International Chocolate Day
Defy Superstition Day
Many have used the “truth” of evolution to attempt to beat or subjugate whole groups of people that do not believe that theory. Schools in the U.S. have forced the teaching of evolution upon at least two generations of students. Except for the word that is usually used divisively, few really know what it means. Over the next three days a book written in 1921 and closer to the time of Clarence Darrow may shed light on this theory. Darrow’s book was entitled, “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life,” 1859.
THE STORY OF MANKIND
BY HENDRIK VAN LOON, AB. PH.D.
Professor of the Social Sciences in Antioch College.
Author of The Fall of the Dutch Republic, The Rise of the Dutch
Kingdom, The Golden Book of the Dutch Navigators,
A Short Story of Discovery, Ancient Man.
In the beginning, the planet upon which we live was (as far as we now know) a large ball of flaming matter, a tiny cloud of smoke in the endless ocean of space. Gradually, in the course of millions of years, the surface burned itself out, and was covered with a thin layer of rocks. Upon these lifeless rocks the rain descended in endless torrents, wearing out the hard granite and carrying the dust to the valleys that lay hidden between the high cliffs of the steaming earth.
Finally the hour came when the sun broke through the clouds and saw how this little planet was covered with a few small puddles which were to develop into the mighty oceans of the eastern and western hemispheres.
Then one day the great wonder happened. What had been dead, gave birth to life.
The first living cell floated upon the waters of the sea.
For millions of years it drifted aimlessly with the currents. But during all that time it was developing certain habits that it might survive more easily upon the inhospitable earth. Some of these cells were happiest in the dark depths of the lakes and the pools. They took root in the slimy sediments which had been carried down from the tops of the hills and they became plants. Others preferred to move about and they grew strange jointed legs, like scorpions and began to crawl along the bottom of the sea amidst the plants and the pale green things that looked like jelly-fishes. Still others (covered with scales) depended upon a swimming motion to go from place to place in their search for food, and gradually they populated the ocean with myriads of fishes.
Meanwhile the plants had increased in number and they had to search for new dwelling places. There was no more room for them at the bottom of the sea. Reluctantly they left the water and made a new home in the marshes and on the mud-banks that lay at the foot of the mountains. Twice a day the tides of the ocean covered them with their brine. For the rest of the time, the plants made the best of their uncomfortable situation and tried to survive in the thin air which surrounded the surface of the planet. After centuries of training, they learned how to live as comfortably in the air as they had done in the water. They increased in size and became shrubs and trees and at last they learned how to grow lovely flowers which attracted the attention of the busy big bumble-bees and the birds who carried the seeds far and wide until the whole earth had become covered with green pastures, or lay dark under the shadow of the big trees. But some of the fishes too had begun to leave the sea, and they had learned how to breathe with lungs as well as with gills. We call such creatures amphibious, which means that they are able to live with equal ease on the land and in the water. The first frog who crosses your path can tell you all about the pleasures of the double existence of the amphibian.
Once outside of the water, these animals gradually adapted themselves more and more to life on land. Some became reptiles (creatures who crawl like lizards) and they shared the silence of the forests with the insects. That they might move faster through the soft soil, they improved upon their legs and their size increased until the world was populated with gigantic forms (which the hand-books of biology list under the names of Ichthyosaurus and Megalosaurus and Brontosaurus) who grew to be thirty to forty feet long and who could have played with elephants as a full grown cat plays with her kittens.
Some of the members of this reptilian family began to live in the tops of the trees, which were then often more than a hundred feet high. They no longer needed their legs for the purpose of walking, but it was necessary for them to move quickly from branch to branch. And so they changed a part of their skin into a sort of parachute, which stretched between the sides of their bodies and the small toes of their fore-feet, and gradually they covered this skinny parachute with feathers and made their tails into a steering gear and flew from tree to tree and developed into true birds.
Then a strange thing happened. All the gigantic reptiles died within a short time. We do not know the reason. Perhaps it was due to a sudden change in climate. Perhaps they had grown so large that they could neither swim nor walk nor crawl, and they starved to death within sight but not within reach of the big ferns and trees. Whatever the cause, the million year old world-empire of the big reptiles was over.
The world now began to be occupied by very different creatures. They were the descendants of the reptiles but they were quite unlike these because they fed their young from the “mammæ” or the breasts of the mother. Wherefore modern science calls these animals “mammals.” They had shed the scales of the fish. They did not adopt the feathers of the bird, but they covered their bodies with hair. The mammals however developed other habits which gave their race a great advantage over the other animals. The female of the species carried the eggs of the young inside her body until they were hatched and while all other living beings, up to that time, had left their children exposed to the dangers of cold and heat, and the attacks of wild beasts, the mammals kept their young with them for a long time and sheltered them while they were still too weak to fight their enemies. In this way the young mammals were given a much better chance to survive, because they learned many things from their mothers, as you will know if you have ever watched a cat teaching her kittens to take care of themselves and how to wash their faces and how to catch mice.
But of these mammals I need not tell you much for you know them well. They surround you on all sides. They are your daily companions in the streets and in your home, and you can see your less familiar cousins behind the bars of the zoological garden.
And now we come to the parting of the ways when man suddenly leaves the endless procession of dumbly living and dying creatures and begins to use his reason to shape the destiny of his race.
One mammal in particular seemed to surpass all others in its ability to find food and shelter. It had learned to use its fore-feet for the purpose of holding its prey, and by dint of practice it had developed a hand-like claw. After innumerable attempts it had learned how to balance the whole of the body upon the hind legs. (This is a difficult act, which every child has to learn anew although the human race has been doing it for over a million years.)
This creature, half ape and half monkey but superior to both, became the most successful hunter and could make a living in every clime. For greater safety, it usually moved about in groups. It learned how to make strange grunts to warn its young of approaching danger and after many hundreds of thousands of years it began to use these throaty noises for the purpose of talking.
This creature, though you may hardly believe it, was your first “man-like” ancestor.
COME BACK TOMORROW!!!
Joel 2 King James Version (KJV)
1 Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the Lord cometh, for it is nigh at hand;
“No man can study the movement of modern civilization from an impartial standpoint and not realize that Christianity and the spread of Christianity are the basis of hope of modern civilization in the growth of popular self-government. The spirit of Christianity is pure democracy. It is equality of man before God, the equality of man before the law, which is, as I understand it, the most God-like manifestation that man has been able to make.”
William Howard Taft, in an address to a missionary gathering in 1908.
“The happiness of a man in this life does not consist in the absence but in the mastery of his passions.”
~ Alfred Lord Tennyson
A term for a person who publicly displays his ignorance. In the 18th century, the word was sometimes written as nicompoop or nickumpoop. The word is commonly used in all English-speaking nations and is often used to describe an ignorant person. The expression is clearly derogatory.
The true origins of the word are unclear.
In his 1676 play, The Plain Dealer, the English playwright William Wycherley wrote these lines: “Thou senseless, impertinent, quibbling, drivelling, feeble, paralytic, impotent, fumbling, frigid nincompoop”. There is a person called Nincompoop in the play Love for Money, written in 1691 by Thomas D’Urfey.
The author of the first English dictionary, Dr. Samuel Johnson, thought that it might have derived from the judicial expression non compos mentis, (Latin) meaning “not of sound mind”.
122 – Hadrian’s Wall was begun. Hadrian’s Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of what is now northern England.
1503 – Michelangelo begins work on his David.
1564 – On the verge of attacking Pedro Menendez’s Spanish settlement at San Agostin, Florida, Jean Ribault’s French fleet was scattered by a devastating storm.
1609 – Henry Hudson reaches the river that will later be named after him – the Hudson River.
1759 – Battle of the Plains of Abraham: British defeat French near Quebec City in the Seven Years’ War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.
1788 – The United States Constitutional Convention sets the date for the country’s first presidential election, and New York City becomes the temporary capital of the U.S.
1789 – The United States government took out its first loan. The money was borrowed from the Bank of North America (NYC) at 6 percent interest. The US debt had reached $77 million when Washington became president.
1813 – The British fail to capture Baltimore, Maryland. This was the turning point in the War.
1814 – British ships bombarded Ft. McHenry under the command of General Armistead. Francis Scott Key detained on a British ship watched the bombing. The British used red glaring Congreve rockets and air bursting bombs during the war.
1847 – Mexican-American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City in the Mexican-American War.
1847 – A Marine Brigade leads U.S. forces that storm Chapultepec Castle near Mexico City, inspiring one line of the Marine Hymn, “From the Halls of Montezuma.”
1859 – David C. Broderick, a US Senator, faced David S. Terry, Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, in a duel at Lake Merced. Broderick was hit in the chest and died after 60 hours. Terry resigned his position and was charged with murder, but not convicted.
1861 – Civil War: First naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate “Colorado” sank privateer “Judah” off Pensacola, Fla.
1862 – Civil War: Union soldiers find Robert E. Lee’s battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. They detailed the Confederates’ plan for the Antietam campaign near Frederick, Maryland. But Union General George B. McClellan was slow to act, and the advantage the intelligence provided was lost.
1863 – Civil War: The Loudoun County Rangers routed a company of Confederate cavalry at Catoctin Mountain in Virginia.
1867 – General E.R.S. Canby ordered South Carolina courts to impanel blacks as jurors.
1881 – Lewis Latimer invented and patented an electric lamp with a carbon filament.
1898 – Hannibal Williston Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film. He made a sale of one roll for $2.50 to Thomas Alva Edison.
1899 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident. He was run over as he got off a streetcar at Central Park West and 74th Street in New York City. He stepped into the path of an approaching horseless carriage driven by Arthur Smith.
1900 – Filipino resistance fighters defeat a larger American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.
1905 – U.S. warships headed to Nicaragua on behalf of American William Albers, who was accused of evading tobacco taxes.
1922 – The temperature (in the shade) at Al ‘Aziziyah, Libya reaches a world record 136.4 °F (58 °C). As of 2011, this record still stands.
1931 – Vaudeville star Eddie Cantor was heard for the first time on NBC radio. He was on the Chase and Sanborn Hour performing as a standup comedian.
1935 – Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway.
1936 – Cleveland Indians Bob Feller strikes out the,then, record 17 batters in a game.
1937 – The first broadcast of “Kitty Keene, Inc.” was heard on the NBC Red network. This was the only soap opera to have a private eye in the leading role. This series ran for four years.
1939 – Canada enters World War II.
1940 – World War II: German bombs damage Buckingham Palace. It caused only superficial damage.
1942 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, the Japanese attacks intensify. The American forces hold them off with difficulty, aided by effective artillery support.
1943 – Chiang Kai-shek elected president of the Republic of China.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Peg o’ My Heart” by The Harmonicats,“That’s My Desire” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra, “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” by Perry Como and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1948 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
1949 – The Ladies Professional Golf Association of America was formed in New York City with Patty Berg as its first president.
1950 – Korean War: Task Force 77 struck Wolmi-do with naval gunfire in preparation for the amphibious assault against Inchon.
1950 – The First Provisional Marine Brigade disbanded and became part of the First Marine Division.
1951 – The U.S. Marine Corps conducted Operation “Windmill I,” the first mass helicopter resupply mission in military history.
1952 – “You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford topped the charts.
1952 – John Melville, federal housing administrator, announced that all adults living in San Francisco Bay Area federally aided public housing will be asked to sign a loyalty affidavit under the Levering Act. Refusal would be grounds for eviction.
1953 – Nikita Khrushchev appointed secretary-general of the Soviet Union.
1956 – IBM introduced the Model 305 computer capable of storing 20 megabytes of data.
1958 – “Volare” by Domenico Modugno topped the charts.
1960 – The TV program “Thriller” aired for the first time. The show featured host Boris Karloff introducing a mix of macabre horror tales and suspense thrillers.
1960 – The US Federal Communications Commission banned payola. The scandal included Alan Freed a popular DJ at WABC, he lost his job for allegedly accepting gifts and money for playing certain records.
1961 – “Car 54 Where Are You?“ premieres on TV.
1961 – An unmanned Mercury capsule was orbited and recovered by NASA in a test for the first manned flight.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy denounced the burning of churches in Georgia and supported voter registration drive in the South.
1963 – “The Outer Limits” premiers.
1963 – The last bucket of concrete was poured on the Glen Canyon Dam (Arizona) on the Colorado River to form Lake Powell. It marked the beginning of a 290 mile stretch of the river from the dam through the Grand Canyon to Lake Mead. It was built to provide power to six Western states. The lake filled by 1980.
1965 – Baseball: Willie Mays becomes the fifth member of the 500 home run club with a home run at the Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
1965 – Beatles release “Yesterday”.
1965 – Today Show’s first totally color broadcast.
1968 – Clarence Carter earns a gold record for “Slip Away.”
1969 – “Honky Tonk Women” by the Rolling Stones topped the charts.
1970 – The first New York City Marathon took place. Fireman Gary Muhrucke won the race.
1971 – State police and National Guardsmen storm New York’s Attica Prison to end a prison revolt. Forty-two people die in the assault.
1973 – Congress passes & sends a bill to Nixon to lift football’s blackout.
1974 – The “Rockford Files,” starring James Garner, was first broadcast on NBC-TV.
1975 – “Rhinestone Cowboy” by Glen Campbell topped the charts.
1977 – The first diesel automobiles were introduced by General Motors. It was the Oldsmobile 88.
1977 – Kilauea volcano began erupting in Hawaii.
1978 – The first flight of McDonnell Douglas F-18A Hornet.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Sharona” by The Knack, “After the Love Has Gone” by Earth, Wind & Fire, “The Devil Went Down to Georgia” by The Charlie Daniels Band and “I May Never Get to Heaven” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1980 – “Upside Down” by Diana Ross topped the charts.
1981 – Isabel Sanford wins an Emmy award as best comedic actress for The Jeffersons.
1983 – US mint strikes first gold coin in 50 years (Olympic Eagle).
1985 – Nintendo releases its smash-hit Super Mario Bros.
1986 – “Take My Breath Away” by Berlin topped the charts.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “La Bamba” by Los Lobos, “I Just Can’t Stop Loving You” by Michael Jackson with Siedah Garrett, “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston and “Make No Mistake, She’s Mine” by Ronnie Milsap & Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1988 – Forecasters reported that Hurricane Gilbert’s barometric pressure measured 26.13. It was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere.
1990 – NBC’s cop-courtroom drama “Law & Order“ premiered.
1992 – The first game in NFL history played with no punts.
1993 – At the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy.
1993 – “Late Night with Conan O’Brien” premiered on NBC.
1994 – President Bill Clinton signed a $30 billion crime bill into law.
1995 – “The Drew Carey Show” premiered on ABC television.
1996 – The stock market hit a new record of 5,838.52 on the Dow.
1996 – Rap star Tupac Shakur (b.1971) died of gun shot wounds in Las Vegas after he was wounded September 7th in a drive-by shooting as he was leaving a Mike Tyson fight in Las Vegas.
1997 – “Honey” by Mariah Carey topped the charts.
1997 – Katherine Shindle of Illinois was crowned Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J.
1998 – Sosa ties McGwire for the home run lead.
1999 – Hurricane Floyd with winds at 150 mph stretched out for 700 miles and approached the Florida coast as over a million people were ordered to evacuate the coast.
2000 – In Albuquerque, NM, former Los Alamos scientist Wen Ho Lee pleaded guilty to one count of mishandling nuclear secrets. Lee was then set free with an apology from U.S. District Judge James Parker, who said the government’s actions had “embarrassed our entire nation.”
2001 – 9-11: Civilian aircraft traffic in the U.S., stayed grounded following the 9/11 attacks, Limited commercial flights resumed in the U.S. for the first time in two days. Commercial flight is allowed to resume.
2001 – 9-11: President Bush asked Congress for powers to wage war following the 911 attacks.
2001 – 9-11: U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell named Osama bin Laden as the prime suspect in the terror attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.
2001 – 9-11: The data flight recorder for United Flight 93 was found at the Pennsylvania crash site. In the Sep 11 terrorist attack, 18 hijackers were identified as ticketed passengers.
2001 – In Utah Amtrak’s California Zephyr train crashed into a freight train near the Nevada border. Six people were injured.
2004 – The US ban on assault rifles, signed in 1994 by President Clinton, expired. The expiration means firearms like AK-47s, Uzis and TEC-9s can now be legally bought.
2004 – US Secretary of State Colin Powell says that he saw no direct connection between Saddam Hussein’s former regime in Iraq and the September 11, 2001 attacks.
2004 – Oprah Winfrey celebrated the premiere of her 19th season by surprising each of her 276 audience members with a new car.
2004 – Colorado became home to the country’s newest national park as Interior Secretary Gale Norton officially reclassified the Great Sand Dunes National Monument.
2005 – Chief Justice nominee John G. Roberts affirms before the Senate Judiciary Committee today his belief in a constitutional right to privacy, which underpins many Constitutional amendments(viz. 1, 4, 5, 9, 13 and 14) as well as Roe v. Wade.
2005 – Louisiana authorities charged the owners of a New Orleans area nursing home with negligent homicide in the deaths of thirty-four patients in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
2007 – The NFL fined New England Patriots coach Bill Belichick $500,000 and the team $250,000 for spying on the New York Jets during a game.
2007 – Alexis Debat, a consultant for ABC News and writer at The National Interest, alleged expert on terrorism, is forced to resign after Rue 89 revealed that he made two bogus interviews, one with Barack Obama and another with Alan Greenspan.
2007 – Hurricane Humberto, the first hurricane to hit the US Gulf Coast in two years, sneaked up on southeast Texas overnight and crashed ashore with heavy rains and 80 mph winds.
2007 – Miami police shot dead in an exchange of fire a man suspected of the murder of one police officer and the shooting of another three officers hours earlier.
2008 – Hurricane Ike devastated the Texas coast with 110 mph winds, flooding thousands of homes and businesses, shattering windows in Houston’s skyscrapers and knocking out power to millions of people. Ike left at least thirty-seven people dead in Texas, including five on Galveston Island, and thirty-five more dead across ten states.
2008 – The death toll from the 2008 Chatsworth train collision in Los Angeles rises to twenty-four with more fatalities expected.
2009 – Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden described President Barack Obama as “powerless” to stop the war in Afghanistan.
2010 – Harley-Davidson workers in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin approve a new contract freezing pay and cutting jobs following a threat to move production from the state.
2010 – US defense officials claim they are preparing to notify Congress of plans to sell $60 billion of military equipment to Saudi Arabia.
2011 -Voters in New York’s 9th congressional district go to the polls for a special election to replace former member US House of Representatives Anthony Weiner with Republican Bob Turner winning a tight race with Democrat David Weprin .
2011 – Voters in Nevada’s 2nd congressional district go to the polls for a special election to replace former member of the United States House of Representatives, Senator Dean Heller, with Republican Mark Amodei defeating Democrat Kate Marshall.
2012 – Protesters breach the walls of the U.S. embassy compound in Sana’a, Yemen. Yemeni police fire warning shots in the air and four people are killed.
2012 – The U.S. deploys destroyers and surveillance drones to Libya to hunt for those responsible for the attack in Benghazi.
2012 – The US consulate in the suburbs of Berlin, Germany, is briefly evacuated due to suspicions over the contents of an envelope.
2012 – The old ‘Earth’s highest temp’ has been discredited by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The newest earth’s highest temperature is 134 °F degrees at Furnace Creek Ranch (formerly Greenland Ranch), in Death Valley, California. It occurred on July 10th, 1913. Complete List
2013 – Voyager 1 becomes first human-made object to leave our solar system meaning that the craft has crossed the heliosphere, the magnetic boundary separating the solar system’s sun, planets and solar wind from the rest of the galaxy.
2013 – Colorado experiences rain that ultimately leads to massive flooding. The death toll starts rolling in tomorrow morning. The area around Boulder received 15-18 inches of rain.
1766 – Samuel Wilson (Uncle Sam was a meat-packer in Troy, New York. He is alleged to be the source of the personification of the United States known as “Uncle Sam”. He was born in historic Menotomy, now Arlington, Massachusetts, where a monument marks his birthplace.
1813 – John Sedgwick was a teacher, a career military officer, and a Union Army general in the Civil War, killed by a sniper’s bullet at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.
1851 – Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902)
1857 – Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate entrepreneur (d. 1945)
1860 – John J. Pershing, American general (d. 1948)
1925 – Mel Torme, American singer (d. 1999)
1948 – Nell Carter, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
BAILEY, KENNETH D.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 21 October 1910, Pawnee, Okla.Appointed from: Illinois. Other Navy awards: Silver Star Medal. Citation: For extraordinary courage and heroic conduct above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of Company C, 1st Marine Raider Battalion, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on September 12th and September 13th, 1942. Completely reorganized following the severe engagement of the night before, Maj. Bailey’s company, within an hour after taking its assigned position as reserve battalion between the main line and the coveted airport, was threatened on the right flank by the penetration of the enemy into a gap in the main line. In addition to repulsing this threat, while steadily improving his own desperately held position, he used every weapon at his command to cover the forced withdrawal of the main line before a hammering assault by superior enemy forces. After rendering invaluable service to the battalion commander in stemming the retreat, reorganizing the troops and extending the reverse position to the left, Maj. Bailey, despite a severe head wound, repeatedly led his troops in fierce hand-to-hand combat for a period of ten hours. His great personal valor while exposed to constant and merciless enemy fire, and his indomitable fighting spirit inspired his troops to heights of heroic endeavor which enabled them to repulse the enemy and hold Henderson Field. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
BJORKLUND, ARNOLD L.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Altavilla, Italy, September 13th, 1943. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Birth: Clinton, Wash. G.O. No.: 73, 6 September 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Altavilla, Italy, 13 September 1943. When his company attacked a German position on Hill 424, the first platoon, led by 1st Lt. Bjorklund, moved forward on the right flank to the slope of the hill where it was pinned down by a heavy concentration of machinegun and rifle fire. Ordering his men to give covering fire, with only three hand grenades, he crept and crawled forward to a German machinegun position located on a terrace along the forward slope. Approaching within a few yards of the position, and while continuously exposed to enemy fire, he hurled one grenade into the nest, destroyed the gun and killed three Germans. Discovering a second machinegun twenty yards to the right on a higher terrace, he moved under intense enemy fire to a point within a few yards and threw a second grenade into this position, destroying it and killing two more Germans. The first platoon was then able to advance 150 yards further up the slope to the crest of the hill, but was again stopped by the fire from a heavy enemy mortar on the reverse slope. 1st Lt. Bjorklund located the mortar and worked his way under little cover to within ten yards of its position and threw his third grenade, destroying the mortar, killing two of the Germans, and forcing the remaining three to flee. His actions permitted the platoon to take its objective .
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM J.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Altavilla, Italy, September 13th, 1943. Entered service at: Pueblo, Colo. Birth: Pueblo, Colo. G.O. No.: 57, 20 July 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Altavilla, Italy, 13 September 1943. When Company I attacked an enemy-held position on Hill 424, the 3d Platoon, in which Pvt. Crawford was a squad scout, attacked as base platoon for the company. After reaching the crest of the hill, the platoon was pinned down by intense enemy machinegun and small-arms fire. Locating one of these guns, which was dug in on a terrace on his immediate front, Pvt. Crawford, without orders and on his own initiative, moved over the hill under enemy fire to a point within a few yards of the gun emplacement and single-handedly destroyed the machinegun and killed three of the crew with a hand grenade, thus enabling his platoon to continue its advance. When the platoon, after reaching the crest, was once more delayed by enemy fire, Pvt. Crawford again, in the face of intense fire, advanced directly to the front midway between two hostile machinegun nests located on a higher terrace and emplaced in a small ravine. Moving first to the left, with a hand grenade he destroyed one gun emplacement and killed the crew; he then worked his way, under continuous fire, to the other and with one grenade and the use of his rifle, killed one enemy and forced the remainder to flee. Seizing the enemy machinegun, he fired on the withdrawing Germans and facilitated his company’s advance.
FISHER, ALMOND E.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company E, 157th Infantry, 45th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Grammont, France, September 12th -September 13th,1944. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Birth: Hume, N.Y. G.O. No: 32, 23 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on the night of 1213 September 1944, near Grammont, France. In the darkness of early morning, 2d Lt. Fisher was leading a platoon of Company E, 157th Infantry, in single column to the attack of a strongly defended hill position. At 2:30 A.M., the forward elements were brought under enemy machinegun fire from a distance of not more than twenty yards. Working his way alone to within twenty feet of the gun emplacement, he opened fire with his carbine and killed the entire guncrew. A few minutes after the advance was resumed, heavy machinegun fire was encountered from the left flank. Again crawling forward alone under withering fire, he blasted the gun and crew from their positions with hand grenades. After a halt to replenish ammunition, the advance was again resumed and continued for one hour before being stopped by intense machinegun and rifle fire. Through the courageous and skillful leadership of 2d Lt. Fisher, the pocket of determined enemy resistance was rapidly obliterated. Spotting an emplaced machine pistol a short time later, with one of his men he moved forward and destroyed the position. As the advance continued the fire fight became more intense. When a bypassed German climbed from his foxhole and attempted to tear an Ml rifle from the hands of one of his men, 2d Lt. Fisher whirled and killed the enemy with a burst from his carbine. About thirty minutes later the platoon came under the heavy fire of machineguns from across an open field. 2d Lt. Fisher, disregarding the terrific fire, moved across the field with no cover or concealment to within range, knocked the gun from the position and killed or wounded the crew. Still under heavy fire he returned to his platoon and continued the advance. Once again heavy fire was encountered from a machinegun directly in front. Calling for hand grenades, he found only two remaining in the entire platoon. Pulling the pins and carrying a grenade in each hand, he crawled toward the gun emplacement, moving across areas devoid of cover and under intense fire to within fifteenyards when he threw the grenades, demolished the gun and killed the guncrew. With ammunition low and daybreak near, he ordered his men to dig in and hold the ground already won. Under constant fire from the front and from both flanks, he moved among them directing the preparations for the defense. Shortly after the ammunition supply was replenished, the Germans launched a last determined effort against the depleted group. Attacked by superior numbers from the front, right, and left flank, and even from the rear, the platoon, in bitter hand-to-hand engagements drove back the enemy at every point. Wounded in both feet by close-range machine pistol fire early in the battle, 2d Lt. Fisher refused medical attention. Unable to walk, he crawled from man to man encouraging them and checking each position. Only after the fighting had subsided did 2d Lt. Fisher crawl three-hundred yards to the aid station from which he was evacuated. His extraordinary heroism, magnificent valor, and aggressive determination in the face of pointblank enemy fire was an inspiration to his organization and reflects the finest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.
