It is so good that October is National Chili Month. Chili is something people eat year-round but October when the temperatures start dropping is the best time. It is also the time for chili contests and there are as many ways to make chili as there are ingredients to use. In recent years people have started making turkey chili and vegetarian chili. They are good when made right and at contests you will find some of the best whether at a sanctioned meet or at your church as a fundraiser. If you don’t have a chili recipe in your family, it is time to start experimenting. In my family we have one that is difficult to make but the rewards are great. It is called “Oklahoma” chili and I think it came from a cousin that lived in Terral, OK on the Oklahoma-Texas border near Wichita Falls, TX. Here is how to make it:
The two major pieces of equipment you need is a very large cast iron frying pan and a large pot.
Shopping List: Five pounds of onion (don’t cry), five pounds of hamburger, one can of Mexican chili beans, two packs of Texas chili spices, two large cans of stewed tomatoes, garlic and salt to taste. The hard-to-get item is three to five pounds of suet or the fat around steaks, etc. Normal grocery stores no longer carry it but find a butcher shop where they cut their own meat and ask them for some.
How to: Start by using the cast iron pan and cook down the suet as far as you can. You are creating the grease you will need to cook the onions. My pan is 16” across and the goal is to get about an inch or more of grease.
Pull the very cooked suet out and start adding the onion chopped. Size of the chop is up to you and put all of the onion in the pan. Cook at slightly hotter than medium. Stir and move the onions around about every fifteen minutes until very brown. The process is called carmelizing.
Put the onions into the stockpot and start cooking the hamburger in the cast iron pan. The grease won’t be used so get the leanest meat you can get from the store (93% or leaner.) As any batch gets done, put it in the stockpot and stir with the onions. Start after the first batch goes in, add both cans of the tomatoes, drained; the Mexican chili beans, drained; both packs of spices. Now stir and as more meat gets done add it to the pot. Now, let it all simmer for about an hour. This is best put together either the day before or early in the day.
Before serving test for taste and add garlic, salt. Adjust its heat with your favorite method.
Two other kinds of chili that have become common are turkey chili and vegetarian chili. Here are sample recipes for both.
Turkey Chili Recipe
- 2 cups chopped onion
- 4 garlic cloves, chopped fine
- 1 cup chopped green pepper
- 1/4 cup olive oil
- 2 (35 oz) cans stewed tomatoes, crushed
- 2 (15 oz) cans kidney beans, drained
- 2 Tbsp tomato paste
- 3/4 cup chicken or turkey stock
- 2 Tbsp chili powder (or up to 4 Tbsp if you like it really hot)
- 1 Tbsp ground cumin
- 1 Tbsp dried hot red pepper flakes
- 1 teaspoon dried oregano
- 1 Tbsp salt, plus more if desired to taste
- 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
- 3 to 4 cups of shredded, cooked turkey meat
- Shredded cheddar cheese, chopped red onion, sour cream for optional garnish.
1 In a large, 8-quart, thick-bottom pot, cook the onion and green pepper over medium high heat, stirring, until golden, about 5 minutes. Add the garlic, chili powder, cumin, and red pepper flakes and cook, stirring, for a minute or two more. Add a bit more olive oil if needed.
2 Add tomatoes, tomato paste, stock. beans, oregano, salt, pepper, and cooked turkey meat. Bring mixture to a simmer and reduce heat to low. Simmer, uncovered, for an hour.
3 Salt to taste. Add 1 to 3 teaspoons of sugar to take the edge of the acidity of the tomatoes if desired.
The chili may be made in advance and chilled for 2 days, or frozen for 2 months.
Serve with shredded cheddar cheese, chopped red onion, and or sour cream. Serve alone, over rice, or with corn bread.
Makes about 12 cups. Serves 8.
Craig’s Easy Vegan Chili
2 – cans pinto beans (15 oz)
1 – can kidney beans (15 oz)
1 – can chopped green chili’s (4 oz)
1 – can diced tomatoes
1 – can stewed tomatoes (I blend these)
1 – onion (chopped)
1/2 t salt
1/2 t pepper
chili powder to taste
Put all the veggies, salt and pepper in a crock pot and simmer on low for 12 hrs. Stir every 3 hrs. and add chili powder until it has a kick but not nuclear. Serve with whole grain crackers or tortilla chips and enjoy!
This is a great month so enjoy!!!
“Laughter is the brush that sweeps away the cobwebs of your heart.”
~ Mort Walker, creator of Beetle Bailey
erudite AIR-yuh-dyt; -uh-dyt, adjective:
Characterized by extensive reading or knowledge; learned.
Erudite comes from Latin eruditus, from e-, “out of, from” + rudis, “rough, untaught,” which is also the source of English rude. Hence one who is erudite has been brought out of a rough, untaught, rude state.
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1775 – At a meeting in Philadelphia, the 2d Continental Congress used the word “Marines” on one of the earliest known occasions. It directed General George Washington to secure two vessels on “Continental risque and pay”, and to give orders for the “proper encouragement to the Marines and seamen” to serve on the two armed ships.
1793 – French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
1813 – During the War of 1812, British troops allied with Indians under Tecumseh, were defeated at the Battle of the Thames near Ontario, Canada, by General William H. Harrison’s American forces. Tecumseh was killed in the battle.
1863 – Confederate ship David seriously damages USS New Ironsides with a spar torpedo off Charleston, South Carolina.
1864 – At the Battle of Allatoona Pass, a small Union post was saved from Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood’s army. One-third of Union troops died repulsing Southern forces.
1877 – Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians and 418 tribal members surrendered to U.S. General Nelson A. Miles in the Bear Paw Mountains, Montana, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short.
1880 – First ballpoint pen with its own ink supply and retractable tip was patented by Alonzo T. Cross.
1892 – The Dalton Gang was nearly wiped out while trying to rob two banks simultaneously in their hometown of Coffeyville, Kansas. Emmett Dalton, the only survivor, was wounded and sentenced to life in prison.
1900 – The 1900 Wright Glider was the brothers’ first to be capable of carrying a man. The glider was first flown as an unmanned kite near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Next, Wilbur rode as pilot while men on the ground held tether ropes attached to the airborne craft.
1905 – Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
1915 – Germany issued an apology and promises for payment for the 128 American passengers killed in the sinking of the British ship Lusitania.
1916 – Corporal Adolf Hitler was wounded in WW I.
1921 – The World Series of baseball was broadcast on the radio for the first time.
1924 – The first Little Orphan Annie strip appeared in NYC Daily News.
1930 – The New York Philharmonic Orchestra was heard on the air over CBS radio from Carnegie Hall for the first time.
1930 – Laura Ingalls became the first woman to make a transcontinental airplane flight.
1930 – “The Fighting Priest” began airing on CBS radio. (Not on You Tube).
1931 – Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon belly landed Miss Veedol, a Bellanca CH-200 monoplane, in Wenatchee, WA after flying non-stop across the Pacific Ocean. The flight originated in Japan and took about forty-one hours.
1934 – “Hollywood Hotel” became the first major network radio to originate from Hollywood, CA.
1936 – Coaxial cable strung between New York City and Philadelphia made it possible for the first intercity telecast.
1937 – President Roosevelt is quoted as saying, “the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading,” The President called for a “quarantine” of aggressor nations. This would include Germany.
1939 – “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” was recorded by Perry Como and the Ted Weem’s Orchestra.
1942 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs New York Yankees (1)
1942 – Aircraft from the carrier Hornet attack Japanese shipping off of Bougainville, but have little effect.
1943 – World War II: Patrol Squadron 6 (VP -6 CG) was officially established. This was an all-Coast Guard unit. Its home base was at Narsarssuak, Greenland.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “I’m Gonna Love That Guy” by The Benny Goodman Orchestra (vocal: Dottie Reid) and “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1945 – Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers’ studios. Warner firefighters sprayed the strikers with fire hoses. By the end of the day, some 300 police and deputy sheriffs had been called to the scene and over 40 injuries were reported.
1947 – U.S. President Harry Truman delivered the first televised White House address. The subject was the international food crisis occurring at the time.
1949 – WSAZ, West Virginia’s first television station, begins broadcasting in Huntington.
1950 – Groucho Marx’s “You Bet Your Life” (29:25) had its TV premiere.
1952 – “Inner Sanctum” was heard for the last time on ABC radio.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “You, You, You” by The Ames Brothers, “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford and “I Forgot More Than You’ll Ever Know” by The Davis Sisters all topped the charts.
1953 – Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1953 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (2)
1955 – The play “The Diary of Anne Frank” opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
1957 – Minitrack, a satellite tracking net developed by the Naval Research Laboratory, becomes operational. This network, with stations from Maine to Chile, tracked the Vangard satellite.
1958 – The record charts were taken over by a folk song for the first time. The Kingston Trio scored with “Tom Dooley.”
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee, “The Mountain’s High” by Dick & DeeDee, “Crying” by Roy Orbison and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.
1962 – The Beatles release their first single, “Love Me Do,” in Britain.
1962 – THE name’s Bond… James Bond.” Bond strode stylishly into a film for the first time in the now classic “Dr. No,” released today, introducing himself with the immortal line over a high-stakes game of baccarat.
1965 – Henry Mancini received a gold record for the soundtrack LP from the movie, The Pink Panther.
1966 – Near Detroit, Michigan, there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
1968 – “White Room” by Cream was released.
1968 – “Magic Carpet Ride” was released by Steppenwolf.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Jean” by Oliver, “Little Woman” by Bobby Sherman and “Since I Met You, Baby” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1969 – A Cuban defector entered U.S. airspace undetected and landed a MIG-17 at an Air Force base near Miami, Florida.
1969 – Dianne Linkletter jumps to her death from her apartment in West Hollywood. Art Linkletter, her father, claimed that she was under the influence of LSD at the time of her death.
1974 – American David Kunst completed the first round-the-world journey on foot, taking four years and twenty-one pairs of shoes to accomplish the 14,450-mile journey across four continents.
1975 – “Cat’s in the Cradle” was released by Harry Chapin.
1975 – Democratic Senator Frank Church of Idaho charged that the CIA tried to kill Cuban President Fidel Castro during the administrations of three US presidents.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band” by Maco, “Keep It Comin’ Love” by KC & The Sunshine Band, “Don’t Stop” by Fleetwood Mac and “Daytime Friends” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1982 – Chicago Tylenol murders: Johnson & Johnson initiates a nationwide product recall in the United States for all products in its Tylenol brand after several bottles in Chicago are found to have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Money for Nothing” by Dire Straits, “Cherish” by Kool & The Gang, “Oh Sheila” by Ready For The World and “Lost in the Fifties Tonight (In the Still of the Night)” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1986 – Soldiers from Nicaragua’s Communist government shot down a U.S. cargo plane found to be carrying military supplies to the Contras, who were waging a guerilla war against the ruling Sandinista government. Survivor Eugene Hasenfus admitted he was employed by the CIA.
1986 – “Business World” began airing on ABC-TV. The half-hour program was hosted by correspondent Sander Vanocur.
1988 – In a debate between candidates for vice president of the U.S., Democratic Lloyd Bentsen told Republican Dan Quayle, “You’re no Jack Kennedy.”
1989 – A jury in Charlotte, North Carolina, convicted former PTL evangelist Jim Bakker of using his television show to defraud followers.
1990 – NASA astronaut and Coast Guard CDR Bruce Melnick made his first space flight when he served as a Mission Specialist aboard the space shuttle Discovery on Space Shuttle Mission STS -41, which flew from 6 to 10 October 1990.
1999 – MCI WorldCom, Inc. announced a $115 billion deal to take over Sprint Corporation.
2000 – In the only debate of vice-presidential candidates during the 2000 campaign Dick Cheney and Joe Lieberman (90:00) debated over national TV from Centre College in Danville, Ky.
2001 – Tom Ridge resigned as Governor of Pennsylvania to become President Bush’s Homeland Security Advisor.
2001 – Moses Malone was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
2001 – Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 71st and 72nd record home runs at Pacific Bell Park off of pitcher Chan Ho Park of the Los Angeles Dodgers surpassing Mark McGwire’s single-season home run total.
2001 – In Alaska Daniel Carson Lewis (37) was arrested for shooting a hole into the oil pipeline, which cause the leakage of up to 280,000 of gallons.
2003 – The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.
2004 – The US vetoed an Arab-backed UN Security Council resolution demanding that the Jewish state immediately end military operations and called the resolution “lopsided and unbalanced.” 11 of 15 voted in favor with 3 abstentions.
2004 – Supermarket janitors in California won a $22.4 million settlement against three grocery chains and a cleaning contractor in a class-action suit over failure to pay for overtime.
2005 – Defying the White House, US senators voted 90-9 to approve an amendment that would prohibit the use of “cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” against anyone in U.S. government custody.
2005 – A video showing two Iraqi men being beheaded for allegedly spying for the United States was posted on a militant Islamic Web site, and the Ansar al-Sunnah Army claimed it had carried out the executions.
2006 – Wal-Mart Stores Inc. rolled out its $4 generic drug program to the entire state of Florida after a successful test in the Tampa area.
2006 – The House ethics committee opened an expansive investigation into the unfolding congressional page sex scandal that resulted in the resignation of US Rep. Mark Foley, R-Fla.
2006 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 16.24 to 11,866.69, to close at record high for the 3rd day in a row. NASDAQ rose 15.39 to 2,306.
2007 – Topps Meat Co. of Newark, NJ, founded in 1940, said a massive meat recall has forced it out of business. Government scientists have yet to determine the source of the E. coli contamination.
2008 – The United States opened a trade office in Libya to boost economic ties with them.
2009 – Don Hill, a former Dallas Mayor Pro Tem, was convicted in a bribery and extortion scheme that prosecutors called the largest in Dallas history.
2009 – The United States Federal Trade Commission issues regulations for writers of blogs.
2009 – President Barack Obama delays a meeting with the Dalai Lama until after a visit to China.
2010 – Steven Hayes is found guilty of murdering three women of the same family in Connecticut during a home invasion in 2007, now he is facing the death sentence or life imprisonment.
2012 – THE name’s Bond… James Bond celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Bond legacy. The movie franchise has become one of the most successful in history, with the 22 Bond films taking more than five billion dollars.British diva Adele released a clip of the theme song for “Skyfall,” the 23rd and newest Bond film, on her website as anticipation built for its worldwide premiere on Oct. 23.
1703 – Jonathan Edwards (d.1758), US, theologian and philosopher (Original Sin). He helped promote the “Great Awakening” of religious fervor that broke out in Protestant churches in New Jersey in the 1720s and spread to New England in the 1730s.
1830 – Chester Arthur, 21st President of the United States of America (1881-1885).
1882 – Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist.
1902 – Ray Kroc, American entrepreneur, McDonald’s founder.
1917 – Allen Ludden (Ellsworth) TV host: Password, The G.E. College Bowl, Liar’s Club; married to actress Betty White; (d 1981)
1922 – Bil Keane, cartoonist: Family Circus
*KRAUS, RICHARD EDWARD
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 24 November 1925, Chicago, Ill. Accredited to: Minnesota. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 8th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on October 5th, 1944. Unhesitatingly volunteering for the extremely hazardous mission of evacuating a wounded comrade from the front lines, Pfc. Kraus and 3 companions courageously made their way forward and successfully penetrated the lines for some distance before the enemy opened with an intense, devastating barrage of hand grenades which forced the stretcher party to take cover and subsequently abandon the mission. While returning to the rear, they observed 2 men approaching who appeared to be marines and immediately demanded the password. When, instead of answering, 1 of the 2 Japanese threw a hand grenade into the midst of the group, Pfc. Kraus heroically flung himself upon the grenade and, covering it with his body, absorbed the full impact of the explosion and was instantly killed. By his prompt action and great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, he saved the lives of his 3 companions, and his loyal spirit of self -sacrifice reflects the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his comrades.
BALCH, JOHN HENRY
Rank and organization: Pharmacist’s Mate First Class, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Vierzy, France, and Somme -Py, France, 19 July and October 5th, 1918. Entered service at: Kansas City, Mo. Born: 2 January 1896, Edgerton, Kans. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, with the 6th Regiment, U.S. Marines, in action at Vierzy, on 19 July 1918. Balch unhesitatingly and fearlessly exposed himself to terrific machinegun and high -explosive fire to succor the wounded as they fell in the attack, leaving his dressing station voluntarily and keeping up the work all day and late into the night unceasingly for 16 hours. Also in the action at Somme -Py on 5 October 1918, he exhibited exceptional bravery in establishing an advanced dressing station under heavy shellfire.
ELLIS, MICHAEL B.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 28th Infantry, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Exermont, France, October 5th, 1918. Entered service at: East St. Louis, Ill. Born: 28 October 1894, St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 74, W.D., 1919. Citation: During the entire day’s engagement he operated far in advance of the first wave of his company, voluntarily undertaking most dangerous missions and single -handedly attacking and reducing machinegun nests. Flanking one emplacement, he killed two of the enemy with rifle fire and captured seventeen others. Later he single -handedly advanced under heavy fire and captured twenty-seven prisoners, including two officers and six machineguns, which had been holding up the advance of the company. The captured officers indicated the locations of four other machineguns, and he in turn captured these, together with their crews, at all times showing marked heroism and fearlessness.
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: ——. Birth:Canada East. Date of issue:19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry during the pursuit and fight with Indians.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Salem, Mass. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in pursuit of and fight with Indians.
Rank and organization: Private, Hospital Corps, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Leech Lake, Minn., October 5th,1898. Entered service at: Hay Creek, Minn. Born: 21 December 1877, Achern, Germany. Date of issue: 21 August 1899. Citation: For distinguished bravery in action against hostile Indians. [Note: This, the last Medal of Honor won in an Indian campaign, was awarded for an action during the uprising of Chippewa Indians, on Lake Leech, northern Minnesota, 5 October 1898.]
DOSHIER, JAMES B.
Rank: Post Guide during Indian Wars. Place: Holliday Creek, Texas. Little Wichita River. Date: October 5th, 1870. Entered service: Fort Richardson, Texas. Born: Warren County, Tennessee, 2 May 1820. G.O. No. – – – – – Issue date: 19 November 1870. Issue place: – – – – – Citation: Gallantry in action and on the march. (In 1916, the general review of all Medals of Honor deemed 900 unwarranted. This recipient was one of them. In June 1989, the U.S. Army Board of Correction of Records restored the medal to this recipient.)
GRIMES, EDWARD P.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to October 5th, 1879. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Dover, N.H. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: The command being almost out of ammunition and surrounded on three sides by the enemy, he voluntarily brought up a supply under heavy flre at almost point blank range.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 2 -October 5th, 1879. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Boynton, Va. Date of issue: 22 September 1890. Citation: Voluntarily left fortified shelter and under heavy fire at close range made the rounds of the pits to instruct the guards, fought his way to the creek and back to bring water to the wounded.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action and in pursuit of Indians.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to October 5th, 1879. Entered Service at: – – – – – – – – -. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Pittsburgh, Pa. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
CROFT, JAMES E.
Rank and organization: Private, 12th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery. Place and date: At Allatoona, Ga., October 5th, 1864. Entered service at: Janesville, Wis. Birth: England. Date of issue: 20 March 1897. Citation: Took the place of a gunner who had been shot down and inspired his comrades by his bravery and effective gunnery, which contributed largely to the defeat of the enemy.
Right-Brainers Rule!! Month
Ten-Four Day (OK!)
National Taco Day
Ten codes are an abbreviated way of sending messages and, to a certain extent, securing communications between groups using two-way radios. These codes provided are sort of a standard among the users of citizen band radios. There are other sets of codes, for example, used by law enforcement that follow the general format but they are made more specific to law enforcement. As you can imagine, some are more popular than others. It is not necessary that you memorize all of the code but use it as a reference if you hear something that you’re not sure about.
Use the code is developed for your organization it would be useful to make some unchangeable. For example 10-1 “Receiving poorly” is one to leave alone as well as 10-2 and 10-4. For local conditions definitions can also be expanded. An example would be 10-4 which in the Code is listed as Ok, Message Received. The local usages, however, could include “Yes”, or any other affirmation. Others that could stay include 10-6, Busy; 10-7, Out of Service or Meal Break; 10-8 is “In Service”; 10-9 “Repeat”;10-10, “Standing By” and 10-19 which usually means “Return to Base” or “I am proceeding to…”. All of the rest of them are used so infrequently that they can be used as needed.
Here are some suggestions to consider. If staff are sometimes put into situations where there is a potential for risk, establish a procedure where they use a code to enter the area and the procedure would be to send help if they don’t respond with an all clear within a certain number of minutes. In the hotel industry there may be times when security is called upon to check rooms to make sure they are unoccupied. Again, use two codes to start and stop the check. In the real estate industry the same procedure could be used for agent safety.
Wayne C. Church, CPP
Board Certified in Security Management
|10 Code||Description||10 Code||Description|
|10-1||Receiving Poorly||10-34||Trouble at this Station|
|10-2||Receiving Well||10-35||Confidential Information|
|10-3||Stop Transmitting or, nicely, Shut Up!!||10-36||Correct Time is|
|10-4||Ok, Message Received||10-37||Wrecker Needed at|
|10-5||Relay Message||10-38||Ambulance Needed|
|10-6||Busy, Stand by||10-39||Message Delivered|
|10-7||Out of Service, Leaving||10-41||Turn to Channel|
|10-8||In Service, Subject to Call||10-42||Traffic Accident at|
|10-9||Repeat Message||10-43||Traffic Tie-Up at|
|10-10||Standing by||10-44||Have a Message for|
|10-11||Talking too Rapidly||10-45||All Units Within Range, Please Report|
|10-12||Visitors Present||10-50||Break Channel|
|10-13||Advise Weather/Roads||10-60||What is Next Message Number?|
|10-16||Make Pick-Up at||10-62||Unable to Copy. Use Phone.|
|10-17||Urgent Business||10-63||Net Directed to|
|10-18||Anything for Us?||10-64||Net Clear|
|10-19||Return to Base or Go To||10-65||Awaiting Your Next Message/Assignment|
|10-20||My Location is||10-67||All Units Comply|
|10-21||Call by Phone||10-70||Fire at|
|10-22||Report in Person to||10-71||Proceed. Transmission in Sequence.|
|10-23||Stand by||10-77||Negative Contact|
|10-24||Completed Last Assignment.||10-81||Check Room #|
|10-25||Can You Contact?||10-82||Reserve Room for|
|10-26||Disregard Last Info.||10-85||My Address is|
|10-27||Moving to Channel.||10-91||Talk Closer to Microphone.|
|10-28||Identify Your Station.||10-93||Check my Frequency on This Channel.|
|10-29||Time is Up for Contact||10-94||Give me a Long Count.|
|10-30||Does not Conform to FCC Rules||10-99||Mission Completed. All Units Secure.|
|10-33||Emergency Traffic||10-100||Restroom break needed|
“The reason most people never reach their goals is that they don’t define them, or ever seriously consider them as believable or achievable. Winners can tell you where they are going, what they plan to do along the way, and who will be sharing the adventure with them.”
~ Denis Watley
ten-four / [ten–fawr, –fohr] –interjection Citizens Band Radio Slang.
A part of the ten code, a set of code numbers each beginning with the number ten and used as a code to describe different situations: originally used by the police, now used in CB and other radio communications.(used to express affirmation or confirmation). Examples: people use this to say yes, affirmative, right, okay.
1535 – The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
1636 – The General Court of the Plymouth Colony instituted a legal code, the first composed in North America.
1648 – The first volunteer fire department was established in New York by Peter Stuyvesant.
1776 – Marines participated in the USS Wasp’s capture of a British ship off the coast of New England.
1777 – George Washington’s troops launched an assault on the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania. British General Sir William Howe repels George Washington’s last attempt to retake Philadelphia, compelling George Washington to spend the winter at Valley Forge.
1783 – The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the War for Independence, and as the last of the Navy’s ships were sold, the Continental Navy and Marines were disbanded.
1795 – General Napoleon Bonaparte led the rout of counterrevolutionaries in the streets of Paris.
1821 – LT Robert F. Stockton, USN, sails from Boston for Africa to carry out his orders to help stop the international slave trade. Stockton will be instrumental in the founding of Liberia.
1854 – Honest Abe Lincoln made his first great political speech. It was three hours, ten minutes.
1861 – Civil War: The Union ship USS South Carolina captured two Confederate blockade runners outside of New Orleans, La.
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Corinth, Mississippi, ended in a Union victory, though failing to destroy Van Dorn’s Confederate force.
1874 – Kiowa leader Santanta, known as “the Orator of the Plains,” surrendered in Darlington, Texas. He was later sent to the state penitentiary, where he committed suicide October 11, 1878.
1881 – Edward Leveaux received a patent for the player piano.
1883 – First run of the Orient Express.
1893 – The first professional football contract was signed by Grant Dibert for the Pittsburgh AC.
1895 – The first U.S. Open golf tournament was held, at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island. Horace Rawlins, 19 years old, won the tournament.
1904 – First day of the New York City subway. 350,000 people rode the 9.1 miles of tracks.
1905 – Orville Wright piloted the first flight longer than 30 minutes. The flight lasted 33 minutes, 17 seconds and covered 21 miles.
1906 – US Marines protected Americans during revolution in Cuba.
1909 – The first airship race in the U.S. took place in St. Louis, MO.
1909 – The Cunard liner “Lusitania”, later sunk by the Germans in WW I, crossed the Atlantic in four days, 15 hours and 52 minutes.
1915 – The Dinosaur National Monument was established. The area covered part of Utah and Colorado.
1916 – The California State Federation of Labor maintained its policy of banning Japanese workers from joining labor unions.
1918 – There was an explosion at the T.A. Gillespie Co. munitions yard in Morgan, NJ. Coast Guardsmen from Perth Amboy responded. When fire threatened a trainload of TNT, these men repaired the track and moved the train to safety, thus preventing further disaster. Two Coast Guardsmen were killed in this effort.
1922 – The entire World Series was broadcast over radio for the first time over WJZ and WGY. Writer Grantland Rice does the announcing.
1924 – NY Giants become first team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series.
1927 – The first actual work of carving began on Mount Rushmore.
1931 – The comic strip “Dick Tracy” made its debut in the Detroit Daily Mirror. The strip was created by Chester Gould.
1933 – “Esquire” magazine was published for the first time.
1939 – Perry Como recorded “That Old Gang of Mine” with the Ted Weems Orchestra.
1943 – “Is You is or is You Ain’t My Baby?” recorded by Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five.
1943 – World War II: Aircraft from USS Ranger sink five German ships and damage three in Operation Leader, the only U.S. Navy carrier operation in northern European waters during World War II.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore, “Is You is or is You Ain’t” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “It Had to Be You” by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley all topped the charts.
1948 – Gordon MacRae hosted the premiere of “The Railroad Hour” on ABC radio.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford, “Wish You Were Here” by Eddie Fisher, “I Went to Your Wedding” by Patti Page and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: Task Force 77 aircraft encounter MIG-15 aircraft for the first time.
1952 – Flying an F-86 Sabre, future jet ace Captain Manuel J. Fernandez, Jr., 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, scored his first aerial victory of the war.
1954 – Comedienne Spring Byington began “December Bride” — on CBS.
1955 – World Series: Brooklyn Dodgers (4) vs New York Yankees (3). This was the Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory.
1956 – “Playhouse 90” debuted on CBS-TV.
1956 – Two U.S. Air Force F-89 aircraft crashed in rugged mountain terrain about four miles from Mount Olympus, WA. Ground search elements from other services located and evacuated the four crew members, one of whom had died.
1957 – The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, officially beginning the Space Age.
1957 – STAR TREK TIMELINE: According to Star Trek: Enterprise (Episode 27) Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite launched by Humans. It was built by the Earth’s Soviet Union, and was launched on October 4, 1957..Vulcans investigating, crash-landed near Carbon Creek, Pennsylvania. The closest reference to be found is Big Creek, Pennsylvania less than a half mile from the Beltsville Airport. Three Vulcans, T’Mir, Mestral and Stron, that were survivors of a crashed ship visited Johnnies Market after winning enough money to buy food in a game of pool at the Pine Tree bar. Among the foods they bought were “cryogenically frozen television dinners” (TV Dinners).
1957 – “Leave It to Beaver” premiered on TV. The last episode aired September 12, 1963.
1958 – The first transatlantic passenger jet service was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation (now British Airways) with flights between London and New York.
1958 – “It’s All In The Game” by Tommy Edwards topped the charts.
1959 – Luna 3 was launched by the USSR and became the first satellite to photograph the Moon’s distant side.
1959 – First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA).
1960 – Courier 1B Launched; first active repeater satellite in orbit.
1965 – Pope Paul VI arrived at Kennedy International Airport in New York City on the first visit by a pope to the United States. He visited to address the United Nations.
1966 – “Sunny” by Bobby Hebb earns gold record.
1967 – First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers.
1969 – Baseball’s first divisional playoff games.
1969 – The song “Suite: Judy Blue Eyes” was released by Crosby, Stills & Nash.
1969 – “Sugar, Sugar” by the Archies topped the charts.
1970 – Janis Joplin (b.1943) was found dead in a seedy Hollywood motel of a heroin overdose at age 27.
