Court agreed to decide whether a state can give visitation rights to grandparents when, after a divorce or some other family split, the children’s parents say no.
2000 – The  Federal Drug Administration approved the use of RU-486 in the United States. The pill is used to induce an abortion.
2001 – Dr. Kenneth M. Berry of Pittsburgh filed a patent application for a system responsive to bioterrorism attacks. In 2004 the FBI probed him in relation to investigations on letters containing anthrax.
2001 – The FBI released a four-page document, handwritten in Arabic that served as a set of final instructions for the Sep 11 hijackers. Copies were found in a rental car, in the suitcase of Mohamed Atta and the wreckage of the UA plane that crashed in Pa.
2004 – The U.S. Federal Reserve and the U.S. Secret Service introduced the first newly redesigned $50 bill.
2004 – IBM said its still-unfinished BlueGene/L System, named for its ability to model the folding of human proteins, can sustain speeds of 360 teraflops. A teraflop is 1 trillion calculations per second. BlueGene/L reached full capacity in 2005.
2004 – Nate Olive and Sarah Jones arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border to complete the first known continuous hike of the 1,800-mile trail down the U.S. Pacific Coast. They started the trek on June 8.
2004 – A 6.0 earthquake shook central California, cracking pipes, breaking bottles of wine and knocking pictures from walls. The quake was centered about seven miles southeast of Parkfield, a town of 37 people known as California’s earthquake capital.
2005 – The September 2005 California wildfires began as a brush fire northwest of Los Angeles, California. Growing to more than 16,000 acres in 2 days, the blaze threatened homes, natural resources, power lines, and communications equipment in the Thousand Oaks region north of the Santa Monica Mountains.
2005 – A newly designed $10 bill was unveiled featuring splashes of orange, yellow and red to go with the traditional green. The bills will not actually go into circulation until early next year.
2007 – The government shut down NetBank Inc., an online bank with $2.5 billion in assets, due to excessive mortgage defaults.
2007 – A federal judge refused to block a new NYC city rule that requires taxi drivers to install global positioning systems and credit card machines in their cabs by Oct 1.
2007 – Traveler Carol Anne Gotbaum of New York died in a holding cell at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix; authorities say Gotbaum accidentally asphyxiated herself after being chained to a bench.
2008 – SpaceX Falcon 1 makes orbit, becoming the first privately developed liquid-fueled space launch vehicle to do so.
2008 – In San Francisco hundreds of thousands gathered for the 25th Folsom Street Fair, the world’s biggest celebration of leather, bondage and sexual fetish.
2010 – The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit permanently lifts an injunction thereby allowing the United States Government to fund embryonic stem cell research.
2010 – The Cincinnati Reds win the National League Central Championship.
2011 – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention links an outbreak of listeriosis that has caused 13 deaths and 72 illnesses in 18 states to infected cantaloupes from Colorado.
2011 –  The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB)  filed a petition with the U.S. Supreme Court appealing the 11th Circuit’s Obamacare decision.
2012 – President  Obama “issued a presidential memorandum waiving penalties under the Child Soldiers Protection Act of 2008 for Libya, South Sudan, and Yemen.” These penalties, that Congress put in place to prevent U.S. arms sales to countries determined by the State Department to be the worst abusers of child soldiers in their militaries.
2012 –  The Obama administration issued a memo from the Department of Labor telling defense contractors not to provide legally-required notice to thousands of employees that they are about to be laid off, if automatic spending cuts agreed to by the President and the Congress take effect. A complete disregard for the law.

 

 

551 BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)

58 BC – Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
1889 – Jack Fournier, baseball player (d. 1973)
1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
1915 – Ethel Rosenberg, American spy (d. 1953)
1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress

 

 

*BAUER, HAROLD WILLIAM
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 20 November 1908. Woodruff, Kans. Appointed from: Nebraska. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage as Squadron Commander of Marine Fighting Squadron 212 in the South Pacific Area during the period 10 May to 14 November 1942. Volunteering to pilot a fighter plane in defense of our positions on Guadalcanal, Lt. Col. Bauer participated in two air battles against enemy bombers and fighters outnumbering our force more than two to one, boldly engaged the enemy and destroyed one Japanese bomber in the engagement of September 28th, and shot down four enemy fighter planes in flames on October 3rd, leaving a fifth smoking badly. After successfully leading 26 planes on an over-water ferry flight of more than 600 miles on 16 October, Lt. Col. Bauer, while circling to land, sighted a squadron of enemy planes attacking the U.S.S. McFarland. Undaunted by the formidable opposition and with valor above and beyond the call of duty, he engaged the entire squadron and, although alone and his fuel supply nearly exhausted, fought his plane so brilliantly that 4 of the Japanese planes were destroyed before he was forced down by lack of fuel. His intrepid fighting spirit and distinctive ability as a leader and an airman, exemplified in his splendid record of combat achievement, were vital factors in the successful operations in the South Pacific Area.

 

*ROEDER, ROBERT E.
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company G, 350th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division. Place and date: Mt. Battaglia, Italy, 27-September 28th, 1944. Entered service at: Summit Station, Pa. Birth: Summit Station, Pa. G.O. No.: 31, 17 April 1945. Citation: for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. Capt. Roeder commanded his company in defense of the strategic Mount Battaglia. Shortly after the company had occupied the hill, the Germans launched the first of a series of determined counterattacks to regain this dominating height. Completely exposed to ceaseless enemy artillery and small-arms fire, Capt. Roeder constantly circulated among his men, encouraging them and directing their defense against the persistent enemy. During the sixth counterattack, the enemy, by using flamethrowers and taking advantage of the fog, succeeded in overrunning the position Capt. Roeder led his men in a fierce battle at close quarters, to repulse the attack with heavy losses to the Germans. The following morning, while the company was engaged in repulsing an enemy counterattack in force, Capt. Roeder was seriously wounded and rendered unconscious by shell fragments. He was carried to the company command post, where he regained consciousness. Refusing medical treatment, he insisted on rejoining his men although in a weakened condition, Capt. Roeder dragged himself to the door of the command post and, picking up a rifle, braced himself in a sitting position. He began firing his weapon, shouted words of encouragement, and issued orders to his men. He personally killed two Germans before he himself was killed instantly by an exploding shell. Through Capt. Roeder’s able and intrepid leadership his men held Mount Battaglia against the aggressive and fanatical enemy attempts to retake this important and strategic height. His valorous performance is exemplary of the fighting spirit of the U.S. Army.

 

 

*MILLER, OSCAR F.
WW I

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army, 361st Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Gesnes, France, September 28th, 1918. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Birth: Franklin County, Ark. G.O. No.: 16, W.D. 1919. Citation: After two days of intense physical and mental strain, during which Maj. Miller had led his battalion in the front line of the advance through the forest of Argonne, the enemy was met in a prepared position south of Gesnes. Though almost exhausted, he energetically reorganized his battalion and ordered an attack. Upon reaching open ground the advancing line began to waver in the face of machinegun fire from the front and flanks and direct artillery fire. Personally leading his command group forward between his front-line companies, Maj. Miller inspired his men by his personal courage, and they again pressed on toward the hostile position. As this officer led the renewed attack he was shot in the right leg, but he nevertheless staggered forward at the head of his command. Soon afterwards he was again shot in the right arm, but he continued the charge, personally cheering his troops on through the heavy machinegun fire. Just before the objective was reached he received a wound in the abdomen, which forced him to the ground, but he continued to urge his men on, telling them to push on to the next ridge and leave him where he lay. He died from his wounds a few days later.

 

SCHAFFNER, DWITE H.
WW I

 

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 306th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Near St. Hubert’s Pavillion, Boureuilles, France, September 28th, 1918. Entered service at: Falls Creek, Pa. Birth: Arroya, Pa. G.O. No.: 15, W.D., 1923. Citation: He led his men in an attack on St. Hubert’s Pavillion through terrific enemy machinegun, rifle, and artillery fire and drove the enemy from a strongly held entrenched position after hand-to-hand fighting. His bravery and contempt for danger inspired his men, enabling them to hold fast in the face of 3 determined enemy counterattacks. His company’s position being exposed to enemy fire from both flanks, he made three efforts to locate an enemy machinegun which had caused heavy casualties. On his third reconnaissance he discovered the gun position and personally silenced the gun, killing or wounding the crew. The third counterattack made by the enemy was initiated by the appearance of a small detachment in advance of the enemy attacking wave. When almost within reach of the American front line the enemy appeared behind them, attacking vigorously with pistols, rifles, and handgrenades, causing heavy casualties in the American platoon. 1st Lt. Schaffner mounted the parapet of the trench and used his pistol and grenades killing a number of enemy soldiers, finally reaching the enemy officer leading the attacking forces, a captain, shooting and mortally wounding the latter with his pistol, and dragging the captured officer back to the company’s trench, securing from him valuable information as to the enemy’s strength and position. The information enabled 1st Lt. Schaffner to maintain for five hours the advanced position of his company despite the fact that it was surrounded on three sides by strong enemy forces. The undaunted bravery, gallant soldierly conduct, and leadership displayed by 1st Lt. Schaffner undoubtedly saved the survivors of the company from death or capture.

 

*STOWERS, FREDDIE
WW I

Posthumously

 

Corporal Stowers, a native of Anderson County, South Carolina, distinguished himself by exceptional heroism on September 28th, 1918, while serving as a squad leader in Company C, 371st Infantry Regiment, 93rd Infantry Division. His company was the lead company during the attack on Hill 188, Champagne Marne Sector, France, during World War I. A few minutes after the attack began, the enemy ceased firing and began climbing up onto the parapets of the trenches, holding up their arms as if wishing to surrender. The enemy’s actions caused the American forces to cease fire and to come out into the open. As the company started forward and when within about 100 meters of the trench line, the enemy jumped back into their trenches and greeted Corporal Stowers’ company with interlocking bands of machine gun fire and mortar fire causing well over fifty percent casualties. Faced with incredible enemy resistance, Corporal Stowers took charge, setting such a courageous example of personal bravery and leadership that he inspired his men to follow him in the attack. With extraordinary heroism and complete disregard of personal danger under devastating fire, he crawled forward leading his squad toward an enemy machine gun nest, which was causing heavy casualties to his company. After fierce fighting, the machine gun position was destroyed and the enemy soldiers were killed. Displaying great courage and intrepidity, Corporal Stowers continued to press the attack against a determined enemy. While crawling forward and urging his men to continue the attack on a second trench line, he was gravely wounded by machine gun fire. Although, Corporal Stowers was mortally wounded, he pressed forward, urging on the members of his squad, until he died. Inspired by the heroism and display of bravery of Corporal Stowers, his company continued the attack against incredible odds, contributing to the capture of Hill 188 and causing heavy enemy casualties. Corporal Stowers’ conspicuous gallantry, extraordinary heroism and supreme devotion to his men were well above and beyond the call of duty, follow the finest traditions of military service and reflect the utmost credit on him and the United States Army.

 

FERGUSON, ARTHUR M.
PHILLIPINE-AMERICAN WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, September 28th,  1899. Entered service at: Burlington, Kans. Birth: Coffey County, Kans. Date of issue: 8 March 1902. Citation: Charged alone a body of the enemy and captured a captain.

 

 

MAHONEY, GREGORY
INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near Red River, Tex., 26-September 28th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: South Wales. Date of issue: 13 October 1875, Citation: Gallantry in attack on a large party of Cheyennes.

 

McCABE, WILLIAM
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near Red River, Tex., 26-September 28th,  1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 13 October 1875. Citation: Gallantry in attack on a large party of Cheyennes.

 

PHOENIX, EDWIN
INDIAN WARS

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near Red River, Tex., 26-September 28th, 1874. Entered service at: Kentucky. Birth: St. Louis, Mo. Date of issue: 13 October 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 BLISS, GEORGE N.
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 1st Rhode Island Cavalry. Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., September 28th,  1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Tiverton, R.I. Date of issue: 3 August 1897. Citation: While in command of the provost guard in the village, he saw the Union lines returning before the attack of a greatly superior force of the enemy, mustered his guard, and, without orders, joined in the defense and charged the enemy without support. He received three saber wounds, his horse was shot, and he was taken prisoner.

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Unerased History – September 27th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 27, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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Ancestor Appreciation Day
National Women’s Health & Fitness Day
Google’s 16th Birthday 

Crayons 

Here are some facts about crayons:
Washington Irving used the pseudonym Geoffrey Crayon when he published The Sketch-Book, a collection of short stories and essays, including “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle.”

Alice Binney, wife of company co-owner Edwin Binney, coined  the word Crayola by joining craie, from the French word meaning chalk, with ola, from oleaginous, meaning oily.

All the colors in the rainbow plus some…   In 1903, the Binney & Smith company made the first box of Crayola crayons costing a nickel and containing eight colors:   red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, brown, and black.

Today, there over one hundred different types of crayons being made by Crayola including crayons that: sparkle with glitter, glow in the dark, smell like flowers, change colors, and wash off walls and other surfaces and materials.

How about a really long word?

Astrocephaliccrayolographer

The made-up word means a “pointy-headed person who writes in crayon.”

 

“The world is full of abundance and opportunity, but far too many people come to the fountain of life with a sieve instead of a tank car… a teaspoon instead of a steam shovel. They expect little and as a result they get little.”

~ Ben Sweetland

Ex pec ta tion (n) (kspk-tshn)

The act of expecting.
Eager anticipation: eyes shining with expectation.

  1. The state of being expected.
  2. To look forward to the PROBABLE occurrence or appearance of someone or something;
  3. To consider LIKELY or certain; To anticipate CONFIDENTLY.

70 – The walls of upper city of Jerusalem were battered down by Romans.
1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
1779 – John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain.
1787 – The United States Constitution is delivered to the states for ratification.
1813 – Marines served aboard ships in battle against the British on Lake Ontario.
1821 – Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
1825 – The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, and begins operation of the world’s first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains.
1840 – Thomas Nast was born. He was a political cartoonist that created the Republican elephant and the Democrat donkey.
1852 – “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” premiered in Troy, NY.
1854 – The steamship Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
1864 – Civil War: A guerilla band led by William “Bloody Bill” Anderson sacks the town of Centralia, Missouri, killing 22 unarmed Union soldiers before massacring 120 pursuing Yankees.
1864 – Civil War: Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson), Missouri. 1700 were killed or injured.
1869 – Wild Bill Hickok, sheriff of Hays City, Kan., shot down Samuel Strawhim, a drunken teamster causing trouble.
1881 – Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before a record small “crowd” of 12.
1892 – Book matches were patented by Diamond Match Company.
1894 – The Aqueduct Race Track opened in New York City, NY.
1903 – Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name. The “Old 97″, a Southern Railway train en route from Monroe, Virginia to Spencer, North Carolina, derailed at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia on September 27, 1903. It occurred when the train’s engineer forced the train to go to breakneck speeds to make its stop at Spencer on time (Old 97 had a perfect reputation for never being late). The train went down a steep hill and couldn’t slow down when it reached the trestle at the base, sending it careening into the ravine below. A 1920s recording of the song, “Wreck of the Old 97″ by Vernon Dalhart, is sometimes cited as the first million-seller in the American record industry. Here it is sung by Johnny Cash.
1905 – Albert Einstein publishes the paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” in Annalen der Physik. This paper revealed the relationship between energy and mass.
1912 – W C Handy published “Memphis Blues,” the first Blues song.
1916 – First Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians.
1919 – Democratic National Committee votes to admit women.
1920 – Eight Chicago White Sox players were charged with fixing the 1919 World Series. As a result they picked up the nickname of the Black Sox.
1922 – Report on observations of experiments with short wave radio at Anacostia, DC, starts Navy development of radar.

1923 – Lou Gehrig hits the first of his 493 home runs. It comes off Bill Piercy at Fenway Park in an 8-3 New York win.
1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
1930 – Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf.
1933 – “Waltz Time” debuted on NBC Radio. It remained on the network until 1948 .
1937 – Last Balinese Tiger killed.
1937 – Charlie Howard established a world famous Santa Claus School at his Albion farmhouse, the first school of its kind. He was considered the Dean of the Santa Claus School with a worldwide reputation for turning out top-notch St. Nicks.
1938 – “Thanks for the Memory” was heard for the first time on “The Bob Hope Show”.
1938 – Clarinet virtuoso Artie Shaw recorded the song that would become his theme song, “Nightmare.”
1939 – After 19 days of resistance, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered to the Germans after being invaded by the Nazis and the Soviet Union during World War II.
1940 – Black leaders protested discrimination in US armed forces.
1940- The Axis powers are formed as Germany, Italy, and Japan become allies with the signing of the Tripartite Pact in Berlin.
1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
1942 – Glenn Miller and his Orchestra perform for the last time before Miller enters the US Army.
1942 – NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a single first down.
1942 –World War II:  The S.S. Stephen Hopkins, a Liberty Ship with an all-San Francisco crew, engaged the German raider Stier and her tender, Tannenfels.
19421st Class Signalman Douglas A. Munro, U.S. Coast Guard, rescued Marines of 1/7 during Operation Pestilence on Guadalcanal. He is the only Medal of Honor recipient for the U.S. Coast Guard.
1943 – “Pistol Packin’ Mama” and “Jingle Bells” were recorded by Bing Crosby, the Vic Schoen Orchestra and the Andrews Sisters.
1944 – World War II: Thousands of British troops were killed as German forces rebuffed their massive effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland.
1944 – World War II: Special Air Task Force (STAG-1) commences operations with drones, controlled by TBM aircraft, against Japanese in Southwestern Pacific.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe” by Johnny Mercer, “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como and “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1949 – The House UnAmerican Activities Committee (HUAC) held hearings on alleged communist infiltration of the Radiation Laboratory at UC Berkeley.  This was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
1950 – Korean War: Seoul fell to the First Marine Division augmented by ROK Marines and troops of the 7th Infantry Division with the 17th ROK Regiment attached.
1950 – Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis.
1952 – “I Went to Your Wedding” by Patti Page topped the charts.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford, “Crying in the Chapel” by June Valli and “A Dear John Letter” by Jean Shepard & Ferlin Husky all topped the charts.
1954 – The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
1954 – School integration begins in Washington DC & Baltimore Md public schools.
1956 – The U.S. Air Force Bell X-2, the world’s fastest and highest-flying plane, crashed, killing the test pilot.
1958 – “Volare” by Domenico Modugno topped the charts.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee, “The Mountain’s High” by Dick & DeeDee, “Crying” by Roy Orbison and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.
1962 – Detroit secretary Martha Reeves cut a side with a group called The Vandellas.
1962 – The U.S. sold Hawk anti-aircraft missiles to Israel.
1963 – At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000.
1964 –  The Beach Boys appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show for the first time. They performed “I Get Around.”
1964 – The Warren Commission releases its report, concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, assassinated President John F. Kennedy.
1968 – The stage musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof’s collapsing in July 1973.
1968 – A 1-0 win and 11 strikeouts against the Astros enables Cardinal Bob Gibson to lower his ERA to 1.12, a new NL season mark.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Green River” by Creedence Clearwater Revival , “Easy to Be Hard” by Three Dog Night and “Tall Dark Stranger” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1970 – “The Original Amateur Hour”  (14:30) aired for the last time on CBS. It had been on television for 22 years.
1973 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 383rd batter of the year.
1975 – “I’m Sorry” by John Denver topped the charts.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Best of My Love” by Emotions, “Don’t Stop” by Fleetwood Mac, “Keep It Comin’ Love” by KC & The Sunshine Band and “I’ve Already Loved You in My Mind” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1979 – The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
1980 – “Upside Down” by Diana Ross topped the charts.
1982 – John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show.
1983 – Larry Bird signed a seven-year contract with the Boston Celtics worth $15 million. The contract made him the highest paid Celtic in history.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Money for Nothing” by Dire Straits, “Cherish” by Kool & The Gang, “Freedom” by Wham! and “I Fell in Love Again Last Night” by The Forester Sisters all topped the charts.
1985 – Hurricane Gloria hits Long Island, New York with 130 mph winds.
1986 – Lionel Richie’s “Dancing on the Ceiling” was the #1 LP.
1986 – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & the News topped the charts.
1987 – Football fans suffered through their first Sunday without football since players went on strike. NFL owners soon organized games with replacement and nonstriking players.
1988 – Grand jury evidence showed Tawana Brawley fabricated her rape story. Reverend Al Sharpton turned this into a racial show.
1989 – The first two people to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and live to tell about it.  Peter Debernardi, 42, and Jeffrey (Clyde) Petkovich, 25, tumbled over the 167-foot high Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side of the Falls.
1990 – The US Senate Judiciary Committee approved the Supreme Court nomination of David H. Souter.
1991 – The US Senate Judiciary Committee deadlocked, 7-7, on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the US Supreme Court.
1994 – More than 350 Republican congressional candidates signed the Contract with America. It was a 10-point platform they pledged to enact if voters sent a GOP majority to the House.
1995 – The Government of the United States unveils the first of its redesigned bank notes with the $100 bill featuring a larger portrait of Benjamin Franklin slightly off-center.
1995 – At the O.J. Simpson trial, the prosecution and defense presented dueling summations.
1996 – Texan Charles Hurwitz of Maxxam Inc. agreed to exchange his hold on the Headwaters forest in California in exchange for cash, land or other government assets.
1997 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis, docked with the problem-plagued Russian Mir station to drop off American David Wolf and pick up Michael Foale.
1998 – Google is established.
1998 – Mark McGwire of the Cardinals hit his record-setting 69th and 70th home runs.
1998 – In Holmdel, N.J., the nation’s first Vietnam Museum opened as the Vietnam Era Educational Center.
1999 – The last professional baseball game is played at historic Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan with Detroit beating the Kansas City Royals 8-2.
2000 – Venus Williams became only the second player to win Wimbledon, the U.S. Open and the Olympics in the same year with her 6-2, 6-4 victory over Elena Dementieva.
2001 – Pres. Bush announced enhanced airport security measures that included national guard soldiers at checkpoints and armed air marshals on planes as a first step toward federal control of airline security.
2001 – US and British warplanes struck 2 artillery sites in Iraq’s southern no-fly zone.
2001 – In Jakarta, Indonesia, protesters burned US flags outside the US Embassy and threatened to kill Americans.
2002 – President Bush said the UN should have a chance to force Saddam Hussein to give up his weapons of mass destruction before the US acted on its own against Iraq.
2002 – The DJIA fell 295 to 7701.45. Nasdaq fell 22.45 to 1199.16.
2002 – All West Coast ports shut down when the Pacific Maritime Assoc. locked out some 10,500 longshoremen in retaliation for work slowdowns.
2004 – U.S. jets pounded suspected Shiite militant positions in the Baghdad slum of Sadr City.
2004 – A US Justice Department audit said the FBI had a backlog of hundreds of thousands of hours of untranslated audio recordings from terror and espionage investigations.
2005 – New Orleans Police Superintendent Eddie Compass stepped down from his post 4 weeks after Hurricane Katrina destroyed the city.
2005 – NASA and other institutions reported a huge galaxy, HUDF-JD2, dating from about 800 million years after the Big Bang. Odds on the date were given at 75%. The galaxy was said to be unusually massive and mature for its place in the young universe.
2007 – In Oakland, Ca. 4 people were charged with growing marijuana that since 2001 was used in cookies and other packaged food made by Tainted Inc.
2007 – In Florida a spacecraft named Dawn blasted off aboard an unmanned Delta rocket on a mission to explore two giant asteroids between Mars and Jupiter. Dawn was powered by a trio of solar-powered electric engines that ionize and expel xenon gas. It could serve as a blueprint for future interplanetary transport.
2009 – American General Stanley McChrystal, Commander of the International Security Assistance Force, formally requests more troops for the War in Afghanistan.
2009 – Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi makes some condescending remarks at a rally in Milan about his encounters with President of the United States Barack Obama, saying: “What’s his name? Some tanned guy… Ah, Barack Obama!”
2010 – Brandon Joseph Rhode is executed at a prison in Jackson, Georgia. His victims names were Steven Moss, Bryan Moss and Kristin Moss.
2011 – Fugitive hijacker George Wright is caught in Portugal, thirty-nine years after he and members of the Black Liberation Army took control of Delta Air Lines Flight 841 and flew it to Algeria.
2011 – The trial of Dr Conrad Murray for manslaughter in connection to the death of American singer Michael Jackson begins in California.
2012 – A Los Angeles jury finds David Viens, the Lomita, CA chef who told authorities that he cooked his dead wife’s body to dispose of it, guilty of second-degree murder
2
012 – A mass shooting takes place at Accent Signage Systems, a sign company in MinneapolisMinnesota. Five people are killed, including the gunman who committed suicide, and four others are wounded.
2012 – The NFL and the NFL Referees Association reach an agreement, ending the referee lockout that has been ongoing since June of this year.