HALLMAN, SHERWOOD H.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 175th Infantry, 29th Infantry Division. Place and date: Brest, Brittany, France, September 13th, 1944. Entered service at: Spring City, Pa. Birth: Spring City, Pa. G.O. No.: 31, 17 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. On 13 September 1944, in Brittany, France, the 2d Battalion in its attack on the fortified city of Brest was held up by a strongly defended enemy position which had prevented its advance despite repeated attacks extending over a three-day period. Finally, Company F advanced to within several hundred yards of the enemy position but was again halted by intense fire. Realizing that the position must be neutralized without delay, S/Sgt. Hallman ordered his squad to cover his movements with fire while he advanced alone to a point from which he could make the assault. Without hesitating, S/Sgt. Hallman leaped over a hedgerow into a sunken road, the central point of the German defenses which was known to contain an enemy machinegun position and at least thirty enemy riflemen. Firing his carbine and hurling grenades, S/Sgt. Hallman, unassisted, killed or wounded four of the enemy, then ordered the remainder to surrender. Immediately, twelve of the enemy surrendered and the position was shortly secured by the remainder of his company. Seeing the surrender of this position, about seventy-five of the enemy in the vicinity surrendered, yielding a defensive organization which the battalion with heavy supporting fires had been unable to take. This single heroic act on the part of S/Sgt. Hallman resulted in the immediate advance of the entire battalion for a distance of two-thousand yards to a position from which Fort Keranroux was captured later the same day. S/Sgt. Hallman’s fighting determination and intrepidity in battle exemplify the highest tradition of the U.S. Armed Forces.
KELLY, CHARLES E.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company L, 143d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Altavilla, Italy, September 13th, 1943. Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa. Birth: Pittsburgh, Pa. G.O. No.: 13, 18 February 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 13 September 1943, near Altavilla, Italy, Cpl. Kelly voluntarily joined a patrol which located and neutralized enemy machinegun positions. After this hazardous duty he volunteered to establish contact with a battalion of U.S. infantry which was believed to be located on Hill 315, a mile distant. He traveled over a route commanded by enemy observation and under sniper, mortar, and artillery fire; and later he returned with the correct information that the enemy occupied Hill 315 in organized positions. Immediately thereafter Cpl. Kelly, again a volunteer patrol member, assisted materially in the destruction of two enemy machinegun nests under conditions requiring great skill and courage. Having effectively fired his weapon until all the ammunition was exhausted, he secured permission to obtain more at an ammunition dump. Arriving at the dump, which was located near a storehouse on the extreme flank of his regiment’s position, Cpl. Kelly found that the Germans were attacking ferociously at this point. He obtained his ammunition and was given the mission of protecting the rear of the storehouse. He held his position throughout the night. The following morning the enemy attack was resumed. Cpl. Kelly took a position at an open window of the storehouse. One machine gunner had been killed at this position and several other soldiers wounded. Cpl. Kelly delivered continuous aimed and effective fire upon the enemy with his automatic rifle until the weapon locked from overheating. Finding another automatic rifle, he again directed effective fire upon the enemy until this weapon also locked. At this critical point, with the enemy threatening to overrun the position, Cpl. Kelly picked up 60mm. mortar shells, pulled the safety pins, and used the shells as grenades, killing at least five of the enemy. When it became imperative that the house be evacuated, Cpl. Kelly, despite his sergeant’s injunctions, volunteered to hold the position until the remainder of the detachment could withdraw. As the detachment moved out, Cpl. Kelly was observed deliberately loading and firing a rocket launcher from the window. He was successful in covering the withdrawal of the unit, and later in joining his own organization. Cpl. Kelly’s fighting determination and intrepidity in battle exemplify the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.
G.O. No.: 40, 19 October 1909. Citation: Watertender.Born: Ireland Place and date: Serving on board the U.S.S. Salem on September 13th, 1909, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of the accident to one of the boilers of that vessel.
Rank and organization: Gunner’s Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 17 February 1880, Brooklyn, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 531, 21 November 1900. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and gallantry while under fire of the enemy at El Pardo, Cebu, Philippine Islands, September 12th and September 13th, 1899.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 2d Ohio Cavalry. Place and date: Near Berryville, Va., September 13th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Trumbull County, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 September 1864. Citation: Capture of the colors of the 8th South Carolina Infantry while engaged in a reconnaissance along the Berryville and Winchester Pike.
Wire Coat Hanger
“Necessity is the mother of invention”
One morning in 1903, Albert J. Parkhouse arrived as usual at his workplace, the Timberlake Wire and Novelty Company in Jackson, Michigan, which specialized in making lampshade frames and other wire items. When he went to hang his hat and coat on the hooks provided for the workers, Parkhouse found all were in use.
Annoyed-and inspired-Parkhouse picked up a piece of wire, bent it into two large oblong hoops opposite each other, and twisted both ends at the center into a hook. Then he hung up his coat and went to work. The company apparently thought it was a good idea, because they took out a patent on it. In those days, companies were allowed to take out patents on any of their employees’ inventions. Attorney Charles l. Patterson applied for the patent on January 25, 1904, and U.S. patent # 822,981 was granted and assigned to John B. Timberlake. (Patterson put his own name on the line that asked for ‘name of inventor.’) Timberlake owned the company that Parkhouse worked for. The company made a fortune; Parkhouse never got a penny.
Proverbs 26: 7-10
7 The legs of the lame are not equal: so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
8 As he that bindeth a stone in a sling, so is he that giveth honour to a fool.
9 As a thorn goeth up into the hand of a drunkard, so is a parable in the mouths of fools.
10 The great God that formed all things both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.
“Law…communicated to us by reason and conscience…has been called natural; as promulgated by the holy scriptures, it has been called “revealed”…But it should always be remembered, that this law, natural or revealed…flows from the same divine source; it is the law of God.” “Human law must rest its authority, ultimately, upon the authority of that law, which is divine.”
Lectures on Law, 1789-91
“I never hit a shot, not even in practice, without having a very sharp, in-focus picture of it in my head. First I see the ball where I want it to finish, nice and white and sitting up high on the bright green grass. Then the scene quickly changes, and I see the ball going there: its path, trajectory, and shape, even its behavior on landing. Then there is a sort of fade-out, and the next scene shows me making the kind of swing that will turn the previous images into reality.”
~ Jack Nicklaus
small beer small beer, noun:
1. Weak beer.
2. Insignificant matters; something of little importance.
3. Unimportant; trivial.
Small beer is beer of only slight alcoholic strength; the other senses are derivative.
490 BC – Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon – but see 12 August; origin of the marathon long-distance race (attributed to Phidippides).
1609 – Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson River.
1624 – The first submarine was tested in London.
1814 – War of 1812: An American detachment halts the British land advance in the Battle of North Point enroute to Baltimore.
1846 – Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Chapultepec begins. U.S. Army deserters in the Saint Patrick’s Battalion who fought alongside the Mexican army are hanged en masse for treason by the order of General Winfield Scott.
1857-A wooden-hulled steamship, the USS Central America under Capt. William L. Herndon, sank off the coast of Georgia. The ship carried 21 tons of gold from California to New York and 425 of 528 passengers were drowned.
1861 – Civil War: Confederate General Sterling Price continues his campaign to secure Missouri in the early days of the war by converging on a Union garrison at Lexington, Missouri. The nine-day siege ended with the surrender of the Federals.
1862 – Civil War: The Battle of Harpers Ferry took place in Virginia.
1866 – The first burlesque show opened in New York City. The show was a four act performance called “The Black Crow”.
1873 – The first practical typewriter was sold to customers.
1902 – The Yacolt Fire burned 238,000 acres in Oregon and Washington and killed 38 people.
1914 – World War I: The First Battle of the Marne ended in an Allied victory against Germany.
1918 – World War I: U.S. forces led by Gen. John J. Pershing launched an attack on the German-occupied St. Mihiel salient north of Verdun, France.
1928 – Katharine Hepburn’s New York stage debut in “Night Hostess.”
1933 – Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
1935 – Millionaire Howard Hughes flew his own designed plane at 352.46 mph.
1939 – The US Navy begins regular neutrality patrols along the entire length of the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean.
1940 – Johnny Long’s orchestra recorded the classic “In a Shanty in Old Shanty Town.”
1940 – Cave paintings discovered in Lascaux, France.
1940 – The Hercules Munitions Plant in Kenvil, New Jersey explodes, killing 55 people. Over 297,000 pounds of gunpowder blew up in a series of explosions and fires, leveling over 20 buildings. The explosions shook the area so forcefully that cars were bounced off the roads, most windows in homes miles away were broken and articles flew off shelves and walls.
1941 – World War II: The USS Busko captured the first German ship in WW II.
1942 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, major attacks by the Japanese units, from General Kawaguchi’s 35th brigade, begin. Fighting is heavy especially around the aptly named “Bloody Ridge”.
1942 – World War II: German U-boat U-156 sinks the US passenger liner Laconia, just south of the equator, off the coast of Africa.
1944 – World War II: U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
1947 – The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath
1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1953 – John F. Kennedy marries Jackie Bouvier.
1953 – “No Other Love” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1953 – The SS Maryland grounds off Marquette, Michigan. A Coast Guard helicopter removed twelve crew members with a breeches buoy without any casualties. The driving wind and rain required the combined efforts of both pilots to hold the controls and stabilize the aircraft.
1954 – “Lassie” was seen on CBS-TV for the first time.
1956 – Black students entered Clay, Ky., elementary school under National Guard protection. They were barred from the school on September 17.
1957 – NORAD begins operations.
1958 – The science-fiction movie “The Blob,” starring Steve McQueen was released.
1959 – Bonanza premiers. First regularly-scheduled TV program presented in color. 428 episodes were produced and the show ran to 1973.
1959 – “The Three Bells” by The Browns topped the charts.
1961 – Patent #3,000,000 was granted for an automatic bar code reading system.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy declares the USA will get a man on the moon, and safely bring him back, by the end of the decade.
1964 – First football game at Shea Stadium, NY Jets defeat Denver 30-6.
1964 – “The House of the Rising Sun” by the Animals topped the charts.
1966 – Launch of Gemini 11, piloted by CDR Charles Conrad Jr., USN and LCDR Richard F. Gordon Jr., USN. The mission lasted 2 days and 23 hours and included 44 orbits at an altitude of 1368.9 km.
1966 – “The Monkees,” premier on NBC.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “War” by Edwin Starr, “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough” by Diana Ross, “In the Summertime” by Mungo Jerry and “All for the Love of Sunshine” by Hank Williams, Jr. all topped the charts.
1970 – “Fire and Rain” by James Taylor was released to radio.
1970 – Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
1972 – The situation comedy “Maude” premiered on CBS.
1974 – In Boston, Massachusetts, opposition to court-ordered school “busing” turns violent on the opening day of classes.
1973 – Horse race jockey Bill Shoemaker rode his 100th winner — in a $100,000 stakes race.
1976 – Seattle Seahawks play first regular-season game (St Louis 30, Seahawks 24).
1978 – Situation comedy “Taxi” premiers on ABC television.
1979 – Indiana Pacers cut Ann Meyers, first woman on an NBA club.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1981 – The TV show “People’s Court” (1981-1993) premiered with retired Judge Joseph Wopner premiered. Rusty Burrell was the bailiff (d.2002).
1983 – A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut was robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros.
1986 – Joseph Cicippio, the acting comptroller at the American University in Beirut, was kidnapped; he was released in December 1991.
1987 – “La Bamba” by Los Lobos topped the charts.
1987 – Reports surfaced that Democratic presidential candidate Joseph Biden had borrowed, without attribution, passages of a speech by British Labor Party leader Neil Kinnock for one of his own campaign speeches. The Kinnock report, along with other damaging revelations, prompted Biden to drop his White House bid.
1988 – Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica. It produced over 27 inches of rain in the mountainous areas of Jamaica, causing inland flash flooding. Gilbert was the most severe hurricane to hit Jamaica since Hurricane Charlie in 1951.
1989 – David Dinkins, Manhattan borough president, won New York City’s Democratic mayoral primary, becoming the city’s first black mayor.
1990 – The TV drama “Gabriel’s Fire” premiered with James Earl Jones as Gabriel Bird.
1991 – The Space Shuttle Discovery blasted off on a mission to deploy an observatory designed to study the Earth’s ozone layer.
1992 – NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board are Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space; Mae Jemison, the first black woman in space; and Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese citizen to fly on a U.S. spaceship.
1993 – NASA launches, on the 4th launch attempt, Space Shuttle Discovery on mission STS-51 which marked the 57th Space Shuttle mission. During this spectacular mission the ACTS was inserted into orbit as well as (temporarily) SPAS. Practice was also gained for the Hubble Space Telescope repair mission through EVA. This mission ended with the 6th night landing of the Shuttle, at The Kennedy Space Center.
1994 – Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna 150 into the White House’s south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself.
1996 – The first African-American Civil War memorial was dedicated in Washington DC.
1997 – The Dunbar Armored robbery is the largest cash robbery to have occurred in the United States. It occurred at the Dunbar Armored facility in Los Angeles, California. The thieves made off with US$18.9 million. The robbery was masterminded by Allen Pace, who worked for Dunbar as a regional safety inspector. UPDATE: Allen Pace III was sentenced June 18th, 2001 to 24 years and two months in federal prison and was ordered to pay back the $18.9 million.
1997 – Secretary of State Madeleine Albright declared she wouldn’t return to the Mideast until Israeli and Palestinian leaders made the “hard decisions” necessary to restart peace talks.
1998 – Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs became the fourth player to hit 60 home runs in a season.
1998 – The White House responded to Kenneth Starr’s graphic report on President Clinton by calling it a “hit-and-run smear campaign.”
2000 – Hillary Rodham became the first First Lady to win an election as she claimed victory in the New York Democratic Senate primary.
2000 – Chase Manhattan agreed to acquire J.P. Morgan for about $36 billion in stock.
2001 – Pres. Bush called 9/11’s terrorist attacks “acts of war.” Stunned rescue workers continued to search for bodies in the World Trade Center’s smoking rubble a day after a terrorist attack that shut down the financial capital, badly damaged the Pentagon and left thousands dead.
2001 – The FAA gave airlines a three-page security directive to guard against further terrorist attacks. It included a ban on curbside checking and effectively eliminated the jobs of thousands of skycaps.
2001 – NATO Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first time in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America. It states, “The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defense recognized by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area.”
2002 – Pres. Bush addressed the UN and laid out his case against Iraq’s Pres. Saddam Hussein.
2002 – L. Dennis Kozlowski (55), former CEO of Tyco International was indicted along with Mark Swartz, financial adviser, for a $600 million racketeering scheme.
2002 – In Maine fourteen guest workers from Honduras and Guatemala were drowned when their van fell off a bridge into the Allagash Wilderness Waterway.
2003 – The United Nations lifted sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
2003 – Johnny Cash (71), singer, died. His rough, unsteady voice championed the downtrodden and reached across generations with songs like “Ring of Fire (1963),” “I Walk the Line” and “Folsom Prison Blues.”
2004 – The US fiscal gap, measured as future receipts minus future obligations, was reported to be between $40 and 72 trillion. The debt portended a severe economic decline or financial collapse.
2004 – US Airways filed for bankruptcy protection for the second time in two years.
2004 – Hurricane Ivan skirted Grand Cayman with winds near 155 mph as it churned toward Cuba. The storm has been blamed for 56 deaths across the Caribbean so far, including 34 in Grenada and 11 in Jamaica.
2005 – Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
2005 – A blackout in Los Angeles affects millions of Californians. According to the Department of Water and Power, the power outage is of “non-malicious cause” triggered by an accidental error in connecting lines to a newly installed computer.
2005 – After Hurricane Katrina, officials reported that forty-five bodies were found at Memorial Hospital in New Orleans.
2005 – At the start of his confirmation hearing, US Supreme Court nominee John Roberts pledged to judge with humility and without fear or favor” if approved as the nation’s 17th chief justice.
2005 – eBay announced it will buy Skype, the Luxembourg-based web telephone network, in a $2.6 billion deal.
2006 – In California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a minimum wage bill that will boost the hourly rate by 75 cents in January and another 50 cents a year later to $8 an hour.
2007 – Oil prices briefly topped a record $80 a barrel.
2008 – In southern California a commuter train smashed head-on into a freight train killing at least twenty-five people in the deadliest US passenger train accident in fifteen years. Officials the next day attributed the accident to failure of the passenger train engineer to stop at a red light. It was later found that engineer Robert Sanchez, who died in the crash, had sent a text message 22 seconds before the crash.
2008 – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2501: Fifty years after the airliner vanished over Lake Michigan, it is claimed that human remains washed ashore and were buried without the relatives’ knowledge in an unmarked mass grave.
2009 – William E. Sparkman (51), a US census worker, was found bound with duct tape and a rope around his neck near a cemetery in Clay County in a remote patch of Kentucky’s Daniel Boone National Forest. The word “fed” was scrawled on his chest.
2009 – Ten Warhol paintings dating from the late 1970s are stolen from the private collection of Richard Weisman in Los Angeles.
2010 – The death toll rises to seven from a pipeline explosion in San Bruno, California, near San Francisco. The California Public Utilities Commission orders Pacific Gas and Electric to perform a survey of all natural gas lines in California following the explosion.
2010 – Hurricane Igor strengthens to Category 4 in the Atlantic Ocean.
2010 – The US defeats Turkey 81-64 in the 2010 FIBA World Championship Final to win the World Championship.
2010 – Iran announces its willingness to release Sarah Shourd, a U.S. hiker arrested in 2009, on bail and says that she will be permitted to leave the country.
2011 – At 9:00 AM PDT in US District Court in Seattle (Case No. C11 – 1503). The plaintiffs, who refer to the defendants as “Father of Racism,” allege that as an organization, the Democratic Party has consistently refused to apologize for the role they played in slavery and Jim Crow laws and for other subsequent racist practices from 1792 to 2011.
2012 – Federal authorities arrested Trenton Mayor Tony Mack and more than half a dozen other people early today in connection with an ongoing corruption probe. Mack faces federal charges including conspiracy to obstruct commerce by extortion. Joseph “JoJo” Giorgianni, a top campaign contributor, and six others were also taken into custody.
2012 – OBAMA ADMINISTRATION’S ABUSE OF POWER Hearing in the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY, Washington, DC. This Committee has held hearings on many of the ways in which the Obama administration has abused its power, ignored its duties, evaded responsibility and overstepped the Constitution’s limits on the President. Today’s hearing will look at the pattern of ignoring constitutional limits created by all these examples of abuses. The Administration has repeatedly put its partisan agenda above the rule of law.
1575 – Henry Hudson, English explorer
1818 – Richard Gatling, American weapons inventor (d. 1903)
1880 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist and author (d. 1956)
1888 – Maurice Chevalier, French singer and actor (d. 1972)
1913 – Jesse Owens, American athlete (d. 1980)
1916 – Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 1961)
1931 – George Jones, American country singer
MAUSERT, FREDERICK W., III
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company B, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.) Place and date: Songnap-yong, Korea, September 12th, 1951. Entered service at: Dresher, Pa. Born: 2 May 1930, Cambridge, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a squad leader in Company B, in action against enemy aggressor forces. With his company pinned down and suffering heavy casualties under murderous machine gun, rifle, artillery, and mortar fire laid down from heavily fortified, deeply entrenched hostile strongholds on Hill 673, Sgt. Mausert unhesitatingly left his covered position and ran through a heavily mined and fire-swept area to bring back two critically wounded men to the comparative safety of the lines. Staunchly refusing evacuation despite a painful head wound sustained during his voluntary act, he insisted on remaining with his squad and, with his platoon ordered into the assault moments later, took the point position and led his men in a furious bayonet charge against the first of a literally impregnable series of bunkers. Stunned and knocked to the ground when another bullet struck his helmet, he regained his feet and resumed his drive, personally silencing the machine gun and leading his men in eliminating several other emplacements in the area. Promptly reorganizing his unit for a renewed fight to the final objective on top of the ridge, Sgt. Mausert boldly left his position when the enemy’s fire gained momentum and, making a target of himself, boldly advanced alone into the face of the machine gun, drawing the fire away from his men and enabling them to move into position to assault. Again severely wounded when the enemy’s fire found its mark, he still refused aid and continued spearheading the assault to the topmost machine gun nest and bunkers, the last bulwark of the fanatic aggressors. Leaping into the wall of fire, he destroyed another machine gun with grenades before he was mortally wounded by bursting grenades and machine gun fire. Stouthearted and indomitable, Sgt. Mausert, by his fortitude, great personal valor, and extraordinary heroism in the face of almost certain death, had inspired his men to sweep on, overrun and finally secure the objective. His unyielding courage throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
RAMER, GEORGE H.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Company I, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, September 12th, 1951. Entered service at: Lewisburg, Pa. Born: 27 March 1927, Meyersdale, Pa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as leader of the 3d Platoon in Company I, in action against enemy aggressor forces. Ordered to attack and seize hostile positions atop a hall, vigorously defended by well-entrenched enemy forces delivering massed small-arms mortar, and machine gun fire, 2d Lt. Ramer fearlessly led his men up the steep slopes and although he and the majority of his unit were wounded during the ascent, boldly continued to spearhead the assault. With the terrain becoming more precipitous near the summit and the climb more perilous as the hostile forces added grenades to the devastating hail of fire, he staunchly carried the attack to the top, personally annihilated one enemy bunker with grenade and carbine fire and captured the objective with his remaining eight men. Unable to hold the position against an immediate, overwhelming hostile counterattack, he ordered his group to withdraw and single-handedly fought the enemy to furnish cover for his men and for the evacuation of three fatally wounded Marines. Severely wounded a second time, 2d Lt. Ramer refused aid when his men returned to help him and, after ordering them to seek shelter, courageously manned his post until the hostile troops overran his position and he fell mortally wounded. His indomitable fighting spirit, inspiring leadership and unselfish concern for others in the face of death, reflect the highest credit upon 2d Lt. Ramer and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SUDUT, JEROME A.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company B, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kumhwa, Korea, September 12th, 1951. Entered service at: Wisconsin. Birth: Wausau, Wis. G.O. No.: 31, 21 March 1952. Citation: 2d Lt. Sudut distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. His platoon, attacking heavily fortified and strategically located hostile emplacements, had been stopped by intense fire from a large bunker containing several firing posts. Armed with submachinegun, pistol, and grenades, 2d Lt. Sudut charged the emplacement alone through vicious hostile fire, killing three of the occupants and dispersing the remainder. Painfully wounded, he returned to reorganize his platoon, refused evacuation and led his men in a renewed attack. The enemy had returned to the bunker by means of connecting trenches from other emplacements and the platoon was again halted by devastating fire. Accompanied by an automatic-rifleman 2d Lt. Sudut again charged into close-range fire to eliminate the position. When the rifleman was wounded, 2d Lt. Sudut seized his weapon and continued alone, killing three of the four remaining occupants. Though mortally wounded and his ammunition exhausted, he jumped into the emplacement and killed the remaining enemy soldier with his trench knife. His single-handed assaults so inspired his comrades that they continued the attack and drove the enemy from the hill, securing the objective. 2d Lt. Sudut’s consummate fighting spirit, outstanding leadership, and gallant self-sacrifice are in keeping with the finest traditions of the infantry and the U.S. Army.
CLARK, FRANCIS J.
Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company K, 109th Infantry, 28th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kalborn, Luxembourg, September 12th, 1944; near Sevenig, Germany, 17 September 1944. Entered service at: Salem, N.Y. Birth: Whitehall, N.Y. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: He fought gallantly in Luxembourg and Germany. On 12 September 1944, Company K began fording the Our River near Kalborn, Luxembourg, to take high ground on the opposite bank. Covered by early morning fog, the 3d Platoon, in which T/Sgt. Clark was squad leader, successfully negotiated the crossing; but when the 2d Platoon reached the shore, withering automatic and small-arms fire ripped into it, eliminating the platoon leader and platoon sergeant and pinning down the troops in the open. From his comparatively safe position, T/Sgt. Clark crawled alone across a field through a hail of bullets to the stricken troops. He led the platoon to safety and then unhesitatingly returned into the fire-swept area to rescue a wounded soldier, carrying him to the American line while hostile gunners tried to cut him down. Later, he led his squad and men of the 2d Platoon in dangerous sorties against strong enemy positions to weaken them by lightning-like jabs. He assaulted an enemy machinegun with hand grenades, killing two Germans. He roamed the front and flanks, dashing toward hostile weapons, killing and wounding an undetermined number of the enemy, scattering German patrols and, eventually, forcing the withdrawal of a full company of Germans heavily armed with automatic weapons. On 17 September, near Sevenig, Germany, he advanced alone against an enemy machinegun, killed the gunner and forced the assistant to flee. The Germans counterattacked, and heavy casualties were suffered by Company K. Seeing that two platoons lacked leadership, T/Sgt. Clark took over their command and moved among the men to give encouragement. Although wounded on the morning of 18 September, he refused to be evacuated and took up a position in a pillbox when night came. Emerging at daybreak, he killed a German soldier setting up a machinegun not more than five yards away. When he located another enemy gun, he moved up unobserved and killed two Germans with rifle fire. Later that day he voluntarily braved small-arms fire to take food and water to members of an isolated platoon. T/Sgt. Clark’s actions in assuming command when leadership was desperately needed, in launching attacks and beating off counterattacks, in aiding his stranded comrades, and in fearlessly facing powerful enemy fire, were strikingly heroic examples and put fighting heart into the hard-pressed men of Company K.
TOMINAC, JOHN J.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company I, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Saulx de Vesoul, France, September 12th, 1944. Entered service at: Conemaugh, Pa. Birth: Conemaugh, Pa. G.O. No.: 20, 29 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 12 September 1944, in an attack on Saulx de Vesoul, France 1st Lt. Tominac charged alone over fifty yards of exposed terrain onto an enemy roadblock to dispatch a three-man crew of German machine gunners with a single burst from his Thompson machinegun after smashing the enemy outpost, he led one of his squads in the annihilation of a second hostile group defended by mortar, machinegun automatic pistol, rifle and grenade fire, killing about thirty of the enemy. Reaching the suburbs of the town, he advanced fifty yards ahead of his men to reconnoiter a third enemy position which commanded the road with a 77-mm. SP gun supported by infantry elements. The SP gun opened fire on his supporting tank, setting it afire with a direct hit. A fragment from the same shell painfully wounded 1st Lt. Tominac in the shoulder, knocking him to the ground. As the crew abandoned the M-4 tank, which was rolling down hill toward the enemy, 1st Lt. Tominac picked himself up and jumped onto the hull of the burning vehicle. Despite withering enemy machinegun, mortar, pistol, and sniper fire, which was ricocheting off the hull and turret of the M-4, 1st Lt. Tominac climbed to the turret and gripped the 50-caliber antiaircraft machinegun. Plainly silhouetted against the sky, painfully wounded, and with the tank burning beneath his feet, he directed bursts of machinegun fire on the roadblock, the SP gun, and the supporting German infantrymen, and forced the enemy to withdraw from his prepared position. Jumping off the tank before it exploded, 1st Lt. Tominac refused evacuation despite his painful wound. Calling upon a sergeant to extract the shell fragments from his shoulder with a pocketknife, he continued to direct the assault, led his squad in a hand grenade attack against a fortified position occupied by thirty-two of the enemy armed with machineguns, machine pistols, and rifles, and compelled them to surrender. His outstanding heroism and exemplary leadership resulted in the destruction of four successive enemy defensive positions, surrender of a vital sector of the city Saulx de Vesoul, and the death or capture of at least sixty of the enemy.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 756th Tank Battalion. Place and date: Noroy le Bourg, France, September 12th, 1944. Entered service at: Detroit, Mich. Birth: Hamtramck, Mich. G.O. No.: 42, 24 May 1945. Citation: On 12 September 1944, 2d Lt. Zussman was in command of two tanks operating with an infantry company in the attack on enemy forces occupying the town of Noroy le Bourg, France. At 7 p.m., his command tank bogged down. Throughout the ensuing action, armed only with a carbine, he reconnoitered alone on foot far in advance of his remaining tank and the infantry. Returning only from time to time to designate targets, he directed the action of the tank and turned over to the infantry the numerous German soldiers he had caused to surrender. He located a road block and directed his tanks to destroy it. Fully exposed to fire from enemy positions only fifty yards distant, he stood by his tank directing its fire. Three Germans were killed and eight surrendered. Again he walked before his tank, leading it against an enemy-held group of houses, machinegun and small arms fire kicking up dust at his feet. The tank fire broke the resistance and twenty enemy surrendered. Going forward again alone he passed an enemy-occupied house from which Germans fired on him and threw grenades in his path. After a brief fire fight, he signaled his tank to come up and fire on the house. Eleven German soldiers were killed and fifteen surrendered. Going on alone, he disappeared around a street corner. The fire of his carbine could be heard and in a few minutes he reappeared driving thirty prisoners before him. Under 2d Lt. Zussman’s heroic and inspiring leadership, eighteen enemy soldiers were killed and ninety-two captured.
WICKERSHAM, J. HUNTER
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 353d Infantry, 89th Division. Place and date. Near Limey, France, September 12th, 1918. Entered service at: Denver, Colo. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Advancing with his platoon during the St. Mihiel offensive, he was severely wounded in four places by the bursting of a high-explosive shell. Before receiving any aid for himself he dressed the wounds of his orderly, who was wounded at the same time. He then ordered and accompanied the further advance of his platoon, although weakened by the loss of blood. His right hand and arm being disabled by wounds, he continued to fire his revolver with his left hand until, exhausted by loss of blood, he fell and died from his wounds before aid could be administered.
Rank: Scout (Civilian). Organization: 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and Date: Washita River, Texas. September 12th, 1874. Born: 15 May 1839, Kalamazoo, Mich. Issue date: 4 November 1874. Citation: Gallantry in action. (In 1916, the general review of all Medals of Honor deemed 900 unwarranted. This recipient was one of them. In June 1989, the U.S. Army Board of Correction of Records restored the medal to this recipient.)
Rank: Scout. War: Indian Campaigns. Organization: 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and Date: Wichita River, Texas. September 12th, 1874. Born: 25 October 1850, Ohio County, West Virginia. Issue date: 4 November 1874. Citation: Gallantry in action. (In 1916, the general review of all Medals of Honor deemed 900 unwarranted. This recipient was one of them. In June 1989, the U.S. Army Board of Correction of Records restored the medal to this recipient.)
Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., September 12th, 1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Detroit, Mich. Date of issue: 4 November 1874. Citation: While carrying dispatches was attacked hy 125 hostile Indians, whom he and his comrades fought throughout the day. He was severely wounded in the hip and unable to move. He continued to fight, defending an exposed dying man.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., September 12th, 1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 4 November 1874. Citation: While carrying dispatches was attacked by 125 hostile Indians, whom he and his comrades fought throughout the day.
SMITH, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., September 12th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Greenfield, N.Y. Date of issue: 4 November 1874. Citation: While carrying dispatches was attacked by 125 hostile Indians, whom he and his comrades fought throughout the day. Pvt. Smith was mortally wounded during the engagement and died early the next day.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., September 12th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Alexandria, Va. Date of issue: 7 November 1874. Citation: While in command of S men and carrying dispatches, was attacked by 125 Indians, whorr, he with his command fought throughout the day, he being severely wounded.
Patriot Day / Remember Freedom Day
9-1- 1 Emergency Number Day, 1987
World Trade Center Terrorist Attack Anniversary
This is burnt into my memory. I remember as clear as if it were yesterday my gym teacher walked into my study hall in Ohio, walked over to our table and said President John F. Kennedy is dead. Everything froze in time. I can remember Mr. Golnick’s face almost forty years later. He wore a dark, blue jacket and his five o’clock shadow was two hours early. We all, at first, said things like “bad joke”, “You’re kidding” but his face never changed and when the truth sunk in it was horrible. On Tuesday 9-11-01 I was at home, writing, when my wife yelled, “Come see this!!!” I ran into the room at about 11:50 a.m. in Phoenix, AZ and watched the fire expand out near the top of the first building hit at the World Trade Center in New York. Reports were flying and my first reaction was how horrible that an airplane had accidently flew into the building. I was watching when the second aircraft flew into the second tower and we, then, knew it was no accident. Still it was very difficult to wrap my brain that someone, anyone would do something like this. Phones rang across the United States and the rest of the world. “Turn on the TV!” It was 8:48 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time. A passenger jet had just crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. Flames and smoke poured from the tower. It was now 9:06 a.m.. This was no accident. Another plane just hit the World Trade Center’s South Tower. New York was under attack and this time it wasn’t King Kong and it wasn’t the Empire State Building. This was real. News bulletins came fast and furious. American Airlines Flight 11 from Boston on its way to LA with 92 people aboard and United Flight 175, also going to LA with 65 onboard, had crashed and all were dead. More news bulletins: 9:43 a.m.!!! The Pentagon had just been hit by another jet airliner, American Flight 77 leaving Washington for Los Angeles with 64 people aboard. In the next 12 minutes, the South Tower of the World Trade Center collapsed. Sirens screamed. People were running, screaming, jumping out of the towers. Then the North Tower crumbled like a deck of cards. Gray, choking clouds filled the streets of New York City’s lower West end, covering people, cars and buildings with debris, fireballs of airplane fuel, desks, computers, paper, and ash. More news bulletins: Nineteen minutes before the North Tower collapsed, a fourth jet airliner, United Flight 93 with 44 people aboard, on its way to San Francisco from Newark had crashed in a field in Shanksville, PA, some 80 miles southeast of Pittsburgh. The horror was palpable. The pictures are burned into my memory just like the day that John F. Kennedy was murdered. The words of Todd Beamer, “Let’s Roll” will not leave my conscious mind. We as Americans must never forget this horror or these acts of bravery. Just like we remember Bunker Hill, Pearl Harbor and Kennedy’s Assassination, we will remember this act of war by members of a “peaceful” religion. Not only will we remember, WE WILL NEVER FORGET!!!
9-1-1 Emergency Number Day
August 26, 1987
By the President of the United States of America, Ronald Wilson Reagan
Protecting the lives and property of citizens is one of government’s fundamental responsibilities. In times of emergency, citizens must have a quick and easy way to summon police and other rescue services. The 9 – 1 – 1 emergency telephone number fulfills this need and proves its value hundreds of times every day throughout our country. Interesting that the attacks occurred on a number used by us for emergency response and the President Reagan had proclaimed it so fourteen years before.
The thoughts and ideas of our Founding Fathers are a product of a foundation, built not on sand, but the solid ground of a moral virtue that comes only from a Biblical worldview. This moral virtue was what America’s founders and leaders, who exhibited this righteous courage, acted upon in their fervent passion to address and resolve EVERY issue they confronted, domestic or foreign, small or large. Their house was not built on the sand of political correctness, but upon the Kingdom of God, where, if men chose the righteousness aligned with the Creator’s authority (the Word of God), it would naturally lead to a liberty that comes from God, and not on the whims of faulty human wisdom. They preferred being partakers of a divine nature over that of a sinful human nature. Once one grasps the principles and precepts of the Kingdom of God, one can come to appreciate not only what America’s founders accomplished, but also the teachings, parables, and prayers of their Lord, Jesus Christ, as did His disciples.
“People who work together will win, whether it be against complex football defenses, or the problems of modern society.
~ Vince Lombardi
vitriolic (vi-tree-OL-ik) adjective Extremely caustic; bitterly scathing. [From Latin vitrum (glass).] Sulfuric acid, a highly corrosive substance, was formerly known as oil of vitriol or simply vitriol. It was named vitriol owing to the glassy appearance of its salts.
1226 – The Catholic practice of perpetual adoration begins.
1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots led by William Wallace defeat the English.
1609 – Henry Hudson lands on Manhattan island.
1714 – Barcelona surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbonic armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.
1740 – The first mention of a Black doctor or dentist in the colonies was made in the Pennsylvania Gazette.
1773 – The Public Advertiser publishes a satrical essay titled Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One, which was written by Benjamin Franklin.
1773 – Benjamin Franklin writes “There never was a good war or bad peace.”
1776 – An American delegation consisting of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Edward Rutledge met with British Admiral Richard Lord Howe to discuss terms upon which reconciliation between Britain and the colonies might be based. The talks fail to stop beginning of the American Revolution.
1777 – Battle of Brandywine – American forces, under General George Washington, were forced to retreat at the Battle of Brandywine Creek by British forces under William Howe. The Stars and Stripes (American flag) were carried for the first time in the battle.
1783 – Benjamin Franklin drafted the Treaty of Paris.
1786 – The US Convention of Annapolis opened with the aim of revising the articles of confederation.
1789 – Alexander Hamilton is appointed as first Secretary of the Treasury.
1792 – The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six men break into the house used to store the jewels.
1814 – During the Battle of Plattsburg on Lake Champlain, a newly built U.S. fleet under Master Commandant Thomas Macdonough destroys a British squadron, forcing the British to abandon their siege of the U.S. fort at Plattsburg and retreat to Canada on foot. This action ended the War of 1812.
1842 – 1,400 Mexican troops captured San Antonio, TX. The Mexicans retreated with prisoners.
1847 – Stephen Foster’s most well-known song, Oh! Susanna, is first performed at a saloon in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1857 – The Mountain Meadows Massacre 120 unarmed Arkansas residents on a wagon train in Utah, are massacred by Mormon pioneers. According to some historical accounts, the Mormons were goaded unmercifully.
1861 – Civil War: Confederate troops under General Robert E. Lee move into position against a Union stronghold on Cheat Mountain in western Virginia, only to retreat three days later without firing a shot.
1864 – Civil War: A ten-day truce was declared between generals Sherman and Hood so civilians could leave Atlanta, Georgia.
1864 – Civil War: Acting Lieutenant Wiggin led an expedition up Fish River at Mobile Bay to seize an engine used by Confederates in a sawmill and to assist Union soldiers in obtaining lumber.
1875 – First comic strip to appear in a newspaper – “Professor Tigwissel’s Burglar Alarm.” It appeared in the New York “Daily Graphics” newspaper,the first American newspaper with daily illustrations.It began publication in March of 1873 and continued publication until September 23, 1889.
1877 – The first comic-character timepiece was patented by the Waterbury Clock Company.
1883 – The mail chute was patented by James G. Cuttler, later a Mayor of Rochester, NY
1893 – First World Parliament of Religions conference held.
1897 – A ten-week strike of coal workers in Pennsylvania, WV, and Ohio came to an end. The workers won an eight-hour workday, semi-monthly pay, and company stores were abolished. Nineteen miners died in the Lattimer Massacre to achieve these concessions (see 9/10)
1900 – A motor vehicle patent was granted to Francis and Freelan Stanley.
1904 – The U.S. battleship Connecticut (BB-18) was launched in New York.
1906 – Mahatma Gandhi starts the Non-Violence movement
1910 – In Hollywood, the first commercially successful electric bus line opened.
1914 – W.C. Handy published his “St Louis Blues.”
1916 – The “Star Spangled Banner” was sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York.
1918 – The Boston Red Sox won the World Series; they would not do so again until October 27, 2004 after 86 years. Boston Red Sox (4) vs Chicago Cubs (2).
1919 – US Marines invade Honduras. |This was part of the larger conflict known as the Banana Wars and was the second invasion.
1923 – The dirigible ZR-1 flies over NY’s tallest skyscraper, the Woolworth Tower. The Tower was 792 feet- 1 inch.
1928 – First TV drama-WGY’s “The Queens Messenger.”
1936 – Boulder Dam in Nevada was dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt by turning on the dam’s first hydroelectric generator with a button mounted in Washington, D.C.. The dam is now called Hoover Dam and it separates Arizona and Nevada.
1939 – Bear (AG-29) is commissioned by the U.S. Navy for Antarctic operations under command of RADM Richard Byrd, USN (Ret.).
1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
1941 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave orders to attack any German or Italian vessels found in U.S. defensive waters. The U.S. had not officially entered World War II at this time. Pearl Harbor was just three months away.
1941 – Charles Lindbergh, charges “the British, the Jewish & the Roosevelt administration” with trying to get the US into WW II. He was opposed to the start of WW II.
1941 – Ground breaking ceremonies were held for the Pentagon. The 38-acre Pentagon was built in Arlington, Va., over the next 2 years. It cost $83 million and was located on a plot known as Arlington Farms, that was bordered by 5 roads.
1941 – The destroyer USS Greer became the first American ship to fire on a German vessel during the Second World War, three months before the United States officially entered the conflict.
1942 – Wheeler Bryson Lipes (1921-2005), a US Navy pharmacist’s mate, saved the life of sailor Darrell Dean Rector (19) by operating, following a medical manual, in the officer’s mess aboard the Seadragon below the surface of the South China Sea.
1943 – World War II: Holocaust: Start of the liquidation of the Ghettos in Minsk and Lida by the Nazis.
1944 – World War II: the first allied troops of the US Army cross the western border of Nazi Germany. The RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe” by Johnny Mercer, “If I Loved You” by Perry Como and “You Two-Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1945 – Ernest Tubb recorded “It Just Doesn’t Matter Now” and “Love Turns to Hate.”
1950 – First typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited.
1950 – Dick Tracy TV show sparks uproar concerning violence.
1951 – Florence Chadwick (1918-1995), American endurance swimmer, swam English Channel from England to France in 16 hours & 22 minutes. This made her the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions,
1952 – Dr. Charles Hufnagel successfully replaced a diseased aorta valve with an artificial valve made of plastic.
1952 – Six Marine Corps F9F-4s from VMF-115 crashed into a mountain during an instrument letdown in the vicinity of airfield K-2, Korea. All pilots were killed instantly.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford, “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “You, You, You” by The Ames Brothers and “A Dear John Letter” by Jean Shepard & Ferlin Husky all topped the charts.
1954 – First Miss America TV broadcast. Miss California, Lee Ann Meriwether, was the winner.
1954 – “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts topped the charts.
1954 – Category 3 Hurricane Edna made landfall at Martha’s Vineyard. This second storm of 1954 hit New York City with $50 million damage and caused 21 deaths in the region.
1956 – Cincinnati Red Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th HR.
1959 – The U.S. Congress passed a bill authorizing the creation of food stamps.
1961 – Hurricane Carla strikes the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane, the strongest storm ever to hit the state.
1962 – Thurgood Marshall was appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.
1964 – The last of the “Friday Night Fights” was seen on free, home TV.
1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam and is stationed at An Khe.
1965 – “Help!” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1966 – Johnny Miller became the first Yank to hit a HR on his first at bat.
1967 – “The Carol Burnett Show” premiered on CBS.
1967 – Charles Manson (b.1934) recorded his album “Lie,” which was produced by Dennis Wilson (b.1944), drummer for the Beach Boys.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones, “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Green River” by Creedence Clearwater Revival and “A Boy Named Sue” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1969 – Heavy bombing of Vietnam resumed under orders from President Nixon.
1970 – The Ford Pinto was introduced. The Ford Pinto was a subcompact car produced by the Ford Motor Company for the model years 1971–1980.
1970 – US Pres. Nixon’s VP Spiro Agnew first used the term “nattering nabobs of negativism” during his address to the California Republican state convention in San Diego. He unloosed this phrase in describing the liberals of the day in the following quote: “In the United States today, we have more than our share of nattering nabobs of negativism. They have formed their own 4-H club — the hopeless, hysterical hypochondriacs of history.”
1970 – The last “Get Smart” episode aired on CBS-TV.
1971 – “Go Away Little Girl” by Donny Osmond topped the charts.
1971 – The body of a woman was found in the Delta-Mendota Canal near Westley, Ca. she had been stabbed 65 times. She was unidentified until a 2008 DNA test identified her as Mary Alice Willey (23) of San Francisco. It was suspected that she had played a role in the Aug 29, 1971 Black Panther attack at the Ingleside police station left one officer dead.
1972 – Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) in America begins regular service.
1974 – “Little House On The Prairie” made its television debut.
1974 – The St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Mets set a National League record when they played 25 innings. It was the second longest game in professional baseball history.
1974 – In North Carolina an Eastern Airlines DC-9, Flight 212, crashed 3 miles from the Douglas Municipal Airport. Of the 82 persons aboard the aircraft, 11 and two crew members survived the accident.
1976 – “Shake Your Booty (Shake, Shake, Shake)” by K. C. & the Sunshine Band topped the charts.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Best of My Love” by Emotions, “(Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher” by Rita Coolidge, “Handy Man” by James Taylor and “Don’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1978 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Begin of Israel met at Camp David and agreed on a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
1982 – “Hard to Say I’m Sorry” by Chicago topped the charts.
1983 – Franco Harris with the Pittsburgh Steelers becomes third NFL player to rush 11,000 yards.
1985– CHART TOPPERS – “St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)” by John Parr, “We Don’t Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)” by Tina Turner, “Money for Nothing” by Dire Straits and “I Don’t Know Why You Don’t Want Me” by Rosanne Cash all topped the charts.
1985 – Cincinnati Reds Pete Rose gets his 4,192nd career base hit, breaking Ty Cobb’s record which stood for over 60 years. He completed his career at 4, 256 hits.
1985 – A U.S. satellite passed through the tail of the Giacobini-Zinner comet. It was the first on-the-spot sampling of a comet.
1987 – 9-1-1 Emergency Number Day declared by President Reagan.
1987 – CBS Evening News anchor Dan Rather, angry over being preempted for a tennis match, marches off the set, leaving affiliates with six minutes of an empty news desk.
1990 – President George H. W. Bush delivers a nationally televised speech in which he threatens the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait, which Iraq had recently invaded.
1992 – Hurricane Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricane in United States history during its time, devastates the State of Hawai’i, especially the islands of Kaua’i and Oahu. The storm left at least five people dead and more than 10,000 homes damaged or destroyed. It caused about $1.6 billion in damages on Kauai.
1993 – “Dreamlover” by Mariah Carey topped the charts.
1997 – Scotland votes to re-establish its own parliament on the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Stirling Bridge, after 290 years of union with England.
1997 – Mars Global Surveyor, launched in Nov 1996, went into an elliptical orbit around Mars.
1998 – Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of eleven possible impeachable offenses.
1998 – Tropical Storm Frances hit the middle of the Texas coast. In Louisiana one person was killed and six were injured.
1999 – Serena Williams, two weeks short of her 18th birthday, wins her first Grand Slam tournament when she became US Open champion, becoming the first African American woman to win a Grand Slam tournament since Althea Gibson in 1958.
1999 – The Wall Street Journal reported that Bayer Corp. had quit putting a wad of cotton in their bottles of aspirin. Bayer had actually stopped the practice earlier in the year.
1999 – Eric Milton pitched a no-hitter for the Minnesota Twins in their 7-to-0 win over the Anaheim Angels.
2000 – The Federal Trade Commission issued a scathing 104-page report that found media producers systematically marketed violent, adult fare to young consumers.
2001 – Nineteen Saudi Arabian terrorists affiliated with al-Qaeda hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. Each team of hijackers included a trained pilot. Two planes left Boston’s Logan Airport. Both planes were hijacked and flown into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. In the same morning, another plane left Dulles International Airport in Virginia. It was hijacked, turned around and flown into the Pentagon building. A fourth plane from Newark Airport in New Jersey was hijacked and steered back toward Washington, D.C. It crashed in rural Pennsylvania after people on board tried to stop the hijackers. Four groups of terrorists used knives or boxcutters, hijacked 4 airplanes, and were linked to Osama bin Laden’s al Qaeda organization. In addition to the 19 hijackers, 2,973 people died; another 24 are missing and presumed dead.
PHOTO: The explosion resulting from the crashing of United Airlines Flight 175 into the South Tower on September 11 2001. A huge plume of smoke and fire can be seen emerging from the North Tower to the left. Links to these events:
911 Tribute to Rick Rescorla
2001 – TIME LINE OF ATTACK:
8:45 am EST: American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 carrying 92 people, crashed into the North tower of the World Trade Center in NYC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.
9:03 am EST: United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 carrying 65 people, crashed into the South Tower of the WTC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.
9:38 am EST: American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Va. It was enroute from Washington DC to LA.
9:40 am EST The FAA grounded all domestic flights and ordered all airborne craft to land immediately.
9:43 am EST: American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. It was enroute from Washington, D.C. to Los Angeles, California.
10:00 am EST The South Tower of the WTC collapsed.
10:10 am United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 carrying 45 people, crashed southeast of Pittsburgh. The plane had left Newark for SF but was believed to be directed by hijackers to Camp David. Passengers appeared to have overcome the hijackers. In 2002 it was reported that Congress was the target.
10:29 am EST:The North Tower of the WTC collapsed.
1:04 pm EST: President George W. Bush puts the U.S. military on “high alert.”
5:25 pm EST: Building 7 of the WTC complex collapsed.
8:30 pm EST: President George W. Bush, in a televised address, vowed to find those responsible for the attacks.
In 2005 NYC said it was unable to identify the remains of 1,161 of the 2,749 people killed in the Sep 11 attacks. The ultimate death toll would be: 2,797 at the World Trade Center Towers, 189 killed at the Pentagon and 44 died in Pennsylvania … a total of 3,030.