1972 – Judge John Sirica imposed a gag order on the Watergate break-in case.
1975 – “Fame” by David Bowie topped the charts.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Play That Funky Music” by Wild Cherry, “I’d Really Love to See You Tonight” by England Dan & John Ford Coley, “A Fifth of Beethoven” by Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band and “Here’s Some Love” by Tanya Tucker all topped the charts.
1976 – In Gregg v. Georgia, the Supreme Court lifted the ban on the death sentence in murder cases, restoring capital punishment, which had not been practiced since 1967.
1976 – Barbara Walters joined Harry Reasoner at the anchor desk of the “ABC Evening News” for the first time.
1980 – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen topped the charts.
1982 – Frank Rosenthal (1929-2008), Las Vegas casino operator, survived a car bomb when his Cadillac exploded as he turned the key. He ran the mob-owned Stardust, Fremont, Hacienda and Marina casinos.
1983 – Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 mph (1,019 km/h), driving Thrust 2 at the Black Rock Desert of Nevada.
1984 – US government closes down due to budget problems.
1985 – The Shiite Muslim group Islamic Jihad announced that they had killed American hostage William Buckley. Later another American hostage said that he believed that Buckley had died four months earlier from torture.
1986 – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & the News topped the charts.
1987 – National Football League owners staged their first games since the players union went on strike, with non-striking and replacement personnel. It was called “Scrub Sunday”.
1993 – Dozens of Somalis dragged an American soldier through the streets of Mogadishu. A videotape showed Michael Durant being taken prisoner by Somali militants.
1995 – Hurricane Opal hit the Gulf of Mexico and made landfall in Destin, Florida.
1996 – A judge in Philadelphia issued an injunction preventing major-league baseball umpires from striking for the remainder of the postseason over an incident in which Roberto Alomar of the Baltimore Orioles spat on umpire John Hirschbeck.
1997 – Hundreds of thousands of men attended a Promise Keepers rally on the Mall in Washington, DC.
1997 – “4 Seasons Of Loneliness” by Boyz II Men topped the charts.
1998 – Davis Gaines performed as the Phantom in the show “Phantom of the Opera” for the 2,000th time.
2001 – Authorities confirmed that an editor at the tabloid “The Sun” in Boca Raton, Florida, had contracted the inhaled form of anthrax; he died the following day.
2001 – In Washington, DC, Reagan National Airport re-opened. The airport had been closed since the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.
2001 – New York City announced a $105 billion financial loss due to 9-11.
2002 – Richard C. Reid pleaded guilty to trying to blow up a trans-Atlantic flight with explosives hidden in his shoes and declared himself a follower of Osama bin Laden.
2002 – John Walker Lindh, the so-called “American Taliban,” received a 20-year sentence after a sobbing, halting plea for forgiveness before a federal judge in Alexandria, Va.
2004 – Mike Melville piloted SpaceShipOne and captured the $10 million Ansari X Prize.
2006 – A US federal court awarded $143 million to 3 closed nuclear power plants because the government failed to remove spent fuel rods. The 3 Yankee company reactors were located in Connecticut, Maine, and Massachusetts.
2006 – A Philadelphia jury awarded a woman $1 million and her husband $500,000 in compensatory damages after finding that Wyeth’s hormone replacement drug Prempro was a cause of her breast cancer.
2007 – MASS SHOOTING: Former city maintenance worker John Ashley shot five people in a law office in Alexandria, La., killing two of them; Ashley was shot and killed by police following a standoff.
2007 – In Philadelphia Mustafa Ali (36), a convicted bank robber, shot and killed two armored car guards servicing an ATM outside a bank. Several schools were locked down amid a massive manhunt for the gunman, who was arrested the next day.
2009 – Eight U.S. service members and two members of the Afghan National Security Force were killed in a battle with militants in eastern Afghanistan.
2009 – In New Hampshire Kimberly Cates (42) was killed and her daughter, Jaimie (11) was gravely wounded following a machete attack by Steven Spader during a home invasion by 4 teenagers.
2010 – MASS SHOOTING: A gunman in Gainesville, Florida shoots six people, killing his father before committing suicide.
2011 – In basketball, the National Basketball Association cancels the remainder of the preseason due to the 2011 NBA lockout, with cancellation of games in the regular season occurring if the lockout continues for another week.
2012 – The FBI conducts its investigation into the attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, in one day.
2013 – President Obama’s shut down of parks and memorials continues and escalates. Today the barricaded WWII Memorial was wired shut. Many more non-government funded activities were shutdown as the president tried to increase the pain on the American people.
1626 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1712)
1822 – Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States of America (1877-1881).
1862 – Edward Stratemeyer, American author, creator of the characters the Hardy Boys, Rover Boys, Nancy Drew and the Bobbsey Twins.
1884 – Damon Runyan, American journalist, storywriter.
1895 – Buster Keaton, American actor.
1924 – Charleton Heston (Charles Carter), American Academy Award-winning actor.
1928 – Alvin Toffler, American author, futurist.
1963 – A.C. Green, American basketball player
1976 – Alicia Silverstone, American actress
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Place and date: Peleliu Island, Palau Group, October 4th, 1944. Born: 12 June 1923, Neafus, Ky. Accredited to: Kentucky. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island, Palau Group, during a savage hostile counterattack on the night of 4 October 1944. Stationed with another Marine in an advanced position when a Japanese handgrenade landed in his foxhole Pfc. Phelps instantly shouted a warning to his comrade and rolled over on the deadly bomb, absorbing with his own body the full, shattering Impact of the exploding charge. Courageous and indomitable, Pfc. Phelps fearlessly gave his life that another might be spared serious injury, and his great valor and heroic devotion to duty in the face of certain death reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
MENDOZA, MANUEL V.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, Company B, 250th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division. Place and date: Mt. Battaglia, Italy, October 4, 1944 Born: June 15, 1922, Miami, AZ Entered Service at: Phoenix, AZ Departed: 12/12/2001 Date of Issue: 3/18/2014
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Staff Sergeant Manuel V. Mendoza distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Platoon Sergeant with Company B, 350th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division during combat operations against an armed enemy on Mt. Battaglia, Italy on October 4, 1944. That afternoon, the enemy launched a violent counterattack preceded by a heavy mortar barrage. Staff Sergeant Mendoza, already wounded in the arm and leg, grabbed a Thompson sub-machinegun and ran to the crest of the hill where he saw approximately 200 enemy troops charging up the slopes employing flame-throwers, machine pistols, rifles, and hand grenades. Staff Sergeant Mendoza immediately began to engage the enemy, firing five clips and killing ten enemy soldiers. After exhausting his ammunition, he picked up a carbine and emptied its magazine at the enemy. By this time, an enemy soldier with a flame-thrower had almost reached the crest, but was quickly eliminated as Staff Sergeant Mendoza drew his pistol and fired. Seeing that the enemy force continued to advance, Staff Sergeant Mendoza jumped into a machinegun emplacement that had just been abandoned and opened fire. Unable to engage the entire enemy force from his location, he picked up the machinegun and moved forward, firing from his hip and spraying a withering hail of bullets into the oncoming enemy, causing them to break into confusion. He then set the machinegun on the ground and continued to fire until the gun jammed. Without hesitating, Staff Sergeant Mendoza began throwing hand grenades at the enemy, causing them to flee. After the enemy had withdrawn, he advanced down the forward slope of the hill, retrieved numerous enemy weapons scattered about the area, captured a wounded enemy soldier, and returned to consolidate friendly positions with all available men. Staff Sergeant Mendoza’s gallant stand resulted in thirty German soldiers killed and the successful defense of the hill. Staff Sergeant Mendoza’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company K, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: In the forest of Argonne, France, October 4th, 1918. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 10 March 1894, Buffalo, N.Y. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: He took out a patrol for the purpose of attacking an enemy machinegun which had checked the advance of his company. Before reaching the gun he became separated from his patrol and a machinegun bullet shattered his right arm. Without hesitation he advanced on the gun alone, throwing grenades with his left hand and charging with an empty pistol, taking one prisoner and scattering the crew, bringing the gun and prisoner back to the first-aid station.
MADISON, JAMES JONAS
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve Force. Born: 20 May 1884, Jersey City, N.J. Appointed from: Mississippi. Citation: For exceptionally heroic service in a position of great responsibility as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga, when, on October 4th, 1918, that vessel was attacked by an enemy submarine and was sunk after a prolonged and gallant resistance. The submarine opened fire at a range of 500 yards, the first shots taking effect on the bridge and forecastle, one of the two forward guns of the Ticonderoga being disabled by the second shot. The fire was returned and the fight continued for nearly two hours. Lt. Comdr. Madison was severely wounded early in the fight, but caused himself to be placed in a chair on the bridge and continued to direct the fire and to maneuver the ship. When the order was finally given to abandon the sinking ship, he became unconscious from loss of blood, but was lowered into a lifeboat and was saved, with thirty-one others, out of a total number of 236 on board.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company M, 28th Infantry, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Exermont, France, October 4th, 1918. Entered service at: Oquawka, Ill. Birth: Silver Run, Md. G.O. No.: 43, W.D., 1922. Citation: While his company was being held up by heavy enemy fire, Pvt. Morelock, with three other men who were acting as runners at company headquarters, voluntarily led them as a patrol in advance of his company’s frontline through an intense rifle, artillery, and machinegun fire and penetrated a woods which formed the German frontline. Encountering a series of five hostile machinegun nests, containing from one to five machineguns each, with his patrol he cleaned them all out, gained and held complete mastery of the situation until the arrival of his company commander with reinforcements, even though his entire party had become casualties. He rendered first aid to the injured and evacuated them by using stretcher bearers ten German prisoners whom he had captured. Soon thereafter his company commander was wounded and while dressing his wound Pvt. Morelock was very severely wounded in the hip, which forced his evacuation. His heroic action and devotion to duty were an inspiration to the entire regiment.
ROBERTS, HAROLD W.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army Company A, 344th Battalion, Tank Corps. Place and date: In the Montrebeau Woods France October 4th, 1918. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Cpl. Roberts, a tank driver, was moving his tank into a clump of bushes to afford protection to another tank which had become disabled. The tank slid into a shell hole, ten feet deep, filled with water, and was immediately submerged. Knowing that only one of the two men in the tank could escape, Cpl. Roberts said to the gunner, “Well, only one of us can get out, and out you go,” whereupon he pushed his companion through the back door of the tank and was himself drowned.
ARCHER, JAMES W
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 59th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 4th, 1862. Entered service at: Spencer, Ind. Birth: Edgar, Ill. Date of issue: 2 August 1897. Citation: Voluntarily took command of another regiment, with the consent of one or more of his seniors, who were present, rallied the command and led it in the assault.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 82d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 22d or 28th North Carolina (C.S.A.).
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 43d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 4th, 1862. Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio. Born: 10 November 1834, Columbus, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 August 1893. Citation: Conspicuous gallantry in restoring order at a critical moment and leading his regiment in a charge.
National Communicate with your Kids Month
Squirrel Appreciation Week 1-7
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways
Our “freeway system” is part of a much bigger plan than just going from coast to coast to coast on nice smooth roads.
Planning for what is now known as the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called “The Interstate System,” began in the late 1930’s. The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1938 called on the Bureau of Public Roads (BPR), the predecessor of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), to study the feasibility of a toll-financed system of three east-west and three north-south superhighways. The BPR’s report, Toll Roads and Free Roads, demonstrated that a toll network would not be self-supporting. Instead, the BPR’s report advocated a 26,700-mile interregional highway network.
In the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1944, the Congress acted on these recommendations. The act called for designation of a National System of Interstate Highways, to include up to 40,000 miles “… so located, as to connect by routes, direct as practical, the principal metropolitan areas, cities, and industrial centers, to serve the National Defense, and to connect at suitable points, routes of continental importance in the Dominion of Canada and the Republic of Mexico.”
The Interstate route marker is a red, white, and blue shield, carrying the word “Interstate”, the State name, and the route number. Officials of AASHTO developed the procedure for numbering the routes. Major Interstate routes are designated by one- or two-digit numbers. Routes with odd numbers run north and south, while even numbered run east and west. For north-south routes, the lowest numbers begin in the west, while the lowest numbered east-west routes are in the south. By this method, Interstate Route 5 (I-5) runs north-south along the west coast, while I-10 lies east-west along the southern border.
The Milepost numbering system — All Interstate routes are mileposted beginning at the most westerly or southerly point. The beginning point is milepost ‘0’. If the first interchange on the route is located between milepost 4.0 and 5.0, it is numbered as Interchange #4. The next interchange, if located at milepost 8.7, would be numbered as Interchange #8, etc. With this system the motorist can easily determine the location and distance to a desired interchange.
For more information and statistics go to:
“If you are going to achieve excellence in big things, you develop the habit in little matters. Excellence is not an exception, it is a prevailing attitude.”
~ Colin Powell
excellence / – [ek-suh-luhns] –noun
the fact or state of excelling; superiority; eminence: his excellence in mathematics
an excellent quality or feature: Use of herbs is one of the excellences of French cuisine
[Origin: 1275–1325; ME excellencie < L excellentia. See excellent, -ency]
2333 BC – Establishment of the Kingdom of Korea (in the name of Joseon).
42 BC – First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius. (Remember Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare? Recognize any real names?)
1678 – The Taj Mahal, an architectural masterpiece, was completed after 22 years’ work.
1776 – Congress borrowed five million dollars to halt the rapid depreciation of paper money in the colonies.|
1778 – British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska.
1789 – George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Corinth, in Mississippi, a Union army defeated the Confederates.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving. Credit for establishing Thanksgiving as a national holiday is usually given to Sarah J. Hale, editor and founder of the Ladies’ Magazine in Boston.
1872 – Bloomingdale’s department store opened in New York City.
1873 – Captain Jack and three other Modoc Indians were hanged in Oregon for the murder of General Edward Canby.
1876 – Johns Hopkins University opened.
1876 – John L. Routt, the Colorado Territory governor, was elected the first state governor of Colorado in the Centennial year of the U.S.
1899 – The motor-driven vacuum cleaner was patented by J.S. Thurman of St. Louis, MO.
1901 – The Victor Talking Machine Company was incorporated. After a merger with Radio Corporation of America the company became RCA-Victor.
1902 – President Theodore Roosevelt became the first president to personally intervene in a labor dispute when he met with miners and coalfield operators from the Pennsylvania anthracite coalfields in an attempt to end their five month strike.
1906 – W.T. Grant opened a 25-cent department store on this day.
1906 – SOS Adopted as international distress signal.
1910 – San Francisco new police Chief Seymour closed down dancing of the “bunny hug” and the “hug-me-tight” in the Tenderloin. Dances of 1910 to 1920
1913 – Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%).
1918 – World War I: Marines made German offensive in the French Alps town of Mont Blanc. The 4th Marine Brigade assaulted Blanc Mont in fierce fighting. The next day was the Marines’ bloodiest.
1957 – The comedy series “The Real McCoys” premiered on ABC-TV. Richard Crenna and Walter Brennan starred. Brennan was head of a West Virginia clan that moves to the LA San Fernando Valley.
1920 – NFL (then American Pro Football Association) plays first games.
1922 – Rebecca L. Felton, a Democrat, became the first female senator in U.S. history when she was appointed to the Senate by Governor Thomas W. Hardwick of Georgia to serve out the remaining term of Thomas E. Watson.
1922 – First facsimile photo send over city telephone lines, Washington, DC.
1931 – Comic strip “Dick Tracy” first appeared in the “New York News.”
1940 – U.S. Army decided to use airborne/parachute soldiers.
1940 – Wold War II: Holocaust: In France the Vichy government passed a law that placed great restrictions on French Jews.
1941 – The movie “The Maltese Falcon” opened in New York.
1941 – World War II: Adolf Hitler stated in a speech that Russia was “broken” and they “would never rise again.”
1941 – World War II: Nazi’s blew up six synagogues in Paris.
1942 – First successful launch of A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany: the first man-made object to reach space.
1944 – World War II: U.S. troops cracked the Siegfried Line north of Aachen, Germany.
1945 – Elvis Presley appeared in a talent show at the age of ten. It was his first public appearance. He won 2nd place and $5.
1946 – “A Day in the Life of Dennis Day” (31:06) began airing on NBC-TV.
1947 – The first telescope lens 200” in diameter completed.
1951 – Bobby Thompson won the pennant for the New York Giants by hitting a home run off of Ralph Branca of the Brooklyn Dodgers at the New York Polo Grounds before 20,000 empty seats.
1951 – CBS-TV aired the first coast-to-coast telecast of a prizefight. Dave Sands defeated Carl Olson at Soldier Field in Chicago.
1952 – The first video recording on magnetic tape was made in Los Angeles, Ca.
1952 – The situation comedy “Our Miss Brooks,” formerly a radio show, premiered on CBS with Eve Arden again in the title role. Robert Rockwell played her love interest, the biology teacher.
1952 – “Ozzie and Harriet” premiered on television. There were 435 episodes and the last show was aired September 3, 1966.
1954 – “Father Knows Best” premiered on NBC. Its last telecast was April 5th, 1963.
1955 – “Captain Kangaroo” premiered on television. It ended in the year 1993.
1955 – The Disney sponsored “Mickey Mouse Club” began on ABC TV and ran until the year 1959.
1957 – “The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom” (25:46) premiered on ABC-TV.
1960 – “The Andy Griffith Show” premiered on TV.
1961 – “The Dick Van Dyke Show” premiered on TV.
1961 – Jimmie Rodgers, Fred Rose, and Hank Williams became the first to be inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame.
1962 – Astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma Seven on a nine-hour flight.
1962 – The San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers to win baseball’s National League Pennant. This was important because they both were New York teams.
1962 – The play, “Stop the World, I Want to Get Off!” opened on Broadway.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Letter” by The Box Tops, “Never My Love” by The Association, “Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie” by Jay & The Techniques and “Laura (What’s He Got That I Ain’t Got)” by Leon Ashley all topped the charts.
1967 – William J. Knight (d.2004), US Air Force test pilot, set a speed record in a rocket-powered X-15-2A that reached 4,520 mph. Knight later served as a California state senator (1996-2004).
1968 – American Independent Party presidential candidate George Wallace tapped retired Air Force Gen. Curtis E. LeMay to be his running mate.
1970 – Baseball umpires called their first strike, a one-day strike, of the first game of the championship playoffs, the first by umpires in major league history.
1972 – The USA and USSR signed final SALT accords limiting submarine-carried and land-based missiles.
1974 – Frank Robinson was named Major League Baseball’s first African-American manager, for the Cleveland Indians.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler, “Making Love Out of Nothing at All” by Air Supply, “(She’s) Sexy + 17” by Stray Cats and “New Looks from an Old Lover” by B.J. Thomas all topped the charts.
1985 – Space Shuttle Atlantis flys its maiden voyage. (STS-51-J).
1988 – The space shuttle Discovery landed safely after its four-day mission. It was the first American shuttle mission since the Challenger disaster.
1989 – Art Shell became the first African-American to coach a professional football team, the Los Angeles Raiders.
1990 – A storeowner in Florida was found guilty of distributing obscene material. The material in question was 2 Live Crew’s “As Nasty As They Wanna Be” album. The man was later fined $1,000.
1990 – Less than a year after East Germany opened its borders to the West and took down the Berlin Wall, East Germany and West Germany became a united and sovereign state.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Adore Mi Amor” by Color Me Badd, “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & The Funky Bunch/Loleatta Holloway, “Emotions” by Mariah Carey and “Where Are You Now” by Clint Black all topped the charts.
1992 – President Bush vetoed a measure to re-regulate cable television. Congress overrode the veto two days later.
1992 – William Gates, the college-dropout founder of Microsoft, headed the Forbes magazine 400 list of the richest Americans with a net worth of 6.3 billion dollars. His assets reached 51 billion in 2005. In 2015 is was 79.2 billion.
1993 – Today marks the Battle of Mogadishu in Somolia. Our Army’s Rangers and Special Operations Forces displayed extraordinary heroism. The battle killed 18 Americans and wounded at least 80 others. Please help me honor them for their selfless service and sacrifice.The story of the battle, made famous by the movie “Black Hawk Down” is something everyone should see.
1995 – O.J. Simpson, a former professional football star, was acquitted of the 1994 murder of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald L. Goldman, in Los Angeles.
1995 – In Texas three young crooks stole a suitcase from a walk-in storage locker in North Austin. The suitcase contained some $80,000 in coins stashed by Gary Karr, David Roland Waters and Danny Raymond Fry, who were implicated in the disappearance of atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair.
1997 – In Humboldt County, Ca., two protestors attached themselves to bulldozers of the Pacific Lumber Company. Sheriff’s deputies applied pepper spray directly to the eyes of the protestors using cotton swabs and Q-tips.
1997 – In Idaho the US Forest Service arranged a land swap with the Riley Creek Lumber Co. to preserve an ancient cedar grove at Upper Priest Lake. Riley Creek paid less than $2 million in 1992 for the grove and obtained $8.7 million worth of federal land in exchange.
2001 – The U.S. Senate approved an agreement normalizing trade between the United States and Vietnam.
2001 – Pres. Bush endorsed a $60-75 billion stimulus package to pull the US out of recession.
2001 – Barry Bonds (San Francisco Giants) broke Babe Ruth’s major league single-season record for walks at 171.
2001 – Near Manchester, Tennessee, Damir Igric (29), a Croatian passenger on a Greyhound bus, slit the throat of the bus driver and caused a roll over that killed seven people including Igric.
2002 -Police hunted for a “skilled shooter” who murdered five random victims over 16 hours with a high-powered rifle in Montgomery County, Maryland, just a short distance from Washington DC. A 6th victim was killed in DC. James Buchanon (39), Premkumar Walekar (54), Sarah Ramos (34), Lori Ann Lewis Rivera (25) and Pascal Charlot (72) became the 2nd to 6th victims.
2002 – Hurricane Lili gave Louisiana’s coast a 100 mph battering.
2003 – In Las Vegas a tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy during a performance. It was Horn’s 59th birthday. Roy survived the attack after being dragged offstage. The tiger, a seven-year-old male named Montecore, was debuting in his first show.
2005 – President Bush nominated White House counsel Harriet Miers (b.1945) to the Supreme Court, turning to a lawyer who has never been a judge to replace Sandra Day O’Connor and help reshape the nation’s judiciary.
2005 – Representative Tom DeLay, a powerful ally of President George W. Bush, was indicted on a new charge of money laundering as his lawyers moved to dismiss a previous conspiracy indictment filed last week.
2005 – The US search for bodies due to Hurricane Katrina ended with a toll of 964.
2006 – Americans John C. Mather and George F. Smoot won the 2006 Nobel Prize in physics for work that helped cement the big-bang theory of the universe and deepen understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars.
2006 – A federal grand jury indicted Colma City, Ca., Councilman Philip Lum Jr. for allegedly taking gifts from the owner of the Lucky Chances Casino and then voting on matters that benefited the cardroom.
2006 – The DJIA rose 56.99 to 11,727.34, to close at a new record high above one set on Jan 14, 2000. Nasdaq rose 6.05 to 2,243.
2007 – US federal authorities said they had rounded up more than 1,300 illegal immigrants in Southern California during the past two weeks in the largest sweep of its kind.
2008 – O.J. Simpson found guilty in armed robbery trial. A jury has found O.J. Simpson guilty in a Las Vegas armed robbery and kidnapping case. Mr. Simpson faced twelve charges stemming from a September 2007 confrontation in a casino hotel room in which he and five cohorts departed with hundreds of items of sports memorabilia.
2008 – The US House of Representatives voted 263-171 for the $700 billion economic rescue plan and Pres. Bush quickly signed the bill. Wall Street fell 157 points to 10,325.38, its lowest close since October 2005, as more economic bad news was made public.
2008 – United States Protection and Investigations, a Houston security company, was indicted on charges of defrauding the US government for work done during the Afghanistan war and rebuilding efforts.
2008 – In Alabama a collision on a rural highway between an eighteen-wheeler and a state van killed six applicants for prison jobs and their driver.
2010 – The United States issues a travel alert to its citizens across Europe, warning that it suspects they may become the target of a commando-style attack.
2011 – An appeals court in Perugia, Italy threw out the murder conviction against Amanda Knox in the death of her British roommate Meredith Kercher, and ordered Knox freed after four years in Italian prisons.
2013 – President Obama tried to shut down Mount Vernon, home of George Washington, which is totally funded privately with the exception of some minor parking lot maintenance. It is one of those national treasures that privately owned.
2013 – A woman in an black sedan crashed into the East Gate of the White House in a minor fender bender. Police went to stop the woman and she took off with her car. A police chase around Washington DC occurred. The chase continued until police rammed her car into a light pole. Police then shot the woman as she attempted to exit her vehicle.
2013 – California’s governor, Jerry Brown, signed a bill granting illegal immigrants driver’s licenses.
1790 – John Ross, Chief of the United Cherokee Nation (1839-1866).
1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette advisor (d. 1960)
1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist.
1916 – James Herriott, Scottish author and veterinarian.
1925 – Gore Vidal, American writer.
1941 – Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans), American singer.
CARTER, TY M.
Rank and organization: Specialist, U.S. Army, 61st Cavalry Regiment, B Troop, 3d Squadron. Place and date: Outpost Keating, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan, October 3rd, 2009 Entered service at: Antioch, CA Born: 25 January 1980, Spokane, WA Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, Specialist Ty M. Carter distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Scout with Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Kamdesh District, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan on October 3, 2009. On that morning, Specialist Carter and his comrades awakened to an attack of an estimated 300 enemy fighters occupying the high ground on all four sides of Combat Outpost Keating, employing concentrated fire from recoilless rifles, rocket propelled grenades, anti-aircraft machine guns, mortars and small arms fire. Specialist Carter reinforced a forward battle position, ran twice through a 100 meter gauntlet of enemy fire to resupply ammunition and voluntarily remained there to defend the isolated position. Armed with only an M4 carbine rifle, Specialist Carter placed accurate, deadly fire on the enemy, beating back the assault force and preventing the position from being overrun, over the course of several hours. With complete disregard for his own safety and in spite of his own wounds, he ran through a hail of enemy rocket propelled grenade and machine gun fire to rescue a critically wounded comrade who had been pinned down in an exposed position. Specialist Carter rendered life extending first aid and carried the Soldier to cover. On his own initiative, Specialist Carter again maneuvered through enemy fire to check on a fallen Soldier and recovered the squad’s radio, which allowed them to coordinate their evacuation with fellow Soldiers. With teammates providing covering fire, Specialist Carter assisted in moving the wounded soldier 100 meters through withering enemy fire to the aid station and before returning to the fight. Specialist Carter’s heroic actions and tactical skill were critical to the defense of Combat Outpost Keating, preventing the enemy from capturing the position and saving the lives of his fellow Soldiers. Specialist Ty M. Carter’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division and the United States Army
CLINTON L ROMESHA
Rank and Organization: Staff Sergeant, Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division Place and Date: October 3rd, 2009 Combat Outpost Keating, Kamdesh District, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan. Entered service: Lake City, CA Born: August 1981, Lake City, CA Citation: Staff Sergeant Romesha distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Section Leader, during combat operations against an armed enemy. On that morning, Staff Sergeant Romesha and his comrades awakened to an attack by an estimated 300 enemy fighters occupying the high ground on all four sides of the complex, employing concentrated fire from recoilless rifles, rocket propelled grenades, anti-aircraft machine guns, mortars and small arms fire. Staff Sergeant Romesha moved uncovered under intense enemy fire to conduct a reconnaissance of the battlefield and seek reinforcements from the barracks before returning to action with the support of an assistant gunner. Staff Sergeant Romesha took out an enemy machine gun team and, while engaging a second, the generator he was using for cover was struck by a rocket-propelled grenade, inflicting him with shrapnel wounds. Undeterred by his injuries, Staff Sergeant Romesha continued to fight and upon the arrival of another soldier to aid him and the assistant gunner, he again rushed through the exposed avenue to assemble additional soldiers. Staff Sergeant Romesha then mobilized a five-man team and returned to the fight equipped with a sniper rifle. With complete disregard for his own safety, Staff Sergeant Romesha continually exposed himself to heavy enemy fire, as he moved confidently about the battlefield engaging and destroying multiple enemy targets, including three Taliban fighters who had breached the combat outpost’s perimeter. While orchestrating a successful plan to secure and reinforce key points of the battlefield, Staff Sergeant Romesha maintained radio communication with the tactical operations center. As the enemy forces attacked with even greater ferocity, unleashing a barrage of rocket-propelled grenades and recoilless rifle rounds, Staff Sergeant Romesha identified the point of attack and directed air support to destroy over 30 enemy fighters. After receiving reports that seriously injured soldiers were at a distant battle position, Staff Sergeant Romesha and his team provided covering fire to allow the injured soldiers to safely reach the aid station. Upon receipt of orders to proceed to the next objective, his team pushed forward 100 meters under overwhelming enemy fire to recover and prevent the enemy fighters from taking the bodies of their fallen comrades. Staff Sergeant Romesha’s heroic actions throughout the day-long battle were critical in suppressing an enemy that had far greater numbers. His extraordinary efforts gave Bravo Troop the opportunity to regroup, reorganize and prepare for the counterattack that allowed the Troop to account for its personnel and secure Combat Outpost Keating. Staff Sergeant Romesha’s discipline and extraordinary heroism above and beyond the call of duty reflect great credit upon himself, Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division and the United States Army.