 

1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman. He was one of the most important puritan religious leaders in the colonial period and was the grandfather of the famous Rev. Jonathan Edwards.
1722 – Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (d. 1803)
1805 – George Müller, Prussian orphanage builder (d. 1898)
1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American Civil War general (d. 1862) was a U.S. Navy officer and later a Union general in the Civil War who commanded the Army of Kentucky. He holds the distinction of being the only naval officer to achieve the rank of major general on either side of the Civil War. He was shot and killed by a fellow Union general, Jefferson C. Davis, during an argument in 1862.
1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American Civil War general (d. 1887) was a career U.S. Army officer who served in the Indian Wars, as a Union general in the American Civil War, and as Chief Signal Officer of the U.S. Army. His most famous service was defending “Hell’s Half Acre” at the Battle of Stones River in 1862.
1896 – Sam Ervin, American politician (d. 1985)
1920 – Jayne Meadows, American actress
1934 – Dick Schaap, American sports reporter (d. 2001)
1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American singer

 

 

FIELDS, JAMES H.
WW II

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 10th Armored Infantry, 4th Armored Division. Place and date: Rechicourt, France, September 27th, 1944. Entered service at: Houston, Tex. Birth: Caddo, Tex. G.O. No.: 13, 27 February 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, at Rechicourt, France. On 27 September 1944, during a sharp action with the enemy infantry and tank forces, 1st Lt. Fields personally led his platoon in a counterattack on the enemy position. Although his platoon had been seriously depleted, the zeal and fervor of his leadership was such as to inspire his small force to accomplish their mission in the face of overwhelming enemy opposition. Seeing that one of the men had been wounded, he left his slit trench and with complete disregard for his personal safety attended the wounded man and administered first aid. While returning to his slit trench he was seriously wounded by a shell burst, the fragments of which cut through his face and head, tearing his teeth, gums, and nasal passage. Although rendered speechless by his wounds, 1st Lt. Fields refused to be evacuated and continued to lead his platoon by the use of hand signals. On one occasion, when two enemy machineguns had a portion of his unit under deadly crossfire, he left his hole, wounded as he was, ran to a light machinegun, whose crew had been knocked out, picked up the gun, and fired it from his hip with such deadly accuracy that both the enemy gun positions were silenced. His action so impressed his men that they found new courage to take up the fire fight, increasing their firepower, and exposing themselves more than ever to harass the enemy with additional bazooka and machinegun fire. Only when his objective had been taken and the enemy scattered did 1st Lt. Fields consent to be evacuated to the battalion command post. At this point he refused to move further back until he had explained to his battalion commander by drawing on paper the position of his men and the disposition of the enemy forces. The dauntless and gallant heroism displayed by 1st Lt. Fields were largely responsible for the repulse of the enemy forces and contributed in a large measure to the successful capture of his battalion objective during this action. His eagerness and determination to close with the enemy and to destroy him was an inspiration to the entire command, and are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.

 

 

*MUNRO, DOUGLAS ALBERT
WW II

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Signalman First Class, U.S. Coast Guard Born: 11 October 1919, Vancouver, British Columbia. Accredited to Washington. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous gallantry m action above and beyond the call of duty as Petty Officer in Charge of a group of 24 Higgins boats, engaged in the evacuation of a battalion of Marines trapped by enemy Japanese forces at Point Cruz Guadalcanal, on September 27th, 1942. After making preliminary plans for the evacuation of nearly 500 beleaguered Marines, Munro, under constant strafing by enemy machineguns on the island, and at great risk of his life, daringly led five of his small craft toward the shore. As he closed the beach, he signaled the others to land, and then in order to draw the enemy’s fire and protect the heavily loaded boats, he valiantly placed his craft with its two small guns as a shield between the beachhead and the Japanese. When the perilous task of evacuation was nearly completed, Munro was instantly killed by enemy fire, but his crew, two of whom were wounded, carried on until the last boat had loaded and cleared the beach. By his outstanding leadership, expert planning, and dauntless devotion to duty, he and his courageous comrades undoubtedly saved the lives of many who otherwise would have perished. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 

*BAESEL, ALBERT E.
WW I

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 148th Infantry, 37th Division. Place and date: Near Ivoiry, France, September 27th, 1918. Entered service at: Berea, Ohio. Born: 1892, Berea, Ohio. G.O. No.: 43, W.D., 1922. Citation: Upon hearing that a squad leader of his platoon had been severely wounded while attempting to capture an enemy machinegun nest about 200 yards in advance of the assault line and somewhat to the right, 2d Lt. Baesel requested permission to go to the rescue of the wounded corporal. After thrice repeating his request and permission having been reluctantly given, due to the heavy artillery, rifle, and machinegun fire, and heavy deluge of gas in which the company was at the time, accompanied by a volunteer, he worked his way forward, and reaching the wounded man, placed him upon his shoulders and was instantly killed by enemy fire.

 

 

BRONSON, DEMING
WW I

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company H, 364th Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Eclisfontaine, France, 26-September 27th, 1918. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Born: 8 July 1894, Rhinelander, Wis. G.O. No.: 12 W.D., 1929. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy. On the morning of 26 September, during the advance of the 364th Infantry, 1st Lt. Bronson was struck by an exploding enemy handgrenade, receiving deep cuts on his face and the back of his head. He nevertheless participated in the action which resulted in the capture of an enemy dugout from which a great number of prisoners were taken. This was effected with difficulty and under extremely hazardous conditions because it was necessary to advance without the advantage of cover and, from an exposed position, throw handgrenades and phosphorous bombs to compel the enemy to surrender. On the afternoon of the same day he was painfully wounded in the left arm by an enemy rifle bullet, and after receiving first aid treatment he was directed to the rear. Disregarding these instructions, 1st Lt. Bronson remained on duty with his company through the night although suffering from severe pain and shock. On the morning of 27 September, his regiment resumed its attack, the object being the village of Eclisfontaine. Company H, to which 1st Lt. Bronson was assigned, was left in support of the attacking line, Company E being in the line. He gallantly joined that company in spite of his wounds and engaged with it in the capture of the village. After the capture he remained with Company E and participated with it in the capture of an enemy machinegun, he himself killing the enemy gunner. Shortly after this encounter the company was compelled to retire due to the heavy enemy artillery barrage. During this retirement 1st Lt. Bronson, who was the last man to leave the advanced position, was again wounded in both arms by an enemy high-explosive shell. He was then assisted to cover by another officer who applied first aid. Although bleeding profusely and faint from the loss of blood, 1st Lt. Bronson remained with the survivors of the company throughout the night of the second day, refusing to go to the rear for treatment. His conspicuous gallantry and spirit of self-sacrifice were a source of great inspiration to the members of the entire command.

 

 

*TURNER, WILLIAM B.
WW I 

Posthumously

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army 105th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Ronssoy, France, September 27th,1918. Entered service at: Garden City, N.Y. Birth: Boston, Mass. G.O. No.: 81, W.D., 1919. Citation: He led a small group of men to the attack, under terrific artillery and machinegun fire, after they had become separated from the rest of the company in the darkness. Single-handed he rushed an enemy machinegun which had suddenly opened fire on his group and killed the crew with his pistol. He then pressed forward to another machinegun post 25 yards away and had killed one gunner himself by the time the remainder of his detachment arrived and put the gun out of action. With the utmost bravery he continued to lead his men over three lines of hostile trenches, cleaning up each one as they advanced, regardless of the fact that he had been wounded three times, and killed several of the enemy in hand-to-hand encounters. After his pistol ammunition was exhausted, this gallant officer seized the rifle of a dead soldier, bayoneted several members of a machinegun crew, and shot the other. Upon reaching the fourth-line trench, which was his objective, 1st Lt. Turner captured it with the nine men remaining in his group and resisted a hostile counterattack until he was finally surrounded and killed.

 

 

WAALER, REIDAR
WW I

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 105th Machine-Gun Battalion, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Ronssoy, France, September 27th, 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Norway. G.O. No.. 5, W.D., 1920. Citation: In the face of heavy artillery and machinegun fire, he crawled forward to a burning British tank, in which some of the crew were imprisoned, and succeeded in rescuing two men. Although the tank was then burning fiercely and contained ammunition which was likely to explode at any time, this soldier immediately returned to the tank and, entering it, made a search for the other occupants, remaining until he satisfied himself that there were no more living men in the tank.

 


BOYNE, THOMAS

INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Mimbres Mountains, N. Mex., 29 May 1879; at Cuchillo Negro River near Ojo Caliente, N. Mex., September 27th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Prince Georges County, Md. Date of issue: 6 January 1882. Citation: Bravery in action.

 

 

PAINE, ADAM
INDIAN WARS 

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Canyon Blanco tributary of the Red River, Tex., 26-September 27th, 1874. Entered service at: Fort Duncan, Texas. Birth: Florida. Date of issue: 13 October 1875. Citation: Rendered invaluable service to Col. R. S. Mackenzie, 4th U.S. Cavalry, during this engagement.

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Unerased History – September 26th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 26, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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Johnny Appleseed Day 

Shamu the Whale Day

Restaurants and the Naming of Them

The public dining room that ultimately became known as the restaurant originated in France. The first restaurant proprietor was A. Boulanger, a soup vendor, who opened his business in Paris in 1765. The sign above his door advertised restoratives or restaurants, referring to the soups and broths available within. The institution took its name from that sign, and restaurant now denotes a public eating place in English, French, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Romanian, and many other languages. The specialty restaurant (serving one or two kinds of food, such as seafood or steak), the cafeteria, and fast food establishments are types of restaurants originating in the U.S.

Interesting Names

Names are interesting and can be very creative and generally indicate something about the area, the owner, its historical setting or its cuisine. For example, in an article from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette dated March, 6, 2011, China Millman does an excellent job showing the names of some local restaurants such as “The Gab ‘n Eat” giving you the idea to just sit, eat and talk. There is a local restaurant that focuses on breakfast and it is called “Not Just Toast.” A chain of pizza parlors is called “M-m-m Pizza. “ A very interesting name also comes from the Pittsburgh area and it is simply called “The Dinette.” The problem came when people did not know what a dinette was so the owner told them with a unique but familiar design:

Sonja Finn changed the tagline for her East Liberty restaurant, Dinette, in part because she had realized that many of her customers had no idea what “Dinette” meant.

In the downtown Philadelphia area there is a colonial time Inn called “Man In A Lot of Trouble Tavern.” Others include Tun’s Tavern, the historical founding location for the United States Marines. It is now gone, the original site being buried under I-95.

Creating names is a very creative process but one still has to be aware that there are other creative people around. A hot dog establishment  was called “Hot Dogma” but it ran into a trademark infringement  and was renamed “Franktuary.” Created just for this article, I think, is “Breakfast2, Lunch2 and Dinner2.” That would be three “square” meals.

There are several ways to approach the naming. Start by looking at names that reflect your concept. Names for hot dog places could include “Kraut ‘n Dogs” or spell it “Kraut ‘n Dawgs.” W.C. Fields once called hot dogs the “Tube Steaks.” The restaurants with “Saigon” in the name denote Vietnamese cuisine. In Indianapolis, IN there once was a “John’s Stew.” His menu had “John’s Stew”, John’s Hot Stew” and John’s Hot Hot Stew.”

Select a name that is easy to remember but also reminds people of where it is located. The restaurant (doesn’t exist) called Bell75 might suggest that it is at 75th Ave or Street and Bell. In Tucson, AZ, restaurants on the Miracle Mile use that in their names.

Look at historical connotations. Ask whether the building had been anything before it was a restaurant. For example, an old factory renovated to an Italian restaurant might be called the Spaghetti Factory. Check into history for events that happened nearby or historical people’s names that could be incorporated for example in northern Ohio could be called “The Leap” for its proximity to Brady’s Leap.

Be very careful when using English words that reflect English meanings but also reflect different words and meanings in other languages. For example, there may be a piano bar that is simply called “Alto.” In some parts of the United States that might work well but if there is a high Spanish or Mexican population, it could also mean “high” or “stop.” One other thing to be careful of in our society today is whether the name might create either a good or bad acronym.

These are but a few ideas. Let your creative juices flow and during the creative process, write down every idea that flows. Sometimes combinations of multiple ideas can create really good names.

“It’s the repetition of affirmations that leads to belief. And once that belief becomes a deep conviction, things begin to happen.”

~ Claude M. Bristol

scuttlebutt SKUHT-l-buht, noun:

1. A drinking fountain on a ship.
2. A cask on a ship that contains the day’s supply of drinking water.
3.Gossip; rumor. Scuttlebutt comes from scuttle, “a small opening” + butt, “a large cask” — that is, a small hole cut into a cask or barrel to allow individual cups of water to be drawn out. The modern equivalent is the office water cooler, also a source of refreshment and gossip.