2001 – Rick Rescorla, security chief at Morgan Stanley, evacuated 2,700 of their employees from the World Trade Center and was killed trying to save others. In 2002 James B. Stewart authored “Heart of a Soldier,” a biography of Rescorla.
2001 – World leaders expressed outrage at terrorist attacks in NYC and the Pentagon and pledged solidarity with the US. In the West Bank town of Nablus, 3,000 people celebrated the attacks and chanted “Allah Akbar.”
2002 – With words of comfort and resolve, President Bush joined the nation in remembering “how it began and who fell first” in the terrorist attacks one year earlier. Memorial ceremonies were tinged with fear the anniversary could spark repeat attacks.
2002 – The Pentagon is rededicated after repairs are completed, exactly one year after the attack on the building.
2002 – The “Don’t Tread on Me” First Navy Jack is flown by Navy ships marking the
first anniversary of the terrorists attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Center. The secretary of the navy issued Instruction 10520.6, dated 31 May 2002, directing all navy ships to fly the First Naval Jack as a “temporary substitution” for the Jack of the United States “during the Global War on Terrorism”. Most vessels made the switch on September 11, 2002, the first anniversary of the terrorist attacks.
2003 – In Nogales, AZ, federal agents discovered a 985-foot tunnel to Mexico equipped to move drugs on railcars.
2003 – Massachusetts Institute of Technology scientists achieve the lowest temperature ever recorded, half a billionth of a Kelvin (0.5 nanokelvin) above absolute zero, in sodium gas.
2003 – Actor John Ritter, who gained fame playing bumbling and lovable characters in a pair of hit TV comedies decades apart, collapsed while he was on the set of his new series and died suddenly of a heart problem.
2004 – Americans commemorate the third anniversary of the 9/11, 2001, attacks. U.S. President George Bush and First Lady Laura Bush observe a moment of silence on the South Lawn of the White House to officially begin the day of remembrance.
2004 – Specialist Armin Cruz became the first Military Intelligence soldier convicted in the Abu Ghraib prison scandal.
2005 – President George Bush arrived in New Orleans for a third post-Katrina visit. The airport announced that it will resume some commercial flights this week and the largest levee breech was reported closed.
2005 – An eleven minute video tape purporting to be from Al Qaeda is delivered to American network ABC in Pakistan and shown on Good Morning America, warns of future attacks on Los Angeles, California and Melbourne, Australia. Adam Yahiye Gadahn, an American convert to Islam, called the September 11, 2001 attacks “blessed events” and commenting on possible attacks in the future stated, “This time, don’t count on us demonstrating restraint and compassion.”
2005 – The State of Israel officially declares intent to leave the disputed territory, the Gaza Strip after 38 years.
2006 – The nation paused to remember the victims of 9/11 on the fifth anniversary of the terrorist attacks. In a prime-time address, President Bush invoked the memory of the victims as he argued for a continued military campaign in Iraq. He stated that the war against terrorism is “the calling of our generation” and urged Americans to put aside differences and fight to victory.
2006 – The memorial statue titled, ‘To the Struggle Against World Terrorism’, by Russian artist Zurab Tsereteli, was dedicated in Bayonne, N.J. The 100-foot-tall bronze monument with a 40-foot steel teardrop at its center, a gift from the Russian government and Tsereteli, is dedicated to victims of terrorism.
2007 – The United States commemorates the sixth anniversary of the attacks with ceremonies in New York City, Washington, DC and Shanksville, PA.
2007 – Osama bin Laden urged sympathizers to join the “caravan” of martyrs as he praised one of the Sept. 11 suicide hijackers in a new video that emerged to mark the sixth anniversary of the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon.
2007 – Doctors say injured National Football League player Kevin Everett has moved his arms and legs and, contrary to earlier predictions, is likely to recover his ability to walk.
2008 – Pres. Bush attended the dedication and opening of a new memorial at the Pentagon in honor of 9/11 attacks in 2001. In New York City, Mayor Michael Bloomberg led a ceremony attended by presidential candidates Barack Obama and John McCain.
2008 – Officials order the evacuation of Galveston Island, Texas before Hurricane Ike makes landfall later in the week.
2008 – The Pentagon Memorial in Washington, DC, dedicated to the 184 people who died in the attack on the building on September 11, 2001, is opened to the public.
2009 – In Owosso, Michigan, Harlan James Drake (33) killed an abortion protester outside a school along with the owner of a nearby gravel pit.
2009 – Space Shuttle Discovery lands at the Edwards Air Force Base in California, USA.
2009 – The oldest person in the world, Gertrude Baines, dies in Los Angeles aged 115.
2009 – Pres. Obama slapped punitive tariffs on all car and light truck tires entering the US from China as the rising tide of imported tires hurt American producers.
2010 – MASSIVE SHOOTING: In Kentucky Stanley Neace (47) stormed across several lawns in his pajamas and fired dozens of shots from a 12-gauge pump shotgun. When the rampage ended, Neace and his wife lay dead, along with the gunman’s stepdaughter and three neighbors.
2010 – U.S. Army Staff Sergeant Salvatore Giunta is awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the ongoing War in Afghanistan, the first living recipient to be so honored since the Vietnam War. The incident occurred in the Korengal Valley, Afghanistan, on October 25, 2007.
2010 – Commemorations of the anniversary of the September 11 attacks occurred with events in New York City, the Pentagon Memorial in Washington D.C. and in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, near where United Airlines Flight 93 crashed. 2010 – Four people are dead and twenty-five people are hospitalized after a Coach USA Megabus crashes into a railroad overpass in Salina, New York.
2011 – On the tenth anniversary of 9/11 attacks, The National September 11 Memorial, located on the site of the former World Trade Center, opens in New York City.
2011 – Blacks from the West Coast and the East Coast joined together and signed one of the most comprehensive legal briefs ever prepared on racial discrimination. It will be filed tomorrow.
2012 – The U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, was attacked and destroyed. The U.S. ambassador, Chris Stevens, aide Sean Smith and two former Navy SEALs, Tyrone S. Woods and Glen A. Doherty, were killed. A witness said attackers fired automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades at the consulate as they clashed with Libyans hired to guard the facility. Outnumbered by the crowd, Libyan security forces did little to stop them. The federal government ignored all cries for help and covered up the investigation.
2014 – The Missouri legislature, who met in a special session, voted to override the governor’s veto of SB656, a pro-gun bill. The vote by the state senate was a fairly one sided 23-8, largely along party lines. The bill in question does several things to expand the rights of Missouri gun owners. First, it prevents local municipalities from passing laws banning open carry. This is essentially a state preemption law that makes open carry legal throughout the state.
It has been suggested by Ernest L. Martin that Jesus of Nazareth was born on September 11 in 3 BC when the moon moved in a rare pattern with Venus generating the Star of Bethlehem. On the Julian calendar September 11, 3 BC is also the second day of Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year.
1711 – William Boyce, English composer (d. 1779)
1862 – O. Henry, American writer (d. 1910)
1885 – Herbert Stothart, songwriter, arranger, conductor, and composer (d.1949) won an Oscar, for Best Original Score in The Wizard of Oz.
1913 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, American football coach (d. 1983). Best known as the longtime head coach of the University of Alabama football team.
1924 – Tom Landry, American football coach (d. 2000)
1937 – Robert Crippen, American astronaut
1942 – “Lola” Falana is an American singer, dancer, and actress.
BARNES, WILL C. INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Private First Class, Signal Corps, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Fort Apache, Ariz., September 11rh, 1881. Entered service at: Washington, D.C. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. Date of issue: 8 November 1882. Citation: Bravery in action.
DE ARMOND, WILLIAM INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Washita, Tex., September 9th to September 11th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Butler County, Ohio. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
JAMES, JOHN INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Corporal, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th to September 11th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: England. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
MITCHELL, JOHN INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Washita, Tex., September 9th to September 11th,1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in engagement with Indians.
MORRIS, WILLIAM W. INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Upper Washita, Tex., September 9th to September 11th,1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Stewart County, Tenn. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in engagement with Indians.
NEILON, FREDERICK S. INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Upper Washita, Tex., September 9th to September 11th,1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Boston, Mass. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
PENNSYL, JOSIAH INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Upper Washita, Tex., September 11th, 1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Frederick County, Md. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
SHARPLESS, EDWARD C. INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Upper Washita, Tex., September 9th to September 11th,1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Marion County, Ohio. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: While carrying dispatches was attacked by 125 hostile Indians, whom he (and a comrade) fought throughout the day.
SLUSHER, HENRY C. CIVIL WAR
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 22d Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: Near Moorefield, W. Va., September 11th, 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Washington County, Pa. Date of issue: 4 April 1898. Citation: Voluntarily crossed a branch of the Potomac River under fire to rescue a wounded comrade held prisoner by the enemy. Was wounded and taken prisoner in the attempt.
Tomorrow Muslim Terrorists Attack
I received this as an e-mail. Authors credits are at the bottom. As we are the day before the 9-1-1 terrorist attack, we might have asked these questions or made these observations had we only known. They are still unfolding…..
Wayne C. Church
I am a student of history. Professionally, I have written 15 books on history that have been published in six languages, and I have studied history all my life. I have come to think there is something monumentally large afoot, and I do not believe it is simply a banking crisis, or a home loan crisis, or a credit crisis. Yes these exist, but they are merely single facets on a very large gemstone that is only now coming into a sharper focus..
Something of historic proportions is happening. I can sense it because I know how it feels, smells, what it looks like, and how people react to it. Yes, a perfect storm may be brewing, but there is something happening within our country that has been evolving for about ten to fifteen years. The pace has dramatically quickened in the past two.
We demand and then codify into law the requirement that our banks make massive loans to people we know they can never pay back? Why?
We learned just days ago that the Federal Reserve, which has little or no real oversight by anyone, has “loaned” two trillion dollars (that is $2,000,000,000,000) over the past few months, but will not tell us to whom or why or disclose the terms. Those are our dollars. Yours and mine. And that is three times the $700 billion we all argued about so strenuously just this past September. Who has this money? Why do they have it? Why are the terms unavailable to us? Who asked for it? Who authorized it? I thought this was a government of “we the people,” who loaned our powers to our elected leaders. Apparently not.
We have spent two or more decades intentionally de-industrializing our economy… Why?
We have intentionally dumbed down our schools, ignored our history, and no longer teach our founding documents, why we are exceptional, and why we are worth preserving. Students by and large cannot write, think critically, read, or articulate. Parents are not revolting, teachers are not picketing, school boards continue to back mediocrity. Why?
We have now established the precedent of protesting every close election (violently in California over a proposition that is so controversial that it simply wants marriage to remain defined as between one man and one woman. Did you ever think such a thing possible just a decade ago?) We have corrupted our sacred political process by allowing unelected judges to write laws that radically change our way of life, and then mainstream Marxist groups like ACORN and others to turn our voting system into a banana republic. To what purpose?
Now our mortgage industry is collapsing, housing prices are in freefall, major industries are failing, our banking system is on the verge of collapse, social security is nearly bankrupt, as is Medicare and our entire government. Our education system is worse than a joke (I teach college and I know precisely what I am talking about) – the list is staggering in its length, breadth, and depth.. It is potentially 1929 x ten…And we are at war with an enemy we cannot even name for fear of offending people of the same religion, who, in turn, cannot wait to slit the throats of your children if they have the opportunity to do so.
And finally, we have elected a man that no one really knows anything about, who has never run so much as a Dairy Queen, let alone a town as big as Wasilla ,Alaska .. All of his associations and alliances are with real radicals in their chosen fields of employment, and everything we learn about him, drip by drip, is unsettling if not downright scary (Surely you have heard him speak about his idea to create and fund a mandatory civilian defense force stronger than our military for use inside our borders? No? Oh, of course. The media would never play that for you over and over and then demand he answer it. Sarah Palin’s pregnant daughter and $150,000 wardrobe are more important.)
Mr. Obama’s winning platform can be boiled down to one word: Change. Why?
I have never been so afraid for my country and for my children as I am now.
This man campaigned on bringing people together, something he has never, ever done in his professional life. In my assessment, Obama will divide us along philosophical lines, push us apart, and then try to realign the pieces into a new and different power structure. Change is indeed coming. And when it comes, you will never see the same nation again.
And that is only the beginning..
As a serious student of history, I thought I would never come to experience what the ordinary, moral German must have felt in the mid-1930s In those times, the “savior” was a former smooth-talking rabble-rouser from the streets, about whom the average German knew next to nothing. What they should have known was that he was associated with groups that shouted, shoved, and pushed around people with whom they disagreed; he edged his way onto the political stage through great oratory. Conservative “losers” read it right now.
And there were the promises. Economic times were tough, people were losing jobs, and he was a great speaker. And he smiled and frowned and waved a lot. And people, even newspapers, were afraid to speak out for fear that his “brown shirts” would bully and beat them into submission, which they did – regularly. And then, he was duly elected to office, while a full-throttled economic crisis bloomed at hand – the Great Depression. Slowly, but surely he seized the controls of government power, person by person, department by department, bureaucracy by bureaucracy. The children of German citizens were at first, encouraged to join a Youth Movement in his name where they were taught exactly what to think. Later, they were required to do so. No Jews of course,
How did he get people on his side? He did it by promising jobs to the jobless, money to the money-less, and rewards for the military-industrial complex. He did it by indoctrinating the children, advocating gun control, health care for all, better wages, better jobs, and promising to re-instill pride once again in the country, across Europe , and across the world. He did it with a compliant media – did you know that? And he did this all in the name of justice and …. . … change. And the people surely got what they voted for.
If you think I am exaggerating, look it up. It’s all there in the history books.
So read your history books. Many people of conscience objected in 1933 and were shouted down, called names, laughed at, and ridiculed. When Winston Churchill pointed out the obvious in the late 1930s while seated in the House of Lords in England(he was not yet Prime Minister), he was booed into his seat and called a crazy troublemaker. He was right, though. And the world came to regret that he was not listened to.
Do not forget that Germany was the most educated, the most cultured country in Europe . It was full of music, art, museums, hospitals, laboratories, and universities. And yet, in less than six years (a shorter time span than just two terms of the U. S. presidency) it was rounding up its own citizens, killing others, abrogating its laws, turning children against parents, and neighbors against neighbors.. All with the best of intentions, of course.. The road to Hell is paved with them.
As a practical thinker, one not overly prone to emotional decisions, I have a choice: I can either believe what the objective pieces of evidence tell me (even if they make me cringe with disgust); I can believe what history is shouting to me from across the chasm of seven decades; or I can hope I am wrong by closing my eyes, having another latte, and ignoring what is transpiring around me..
I choose to believe the evidence. No doubt some people will scoff at me, others laugh, or think I am foolish, naive, or both. To some degree, perhaps I am. But I have never been afraid to look people in the eye and tell them exactly what I believe-and why I believe it.
I pray I am wrong. I do not think I am. Perhaps the only hope is our vote in the next elections.
Jamestown , Rhode Island
ABOUT DAVID KAISER
David Kaiser is a respected historian whose published works have covered a broad range of topics, from European Warfare to American League Baseball. Born in 1947, the son of a diplomat, Kaiser spent his childhood in three capital cities: Washington D.C. , Albany , New York , and Dakar , Senegal .. He attended Harvard University , graduating there in 1969 with a B.A. in history. He then spent several years more at Harvard, gaining a PhD in history, which he obtained in 1976.. He served in the Army Reserve from 1970 to 1976.
He is a professor in the Strategy and Policy Department of the United tates Naval War College . He has previously taught at Carnegie Mellon,Williams College and Harvard University . Kaiser’s latest book, “The Road to Dallas”, about the Kennedy assassination, was just published by Harvard University Press.
Psalm 12: 1- 7 King James Version (KJV)
1 Help, Lord; for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men.
2 They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak.
3 The Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaketh proud things:
4 Who have said, With our tongue will we prevail; our lips are our own: who is lord over us?
5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the Lord; I will set him in safety from him that puffeth at him.
6 The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
7 Thou shalt keep them, O Lord, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.
“Discipline is the soul of an army. It makes small numbers formidable; procures success to the weak, and esteem to all.”
Letter of Instructions to the Captains of the Virginia Regiments
“My second favorite household chore is ironing. My first being hitting my head on the top bunk bed until I faint.”
~ Erma Bombeck
sui generis soo-eye-JEN-ur-us; soo-ee-, adjective:
Being the only example of its kind; constituting a class of its own; unique.
Sui generis is from Latin, literally meaning “of its own kind”: sui, “of its own” + generis, genitive form of genus, “kind.”
1570 – Spanish Jesuit missionaries land in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission (Spanish pronunciation: [axaˈkan]. Its purpose was to bring Christianity to the Virginia Indians. This was 78 years after Columbus and 36 years before Jamestown. (Founded May 13, 1607)
1608 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.
1623 – Lumber and furs were the first cargo to leave New Plymouth in North America for England.
1776 – Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy.
1782 – Robert Aitken received authorization from the United States Congress to commence his American printing of the Bible in English. This is the only instance in history of the U.S. Congress authorizing the printing of a Bible.
1794 – America’s first non-denominational college was chartered. Blount College later became the University of Tennessee.
1813 – Commodore Oliver H Perry defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. Marine Lt. John Brooks was killed during the battle. Oliver H. Perry sent the message, “We have met the enemy, and they are ours.”
1846 – Elias Howe gets a patent for his first workable lockstitch sewing machine. Patent #: 4,750 (US)
1847 – First theater opens in Hawaii. It was founded under the name of the Thespian Theater. It was only open for one season and was followed by the Royal Hawaiian Theater.
1858 – George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
1858 – John Holden hits the first recorded home run (Brooklyn vs New York).
1861 – Civil War: U.S.S. Conestoga, Lieutenant S. L. Phelps, and U.S.S. Lexington, Commander Stembel, covering a troop advance, silenced the guns of a Confederate battery and damaged gunboat C.S.S. Yankee at Lucas Bend, Missouri.
1861 – Civil War: Confederates at Carnifex Ferry, Virginia, fell back after being attacked by Union troops. There were 170 casualties. The action was instrumental in helping preserve western Virginia for the Union.
1862 – Civil War: Rabbi Jacob Frankel became the first Jewish Army chaplain.
1869 – A Baptist minister invented the rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan. The jinrikisha, or rickshaw, was developed as a cheap alternative to horse power in 1870.
1879 – Pacific Coast Oil Co. was founded in San Francisco by Lloyd Tevis, George Loomis and Charles Felton. In 1906 it became Standard Oil Co. (California).
1891 – The song “Ta-Ra-Ra-Boom-Der-E” by Henry J. Sayers was registered.
1897 – In the Lattimer Massacre, a sheriff’s posse kills nineteen striking immigrant coal miners at the Lattimer mine in Hazelton, PA.
1899 – The Yakutat Bay region of Alaska was shaken by a series of major earthquakes, the most violent of which were felt at all settlements within a radius of 400 kilometers. The main earthquake that caused great topographic changes occurred on September 10.
1907 – Alaska’s Tongass National Forest, the largest US National Forest, was established as part of the National Forest System in a presidential proclamation made by Theodore Roosevelt.
1907 – Herbert Marcus Sr., his sister Carrie Marcus Nieman, and her husband A.I. Nieman opened the retail firm Neiman Marcus in Dallas, Texas. By 2013 the firm had 41 US stores and 28 “Last Call” stores.
1912 – Transcontinental highway (Lincoln Highway) proposed. Carl Fisher called for a coast-to-coast rock highway to be completed by May 1, 1915, in time for the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco.
1913 – The Lincoln Highway opened and was the first hard-surface road to lead from coast to coast (New York City to San Francisco) and was about 3300 miles long.
1918 – Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners & $1,000 each for the losers.
1919 – New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who had served in the U.S. First Division during World War I.
1922 – Largest Polo Grounds crowd (40,000 and another 25,00 turned away) saw Meusel, Ruth & Gehrig hit consecutive home runs on the last game played in that venue.
1932 – The New York City Subway’s third competing subway system, the municipally-owned “IND”, is opened.
1933 – First Negro League All-Star Game, West beats East 11-7 (Comiskey Park).
1935 – “Popeye” was heard on NBC radio for the first time.
1937 – Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their first NFL game, lose 28-0.
1939 – Canada declares war on Nazi Germany.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandated gasoline rationing in the U.S. as part of the country’s wartime efforts.
1943 – World War II: German forces began their occupation of Rome during World War II.
1945 – World War II: Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaboration with Nazi Germany. He was executed by firing squad in October 1945.
1948 – Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio broadcaster “Axis Sally,” was indicted in Washington, D.C., on treason charges. She was later convicted, and served 12 years in prison.
1949 – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone topped the charts.
1950 – Eddie Cantor moved from radio to TV, as he hosted the “Colgate Comedy Hour” on NBC.
1950 – Joe DiMaggio becomes the first to hit three home runs in a game at Griffith Stadium.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Auf Wiedersehn, Sweetheart” by Vera Lynn, “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home” by Johnnie Ray, “Wish You Were Here” by Eddie Fisher and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1953 – Swanson sells its first “TV dinner.” The first TV Dinner was a Thanksgiving meal of turkey, cornbread dressing, frozen peas and sweet potatoes packaged in a single-compartment tray used at the time for airline food service.
1955 – “Gunsmoke” premiered on TV. It starred James Arness as Marshal Matt Dillon, premiered on CBS and lasted to 1975.
1955 – Bert Parks began a 25-year career as host of the “Miss America Pageant.”
1955 – “The Yellow Rose of Texas” by Mitch Miller topped the charts.
1956 – Louisville Ky public schools integrate.
1960 – Mickey Mantle hits Major League baseball’s longest home run, sending the ball an estimated 643 feet, over the right field roof in Detroit.
1961 – Mickey Mantle becomes 7th to hit HR # 400.
1963 – Twenty black students enter public schools in the U.S. state of Alabama. President John F. Kennedy federalized Alabama’s National Guard to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsmen to stop public-school desegregation.
1966 – Muhammad Ali TKOs Karl Mildenberger in 12 for heavyweight boxing title.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “People Got to Be Free” by The Rascals, “Born to Be Wild” by Steppenwolf, “Light My Fire” by Jose Feliciano and “Mama Tried” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1969 – US performs nuclear test at Grand Valley Colorado.
1970- The last episode of “Dragnet” aired on NBC.
1972 – At the Munich Summer Olympics, the US Olympic basketball team lost to the Soviets, 51-50, in a gold-medal match marked by controversy because officials ordered the final three seconds of the game replayed, enabling the Soviets to win.
1972 – Gayle Sayers of the Chicago Bears retired from the National Football League (NFL). Sayers is a member of both the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the College Football Hall of Fame. His friendship with fellow Chicago Bear Brian Piccolo was the basis for the 1971 movie Brian’s Song. He is a successful entrepreneur in the information technology field and an active philanthropist.
1972 – Emerson Fittipaldi is youngest to win an auto race World Championship.
1973 – Muhammad Ali defeated Ken Norton in a heavyweight boxing match and avenged a loss to Norton the previous March.
1974 – Lou Brock ties (104) & then sets (105) baseball stolen base mark.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Should Be Dancing” by Bee Gees, “You’ll Never Find Another Love like Mine” by Lou Rawls, “Let ’Em In” by Wings and “(I’m A) Stand by My Woman Man” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1977 – “Best of My Love” by the Emotions topped the charts.
1977 – Susan Perkins (Ohio), crowned 50th Miss America 1978.
1979 – Four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter.
1982 – Pete Rose played in his 3,077th record breaking NL game.
1983 – “Maniac” by Michael Sembello topped the charts.
1984 – Eleven year old Sean O’Keefe is the youngest to cycle across the US (24 days).
1987 – Pope John Paul II arrived in Miami, where he was welcomed by President and Mrs. Reagan, to begin a 10-day tour of the United States.
1988 – Hurricane Gilbert, kills 300 in Jamaica, Texas & Yucatan.
1988 – At his residence in Afghanistan, Osama bin Laden launches al Qaeda.
1988 – Gretchen Elizabeth Carlson of Minnesota was crowned Miss America.
1988 – “Sweet Child o’ Mine” by Guns ‘n’ Roses topped the charts.
1989 – The Cleveland Browns allow Pittsburgh only 53 net yards, a team defensive record.
1990 – Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Eliis Island, New York City.
1991 – The Senate Judiciary Committee opened hearings on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1993 – The X-Files premieres on FOX.
1995 – A plane with a skydivers club aboard crashed in Shacklesford, VA, killing 10 parachutists, the pilot, and a man on the ground.The plane was on a recreational flight operated by a local company called Peninsula SkyDiving, based at the West Point, Virginia, airport.
1996 – The US Senate dealt a double defeat to gay-rights activists, voting to reject same-sex marriage in federal law (Defense of Marriage Act – DOMA) by a vote of 85-14. It also rejected (50-49) a separate bill that would have barred job discrimination against gays.
1997 – The $250 million Mars Global Surveyor successfully went into orbit around Mars for its 2 year mapping mission.
1998 – Mac Davis received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1998 – Keiko the killer whale, star of the 1993 “Free Willy” movie, was returned to Iceland, where he was captured in 1979 at age 2. Much of his early life was spent at a Mexico City amusement park.
1998 – President Clinton met with members of his Cabinet to apologize, ask forgiveness and promise to improve as a person in the wake of the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
1999 – The US government began freeing 14 Puerto Rican nationalists granted clemency by President Clinton.