*GARY L. GORDON
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant, U.S. Army. Place and date: October 3rd, 1993, Mogadishu, Somalia. Entered service at: —– Born: Lincoln, Maine. Citation: Master Sergeant Gordon, United States Army, distinguished himself by actions above and beyond the call of duty on 3 October 1993, while serving as Sniper Team Leader, United States Army Special Operations Command with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia. Master Sergeant Gordon’s sniper team provided precision fires from the lead helicopter during an assault and at two helicopter crash sites, while subjected to intense automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenade fires. When Master Sergeant Gordon learned that ground forces were not immediately available to secure the second crash site, he and another sniper unhesitatingly volunteered to be inserted to protect the four critically wounded personnel, despite being well aware of the growing number of enemy personnel closing in on the site. After his third request to be inserted, Master Sergeant Gordon received permission to perform his volunteer mission. When debris and enemy ground fires at the site caused them to abort the first attempt, Master Sergeant Gordon was inserted one hundred meters south of the crash site. Equipped with only his sniper rifle and a pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon and his fellow sniper, while under intense small arms fire from the enemy, fought their way through a dense maze of shanties and shacks to reach the critically injured crew members. Master Sergeant Gordon immediately pulled the pilot and the other crew members from the aircraft, establishing a perimeter which placed him and his fellow sniper in the most vulnerable position. Master Sergeant Gordon used his long range rifle and side arm to kill an undetermined number of attackers until he depleted his ammunition. Master Sergeant Gordon then went back to the wreckage, recovering some of the crew’s weapons and ammunition. Despite the fact that he was critically low on ammunition, he provided some of it to the dazed pilot and then radioed for help. Master Sergeant Gordon continued to travel the perimeter, protecting the downed crew. After his team member was fatally wounded and his own rifle ammunition exhausted, Master Sergeant Gordon returned to the wreckage, recovering a rifle with the last five rounds of ammunition and gave it to the pilot with the words, “good luck.” Then, armed only with his pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon continued to fight until he was fatally wounded. His actions saved the pilot’s life. Master Sergeant Gordon’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest standards of military service and reflect great credit upon him, his unit and the United States Army.
*SHUGHART, RANDALL D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army. Place and date: October 3rd, 1993, Mogadishu, Somalia. Entered service at: —– Born: Newville, Pennsylvania. Citation: Sergeant First Class Shughart, United States Army, distinguished himself by actions above and beyond the call of duty on 3 October 1993, while serving as a Sniper Team Member, United States Army Special Operations Command with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia. Sergeant First Class Shughart provided precision sniper fires from the lead helicopter during an assault on a building and at two helicopter crash sites, while subjected to intense automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenade fires. While providing critical suppressive fires at the second crash site, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader learned that ground forces were not immediately available to secure the site. Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader unhesitatingly volunteered to be inserted to protect the four critically wounded personnel, despite being well aware of the growing number of enemy personnel closing in on the site. After their third request to be inserted, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader received permission to perform this volunteer mission. When debris and enemy ground fires at the site caused them to abort the first attempt, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader were inserted one hundred meters south of the crash site. Equipped with only his sniper rifle and a pistol, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader, while under intense small arms fire from the enemy, fought their way through a dense maze of shanties and shacks to reach the critically injured crew members. Sergeant First Class Shughart pulled the pilot and the other crew members from the aircraft, establishing a perimeter which placed him and his fellow sniper in the most vulnerable position. Sergeant First Class Shughart used his long range rifle and side arm to kill an undetermined number of attackers while traveling the perimeter, protecting the downed crew. Sergeant First Class Shughart continued his protective fire until he depleted his ammunition and was fatally wounded. His actions saved the pilot’s life. Sergeant First Class Shughart’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest standards of military service and reflect great credit upon him, his unit and the United States Army.
BART, FRANK J.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company C, 9th Infantry, 2d Division. Place and date: Near Medeah Ferme, France, October 3rd, 1918. Entered service at: Newark, N.J. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pvt. Bart, being on duty as a company runner, when the advance was held up by machinegun fire voluntarily picked up an automatic rifle, ran out ahead of the line, and silenced a hostile machinegun nest, killing the German gunners. The advance then continued, and when it was again hindered shortly afterward by another machinegun nest this courageous soldier repeated his bold exploit by putting the second machinegun out of action.
KELLY, JOHN JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps, 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division. Place and date: At Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born. 24 June 1898, Chicago, Ill. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. (Also received Navy Medal of Honor.) Citation: Pvt. Kelly ran through our own barrage 100 yards in advance of the front line and attacked an enemy machinegun nest, killing the gunner with a grenade, shooting another member of the crew with his pistol, and returning through the barrage with eight prisoners.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps, 78th Company 6th Regiment. Born: 24 June 1898, Chicago, Ill. Accredited to: Illinois. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.) Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division, in action with the enemy at Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Pvt. Kelly ran through our own barrage a hundred yards in advance of the front line and attacked an enemy machinegun nest, killing the gunner with a grenade, shooting another member of the crew with his pistol, and returning through the barrage with eight prisoners.
*PRUITT, JOHN HENRY
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division. Place and date: At Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 4 October 1896, Fayettesville, Ark. G.O. No.: 62, W.D., 1919. (Also received Navy Medal of Honor.) Citation: Cpl. Pruitt single-handedly attacked two machineguns, capturing them and killing two of the enemy. He then captured 40 prisoners in a dugout nearby. This gallant soldier was killed soon afterward by shellfire while he was sniping at the enemy.
*PRUITT, JOHN HENRY (Navy Medal)
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 4 October 1896, Fayettesville, Ark. Accredited to: Arizona. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.) Citation: For extraordinary gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division, in action with the enemy at Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Cpl. Pruitt, single-handed attacked two machineguns, capturing them and killing two of the enemy. He then captured forty prisoners in a dugout nearby. This gallant soldier was killed soon afterward by shellfire while he was sniping the enemy.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, Cleveland, Ohio. Accredited to: Ohio. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Hunchback in the attack on Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. When an ignited shell, with cartridge attached, fell out of the howitzer upon the deck, Seaman Barton promptly seized a pail of water and threw it upon the missile, thereby preventing it from exploding.
Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1827, New York. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Breen remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
BURBANK, JAMES H.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 4th Rhode Island Infantry. Place and date: At Blackwater, near Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. Entered service at: Providence, R.I. Born: 5 January 1838, Holland. Date of issue: 27 July 1896. Citation: Gallantry in action while on detached service on board the gunboat Barney.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1834, Baltimore Md. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Lakin remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 4th East Tennessee Infantry. Place and date: At Minville, Tenn., October 3rd, 1863. Entered service at: Tennessee. Born: 1841, Hawkins County, Tenn. Date of issue: 11 June 1895. Citation: Went to the aid of a wounded comrade between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.
McCAMMON, WILLIAM W.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 24th Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 3rd, 1862. Entered service at: Montgomery County, Mo. Birth: Ohio. Date of issue: 9 July 1896. Citation: While on duty as provost marshal, voluntarily assumed command of his company, then under fire, and so continued in command until the repulse and retreat of the enemy on the following day, the loss to this company during the battle being very great.
MURPHY, DENNIS J. F.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 14th Wisconsin Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 3rd, 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 22 January 1892. Citation: Although wounded three times, carried the colors throughout the conflict.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Sweden. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Peterson remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1841, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Whitehead in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. When his ship became grounded in a narrow passage as she rounded a bend in the Blackwater River, Smith, realizing the hazards of lowering a boat voluntarily swam to shore with a line under the enemy’s heavy fire. His fearless action enabled his ship to maintain steady fire and keep the enemy in check during the battle.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1832, Pennsylvania. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Williams remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
Wayne C. C National Carry a Tune Week
National Custodial Workers Day
The Good Humor Man
Credit a clever Ohio candy maker for the invention of the Good Humor® Bar. It was 1920. Harry Burt had just created the Jolly Boy Sucker, a lollypop on a stick and applied for a patent. In addition Burt outfitted a fleet of twelve street vending trucks with freezers and bells to sell his creation out of. The first set of bells came from his son’s bobsled. Later, while working in his ice cream parlor, Burt developed a smooth chocolate coating that was compatible with ice cream. Unfortunately, the new combination was too messy to eat. Burt’s young son, Harry Jr., suggested that his dad take some of the wooden sticks used for the Jolly Boy Suckers and freeze them into the ice cream. The first ice cream on a stick was born.
The name Good Humor came from the belief that a person’s “humor” or temperament was related to the humor of the palate (one’s sense of taste). In 1923, Mr. Burt headed to Washington, D.C. to the Patent Office with a five-gallon pail of Good Humor® Bars for the patent officials to sample. It worked – his patent was granted.
To market his Good Humor Bars, Burt sent out a fleet of 12 chauffeur-driven trucks with bells to make door-to-door deliveries. The Good Humor Man was born. In the early days, Good Humor® men were required to tip their hats to ladies and salute gentlemen.
A Good Humor plant opened in Chicago in 1929. The mob demanded $5,000 in protection money, which was refused, so they destroyed part of the Chicago fleet. During the Great Depression, Good Humor® introduced a bar for 5¢ – half the price of a normal bar.
Good Humor® sold its fleet of vehicles in 1976 to focus on selling in grocery stores. Some of the trucks were purchased by ice cream distributors and others were sold to individuals. The trucks sold for $1000 – $3000 each.
When it is all put into perspective, this quote from Dennis the Menace puts life’s worries where they belong:
vagary VAY-guh-ree; vuh-GER-ee, noun:
An extravagant, erratic, or unpredictable notion, action, or occurrence.
Vagary comes from Latin vagari, “to stroll about, to wander,” from vagus, “wandering.”
1187 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
1608 – First telescope was demonstrated by the Dutch lens maker, Hans Lipperschey.
1656 – US colony Connecticut passed a law against Quakers.
1780 – British Major John Andre was hanged as a spy by U.S. forces in Tappan, New York, during the Revolutionary War. He held papers showing Benedict Arnold as a traitor.
1789 – George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (the so-called “Bill of Rights”) to the States for ratification.
1789 – Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton asked collectors of customs to report on expediency of employing boats for the “security of the revenue against contraband.”
1799 – Washington Navy Yard established. It is currently the home to the Chief of Naval Operations and is headquarters for the Naval Historical Center and the Marine Corps Historical Center.
1803 – Samuel Adams (b.1722), former Gov. of Mass. (1793-1797), died. He was a propagandist, political figure, revolutionary patriot and statesman who helped to organize the Boston Tea Party.
1833 – The New York Anti-Slavery Society was organized.
1835 – The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
1836 – Charles Darwin returned from his five-year survey of South American waters aboard the HMS Beagle.
1862 – Civil War: An Army under Union General Joseph Hooker arrived in Bridgeport, Alabama to support the Union forces at Chattanooga.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Saltville – Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops.
1865 – Former Confederate General Robert E. Lee became president of Washington and Lee University in Virginia.
1866 – J. Osterhoudt patented a tin can with key opener.
1871 – Mormon leader Brigham Young was arrested for polygamy.
1876 – The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas opened. It was the state’s first venture into public higher education.
1889 – In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
1908 – For just the fourth time in history, baseball fans saw a perfect game. Cleveland pitcher Addie Joss never let Chicago near the bases as Cleveland won, 1-0.
1909 – Orville Wright set an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet.
1918 – World War I: US Marines participated in the Battle of Blanc Mont in France. The USMC Fifth Regiment drove forward and seized in a single assault the strongly entrenched German positions between Blanc Mont and Medeah Farm advancing, in a single day, almost four miles.
1919 – US President Woodrow Wilson suffered a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed. Mrs. Wilson found her husband unconscious on the bathroom floor of their private White House quarters bleeding from a cut on his head. The stroke left his left side paralyzed and impaired his vision. The country never heard about it.
1920 – The Cincinnati Reds and the Pittsburgh Pirates played the only triple-header in baseball history. The Reds won 2 of the 3 games.
1929 – “The National Farm and Home Hour” debuted on NBC radio.
1932 – World Series: The NY Yankees won the World Series against the Chicago Cubs in four games.
1933 – “Red Adams” debuted on NBC radio.
1937 – Warner Bros. released “Love Is on the Air.” Ronald Reagan made his acting debut in the motion picture. He was 26 years old.
1937 – Samuel R. Caldwell becomes the first person is the United States to be arrested on a marijuana charge.
1939 – “Flying Home” was recorded by the Benny Goodman Sextet.
1941 – World War II: Operation Typhoon was launched by Nazi Germany. The plan was an all-out offensive against Moscow.
1941 – Gilbert Gable, mayor of Port Orford, Ore., announced with some pals that they were fed up with being neglected by legislators in Salem and Sacramento and began promoting a 49th state named Jefferson with Yreka as the capital.
1942 – Enrico Fermi and others demonstrated the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction under Stagg Field at the University of Chicago.
1942 – World War II: President Roosevelt is granted power to control wages, salaries and agricultural prices.
1944 – World War II: Holocaust: Nazi troops crushed the 63-day-old Warsaw Uprising; one-quarter million Poles died.
1948 – “Finian’s Rainbow” closed at 46th St Theater in New York City after 725 performances.
1948 – The first automobile race to use asphalt, cement and dirt roads took place in Watkins Glen in New York. It was the first road race in the U.S. following World War II.
1949 – “The Aldrich Family” (29:06) debuted on NBC-TV.
1950 – Korean War: Chinese Foreign Minister Chou En-lai warned the Indian Ambassador in Beijing that if the Americans cross the 38th parallel China would enter the war.
1950 – The comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published in nine US newspapers. Peanuts is a syndicated daily and Sunday comic strip which ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000 (the day after Schulz’s death), continuing in reruns afterward.
1953 – “Person to Person” debuted on CBS-TV. Interview with Bing Crosby.
1954 – World Series: New York Giants (4) vs Cleveland Indians (0)
1955 – “Alfred Hitchcock Presents” had its TV premiere.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s All in the Game” by Tommy Edwards, “Rock-in Robin” by Bobby Day, “Tears on My Pillow” by Little Anthony & The Imperials and “Bird Dog” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1959 – “The Twilight Zone” premiered. The show ran for 5 years for a total of 154 episodes.
1961 – “Banks of the Ohio” was released by Joan Baez.
1961 – “Ben Casey,” starring Vince Edwards and Sam Jaffe, premiered on ABC.
1963 – Vietnam: Defense Secretary Robert McNamara told Pres. Kennedy in a cabinet meeting that: “We need a way to get out of Vietnam.” McNamara proposed to replace the 16,000 US advisors with Canadian personnel.
1964 – Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer.
1965 – “The Who” made their debut on U.S. TV on the show “Shindig!”
1967 – Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first Black (associate) justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1968 – California’s Redwood National Park was established.
1970 – A plane carrying the Wichita State Univ. football team crashed near Silver Plume, Colorado, killing twenty-nine passengers as well as the Captain and Flight Attendant.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Honestly Love You” by Olivia Newton-John, “ Rock Me Gently” by Andy Kim, “Nothing from Nothing” by Billy Preston and “I’m a Ramblin’ Man” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1975 – Showa Tenno Hirohito, the 124th Japanese monarch along an imperial line dating back to 660 BC, was welcomed by President Gerald Ford.
1976 – “Tonight’s The Night” by Rod Stewart was released.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jack & Diane” by John Cougar, “Eye in the Sky” by The Alan Parsons Project, “Somebody’s Baby” by Jackson Browne and “Put Your Dreams Away” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.
1984 – Richard W. Miller became the first FBI agent to be arrested and charged with espionage. Miller was tried three times; he was sentenced to 20 years in prison, but was released after nine years.
1987 – Democratic senators lined up against Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork as President Reagan continued to lobby undecided lawmakers on behalf of his candidate for the high court.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “(Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection” by Nelson,
1990 – The US Senate voted 90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the Supreme Court.
1995 – O.J. Simpson’s jurors stunned the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in less than four hours. They acquitted him of both murders.
1996 – The US meeting between Benjamin Netanyahu, Yasser Arafat and King Hussein ended with no specific issues resolved in the recent Middle East flare-up between Palestinians and Jews.
1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
1996 – Mark Fuhrman was given three years’ probation and fined $200 after he pled no contest to perjury at O.J. Simpson’s trial.
1998 – The House released 4,600 pages of evidence that detailed President Clinton’s efforts to contain the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
1999 – The US and Russia opened a new video-conferencing center in Moscow to allow real-time links with the White House.
2000 – President Clinton signed into law the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) as Title 1 of the Trade and Development Act of 2000. It offered tangible incentives for African countries to continue their efforts to open their economies and build free markets.
2001 – The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates for a ninth time and reduced the federal funds rate to 2.5%, its lowest level since 1962. The DJIA rose 113 to 8,950. The NASDAQ rose 11 to 1,492.
2001 – Acting Massachusetts Gov. Jane Swift unveiled security measures that included a new security chief at Logan International Airport, where hijackers boarded the two planes that smashed into the World Trade Center.
2002 – James Martin (55) was shot to death by a sniper in Wheaton, Md. He was the first to die at the hands of a local serial killer. The next day, five people in the Washington D.C. area were shot dead, setting off a frantic manhunt. Ultimately ten would be killed.
2003 – The US House voted 281-142 to prohibit doctors from carrying out partial birth abortions.
2004 – Two US ships carrying 300 pounds of plutonium were scheduled to dock in Cherbourg, France. A French nuclear factory planned to transform it into fuel assemblies and return it next year to Charleston, SC.
2005 – In New York the 40-foot boat the Ethan Allen capsized on Lake George over so quickly that none of the forty-seven passengers from Michigan could put on a life jacket. Twenty people were killed.
2006 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In Nickel Mines, PA, Charles Carl Roberts IV (32), a local truck driver, lined eleven girls against a blackboard and shot them in the head at a one-room Amish schoolhouse in Lancaster County. He shot himself as police stormed the schoolhouse. Four of the girls and the female teacher’s aide died.
2007 – A draft report by the Government Accountability Office said Federal employees wasted at least $146 million over a one-year period on business- and first-class airline tickets, in some cases simply because they felt entitled to the perk.
2007 – In Colorado, five workers trapped at least 1,500 feet underground survived an initial chemical fire at a hydroelectric plant near Georgetown, but died before emergency workers could rescue them.
2008 – Sarah Palin and Joe Biden have their only scheduled debate for the vice presidency.
2008 – A search team finds the wreckage of the airplane flown by adventurer Steve Fossett in the mountains of Madera County, California, and what appears to be some of his personal effects nearby. Fossett had disappeared on September 3, 2007.
2009 – U.S. Economy lost 263,000 jobs in September; jobless rate rises to 9.8%.
2010 – Rick Sanchez, a Cuban-born news anchorman with the American channel CNN, is fired by the network after calling comedian Jon Stewart a “bigot”, saying Jews are not an oppressed minority in the United States, and implying the people who run CNN and other news media are Jewish.
2010 – Phillip and Nancy Garrido, the kidnappers of 11-year-old American child Jaycee Lee Dugard, are each indicted on 18 counts, ranging from rape to false imprisonment.
2012 – A U.S. Border Patrol agent was killed and another wounded in a shooting early today near the U.S.-Mexico line in Arizona, according to the Border Patrol. The agents were shot while patrolling on horseback in Naco, Arizona, Nicholas Ivie, 30, was killed around 1:50 a.m. after he and two other agents responded to a sensor hit near mile marker 352 on State Route 80, the Border Patrol said in a statement. A third agent was not harmed, according to George McCubbin, president of the National Border Patrol Council, a union representing about 17,000 agents.
2012 – An elementary school teacher in Chesapeake,Virginia, Tara Harris, a teacher charged with teaching reading and math took it upon herself to teach 10-year olds in her care how to perform Islamic hand signs. She injured a young girl in the process of teaching these hand signs drawing blood. The school resource officer had this to say: “Speaking in Arabic isn’t against school policy.”
1800 – Nat Turner, American leader of slave uprising (d. 1831)
1871 – Cordell Hull, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1955)
1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
1895 – Bud Abbott, American comedian and actor (d. 1974)
1937 – Johnnie L. Cochran Jr., American attorney (d. 2005)
NOVOSEL, MICHAEL J.
Rank and organization: Chief Warrant Officer, U.S. Army, 82d Medical Detachment, 45th Medical Company, 68th Medical Group. Place and date: Kien Tuong Province, Republic of Vietnam, October 2nd, 1969. Entered service at: Kenner, La. Born: 3 September 1922, Etna, Pa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. CWO Novosel, 82d Medical Detachment, distinguished himself while serving as commander of a medical evacuation helicopter. He unhesitatingly maneuvered his helicopter into a heavily fortified and defended enemy training area where a group of wounded Vietnamese soldiers were pinned down by a large enemy force. Flying without gunship or other cover and exposed to intense machinegun fire, CWO Novosel was able to locate and rescue a wounded soldier. Since all communications with the beleaguered troops had been lost, he repeatedly circled the battle area, flying at low level under continuous heavy fire, to attract the attention of the scattered friendly troops. This display of courage visibly raised their morale, as they recognized this as a signal to assemble for evacuation. On six occasions he and his crew were forced out of the battle area by the intense enemy fire, only to circle and return from another direction to land and extract additional troops. Near the end of the mission, a wounded soldier was spotted close to an enemy bunker. Fully realizing that he would attract a hail of enemy fire, CWO Novosel nevertheless attempted the extraction by hovering the helicopter backward. As the man was pulled on aboard, enemy automatic weapons opened fire at close range, damaged the aircraft and wounded CWO Novosel. He momentarily lost control of the aircraft, but quickly recovered and departed under the withering enemy fire. In all, fifteen extremely hazardous extractions were performed in order to remove wounded personnel. As a direct result of his selfless conduct, the lives of twenty-nine soldiers were saved. The extraordinary heroism displayed by CWO Novosel was an inspiration to his comrades in arms and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
*KELSO, JACK WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company I, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, October 2nd,1952. Entered service at: Caruthers, Calif. Born: 23 January 1934, Madera, Calif. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a rifleman of Company I, in action against enemy aggressor forces. When both the platoon commander and the platoon sergeant became casualties during the defense of a vital outpost against a numerically superior enemy force attacking at night under cover of intense small-arms, grenade, and mortar fire, Pfc. Kelso bravely exposed himself to the hail of enemy fire in a determined effort to reorganize the unit and to repel the onrushing attackers. Forced to seek cover, along with four other Marines, in a nearby bunker which immediately came under attack, he unhesitatingly picked up an enemy grenade which landed in the shelter, rushed out into the open and hurled it back at the enemy. Although painfully wounded when the grenade exploded as it left his hand, and again forced to seek the protection of the bunker when the hostile fire became more intensified Pfc. Kelso refused to remain in his position of comparative safety and moved out into the fire-swept area to return the enemy fire, thereby permitting the pinned-down marines in the bunker to escape. Mortally wounded while providing covering fire for his comrades, Pfc. Kelso, by his valiant fighting spirit, aggressive determination, and self-sacrificing efforts in behalf of others, served to inspire all who observed him. His heroic actions sustain and enhance the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
(name legally changed from CHRISTOS H. KARABERIS,
under which name the medal was awarded )
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company L, 337th Infantry, 85th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Guignola, Italy, October 1st – October 2nd, 1944. Entered service at:Manchester,N.H. Birth:Manchester, N.H. G.O. No.: 97,1 November 1945. Citation Leading a squad of Company L, he gallantly cleared the way for his company’s approach along a ridge toward its objective, the Casoni di Remagna. When his platoon was pinned down by heavy fire from enemy mortars, machineguns, machine pistols, and rifles, he climbed in advance of his squad on a maneuver around the left flank to locate and eliminate the enemy gun positions. Undeterred by deadly fire that ricocheted off the barren rocky hillside, he crept to the rear of the first machinegun and charged, firing his submachinegun. In this surprise attack he captured eight prisoners and turned them over to his squad before striking out alone for a second machinegun. Discovered in his advance and subjected to direct fire from the hostile weapon, he leaped to his feet and ran forward, weaving and crouching, pouring automatic fire into the emplacement that killed four of its defenders and forced the surrender of a lone survivor. He again moved forward through heavy fire to attack a third machinegun. When close to the emplacement, he closed with a nerve-shattering shout and burst of fire. Paralyzed by his whirlwind attack, all four gunners immediately surrendered. Once more advancing aggressively in the face of a thoroughly alerted enemy, he approached a point of high ground occupied by two machineguns which were firing on his company on the slope below. Charging the first of these weapons, he killed four of the crew and captured three more. The six defenders of the adjacent position, cowed by the savagery of his assault, immediately gave up. By his one-man attack, heroically and voluntarily undertaken in the face of tremendous risks, Sgt. Karaberis captured five enemy machinegun positions, killed eight Germans, took twenty-two prisoners, cleared the ridge leading to his company’s objective, and drove a deep wedge into the enemy line, making it possible for his battalion to occupy important, commanding ground.
*KINER, HAROLD G.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company F, 117th Infantry, 30th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Palenberg, Germany, October 2nd,1944. Entered service at: Enid, Okla. Birth: Aline, Okla. G.O. No.: 48, 23 June 1945. With 4 other men, he was leading in a frontal assault 2 October 1944, on a Siegfried Line pillbox near Palenberg, Germany. Machinegun fire from the strongly defended enemy position twenty-five yards away pinned down the attackers. The Germans threw hand grenades, one of which dropped between Pvt. Kiner and two other men. With no hesitation, Private Kiner hurled himself upon the grenade, smothering the explosion. By his gallant action and voluntary sacrifice of his own life, he saved his two comrades from serious injury or death.
*CORRY, WILLIAM MERRILL, JR.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Near Hartford, Conn., October 2nd, 1920. Born: 5 October 1889, Quincy, Fla. Accredited to: Florida. Other Navy award: Navy Cross. Citation: For heroic service in attempting to rescue a brother officer from a flame-enveloped airplane. On 2 October 1920, an airplane in which Lt. Comdr. Corry was a passenger crashed and burst into flames. He was thrown 30 feet clear of the plane and, though injured, rushed back to the burning machine and endeavored to release the pilot. In so doing he sustained serious burns, from which he died four days later.
National Sarcastics Awareness Month
Ten Code Month
Pizza is a flattened disk of bread dough topped with olive oil, tomatoes, and mozzarella cheese, baked quickly and served hot – and the recipient of various toppings. The term ‘pizza’ first appeared “in a Latin text from the southern Italian town of Gaeta in 997 AD, which claims that a tenant of certain property is to give the bishop of Gaeta ‘duodecim pizze’ or “twelve pizzas”, every Christmas Day, and another twelve every Easter Sunday,”
In 16th century “Naples a Galette” flatbread was referred to as a pizza, a dish of the poor people. It was sold in the street and was not considered a kitchen recipe for a long time. Before the 17th century, the pizza was covered with red sauce. This was later replaced by oil, tomatoes (after Europeans came into contact with the Americas) or fish.
The pizza we enjoy today originated in 1830 in Naples, Italy. Pizza was sold from open-air stands and out of pizza bakeries. Pizzerias keep this old tradition alive today. In 1843, Alexandre Dumas, described the diversity of pizza toppings. In June 1889, to honour the Queen consort of Italy, Margherita of Savoy, the Neapolitan chef Raffaele Esposito created the “Pizza Margherita,” a pizza garnished with tomatoes, mozzarella cheese, and basil, to represent the colors of the Italian flag.
It came to America through the Italian community of New York City, where the first pizzeria opened in 1905. Before the 1940s, pizza consumption was limited mostly to Italian immigrants and their descendants. After World War II, pizza’s popularity soared. Allied troops occupying Italy, weary of their rations, were constantly on the lookout for good food. They discovered the pizzeria, and local bakers were hard-pressed to satisfy the demand from the soldiers. The American troops involved in the Italian campaign took their appreciation for the dish back home, touted by “veterans ranging from the lowliest private to Dwight D. Eisenhower”.
With pizza’s rising popularity chain restaurants moved in. Leading early pizza chains were Shakey’s Pizza, founded in 1954 in Sacramento, California, Pizza Hut, founded in 1958 in Wichita,Kansas, and Josey’s Pizza founded in Newnan, Georgia in 1943. Later entrant restaurant chains to the dine-in pizza market were Bertucci’s, Happy Joe’s, Monical’s Pizza, California Pizza Kitchen, Godfather’s Pizza, and Round Table Pizza.
Today, the American pizza business is dominated by companies that specialize in pizza delivery, such as Domino’s, Papa John’s Pizza, Giordano’s Pizza, Pizza Ranch, Mazzio’s, andGodfather’s Pizza. Pizza Hut has shifted its emphasis away from pizza parlors and toward home delivery. Another recent development is the take-and-bake pizzeria, such as Papa Murphy’s.
According to a survey, about 62% of Americans prefer meat toppings on their pizza, while 38% prefer vegetables. The most popular topping is pepperoni with 37% ordered this way. Americans eat an average of 100 acres worth of pizza daily. There are approximately 61,269 pizzerias in America.
“Never let a day go by without giving some attention to your goals.
