Be An Angel Day
The Symbolism of the $1 Bill
Take out a dollar bill and study it.
The one dollar bill you’re looking at first came off the presses in 1957 in its present design. It has been decided that the one-dollar bill will not get the security enhancements because it is too expensive to counterfeit. According to the U.S. Treasury Department, that is when the motto, “In God We Trust” started being used on paper money. It was in use on coins long before that.
This so-called “paper money” is in fact a cotton and linen blend, with red and blue minute silk fibers running through it. It is actually material. We’ve all washed it without it falling apart. A special blend of ink is used, the contents we will never know. It is overprinted with symbols and then it is starched to make it water resistant and pressed to give it that nice crisp look.
If you look on the front of the bill, you will see the United States Treasury Seal located on the right underneath the big word “ONE”. On the seal are three symbols, the scales of justice, a chevron pointing up and a skeleton key. The scales stand for justice and show that this nation is bound by the rule of law. The chevron contains thirteen stars representing the original thirteen colonies and the key underneath it represents a symbol of authority.
Also on the front of the bill are two signatures, one on each side. On the left is the signature of the Treasurer of the United States and on the right is the signature of the Secretary of the Treasury. Finally, each bill is individually numbered.
Now look at the back side of the bill. On it, you will see two circles. The two circles reflect the two sides of the Great Seal of the United States. Before the adjournment of the Continental Congress on July 4th, 1776, a design committee was appointed to develop a seal for the United States. The committee was Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson, three of the five men who had drafted the Declaration of Independence. They were merely the first committee, however. It took six years, the work of two additional committees and a total of 14 men before a final version of the Great Seal was approved. The final proposal, as accepted by Congress, was submitted on June 13, 1782, by Charles Thompson, Secretary of Congress. He brought together some of the recommendations of the three committees, their consultants, and artists.
If you look at the left hand circle, you will see a Pyramid. This pyramid was not a part of the proposals for the Great Seal until the third committee, and it was not suggested by Jefferson, Franklin, or Adams. A pyramid starts from a quadrangular foundation symbolizing the terrestrial basis, the edges and sides of the pyramid converge towards a unique point, the summit. Please note that it has thirteen steps. Notice the face is lighted and the western side is dark. Although there is no “official” explanation for the shading, some interpret it as a reflection that our country was just beginning and had not begun to explore the West.
The Pyramid is uncapped, which may signify that our country was not yet finished. The unfinished state of the pyramid was intentional, and Charles Thompson, in his remarks to congress about the symbolism on the Great Seal, said the pyramid represented “Strength and Duration.”
Inside the capstone you have the “all-seeing eye”, an ancient symbol for divinity. Although Franklin’s committee did not suggest a pyramid, it did originate the suggestion of the eye. However, the term “the all-seeing eye” was never officially used when describing it. The Franklin committee wanted the seal to include a reflection of divine providence and discussed a variety of themes including the Children of Israel in the Wilderness.
“IN GOD WE TRUST” is on this currency. The Latin above the pyramid, ANNUIT COEPTIS, means “God has favored our undertaking.” It was Franklin’s belief that one man couldn’t do it alone, but a group of men with the help of God could do anything. The Latin below the pyramid, NOVUS ORDO SECLORUM, is interpreted to mean “a new order for the world.” The style of government being developed had never existed before. America is a republic bound by a Constitution. Never before had a society existed where the people ruled.
At the base of the pyramid is the Roman Numeral for 1776.
Now look at the right-hand circle, and check it carefully, you may notice that with only slight modifications it is the Seal of the President of the United States. It also appears on every National Cemetery in the United States and is the centerpiece of most heroes’ monuments. On the Great Seal, the eagle faces the talon holding the olive branch symbolically saying that we, as a nation, look toward peace . The eagle on The Presidential Seal faces in the opposite direction-toward the talon holding the arrows symbolizing that our nation is always prepared for war. That was until 1945, when Harry Truman had it redesigned to face the olive branch as well.
Also, notice the shield is unsupported. Charles Thompson said it denoted that the United States of America ought to rely on its own virtue. The shield consists of red and white stripes with a blue bar above that represents Congress. The colors are taken from the American flag and officially the red represents hardiness and valor, the white represents purity and innocence, and the blue, vigilance, perseverance, and justice. In the Eagle’s beak you will read, “E PLURIBUS UNUM”, meaning “one nation from many people.” Beyond this, there is no clear explanation for certain what the symbols mean. But although there is no explanation of the imagery of the eagle in the official records, most historical references to the bald eagle indicate that it represents something of uniquely American origin. One of the original design proposals for the Great Seal featured a small crested white eagle, which is not uniquely American, but this was later changed to the uniquely American Bald Eagle. At one time Benjamin Franklin suggested the turkey, also uniquely American. An unsupported interpretation of the inclusion of the Bald Eagle is that it could also represent victory and independence, because the eagle is not afraid of a storm, is strong and smart enough to soar above it, it wears no material crown and its vision is more than eight times stronger than a human beings.
Above the Eagle are thirteen stars representing the thirteen original colonies. Again, American was coming together as one. Notice that the Eagle holds an olive branch and arrows in his talons. The official meaning is that the olive branch, which has thirteen leaves on it, and the thirteen arrows “denote the power of peace and war” across all thirteen colonies. As noted previously, the design shows the eagle facing the olive branch.
Some feel that the number 13 is an unlucky number but the significance of the number 13 in U.S. history is very strong. The number 13 as used on many U.S. symbols (the stripes on the flag, steps on the Pyramid, 13 stars above the eagle, 13 bars on the shield, 13 leaves on the olive branch, 13 fruits, and 13 arrows) all represent the beginning of our country, as established by the thirteen colonies. The number 13 is also ”indivisible.” The number is the sixth prime number and only divisible by “1” and itself.
Stripes on the flag
|Steps on the Pyramid||Stars above the eagle||Bars on the shield|
Leaves & Fruit on the olive branch
Letters in ANNUIT COEPTIS
Rattlers on a snakes tail
The Number 13 on the One Dollar Bill
“Wherever we look upon this earth, the opportunities take shape within the problems.”
~ Nelson Rockefeller
quaggy (KWAG-ee) adjective
Marshy; flabby; spongy.
[From quag (marsh), of unknown origin.]
565 – St. Columba reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland
1654 – Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first Jewish immigrant to what is later the United States
1762 – Ann Franklin became the first female editor of an American newspaper, the “Newport Mercury” (in Rhode Island). She was also the wife of Benjamin Franklin.
1775 – King George III declares the American colonies to be in open rebellion.
1776 - Redcoats land at Long Island.General William Howe’s large army came to Long Island hoping to capture New York City and gain control of the Hudson River.
1777 – With the approach of General Benedict Arnold’s army, British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandoned Fort Stanwix, currently the site of Rome, NY, and returns to Canada.
1781 – Col. William Campbell (36), West Virginia Patriot militia leader, died of an apparent heart attack during the siege of Yorktown.
1787 – John Fitch’s steamboat completes its tests before delegates of the Continental Congress, years before Fulton. He was granted his first United States patent for a steamboat on August 26, 1791.
1831 – Nat Turner’s slave rebellion commences just after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than fifty whites and several hundred Blacks who are killed in retaliation for the uprising.
1844 – A mass meeting of Blacks in Boston adopted a resolution declaring that segregated public schools in that city violated the State Constitution. Their request was denied.
1846 – Gen. Stephen W. Kearny proclaimed all of New Mexico a territory of the United States. The US pledged to honor the land grants in northern New Mexico that were awarded by the Spanish and Mexican governors of the territory.
1848 – The United States annexes New Mexico.
1851 – U.S.-built schooner “America” beat a fleet of Britain’s finest ships in a race around England’s Isle of Wight, in the Queen’s Cup, later renamed the America’s Cup. The U.S. held that title for 132 years until 1983.
1864 – The International Red Cross was founded by Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant.
1864 – Geneva Convention signed, by 12 nations. By 1866 twenty countries had signed and 194 states were signatories as of 2008. This was the creation of the International Red Cross.
1865 – A patent for liquid soap was received by William Sheppard.
1867 – The first Black college founded in Tennessee was Fisk University. Although work on the school was started in October 1865, it did not become incorporated under Tennessee law until this day.
1902 – President Theodore Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to ride in an automobile, in Hartford, Connecticut.
1902 – The Cadillac Company formed from the Henry Ford Co. by Henry Leland when Henry Ford left. Ford formed the Ford Motor Co. in 1903. The company is named after Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit, Michigan. The Cadillac crest is based on his coat of arms.
1906 – The Victor Talking Machine Company of Camden, NJ, began to manufacture the Victrola. The hand-cranked unit, with horn cabinet, sold for $200.
1911 – It was announced that Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” had been stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris. It was actually stolen on the 21st. The painting reappeared two years later in Italy.
1911 - President William Taft vetoed a joint resolution of Congress granting statehood to Arizona.
1912 - Birthday of the Navy’s Dental Corps.
1921 – J. Edgar Hoover became Assistant Director of FBI.
1932 – The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) began its first experimental TV broadcast in England.
1933 - The deadly Barker gang robs a Federal Reserve mail truck in Chicago, Illinois, and kills Officer Miles Cunningham.
1938 – Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers appeared on the cover of “LIFE” magazine.
1938 – Count Basie recorded the classic swing tune, “Jumpin’ at the Woodside.”
1941 – World War II: Nazi troops reached the outskirts of Leningrad.
1944 – World War II: In Bordeaux, France, Heinz Stahlschmidt (d.2010 at 92), a junior officer in the German navy, defied his superiors plans to blow up Bordeaux’s port by blowing up a munitions depot, rendering some 4,000 fuses useless and saving the port.
1944 – World War II: Hitler ordered Paris to be destroyed.
1944 – World War II: Last transport of French Jews to concentration camps in Germany.
1944 – The Liberty ship SS Alexander V. Frazer, named for the “first” commandant of the Revenue Cutter Service, was launched.
1947 – “Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy” was a radio adventure series which maintained its popularity from 1933 to 1951. The program originated at WBBM in Chicago on July 31, 1933, and was later carried on CBS, then NBC and finally ABC.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como, “Room Full of Roses” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Don Cornell), “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone and “I’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1950 – Althea Gibson becomes the first Black competitor in international tennis.
1951 – Harlem Globetrotters played in Olympic Stadium at Berlin before 75,052.
1953 – “No Other Love” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1956 – Elvis began work on his first movie, “Love Me Tender.” The film was originally entitled “The Reno Brothers.”
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone, “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds, “Whispering Bells” by The Dell-Vikings and “(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1959 – “Big Hunk o’ Love” by Elvis Presley topped the charts. Piano it was actually played on.
1962 – USS Savannah, world’s first nuclear powered ship, completed her maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Ga.
1963 – NASA civilian test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 an altitude of 354,300 feet (66 miles) (his last X-15 flight).
1964 – “Where Did Our Love Go?” by the Supremes topped the charts.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Got You Babe” by Sonny & Cher, “Save Your Heart for Me” by Gary Lewis & The Playboys, “Help!” by The Beatles and “Yes, Mr. Peters” by Roy Drusky & Priscilla Mitchell all topped the charts.
1966 – The Beatles arrived in New York City.
1966 – The United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), later renamed the United Farm Workers of America (UFW), was formed.
1969 - Zager and Evans end a six-week run at #1 with their smash-hit “In The Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)“.
1970 – “Make It with You” by Bread topped the charts.
1971 – J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden 28. They were a group of “Catholic left” anti-Vietnam War activists who in 1971 planned and executed a raid on a Camden, New Jersey draft board.
1972 – US Congress created the Idaho’s Sawtooth National Recreation Area.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Touch Me in the Morning” by Diana Ross, “Live and Let Die” by Wings, “Brother Louie” by Stories and “Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man” by Conway Twitty & Loretta Lynn all topped the charts.
1973 – Henry Kissinger was named Secretary of State by U.S. President Nixon. Kissinger won the Nobel Peace Prize in the same year.
1976 – EPA scientists reported that they had discovered plutonium in the ocean sediment off the SF coast and radioactive cesium leaking from containers 120 miles east of Ocean City, Md. Some 62,000 steel drums of nuclear waste were dumped into the oceans from 1946-1970.
1979 – Two hundred Black leaders, meeting in New York, expressed support for Andrew Young and demanded that Blacks be given a voice in shaping American foreign policy.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Theme from “Greatest American Hero” (Believe It or Not)” by Joey Scarbury, “Slow Hand” by Pointer Sisters and “I Don’t Need You” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1984 – The last Volkswagen Rabbit rolled off the assembly line in New Stanton, PA. Over 11 million of the economical cars had been produced.
1984 – The Republican convention in Dallas renominated Ronald Reagan.
1986 – Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood $1.38 million to settle a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit.
1988 – Speaking to the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Chicago, Vice President George Bush defended the Vietnam-era National Guard service of running mate Dan Quayle, saying, “He did not go to Canada, he did not burn his draft card and he damn sure didn’t burn the American flag.”
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Right Here Waiting” by Richard Marx, “On Our Own” by Bobby Brown, “Cold Hearted” by Paula Abdul and “Sunday in the South” by Shenandoah all topped the charts.
1989 – Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5000 strikeouts.
1989 – Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panthers, was shot to death in Oakland, CA. Tyrone Robinson was later convicted and sentenced to 32 years to life in prison for the killing.
1992 – FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi shoots and kills Vicki Weaver during an 11-day siege at her home at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
1992 – “End of the Road (From Boomerang)” by Boyz II Men topped the charts.
1992 – President Bush told an evangelical gathering in Dallas that the Democrats had left “three simple letters” out of their platform: “G-O-D.”
1994 – DNA testing linked OJ Simpson to the murder of Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman. m)
1995 – Congressman Mel Reynolds of Illinois (D- IL) was convicted in Chicago of criminal sexual assault, sexual abuse, child pornography and obstruction of justice for having sex with a former campaign worker who had been underage at the time.
1996 – The US Army began operating an incinerator in Utah to destroy a 14,000 ton stockpile of chemical weapons over seven years.
1997 – A federal judge rejected Pres. Clinton’s request to dismiss the sexual harassment suit of Paula Jones.
1997 – A federal official threw out the contentious Teamsters election because of alleged campaign fund-raising abuses, forcing union President Ron Carey into another race against James P. Hoffa.
1997 – A $64.8 million 890- lb. Lewis satellite was launched by NASA and went into an uncontrolled spin. It was expected to fall and burn up in Earth’s atmosphere in September.
1998 – President Clinton, in his Saturday radio address, announced he had signed an executive order putting Osama bin Laden’s Islamic Army on a list of terrorist groups.
1999 – The US Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that the number of Americans on parole topped four million for the first time.
2001 – The space shuttle Discovery returned and brought home 3 crew members, Yuri Usachev, Susan Helms, and Jim Voss, who had spent nearly six months on the International Space Station.
2002 – Two US helicopter pilots were reported lost in South Korea. Their bodies were found the next day thirteen miles south of Camp Page. Camp Page was located on the northwest side of the city of Chunchon in the north-central portion of the Republic Of Korea. It provided aviation support to the DMZ.
2003 – Roy Moore, Alabama’s chief justice, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from his courthouse.
2003 – In southern California members of the Earth Liberation Front struck four car dealerships. Damage at a Chevrolet dealership in West Covina was over $1 million.
2006 – Paramount Pictures severed ties to Tom Cruise after 14 years, citing unacceptable conduct.
2007 – The Texas Rangers became the first team in 110 years to score 30 runs in a game, setting an American League record in a 30-3 rout of the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a doubleheader.
2007 – The Storm botnet, a botnet created by the Storm Worm, sends out a record 57 million e-mails in one day.
2007 – It was reported that some US lawyers in New York City had crossed the $1,000 per hour billing mark.
2007 – The death toll across the Upper Midwest and from the remnants of Tropical Storm Erin that swept Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri over the past week rose to at least twenty-six. Three people were electrocuted by lightning at a bus stop in Madison, Wis.
2008 – (Florida state officials said seven people have been killed over the five days that Tropical Storm Fay has been pounding the state with torrential rain and powerful winds.
2010 – Hundreds of people rally in opposition to an Islamic cultural centre proposed for New York City near “Ground Zero”. Opponents to the building play Bruce Springsteen’s “Born in the U.S.A.” over loudspeakers very loudly.
2010 – After a federal investigation, forty-seven foreign-born gang members are arrested in New England, including members of the “True Somali Bloods”, “True Sudanese Bloods” and the “Asian Boyz”. Over half are arrested in Maine.
2011 – Jerry Leiber, the American lyricist of the Leiber and Stoller duo that wrote many of the most popular songs in the early years of rock and roll, dies at the age of 78 in Los Angeles.
2012 - A state of emergency is declared in California over wildfires threatening hundreds of buildings
2013 - Bob Filner, the Mayor of San Diego, California, has tentatively agreed to resign from office, pending the successful completion of a deal with city officials.
2013 – As of today, the number of U.S. service-members and Defense Department civilians killed in Afghanistan was reported at 2,129 and 3 respectively.
1834 – Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer, physicist, aeronautics pioneer.
1880 – George Herriman, American cartoonist.
1893 – Dorothy Parker (Rothschild), American author, columnist.
1920 – Ray Bradbury, American science fiction writer.
1934 – Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. general
|CLlFFORD, ROBERT T.
Rank and organization: Master-at-Arms, U.S. Navy. Place and date: On board the U.S.S. Shokokon at New Topsail Inlet off Wilmington, N.C., 22 August 1863. Born: 1835, Pennsylvania. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served participating in a strategic plan to destroy an enemy schooner, Clifford aided in the portage of a dinghy across the narrow neck of land separating the sea from the sound. Launching the boat in the sound, the crew approached the enemy from the rear and Clifford gallantly crept into the rebel camp and counted the men who outnumbered his party three to one. Returning to his men, he ordered a charge in which the enemy was routed, leaving behind a schooner and a quantity of supplies.
Senior Citizens Day
Poetry is the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken that uses a wide range of tools to form imaginative or elevated thoughts. It is a literary work usually in metric form. It is designed for people who are literate to write and speak in an effort to bring other people to literacy. In this definition literacy means the ability to read for knowledge, write coherently and think critically about printed material. It is an imaginative awareness of experience expressed through meaning, sound, and rhythmic language choices so as to evoke an emotional response. There are millions and millions of poems that have been written since the earliest times. The earliest poetry is probably dating back to the Sumerian “Epic of Gilgamesh”. The story revolves around a relationship between Gilgamesh and his close male companion, Enkidu. Enkidu is a wild man created by the gods as Gilgamesh’s equal to distract him from oppressing the citizens of Uruk. Together they undertake dangerous quests that incur the displeasure of the gods. First, they journey to the Cedar Mountain to defeat Humbaba, its monstrous guardian. Later they kill the Bull of Heaven that the goddess Ishtar has sent to punish Gilgamesh for spurning her advances. The latter part of the epic focuses on Gilgamesh’s distressed reaction to Enkidu’s death, which takes the form of a quest for immortality. Gilgamesh attempts to learn the secret of eternal life by undertaking a long and perilous journey to meet the immortal flood hero, Utnapishtim. Ultimately the words addressed to Gilgamesh in the midst of his quest foreshadow the end result: “The life that you are seeking you will never find. When the gods created man they allotted to him death, but life they retained in their own keeping.” Finally, Gilagmesh is rewarded for his achievements and for re-introducing the cultic religion of the people. Poetry has evolved from folk songs and from the need to convey long stories to various people groups. The idea behind poetry actually goes to how the brain functions best. The number three has tremendous effect on human memory and that was and is the goal, to try to remember these stories. Poems are written in metre to make them more memorable. It becomes easier to remember and easier to convey the stories. People who read poetry tend to develop an attachment to one of more particular ones. Several of my favorites come from a Canadian poet by the name of Robert Service. He lived in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. He is best known for his poems “The Shooting of Dan McGrew” and “The Cremation of Sam McGee“, from his first book, “Songs of a Sourdough.” This book has sold more than three million copies, making it the most commercially successful book of poetry of the 20th centuryThese two poems are hyper-linked here for your enjoyment. The use of songs helps to convey not only the words of the message but the emotions as well. “Daddy’s Poem” is a recent one that speaks to the emotions of a wife and mother and her little girl who lost her dad in Iraq. Another example of the use of song and poetry is a song from the sixties. How many can remember any race car crash over the past fifty years unless you were personally involved. How many can remember this one, a story, a poem set to music, “Tell Laura I Love Her.” Music (You Tube), Lyrics. Finally, for this article, is the poem by Rudyard Kipling that helps its readers to get over some very hard times. It is written to his son but I believe that this poem could speak to daughters as well, Read the poem “If“. For more information:
~ Lou Holtz
1525 – Estavao Gomes returned to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.
1680 – Pueblo Indians took possession of Santa Fe from Spanish
1770 – James Cook formally claims eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales.
1800 – U.S. Marine Corps Band gave its first concert in Washington, D.C. (Star Spangled Banner) (Pass In Review) (Trio – National Emblem)
1814 – Marines defended Washington, DC, at Bladensburg, Maryland, against the British.
1831 – Nat Turner launched a bloody slave insurrection in Southampton County, Virginia, hoping to lead his people out of slavery. This history has become a reference point for justification or rationalization of the Civil War. He was later executed.
1841 – John Hampson of New Orleans patents venetian blind.
1858 – The famous debates, mainly about slavery, between Senatorial contenders Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas began. The debates were held at seven sites throughout Illinois.
1861 – Civil War: U.S. Marines commanded by Major Reynolds took part in the First Battle of Bull Run: 9 Marines killed, 19 wounded, 16 missing in action.
1862 – Civil War: Fractional currency, alternately known as postage currency.The new 5, 10, 25, and 50-cent notes hit the streets on this day.
1863 – One hundred eighty-two men in the abolitionist town of Lawrence, KS are murdered in a raid by Southern partisans. It was one of the worst acts of violence to be perpetrated during the war.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate General A.P. Hill attacked Union troops south of Petersburg, Va., at the Weldon railroad. His attack was repulsed, resulting in heavy Confederate casualties.
1878 – The American Bar Association was formed by a group of lawyers, judges and law professors in Saratoga, NY.
1883 – First installation of electric lights in a US Navy warship. They were installed on the USS Trenton.
1887 – Mighty (Dan) Casey Struck-out in a game with the NY Giants.
1888 – The first successful adding machine in the United States was patented by William Seward Burroughs.
1901 – The Cadillac Motor Company was formed in Detroit, Michigan, named after the French explorer, Antoine Cadillac.
1901 – Joe McGinnity, suspended from the National League for punching & spitting on an ump.
1911 – Leonardo da Vinci’s painting, the “Mona Lisa,” was stolen from the Louvre in Paris; it was recovered two years later.
1912 – Arthur R. Eldred of Oceanside, New York, achieved the rank of Eagle Scout, the highest rank in the Boy Scouts of America — the first to earn the award. Thirty-one Eagle Scouts went on to become Astronauts and one, Gerald Ford, went on to be President of the United States.
1920 – Radio station built by U.S. Navy and French Government transmits first wireless message heard around the world. At time it was the most powerful radio station in the world.
1922 – Curly Lambeau and Green Bay Football Club were granted an NFL franchise. 1923 – In Kalamazoo, Michigan, an ordinance was passed forbidding dancers from gazing into the eyes of their partner.
1931 – Babe Ruth hits his 600th HR (Yanks beat Browns 11-7).
1933 – Ruth’s homer leads AL to a 4-2 win in first All Star Game.
1938 – Fats Waller’s most famous song, “Ain’t Misbehavin‘” was “waxed”. It was written in 1929 and gained popular recognition in the 1943 movie by the name of “Stormy Weather.”