1999 – A federal judge ordered an end to busing and other means of achieving racial balance in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, the North Carolina school system that pioneered urban busing in the United States after a landmark Supreme Court ruling thirty years earlier.
2000 – The Broadway show “Cats” closed after nearly 18 years and 7,485 performances at the New York City Winter Garden.
2000 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis docked with the International Space Station.
2000 – Controversial basketball coach Bob Knight was fired by Indiana University for what was called a pattern of unacceptable behavior.
2001 – Attorney General John Ashcroft rejected a proposed $58 million increase in FBI financing for counter-terrorism programs. Tomorrow is the date of the attack.
2001 – THE DAY BEFORE THE WORLD TRADE CENTER ATTACK!!!
A visit to the top:
2002 – Switzerland, known for its neutrality, finally joins the United Nations.
2002 – The U.S. Homeland Security Advisory System is set to Orange, or High Condition, for the first time.
2004 – California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed a bill barring necrophilia.
2005 – Cadaver dogs and boatloads of forensic workers fanned out across New Orleans to collect the corpses left behind by Hurricane Katrina; cleanup crews towed away abandoned cars and even began readying a hotel for reopening.
2006 – Peyton Manning and the Indianapolis Colts defeated Eli Manning and the New York Giants 26-21 in the first NFL game to feature two brothers starting at quarterback.
2006 – A lengthy statement from al-Qaeda’s second in command, Ayman al-Zawahiri, on the eve of the fifth anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks calls on Muslims to step up their resistance against the United States.
2007 – Jane Wyman (b.1917), filmstar and the first wife of Ronald Reagan, died in Rancho Mirage, CA. her work included roles in 86 films and 350 television shows. She won an Oscar for her role a deaf rape victim in the 1948 film “Johnny Belinda.”
2007 – In Chicago, mobsters James Marcello (65), Joseph Lombardo (78), Frank Calabrese (70) and Paul Schiro (70) were convicted of all counts including racketeering, conspiracy, bribery, illegal gambling and tax fraud.
2008 – Hurricane Ike swooped across the warm, energizing waters of the Gulf of Mexico on its way toward the Texas coast after crashing through Cuba’s tobacco country and toppling aging Havana buildings. Ike had already killed at least 80 people in the Caribbean.
2008 – U.S.-based financial services company Lehman Brothers announces a third-quarter loss of $4.9 billion and plans to sell assets.
2008 – OPEC announces it will cut oil production by 500,000 barrels a day; prices rise accordingly.
2008 – An internal government report said US Interior Department employees in Denver and Washington, who oversaw oil drilling on federal lands, had sex and used illegal drugs with workers at energy companies where they were conducting official business.
2009 – NASA made a successful first test of its Ares I rocket at promontory, Utah. It was created as part of a plan to return to the moon, but a recent panel said their isn’t enough money for the moon project.
2010 – In Washington state, convicted killer Cal Coburn Brown (52) was executed for the 1991 rape, torture and murder of Holly Washa (21) of Seattle. This was the state’s first execution since 2001 and the 78th in the state’s history.
2011 – President Barack Obama declares a state of emergency in the state of Texas, amid wildfires that have already destroyed at least 1,300 homes.
2012 – Chicago teachers began walking the picket line for the first time in 25 years at the nation’s third largest school system. Salary figures provided by the Chicago Public Schools show teachers there have the highest average salary of any city in the nation at $76,000, without benefits.
2013 – The United States clinched its seventh straight World Cup appearance, beating Mexico 2-0 Tuesday night on second-half goals by Eddie Johnson and Landon Donovan.
2013 – Triple swarm of earthquakes starts shaking Yellowstone National Park and continues through September 16th.The epicenter of the magnitude 3.6 quake, the largest in Yellowstone in about a year, was just 6 miles to the north of Old Faithful.
2015 – Another vehicle shooting occurred in Phoenix. This one was an armored car driving down I-10 near 59th Avenue. Also under investigation.
1736 – Carter Braxton, American revolutionary statesman and signer of Declaration of Independence.
1836 – Joseph Wheeler, American general (d. 1906)
1839 – Isaac Kauffman Funk, American publisher.
1839 – Charles Sanders Pierce, American philosopher (d. 1914)
1896 – Adele Astaire, American dancer and entertainer (d. 1981). She was Fred Astaire’s older sister.
1918 – Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (d. 1932)
1928 – Walter Martin, American Christian apologist (d. 1989)
1929 – Arnold Palmer, American, professional golfer.
1934 – Charles Kuralt, American journalist and broadcaster.
1934 – Roger Maris, American professional baseball player.
1941 – Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist, biologist, and science writer.
1949 – Bill O’Reilly, American journalist and commentator
CRAIG, GORDON M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Reconnaissance Company, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: Near Kasan, Korea September 10th, 1950. Entered service at. Brockton, Mass. Born: 1 August 1929, Brockton, Mass. G.O. No.: 23, 25 April 1951. Citation: Cpl. Craig, 16th Reconnaissance Company, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. During the attack on a strategic enemy-held hill his company’s advance was subjected to intense hostile grenade mortar, and small-arms fire. Cpl. Craig and four comrades moved forward to eliminate an enemy machine gun nest that was hampering the company’s advance. At that instance an enemy machine gunner hurled a hand grenade at the advancing men. Without hesitating or attempting to seek cover for himself, Cpl. Craig threw himself on the grenade and smothered its burst with his body. His intrepid and selfless act, in which he unhesitatingly gave his life for his comrades, inspired them to attack with such ferocity that they annihilated the enemy machine gun crew, enabling the company to continue its attack. Cpl. Craig’s noble self-sacrifice reflects the highest credit upon himself and upholds the esteemed traditions of the military service.
Teddy Bear Day
U.S. Postal Service
The inscription on the New York U.S Postal Office Building at Eighth Avenue, “Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds,” is not the motto of the U.S. Postal Service. In fact, the U.S. Postal Service has no official motto. The sentence appears in the works of Herodotus, a fifth century BC Greek historian and writer, and describes the expedition of the Greeks against the Persians under Cyrus, which took place about 500 BC. The inscription was supplied by the architectural firm that designed the New York General Post Office.
United Colonies Period After the Boston riots in September 1774, the colonies began to separate from the mother country. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an independent government. One of the first questions before the delegates was how to convey and deliver the posts. Benjamin Franklin, newly returned from England, was appointed chairman of a Committee of Investigation to establish a postal system. The report of the Committee, providing for the appointment of a postmaster general for the 13 American colonies, was considered by the Continental Congress on July 25 and 26. On July 26, 1775, Franklin was appointed Postmaster General, the first appointed under the Continental Congress; the establishment of the organization that became the United States Postal Service nearly two centuries later traces back to this date. Richard Bache, Franklin’s son-in-law, was named Comptroller, and William Goddard was appointed Surveyor. Franklin served until November 7, 1776. America’s present Postal Service descends in an unbroken line from the system he planned and placed in operation, and history rightfully accords him major credit for establishing the basis of the postal service that has performed magnificently for the American people. Article IX of the Articles of Confederation, ratified in 1781, gave Congress “The sole and exclusive right and power . . . establishing and regulating post offices from one State to another . . . and exacting such postage on papers passing through the same as may be requisite to defray the expenses of the said office . . . . ” The first three Postmasters General–Benjamin Franklin, Richard Bache, and Ebenezer Hazard–were appointed by, and reported to, Congress. Postal laws and regulations were revised and codified in the Ordinance of October 18, 1782. After the Constitution Following the adoption of the Constitution in May 1789, the Act of September 22, 1789 (1 Stat. 70), temporarily established a post office and created the Office of the Postmaster General. On September 26, 1789, George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood of Massachusetts as the first Postmaster General under the Constitution. At that time there were 75 post offices and about 2,000 miles of post roads, although as late as 1780 the postal staff consisted only of a Postmaster General, a Secretary/Comptroller, three surveyors, one Inspector of Dead Letters, and 26 post riders. The Postal Service was temporarily continued by the Act of August 4, 1790 (1 Stat. 178), and the Act of March 3, 1791 (1 Stat. 218). The Act of February 20, 1792, made detailed provisions for the Post Office. Subsequent legislation enlarged the duties of the Post Office, strengthened and unified its organization, and provided rules and regulations for its development. Philadelphia was the seat of government and postal headquarters until 1800. When the Post Office moved to Washington, D.C., in that year, officials were able to carry all postal records, furniture, and supplies in two horse-drawn wagons. In 1829, upon the invitation of President Andrew Jackson, William T. Barry of Kentucky became the first Postmaster General to sit as a member of the President’s Cabinet. His predecessor, John McLean of Ohio, began referring to the Post Office, or General Post Office as it was sometimes called, as the Post Office Department, but it was not specifically established as an executive department by Congress until June 8, 1872 (17 Stat. 284-4).
Obadiah 1: 15-18
15 For the day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.
16 For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.
17 But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.
18 And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the Lord hath spoken it.
“[A] good moral character is the first essential in a man, and that the habits contracted at your age are generally indelible, and your conduct here may stamp your character through life. It is therefore highly important that you should endeavor not only to be learned but virtuous.”
Letter to Steptoe Washington
“Recognize that life is what you get when you’re born … living is what you do with it.”
~ Jim Allen
tarantism (TAR-uhn-tiz-uhm) noun An uncontrollable urge to dance. [It was created from Taranto, a town in southern Italy where this phenomenon was experienced during the 15-17th centuries. It’s not clear whether tarantism was the symptom of a spider’s bite or its cure, or it may have been just a pretext to dodge a prohibition against dancing. The names of the dance tarantella and the spider tarantula are both derived from the same place.]
490 BC – First Persian attack on Greece. Greeks led by Miltiades defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon. Pheidipiddes, a hemerodromi or long-distance foot messenger, was dispatched to run 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to announce the victory. He reached Athens and proclaimed: “Rejoice! We conquer!” Then he dropped dead.
1675 – New England colonial authorities officially declared war on the Wampanoag Indians. War soon spread to include the Abenaki, Norwottock, Pocumtuck and Agawam warriors.
1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain’s mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina. An Angolan slave named Jemmy, killed 20-25 whites.
1753 – The first steam engine arrived in US colonies.
1776 – The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States (the United States didn’t become a country until the ratification of the Constitution). Prior to this they were called the “United Colonies.”
1786 – George Washington called for the abolition of slavery.
1791 – Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
1830 – Charles Durant flew a balloon from New York City across the Hudson River to Perth Amboy, N.J.
1836 – Abraham Lincoln received his license to practice law.
1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph. |
1841 – First iron ship authorized by Congress.
1841 – The Great Lakes steamer “Erie” sank off Silver Creek, NY., and 300 people died.
1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first state.
1850 – The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of CO, KS, NM, OK, and WY) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas’s pre-annexation debt.
1850 – Territories of New Mexico and Utah were created.
1861 – Civil War: Sally Louisa Tompkins (b.1833) was commissioned as a Confederate captain of cavalry. Born into a wealthy and altruistic family in coastal Mathews County, Virginia, Tompkins was destined for a life of philanthropy.
1862 – Civil War: General Lee split his army and sent Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry.
1863 – Civil War: The Union Army of the Cumberland passed through Chattanooga, Ten., as they chased after the retreating Confederates following the Battle of Cumberland Gap.
1893 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland’s wife, Frances Cleveland, gave birth to a daughter, Esther. It was the first time a President’s child was born in the White House.
1895 – The American Bowling Congress formed (New York City).
1898 – In Omaha, NE, Tommy Fleming of Eau Claire, WI won the first logrolling championship.
1904 – Mounted police were used for the first time in the City of New York.
1905 – In Daly City, Ca., Battling Nelson, the “Durable Dane,” kayoed Jimmy Britt in the 18th round at the Sickles St. Arena of James W. Coffroth. A film of the event recorded by the Miles Brothers made over $100,000.
1908 – Orville Wright makes first one-hour airplane flight, Fort Myer, VA.
1909 – San Francisco held a parade in honor of its work horses. Some 2000 horses and 986 drivers paraded down Market Street before thousands of spectators.
1912 – Jules Vedrines wins the Gordon Bennett cup by flying a world record speed of 173kph (108mph) in his Monocoque Deperdussin monoplane at Chicago.
1919 – Alexander Graham Bell and Casey Baldwin’s HD-4, a hydrofoil craft, set a world marine speed record.
1919 – The infamous Boston Police Strike of 1919 begins, causing an uproar around the nation. Most of Boston’s 1,500-member police force went on strike. The city’s police commissioner fired the strikers and Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933), who was running for governor, came out in support of the firings.
1924 – Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii. At the end of a long-lasting strike of Filipino sugarworkers , local police shot dead nine strikers and fatally wounded seven, strikers shot and stabbed three sheriffs to death and fatally wounded one; a total of 20 people died.
1926 – National Broadcasting Co was created by the Radio Corporation of America. It originated as Marconi Wireless.
1932 – The steamboat SS Observation exploded in New York City’s East River and 71people were killed.
1939 – World War II: Europe: Nazi army reached Warsaw.
1940 – World War II: Europe: Twenty-eight German aircraft were shot down above England.
1942 – World War II: A Japanese float plane, launched from a submarine, made its first bombing run on a U.S. forest near Brookings, Oregon. Japanese planes drop incendiary bombs on Oregon in an attempt to set fire to the forests of the Northwest. It was piloted by Chief Flying Officer Nobuo Fujita.
1942 – World War II:USS Muskeget (Coast Guard-manned) was sunk without trace while on weather patrol. Her entire crew of nine officers and 111 enlisted men were lost. It was learned after the war that she had been torpedoed by the U-755.
1943 – World War II: Allied forces in operation Avalanche landed at Salerno and Taranto during World War II. They encountered strong resistance from German troops. (See Word of the Day)
1944 – World War II: Bulgaria is occupied by Soviet Union.
1945 – World War II: Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China and Indochina surrendered to Allies.
1945 – The first “bug” in a computer program was discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay and taped into the log.
1945 – World War II: American servicemen begin to returning to the United States (Operation Magic Carpet).
1946 – “Heart’s Desire” appeared for the first time on the Mutual Broadcasting System.
1950 – “Where’s Charley?” closed at St James Theater in New York City after 792 performances.
1950 – Captain Leslie E. Brown became the first Marine Corps aviator to a fly a jet in combat.
1950 – First use of TV laugh track on the Hank McCune Show.
1950 – Sal Maglie of the New York Giants pitched a fourth consecutive shutout. Only four other pitchers in the National League had ever accomplished this feat.
1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett, “Come On-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney, “I Get Ideas” by Tony Martin and “Always Late (With Your Kisses)” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1951 – Fourth Fighter-Interceptor Wing Captains Richard S. Becker and Ralph D. Gibson became the second and third aces of the Korean War, with five kills each.
1956 – Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” By his third and final appearance on the Sullivan show, due to a number of viewers, who were outraged at his suggestive gyrations, Elvis was filmed from only the waist-up.
1957 – President Eisenhower (R) signed a civil rights bill into law. It was the first since Reconstruction.
1957 – “Diana” by Paul Anka topped the charts.
1958 – Stereo records and phonographs were introduced.
1960 – Hurricane Donna hit the Florida Keys and moved up the coast to New England. It caused 50 US deaths and $387 million in damage.
1961 – “Michael” by The Highwaymen topped the charts.
1963 – Alabama Governor George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools.
1965 – The US Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2011 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
1965 -Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers, baseball’s Great Jewish Hope, pitched a perfect game. It was the first perfect game thrown by a left-hander since 1880. It was the eighth perfect game in major league baseball history. It was his personal fourth perfect game.
1965 – US Navy pilot James Stockdale (d.2005) was shot down in Vietnam. He was beaten, tortured and taken to Hoa Lo prison (Hanoi Hilton) and released in 1973. In 1992 he ran as VP candidate with Ross Perot.
1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ode to Billie Joe” by Bobbie Gentry, “Reflections” by Diana Ross & The Supremes, “Come Back When You Grow Up” by Bobby Vee and “Your Tender Loving Care” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1967 – “Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In” aired as a one-time special on NBC; its success led to a regular series beginning in January 1968. The show folded in 1973.
1968 – Arthur Ashe (1943-1993) became the first black to win the US Open men’s tennis singles championship.
1969 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collided in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashed near Fairland, Indiana.
1970 -Vietnam War: U.S. Marines launched Operation Dubois Square, a 10-day search for North Vietnamese troops near DaNang. Marine pilots in their Douglas A-4 Skyhawks provided vital close air support for ground forces.
1971 – The ‘Attica Prison riots’ were general prison uprisings that began at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York on this day. The prisoners had demanded better living conditions, showers, education, and vocational training, as well as less censorship of their mail and visitors. At the time, inmates were given one bucket of water a week as a “shower” and one roll of toilet paper a month.
1971 – John Lennon released his mega hit “Imagine” in the US.
1971 – Hockey legend Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings retired from the National Hockey League (NHL).
1971 – A list of Pres. Richard Nixon’s major political opponents, compiled by Charles Colson, written by George T. Bell (assistant to Colson, special counsel to the White House), was sent in memorandum form to John Dean. It did not become public until 1973.
1972 – “Fat Albert & Cosby Kids”, TV Cartoon Show, starring Bill Cosby; debut on CBS.
1972 – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan topped the charts.
1974 – in Boston, Massachusetts, a group called Restore Our Alienated Rights (R.O.A.R.) held a rally at City Hall Plaza a few days before the start of school. When Senator Ted Kennedy took the stage to speak in favor of busing, the crowd reacted in anger. Protests and violence continued for three years.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rhinestone Cowboy” by Glen Campbell, “At Seventeen” by Janis Ian, “How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You)” by James Taylor and “Feelins’” by Conway Twitty & Loretta Lynne all topped the charts.
1975 – The TV sitcom “Welcome Back, Kotter” featured Ron Palillo (1949-2012) as student Arnold Horshack and Gabe Kaplan as teacher Gabe Kotter.
1977 – First TRS-80 computer sold.
1978 – “Boogie Oogie Oogie” by A Taste of Honey topped the charts.
1978 – Baltimore Orioles pull their 7th triple play (5-4-3 vs Toronto).
1979 – Tracy Austin, at 16, became the youngest player to win the U.S. Open women’s tennis title.
1982 – Conestoga 1, first private commercial rocket, makes suborbital flight.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)” by Eurythmics, “Maniac” by Michael Sembello, “Puttin’ on the Ritz” by Taco and “A Fire I Can’t Put Out” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1983 – Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (the Coco2).
1984 – Walter Payton of the Chicago Bears broke Jim Brown’s combined yardage record when he reached 15,517 yards.
1985 – President Ronald W. Reagan issued Executive Order No. 12532 establishing sanctions against South Africa.
1986 – Ted Turner presented the first of his colorized films on superstation WTBS.
1987 – Appearing before President Reagan’s special commission on AIDS, Surgeon General C. Everett Koop denounced doctors and other health workers who refused to treat AIDS patients, calling them a “fearful and irrational minority.”
1987 – A parked tank car containing butadiene ignited in the New Orleans area. Five companies were charged with CSX Transportation owing $2.5 billion.
1987 – Larry Bird (Celtics), begins NBA free throw streak of 59.
1987 – Mickey Spillane’s Mike Hammer aired for the last time on CBS.
1987 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 4,500th batter.
1988 – The “Stars and Stripes,” a catamaran piloted by Dennis Conner, completed a 2-0 washout of a New Zealand monohull for the America’s Cup off San Diego. Conner’s victory was eventually upheld in court.
1989 – “Hangin’ Tough” by the New Kids on the Block topped the charts.
1990 – Pete Sampras defeated Andre Agassi to win the US Open men’s title.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” by Bryan Adams, “The Promise of a New Day” by Paula Abdul, “Motownphilly” by Boys II Men and “Brand New Man” by Brooks & Dunn all topped the charts.
1991 – Only 1,695 fans watch Boston Red Sox play Cleveland.
1991 – Boxer Mike Tyson was indicted in Indianapolis on a charge of raping Desiree Washington, a beauty pageant contestant. Tyson was later convicted.
1994 – The Space Shuttle Discovery blasted off on an 11-day mission.
1994 – The United States agreed to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in return for Cuba’s promise to halt the flight of refugees.
1994 – Prosecutors in Los Angeles said they would not seek the death penalty for O.J. Simpson.
1995 – Sony’s PlayStation game console was released in the US.
1995 – Amtrak’s “Broadway Limited” service between New York and Chicago, begun in 1902, made its final run.
1996 – Promising safer skies, President Clinton issued orders to tighten airport security and challenged Congress to support a $1.1 billion anti-terrorism crackdown.
1996 – Keeping her word not to cooperate with Whitewater prosecutors, Susan McDougal was led away to jail for contempt of court, denying she was trying to protect President Clinton with her silence.
1998 – Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr delivered to the U.S. Congress 36 boxes of material concerning his investigation of U.S. President Clinton.
1998 – Four tourists who had paid $32,500 each were taken in submarine to view the wreckage of the Titanic. The ship is 2 miles below the Atlantic off Newfoundland.
1999 – The Sega Dreamcast game system went on sale. By 1:00pm all Toys R Us locations in the U.S. had sold out.
1999 – The White House announced a $15 million federal gun-buyback program.
1999 – Janet Reno named former Republican Sen. John Danforth as special counsel to investigate the 1993 Waco, Texas, deaths of the Branch Davidian cult.
1999 – In New York City it was reported that three people had died from mosquito-borne St. Louis encephalitis in the last few weeks. The virus was later identified as the West Nile Virus, never before reported in the Western Hemisphere. Three years later the virus reached California.
2000 – California celebrated its 150th birthday.
2000 – Venus Williams beat Lindsay Davenport 6-4, 7-5 for the U.S. Open women’s singles championship, her first Grand Slam title.
2001 – Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit three home runs against the Colorado Rockies to give him 63 for the season, passing Roger Maris’ once-magical mark and moving him closer to Mark McGwire’s record.
2001 – The US pulled out of the World Conference Against Racism objecting to hateful language in a preliminary declaration.
2002 – Iraqi War:Allied aircraft struck Iraq for the third time in a week, bombing a military facility southeast of Baghdad.
2002 – The US State Department cleared the way for giving $41.6 million in arms and equipment to Colombia, certifying that the country’s military has met human rights requirements in three areas.
2003 – The Department of the Treasury revamps its $20 bill as part of its never-ending quest to foil counterfeiters, including the addition of a peach-hued background to the denomination.
2003 – Governor Frank O’Bannon of Indiana lapses into a coma following an operation after the governor suffered a stroke in a Chicago hotel room. Lieutenant Governor Joe Kernan becomes acting governor. O’Bannon died September 13th.
2003 – The Catholic archdiocese of Boston agreed to pay $85 million to settle claims by more than 550 people who said they were sexually abused by priests.
2003 – The Wall Street Journal disclosed that Dick Grasso, Chairman of the NYSE, had a retirement package close to $140 million along with entitlements to an additional $48 million. His 2001 pay exceeded $30 million with a base pay of $1.4 million.
2004 – It was reported that a munitions plant in Oklahoma had suspended production of “bunker buster” bombs after workers there developed anemia.
2004 – People were told to evacuate the Florida Keys because Hurricane Ivan could hit the island chain by Sunday. It had top sustained winds of 160 mph, making it a Category 5 storm.
2005 – A military spokesman reported the US military is tube-feeding more than a dozen terror suspects on hunger strike at the Guantanamo Bay prison in Cuba.
2005 – A Nevada couple pleaded guilty in San Jose, Calif., to all charges related to planting a human fingertip in a bowl of Wendy’s chili in an effort to extort money from the restaurant chain.
2005 – Hewlett-Packard introduced a line of TV sets equipped with hard drives and the ability to connect to wireless networks.
2005 – Department of Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff appoints Vice Admiral Thad W. Allen, chief of staff of the United States Coast Guard, to direct Hurricane Katrina relief efforts in New Orleans.
2006 – Space Shuttle Atlantis and its six astronauts blasted off on a mission to resume construction of the International Space Station for the first time since the Columbia disaster 3 1/2 years ago.
2007 – Kevin Everett of the National Football League’s Buffalo Bills suffers a life-threatening spinal cord injury in a game against the Denver Broncos. The surgeon who operated on him says Everett is unlikely to walk again, assuming he survives. Everett recovered from his injury, and he credits his faith, rehab and something rarely done for spinal cord injury: cooling. Everett walked in public for the first time at Ralph Wilson Stadium before the home finale against the New York Giants on December 23, 2007.
2007 – The remains of Sam (7) and Lindsey (8) Porter were found near the Missouri River in Sugar Creek, Mo. They had been missing since June 5, 2004. Their father was charged in their deaths.
2008 – In Berkeley, Ca., the last four protesters in a lone redwood voluntarily climbed down. The struggle to protect forty-two trees from being felled for a sports training center had begun on December 1, 2006.
2008 – Al Franken wins a primary election for the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party to challenge incumbent Senator Norm Coleman in the Minnesota Senate election.
2008 – San Antonio, Texas, unveiled a deal that will make it the first US city to harvest methane gas from human waste on a commercial scale and turn it into clean-burning fuel.
2009 – Derek Jeter has tied the Yankees record for hits held by Lou Gehrig. Jeter singled in the seventh inning for his third hit Wednesday night against Tampa Bay, matching Gehrig with 2,721 hits in a Yankees uniform.