 

 

1580 – Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe. Drake was knighted and awarded a prize of 10 thousand pounds. His crew of 63 split a purse of 8 thousand pounds.
1687 – The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who were besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.
1772 – New Jersey passed a bill requiring a license to practice medicine.
1777 – British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
1786 –  Protesters shut down the court in Springfield, Massachusetts in a military standoff that begins Shays’ Rebellion.
1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
1820 – The legendary frontiersman Daniel Boone died quietly at the Defiance, Mo., home of his son Nathan, at age 85.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate General Sterling Price invades Missouri and attacks a Yankee garrison at Pilot Knob.
1864 – Civil War: General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his men assaulted a Federal garrison near Pulaski, Tennessee.
1872 – The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) is established in New York City.
1892 – John Philip Sousa’s The ‘March King’ was introduced to the general public.
1892 – The Diamond Match Co. patented book matches.
1901 – Leon Czolgosz, who murdered President William McKinley, was sentenced to death.
1905 – Pitcher Ed Walsh hurls two complete-game victories over Boston, winning by scores of 10-5 and 3-1.
1908 – Cubs’ Ed Reulbach becomes only pitcher to throw Doubleheader shutout against host Brooklyn 5-0 and 3-0.
1908 – An ad for the Edison Phonograph appeared in “The Saturday Evening Post”. The phonograph offered buyers’ free records by both the Democratic and Republican US presidential candidates.
1910 – The first boat was raised in the locks of the Panama Canal..
1914 – The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act. Its charge was to regulate interstate commerce and foster competition by preventing monopolies in business.
1915 – “Horse Marines” engaged Haitian bandits near Petite Riviere.The US Marine Corps used horses often over the course of their service. The golden age of these Horse Marines was 1909-1938.
1916 – A Bishop spoke against Catholics joining trade unions.
1917 –  World War I: The Battle of Polygon Wood begins.
1918 – World War I: Battle of  the Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans began. It was the final Allied offensive on the western front.
1926 – The Browns beat the Yankees twice, 6-1 and 6-2, in a total time of two hours, seven minutes, a major-league record for a twin bill. The 2nd game is the fastest in American League history: 55 minutes.
1931 – Keel laying at Newport News, VA of USS Ranger (CV-4), first ship designed and constructed as an aircraft carrier.
1931 – As more and more Americans lost their jobs, President Hoover stepped in on this day and convened a national conference on unemployment.
1933 – As gangster Machine Gun Kelly surrenders to the FBI, he shouts out, “Don’t shoot, G-Men!”. That name became a nickname for FBI agents.
1933 – Ten convicts escape from the Indiana State Prison with guns smuggled into the prison by bank robber John Dillinger.
1934 – Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.
1937 – Bessie Smith, known as the ‘Empress of the Blues,’ died in a car crash on Highway 61 near Clarksdale, Mississippi. “The Collection” (58:45)
1940 – An American embargo is imposed on the export of all scrap iron and steel to Japan.
1943 – World War II: The Germans placed an extortion on the Jews of Rome with an order to produce 50 kg of gold within two days or face massive deportations.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore, “Is You is or is You Ain’t by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley all topped the charts.
1944 – World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.
1948 – Boston Braves win first National League championship since 1914.
1950 – The California state legislature passed a bill requiring state employees to sign a loyalty oath.
1950 – Korean War: The USS Brush struck a free-floating mine and thirteen sailors were killed and thirty-four others seriously wounded. This was the first incident of a U.S. Navy ship hitting a mine during the war. 
1950 – Korean War: United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS –“You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford, “Wish You Were Here by Eddie Fisher, “Half as Much” by Rosemary Clooney and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Cecil Foster, 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, flying an F-80 Shooting Star jet fighter, shot down a pair of MiG-15s for his second and third aerial kills.
1953 – “You You You” by the Ames Brothers topped the charts.
1954 – Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
1954 – Ronald Reagan made his first appearance as host of the “General Electric Theater,” and continued on for eight years.
1955 – NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929 when the word was released concerning U.S. President Eisenhower’s heart attack.  .
1957 – West Side Story, by Arthur Laurents, Leonard Bernstein, and Stephen Sondheim, directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins opens on Broadway for 732 performances.
1959 – “Sleepwalk” by Santo & Johnny topped the charts.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS -“My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own” by Connie Francis, “Chain Gang” by Sam Cooke, “Mr. Custer” by Larry Verne and “Alabam” by Cowboy Copas all topped the charts.
1960 – In Chicago, Illinois, the first televised presidential debate (58:34) takes place between candidates Vice President Richard M. Nixon (R) and Senator John F. Kennedy (D).
1960 – Longest speech in UN history (4 hrs, 29 minutes, by Fidel Castro). Castro’s presentation was primarily a complaint against U.S. policy toward his country and interference in their internal affairs.
1960 – “My Heart Has a Mind of its Own” by Connie Francis topped the charts.
1960 – Ted Williams hit his 521st home run off Jack Fisher for his last time at bat.
1961 – Bob Dylan makes his public debut.
1961 – Roger Maris hits HR #60 off Jack Fisher, tying Babe Ruth’s record.
1961 – Patent for an aerial capsule (satellite) emergency separation device.
1962 – Maury Wills of the Dodgers stole100 bases in a season (He went on to break Ty Cobb’s 47-year-old record by stealing 104 bases for the Dodgers and was named NL most valuable player.
1962 – TV comedy series “The Beverly Hillbillies” premiers on CBS. Season 1 Episode 1  (25:30)
1963 –  “Sugar Shack” by Jimmy Gilmer & the Fireballs entered Radio’s Hot 100
1963 – First steam-eject launch of Polaris missile at sea off Cape Canaveral, FL (now Cape Kennedy) from USS Observation Island (EAG-154).
1964 – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison topped the charts.
1964 -“Gilligan’s Island” began its 98-show run on CBS
1964 – The Kinks released the song “You Really Got Me.”
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “Harper Valley P.T.A.” by Jeannie C. Riley, “Hey Jude” by The Beatles, “Hush” by Deep Purple and “Mama Tried” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1968 – Hawaii Five-O debuts as an hourly program on CBS. Its theme song was “Walk Don’t Run” by the Ventures. It continued until 1980 and was the longest running police show in TV history.
1969 – The Chicago Seven trial begins.
1969 – The Brady Bunch debuts on ABC-TV and would run for five years.
1970 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres.
1970 – “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough” by Diana Ross topped the charts.
1971 – An attack on an American Embassy softball game occurred in Phnom Pehn, Cambodia. One dead.
1972 – Captain James P. Walsh, USMC of VMA-211 was the last US Marine to be taken prisoner during the Vietnam War, and was released as a POW on 12 February 1973.
1972 – Richard M. Nixon met with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever meeting of a U.S. President and a Japanese Monarch.
1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time, 3 hours-33 minutes.
1974 – “Walls and Bridges” was released by John Lennon. He would not release any more new material for almost 6 years.
1975 – Phillies & NY Mets play a doubleheader that ends at 3:15 AM.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Play That Funky Music” by Wild Cherry, “I’d Really Love to See You Tonight” by England Dan & John Ford Coley “A Fifth of Beethoven” by Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band and “If You’ve Got the Money I’ve Got the Time” by Willie Nelson all topped the charts.
1981 – Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
1981 – The twin-engine Boeing 767 made its maiden flight in Everett, WA.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Missing You” by John Waite, “Let’s Go Crazy” by Prince & The Revolution, “Drive” by The Cars and “Let’s Chase Each Other Around the Room” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1984 – Philadelphia’s Juan Samuel breaks Tim Raines’s record for steals by a rookie with his 72nd in a 7-1 loss to the Mets.
1985 – Shamu was born this day at Sea World in Orlando, Florida. She was the first killer whale to be born in captivity and survive.
1986 – William Rehnquist becomes Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
1986 – The episode of “Dallas” that had Bobby Ewing returning from the dead was aired.
1987 – “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston topped the charts.
1987 – “Star Trek: The Next Generation,” debuted on TV.
1988 – Ben Johnson is stripped of his gold medal in the 100 m sprint at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drug test.
1990 – Motion Picture Association of America creates new NC-17 rating.
1991 – Two year experimental Biosphere 2 in Oracle, Arizona begins. The first Biosphere 2 crew remained inside for two years despite various problems, including limited agricultural productivity, and emerged on September 26, 1993. The unit cost $150 million and was a sealed-off structure on 3.15 acres.
1991 – The U.S. Congress heard a plea from Kimberly Bergalis concerning mandatory AIDS testing for health care workers.
1994 – Jury selection began in Los Angeles for the murder trial of O.J. Simpson.
1995 – The prosecution began its closing argument in the murder trial of O.J. Simpson. Note the time frame from the previous entry.
1996 – Richard Allen Davis, the killer of 12-year-old Polly Klaas, was sentenced to death in San Jose, CA. It was his criminal record which resulted in California’s “Three strike law” for repeat offenders.
1996 – Shannon Lucid returned to Earth after being in space for 188 days. She set a time record for a U.S. astronaut in space and in the world for time spent by a woman in space.
1996 – Patricia Billings, amateur sculptor and med tech, demonstrated her fire-proof material GeoBond. It was made of gypsum, cement, and a secret off-the-shelf ingredient that in combination would not burn even under flames over 2,000 degrees.
1997 – Gap Inc. dressed the NY stock exchange in khakis fashion, the first casual dress day in exchange history.
2000 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Born-Alive Infants Protection Act. The act states that an infant would be considered to have been born alive if he or she is completely extracted or expelled from the mother and breathes and has a beating heart and definite movement of the voluntary muscles.
2001 – Pres. Bush met with US Sikh and Muslim leaders and declared that discrimination against such groups would not be tolerated.
2001 – In Vacaville, California, FBI agents arrested Bryan Douglas Rosenquist (39) and Michelle Elaine Serrao (41) for embezzling almost $12 million from BofA.
2001 – Enron Pres. Kenneth Lay urged his employees to buy Enron stock. Lay sold shares from the years 2000-2001 for a gain of $146 million.
2002 – A new edition of the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary was published and contained such new words as: Jedi, Klingons, Grinches, gearheads, bunny-huggers and bunny-boilers.
2004 – Hurricane Jeanne blasted ashore in Florida with drenching rains and 120 mph winds. She killed 3025 on her run with four of them in Florida.
2005 - Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School District is the first direct challenge brought in United States federal courts against a public school district curriculum mandating the teaching of intelligent design as an alternative to evolution.
2005 – A military court in Texas convicted Pfc. Lynndie England (22) on 6 of 7 counts of conspiracy and maltreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
2006 – Former Enron chief financial officer Andrew Fastow was sentenced by a federal judge in Houston to six years in prison for his role in the fallen energy company’s bankruptcy.

2007 – Barry Bonds went 0 for 3 in his last baseball game with the SF Giants.
2008 – Barack Obama and John McCain shared a stage in their first of three presidential debates. It primarily focused on foreign policy.
2010 – The Pentagon admits purchasing nearly 10,000 copies of a memoir by U.S. Army Reserve officer Anthony Shaffer, destroying all of them in an effort to suppress secret information.
2011 – The United States Senate reaches a temporary deal to avoid a government shutdown.
2013 – OBAMACARE: Small businesses now won’t be able to buy healthcare coverage coverage until November.
2014 – A man, Alton Nolen, 30, was recently fired from Vaughan Foods in Moore, OK drove to the front of the business and struck a vehicle before walking inside. He then attacked Colleen Hufford, 54, stabbing her several times before severing her head. He also stabbed another woman, 43-year-old Traci Johnson, at the plant. The FBI is investigating Nolen’s background and whether his recent conversion to Islam was somehow linked to the crime.

1774 – Johnny Appleseed, American pioneer who planted apple trees all over the Midwest. (d. 1847)
1888 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer and editor, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965) American poet and playwright, best known for “The Waste Land.” In Eliot’s words, “Any poet, if he is to survive beyond his 25th year, must alter; he must seek new literary influences; he will have different emotions to express. “
1895 – George Raft, American actor (d. 1980)
1897 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)
1897 – Pope Paul VI (d. 1978)
1898 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
1909 – Bill France, Sr., American founder of NASCAR (d. 1992)
1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness advocate
1925 – Marty Robbins, American singer (d. 1982)
1926 – Julie London, American singer and actress (d. 2000)
1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player

 

 

 

CAPTAIN HUMBERT R. VERSACE
Vietnam War

 

 

for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

 

Captain Humbert R. Versace distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism during the period of 29 October 1963 to September 26th,  1965, while serving as S-2 Advisor, Military Assistance Advisory Group, Detachment 52, Ca Mau, Republic of Vietnam. While accompanying a Civilian Irregular Defense Group patrol engaged in combat operations in Thoi Binh District, An Xuyen Province, Captain Versace and the patrol came under sudden and intense mortar, automatic weapons, and small arms fire from elements of a heavily armed enemy battalion. As the battle raged, Captain Versace, although severely wounded in the knee and back by hostile fire, fought valiantly and continued to engage enemy targets. Weakened by his wounds and fatigued by the fierce firefight, Captain Versace stubbornly resisted capture by the over-powering Viet Cong force with the last full measure of his strength and ammunition. Taken prisoner by the Viet Cong, he exemplified the tenets of the Code of Conduct from the time he entered into Prisoner of War status. Captain Versace assumed command of his fellow American soldiers, scorned the enemy’s exhaustive interrogation and indoctrination efforts, and made three unsuccessful attempts to escape, despite his weakened condition which was brought about by his wounds and the extreme privation and hardships he was forced to endure. During his captivity, Captain Versace was segregated in an isolated prisoner of war cage, manacled in irons for prolonged periods of time, and placed on extremely reduced ration. The enemy was unable to break his indomitable will, his faith in God, and his trust in the United States of America. Captain Versace, an American fighting man who epitomized the principles of his country and the Code of Conduct, was executed by the Viet Cong on26 September 1965. Captain Versace’s gallant actions in close contact with an enemy force and unyielding courage and bravery while a prisoner of war are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect the utmost credit upon himself and the United States Army.

 

 

 

*OBREGON, EUGENE ARNOLD
KOREAN WAR

Posthumously

 

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company G, 3d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Seoul, Korea, September 26th, 1950. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Born: 12 November 1930, Los Angeles, Calif. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company G, in action against enemy aggressor forces. While serving as an ammunition carrier of a machine gun squad in a Marine rifle company which was temporarily pinned down by hostile fire, Pfc. Obregon observed a fellow Marine fall wounded in the line of fire. Armed only with a pistol, he unhesitating dashed from his covered position to the side of the casualty. Firing his pistol with one hand as he ran, he grasped his comrade by the arm with his other hand and, despite the great peril to himself dragged him to the side of the road. Still under enemy fire, he was bandaging the man’s wounds when hostile troops of approximately platoon strength began advancing toward his position. Quickly seizing the wounded Marine’s carbine, he placed his own body as a shield in front of him and lay there firing accurately and effectively into the hostile group until he himself was fatally wounded by enemy machine gun fire. By his courageous fighting spirit, fortitude, and loyal devotion to duty, Pfc. Obregon enabled his fellow Marines to rescue the wounded man and aided essentially in repelling the attack, thereby sustaining and enhancing the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 

CALL, DONALD M.
WW I

 

 

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, 344th Battalion, Tank Corps. Place and date: Near Varennes, France, September 26th,  1918. Entered service at: France. Born: 29 November 1892, New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: During an operation against enemy machinegun nests west of Varennes, Cpl. Call was in a tank with an officer when half of the turret was knocked off by a direct artillery hit. Choked by gas from the high-explosive shell, he left the tank and took cover in a shellhole thirty yards away. Seeing that the officer did not follow, and thinking that he might be alive, Cpl. Call returned to the tank under intense machinegun and shell fire and carried the officer over a mile under machinegun and sniper fire to safety.

 

 

KATZ, PHILLIP C.
WW I

 

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 363d Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Eclisfontaine, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: After his company had withdrawn for a distance of 200 yards on a line with the units on its flanks, Sgt. Katz learned that one of his comrades had been left wounded in an exposed position at the point from which the withdrawal had taken place. Voluntarily crossing an area swept by heavy machinegun fire, he advanced to where the wounded soldier lay and carried him to a place of safety.

 

 

 

MALLON, GEORGE H.
WW I

 

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: In the Bois-de-Forges, France, September 26th,  1918. Entered service at: Minneapolis, Minn. Born: 15 June 1877 Ogden, Kans. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from the balance of his company because of a fog, Capt. Mallon, with nine soldiers, pushed forward and attacked nine active hostile machineguns, capturing all of them without the loss of a man. Continuing on through the woods, he led his men in attacking a battery of four 155-millimeter howitzers, which were in action, rushing the position and capturing the battery and its crew. In this encounter Capt. Mallon personally attacked one of the enemy with his fists. Later, when the party came upon two more machineguns, this officer sent men to the flanks while he rushed forward directly in the face of the fire and silenced the guns, being the first one of the party to reach the nest. The exceptional gallantry and determination displayed by Capt. Mallon resulted in the capture of 100 prisoners, eleven machineguns, four 155-millimeter howitzers and one antiaircraft gun.

 

 

 

SANDLIN, WILLIE
WW I

 

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: At Bois-de-Forges, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Hyden, Ky. Birth: Jackson, Ky. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: He showed conspicuous gallantry in action by advancing alone directly on a machinegun nest which was holding up the line with its fire. He killed the crew with a grenade and enabled the line to advance. Later in the day he attacked alone and put out of action two other machinegun nests, setting a splendid example of bravery and coolness to his men.

 

 

SEIBERT, LLOYD M.
WW I

 

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company F, 364th Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Epinonville, France, September 26th,  1918. Entered service at: Salinas, Calif. Birth: Caledonia, Mich. G.O. No.: 445, W.D., 1919. Citation. Suffering from illness, Sgt. Seibert remained with his platoon and led his men with the highest courage and leadership under heavy shell and machinegun fire. With two other soldiers he charged a machinegun emplacement in advance of their company, he himself killing one of the enemy with a shotgun and capturing two others. In this encounter he was wounded, but he nevertheless continued in action, and when a withdrawal was ordered he returned with the last unit, assisting a wounded comrade. Later in the evening he volunteered and carried in wounded until he fainted from exhaustion.

 

 

*SKINKER, ALEXANDER R.
WW I

Posthumously

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 138th Infantry, 35th Division. Place and date: At Cheppy, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Birth: St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: Unwilling to sacrifice his men when his company was held up by terrific machinegun fire from iron pill boxes in the Hindenburg Line, Capt. Skinker personally led an automatic rifleman and a carrier in an attack on the machineguns. The carrier was killed instantly, but Capt. Skinker seized the ammunition and continued through an opening in the barbed wire, feeding the automatic rifle until he, too, was killed.

 

 

 

WEST, CHESTER H.
WW I

 

 

 

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 363d Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Bois-de-Cheppy, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Los Banos, Calif. Birth: Fort Collins, Colo. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: While making his way through a thick fog with his automatic rifle section, his advance was halted by direct and unusual machinegun fire from two guns. Without aid, he at once dashed through the fire and, attacking the nest, killed two of the gunners, one of whom was an officer. This prompt and decisive hand-to-hand encounter on his part enabled his company to advance farther without the loss of a man.

 

 

 

*WOLD, NELS
WW I

Posthumously

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company I, 138th Infantry, 35th Division. Place and date: Near Cheppy, France, September 26th,  1918. Entered service at: Minnewaukan, N. Dak. Birth: Winger, Minn. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: He rendered most gallant service in aiding the advance of his company, which had been held up by machinegun nests, advancing, with one other soldier, and silencing the guns, bringing with him, upon his return, eleven prisoners. Later the same day he jumped from a trench and rescued a comrade who was about to be shot by a German officer, killing the officer during the exploit. His actions were entirely voluntary, and it was while attempting to rush a fifth machinegun nest that he was killed. The advance of his company was mainly due to his great courage and devotion to duty.

 

 

HILLS, WILLIAM G.
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 9th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At North Fork, Va., September 26th, 1864. Entered service at. ——. Birth: 26 June 1841, Conewango, N.Y. Date of issue: 26 September 1893. Citation: Voluntarily carried a severely wounded comrade out of a heavy fire of the enemy.


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Unerased History – September 25th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 25, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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National One-Hit Wonder Day

 National Comic Book Day

90 days to Christmas

 

 

RANDOM TIDBITS

Telephone Number Tidbits

One of the most expensive phone numbers in the world is 666-6666 which was sold for USD$2.75 million in Doha, Qatar as part of a charity event in 2006. Another is 888-8888, which was sold for USD$270,723 in Chengdu, China. Eight is traditionally considered a lucky number in Chinese culture.

The band “999” was named after the British emergency telephone number. This number is also police code for “Officer Needs Help Urgently.”

Other songs that include telephone numbers:
“911 is a Joke” by Public Enemy
“What’s the 411?” by Mary J. Blige
“867-5309/Jenny” by Tommy Tutone
PEnnsylvania 6-5000 by Glenn Miller
“634-5789″ (Soulsville, U.S.A.) by Wilson Pickett

"853-5937" by Squeeze
"236-6132" by Dave Carter and Tracy Grammer
"6060-842" by the B-52's 
"777-9311" by The Time
"Beechwood 4-5789" by The Marvelettes (notable cover by The Carpenters) 
"BIGELOW 6-200"
"Echo Valley 2-6809" by The Partridge Family 
555-4475: 
"555-GIRL" by Goin' Places 
567-7203:
 "Lonesome 7-7203" by Hawkshaw Hawkins 
5705: 
"5.7.0.5" by City Boy 
976-2277: 
"976-BASS" by Bass Erotica
911: 
"911 is a joke" by Public Enemy 
411: 
"What's the 411?" by Mary J. Blige 
061: 
"061" by The Grid 

The North American Numbering Plan reserves a portion of   the exchange prefix 555- for use in fictitious telephone  numbers. The 555- exchange originally contained the directory/information number 555-1212, allowing a block of fictitious numbers to be reserved across multiple area codes.


Computer industry pioneer Steve Wozniak, a collector of  phone numbers, obtained the phone number 888-888-8888, but it proved unusable: Children playing with phones  would dial it, resulting in more than a hundred wrong  numbers a day.

The telephone number 867-5309 is a prime number and may be the largest prime number to appear in the title of a popular song. (The song 867-5309/Jenny peaked at #4 on Billboard in 1982.)

The phone number of Jenny’s twin sister is “867-5311″ because 867-5309 and 867-5311 are twin primes.

 

 

 

 “Use those talents you have. You will make it. You will give joy to the world. Take this tip from nature: The forest would be a very silent place if no birds sang except those who sang best.”

 ~Bernard Meltze

 

improvident   im-PROV-uh-duhnt; -dent, adjective:
Lacking foresight or forethought; not foreseeing or providing for the future; negligent or thoughtless.