1942 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, Japanese Colonel Ichiki’s force of 1000 men attack the American positions across the Tenaru River. The American force destroys the Japanese force.
1943 – Harriet M. West was the first Black woman major in the Women’s Army Corps (WAC).
1943 – World War II: Japan evacuated the Aleutian island of Kiaska. Kiaska had been the last North American foothold held by the Japanese.
1945 – President Harry Truman ended the Lend-Lease program that had shipped some $50 billion in aid to America’s allies during World War II.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “My
Happiness” by Jon & Sandra Steele, “It’s Magic” by Doris Day and “Bouquet of Roses” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1950 – The United Nations moved into its new permanent facilities in New York City. 1951 – First contract for nuclear-powered submarine awarded.
1954 – “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts topped the charts.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Prayer” by The Platters, “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley, “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Haywood and “I Walk the Line” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1959 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the Union. 1963 – In South Vietnam, martial law was declared. Army troops and police began to crackdown on the Buddhist anti-government protesters. 1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “Everybody Loves Somebody” by Dean Martin, “Where Did Our Love Go” by The Supremes, “Rag Doll” by The Four Seasons and “Dang Me” by Roger Miller all topped the charts. 1965 – Launch of Gemini 5, piloted by LCDR Charles Conrad Jr., USN, who completed 120 orbits in almost 8 days at an altitude of 217 miles. Recovery was by helicopter from USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39). 1965 - “I Got You Babe” by Sonny & Cher topped the charts. 1968 – James Anderson, Jr. posthumously receives the first Medal of Honor to be awarded to an African-American U.S. Marine. (See February 27, 1968 for citation) 1971 – Laura Baugh, at the age of 16, won the United State’s Women’s Amateur Golf tournament. She was the youngest winner in the history of the tournament. 1971- “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart?” by the Bee Gees topped the charts. 1971 – Three prisoners, George Jackson (29), Ronald Kane (28), John Lynn (29), and 3 guards, Jere Graham (39), Frank DeLeon (44) and Paul Krasenes (52), were killed during an attempted prison escape at San Quentin, California. 1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan, “Brandy (You’re a Fine Girl)” by Looking Glass, “Long Cool Woman (In a Black Dress)” by The Hollies and “Bless Your Heart” by Freddie Hart & The Heartbeats all topped the charts. 1972 – US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus was launched. 1972 – Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2. 1975 – Kathleen Ann Soliah (later known as Sarah Jane Olson) and other members of the Symbionese Liberation Army placed 2 pipe bombs under parked police cars at an Int’l. House of Pancakes on Sunset Blvd in Los Angeles.1975 – Rick & Paul Reuschel become first brothers to pitch a combined shut out. The final Cubs over the Dodgers 7-0. 1976 – It was announced by RCA Victor records that the sales of Elvis Presley records passed the 400 million mark. 1976 – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee topped the charts. 1977 – Donna Patterson Brice sets high speed water skiing record (111.11 mph). 1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Magic” by Olivia Newton-John, “Sailing” by Christopher Cross, “Take Your Time (Do It Right)” by The S.O.S. Band and “Tennessee River” by Alabama all topped the charts. 1982 – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor topped the charts. 1984 – Victoria Roche, a reserve outfielder, became the first girl to ever compete in a Little League World Series game. She played for the team that represented Belgium. The game is played in McKeesport, PA. 1984 – Clint Eastwood was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 1987 – A U.S. Marine was convicted for spying for the first time. Sergeant Clayton Lonetree was giving secrets to the KGB while working as a guard at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. He served eight years in a military prison. He was released in February 1996. 1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Roll with It” by Steve Winwood, “Monkey” by George Michael, “1-2-3” by Gloria Estefan & Miami Sound Machine and “Bluest Eyes in Texas” by Restless Heart all topped the charts. 1989 – Voyager 2 got close to the Neptune moon called Tritan. 1992 – Randall Weaver, a neo-Nazi leader, opened fire on U.S. marshals from his home in Idaho. Weaver surrendered eleven days later ending the standoff. During the standoff a deputy marshal, Weaver’s wife and his son were killed. 1993 – NASA lost contact with the Mars Observer spacecraft. The fate of the spacecraft was unknown. The mission cost $980 million. 1994 – The US House, by a vote of 235-195, passed a $30 billion crime bill that banned certain assault-style firearms. 1996 – The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 ( HIPPA) was signed by President Clinton. The act made it easier to obtain and keep health insurance. 1997 – Hudson Foods Inc. closed a plant in Nebraska after it had recalled 25 million pounds of ground beef that was potentially contaminated with E. coli 01557:H7. It was the largest food recall in U.S. history. 1997 – The CEO of Philip Morris Cos. said that cigarettes “might have” killed 100,000 Americans. It was the first acknowledgement by the company of a possible link between smoking and death. 1998- Samuel Bowers, a 73-year-old former Ku Klux Klan leader, was convicted in Hattiesburg, MS, of ordering a firebombing that killed civil rights activist Vernon Dahmer in 1966. Bowers died in prison in November 2006 at age 82. 2001 – Robert Tools, the first person to receive a self-contained artificial heart (Jul 2), was introduced to the public at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky. 2001 - It was reported that nuclear waste researchers had developed a process, pyroprocessing, to remove long term radioactive elements from waste and transmute them to less radioactive elements. 2001 - Robert Tools, the first person to receive a self-contained artificial heart (Jul 2), was introduced to the public at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky., through a video link from his doctor’s office. (See also 11/30/2001) 2002 - President Bush told reporters at his Texas ranch that ousting Iraq’s Saddam Hussein was “in the interests of the world” but indicated the United States was in no hurry. 2002 - A jury in San Diego convicted David Westerfield of kidnapping 7-year-old Danielle van Dam from her home and killing her. Westerfield was later sentenced to death. 2002 - Weldon Spring, Missouri, was reported open to the public as tourist attraction. The radioactive site opened after a $1 billion, 16-year cleanup. 2002 - Michael Kopper, former Enron financial executive, pleaded guilty to charges related to wire fraud and money laundering. He admitted to large kickbacks to the CFO, Andrew Fastow, and agreed to return $12 million. 2003 - Paul Hamm put together a near-perfect routine on the high bar to become the first American man to win the all-around gold medal at the World Gymnastics Championship. 2003 – The US military reported that Ali Hassan al-Majid (“Chemical Ali”), No. 5 on the list of most-wanted Iraqis, had been captured. 2003 – Alabama’s top judge, Chief Justice Roy Moore, refused to back down in his fight to keep a Ten Commandments monument and lashed out at his colleagues who ordered it removed from the rotunda of the state judicial building. 2004 - In Ohio health officials said cases of gastrointestinal illness had risen to 510 from people in the Put-in-Bay resort area. 2005 - US federal authorities indicted eighty-seven Asians and US citizens on charges of smuggling counterfeit money, drugs and cigarettes into the US. 2005 - Harvard scientists said they have fused an adult skin cell with an embryonic stem cell in a potentially dramatic development that could lead to the creation of useful stem cells without first having to create and destroy human embryos. 2006 - California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger and Democratic lawmakers agreed to raise California’s minimum wage by $1.25 over the next year to $8.00 per hour, making it the highest minimum wage in the nation. 2007 – A research firm said US foreclosure filings rose 9 percent from June to July and surged 93 percent over the same period last year, with Nevada, Georgia and Michigan accounting for the highest foreclosure rates nationwide. 2007 - The US shuttle Endeavour landed in Florida following a 13-day assembly mission on the International Space Station. 2008 – The Food and Drug Administration approves irradiation of lettuce and spinach to kill E. coli and other dangerous germs. 2008 - Intel showed off a wireless electric power system at the California firm’s annual developers forum in San Francisco. Analysts said it could revolutionize modern life by freeing devices from transformers and wall outlets. 2008 – One student is killed in a shooting at Central High School in Knoxville, Tennessee. 2009 – William Calley, the former Army lieutenant convicted on 22 counts of murder in the infamous My Lai Massacre in Vietnam, publicly apologized for the first time this week while speaking in Columbus. 2009 - Guaranty Bank became the second-largest US bank to fail this year after the Texas lender was shut down by regulators and most of its operations sold at a loss of billions of dollars 2010 -In Alaska a float-plane carrying four people went missing 285 miles southwest of Anchorage. The passengers included three Katmai National Park rangers. 2010 – It was reported that the cost of sustaining each American soldier in Afghanistan is about $1 million. 2011 - President Barack Obama called on Muammar Gaddafi to “relinquish power once and for all.” 2012 – Congressman Todd Akin who is also a candidate for the US Senate, vows to continue as the US-wide fall-out over his rape, pregnancy and anti-abortion comments rages on. 2013 – “A man is not dead until he is forgotten. Let us not forget.” Delbert “Shorty” Belton, a survivor of the WWII Battle of Okinawa was murdered by two black teens in a random attack at the Eagles Lodge in Spokane, WA . He was 89 years old.
2017 - Next total solar eclipse to be visible from North America.
1904 – (William) Count Basie, American bandleader, composer. 1920 – Christopher Robin Milne, inspiration for the Winnie-the-Pooh stories (d. 1996) 1923 – “Chris” Schenkel. American sportscaster 1936 – Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball Hall-of-Famer. 1938 – Kenny Rogers, American singer and actor 1959 – Jim McMahon, American football player 1973 – Sergey Brin, Co-founder of Google. 1984 – Melissa Schuman, American actress
*YOUNG, MARVIN R. VIETNAM
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 1st Battalion, (Mechanized), 5th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Ben Cui, Republic of Vietnam, 21 August 1968. Entered service at: Odessa, Tex. Born: 11 May 1947, Alpine, Tex. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Young distinguished himself at the cost of his life while serving as a squad leader with Company C. While conducting a reconnaissance mission in the vicinity of Ben Cui, Company C was suddenly engaged by an estimated regimental-size force of the North Vietnamese Army. During the initial volley of fire the point element of the 1st Platoon was pinned down, sustaining several casualties, and the acting platoon leader was killed. S/Sgt. Young unhesitatingly assumed command of the platoon and immediately began to organize and deploy his men into a defensive position in order to repel the attacking force. As a human wave attack advanced on S/Sgt. Young’s platoon, he moved from position to position, encouraging and directing fire on the hostile insurgents while exposing himself to the hail of enemy bullets. After receiving orders to withdraw to a better defensive position, he remained behind to provide covering fire for the withdrawal. Observing that a small element of the point squad was unable to extract itself from its position, and completely disregarding his personal safety, S/Sgt. Young began moving toward their position, firing as he maneuvered. When halfway to their position he sustained a critical head injury, yet he continued his mission and ordered the element to withdraw. Remaining with the squad as it fought its way to the rear, he was twice seriously wounded in the arm and leg. Although his leg was badly shattered, S/Sgt. Young refused assistance that would have slowed the retreat of his comrades, and he ordered them to continue their withdrawal while he provided protective covering fire. With indomitable courage and heroic self-sacrifice, he continued his self-assigned mission until the enemy force engulfed his position. By his gallantry at the cost of his life are in the highest traditions of the military service, S/Sgt. Young has reflected great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
|SMITH, JOHN LUCIAN WW II|
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Marine Corps, Marine Fighter Squadron 223, Place and date: In the Solomon Islands area, August-September 1942. Entered service at: Oklahoma. Born: 26 December 1914, Lexington, Okla. Other Navy award: Legion of Merit. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and heroic achievement in aerial combat above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of Marine Fighting Squadron 223 during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands area, August-September 1942. Repeatedly risking his life in aggressive and daring attacks, Maj. Smith led his squadron against a determined force, greatly superior in numbers, personally shooting down sixteen Japanese planes between 21 August and 15 September 1942. In spite of the limited combat experience of many of the pilots of this squadron, they achieved the notable record of a total of eighty-three enemy aircraft destroyed in this period, mainly attributable to the thorough training under Maj. Smith and to his intrepid and inspiring leadership. His bold tactics and indomitable fighting spirit, and the valiant and zealous fortitude of the men of his command not only rendered the enemy’s attacks ineffective and costly to Japan, but contributed to the security of our advance base. His loyal and courageous devotion to duty sustains and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
|HAMMANN, CHARLES HAZELTINE WW I|
Rank and organization: Ensign, U.S. Naval Reserve Fleet. Born: 16 March 1892, Baltimore, Md. Appointed from: Maryland. Citation: For extraordinary heroism as a pilot of a seaplane on 21 August 1918, when with three other planes Ens. Hammann took part in a patrol and attacked a superior force of enemy land planes. In the course of the engagement which followed the plane of Ens. George M. Ludlow was shot down and fell in the water five miles off Pola. Ens. Hammann immediately dived down and landed on the water close alongside the disabled machine, where he took Ludlow on board. Although his machine was not designed for the double load to which it was subjected, and although there was danger of attack by Austrian planes, he made his way to Porto Corsini. Italy.
Rank and organization: First Class Fireman, U.S. Navy. Place and date: On board the U.S.S. Tallapoosa 21 August 1884 Born: 1856, Washington, D.C. Accredited to: Washington, D.C. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Tallapoosa at the time of the sinking of that vessel, on the night of 21 August 1884. Remaining at his post of duty in the fireroom until the fires were put out by the rising waters, Harrington opened the safety valves when the water was up to his waist.
|MAGEE, JOHN W. INTERIM 1871-1898|
Rank and organization: Second Class Fireman, U.S. Navy. Place and date: On board the U.S.S. Tallapoosa 21 August 1884 Born: 1859, Maryland. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Tallapoosa during the sinking of that vessel on the night of 21 August 1884. During this period, Magee remained at his post of duty in the fireroom until the fires were put out by the rising waters.
|OHMSEN, AUGUST INTERIM 1871-1898|
Rank and organization: Master-at-Arms, U.S. Navy. Place and date: On board the U.S.S. Tallapoosa 21 August 1884 Born: 1853, Germany. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Tallapoosa at the time of the sinking of that vessel, on the night of 21 August 1884. Clearing the berth deck, Ohmsen remained there until the water was waist deep, wading about with outstretched arms, rousing the men out of their hammocks. Then, going on deck, he assisted in lowering the first cutter and then the dinghy, of which he took charge.
|OSBORNE, JOHN INTERIM 1871-1898|
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Place and date: On board the U.S.S. Juniata at Philadelphia, Pa., 21 August 1876. Born: 1844, New Orleans, La. Accredited to: Louisiana. G.O. No.: 218, 24 August 1876. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Juniata, Osborne displayed gallant conduct in rescuing from drowning an enlisted boy of that vessel.
|ANDERSON, FREDERICK C. CIVIL WAR|
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 18th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at:——Birth: Boston, Mass. Date of issue: 6 September 1864. Citation: Capture of battle flag of 27th South Carolina (C.S.A.) and the color bearer.
|ELLIS, HORACE CIVIL WAR|
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 7th Wisconsin Infantry (Iron Brigade). Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at: Chippewa Falls, Wis. Birth: Mercer County, Pa. Date of issue: December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 16th Mississippi (C.S.A.).
|REED, GEORGE W. CIVIL WAR|
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 11th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at: Johnstown, Pa. Birth: Cambria County, Pa. Dale of issue: 6 September 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 24th North Carolina Volunteers (C.S.A.).
|SHILLING, JOHN CIVIL WAR|
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 3d Delaware Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at: Felton, Del. Born: 15 February 1832, England. Date of issue: 6 September 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.
|SMITH, RICHARD CIVIL WAR|
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 95th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at: Harverstraw, Rockland County, N.Y. Birth: Harverstraw, Rockland County, N.Y. Date of issue: 13 March 1865. Citation: Captured two officers and twenty men of Hagood’s brigade while they were endeavoring to make their way back through the woods.
National Radio Day
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Tech Support Humor
Dear Tech Support:
Last year I upgraded from Girlfriend 7.0 to Wife 1.0. I soon noticed that the new program began unexpected child processing that took up a lot of space and valuable resources.
In addition, Wife 1.0 installed itself into all other programs and now monitors all other system activity. Applications such as Poker Night 10.3, Football 5.0, Hunting and Fishing 7.5, and Golfing 3.6.
I can’t seem to keep Wife 1.0 in the background while attempting to run my favorite applications. I’m thinking about going back to Girlfriend 7.0 , but the uninstall doesn’t work on Wife 1.0 . Please help!
Thanks, Troubled User…..
Dear Troubled User:
This is a very common problem that men complain about.
Many people upgrade from Girlfriend 7.0 to Wife 1.0, thinking that it is just a Utilities and Entertainment program. Wife 1.0 is an OPERATING SYSTEM and is designed by its Creator to run EVERYTHING !!! It is also impossible to delete Wife 1.0 and to return to Girlfriend 7.0 . It is impossible to uninstall, or purge the program files from the system once installed.
You cannot go back to Girlfriend 7.0 because Wife 1.0 is designed to not allow this. Look in your Wife 1.0 manual under Warnings-Alimony/Child Support. I recommend that you keep Wife 1.0 and work on improving the situation. I suggest installing the background application “Yes Dear” to alleviate software augmentation.
The best course of action is to enter the command C:APOLOGIZE! because ultimately you will have to give the APOLOGIZE command before the system will return to normal anyway.
Wife 1.0 is a great program, but it tends to be very high maintenance. Wife 1.0 comes with several support programs, such as Clean and Sweep 3.0, Cook It 1.5 and Do Bills 4.2.
However, be very careful how you use these programs. Improper use will cause the system to launch the program Nag Nag 9.5. Once this happens, the only way to improve the performance of Wife 1.0 is to purchase additional software. I recommend Flowers 2.1 and Diamonds 5.0!
WARNING!!! DO NOT, under any circumstances, install Secretary With Short Skirt 3.3. This application is not supported by Wife 1.0 and will cause irreversible damage to the operating system!
Best of luck,
“Change. It has the power to uplift, to heal, to stimulate, surprise, open new doors, bring fresh experience and create excitement in life. Certainly it is worth the risk.”
~ Leo Buscaglia
adumbrate AD-uhm-brayt; uh-DUHM-, transitive verb:
1. To give a sketchy or slight representation of; to outline.
2. To foreshadow in a vague way.
3. To suggest, indicate, or disclose partially.
4. To cast a shadow over; to shade; to obscure.
1494 – Columbus returned to Hispaniola. He had confirmed that Jamaica was an island and failed to find a mainland.
1619 – The first African slaves arrived to North America aboard a Dutch privateer. It docked in Jamestown, Virginia, with twenty human captives among its cargo.
1667 – John Milton published “Paradise Lost,” an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.
1741 – Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering, commissioned by Peter the Great of Russia to find land connecting Asia and North America, discovered Alaska. His name still graces the Bering Sea and the Bering Strait.
1775 – The Spanish establish a presidio (fort) in the town that became Tucson, Arizona.
1781 - George Washington began to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis.
1794 – Battle of Fallen Timbers – American troops force a confederacy of Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi warriors into a disorganized retreat. American General “Mad Anthony” Wayne led the fight.
1804 - Charles Floyd died, the only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. In 1901 a memorial was erected at his gravesite in Sioux City, Iowa.
1847 - General Winfield Scott won the battle of Churubusco on his drive to Mexico City.
1852 – The steamer “Atlantic” collided on Lake Erie with the fishing boat “Ogdensburg”, and sank. An estimated 150-250 people were drowned.
1858 – Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, alongside Alfred Russel Wallace’s same theory.
1862 – Horace Greeley’s “The Prayer of Twenty Millions” was published.
1864 – Civil War: The eighth and last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Va., left about 3900 casualties.
1865 - President Andrew Johnson proclaimed an end to the “insurrection” in Texas.
1866 – President Andrew Johnson formally declared the Civil War over, even though the fighting had stopped months earlier.
1866 – The newly organized National Labor Union called on the U.S. Congress to mandate an eight-hour workday.
1882 – Tchaikovsky’s “1812 Overture” debuted in Moscow.
1885 – Gilbert and Sullivan’s “The Mikado” opened at the Fifth Avenue Theatre in New York City.
1896 – Dial telephone patented. The Strowger patent ( No. 447,918) of 1891 and subsequent patents pertaining to the Strowger system were the most successful.
1908 – The American Great White Fleet arrived in Sydney, Australia, to a warm
1910 – The first shot fired from an airplane was during a test flight over Brooklyn’s Sheepshead Bay.
1910 – The Great Idaho Fire killed 86 people and destroyed some 3 million acres of timber in Idaho and Montana.
1912 – William Booth, English minister and founder of the Salvation Army died.
1912 - The US Plant Quarantine Act went into effect.
1914 – World War I: German forces occupied Brussels, Belgium.
1918 – World War I: The British opened its Western Front offensive.
1920 – The first commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), begins operations in Detroit, Michigan.
1920 - A preliminary meeting was held in Akron, Ohio, to form the American Pro Football League.
1920 - The US opened its first coast-to-coast airmail delivery route, just 60 years after the Pony Express closed up shop. By 1924 a line of giant concrete markers stretched from Rock Springs, Wyoming to Cleveland, Ohio. Every ten miles, pilots would pass a 70-foot concrete arrow on the ground which was painted a bright yellow. At the center of each arrow there would be a 51-foot steel tower and topped by a million-candlepower rotating beacon.The next summer, it reached all the way to New York and then extended all the way to San Francisco by 1929.
1923 – The first American dirigible, the “Shenandoah,” was launched in Lakehurst, NJ.
1930 – Philo Farnsworth patented a television. In 1927, Philo was the first inventor to transmit a television image comprised of 60 horizontal lines. The image transmitted was a dollar sign.
1934 - Gangster Al Capone and 42 other prisoners traveled in steel barred railroad coaches to Alcatraz after being transferred the federal penitentiary in Atlanta, Ga.
1938 – Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam–a record that still stands.
1939 – Orrin Tucker’s orchestra recorded “Oh, Johnny, Oh, Johnny, Oh!”
1939 – The National Negro Bowling Association was founded in Detroit, MI. The association was started because the other two major organizations had clauses that allowed “Caucasians Only.” Wynston Brown became its first president.
1940 – World War II: Europe: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill paid tribute to the Royal Air Force, saying, “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”
1940 – World War II: Europe: Radar was used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain.
1940 – World War II: Europe: France fell to the Germans during World War II.
1941 - World War II: Holocaust: Police raided the 11th district of Paris and took over 4,000 Jewish males.
1941 – World War II: Europe: Adolf Hitler authorized the development of the V-2 missile.
1942 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, the first aircraft, 31 Marine (MAG-23) fighters from the escort carrier USS Long Island are flown into Henderson Field Air Strip.
1944 – Spingarn Medal presented to Charles R. Drew “who set up and ran the blood plasma bank in the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City which served as one of the models for the widespread system of blood banks now in operation for the American Red Cross.” The Spingarn Medal is awarded annually by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for outstanding achievement by an African-American.
1944 – World War II: The US liberty ship SS Richard Montgomery was wrecked off the Nore in the Thames Estuary, with some 1500 tons of explosives. It is a time-bomb waiting for a terrorist to give Britain its first real tsunami and, maybe, worse.
1945 – The War Production Board removes most of its controls over manufacturing activity.
1945 – Tommy Brown of the Brooklyn Dodgers became the youngest player to hit a home run in a major-league ball game. Brown was 17 years, 8 months and 14 days old.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Peg o’ My Heart” by The Harmonicats, “I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder” by Eddy Howard, “Across the Alley from the Alamo” by The Mills Brothers and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1949 – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1950 – General MacArthur repeated his July 4th warning to North Korean leader Kim Il Sung concerning the treatment of prisoners of war as a result of the Hill 303 murder of 36 American soldiers.
