OH MY!!! Only 30 shopping days to Christmas
Bob Hope Military Monday
The point of Thanksgiving is to remember the things we have to be grateful for. It’s our special time to give thanks… not just for the obvious, like food, but for the thousands of fortunate moments, the multitude of blessings that we receive each year.Think of all the good things that happened because something bad happened first. For example, “If that slow driver hadn’t pulled in front of me, I would have gotten a speeding ticket.” “If I hadn’t tripped on the playground, I would never have met such a nice person.” “If I hadn’t experienced unemployment, I would never have acquired the skills that got me a more fulfilling job.”
On a vacation trip through Vicksburg, MS, we passed an elderly woman whose car apparently had just broke down on the side of the freeway. My son, 4, said, “Dad we should go back and help her.” We went to the next exit, up and over the bridge and back down on to the freeway. When we got back to the Vicksburg exit we repeated that so we could get back to the same spot. We did but she and the car were gone. We had lost almost an hour but it completely dissipated when Mark said, ” Don’t worry Dad we probably missed a bad accident or something.” Oh what a blessing that was!!!
Don’t focus on what you don’t have. Focus on what you do have. For example: “I’m so fortunate to have a warm place to sleep in the winter.” “I’m so fortunate to live in a safe neighborhood where I can take walks.” “I’m so fortunate to be able to see the beauty around me.” “I am so fortunate to have my family and especially my wife or my husband.”
Think about people you’ve known that have made you thankful for their existence. They can be family, friends or simply people that you’ve read about or seen on television, that you know by Facebook or other social media. Imagine how many other people there are who might be equally as wonderful. You just haven’t met them yet. You know that a stranger is a friend that you have not met.
Think about people who have made life hard for you. Now think about the things you accomplished because of them. Did you finish something because they said that you couldn’t? Did you get better at something because they made fun of you when you did it badly? Did their cruel actions make you vow never to treat others that way? Even the negative forces in your life can be hidden blessings, worthy of your gratitude.
Think about the animals that have given you joy: Dogs that love you with every inch of their hearts, cats that think your lap is the best place to nap in the whole world, birds whose songs uplift your spirit, squirrels whose antics put a grin on your face.
Think about the places that make you smile: A favorite hangout, a wooded trail, an exciting city, a great spot from which to view the sky, a hill that you once rolled down. Give thanks for all these things.
Give thanks to the Lord who has given you all these things by giving you the one thing that you needed to experience them all and that is LIFE!!!
Now pass it on. True gratitude involves action. Lend a hand. Pitch in. Make a gift. Give your time. Listen. Give back as often as you can. Even a friendly greeting can make all the difference in the world. SMILE!!!!!
” Most of us, swimming against the tides of trouble the world knows nothing about, need only a bit of praise or encouragement — and we will make the goal. “
~ Jerome P. Fleishman
trencherman TREN-chuhr-muhn, noun:
A hearty eater.
Trencherman is from trencher, “a wooden board or platter on which food is served or carved” (from Medieval French trencheoir, from Old French trenchier, “to cut,” from Latin truncare, “to lop off, to shorten by cutting”) + man. It is related to trench, “a hole cut into the ground.”
1248 – In the middle of the night a mass on the north side of Mont Granier suddenly collapsed, in one of the largest historical avalanches known in Europe.
1639 – Jeremiah Horrocks observes the transit of Venus (November 24 in the Julian calendar, or December 4 in the Gregorian calendar).
1642 – Dutch navigator Abel Tasman discovered Van Diemen’s Land which he named after his captain; later it was renamed Tasmania.
1703 – First Lutheran pastor ordained in America, Justus Falckner at Philadelphia
1832 – South Carolina passed an Ordinance of Nullification. The US government had enacted a tariff. South Carolina nullified it and threatened to secede. The doctrine of nullification involved an argument concerning the nature of the union as defined by the writers of the Constitution and addressed the question: “Was the US a compact of sovereign states, each retaining ultimate authority, or was the US one nation formed by the people through the writing of the Constitution?”
1835 – Texas Rangers, a mounted police force, was authorized by the Texas Provisional Government. Rangers served primarily as volunteers since government offers of payment rarely materialized. The affairs of this group provided the basis for “The Lone Ranger.”
1859 – British naturalist Charles Darwin published “The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” which explained his groundbreaking theory of evolution.