275 – Marcus Claudius Tacitus is appointed Roman emperor by the Senate.
1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking era.
1492 – The crew of the Pinta, one of Christopher Columbus’ ships, mistakenly thought that they had spotted land.
1493 – Christopher Columbus embarked on his second voyage to the New World.
1513 – The Pacific Ocean was discovered by Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa when he crossed the Isthmus of Panama. He named the body of water the South Sea. He was truly the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.
1639 – The first press in the British colonies in America was established in 1639. The Cambridge Press was begun to allow the publication of religious works without fear of interference from London.
1676 – Greenwich Mean Time began when two very accurate clocks are set in motion at the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England. Greenwich Mean Time, now known as Universal Time, became the standard for the world in 1884.
1690 – “Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick“, the first newspaper published in the Americas, published for the first and only time by Benjamin Harris.
1775 – Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen was captured by the British when he tried to invade Canada.
1777 – English General William Howe conquered Philadelphia.
1780 – American General Benedict Arnold joins the British.
1789 – The Congressional Apportionment Amendment to the United States Constitution is proposed at the U.S. Congress.
1789 – The first U.S. Congress adopted 12 amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America and sent them to the states for ratification. Ten of the amendments became the Bill of Rights.
1804 – The Teton Sioux (a subdivison of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for moving further upriver.
1804 – The Twelfth Amendment was ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president.
1847 – During the Mexican-American War, U.S. forces led by General Zachary Taylor captured Monterrey Mexico.
1861 – Secretary of the Navy authorizes the enlistment of slaves.
1867 – Congress created the first all- black university, Howard Univ. in Wash DC.
1882 – First doubleheader was played in Major League Baseball: Providence v. Worcester.
1889 – The Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889 (previously called the Great Fire of 1889) was a wildfire in California. It burned large parts of Orange County and San Diego County.
1890 – Yosemite National Park established in California.
1890 – Sequoia National Park and Kings Canyon National Park was established by President Benjamin Harrison.
1904 – A New York City police officer ordered a female passenger in an automobile on Fifth Avenue to stop smoking a cigarette. A male companion was arrested and later fined two dollars for “abusing” the officer.
1909 – The first National Aeronautic Show opened at Madison Square Garden.
1911 – Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson collapsed after a speech in Pueblo, CO. The speaking tour was in support of the Treaty of Versailles.
1924 – Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 146.16 MPH
1926 – Henry Ford of the Ford Motor Company announced the 8-houra day, 5-day work week.
1929 – Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible.
1933 – Tom Mix was heard on NBC Radio for the first time. His show ran until June of 1950.
1933 – First state poorhouse opened in Smyrna, Georgia.
1934 – Lou Gehrig plays in his 1500th consecutive game
1942 – World War II: War Labor Board ordered equal pay for women in the United States.
1948 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino (b.1916), a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist “Tokyo Rose,” arrived in San Francisco aboard the USS General Hodges and was taken away by FBI agents.
1950 – The first Kate Smith Hour aired  and was broadcast live from the Houston Theater in New York. Her theme song for the show was “When the Moon Comes Over the Mountain“.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett, “I Get Ideas” by Tony Martin, “Come on-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney and “Always Late (With Your Kisses)” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1952 – The American Federation of Labor broke a 71-year precedent and endorsed Democratic candidate Adlai Stevenson.
1955 – Patty Berg won the LPGA Clock Golf Open.
1957 – U.S. Army troops escorted nine black children to their classes at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Until the arrival of federal troops, riots and violence had prevented desegregation of the public school.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sleep Walk” by Santo & Johnny, “(’Til) I Kissed You” by The Everly Brothers, “Mack the Knife” by Bobby Darin and “The Three Bells” by The Browns all topped the charts.
1959 – President Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Khrushchev began Camp David talks.
1962 – Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in round one to win the world heavyweight title at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
1964 – The TV show “Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C.” debuted with Jim Nabors as Gomer Pyle.
1965 – “Eve of Destruction” by Barry McGuire topped the charts.
1965 – Willie Mays, at the age of 34, became the oldest man to hit fifty home runs in a single season. He had also set the record for the youngest to hit fifty ten years earlier.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Letter” by The Box Tops, “Never My Love” by The Association, “Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie” by Jay & The Techniques and “My Elusive Dreams” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1970 – The Partridge Family debuts on ABC-TV and would run for four years.
1971 – “Go Away Little Girl” by Donny Osmond topped the charts.
1973 – The three crewmen of Skylab II landed in the Pacific Ocean after being on the U.S. space laboratory for 59 days.
1974 – Scientists warned that continued use of aerosol sprays would cause ozone depletion, leading to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes and warming.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Fame” by David Bowie, “I’m Sorry” by John Denver, “Fight the Power” by The Isley Brothers and “Daydreams About Night Things” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1978 – PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727-214, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, California, resulting in the deaths of 144 people.
1978 – Melissa Ludtke, a writer for “Sports Illustrated”, filed a suit in U.S. District Court. The result was that Major League Baseball could not bar female writers from the locker room after the game.
1979 – The musical “Evita” opened on New York City’s Broadway for 1568 performances.
1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor was the 102nd Justice sworn in as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, the first woman to hold the office.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tell Her About It” by Billy Joel, “Total Eclipse of the Heart by Bonnie Tyler, “The Safety Dance” by Men Without Hats and “Baby, What About You” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1983 – A Soviet military officer, Stanislav Petrov, averted a potential worldwide nuclear war. He declared a false alarm after a U.S. attack was detected by a Soviet early warning system. It was later discovered the alarms had been set off when the satellite warning system mistakenly interpreted sunlight reflections off clouds as the presence of enemy missiles.
1987 – The booty collected from the Wydah, which sunk off Cape Cod in 1717, was auctioned off. The worth was around $400 million.
1987 – The US Senate unanimously approved the nomination of Judge William S. Sessions to be the new director of the FBI.
1988 – Republican George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis clashed over deficits, drugs and the Pledge of Allegiance in their first presidential debate.
1990 – Saddam Hussein warns that the US will repeat its Vietnam experience.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Adore Mi Amor” by Color Me Badd, “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & The Funky Bunch/Loleatta Holloway, “Emotions” by Mariah Carey and “Leap of Faith” by Lionel Cartwright all topped the charts.
1992 – In Orlando, FL, a judge ruled in favor of 12-year-old Gregory Kingsley. He had sought a divorce from his biological parents.
1992 – The Mars Observer blasted off on a mission that cost $980 million. The probe has not been heard from since it reached Mars in August of 1993.
1992 – Dorothy Harris (41) and Louis Oates (63) were shot to death at their oil company office in Palestine, Texas by a paranoid schizophrenic.
1993 – Three U.S. soldiers in Somalia were killed when their helicopter was downed by a rocket-propelled grenade.
1997 – NBC sportscaster Marv Albert pled guilty to assault and battery of a lover. He was fired from NBC within hours.
1997 – The NBC prime-time drama “ER” did its season premiere live for the Eastern United States, then repeated the performance live for the West Coast.
1997 – The space shuttle Atlantis was launched. Astronaut David Wolf scheduled to replace Michael Foale on the Mir space station.
1998 – Sammy Sosa blasts his 66th Home Run.
1998 – Mark McGwire hit his 66th home run; just 45 minutes after Sammy Sosa hit his 66th homer of the season.
1998 – Hurricane Georges raked the Florida Keys with sheets of rain and 105 mph winds, but spared Florida the kind of devastation seen across the Caribbean.
2001 – Michael Jordan returned to basketball with the NBA’s Washington Wizards.
2001 – General Motors announced the 2002 model year would be the last for the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird.
2001 – The US campaign against terrorism was renamed “Operation Enduring Freedom.”
2002 – U.S. forces landed in Ivory Coast to aid in the rescue foreigners trapped in a school by fighting between government troops and rebel troops. Rebels had attempted to take over the government on September 19.
2003 – The U.S. District Court in Denver rules that the National Do Not Call Registry would violate the First Amendment since it contains exceptions for certain unsolicited calls. Thus, the Federal Trade Commission is currently prohibited from implementing the registry.
2003 – A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore of Hokkaido, Japan.
2004 – Hurricane Jeanne makes landfall at 11:50 p.m. local time at Hutchison Island, just east of Stuart, Florida, as a Category Three storm with maximum sustained winds of 120 mph (195 km/h). About 3 million people are ordered to evacuate vulnerable areas in Florida.
2005 – Pres. Bush said Congress should consider giving the Defense Dept. the lead role in responding to natural disasters.
2005 – Iraq: At least four Shia Muslims, believed to be members of the Mahdi Army are killed by US soldiers in a gunfight following a U.S. raid into Sadr City, eastern Baghdad.
2006 – The Louisiana Superdome, a symbol of misery during Hurricane Katrina, reopened for a New Orleans Saints game. The Saints defeated the Atlanta Falcons, 23-3.
2007 – The highly anticipated Halo 3 was released for the Xbox 360.
2007 -Seventy-three thousand United Auto Workers union workers go on strike against General Motors, the first general strike against the company in 37 years.
2008 – Dark flow, a new and unexplained cosmic phenomenon, is observed by astronomers for the first time.
2008 – The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.(FDIC)  seized Seattle-based Washington Mutual Inc., and then sold the thrift’s banking assets to JPMorgan Chase & Co. for $1.9 billion. WaMu, founded in 1889, became the largest bank to fail by far in the country’s history.
2008 – An effigy of Barack Obama is found hanging from a tree at George Fox University in Newberg, Oregon.
2009 – US regulators shut down Atlanta-based Georgian Bank, the 95th US bank to fail this year as loan defaults rise in the worst financial climate in decades.
2009 – In Pennsylvania police arrested 83 people during protests at the meeting of the G20 Pittsburgh. A “People’s March” attracted some 3,000 people.
2009 – Paul G. Kirk, Jr. is sworn in as the interim U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, succeeding the late Ted Kennedy.
2010 – A U.S. federal court judge denies convicted murderer and rapist Albert Green’s request for a stay of execution, clearing the way for California’s first execution in five years.
2010 – The U.S. government urges a judge to dismiss a lawsuit which challenges an American targeted killing program which is currently hunting an American citizen who has no charges brought against him.
2011 – At least five people are shot dead in two locations in Indiana.
2011 – The decommissioned NASA Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite re-enters Earth’s atmosphere without incident, after more than 20 years in orbit.
2013 – A new space station crew lifted off today at 4:58 pm EDT aboard a Soyuz spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Expedition 37 NASA.
2013 –  Secretary of State John Kerry signed the UN Arms Trade Treaty, “On behalf of President Obama and the United States of America.”
2014 – Americans 38-year-old Erick Candanoza, and 25-year-old Carlos Vela Moreno were beaten  by drug cartel members. Cardanoza was killed while Moreno barely managed to survive the kidnapping and torture just south of the Texas border.

 

 

1725 – Nicolas Joseph Cugnot, French automobile pioneer (d. 1804)
1738 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (d. 1789)
1897 – William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
1929 – Barbara Walters, American broadcaster
1944 – Michael Douglas, American actor and producer
1947 – Cheryl Tiegs, American model
1952 – Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (d. 2004
1968 – Will Smith, American actor and rapper

 

 

*NEW, JOHN DURY
WW II

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 12 August 1924, Mobile, Ala. Accredited to: Alabama. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 2d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island, Palau Group, 25 September 1944. When a Japanese soldier emerged from a cave in a cliff directly below an observation post and suddenly hurled a grenade into the position from which two of our men were directing mortar fire against enemy emplacements, Pfc. New instantly perceived the dire peril to the other Marines and, with utter disregard for his own safety, unhesitatingly flung himself upon the grenade and absorbed the full impact of the explosion, thus saving the lives of the two observers. Pfc. New’s great personal valor and selfless conduct in the face of almost certain death reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 

ORMSBEE, FRANCIS EDWARD, JR.
WW I 

Rank and organization: Chief Machinist’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 30 April 1892, Providence, R.l. Accredited to: Florida. G.O. No.: 436, 1918. Citation: For extraordinary heroism while attached to the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Fla., on 25 September 1918. While flying with Ens. J. A. Jova, Ormsbee saw a plane go into a tailspin and crash about three-quarters of a mile to the right. Having landed near by, Ormsbee lost no time in going overboard and made for the wreck, which was all under water except the 2 wing tips. He succeeded in partially extricating the gunner so that his head was out of water, and held him in this position until the speedboat arrived. Ormsbee then made a number of desperate attempts to rescue the pilot, diving into the midst of the tangled wreckage although cut about the hands, but was too late to save his life.

RICKENBACKER, EDWARD V.
(Air Mission)

WW I

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 94th Aero Squadron, Air Service. Place and date: Near Billy, France, 25 September 1918. Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio. Born: 8 October 1890, Columbus, Ohio. G.O. No.: 2, W.D., 1931. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy near Billy, France, 25 September 1918. While on a voluntary patrol over the lines, 1st Lt. Rickenbacker attacked 7 enemy planes (5 type Fokker, protecting two type Halberstadt). Disregarding the odds against him, he dived on them and shot down one of the Fokkers out of control. He then attacked one of the Halberstadts and sent it down also.

 

CONNOR, WILLIAM C.
CIVIL WAR 

Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1832, Pennsylvania. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Howquah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner Lynx, off Wilmington, 25 September 1864. Performing his duty faithfully under the most trying circumstances, Connor stood firmly at his post in the midst of a crossfire from the rebel shore batteries and our own vessels.

ROBINSON, ALEXANDER
CIVIL WAR

Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, England. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served as boatswain’s mate on board the U.S.S. Howquah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner, Lynx, off Wilmington, 25 September 1864. Performing his duty faithfully under the most trying circumstances, Robinson stood firmly at his post in the midst of a crossfire from the rebel shore batteries and our own vessels. 

 

 

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Unerased History – September 24th

Posted by Wayne Church on September 24, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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National Good Neighbor Day
Punctuation Day


More Than Just Hot Air

For many years, it was suspected that the tale of the lawn chair pilot, who soared to 16,000 feet near LAX, was a spoof, an urban legend, a bit of fun…but they were wrong.

In 1982, Larry Walters of Southern California, satisfied a lifelong dream to try his own unique method of flying. He went to a Navy Surplus store and purchased 42 weather balloons and numerous tanks of helium. He then took a lawn chair and equipped it with padding, loaded it with supplies like lunch, a CB radio, and a BB gun, with which he proposed to pop balloons, one at a time, in order to get himself back to Earth

The chair reached 16,000 feet, where it was very cold. Walters attempted to bring himself back down, but after popping a few balloons, he dropped his gun, and was literally trapped in airspace, where he was reported to air traffic controllers by the startled pilots of both TWA and Delta planes.

 


 “Stand up to your obstacles and do something about them. You will find that they haven’t half the strength you think they have.”

~ Norman Vincent Peale

 


concatenation
kon-kat-uh-NAY-shuhn; kuhn-, noun: 

A series of links united; a series or order of things depending on each other, as if linked together; a chain, a succession.

Concatenation is from Late Latin concatenatio, from concatenare, “to chain together,” from Latin con-, “with, together” + catena, “a chain, a series.”

 622 – Mohammed and his followers commenced the Hegira, or “flight,” to Medina, where he founded Islam.

1493 – Christopher Columbus departs on his second expedition to the New World.
1657 – The first autopsy and coroner’s jury verdict was recorded in the state of Maryland.
1683 – King Louis XIV expelled all Jews from French possessions in America.
1742 – Faneuil Hall opened in Boston. It has been a marketplace and a meeting hall since built. It was the site of several speeches by Samuel Adams, James Otis, and others encouraging independence from England
1789 – Senate Bill Number One of the First Session of the First Congress became, after lengthy and heated debate, the Judiciary Act of September 24, 1789. It created a six-person Supreme Court and provided for an Attorney General.
1789 – President George Washington appointed John Jay as the first Chief Justice.
1789 – The United States Post Office Department is established.
1852 – French engineer Henri Giffard made the first flight in an airship that was powered by a steam engine.
1856 – John Marsh, Harvard graduate and pioneer California settler, was murdered on the road between Pacheco and Martinez while traveling to San Francisco. Marsh was the first non-Hispanic to live in Contra Costa County.
1862 – Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer.
1862 – Civil War: The Confederate Congress adopted the Confederacy seal.
1865 – James Cooke walked a tightrope from the San Francisco Cliff House to Seal Rocks.
1869 – Thousands of businessmen were financially ruined after a panic on Wall Street. “Black Friday”: Gold prices plummet as Financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
1876 – Mary Newton (2), the daughter of US Army Engineer Lt. Col. John Newton, triggered a huge blast to clear rocks in the Hell Gate channel of the East River.
1904 – Sixty-two died and 120 were injured in head-on train collision in Tennessee. The No. 15 crashed head-on into the eastbound No. 12 train due to the unannounced schedule change. At that time, railroads had no block signals to control the rail traffic, and the trains operated on only a single track, making scheduling errors extremely dangerous.
1906 – President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower the nation’s first National Monument.
1909 – Thomas M. Flaherty filed for a U.S. patent, with an idea for a “Signal for Crossings.”
1915 – Douglas Fairbanks debuted in “The Lamb.”
1918 – Ensign David S. Ingalls, USNR, in a Sopwith Camel, shoots down his fifth enemy aircraft, becoming the first U.S. Navy ace while flying with the British Royal Air Force.
1922 – Roger Hornsby sets the National League home run mark at 42.
1924 – Boston, Massachusetts, opened its airport.
1927 – The Yankees win their 106th game, 6-0 over Detroit, for a new American League high. They will win 110, a record until the 1954 Cleveland Indians win 111.
1929 – First all-instrument flight took place; it was piloted by U.S. Army Lieutenant James H. Doolittle. The aircraft was a Consolidated NY2 Biplane and he flew it over Mitchell Field.
1930 – Portsmouth beats Brooklyn in first NFL game played under floodlights.
1933 – “Roses and Drums” was heard on WABC in New York City. It was the first dramatic presentation for radio.
1934 – 2500 fans see Babe Ruth’s farewell Yankee appearance at Yankee Stadium
1938 -Don Budge becomes first US tennis player to grand slam
1940 – Jimmy Foxx hits his 500th career HR.
1940 – “Flinging a Wing Ding” was recorded by Bob Chester.
1941 – World War II: The Japanese consul in Hawaii is instructed to divide Pearl Harbor into five zones and calculate the number of battleships in each zone–and report the findings back to Japan.
1942 – World War II: Off Guadalcanal, the routine re-supplying done at night by the Japanese is disrupted by the Americans as they sink two Japanese destroyers and a cruiser.
1943 – World War II: The Coast Guard-manned USS LST-167 and the USS LST-334 with a partial Coast Guard crew landed troops during the invasion of Vella Lavella in the central Solomons despite fierce resistance from the Japanese defenders.
1948 – The Honda Motor Company is founded.
1948 – Mildred Gillars, known as “Axis Sally”, pleaded innocent to charges of treason. She ended up serving 12 years for being a Nazi wartime radio propagandist.
1949 – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone topped the charts.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mona Lisa” by Nat King Cole, “Goodnight Irene” by The Weavers, “Play a Simple Melody” by Bing Crosby and “Goodnight Irene” by Red Foley-Ernest Tubb all topped the charts.
1950 – Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A Blue moon (in the astronomical sense) is seen as far away as Europe.
1953 – The discovery of the antibiotic tetracycline was reported.
1955 – Millions tune in to watch Judy Garland make her TV debut on the “Ford Star Jubilee”
1955 – “Ain’t That a Shame” by Fats Domino topped the charts.
1955 – President Dwight Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver, CO. He fully recovered.
1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends United States National Guard troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
1957 – Brooklyn Dodgers play last game at Ebbets Field, defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-0.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)” by Domenico Modugno,It’s All in the Game” by Tommy Edwards, “Rock-in Robin” by Bobby Day and “Bird Dog” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1958 – “The Donna Reed Show” premiered on ABC-TV.
1960 – “The Twist” by Chubby Checker topped the charts
1960 – USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Virginia.
1961 – Bullwinkle J. Moose and his friend, Rocket J. (Rocky) Squirrel seen in prime time.
1961 – The last episode of “I Love Lucy” aired. There were 179 episodes.
1962 – University of Mississippi agreed to admit James Meredith as the first black university student. US Court of Appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit him.
1964 – “The Munsters” premiered on TV.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Cherish” by The Association, “Sunshine Superman” by Donovan, “Bus Stop” by The Hollies and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1967 – Cards Jim Bakken kicks seven field goals vs the Pittsburgh Steelers.
1968 – “The Mod Squad” premiered on ABC-TV.
1969 – The TV News magazine, “60 Minutes” debuted.
1968 – The Vogues received a gold record for “Turn Around Look at Me.”
1969 – The trial began for the “Chicago Eight,” who were accused of inciting riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention.
1970 – First Automated return of lunar sample by Luna 16.
1972 – Jack Tatum, Oakland, returns a fumble 104 yards vs Green Bay (record).
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Can’t Get Enough of Your Love, Babe” by Barry White,Rock Me Gently” by Andy Kim, “I Honestly Love You” by Olivia Newton-John and “I Wouldn’t Want to Live if You Didn’t Love Me” by Don Williams all topped the charts.
1976 – Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her role in a 1974 bank robbery. An executive clemency order from U.S. President Jimmy Carter set her free after only twenty-two months.
1977 – “The Love Boat” premiers on ABC-TV with Gavin MacLeod as the commander of the Pacific Princess. It ran until 1986.
1977 – “Best of My Love” by the Emotions topped the charts.
1979 – CompuServe system started.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hard to Say I’m Sorry” by Chicago, “Abracadabra” by The Steve Miller Band, “Jack & Diane” by John Cougar and “She Got the Goldmine (I Got the Shaft)” by Jerry Reed all topped the charts.
1988 – Summer Olympics: Ben Johnson beats Carl Lewis and Linford Christie in 100 meters sprinting in a record time of 9.79 seconds. (Johnson would later be disqualified in a high profile case of doping in sports.)
1983 – “Tell Her About It” by Billy Joel topped the charts.
1988 – “Don’t Worry, Be Happy” by Bobby McFerrin topped the charts.
1989 – Residents of Charleston, S.C., were in church services recovering from the devastation of Hurricane Hugo. Hugo caused twenty-nine deaths in the United States.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Release Me” by Wilson Phillips, “(I Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection” by Nelson, “Close to You” by Maxi Priest and “Jukebox in My Mind” by Alabama all topped the charts.
1991 – Children’s author Dr. Seuss (real name: Theodor Seuss Geisel) , died in La Jolla, Calif., at age 87.
1992 – Acting Navy Secretary Sean O’Keefe stripped three admirals of their jobs for failing to investigate aggressively the Tailhook sex abuse scandal.
1992 – Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton promised to press for a national health-care system for all Americans; the Bush campaign countered that the plan would be too expensive for average Americans.
1994 – A firefight erupted between U.S. Marines and a group of armed Haitians outside a police station in the northern coastal city of Cap-Haitian; ten of the Haitians were killed.
1996 – The United States and the world’s other major nuclear powers signed a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.
1997 – Garth Brooks was named best entertainer by Country Music Association.
1998 – New, harder-to-counterfeit US $20 bill was introduced.
1999 – Oregon teenager Kip Kinkel, who killed his parents and gunned down two classmates at school, abandoned an insanity defense and pleaded guilty to murder. He was later sentenced to 112 years without parole.
2001 – President George W. Bush froze the assets of 27 suspected terrorists and terrorist groups.
2001 – In Maryland, two college students, sisters, were killed by tornadoes at College Park.
2002 – The US Census Bureau reported a rise in the poverty rate to 11.7%, with 32.9 million people classified as poor. It was the first rise in eight years.
2003 – After four turbulent months, three special legislative sessions and two Democratic walkouts, both houses of the Republican-controlled Texas Legislature adopted redistricting plans.
2004 – The USS Crommelin stopped the fishing boat San Jose. The Coast Guard team found 26,000 pounds of cocaine.
2005 – Hurricane Rita makes landfall , devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana. It largely spared Houston and New Orleans.
2006 – A survey by the Pew Internet and American Life Project said machines after 2020 will become intelligent, evolve rapidly, and could end up treating humans as pets.
2007 – More than 73,000 General Motors Corp workers walked off the job after marathon contract talks between the United Auto Workers union and GM stalled and the union called the first national strike since 1970 against the top U.S. automaker.
2007 – In San Francisco, CA,  union-represented security officers at fourteen buildings in the Financial District went on strike protesting contract negotiations that have been fruitless for three months.
2009 – A US federal jury rejected a New Orleans family’s claims that a FEMA issued trailer they lived in after Hurricane Katrina was defective and exposed them to dangerous fumes.
2009 – Susan Atkins (61), a follower of cult leader Charles Manson, died at a prison facility in Chowchilla, Ca. Her remorseless witness stand confession to killing pregnant actress Sharon Tate in 1969 shocked the world. She had been suffering from brain cancer.
2009 – In Texas, Hosam Maher Husein Smadi (19) parked what he thought was an explosive laden truck in a parking garage beneath the 60-story Fountain Place office tower in Dallas. FBI agents had provided Smadi with the truck. Smadi was indicted the next day.
2010 – Satirist Stephen Colbert attracts media attention by appearing before a United States Congress committee. This was supposed to be funny but it was a horrible waste of time.
2010 – Gold prices reach a record US$1,300/oz in a prolonged rally.
2011 – The decommissioned NASA Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite re-enters Earth’s atmosphere without incident, after more than 20 years in orbit.