2009 – US Representative Joe Wilson (R-SC) interrupts President Barack Obama’s health care speech to the Congress with an audible shout of “You lie!”
2009 – President Barack Obama, in a major speech before Congress, promised to overhaul the nation’s health care system. Not a single Republican has endorsed any of the plans.
2009 – California Assemblyman Mike Duvall, R-Yorba Linda, resigned after a videotape surfaced of his bragging about sexual exploits with two women.
2010 – United States Marines board and seize control of a German-owned vessel, Magellan Star, previously captured by pirates off the coast of Somalia.
2010 – MASS SHOOTING: A woman kills two people and injures another at a shooting incident at a Kraft baking plant in Philadelphia, PA.
2010 – Donald Trump offers to buy out one of the major investors in the Park51 site in New York City where a Muslim group wanted to build a 13-story Islamic centre and mosque.
2010 – US District Court Judge Virginia A. Phillips rules that the United States military’s don’t ask, don’t tell policy violates the First Amendment rights of gay men and lesbians.
2010 – President Barack Obama exhorted Rev. Terry Jones, a Florida minister, to “listen to those better angels” and call off his plan to engage in a Quran-burning protest this weekend. The Rev. Terry Jones from the Dove Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida.
2011 – “Senate approves $500 billion Increase in borrowing authority.” The U.S. Senate, in an unusual procedure, cleared the way for the U.S. to lift its borrowing authority to $15.19 trillion, enough to support federal government borrowing through late January or early February 2012.
2012 – American tennis player Serena Williams wins her fourth Women’s Singles at the US Open.
1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (d. 1780) 1754 – William Bligh, British naval officer (d. 1817)
1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (d. 1910)
1887 – Alf Landon, American politician (d. 1987)
1890 – Colonel Harland Sanders, American fast food entrepreneur (d. 1980)
1919 – Jimmy “the Greek” Snyder, American bookmaker and sports commentator (d. 1996)
1925 – Cliff Robertson, American actor
1941 – Otis Redding, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
1949 – Joe Theismann, American football player and commentator, PrePaid Legal 1952 – Angela Cartwright, American actress
1960 – Hugh Grant, British actor
1965 – Dan Majerle, American basketball player (Phoenix Suns)
1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor and comedian
LOGAN, JAMES M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Salerno, Italy, September 9th, 1943. Entered service at: Luling, Tex. Birth: McNeil, Tex. G.O. No.: 54, 5 July 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action involving actual conflict on 9 September 1943 in the vicinity of Salerno, Italy. As a rifleman of an infantry company, Sgt. Logan landed with the first wave of the assault echelon on the beaches of the Gulf of Salerno, and after his company had advanced 800 yards inland and taken positions along the forward bank of an irrigation canal, the enemy began a serious counterattack from positions along a rock wall which ran parallel with the canal about 200 yards further inland. Voluntarily exposing himself to the fire of a machinegun located along the rock wall, which sprayed the ground so close to him that he was splattered with dirt and rock splinters from the impact of the bullets, Sgt. Logan killed the first three Germans as they came through a gap in the wall. He then attacked the machinegun. As he dashed across the 200 yards of exposed terrain a withering stream of fire followed his advance. Reaching the wall, he crawled along the base, within easy reach of the enemy crouched along the opposite side, until he reached the gun. Jumping up, he shot the two gunners down, hurdled the wall, and seized the gun. Swinging it around, he immediately opened fire on the enemy with the remaining ammunition, raking their flight and inflicting further casualties on them as they fled. After smashing the machinegun over the rocks, Sgt. Logan captured an enemy officer and private who were attempting to sneak away. Later in the morning, Sgt. Logan went after a sniper hidden in a house about 150 yards from the company. Again the intrepid Sgt. ran a gauntlet of fire to reach his objective. Shooting the lock off the door, Sgt. Logan kicked it in and shot the sniper who had just reached the bottom of the stairs. The conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity which characterized Sgt. Logan’s exploits proved a constant inspiration to all the men of his company, and aided materially in insuring the success of the beachhead at Salerno.
SMITH, EUGENE P. INTERIM 1915-16
Rank and organization: Chief Watertender, U.S. Navy. Born: 8 August 1871, Truney, Ill. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 189, 8 February 1916. Citation: Attached to U.S.S. Decatur; for several times entering compartments on board of Decatur immediately following an explosion on board that vessel, September 9th, 1915, and locating and rescuing injured shipmates.
BELL, J. FRANKLIN PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION
Rank and organization: Colonel, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, September 9th, 1899. Entered service at: Shelbyville, Ky. Born: 9 January 1856, Shelbyville, Ky. Date of issue: 11 December 1899. Citation: While in advance of his regiment charged seven insurgents with his pistol and compelled the surrender of the captain and two privates under a close fire from the remaining insurgents concealed in a bamboo thicket.
GROVE, WILLIAM R. PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, September 9th, 1899. Entered service at: Denver, Colo. Birth: Montezuma, lowa. Date of issue: 16 July 1902. Citation: In advance of his regiment, rushed to the assistance of his colonel, charging, pistol in hand, seven insurgents, and compelling surrender of all not killed or wounded.
HAY, FRED S.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th, 1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
KELLY, JOHN J. H. INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th, 1874. Entered service at. ——. Birth: Schuyler County, Ill. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th, 1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
KITCHEN, GEORGE K. INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th, 1874. Entered service at:——. Birth: Lebanon County, Pa. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
KNOX, JOHN W.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th, 1874. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Burlington, lowa. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
KOELPIN, WILLIAM INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Upper Wichita, Tex., September 9th, 1874. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Prussia. Date of issue: 23 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
SMITH, ROBERT INDIAN WARS
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 3d U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Slim Buttes, Mont., September 9th, 1876. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 16 October 1877. Citation: Special bravery in endeavoring to dislodge Indians secreted in a ravine .
INTERIM 1866 – 1870
|Biography not available|
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Biography not available. G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866. Citation: Seaman in charge of the picket boat attached to the Navy Yard, New York, September 9th, 1865. Acting with promptness, coolness and good judgment, Taylor rescued from drowning Commander S. D. Trenchard, of the U.S. Navy, who fell overboard in attempting to get on a ferryboat, which had collided with an English steamer, and needed immediate assistance.
Avon was strictly an American phenomenon, and a unique and pioneering one at that. This miracle could never have been duplicated anywhere else on this planet because of our freedoms. The first Avon Lady was actually a man, young door-to-door salesman David McConnell from upstate New York. He launched Avon Calling in 1886, offering women cosmetics in the comfort and privacy of their own homes. But perfumes and hand-cream were not McConnell’s initial merchandise. At the age of sixteen, McConnell had begun selling books door-to-door. When his fare was not well received, he resorted to the then-popular advertising Gimmick of offering a no-cost introductory gift in exchange for being allowed to make a sales pitch.
In his travels, McConnell made two important discoveries. First, he quickly noticed that his female customers were far more interested in the free perfume samples he offered than they were in his books. He made these fragrances himself to serve as “door openers” when he traveled from home to home. Second, McConnell saw women struggling to make ends meet and recognized in many of them natural salespeople who would easily relate to other women and passionately market the products his new company would first sell — perfumes.
McConnell offered women a rarity in 19th century America, a chance at monetary independence. In 1886, it was practically unheard of for a woman to run her own business. Only about 5 million women in the United States were working outside the home, let alone climbing the ranks of any corporate ladder.
McConnell’s first recruit for Avon, then known as the California Perfume Company, was Mrs. P.F.E. Albee of New Hampshire. Not only did he provide Mrs. Albee and other early Representatives with an earnings opportunity when employment options for women were extremely limited, he fostered a supportive environment with a familial feel. (The company newsletter was even called the “Family Album.”) In one of his regular letters to Representatives, he wrote: “All success lies in one’s self and not in external conditions. … Misfortunes are only a discipline, and there are possibilities which often are awakened by them which suggest to us the power and strength we possess, that perhaps otherwise would never have been recognized.” No wonder the Representative ranks rose to 5,000 in just 13 short years.
McConnell believed strongly in the potential of people, and that in that potential lay the power of possibility and, eventually, success:
“If we stop and look over the past and then into the future, we can see that the possibilities are growing greater and greater every day; that we have scarcely begun to reach the proper results from the field we have before us.”
– David H. McConnell, Avon’s Founder
Proverbs 30: 5-9
5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
6 Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.
7 Two things have I required of thee; deny me them not before I die:
8 Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me:
9 Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.
“That it would please Him [God] still to have these United States under His Holy protection and guidance – that He would inspire those who have the management of all our public affairs with all that wisdom, prudence and integrity that is necessary to the faithful discharge of their important trusts, that all their determinations may tend to promote the real happiness and prosperity of this great and rising Republic, and that all people may be disposed to afflict in carrying such determinations into effect.
“There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work, learning from failure.”
~ Colin Powell
miscible (MIS-uh-buhl) adjective
[From Latin miscere (to mix), ultimately from the Indo-European root meik-Capable of being mixed together.
(to mix) that’s also the source of mix, miscellaneous, meddle, medley,
promiscuous, melee, and mustang.]
632 – In Medina, located in present-day Saudi Arabia, Muhammad, one of the most influential religious and political leaders in history, dies in the arms of Aishah, his third and favorite wife.
1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Florence.
1522 – Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returned to Spain. He completed the 1st circumnavigation of globe, expedition begun under Ferdinand Magellan.
1565 -A Spanish expedition under Pedro Menendez de Aviles established the first permanent European colony in the present day St. Augustine, Fla.
1628 – John Endecott arrived with colonists at Salem, Massachusetts, where he would become the governor.
1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University. It was originally named Cambridge College. It changed its name two years later in honor of the Reverend John Harvard, who gave the institution three hundred books and a large sum of money for the day.
1664 – The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was surrendered to the British who renamed it New York in 1669.
1755 – French and Indian War: British forces under William Johnson and 250 Indians defeated the French and their allied Indians at the Battle of Lake George, NY.
1771 – Mission San Gabriel Archangel formed in California.
1781 – Gen. Nathanael Greene engaged British forces at Eutaw Springs, South Carolina and was forced to retreat.
1810 – The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor’s newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrives at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor’s men establish the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.
1830 – Sloop-of-war Vincennes becomes first U.S. warship to circle the globe.
1845 – Seventh President Andrew Jackson dies.
1847 – The US under Gen. Scott defeated the Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey.
1858 – Lincoln made a speech about when you can fool people. “You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time.”
1860 – Steamship Lady Elgin sinks on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 400 lives.
1861 – Tennessee voted to secede from the Union and joined the Confederacy.
1862 – Civil War: Landing party from U.S.S. Iroquois, Commander James S. Palmer, seized arsenal and took possession of Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1863 – Civil War: Second Battle of Sabine Pass – On the Texas-Louisiana border at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas.
1863 – Civil War: Federal troops reconquered the Cumberland Gap, Tennessee and fought the Battle of Telford’s Depot, Tennessee.
1863 – Civil War: Residents of Vicksburg, Miss., fled into caves as Grant’s army began shelling the town.
1866 – The first recorded birth of sextuplets took place in Chicago, IL. The parents were James and Jennie Bushnell.
1874 – Chief Cochise, one of the great leaders of the Apache Indians in their battles with the Anglo-Americans, dies on the Chiricahua reservation in southeastern Arizona.
1875 – An explosion destroyed the Newark, NJ, factory of the Celluloid Manufacturing Co. The Hyatt brothers rebuilt the factory and it turned profitable in 1877.
1880 – Captain W. B. Remey was the first Marine appointed Judge Advocate of the Navy.
1883 – Northern Pacific RR’s last spike driven at Gold Creek in central Montana. Guests included Frederick Billings, Ulysses S. Grant, and the family of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison.
1892 – “The Pledge of Allegiance” to the United States of America was written by a former Baptist preacher, Francis Bellamy. It only took Mr. Bellamy three hours to write the original 23 words in honor of the 400th anniversary of Columbus discovering America.
1900 – Galveston Hurricane of 1900: a powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing more than 6,000 men, women and children. Twenty-three-foot waves fronting winds up to 135 mph hit shore. The storm battered Galveston for 18 hours. Among the dead were ten Catholic nuns and ninety children from the St. Mary’s Orphans Asylum. A total of approximately 3,600 buildings were destroyed.
1904 – U.S. Marines landed in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens.
1906 – Robert Turner invented the automatic typewriter return carriage.
1917 – Eugene Bullard, aviator, was born in Columbus, Georgia. He emigrated to France and became the first Black combat aviator when he flew a reconnaissance mission over the city of Metz, France.
1920 – New York-to-San Francisco air mail service was inaugurated. US postal planes began flying across the country, but these flights took place only in daylight because pilots relied on visual landmarks to navigate.
1921 – Sixteen-year-old Margaret Gorman won the Atlantic City Pageant’s Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dubbed her the first Miss America.
1923 – Seven of the fifteen ships of Destroyer Squadron 11 were wrecked on a rocky point on the California Santa Barbara County coast. Twenty-three sailors were killed.
1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape. Richard Drew created it.
1930 – Cartoonist Murat “Chic” Young (d.1973) introduced the cartoon strip “Blondie.”
1930 – New York City public schools began teaching Hebrew.
1934 – Luxury liner “Morro Castle” burns off NJ, killing 134. The crew of the cruise ship let a small blaze get out of control and commandeered most of the spots in the lifeboats. Only 15 passengers survived.
1935 – US Senator from Louisiana, Huey Long, nicknamed “Kingfish”, is fatally shot in the Louisiana capitol building. It was suspected that Dr. Weiss was acting in revenge against Long’s public slandering of his father.
1935 – Carl Austin Weiss, murderer of Sen Huey Long, was shot down.
1935 – The Hoboken Four appeared on “Major Bowes Amateur Hour.” The Hoboken Four was a musical group that included Frank Sinatra.
1939 – FDR declares “limited national emergency” due to war in Europe.
1939 – World War II: Europe: Gen. Von Reichenau’s panzer division reached the suburbs of Warsaw.
1941 – Harry James and his orchestra recorded “Miserlou” for Columbia records.
1941 – World War II: The 900-day Siege of Leningrad by German forces began. The Siege of Leningrad, 400 miles northwest of Moscow, took place with Germany spread along a 2,000 mile front. It led to the death of at least one million Russians from starvation and disease.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: The entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, was exterminated.
1943 – Senior military officials bring the Zoot Suit Riot under control by declaring Los Angeles off-limits to all sailors, soldiers, and Marines. The Los Angeles City Council passes a resolution banning the wearing of zoot suits in public, punishable by a 50-day jail term.
1943 – World War II: Italy surrendered to the Allies.
1943 – New York Giants player Ace Adams pitched his 62nd game, and set a major-league baseball record for number of games worked by a pitcher in a single season.
1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
1944 – World War II: A second wave of Allied troops has landed.Elements of the US 7th Corps, from Utah beach, advance toward Cherbourg.
1944 – Ed Wynn resumed his radio career after seven years off the air. Wynn starred in “Happy Island” on the NBC Blue network.
1945 – United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.
1945 – A bus equipped with a two-way radio was put into service for the first time.
1945 – Bess Myerson of New York was crowned Miss America. She was the first Jewish contestant to win the title.
1946 – In San Francisco four boys playing near the Paramount Theater found a package containing body parts of Ramon Lopez (52), a flower dealer from San Leandro.
1949 – Richard Strauss, German composer (Also Sprach Zarathustra), died at 85.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mona Lisa” by Nat King Cole, “Play a Simple Melody” by Bing Crosby, “Goodnight Irene” by The Weavers and “Goodnight Irene” by Red Foley – Ernest Tubb all topped the charts.
1950 – Sandy Sadler grabbed the world featherweight boxing title from Willie Pep by a knockout. Peps shoulder was dislocated while he was in a clinch with Sadler.
1951 – In San Francisco, California, 48 nations sign a peace treaty with Japan in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
1951 – Holocaust: Jurgen Stroop, Nazi exterminator of Warsaw Ghetto, was hanged on site of the ghetto.
1951 – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett topped the charts.
1952 – The Ernest Hemingway novel “The Old Man and the Sea” was published.
1954 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established.
1954 – With a 3-2 count, Philadelphia Phillies Richie Ashburn fouls the next 14 pitches, then walks.
1955 – The Brooklyn Dodgers won the National League pennant this day — the earliest a team had done so.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1956 – “Calypso,” by Harry Belafonte goes to #1, stays there for 31 weeks.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)” by Domenico Modugno, “Little Star” by The Elegants, “Patricia” by Perez Prado and “Bird Dog” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1958 – Navy and Post Office deliver first official missile mail when USS Barbero (SS-317) fired Regulus II missile with 3000 letters 100 miles east of Jacksonville, FL to Mayport, FL.
1960 – In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility on July 1).
1961 – Smoking first linked to heart disease.
1961 – Frank Rosenthal (1929-2008), friend of Chicago mobsters, appeared before a Senate hearing on gambling and organized crime. He invoked the Fifth Amendment 38 times.
1962 – “Sheila” by Tommy Roe topped the charts.
1965 – An AFL-CIO affiliated Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC), a union of mostly Filipino workers, voted to go on strike in Delano, Ca. They were joined after eleven days by Cesar Chavez and the National Farm Workers Assoc.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sunshine Superman” by Donovan, “See You in September” by The Happenings, “You Can’t Hurry Love” by The Supremes and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1966 – NBC-TV aired the first episode of “Star Trek” entitled “The Man Trap“. The show was canceled on September 2, 1969.
1966 – “That Girl” starring Marlo Thomas premiers on ABC-TV.
1967 – During the Six-Day War, Israeli aircraft and torpedo boats attack the USS Liberty in international waters off Egypt’s Gaza Strip.
1968 – “Funny Girl” with Barbra Streisand premiered.
1971 – John F Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts opens in Washington DC.
1971 – President Richard Nixon told John Ehrlichman to investigate the tax returns of rich Jews contributing to the democratic campaigns of Humphrey and Muskie.
1972 – The Int’l. Olympic Committee banned Vince Matthews and Wayne Collett from further competition for talking to each other on the victory stand in Munich during the playing of the “Star-Spangled Banner” after winning the gold and silver medals in the 400-meter run.
1973 – Home run number 709 went into the record books for Hank Aaron. The Atlanta slugger established a major-league baseball record for the most home runs hit in one league. Aaron eclipsed Babe Ruth’s record of 714 homers in 1974.
1973 – “Let’s Get It On” by Marvin Gaye topped the charts.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “(You’re) Having My Baby” by Paul Anka, “I Shot the Sheriff” by Eric Clapton, “Tell Me Something Good” by Rufus and “Please Don’t Tell Me How the Story Ends” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1974 – US President Gerald Ford granted an unconditional pardon to former President Richard Nixon for any crimes Nixon may have committed while in office.
1974 – Evel Knievel’s attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon at Twin Falls, Idaho, fails after a parachute prematurely deploys on his “sky cycle.”
1975 – Boston begins court ordered busing of public schools.
1975 – US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, appears in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline (printed in all uppercase) “I Am A Homosexual.” He is later given a general discharge.
1979 – “My Sharona” by Knack topped the charts.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Abracadabra” by The Steve Miller Band, “Hard to Say I’m Sorry” by Chicago, “Hold Me” by Fleetwood Mac and “Love Will Turn You Around” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1984 – “What’s Love Got to Do with It” by Tina Turner topped the charts.
1985 – “USA Weekend’s” first issue, it appears in 255 newspapers.
1985 – Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds ties Ty Cobb’s career record with 4,191 hits. It was during a game against the Cubs in Chicago.
1986 – The first Oprah Winfrey Show airs.
1986 – Herschel Walker made his start in the National Football League (NFL) after leaving the New Jersey Generals of the USFL.
1987 – Former Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart admitted during an interview on ABC’s “Nightline” that he had committed adultery and said he had no plans to resume his White House bid.
1988 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, the National League president, was named to succeed Peter Ueberroth as baseball’s 7th commissioner.
1988 – Two nuclear-missile rocket motors were destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas; they were the first US weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.
1989 – Former President Reagan underwent surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota to relieve fluid build-up on his brain after a horse-riding accident.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Blaze of Glory” by Jon Bon Jovi, “Release Me” by Wilson Phillips, “Do Me!” by Bell Biv DeVoe and “Jukebox in My Mind” by Alabama all topped the charts.
1990 – Commander Rosemary Mariner becomes first Navy woman to command a fleet jet aircraft squadron.
1990 – Marjorie Judith Vincent of Illinois was crowned Miss America.
1990 – Gabriela Sabatini won the US Open women’s championship and her first grand slam title as she defeated Steffi Graf.
1991 – Stefan Edberg won the U.S. Open in New York, defeating Jim Courier in straight sets, 6-2, 6-4, 6-0.
1992 – President Bush asked Congress to provide more than $7.6 billion to help Hurricane Andrew recovery efforts.
1992 – In a case that prompted federal laws against carjacking, Pam Basu of Savage, Md., was dragged to her death after being forced from her car.
1993 – German tourist Uwe-Wilhelm Rakebrand was killed by a woman firing from a van as he and his wife drove away from the Miami airport. The gunwoman and an accomplice received life prison sentences; the van’s driver received 87 years.
1993 – Christopher Simmons (17), a Missouri high school student, kidnapped, bound and killed Shirley Crooks by throwing her into a river from a railroad trestle. He was arrested the next day, confessed and 9 months later was sentenced to death.
1994 – Microsoft gave Windows 95 its name, previously, the operating system had been referred to by its code name of “Chicago.”
1994 – USAir flight 427 crashed as it was approaching Pittsburgh International Airport. All 132 people on board the Boeing 737 were killed. In March of 1999, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) concluded that rudder malfunction was the most likely cause of the crash.
1995 -A lifeless zone in the Gulf of Mexico has grown to more than 7,000 sq. miles, nearly the size of New Jersey. It was caused by chemical and fertilizer runoff from US agriculture into the Mississippi River.
1996 – At the U.S. Open, Pete Sampras defeated Michael Chang and Steffi Graf beat Monica Seles to win the top prizes.
1997 – America Online acquired CompuServe.
1997 – The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the conviction of Timothy McVeigh for his role in the bombing of a federal building in Oklahoma City, OK.
1997 – The TV series “Ally McBeal” starred Calista Flockhart as a working girl who was part successful attorney and part angst-ridden woman. The show continued to 2002.
1997 – Forbes Mag. listed Steven Spielberg as the best paid figure, $313 Mil, in the entertainment business in 1997.
1998 – At Busch Stadium in St. Louis, Missouri, Mark McGwire breaks Roger Maris’ 1961 record of 61 home runs hit in a single season. He had beaten a record that had stood for 37 years. McGwire would eventually reach 70 home runs on September 27.
1998 – The shuttle Discovery pulled away from Mir, ending America’s three-year space partnership with Russia.
1998 – In Fayetteville, North Carolina two women’s clinics that performed abortions were attacked with firebombs.
1999 – US Attorney General Janet Reno names former US Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.
1999 – Former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley officially kicked off his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination with a rally in his hometown of Crystal City, Missouri.
2000 – The head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs apologized for the federal agency’s “legacy of racism and inhumanity” that included massacres, forced relocations of tribes and attempts to wipe out Indian cultures.
2000 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched into orbit to deliver supplies to the new International Space Station.
2001 – Venus Williams won her second consecutive U.S. Open title by beating her sister Serena 6-2, 6-4 in the first prime-time women’s Grand Slam final.
2002 – Pete Sampras beat Andre Agassi 6-3, 6-4, 5-7, 6-4 to win his 14th Grand Slam title and the U.S. Open for the fifth time.
2002 – The US government reported that violent crime rate had dropped by 10 percent the previous year, reaching lowest level since 1973.
2002 – In San Francisco Ray D. Jimmerson Jr. (25), a key witness in a case against the Big Block gang, was shot to death on Buchanon St.
2003 – The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), the music industry’s largest trade group, filed 261 copyright lawsuits across the country against Internet users for trading songs online.
2003 – NASA presented a “return to flight” plan for the shuttle fleet.
2004 – The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
2004 – U.S.-led troops backed by jet fighters and helicopters killed 21 Taliban militants, after rebels attacked a convoy in the mountains of southern Afghanistan.
2004 – Dan Rather featured a story on 60 Minutes with documents that raised questions on Pres. Bush’s National Guard Service in 1972-73. On September 20th, Dan Rather and CBS apologized for using what appeared to be forged documents.
2005 – A German military plane carrying 15 tons of military rations for survivors of Hurricane Katrina was sent back by US authorities because it did not have the required authorization.
2005 – US grain prices were reported down as grain elevators along the Mississippi filled to capacity and grain handling due to Katrina fell to 63%. Early harvests from Arkansas were particularly hit.
2005 – A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives-laden BMW in the center of Baghdad targeting a passing convoy of private American security agents.
2006 – The Bush administration said it has blocked access to the US financial system by Iran’s Bank Saderat. The bank was alleged to have helped transfer hundreds of millions of dollars to terrorist organizations including Hezbollah and Hamas.
2006 – In Minneapolis ground was broken for the new Masjid An-Nur mosque, the first mosque in Minnesota.
2006 – SF Mayor Gavin Newsom said 50 new security cameras will be installed in public housing projects around San Francisco over the next 18 months.