If you predict fish for dinner tonight, you’d better get your line in the water.”
“Every journey requires a posted destination, a planned path and purposeful movement.”
“A goal is something beyond where you are.”
pollicitation (puh-lis-i-TAY-shuhn) noun
A promise or an offer made but not yet accepted.
[From Latin pollicitation, from polliceri (to promise).]
331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
1768 – English troops under General Gage landed in Boston. Soldiers drawn chiefly from the 14th and 29th Infantry Regiments, and numbering about 700 men, landed at Boston without opposition.
1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans, Louisiana.
1837 – A treaty was made with the Winnebago Indians. The Winnebago people call themselves Ho-Chunk, “People of the First Voice.”
1844 – Naval Observatory headed by LT Matthew Fontaine Maury occupies first permanent quarters. Founded in 1830 as the Depot of Charts and Instruments, the Naval Observatory is one of the oldest scientific agencies in the country.
1847 – German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
1847 – Maria Mitchell (29), American astronomer living on Nantucket Island, discovered a new comet that was named after herself.
1854 – The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
1864 – The Condor ran aground at the mouth of the Cape Fear River near Wilmington, North Carolina. A Union gunboat had been pursuing the ship.
1878 – General Lew Wallace was sworn in as governor of New Mexico Territory. He went on to deal with the Lincoln County War, Billy the Kid and wrote Ben-Hur.
1880 – John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band. He premiered many of his marches and produced the first commercial phonograph recordings in his 12 year tour.
1880 – Thomas Edison began the commercial production of electric lamps at Edison Lamp Works in Menlo Park.
1885 – Special delivery mail service began in the United States. The first routes were in West Virginia.
1888 – National Geographic magazine published for 1st time. The National Geographic Society was founded by Gardiner Hubbard, the father-in-law of Alexander Graham Bell.
1890 – The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
1890 – Congress created the Weather Bureau, moving the Weather Warning Service from the US Army Signal Corps to the Department of Agriculture.
1891 – Stanford University opens its doors.
1892 – The University of Chicago opened.
1893 – In the 3rd worst hurricane in US history 1,800 people were killed in Mississippi.
1896 – Rural Free Delivery was established by the U.S. Post Office.
1903 – The first modern World Series took place between the Boston Pilgrims and the Pittsburgh Pirates.
1907 – The Plaza Hotel opened in New York City at 5th Av and 59th Street.
1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825. Ford sold over 10,000 in the first year of production. Over 15 million Model Ts were eventually sold, all of them black.
1910 – The Los Angeles Times building at 1st and Broadway was bombed killing 21 nonunion pressman and linotype operators. A new Los Angeles Times building was completed in 1935.
1910 – At midnight a strict anti-gambling law became effective in Nevada. It even forbid the western custom of flipping a coin for the price of a drink.
1918 – World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a “Lawrence of Arabia”) capture Damascus.
1919 – In baseball’s World Series the Chicago White Sox faced the Cincinnati Reds in a best of nine games. The White Sox intentionally threw the series to satisfy gamblers in what became known as the Black Sox Scandal. Eight players were banned from baseball for life.
1919 – Black sharecroppers gathered at Elaine, Arkansas, to secure a more equitable price for their products. When a white deputy sheriff and a railroad detective, arrived at the church, a fight broke out between them and the guards in which the railroad detective was killed and the deputy sheriff was wounded.
1926 – An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
1928 – Duke Ellington recorded “The Mooche.”
1928 – Ben Pollack and his band recorded “Forever.” The band included Benny Goodman and Jack Teagarden.
1928 – First class at school for enlisted Navy and Marine Corps Radio intercept operators (RIO).
1929 – In New York City, demolition began of the Waldorf-Astoria to make way for the new Empire State Building.
1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
1931 – The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
1933 – Babe Ruth made his final pitching appearance. He pitched all nine innings and hit a home run in the fifth inning.
1934 – Adolph Hitler expanded the German army and navy and created an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles.
1939 – World War II: After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, German forces entered the city.
1939 – Churchill called the Soviets a “riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.”
1940 – The first 160 miles of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
1942 – World War II: USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she was carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong .
1942 – The Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, first US jet, made its maiden flight.
1942 -Little Golden Books (children books) began publishing.
1943 – World War II: Naples was captured by the Allied forces.
1943 – World War II: Germans attacked Jews in Denmark.
1944 – World War II: The U.S. First Army began the siege Aachen, Germany.
1946 – The International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg sentenced twelve Nazi officials to death. Seven others were sentenced to prison terms and 3 were acquitted.
1946 – Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
1946 – The first baseball play-off game for a league championship was played. The St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers, 4-2.
1947 – The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
1948 – The California Supreme Court in Perez v. Sharp voided a state statue banning interracial marriages.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone, “Maybe It’s Because” by Dick Haymes, “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como and “Slipping Around” by Ernest Tubb all topped the charts.
1951 – The all-Black 24th Infantry Regiment and 159th Field Artillery Battalion, 25th Infantry Division, were disbanded and the personnel reassigned to formerly all-white units.
1952 – “This is Your Life” with Laurel &Hardy (10:21) began airing on NBC-TV.
1955 – USS Forrestal (CVA-59), first of postwar supercarriers, is commissioned.
1955 – “The Honeymooners” airs for the first time. It starred Jackie Gleason, Art Carney and Audrey Meadows living at 328 Chauncey Street, Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, NY. The last episode aired May 9th, 1971.
1956 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower pushed the button to set off the first dynamite charge used in the construction of Glen Canyon Dam in Arizona.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wake Up Little Susie” by The Everly Brothers, “Honeycomb” by Jimmie Rodgers, “Chances Are/The Twelfth of Never” by Johnny Mathis and “My Shoes Keep Walking Back to You” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1957 – First appearance of “In God We Trust” on U.S. paper currency.
1957 – B-52 bombers began full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack.
1958 – NASA created to replace NACA.
1958 – American Express launched its first credit card.
1961 – Baseball: Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees engage in an epic battle to break Babe Ruth’s single season home run record of 60 in 1927. Maris ends up hitting his 61st against the Boston Red Sox, passing Ruth.
1961 – Pat Robertson’s Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) first aired.
1962 – Johnny Carson began hosting the “Tonight” show on NBC-TV. He stayed with the show for 29 years. Jack Paar was the previous host. It is currently hosted by Jay Leno.
1962 – Barbra Streisand signed her first recording contract with Columbia.
1964 – Vee Jay Records released the album “The Beatles Vs. The Four Seasons.”
1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “Eve of Destruction” by Barry McGuire, “Hang on Sloopy” by The McCoys, “You Were on My Mind” by We Five and “Is It Really Over?” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
1966 -“I Love My Dog” was released by Cat Stevens.
1968 – The US Congress created the Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area in Wyoming.
1969 – The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “We’re an American Band” by Grand Funk, “Half-Breed” by Cher, “Loves Me like a Rock” by Paul Simon and “Blood Red and Goin’ Down” by Tanya Tucker all topped the charts.
1974 – Five Nixon aides–Kenneth Parkinson, Robert Mardian, Nixon’s Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell– went on trial for conspiring to hinder the Watergate investigation.
1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
1979 – The 1977 Panama Canal Treaties entered into force. The US returned the Canal Zone, but not the canal, to Panama after 75 years.
1979 – President Jimmy Carter awards the Congressional Space Medal of Honor to former naval aviators Neil Armstrong, CAPT Charles Conrad, Jr., USN (Ret.), COL John Glenn, USMC (Ret.), and RADM Alan Shepard, Jr., USN (Ret.)
1979 – Henry Ford II stepped down as Ford’s chairman and CEA and was succeeded by Philip Caldwell (b.1920).
1980 – Robert Redford became the first male to appear alone on the cover of “Ladies’ Home Journal.” He was the only male to achieve this in 97 years.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Queen of Hearts” by Juice Newton, “Stop Draggin’ My Heart Around” by Stevie Nicks with Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers and “Tight Fittin’ Jeans” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1982 – EPCOT (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow) Center opened in Florida. The concept was planned by Walt Disney.
1982 – Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
1984 – Gary Trudeau’s Doonesbury comic strip resumed after a 2-year hiatus.
1986 – Former President Jimmy Carter’s presidential library and museum were dedicated in Atlanta with help from President Reagan.
1987 – The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9 and an aftershock measuring 5.3 struck the Los Angeles area. . It killed eight people.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Girl I’m Gonna Miss You” by Milli Vanilli, “Heaven” by Warrant, “If I Could Turn Back Time” by Cher and “Let Me Tell You About Love” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1989 – The San Francisco Health Department reported the first two documented cases in which men became infected with the AIDS virus through oral sex.
1990 – USS Independence (CV-62) enters Persian Gulf (first carrier in Persian Gulf since 1974)
1991 – U.S. President Bush condemned the military coup in Haiti that removed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide from power. U.S. economic and military aid was suspended.
1993 – The Church of Scientology secured tax-exempt status for its main branch in a settlement with the IRS in which it paid $12.5 million. The church agreed to drop thousands of suits against the IRS. The details were only made public in 1997.
1993 – In Petaluma, Ca. 12-year-old Polly Klaas was kidnapped from her bedroom while playing with two girl friends by a knife-wielding intruder; her body was found more than two months later. Sixty days later Richard Allen Davis was arrested for the kidnap and murder of Polly. He was later convicted and sentenced to death.
1993 – The US federal tax on gasoline was raised to 18.3 cents per gallon.
1994 – The National Hockey League (NHL) team owners began a lockout of the players that lasted 103 days.
1995 – Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and nine other defendants were convicted in New York of conspiring to attack the U.S. through bombings, kidnappings and assassinations.
1996 – A federal grand jury indicted Unabomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski in the mail bomb murder of an ad executive in 1994.
1996 – The first phase of a US minimum wage 50-cent increase to $4.75 took effect. Phase 2 to $5.15 was scheduled for Sep 1, 1997.
1996 – NASA began turning over day-to-day Shuttle operations to private industry.
1996 – Operation Frontier Shield commences. It is the largest counter-narcotics operation in Coast Guard history.
1997 – US FBI Director Louis J. Freeh warned that Russian organized crime networks were growing and that they posed a menace to US national security.
1997 – The first African-American female colonel in the Marine Corps was promoted to that rank during a ceremony at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina. Colonel Gilda A. Jackson, a native of Columbus, Ohio,
1997 – Paula Jones announced a new legal team from Texas to pursue her suit against President Clinton.
1997 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In Pearl, Mississippi, Luke Woodham (16) stabbed his mother Mary (50) to death and went to school and shot his former girlfriend and another student and wounded 7 others. Woodham was stopped by Assistant Principal Joel Myrick, a U.S. Army Reserve commander, who detained him by using a .45 caliber semi-automatic pistol he kept in his truck.
1998 – The US Dept. of Defense said that it would spend an estimated $50 million this year to provide Viagra to soldiers, sailors, fliers, retirees and their dependents.
1998 – CollaGenex Pharmaceuticals announced FDA approval of Periostat, a pill to help fight gum disease. The drug suppresses the enzyme responsible for gum and tooth breakdown during inflammation.
2000 – On the last day of the 27th Olympics in Sydney, the U.S. men’s basketball team beat France for the gold medal. The United States led the way in the final medal tally, collecting 97 (39 gold, 25 silver and 33 bronze)
2001 – New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, in an impassioned speech to the United Nations, said there was no room for “neutrality” in the global fight against terrorism and no need for more studies or vague directives.
2001 – The Supreme Court suspended former President Clinton from practicing before the high court.
2001 – San Francisco’s Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to ban Internet filters designed to keep pornography away from children at city libraries.
2002 – U.N. inspectors reached agreement with Iraq about a new mission to reassess Saddam Hussein’s alleged arsenal of weapons of mass destruction. Iraq said it expected an advance party in Baghdad in two weeks.
2002 – The West Coast dockworker lockout continued.
2002 – New Jersey Democrats chose former Senator Frank Lautenberg to be on the November ballot in place of scandal-tainted Senator Robert Torricelli.
2002 – Allied aircraft launched an airstrike in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after Iraqi aircraft penetrated the restricted area.
2003 – Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh resigned from ESPN, three days after saying Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Donovan McNabb is overrated because the media wanted to see a black quarterback succeed.
2003 – US officials identified Abu Hazim al-Sha’ir (29), a Yemeni ex-bodyguard of Osama bin Laden, as al Qaeda’s new terror chief.
2003 – California state car license fees increased $150 from $73 to $223.
2004 – Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler’s 84-year-old single-season record.
2004 – The U.S. Postal Service canceled a brief experiment that allowed ordinary people to make postage stamps using images of their dogs, babies and even, it turned out, outlaws such as the Unabomber.
2004 – Mount St. Helens quieted down after spewing a plume of steam and ash, but only briefly. Within hours of the eruption, seismic readings suggested pressure was building again inside the volcano, which had been dormant for 18 years.
2005 – The US military released about 500 Iraqi detainees from the notorious Abu Ghraib prison.
2005 – Internet sensation Fred Figglehorn makes his first video on YouTube.
2005 – A bomb explodes outside of a packed football stadium at the University of Oklahoma holding 84,000 people. Joel Henry Hinrichs (21), a Univ. of Oklahoma student, committed suicide using an explosive attached to his body , killing just himself.
2007 – The Dow Jones Industrial Averages rose 191.92 to a record 14,087.55, surpassing a mid-July closing record of 14,000.41. Nasdaq rose 39.49 to 2,740.
2007 – The Colorado Rockies beat The San Diego Padres in an extra-innings tiebreaker game to clinch a wild card birth to the playoffs.
2008 – The National Transportation Safety Board reports that a Metrolink engineer sent a text message 22 seconds before the Chatsworth train collision in Los Angeles, California, that killed 25 people.
2008 – The US Senate voted 74-25 for its version of a $700 billion rescue of the nation’s banking system. A 2nd House vote was set for Oct 3. The 451-page bill was loaded with earmarks adding billions of dollars in tax breaks with little to do with restoring confidence in financial markets.
2009 – David Letterman, late-night TV talk show host, admitted in an extraordinary monologue before millions of viewers that he had sexual relationships with female employees.
2010 – A massive rainstorm, formed from the combination of the remnants of Tropical Storm Nicole and a second extratropical low, drenches the East Coast of the United States from North Carolina to Maine.
2010 – More than 1,200 NASA employees are laid off despite a $19 billion funding budget passed by the US Congress earlier in the week.
2010 – California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a measure making marijuana possession up to ounce an infraction, on par with traffic and littering tickets. Schwarzenegger opposed Proposition 19, the upcoming marijuana initiative.
2011 -California becomes the first U.S. state to forbid “conversion therapy” for minors, effective January 1st, 2013. Conversion therapy is a range of pseudo-scientific treatments that aim to change sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual.
2013 – United States Government shut down.
2013 – OBAMACARE: Healthcare.gov launches—and flops.
2015 – A 26-year-old man opened fire at Umpqua Community College in Roseburg, OR leaving 10 people dead and seven wounded. The shooter, identified as Chris Harper Mercer, was killed in an exchange of gunfire with police who responded to the shooting.
1881 – William Boeing, American engineer (d. 1956)
1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor.
1924 – Jimmy Carter 39th President of the United States of America (1977-1981)
1933 – Richard Harris, Irish actor.
1935 – Julie Andrews, English actress and singer.(Sound of Music)
THOMPSON, JOSEPH H.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army, 110th Infantry, 28th Division. Place and date: Near Apremont, France, October 1st, 1918. Entered service at: Beaver Falls, Pa. Born: 26 September 1871, Kilkeel, County Down, Ireland. G.O. No.: 21, W.D., 1925. Citation: Counterattacked by two regiments of the enemy, Maj. Thompson encouraged his battalion in the front line of constantly braving the hazardous fire of machineguns and artillery. His courage was mainly responsible for the heavy repulse of the enemy. Later in the action, when the advance of his assaulting companies was held up by fire from a hostile machinegun nest and all but one of the six assaulting tanks were disabled, Maj. Thompson, with great gallantry and coolness, rushed forward on foot 3 separate times in advance of the assaulting line, under heavy machinegun and antitank-gun fire, and led the one remaining tank to within a few yards of the enemy machinegun nest, which succeeded in reducing it, thereby making it possible for the infantry to advance.
CLANCY, JAMES T.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Place and date: At Vaughn Road, Va., October 1st, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Albany, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 July 1865. Citation: Shot the Confederate Gen. Dunovant dead during a charge, thus confusing the enemy and greatly aiding in his repulse.
KEEN, JOSEPH S.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 13th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: Near Chattahoochee River, Ga., October 1st, 1864. Entered service at: Detroit, Mich. Born: 24 July 1843, England. Date of issue: 4 August 1899. Citation: While an escaped prisoner of war within the enemy’s lines witnessed an important movement of the enemy, and at great personal risk made his way through the enemy’s lines and brought news of the movement to Sherman’s army.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 10th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Peebles Farm, Va., October 1st, 1864. Entered service at: New York. Born: 9 July 1841, Germany. Date of issue: 12 December 1898. Citation: At the imminent risk of his own life, while his regiment was falling back before a superior force of the enemy, he dragged a wounded and helpless officer to the rear, thus saving him from death or capture.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 14th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Chapel House, Farm, Va., October 1st, 1864. Entered service at: Woodstock, Conn. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 25 November 1869. Citation: Gallantry in action.
National Mud Pack Day
Dangers of blogging
I remember the scientist that said to be careful what you watch or hear because someone else did it or played it and the sound waves would go on forever. His contention was that sound and light once released could never be brought back.
Blogging is very similar. Don’t get excited yet though. Blogging has some very good upsides; it just has to be used intelligently. Unlike light and sound which won’t come back, what you say on a blog can, most assuredly, come back. Some of the upsides include a great way for you to advertise your services, your products and other peoples as well to make some money. It certainly gives you an opportunity to write and put your thoughts down for others to read and. Therein, lies the beginning of the problem. Blogging is still a fairly new phenomenon, and many people are writing blogs without much thought to the long term effects of what they write or share. To give you have a framework in which to guide you to keep you safe and keep to prevent any embarrassment. Do you remember the old axiom, “You only get one chance to make a good impression.” Where one-on-one meetings are fairly easy to manage, when hundreds, thousands and millions are reading your blogs, it is much more difficult. Some basic rules and solutions:
A. Blogging is instantaneous. When you send it, it is gone immediately. There is no getting it back. Solution recommendation: Write out what you want to share in a word processor that has spelling and grammar checking turned on. Check it over, make sure everything is worded right and in the major processors you can do a “characters including spaces” check. The message will fit within the limits of the service.
B. Blogging is pervasive. Whether you write some sort of scientific dissertation or say something unkind about a former friend, colleague, spouse, supervisor, It will be all over the place and never be fully retrievable. Be very careful about what personal information, accomplishments and credits you take, they could end up in your next job interview or certification process. DO NOT EVER EXPECT PRIVACY OF ANY TYPE WHEN BLOGGING.
C. Blogging is international and instant. The message you post is posted at the speed of light and will circle the globe seven times in the next second. At any one moment people will be able to read what you write and react within minutes. Facebook, alone, has 750 million members or more than twice the population of the United States.
D. What you write is dangerous. If you are reading this it could be in a blog, in an article, in a collection of some sort. It could be in use by anyone in the world at some time or another. Remember two things: Once you release something you will never be able to find all the copies. Once a single database picks it up it will be forever irretrievable. If you don’t want someone in the year 2300 to be able to search and find your writings, don’t write them. Be aware that what you write can be parsed, cut, changed, deleted. This is important because people can cut segments or pieces and then add them to other items, totally changing the original meaning or understanding. In your writing use short sentences and if there is a way to qualify it, use it either preceding or following the statement. Never use a quote that is not attributed and if it is your quote, add the approbation.
The biggest challenge to safe and effective blogging is to approach it in a professional manner. That means to think out what it is you really want to say and then how you want to say it. For example, in universal signage rules, an octagonal sign is a “STOP” sign. It does not have to be red. It does not have to say “STOP”. In Northern Mexico, the word on these signs is “ALTO” which in “border Mexican” means “STOP”. If you go to a country that mainly speaks Castilian Spanish, the word “ALTO” means “HIGH.” The point is that you must also consider what the post will sound or read like in other cultures. Be careful, stay sane and blog to your hearts content.
“Find something you’re passionate about and keep tremendously interested in it.”
~ Julia Child
votary VOH-tuh-ree, noun: 1. One who is devoted, given, or addicted to some particular pursuit, subject, study, or way of life. 2. A devoted admirer. 3. A devout adherent of a religion or cult. 4.A dedicated believer or advocate.
1452 – Gutenberg Bible was published in Germany.
1630 – John Billington, one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact, became the first criminal executed in the American colonies when he was hanged for murder at Plymouth. He was hanged for having shot John Newcomin following a quarrel.
1777 – The Congress of the United States, forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces, moved to York, Pennsylvania.
1787 – The Columbia left Boston and began the trip that would make it the first American vessel to sail around the world.
1846 – Dentist William Morton of Boston became the first to use ether as an anesthetic on a patient. He used it at Massachusetts General Hospital.
1860 – The first British tramway was inaugurated by an American, George Francis Train.
1862 – Civil War: “Stonewall” Jackson led the Confederates to victory at the second Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, during the Civil War.
1864 – Confederate troops failed to retake Fort Harrison from the Union forces during the siege of Petersburg.
1864 – In an attempt to cut the last rail line into Petersburg, Virginia, Union troops attack the Confederate defense around the entire city.
1881 – First stereo system (for a telephonic broadcasting service) was patented in Germany by Clement Adler.
1882 – The world’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin.
1899 – First Navy wireless message sent via Lighthouse Service Station at Highlands of Navesink, New Jersey.
1901 – Scottish inventor Hubert Cecil Booth patented the vacuum cleaner.
1919 – The Elaine Race Riot, also called the Elaine Massacre occurred. It was in the town of Elaine in Phillips County, Arkansas, in the Arkansas Delta. A group of about 100 black sharecroppers led by Robert L. Hill, the founder of the Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America, protested the pricing of their cotton. In the resulting riot, many more blacks than whites died as a result of the violence. Five whites and between 100 and 200 blacks were killed.
1927 – Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season.
1930 – “Death Valley Days” was heard for the first time on the NBC Blue radio network.
1932 – US Marine “Chesty” Puller won second Navy Cross.
1933 – The half-hour country music and comedy show “National Barn Dance” debuted on WLS in Chicago, IL.
1934 – Babe Ruth played his last game for the New York Yankees.
1935 – The Hoover Dam, astride the border between Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
1935 – “The Adventures of Dick Tracy“ (51:31) debuted on Mutual Radio Network.
1938 – The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations”
1938 – Britain, France, Italy, and Germany negotiated and agreed to the partitioning of Czechoslovakia in The Munich Pact. The Munich Conference ended with a decision to appease Adolf Hitler. Britain and France allowed Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to be annexed by the Nazis.
1939 – “Captain Midnight” was heard for the first time on the Mutual Radio Network. 1941 – “That Solid Old Man” was recorded by The Larry Clinton Orchestra.
1943 – Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps became the Women’s Army Corps, a regular contingent of the U.S. Army.
1943 – World War II: In Italy, The US 5th Army continues to advance. Elements of the British 10th Corps reach the outskirts of Naples as elements of US 6th Corps capture Avellino. 1944 – USS Nautilus (SS-168) lands supplies and evacuates some people from Panay, Philippine Islands.
1945 – World War II: American Marines of the US 3rd Amphibious Corps start landing at Tientsin, in the north, to disarm 630,000 Japanese.
1946 – An international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.
1947 – The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time. The sponsors only paid $65,000 for the entire series. 1949 – After 15 months and more than 250,000 flights, the Berlin Airlift officially comes to an end.The last aircraft to land in Berlins was a C-54.
1948 -CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “It’s Magic” by Doris Day, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent) and “Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long Way)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.1950 – Korean War: U.N. forces crossed the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursued the retreating North Korean Army.
1954 – Julie Andrews made her first Broadway appearance in “The Boy Friend.”
1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor powered vessel. It was named after Nautilus (SS-168) of WW II fame.
1955 – James Dean, actor, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, CA.
1955 – “The Red Skelton Show” debuted on NBC-TV.
1956 -CHART TOPPERS – “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Heywood, “The Flying Saucer (Parts 1 & 2)” by Buchanan & Goodman, “Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2)” by Bill Doggett and “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1958 – US Marines leave Lebanon.
1960 – “Flintstones” premiered on TV.
1962 – In Oxford, Mississippi, James H. Meredith is escorted onto the University of Mississippi campus by U.S. Marshals, setting off a deadly riot.
1962 – Last episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar broadcast on CBS Radio, marking the end of The Golden Age of Radio.
1963 – The “Hotline” between the U.S. president and the Soviet premier was established.
1964 -CHART TOPPERS – “Oh, Pretty Woman“ by Roy Orbison, “Bread and Butter” by The Newbeats, “G.T.O.” by Ronny & The Daytonas and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1965 – Donovan made his U.S. television debut on the show “Shindig!”
1965 – President Lyndon Johnson signed legislation that established the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities.
1966 – Nazi war criminals Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed from Spandau prison after serving 20-year prison sentences.
1968 – Vietnam War: USS New Jersey, the world’s only active battleship, arrives in Vietnamese waters and begins bombarding the Demilitarized Zone from her station off the Vietnamese coast.
1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings. In the Dawson’s Field hijackings (September 6, 1970) four jet aircraft bound for New York City were hijacked by members of the Popular Front.
1971 – A committee of nine people was organized to investigate the prison riot at Attica, NY. Ten hostages and thirty-two prisoners were killed when National Guardsmen stormed the prison on September 13.
1972 -CHART TOPPERS – “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis, “Saturday in the Park” by Chicago, “Back Stabbers” by O’Jays and “I Ain’t Never” by Mel Tillis all topped the charts.
1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
1976 – California enacted the Natural Death Act of California. The law was the first example of right-to-die legislation in the U.S.
1980 -CHART TOPPERS – “Upside Down” by Diana Ross, “All Out of Love” by Air Supply, “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen and “Old Flames Can’t Hold a Candle to You” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.
1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all. The incident is known as the Tylenol murders.
1982 – “Cheers” began an 11-year run on NBC-TV. The show ended on August 19, 1993.
1982 – Ross Perot, Jr.,23, and Jay Coburn, 35, completed the first ever around-the-world helicopter flight in a Bell 206 Lone Ranger called the “Spirit of Texas.” It took 29 days and 56 stops for refueling.
1984 – Mike Witt became only the eleventh pitcher to throw a perfect game in major league baseball.
1988 -CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Worry Be Happy” by Bobby McFerrin, “I’ll Always Love You” by Taylor Dayne, “Love Bites” by Def Leppard and “Addicted” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1988 – Mikhail S. Gorbachev forced retirement on President Andrei A. Gromyko and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shakeup.
1992 – George Brett of the Kansas City Royals reached his 3,000th career hit during a game against the California Angels.
1992 – Congress approved a bill requiring the release of nearly all government files concerning the assassination of President Kennedy.
1993 – MS Dos 6.2 was released.
1993 – David Crosby and George Harrison appeared on the fifth season premiere of “The Simpsons.”
1994 – The space shuttle Endeavour and its six astronauts launched into orbit on an 11-day mission. Part of the mission was to use a radar instrument to map remote areas of the Earth.
1997 – France’s Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the persecution and deportation of Jews the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.
1998 – The General Accounting Office reported that Kenneth Starr and Robert Fiske had spent more than $40 million to investigate President Clinton’s Whitewater land deals in Arkansas and later the Monica Lewinsky affair.
1999 – The San Francisco Giants played the Los Angeles Dodgers in the last baseball game to be played at Candlestick Park (3Com Park). The Dodgers won 9-4. The attendance was 61,389 fans.
1999 – Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. Workers overload a container with uranium, exposing workers and local residents to very high radiation levels.
1999 – Defense Secretary William Cohen ordered a top-level investigation of accounts of mass killings of Korean civilians by US soldiers at No Gun Ri in 1950. 2000 – A Catholic priest crashed his car into a building housing an abortion clinic in Rockford, Ill., and attacked it with an ax. The Rev. John Earl later pleaded guilty to damaging property, and was sentenced to 30 months’ probation and two days in county jail.
2001 – Leaders of the Taliban said they had Osama bin Laden “under our control,” but would release him to the US only if shown proof that he plotted the Sep 11 attacks. Pres. Bush said he would not negotiate.
2003 – The FBI began a criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of an undercover CIA officer.
2003 – Ford planned to cut some 12,000 jobs world-wide. Chrysler planned to eliminate several thousand positions.
2004 – AIM-54 Phoenix which became the primary missile for the Northrop Grumman F-14 Tomcat was retired from the Navy.
2004 – US fiscal year 2004 ended. The CBO soon estimated a budget deficit for the year of about $415 billion.
2004 – Officials at US one-hundred fifteen int’l. airports and fourteen seaports began photographing and electronically fingerprinting travelers from twenty-seven industrialized nations.
2005 – The US federal deficit for the fiscal year ending on this day stood at $319 billion, down from $413 billion in 2004.