1953 – It was announced by the Soviet Union that they had detonated a hydrogen bomb.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley & His Comets, “Hard to Get” by Gisele MacKenzie, “The Yellow Rose of Texas” by Mitch Miller and “I Don’t Care” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1955 – Col. Horace A. Hanes, a U.S. Air Force pilot, flew to an altitude of 40,000 feet. He reached a speed of 822.135 miles per hour in a Super Sabrejet.
1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops “Billboards” chart.
1955 – Bo Diddley made his first appearance at the Apollo Theater in New York City.
1956 - The Republican Convention opened at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca.
1956 - The US State Department reaffirmed its ban on travel to China.
1960 – “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS - “Fingertips – Pt 2” by Little Stevie Wonder, “Blowin’ in the Wind” by Peter, Paul & Mary, “Judy’s Turn to Cry” by Lesley Gore and “Ring of Fire” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1964 – The Economic Opportunity Act, a $1 billion anti-poverty measure, was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1965 – Rolling Stones release “Satisfaction” (their first #1 US hit).
1966 – Vietnam: Operation “Allegheny” in Quang Nam, RVN. (Concluded 29 August).
1966 – “Summer in the City” by Lovin’ Spoonful topped the charts.
1966 – The Beatles were pelted with rotten fruit during a Memphis concert.
1969 – Andy Williams received a gold record for the album “Happy Heart.”
1969 - Arlo Guthrie released “Alice’s Restaurant.” (22:31)
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart” by The Bee Gees, “Mr. Big Stuff” by Jean Knight, “Take Me Home, Country Roads” by John Denver and “I’m Just Me” by Charley Pride all topped the charts.
1971 – FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr. It was later discovered that Schorr had been added to Nixon’s “enemies list” and as a result was investigated by the FBI.
1971 – Vietnam: Heavy rains flooded the Red River delta and some 100,000 people were killed.
1974 – Nolan Ryan pitch measured at record 100.4 mph.
1975 – Viking 1, an unmanned U.S. planetary probe, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a mission to Mars. It reached Mars in the summer of 1976.
1977 – The U.S. Voyager I spacecraft was launched on its journey via Jupiter and Saturn to become the first artificial object to leave the solar system.
1977 – “Best of My Love” by the Emotions topped the charts.
1977 - The United States launched Voyager 2, an unmanned spacecraft carrying a 12-inch copper phonograph record containing greetings in dozens of languages, samples of music and sounds of nature.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Good Times” by Chic, “My Sharona” by The Knack, “The Main Event/Fight” by Barbra Streisand and “Coca Cola Cowboy” by Mel Tillis all topped the charts.
1979 – Swimmer Diana Nyad succeeded in her third attempt at swimming from the Bahamas to Florida.
1979 – Bob Dylan proclaimed his new born-again Christianity with his album “Slow Train Coming.“
1980 - UN Security Council condemned (14-0, US abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jerusalem is it’s capital.
1983 – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police topped the charts.
1985 – The original Xerox 914 copier was presented to the Smithsonian Institute’s Museum of American History. Chester Carlson was the man who invented the machine.
1986 – Patrick Henry Sherril, postal employee, killed 14 co-workers in a shooting spree at the post office in Edmond, OK. This incident is credited with inspiring the American phrase “going postal”.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For” by U2, “Who’s That Girl” by Madonna, “Luka” by Suzanne Vega and“A Long Line of Love” by Michael Martin Murphey all topped the charts.
1988 – “Roll with It” by Steve Winwood topped the charts.
1988 – “Black Saturday” of the Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park. The normal fire season was in progress when a cold front passed through during the morning hours. Winds increased to and sustained themselves at 30 to 40 miles per hour with gusts as high as 70 miles per hour. The fires exploded into gigantic firestorms that sent flames as high as 200 feet into the air.
1989 – Jose and Kitty Menendez were shot to death by their sons Lyle and Erik. The first trials ended in hung juries.
1990 – For the first time since Iraq began detaining foreigners, President Bush publicly referred to the detainees as hostages, and demanded their release. Iraq moved Western hostages to military installations (human shields).
1990 – Three former Northwest Airlines pilots were convicted in Minneapolis of flying while intoxicated.
1990 - George Steinbrenner stepped down as NY Yankee owner.
1992 - The Republican National Convention in Houston renominated President Bush and Vice President Quayle.
1993 – Conjoined twins Angela and Amy Lakeberg were separated at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia in an operation that scarified Amy, since the sisters shared a common heart and liver tissue. Angela died in June 1994.
1994 – President Clinton slapped new sanctions on Cuba that included prohibiting payments by Cuban-Americans to their relatives in Cuba.
1995 - The remnants of an American peace delegation headed home from Bosnia-Herzegovina with the bodies of three diplomats killed in an accident.
1996 – Pres. Clinton signed the federal minimum wage bill for an increase of .90 cents per hour in two steps to $5.15 per hour over 13 months. It was the first minimum-wage increase in five years. The bill included a $5,000 tax credit for the cost of adopting a child. He also signed a new retirement savings program for small-business workers.
1997 - United Parcel Service drivers put away picket signs, put on their uniforms and began to sluggishly recover from its costly strike.
1998 - It was reported that a $1 million reward was given by the Justice Dept. to David Kaczynski for providing information that led to the arrest of his brother Theodore, the Unabomber.
1998 – U.S. military forces attacked a terrorist camp in Afghanistan and a chemical plant in Sudan. Both targets were chosen for cruise missile strikes due to their connection with Osama bin Laden and to the Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
1998 - Monica Lewinsky went before a grand jury for a second round of explicit testimony about her White House trysts with President Clinton.
1999 - The Peregrine falcon was removed from the list of endangered species.
2000 – Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship in a playoff over Bob May, becoming the first player since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win three majors in one year.
2003 - The US won the women’s overall team gold medal at the World Gymnastics Championships in Anaheim, Calif.; Romania took the silver medal and Australia, the bronze.
2004 - Democrats labored to deflect attacks on John Kerry’s war record with fresh television ads touting his fitness for national command.
2005 - Northwest Airlines mechanics went on strike rather than accept pay cuts and layoffs; Northwest hired replacement workers.
2005 - With a deafening boom, the ashes of gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson were blown into the sky above Woody Creek, Colo.
2006 – Joe Rosenthal (94), former Associated Press photographer, who had taken the iconic Iwo Jima flag-raising picture (2/23/1945) during World War II, died in Novato, Calif.
2007 – The thirteenth and final victim is recovered from the site of the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge Collapse. Divers discovered the body of Gregory Jolstad, a 45-year-old construction worker who was part of the crew resurfacing the Interstate 35W bridge when it fell Aug. 1 during the evening rush hour. .
2007 – The lawyer for Atlanta Falcons quarterback Michael Vick said Vick will plead guilty to federal dogfighting conspiracy charges.
2008 – In Alabama five men were found killed, execution style in Shelby County. The killings were soon identified as a retaliation hit over drug money with ties to Mexico’s notorious Gulf Cartel.
2009 – In Colorado a Black Hawk helicopter crashed during training on Mount Massive, the state’s second highest mountain. Four soldiers were killed in the crash.
2010 – US regulators shut down eight more banks including four in California, one in Chicago, one in Virginia and two in Florida. This brought the total number of failed US banks to 118 for the year thus far.
2010 - J. D. Salinger’s toilet is put on sale on eBay for $1 million.
2010 - A study links the risk of Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder to pesticide exposure before birth.
2011 – Striking Verizon Communications workers will return to work from a strike on the night of Monday, August 22, 2011, even without a formal contract.
1833 – Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd President of the United States of America (1889-1893).
1881 – Edgar Guest, English-born American poet (d. 1959)
1907 – Alan Reed, original voice of Fred Flintstone. (d. 1977)
1920 – Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), was born in Phila., Pa.
1931 – Donald King, American promoter of boxing.
1935 – Ron Paul, US Congressman, 1988 and 2008 presidential candidate
1942 – Isaac Hayes, American singer, songwriter, and actor
1946 – Connie Chung (Yu-Hwa) journalist: CBS Evening News, was born in Washington, DC.
1954 – Al Roker, American television personality
|LAMBERS, PAUL RONALD
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 2d Battalion, 27th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Tay Ninh province, Republic of Vietnam, 20 August 1968. Entered service at: Holland, Mich. Born: 25 June 1942, Holland, Mich. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. (then Sgt.) Lambers distinguished himself in action while serving with the 3d platoon, Company A. The unit had established a night defensive position astride a suspected enemy infiltration route, when it was attacked by an estimated Viet Cong battalion. During the initial enemy onslaught, the platoon leader fell seriously wounded and S/Sgt. Lambers assumed command of the platoon. Disregarding the intense enemy fire, S/Sgt. Lambers left his covered position, secured the platoon radio and moved to the command post to direct the defense. When his radio became inoperative due to enemy action, S/Sgt. Lambers crossed the fire swept position to secure the 90mm recoilless rifle crew’s radio in order to re-establish communications. Upon discovering that the 90mm recoilless rifle was not functioning, S/Sgt. Lambers assisted in the repair of the weapon and directed canister fire at point-blank range against the attacking enemy who had breached the defensive wire of the position. When the weapon was knocked out by enemy fire, he single-handedly repulsed a penetration of the position by detonating claymore mines and throwing grenades into the midst of the attackers, killing four more of the Viet Cong with well aimed hand grenades. S/Sgt. Lambers maintained command of the platoon elements by moving from position to position under the hail of enemy fire, providing assistance where the assault was the heaviest and by his outstanding example inspiring his men to the utmost efforts of courage. He displayed great skill and valor throughout the five-hour battle by personally directing artillery and helicopter fire, placing them at times within fivemeters of the defensive position. He repeatedly exposed himself to hostile fire at great risk to his own life in order to redistribute ammunition and to care for seriously wounded comrades and to move them to sheltered positions. S/Sgt. Lambers’ superb leadership, professional skill and magnificent courage saved the lives of his comrades, resulted in the virtual annihilation of a vastly superior enemy force and were largely instrumental in thwarting an enemy offensive against Tay Ninh City. His gallantry at the risk of his life is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
|HAWK, JOHN D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 359th Infantry, 90th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chambois, France, 20 August 1944. Entered service at: Bremerton, Wash. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. G.O. No.: 55, 13 July 1945. Citation: He manned a light machinegun on 20 August 1944, near Chambois, France, a key point in the encirclement which created the Falaise Pocket. During an enemy counterattack, his position was menaced by a strong force of tanks and infantry. His fire forced the infantry to withdraw, but an artillery shell knocked out his gun and wounded him in the right thigh. Securing a bazooka, he and another man stalked the tanks and forced them to retire to a wooded section. In the lull which followed, Sgt. Hawk reorganized two machinegun squads and, in the face of intense enemy fire, directed the assembly of one workable weapon from two damaged guns. When another enemy assault developed, he was forced to pull back from the pressure of spearheading armor. Two of our tank destroyers were brought up. Their shots were ineffective because of the terrain until Sgt. Hawk, despite his wound, boldly climbed to an exposed position on a knoll where, unmoved by fusillades from the enemy, he became a human aiming stake for the destroyers. Realizing that his shouted fire directions could not be heard above the noise of battle, he ran back to the destroyers through a concentration of bullets and shrapnel to correct the range. He returned to his exposed position, repeating this performance until two of the tanks were knocked out and a third driven off. Still at great risk, he continued to direct the destroyers’ fire into the Germans’ wooded position until the enemy came out and surrendered. Sgt. Hawk’s fearless initiative and heroic conduct, even while suffering from a painful wound, was in large measure responsible for crushing two desperate attempts of the enemy to escape from the Falaise Picket and for taking more than 500 prisoners.
Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont., 9 August 1877; at Camas Meadows, Idaho, 20 August 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Philadelphia Pa. Date of issue: 28 February 1878. Citation: Conspicuous gallantry, a special skill as sharpshooter.
Rank and organization: Captain, 1st U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Camas Meadows, Idaho, 20 August 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: New Jersey. Date of issue: 17 April 1896. Citation: Dismounted from his horse in the face of a heavy fire from pursuing Indians, and with the assistance of one or two of the men of his command secured to a place of safety the body of his trumpeter, who had been shot.
|JONES, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: Farrier, Company L, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Little Muddy Creek, Mont., 7 May 1877- at Camas Meadows, Idaho, 20 August 1877. Entered service at: Louisville, Ky. Birth. Davidson County, N.C. Date of issue: 28 February 1878. Citation: Gallantry in the attack against hostile Sioux Indians on May 7, 1877 at Muddy Creek, Mont., and in the engagement with Nez Perces Indians at Camas Meadows, Idaho, on 20 August 1877 in which he sustained a painful knee wound.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company L, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Little Muddy Creek, Mont., 7 May 1877; at Camas Meadows, Idaho, 20 August 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 28 February 1878. Citation: Bravery in actions with Indians.
|JENNINGS, JAMES T.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 56th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 20 August 1864. Entered service at: Bucks County, Pa. Birth: England. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 55th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).
“Black Cow” Root Beer Float Day
Better eat your Wheaties…Gone Flakey…
Kelloggs’ Miss America commemorative Corn Flakes Box featuring Vanessa Williams is one of the most collectible cereal boxes. Dated 1984, this Vanessa Williams Miss America Kellogg’s Corn Flakes Cereal Box is a Large 12 ounce size cereal box which measures 7.5” x 11.5” x 2.5”. Graphics include a sexy color photo of Ms. Williams, who was forced to give up her crown after photos of her — taken years before and not exactly appropriate for the front of a cereal box – appeared in Penthouse magazine. Few of these cereal boxes survived the subsequent scandal.
In the 1950′s Wheaties stopped using athletes on their boxes and started using Disney figurines. Sales went down 15%. General Mills had a meeting and decided to recall their sports stars. The Disney boxes are valuable today.
In 1981, General Mills supposedly featured a box with Count Chocula wearing a six-pointed star pendant. A religious group objected to what they felt was a “Star of David” and the box was recalled. It was not Count Chocula who wore a six-pointed medallion (the Maltese Cross, from the Order of the Thelemic Knights or the Order of St. John). an image of Bela Lagosi as Dracula on the box who did. As you can see, it was Dracula that was wearing the six-pointed medallion on his chest. A box of Count Chocula can be seen in the 2004 movie “Blade: Trinity”.
Trix was originally launched in 1954, becoming the first fruit-flavored cereal on the market. The white rabbit first appeared on cereal boxes in 1960, this large white rabbit originally raced around trying to get some raspberry red, lemon yellow, and orange orange Trix corn-puffed cereal to eat. “Trix. The corn cereal with the natural taste of fruit”. Then two kids, a boy and a girl, always caught him before he could eat the Trix. “Silly rabbit, Trix are for kids”. The Trix Rabbit twice got to eat a bowl of Trix. Once in 1976, and again in 1980 following a box-top voting campaign. The Trix Rabbit and the slogan “Trix are for kids” were created by Joe Harris in August 1959. Tony Jaffe is also credited with writing “Trix are for Kids” spots for a number of years.
To see even more interesting stories and graphics go to Topher’s Breakfast Cereal Character Guide
How To Make A Black Cow
This, depending upon where you live could also be known as a root beer float, a black cow, a brown cow, and a sassy cow, this all-American favorite is a snap to make. This recipe serves one.
Root beer soda
Vanilla ice cream
1. Chill a tumbler.
2. Add the vanilla ice cream and chocolate syrup.
3. Slowly pour in cold soda until the glass is full.
4. Garnish with whipped cream and a cherry.
5. Serve with a straw and long-handled spoon
“Be who you are and say what you feel, because those who mind don’t matter and those who matter don’t mind.”
~ Dr. Suess
From head to foot; at all points.
1263 – King James I of Aragon censored Hebrew writing.
1692 – Five women and a clergyman were executed after being convicted of witchcraft in Salem, MA. Fourteen more people were executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned.
1779 – Americans under Major Henry Lee took the British garrison at Paulus Hook, New Jersey.
1782 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks – the last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Lord Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
1807 – Robert Fulton’s North River Steamboat arrived in Albany, two days after leaving New York.
1812 – The USS Constitution — also known as Old Ironsides — got its name when it defeated the British warship Guerriere off Nova Scotia in a slugfest of broadsides, when cannonballs were said to have bounced off her sides. The USS Constitution won more than 30 battles against the Barbary pirates off Africa’s coast in the War of 1812.
1818 – Capt James Biddle takes possession of Oregon Territory for U.S.
1848 – First report of the California gold strike was published in the “New York Herald.”
1862 – Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
1863 – Civil War: Boat expedition from U.S.S. Norwich and Hale destroyed a Confederate signal station near Jacksonville.
1864 – Civil War: The second day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia.
1871 –Today is called “Aviation Day” because it is the birth date of Orville Wright in Dayton, OH.
1893 – The root beer float, or “Black Cow,” was invented by Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing in Colorado.
1909 – First race at the Indianapolis 500 Speedway. This was not the “Indy 500” which started on May 30, 1911. This race was a five mile dash that ended with six fatalities.
1910 – The advance guard of the Barnum & Bailey Circus began arriving in San Francisco, claiming to be the biggest ever to visit the Pacific Coast. It included 1,280 people, 85 railroad cars, 700 horses and 400 elephants.
1914 – Elmer Rice’s “On Trial,” premiered in New York City.
1917 – Team managers John McGraw and Christy Matthewson were arrested for breaking New York City’s blue laws. The crime was their teams were playing baseball on Sunday.
1918 – Sgt. Irving Berlin’s musical about army life in World War I opened in NYC. Yip Yip Yaphank was the name of musical revue composed and produced by him.
1919 – HOSTESS was trademark registered by William B. Ward.
1919 – “The Marines’ Hymn” was registered with the U.S. Copyright Office. The Marine copyright of 1919 identifies the lyricist as L.Z.PHILLIPS. It was first issued in an uncopyrighted version “printed but not published by the “United States Marine
Corps Publicity Bureau” The music was taken from an obscure OPERA BOUFFE by
1929 – The comedy program “Amos and Andy,” starring Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll, made its network radio debut. “The Lion Tamer“
1934 – The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
1934 – Adolf Hitler was approved for sole executive power in Germany as Fuehrer. The creation of the position Fuehrer is approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.This gave him “absolute power.”
1939 – The Dick Jurgens Orchestra recorded, “Day Dreams Come True at Night.”
1940 – The new Civil Aeronautics Administration awarded honorary pilot license #1 to Orville Wright.
1942 – World War II: Nineteen US Marines died during a commando raid on Makin atoll in the Gilbert Islands. The raid was 2,000 miles behind enemy lines and nine Marines were left behind.
1943 – World War II: Italians approached the Allies about negotiating a surrender.
1944 – World War II: Liberation of Paris – Paris rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops.
1944 – World War II: Elements of the US 3rd Army reach the Seine River at Mantes Grassicourt. There is heavy fighting between Falaise and Argentan.
1945 – World War II: Japanese representatives of the government arrive in Manila to conclude the surrender of the remaining Japanese troops and receive instructions on the plans for the occupation of Japan and the signing of the surrender documents.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Gypsy” by The Ink Spots, “They Say It’s Wonderful” by Frank Sinatra, “I Don’t Know Enough About You” by The Mills Brothers and “New Spanish Two Step” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War: The USS Missouri, the only active battleship in the Navy fleet at that time, departed Norfolk, Va., for Korea, arriving Sept. 15.
1950 – The American Broadcasting Company aired the first Saturday morning television shows for children (Animal Clinic & Acrobat Ranch).
1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts.
1951 – Bill Veeck (St. Louis Browns) sends Eddie Gaedel, a 3’7″ midget, to pinch-hit. Lefty Bob Cain laughingly walks him on four pitches.
1953 – CIA helps to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The US government made a formal apology for the coup in 2000.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sh-Boom” by The Crewcuts, “The Little Shoemaker” by The Gaylords, “Hey There” by Rosemary Clooney and “I Don’t Hurt Anymore” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1955 – Hurricane Diane which had originally formed August 7th, today it paralleled the south coast of New England and became supertropical on the 20th. The storm killed 191 and caused $831 million dollars damage in 1955 dollars.
1957 – “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds topped the charts.
1957 – New York Giants vote to move their franchise to San Francisco in 1958.
1957 – Major David Simons reaches 101,500 feet in Man High 2 balloon. He is the first to exceed 100,000 feet.
1960 – In the USSR, captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for his confessed espionage. Eighteen months later, the Soviets agreed to release him in exchange for Rudolf Abel, a senior KGB spy.
1960 – Sputnik 5 carries two dogs, three mice into orbit (later recovered alive).
1961 – “Tossin’ & Turnin‘” by Bobby Lewis topped the charts.
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “Breaking Up is Hard to Do” by Neil Sedaka, “The Loco-Motion” by Little Eva, “You Don’t Know Me” by Ray Charles and “Wolverton Mountain” by Claude King all topped the charts.
1962 – Homero Blancas shot a 55 at the Premier Invitational Golf Tournament held in Longview, TX. It was the lowest score in U.S. competitive golf history.
1964 – The first American tour by the Beatles began in San Francisco, CA. The tour would cover 26 cities.
1965 – Vietnam War: U.S. forces destroyed a Viet Cong stronghold near Van Tuong, in South Vietnam.
1965 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Jim Maloney records his second 10-inning no-hit effort of 1965.
1965 – The Auschwitz trials ended with only six life sentences.
1967 – Beatles’ “All You Need is Love,” single goes #1.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “(They Long to Be) Close to You” by Carpenters, “Make It with You” by Bread, “Spill the Wine” by Eric Burdon & War and “Don’t Keep Me Hangin’ On” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1972 – NBC-TV presented “The Midnight Special” for the first time. John Denver was the host for the first show. Wolfman Jack was the show’s announcer. The show went from 1972 to 1981.
1972 – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan topped the charts.
1974 – U.S. Ambassador Rodger P. Davies was fatally wounded by a bullet while in the American embassy during an anti-American protest in Nicosia, Cyprus. His assistant was also shot.
1976 – Mary Louis Smith, chair of the Republican National Committee and the first woman to organize and call to order the convention of a major US political party, dropped the gavel at the Republican National Convention.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Three Times a Lady” by Commodores, “Grease” by Frankie Valli, “Miss You” by The Rolling Stones and “Talking in Your Sleep” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1981 – The final episode of “Charlie’s Angels” was aired on ABC-TV.
1981 – Two US Navy F-14 jet fighters shot down two Soviet-built Libyan SU-22’s.
1983 – Four US soldiers are Wounded In Action by an explosive under their vehicle.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Papa Don’t Preach” by Madonna, “Higher Love” by Steve Winwood, “Venus” by Bananarama and “Your the Last Thing I Needed Tonight” by John Schneider all topped the charts.
1987 – David Horowitz, consumer reporter in Burbank, CA, was held at gunpoint while on camera and forced to read the assailants note. The program went off the air while police removed the gunman.
1989 – “Right Here Waiting” by Richard Marx topped the charts.
1989 – Mark MacPhail, an off duty police officer was killed in Savannah, Georgia.
1991 – The Crown Heights riots started when a station wagon driven by Yosef Lifsh, hit another car and careened onto the sidewalk crushing two black children, 7-year-old cousins Gavin and Angela Cato. Lifsh was part of a three-car motorcade carrying the now-deceased spiritual leader of the Lubavitcher Hasidic community, Rabbi Menachem Schneerson. The riots lasted three days.
1993 – Mattel and Fisher Price toys announced a merger.
1995 – Three U.S. diplomats were killed in an accident in their armored vehicle in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1996 – A judge sentenced former Arkansas Gov. Jim Guy Tucker to four years probation for his Whitewater crimes.