 

15 – Vitellius, Roman Emperor (d. 69)

1755 – John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1835)
1870 – Georges Claude, invented neon light
1884 – Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (d. 1953)
1896 – F. Scott Fitzgerald, American novelist (d. 1940) American writer best known for his depictions of the Jazz Age. In Fitzgerald’s words, “All good writing is swimming under water and holding your breath. “
1921 – Jim McKay, American sports commentator
1930 – John W. Young, American astronaut
1936 – Jim Hensen, who made Kermit & Miss Piggy what they are today
1946 – “Mean” Joe Greene, American football player
1950 – Alan Colmes, American talk show host

 

 

 

SCHAEFER, JOSEPH E.
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Stolberg, Germany, September 24th,  1944. Entered service at: Long Island, N.Y. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 71, 22 August 1945. Citation: He was in charge of a squad of the 2d Platoon in the vicinity of Stolberg, Germany, early in the morning of 24 September 1944, when two enemy companies supported by machineguns launched an attack to seize control of an important crossroads which was defended by his platoon. One American squad was forced back, another captured, leaving only S/Sgt. Schaefer’s men to defend the position. To shift his squad into a house which would afford better protection, he crawled about under heavy small-arms and machinegun fire, instructed each individual, and moved to the building. A heavy concentration of enemy artillery fire scored hits on his strong point. S/Sgt. Schaefer assigned his men to positions and selected for himself the most dangerous one at the door. With his Ml rifle, he broke the first wave of infantry thrown toward the house. The Germans attacked again with grenades and flame throwers but were thrown back a second time, S/Sgt. Schaefer killing and wounding several. Regrouped for a final assault, the Germans approached from two directions. One force drove at the house from the front, while a second group advanced stealthily along a hedgerow. Recognizing the threat, S/Sgt. Schaefer fired rapidly at the enemy before him, killing or wounding all six; then, with no cover whatever, dashed to the hedgerow and poured deadly accurate shots into the second group, killing five, wounding two others, and forcing the enemy to withdraw. He scoured the area near his battered stronghold and captured ten prisoners. By this time the rest of his company had begun a counterattack; he moved forward to assist another platoon to regain its position. Remaining in the lead, crawling and running in the face of heavy fire, he overtook the enemy, and liberated the American squad captured earlier in the battle. In all, single-handed and armed only with his rifle, he killed between fifteen and twenty Germans, wounded at least as many more, and took ten prisoners. S/Sgt. Schaefer’s indomitable courage and his determination to hold his position at all costs were responsible for stopping an enemy break-through.

 

 

 

CATHERWOOD, JOHN HUGH
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION

 

Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 7 August 1888, Springfield, Ill. Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 138, 13 December 1911. Citation: While attached to the U.S.S. Pampang, Catherwood was one of a shore party moving in to capture Mundang, on the island of Basilan, Philippine Islands, on the morning of September 24th, 1911. Advancing with the scout party to reconnoiter a group of nipa huts close to the trail, Catherwood unhesitatingly entered the open area before the huts, where his party was suddenly taken under point-blank fire and charged by approximately twenty enemy Moros coming out from inside the native huts and from other concealed positions. Struck down almost instantly by the outlaws’ deadly fire, Catherwood, although unable to rise, rallied to the defense of his leader and fought desperately to beat off the hostile attack. By his valiant effort under fire and in the face of great odds, Catherwood contributed materially toward the destruction and rout of the enemy.

 

 

  HARRISON, BOLDEN REUSH
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION
 

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 26 April 1886, Savannah, Tenn.Accredited to: Tennessee. G.O. No.: 138, 13 December 1911. Citation: While attached to the U.S.S. Pampang, Harrisonwas one of a shore party moving in to capture Mundang, on the island of Basilan, Philippine Islands, on September 24th, 1911. Harrison instantly responded to the calls for help when the advance scout party investigating a group of nipa huts close to the trail, was suddenly taken under point-blank fire and rushed by approximately twenty enemy Moros attacking from inside the huts and from other concealed positions. Armed with a double-barreled shotgun, he concentrated his blasting fire on the outlaws, destroying three of the Moros and assisting in the rout of the remainder. By his aggressive charging of the enemy under heavy fire and in the face of great odds,Harrison contributed materially to the success of the engagement.

 

 

 

HENRECHON, GEORGE FRANCIS
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION

 

State of Connecticut 

Rank and organization: Machinist’s Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 22 November 1885, Hartford, Conn. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 138, 13 December 1911 Citation: While attached to the U.S.S. Pampang, Henrechon was one of a shore party moving in to capture Mundang, Philippine Islands, on September 24th,  1911. Ordered to take station within 100 yards of a group of nipa huts close to the trail, Henrechon advanced and stood guard as the leader and his scout party first searched the surrounding deep grasses, then moved into the open area before the huts. Instantly enemy Moros opened point-blank fire on the exposed men and approximately twenty Moros rushed the small group from inside the huts and from other concealed positions. Henrechon, responding to the calls for help, was one of the first on the scene. When his rifle jammed after the first shot, he closed in with rifle, using it as a club to break the stock over the head of the nearest Moro and then, drawing his pistol, started in pursuit of the fleeing outlaws. Henrechon’s aggressive charging of the enemy under heavy fire and in the face of great odds contributed materially to the success of the engagement.

 

 

 

McGUlRE, FRED HENRY
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION

 

 

Rank and organization: Hospital Apprentice, U.S. Navy. Born: 7 November 1890, Gordonville, Mo.Entered service at: Gordonville, Mo. G.O. No.: 138, 13 December 1911. Citation: While attached to the U.S.S. Pampang, McGuire was one of a shore party moving in to capture Mundang, on the islandof Basilan, Philippine Islands, on the morning of September 24th, 1911. Ordered to take station within one-hundred yards of a group of nipa huts close to the trail, McGuire advanced and stood guard as the leader and his scout party first searched the surrounding deep grasses, then moved into the open area before the huts. Instantly enemy Moros opened point-blank fire on the exposed men and approximately twenty Moros charged the small group from inside the huts and from other concealed positions. McGuire, responding to the calls for help, was one of the first on the scene. After emptying his rifle into the attackers, he closed in with rifle, using it as a club to wage fierce battle until his comrades arrived on the field, when he rallied to the aid of his dying leader and other wounded. Although himself wounded, McGuire ministered tirelessly and efficiently to those who had been struck down, thereby saving the lives of two who otherwise might have succumbed to enemy-inflicted wounds.

 

 

 

NISPEROS, JOSE B.
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, 34th Company, Philippine Scouts. Place and date: At Lapurap, Basilan, Philippine Islands, September 24th, 1911. Entered service at: San Fernandos Union, P.I.. Birth: San Fernandos Union, P.I.. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: Having been badly wounded (his left arm was broken and lacerated and he had received several spear wounds in the body so that he could not stand) continued to fire his rifle with one hand until the enemy was repulsed, thereby aiding materially in preventing the annihilation of his party and the mutilation of their bodies.

 

 

 

VOLZ, JACOB
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION

 

 

Rank and organization: Carpenter’s Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Island of Basilan, Philippine Islands, September 24th, 1911. Entered service at: Nebraska. Birth: Sutton, Nebr. G.O. No.: 138, 13 December 1911. Citation: While attached to the U.S.S. Pampang, Volz was one of a shore party moving in to capture Mundang, on the island of Basilan, Philippine Islands, on 24 September 1911. Investigating a group of nipa huts close to the trail, the advance scout party was suddenly taken under point-blank fire and rushed by approximately twenty enemy Moros attacking from inside the huts and other concealed positions. Volz responded instantly to calls for help and, finding all members of the scout party writhing on the ground but still fighting, he blazed his rifle into the outlaws with telling effect, destroying several of the Moros and assisting in the rout of the remainder. By his aggressive charging of the enemy under heavy fire and in the face of great odds, Volz contributed materially to the success of the engagement.

 

 

 

BAYBUTT, PHILIP
CIVIL WAR

 

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d Massachusetts Cavalry. Place and date: At Luray, Va., September 24th, 1864. Entered service at: Fall River, Mass. Birth: England. Date of issue: 19 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

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Unerased History – September 23rd

Posted by Wayne Church on September 23, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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Checkers Day
Dogs in Politics Day


HAPPINESS AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

Research carried out by the Association for Research into the Science of Enjoyment (ARISE) has shown that happy thoughts and pleasant smells can boost the immune system. A study by Professor Warburton at Reading University in England showed that within 20 minutes of happy thoughts being experienced, the amount of antibody immunoglobulin (sIgA) found in the saliva doubled, remaining raised for at least three hours. By contrast, memory of traumatic or painful experiences caused the sIgA levels to drop. Another study carried out by Angela Clow at the University of Westminster showed a similar response to unpleasant and pleasant smells. Strangely the smell of water appears to have had an effect similar to unpleasant smells such as rotting meat.

The good news though is that this effect could be counteracted by the smell of chocolate. Professor David Warburton, found of ARISE and head of psychopharmacology at Reading University, said “Previous scientific experiments have observed a correlation between changing moods and the immunity system, but these new studies provide a direct causal link. Identifying this direct link proves that happiness could make you healthier. Instead of worrying about the often ill-founded health scares created by so- called health experts most people would do better to listen to their bodies. These studies illustrate how our bodies naturally seek to protect themselves from disease by doing the things we enjoy.”

Researchers have discovered that events such as pleasant family celebrations or evenings with friends boost the immune system for the following two days. Unpleasant moments had the opposite effect: negative events, such as being criticized at work, weakened the immune function for one day afterward.

 

  There is great treasure there behind our skull and this is true about all of us. This little treasure has great, great powers, and I would say we only have learnt a very, very small part of what it can do.”

~ Isaac Bashevis Singer

inveigh in-VAY, intransitive verb: 

To rail (against some person or thing); to protest strongly or attack with harsh and bitter language — usually with “against”; as, “to inveigh against character, conduct, manners, customs, morals, a law, an abuse.”