2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
2005 – Out of jail after 85 days, New York Times reporter Judith Miller testified before a grand jury investigating the leak of CIA operative Valerie Plame’s identity. 2007 – In Burlingame, Ca., a shooting on Highway 101 killed Londell Wilson (25). Police used a stoplight photograph from a nearby exit to identify the car.
2008 – U.S. Stock Market drops 777 points, the largest drop in U.S. History.
2008 – A new US law took effect as part of the 2008 Farm Bill requiring food retailers to label or display the country of origin for meat, produce and certain kinds of nuts.
2009 – The US fiscal year ended with a budget deficit at a record $1.4 trillion.
2010 – Actor Tony Curtis, who appeared in more than 100 films including Some Like It Hot and The Defiant Ones, dies in Henderson, Nevada.
2010 – Heavy rain from former Tropical Storm Nicole causes flooding in North Carolina and Virginia and delays in airline flights on the East Coast.
2011 – Anwar al-Awlaki, an American-born radical cleric linked to al-Qaida who led an organization labeled as one of the most serious threats to U.S. security, was killed by an airstrike in Yemen. In addition, American muslim and Al-Queda leader Samir Khan, 25, was killed in the same attack.
2011 – Thirty-four Muslim shuttle bus drivers at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, were suspended indefinitely by Hertz Rent-A-Car for not clocking out when they went to pray. The company said employees were warned in person and in writing that if they did not comply with the clocking rules, they would be suspended.
2012 – U.S. military deaths in the Afghan War have reached 2,000, a cold reminder of the human cost of an 11-year-old conflict that now garners little public interest at home as the United States prepares to withdraw most of its combat forces by the end of 2014.
2013 – The hatch between the newly arrived Orbital Sciences’ Cygnus spacecraft and the Harmony module of the International Space Station was opened at 4:10 a.m. EDT this morning. Cygnus delivered about 1,300 pounds (589 kilograms) of cargo to the six crew members of Expedition 37.
1631 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
1861 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
1915 – Lester Maddox, Governor of Georgia (d. 2003)
1917 – Buddy Rich, American drummer (d. 1987)
1924 – Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
1931 – Angie Dickinson, American actress
1935 – Johnny Mathis, American singer
1943 – Marilyn McCoo, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 369th Infantry, 93d Division. Place and date: Near Sechault, France, September 29- September 30th, 1918. Entered service at: Salina, Kans. Born: 18 May 1887, Assaria, Kans. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While leading his platoon in the assault 1st Lt. Robb was severely wounded by machinegun fire, but rather than go to the rear for proper treatment he remained with his platoon until ordered to the dressing station by his commanding officer. Returning within 45 minutes, he remained on duty throughout the entire night, inspecting his lines and establishing outposts. Early the next morning he was again wounded, once again displaying his remarkable devotion to duty by remaining in command of his platoon. Later the same day a bursting shell added 2 more wounds, the same shell killing his commanding officer and 2 officers of his company. He then assumed command of the company and organized its position in the trenches. Displaying wonderful courage and tenacity at the critical times, he was the only officer of his battalion who advanced beyond the town, and by clearing machinegun and sniping posts contributed largely to the aid of his battalion in holding their objective. His example of bravery and fortitude and his eagerness to continue with his mission despite severe wounds set before the enlisted men of his command a most wonderful standard of morale and self-sacrifice.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877. Entered service at: Milford, Conn. Birth: Connecticut. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Most distinguished gallantry in action with the Nez Perce Indians.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877. Entered service at: Augusta, Ga. Birth: Augusta, Ga. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led a charge under a galling fire, in which he inflicted great loss upon the enemy.
Rank and organization: Captain, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877.Entered service at: Ottawa, Putnam County, Ohio. Born: 9 October 1843, Ottawa, Ohio. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command into action when he was severely wounded.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877. Citation: Carried Lt. Romeyn, who was severely wounded, off the field of battle under heavy fire.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877.Entered service at: Utica, N.Y. Born: 16 June 1852, Utica, N.Y. Date of issue: 22 March 1895. Citation: Having been directed to order a troop of cavalry to advance, and finding both its officers killed, he voluntarily assumed command, and under a heavy fire from the Indians advanced the troop to its proper position.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877.Entered service at: Springfield, IL Birth: Jacksonville, IL. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Gallantly attacked a band of hostiles and conducted the combat with excellent skill and boldness.
Rank and organization: Captain, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877.Entered service at: Essex, Mass. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Gallantly led his command in action against Nez Perce Indians until he was severely wounded.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877.Entered service at: Michigan. Birth: Galen, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command into close range of the enemy, there maintained his position, and vigorously prosecuted the fight until he was severely wounded.
Rank and organization: Major and Surgeon, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., September 30th, 1877. Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J. Birth: Barnegat, N.J. Date of issue: 22 March 1895. Citation: Fearlessly risked his life and displayed great gallantry in rescuing and protecting the wounded men.
Chapins’ Farm or New Market Second Day of the battle
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 37th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Newtonia, Mo., September 30th, 1862.Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 29 January 1839, Downers Grove, Ill. Date of issue: 15 February 1894. Citation: With a single orderly, captured an armed picket of eight men and marched them in as prisoners.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 6th New Hampshire Veteran Infantry. Place and date: Near Pegram House, Va., September 30th, 1864.Entered service at: ——. Birth: Nashua, N.H. Date of issue: 27 July 1896. Citation: As color bearer of his regiment he defended his colors with great personal gallantry and brought them safely out of the action.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 21st Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 30th, 1864.Entered service at: North Stonington, Conn. Born: 19 April 1837, Wolcottville, Conn. Date of issue: 13 June 1894. Citation: Led out a small flanking party and by a clash and at great risk captured a large number of prisoners.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 36th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 30th, 1864.Entered service at: Norfolk, Va. Birth: Princess Anne County, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Having had his arm mutilated, making immediate amputation necessary, he loaded and discharged his piece with one hand and urged his men forward; this within thirty yards of the enemy’s works.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 118th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 30th, 1864.Entered service at:——. Birth: Highgate Falls, Vt. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of forty prisoners.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 30th, 1864.Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 15 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.
Civil War Battle of Chapin’s Farm
Today in the Civil War there was a battle known as Chapin’s Farm or New Market, VA. The battle known by this name was fought at the same time as the successful assault on Fort Harrison, and was being an extension of our line to the right. In this battle the colored troops sustained remarkable losses and performed a most conspicuous part. Their heroism was great and their fighting superb. The Fourth United Stated Colored Infantry lost 56 per cent., killed and wounded, and of the 12 of the color guard, 11 were killed and wounded, and Sergeant Major Christian A. Fleetwood gained a Congress medal of honor for saving the flag of his regiment. This gallant regiment was recruited at Baltimore, in July and August, 1863.
The Sixth United States (colored) also made a remarkable fight at New Market Heights, losing nearly 55 percent killed and wounded and not one missing or unaccounted for. Captain McMurray’s company lost 87 per cent., the greatest of any organization during the whole war.
During this battle (and it extended into tomorrow) there was a remarkable chaplain for the Confederacy who ministered to all and was the bain of General Stonewall Jackson. Here is his story:
Inspirational Story From the Civil War: Father James Sheeran
By John E. Carey
The Reverend James Sheeran, a Catholic priest, served with the 14th Louisiana Regiment from New Orleans in General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.
Writer and historian Bruce Catton once said he wished he had met Sheeran. Sheeran perplexed “Stonewall” Jackson by his tenacity and self assurance. Robert E. Lee and Phil Sheridan both backed down in the face of Sheeran’s logic and determination.
Father Sheeran ministered to those in need of religious support, cared for the sick and wounded, and performed innumerable acts of kindness for his fellow man. Sheeran’s determination and righteousness, grounded in God, inspired common soldiers and generals alike. In the face of all kinds of adversity, Sheeran displayed real backbone.
Three things seemed to guide Sheeran in every action, every disagreement and every situation. He believed in duty, the word of the Lord, and his home in the Confederacy.
During a confrontation at a hospital, Sheeran demonstrated some of his strengths.
“Across the road from our hospital,” Sheeran wrote, “was one full of Yankees. As usual having attended to the wants of our own men I visited the wounded of the enemy and offered my service.”
What Father Sheeran found in the Yankee hospital infuriated him. “I enquired if they had no surgeon of their own or any person to dress their wounds. They told me that they had several surgeons over there (pointing to the adjacent building), but they paid no attention to them, did not even come to see them.”
Sheeran marched directly to find the surgeons responsible for the Yankee wounded, telling them “of the painful condition of the wounded and requested them as a matter of humanity not to neglect them so….”
The Union medical staff “told me that they had no bandages to dress the wounds, no instruments to operate with, and that they were fatigued from the labors of the night.”
“I remarked it would be some consolation to their wounded if they would but visit them and wash the wound of those who were bathed in their own blood. I next went to their men paroled to attend to the wounded, asked why they did not wait on their companions, many of whom were suffering for a drink of water. They told me that they had no one to direct them, that their surgeons seemed to take no interest in the men.”
“I became somewhat indignant to hear the excuses of these worthless nurses, and putting on an air of authority ordered them to go to the rifle pits filled with the dead bodies of their companions and they would find hundreds of knapsacks filled with shirts, handkerchiefs and other articles that would make excellent bandages.”
“They obeyed my orders with the utmost alacrity and soon returned with their arms full of excellent bandage material, and bringing them to me asked: ‘Now sir, what shall we do with them?’” Sheeran was fully prepared to give the required final direction. “Go and tell your surgeons that you have bandages enough now.”
“Off they went to the surgeons….” Sheeran records. “In about two hours I returned and was pleased to find the surgeons and nurses all at work attending to their wounded.”
Sheeran spoke his mind and, when he believed he was in the right, he was not afraid of any man. In 1892, a Sheeran friend, Father Joseph Flynn wrote down this account of Sheeran’s run in with Stonewall Jackson:
“Going to his [Father Sheeran’s] tent one day, General Jackson sternly rebuked the priest for disobeying his orders, and reproached him for doing what he would not tolerate in any officer in his command. [The exact offense is unknown.] ‘Father Sheeran,’ said the general, ‘you ask more favors and take more privileges than any officer in the army.’ [Sheeran apparently replied] ‘General Jackson, I want you to understand that as a priest of God I outrank every officer in your command. I even outrank you, and when it is a question of duty I shall go wherever called.’ The General looked with undistinguished astonishment on the bold priest and without reply left his tent.”
Dr. Hunter McGuire, Chief Surgeon of the Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, recalled another incident between Father Sheeran and Stonewall Jackson. “At one time just before the fight at Chancellorsville,” Dr. McGuire said, “we were ordered to send to the rear all surplus baggage. All tents were discarded…. A Catholic priest belonging to one of the Louisiana brigades sent up his resignation because he was not permitted to have a tent, which he thought necessary to the proper performance of his office.”
“I said to General Jackson,” reported McGuire, “that I was very sorry to give up [the] Father–; that he was one of the most useful chaplains in the service He replied: ‘If that is the case he shall have a tent.’ And so far as I know this Roman Catholic priest was the only man in the corps who had one.”
Looking to clear the way for unrestricted access to men in need throughout the army and the countryside, Sheeran sought an authorization to go wherever and whenever he is needed. This led the chaplain into conflict with both Robert E. Lee and Phil Sheridan. Army red tape tends to restrict one’s movements to designated times and places. Sheeran set out to attain a pass authorizing the fullest freedoms imaginable.
After hearing half-answers, excuses and outright lies from dozens of officers, Sheeran obtained entry into General Lee’s presence. Lee, at first, refused to support Sheeran. But then Sheeran explained his army role, the length and arduous nature of his service, and the number of men he has prayed with and assisted along the way. Lee scribbled Sheeran a pass “that will last me the rest of the war if I should last so long.”
Later in the war, Union troops arrested Sheeran for crossing into Yankee lines. The Union Army imprisoned Sheeran at the old horse stables of Fort McHenry. Civil War Historian Scott Sheads at Fort Mc Henry in Baltimore pulled Sheeran’s file for us.
“The Reverend James Sheeran was arrested at Winchester, Virginia on November5, 1864 and confined at Fort McHenry on November 10, 1864. Arrested byorder of Major General Philip Sheridan.”
In the cold, cramped, dung and vermin filled environment, of Civil War Fort McHenry, Sheeran tired physically but his resolve stiffened. He wrote letters to General Sheridan and the Union Secretary of War, denouncing his treatment.
Ultimately, the Union Army set Sheeran free. But he again encountered red tape; only this time it is in the form of Union Army rules and restrictions. Sheeran again explained his case, this time to a befuddled General Phil Sheridan. Sheeran, as usual, departed with the passes and respect he thought he deserved.
James Sheeran knew God wanted him at his place at the front. During one engagement, Sheeran actually formed and “commanded” a rag-tag force of troops. “Our ambulance drivers….as well as our stragglers, were for stampeding,” wrote Sheeran. “Mounting my Grey and riding down….I ordered [them] to move forward as quickly as possible….” Before infantry officers arrived to take over, Sheeran wrote, “I took command of the stragglers and formed them in a line…”
Throughout the war, Sheeran retained his sense of humor and his sense of perspective.
Father Sheeran was born in Temple Mehill, County Longford, Ireland, in 1818. At the age of twelve, he emigrated to Canada and eventually settled in Monroe, Michigan where he taught in a boy’s school opened by the Catholic Redemptorist Fathers.
“If you can’t make it better, you can laugh at it.”
~ Erma Bombeck
prelapsarian (pree-lap-SAYR-ee-uhn) adjective
Relating to any innocent or carefree period in the past.
[From Latin pre- (before) + lapsus (fall). The term refers to the period
in the Garden of Eden before Adam and Eve lost their innocence.]
1399 – Richard II of England was deposed and his cousin, Henry of Lancaster, declared himself King Henry IV.
1789 – U.S. War Department established a regular army of several hundred men. Josiah Harmar was appointed the first commander-in-chief of the U.S. Army.
1812 – Seminole Indians ambushed Marines at Twelve Mile Swamp, Florida.
1829 – Greater London’s Metropolitan Police force was established by Parliament. It was championed by the then Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, giving rise to the nicknames of “Peelers” or “Bobbies” for members of the force.
1862 – Civil War: Union General Jefferson C. Davis mortally wounds his commanding officer, General William Nelson, in Louisville, Kentucky.
1864 – Civil War:Union General Ulysses S. Grant tries to break the stalemate around Richmond and Petersburg—25 miles south of Richmond—by attacking two points along the defenses of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
1864 – Civil War:Confederate James River Squadron, Flag Officer Mitchell, supported Southern troops in attacks against Fort Harrison, Chaffin’s Farm, James River, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War:Christian A. Fleetwood was one of 13 African-American soldiers who won the Medal of Honor at the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, Virginia.
1879 – Dissatisfied Ute Indians killed Agent Nathan Meeker and nine others in the “Meeker Massacre.”
1880 – First professional baseball game at New York City’s Polo Grounds.
1892 – First night football game played (Mansfield, PA).
1899 – Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) was established by Congress.
1907 – The foundation stone was laid for Washington National Cathedral, which wasn’t fully completed until 1990.
1911 – NY Yankees steal fifteen bases & get thirteen walks, beating Browns 16-12; with a major-league record six stolen bases in one inning.
1911 – Walter Brookins set an American record by flying 192 miles from Chicago to Springfield, Ill., making only two stops.
1913 – Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 36th game and 11th shutout of the year, defeating the league champion Athletics 1-0 .
1915 – Philadelphia Phillies clinch their first pennant.
1916 – American John D Rockefeller became the world’s first billionaire.
1918 – World War I: Lt. Frank Luke Jr. against orders destroyed three German balloons and downed two pursuing fighters in a final flight of vengeance for the loss of his wingman Lt. Joseph Wehner. Luke received a posthumous Medal of Honor. Luke Air Force Base in Glendale, AZ is named after him.
1918 – Earlier this month Dr. Victor Vaughan, acting Surgeon General of the Army, received urgent orders to proceed to Camp Devens near Boston. Once there, what Vaughan sees changes his life forever. He wrote this letter describing what he found: Influenza Letter
1920 – Babe Ruth sets then home run season record at 54.
1927 – Ruth ties record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games hitting two HRs to tie his 59 of 1921 in a 15-4 win over Washington.
1928 – Yanks (17) Tigers (28) set a nine-inning hit record (45).Tigers win 19-10.
1930 – Lowell Thomas made his debut on the CBS Radio Network replacing Floyd Gibbons. “Lowell Thomas and the News” began September 29, 1930 and ran to May 14, 1976. The program began with his signature “Good Evening Everybody.”
1932 – A five-day work week was established for General Motors workers.
1940 – The radio quiz show “Double or Nothing,” was first heard on Mutual.
1941 – World War II (Europe): Holocaust: Thirty-thousand Jews were gunned down in Kiev when Henrich Himmler sent four strike squads to exterminate Soviet Jewish civilians and other “undesirables.”
1943 – World War II: General Eisenhower and Marshal Badoglio of Italy sign the armistice agreement aboard the HMS Nelson in Malta harbor. Italy surrendered on September 8 and this formalized it. The Germans still held the country so fighting continued.
1943 – World War II: In Italy, elements the US 5th Army continue to advance. Elements of the US 6th Corps attack Avellino. The British 10th Corps reaches Pompeii.
1944 – World War II: Nazi murders took place in Marzabotto, Italy, under SS-major Reder. Retreating Nazi troops killed some 1,000 women, children and elderly while allegedly pursuing resistance fighters.
1944 – World War II: The USS Narwhal (SS-167) evacuates 81 Allied prisoners of war that survived sinking of Japanese Shinyo Maru from Sindangan Bay, Mindanao.
1946 – The “Adventures of Sam Spade” debuted on the CBS Radio Network .
1946 – First time NL pennant ends in a tie (Cards & Dodgers).
1946 – Los Angeles (previously Cleveland) Rams play first NFL game in LA.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Feudin’ and Fightin’” by Dorothy Shay, “I Wish I Didn’t Love You So” by Vaughn Monroe, “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” by Perry Como and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1947 – Dizzy Gillespie presented his first Carnegie Hall concert in New York
1947 – First World Series televised.
1950 – The first automatic telephone answering machine was tested by the Bell Telephone Company.
1951 – First color telecast of football game on network, Philadelphia (CBS).
1951 – S B Nicholson discovers 12th satellite of Jupiter.
1951 – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett topped the charts.
1953 – Milton Berle Show premiers.
1953 – “Make Room for Daddy”, starring Danny Thomas, debuted this day on ABC-TV.
1954 – The movie musical “A Star Is Born,” starring Judy Garland and James Mason, had its world premiere at the Pantages Theater in Hollywood.
1954 – New York Giants centerfielder Willie Mays made a spectacular World Series catch. He raced back to deep center field in the Polo Grounds to make an over-the-head catch of Indian Vic Wertz’s 462-foot drive in the 8th with the score tied at 2-2.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Yellow Rose of Texas” by Mitch Miller, “Love is a Many Splendored Thing” by The Four Aces, “Tina Marie” by Perry Como and “I Don’t Care” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1955 – The Arthur Miller play “A View From the Bridge” opened at the Coronet Theater in New York City.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1956 – RCA Victor, by this day, had received 856,327 advance orders for “Love Me Tender” by Elvis Presley.
1957 – The Brooklyn Dodgers played their last game before moving to Los Angeles, losing to the Phillies 2-1 in Philadelphia.
1957 – The New York Giants played their final game at the Polo Grounds and defeated the Pirates 9-1. They would next appear as the San Francisco Giants.
1958 – “It’s All in the Game” by Tommy Edwards topped the charts.
1960 – “My Three Sons” debuted on ABC-TV.
1962 – “Sherry” by the Four Seasons topped the charts.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy nationalized the Mississippi National guard in response to city officials defying federal court orders. The orders had been to enroll James Meredith at the University of Mississippi.
1962 – “My Fair Lady” closed after a 6½ year run on Broadway. The show, at the time, held the record for the longest-running musical.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Blue Velvet” by Bobby Vinton, “Sally, Go ’Round the Roses” by The Jaynetts ,“Be My Baby” by The Ronettes and “Abilene” by George Hamilton IV all topped the charts.
1963 – Cardinal’s Stan Musial’s final game, gets his 3,630th hit.
1963 – “My Favorite Martian” premiered on CBS-TV.
1963 – “The Judy Garland Show” premiered on CBS-TV.
1965 – Vietnam War: Hanoi publishes the text of a letter it has written to the Red Cross claiming that since there is no formal state of war, U.S. pilots shot down over the North will not receive the rights of prisoners of war (POWs) and will be treated as war criminals.
1967 – “I Heard it Through the Grapevine” was released by Gladys Knight & the Pips.
1969 – “Love American Style,” premiers on ABC.
1969 – Steve O’Neal of NY Jets, kicks longest NFL punt; 98 yards vs Denver
1970 – Egyptian Vice President Anwar el-Sadat was sworn-in as the president of Egypt following the death of Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Go Away Little Girl” by Donny Osmond, “Maggie Mae/Reason to Believe” by Rod Stewart, “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” by Joan Baez and “The Year That Clayton Delaney Died” by Tom T. Hall all topped the charts.
1973 – “We’re an American Band” by the Grand Funk Railroad topped the charts.
1977 – Eva Shain became the first woman to officiate a heavyweight title boxing match. About 70 million people watched Muhammad Ali defeat Ernie Shavers on NBC-TV.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Sharona” by The Knack, “Sad Eyes” by Robert John, “Rise” by Herb Alpert and “It Must Be Love” by Don Williams all topped the charts.
1982 – Seven people in the Chicago area died after taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules poisoned with cyanide. A suspect for the murders (as of 2013) was never found. The incident led to safety seals on most consumer products. 264,000 bottles were recalled.
1983 – On the Great White Way, “A Chorus Line” became the longest-running show on Broadway, with performance number 3,389.
1983 – The War Powers Act was used for the first time by the U.S. Congress when they authorized President Reagan to keep U.S. Marines in Lebanon for 18 more months.
1984 – “Let’s Go Crazy” by Prince & the Revolution topped the charts.
1985 – “MacGyver” debuted on ABC and it lasted seven seasons, ending its run on August 8, 1992.
1986 – Cubs Greg Maddux defeats Phillies Mike Maddux (first rookie brothers.)
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston, “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake, “Lost in Emotion” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam and “Three Time Loser” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1987 – “Thirtysomething” premiered on TV.
1987 – NY Yankee Don Mattingly hits record 6th grand slam of the year.
1988 – Space shuttle Discovery was the first manned flight to launch after the Challenger disaster.
1988 – Florence Griffith Joyner and Jackie Joyner-Kersee of the U.S. won their second gold medals of the Seoul Olympics, in the 200-meter and the long jump, respectively.
1988 – Stacy Allison became the first American woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1989 – Bruce Springsteen stopped in a small salon in Prescott, AZ, and played a few songs with the band. He overheard a woman talking about financial problems concerning her medical bills. A week later she received a check for $100,000 from Springsteen.
1989 – In California The Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989 was signed into law.
1990 – “(Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection” by Nelson topped the charts.
1990 – “Millie’s Book” by First Lady Barbara Bush was the best-selling non-fiction book by a First Lady in the U.S.
1990 – The YF22 fighter, an American prototype fighter aircraft designed by Northrop and McDonnell Douglas, was first flown by Lockheed test pilot Dave Ferguson.
1992 – Magic Johnson announced that he was returning to professional basketball. The comeback was ended the following November.
1994 – The first phase of jury selection in the O.J. Simpson murder trial ended, with a pool of 304 potential jurors chosen.
1994 – Gunmen in Italy fired at the rental car of the Green family of Bodega Bay, Ca., and killed their young boy, Nicholas Green. The parents donated his organs and saved seven lives in Italy.
1994 – The U.S. House voted to end the practice of lobbyist buying meals and entertainment for members of Congress.
1995 – The O.J. Simpson trial was sent to the jury.
1996 – The Nintendo 64 video game system, known as the first ‘true’ 64-bit system, hit North American shelves.
1997 – Oklahoma City bombing defendant Terry Nichols went on trial in the same courtroom in Denver where Timothy McVeigh was convicted and sentenced to die. Nichols was later convicted of involuntary manslaughter and conspiracy, but acquitted of murder and weapons-related counts; he was sentenced to life in prison.
1997 – A 10,000 gallon oil spill occurred off the coast of Santa Barbara from an undersea pipeline to an offshore oil platform.
1999 – Pres. Clinton signed a $28 billion Treasury and Postal Services spending bill that doubled the next president’s salary to $400k, gave a 3.4% raise to senators and representatives and a federal worker’s average raise of 4.8%.
1999 – A California appeals court ruled that gunmakers can be held responsible for the criminal use of their weapons. The ruling was made in association with the 1993 San Francisco massacre at 101 California. This was a mass shooting that took place July 1, 1993 in San Francisco, California, claiming the lives of nine people including the shooter.
2000 – US Navy pilot, Lt. Bruce Joseph Donald, was killed when his F/A-18C Hornet fighter crashed into the Persian Gulf.
2001 – Pres. Bush in his weekly radio address condemned the Taliban for sheltering terrorists and said: “We did not seek this conflict, but we will win it.”
2002 – West Coast ports faced the second lockout in two days as talks failed between the Pacific Maritime Assoc. and the International Longshoreman and Warehouse Workers Union ( ILWU),
2003 – NASA outlines plans for the Space Shuttle’s Replacement, a “Space Taxi“. The next-generation space vehicle is on the drawing boards now and NASA has just issued newly defined requirements.
2003 – US The Justice Department launched a full-blown criminal investigation into who leaked the name of CIA officer Valerie Plame, the wife of ex-Ambassador Joseph Wilson, and President Bush the next day directed his White House staff to cooperate fully.
2003 – President Bush signed legislation to ratify the Federal Trade Commission’s authority to set up a national do-not-call list for telemarketers.
2004 – A US federal judge ruled that a section of the Patriot Act, that allowed the search of phone and Internet records, was unconstitutional.
2004 – Mike Melvill piloted SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan, climbed to 337,500 feet in the first leg of an attempt to capture the $10 million X Prize. The prize required a second success within two weeks.
2005 – Supreme Court Justice John Glover Roberts Jr., confirmed by the Senate to lead the Supreme Court, became the 17th Chief Justice of the US by a vote of 78-22.
2005 – NY Times reporter Judith Miller was released from 85 days of federal detention after agreeing to testify in a criminal probe into the leak of a covert CIA officer’s identity, Valerie Plame.
2005 – The Oregon Supreme Court held yesterday that its State Constitution protects live sex shows and nude dancing, also voiding a 4′ limitation.
2006 – The HiRISE camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter takes its first low-orbit, high-resolution pictures of Mars.
2006 – US Rep. Mark Foley, a prominent House Republican from Florida, resigned after the revelation that he exchanged raunchy electronic messages with a teenage boy, a former congressional page.
2006 – In Oakland, Ca., Anthony J. Quintero, a Brink’s security guard and former Marine, was shot dead during a daylight robbery. Quintero’s partner, Clifton Wherry Jr. (28), was soon arrested for the murder and admitted that he had planned the robbery.
2006 – In Cazenovia, Wisconsin, Eric Hainstock (15) walked into Weston High School with a shotgun. The principal confronted him in a corridor and was shot and killed.
2006 – The last game for the Playstation came out.
2007 – Robert Levy, mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey, disappears on after being found to have embellished his Vietnam War record.He vanished for two weeks amid allegations that he lied about his military service and illegally collected veterans’ benefits.
2007 – Iran declares the US Army and CIA, “terrorist organisations”, countering claims by America about their own armed forces.
2008 – The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposed bailout of the U.S. financial system.
2008 – US Attorney General Michael Mukasey announces the appointment of a special prosecutor to investigate the firings of nine U.S. attorneys in 2006.
2008 – Scientists reported that NASA’s Phoenix spacecraft has discovered evidence of past water at its Martian landing site and spotted falling snow for the first time.
2009 – An 8.3 magnitude earthquake strikes the Samoa Islands, triggering a tsunami that kills at least twenty in the nation of Samoa and another fourteen in American Samoa.
2009 – Norman Hsu (58), former US Democratic fundraiser, was sentenced to over 24 years in prison for fraud and breaking campaign finance laws.
2009 – Toyota Motor Corp. issued its largest-ever US recall, involving 3.8 million vehicles. Toyota and the government warned owners to remove the mats from their vehicles that could cause accelerators to get stuck and lead to a crash.
2010 – Astronomers discover the first Earth analog extrasolar planet that may be capable of supporting life, Gliese 581 g, located within the habitable zone and orbiting Gliese 581, a red dwarf star twenty light years from the solar system.
2010 – US District Court for the Northern District of California judge Jeremy D. Fogel stays the execution of sex killer Albert Greenwood Brown who was due to be executed on Thursday.
2012 – Iran accuses the United States of “double standards” over the U.S.’ delisting of the Mujahideen-e Khalq as a terrorist entity.
1388 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
1547 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (d. 1843)
1842 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
1907 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
1939 – Tommy Boyce, songwriter, Boyce and Hart, The Monkees
1943 – Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American television personality
MICHAEL A. MONSOOR
Rank and organization: Petty Officer 2nd Class (SEAL), United States Navy Place and date: southern Ar Ramadi, September 29th, 2006. Entered service at: Long Beach, CA. Birth: April 5, 1981, Long Beach, CA. Summary of Actions: Petty Officer Michael A. Monsoor distinguished himself through conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a Combat Advisor and Automatic Weapons Gunner for Naval Special Warfare Task Group Arabian Peninsula in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom on 29 September 2006. He displayed great personal courage and exceptional bravery while conducting operations in enemy held territory at Ar Ramadi Iraq.