1997 – Fleetwood Mac’s reunion album “The Dance” was released. Full album (42:57)
1997 – In North Korea groundbreaking ceremonies were held for two nuclear power plants to be built by a US-led international consortium.
1997 – Missouri and Oklahoma withdrew inmates from a private Texas prison after the release of a video tape that showed guards using dogs and stun guns on prisoners made to crawl during a drug raid.
1998 – The first piece of the 351 foot bronze statue of Christopher Columbus arrived in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
1998 – American interests were threatened by the Int’l. Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders in a statement sent to Cairo, Egypt. The threat was accompanied by others from the Islamic Army for the Liberation of Holy Shrines, which claimed responsibility for the embassy bombings in Africa.
1998 – In Cleveland, OH, forty-nine prison guards, police officers and sheriff’s deputies pleaded guilty to conspiracy charges related to cocaine distribution from an FBI sting operation from Oct 1996 to Jan 1998.
2000 – In New Mexico a gas pipeline explosion near Carlsbad killed ten people camping on the banks of the Pecos River. An eleventh victim died two days later.
2003 – An Ohio auto-parts worker shot a woman to death and wounded 2 other employees in Andover.
2003 - Booth and Bear Butte forest fires in the Cascade Mountains started. It was the worst fire in Oregon of this year. Within three days the resort community of Camp Sherman is evacuated.
2004 - Shares of stock in Google, Inc. begin trading on the NASDAQ stock exchange at around $100 per share in one of the most highly anticipated initial public offerings of the year. It is estimated that the IPO raised a total of $1.66 billion, the third highest ever for an IPO.
2004 - Nature magazine reveals that five new satellites and a further candidate moon have been discovered orbiting Neptune, bringing its tally to 13.
2005 - New York authorities reveal the existence of a letter from a deceased woman who claims her husband and two others killed Judge Joseph F. Crater and buried him under the boardwalk at Coney Island. Crater has been missing since 1930 and has since become one of the most famous “missing person” stories.
2005 – A Texas jury awarded Carol Ernst, widow of Robert Ernst, $253 million charging Merck Corp. liable for his heart-related death.
2005 – An Alabama gas station owner was run over and killed when he tried to stop a driver from leaving without paying a $52 gas bill.
2006 – In California explorers from the Cave Research Foundation discovered a large cave in Sequoia National Park, which they named Ursa Minor.
2007 – A week long heat-wave in the southeast and Midwest of the United States has caused the deaths of forty-nine with twelve deaths in Memphis, Tennessee.
2007 – The US space shuttle Endeavour departed hastily from the International Space Station, ending a construction mission a day early in order to land before Hurricane Dean threatens its Houston control center.
2007 – Fierce storms from the upper Mississippi to Texas since last week left twenty-two people dead. Six people died in floodwaters across Oklahoma after heavy rains from the remains of Tropical Storm Erin drenched the state.
2008 – Lady Gaga’s album “The Fame” was released.
2009 – John Marek becomes the 68th death row inmate in the state of Florida, United States to be executed by lethal injection since the death sentence was re-instated in 1979.
2009 - In Oglethorpe County, Georgia, a shredded piece of shirt, some strands of hair and bloodstained dirt are all that remain along the rural stretch of road where authorities believe a pack of wild dogs fatally mauled an elderly couple. Sherry Schweder, a 65-year-old animal lover, was taking an evening stroll when she was attacked. Her husband, Lothar Schweder, a retired professor, had gone out in search of her.
2010 - An American egg company recalls 380 million products as outbreaks of salmonella poisoning spread across the United States.
2010 – The Oxford Dictionary of English adds new words and phrases to the language including vuvuzela, carbon capture and storage, toxic debt and quantitative easing.
2010 - The last US brigade combat team leaves Iraq: there are still 56,000 members of the US military in the country.
2011 – Three people die in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as a result of flash flooding.
2011 – The Obama administration declared that it would grant an indefinite reprieve to an estimated thousands of immigrants facing deportation, allowing them to stay and work legally so officials can more quickly deport convicted criminals and other serious cases.
2011 – Gunowners who buy full-capacity magazines for AR-15s, bipods for long-range rifles, or ammo boxes may be reported to the FBI as “suspicious” and “potential indicators of terrorist activities,” according to a new handout the agency has distributed to military-surplus stores.
2012 – Police say a clerk at a Las Vegas Dairy Queen shot and killed a sword-wielding, masked man who tried to rob the restaurant. Detectives say the suspect was shot twice and was lying just outside the doors when officers arrived around 12:15 p.m. Sunday. The suspect died at a hospital.
2014 - Two South Pasadena High School students were arrested Monday after school officials tipped off police to a “very specific” school shooting plot. South Pasadena police Sgt. Brian Solinsky told the Pasadena Star-News that the teen boys wrote down the names of their targets and “were researching weapons and how to fire and assemble them.”
2014 – The brutal murder of an innocent American journalist, James Foley, was conducted by the murderous group of muslims called ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria). He was beheaded and another journalist has been threatened with the same.
1870 – Bernard Baruch, advisor to presidents Wilson through Kennedy.
1871 – Orville Wright, American aviator.
1883 – Coco (Gabrielle) Chanel, French fashion designer.
1902 – Ogden Nash, American humorist.
1921 – Gene Roddenberry, American television writer, producer, creator of “Star Trek.”
1931 – Willie Shoemaker, American jockey, author.
1946 – William Jefferson Clinton, 42nd President of the United States of America (1993-2001).
FRATELLENICO, FRANK R.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company B, 2d Battalion, 502d Infantry, 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division. Place and date: Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, 19 August 1970. Entered service at: Albany, N.Y. Born: 14 July 1951, Sharon, Conn. Citation: Cpl. Fratellenico distinguished himself while serving as a rifleman with Company B. Cpl. Fratellenico’s squad was pinned down by intensive fire from two well-fortified enemy bunkers. At great personal risk Cpl. Fratellenico maneuvered forward and, using hand grenades, neutralized the first bunker which was occupied by a number of enemy soldiers. While attacking the second bunker, enemy fire struck Cpl. Fratellenico, causing him to fall to the ground and drop a grenade which he was preparing to throw. Alert to the imminent danger to his comrades, Cpl. Fratellenico retrieved the grenade and fell upon it an instant before it exploded. His heroic actions prevented death or serious injury to four of his comrades nearby and inspired his unit which subsequently overran the enemy position. Cpl. Fratellenico’s conspicuous gallantry, extraordinary heroism, and intrepidity at the cost of his life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
|PLESS, STEPHEN W.
Rank and organization: Major (then Capt.), U.S. Marine Corps, VMD-6, Mag-36, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Place and date: Near Quang Nai, Republic of Vietnam, 19 August 1967. Entered service at: Atlanta, Ga. Born: 6 September 1939, Newman, Ga. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a helicopter gunship pilot attached to Marine Observation Squadron 6 in action against enemy forces. During an escort mission Maj. Pless monitored an emergency call that four American soldiers stranded on a nearby beach were being overwhelmed by a large Viet Cong force. Maj. Pless flew to the scene and found thirty to fifty enemy soldiers in the open. Some of the enemy were bayoneting and beating the downed Americans. Maj. Pless displayed exceptional airmanship as he launched a devastating attack against the enemy force, killing or wounding many of the enemy and driving the remainder back into a treeline. His rocket and machinegun attacks were made at such low levels that the aircraft flew through debris created by explosions from its rockets. Seeing one of the wounded soldiers gesture for assistance, he maneuvered his helicopter into a position between the wounded men and the enemy, providing a shield which permitted his crew to retrieve the wounded. During the rescue the enemy directed intense fire at the helicopter and rushed the aircraft again and again, closing to within a few feet before being beaten back. When the wounded men were aboard, Maj. Pless maneuvered the helicopter out to sea. Before it became safely airborne, the overloaded aircraft settled four times into the water. Displaying superb airmanship, he finally got the helicopter aloft. Major Pless’ extraordinary heroism coupled with his outstanding flying skill prevented the annihilation of the tiny force. His courageous actions reflect great credit upon himself and uphold the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service.
Private Masato Nakae distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 19 August 1944, near Pisa, Italy. Born:Lihue, Hawaii When his submachine gun was damaged by a shell fragment during a fierce attack by a superior enemy force, Private Nakae quickly picked up his wounded comrade’s M-1 rifle and fired rifle grenades at the steadily advancing enemy. As the hostile force continued to close in on his position, Private Nakae threw six grenades and forced them to withdraw. During a concentrated enemy mortar barrage that preceded the next assault by the enemy force, a mortar shell fragment seriously wounded Private Nakae. Despite his injury, he refused to surrender his position and continued firing at the advancing enemy. By inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy force, he finally succeeded in breaking up the attack and caused the enemy to withdraw. Private Nakae’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: New Mexico, 19 August 1881. Entered service at: Louisville, Ky. Birth: Pulaski County, Ky. Date of issue: 12 July 1894. Citation: Saved the lives of his comrades and citizens in the town by his courageous conduct under superior enemy attacks.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 50th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Schuylkill County, Pa. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 47th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 14th U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Canada. Date of issue: 15 February 1867. Citation: Commanded the regiment, all the officers being disabled.
|HOTTENSTINE, SOLOMON J.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 107th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg and Norfolk Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Lehigh County, Pa. Date of issue: 2 February 1865. Citation: Captured flag belonging to a North Carolina regiment, and through a ruse led them into the arms of Federal troops.
|MARTIN, SYLVESTER H.
Rank and organization. Lieutenant, Company K, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Chester County, Pa. Date of issue: 5 April 1894. Citation: Gallantly made a most dangerous reconnaissance, discovering the position of the enemy and enabling the division to repulse an attack made in strong force.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Co. H, and 2d Lt. Co. M, 1st Maryland Inf. Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 23 May 1862. At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Washington, D.C. Date of issue: 2 August 1897. Citation: When a sergeant, at Front Royal, Va., he was painfully wounded while obeying an order to burn a bridge, but, persevering in the attempt, he burned the bridge and prevented its use by the enemy. Later, at Weldon Railroad, Va., then a lieutenant, he voluntarily took the place of a disabled officer and undertook a hazardous reconnaissance beyond the lines of the army; was taken prisoner in the attempt.
Bad Poetry Day
THIS IS IMPORTANT – PLEASE READ !!!!!
A NURSE’S HEART ATTACK EXPERIENCE
I am an ER nurse and this is the best description of this event that I have ever heard. Please read, pay attention, and send it on!
I was aware that female heart attacks are different, but this is the best description I’ve ever read.
Women and heart attacks (Myocardial infarction).
Did you know that women rarely have the same dramatic symptoms that men have when experiencing heart attack … you know, the sudden stabbing pain in the chest, the cold sweat, grabbing the chest & dropping to the floor that we see in the movies. Here is the story of one woman’s experience with a heart attack.
‘I had a heart attack at about 10 :30 PM with NO prior exertion, NO prior emotional trauma that one would suspect might have brought it on..
I was sitting all snugly & warm on a cold evening, with my purring cat in my lap, reading an interesting story my friend had sent me, and actually thinking, ‘A-A-h, this is the life, all cozy and warm in my soft, cushy Lazy Boy with my feet propped up.’ A moment later, I felt that awful sensation of indigestion, when you’ve been in a hurry and grabbed a bite of sandwich and washed it down with a dash of water, and that hurried bite seems to feel like you’ve swallowed a golf ball going down the esophagus in slow motion and it is most uncomfortable. You realize you shouldn’t have gulped it down so fast and needed to chew it more thoroughly and this time drink a glass of water to hasten its progress down to the stomach. This was my initial sensation—the only trouble was that I hadn’t taken a bite of anything since about 5:00 p.m.
After it seemed to subside, the next sensation was like little squeezing motions that seemed to be racing up my SPINE (hind-sight, it was probably aorta spasms), gaining speed as they continued racing up and under my sternum (breast bone, where one presses rhythmically when administering CPR). This fascinating process continued on into my throat and branched out into both jaws.
‘AHA!!’ NOW I stopped puzzling about what was happening — we all have read and/or heard about pain in the jaws being one of the signals of an MI happening, haven’t we? I said aloud to myself and the cat, ‘Dear God, I think I’m having a heart attack!’ I lowered the foot rest dumping the cat from my lap, started to take a step, and fell on the floor instead. I thought to myself, ‘If this is a heart attack, I shouldn’t be walking into the next room where the phone is or anywhere else … but, on the other hand, if I don’t, nobody will know that I need help, and if I wait any longer I may not be able to get up.’
I pulled myself up with the arms of the chair, walked slowly into the next room and dialed the Paramedics … I told her I thought I was having a heart attack due to the pressure building under the sternum and radiating into my jaws. I didn’t feel hysterical or afraid, just stating the facts… She said she was sending the Paramedics over immediately, asked if the front door was near to me, and if so, to un-bolt the door and then sit down on the floor where they could see me when they came in.
I unlocked the door and then sit down on the floor as instructed and lost consciousness, as I don’t remember the medics coming in, their examination, lifting me onto a gurney or getting me into their ambulance, or hearing the call they made to St. Jude ER on the way, but I did briefly awaken when we arrived and saw that the radiologist was already there in his surgical blues and cap, helping the medics pull my stretcher out of the ambulance. He was bending over me asking questions (probably something like ‘Have you taken any medications?’), but I couldn’t make my mind interpret what he was saying, or form an answer, and nodded off again, not waking up until the Cardiologist and partner had already threaded the teeny angiogram balloon up my femoral artery into the aorta and into my heart where they installed 2 side-by-side stents to hold open my right coronary artery.
I know it sounds like all my thinking and actions at home must have taken at least 20-30 minutes before calling the paramedics, but actually it took perhaps 4-5 minutes before the call, and both the fire station and St. Jude are only minutes away from my home, and my Cardiologist was already to go to the OR in his scrubs and get going on restarting my heart (which had stopped somewhere between my arrival and the procedure) and installing the stents.
SO WHAT TO DO!!
1. Be aware that something very different is happening in your body, not the usual men’s symptoms but inexplicable things happening (until my sternum and jaws got into the act). It is said that many more women than men die of their first (and last) MI because they didn’t know they were having one and commonly mistake it as indigestion, take some Maalox or other anti-heartburn preparation and go to bed, hoping they’ll feel better in the morning when they wake up …. which doesn’t happen.
My female friends, your symptoms might not be exactly like mine, so I advise you to call the Paramedics if ANYTHING is unpleasantly happening that you’ve not felt before. It is better to have a ‘false alarm’ visitation than to risk your life guessing what it might be!
.. Note that I said ‘Call the Paramedics.’ And if you can take an aspirin. Ladies, TIME IS OF THE ESSENCE!
2. Do NOT try to drive yourself to the ER – you are a hazard to others on the road.
3. Do NOT have your panicked husband drive you . . . . he will be speeding and looking anxiously at what’s happening with you instead of the road.
4. Do NOT call your doctor — he doesn’t know where you live and if it’s at night you won’t reach him anyway, and if it’s daytime, his assistants (or answering service) will tell you to call the Paramedics.. He doesn’t carry the equipment in his car that you need to be saved! The Paramedics do, principally OXYGEN that you need ASAP. Your Dr. will be notified later.
5. Don’t assume it couldn’t be a heart attack because you have a normal cholesterol count. Research has discovered that a cholesterol elevated reading is rarely the cause of an MI (unless it’s unbelievably high and/or accompanied by high blood pressure). MI’s are usually caused by long-term stress and inflammation in the body, which dumps all sorts of deadly hormones into your system to sludge things up in there.
Pain in the jaw can wake you from a sound sleep. Let’s be careful and be aware. The more we know the better chance we could survive…
A cardiologist says if everyone who gets this mail sends it to 10 people, you can be sure that we’ll save at least one life.
“The most valuable thing you can make is a mistake – you can’t learn anything from being perfect.”
~ Adam Osborne
A formal defense or justification, especially of one’s opinions, position, or actions.
1227 – Genghis Khan (Chinggis), Mongol conqueror, died in his sleep at his camp, during his siege of Ningxia, the capital of the rebellious Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.
1587 – Virginia Dare became the first child to be born on American soil of English parents. The colony that is now Roanoke Island, NC, mysteriously vanished.
1590 – John White, the governor of the Colony of Roanoke, returns from a supply-trip to England and finds his settlement deserted.
1735 – The “Evening Post” of Boston, MA, was published for the first time.
1812 – War of 1812: USS Constitution, under the command of Captain Isaac Hull, encountered British Captain Richard Dacre’s HMS Guerriere about 750 miles out of Boston. After 55-minute battle, 101 were dead, the Guerriere rolled helplessly in the water, smashed beyond salvage.
1817 – Gloucester, Massachusetts, newspapers told of a wild sea serpent seen offshore.
1835 – Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago. The treaty of 1833 caused the contracting tribes to move west of the Mississippi.
1838 – Six US Navy ships departed Hampton Roads, Va., led by Lt. Charles Wilkes on a three-year mission called the US South Seas Exploring Expedition.
1840 – The American Society of Dental Surgeons was founded in New York City, NY.
1846 – Gen. Stephen W. Kearney and his U.S. forces captured Santa Fe, NM.
1853 – The milk condensation process was patented by Gail Borden.
1856 – In San Francisco thousands of armed men paraded through the streets and then formally dissolved the second Committee of Vigilance.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart’s headquarters was raided by Union troops of the 5th New York and 1st Michigan cavalries.
1862 – Indian Wars: A Sioux Uprising began in Minnesota. It resulted in more than 800 white settlers dead and 38 Sioux Indians condemned and hanged. The Minnesota Uprising began when four young Sioux murdered five white settlers at Acton.
1862 – Civil War: A Union naval force, consisting of the U.S.S. Sachem, Reindeer, Belle Italia, and the yacht Corypheus bombarded Corpus Christi.
1864 - Civil War: Battle of Globe Tavern – Union forces try to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg, Virginia, by attacking the Railroad. This was day one of a three-day battle.
1864 – Civil War: Union General William T. Sherman sent General Judson Kilpatrick to raid Confederate lines of communication outside Atlanta. The raid was unsuccessful.
1868 – Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse.
1872 – The first mail-order catalog was published, by Montgomery Ward.
1873 – The first ascent of Mt. Whitney, CA was accomplished by Charles Begole, A. H. Johnson, and John Lucas,
1894 – Congress created the Bureau of Immigration. The Immigration Restriction League was organized to lead the restrictionist movement for the next twenty-five years.
1896 – Adolph Ochs (39) took over the New York Times. He served as publisher until 1935.
1896 – The northern California Mount Tamalpais and Muir Woods railroad was completed. It was 8 ½ miles long.
1899 – The Anti-Cigarette League was formed by Lucy Payne Gaston in Chicago, Illinois. They saw cigarette consumption as a moral outrage that destroyed the minds and reputations of millions of “cigarette fiends” and even suggested the unheard-of notion that cigarettes were unhealthy and, perhaps, deadly.
1911 – First Navy Nurse Corps superintendent, Esther Voorhees Hasson, appointed.
1914 – The “Proclamation of Neutrality” was issued by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson. It was aimed at keeping the U.S. out of World War I.
1916 – Abraham Lincoln’s, the 16th president of the U.S., birthplace was made into a national shrine.
1919 – The “Anti-Cigarette League of America” was formed in Chicago IL.
1920 – The 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America, guaranteeing women the right to vote, was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it law.
1929 – The first cross-country women’s air derby began. Louise McPhetride Thaden won first prize in the heavier-plane division, while Phoebe Fairgrave Omlie finished first in the lighter-plane category.
1930 – Eastern Airlines begins passenger service.
1931 – Plant Patent No. 1 is issued to Henry F. Bosenberg, of New Brunswick, N.J., for “a climbing rose…characterized by its ever-blooming habit.”
1937 – W1XOJ was the first FM radio station, granted a construction permit by the FCC in 1937.The station went live in 1939.
1938 – The Thousand Islands Bridge was dedicated by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The bridge connects the U.S. and Canada.
1940 - Walter Chrysler (b.1875), the founder of Chrysler Corporation, died. He was a locomotive mechanic who founded Chrysler in 1924 with money and experience gained as general manager of Buick and executive VP of GM.
1940 – Canada and the U.S. established a joint defense plan against the possible enemy attacks during World War II.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: The concentration camp at Amersfoort, Netherlands, opened.
1942 – World War II: Marines left Makin Island after destroying a seaplane base, two radio stations, a supply warehouse, and killing about 100 Japanese soldiers.
1942 – On Guadalcanal, Japanese reinforcements are landed at Taivu and a detachment of 1,000 troops under the leadership of Colonel Ichiki starts towards the American position.
1943 – World War II: American cruisers and destroyers bombard Palmi and Gioai Taura in Italy.
1943 – World War II: Holocaust: Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrived at Auschwitz.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “I Wish I Knew” by Dick Haymes, “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como and “Oklahoma Hills” by Jack Guthrie all topped the charts.
1945 – A photographer was killed and two members of the crew wound in one of two American planes which were attacked by 14 Japanese fighters over Tokyo.
1947 - The Hewlett-Packard Company was incorporated and reported revenues of $1.5 million. The 111 employees recorded sales of $679,000.
1949 – Ralph Flanagan and his orchestra recorded their first tune on wax, “You’re Breaking My Heart”.
1951 – Korean War: The Battle of Bloody Ridge began. During the battle, the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division and its attached units sustained 326 killed in action, 2,032 wounded and 414 missing.The enemy’s dead totaled 1,389. The 15th Field Artillery Battalion set a record of 14,425 rounds fired in a 24-hour period.
1951 – The first transcontinental wireless phone call was made from San Francisco to New York City by Mark Sullivan, president of Pacific Telephone &Telegraph, and H.T. Killingworth of American Telephone & Telegraph.
1951 – “Come On-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney topped the charts.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “I’m Walking Behind You” by Eddie Fisher, “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford and “Rub-A-Dub-Dub” by Hank Thompson all topped the charts.
1954 – Assistant Secretary of Labor James E. Wilkins became the first African-American to attend a meeting of a president’s Cabinet as he sat in for Labor Secretary James P. Mitchell.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1958 – Betsy Palmer joins the Today Show panel.
1958 – “Volare (Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blue)” by Domenico Modugno topped the charts.
1958 – TV game show scandal investigation starts. The scandal surfaced in August and September of 1958 when disgruntled former contestants went public with accusations that the results were rigged and the contestants coached.
1959 – A magnitude 7.3 quake near Hebgen Lake, Montana, just west of Yellowstone National Park triggered a landslide that killed 28 people.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tossin’ and Turnin’” by Bobby Lewis, “I Like It Like That” by Chris Kenner, “Last Night” by Mar-Keys and “I Fall to Pieces” by Patsy Cline all topped the charts.
1961 – Construction on Berlin Wall completed.
1962 – “Breaking Up Is Hard to Do” by Neil Sedaka topped the charts.
1962 – Peter, Paul & Mary release their first hit “If I Had a Hammer.”
1963 – James Meredith became the first Black to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
1965 – Vietnam War: Operation Starlite begins – United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in the first major American ground battle of the war. It was also the first amphibious assault in Vietnam.
1966 – First ship-to-shore satellite radio message sent from USS Annapolis in South China Sea to Pacific Fleet Headquarters at Pearl Harbor.
1966 – The first pictures of earth taken from moon orbit were sent back to the U.S.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “In the Year 2525” by Zager & Evans, “Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones, “Sweet Caroline” by Neil Diamond and “Workin’ Man Blues” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1969 – Two concert goers died at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, one from an overdose of heroin, the other from a burst appendix. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair ended in Sullivan County, NY, with a mid-morning set performed by Jimi Hendrix. Jimi Hendrix National Anthem Last Scene
1973 – “Touch Me in the Morning” by Diana Ross topped the charts.