53 BC – Augustus, the first Roman emperor, or Caesar, was born. His ascension to the title of emperor marked the end of true Roman democracy, even though the Senate survived for generations.
1518 – The Royal College of Physicians was established to protect citizens from medical charlatans and quacks.
1642 – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.
1667 – Slaves in Virginia were banned from obtaining their freedom by converting to Christianity.
1776 – Continental Marines were ordered to reinforce General George Washington in New York.
1779 – Revolutionary War: USS Bonhomme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones, wins a fight against the British ships of war Serapis and Countess of Scarborough off the coast of England. John Paul Jones’ French-Irish Marines participated in epic battle. John Paul Jones was quoted as saying “I have not yet begun to fight!”
1780 – Revolutionary War: British Major John André arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason. He was caught  with papers revealing Benedict Arnold’s plot to surrender West Point to the British.
1805 – Lieutenant Zebulon Pike paid $2,000 to buy from the Sioux a 9-square-mile tract at the mouth of the Minnesota River that would be used to establish a military post, Fort Snelling. It was originally known as Fort Saint Anthony and was a military fortification located at the confluence of the Minnesota River and Mississippi River in Hennepin County, Minnesota
1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis, after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States. This was the first recorded overland journey from the Mississippi River to the Pacific coast and back.
1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club is founded in New York.  It was the first baseball team to play under the modern rules,
1846 – Discovery of Neptune by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle
1848 – First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed as ‘The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum’.
1862 – Lincoln’s Emancipation is published in northern newspapers.
1863 – Civil War: The most impressive logistical accomplishment of the war occurred when an entire Union Army was moved from Virginia to Chattanooga, TN. General William Rosecrans’s army had been dealt a serious defeat at Chickamauga, Georgia, just south of Chattanooga. It took just a week and a half to ship an entire army of soldiers, animals, and equipment, which underscored the Union’s ability to effectively utilize the rail network.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate and Union forces clashed at Mount Jackson, Front Royal and Woodstock in Virginia during the Valley campaign.
1875 – William Bonney (“Billy the Kid”) is arrested for the first time.
1879 – Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone.
1884 – Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
1885 – In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 White miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.
1897 – First frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyenne Wyoming).
1912 – First Mack Sennett Keystone Comedy, “The Water Nymph“,  is released.
1923 – Jan Savitt and his orchestra recorded “720 in the Books” on Decca Records.
1930 – Johannes Ostermeier was issued a patent for the flash bulb.
1931 – LT Alfred Pride pilots Navy’s first rotary wing aircraft, XOP-1 autogiro, in landings and takeoffs on board USS Langley while underway. The Langley was the first aircraft carrier of the Navy.
1938 – Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World’s Fair in NYC. The capsule contained a woman’s hat, man’s pipe & 1,100′ of microfilm.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: The first gas experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
1942 – World War II: Holocausts: At Auschwitz Nazis began experimental gassing executions.
1942 – World War II: The Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins.  U.S. Marines attack Japanese units along the Matanikau River.
1944 – World War II: USS West Virginia (BB-48) reaches Pearl Harbor and rejoins the Pacific Fleet, marking the end of the salvage and reconstruction of eighteen ships damaged at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941.
1945 – The first American to die in Vietnam was Lt. Col. A. Peter Dewey, head of the American OSS mission. He was killed by Vietminh troops while driving a jeep during the fall of Saigon to French forces.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone, “Let’s Take an Old Fashioned Walk” by Perry Como, “Someday” by Vaughn Monroe and “Slipping Around” by Ernest Tubb all topped the charts.
1949 – Truman announces evidence of USSR’s first nuclear device detonation.
1950 – Congress adopted the Internal Security Act, which provided for registration of communists. The Act was ruled later unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court. US Senator Pat McCarran (Nevada) legislated the Internal Security Act, which included a jumble of restrictions on speech and association. Pres. Truman attempted an unsuccessful veto of the McCarran Act, which gave the government unprecedented powers.
1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War: US Mustangs accidentally bombed British troops on Hill 282 Korea, 17 killed.
1951 – The first transcontinental telecast was received on the west coast. The show “Crusade for Freedom” was broadcast by CBS-TV from New York.
1952 – Rocky Marciano knocked Jersey Joe Walcott out in the thirteenth round, becoming the new Heavyweight Champion. This was the first Pay Television sporting event ever to take place. The Marciano-Walcott fight was seen in 49 theaters in 31 cities.
1952 – Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon went on television to deliver the “Checkers” speech, to deny the accuracy of allegations of improper campaign financing.
1953 – “The Robe” premiered in Hollywood a week after its premiere in New York. The 20th Century Fox movie had been filmed using the Cinemascope wide screen process.
1957– CHART TOPPERS – “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds, “Diana” by Paul Anka, “Mr. Lee” by The Bobbettes and “My Shoes Keep Walking Back to You” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1957 – Nine black students withdrew from Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas due to the white mob outside.
1957 – Hank Aaron of the MLB gives the Milwaukee Braves the pennant with a home run.
1957 – “Honeycomb” by Jimmie Rodgers shared the top spot.
1957 – “That’ll Be the Day” by Crickets shared the top spot.
1961 – First movie to become a TV series-How to Marry a Millionaire.
1961 – “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee topped the charts.
1961 – Mantle slugs his career high 54th HR.
1962 – New York’s Philharmonic Hall opened.
1962 – ABC’s first color TV series-The Jetsons premiered.
1962 – Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the first building completed, Philharmonic Hall, now Avery Fisher Hall home of the New York Philharmonic.
1965– CHART TOPPERS – “Help!” by The Beatles, “Eve of Destruction” by Barry McGuire, “You Were on My Mind” by We Five and “Is It Really Over?” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1967 – “The Letter” by Box Tops topped the charts.
1968 – The TV western “The Outcasts” premiered. The one season show featured Otis Young (d.2001 at 69) and Don Murray working together as post Civil War bounty hunters.
1969 – The Chicago 8 trial opens in Chicago, Illinois
1969 – The first broadcast of “Marcus Welby MD” on ABC-TV. The drama with Robert Young continued to 1976.
1972 – “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis topped the charts.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Let’s Get It On” by Marvin Gaye, “We’re an American Band by Grand Funk, “Loves Me like a Rock” by Paul Simon and “You’ve Never Been This Far Before” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1973 – Largest known prime number, 2 ^ 132,049-1, is discovered.
1978 – “Boogie Oogie Oogie” by A Taste of Honey topped the charts.
1979 – St. Louis legend Lou Brock steals the 938th and final base of his career in a 7-4 win against the New York Mets.
1979 – The ABC TV show “The Associates” premiered as a comedy about lawyers. It lasted for one season.
1980 – Big Thunder Mountain Railroad opens at the Magic Kingdom in Disneyland. The ride is a relatively mild indoor/outdoor roller coaster based on the concept of a runaway train careening through an abandoned mine complex.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Queen of Hearts” by Juice Newton, “Stop Draggin’ My Heart Around” by Stevie Nicks with Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers and “You Don’t Know Me” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.
1983 – Phillies Steve Carlton wins his 300th game (beating St Louis Cards).
1984 – Sparky Anderson is first baseball manager to win 100 games in both the American and National Leagues.
1986 – The US Congress selected the rose as the US national flower.
1986 – Houston Astro Jim Deshales sets record of striking out first 8 men starting a baseball game.
1987 – Delaware Sen. Joseph Biden withdrew from the Democratic presidential race following questions about his use of borrowed quotations and the portrayal of his academic record.
1988 – Jose Canseco becomes baseball’s first to steal 40 bases & hit 40 HRs.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Girl I’m Gonna Miss You” by Milli Vanilli, “Heaven” by Warrant, “If I Could Turn Back Time” by Cher and  “Above and Beyond” by Rodney Crowell all topped the charts.
1990 – Iraq publicly threatened to destroy Middle East oil fields and to attack Israel if any nation tried to force it from Kuwait.
1990 – Two Hospital ships (USNS Mercy and USNS Comfort) steam together for first time in Arabian Gulf.
1991 – UN weapons inspectors in Baghdad discovered documents detailing Iraq’s secret nuclear weapons program and said Iraq was close to building a bomb. This triggered a standoff with Iraqi authorities.
1995 – Guillermo Gaede, an Intel engineer, was arrested in Phoenix. He had used his computer to tap into plans for the Pentium & 486 chip manufacturing process and videotaped the information in May 1993. He sent the info to his former employer Advanced Micro Devices who notified federal authorities.
1996 – Space Shuttle Atlantis left Russia’s orbiting Mir station with astronaut Shannon Lucid, who ended her six-month visit.
1997 – Kevin (18) and Tilmon Golphin (19) of Virginia shot and killed Patrol Troopers Ed Lowry and David Hathcock on I-95 in North Carolina after they were pulled over in a stolen car. The two brothers were sentenced to death May 13, 1998.
1998 – Joan Kroc, the heiress to McDonald’s, donated $80 million to the Salvation Army.
1999 – NASA announces that it lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter. The $125 million Mars Climate Orbiter was presumed lost after it hit the Martian atmosphere. The crash was later blamed on navigation confusion due to two teams using conflicting English and metric units.
1999 – President Clinton vetoed the $792 billion GOP proposed ten-year tax cut calling it “too big, too bloated.”
2001 – After 9/11, President George W. Bush returned the American flag to full staff at Camp David, symbolically ending a period of national mourning.
2001 – Thousands gathered at New York’s Yankee Stadium to offer prayers for the victims of terrorism; Mayor Rudolph Giuliani pledged that “our skyline will rise again.”
2001 – Four coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Blue Creek Mine Number Five in Brookwood, Ala. nine miners who rushed to their aid also died. The mine is the deepest in North America at 2,140 feet below the surface.
2002 – Mozilla Firefox (Phoenix) web browser is born: version 0.1.
2002 – The Bush administration asked a federal appeals court to strike down Oregon’s assisted-suicide law.
2003 – Puerto Rico’s congressional delegate said the United States will close its Roosevelt Roads Naval Station in eastern Puerto Rico within the next six months. It was actually closed on March 31, 2004.
2003 – An 11-judge panel of the  Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturns the earlier ruling of a three-judge panel and reinstates October 7 as the date of the California gubernatorial recall election.
2003 – Iraqi War: A raid in Saudi Arabia on Islamic militants left three suspects dead, including an Sultan Jubran Sultan al-Qahtani (aka as Zubayr al-Rimi), an al-Qaida figure wanted by the US.
2004 – The US Congress voted to extend three tax cuts aimed at the middle class along with a bevy of business tax breaks.
2004 – The US agrees to release Yaser Esam Hamdi, who was born in the United States and raised in Saudi Arabia, after holding him for almost three years without charges, as an “illegal enemy combatant”. In exchange, Hamdi agrees to relinquish his American citizenship and to never return to the United States.
2004 – Iraqi War: US warplanes fired on insurgent targets in the east Baghdad slum of Sadr City. Gunmen in Mosul killed a senior official of Iraq’s North Oil Co.
2005 – Hurricane Rita, dropped to Category 4, moved toward the Texas and Louisiana coast with 135 mph winds, creating monumental traffic jams along evacuation routes and raising fears of a crippling blow to the nation’s oil-refining industry.
2005 – In Texas, a bus carrying elderly evacuees from Hurricane Rita caught fire and was rocked by explosions on a gridlocked highway near Dallas, killing twenty-three people.
2006 – Barry Bonds hit his 734th career home run in the Giants’ 10-8 loss to the Brewers, breaking Hank Aaron’s NL record.
2006 – Two days of high winds, heavy rain and tornadoes pounded parts of the US Midwest and the South, killing at least ten people and stranding others in trees and shelters while forecasters warned that the stormy weather was expected to continue.
2007 – The 7-part, 15-hour opus “The War,” by Ken Burns and co-director Lynn Novick, began on PBS. PBS later estimated 18.7 million viewers saw the airings of “The War,” the first chapter of Ken Burns’ seven-part documentary about World War II.
2008 – California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a $144.5 billion spending plan. The state budget was a record 85 days late.
2008 – Goldman Sachs said it will get a $5 billion infusion from Warren Buffett and his Berkshire Hathaway Inc., giving Berkshire roughly 10% of Goldman.
2009 – In Illinois Michael Finton (29) was arrested in Springfield after federal officials said he attempted to detonate what he believed to be explosives in a van in Springfield. The FBI had provided the decoy devices.
2010 – Approximately 16,000 people have died in the United States between 2001 and 2007 due to people using cell phones while driving,
2010 – The U.S state of Virginia executes its first woman since 1912; Teresa Lewis will also be the first woman in the U.S to be executed since 2005.
2011 – Top executives from a bankrupt California solar energy company (Solyndra) pleaded the Fifth Amendment more than a dozen times in a congressional hearing that went nowhere but gave members the opportunity to pose dozens of questions about the loss of a half billion dollars in government loans.
2011 –  NASA’s 1991-era Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite is expected to fall from orbit sometime this evening Greenwich Mean Time.
2012 – Researchers find that there are four genetically distinct types of breast cancer.

 


63 BC – Augustus Caesar, Roman Emperor (d. 14)
1215 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1294)
1838 – Victoria Chaflin Woodhull was born. She became the first female candidate for the U.S. Presidency.
1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (d. 1922) is known as the father of American surgery. Born in New York City, he was the founder of the American residency training system of progressive responsibility.
1863 – Mary Eliza Church Terrell, American writer (d. 1954) A high school teacher and principal, Terrell was appointed to the District of Columbia Board of Education, 1895- 1906, the first black woman in the United States to hold such a position. She led the successful fight to integrate eating places in the District of Columbia. Terrell continued to participate in picket lines protesting the segregation of Blacks in restaurants, as well as theatres way into her eighties.
1910 – Elliot Roosevelt, son of FDR and writer (Murder in the Oval Office).
1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor. He was born Joe Yule, Jr. in Brooklyn, NY.
1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist (d. 1967)
1930 – Ray Charles, American musician (d. 2004)
1943 – Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
1943 – Marty Schottenheimer, American football coach
1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter

 

 

 

SLATON, JAMES D.
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, 157th Infantry, 45th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Oliveto, Italy, September 23rd, 1943. Entered service at: Gulfport, Miss. Born: 2 April 1912, Laurel, Miss G.O. No.: 44, 30 May 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy in the vicinity of Oliveto, Italy, on 23 September 1943. Cpl. Slaton was lead scout of an infantry squad which had been committed to a flank to knock out enemy resistance which had succeeded in pinning two attacking platoons to the ground. Working ahead of his squad, Cpl. Slaton crept upon an enemy machinegun nest and, assaulting it with his bayonet, succeeded in killing the gunner. When his bayonet stuck, he detached it from the rifle and killed another gunner with rifle fire. At that time he was fired upon by a machinegun to his immediate left. Cpl. Slaton then moved over open ground under constant fire to within throwing distance, and on his second try scored a direct hit on the second enemy machinegun nest, killing two enemy gunners. At that time a third machinegun fired on him one-hundred yards to his front, and Cpl. Slaton killed both of these enemy gunners with rifle fire. As a result of Cpl. Slaton’s heroic action in immobilizing three enemy machinegun nests with bayonet, grenade, and rifle fire, the two rifle platoons which were receiving heavy casualties from enemy fire were enabled to withdraw to covered positions and again take the initiative. Cpl. Slaton withdrew under mortar fire on order of his platoon leader at dusk that evening. The heroic actions of Cpl. Slaton were far above and beyond the call of duty and are worthy of emulation.

 

 

 

FERRARI, GEORGE
INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red Creek, Ariz., September 23rd, 1869. Entered service at: Montgomery County, Ohio. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 23 November 1869. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

 

HARRIS, CHARLES D.
INDIAN WARS

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red Creek, Ariz., September 23rd,1869. Entered service at:——. Birth: Albion, N.Y. Date of issue: 23 November 1869. Citation: Gallantry in action.

 

 

 

WALKER, JOHN
INDIAN WARS

 



Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red Creek, Ariz., September 23rd, 1869. Entered service at: ——. Birth: France. Date of issue: 23 November 1869. Citation: Gallantry in action with Indians.

 

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Unerased History – September 22nd

Posted by Wayne Church on September 22, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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National White Chocolate Day
Hobbit Day

Hobbit Day

Bilbo and Frodo Baggins

 

 

 

 

 

Hobbit Day is the birthday of the hobbits Bilbo and Frodo Baggins, two of the fictional characters in  The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien. In the books both Bilbo and Frodo were said to be born on September 22, but of different years. Bilbo was born in the year of 2890 and Frodo in the year of 2968 in the Third Age (1290 and 1368 respectively in Shire-Reckoning.)

The books are set in a time “Between the Dawn of Færie and the Dominion of Men”, The Hobbit follows the quest of home-loving hobbit Bilbo Baggins to win a share of the treasure guarded by the dragon, Smaug. Bilbo’s journey takes him from light-hearted, rural surroundings into darker, deeper territory. The story is told in the form of an episodic quest, and most chapters introduce a specific creature, or type of creature, of Tolkien’s Wilderland. By accepting the disreputable, romantic, fey and adventurous side of his nature (the “Tookish” side) and applying his wits and common sense, Bilbo develops a new level of maturity, competence and wisdom. The story reaches its climax in the Battle of Five Armies, where many of the characters and creatures from earlier chapters re-emerge to engage in conflict. Themes of personal growth and forms of heroism figure in the story. Along with conflict, these themes lead critics to cite Tolkien’s own experiences, and those of other writers who fought in World War I.

The four main characters are: Bilbo Baggins, the titular protagonist, a respectable, conservative hobbit. During his adventure, Bilbo often refers to the contents of his larder at home and wishes he had more food. Until he finds the magic ring, he is more baggage than help. Gandalf is an itinerant wizard, who introduces Bilbo to a company of thirteen dwarves. During the journey he disappears on side errands dimly hinted at, only to appear again at key moments in the story. Thorin Oakenshield, proud, pompous head of the company of dwarves and heir to the destroyed dwarven kingdom under the Lonely Mountain. Thorin makes many mistakes in his leadership, relying on Gandalf and Bilbo to get him out of trouble, but he proves himself a mighty warrior and Smaug, a dragon who long ago pillaged the dwarven kingdom of Thorin’s grandfather and sleeps upon the vast treasure.

The minor characters’ include the other 12 dwarves in Thorin’s company : Balin, Dwalin, Bifur, Bofur, Bombur, Dori, Nori, Ori, Fili, Kili, Oin, and Gloin. They support Thorin in many ways in the story; though they are not as important as Bilbo. The trolls in the story are Bert, Tom, and William. These trolls are large creatures that came down from their mountain; Bilbo attempts to steal from them but fails and almost gets the dwarves killed. Gandalf the Wizard saves the company from their demise.

Follow this link to find out how to celebrate Hobbit Day

Follow this link to find out how to celebrate Hobbit Day with your kids!

 

 


“Much of the stress that people feel doesn’t come from having too much to do. It comes from not finishing what they started.”

~ David Allen

heterogeneous \het-uh-ruh-JEE-nee-uhs; -JEE-nyuhs\, adjective:
Consisting of dissimilar elements, parts, or ingredients — opposed to homogeneous.Heterogeneous derives from Greek heterogenes, from heter-, “other, different” + genos, “kind.”

66 – Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica.
1554 – Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez, his health badly deteriorated from injuries and the toll of his strenuous travels, dies. He never found the fabled cities of gold that he had sought for decades.
1598 – Ben Jonson, an English Renaissance dramatist, poet, actor and a contemporary of William Shakespeare,  is indicted for manslaughter.
1656 – The General Provincial Court in session at Patuxent, Maryland, impaneled the first all-woman jury in the Colonies to hear evidence against Judith Catchpole, who was accused of murdering her child. The jury acquitted her after hearing her defense of never having been pregnant.
1692 – Last people hanged for witchcraft in the United States.
1711 – The Tuscarora Indian War began with a massacre of settlers in North Carolina, following white encroachment that included making slaves of Indian children.
1776 – Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during the Revolutionary War. His last words, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” He was a Connecticut schoolteacher and captain in the Continental Army.
1784 – Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.

1789 – The position of United States Postmaster General established.
1851 – First telegraph used in railroading.
1862 – Civil War: President Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. It stated that all slaves held within rebel states would be free as of January 1, 1863.
1863 – Civil War: A  crew of nineteen Confederate seamen and their commander captured the Army tug “Leviathan” before dawn at South West pass, Mississippi River. They quickly put to sea  but were captured 40 miles off-shore.
1863 – Civil War: An expedition from the U.S.S. Seneca destroyed the Hudson Place Salt Works near Darien, Georgia.
1864 – Civil War: Union General Philip Sheridan defeated Confederate General Jubal Early’s troops at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill, in Virginia.
1868 – Race riots took place in New Orleans, La.
1869 – The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrived in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West.
1888 – The first issue of National Geographic Magazine is published.
1893 – The first American-built automobile, built by the Duryea Brothers, is displayed.
1902 – A long-simmering feud between the Brooks and McFarland clans erupted into a bloody gunfight in the railroad town of Spokogee, Indian Territory, which is now Dustin, Oklahoma.
1903 – Italo Marchiony files patent for the ice cream cone.
1905 – Race riot in Atlanta, Georgia killed 10 blacks and 2 whites.
1906 – Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia, killed 21 people.
1909 – In Oakland, Ca., Fung Joe Guey made the first West Coast flight of a heavier than air motor driven airplane at Piedmont Heights. He flew for half a mile some 15-feet above the ground.
1911 – Boston Rustlers Cy Young shuts out Pittsburgh and Babe Adams 1-0 for his final career victory, number 511. Cy Young was 44.
1912 – Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in a game, for 2nd time in 11 days.
1915 – Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, held its 1st class.
1915 – Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opened in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1919 – Steel workers at Gary, Ind., went on strike to force US Steel to recognize their union. The walkout ended in 110 days without success.
1920 – Chicago grand jury convened to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series.
1927 – Jack Dempsey loses the “Long Count” boxing match to Gene Tunney.
1938 – The musical comedy revue “Hellzapoppin’,” starring Ole Olsen and Chic Johnson, began a three-year run on Broadway.
1941 – World War II: On the Jewish New Year Day, the German SS murder 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsya, Ukraine. Those are the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews are executed.
1942 – World War II: The Communications Branch of the OSS is formed by General Donovan.
1943 – Singer Kate Smith ended her War Bond radio appeal.
1944 – World War II: On Peleliu, US 3rd Amphibious Corps (Geiger) deploys a regiment of US 81st Infantry Division to replace depleted elements of the US 1st Marine Division. The Marines have suffered heavy casualties in attacks on Mount Umurbrogol.
1944 – World War II: US Task Force 38 conducts air strikes on Japanese targets on Luzon, particularly Manila and Manila Bay. Twelve American carriers are involved.
1945 – Gen. George S. Patton tells reporters that he does not see the need for “this denazification thing” and compares the controversy over Nazism to a “Democratic and Republican election fight.”
1945The Fifth Marine Division landed at Sasebo, Japan, for occupation duty.
1945 – Stan Musial gets five hits off five pitchers on five consecutive pitches.
1947 – A Douglas C-54 Skymaster made the first automatic-pilot flight over the Atlantic.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “It’s Magic by Doris Day, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent) and “Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long Way)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1950 – Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of five-star general, joining an elite group that included Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George Marshall and Henry “Hap” Arnold.
1951 – The 2nd Infantry Division’s struggle for Heartbreak Ridge continued. By the time the battle was over Oct. 15, 1951, the division has suffered 3,700 casualties.
1951 – The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
1951 – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett topped the charts.
1954 – Karl Spooner of the Dodgers pitches a 3-0 shutout, fanning 15 Giants in his first ML start. Six of the strikeouts are consecutive.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Heywood, “Whatever Will Be Will Be (Que Sera Sera)” by Doris Day, “Be-Bop-A-Lula” by Gene Vincent & His Blue Caps and “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1957 – The TV series “Maverick” premiered on ABC.
1958 – The nuclear submarine USS Skate remained a record thirty-one days under the North Pole.
1958 – The detective TV show “Peter Gunn”  (complete playlist) premiered on NBC with Craig Stevens as the private eye.
1959 – The “Go-Go” White Sox clinch their first pennant in forty years with a 4-2 win over the second-place Cleveland Indians.
1959 – The first telephone cable linking Europe and the United States was inaugurated.
1959 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev visited San Francisco and dropped in at the ILWU union hall near Fisherman’s Wharf.
1961 – President John F. Kennedy signed a congressional act that established the Peace Corps.
1962 – “Sherry” by the Four Seasons topped the charts.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “The House of the Rising Sun” by The Animals, “Bread and Butter” by The Newbeats, “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1964 – “The Man from U.N.C.L.E.” premieres.
1964 – “Fiddler on the Roof” opens on Broadway, runs 3,242 performances.
1966 – A crowd of 413, a record low for Yankee Stadium, sees the White Sox beat New York 4-1.
1966 – The U.S. lunar probe Surveyor 2 crashed into the moon.
1969 – San Francisco Giant Willie Mays, becomes the second player to hit home run # 600.
1970 – The Laguna Fire started. It previously known as the Kitchen Creek Fire and the Boulder Oaks Fire and was, at its time, the largest wildfire in the history of California; and an episode of a massive conflagration that spanned the whole state from September 22, – October 4, 1970.
1970 – President Richard M. Nixon signed a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress.
1970 – President Nixon requested 1,000 new FBI agents for college campuses.
1971 – Captain Ernest Medina is acquitted of all charges relating to the My Lai massacre of March 1968.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Black & White” by Three Dog Night, “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis, “Saturday in the Park” by Chicago and “When the Snow is on the Roses” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
The song Black&White was inspired by the United States Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education that outlawed racial segregation of public schools. The original folk song was first recorded by Sammy Davis Jr. in 1957. The original lyrics of the song opened with this verse, in reference to the court: “Their robes were black, Their heads were white, The schoolhouse doors were closed so tight, Nine judges all set down their names, To end the years and years of shame.”