2007 – In Odessa, Texas, two police officers responding to a domestic disturbance were killed and a third was critically wounded by a gunman who led authorities on an hours-long standoff.
2008 – In Berkeley, Ca., university officials cut off the food and water supply to 4 protesters who continued a 21-month-old protest in a lone redwood.
2008 – In Oakland, Ca., authorities said three school district custodians had been arrested for stealing electronic equipment from the district.
2009 – Los Angeles firefighters and city crews worked for several hours to rescue one of their own: a 22-ton firetruck that was nearly swallowed by a water-logged sinkhole.
2009 – A review committee on NASA, led by Norman Augustine, delivered a summary report saying the agency does not have enough money to return to the moon.
2009 – Philip Barry (52) of Brooklyn was charged with operating an alleged $40 million Ponzi scheme that stretched for three decades and apparently helped finance a pornography business.
2010 – The leader of a small Florida church that espouses anti-Islam philosophy said he was determined to go through with his plan to burn copies of the Quran on Sept. 11, despite pressure from the White House, religious leaders and others to call it off.
2010 – Tropical Storm Hermine swept north through Texas and into Oklahoma swamping city neighborhoods and killing six people, five in Texas and one in Oklahoma.
2011 – United States counterterrorism officials investigate reports of a potential terrorist threat against either New York City or Washington DC, linked to the 10th anniversary of the September 11 attacks on Sunday.
2011 – In floods following Tropical Storm Lee, he National Weather Service issued flash flooding warnings for the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maryland and Virginia. More than twelve inches of rain fell in the region surrounding Harrisburg, PA, causing heavy flooding and evacuations. 115,000 people are ordered to evacuate from the city of Wilkes-Barre and Kingston as flood waters threaten the levees along the Susquehanna River in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Heavy rains and rockslides close the Schuylkill Expressway, a major artery into Philadelphia. Pennsylvania closes and evacuates the Pennsylvania Governor’s Residence and the state government is suspended. At least four deaths are reported in Pennsylvania and one Maryland.
2011 – A blackout in southern California, Arizona and Baja California in Mexico caused by the loss of the entire San Diego Gas & Electric system leads to the closure of San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station and the loss of power to more than two million people.
2011 – President Barack Obama delivers a speech to a joint session of both houses of Congress, putting forward a new job-creation plan entailing major spending initiatives and tax cuts.
2011 – San Francisco police arrested 20-30 protesters at the Powell Street BART station. The station was closed for 2 hours after officers determined that demonstrators were creating unsafe conditions there.
2012 – A prisoner died at the US Navy base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. He was apparently found unconscious in his cell at the isolated, high-security prison. He was the ninth detainee to die at the facility since it was opened in January 2002. An autopsy revealed that Adnan Latif died from an overdose of psychiatric medication.
2012 – In Oklahoma fierce overnight thunderstorms carried a mobile home into a creek killing 3 people. A truck driver was killed when wind flipped his semi onto a concrete barrier.
2013 – American tennis player Serena Williams wins her fifth Women’s Singles at the US Open over Victoria Azarenka.
2014 – AND THE RAINS CAME!!! – Major flooding was caused by heavy thunderstorms and showers associated with Norbert after it was downgraded to a tropical depression. Phoenix, Az received rains that produced an all-time record. Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix reported 2.96 inches of rain before 8:30 a.m. local time after starting at about 2 a.m, beating the old record of 2.91 inches on Sept. 4, 1939. Mesa, AZ recorded 5.41 inches and Peoria, AZ recorded 3.92 inches.
1841 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of James A. Garfield (d. 1882)
1881 – Harry Hillman, American athlete was the winner of three gold medals at the 1904 Summer Olympics. (d. 1945)
1889 – Robert Alphonso Taft, American politician was a Republican United States Senator and a prominent conservative statesman. (d. 1953)
1897 – Jimmie Rodgers, American singer and composer was a country singer in the early 20th century known most widely for his rhythmic yodeling. (d. 1933)
1922 – Sid Caesar, American comedian
1922 – Lyndon LaRouche, American politician
1938 – Sam Nunn, American politician
1964 – Michael Johns is an American health care executive,a conservative policy analyst and writer. , and a former White House speechwriter
SWENSON, WILLIAM D.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 10th Mountain Division, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team. Place and date: Ganjgal, Kunar Province, Afghanistan, September 8th, 2009 Entered service at: Fort Benning, GA. Born: 2 November 1978. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty: Captain William D. Swenson distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as embedded advisor to the Afghan National Border Police, Task Force Phoenix, Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan in support of 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Kunar Province, Afghanistan on September 8, 2009. On that morning, more than 60 well-armed, well-positioned enemy fighters ambushed Captain Swenson’s combat team as it moved on foot into the village of Ganjgal for a meeting with village elders. As the enemy unleashed a barrage of rocket-propelled grenade, mortar and machine gun fire, Captain Swenson immediately returned fire and coordinated and directed the response of his Afghan Border Police, while simultaneously calling in suppressive artillery fire and aviation support. After the enemy effectively flanked Coalition Forces, Captain Swenson repeatedly called for smoke to cover the withdrawal of the forward elements. Surrounded on three sides by enemy forces inflicting effective and accurate fire, Captain Swenson coordinated air assets, indirect fire support and medical evacuation helicopter support to allow for the evacuation of the wounded. Captain Swenson ignored enemy radio transmissions demanding surrender and maneuvered uncovered to render medical aid to a wounded fellow soldier. Captain Swenson stopped administering aid long enough to throw a grenade at approaching enemy forces, before assisting with moving the soldier for air evacuation. With complete disregard for his own safety, Captain Swenson unhesitatingly led a team in an unarmored vehicle into the kill zone, exposing himself to enemy fire on at least two occasions, to recover the wounded and search for four missing comrades. After using aviation support to mark locations of fallen and wounded comrades, it became clear that ground recovery of the fallen was required due to heavy enemy fire on helicopter landing zones. Captain Swenson’s team returned to the kill zone another time in a Humvee. Captain Swenson voluntarily exited the vehicle, exposing himself to enemy fire, to locate and recover three fallen Marines and one fallen Navy Corpsman. His exceptional leadership and stout resistance against the enemy during six hours of continuous fighting rallied his teammates and effectively disrupted the enemy’s assault. Captain William D. Swenson’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Task Force Phoenix, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division and the United States Army.
He was the first living United States Army officer to receive the Medal of Honor since the Vietnam War, as well as the sixth living recipient in the War on Terror.
Rank and Organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: June 26, 1988, Columbia, Kentucky Place and date: Battle of Ganjgal on September 8th, 2009, in Kunar Province, Afghanistan Citation: Corporal Meyer maintained security at a patrol rally point while other members of his team moved on foot with two platoons of Afghan National Army and Border Police into the village of Ganjgal for a pre-dawn meeting with village elders. Moving into the village, the patrol was ambushed by more than 50 enemy fighters firing rocket propelled grenades, mortars, and machine guns from houses and fortified positions on the slopes above. Hearing over the radio that four U.S. team members were cut off, Corporal Meyer seized the initiative. With a fellow Marine driving, Corporal Meyer took the exposed gunner’s position in a gun-truck as they drove down the steeply terraced terrain in a daring attempt to disrupt the enemy attack and locate the trapped U.S. team. Disregarding intense enemy fire now concentrated on their lone vehicle, Corporal Meyer killed a number of enemy fighters with the mounted machine guns and his rifle, some at near point blank range, as he and his driver made three solo trips into the ambush area. During the first two trips, he and his driver evacuated two dozen Afghan soldiers, many of whom were wounded. When one machine gun became inoperable, he directed a return to the rally point to switch to another gun-truck for a third trip into the ambush area where his accurate fire directly supported the remaining U.S. personnel and Afghan soldiers fighting their way out of the ambush. Despite a shrapnel wound to his arm, Corporal Meyer made two more trips into the ambush area in a third gun-truck accompanied by four other Afghan vehicles to recover more wounded Afghan soldiers and search for the missing U.S. team members. Still under heavy enemy fire, he dismounted the vehicle on the fifth trip and moved on foot to locate and recover the bodies of his team members. Corporal Meyer’s daring initiative and bold fighting spirit throughout the 6-hour battle significantly disrupted the enemy’s attack and inspired the members of the combined force to fight on. His unwavering courage and steadfast devotion to his U.S. and Afghan comrades in the face of almost certain death reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the United States Naval Service.
The first practical can opener was developed 50 years after the birth of the metal can. Canned food was invented for the British Navy in 1813. Made of solid iron, the cans usually weighed more than the food they held! The inventor, Peter Durand, was guilty of an incredible oversight. Though he figured out how to seal food into cans, he gave little thought to how to get it out again. Instructions read: “Cut round the top near the outer edge with a chisel and hammer.” Getting to the food inside a tin can did, in fact, require a hammer and chisel — or, for many soldiers, bayonets, knives, or even rifle fire. The first claw-shape, lever-type openers were developed in Britain and America in the 1850s by cutler Robert Yates in Middlesex in 1855, and by Ezra J. Warner of Waterbury, CT, in 1858. The U.S. Army adopted Warner’s design for the Civil War and issued the bull’s head can opener (above) with its rations of canned “bully beef,” or shredded corned beef mixed with gravy.Only when thinner steel cans came into use in the 1860s could the can opener be invented. The first (patented in 1858), devised by Ezra Warner of Waterbury, Connecticut, looked like a bent bayonet. Its large curved blade was driven into a can’s rim, then forcibly worked around its edge. Stranger yet, this first type of can opener never left the grocery store. A clerk had to open each can before it was taken away!
During WWII, Korea and Vietnam there was a special can opener used for opening the can in C-Rats.
The modern can opener, with a cutting wheel that rolls around the rim, was invented by William Lyman in 1870. The only change from the original patent was the introduction of a serrated rotation wheel by the Star Can Company of San Francisco in 1925. The basic principle continues to be used on the modern can openers, and it was the basis of the first electric can opener, introduced in December 1931. Pull-open cans, patented by Ermal Fraze of Ohio, debuted in 1966.
Ecclesiastes 4: 8-12
8 There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.
9 Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour.
10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up.
11 Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?
12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
” It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace– but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!
“First comes thought; then organization of that thought into ideas and plans; then transformation of those plans into reality. The beginning, as you will observe, is in your imagination.”
~ Napoleon Hill
acquiesce ak-wee-ES, intransitive verb:
To accept or consent passively or without objection — usually used with ‘in’ or ‘to’.
Acquiesce comes from Latin acquiescere, “to give oneself to rest, hence to find one’s rest or peace (in something),” from ad, “to” + quiescere, “to rest, to be or keep quiet.”
1251 BC – A solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes, Greece.
70 – A Roman army under General Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
1630 – The Massachusetts town of Trimontaine (Shawmut), was renamed Boston, and became the state capital. It was named after a town of the same name in Lincolnshire, England.
1776 – World’s first submarine attack: the American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe’s flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbor.
1778 – Shawnee Indians attacked and laid siege to Boonesborough, Kentucky.
1800 – The New York City Zion AME Church was dedicated.
1813- The earliest known printed reference to the United States by the nickname “Uncle Sam” occurred in the Troy Post.
1825 – The Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolution, bade farewell to President John Quincy Adams at the White House.
1860 – The Excursion steamer “Lady Elgin” sank and drowned 340 people in Lake Michigan.
1864 – Civil War: Union General Phil Sheridan’s troops skirmished with the Confederates under Jubal Early outside Winchester, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War: Atlanta, Georgia, is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman as he prepares for his march to the sea.
1867 – President Andrew Johnson extended amnesty to most but not all of the leaders of the Confederacy.
1876 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town’s bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly killed.
1880 – George Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters.
1888 – Edith Eleanor McLean was the first baby to be placed in an incubator. She weighed 2 pounds, 7 ounces. Originally, the incubator was called a hatching cradle.
1892 – The first heavyweight-title boxing match, fought with gloves under the Marquis of Queensbury rules ended with James J Corbett kayoing John L Sullivan in round 21 at the New Orleans Olympic Club.
1896 – A.H. Whiting won the first automobile race held on a racetrack. The race was held in Cranston, RI.
1901 – The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
1903 – Marines from the USS Brooklyn landed at Beirut to protect American lives.
1903 – Federation of American Motorcyclists organized in NY. It is still in existence today.
1907 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City. The Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine in 1915.
1909 – Eugene Lefebvre (1878-1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy, France when his controls jam. Lefebvre dies, becoming the first ‘pilot’ in the world to lose his life in a powered-heavier-than-air-craft.
1911 – French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
1914 – The New York Post Office Building opened its doors to the public. It bears the inscription, “Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.”
1915 – Former cartoonist Johnny Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll.
1921 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held. Margaret Gorman of Washington, DC, was crowned the first Miss America.
1916 – The U.S. Congress passed the Workman’s Compensation Act.
1927 – American television pioneer Philo T. Farnsworth (21) succeeded in transmitting an image through purely electronic means by using a device called an image dissector. When Philo T. Farnsworth was 13, he envisioned a contraption that would receive an image transmitted from a remote location—the television.
1930 – The cartoon “Blondie” made its first appearance in the comic strips.
1934 – The luxury liner “Morro Castle,” enroute from Havana to New York City, caught fire and ran aground at Asbury Park, NJ. 134 people were killed.
1936 – Hoover (Boulder) Dam located on the Colorado River starts operation. The dam is huge and contains enough concrete (4.5 million cubic yards) to build a two-lane highway from Seattle, Washington to Miami, Florida or imagine a four-foot wide sidewalk around Earth at its equator.
1936 -Sixty thousand workers marched in the San Francisco Labor Day parade as 250,000 spectators watched.
1939 – “Radio New York Worldwide”, WRUL, began radio transmission.
1940 – World War II: Europe: The Blitz – Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London. This will be the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing. The Luftwaffe lost 41 bombers over England.
1940 – Artie Shaw and his orchestra recorded “Temptation” on the Victor label.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
1942 – World War II: First air evacuation of casualties to hospital ships off shore occurs at Guadalcanal.
1942 – World War II: The 1st Marine Raider Battalion, Col. Merrit “Red” Edson”, lands at Tiavu Point on Guadalcanal.
1942 – First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator. It was a heavy bomber made for United States Army Air Forces during World War II, and has the distinction of being the last Allied aircraft to be engaged in combat during World War II.
1943 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, kills 55 people.
1943 – World War II: The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban River (Taman Peninsula) bridgehead in southern Russia and moves across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea. The move signals the beginning of full retreat of German forces along the Eastern Front.
1945 – World War II: Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
1948 – The first rubberized asphalt road surface in the U.S. was applied to 6,217-ft of Exchange Street in Akron, Ohio.
1948 – A patent was granted to Louis Parker for a television receiver.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como, “Room Full of Roses” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Don Cornell), “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone and “I’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1952 – Outfielder Don Grate of Chattanooga sets a record for a long toss of a baseball in Chattanooga’s Engel Stadium, with a throw of 434 feet 1-inch.
1952 – The 369-foot passenger liner Princess Kathleen, launched in 1924, ran aground and sank near Juneau, Alaska. There was no loss of life.
1953 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
1954 – The start of Integration for MD public schools, and Washington DC public school.
1957 – The original version of the animated NBC peacock logo, used to denote programs “brought to you in living color,” made its debut at the beginning of “Your Hit Parade.”
1960 – Wilma Rudolph became the first American woman to win 3 gold medals in the Olympics (100-meter dash, the 200-meter dash, and anchored the 400-meter relay team).
1963 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
1963 – The Beatles made their first US TV appearance on ABC’s Big Night Out.
1963 – American Bandstand moved to California and aired once a week on Saturday.
1963 – “My Boyfriend’s Back” by the Angels topped the charts.
1965 – Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August’s Operation Starlight, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula.
1966 – The final episode of the original “The Dick Van Dyke Show” was aired on CBS-TV.
1967 – The situation comedy “The Flying Nun,” starring Sally Field as a nun who finds that she can fly, debuted on ABC.
1968 – “People Got to Be Free” by the Rascals topped the charts.
1968 – Feminists protesting outside the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, N.J., tossed articles including cosmetics, girdles and bras into a trash can ostensibly for burning, although nothing was actually set on fire. Miss Illinois Judith Ford won the pageant.
1969 – Senate Republican leader Everett McKinley Dirksen (b.1896) of Illinois, (“The Wizard of Ooze”) died at 73 in Washington, D.C.
1970 – An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
1970 – Bill Shoemaker sets record for most lifetime wins (8,833 career victories) as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
1970 – Donald Boyles set a record for the highest parachute jump from a bridge by leaping off of 1,053 ft Royal George Bridge in Colorado.
1971 – “The Beverly Hillbillies” was seen for the final time on CBS-TV.
1972 – President Nixon said that he wanted Ted Kennedy covered by a Secret Service spy because he saw him as a political threat.
1972 – The Commissioner of Indian Affairs in a memorandum extended federal recognition to the Chippewa tribe of Sault Ste. Marie in Northern Michigan.
1974 – “(You’re) Having My Baby” by Paul Anka topped the charts.
1975 – The NBC drama “The Family Holvak” featured Glenn Ford (1916-2006). The show aired for the last time on Dec 28.
1976 – US courts find George Harrison guilty of plagarism (He’s So Fine).
1977 – President Jimmy Carter and Panamanian Chief of Government Omar Torrijos signed the Panama Canal Treaty and Neutrality Treaty. The US agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
1977 – Convicted Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy was released from prison after more than four years.
1979 – The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, ESPN, made its cable TV debut. In 1984 it was bought by ABC, which was in turn bought by Disney in 1996.
1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for USD $1.5 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Slow Hand” by Pointer Sisters, “Stop Draggin’ My Heart Around” by Stevie Nicks with Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers and “(There’s) No Gettin’ Over Me” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1981 – Judge Wapner & the People’s Court premier on TV.
1983 – Drury Gallagher sets fastest swim around Manhattan (6h 41m 35s).
1984 -American Express Co. issued the first of its Platinum charge cards.
1985 – “St Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)” by John Parr topped the charts.
1986 – An F-106 “Delta Dart” of the 125th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron encounters a Soviet Air Force Tu-95 “Bear” bomber flying parallel to the twelve-mile limit of U.S. airspace as it makes its way from Russia to Cuba.
1986 – Dan Marino, Miami Dolphins, threw his record setting 100th career TD pass, in only his 44th pro game.
1987 – The Rev. Jesse Jackson declared his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1987 – Dr. Ben Carson completed a historic 22-hour operation separating twins who were joined at the head.
1988 – Guy Lafleur, Tony Esposito & Brad Park inducted in NHL Hall of Fame.
1989 – Legislation was approved by the U.S. Senate that prohibited discrimination against the handicapped in employment, public accommodations, transportation and communications.
1991 – “The Promise of a New Day” by Paula Abdul topped the charts.
1991 – Monica Seles won the U.S. Open in New York, defeating Martina Navratilova 7-6, 6-1.
1993 – Dr. Joycelyn Elders was confirmed by the Senate to be surgeon general.
1994 – The U.S. Army closed its headquarters in Berlin, ending the American military presence in the once-divided city after nearly half a century.
1995 – The space shuttle “Endeavour” thundered into orbit with five astronauts on a mission to release and recapture a pair of science satellites.
1995 – John F. Kennedy Jr. unveiled his new “George” magazine.
1996 – American rapper Tupac Shakur is fatally shot in a drive by.
1997 – The first test flight of the F-22 Raptor (24:24) takes place.
1998 – Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University.
1998 – St. Louis Cardinals’ Mark McGwire equaled Roger Maris’ single-season HR record.
1998 – Two derechos hit the US. “The Syracuse Derecho of Labor Day 1998″ also hit NY, PA, VT, MA, NH and the “The New York City Derecho of Labor Day 1998″also hit MI, OH, WV, PA, NJ, NY, CT. A derecho is a widespread, long-lived, straight-line wind storm that is associated with a land-based, fast-moving band of severe thunderstorms. Derechos can carry hurricane or tornado force and can deliver torrential rains and perhaps flash floods as well as strong winds.
1999 – In Vietnam Madeleine Albright commissioned the new US consulate in Ho Chi Minh City.
1999 – Twelve Puerto Rican prisoners in New York agreed to accept President Clinton’s offer of conditional amnesty. The House of Representatives later condemned the offer in a symbolic vote of 311-41.
2000 – A jury in Coeur D’Alene, Idaho, awarded $6.3 million to a woman and her son who were attacked by Aryan Nations guards outside the white supremacist group’s north Idaho headquarters.
2001 – The final “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” TV show aired as Fred Rogers (72) retired.
2001 – Venus Williams and Serena Williams reached the finals of the U.S. Open, becoming the first sisters to play for a Grand Slam championship in more than 100 years.
2004 – Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane, devastated the island of Grenada. It killed 39 and damaged 90% of its buildings. It went on to cause $13 billion in damages to the U.S.
2004 – Hurricane Frances, now downgraded to a tropical depression, dumps up to 5 inches of rain on Georgia. At least nine deaths in Florida, two deaths in the Bahamas, and one death in Georgia are blamed on the storm.
2004 – US forces battled insurgents loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in the Baghdad slum of Sadr City, in clashes that killed 34 people, including one American soldier.
2005 – As a result of Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin urges the city’s remaining holdouts to leave the area. New Orleans is now 60% underwater. The number of dead in the city could be as few as 2,000 and as many as 20,000, according to estimates.
2005 – Michael Jackson has announced he will record and release a charity single dedicated to the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
2005 – President Bush led the nation in a final tribute to William H. Rehnquist, remembering the 16th chief justice as the Supreme Court’s steady leader and a man of lifetime integrity.
2006 – Former Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage confirmed he was the source of a leak that had disclosed the identity of CIA employee Valerie Plame, saying he didn’t realize Plame’s job was covert.
2007 – A US federal judge said Iran must pay $2.65 billion to the families of the 241 US service members killed in the 1983 bombing of the US Marine barracks in Beirut, in a ruling that left survivors and families shedding tears of joy. A day later Iran rejected the ruling.
2007 – US District Court judge William Hoeveler refuses to block the extradition of former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega to France to face charges.
2007 – A jury in St. Francisville, La., acquitted Sal and Mabel Mangano, the owners of a nursing home where thirty-five patients died after Hurricane Katrina, of negligent homicide and cruelty charges.
2008 – US Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announced plans to take control of troubled mortgage finance giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and replace the companies’ chief executives.
2009 – Three British Muslims were convicted of conspiring to kill thousands of civilians by blowing up trans-Atlantic flights in mid-air with liquid explosives disguised as soft drinks.
2010 – Mark David Chapman, John Lennon’s killer, is denied parole by New York State.
2010 – In Michigan fires swept through 85 structures in at least three Detroit neighborhoods as 50 mph winds downed 62 power lines.
2010 – Some 3,500 people are evacuated in Boulder County, Colorado due to wildfires concerns.
2011 – Tropical Storm Lee remnants cause ten thousand people are ordered to evacuate in Broome County in New York State due to flooding of the Chenango River and the Susquehanna River.
2011 – A Dallas woman, Elizabeth Escalona, beat her 2-year-old daughter almost to death by kicking her in the stomach, beating her with a milk jug, then sticking her hands to an apartment wall with Super Glue. She was sentenced Oct. 12, 2012 to 99 years in prison.
2012 – Secretary of State Clinton notifies Congress of her intent to include the Haqqani network on the government’s terror list. An attaché at the Embassy of Pakistan in Washington dismisses the decision as an “internal matter” of the United States.
2012 – In New York City a police officer shot and killed a convenience store worker who plowed into him on a sidewalk while frantically fleeing an armed robbery.
1533 – Queen Elizabeth I of England (d. 1603)
1819 – Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
1851 – Edward Ashael Birge, American pioneer in limnology (d. 1950)
1860 – Grandma Moses, American painter (d. 1961)
1908 – Paul Brown, American football coach and executive. He is credited with founding the Cleveland Browns and Cincinnati Bengals, with the latter naming their stadium in his honor.(d. 1991)
1908 – Michael DeBakey, Internationally recognized pioneer of modern medicine.
1912 – David Packard, U.S. entrepreneur and electrical engineer who cofounded the Hewlett-Packard Co., a leading manufacturer computers, computer printers, and analytic and measuring equipment. (d.1996)
1914 – James Van Allen, American space scientist . In 1958 he discovered the two radiation belts surrounding the Earth, which were named after him. (d. 2006)
1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer (The Crickets) (d. 1959)
1949 – Gloria Gaynor, American singer
1952 – Susan Blakely, American actress
1962 – Jennifer Egan, American novelist
1963 – Eazy-E, American rapper (N.W.A.) (d. 1995)
1969 – Diane Farr, American actress (Numb3rs)
1973 – Shannon Elizabeth, American actress
ENGLISH, GLENN H., JR.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 3d Battalion, ~03 Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade. Place and Date: Phu My District, Republic of Vietnam, September 7th, 1970. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: 23 April 1940, Altoona, Pa. Citation: S/Sgt. English was riding in the lead armored personnel carrier in a four-vehicle column when an enemy mine exploded in front of his vehicle. As the vehicle swerved from the road, a concealed enemy force waiting in ambush opened fire with automatic weapons and anti-tank grenades, striking the vehicle several times and setting it on fire. S/Sgt. English escaped from the disabled vehicle and, without pausing to extinguish the flames on his clothing, rallied his stunned unit. He then led it in a vigorous assault, in the face of heavy enemy automatic weapons fire, on the entrenched enemy position. This prompt and courageous action routed the enemy and saved his unit from destruction. Following the assault, S/Sgt. English heard the cries of three men still trapped inside the vehicle. Paying no heed to warnings that the ammunition and fuel in the burning personnel carrier might explode at any moment, S/Sgt. English raced to the vehicle and climbed inside to rescue his wounded comrades. As he was lifting one of the men to safety, the vehicle exploded, mortally wounding him and the man he was attempting to save. By his extraordinary devotion to duty, indomitable courage, and utter disregard for his own safety, S/Sgt. English saved his unit from destruction and selflessly sacrificed his life in a brave attempt to save three comrades. S/Sgt. English’s conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the cost of his life were an inspiration to his comrades and are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.