1973 – Gene Krupa played for the final time with the original Benny Goodman Quartet.
1973 – The Doobie Brothers’ “China Grove” was released.
1973 – Hank Aaron’s record 1,378 of extra bases hit surpass Stan Musial record.”
1976 – Two U.S. Army officers were killed in Korea’s demilitarized zone as a group of North Korean soldiers wielding axes and metal pikes attacked U.S. and South Korean soldiers.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb, “I’m in You” by Peter Frampton, “Best of My Love” by Emotions and “Rollin’ with the Flow” by Charlie Rich all topped the charts.
1977 – Funeral services for Elvis Presley were held at Graceland.
1979 – “Good Times” by Chic topped the charts.
1990 – George Brett of the Kansas City Royal’s had his batting average reach the .400 mark.
1981 – Rex Harrison brought the award-winning “My Fair Lady” back to Broadway.
1981 – Herschel Walker of the University of Georgia took out an insurance policy with Lloyd’s of London. The all-American was insured for one million dollars.
1982 – The longest baseball game played at Wrigley Field in Chicago, IL went 22 innings before the Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Cubs 2-1.
1982 – Pete Rose sets record with his 13,941st plate appearance.
1982 – The volume on the New York Stock Exchange topped the 100-million level for the first time at 132.69 million shares traded.
1983 – Samantha Druce earned a place in the Guinness Book of Records as the youngest person to swim the English Channel. She completed the crossing in 15 hours 26 minutes at the age of 12 years 118 days.
1983 – Hurricane Alicia hit the Texas coast. Twenty-two people were killed and over $1 billion in damage was caused.
1984 - A Triangle Oil Corp. above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville, Fla., spilled 2.5 million gallons of oil and burned after lightning sparked a fire.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Shout” by Tears For Fears, “The Power of Love” by Huey Lewis & The News, “Freeway of Love” by Aretha Franklin and “Highwayman” by Waylon Jennings/Willie Nelson/Johnny Cash/Kris Kristofferson all topped the charts.
1985 - In San Francisco George Bender (32) and brother Columbus Bender (33) stole over $65,000 in quarters from a Brink’s offices at 970 Illinois Street. They were caught after carrying $3,400 in quarters from a Reno casino.
1985 - Peter and Barbara Pan were found in their blood-soaked bed in Lake Merced, a housing development in San Francisco. Both had been shot in the head. Peter Pan (66), an accountant, was pronounced dead at the scene. Mrs. Pan (64) survived but would be an invalid for the rest of her life.
1987 – American journalist Charles Glass escaped his kidnappers in Beirut after 62 days in captivity.
1987 – Earl Campbell announced his retirement from the National Football League (NFL).
1988 - Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle was nominated to be George Bush’s running mate during the Republican convention in New Orleans.
1988 – FDA approves Monoxidil as a hair loss treatment.
1988 – Largest house (130 rooms) on Long Island sold for $22 million. It is the home of Otto Kahn’s 72-room Oheka estate.
1990 – The first shots were fired by the U.S. in the Persian Gulf Crisis when a U.S. frigate fired rounds across the bow of an Iraqi oil tanker.
1991 – Collapse of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Crimea.
1992 – Celtic great Larry Bird retires after thirteen years with the Boston Celtics.
1992 - On the second night of the Republican National Convention in Houston, U.S. Sen. Phil Gramm, R-Texas, delivered the keynote address, denouncing Bill Clinton’s economic program as “worse than sleaze.”
1993 – A judge in Sarasota, Fla., ruled that Kimberly Mays, the 14-year-old girl switched at birth with another baby, need never see her biological parents again, in accordance with her stated wishes.
1994 - Florida Gov. Lawton Chiles declared an immigration emergency and demanded federal help to cope with the largest surge of Cuban refugees since the 1980 Mariel boat-lift.
1995 – Shannon Faulkner, who’d won a two-and-a-half-year legal battle to become the first female cadet at The Citadel, quit the South Carolina military college after less than a week, most of it spent in the infirmary. After her departure, the male cadets openly celebrated on the campus.
1997 – Beth Ann Hogan became the first coed in the Virginia Military Institute’s 158-year history. The VMI class of 2001 included 30 women among the 460 freshman students.
1997 – UPS management agreed to a tentative contract with the striking Teamsters Union to end a 15-day-old strike.
1998 – Mrs. Field’s Original Cookies announced that they would acquire the Great American Cookie Co.
1998 – In Kenya FBI agents, acting on a tip from Mohammed Saddiq Odeh, raided The Hilltop Hotel in Nairobi and confiscated 175 pounds of TNT. The room was reported to have been occupied by two Palestinians, a Saudi and an Egyptian from Aug 3 to Aug 7.
1998 – A day after his grand jury testimony, President Clinton left Washington on a vacation with his family. Meanwhile, some lawmakers called for Clinton to resign in the wake of his admissions concerning Monica Lewinsky.
2002 – US federal agents said they had seized over 2,300 unregistered missiles at a “counter-terrorism” school, High Energy Access Tools (HEAT), in Roswell, New Mexico, that was training students from Arab countries and arrested its Canadian leader.
2002 - Rich Beem beat Tiger Woods to capture the PGA Championship.
2003 - A 24-year-old woman from China, Ma Lihua, tipped over 303,621 dominos, breaking a long-standing record for the world’s longest solo domino topple. She worked 13-hour days for seven weeks to set them all up and four minutes to knock them all down.
2004 – The internet search engine Google went public and the price of shares was $85. On July 7, 2009 it was $400.52 and today in 2011 it was trading at $530.35.
2004 – Donald Trump unveiled his board game (TRUMP the Game) where players bid on real estate, buy big ticket items and make billion-dollar business deals.
2004 - In California federal agents raided a farm in lake County where Charles Lepp grew over 32,000 marijuana plants. He said he had informed local authorities that his land would be used to enable patients who didn’t own land to grow marijuana for medical purposes.
2005 – Ohio Gov. Bob Taft pleaded no contest to charges that he broke state ethics law by failing to report golf outings and other gifts. A judge found him guilty and fined him $4,000.
2005 - It was reported that US Defense Dept. data-mining operation, Able Danger, had identified Mohamed Atta and 3 other Sep 11 hijackers by name in mid-2000.
2006 – In Bristow, Oklahoma, Donald Thompson (59), a former judge convicted of exposing himself while presiding over jury trials, was sentenced to four years in prison and ordered to pay a fine of $40,000.
2005 - It was reported that an anthrax outbreak had killed hundreds of cattle in parts of the Great Plains, forcing quarantines and devastating Dakota ranchers who worry how they will recover financially.
2006 – Ford Motor Co. announced sharp cuts in its North American production that would force it to partially shut down plants in the US and Canada in the fourth quarter.
2006 - President George W. Bush criticized a federal court ruling the day before that his warrantless wiretapping program was unconstitutional, declaring that opponents “do not understand the nature of the world in which we live.”
2006 - In Bristow, Oklahoma, Donald Thompson (59), a former judge convicted of exposing himself while presiding over jury trials, was sentenced to four years in prison and ordered to pay a fine of $40,000.
2006 – Boeing took steps toward shutting down production of its C-17 military cargo plane. Production would continue until mid-2009 for the $200 million planes.
2007 – A seven-alarm fire ripped through the former Deutsche Bank next to ground zero in Lower Manhattan, killing two firefighters who were responding to the blaze.
2007 – Rescuers say that a fourth hole in the Crandall Canyon mine near Huntington, Utah shows no sign of six trapped miners.
2007 – NASA shortens a spacewalk during the current Space Shuttle Endeavour mission so that the crew can prepare for a Tuesday landing to avoid Hurricane Dean.
2007 – Having learned from Katrina, President George W. Bush pre-approves an emergency declaration for Texas if Hurricane Dean hits the state.
2009 – Jesse Jackson is crowned prince of the Agni people during a three-day visit to Côte d’Ivoire, succeeding Michael Jackson.
2010 – The United States ends combat operations in Iraq as its last combat brigade departs for Kuwait.
2010 – Rupert Murdoch provides $1 million to the U.S. Republican Party ahead of an important election in November, more than doubling the party’s funds with one of the largest handouts by a media organization; critics declare Fox News is not impartial.
2010 – Governor David Paterson, New York, is to discuss relocating the controversial Park51 Islamic community centre and mosque near World Trade Center site in New York City.
2011 – The DAX, CAC 40, Nasdaq drop over 5%, the FTSE 100 index by 4.5%, the Dow Jones Industrial Average by 3.7%. Gold hits a high of US$1,826 an ounce.
1587 – Virginia Dare, first white child born in the American colonies on what is now Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
1774 – Meriwether Lewis, American explorer of Lewis & Clark.
1834 – Marshall Field, American department store mogul.
1904 – Max Factor, American cosmetic mogul.
1934 – Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican-born American baseball great.
1937 – Robert Redford, American actor, director.
|O’MALLEY, ROBERT E.
Rank and organization: Sergeant (then Cpl.), U .S. Marine Corps, Company 1, 3d Battalion, 3d Marine Regiment, 3d Marine Division (Rein). Place and date: Near An Cu’ong 2, South Vietnam, 18 August 1965. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 3 June 1943, New York, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the communist (Viet Cong) forces at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. While leading his squad in the assault against a strongly entrenched enemy force, his unit came under intense small-arms fire. With complete disregard for his personal safety, Sgt. O’Malley raced across an open rice paddy to a trench line where the enemy forces were located. Jumping into the trench, he attacked the Viet Cong with his rifle and grenades, and singly killed eight of the enemy. He then led his squad to the assistance of an adjacent Marine unit which was suffering heavy casualties. Continuing to press forward, he reloaded his weapon and fired with telling effect into the enemy emplacement. He personally assisted in the evacuation of several wounded marines, and again regrouping the remnants of his squad, he returned to the point of the heaviest fighting. Ordered to an evacuation point by an officer, Sgt. O’Malley gathered his besieged and badly wounded squad, and boldly led them under fire to a helicopter for withdrawal. Although three times wounded in this encounter, and facing imminent death from a fanatic and determined enemy, he steadfastly refused evacuation and continued to cover his squad’s boarding of the helicopters while, from an exposed position, he delivered fire against the enemy until his wounded men were evacuated. Only then, with his last mission accomplished, did he permit himself to be removed from the battlefield. By his valor, leadership, and courageous efforts in behalf of his comrades, he served as an inspiration to all who observed him, and reflected the highest credit upon the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service.
Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company H, 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (Rein), 3d Marine Division (Rein). Place and date: near Chu Lai, Republic of Vietnam, 18 August 1965. Entered service at: Dayton, Ohio. Born: 23 April 1946, Williamsburg, Ky. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. In violent battle, L/Cpl. Paul’s platoon sustained five casualties as it was temporarily pinned down, by devastating mortar, recoilless rifle, automatic weapons, and rifle fire delivered by insurgent communist (Viet Cong) forces in well entrenched positions. The wounded marines were unable to move from their perilously exposed positions forward of the remainder of their platoon, and were suddenly subjected to a barrage of white phosphorous rifle grenades. L/Cpl. Paul, fully aware that his tactics would almost certainly result in serious injury or death to himself, chose to disregard his safety and boldly dashed across the fire-swept rice paddies, placed himself between his wounded comrades and the enemy, and delivered effective suppressive fire with his automatic weapon in order to divert the attack long enough to allow the casualties to be evacuated. Although critically wounded during the course of the battle, he resolutely remained in his exposed position and continued to fire his rifle until he collapsed and was evacuated. By his fortitude and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death, he saved the lives of several of his fellow Marines. His heroic action served to inspire all who observed him and reflect the highest credit upon himself, the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the cause of freedom.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Near Wewak, New Guinea, 18 August 1943. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. G.O. No.: 72, 28 October 1943. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy. While Maj. Cheli was leading his squadron in a dive to attack the heavily defended Dagua Airdrome, intercepting enemy aircraft centered their fire on his plane, causing it to burst into flames while still two miles from the objective. His speed would have enabled him to gain necessary altitude to parachute to safety, but this action would have resulted in his formation becoming disorganized and exposed to the enemy. Although a crash was inevitable, he courageously elected to continue leading the attack in his blazing plane. From a minimum altitude, the squadron made a devastating bombing and strafing attack on the target. The mission completed, Maj. Cheli instructed his wingman to lead the formation and crashed into the sea.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Place and date: Japanese-held island of Makin on 17-18 August 1942 Born: 23 May 1914, Atlanta, Ga. Accredited to: Georgia. Citation: For conspicuous heroism and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin on 17-18 August 1942. Leading the advance element of the assault echelon, Sgt. Thomason disposed his men with keen judgment and discrimination and, by his exemplary leadership and great personal valor, exhorted them to like fearless efforts. On one occasion, he dauntlessly walked up to a house which concealed an enemy Japanese sniper, forced in the door and shot the man before he could resist. Later in the action, while leading an assault on an enemy position, he gallantly gave his life in the service of his country. His courage and loyal devotion to duty in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 7th Rhode Island Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 18 August 1864. Entered service at: Burrillville, R.I. Birth: England. Date of issue: 20 July 1897. Citation: While acting as an orderly to a general officer on the field and alone, encountered a picket of three of the enemy and compelled their surrender.
Meaning of “Is” Day
Bill Clinton and the Meaning of “Is”
Posted Sunday, Sept. 13, 1998, at 9:14 PM ET
Years from now, when we look back on Bill Clinton’s presidency, its defining moment may well be Clinton’s rationalization to the grand jury about why he wasn’t lying when he said to his top aides that with respect to Monica Lewinsky, “there’s nothing going on between us.” How can this be? Here’s what Clinton told the grand jury (according to footnote 1,128 in Starr’s report):
Clinton speaking, “It depends on what the meaning of the word ‘is’ is. If the–if he–if ‘is’ means is and never has been, that is not–that is one thing. If it means there is none, that was a completely true statement….Now, if someone had asked me on that day, are you having any kind of sexual relations with Ms. Lewinsky, that is, asked me a question in the present tense, I would have said no. And it would have been completely true.”
One of the theoretical insights of George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four “ was the use of language to manipulate people groups. He called it “newspeak” and “doublethink,” and which we now call “doublespeak” and “Orwellian.” Orwell was alarmed by government propaganda and the seemingly rampant use of euphemisms and halftruths or what we now call misspeaks. This is not entirely different from Genesis 11, the account at the Tower of Babel. Even God said that these people who were building the tower could do anything because they all spoke the same language. The idea was to divide. This is what government is trying to do now, to divide and conquer. A people who all speak the same language are incredibly powerful. Despite our general awareness of the tactic, government officials routinely use doublespeak or PC- political correctness to expand their power.
Reasonable people can honestly disagree about what needs to be done in America if they, first, can agree on their language and not necessarily the words but the meanings. How does one argue intelligently when, as in the beginning story, there cannot be any agreement on what “is” is.
Doublespeak is language that deliberately disguises, distorts, or reverses the meaning of words. Examples include “revenue enhancement” instead of “taxes”. Joseph Story in his Commentaries on the Constitution, 1833, said “In a general sense, all contributions imposed by the government upon individuals for the service of the state, are called taxes, by whatever name they may be known, whether by the name of tribute, tythe, tallage, impost, duty, gabel, custom, subsidy, aid, supply, excise, or other name.”
Doublespeak may take the form of euphemisms. Examples can include “downsizing”, “rightsizing”, or ”reductions in labor costs” for the word layoffs. These make the truth less unpleasant, without denying its nature. The end result, however , is one group creating a “different” language to defeat another group.
Doublespeak can be used to simply confound people and prevent immediate questions from a generally informed electorate. An excellent example of this former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld when he said, “There are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns – the ones we don’t know we don’t know.” Some examples that have come to light include: The annual accounting of hunger in America reported no hunger in its last outing. Instead, it found “food insecurity.”
In Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, Oceania is ruled by a political party simply called The Party. The individual is always subordinated to the state, and it is in part this philosophy which allows the Party to manipulate and control humanity. In the Ministry of Truth, protagonist Winston Smith is a civil servant responsible for perpetuating the Party’s propaganda by revising historical records to render the Party omniscient and always correct, yet his meager existence disillusions him to the point of seeking rebellion against Big Brother. In our most recent example Barack Hussein Obama made a claim that “our” Muslim brothers have always been involved in America’s growth and success. This is an absolute attempt to rewrite history. In Florida, the Department of Education wants to stop teaching American History prior to the Civil War. Some of the words from this work have moved into our normal speech such as “Big Brother”, “doublethink”, “thoughtcrime”, and “memory hole” – any mechanism for the alteration or disappearance of inconvenient or embarrassing documents, photographs, transcripts, or other records.
Some examples that have come to light include: Retreating from a war zone is now called “redeployment.” Suicides are now called “self- injurious behavior incidents”
The right to an abortion is the “right to choose.” Propaganda is a “struggle for hearts and minds.” “Using the facilities” instead of going to the bathroom, “Downsizing” instead of firing people, “Reducing costs” as opposed to cutting peoples’ salaries or the amount of supplies going into work, “Preowned” as opposed to used and possibly beaten up, “Well loved” as opposed to old and raggedy, “Senior citizen” in place of an old person, “Experienced” or “well experienced” in place of old
“Not doing so well” instead of very sick or injured “Detainee” for a prisoner of war
“Pre-emptive strike” instead of unprovoked attack, no more wars because they are now man-made disasters, “Enhanced interrogation” in place of torture, “Person of interest” instead of a suspect in a crime and “Capital punishment” instead of the death penalty, oh,don’t forget “Doublespeak” instead of euphemism.
And the list goes on……… and any attempt to ignore this could cause “unintended consequences.”
“Get into a line that you will find to be a deep personal interest, something you really enjoy spending twelve to fifteen hours a day working at, and the rest of the time thinking about.”
~ Earl Nightingale
fatuous FACH-oo-uhs, adjective:
1. Inanely foolish and unintelligent; stupid.
2. Illusory; delusive.
1590 – John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returned from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted. No trace of the settlers was ever found.
1790 – US capital moved from New York City to Philadelphia. In 1800, the government would again move, this time to its permanent location in Washington, D.C.
1805 - Sacagawea, while traveling with the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery, reunited with her brother Cameahwait, a Shoshoni Indian chief on the Lemhi River (Idaho).
1807 – The “Clermont”, Robert Fulton’s steamboat, started navigating the Hudson River.
1812 – War of 1812: The frigate “President” captures the British schooner “L’Adeline” in North Atlantic.
1833 - The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, began her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.
1835 – Solyman Merrick patented the wrench.
1846 – The US takes Los Angeles. The proclamation was that it was now the possession of the United States and California also said it would be governed like any other territory of the US.
1858 – The first bank in Hawaii opened.
1859 – A hot air balloon was used to carry mail for the first time. John Wise left Lafayette, IN for New York City with 100 letters. He had to land after only 27 miles.
1859 – Harry Colcord crossed over the Niagara Falls while strapped to the back of French tightrope walker Blondin.
1862- Indian Wars: The Dakota War of 1862 begins in Minnesota as Lakota warriors attack white settlements along the Minnesota River.
1862 – Civil War: Joint landing party from U.S.S. Ellis, Master Benjamin H. Porter, and Army boats destroyed Confederate salt works, battery, and barracks near Swansboro, North Carolina.
1863 – Civil War: In Charleston, South Carolina, Union batteries and ships bombard Confederate-held Fort Sumter. Bombardment did not end until December 31, 1863.
1864 – General Robert E. Lee, attempting to consolidate his position on the James River below Richmond, turned to the ships of Flag Officer Mitchell’s squadron for gunfire support.
1870 – First ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington was by Hazard Stevens and P. B. Van Trump.
1870 – Esther Morris was named a justice of the peace in South Pass City, the first woman to hold public office in the US.
1877 – Arizona blacksmith F.P. Cahill is fatally wounded by Billy the Kid. Cahill will die the next day, becoming the first person killed by the Kid.
1877 - Asaph Hall discovered the Mars moon Phobos. Hall of the US Naval Observatory discovered the moons around Mars and named them Deimos (anxiety) and Phobos (fear), Homer’s names for the attendant’s of the god of war.
1894 – Pitcher John Wadsworth of Louisville set a major league record when he gave up 28 base hits in a single game.
1903 – Joseph Pulitzer donated a million dollars to Columbia University. This started the Pulitzer Prizes in his name.
1907 – The longest continuously-running public farmers market, Pike Place Market, in the US, opened in Seattle.
1908 - The San Francisco Bank of Italy (US) opened a new HQ at Clay and Montgomery. It grew by a branch banking strategy to become the Bank of America, the world’s largest commercial bank with 493 branches in California and assets of $5 billion in 1945
1915 – Charles F. Kettering of Detroit, Michigan patented an electric self-starter for automobiles.
1915 – Leo Frank, a Jewish factory manager, was lynched by a mob of anti-Semites in Cobb County, Georgia. He had been convicted in the killing of Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old girl who worked at his pencil factory.
1915 - A Category 4 hurricane hits Galveston, Texas with winds at 135 miles per hour.
1918 – GlenRiddle farm owner, Samuel D. Riddle, purchased Man O’War, known affectionately as “Big Red”, for $5,000.
1920 – Ray Chapman died after he was hit in the head by Yanks’ pitcher Carl Mays.
1929 – Horace Alderman, convicted of murdering two Coast Guardsmen and a Secret Service agent in 1927, was hanged at Coast Guard Base 10 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He was the only person ever executed on Coast Guard property.
1933 – Lou Gehrig breaks record by playing in his 1,308th straight game.
1939 – “Wizard of Oz” opens at Loew’s Capitol Theater in New York City. It premiered at Grauman’s Chinese Theater, Hollywood on August 15.
1940 - Wendell Willkie, a former Democrat, delivered his formal acceptance speech as the Republican nominee for president from his home in Elwood, Indiana.
1942 – World War II: The first bombing raid flown by a completely American squadron bombs Rouen in France.
1942 – World War II: U.S. Marines raid the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin. They attacked from two submarines.
1943 – World War II: The USAAF bombs the ball-bearing manufacturing centers at Schweinfurt and Regensburg in a daylight raid.
1943 – World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army under General George S. Patton arrive in Messina, Italy, followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
1943 – World War II: A small number of Japanese reinforcements land on Vella Lavella.
1943 – World War II: U.S. General George S. Patton and his 7th Army arrive in Messina several hours before British Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery and his 8th Army, winning the unofficial “Race to Messina” and completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
1944 – World War II: There is little German resistance to the Allied advance of US 7th Army. St. Raphael, St. Tropez, Frejus, Le Luq and St. Maxime are captured in one day.
1944 – World War II: The mayor of Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, met with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city. Adolf Hitler had decreed that Paris should be left a smoking ruin, but Dietrich von Choltitz thought better of his Fuhrer’s order.
1944 – World War II: Near Aitape, American forces extend their line in a general advance against light Japanese resistance. On Numfoor, the last significant Japanese force is brought to battle by American forces and destroyed.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby, “Amor” by Bing Crosby, “Milkman, Keep Those Bottles Quiet” by Ella Mae Morse and “Is You is or is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” by Louis Jordan all topped the charts.
1948 - Former State Department official Alger Hiss faced his chief accuser, Whittaker Chambers, during a closed-door meeting in New York of the House Un-American Activities Committee, and repeated his denial that he’d ever been a Communist agent.
1950 – Korean War: The bodies of twenty mortar men of the 5th Cavalry Regiment of the 1st Cavalry Division were recovered near Hill 303 in the vicinity of Waegwan. North Korean soldiers murdered the soldiers after they had surrendered.