1973 – “Let’s Get It On” by Marvin Gaye topped the charts.
1973 – Henry Kissinger is sworn in as Secretary of State. He was America’s first Jewish Secretary of State, the first time a naturalized citizen held this office.
1973 – Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport was dedicated. It was constructed to accommodate the new jumbo jets.
1975 – President Gerald R. Ford dodged a second assassination in less than three weeks. Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple. Sipple was a decorated Marine and Vietnam War veteran.
1979 – “My Sharona” by Knack topped the charts.
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Upside Down” by Diana Ross, “All Out of Love” by Air Supply, “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen and “Lookin’ for Love” by Johnny Lee all topped the charts.
1980 – Iraq invades Iran.
1982 – San Francisco’s famous cable cars made a final run before closing down for a 20-month, $60 million renovation.
1984 – “Missing You” by John Waite topped the charts.
1985 – St Louis Cardinals set an unusual streak record by winning 9 of 10 games, each pitched by a different man.
1986 – LA Dodger Fernando Valenzuela is first Mexican pitcher to win 20 games.
1987 – U.S. forces attack an Iranian mine-laying vessel in the Persian Gulf.
1987 – The stock market surged higher. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 75.23 points (the largest one-day gain recorded to that time), closing at 2,568.05.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sweet Child o’ Mine” by Guns N’ Roses, “Simply Irresistible” by Robert Palmer, “Don’t Worry Be Happy” by Bobby McFerrin and “Joe Knows How to Live” by Eddy Raven all topped the charts.
1989 – After Hurricane Hugo, sailors and Marines provide assistance to Charleston, SC, through 10 October.
1990 – Andre Dawson steals his 300th base.
1990 – “Release Me” by Wilson Phillips topped the charts.
1991 – The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time, by the Huntington Library.
1992 – Former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger denounced as a  “flat-out lie” an allegation that he and other officials had known American servicemen were left behind when the war in Southeast Asia ended.
1993 – Forty-seven people were killed when an Amtrak passenger train derailed after a barge strikes a railroad bridge. The train crashed into Bayou Canot near Mobile, Al.
1993 – The Space Shuttle “Discovery” and its five astronauts landed at Kennedy Space Center, ending a ten-day mission.
1995 – Both sides rested in the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
1995 – An AWACS plane carrying US and Canadian military personnel crashed on takeoff from Elmendorf Air Force Base near Anchorage, Alaska, killing all 24 people aboard.
1997 – Elton John released his Diana tribute “Candle in the Wind 1997.”
2000 – The Cincinnati Symphony premiered “The Millennium Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra” by Ellen Taaffe Zwilich. The work was commissioned by 27 orchestras.
2000 – Pres. Clinton moved to release 30 million barrels of crude oil from the nation’s 570-million-barrel emergency stockpile in a futures market exchange to alleviate winter fuel costs.
2000 – Kraft Foods recalled all taco shells sold nationwide in supermarkets under the Taco Bell brand after tests confirmed they were made with StarLink, a genetically engineered corn not approved for human consumption.
2001 – Katie Harman, Miss Oregon, was crowned in Atlantic City, N.J., Miss America for 2002.
2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
2003 – California signed into law a privacy bill, effective Jul 1, 2004, that prevents use of vehicle recorded data without the consent of the owner. GM began installing data boxes in the 1970s.
2004 – The FCC fined CBS $550,000 for Janet Jackson’s Feb 1 breast exposure.
2005 – John Roberts’ nomination as chief justice cleared the US Senate Judiciary Committee on a bipartisan vote of 13-5.
2005 – Hurricane Rita, weakened to Category 4 status, closed on the Texas coast.
2005 – Boxer Leavander Johnson (35) died from injuries suffered in a September 17th Los Vegas boxing match with Jesus Chavez.
2006 – The F-14 Tomcat, famous from the movie “TopGun”, retires from the United States Navy.
2006 – Eleven Domino’s employees in Pensacola, Fla., hoping fort a bigger slice of the profits have formed the nation’s first union of pizza delivery drivers.
2006 – The reported number of people fallen ill after eating tainted spinach reaches 166 in 25 U.S. states.
2007 – According to the movie, Evan Almighty, this is the date of the “flood.”
2008 – The price of oil jumped $16.37 to $120.92 per barrel, its biggest single-day gain ever.
2008 – The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 is debated on by the 110th United States Congress.The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 370 points due to uncertainty over the plan.
2009 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration bans the sale of flavored cigarettes, except for menthol cigarettes.
2009 -President Barack Obama calls for the resumption of the Middle East peace process in meetings with the Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu and the President of the Palestinian Authority Mahmoud Abbas.
2010 –  It was reported that North Dakota’s Devil’s Lake, called a slow-growing monster, has steadily expanded over the last 20 years, swallowing up thousands of acres, hundreds of buildings and at least two towns in its rising waters.
2010 – Rutgers Univ. freshman Tyler Clementi jumped to his death from the George Washington Bridge. On Sep 19 his roommate and another student had used a webcam to broadcast live images on the Internet of Clementi having sex with another man.
2010 –   Eddie Fisher (b.1928), American singer, died in Berkeley, Ca. His 32 hit songs included “Oh My Papa” (1953). His five wives included Debbie Reynolds (1955), Elizabeth Taylor (1959), Connie Stevens, Terry Richard and Betty Lin.
2011- Facebook makes major changes to its social networking interface, updating its profile page, adding an app store, and amending its news feed with a “timeline” feature.
2010-Paris Hilton is barred from entering Japan after pleading guilty to cocaine possession in Las Vegas, Nevada.
2011 – The United States and European nations walk out of the General Assembly of the United Nations during an accusatory speech by the President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
2011 –  Facebook makes major changes to its social networking interface, updating its profile page and amending its news feed with a “timeline” feature.
2011- Hewlett-Packard fires CEO Leo Apotheker, replacing him with former EBay CEO Meg Whitman.
2013 – The Navajo Nation and others in Indian Country are mourning the passing of Navajo Code Talker Nelson Draper who walked on early Sunday, September 22. He was 96 years old. He entered the US Marine Corp when he was 25 years old after the United States entered World War II. He became a code talker and fought in the Pacific front in both Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
2014 – The US has begun the air war over Syria against ISIS against an expected 20 to 25 Islamic State targets.


1515 – Anne of Cleves, queen consort of Henry VIII of England (d. 1557)
1788 – Theodore Edward Hook, English author (d. 1841)
1791 – Michael Faraday, English scientist (d. 1867) discovered principle of electric motor
1900 – William Spratling, (d. 1967) was an American-born silversmith and artist, best known for his influence on 20th Century Mexican silver design.
1904 – Ellen Church was the first airline stewardess (flight attendant). (d. 1965)
1920 – Bob Lemon, Major League Baseball pitcher (d. 2000)
1927 – Tommy Lasorda, baseball manager
1932 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer
1934 – Lute Olson, American basketball coach . He was the head coach at the University of Arizona for 25 years, the University of Iowa for 9 years, and Long Beach State University for one season.
1956 – Debby Boone, American singer
1958 – Neil Cavuto, American television commentator
1961 – Bonnie Hunt, American actress

 

 

 

BLOCH, ORVILLE EMIL
WW II

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company E, 338th Infantry, 85th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Firenzuola, Italy, 22 September 1944. Entered service at: Streeter, N. Dak. Birth: Big Falls, Wis. G.O. No.: 9, 10 February 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. 1st Lt. Bloch undertook the task of wiping out five enemy machinegun nests that had held up the advance in that particular sector for one day. Gathering three volunteers from his platoon, the patrol snaked their way to a big rock, behind which a group of three buildings and five machinegun nests were located. Leaving the three men behind the rock, he attacked the first machinegun nest alone charging into furious automatic fire, kicking over the machinegun, and capturing the machinegun crew of five. Pulling the pin from a grenade, he held it ready in his hand and dashed into the face of withering automatic fire toward this second enemy machinegun nest located at the corner of an adjacent building fifteen yards distant. When within twenty feet of the machinegun he hurled the grenade, wounding the machinegunner, the other two members of the crew fleeing into a door of the house. Calling one of his volunteer group to accompany him, they advanced to the opposite end of the house, there contacting a machinegun crew of five running toward this house. 1st Lt Bloch and his men opened fire on the enemy crew, forcing them to abandon this machinegun and ammunition and flee into the same house. Without a moment’s hesitation, 1st Lt. Bloch, unassisted, rushed through the door into a hail of small-arms fire, firing his carbine from the hip, and captured the seven occupants, wounding three of them. 1st Lt. Bloch with his men then proceeded to a third house where they discovered an abandoned enemy machinegun and detected another enemy machinegun nest at the next corner of the building. The crew of six spotted 1st Lt. Bloch the instant he saw them. Without a moment’s hesitation he dashed toward them. The enemy fired pistols wildly in his direction and vanished through a door of the house, 1st Lt. Bloch following them through the door, firing his carbine from the hip, wounding two of the enemy and capturing six. Altogether 1st Lt. Bloch had single-handedly captured nineteen prisoners, wounding six of them and eliminating a total of five enemy machinegun nests. His gallant and heroic actions saved his company many casualties and permitted them to continue the attack with new inspiration and vigor.

 

 

CHILDERS, ERNEST
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 45th Infantry Division. Place and date: At Oliveto, Italy, 22 September 1943. Entered service at: Tulsa, Okla. Birth: Broken Arrow, Okla. G.O. No.: 30, 8 April 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action on 22 September 1943, at Oliveto, Italy. Although 2d Lt. Childers previously had just suffered a fractured instep he, with eight enlisted men, advanced up a hill toward enemy machinegun nests. The group advanced to a rock wall overlooking a cornfield and 2d Lt. Childers ordered a base of fire laid across the field so that he could advance. When he was fired upon by two enemy snipers from a nearby house he killed both of them. He moved behind the machinegun nests and killed all occupants of the nearer one. He continued toward the second one and threw rocks into it. When the two occupants of the nest raised up, he shot one. The other was killed by one of the eight enlisted men. 2d Lt. Childers continued his advance toward a house farther up the hill, and single-handed, captured an enemy mortar observer. The exceptional leadership, initiative, calmness under fire, and conspicuous gallantry displayed by 2d Lt. Childers were an inspiration to his men.

 

 

WILLIS, GEORGE
INTERIM 1871 – 1898

 

 

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Place and date :  U.S.S. Tigress  off the coast of Greenland 22 September 1873   Born: 1839, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Tigress, Willis displayed gallant and meritorious conduct on the night of 22 September 1873 off the coast of Greenland.

  

 

 

CONNORS, JAMES
CIVIL WAR

 



Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 43d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 6 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

 

 

CREED, JOHN
CIVIL WAR

 



Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 23d Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 6 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

 

 

MOORE, GEORGE G.
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 11th West Virginia Infantry. Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Tyler County W. Va. Date of issue: 6 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

 

 

RHODES, SYLVESTER D.
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864. Entered service at: Wilkes_Barre, Pa. Birth: Plains, Pa. Date of issue: 16 February 1897. Citation: Was on the skirmish line which drove the enemy from the first entrenchment and was the first man to enter the breastworks, capturing one of the guns and turning it upon the enemy.

 

 

WHITTIER, EDWARD N.
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery. Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864. Entered service at: Gorham, Maine. Birth: Portland, Maine. Date of issue: 13 January 1892. Citation: While acting as assistant adjutant general, Artillery brigade, 6th Army Corps, went over the enemy’s works, mounted, with the assaulting column, to gain quicker possession of the guns and to turn them upon the enemy.

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Unerased History – September 21st

Posted by Wayne Church on September 21, 2014 in 09 - September, Blog by month |
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World Gratitude Day

Autumn equinox

 

EASTER EGG ABCs

 An Easter Egg is an undocumented feature or novelty that is in a program that the programmers have placed in the larger program. for additional fun and credits. Easter Eggs are in no way destructive to any software or hardware within the computer and are usually meant for something unique and fun. In the days of electronic bulletin boards they would include an intentional hidden message, in-joke or feature in a work such as a computer program, web page, video game, movie, book or crossword. The term was coined—according to Warren Robinett—by Atari after they were pointed to the secret message left by Robinett in the game Adventure.  It draws a parallel with the custom of the Easter egg hunt observed in US as well as the last Russian imperial family’s tradition of giving elaborately jeweled egg-shaped creations by Carl Fabergé which contained hidden surprises.

Hiding easter eggs in a program is analogous in some respects to the hidden signature such as Alfred Hitchcock’s legendary cameo appearances in his works, Jerry Seinfeld’s “Superman” memorabilia in each episode and various “Hidden Mickeys” that can be found throughout the various Disney Parks. Today it could be a hidden logo or statement that later could prove copyright.

Atari’s Adventure, released in 1979, contained what was thought to be the first video game “Easter egg”, the name of the programmer (Warren Robinett). However, evidence of earlier Easter eggs has since surfaced. Several cartridges for the Fairchild Channel F, a game console released by Fairchild Semiconductor in August 1976, include previously unknown Easter eggs, programmed by Michael Glass and Brad Reid-Selth, that are believed to predate Robinett’s work. More examples occurred throughout the pre-internet days of “bulletin boards.”

Easter eggs are messages, videos, graphics, sound effects, or an unusual change in program behavior that sometimes occur in a software program in response to some undocumented set of commands, mouse clicks, keystrokes or other stimuli intended as a joke or to display program credits.

Many personal computers have very elaborate eggs hidden in ROM, including lists of the developers’ names, political exhortations, snatches of music, and (in one case) images of the entire development team. Easter eggs in the 1997 version of Microsoft Office include a hidden flight simulator in Microsoft Excel and a pinball game in Microsoft Word.

An Easter egg is found on all Microsoft Windows operating systems before XP. In the 3D Text screen saver, entering the text “volcano” will display the names of all the volcanoes in the United States. Microsoft removed this Easter egg in XP but added others. One which continues still in Windows XP is to simultaneously press Alt+⇧ Shift+2 in the Solitaire game to produce a forced win.  Microsoft Excel 95 contained a hidden Doom-like action game called The Hall of Tortured Souls.

Google Maps contains several Easter eggs whereby a user asking for directions from Japan to China, from New York to Tokyo, or from Taiwan to China would be directed to either jetski, kayak, or swim across the Pacific Ocean. Amazon.com contains two perpetual Easter Eggs placed on the site as tributes to Rick Dalzell and David Risher.

Easter Eggs in Windows 7

1. God Mode
This hidden egg will conveniently put hundreds of settings from all over the os into one place. How? Create a new folder on your desktop and name it GodMode.{ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C}
270 items will automatically be added to the folder consisting of every configurable option in Windows 7.

2. The calculator on windows is as old as time. Not much cool stuff to do with calculators except the cool formulas that we used to do as kids that spelled out funny and bad words when you turned the calculator upside down. Anyways, the Windows 8 calculator actually has a few extra useful tools like unit conversions, (weight, temperature, area etc) and cool worksheets to help you calculate a car’s fuel mileage or a mortgage payment.

3. Having Issues with your computer? Use the Reliability Monitor
The Reliability Monitor allows you to see a graph of your system’s “stability index” over a period of days, weeks, months, and up to even a year. It is then rated on a scale of 1 to 10, 1 being not reliable at all and 10 being super reliable, and shows you the specific programs that are causing issues or crashing over a specific period of time.
How? Search for “reliability” in the Start Menu Search and run View Reliability history

4. Need help with something on your computer, like port fowarding, ip camera settings, etc, but remote access tech support isn’t an option? Use the Problem Steps Recorder.
The Problem Steps Recorder will record your computer activities through a series screenshots. The program also automatically adds captions to the screenshots to show exactly where you clicked. You can also add custom comments by clicking the Add Comment button. When you have finished recording, the program will automatically join all of the images together and save the file, conveniently zipped as a MTHML file. How? Search for “psr” in the Start Menu Search and run the program. Click Start Record and viola!

5. Power Management
My Windows Laptop battery isn’t the greatest, and it usually drives me nuts. I recently found a cool way to diagnose the battery issue and it works like a charm. Power Efficiency Report will quickly report what programs or errors are causing your computers battery to drain quickly. How? Search for “CMD” in the Start Menu Search. Run it as an admin – right click cmd.exe on the search menu and choose Run as administrator.
From the command prompt type:  powercfg -energy

When it is finished you will be presented with a file called energy-report.html in your windowssystems32 folder. Drag the report to your desktop or some other place (it won’t open in the systems32 folder) double click to open and view what may be causing problems in your power management.

6. Pin your favorite folders and programs to the Taskbar.
How?
 Right click any folder, or program – drag to an empty space on your Taskbar and drop it when “Pin to Windows Explorer appears. Now, when you right click on the Windows Explorer button your folders will be easily accessible.

Today Easter Eggs can be placed in text if the programmer can hide the hyper-link indicators. The only way to find these is to watch for places where the cursor changes to the hand.

 


“If you will call your troubles experiences, and remember that every experience develops some latent force within you, you will grow vigorous and happy, however adverse your circumstances may seem to be.”

~ John R. Miller

 

quandary    KWAHN-duh-ree; -dree, noun:

A state of difficulty, perplexity, doubt, or uncertainty.

 
Quandary is of unknown origin

454 – Roman Emperor Valentinian III assassinates Aëtius in his own throne room.