During Operation Kentucky Jumper, a combined Coalition battalion clearance and isolation operation in southern Ar Ramadi, he served as automatic weapons gunner in a combined SEAL and Iraqi Army (IA) sniper overwatch element positioned on a residential rooftop in a violent sector and historical stronghold for insurgents. In the morning, his team observed four enemy fighters armed with AK-47s reconnoitering from roads in the sector to conduct follow-on attacks. SEAL snipers from his roof engaged two of them which resulted in one enemy wounded in action and one enemy killed in action. A mutually supporting SEAL/IA position also killed an enemy fighter during the morning hours. After the engagements, the local populace blocked off the roads in the area with rocks to keep civilians away and to warn insurgents of the presence of his Coalition sniper element. Additionally, a nearby mosque called insurgents to arms to fight Coalition Forces.
In the early afternoon, enemy fighters attacked his position with automatic weapons fire from a moving vehicle. The SEALs fired back and stood their ground. Shortly thereafter, an enemy fighter shot a rocket-propelled grenade at his building. Though well-acquainted with enemy tactics in Ar Ramadi, and keenly aware that the enemy would continue to attack, the SEALs remained on the battlefield in order to carry out the mission of guarding the western flank of the main effort.
Due to expected enemy action, the officer in charge repositioned him with his automatic heavy machine gun in the direction of the enemy’s most likely avenue of approach. He placed him in a small, confined sniper hide-sight between two SEAL snipers on an outcropping of the roof, which allowed the three SEALs maximum coverage of the area. He was located closest to the egress route out of the sniper hide-sight watching for enemy activity through a tactical periscope over the parapet wall. While vigilantly watching for enemy activity, an enemy fighter hurled a hand grenade onto the roof from an unseen location. The grenade hit him in the chest and bounced onto the deck. He immediately leapt to his feet and yelled “grenade” to alert his teammates of impending danger, but they could not evacuate the sniper hide-sight in time to escape harm. Without hesitation and showing no regard for his own life, he threw himself onto the grenade, smothering it to protect his teammates who were lying in close proximity. The grenade detonated as he came down on top of it, mortally wounding him.
Petty Officer Monsoor’s actions could not have been more selfless or clearly intentional. Of the three SEALs on that rooftop corner, he had the only avenue of escape away from the blast, and if he had so chosen, he could have easily escaped. Instead, Monsoor chose to protect his comrades by the sacrifice of his own life. By his courageous and selfless actions, he saved the lives of his two fellow SEALs and he is the most deserving of the special recognition afforded by awarding the Medal of Honor.
*CHRISTIANSON, STANLEY R.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Seoul, Korea, September 29th, 1950. Entered service at: Mindoro, Wis. Born: 24 January 1925, Mindoro, Wis. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company E, in action against enemy aggressor forces at Hill 132, in the early morning hours. Manning one of the several listening posts covering approaches to the platoon area when the enemy commenced the attack, Pfc. Christianson quickly sent another Marine to alert the rest of the platoon. Without orders, he remained in his position and, with full knowledge that he would have slight chance of escape, fired relentlessly at oncoming hostile troops attacking furiously with rifles, automatic weapons, and incendiary grenades. Accounting for seven enemy dead in the immediate vicinity before his position was overrun and he himself fatally struck down, Pfc. Christianson, by his superb courage, valiant fighting spirit, and devotion to duty, was responsible for allowing the rest of the platoon time to man positions, build up a stronger defense on that flank, and repel the attack with forty-one of the enemy destroyed, many more wounded, and three taken prisoner. His self-sacrificing actions in the face of overwhelming odds sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. Pfc. Christianson gallantly gave his life for his country.
ADKINSON, JOSEPH B.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 119th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Bellicourt, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at:Memphis,Tenn. Born:4 January 1892,Egypt, Tenn. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: When murderous machinegun fire at a range of fifty yards had made it impossible for his platoon to advance, and had caused the platoon to take cover Sgt. Adkinson alone, with the greatest intrepidity, rushed across the fifty yards of open ground directly into the face of the hostile machinegun kicked the gun from the parapet into the enemy trench, and at the point of the bayonet captured the three men manning the gun. The gallantry and quick decision of this soldier enabled the platoon to resume its advance.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Machine Gun Company, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Le Catelet, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Summit, N.J. Birth: Saranac Lake, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from their platoon by a smoke barrage, Sgt. Eggers, Sgt. John C. Latham and Cpl. Thomas E. O’Shea took cover in a shell hole well within the enemy’s lines. Upon hearing a call for help from an American tank, which had become disabled thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shelter and started toward the tank, under heavy fire from German machineguns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area Cpl. O’Shea was mortally wounded, but his companions, undeterred, proceeded to the tank, rescued a wounded officer, and assisted two wounded soldiers to cover in a sap of a nearby trench. Sgt. Eggers and Sgt. Latham then returned to the tank in the face of the violent fire, dismounted a Hotchkiss gun, and took it back to where the wounded men were, keeping off the enemy all day by effective use of the gun and later bringing it, with the wounded men, back to our lines under cover of darkness.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company G, 108th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Ronssoy, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Niagara Falls, N.Y. Birth: Buffalo, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pfc. Gaffney, an automatic rifleman, pushing forward alone, after all the other members of his squad had been killed, discovered several Germans placing a heavy machinegun in position. He killed the crew, captured the gun, bombed several dugouts, and, after killing four more of the enemy with his pistol, held the position until reinforcements came up, when eighty prisoners were captured.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: In the Bois-de-Forges, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 24 October 1879, San Raphael, Calif. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: When the advancing line was held up by machinegun fire, 1st Sgt. Gumpertz left the platoon of which he was in command and started with two other soldiers through a heavy barrage toward the machinegun nest. His two companions soon became casualties from bursting shells, but 1st Sgt. Gumpertz continued on alone in the face of direct fire from the machinegun, jumped into the nest and silenced the gun, capturing nine of the crew.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Machine Gun Company, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Le Catelet, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered .service at: Rutherford, N.J. Born: 3 March 1888, Windemere, England. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from their platoon by a smoke barrage, Sgt. Latham, Sgt. Alan L. Eggers, and Cpl. Thomas E. O’Shea took cover in a shellhole well within the enemy’s lines. Upon hearing a call for help from an American tank which had become disabled thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shelter and started toward the tank under heavy fire from German machineguns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area, Cpl. O’Shea was mortally wounded, but his companions, undeterred, proceeded to the tank, rescued a wounded officer, and assisted two wounded soldiers to cover in the sap of a nearby trench. Sgts. Latham and Eggers then returned to the tank in the face of the violent fire, dismounted a Hotchkiss gun, and took it back to where the wounded men were keeping off the enemy all day by effective use of the gun and later bringing it with the wounded men back to our lines under cover of darkness.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 119th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Bellicourt, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Crossville, Tenn. Birth: Marshalltown, lowa. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: Seeing that the left flank of his company was held up, he located the enemy machinegun emplacement, which had been causing heavy casualties. In the face of heavy fire he rushed it single-handed, killing the entire crew with grenades. Continuing along the enemy trench in advance of the company, he reached another emplacement, which he also charged, silencing the gun with grenades. A third machinegun emplacement opened up on him from the left and with similar skill and bravery he destroyed this also. Later, in company with another sergeant, he attacked a fourth machinegun nest, being killed as he reached the parapet of the emplacement. His courageous action in destroying in turn four enemy machinegun nests prevented many casualties among his company and very materially aided in achieving the objective.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 27th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service. Place and date: Near Murvaux, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 19 May 1897, Phoenix, Ariz. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: After having previously destroyed a number of enemy aircraft within seventeen days he voluntarily started on a patrol after German observation balloons. Though pursued by eight German planes which were protecting the enemy balloon line, he unhesitatingly attacked and shot down in flames three German balloons, being himself under heavy fire from ground batteries and the hostile planes. Severely wounded, he descended to within fifty meters of the ground, and flying at this low altitude near the town of Murvaux opened fire upon enemy troops, killing six and wounding as many more. Forced to make a landing and surrounded on all sides by the enemy, who called upon him to surrender, he drew his automatic pistol and defended himself gallantly until he fell dead from a wound in the chest.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Machine Gun Company, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Le Catelet, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Summit, N.J. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from their platoon by a smoke barrage, Cpl. O’Shea, with two other soldiers, took cover in a shell hole well within the enemy’s lines. Upon hearing a call for help from an American tank, which had become disabled thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shelter and started toward the tank under heavy fire from German machineguns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area Cpl. O’Shea was mortally wounded and died of his wounds shortly afterwards.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Near Binarville, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Bartlett, N. Dak. Birth: Rockford, Ill. G.O. NO.: 49, W.D., 1922. Citation: When communication from the forward regimental post of command to the battalion leading the advance had been interrupted temporarily by the infiltration of small parties of the enemy armed with machineguns, Lt. Col. Smith personally led a party of two other officers and ten soldiers, and went forward to reestablish runner posts and carry ammunition to the front line. The guide became confused and the party strayed to the left flank beyond the outposts of supporting troops, suddenly coming under fire from a group of enemy machineguns only fifty yards away. Shouting to the other members of his party to take cover this officer, in disregard of his danger, drew his pistol and opened fire on the German guncrew. About this time he fell, severely wounded in the side, but regaining his footing, he continued to fire on the enemy until most of the men in his party were out of danger. Refusing first-aid treatment he then made his way in plain view of the enemy to a handgrenade dump and returned under continued heavy machinegun fire for the purpose of making another attack on the enemy emplacements. As he was attempting to ascertain the exact location of the nearest nest, he again fell, mortally wounded .
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company D, 107th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: East of Ronssoy, France, September 29th, 1918. Entered service at: Ogdensburg N.Y. Born: 5 February 1895, Cassino, Italy. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., i929. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy during the operations against the Hindenburg line, east of Ronssoy, France, 29 September 1918. Finding the advance of his organization held up by a withering enemy machinegun fire, Pvt. Valente volunteered to go forward. With utter disregard of his own personal danger, accompanied by another soldier, Pvt. Valente rushed forward through an intense machinegun fire directly upon the enemy nest, killing two and capturing five of the enemy and silencing the gun. Discovering another machinegun nest close by which was pouring a deadly fire on the American forces, preventing their advance, Pvt. Valente and his companion charged upon this strong point, killing the gunner and putting this machinegun out of action. Without hesitation they jumped into the enemy’s trench, killed two and captured sixteen German soldiers. Pvt. Valente was later wounded and sent to the rear.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation. Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Captain, Troop D, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near White River Agency, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at: Danvers, Mass. Born: 11 September 1842, Danvers, Mass. Date of issue: 2 April 1898. Citation: With a force of forty men rode all night to the relief of a command that had been defeated and was besieged by an overwhelming force of Indians, reached the field at daylight, joined in the action and fought for three days.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: England, Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th to October 5th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Dover, N.H. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: The command being almost out of ammunition and surrounded on three sides by the enemy, he voluntarily brought up a supply under heavy flre at almost point blank range.
Rank and organization: Farrier, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Bristol, R.l. Date of issue: 7 June 1880. Citation: Coolness and steadiness under fire; volunteered to accompany a small detachment on a very dangerous mission.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Augusta, Maine. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 7 June 1880. Citation: Though painfully wounded, he remained on duty and rendered gallant and valuable service.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, to October 5th 1879. Entered Service at: ———. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Wayne County, Pa. Date of issue: 23 April 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Tariffville, Conn. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Bravery in action.
Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Troop D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 12 December 1894. Citation: With nine others voluntarily attacked and captured a strong position held by Indians.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th to October 5th 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio. Date of issue: 27 lanuary 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Company I, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: Bellefontaine, Ohio. Birth: Bellefontaine, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Lewistown, Pa. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action with Indians.
ROACH, HAMPTON M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th to October 5th 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Concord, La. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Erected breastworks under fire; also kept the command supplied with water three consecutive nights while exposed to fire from ambushed Indians at close range.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., September 29th, 1879. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 4 May 1880. Citation: Volunteered to accompany a small detachment on a very dangerous mission.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., September 29th, 1872. Citation: Distinguished conduct in action with Indians, Red River, Tex.
APPLETON, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864; At New Market Heights, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, N.H. Born: 24 March 1843, Chichester, N.H. Date of issue: 18 February 1891. Citation: The first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy’s works at Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864. Valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Va., inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 96th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Fort Ann, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantry in placing the colors of his regiment on the fort.
BARNES, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: St. Marys County, Md. Date of issue 6 April 1865. Citation: Among the first to enter the enemy’s works; although wounded.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio. Birth: Richmond, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.
Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 9th Maine Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Bangor, Maine. Birth: Bangor, Maine. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took a guidon from the hands of the bearer, mortally wounded, and advanced with it nearer to the battery than any other man.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Pa. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Planted first national colors on the fortifications.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 10th New Hampshire Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Kingston, N.H. Birth: Boston, Mass. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
BRONSON, JAMES H.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio. Birth: Indiana County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.
*BUCHANAN, GEORGE A.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 148th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Ontario County, N.Y. Birth: New York. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took position in advance of the skirmish line and drove the enemy’s cannoneers from their guns; was mortally wounded.
BUCK, F. CLARENCE
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 21st Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Windsor Conn. Birth: Hartford, Conn. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: A;though wounded, refused to leave the field until the fight closed.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 19 April 1892. Citation: Led his regiment in the charge, carrying the colors of another regiment, and when severely wounded in the right arm, incurring loss of same, he shifted the colors to the left hand, which also became disabled by a gunshot wound.
EDGERTON, NATHAN H.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant and Adjutant, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 30 March 1898. Citation: Took up the flag after three color bearers had been shot down and bore it forward, though himself wounded.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 55th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Chest Springs, Pa. Birth: Cambria County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantry in the charge on the enemy’s works: rushing forward with the colors and calling upon the men to follow him; was severely wounded.
FLEETWOOD, CHRISTIAN A.
Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 4th U.S. Colored Troops, Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Baltimore, Md. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Seized the colors, after two color bearers had been shot down, and bore them nobly through the fight.
Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 36th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Gloucester, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Rushed in advance of his brigade, shot a rebel officer who was on the parapet rallying his men, and then ran him through with his bayonet.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 47th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Fell dead while planting the colors of his regiment on the enemy’s works.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Reading, Pa. Birth: Reading, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: First to plant the colors of his State on the fortifications.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantry in advancing to the ditch of the enemy’s works.
HARRIS, JAMES H.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At New Market Heights, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: St. Marys County, Md. Date of issue: 18 February 1874. Citation: Gallantry in the assault.
HAWKINS, THOMAS R.
Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio. Date of issue: 8 February 1870. Citation: Rescue of regimental colors.
HICKOK, NATHAN E.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 8th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Danbury, Conn. Birth: Danbury, Conn. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
HILTON, ALFRED B.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date. At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Harford County, Md. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: When the regimental color bearer fell, this soldier seized the color and carried it forward, together with the national standard, until disabled at the enemy’s inner line.
HOLLAND, MILTON M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Athens, Ohio. Born: 1844, Austin, Tex. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of Company C, after all the officers had been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.
HORNE, SAMUEL B.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company H, 11th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Winsted, Conn. Born: 3 March 1843, Ireland Date of issue: 19 November 1897. Citation: While acting as an aide and carrying an important message, was severely wounded and his horse killed but delivered the order and rejoined his general.
Rank and organization: 1st Sergeant, Company B, 139th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864; At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: France. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: Voluntarily went between the lines under a heavy fire at Petersburg, Va., to the assistance of a wounded and helpless officer, whom he carried within the Union lines. At Fort Harrison, Va., seized the regimental color, the color bearer and guard having been shot down, and, rushing forward, planted it upon the fort in full view of the entire brigade.
JOHNSON, JOSEPH E.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Born: 5 February 1843, Lower Merion, Montgomery County, Pa. Date of issue: 1 April 1898. Citation: Though twice severely wounded while advancing in the assault, he disregarded his injuries and was among the first to enter the fort, where he was wounded for the third time.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth. Pennsylvania. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Gallantly seized the colors, which had fallen near the enemy’s lines of abatis, raised them and rallied the men at a time of confusion and in a place of the greatest danger.
KRAMER, THEODORE L.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Danville, Pa. Birth: Luzerne County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took one of the first prisoners, a captain.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Hempstead, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Was among the first to scale the parapet.
McKOWN, NATHANIEL A.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Susquehanna County, Pa. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Brooklyn N.Y. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Led a section of his men on the enemy’s works, receiving a wound while scaling a parapet.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Massillon, Ohio. Born: 1 March 1843, Stark County, Ohio. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took command of his company after all the officers had been killed or wounded and gallantly led it in battle.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: James County, Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation. Commanded and gallantly led his company after the commanding officer had been killed; was the first enlisted man to enter the enemy’s works.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Advanced to the ditch of the enemy’s works.
SHEA, JOSEPH H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 92d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Baltimore, Md. Date of issue: March 1866. Citation: Gallantry in bringing wounded from the field under heavy fire.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 112th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Mina, N.Y. Birth: Mina, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having fallen, and carried them through the first charge; also, in the second charge, after all the color guards had been killed or wounded he carried the colors up to the enemy’s works, where he fell wounded.
VAN WINKLE, EDWARD (EDWIN)
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 148th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Phelps, N.Y. Birth: Phelps, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Took position in advance of the skirmish line and drove the enemy’s cannoneers from their guns.
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, Va. Birth: Portsmouth Va. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Seized the national colors after 2 color bearers had been shot down close to the enemy’s works, and bore them through the remainder of the battle.
*WELLS, HENRY S.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 148th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864. Entered service at: Phelps, N.Y. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: With two comrades, took position in advance of the skirmish line, within short distance of the enemy’s gunners, and drove them from their guns.
Ask a Stupid Question Day
THEY SAID IT DID NOT MATTER, NONE OF IT MATTERED…
THAT’S WHAT THEY SAID
THEY REMAINED SMUG, AND SCATTERED…
TIL THE LADY LAY DEAD (Statue of Liberty)
When Obama wrote a book and said he was mentored as a youth by Frank (Frank Marshall Davis), an avowed Communist, people said it didn’t matter.
When it was discovered that his grandparents were strong socialist, sent Obama’s mother to a socialist school and introduced Frank Marshall Davis to young Obama, people said it didn’t matter.
When people found out that he was enrolled as a Muslim child in school and his father and step father were both Muslims, people said it didn’t matter.
When he wrote in another book he authored I will stand with them (Muslims) should the political winds shift in an ugly direction, people said it didn’t matter.
When in his book Obama admittedly said he chose Marxist friends and professors in college, people said it didn’t matter.
When he traveled to Pakistan after college on an unknown national passport, people said it didn’t matter.
When he sought the endorsement of the Marxist party in 1996 as he ran for the Illinois Senate, people said it didn’t matter.
When Obama sat in a Chicago Church for twenty years and listened to a preacher spew hatred for America and preach black liberation theology, people said it didn’t matter.
When an independent Washington organization that tracks senate voting records gave him the distinctive title as the most liberal senator, people said it didn’t matter.
When the Palestinians in Gaza set up a fund raising telethon to raise money for his election campaign, people said it didn’t matter.
When his voting record supported gun control, people said it didn’t matter.
When he refused to disclose who donated money to his election campaign as other candidates had done people said it didn’t matter.
When he received endorsements from people like Louis Farrakhan and Moammar
Kadafi and Hugo Chavez, people said it didn’t matter.
When it was pointed out that he was a total newcomer and had absolutely no experience at anything except community organizing, people said it didn’t matter.
When he chose friends and acquaintances such as Bill Ayers and Bernadine Dohrn who were revolutionary radicals, people said it didn’t matter..
When his voting record in the Illinois Senate and in the U.S. Senate came into question, people said it didn’t matter.
When he refused to wear a flag lapel pin and did so only after a public outcry, people said it didn’t matter.
When people started treating him as a Messiah and children in schools were taught to sing his praises, people said it didn’t matter.
When he stood with his hands over his groin area for the playing of the National Anthem and Pledge of Allegiance, people said it didn’t matter.
When he surrounded himself in the White house with advisors who were pro gun control, pro abortion, pro homosexual marriage and wanting to curtail freedom of speech to silence the opposition, people said it didn’t matter.
When he aired his views on abortion, homosexuality and a host of other issues, people said it didn’t matter.
When he said he favors sex education in Kindergarten including homosexual indoctrination, people said it didn’t matter.
When his background was either scrubbed or hidden and nothing could be found about him, people said it didn’t matter.
When the place of his birth was called into question and he refused to produce a birth certificate, people said it didn’t matter.
When he had an association in Chicago with Tony Rezko, a man of questionable character who is now in prison and had helped Obama to a sweet deal on the purchase of his home, people said it didn’t matter.
When it became known that George Soros, a multi-billionaire Marxist, spent a fortune to get him elected, people said it didn’t matter.
When he started appointing czars who are radicals, revolutionaries, and even avowed Marxist/Communist, people said it didn’t matter.
When he stood before the nation and told us that his intentions were to fundamentally transform this nation into something else, people said it didn’t matter.
When it became known that he had trained ACORN workers in Chicago and served as an attorney for ACORN, people said it didn’t matter.
When he appointed a cabinet members and several advisers who were tax cheats and Marxists, people said it didn’t matter.
When he appointed a science czar, John Holdren, who believes in forced abortions, mass sterilizations and seizing babies from teen mothers, people said it didn’t matter.
When he appointed Cass Sunstein as regulatory czar and he believes in Explicit Consent harvesting human organs without family consent and to allow animals to be represented in court while banning all hunting, people said it didn’t matter..
When he appointed Kevin Jennings a homosexual, and organizer of a group called gay, lesbian, and Transgender Education network as safe school czar and it became known that he had a history of bad advice to teenagers, people said it didn’t matter.
When he appointed Mark Lloyd as diversity czar and he believed in curtailing free speech, taking from one and giving to another to spread the wealth and admires Hugo Chavez, people said it didn’t matter.
When Valerie Jarrett was selected as Obama’s senior White House adviser and she is an avowed Socialist, MAO ADMIRER, people said it didn’t matter.
When Anita Dunn, White House Communications director said Mao Tse Tung was her favorite philosopher and the person she turned to most for inspiration, people said it didn’t matter.
When he appointed Carol Browner as global warming czar, and she is a well known socialist working on Cap and Trade as the nation’s largest tax, people said it doesn’t matter.
When he appointed Van Jones, an ex-con and avowed Communist as green energy czar who was forced to resign when Jones history was made known, by a patriot, Glenn Beck, people said it didn’t matter.
When Tom Daschle, Obama’s pick for health and human services secretary, could not be confirmed because he was a tax cheat, people said it didn’t matter.
When as a counterfeit president of the United States Obama bowed to the King of Saudi Arabia, people said it didn’t matter.
When he traveled around the world criticizing America and never once talking of her greatness, people said it didn’t matter.
When his actions concerning the Middle East seemed to support the Palestinians over America’s long time friend Israel, people said it doesn’t matter.
When he took American tax dollars to resettle thousands of Palestinians from Gaza to the United States, people said it doesn’t matter.
When he upset the Europeans by removing plans for a missile defense system against the Russians, people said it doesn’t matter.
When Obama played politics in Afghanistan by not sending our troops what field commanders said we needed to win, people said it didn’t matter.
When he started spending us into a debt that was so big we could not pay it off, people said it didn’t matter.
When he took a huge spending bill under the guise of stimulus and used it to pay off organizations, unions and individuals that got him elected, people said it didn’t matter.
When he took over insurance companies, car companies, banks and other financial institutions, people said it didn’t matter.
When he took away student loans from the banks and put it through the government, people said it didn’t matter.
When he designed plans to take over the health care system and put it under government control, people said it didn’t matter.
When he set into motion a plan to take over the control of all energy in the United States through Cap and Trade, people said it didn’t matter.
When he finally completed his transformation of America into a Socialist State people finally woke up but it was too late.
…and, when We the People stood massively against socialized medicine he told his congress “THOSE PEOPLE DON’T MATTER”
“A person without ambition is dead. A person with ambition but no love is dead. A person with ambition and love for his blessings here on earth is ever so alive.”
commodious kuh-MOH-dee-us, adjective:
Comfortably or conveniently spacious; roomy; as, a commodious house.
Commodious derives from the Latin commodus, “conforming to measure, hence convenient or fit for a particular purpose,” from com-, “with” + modus, “measure.”
48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt (may have occurred September 29, records unclear).
1066 – William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
1528 – A Spanish fleet sank in Florida hurricane; 380 died.
1542 – Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California.
1678 – “Pilgrim’s Progress” by John Bunyan (b.1628) was published.
1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the Siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the Revolutionary War.
1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the Congress to be sent to the State legislatures for approval.
1820 – The tomato is publicly proven safe when Robert Johnson eats a bushel (24 kg) of tomatoes in Salem, Massachusetts.
1822 – Sloop-of-war Peacock captures five pirate vessels.
1850 – The U.S. Navy abolished flogging as a form of punishment.
1850 – U.S. President Millard Fillmore named Brigham Young the first governor of the Utah territory. In 1857, U.S. President James Buchanan removed Young from the position.
1858 – Donati’s comet becomes the first to be photographed.
1863 – Union Generals Alexander M. McCook and Thomas Crittenden lose their commands and are ordered to Indianapolis, Indiana, to face a court of inquiry following the Federal defeat at Chickamauga, Tennessee.
1867 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
1868 – A mob of Democrats massacred nearly 300 Black Republicans in Opelousas, Louisiana, St. Landry Parish. The savagery began when racist Democrats attacked a newspaper editor, a white Republican and schoolteacher for ex-slaves. Several Blacks rushed to the assistance of their friend, and in response, Democrats went on a “Negro hunt,” killing every Black (all of whom were Republicans) in the area that they could find.
1874 – Colonel Ranald Mackenzie (d.1889) raided a war camp of Comanche and Kiowa at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their horses.
1892 – The first nighttime football game in the U.S. took place under electric lights. The game was between the Mansfield State Normal School and the Wyoming Seminary.
1900 – Marines withdrew from Peking after the Boxer Rebellion.
1901 – At Balangiga on Samar Island, Philippine villagers surprised a the US military Company C, 9th Infantry Regiment. Church bells, used to signal the attack, were taken by the Americans. 38 of 74 US soldiers were killed.
1905 – Einstein’s paper on the special theory of relativity is published.
1906 – US troops reoccupied Cuba. They stayed until 1909.
1913 – Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi, killed 10 people.
1919 – Fastest major league game (51 mins), Giants beat Phillies 6-1.
1920 – Eight White Sox indicted, threw 1919 World Series (Black Sox scandal).
1924 – The first around-the-world flight was completed by two U.S. Army planes when they landed in Seattle, WA. The trip took 175 days.
1928 – Glen Gray’s Orchestra recorded “Under a Blanket of Blue.” Kenny Sargeant performed the vocals.
1930 – Lou Gehrig’s errorless streak ends at 885 consecutive games.
1936 – “Bachelor’s Children” debuted on CBS Radio.
1937 – President Franklin Roosevelt dedicated the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River in Oregon.
1939 – Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
1939 – “Fleischmann Hour” aired for the last time on radio.
1940 – The first of the fifty old American destroyers given to Britain arrives in the UK.
1942 – World War II: Development of two new aircraft–the B-35 Flying Wing and the B-36 Peacemaker–intended for bombing runs from bases in the United States to targets in Europe are given the highest priority.
1944 – WABD in New York City telecast the first full-length musical written for TV. “The Boys From Boise” aired on the DuMont network.
1944 – World War II : Battle of Arnhem – Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
1944 – World War II : Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “To Each His Own” by Eddy Howard, “Five Minutes More” by Tex Beneke, “South America, Take It Away” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters and “Wine, Women and Song” by Al Dexter all topped the charts.
1949 – “My Friend Irma” was the first of 12 films starring Dean Martin & Jerry Lewis.
1950 – Task Force Matthews, consisting of the 25th Reconnaissance Company and A Company, 79th Tank Battalion, liberated 86 half-starved American POWs in Namwon.
1952 – Korean War: At Panmunjom, the U.N. proposed three alternatives for a solution to the POW issue. The communists categorically reject voluntary repatriation.
1953 – The “Bob & Ray Show,” TV Variety, last aired on NBC.
1955 – The World Series was televised in color for the first time. The game was between the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers.
1958 – “To Know Him Is To Love Him” by the Teddy Bears was released. The song was written and composed by 18-year old Phil Spector.
1959 – Explorer VI reveals an intense radiation belt around the Earth and took the first remote imaging TV pictures of Earth meteorological conditions.
1960 – “Millionaire,” last aired on CBS-TV.
1961 – “Dr. Kildare” premieres on NBC.
1961 – “Hazel” premiered on NBC-TV.
1963 – “She Loves You” by the Beatles was played on the radio by Murry The K in New York. It is believed that this was the first time a Beatles song was played in the U.S.
1963 – “Blue Velvet” by Bobby Vinton topped the charts.