1950 – The First Marine Brigade battled North Koreans at Obong-ni Ridge.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home” by Johnnie Ray, “Auf Wiedersehn, Sweetheart” by Vera Lynn, “Half as Much” by Rosemary Clooney and “A Full Time Job” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1953 – The first meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held in Southern California.
1954 – The Newport Jazz Festival opened at the Newport Casino in Rhode Island.
1955 – Hurricane Diane followed hurricane Connie and flooded the Connecticut River killing 190 and doing $1.8 billion in damage.
1957 – “Teddy Bear” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1958 – World’s first Moon probe, US’s Thor-Able, exploded at T +77 sec. This is notable as one of the first attempted launches beyond Earth orbit by any country.
1959 – “Kind of Blue” by Miles Davis, the much acclaimed and highly influential best selling jazz recording of all time, is released. Full Album (45:25)
1959 – A 7.5 earthquake struck at Yellowstone National Park. Quake Lake is formed by earthquake near Hebgen Lake in Montana.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley, “Walk-Don’t Run” by The Ventures, “Walking to New Orleans” by Fats Domino and “Please Help Me, I’m Falling” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.
1960 – Gary Francis Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow. He was a Korean War veteran who worked for the Central Intelligence Agency in the 1960s.
1961 – Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress. It was to be a Latin American version of the Marshall Plan, the United States planned to fund a cooperative, long-term program to rebuild Europe following World War II.
1961 – The Communist East German government completed the construction of the Berlin Wall.
1962 – Beatles replaces Pete Best with Ringo Starr.
1962 – 17-year-old Peter Fechter was shot by East German guards as he tried to escape from East Berlin. The incident occurred just a year after the communists constructed the wall. He was left laying in no-man’s zone until he bled to death.
1962 – Navy’s first hydrofoil patrol craft, USS High Point (PCH-1) launched at Seattle, WA.
1964 – The Kinks “You Really Got Me” was released.
1966 – Pioneer 7 launched into solar orbit.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “People Got to Be Free” by The Rascals, “Born to Be Wild” by Steppenwolf, “Light My Fire” by Jose Feliciano and “Heaven Says Hello” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1968 – Deep Purple’s “Hush” was released.
1969 – Category 5 Hurricane Camille hit the Gulf Coast at Pass Christian, Miss., leaving 256 people killed in Louisiana and Mississippi. Damage was later estimated at $3.8 billion.
1969 – After three days, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in New York came to an end.
1970 – Venera 7 launched. It will later become the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet (Venus).
1973 – Lee Trevino won six majors: the US Open in 1968 and 1971; the Open in 1971 and 1972; and the USPGA in 1974 and 1984. Today he hit his very first hole-in-one.
1974 – “The Night Chicago Died” by Paper Lace topped the charts.
1974 – Bad Company’s “Can’t Get Enough” was released.
1976- CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee, “You Should Be Dancing” by Bee Gees, “Let ’Em In” by Wings and “Say It Again” by Don Williams all topped the charts.
1977 – Florists Transworld Delivery (FTD) reported that in one day the number of orders for flowers to be delivered to Graceland had surpassed the number for any other event in the company’s history.
1978 – Maxie Anderson , Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman completed the first transatlantic balloon flight in the Double Eagle II when it landed in a barley field near Paris, 137 hours after lifting off from Presque Isle, Maine.
1980 – The Viking 1 Mars Orbiter was powered down after over 1400 orbits.
1981 - In Florida James Dvorak was found bludgeoned to death at Indian Harbor Beach in what was described as a robbery gone wrong. In 1981 William Dillon was convicted and sentenced to prison.
1982 – The U.S. Senate approved an immigration bill that granted permanent resident status to illegal aliens who had arrived in the United States before 1977.
1982 - A jury in South Bend, Ind., acquitted self-avowed racist Joseph Paul Franklin, for the 1980 attempted assassination of Vernon Jordan Jr, National Urban League president.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ghostbusters” by Ray Parker Jr., “What’s Love Got to Do with It” by Tina Turner, “State of Shock” by Jacksons and “That’s the Thing About Love” by Don Williams all topped the charts.
1985 – “Shout” by Tears for Fears topped the charts.
1985 – A year-long strike began when 1,400 Geo. A. Hormel and Co. meat packers walked off the job.
1986 – Forty-two people were beaten or stabbed at a Run D.M.C. concert in Long Beach, CA.
1986 - A bronze pig statue was unveiled at Seattle’s Pike Place Market.
1987 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 2,700 for the first time (2,700.57).
1987 – Rudolph Hess died after apparently committing suicide while still in prison but awaiting release. Hess was the last member of Adolf Hitler’s inner circle.
1987 – Charles Glass, American journalist, escaped his kidnappers and was rescued after being held for 62 days in Lebanon.
1988 - Vice President George Bush was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in New Orleans.
1988 – Pakistani President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq (63) and U.S. Ambassador Arnold Raphel were killed in a mysterious plane crash.
1988 – The US FDA approved Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment.
1990 – The film “The Exorcist 3″ premiered.
1990 - Phyllis Polaner, former aide to his ex-wife Robin Givens, sued Mike Tyson (b.1966) for sexual harassment. A New York City civil jury found Tyson committed battery but that his behavior was “not outrageous.”
1992 - Actor-director Woody Allen admitted being romantically involved with Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daughter of Allen’s longtime companion, actress Mia Farrow.
1992 - President Bush arrived in Houston for the opening of the Republican National Convention, which featured an address by former President Reagan.
1993 – A patent was issued to Thomas Welsh for a platform steerable skateboard.
1993 – Jack Kevorkian was charged in Wayne County, MI with assisting in the suicide of Thomas Hyde. Kevorkian was later acquitted.
1995 – James B. McDougal, McDougal’s ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury.
1996 – A military cargo plane (C-130) crashed in Wyoming killing eight crewmembers and a Secret Service employee. The plane was carrying gear for U.S. President Clinton.
1996 – Ross Perot was announced to be the Reform Party’s presidential candidate. It was the party’s first-ever candidate.
1997 - President Clinton urged both sides in the United Parcel Service strike to “redouble their efforts” to reach a deal, but hours later, negotiators recessed.
1998 -President Clinton admitted to having an improper relationship with Monica Lewinsky, a White House intern. On the same day he admits before the nation that he “misled people” about his relationship. He then delivered a TV address in which he denied previously committing perjury, admitted his relationship with Lewinsky was “wrong,” and criticized Kenneth Starr’s investigation. “I did have a relationship with Miss Lewinsky that was not appropriate… It was wrong.”
1998 – NationsBank and BankAmerica merge to create the largest U.S. bank.
1998 – It was reported that spy satellites had detected a secret underground complex in North Korea that was suspected of being involved in a nuclear weapons program.
2000 - Al Gore accepted the Democratic nomination for president, pledging a “better, fairer, more prosperous America” at the party’s convention in Los Angeles.
2000 - A “info leak” occurred that Independent Counsel Robert Ray was assembling a new grand jury to investigate President Clinton’s conduct in the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Democrats charged that Republicans were behind the release of information. Later a judge admitted that he had done it.
2001 – Balloonist Steve Fossett was forced down by bad weather in Brazil after traveling 12,695 miles.
2002 – In Santa Rosa, CA, the Charles M. Schulz Museum opened to the public.
2002 – The new $1 billion dollar Navy destroyer McCampbell was commissioned in San Francisco. It is an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer built at the Bath Iron Works in Maine. It is named named for the Navy’s leading ace in World War II, Captain David McCampbell (1910–1996).
2003 – A major blackout occurs in the Midwest and Northeast. Investigators believe the blackout began in Ohio. FirstEnergy Corporation, which services 1.4 million people in the state, released a statement Saturday that three of its transmission lines tripped off at Unit 5 of their Eastlake Plant hours before the blackout, and may have been its cause.
2005 - The governors of New Mexico and Arizona declare an emergency along their borders with Mexico citing recent violence, and inaction in both the US government and the Mexican government.
2005 - The Zotob computer worm causes fatal crashes of computers worldwide. The worm only crashes PCs running Windows 2000 and earlier versions of Windows XP, shutting down and rebooting the computer endlessly. Affected were CNN, ABC, Caterpillar, New York Times and Capitol Hill PCs.
2006 – A federal judge in Detroit ruled that President Bush’s warrantless surveillance program violated the rights to free speech and privacy, as well as the separation of powers enshrined in the Constitution. The administration said it would appeal.
2006 – In the Arctic ice Lt. Jessica Hill (31) and Boatswain’s Mate Steven Duque (22), divers on the US Coast Guard cutter Healy, died during a practice dive.
2006 - Several large California auto insurers said they will set premiums based on driving records rather than ZIP codes and reduce rates for most motorists.
2006 - Scientists believe they have found a key gene that helped the human brain evolve from our chimp-like ancestors. In just a few million years, one area of the human genome seems to have evolved about 70 times faster than the rest of our genetic code.
2007 - New Mexico’s Gov. Bill Richardson ordered the state Health Department to resume planning of a medical marijuana program despite the agency’s worries about possible federal prosecution.
2007 - Hurricane Dean intensifies into a Category 4 hurricane after hitting the Lesser Antilles. BP (British Petroleum) starts evacuating its oil and gas workers from the Gulf of Mexico ahead of it. The Governor of Louisiana, Kathleen Blanco, declares a state of emergency as a precaution.
2007 - Four people die as a US Marine Corps helicopter crashes on a training flight north of Yuma, Arizona.
2008 – In San Mateo, Ca., the final race was held at Bay Meadows after nearly 74 years of horse racing.
2008 - American swimmer Michael Phelps becomes the first person to win eight gold medals in one Olympic Games. This record beat Mark Spitz who won seven gold medals in 1972.
2009 – Albert Gonzalez (28) of Miami allegedly stole information from 130 million credit and debit card accounts in what federal prosecutors called the largest case of identity theft yet. He pled guilty and will serve up to 25 years in federal prison.
2010 – A federal jury in Chicago deadlocked on all but one of 24 charges against former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich. He was convicted of lying to federal agents. Prosecutors pledged to retry the case as soon as possible.
2010 – In Texas, Patrick Gray Sharp (29) was killed in a shootout with police after he towed a trailer full of explosives in front of a suburban Dallas police station and opened fire in an apparent attempt to lure people out to kill them.
2010 – Texas executed Peter Anthony Cantu (35), a former gang member, for taking part in the rape and murder of two teenage girls in 1993.
2011 – Verizon Communications says that striking workers who do not return to work by the end of August will lose medical, prescription drug, and related benefits.
2012 – Arizona’s governor, Jan Brewer, has signed an executive order forbidding any state agency from treating illegal-alien recipients of the Obama amnesty as lawful residents for purposes of state benefits and public services.
1786 – Davy Crockett, American frontiersman, soldier.
1882 – Samuel Goldwyn (Goldfish), American movie pioneer.
1893 – Mae West, American playwright, actress.
1914 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (d. 1988)
1920 – Maureen O’Hara (Fitzsimmons), American actress.
1929 – Francis Gary Powers, American U-2 pilot (d. 1977)
1936 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, Native American musician-actor (d. 2007)
1943 – Robert De Niro, American actor
1952 – Kathryn C. Thornton, PhD, astronaut
1959 – David Koresh, American cult leader (d. 1993)
1967 – Kevin Max, American singer (dc talk)
|SIMANEK, ROBERT E
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company F, 2d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, 17 August 1952. Entered service at: Detroit, Mich. Born: 26 April 1930, Detroit, Mich. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company F, in action against enemy aggressor forces. While accompanying a patrol en route to occupy a combat outpost forward of friendly lines, Pfc. Simanek exhibited a high degree of courage and a resolute spirit of self-sacrifice in protecting the lives of his fellow Marines. With his unit ambushed by an intense concentration of enemy mortar and small-arms fire, and suffering heavy casualties, he was forced to seek cover with the remaining members of the patrol in a nearby trench line. Determined to save his comrades when a hostile grenade was hurled into their midst, he unhesitatingly threw himself on the deadly missile absorbing the shattering violence of the exploding charge in his body and shielding his fellow Marines from serious injury or death. Gravely wounded as a result of his heroic action, Pfc. Simanek, by his daring initiative and great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near La Lande, France, 17 August 1944. Entered service at: Chicago, 111. Born: 31 October 1909, Carlisle, W. Va. G.O. No.: 7, 1 February 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 17 August 1944, near La Lande, France, he climbed on top of a knocked-out tank, in the face of withering machinegun fire which had halted the advance of his company, in an effort to locate the source of this fire. Although bullets ricocheted off the turret at his feet, he nevertheless remained standing upright in full view of the enemy for over two minutes. Locating the enemy machineguns on a knoll two hundred yards away, he ordered two squads to cover him and led his men down an irrigation ditch, running a gauntlet of intense machinegun fire, which completely blanketed fifty yards of his advance and wounded four of his men. While the Germans hurled hand grenades at the ditch, he stood his ground until his squad caught up with him, then advanced alone, in a wide flanking approach, to the rear of the knoll. He walked deliberately a distance of forty yards, without cover, in full view of the Germans and under a hail of both enemy and friendly fire, to the first machinegun and knocked it out with a single short burst. Then he made his way through the strong point, despite bursting hand grenades, toward the second machinegun, twenty-five yards distant, whose two-man crew swung the machinegun around and fired two bursts at him, but he walked calmly through the fire and, reaching the edge of the emplacement, dispatched the crew. Signaling his men to rush the rifle pits, he then walked thirty-five yards further to kill an enemy rifleman and returned to lead his squad in the destruction of the eight remaining Germans in the strong point. His audacity so inspired the remainder of the assault company that the men charged out of their positions, shouting and yelling, to overpower the enemy roadblock and sweep into town, knocking out two antitank guns, killing thirty-seven Germans and capturing twenty-six others. He had sparked and led the assault company in an attack which overwhelmed the enemy, destroying a roadblock, taking a town, seizing intact three bridges over the Maravenne River, and capturing commanding terrain which dominated the area.
|BOYDSTON, ERWIN JAY
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900.Born: 22 April, 1875, Deer Creek, Colo. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation. In the presence of the enemy at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Under a heavy fire from the enemy during this period, Boydston assisted in the erection of barricades.
|CARR, WILLIAM LOUIS
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900.Born: 1 April 1875, Peabody, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Throughout this action and in the presence of the enemy, Carr distinguished himself by his conduct.
|GAIENNIE, LOUIS RENE
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900.Born: 9 June 1878, St. Louis, Mo. Enrered service at: St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900, Gaiennie distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
|HORTON, WILLIAM CHARLIE
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Born: 21 July 1876, Chicago, Ill. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In action against the enemy at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Although under heavy fire from the enemy, Horton assisted in the erection of barricades.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900.Born: 25 December 1862, Merced, Calif. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.:55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the battle of Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Although under a heavy fire from the enemy, Moore assisted in the erection of barricades.
|MURPHY, JOHN ALPHONSUS
Rank and organization: Drummer, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900.Born: 26 February 1881, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: Washington, D.C. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900, Murphy distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
|MURRAY, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Born: 3 June 1876, Brooklyn, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. During this period, Murray distinguished himself by meritorious conduct. (Served as Henry W. Davis)
|PETERSEN, CARL EMIL
Rank and organization: Chief Machinist, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Peking, China, 28 June to 17 August 1900. Entered service at: New Jersey. Born: 24 August 1875, Hamburg, Germany. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 28 June to 17 August 1900. During this period Chief Machinist Petersen distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
|PRESTON, HERBERT IRVING
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Born: 6 August 1876, Berkeley, N.J. Accredited to: New Jersey G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Throughout this period, Preston distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
|SCANNELL, DAVID JOHN
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Born: 30 March 1875, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Throughout this period, Scannell distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 28 June to 17 August 1900. Born: 8 May 1876, Haywards, Calif. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901 Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking; China, 28 June to 17 August 1900. Throughout this period, Silva distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
|UPHAM, OSCAR J.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Born: 14 January 1871, Toledo, Ohio. Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Although under a heavy fire from the enemy during this period, Upham assisted in the erection of barricades.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Peking, China, 28 June to 17 August 1900. Born: 8 April 1875, Finland. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the battle of Peking, China, 28 June to 17 August 1900. Throughout this period, Westermark distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Born: 23 October 1872, Knightstown, Ind. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the battle of Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Throughout this period, Zion distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
Anniversary of Elvis Presley’s death
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are
endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
These words are from the Declaration of Independence. Many can quote this verbatim but in doing they miss some really important points. These points carry a tremendous weight for us Americans.
First the Founding Fathers and most of the people in the colonies had an understanding innate in every decision they made and that specifically was “the Creator.” They recognized that their rights came from this Creator and not from the King or any political person. I wasn’t said, it was understood.
The phrase that should catch everyone’s attention is only two words and they are “among these.” The Declaration lists, then, three items, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. What it does not list are all the items that made up what they understood and believed were the rest of the unalienable rights. Here is a list of some more of these “other” unalienable rights that our Founders knew existed:
The right of self-government – that the Creator gave each of us the ability and tools to govern ourselves, not some despot.
The right to bear arms for self-defense – One of the items I find interesting in our society is the reluctance of criminals to attack armed citizens.
The right to own, develop and dispose of property. We do not have to get anyone’s permission to do any of these things.
The right to make personal choices – It is our right given to us by our Creator to do this. In addition He gave us the tools to make those choices that he did not give to any other creature on the face of this earth.
The right of free conscience – We have the right to do good and we have the right to do bad. A major reason for government among men is to promote the first and reduce to a minimum the second.
The right to choose a profession – We have the right to select how we are going to provide for ourselves and our families.
The right to choose a mate – This right is different from many societies where there are systems to select your mate and enforce the decision.
The right to assemble freely without government interruption or permission.
The right to petition – We can petition for grievances or for any other matter.
The right to free speech
The right to a free press. In 2013 our senate wants to control who can be a reporter (government approved).
The right to enjoy the fruits of our labor. This flies right into the face of our tax system and our forced purchasing system (healthcare).
The right to improve our position through barter and sale. This precludes any attempt to give our fruits of our labor to anyone who does not work for it.
The right to contrive and invent
The right to explore the natural resources of the earth. Those resources were also given to us by our Creator.
The right to privacy
The right to personal security
The right to a fair trial
The right to free association – We have the right to choose our friends and acquaintances
The right to contract
There are those who would argue against some of these but they were understood in that day and now we think everything has to be spelled out in writing to be true.
“Treat a man as he is, and he will remain as he is. Treat a man as he should be, and he will become what he could be.”
~ Ralph Waldo Emerson
grandiloquent gran-DIL-uh-kwuhnt, adjective:Lofty in style; pompous; bombastic.
1498 – Christopher Columbus reached the island of Margarita (Venezuela).
1691 – Yorktown, Va., was founded.
1743 – Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton).
1777 – Revolutionary War: American forces won the Battle of Bennington (Vermont).
1777 – France declared bankruptcy.
1780 – Revolutionary War: American troops under Gen. Horatio Gates were badly defeated by the British at the Battle of Camden, South Carolina.
1812 – War of 1812: American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army.
1812 – War of 1812: USS Constitution recaptures American merchant brig Adeline.
1829 – The first Siamese twins brought to the United States arrived in Boston, MA. Chang and Eng (Bunker) were 18 years old when they arrived from their homeland of Banesau, Siam. The twins were joined at the waist.
1841 – President Tyler vetoed a bill that called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. That sparked a massive riot outside the White House by enraged Whig Party members. It was the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
1858 – U.S. President James Buchanan and Britain’s Queen Victoria exchanged messages inaugurating the first transatlantic telegraph line. The signal was so weak that it shutdown in just a few weeks.
1861 – Civil War: President Lincoln prohibited the Union states from trading with the states of the Confederacy.
1861 – Civil War: Union and Confederate forces clashed near Fredericktown and Kirkville, Missouri.
1863 – Civil War: Chickamauga campaign took place in GA. Union General William S. Rosecrans moved his army south from Tullahoma, Tennessee to attack Confederate forces in Chattanooga.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Front Royal, VA. (Guard Hill).
1864 – Civil War: Confederate General John Chambliss is killed during a cavalry charge at Deep Bottom, Virginia—one of the sieges of Petersburg.
1875 – Charles Grandison Finney (b.1792), American revivalist preacher, died.
1894 – Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity and return to their old Indian faith.
1896 – Gold was discovered in Canada’s Yukon Territory by a man from California named George Carmack and his two Indian brothers-in-law “Skookum Jim” Mason and “Tagish Charley” , setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
1901 – Edwin Prescott built the Loop-the-Loop roller coaster near Dreamland Park at Coney Island.
1904 – New York City began building the Grand Central Station.
1912 – Virginia executed Virginia Christian (b.1895) in the electric chair. Christian, an African-American maid, was convicted for the murder of her white employer
1914 – Zapata and Pancho Villa overran Mexico.
1915 – A hurricane hit Galveston, Texas. It caused 12 deaths and an estimated $5-8 million in property damage in the city.
1920 – Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit in the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. To date, Chapman was the second player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game, the first being Doc Powers in 1909.
1922 – Radio station WEAF (now WFAN) began broadcasting from new studios atop the Western Electric Building in New York City. The station would later be named WNBC, then WABC.
1923 – Carnegie Steel Corporation established an eight-hour work day for its workers.
1927 - The Dole Air Race begins from Oakland, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, during which six out of the eight participating planes crash or disappear.
1930 – The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
1934 – US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028′ in Bathysphere.
1934 – US ended its occupation of Haiti (begun in 1915).
1937 – Harvard University became the first school to have graduate courses in traffic engineering and administration.
1939 – “Lights Out“, radio’s “ultimate horror show,” was heard for the last time on NBC Radio.
1939 – The famous vaudeville house, Hippodrome, in New York City, was used for the last time.
1940 – “Marching Along Together“, by Frankie Masters and his orchestra, was recorded for Okeh Records.
1940 – World War II: Forty-five German aircrafts were shot down over England in one day.
1942 – World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappear without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crashlands in Daly City, California. The ship’s crew, Lt. Ernest Dewitt Cody (27) and Ensign Charles E. Adams (38), were missing and no trace of them was ever found.
1945 – World War II: The Emperor issues an Imperial Rescript (decree) at 1600 hours (local time) ordering all Japanese forces to cease fire.
1945 – Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, (captured by the Japanese on the island of Corregidor, in the Philippines), is freed by Russian forces from a POW camp in Manchuria, China.
1948 – Babe Ruth died at the age of 53.
1949 – Patent for an “airplane stall warning device” was granted to Leonard Greene of Mineola, NY.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Too Young” by Nat King Cole, “Come on-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney, “My Truly, Truly Fair” by Guy Mitchell and “Hey, Good Lookin’” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1952 – “Half As Much” by Rosemary Clooney topped the charts.
1954 – “Sports Illustrated” was first published by Time Incorporated. The claim was that 250,000 subscriptions were sold before the first issue came off the presses.
1954 – Comedian Jack Paar replaced Walter Cronkite as host of “The Morning Show” on CBS-TV.
1958 – “Poor Little Fool” by Ricky Nelson topped the charts.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Big Hunk o’ Love” by Elvis Presley, “My Heart is an Open Book” by Carl Dobkins, Jr., “There Goes My Baby” by The Drifters and “Waterloo” by Stonewall Jackson all topped the charts.
1959 – William F. Halsey (Bull Halsey), US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific), died.
1960 – Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet, setting three records that still stand today: high-altitude jump, free-fall, and fastest speed by a human without an aircraft (he went supersonic). He fell more than 16 miles (about 84,000 feet) before opening his parachute.
1961 – Martin Luther King protested for black voting rights in Miami.
1962 – Pete Best, drummer for the Beatles, was fired by Brian Epstein, manager. Best was with the group for 2-1/2 years. Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) was picked to take his place. One month later, the group recorded, “Love Me Do“.