1451 – Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa ordered the Jews of Holland to wear a badge.
1599 – The Globe Theater had its first recorded performance. The 20-sided timber building for Shakespeare’s plays was constructed on the South Bank of the Thames, England.
1673 – James Needham returned to Virginia after exploring the land to the west, which would become Tennessee.
1677 – John and Nicolaas van der Heyden patented a fire extinguisher.
1692 – Two men and seven women were executed for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.
1776 – Nathan Hale was hung by the British Army. He said, “I regret that I have but one life to give for my country.”
1776 – A fire broke out in New York City, most likely in the Fighting Cocks Tavern at Whitehall Street. Strong winds quickly spread the flames among tightly packed homes and businesses. It eventually consumed between 400 and 500 buildings, about one-quarter of the city. This fire occurred five days after British took over.
1780 – Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
1814 – Andrew Jackson issued Proclamation at Mobile, Ala., urging free Blacks “to rally around the standard of the eagle” in the War of 1812.
1814 – “Star Spangled Banner” was published as a poem.
1837 – Charles Lewis Tiffany (1812-1902) founded his jewelry and china stores.
1856 – Illinois Central Railroad connects Chicago to Cairo. With 700 miles of track, the railroad is the longest in the country.
1858 – Navy Sloop Niagara departs Charleston, SC, for Liberia with African slaves rescued from slave ship.
1862 – Civil War: William Benjamin Gould and 7 other black men stole a boat and rowed past Fort Caswell, NC. They were picked up the next day by the Union warship “Cambridge”.
1862 – Three hundred Indians were sentenced to hang in Mankato, Minnesota.
1863 – Civil War: Union troops under Major Gen’l. William S. Rosencrans defeated at Chickamauga sought refuge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, which was then besieged by Confederate troops. There they lost 10,000 horses and mules to starvation.
1872 – John Henry Conyers of South Carolina became the first black student at Annapolis.
1891 – Inventor, FW Leslie, patents the envelope seal.
1893 – Frank Duryea drove the first US-made gas propelled car.
1895 – The Duryea Motor Wagon Company, the first auto manufacturer, opened.
1897 – The “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus” letter is published in the New York Sun. The editorial was written by veteran newsman Francis Pharcellus Church.
1903 – The first cowboy film, “Kit Carson,” premiered in US.
1906 - Yankee first baseman Hal Chase’s 22 put-outs ties record.
1922 – President Warren G. Harding signed a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
1928 – “My Weekly Reader” magazine made its debut.
1930 – Johann Ostermeyer patented the flashbulb.
1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is published.
1937 – The women’s airspeed record was set at 292 mph by American pilot Jacqueline Cochran.
1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people. The winds were estimated at 180 mph.
1941 - With America on the verge of entering World War II, the government needed a source of extra revenue to fund the war effort. To that end, Congress passed the Revenue Act of 1941, increasing the burden on America’s taxpayers to help pay for the upcoming conflict.
1941 – The US launched its first Liberty-ship, “Patrick Henry.”
1942 – The B-29 Superfortress makes its debut.
1942 – World War II: Nazis executed 116 hostages in Paris.
1944 – World War II: US Task Force 38 conducts air strikes on Japanese targets on Luzon, particularly Manila and Manila Bay. Twelve American carriers are involved.
1944 – World War II: U.S. troops of the 7th Army, invading Southern France, crossed the Meuse River.
1946 – “The Second Mrs. Burton” was heard for the first time on the entire CBS radio network.
1946 – The Cleveland Indians played their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay. The field opened in the late 19th century on May 1, 1891 with the legendary Cy Young pitching for Cleveland before 9,000 fans.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Peg o’ My Heart” by The Harmonicats, “That’s My Desire by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Don Cornell), I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” by Perry Como and Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette) by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1948 – “Texaco Star Theater” with Milton Berle premieres on NBC-TV.
1948 – “Life With Luigi” debuted on the CBS Radio Network.
1950 – George Marshall sworn in as the third Secretary of Defense of United States.
1950 – General Douglas MacArthur, upon returning from the front is quoted as saying, I have just returned from visiting the Marines at the front, and there is not a finer fighting organization in the world.” 
1951 – Korean War: Operation CLEAVER took place. This one-day tank and infantry raid by elements of the U.S. 24th Infantry Division at the eastern end of the Iron Triangle near Kumsong inflicted heavy losses on the communists.
1952 – Korean War: USAF Captain Robinson Risner, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, destroyed his fifth and sixth MiG-15 near Sinuiju to become the 20th jet ace of the Korean War.
1953 – Korean War: North Korean pilot Lieutenant Ro Kim Suk landed his aircraft at Kimpo airfield outside Seoul. The Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15, powered by a jet engine superior to those then used in American fighter planes.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Yellow Rose of Texas” by Mitch Miller, “Maybellene by Chuck Berry, “Love is a Many-Splendored Thing” by The Four Aces and “I Don’t Care” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1955 – Rocky Marciano knocked down, but retains championship.
1957 – “Perry Mason” with Raymond Burr premiers on CBS-TV.
1957 – “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds topped the charts.
1959 – “Sleep Walk” by Santo & Johnny topped the charts.
1961 – The U.S. Army’s 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, is activated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. The Special Forces were formed to organize and train guerrilla bands behind enemy lines.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Blue Velvet” by Bobby Vinton, “Heat Wave” by Martha & The Vandellas, “Sally, Go ’Round the Roses” by The Jaynetts and “Abilene” by George Hamilton IV all topped the charts.
1964 -The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s first air-breathing aircraft to achieve a speed of Mach 3, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
1966 – National Guard mobilized to stop rioting in Dayton, Ohio.
1968 – “Harper Valley P.T.A.” by Jeannie C. Riley topped the charts.
1970 – Monday Night Football premieres. Cleveland Browns beat the New York Jets 31-21.
1970 – Luna 16 leaves the Moon.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Go Away Little Girl” by Donny Osmond, “Spanish Harlem by Aretha Franklin, “Ain’t No Sunshine” by Bill Withers and “The Year That Clayton Delaney Died” by Tom T. Hall all topped the charts.
1973 – Henry Kissinger was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to become 56th Secretary of State. He was the first naturalized citizen to hold the office of Secretary of State.
1974 – “Can’t Get Enough of Your Love, Babe” by Barry White topped the charts.
1974 – US Mariner 10 makes its second fly-by of Mercury.
1975 – Self-proclaimed revolutionary Sara Jane Moore attempted to kill President Gerald Ford as he walked from a San Francisco hotel. A bullet she fired slightly wounded a man in the crowd.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Sharona” by The Knack, “After the Love Has Gone” by Earth, Wind & Fire, “The Devil Went Down to Georgia” by The Charlie Daniels Band and “You’re My Jamaica” by Charley Pride all topped the charts.
1980 – Richard Todd of the Jets completes 42 passes in a game (NFL record).
1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female Supreme Court justice, is confirmed by the senate in a 99-0 vote.
1981 – Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Steve Carlton strikes out NL record 3,118th (Andre Dawson).
1982 – National Football League players began a 57-day strike, their first regular-season walkout ever.
1985 – “Money for Nothing” by Dire Straits topped the charts.
1986 – NY Jets beat Miami Dolphins 51-45 in OT; record 884 passing yards.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – I Just Can’t Stop Loving You” by Michael Jackson with Siedah Garrett, “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston, “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake and “This Crazy Love” by The Oak Ridge Boys all topped the charts.
1987 – A U.S. helicopter gunship disabled an Iranian vessel, the “Iran Ajr,” that was caught laying mines in the Persian Gulf; four Iranian crewmen were killed, 26 wounded and detained.
1989 – Hurricane Hugo makes landfall in the U.S. state of South Carolina. It hit in Charleston and caused $8 billion in damages.
1989 – Twenty-one students were killed in Alton, TX, when their bus was in an accident with a truck causing the bus to careen into a water-filled pit.
1989 – General Colin Powell was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1990 – Pittsburg Pirate Barry Bonds is second to hit 30 home runs & steal fifty bases in a season.
1991 – Hospital Hostage taking: Richard L. Worthington finally freed his nine hostages at the end of 18 hours in Sandy, UT. Worthington had killed a nurse before seizing control of a hospital maternity ward.
1993 – The police drama “NYPD Blue” premiered on ABC.
1994 – Prosecutors from Los Angeles and Santa Barbara counties announced that Michael Jackson would not face child molestation charges.
1996 – The board of all-male Virginia Military Institute voted to admit women.
1998 – The videotaped grand jury statement that U.S. President Bill Clinton made concerning the Monica Lewinsky case was made public.
2001 – Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
2001 – The US Congress passed a $15 billion relief package for the nation’s air carriers.
2001 – Ronald C. Sheffield, a federal security officer was shot and killed in the Patrick V. McNamara building in Detroit. The gunman was seriously wounded.
2002 – Erika Harold, Miss Illinois, was crowned in Atlantic City, NJ, as Miss America 2003.
2003 – Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
2003 – The Washington Times reveals the arrest of U.S. Army Captain James Yee, an Islamic chaplain at the Guantanamo Bay naval base, for espionage.
2004 – An earthquake swarm is currently in progress in the Adobe Hills about 18 miles (29 km) east of California’s Mono Lake. Over 600 earthquakes have been recorded since September 18,
2004 – Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian opened in Washington DC. It included some 800,000 artifacts collected by George Gustav Heye (1874-1957).
2004 – A posting on an Islamic Web site claimed that the al-Qaida-linked group led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi has slain US hostage Jack Hensley.
2004 – The U.S. Department of Homeland Security intercepts a United Airlines flight from London, so that Yusuf Islam, the musician formerly known as Cat Stevens, can be arrested and deported for allegedly financially supporting groups linked to terrorism.
2005 – Hurricane Rita intensified into a Category 5 storm with 140 mph winds and threatened to devastate the Texas coast or already-battered Louisiana by week’s end. More than 1.3 million people in Texas and Louisiana were evacuated The death toll from Katrina topped 1,000.
2005 – JetBlue Airways Flight 292 performs an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport following a front landing gear failure.
2006 – In Santa Cruz, Ca., Kirby Scudder (50), former bike messenger, set up 500 giant flashlights to shine skyward every 30 feet along West Cliff Drive overlooking the Pacific Ocean in his tribute to International Peace Day. The lights came on at 9PM.
2006 – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced it would recommend all Americans ages 13 to 64 be routinely tested for HIV.
2006 – A U.S. federal judge in San Francisco orders two San Francisco Chronicle reporters jailed for up to 18 months for refusing to reveal who leaked them secret grand jury testimony about steroids in baseball.
2007 – One student was mortally wounded, another injured, at Delaware State University, and the campus was locked down as police searched for a gunman.
2007 -NASA releases new plans for moon base in 2020.
2008 – The New York Yankees beat The Baltimore Orioles, 7-3, at their last home game at Yankee Stadium. This is the last time the New York Yankees play at Yankee Stadium before moving to the New Yankee Stadium across the street.
2008 – New York City police arrested more than a dozen people for stealing pieces of Yankee Stadium during the 85-year-old ballpark’s final game.
2008 – The United States wins the Ryder Cup for the first time since 1999.
2009 – US prosecutors said Hassan Nemazee, a fund-raiser for Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and other Democrats, has been indicted for defrauding Bank of America, HSBC and Citigroup Inc out of more than $290 million in loan proceeds.
2010 – The Minnesota Twins win the American League Central in Major League Baseball and become the first team to qualify for postseason play in 2010.
2011 –  Iran releases jailed American hikers Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal into the custody of the Omani envoy in Tehran.
2011 –  The US rock band R.E.M. announce they are splitting up.
2011 – Google+, the social network service developed by search engine giant Google, is released to the general public.
2012 – The Space Shuttle Endeavor overflies Los Angeles on its way to retirement. (15:19)  Actual Landing  (8:37).

 

1756 – John MacAdam, Scottish engineer and road-builder (d. 1836) created macadam road surface (asphalt)
1849 – Maurice Barrymore, actor; patriarch of the Barrymore family (d. 1905).
1866 – H. G. Wells, English writer (d. 1946)
1866 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
1912 – Chuck Jones, American animator (d. 2002) He directed many of the classic short animated cartoons starring Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, the Road Runner & Wile E. Coyote, Pepé Le Pew and the other Warners characters, including the memorable What’s Opera, Doc?
1931 – Larry Hagman, American actor
1935 – Henry Gibson, Laugh-in’s poet
1944 – Fanny Flagg, in Alabama – Candid Camera
1944 – Hamilton Jordan, President Jimmy Carter’s 1st Chief of Staff
1947 – Stephen King, American author Horror and fantasy short story writer and novelist.
In King’s words, “Talent in cheaper than table salt. What separates the talented individual from the successful one is a lot of hard work.”
1953 – Arie Luyendyk, Dutch race car driver
1955 – Richard Hieb, American astronaut
1967 – Faith Hill, American singer

 

 

 

BARKER, JEDH COLBY
Vietnam

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company F, 2d Battalion, 4th Marines, 3d Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Place and date: Near Con Thein, Republic of Vietnam, September 21st, 1967. Entered service at: Park Ridge, N.J. Born: 20 June 1945, Franklin, N.H. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a machine gunner with Company F. During a reconnaissance operation L/Cpl. Barker’s squad was suddenly hit by enemy sniper fire. The squad immediately deployed to a combat formation and advanced to a strongly fortified enemy position, when it was again struck by small arms and automatic weapons fire, sustaining numerous casualties. Although wounded by the initial burst of fire, L/Cpl. Barker boldly remained in the open, delivering a devastating volume of accurate fire on the numerically superior force. The enemy was intent upon annihilating the small Marine force and, realizing that L/Cpl. Barker was a threat to their position, directed the preponderance of their fire on his position. He was again wounded, this time in the right hand, which prevented him from operating his vitally needed machine gun. Suddenly and without warning, an enemy grenade landed in the midst of the few surviving Marines. Unhesitatingly and with complete disregard for his personal safety, L/Cpl. Barker threw himself upon the deadly grenade, absorbing with his body the full and tremendous force of the explosion. In a final act of bravery, he crawled to the side of a wounded comrade and administered first aid before succumbing to his grievous wounds. His bold initiative, intrepid fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death undoubtedly saved his comrades from further injury or possible death and reflected great credit upon himself, the Marine Corps, and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 

 

LAUFFER, BILLY LANE
VIETNAM

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company C, 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry, 1st Air Cavalry Division. Place and date: Near Bon Son in Binh Dinh province, Republic of Vietnam, September 21st, 1966. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 20 October 1945, Murray, Ky. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Pfc. Lauffer’s squad, a part of Company C, was suddenly struck at close range by an intense machine gun crossfire from two concealed bunkers astride the squad’s route. Pfc. Lauffer, the second man in the column, saw the lead man fall and noted that the remainder of the squad was unable to move. Two comrades previously wounded and being carried on litters, were lying helpless in the beaten zone of the enemy fire. Reacting instinctively, Pfc. Lauffer quickly engaged both bunkers with fire from his rifle, but when the other squad members attempted to maneuver under his covering fire, the enemy fusillade increased in volume and thwarted every attempt to move. Seeing this and his wounded comrades helpless in the open, Pfc. Lauffer rose to his feet and charged the enemy machine gun positions, firing his weapon and drawing the enemy’s attention. Keeping the enemy confused and off balance, his 1-man assault provided the crucial moments for the wounded point man to crawl to a covered position, the squad to move the exposed litter patients to safety, and his comrades to gain more advantageous positions. Pfc. Lauffer was fatally wounded during his selfless act of courage and devotion to his fellow soldiers. His gallantry at the cost of his life served as an inspiration to his comrades and saved the lives of an untold number of his companions. His actions are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.

 

 

 

DAVENPORT, JACK A.
KOREAN WAR

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company G, 3d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Vicinity of Songnae-Dong, Korea, September 21st, 1951. Entered service at: Mission, Kans. Born: 7 September 1931, Kansas City, Mo. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a squad leader in Company G, in action against enemy aggressor forces, early in the morning. While expertly directing the defense of his position during a probing attack by hostile forces attempting to infiltrate the area, Cpl. Davenport, acting quickly when an enemy grenade fell into the foxhole which he was occupying with another marine, skillfully located the deadly projectile in the dark and, undeterred by the personal risk involved, heroically threw himself over the live missile, thereby saving his companion from serious injury or possible death. His cool and resourceful leadership were contributing factors in the successful repulse of the enemy attack and his superb courage and admirable spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death enhance and sustain the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. Cpl. Davenport gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 ArmyValor24

VERA, MIGUEL A.

KOREAN WAR

Posthumously

PuertoRico

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company F, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Chorwon, Korea, September 21, 1952.  Born: May 3, 1932,  Puerto Rico   Entered Service at: Puerto Rico  Departed: Yes 9/21/1952

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

Private Miguel A. Vera distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an automatic rifleman with Company F, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division in Chorwon, Korea, on September 21, 1952. That morning, despite suffering from wounds inflicted in a previous battle, Private Vera voluntarily left the aid station to join his comrades in an attack against well-fortified enemy positions on a hill of great importance. When the assaulting elements had moved within twenty yards of the enemy positions, they were suddenly trapped by a heavy volume of mortar, artillery and small-arms fire. The company prepared to make a limited withdrawal, but Private Vera volunteered to remain behind to provide covering fire. As his companions moved to safety, Private Vera remained steadfast in his position, directing accurate fire against the hostile positions despite the intense volume of fire which the enemy was concentrating upon him. Later in the morning, when the friendly force returned, they discovered Private Vera in the same position, facing the enemy. Private Vera’s noble intrepidity and self-sacrifice saved many of his comrades’ lives. Private Vera’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.

LestWeEver

 ArmyValor24

SCHWAB, DONALD K

WW II

 State of Nebraska

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company E, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Lure, France, September 17, 1944.  Born: Dec. 6, 1918, in Hooper, Neb.   Entered Service at: Nebraska  Departed: Yes (02/19/2005)  Date Issued: 3/18/2014

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

First Lieutenant Donald K. Schwab distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as the Commander of Company E, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy near Lure, France on September 17, 1944. That afternoon, as First Lieutenant Schwab led his company across four hundred yards of exposed ground, an intense, grazing burst of machinegun and machine-pistol fire sprung forth without warning from a fringe of woods directly in front of the American force. First Lieutenant Schwab quickly extricated his men from the attempted ambush and led them back to a defiladed position. Soon after, he was ordered to overwhelm the enemy line. He rapidly organized his men into a skirmish line and, with indomitable courage, again led them forward into the lethal enemy fire. When halted a second time, First Lieutenant Schwab moved from man to man to supervise collection of the wounded and organize his company’s withdrawal. From defilade, he rallied his decimated force for a third charge on the hostile strong point and successfully worked his way to within fifty yards of the Germans before ordering his men to hit the dirt. While automatic weapons fire blazed around him, he rushed forward alone, firing his carbine at the German foxholes, aiming for the vital enemy machine-pistol nest which had sparked the German resistance and caused heavy casualties among his men. Silhouetted through the mist and rain by enemy flares, he charged to the German emplacement, ripped the half-cover off the hostile firing pit, struck the German gunner on the head with his carbine butt and dragged the German back through a hail of fire to friendly lines. First Lieutenant Schwab’s action so disorganized hostile infantry resistance that the enemy forces withdrew, abandoning their formidable defensive line. First Lieutenant Schwab’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.

LestWeEver

 

 

*TOWLE, JOHN R.
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company C, 504th Parachute Infantry, 82d Airborne Division. Place and date: Near Oosterhout, Holland, September 21st, 1944. Entered service at: Cleveland, Ohio. Birth: Cleveland, Ohio. G.O. No.: 18, 15 March 1945. Citation. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 21 September 1944, near Oosterhout, Holland. The rifle company in which Pvt. Towle served as rocket launcher gunner was occupying a defensive position in the west sector of the recently established Nijmegen bridgehead when a strong enemy force of approximately one-hundred infantry supported by two tanks and a half-track formed for a counterattack. With full knowledge of the disastrous consequences resulting not only to his company but to the entire bridgehead by an enemy breakthrough, Pvt. Towle immediately and without orders left his foxhole and moved two-hundred yards in the face of intense small-arms fire to a position on an exposed dike roadbed. From this precarious position Pvt. Towle fired his rocket launcher at and hit both tanks to his immediate front. Armored skirting on both tanks prevented penetration by the projectiles, but both vehicles withdrew slightly damaged. Still under intense fire and fully exposed to the enemy, Pvt. Towle then engaged a nearby house which nine Germans had entered and were using as a strongpoint and with one round killed all nine. Hurriedly replenishing his supply of ammunition, Pvt. Towle, motivated only by his high conception of duty which called for the destruction of the enemy at any cost, then rushed approximately one hundred-twenty-five yards through grazing enemy fire to an exposed position from which he could engage the enemy half-track with his rocket launcher. While in a kneeling position preparatory to firing on the enemy vehicle, Pvt. Towle was mortally wounded by a mortar shell. By his heroic tenacity, at the price of his life, Pvt. Towle saved the lives of many of his comrades and was directly instrumental in breaking up the enemy counterattack.

 

 

MOORE, PHILIP
INTERIM 1871 – 1898

 

 

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born. 1853, Newfoundland. Accredited to: Rhode Island. G. O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Trenton, at Genoa, Italy, September 21st, 1880, and rescuing from drowning Hans Paulsen, ordinary seaman.

 

 

 

RUSSELL, JOHN
INTERIM 1871 – 1898

 

 

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1852, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Trenton, at Genoa, Italy, September 21st, 1880, and rescuing from drowning Hans Paulsen, ordinary seaman.

 

 

 

HORTON, JAMES
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: Gunner’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Massachusetts. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served as gunner’s mate on board the U.S.S. Montauk, September 21st,  1864. During the night of 21 September, when fire was discovered in the magazine lightroom of the vessel, causing a panic and demoralizing the crew, Horton rushed into the cabin, obtained the magazine keys, sprang into the lightroom and began passing out combustibles, Including the box of signals in which the fire originated.

 

 

 

ROUNTRY, JOHN
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: First Class Fireman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1840, Massachusetts. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served as first class fireman on board the U.S.S. Montauk, September 21st,  1864. During the night of 21 September when fire was discovered in the magazine lightroom of that vessel, causing a panic and demoralizing the crew, Rountry, notwithstanding the cry of “fire in the magazine,” forced his way with hose in hand, through the frightened crowd to the lightroom and put out the flames.

 

 

 

WEEKS, CHARLES H.
CIVIL WAR

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain of the Foretop, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, New Jersey. Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.: 84, 3 October 1867. Citation: Served as captain of the foretop on board the U.S.S. Montauk, September 21st, 1864. During the night of 21 September, when fire was discovered in the magazine lightroom of that vessel, causing a panic and demoralizing the crew, Weeks, notwithstanding the cry of “fire in the magazine,” displayed great presence of mind and rendered valuable service in extinguishing the flames which were imperiling the ship and the men on board.

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