CRUMP, JERRY K.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company L, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chorwon, Korea, September 6th and September 7th, 1951. Entered service at: Forest City, N.C. Born: 18 February 1933, Charlotte, N.C. G.O. No.: 68, 11 July 1952. Citation. Cpl. Crump, a member of Company L, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. During the night a numerically superior hostile force launched an assault against his platoon on Hill 284, overrunning friendly positions and swarming into the sector. Cpl. Crump repeatedly exposed himself to deliver effective fire into the ranks of the assailants, inflicting numerous casualties. Observing two enemy soldiers endeavoring to capture a friendly machine gun, he charged and killed both with his bayonet, regaining control of the weapon. Returning to his position, now occupied by fourof his wounded comrades, he continued his accurate fire into enemy troops surrounding his emplacement. When a hostile soldier hurled a grenade into the position, Cpl. Crump immediately flung himself over the missile, absorbing the blast with his body and saving his comrades from death or serious injury. His aggressive actions had so inspired his comrades that a spirited counterattack drove the enemy from the perimeter. Cpl. Crump’s heroic devotion to duty, indomitable fighting spirit, and willingness to sacrifice himself to save his comrades reflect the highest credit upon himself, the infantry and the U.S. Army.
KANELL, BILLIE G.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company I, 35th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Pyongyang, Korea, September 7th, 1951. Entered service at: Poplar Bluff, Mo. Born: 26 June 1931, Poplar Bluff, Mo. G.O. No.: 57, 13 June 1952. Citation: Pvt. Kanell, a member of Company I, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. A numerically superior hostile force had launched a fanatical assault against friendly positions, supported by mortar and artillery fire, when Pvt. Kanell stood in his emplacement exposed to enemy observation and action and delivered accurate fire into the ranks of the assailants. An enemy grenade was hurled into his emplacement and Pvt. Kanell threw himself upon the grenade, absorbing the blast with his body to protect two of his comrades from serious injury and possible death. A few seconds later another grenade was thrown into the emplacement and, although seriously wounded by the first missile, he summoned his waning strength to roll toward the second grenade and used his body as a shield to again protect his comrades. He was mortally wounded as a result of his heroic actions. His indomitable courage, sustained fortitude against overwhelming odds, and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself, the infantry, and the U.S. Army.
PORTER, DONN F.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 14th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Mundung-ni Korea, September 7th, 1952. Entered service at: Baltimore, Md. Born: 1 March 1931, Sewickley, Pa. G.O. No.: 64, 18 August 1953. Citation: Sgt. Porter, a member of Company G, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Advancing under cover of intense mortar and artillery fire, two hostile platoons attacked a combat outpost commanded by Sgt. Porter, destroyed communications, and killed two of his three-man crew. Gallantly maintaining his position, he poured deadly accurate fire into the ranks of the enemy, killing fifteen and dispersing the remainder. After falling back under a hail of fire, the determined foe reorganized and stormed forward in an attempt to overrun the outpost. Without hesitation, Sgt. Porter jumped from his position with bayonet fixed and, meeting the onslaught and in close combat, killed six hostile soldiers and routed the attack. While returning to the outpost, he was killed by an artillery burst, but his courageous actions forced the enemy to break off the engagement and thwarted a surprise attack on the main line of resistance. Sgt. Porter’s incredible display of valor, gallant self-sacrifice, and consummate devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.
MAXWELL, ROBERT D.
Rank and organization: Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Besancon, France, September 7th, 1944. Entered service at: Larimer County, Colo. Birth: Boise, Idaho. G.O. No.: 24, 6 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 7 September 1944, near Besancon, France. Technician 5th Grade Maxwell and three other soldiers, armed only with .45 caliber automatic pistols, defended the battalion observation post against an overwhelming onslaught by enemy infantrymen in approximately platoon strength, supported by 20mm. flak and machinegun fire, who had infiltrated through the battalion’s forward companies and were attacking the observation post with machinegun, machine pistol, and grenade fire at ranges as close as ten yards. Despite a hail of fire from automatic weapons and grenade launchers, Technician 5th Grade Maxwell aggressively fought off advancing enemy elements and, by his calmness, tenacity, and fortitude, inspired his fellows to continue the unequal struggle. When an enemy hand grenade was thrown in the midst of his squad, Technician 5th Grade Maxwell unhesitatingly hurled himself squarely upon it, using his blanket and his unprotected body to absorb the full force of the explosion. This act of instantaneous heroism permanently maimed Technician 5th Grade Maxwell, but saved the lives of his comrades in arms and facilitated maintenance of vital military communications during the temporary withdrawal of the battalion’s forward headquarters.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 176, 9 July 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Iroquois, Delaware River, September 7th, 1871. Jumping overboard at the imminent risk of his life, King rescued one of the crew of that vessel from drowning.
U.S. Secret Service
The Secret Service Division was created on July 5, 1865 in Washington, D.C., to suppress counterfeit currency. Chief William P. Wood was sworn in by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch. In 1867, Secret Service responsibilities were broadened to include “detecting persons perpetrating frauds against the government.” This appropriation resulted in investigations into the Ku Klux Klan, non-conforming distillers, smugglers, mail robbers, land frauds, and a number of other infractions against the federal laws.
In 1870, the government moved the Secret Service headquarters to New York City. In 1874, Secret Service headquarters returned to Washington, D.C. As the department grew and the responsibilities became more precise it became important to “certify” the agents so in 1875, the first commission book and a new badge were issued to operatives.
America was growing and as it grew, more and more criminals tried to take advantage of the creditworthiness of our, now 100 year old, country. In 1877, Congress passed an Act prohibiting the counterfeiting of any coin, gold or silver bar. The problem continued to grow and in 1895 Congress passed corrective legislation for the counterfeiting or possession of counterfeit stamps.
The assassination of William McKinley occurred on September 6, 1901, inside the Temple of Music located on the grounds of the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. United States President William McKinley was visiting the Exposition and was standing in a receiving line shaking hands with ordinary citizens when he was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist. Congress immediately but informally requested Secret Service Presidential protection following the assassination of President William McKinley. In 1902 the Secret Service assumed full-time responsibility for protection of the President. Two operatives were assigned full time to the White House Detail.
By 1906 Congress passed Sundry Civil Expenses Act of 1907 that provided funds for Presidential protection by the Secret Service. At the same time that that increase was going in the Service was tasked with investigating the western land frauds. The Service’s investigations returned millions of acres of land to the government.
In 1908 the expansion of the Service picked up speed. In this year the Secret Service began protecting the president-elect. Also, President Roosevelt transferred Secret Service agents to the Department of Justice.
1913, Congress authorized permanent protection of the president and the statutory authorization for president-elect protection. Then in 1917 Congress authorized permanent protection of the president’s immediate family and made “threats” directed toward the president a federal violation. In 1922 President Harding created the White House Police and in 1930 it was placed under the supervision of the Service.
In 1951 just after WWII and during the Korean War, Red Scare and the spread of communism and socialism, Congress enacted legislation that permanently authorized Secret Service protection of the president, his immediate family, the president-elect, and the vice president, if he wishes. (Public Law – 82- 79). In 1961, Congress authorized protection of former presidents for a reasonable period of time because of concern for hostage takings. In 1962, Congress expanded coverage to include the vice president (or the next officer to succeed the president) and the vice president-elect. (Public Law 87- 829).
In 1963, shortly after John Kennedy’s assassination Congress passed legislation for
protection of Mrs. John F. Kennedy and her minor children for two years. (Public Law 83- 195). In 1965, Congress authorized protection of former presidents and their spouses during their lifetime and minor children until age 16. In 1968, as a result of Robert F. Kennedy’s assassination, Congress authorized protection of major presidential and vice presidential candidates and nominees. (Public Law 90-331). In addition they authorized protection of widows of presidents until death, or remarriage, and their children until age 16.
The Service has continued to grow and expand.
Jeremiah 13 King James Version (KJV)
1 Thus saith the Lord unto me, Go and get thee a linen girdle, and put it upon thy loins, and put it not in water.
2 So I got a girdle according to the word of the Lord, and put it on my loins.
3 And the word of the Lord came unto me the second time, saying,
4 Take the girdle that thou hast got, which is upon thy loins, and arise, go to Euphrates, and hide it there in a hole of the rock.
5 So I went, and hid it by Euphrates, as the Lord commanded me.
6 And it came to pass after many days, that the Lord said unto me, Arise, go to Euphrates, and take the girdle from thence, which I commanded thee to hide there.
7 Then I went to Euphrates, and digged, and took the girdle from the place where I had hid it: and, behold, the girdle was marred, it was profitable for nothing.
8 Then the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
9 Thus saith the Lord, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah, and the great pride of Jerusalem.
10 This evil people, which refuse to hear my words, which walk in the imagination of their heart, and walk after other gods, to serve them, and to worship them, shall even be as this girdle, which is good for nothing.
“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclination, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” —John Adams, 1770
“In the long run men hit only what they aim at. Therefore, though they should fail immediately, they had better aim at something high.”
~ Henry David Thoreau
acidulous (a-SIJ-uh-luhs) adjective
Somewhat sour in taste or in manner.
[From Latin acidulus (slightly sour), diminutive of acidus (sour),
from acere (to be sour). Ultimately from the Indo-European root ak-
(sharp) that’s also the source of acrid, vinegar, acid, acute, edge,
hammer, heaven, eager, oxygen, and mediocre.]
1492 – Christopher Columbus sails from the Canary Islands, his final port of call before crossing the Atlantic Ocean for the first time.
1522 – The Victoria, one of the surviving ships of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition, returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
1620 – The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower to settle in North America.
1622 – A Spanish silver fleet disappeared off Florida Keys; thousands died. The Santa Margarita, discovered off of Key West in 1980 by pioneering shipwreck sailor Mel Fisher, was bound for Spain when it sank in a hurricane in 1622.
1628 – Puritans settle Salem, which will later become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1776 – Continental Congress prescribed the first Marine uniform.
1803 – British scientist John Dalton begins using symbols to represent the atoms of different elements.
1819 – Thomas Blanchard of Springfield, MA patented a machine called the lathe.
1844 – Western explorer John C. Fremont arrives at the shores of the Great Salt Lake.
1847 – Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and moves in with Ralph Waldo Emerson and his family in Concord, Massachusetts.
1861 – Civil War: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant bloodlessly capture Paducah, Kentucky, which gives the Union control of the mouth of the Tennessee River.
1862 – Civil War: U.S.S. Louisiana, Acting Lieutenant Richard T. Renshaw, joined with Union troops in repelling the Confederate attack on Washington, North Carolina.
1863 – Civil War: Confederates evacuate Battery Wagner and Morris Island in South Carolina.
1866 – Frederick Douglass became the first US black delegate to a national convention.
1869 – One hundred ten miners, a number of them young boys, were killed in coal mine disaster which occurred early in the morning in Avondale, Pennsylvania, when a fire broke out in a mineshaft, cutting off the miners’ escape route and their only source of air.
1870 – Louisa Ann Swain of Laramie, Wyoming becomes the first woman in the United States to cast a vote legally after 1807.
1876 – The Southern Pacific rail line from Los Angeles to San Francisco was completed.
1899 – Carnation processes its first can of evaporated milk.
1901 – PRESIDENTIAL ASSASSINATION: Anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.
1911 – Roland G. Garros, the aviator, today eclipsed the old world’s record for altitude by about 2,461 feet. Ascending in a monoplane Garros went up 16,240 feet.
1916 – Clarence Saunders opened his first Piggly Wiggly grocery store in Memphis, Tenn. He pioneered self-service in the US and obtained a patent. He later franchised over a 1,000 stores.
1920 – The first prizefight broadcast on radio. Dempsey fought against Billy Miske in Benton Harbor, MI.
1928 – Scotch tape first marketed by 3-M Company.
1930 – “Gallant Fox” won the Lawrence Realization at Belmont Park in New York and became the leading moneymaker in thoroughbred racing.
1937 – Benny Goodman and his orchestra recorded “Sugar Foot Stomp” on Victor Records
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: The requirement to wear the Star of David with the word Jew inscribed, is extended to all Jews over the age of 6 in German-occupied areas.
1943 – Pennsylvania Railroad’s premier train derails at Frankford Junction in Philadelphia, killing 79 people and injuring 117 others.
1944 – World War II: The city of Ypres, Belgium is liberated by allied forces.
1944 – USS Independence (CVL-22) begins use of specially trained air group for night work. First time that a fully equipped night carrier operates with fast carrier task force.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “It’s Magic” by Doris Day, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent) and “Bouquet of Roses” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1952 – “Wish You Were Here” by Eddie Fisher topped the charts.
1952 – The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a conviction against Harry Bridges as a Communist who lied to obtain US citizenship.
1953 – The last American and Korean prisoners were exchanged in Operation Big Switch, the last official act of the Korean War.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley, “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Heywood, “Tonight You Belong to Me” by Patience & Prudence and “I Walk the Line” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1958 – Miss Mississippi Mary Ann Mobley was crowned Miss America 1959 in Atlantic City, N.J.
1958 – Actor Steve McQueen starred on the CBS-TV series, Wanted: Dead or Alive. (24:26) McQueen played bounty hunter Josh Randall. Randall was a man of few words but sure knew how to use his .30-.40 sawed-off carbine on the bad guys.
1958 – “Volare” by Domenico Modugno topped the charts.
1958- Georgia Gibbs sang “The Hula-Hoop Song” on “The Ed Sullivan Show”
1959 – The first Barbie Doll was sold by Mattel Toy Corporation.
1963 – Baseball historian Lee Allen says the Indians-Senators game is the 100,000th in ML history.
1966 – The Coast Guard’s GM1 Lester K. Gates was awarded the Bronze Star Medal with a combat “V” device for “meritorious service and action against the enemy” while serving on board CGC Point White (WPB-82308) in Vietnam.
1969 – “Honky Tonk Women” by the Rolling Stones topped the charts.
1970 – Jimi Hendrix plays what turns out to be his last ever performance, at the badly controlled and rained out Love and Peace Festival, on the Isle Of Fehmarn, Germany.
1970 – Four passenger jets bound from Europe to New York are simultaneously hijacked by Palestinian terrorist members of PFLP. Two are taken to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan, “Long Cool Woman (In a Black Dress)” by The Hollies, “I’m Still in Love with You” by Al Green and “Woman (Sensuous Woman)” by Don Gibson all topped the charts.
1972 – The Summer Olympics resumed in Munich, West Germany, a day after the deadly hostage crisis that took the lives of 11 Israelis and five Arab abductors.
1975 – “Rhinestone Cowboy” by Glen Campbell topped the charts.
1975 – Martina Navratilova requested political asylum while in New York for the U.S. Open Tennis Tournament.
1976 – Soviet pilot, Lieutenant Viktor Belenko, decided to defect to the West. He flew his aircraft, a Mikoyan “MiG-25” interceptor, from Siberia to Japan. The “Foxbat”, as it was known in the West, was one of the most advanced aircraft fielded by the USSR to that time.
1976 – Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis were reunited by Frank Sinatra.
1978 – James Wickwire and Louis Reichardt reached the top of the world’s second largest mountain, Pakistan’s K-2. They were the first Americans to reach the summit.
1979 – Pres. Carter designated the first Sunday of September following Labor Day of each year as National Grandparents Day.
1980 – Miss Oklahoma, Susan Powell, was crowned Miss America in Atlantic City, NJ. It was the first time in 25 years that Bert Parks had not served as master of ceremonies for the show.
1985 – Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
1986 – “Venus” by Bananarama topped the charts.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Monkey” by George Michael, “Sweet Child o’ Mine” by Guns N’ Roses, “Simply Irresistible” by Robert Palmer and “I Couldn’t Leave You if I Tried” by Rodney Crowell all topped the charts.
1988- Lee Roy Young became the first African-American Texas Ranger in the force’s 165-year history.
1991 – The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia’s second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.
1995 – With the jury absent, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invokes his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination in the murder trial of O. J. Simpson.
1995 – Cal Ripken Jr. breaks Lou Gehrig ‘s record of 2,130 consecutive Major League Baseball games played at Camden Yards in Baltimore,Maryland.
1995 – U.S. Senator Bob Packwood was expelled by the Senate Ethics Committee.
1996 – Eddie Murray of the Baltimore Orioles hit his 500th career home run during a game against the Detroit Tigers, joining Hall of Famers Hank Aaron and Willie Mays as the only players with at least 3,000 hits and 500 homers.
1996 – The death toll from Hurricane Fran rose to 17 in Virginia, West Virginia and the Carolinas.
1997 – The funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, at Westminster Abbey draws large crowds. Well over a million people lined the streets and 2.5 billion watched around the world on television.
1997 – The USS Hopper, the 354th ship in the modern naval fleet, was commissioned. The high-tech destroyer is the second warship to be named after a woman. Grace Hooper (d.1992) was a computer programmer for the Navy until she retired in 1986 at age 79. She coined the term “debugging” when she pulled a moth from her computer.
2000 – Michael Swango, a former doctor suspected in a string of poisoning deaths, pleaded guilty to killing three patients in a Long Island, N.Y., hospital, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
2000 – Vice President Gore released his economic plan in the form of a 200-page book.
2001 – United States v. Microsoft: The U S Justice Department announces that it was no longer seeking to break-up software maker Microsoft and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.
2001 – Barry Bonds became the fifth player in baseball history to hit 60 HRs in a season.
2001 – The NFL referees’ union rejected the league’s latest contract offer and replacement officials worked the opening weekend of the regular season.
2001 – Jack Welch, CEO of General Electric, turned over the leadership to Jeffrey Immelt.
2002 – Meeting outside Washington D.C., for only the second time since 1800, Congress convened in New York to pay homage to the victims and heroes of Sept. 11, 2001.
2002 – Jews began Rosh Hashanah at sunset. This ended their year 5762 and began year 5763.
2004 – Former Pres. Clinton (58) underwent successful quadruple heart bypass surgery in New York City.
2005 – The California Legislature becomes the first legislative body in the United States to legalize same-sex marriage without a pre-emptive judicial order to do so.
2005 – The Wikipedia, which surged this year to become the most popular reference site on the Web, was fast overtaking several major news sites as the place where people swarm for context on breaking events. The online encyclopedia, based in St. Petersburg, Fla., was written entirely by volunteers.
2006 – In Phoenix, Arizona, police arrested Mark Goudeau (42), a construction worker, for 2 sexual assaults. In December police identified Goudeau as the Baseline Killer and recommended charging him with 71 counts including 9 murders committed from August, 2005, to June, 2006.
2006 -In Chicago George Ryan (72), former Illinois governor, was sentenced to 6½ years in prison for offenses including racketeering, conspiracy and fraud.
2007 – FBI agents arrested 12 people, including 11 public officials, in New Jersey on charges of taking bribes in exchange for influencing the awarding of public contracts. Mims Hackett Jr., mayor of Orange, was among those arrested.
2008 – The $500 million GeoEye-1, a super-sharp Earth-imaging satellite, was launched into orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base on the Central California coast.|
2008 – Tropical Storm Hanna blew hard and dumped rain in eastern North Carolina and Virginia, but caused little damage beyond isolated flooding and power outages as it quickly headed north toward New England.
2010 – In Colorado a fire broke out near Boulder and over the next six days destroyed at least 169 homes.
2010 – The annual Labor Day Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon raised $58.9 million, down from a record $65 million in 2008.
2011 – A wildfire destroys at least 118,500 acres and destroys over 700 homes in Central Texas with two deaths.
2011 – MASS SHOOTING: In Nevada Eduardo Sencion (32), armed with an AK-47 assault rifle, shot an entire group of five uniformed National Guard members eating breakfast at an IHOP, killing 3 of them and another person in a hail of gunfire. Sencion of Carson City, also shot himself and later died at a hospital.
2011 – Newly retired Gen. David Petraeus was sworn in as the twentieth director of the CIA.
2012 – Joe South of “Games People Play” fame died today.
2012 – President Barack Obama and VP Joe Biden accepted the Democratic Party nomination for a second term.
2012 – MASS SHOOTING: In Kentucky Dr. Mahmoud Yousef Hindi (55) shot and killed two men at a homeowner’s association in Louisville due to frustration over battles with the association.
2013 – Peyton Manning ties NFL record with seven TD passes in the Denver Broncos’ 49-27 over the the Baltimore Ravens in Denver. He is the first quarterback since the AFL and NFL merged to throw for seven touchdowns in one game. The last was the Minnesota Vikings’ Joe Kapp, who accomplished the feat against the Baltimore Colts in 1969.
2014 – The United States says that it will not coordinate with Iran in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
2014 – A wildfire is reported to have burned 300 acres near Yosemite National Park, forcing the evacuation of 700 nearby homes.
2014 – In the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Federated Auto Parts 400 in Richmond, Virginia, Brad Keselowski wins.
2015 – In Tampa, Florida, former University of South Florida football player Elkino Watson is killed and Desmon Watson, another former player, is injured after an early morning stabbing after an argument broke out outside a nightclub in Ybor City.
2015 – In North Carolina, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department announces an unprecedented 11 people have been shot, 5 fatally, over the Labor Day weekend, including a boy shot at a birthday party.
2015 – In the second police officer shooting in the city in three days, a man ambushed a marked police SUV stopped at a traffic light in Las Vegas by walking up and firing multiple rounds, striking one officer in the hand. The shooter was arrested.
2015 – Crystal Cortes of Dallas, Texas is charged with capital murder of dentist Kendra Hatcher on September 2.
2016 – President Obama nominated a muslim Abid Riaz Qureshi to become a federal judge for the U.S. District Court for Washington, D.C.
1757 – Marquis de Lafayette, French soldier and statesman (d. 1834)
1838 – Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (d. 1906)
1888 – Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American politician (d. 1969)
1957 – Victoria Suzanne Mitchell, evangelist, teacher
1958 – Jeff Foxworthy, American comedian, actor, and author
DAVIS, RODNEY MAXWELL
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company B, 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam, September 6th, 1967. Entered service at: Macon, Ga. Born: 7 April 1942, Macon, Ga. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as the right guide of the 2d Platoon, Company B, in action against enemy forces. Elements of the 2d Platoon were pinned down by a numerically superior force of attacking North Vietnamese Army Regulars. Remnants of the platoon were located in a trench line where Sgt. Davis was directing the fire of his men in an attempt to repel the enemy attack. Disregarding the enemy hand grenades and high volume of small arms and mortar fire, Sgt. Davis moved from man to man shouting words of encouragement to each of them while firing and throwing grenades at the onrushing enemy. When an enemy grenade landed in the trench in the midst of his men, Sgt. Davis, realizing the gravity of the situation, and in a final valiant act of complete self-sacrifice, instantly threw himself upon the grenade, absorbing with his body the full and terrific force of the explosion. Through his extraordinary initiative and inspiring valor in the face of almost certain death, Sgt. Davis saved his comrades from injury and possible loss of life, enabled his platoon to hold its vital position, and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company A, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Satae-ri Korea, September 6th, 1952. Entered service at: Fort Hancock, Tex. Born: 21 March 1931, Fort Hancock, Tex. G.O. No.: 96, 29 December 1953. Citation. Cpl. Martinez, a machine gunner with Company A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. While manning a listening post forward of the main line of resistance, his position was attacked by a hostile force of reinforced company strength. In the bitter fighting which ensued, the enemy infiltrated the defense perimeter and, realizing that encirclement was imminent, Cpl. Martinez elected to remain at his post in an attempt to stem the onslaught. In a daring defense, he raked the attacking troops with crippling fire, inflicting numerous casualties. Although contacted by sound power phone several times, he insisted that no attempt be made to rescue him because of the danger involved. Soon thereafter, the hostile forces rushed the emplacement, forcing him to make a limited withdrawal with only an automatic rifle and pistol to defend himself. After a courageous six-hour stand and shortly before dawn, he called in for the last time, stating that the enemy was converging on his position His magnificent stand enabled friendly elements to reorganize, attack, and regain the key terrain. Cpl. Martinez’ incredible valor and supreme sacrifice reflect lasting glory upon himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Battery H, 3d New York Light Artillery. Place and date: At Washington, N.C., September 6th,1862. Entered service at: Madison, N.Y. Birth: Madison, N.Y. Date of issue: 24 April 1896. Citation: Took command of a gun (the lieutenant in charge having disappeared) and fired the same so rapidly and effectively that the enemy was repulsed, although for a time a hand-to-hand conflict was had over the gun.