1963 – On sale this day was a stamp designed to commemorate the one-hundreth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. It was designed by George Olden which made him the first Black to design a U.S. postage stamp.
1965 – The Watts riots ended in south-central LA after six days with the help of 20,000 National Guardsmen; the riots left 34 dead, 857 injured, over 2,200 arrested, and property valued at $200 million destroyed. The riots started when police on August 11th brutally beat a black motorist suspected of drunken driving in Watts area of LA.
1965 – AFL awards its first expansion franchise (Miami Dolphins).
1966 - Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and fifty people are arrested.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Light My Fire” by The Doors, “All You Need is Love” by The Beatles, “Pleasant Valley Sunday” by The Monkees and “I’ll Never Find Another You” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1969 – Police raid on Spahn Ranch, Charles Manson arrested.
1969 – “Honky Tonk Women” by the Rolling Stones topped the charts.
1970 – Activist, Angela Davis was named in a federal warrant issued in connected with George Jackson’s attempted escape from San Quentin prison.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jive Talkin’” by Bee Gees, “One of These Nights” by Eagles, “Someone Saved My Life Tonight” by Elton John and “Wasted Days and Wasted Nights” by Freddy Fender all topped the charts.
1977 – Elvis Presley (b.1935), The “King” of rock-n-roll, died in the upstairs bedroom suite at Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tenn. of a drug overdose at 42. Doctors’ efforts to revive him were fruitless and he was pronounced dead (coronary arrhythmia) at 3:30 p.m.
1978 – Xerox was fined for excluding Smith-Corona Mfg. from the copier market. The fine was $25.6 million.
1980 – “Magic” by Olivia Newton-John topped the charts.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police, “Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)” by Eurythmics, “She Works Hard for the Money” by Donna Summer and “He’s a Heartache (Looking for a Place to Happen)” by Janie Fricke all topped the charts.
1984 – The U.S. Jaycees voted to admit women to full membership in the organization.
1984 – John DeLorean was acquitted on eight counts of a $24 million dollar cocaine conspiracy indictment.
1986 – “Papa Don’t Preach” by Madonna topped the charts.
1987 – A McDonnell Douglas MD-82 carrying Northwest Airlines flight 255 bound for Phoenix, AZ crashes on takeoff from Detroit Metropolitan Airport killing 155 people onboard, with the sole survivor four-year old Cecelia Cichan. One hundred and ten of those passengers were from Phoenix. In Memoriam Richard and Doris Zell, Richard was a Phoenix ASIS member.
1988 – VP George H.W. Bush selected Indiana Senator Dan Quayle to be his running mate.
1988 IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence
1988Mayor Koch says he plans to wipe out street-corner windshield washers.
1990 – President Bush met with Jordan’s King Hussein in Kennebunkport, Maine, where he urged the monarch to close Iraq’s access to the sea through the port of Aqaba.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” by Bryan Adams, “P.A.S.S.I.O.N.” by Rythm Syndicate, “Every Heartbeat” by Amy Grant and “She’s in Love with the Boy” by Trisha Yearwood all topped the charts.
1993 – Harvey Weinstein was rescued from a 14-foot-deep pit by New York Police. He had been there for nearly two weeks while being held for ransom.
1996 – In Brookfield, Ill., a three-year-old boy fell fifteen feet into a concrete area of a zoo’s gorilla exhibit and was rescued by Binti-jua, a seven year-old gorilla with her own two year-old on her back. She carried the unconcious boy to the nearest access point (60′) and laid him gently down. The zookeepers retrieved him and sent him to a hospital. He was in for four days and fully recovered.
1996 - Eric Nesbitt (21), an airman at Langley AFB, was shot and killed after he was abducted and forced to withdraw money from an ATM machine by Daryl R. Atkins and another man. Atkins scored 59 on an IQ test in 1998, below the Virginia cut-off of 70 for retardation. In 2002 the US Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to execute the mentally retarded. In 2004 Atkins scored 74 and faced another trial.
2000 – Montana Gov. Marc Racicot declared the whole state a disaster area due to the raging fires.
2002 – Sabri al-Banna, aka Abu Nidal (65), Palestinian guerrilla commander and head of the Fatah-Revolutionary Council, died from gunshot wounds in his Baghdad home. Iraqi officials said he killed himself.
2003 - Power is restored in New York City, Toronto, and most of Ottawa. Authorities warn of possible future disruptions and advise conservation as work continues to restore power to the entire grid.
2003 - Kanawha County, WV Sheriff’s office reports that a string of four fatal shootings over the past week were linked by ballistics testing to the same type of weapon. The perpetrator(s) remain at large. The incident is a reminder of the 2002 Beltway sniper attacks.
2003 - A tourist visiting Las Vegas, Nevada, Rebecca Longhoffer, was electrocuted by an iron plate situated in the ground while crossing Las Vegas Boulevard.
2004 – The FDA approved the first surgical device to clear clots from the brains of stroke victims.
2005 - In Richmond, Virginia, thousands of people stampede at the Richmond International Raceway to obtain one of 1000 $50 iBooks being liquidated by the Henrico County school district.
2005 - Lena Baker is pardoned by the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles 60 years after her execution.
2005 - Coretta Scott King, widow of civil rights pioneer Martin Luther King, Jr., is admitted to Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta for possible stroke.
2006 - United Airlines Flight 923 makes an emergency landing in Boston. The original course was London to Washington D.C. Fighter jets escorted the plane to the airport.
2006 - Terminal 18 of the Port of Seattle is evacuated after bomb-sniffing dogs indicate that at least one container recently taken off a ship may contain explosives.None of the containers are found to hold explosives.
2007 – A new Jefferson one-dollar coin went into circulation nationwide. It followed the Washington coin, which was introduced in February, and the John Adams coin, introduced in May.
2007 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average sees a late recovery in late trading on the New York Stock Exchange after earlier losing 340 points.
2007 - U.S. jihadist José Padilla is convicted on all counts of supporting terrorism.
2007 – In Utah the search for six miners missing deep underground was abruptly halted after a second cave-in killed three rescue workers and injured at least six others who were trying to tunnel through rubble to reach them. The search for six trapped miners was later abandoned.
2008 – Florida Governor Charlie Crist declares a state of emergency as Tropical Storm Fay is due to hit on Monday, possibly at hurricane strength.
2008 - Michael Phelps of the United States wins his seventh gold medal of the 2008 Summer Olympics in the 100 metre butterfly, tying Mark Spitz‘s record for gold medals at an Olympic Games.
2009 – In San Francisco BART management and union leaders reached a tentative contract agreement less than six hours before a planned strike to shut down the regional rail system.
2009- Tropical Storm Claudette becomes the first tropical cyclone to affect the U.S. mainland thus year.
2009 – An American cargo plane arrived in Taiwan with supplies for victims of the recent Typhoon Morakot disaster. It was the first American military aircraft to land in Taiwan in the 30 years since the US severed its diplomatic ties in favor of China.
2010 – A United States air strike kills an al-Qaeda leader who was thought to have been planning suicide bombings.
2010 – The US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates says the July 2011 timetable to start withdrawing United States armed forces from Afghanistan is set in stone.
2011 - Tampa police arrested Jared Cano (17), an expelled student, after thwarting what they called a “catastrophic” plot to set off a bomb at his former high school next week.
2012 - After an outbreak of the mosquito-borne West Nile virus kills at least 17 people, the mayor of Dallas Mike Rawlings declares a state of emergency in the city. This paves the way for aerial spraying of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides.
2013 - Four Blacks slaughter 25-year-old Ivan Murad of Clinton Township, a white man In Detroit, the national news media were completely silent. He was allegedly killed by a group of guys he called friends.
1862 – Amos Alonzo Stagg, American coach (d. 1965)
1888 – T. E. Lawrence, English writer and soldier (d. 1935)
1916 – Iggy Katona, American race car driver (d. 2003)
1925 – Fess Parker is born. In the 1950s, every little boy in America will wear a coonskin hat in his honor.
1929 – Wyatt Tee Walker, American 1950s and 1960s Civil Rights Movement activist.
1930 – Robert Culp, American actor
1930 – Frank Gifford, American football player and announcer
1931 – Eydie Gormé, American singer
1933 – Julie Newmar, American actress
1946 – Lesley Ann Warren, American actress
1953 – Kathie Lee Gifford, American singer and actress
1960 – Timothy Hutton, American actor
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company G, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, 3 July 1952. Entered service at: Cumberland, Md. Born. 16 August 1926, Cumberland, Md. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a squad leader of Company G, in action against enemy aggressor forces. When his platoon was subjected to a devastating barrage of enemy small-arms, grenade, artillery, and mortar fire during an assault against strongly fortified hill positions well forward of the main line of resistance, S/Sgt. Shuck, although painfully wounded, refused medical attention and continued to lead his machine gun squad in the attack. Unhesitatingly assuming command of a rifle squad when the leader became a casualty, he skillfully organized the two squads into an attacking force and led two more daring assaults upon the hostile positions. Wounded a second time, he steadfastly refused evacuation and remained in the foremost position under heavy fire until assured that all dead and wounded were evacuated. Mortally wounded by an enemy sniper bullet while voluntarily assisting in the removal of the last casualty, S/Sgt. Shuck, by his fortitude and great personal valor in the face of overwhelming odds, served to inspire all who observed him. His unyielding courage throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
|BURNETT, GEORGE R.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cuchillo Negro Mountains, N. Mex., 16 August 1881. Entered servlce at: Spring Mills, Pa. Birth. Lower Providence Township Pa. Date of issue: 23 July 1897. Citation. Saved the life of a dismounted soldier, who was in imminent danger of being cut off, by alone galloping quickly to his assistance under heavy fire and escorting him to a place of safety, his horse being twice shot in this action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cuchillo Negro Mountains, N. Mex., 16 August 1881. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Reistertown, Md. Date of issue: 1 October 1890. Citation: Bravery in action with hostile Apaches.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At foothills of the Cuchillo Negro Mountains, N. Mex., 16 August 1881. Entered service at. ——. Birth: Carrollton, La. Date of issue: 12 November 1896. Citation: Rallied a detachment, skillfully conducted a running flght of three or four hours, and by his coolness, bravery, and unflinching devotion to duty in standing by his commanding officer in an exposed position under a heavy fire from a large party of Indians saved the lives of at least three of his comrades.
HARDENBERGH, HENRY M.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 39th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Deep Run, Va., 16 August 1864. Entered service at: Bremen, Ill. Birth: Noble County, Ind. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation. Capture of flag. He was wounded in the shoulder during this action. He was killed in action at Petersburg on 28 August 1864.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 6th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 16 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 26 August 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.
|SHELLENBERGER, JOHN S.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 85th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Deep Run, Va., 16 August 1864. Entered service at: Perryopolis, Pa. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 6 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
Best Friends Day
Sandcastle & Sculpture Day
Sand Castles & Sculptures
Sandcastle building is a great way to interact with nature and especially the beach. It has a lot of benefits such as making it a fun family activity. It’s a wonderful way to meet people. It’s a useful means of teaching teamwork and cooperation — and it’s good exercise.
Sandcastling is an inexpensive hobby that any age can do. All you need is sand, water and some imagination. This is an event that can be done by small children and professional adults. Here is a gallery of some of the really complicated ones.
Just Don’t Get Too CloseToThe Tide
“Give everyone what you owe him: if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.”
~ Apostle Paul, Romans 13:7b
ascribe uh-SKRYB, transitive verb:
1. To attribute, as to a source or cause; as, “they ascribed the poor harvest to drought.”
2.To attribute, as a quality; to consider or allege to belong; as, “ascribed jealousy to the critics.”
1057 – King Macbeth of Scotland was slain by Malcolm Canmore, whose father, King Duncan I, was murdered by Macbeth 17 years earlier.
1248 – The foundation stone of the Cologne Cathedral, built to house the relics of the Three Wise Men, was laid. Construction eventually completed in 1880. That was 632 years or almost 16 generations.
1790 – Reverend John Carroll became the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
1812 – Potawatomi Indians kill William Wells, an Indian captive turned Indian fighter.
1824 – Freed American slaves formed the country of Liberia.
1824 – General Lafayette returned to the US under an invitation from Pres. Monroe. Political ribbons were printed in for the first time in large quantities to celebrate his US tour.
1843 – The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.
1845 – U.S. Naval Academy established at Annapolis, MD on former site of Fort Severn.
1846 – The first California newspaper was the Californian of Monterey issued by Colton and Semple. It was written half in English and half in Spanish.
1848 – M. Waldo Hanchett patented a dental chair.
1861 – Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln directed reinforcements to be sent to Missouri.
1864 – Civil War: The Confederate raider Tallahassee captured six Federal ships off New England.
1865 – Sir Joseph Lister discovered the antiseptic process.
1876 – US law removed Indians from Black Hills after gold find. Sioux leaders Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull led their warriors to protect their lands from invasion by prospectors following the discovery of gold.
1877 -Thomas Edison wrote the president of the Telegraph Company in Pittsburgh, PA. The letter stated that the word, “hello” would be a more appropriate greeting than “ahoy,” as suggested by Alexander Graham Bell when answering the telephone.
1895 – Commissioning of U.S.S. Texas, the first American steel-hulled battleship.
1899 – Henry Ford (36) quit his job with the Edison Illuminating Company. He soon found backers and started the Detroit Automobile Company, with himself as chief engineer.
1906 – The first freight delivery tunnel system began underneath Chicago.
1911 – Procter & Gamble Company of Cincinnati, Ohio introduced Crisco hydrogenated shortening.
1914 – The American-built Panama Canal was inaugurated with the passage of the U.S. vessel Ancon, a cargo and passenger ship.
1914 – A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright set fire to the living quarters of the architect’s Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murdered seven people, and burned the living quarters to the ground. It is unknown if the servant was arrested or not.
1918 – The Sinking of the Lusitania, the first full-length feature cartoon film, is released in the US. Made by Winsor McCay, it incorporated 25,000 drawings and took 22 months to make.
1921 – The US Congress passed the Packer and Stockyards Act. The Act’s purpose was to “regulate interstate and foreign commerce in live stock, live-stock produce, dairy products, poultry, poultry products, and eggs, and for other purposes.”
1926 - The famous Three Men on Third play happened in Boston’s Fenway Park. Babe Herman came to bat in the bottom of the seventh inning. One man was out and the bases were loaded. Chick Fewster was on first base, Dazzy Vance on second and Hank DeBerry on third. Herman hit the ball off the right-field wall. DeBerry crossed the plate, Vance stopped at third and Fewster ran past second base on his way to third. Herman ran PAST Fewster on HIS way to third. Herman was declared out and Fewster was tagged out. Herman had hit into a double play. DeBerry’s score, however, was allowed — and the Brooklyn Dodgers won, 2-1.
1935 – Will Rogers and Wiley Post are killed after engine problems during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.
1918 – Russia severed diplomatic ties with US.
1934 – Nineteen years of occupation ended as the First Marine Brigade departed Haiti.
1939 – “Wizard of Oz” premiers at Grauman’s Chinese Theater, Hollywood. The role of Dorothy was given to Judy Garland on February 24, 1938. She became famous for the movie’s song “Somewhere Over the Rainbow.“
1941 – “Au Revoir, Pleasant Dreams” was recorded by Ben Bernie and his orchestra.
1942 – World War II: Operation Pedestal – The USS Ohio reaches the island of Malta barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island defenses.
1942 – World War II: The Japanese submarine I-25 departed Japan with a floatplane in its hold. It was assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the US, and used to bomb U.S. forests.
1942 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, the Marines prepare an airstrip and fortify the perimeter around it.
1943 – World War II: An invasion of Kiska Island commences. Three American battleships provide support for the landing of 34,000 US and Canadian troops.
1944 – World War II: Operation Dragoon – Allied forces land in southern France.
1945 – World War II: US Task Force 38 launches massive air strikes on the Tokyo area, encountering numerous Japanese fighters but the aircraft are recalled upon receipt of the surrender announcement.
1945 – World War II: Victory over Japan Day – Japan surrenders. Pronounced V-J Day. It is also called Korean Liberation Day.
1945 – US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends.
1948 – CBS-TV inaugurated the first nightly news broadcast. Douglas Edwards was chosen to anchor the “CBS World News Roundup”. He soon became the first major radio news reporter to take up television duties, reporting twice a week.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mona Lisa” by Nat King Cole, “I Wanna Be Loved” by The Andrews Sisters, “Sam’s Song” by Bing & Gary Crosby and “I’m Moving On” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War – Two U.S. divisions were badly mauled by the North Korean Army at the Battle of the Bowling Alley in South Korea, which raged on for five days.
1953 – “No Other Love” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1954 - Bob Toski captured the richest prize in golf — The Tam O’Shanter world pro golf title. Toski earned a cash prize of $50,000 and a $50,000 exhibition contract.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Poor Little Fool” by Ricky Nelson, “Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)” by Domenico Modugno, “My True Love” by Jack Scott and “Alone with You” by Faron Young all topped the charts.
1959 “Big Hunk o’ Love” by Elvis Presley topped the charts
1960 “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley topped the charts
1961 – Conrad Schumann flees from East Germany while on duty guarding the construction of the Berlin Wall.
1962 – Shady Grove Baptist Church was burned in Leesburg, Georgia.
1962 – US Pvt. James Joseph Dresnok (21) defected to North Korea. His wife had recently divorced him and he faced a court-martial. As of May 20, 2013, he is still in North Korea.
1964 – “Everybody Loves Somebody” by Dean Martin topped the charts.
1964 – A race riot took place in Dixmoor, a suburb of Chicago, Ill.
1965 – Vietnam War: Da Nang and Chu Lai Marines reinforced by 6,400 arrivals.
1965 – The Beatles play to nearly 60,000 fans at Shea Stadium in New York City, marking the birth of stadium rock.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Summer in the City” by The Lovin’ Spoonful, “They’re Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa!” by Napoleon XIV, “Sunny” by Bobby Hebb and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1968 – Vietnam War: Heavy fighting intensifies in and around the DMZ, as South Vietnamese and U.S. troops engage a North Vietnamese battalion.
1969 – The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York. 400,000 young people gathered at Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in the Bethel hamlet of White Lake, N.Y. for the Woodstock music festival. The organizers of the festival, John Roberts, Michael Lang and Joel Rosenman, had originally estimated expenses, to be covered by admissions fees, at $750,000. Acts at Woodstock included Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Joan Baez, Santana, The Who and a nascent Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young.
1969 - Three Dog Night (Danny Hutton, Cory Wells and Chuck Negron) was awarded a gold record for the album, “Three Dog Night”. Where’d the name of the group come from? In Australia, the aborigine tribes of several regions slept outside all year. As the temperatures got colder, the tribesmen would sleep with a dog to keep warm. In colder weather, they would huddle with two dogs. It must have been an extremely cold night when the group was formed…
1970 – “(They Long to Be) Close to You” by the Carpenters topped the charts.
1970 – Patricia Palinkas becomes first woman pro football player (Orlando).
1970 – A ferryboat named the M.V. Golden Gate made its maiden voyage from San Francisco to Sausalito marking a revival of ferry service on San Francisco Bay. It was retired from service on March 26, 2004.
1971 – President Richard Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by ending convertibility of the United States dollar into gold by foreign investors.
1971 – President Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, rents and prices.
1973 – Vietnam War: The United States bombing of Cambodia ends.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Feel like Makin’ Love” by Roberta Flack, “The Night Chicago Died” by Paper Lace, “Please Come to Boston” by Dave Loggins and “Rub It In” by Billy “Crash” Craddock all topped the charts.
1977 – The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by The Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the “Wow! signal” for notation made by a volunteer on the project.
1980 – George Manuel Bosque (25) reportedly abandoned his armored truck at the San Francisco Airport Hilton Hotel, stole a car at gunpoint, and vanished with over $1.8 million in cash.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor, “Hurts So Good” by John Cougar, “Abracadabra” by The Steve Miller Band and “I’m Gonna Hire a Wino to Decorate Our Home” by David Frizzell all topped the charts.
1984 – Cincinnati Reds name Pete Rose the player-manager replacing Vern Rapp.
1984 - New York City turned out to honor the Team USA Olympic medalists. An estimated two million people lined the streets during the 10-block-long ticker-tape parade.
1987 - $100 million in damage was done in the Chicago area when 13 1/2 inches of rain fell.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Vision of Love” by Mariah Carey, “The Power” by Snap! and “If Wishes Came True” by Sweet Sensation all topped the charts.
1990 – In an attempt to gain support against the US-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy Iran.
1994 – Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as “Carlos the Jackal,” was jailed in France after being captured in Sudan.
1994 – The Social Security Administration became an independent government agency. It had been a part of the Department of Health and Human Services agency.
1995 – In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet matriculated at The Citadel, but drops out in less than a week citing emotional and psychological abuse and physical exhaustion. After her departure, the male cadets openly celebrated on the campus.
1996 – San Diego State engineering student, Frederick Martin Davidson hid a handgun in a classroom first-aid kit hours before he methodically killed three professors–chasing two of them down. He was apparently upset over the progress of his master’s thesis.
1997 - The Los Angeles Dodgers retired player, scout, coach, manager, executive Tommy Lasorda’s uniform #2 in a pre-game ceremony at Dodger Stadium.
1997 – The U.S. Justice Department decided not to prosecute FBI officials in connection with the deadly 1992 Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho. The investigation dealt with an alleged cover-up.
1997 – In Louisiana a self-defense law, passed in June that permits motorists to use deadly force in a car-jacking incident took effect.
1997 – Beginning today couples seeking marriage in Louisiana were given the choice between a traditional or a covenant marriage. The covenant marriage, designed to make divorce much more difficult, required counseling and a 2-year cooling off period.
1998 – In Congo the US Embassy shut its doors as rebels approached Kinshasa. Pres. Kabila and his ministers retired to Lubumbashi.
1998 – Approximately 34,000 union workers went on strike against US West.
1999 - Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship, becoming the youngest player to win two majors since Seve Ballesteros.
2000 – Iraq War: US warplanes bombed air defense sites in northern Iraq.
2001 - Scientists had found data that suggested that “there is a time evolution of the laws of physics.”
2001 - President Bush, using Mount Rushmore as a dramatic backdrop, pressed Congress to give him a flexible, fast-moving homeland security department.
2001 – Astronomers announced the discovery of the first solar system outside our own – two planets orbiting a star in the Big Dipper.
2001 – A Texas appeals court halted the execution of Napoleon Beazley just hours before he was scheduled to die for a murder he had committed as a teenager. He was executed in May 2002.
2002 - President Bush, using Mount Rushmore as a dramatic backdrop, pressed Congress to give him a flexible, fast-moving homeland security department.
2002 – Some 600 families of 9/11 victims files a $3 trillion lawsuit against Saudi princes, foreign banks, charities and the government of Sudan for funding the terrorist networks that launched the 2001 attacks.
2003 - Returning from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities from the Midwest to Manhattan restored power to millions of people — only to confront a second series of woes created in the aftermath of the enormous outage.
2003 – A car bomb exploded, destroying the lobby of the JW Marriott Hotel, a top hotel in the Jakarta, Indonesia; 14 people were killed and 150 were wounded.
2003 – Iraq War : Saboteurs blew up a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just three days after the pipeline between the two countries was reopened.
2004 - In Athens, the US men’s basketball team lost 92-73 to Puerto Rico, only the third Olympic defeat ever for the Americans and first since adding pros.
2004 - Residents left homeless by Hurricane Charley dug through their ravaged homes, rescuing what they could as President Bush promised rapid delivery of disaster aid.