1963 – “New Phil Silvers Show,” debuted on CBS-TV.
1964 – First deployment of Polaris A-3 missile on USS Daniel Webster (SSBN 626) from Charleston, SC.
1967 – Walter Washington elected first black mayor of Washington, DC.
1968 – The Atlanta Chiefs won the first North American Soccer League Championship.
1968 – Vietnam War: Battle begins for the Special Forces camp at Thuong Duc, situated between Da Nang and the Laotian border.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough” by Diana Ross, “Lookin’ Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light” by Creedence Clearwater Revival, “Julie, Do Ya Love Me” by Bobby Sherman and “There Must Be More to Love Than This” by Jerry Lee Lewis all topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: Weekly casualty figures are released that contain no U.S. fatalities for the first time since March 1965.
1973 – A bomb explosion blasted out windows, splintered furniture and crumpled metal air ducts early today in the Manhattan offices of the Latin American division of International Telephone and Telegraph Corp (ITT). No one was injured in the explosion at about 2:40 a.m. The building in New York City was bombed to protest ITT’s involvement in the September 11, 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
1976 – R&B singer Stevie Wonder releases the classic double album Songs in the Key of Life.
1976 – Muhammad Ali kept his world heavyweight boxing championship with a close 15-round decision over Ken Norton at New York’s Yankee Stadium.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Boogie Oogie Oogie” by A Taste of Honey, “Kiss You All Over” by Exile, “Hopelessly Devoted to You” by Olivia Newton-John and “I’ve Always Been Crazy” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1978 – Don Sherman, editor of Car & Driver, set a new Class E record in Utah. Driving the Mazda RX7 he reached a speed of 183.904 mph.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & The News, “Friends and Lovers” by Gloria Loring & Carl Anderson, “Walk This Way” by Run-D.M.C. and “In Love” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1987 – “Encounter at Farpoint”, the first episode of TV show Star Trek: The Next Generation airs.
1987 – Gladys Knight and Smokey Robinson were guests on the television show “$10,000 Pyramid.”
1991 – In response to U.S. President Bush’s reduction of U.S. nuclear arms Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised to reciprocate.
1991 – The Garth Brooks album “Ropin’ the Wind” became the first country album to debut at No. 1 on the Billboard pop chart.
1991 – “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & the Funky Bunch topped the charts.
1995 – Bobby Brown’s car was riddled with bullets in Boston’s Roxbury section. The gun battle killed his sister’s fiancé.
1996 – Landmark legislation to crack down on illegal immigrants in the United States won House passage as part of a giant federal spending bill.
1997 – The 103rd convention of the Audio Engineering Society (AES) was held in New York City, NY. The official debut of the DVD format was featured.
1997 – Newscaster David Brinkley, 74, retired after 54 years in broadcasting.
1998 – Hurricane Georges hit the Gulf Coast, weakening to a tropical storm but pouring rain at a pace of an inch per hour.
1999 – The Supreme Court agreed to decide whether a state can give visitation rights to grandparents when, after a divorce or some other family split, the children’s parents say no.
2000 – The Federal Drug Administration approved the use of RU-486 in the United States. The pill is used to induce an abortion.
2001 – Dr. Kenneth M. Berry of Pittsburgh filed a patent application for a system responsive to bioterrorism attacks. In 2004 the FBI probed him in relation to investigations on letters containing anthrax.
2001 – The FBI released a four-page document, handwritten in Arabic that served as a set of final instructions for the Sep 11 hijackers. Copies were found in a rental car, in the suitcase of Mohamed Atta and the wreckage of the UA plane that crashed in Pa.
2004 – The U.S. Federal Reserve and the U.S. Secret Service introduced the first newly redesigned $50 bill.
2004 – IBM said its still-unfinished BlueGene/L System, named for its ability to model the folding of human proteins, can sustain speeds of 360 teraflops. A teraflop is 1 trillion calculations per second. BlueGene/L reached full capacity in 2005.
2004 – Nate Olive and Sarah Jones arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border to complete the first known continuous hike of the 1,800-mile trail down the U.S. Pacific Coast. They started the trek on June 8.
2004 – A 6.0 earthquake shook central California, cracking pipes, breaking bottles of wine and knocking pictures from walls. The quake was centered about seven miles southeast of Parkfield, a town of 37 people known as California’s earthquake capital.
2005 – The September 2005 California wildfires began as a brush fire northwest of Los Angeles, California. Growing to more than 16,000 acres in 2 days, the blaze threatened homes, natural resources, power lines, and communications equipment in the Thousand Oaks region north of the Santa Monica Mountains.
2005 – A newly designed $10 bill was unveiled featuring splashes of orange, yellow and red to go with the traditional green. The bills will not actually go into circulation until early next year.
2007 – The government shut down NetBank Inc., an online bank with $2.5 billion in assets, due to excessive mortgage defaults.
2007 – A federal judge refused to block a new NYC city rule that requires taxi drivers to install global positioning systems and credit card machines in their cabs by Oct 1.
2007 – Traveler Carol Anne Gotbaum of New York died in a holding cell at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix; authorities say Gotbaum accidentally asphyxiated herself after being chained to a bench.
2008 – SpaceX Falcon 1 makes orbit, becoming the first privately developed liquid-fueled space launch vehicle to do so.
2008 – In San Francisco hundreds of thousands gathered for the 25th Folsom Street Fair, the world’s biggest celebration of leather, bondage and sexual fetish.
2010 – The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit permanently lifts an injunction thereby allowing the United States Government to fund embryonic stem cell research.
2010 – The Cincinnati Reds win the National League Central Championship.
2011 – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention links an outbreak of listeriosis that has caused 13 deaths and 72 illnesses in 18 states to infected cantaloupes from Colorado.
2011 – The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) filed a petition with the U.S. Supreme Court appealing the 11th Circuit’s Obamacare decision.
2012 – President Obama “issued a presidential memorandum waiving penalties under the Child Soldiers Protection Act of 2008 for Libya, South Sudan, and Yemen.” These penalties, that Congress put in place to prevent U.S. arms sales to countries determined by the State Department to be the worst abusers of child soldiers in their militaries.
2012 – The Obama administration issued a memo from the Department of Labor telling defense contractors not to provide legally-required notice to thousands of employees that they are about to be laid off, if automatic spending cuts agreed to by the President and the Congress take effect. A complete disregard for the law.
2014 – Miami Police announced Monday that 17-year-old Will Campbell has been arrested for the mass shooting that left fifteen people injured, including children, at a Miami night club.
2014 – Jim Spinella set a new record for a long target shot. The attempt was for 3600 yards or 36 football fields. He made the shot on his third attempt. The bullet took 7.2 seconds to make the flight.
551 BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)
58 BC – Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
1889 – Jack Fournier, baseball player (d. 1973)
1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
1915 – Ethel Rosenberg, American spy (d. 1953)
1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress
*BAUER, HAROLD WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 20 November 1908. Woodruff, Kans. Appointed from: Nebraska. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage as Squadron Commander of Marine Fighting Squadron 212 in the South Pacific Area during the period 10 May to 14 November 1942. Volunteering to pilot a fighter plane in defense of our positions on Guadalcanal, Lt. Col. Bauer participated in two air battles against enemy bombers and fighters outnumbering our force more than two to one, boldly engaged the enemy and destroyed one Japanese bomber in the engagement of September 28th, and shot down four enemy fighter planes in flames on October 3rd, leaving a fifth smoking badly. After successfully leading 26 planes on an over-water ferry flight of more than 600 miles on 16 October, Lt. Col. Bauer, while circling to land, sighted a squadron of enemy planes attacking the U.S.S. McFarland. Undaunted by the formidable opposition and with valor above and beyond the call of duty, he engaged the entire squadron and, although alone and his fuel supply nearly exhausted, fought his plane so brilliantly that 4 of the Japanese planes were destroyed before he was forced down by lack of fuel. His intrepid fighting spirit and distinctive ability as a leader and an airman, exemplified in his splendid record of combat achievement, were vital factors in the successful operations in the South Pacific Area.
*ROEDER, ROBERT E.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company G, 350th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division. Place and date: Mt. Battaglia, Italy, 27-September 28th, 1944. Entered service at: Summit Station, Pa. Birth: Summit Station, Pa. G.O. No.: 31, 17 April 1945. Citation: for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. Capt. Roeder commanded his company in defense of the strategic Mount Battaglia. Shortly after the company had occupied the hill, the Germans launched the first of a series of determined counterattacks to regain this dominating height. Completely exposed to ceaseless enemy artillery and small-arms fire, Capt. Roeder constantly circulated among his men, encouraging them and directing their defense against the persistent enemy. During the sixth counterattack, the enemy, by using flamethrowers and taking advantage of the fog, succeeded in overrunning the position Capt. Roeder led his men in a fierce battle at close quarters, to repulse the attack with heavy losses to the Germans. The following morning, while the company was engaged in repulsing an enemy counterattack in force, Capt. Roeder was seriously wounded and rendered unconscious by shell fragments. He was carried to the company command post, where he regained consciousness. Refusing medical treatment, he insisted on rejoining his men although in a weakened condition, Capt. Roeder dragged himself to the door of the command post and, picking up a rifle, braced himself in a sitting position. He began firing his weapon, shouted words of encouragement, and issued orders to his men. He personally killed two Germans before he himself was killed instantly by an exploding shell. Through Capt. Roeder’s able and intrepid leadership his men held Mount Battaglia against the aggressive and fanatical enemy attempts to retake this important and strategic height. His valorous performance is exemplary of the fighting spirit of the U.S. Army.
*MILLER, OSCAR F.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army, 361st Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Gesnes, France, September 28th, 1918. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Birth: Franklin County, Ark. G.O. No.: 16, W.D. 1919. Citation: After two days of intense physical and mental strain, during which Maj. Miller had led his battalion in the front line of the advance through the forest of Argonne, the enemy was met in a prepared position south of Gesnes. Though almost exhausted, he energetically reorganized his battalion and ordered an attack. Upon reaching open ground the advancing line began to waver in the face of machinegun fire from the front and flanks and direct artillery fire. Personally leading his command group forward between his front-line companies, Maj. Miller inspired his men by his personal courage, and they again pressed on toward the hostile position. As this officer led the renewed attack he was shot in the right leg, but he nevertheless staggered forward at the head of his command. Soon afterwards he was again shot in the right arm, but he continued the charge, personally cheering his troops on through the heavy machinegun fire. Just before the objective was reached he received a wound in the abdomen, which forced him to the ground, but he continued to urge his men on, telling them to push on to the next ridge and leave him where he lay. He died from his wounds a few days later.
SCHAFFNER, DWITE H.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 306th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Near St. Hubert’s Pavillion, Boureuilles, France, September 28th, 1918. Entered service at: Falls Creek, Pa. Birth: Arroya, Pa. G.O. No.: 15, W.D., 1923. Citation: He led his men in an attack on St. Hubert’s Pavillion through terrific enemy machinegun, rifle, and artillery fire and drove the enemy from a strongly held entrenched position after hand-to-hand fighting. His bravery and contempt for danger inspired his men, enabling them to hold fast in the face of 3 determined enemy counterattacks. His company’s position being exposed to enemy fire from both flanks, he made three efforts to locate an enemy machinegun which had caused heavy casualties. On his third reconnaissance he discovered the gun position and personally silenced the gun, killing or wounding the crew. The third counterattack made by the enemy was initiated by the appearance of a small detachment in advance of the enemy attacking wave. When almost within reach of the American front line the enemy appeared behind them, attacking vigorously with pistols, rifles, and handgrenades, causing heavy casualties in the American platoon. 1st Lt. Schaffner mounted the parapet of the trench and used his pistol and grenades killing a number of enemy soldiers, finally reaching the enemy officer leading the attacking forces, a captain, shooting and mortally wounding the latter with his pistol, and dragging the captured officer back to the company’s trench, securing from him valuable information as to the enemy’s strength and position. The information enabled 1st Lt. Schaffner to maintain for five hours the advanced position of his company despite the fact that it was surrounded on three sides by strong enemy forces. The undaunted bravery, gallant soldierly conduct, and leadership displayed by 1st Lt. Schaffner undoubtedly saved the survivors of the company from death or capture.
Corporal Stowers, a native of Anderson County, South Carolina, distinguished himself by exceptional heroism on September 28th, 1918, while serving as a squad leader in Company C, 371st Infantry Regiment, 93rd Infantry Division. His company was the lead company during the attack on Hill 188, Champagne Marne Sector, France, during World War I. A few minutes after the attack began, the enemy ceased firing and began climbing up onto the parapets of the trenches, holding up their arms as if wishing to surrender. The enemy’s actions caused the American forces to cease fire and to come out into the open. As the company started forward and when within about 100 meters of the trench line, the enemy jumped back into their trenches and greeted Corporal Stowers’ company with interlocking bands of machine gun fire and mortar fire causing well over fifty percent casualties. Faced with incredible enemy resistance, Corporal Stowers took charge, setting such a courageous example of personal bravery and leadership that he inspired his men to follow him in the attack. With extraordinary heroism and complete disregard of personal danger under devastating fire, he crawled forward leading his squad toward an enemy machine gun nest, which was causing heavy casualties to his company. After fierce fighting, the machine gun position was destroyed and the enemy soldiers were killed. Displaying great courage and intrepidity, Corporal Stowers continued to press the attack against a determined enemy. While crawling forward and urging his men to continue the attack on a second trench line, he was gravely wounded by machine gun fire. Although, Corporal Stowers was mortally wounded, he pressed forward, urging on the members of his squad, until he died. Inspired by the heroism and display of bravery of Corporal Stowers, his company continued the attack against incredible odds, contributing to the capture of Hill 188 and causing heavy enemy casualties. Corporal Stowers’ conspicuous gallantry, extraordinary heroism and supreme devotion to his men were well above and beyond the call of duty, follow the finest traditions of military service and reflect the utmost credit on him and the United States Army.
FERGUSON, ARTHUR M.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, September 28th, 1899. Entered service at: Burlington, Kans. Birth: Coffey County, Kans. Date of issue: 8 March 1902. Citation: Charged alone a body of the enemy and captured a captain.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near Red River, Tex., 26-September 28th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: South Wales. Date of issue: 13 October 1875, Citation: Gallantry in attack on a large party of Cheyennes.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near Red River, Tex., 26-September 28th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 13 October 1875. Citation: Gallantry in attack on a large party of Cheyennes.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near Red River, Tex., 26-September 28th, 1874. Entered service at: Kentucky. Birth: St. Louis, Mo. Date of issue: 13 October 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
BLISS, GEORGE N.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 1st Rhode Island Cavalry. Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., September 28th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Tiverton, R.I. Date of issue: 3 August 1897. Citation: While in command of the provost guard in the village, he saw the Union lines returning before the attack of a greatly superior force of the enemy, mustered his guard, and, without orders, joined in the defense and charged the enemy without support. He received three saber wounds, his horse was shot, and he was taken prisoner.
Ancestor Appreciation Day
National Women’s Health & Fitness Day
Google’s 16th Birthday
Here are some facts about crayons:
Washington Irving used the pseudonym Geoffrey Crayon when he published The Sketch-Book, a collection of short stories and essays, including “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle.”
Alice Binney, wife of company co-owner Edwin Binney, coined the word Crayola by joining craie, from the French word meaning chalk, with ola, from oleaginous, meaning oily.
All the colors in the rainbow plus some… In 1903, the Binney & Smith company made the first box of Crayola crayons costing a nickel and containing eight colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, brown, and black.
Today, there over one hundred different types of crayons being made by Crayola including crayons that: sparkle with glitter, glow in the dark, smell like flowers, change colors, and wash off walls and other surfaces and materials.
How about a really long word?
The made-up word means a “pointy-headed person who writes in crayon.”
“The world is full of abundance and opportunity, but far too many people come to the fountain of life with a sieve instead of a tank car… a teaspoon instead of a steam shovel. They expect little and as a result they get little.”
~ Ben Sweetland
Ex pec ta tion (n) (kspk-tshn)
The act of expecting.
Eager anticipation: eyes shining with expectation.
- The state of being expected.
- To look forward to the PROBABLE occurrence or appearance of someone or something;
- To consider LIKELY or certain; To anticipate CONFIDENTLY.
70 – The walls of upper city of Jerusalem were battered down by Romans.
1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
1779 – John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain.
1787 – The United States Constitution is delivered to the states for ratification.
1813 – Marines served aboard ships in battle against the British on Lake Ontario.
1821 – Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
1825 – The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, and begins operation of the world’s first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains.
1840 – Thomas Nast was born. He was a political cartoonist that created the Republican elephant and the Democrat donkey.
1852 – “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” premiered in Troy, NY.
1854 – The steamship Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
1864 – Civil War: A guerilla band led by William “Bloody Bill” Anderson sacks the town of Centralia, Missouri, killing 22 unarmed Union soldiers before massacring 120 pursuing Yankees.
1864 – Civil War: Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson), Missouri. 1700 were killed or injured.
1869 – Wild Bill Hickok, sheriff of Hays City, Kan., shot down Samuel Strawhim, a drunken teamster causing trouble.
1881 – Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before a record small “crowd” of 12.
1892 – Book matches were patented by Diamond Match Company.
1894 – The Aqueduct Race Track opened in New York City, NY. Aqueduct Racetrack was opened today by the Queens County Jockey Club.
1903 – Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name. The “Old 97”, a Southern Railway train en route from Monroe, Virginia to Spencer, North Carolina, derailed at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia on September 27, 1903. It occurred when the train’s engineer forced the train to go to breakneck speeds to make its stop at Spencer on time (Old 97 had a perfect reputation for never being late). The train went down a steep hill and couldn’t slow down when it reached the trestle at the base, sending it careening into the ravine below. A 1920s recording of the song, “Wreck of the Old 97” by Vernon Dalhart, is sometimes cited as the first million-seller in the American record industry. Here it is sung by Johnny Cash.
1905 – Albert Einstein publishes the paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” in Annalen der Physik. This paper revealed the relationship between energy and mass.
1912 – W C Handy published “Memphis Blues,” the first Blues song.
1916 – First Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians.
1919 – Democratic National Committee votes to admit women.
1920 – Eight Chicago White Sox players were charged with fixing the 1919 World Series. As a result they picked up the nickname of the Black Sox.
1922 – Report on observations of experiments with short wave radio at Anacostia, DC, starts Navy development of radar.
1923 – Lou Gehrig hits the first of his 493 home runs. It comes off Bill Piercy at Fenway Park in an 8-3 New York win.
1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
1930 – Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf.
1933 – “Waltz Time” debuted on NBC Radio. It remained on the network until 1948 .
1937 – Last Balinese Tiger killed.
1937 – Charlie Howard established a world famous Santa Claus School at his Albion farmhouse, the first school of its kind. He was considered the Dean of the Santa Claus School with a worldwide reputation for turning out top-notch St. Nicks.
1938 – “Thanks for the Memory” was heard for the first time on “The Bob Hope Show”.
1938 – Clarinet virtuoso Artie Shaw recorded the song that would become his theme song, “Nightmare.”
1939 – After 19 days of resistance, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered to the Germans after being invaded by the Nazis and the Soviet Union during World War II.
1940 – Black leaders protested discrimination in US armed forces.
1940- The Axis powers are formed as Germany, Italy, and Japan become allies with the signing of the Tripartite Pact in Berlin.
1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
1942 – Glenn Miller and his Orchestra perform for the last time before Miller enters the US Army.
1942 – NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a single first down.
1942 –World War II: The S.S. Stephen Hopkins, a Liberty Ship with an all-San Francisco crew, engaged the German raider Stier and her tender, Tannenfels.
1942 – 1st Class Signalman Douglas A. Munro, U.S. Coast Guard, rescued Marines of 1/7 during Operation Pestilence on Guadalcanal. He is the only Medal of Honor recipient for the U.S. Coast Guard.
1944 – World War II: Thousands of British troops were killed as German forces rebuffed their massive effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland.
1944 – World War II: Special Air Task Force (STAG-1) commences operations with drones, controlled by TBM aircraft, against Japanese in Southwestern Pacific.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe” by Johnny Mercer, “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como and “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1949 – The House UnAmerican Activities Committee (HUAC) held hearings on alleged communist infiltration of the Radiation Laboratory at UC Berkeley. This was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
1950 – Korean War: Seoul fell to the First Marine Division augmented by ROK Marines and troops of the 7th Infantry Division with the 17th ROK Regiment attached.
1950 – Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis.
1952 – “I Went to Your Wedding” by Patti Page topped the charts.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford, “Crying in the Chapel” by June Valli and “A Dear John Letter” by Jean Shepard & Ferlin Husky all topped the charts.
1954 – The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
1954 – School integration begins in Washington DC & Baltimore Md public schools.
1956 – The U.S. Air Force Bell X-2, the world’s fastest and highest-flying plane, crashed, killing the test pilot.
1958 – “Volare” by Domenico Modugno topped the charts.
1962 – Detroit secretary Martha Reeves cut a side with a group called The Vandellas.
1962 – The U.S. sold Hawk anti-aircraft missiles to Israel.
1963 – At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000.
1964 – The Beach Boys appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show for the first time. They performed “I Get Around.”
1964 – The Warren Commission releases its report, concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, assassinated President John F. Kennedy.
1968 – The stage musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof’s collapsing in July 1973.
1968 – A 1-0 win and 11 strikeouts against the Astros enables Cardinal Bob Gibson to lower his ERA to 1.12, a new NL season mark.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Green River” by Creedence Clearwater Revival , “Easy to Be Hard” by Three Dog Night and “Tall Dark Stranger” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1970 – “The Original Amateur Hour” (14:30) aired for the last time on CBS. It had been on television for 22 years.
1973 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 383rd batter of the year.
1975 – “I’m Sorry” by John Denver topped the charts.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Best of My Love” by Emotions, “Don’t Stop” by Fleetwood Mac, “Keep It Comin’ Love” by KC & The Sunshine Band and “I’ve Already Loved You in My Mind” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1979 – The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
1980 – “Upside Down” by Diana Ross topped the charts.
1982 – John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show.
1983 – Larry Bird signed a seven-year contract with the Boston Celtics worth $15 million. The contract made him the highest paid Celtic in history.
1985 – Hurricane Gloria hits Long Island, New York with 130 mph winds.
1986 – Lionel Richie’s “Dancing on the Ceiling“ was the #1 LP. (47:04)
1986 – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & the News topped the charts.
1987 – Football fans suffered through their first Sunday without football since players went on strike. NFL owners soon organized games with replacement and nonstriking players.
1988 – Grand jury evidence showed Tawana Brawley fabricated her rape story. Reverend Al Sharpton turned this into a racial show.
1989 – The first two people to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and live to tell about it. Peter Debernardi, 42, and Jeffrey (Clyde) Petkovich, 25, tumbled over the 167-foot high Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side of the Falls.
1990 – The US Senate Judiciary Committee approved the Supreme Court nomination of David H. Souter.
1991 – The US Senate Judiciary Committee deadlocked, 7-7, on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the US Supreme Court.
1994 – More than 350 Republican congressional candidates signed the Contract with America. It was a 10-point platform they pledged to enact if voters sent a GOP majority to the House.
1995 – The Government of the United States unveils the first of its redesigned bank notes with the $100 bill featuring a larger portrait of Benjamin Franklin slightly off-center.
1995 – At the O.J. Simpson trial, the prosecution and defense presented dueling summations.
1996 – Texan Charles Hurwitz of Maxxam Inc. agreed to exchange his hold on the Headwaters forest in California in exchange for cash, land or other government assets.
1997 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis, docked with the problem-plagued Russian Mir station to drop off American David Wolf and pick up Michael Foale.
1998 – Google is established.
1998 – Mark McGwire of the Cardinals hit his record-setting 69th and 70th home runs.
1998 – In Holmdel, N.J., the nation’s first Vietnam Museum opened as the Vietnam Era Educational Center.
1999 – The last professional baseball game is played at historic Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan with Detroit beating the Kansas City Royals 8-2.
2000 – Venus Williams became only the second player to win Wimbledon, the U.S. Open and the Olympics in the same year with her 6-2, 6-4 victory over Elena Dementieva.
2001 – Pres. Bush announced enhanced airport security measures that included national guard soldiers at checkpoints and armed air marshals on planes as a first step toward federal control of airline security.
2001 – US and British warplanes struck 2 artillery sites in Iraq’s southern no-fly zone.
2001 – In Jakarta, Indonesia, protesters burned US flags outside the US Embassy and threatened to kill Americans.
2002 – President Bush said the UN should have a chance to force Saddam Hussein to give up his weapons of mass destruction before the US acted on its own against Iraq.
2002 – The DJIA fell 295 to 7701.45. Nasdaq fell 22.45 to 1199.16.
2002 – All West Coast ports shut down when the Pacific Maritime Assoc. locked out some 10,500 longshoremen in retaliation for work slowdowns.
2004 – U.S. jets pounded suspected Shiite militant positions in the Baghdad slum of Sadr City.
2004 – A US Justice Department audit said the FBI had a backlog of hundreds of thousands of hours of untranslated audio recordings from terror and espionage investigations.
2005 – New Orleans Police Superintendent Eddie Compass stepped down from his post 4 weeks after Hurricane Katrina destroyed the city.
2005 – NASA and other institutions reported a huge galaxy, HUDF-JD2, dating from about 800 million years after the Big Bang. Odds on the date were given at 75%. The galaxy was said to be unusually massive and mature for its place in the young universe.
2007 – In Oakland, Ca. 4 people were charged with growing marijuana that since 2001 was used in cookies and other packaged food made by Tainted Inc.
2007 – In Florida a spacecraft named Dawn blasted off aboard an unmanned Delta rocket on a mission to explore two giant asteroids between Mars and Jupiter. Dawn was powered by a trio of solar-powered electric engines that ionize and expel xenon gas. It could serve as a blueprint for future interplanetary transport.
2009 – American General Stanley McChrystal, Commander of the International Security Assistance Force, formally requests more troops for the War in Afghanistan.
2009 – Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi makes some condescending remarks at a rally in Milan about his encounters with President of the United States Barack Obama, saying: “What’s his name? Some tanned guy… Ah, Barack Obama!”
2010 – Brandon Joseph Rhode is executed at a prison in Jackson, Georgia. His victims names were Steven Moss, Bryan Moss and Kristin Moss.
2011 – Fugitive hijacker George Wright is caught in Portugal, thirty-nine years after he and members of the Black Liberation Army took control of Delta Air Lines Flight 841 and flew it to Algeria.
2011 – The trial of Dr Conrad Murray for manslaughter in connection to the death of American singer Michael Jackson begins in California.
2012 – A Los Angeles jury finds David Viens, the Lomita, CA chef who told authorities that he cooked his dead wife’s body to dispose of it, guilty of second-degree murder.
2012 – A mass shooting takes place at Accent Signage Systems, a sign company in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Five people are killed, including the gunman who committed suicide, and four others are wounded.
2012 – The NFL and the NFL Referees Association reach an agreement, ending the referee lockout that has been ongoing since June of this year.
1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman. He was one of the most important puritan religious leaders in the colonial period and was the grandfather of the famous Rev. Jonathan Edwards.
1722 – Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (d. 1803)
1805 – George Müller, Prussian orphanage builder (d. 1898)
1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American Civil War general (d. 1862) was a U.S. Navy officer and later a Union general in the Civil War who commanded the Army of Kentucky. He holds the distinction of being the only naval officer to achieve the rank of major general on either side of the Civil War. He was shot and killed by a fellow Union general, Jefferson C. Davis, during an argument in 1862.
1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American Civil War general (d. 1887) was a career U.S. Army officer who served in the Indian Wars, as a Union general in the American Civil War, and as Chief Signal Officer of the U.S. Army. His most famous service was defending “Hell’s Half Acre” at the Battle of Stones River in 1862.
1896 – Sam Ervin, American politician (d. 1985)
1920 – Jayne Meadows, American actress
1934 – Dick Schaap, American sports reporter (d. 2001)
1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American singer
FIELDS, JAMES H.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 10th Armored Infantry, 4th Armored Division. Place and date: Rechicourt, France, September 27th, 1944. Entered service at: Houston, Tex. Birth: Caddo, Tex. G.O. No.: 13, 27 February 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, at Rechicourt, France. On 27 September 1944, during a sharp action with the enemy infantry and tank forces, 1st Lt. Fields personally led his platoon in a counterattack on the enemy position. Although his platoon had been seriously depleted, the zeal and fervor of his leadership was such as to inspire his small force to accomplish their mission in the face of overwhelming enemy opposition. Seeing that one of the men had been wounded, he left his slit trench and with complete disregard for his personal safety attended the wounded man and administered first aid. While returning to his slit trench he was seriously wounded by a shell burst, the fragments of which cut through his face and head, tearing his teeth, gums, and nasal passage. Although rendered speechless by his wounds, 1st Lt. Fields refused to be evacuated and continued to lead his platoon by the use of hand signals. On one occasion, when two enemy machineguns had a portion of his unit under deadly crossfire, he left his hole, wounded as he was, ran to a light machinegun, whose crew had been knocked out, picked up the gun, and fired it from his hip with such deadly accuracy that both the enemy gun positions were silenced. His action so impressed his men that they found new courage to take up the fire fight, increasing their firepower, and exposing themselves more than ever to harass the enemy with additional bazooka and machinegun fire. Only when his objective had been taken and the enemy scattered did 1st Lt. Fields consent to be evacuated to the battalion command post. At this point he refused to move further back until he had explained to his battalion commander by drawing on paper the position of his men and the disposition of the enemy forces. The dauntless and gallant heroism displayed by 1st Lt. Fields were largely responsible for the repulse of the enemy forces and contributed in a large measure to the successful capture of his battalion objective during this action. His eagerness and determination to close with the enemy and to destroy him was an inspiration to the entire command, and are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.