2005 - US prosecutors said four former Wall Street brokers have been indicted for a scheme allowing day traders to eavesdrop on internal communications and profit by trading ahead of large share orders and subsequent price movements.
2005 – Delta Air Lines said it is selling its feeder carrier, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, to SkyWest for $425 million.
2005 – Hershey announced the acquisition of Joseph Schmidt, a SF chocolate maker.
2006 - US officials arrested Edgar Alvarez Cruz on immigration violations in Denver. He was suspected of participating in the rapes and killings of at least 10 women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, where more than 100 young women have been killed since 1993.
2006 – US federal agents arrested 138 alleged drug traffickers in 15 cities. They seized over 47 pounds of Mexican black tar heroin and confiscated over $500,000 in illegal profits.
2007 – Ex-NBA referee Tim Donaghy pleaded guilty to felony charges in an NBA betting scheme. He faced up to 25 years in prison and a $500,000 fine. A federal judge later sentenced Donaghy to 15 months behind bars.
2007 – Hurricane Flossie passes Hawaii causing some damage but not as much as feared. It has deteriorated to a tropical storm and should cause no further damage.
2007 – The United States declares Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps a “specially designated global terrorist,” paving the way for increased financial pressure on Iran and its assets abroad.
2007 – Pennsylvania Superior Court Judge Michael Thomas Joyce, an appeals court judge, was indicted on charges of scamming $440,000 from insurers by claiming he suffered debilitating injuries in a car crash, even while he golfed, skated and went scuba diving.
2008 - In Texas store clerk Mindy Daffern (46) was abducted in the north Texas town of Scotland. Wallace Bowman Jr. (30) was identified by a security camera and led investigators to her body the next day.
2008 – Summer Olympics: Michael Phelps wins his sixth gold medal of the Beijing Olympics in the men’s 200 metres individual medley setting a new world record.
2008 – Summer Olympics: Swimmers Rebecca Soni and Ryan Lochte win gold medals and set swimming world records in the women’s 200-metre breaststroke and men’s 200m backstroke respectively
2008 – Cookie retailer Mrs. Fields Famous Brands LLC said it plans to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection to help restructure its business.
2009 - In southern California the body of Jasmine Fiore (28), a swimsuit model, was found stuffed in a suitcase and dumped into a trash bin in Orange County.
2009 - In Georgia former college professor Lothar Karl Schweder (77) and his wife Sherry (65) were found mauled to death by dogs near their home in Lexington.
2010 – In San Francisco the two-day Outside Lands Music and Arts Festival drew close to 80,000 people to four concert stages in Golden Gate Park.
2012 - The Family Research Council, the organization that advocates Christian values and standards, was targeted by a gunman, Floyd Corkins, 28, this morning at its Washington, D.C., headquarters. The attack left a security officer injured. The suspect was captured at the scene and taken into custody.
2012 – The Social Security Administration has purchased 174,000 rounds of ammunition, adding the agency to a growing list of federal agencies that have purchased multithousands of rounds of ammo over the last six months. The agencies have purchased hollow point bullets which are designed to expand once they enter their target in order to do the most damage to the victim.
1717 – John Metcalf, the first of the professional road builders to emerge during the Industrial Revolution.
1859 – Charles Albert “The Old Roman” Comiskey was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner.
1860 – Henrietta Vinton Davis was an American elocutionist, dramatist, and impersonator. Lady Davis was proclaimed by Marcus Garvey to be the “greatest woman of the (African) race today”.
1879 – Ethel Barrymore (Ethel Mae Blythe), often called the “First Lady of the American Theatre.”
1888 – T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia), was a British soldier renowned especially for his liaison role during the Arab Revolt of 1916-18.
.1912 – Julia Child (McWilliams), American cooking teacher, author, and television personality.
1944 – Linda Ellerbee (born Linda Jane Smith in Bryan, Texas, is a journalist who is most known for several jobs at NBC News, including Washington (DC) correspondent, and reporter and co-anchor of NBC News Overnight, which was recognized by the DuPont Columbia Awards as “the best written and most intelligent news program ever.”
1949 – Burns, first woman captain in the world on the Boeing 747.
|CONNOR, JAMES P.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Cape Cavalaire, southern France, 15 August 1944. Entered service at: Wilmington, Del. Birth: Wilmington, Del. G.O. No.: 18, 15 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 15 August 1944, Sgt. Connor, through sheer grit and determination, led his platoon in clearing an enemy vastly superior in numbers and firepower from strongly entrenched positions on Cape Cavalaire, removing a grave enemy threat to his division during the amphibious landing in southern France, and thereby insured safe and uninterrupted landings for the huge volume of men and materiel which followed. His battle patrol landed on “Red Beach” with the mission of destroying the strongly fortified enemy positions on Cape Cavalaire with utmost speed. From the peninsula the enemy had commanding observation and seriously menaced the vast landing operations taking place. Though knocked down and seriously wounded in the neck by a hanging mine which killed his platoon lieutenant, Sgt. Connor refused medical aid and with his driving spirit practically carried the platoon across several thousand yards of mine-saturated beach through intense fire from mortars, 20-mm. flak guns, machineguns, and snipers. En route to the Cape he personally shot and killed two snipers. The platoon sergeant was killed and Sgt. Connor became platoon leader. Receiving a second wound, which lacerated his shoulder and back, he again refused evacuation, expressing determination to carry on until physically unable to continue. He reassured and prodded the hesitating men of his decimated platoon forward through almost impregnable mortar concentrations. Again emphasizing the prevalent urgency of their mission, he impelled his men toward a group of buildings honeycombed with enemy snipers and machineguns. Here he received his third grave wound, this time in the leg, felling him in his tracks. Still resolved to carry on, he relinquished command only after his attempts proved that it was physically impossible to stand. Nevertheless, from his prone position, he gave the orders and directed his men in assaulting the enemy. Infused with Sgt. Connor’s dogged determination, the platoon, though reduced to less than one-third of its original 36 men, outflanked and rushed the enemy with such furiousness that they killed seven, captured forty, seized three machineguns and considerable other materiel, and took all their assigned objectives, successfully completing their mission. By his repeated examples of tenaciousness and indomitable spirit Sgt Connor transmitted his heroism to his men until they became a fighting team which could not be stopped.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: England. Date of issue: 26 August 1864. Citation: Capture of colors of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
|MANDY, HARRY J.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: England. Date of issue: 26 August 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
International Left Handers Day
Women Marines Day
In the early spring on 1888, in Hartford, Connecticut, a man ran into a nearby factory and asked to use the phone. He needed to call a doctor for his critically ill wife. The people there told him that the phone was not available for public use. He offered to pay for the service, but he was denied. Only after pleading the urgency of his need to the manager was he finally allowed to make the call. The man was inventor William Gray (also known for inventing the inflatable chest protector for baseball). The early telephone booth was quite ornate and lavish, almost to a fault. The original patent specified a booth made of wood, four or five feet square, with a domed and ventilated roof and a strong door. When a prospective customer wanted to make a call, an attendant would usher him into one of these specially made rooms. The attendant would then lock the customer in after the connection was made, so he could not leave without paying for the call. It was first placed at a bank in Hartford, Ct.
In 1898, the Western Electric No. 5 Coin Collector, the first automatic “prepay” station, went into use in Chicago. The depositing of coins before placing a call would gradually become the norm in pay phones until the introduction of “dial tone first” service in 1966.
By 1902, there were 81,000 pay telephones in the United States.
In 1905, the first outdoor Bell System coin telephone was installed on a Cincinnati street. It wasn’t an instant hit; people apparently were reluctant to make private calls on a public thoroughfare.
In the 1950s, glass outdoor telephone booths began replacing wooden ones and in 1950, the first coin telephone mobile train service was established on the Pennsylvania Railroad between New York and Washington.
In 1957, “calling from your car” was first tested in Mobile, Ala., and Chicago. Drive-up pay telephones proved popular and are still in use today.
In 1960, the Bell System installed its millionth pay telephone. Today there are 2.2 million pay phones, down from 2.6 million in 1998. Local calls on pay phones also have dropped 30 percent since 1998.
Pay phones became so ubiquitous that in 1964, when the Treasury Department decided to change the metallic composition of U.S. coins, it consulted with Bell Laboratories to ensure the new coins would still function properly.
We cannot talk long about the payphone until we talk about the “Superman” connection to the phone-booth. Ask almost anyone familiar with Superman “knows” that he changes his clothes in pay-booths. Actually except for a few instances over a lot of years that did not happen. For a fuller history on the Superman connection go the history link.
In 1966, “dial tone first” service was introduced in Hartford, Conn. This essentially turned coin phones into emergency call stations because such calls could be made without first depositing coins.
On Feb. 2, 2001, BellSouth announced that it’s getting out of the pay phone business. That would make it the first major phone company to do so.
“If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant; if we did not sometimes taste of adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome.”
~ Anne Dudley Bradstreet
quandary KWAHN-duh-ree; -dree, noun:
A state of difficulty, perplexity, doubt, or uncertainty.
3114 BC The Mayan “long count” calendar system begins.
1521 – Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés.
1553 – Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
1608 – John Smith’s story of Jamestown’s first days was submitted for publication.
1642 – Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap.
1680 – War started when the Spanish were expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indians under Chief Pope.
1777 - American explosive device made by David Bushnell explodes near British vessel off New London, CT.
1784 – The Continental Congress met for the final time in Annapolis, Maryland. It moved a few more times, from Philadelphia, PA to New York City and, finally, to its permanent seat of government in Washington, DC.
1831 - Nat Turner sees a solar eclipse, which he believes is a sign from God. Eight days later he and 70 other slaves kill approximately 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia.
1833 - The Bank of the US under Nicholas Biddle began to contract its loans.
1846 – The American Flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles, CA.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
1863 – Civil War:A Union naval force surveyed the White River above Clarendon, Arkansas, looking for the whereabouts of Confederate General Sterling Price’s Army.
1864 – Civil War: U.S.S. Agawam engaged three different Confederate batteries near Four Mile Creek on the James River.
1864 – Civil War: Ships of the Confederate James River Squadron shelled Union Army positions near Dutch Gap, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Deep Bottom, Va., (Strawberry Plains) and Fussell’s Mill, Va.
1867 – “Under the Gaslight”, by Augustin Daly, opened in New York City.
1870 – Armed tug Palos becomes first U.S. Navy ship to transit Suez Canal.
1876 - Reciprocity Treaty between the US and Hawaii was ratified.
1881 – The first African- American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Ga.
1889 – William Gray of Hartford, CT patented the coin-operated telephone. A foreman had refused to let Gray call his sick wife from the company phone.
1890 – Nathaniel Hawthorne’s book “The Scarlet Letter.” was registered.
1892 - The first issue of the “Afro American” newspaper was published in Baltimore, Maryland.
1898 – Spanish and American forces engaged in a mock battle for Manila, after which the Spanish commander surrendered to Admiral George Dewey in order to keep the city out of Filipino rebel hands. .
1906 – At Fort Brown, Texas, some 10-20 armed men engaged an all-Black Army unit in a shooting rampage that left one townsperson dead and a police officer wounded. A 1910 inquiry placed guilt on the soldiers and President Roosevelt ordered all 167 discharged without honor. The Army later cleared them.
1907 – First taxicab (New York City). The New York taxis were imported from France by businessperson Harry N. Allen. He was also the first person to paint his taxis yellow, after learning that yellow is the color most easily seen from a distance.
1910 - Florence Nightingale (90), British nurse famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, died.
1912 – St. Joseph’s College in Philadelphia, PA was granted the first experimental radio license.
1913 – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
1914 – Carl Wickman began Greyhound, the first US bus line, in Minnesota.
1918 – Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time (305 women. Opha Mae Johnson (1900-1975) was the first woman to enlist.
1918 – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
1919 – Previously undefeated racehorse, “Man o’War’s” only defeat by a horse named “Upset.”
1923 – US Steel Corp. initiated an 8-hour work day.
1924 – “The Prisoner’s Song“, recorded by Vernon Dalhart and was country westerns first million seller.
1930 – Guy Lombardo and his orchestra records “Go Home and Tell Your Mother.”
1930 – Captain Frank M. Hawks, superintendent of the Aviation Division of Texaco, flew a red-and-white Travel Air monoplane from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes and 3 seconds at an average speed of 215 mph.
1931 – The first community hospital in the U.S. was dedicated in Elk City, OK.
1934 – The comic strip “Li’l Abner,” created by Al Capp, debuts. It was one of the most popular comic strips in American history. The strip ran in newspapers from 1934 until 1977.
1935 – Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum). On Sunday, September 22, teammates Clarice Martin and Bernie McKay won the first roller derby.
1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain begins - Der Adler Tag (Eagle Day) was the name given to the day the German Luftwaffe launched an all-out offensive against the Royal Air Force and the British aircraft industry in southern England.
1942 – Walt Disney’s animated feature “Bambi” premiered at Radio City Music Hall.
1944 - In New York City, Lucien Carr stabbed to death David Kammerer following sexual advances by Kammerer, who had been Carr’s Boy Scout Scoutmaster during his youth.
1945 – World War II: Thirty-five Jews sacrificed their lives to blow up a Nazi rubber plant in Silesia.
1945 – World War II: Japanese surrender documents, approved by President Truman, are sent to General MacArthur.
1945 – World War II: American aircraft fly over Tokyo and other Japanese cities dropping millions of leaflets explaining the position reached in the surrender negotiations and the state of affairs in Japan.
1948 – CHART TOPPER – “It’s Magic” by Doris Day, “Woody Woodpecker Song” by The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Gloria Wood & The Campus Kids), “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting and “Bouquet of Roses” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1948 – Satchel Paige, at age 42, pitches his first major league complete game.
1948 – Responding to increasing Soviet pressure on western Berlin, U.S. and British planes airlift a record amount of supplies into sections of the city under American and British control.
1948 – During the Berlin Airlift, the weather over Berlin became so stormy that American planes had their most difficult day landing supplies. They deemed it ‘Black Friday.’
1949 – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1952 – The original version of “Hound Dog” recorded by Willie Mae (Big Mama) Thornton.
1954 – Twenty-first NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops “Billboards” chart.
1956 – CHART TOPPER – “My Prayer” by The Platters, “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley, “Whatever Will Be Will Be (Que Sera Sera)” by Doris Day and “I Walk the Line” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1959 – In New York, ground was broken on the $320 million Verrazano Narrows Bridge.
1959 – Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
1960 – The first two-way telephone conversation by satellite. It took place with the help of Echo 1, a balloon satellite.
1960 – “Itsy Bitsy Teenwy Weeny Yellow Polka-Dot Bikini” by Brian Hyland topped the “Billboard” charts.
1961 – The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants’ attempts to escape to the West.
1962 – Two Americans, David Healy and Leonard Oeth, skyjack a charter plane heading to Miami, Florida, and force its pilot to fly to Cuba.Apparently unwelcome, they were later returned to the United States and jailed.
1964 – CHART TOPPER – “A Hard Day’s Night” by The Beatles, “Everybody Loves Somebody” by Dean Martin, “Where Did Our Love Go” by The Supremes and “Dang Me” by Roger Miller all topped the charts.
1965 – In San Francisco, the Jefferson Airplane made its first public performance opening at the new Matrix club on Fillmore.
1966 – “Summer in the City” by Lovin’ Spoonful topped the charts.
1967 – The movie “Bonnie and Clyde,” starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, had its US premiere.
1969 – Baltimore Oriole Jim Palmer pitches a no-hitter against the Oakland A’s.
1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker-tape parade in New York. That evening, at a state dinner in Los Angeles, they are awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.S. President Richard Nixon.
1971 – Paul and Linda McCartney release “Back Seat of My Car.”
1972 – CHART TOPPER – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan; “Brandy (You’re a Fine Girl)” by Looking Glass, “(If Loving You is Wrong) I Don’t Want to Be Right” by Luther Ingram and “Bless Your Heart” by Freddie Hart & The Heartbeats all topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: Communist sappers (demolitions specialists) attack the ammo dump at Long Binh, destroying thousands of tons of ammunition.
1973 - President Richard Nixon instituted general wage and price controls. Phase IV controls went into effect for the general economy and lasted until Economic Stabilization Program (ESP) expired on April 30, 1974.
1977 – “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb topped the charts.
1979 – The roof of the uncompleted Rosemont Horizon near Chicago, Illinois collapses, killing 5 workers and injuring 16.
1979 – Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals got his 3,000th career hit.
1980 – CHART TOPPER – “Magic” by Olivia Newton-John, “Take Your Time (Do It Right)” by The S.O.S. Band, “Sailing” by Christopher Cross and “Stand by Me” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.
1981 – Final scene of “Waltons“ on CBS-TV.
1981 – President Reagan signed a historic package of tax and budget reductions, also known as the Kemp-Roth tax cuts.
1983 – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police topped the charts.
1986 – United States Football League player Herschel Walker signed to play with the Dallas Cowboys of the NFL. Walker’s contract paid an estimated $1 million per year over five years.
1987 – A rented Piper Cherokee airplane flew close to President Reagan’s helicopter in restricted airspace over Southern California; the pilot and passenger of the plane were arrested.
1988 – CHART TOPPER – “Roll with It” by Steve Winwood, “Hands to Heaven” by Breathe, “Make Me Lose Control” by Eric Carmen and “Don’t Close Your Eyes” by Keith Whitley all topped the charts.
1989 – The wreckage of Texas Congressman Mickey Leland’s plane was found a week after disappearing in Ethiopia. There were no survivors of the 16 passengers.
1989 - The space shuttle Columbia returned from a secret military mission.
1990 – Iraq transferred $3-4 billion in bullion, currency, and other goods seized from Kuwait to Baghdad.
1990 – President Bush ordered Defense Secretary Dick Cheney to the Persian Gulf for the second time since Iraq invaded Kuwait.
1992 – A gunmen dressed in military fatigues shot and killed three people and wounded four others before killing himself. The shootings took place in a plant nursery in Watsonville, CA.
1993 – U.S. Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all e-mail.
1994 – It was reported that aspirin not only helps reduce the risk of heart disease, but also helps prevent colon cancer.
1995 – Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer at the age of 63.
1996 – Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0
1998 – President Clinton led the nation in mourning twelve Americans killed in a pair of U.S. embassy bombings in Africa. Standing before black hearses carrying ten of the bodies, the president pledged to seek justice “for these evil acts.”
1998 – Oakland, Ca., declared a medical marijuana club a city agency.
1999 - Tennis player Steffi Graf retired from the sport she had dominated for two decades.
2000 - On the eve of the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, 3500 protesters demonstrated against police brutality and in support of Mumia Abu-Jamal, on death row for killing a Philadelphia police officer.
2002 – American Airlines said it would eliminate 7,000 employees and cut flights.
2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, candidate for governor of California, named Warren Buffet as his economic adviser. 135 candidates were certified.
2003 - Florida’s legislature approved a bill that capped most medical malpractice damage awards at $500,000.
2004 – Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area. It hit with winds at 145mph. It flattened oceanfront homes, killed 23 people and left thousands more homeless.
2006 - In Michigan City, Indiana, fire swept through a two-story house, killing at least six people. An unknown number of others were missing. It was not clear whether they had left the scene or were still inside the home.
2007 - A state of emergency is declared on the island of Hawaii as Category 3 Hurricane Flossie approaches.
2007 - Karl Rove, the White House deputy chief of staff for George W. Bush, announced his retirement effective at the end of the month.
2008 – Bill Gwatney, the chairman of the Arkansas Democratic Party died at 3:59 pm. Timothy Dale Johnson (50), described as a loner, drove more than 30 miles just hours after losing his job, entered the chairman’s Little Rock office and shot him several times in the upper body.
2008 – Michael Phelps swam into history as the winningest Olympic athlete ever with his 10th and 11th career gold medals, and 5 world records in 5 events at the Beijing Games.
2009 - Legendary guitarist and inventor Les Paul (94), who pioneered the design of solid body Gibson electric guitars that bore his name, died at a New York hospital of complications from pneumonia.
2010 - President Barack Obama signed a $600 million bill to put more agents and equipment along the Mexican border. The new law nearly doubled fees on visas for skilled workers brought in by companies whose employees are more than 50 percent foreign, a move that largely affects India’s IT and outsourcing industries.
2010 – President Obama forcefully endorsed building a mosque near Ground Zero, saying the country’s founding principles demand no less.
2010 – The US Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. took over the Palos Bank and Trust Co. based in Palos Heights, Illinois. It was the 110th US bank to go under this year.
2011 – Stage rigging collapses at the Indiana State Fair, killing at least five and injuring dozens of fans of the musical group Sugarland and singer/songwriter Sara Bareilles.
2011 – The first electoral contest of the 2012 United States Presidential election takes place in the Iowa town of Ames with the Ames Straw Poll for Republican Party candidates with Michele Bachmann emerging as the winner.
1814 – Anders Jonas Ångström, (d. 1874) was a physicist in Sweden, one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy.
1818 – Lucy Stone, (d. 1893) was a prominent American suffragist. Stone was best known for being the first recorded American woman to keep her own last name upon marriage and being the first woman in Massachusetts to receive a college degree.
1860 – Annie Oakley, (d. 1926) was an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. Using a .22 caliber rifle at 90 feet (27 m), Oakley reputedly could split a playing card edge-on and put five or six more holes in it before it touched the ground.
1887 – Julius Freed, (d. 1952) was an American banker, mechanical engineer, and amateur pigeon racer, notable for his involvement in the creation of the beverage Orange Julius.
1895 – Bert Lahr, American actor (d. 1967) was a German-Jewish American Tony Award-winning comic actor. He is best remembered today for his role as the Cowardly Lion and the Kansas farmworker Zeke in the classic 1939 movie The Wizard of Oz.
1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (d. 1980) was a highly influential British/American filmmaker and producer, who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He became an American citizen in 1956 and maintained dual citizenship between Britain and America.
1902 – Felix Wankel, (d. 1988) was a German mechanical engineer and the inventor of the Wankel engine.
1912 – Ben Hogan, (d. 1997) was an American golfer, and is generally considered one of the greatest golfers in the history of the game.
1918 – Frederick Sanger, is an English biochemist and twice a Nobel laureate in chemistry. He is the fourth person to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes.
1919 – Rex Humbard, (d. 2007) was a well-known American television evangelist whose Cathedral of Tomorrow show was shown on over 600 stations at the peak of its popularity.
1930 – Don Ho, American musician (d. 2007) was a Hawaiian and traditional pop musician and singer and entertainer. In the fall of 1966, Ho released his most famous song, Tiny Bubbles.
1958 – Sgt. First Class Randall Shughart, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993) See October 3rd for citation.
Rank and organization: Hospital Corpsman, U.S. Navy, attached to duty as a medical corpsman with a Marine rifle company in the 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Korea, 13 August 1952. Entered service at: Houston, Tex. Born: 15 August 1930, Highland Park, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against enemy aggressor forces. With his company engaged in defending a vitally important hill position well forward of the main line of resistance during an assault by large concentrations of hostile troops, HC Kilmer repeatedly braved intense enemy mortar, artillery, and sniper fire to move from one position to another, administering aid to the wounded and expediting their evacuation. Painfully wounded himself when struck by mortar fragments while moving to the aid of a casualty, he persisted in his efforts and inched his way to the side of the stricken Marine through a hail of enemy shells falling around him. Undaunted by the devastating hostile fire, he skillfully administered first aid to his comrade and, as another mounting barrage of enemy fire shattered the immediate area, unhesitatingly shielded the wounded man with his body. Mortally wounded by flying shrapnel while carrying out this heroic action, HC Kilmer, by his great personal valor and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice in saving the life of a comrade, served to inspire all who observed him. His unyielding devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for another.