*MUNRO, DOUGLAS ALBERT
Rank and organization: Signalman First Class, U.S. Coast Guard Born: 11 October 1919, Vancouver, British Columbia. Accredited to Washington. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous gallantry m action above and beyond the call of duty as Petty Officer in Charge of a group of 24 Higgins boats, engaged in the evacuation of a battalion of Marines trapped by enemy Japanese forces at Point Cruz Guadalcanal, on September 27th, 1942. After making preliminary plans for the evacuation of nearly 500 beleaguered Marines, Munro, under constant strafing by enemy machineguns on the island, and at great risk of his life, daringly led five of his small craft toward the shore. As he closed the beach, he signaled the others to land, and then in order to draw the enemy’s fire and protect the heavily loaded boats, he valiantly placed his craft with its two small guns as a shield between the beachhead and the Japanese. When the perilous task of evacuation was nearly completed, Munro was instantly killed by enemy fire, but his crew, two of whom were wounded, carried on until the last boat had loaded and cleared the beach. By his outstanding leadership, expert planning, and dauntless devotion to duty, he and his courageous comrades undoubtedly saved the lives of many who otherwise would have perished. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
*BAESEL, ALBERT E.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 148th Infantry, 37th Division. Place and date: Near Ivoiry, France, September 27th, 1918. Entered service at: Berea, Ohio. Born: 1892, Berea, Ohio. G.O. No.: 43, W.D., 1922. Citation: Upon hearing that a squad leader of his platoon had been severely wounded while attempting to capture an enemy machinegun nest about 200 yards in advance of the assault line and somewhat to the right, 2d Lt. Baesel requested permission to go to the rescue of the wounded corporal. After thrice repeating his request and permission having been reluctantly given, due to the heavy artillery, rifle, and machinegun fire, and heavy deluge of gas in which the company was at the time, accompanied by a volunteer, he worked his way forward, and reaching the wounded man, placed him upon his shoulders and was instantly killed by enemy fire.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company H, 364th Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Eclisfontaine, France, 26-September 27th, 1918. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Born: 8 July 1894, Rhinelander, Wis. G.O. No.: 12 W.D., 1929. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy. On the morning of 26 September, during the advance of the 364th Infantry, 1st Lt. Bronson was struck by an exploding enemy handgrenade, receiving deep cuts on his face and the back of his head. He nevertheless participated in the action which resulted in the capture of an enemy dugout from which a great number of prisoners were taken. This was effected with difficulty and under extremely hazardous conditions because it was necessary to advance without the advantage of cover and, from an exposed position, throw handgrenades and phosphorous bombs to compel the enemy to surrender. On the afternoon of the same day he was painfully wounded in the left arm by an enemy rifle bullet, and after receiving first aid treatment he was directed to the rear. Disregarding these instructions, 1st Lt. Bronson remained on duty with his company through the night although suffering from severe pain and shock. On the morning of 27 September, his regiment resumed its attack, the object being the village of Eclisfontaine. Company H, to which 1st Lt. Bronson was assigned, was left in support of the attacking line, Company E being in the line. He gallantly joined that company in spite of his wounds and engaged with it in the capture of the village. After the capture he remained with Company E and participated with it in the capture of an enemy machinegun, he himself killing the enemy gunner. Shortly after this encounter the company was compelled to retire due to the heavy enemy artillery barrage. During this retirement 1st Lt. Bronson, who was the last man to leave the advanced position, was again wounded in both arms by an enemy high-explosive shell. He was then assisted to cover by another officer who applied first aid. Although bleeding profusely and faint from the loss of blood, 1st Lt. Bronson remained with the survivors of the company throughout the night of the second day, refusing to go to the rear for treatment. His conspicuous gallantry and spirit of self-sacrifice were a source of great inspiration to the members of the entire command.
*TURNER, WILLIAM B.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army 105th Infantry, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Ronssoy, France, September 27th,1918. Entered service at: Garden City, N.Y. Birth: Boston, Mass. G.O. No.: 81, W.D., 1919. Citation: He led a small group of men to the attack, under terrific artillery and machinegun fire, after they had become separated from the rest of the company in the darkness. Single-handed he rushed an enemy machinegun which had suddenly opened fire on his group and killed the crew with his pistol. He then pressed forward to another machinegun post 25 yards away and had killed one gunner himself by the time the remainder of his detachment arrived and put the gun out of action. With the utmost bravery he continued to lead his men over three lines of hostile trenches, cleaning up each one as they advanced, regardless of the fact that he had been wounded three times, and killed several of the enemy in hand-to-hand encounters. After his pistol ammunition was exhausted, this gallant officer seized the rifle of a dead soldier, bayoneted several members of a machinegun crew, and shot the other. Upon reaching the fourth-line trench, which was his objective, 1st Lt. Turner captured it with the nine men remaining in his group and resisted a hostile counterattack until he was finally surrounded and killed.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 105th Machine-Gun Battalion, 27th Division. Place and date: Near Ronssoy, France, September 27th, 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Norway. G.O. No.. 5, W.D., 1920. Citation: In the face of heavy artillery and machinegun fire, he crawled forward to a burning British tank, in which some of the crew were imprisoned, and succeeded in rescuing two men. Although the tank was then burning fiercely and contained ammunition which was likely to explode at any time, this soldier immediately returned to the tank and, entering it, made a search for the other occupants, remaining until he satisfied himself that there were no more living men in the tank.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Mimbres Mountains, N. Mex., 29 May 1879; at Cuchillo Negro River near Ojo Caliente, N. Mex., September 27th, 1879. Entered service at:——. Birth: Prince Georges County, Md. Date of issue: 6 January 1882. Citation: Bravery in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Canyon Blanco tributary of the Red River, Tex., 26-September 27th, 1874. Entered service at: Fort Duncan, Texas. Birth: Florida. Date of issue: 13 October 1875. Citation: Rendered invaluable service to Col. R. S. Mackenzie, 4th U.S. Cavalry, during this engagement.
Johnny Appleseed Day
Shamu the Whale Day
Restaurants and the Naming of Them
The public dining room that ultimately became known as the restaurant originated in France. The first restaurant proprietor was A. Boulanger, a soup vendor, who opened his business in Paris in 1765. The sign above his door advertised restoratives or restaurants, referring to the soups and broths available within. The institution took its name from that sign, and restaurant now denotes a public eating place in English, French, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Romanian, and many other languages. The specialty restaurant (serving one or two kinds of food, such as seafood or steak), the cafeteria, and fast food establishments are types of restaurants originating in the U.S.
Names are interesting and can be very creative and generally indicate something about the area, the owner, its historical setting or its cuisine. For example, in an article from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette dated March, 6, 2011, China Millman does an excellent job showing the names of some local restaurants such as “The Gab ‘n Eat” giving you the idea to just sit, eat and talk. There is a local restaurant that focuses on breakfast and it is called “Not Just Toast.” A chain of pizza parlors is called “M-m-m Pizza. “ A very interesting name also comes from the Pittsburgh area and it is simply called “The Dinette.” The problem came when people did not know what a dinette was so the owner told them with a unique but familiar design:
Sonja Finn changed the tagline for her East Liberty restaurant, Dinette, in part because she had realized that many of her customers had no idea what “Dinette” meant.
In the downtown Philadelphia area there is a colonial time Inn called “Man In A Lot of Trouble Tavern.” Others include Tun’s Tavern, the historical founding location for the United States Marines. It is now gone, the original site being buried under I-95.
Creating names is a very creative process but one still has to be aware that there are other creative people around. A hot dog establishment was called “Hot Dogma” but it ran into a trademark infringement and was renamed “Franktuary.” Created just for this article, I think, is “Breakfast2, Lunch2 and Dinner2.” That would be three “square” meals.
There are several ways to approach the naming. Start by looking at names that reflect your concept. Names for hot dog places could include “Kraut ‘n Dogs” or spell it “Kraut ‘n Dawgs.” W.C. Fields once called hot dogs the “Tube Steaks.” The restaurants with “Saigon” in the name denote Vietnamese cuisine. In Indianapolis, IN there once was a “John’s Stew.” His menu had “John’s Stew”, John’s Hot Stew” and John’s Hot Hot Stew.”
Select a name that is easy to remember but also reminds people of where it is located. The restaurant (doesn’t exist) called Bell75 might suggest that it is at 75th Ave or Street and Bell. In Tucson, AZ, restaurants on the Miracle Mile use that in their names.
Look at historical connotations. Ask whether the building had been anything before it was a restaurant. For example, an old factory renovated to an Italian restaurant might be called the Spaghetti Factory. Check into history for events that happened nearby or historical people’s names that could be incorporated for example in northern Ohio could be called “The Leap” for its proximity to Brady’s Leap.
Be very careful when using English words that reflect English meanings but also reflect different words and meanings in other languages. For example, there may be a piano bar that is simply called “Alto.” In some parts of the United States that might work well but if there is a high Spanish or Mexican population, it could also mean “high” or “stop.” One other thing to be careful of in our society today is whether the name might create either a good or bad acronym.
These are but a few ideas. Let your creative juices flow and during the creative process, write down every idea that flows. Sometimes combinations of multiple ideas can create really good names.
“It’s the repetition of affirmations that leads to belief. And once that belief becomes a deep conviction, things begin to happen.”
~ Claude M. Bristol
scuttlebutt SKUHT-l-buht, noun:
1. A drinking fountain on a ship.
2. A cask on a ship that contains the day’s supply of drinking water.
3.Gossip; rumor. Scuttlebutt comes from scuttle, “a small opening” + butt, “a large cask” — that is, a small hole cut into a cask or barrel to allow individual cups of water to be drawn out. The modern equivalent is the office water cooler, also a source of refreshment and gossip.
1580 – Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe. Drake was knighted and awarded a prize of 10 thousand pounds. His crew of 63 split a purse of 8 thousand pounds.
1687 – The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who were besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.
1772 – New Jersey passed a bill requiring a license to practice medicine.
1777 – British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
1786 – Protesters shut down the court in Springfield, Massachusetts in a military standoff that begins Shays’ Rebellion.
1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
1820 – The legendary frontiersman Daniel Boone died quietly at the Defiance, Mo., home of his son Nathan, at age 85.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate General Sterling Price invades Missouri and attacks a Yankee garrison at Pilot Knob.
1864 – Civil War: General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his men assaulted a Federal garrison near Pulaski, Tennessee.
1872 – The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) is established in New York City.
1892 – John Philip Sousa’s The ‘March King’ was introduced to the general public.
1892 – The Diamond Match Co. patented book matches.
1901 – Leon Czolgosz, who murdered President William McKinley, was sentenced to death.
1905 – Pitcher Ed Walsh hurls two complete-game victories over Boston, winning by scores of 10-5 and 3-1.
1908 – Cubs’ Ed Reulbach becomes only pitcher to throw Doubleheader shutout against host Brooklyn 5-0 and 3-0.
1908 – An ad for the Edison Phonograph appeared in “The Saturday Evening Post”. The phonograph offered buyers’ free records by both the Democratic and Republican US presidential candidates.
1910 – The first boat was raised in the locks of the Panama Canal.
1914 – The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act. Its charge was to regulate interstate commerce and foster competition by preventing monopolies in business.
1915 – “Horse Marines” engaged Haitian bandits near Petite Riviere.The US Marine Corps used horses often over the course of their service. The golden age of these Horse Marines was 1909-1938.
1916 – A Bishop spoke against Catholics joining trade unions.
1917 – World War I: The Battle of Polygon Wood begins.
1918 – World War I: Battle of the Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans began. It was the final Allied offensive on the western front.
1926 – The Browns beat the Yankees twice, 6-1 and 6-2, in a total time of two hours, seven minutes, a major-league record for a twin bill. The 2nd game is the fastest in American League history: 55 minutes.
1931 – Keel laying at Newport News, VA of USS Ranger (CV-4), first ship designed and constructed as an aircraft carrier.
1931 – As more and more Americans lost their jobs, President Hoover stepped in on this day and convened a national conference on unemployment.
1933 – As gangster Machine Gun Kelly surrenders to the FBI, he shouts out, “Don’t shoot, G-Men!”. That name became a nickname for FBI agents.
1933 – Ten convicts escape from the Indiana State Prison with guns smuggled into the prison by bank robber John Dillinger.
1934 – Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.
1937 – Bessie Smith, known as the ‘Empress of the Blues,’ died in a car crash on Highway 61 near Clarksdale, Mississippi. “The Collection” (58:45)
1940 – An American embargo is imposed on the export of all scrap iron and steel to Japan.
1943 – World War II: The Germans placed an extortion on the Jews of Rome with an order to produce 50 kg of gold within two days or face massive deportations.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore, “Is You is or is You Ain’t” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley all topped the charts.
1944 – World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.
1948 – Boston Braves win first National League championship since 1914.
1950 – The California state legislature passed a bill requiring state employees to sign a loyalty oath.
1950 – Korean War: The USS Brush struck a free-floating mine and thirteen sailors were killed and thirty-four others seriously wounded. This was the first incident of a U.S. Navy ship hitting a mine during the war.
1950 – Korean War: United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS –“You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford, “Wish You Were Here“ by Eddie Fisher, “Half as Much” by Rosemary Clooney and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Cecil Foster, 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, flying an F-80 Shooting Star jet fighter, shot down a pair of MiG-15s for his second and third aerial kills.
1953 – “You You You” by the Ames Brothers topped the charts.
1954 – Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
1954 – Ronald Reagan made his first appearance as host of the “General Electric Theater,” and continued on for eight years.
1955 – NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929 when the word was released concerning U.S. President Eisenhower’s heart attack.
1957 – West Side Story, by Arthur Laurents, Leonard Bernstein, and Stephen Sondheim, directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins opens on Broadway for 732 performances.
1959 – “Sleepwalk” by Santo & Johnny topped the charts.
1960 – In Chicago, Illinois, the first televised presidential debate (58:34) takes place between candidates Vice President Richard M. Nixon (R) and Senator John F. Kennedy (D).
1960 – Longest speech in UN history (4 hrs, 29 minutes, by Fidel Castro). Castro’s presentation was primarily a complaint against U.S. policy toward his country and interference in their internal affairs.
1960 – “My Heart Has a Mind of its Own” by Connie Francis topped the charts.
1960 – Ted Williams hit his 521st home run off Jack Fisher for his last time at bat.
1961 – Bob Dylan makes his public debut.
1961 – Roger Maris hits HR #60 off Jack Fisher, tying Babe Ruth’s record.
1961 – Patent for an aerial capsule (satellite) emergency separation device.
1962 – Maury Wills of the Dodgers stole 100 bases in a season (He went on to break Ty Cobb’s 47-year-old record by stealing 104 bases for the Dodgers and was named NL most valuable player.
1963 – First steam-eject launch of Polaris missile at sea off Cape Canaveral, FL (now Cape Kennedy) from USS Observation Island (EAG-154).
1964 – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison topped the charts.
1964 -“Gilligan’s Island” began its 98-show run on CBS.
1964 – The Kinks released the song “You Really Got Me.”
1968 – Hawaii Five-O debuts as an hourly program on CBS. Its theme song was “Walk Don’t Run” by the Ventures. It continued until 1980 and was the longest running police show in TV history.
1969 – The Chicago Seven trial begins.
1969 – The Brady Bunch debuts on ABC-TV and would run for five years.
1970 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres.
1970 – “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough” by Diana Ross topped the charts.
1971 – An attack on an American Embassy softball game occurred in Phnom Pehn, Cambodia. One dead.
1972 – Captain James P. Walsh, USMC of VMA-211 was the last US Marine to be taken prisoner during the Vietnam War, and was released as a POW on 12 February 1973.
1972 – Richard M. Nixon met with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever meeting of a U.S. President and a Japanese Monarch.
1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time, 3 hours-33 minutes.
1974 – “Walls and Bridges” was released by John Lennon. He would not release any more new material for almost 6 years.
1975 – Phillies & NY Mets play a doubleheader that ends at 3:15 AM.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Play That Funky Music” by Wild Cherry, “I’d Really Love to See You Tonight” by England Dan & John Ford Coley “A Fifth of Beethoven” by Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band and “If You’ve Got the Money I’ve Got the Time” by Willie Nelson all topped the charts.
1981 – Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
1981 – The twin-engine Boeing 767 made its maiden flight in Everett, WA.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Missing You” by John Waite, “Let’s Go Crazy” by Prince & The Revolution, “Drive” by The Cars and “Let’s Chase Each Other Around the Room” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1984 – Philadelphia’s Juan Samuel breaks Tim Raines’s record for steals by a rookie with his 72nd in a 7-1 loss to the Mets.
1985 – Shamu was born this day at Sea World in Orlando, Florida. She was the first killer whale to be born in captivity and survive.
1986 – William Rehnquist becomes Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
1986 – The episode of “Dallas” that had Bobby Ewing returning from the dead was aired.
1987 – “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston topped the charts.
1987 – “Star Trek: The Next Generation,” debuted on TV.
1988 – Ben Johnson is stripped of his gold medal in the 100 m sprint at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drug test.
1990 – Motion Picture Association of America creates new NC-17 rating.
1991 – Two year experimental Biosphere 2 in Oracle, Arizona begins. The first Biosphere 2 crew remained inside for two years despite various problems, including limited agricultural productivity, and emerged on September 26, 1993. The unit cost $150 million and was a sealed-off structure on 3.15 acres.
1991 – The U.S. Congress heard a plea from Kimberly Bergalis concerning mandatory AIDS testing for health care workers.
1994 – Jury selection began in Los Angeles for the murder trial of O.J. Simpson.
1995 – The prosecution began its closing argument in the murder trial of O.J. Simpson. Note the time frame from the previous entry.
1996 – Richard Allen Davis, the killer of 12-year-old Polly Klaas, was sentenced to death in San Jose, CA. It was his criminal record which resulted in California’s “Three strike law” for repeat offenders.
1996 – Shannon Lucid returned to Earth after being in space for 188 days. She set a time record for a U.S. astronaut in space and in the world for time spent by a woman in space.
1996 – Patricia Billings, amateur sculptor and med tech, demonstrated her fire-proof material GeoBond. It was made of gypsum, cement, and a secret off-the-shelf ingredient that in combination would not burn even under flames over 2,000 degrees.
1997 – Gap Inc. dressed the NY stock exchange in khakis fashion, the first casual dress day in exchange history.
2000 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Born-Alive Infants Protection Act. The act states that an infant would be considered to have been born alive if he or she is completely extracted or expelled from the mother and breathes and has a beating heart and definite movement of the voluntary muscles.
2001 – Pres. Bush met with US Sikh and Muslim leaders and declared that discrimination against such groups would not be tolerated.
2001 – In Vacaville, California, FBI agents arrested Bryan Douglas Rosenquist (39) and Michelle Elaine Serrao (41) for embezzling almost $12 million from BofA.
2001 – Enron Pres. Kenneth Lay urged his employees to buy Enron stock. Lay sold shares from the years 2000-2001 for a gain of $146 million.
2002 – A new edition of the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary was published and contained such new words as: Jedi, Klingons, Grinches, gearheads, bunny-huggers and bunny-boilers.
2004 – Hurricane Jeanne blasted ashore in Florida with drenching rains and 120 mph winds. She killed 3025 on her run with four of them in Florida.
2005 – Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School District is the first direct challenge brought in United States federal courts against a public school district curriculum mandating the teaching of intelligent design as an alternative to evolution.
2005 – A military court in Texas convicted Pfc. Lynndie England (22) on 6 of 7 counts of conspiracy and maltreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
2006 – Former Enron chief financial officer Andrew Fastow was sentenced by a federal judge in Houston to six years in prison for his role in the fallen energy company’s bankruptcy.
2007 – Barry Bonds went 0 for 3 in his last baseball game with the SF Giants.
2008 – Barack Obama and John McCain shared a stage in their first of three presidential debates. It primarily focused on foreign policy.
2010 – The Pentagon admits purchasing nearly 10,000 copies of a memoir by U.S. Army Reserve officer Anthony Shaffer, destroying all of them in an effort to suppress secret information.
2011 – The United States Senate reaches a temporary deal to avoid a government shutdown.
2013 – OBAMACARE: Small businesses now won’t be able to buy healthcare coverage coverage until November.
2014 – A man, Alton Nolen, 30, was recently fired from Vaughan Foods in Moore, OK drove to the front of the business and struck a vehicle before walking inside. He then attacked Colleen Hufford, 54, stabbing her several times before severing her head. He also stabbed another woman, 43-year-old Traci Johnson, at the plant. The FBI is investigating Nolen’s background and whether his recent conversion to Islam was somehow linked to the crime.
1774 – Johnny Appleseed, American pioneer who planted apple trees all over the Midwest. (d. 1847)
1888 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer and editor, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965) American poet and playwright, best known for “The Waste Land.” In Eliot’s words, “Any poet, if he is to survive beyond his 25th year, must alter; he must seek new literary influences; he will have different emotions to express. “
1895 – George Raft, American actor (d. 1980)
1897 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)
1897 – Pope Paul VI (d. 1978)
1898 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
1909 – Bill France, Sr., American founder of NASCAR (d. 1992)
1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness advocate
1925 – Marty Robbins, American singer (d. 1982)
1926 – Julie London, American singer and actress (d. 2000)
1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player
CAPTAIN HUMBERT R. VERSACE
for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Captain Humbert R. Versace distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism during the period of 29 October 1963 to September 26th, 1965, while serving as S-2 Advisor, Military Assistance Advisory Group, Detachment 52, Ca Mau, Republic of Vietnam. While accompanying a Civilian Irregular Defense Group patrol engaged in combat operations in Thoi Binh District, An Xuyen Province, Captain Versace and the patrol came under sudden and intense mortar, automatic weapons, and small arms fire from elements of a heavily armed enemy battalion. As the battle raged, Captain Versace, although severely wounded in the knee and back by hostile fire, fought valiantly and continued to engage enemy targets. Weakened by his wounds and fatigued by the fierce firefight, Captain Versace stubbornly resisted capture by the over-powering Viet Cong force with the last full measure of his strength and ammunition. Taken prisoner by the Viet Cong, he exemplified the tenets of the Code of Conduct from the time he entered into Prisoner of War status. Captain Versace assumed command of his fellow American soldiers, scorned the enemy’s exhaustive interrogation and indoctrination efforts, and made three unsuccessful attempts to escape, despite his weakened condition which was brought about by his wounds and the extreme privation and hardships he was forced to endure. During his captivity, Captain Versace was segregated in an isolated prisoner of war cage, manacled in irons for prolonged periods of time, and placed on extremely reduced ration. The enemy was unable to break his indomitable will, his faith in God, and his trust in the United States of America. Captain Versace, an American fighting man who epitomized the principles of his country and the Code of Conduct, was executed by the Viet Cong on26 September 1965. Captain Versace’s gallant actions in close contact with an enemy force and unyielding courage and bravery while a prisoner of war are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect the utmost credit upon himself and the United States Army.
*OBREGON, EUGENE ARNOLD
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company G, 3d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Seoul, Korea, September 26th, 1950. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Born: 12 November 1930, Los Angeles, Calif. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company G, in action against enemy aggressor forces. While serving as an ammunition carrier of a machine gun squad in a Marine rifle company which was temporarily pinned down by hostile fire, Pfc. Obregon observed a fellow Marine fall wounded in the line of fire. Armed only with a pistol, he unhesitating dashed from his covered position to the side of the casualty. Firing his pistol with one hand as he ran, he grasped his comrade by the arm with his other hand and, despite the great peril to himself dragged him to the side of the road. Still under enemy fire, he was bandaging the man’s wounds when hostile troops of approximately platoon strength began advancing toward his position. Quickly seizing the wounded Marine’s carbine, he placed his own body as a shield in front of him and lay there firing accurately and effectively into the hostile group until he himself was fatally wounded by enemy machine gun fire. By his courageous fighting spirit, fortitude, and loyal devotion to duty, Pfc. Obregon enabled his fellow Marines to rescue the wounded man and aided essentially in repelling the attack, thereby sustaining and enhancing the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
CALL, DONALD M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, 344th Battalion, Tank Corps. Place and date: Near Varennes, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: France. Born: 29 November 1892, New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: During an operation against enemy machinegun nests west of Varennes, Cpl. Call was in a tank with an officer when half of the turret was knocked off by a direct artillery hit. Choked by gas from the high-explosive shell, he left the tank and took cover in a shellhole thirty yards away. Seeing that the officer did not follow, and thinking that he might be alive, Cpl. Call returned to the tank under intense machinegun and shell fire and carried the officer over a mile under machinegun and sniper fire to safety.
KATZ, PHILLIP C.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 363d Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Eclisfontaine, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: After his company had withdrawn for a distance of 200 yards on a line with the units on its flanks, Sgt. Katz learned that one of his comrades had been left wounded in an exposed position at the point from which the withdrawal had taken place. Voluntarily crossing an area swept by heavy machinegun fire, he advanced to where the wounded soldier lay and carried him to a place of safety.
MALLON, GEORGE H.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: In the Bois-de-Forges, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Minneapolis, Minn. Born: 15 June 1877 Ogden, Kans. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Becoming separated from the balance of his company because of a fog, Capt. Mallon, with nine soldiers, pushed forward and attacked nine active hostile machineguns, capturing all of them without the loss of a man. Continuing on through the woods, he led his men in attacking a battery of four 155-millimeter howitzers, which were in action, rushing the position and capturing the battery and its crew. In this encounter Capt. Mallon personally attacked one of the enemy with his fists. Later, when the party came upon two more machineguns, this officer sent men to the flanks while he rushed forward directly in the face of the fire and silenced the guns, being the first one of the party to reach the nest. The exceptional gallantry and determination displayed by Capt. Mallon resulted in the capture of 100 prisoners, eleven machineguns, four 155-millimeter howitzers and one antiaircraft gun.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: At Bois-de-Forges, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Hyden, Ky. Birth: Jackson, Ky. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: He showed conspicuous gallantry in action by advancing alone directly on a machinegun nest which was holding up the line with its fire. He killed the crew with a grenade and enabled the line to advance. Later in the day he attacked alone and put out of action two other machinegun nests, setting a splendid example of bravery and coolness to his men.
SEIBERT, LLOYD M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company F, 364th Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Epinonville, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Salinas, Calif. Birth: Caledonia, Mich. G.O. No.: 445, W.D., 1919. Citation. Suffering from illness, Sgt. Seibert remained with his platoon and led his men with the highest courage and leadership under heavy shell and machinegun fire. With two other soldiers he charged a machinegun emplacement in advance of their company, he himself killing one of the enemy with a shotgun and capturing two others. In this encounter he was wounded, but he nevertheless continued in action, and when a withdrawal was ordered he returned with the last unit, assisting a wounded comrade. Later in the evening he volunteered and carried in wounded until he fainted from exhaustion.
*SKINKER, ALEXANDER R.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 138th Infantry, 35th Division. Place and date: At Cheppy, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Birth: St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: Unwilling to sacrifice his men when his company was held up by terrific machinegun fire from iron pill boxes in the Hindenburg Line, Capt. Skinker personally led an automatic rifleman and a carrier in an attack on the machineguns. The carrier was killed instantly, but Capt. Skinker seized the ammunition and continued through an opening in the barbed wire, feeding the automatic rifle until he, too, was killed.
WEST, CHESTER H.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 363d Infantry, 91st Division. Place and date: Near Bois-de-Cheppy, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Los Banos, Calif. Birth: Fort Collins, Colo. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: While making his way through a thick fog with his automatic rifle section, his advance was halted by direct and unusual machinegun fire from two guns. Without aid, he at once dashed through the fire and, attacking the nest, killed two of the gunners, one of whom was an officer. This prompt and decisive hand-to-hand encounter on his part enabled his company to advance farther without the loss of a man.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company I, 138th Infantry, 35th Division. Place and date: Near Cheppy, France, September 26th, 1918. Entered service at: Minnewaukan, N. Dak. Birth: Winger, Minn. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: He rendered most gallant service in aiding the advance of his company, which had been held up by machinegun nests, advancing, with one other soldier, and silencing the guns, bringing with him, upon his return, eleven prisoners. Later the same day he jumped from a trench and rescued a comrade who was about to be shot by a German officer, killing the officer during the exploit. His actions were entirely voluntary, and it was while attempting to rush a fifth machinegun nest that he was killed. The advance of his company was mainly due to his great courage and devotion to duty.
HILLS, WILLIAM G.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 9th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At North Fork, Va., September 26th, 1864. Entered service at. ——. Birth: 26 June 1841, Conewango, N.Y. Date of issue: 26 September 1893. Citation: Voluntarily carried a severely wounded comrade out of a heavy fire of the enemy.