1861 – Civil War: Landing party from U.S.S. Flag, Commander J. Rodgers, U.S.S. Augusta, Pocahontas, Seneca, and Savannah, took possession of the Tybee Island, Savannah Harbor.
1862 – Civil War: U.S.S. Monticello, Lieutenant Commander Braine, destroyed two Confederate salt works near Little River Inlet, North Carolina.
1863 – Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain – Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg. The battle for Lookout Mountain was fought in a layer of fog whose lower level began at the Cravens House, used as Rebel headquarters.
1863 – Civil War: Union Army troops commenced sinking piles as obstructions in the Stono River above Legareville, South Carolina.
1864 – Kit Carson and his 1st Cavalry, New Mexico Volunteers, attacked a camp of Kiowa Indians in the First Battle of Adobe Walls.
1871 – The National Rifle Association was incorporated in New York City, and its first president was Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside. Another founder was Union General Willam Church.
1874 – Robert B. Elliott, Black American, elected Speaker of the lower house of the South Carolina legislature.
1896 – Vermont passed the first statute extending the privilege of absentee voting to both civilians and military personnel. Most legislation pertaining to absentee voting has been introduced during wartime, when large numbers of eligible voters have been serving their country in the Armed Forces.
1903 – Clyde Coleman of New York City patents the automobile electric starter.
1906 – A 13-6 victory by the Massillon Tigers over their rivals, the Canton Bulldogs, for the “Ohio League” Championship, leads to accusations that the championship series was fixed and results in the first major scandal in professional American football.
1904 – The first successful caterpillar track is made.
1918 – Frank O. King premiered his comic strip “Gasoline Alley” in the Chicago Tribune. He aged his characters over time.
1927 – In California troops battled 1,200 inmates after Folsom prisoners revolted. On Thanksgiving Day there was a prison break at Folsom. One prisoner was shot in the ensuing uprising and five others were later hung.
1930 – Ruth Nichols becomes the first woman pilot on a transcontinental air flight.
1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
1938 – Clifford Odets’ “Rocket to the Moon,” premiered in New York City.
1938 – Mexico seized oil land adjacent to Texas.
1939 – In Czechoslovakia, the Gestapo executed 120 students who were accused of anti-Nazi plotting.
1940 – World War II: Nazis closed off the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland. Over the next three years the population dropped from 350,000 to 70,000 due to starvation, disease and deportations to concentration camps.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: “Life Certificates” were issued to some Jews of Vilna. The rest were exterminated.
1943 – World War II: Japanese forces mount a small attack on the American divisions on Bougainville. The US Marines hold.
1943 – World War II: The USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.
1944 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – The first bombing raid since Capt. Jimmy Doolittle’s raid in 1942 against the Japanese capital from the east and by land was made by 111 American aircraft.
1944 – World War II: The US 3rd Army captures crossings over the Saar River, about 25 miles north of Saarbrucken.
1944 – World War II: Heinrich Himmler ordered the destruction of the Auschwitz and Birkenau crematoriums.
1947 – After refusing to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of Communist influence in the movie industry, the United States House of Representatives votes 346 to 17 to approve citations of contempt of Congress against the so-called “Hollywood 10”.
1947 – John Steinbeck’s novel “The Pearl” published.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Do” by Dinah Shore, “Near You” by The Francis Craig Orchestra (vocal: Bob Lamm), “The Whiffinpoof Song” by Bing Crosby and “I’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1950 – The musical comedy, “Guys and Dolls”, opened on Broadway.
1950 – The “Storm of the Century”, a violent snowstorm, takes shape on this date before paralyzing the northeastern United States and the Appalachians the next day, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia, records 57 inches of snow. 353 people would die as a result of the storm.
1951 – The Broadway play Gigi opens with little-known actress Audrey Hepburn in the title role.
1951 – “Sin (It’s No Sin)” by Eddy Howard topped the charts.
1953 – Walter O’Malley named Walston Alston to replace Charlie Dressen, who wanted a multi-year contract, a Dodger taboo. Alston served under 23 consecutive one-year contracts.
1954 – First US Presidential airplane christened. The presidential call sign, Air Force One, was established for security purposes during the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sixteen Tons” by Tennessee Ernie Ford, “Autumn Leaves” by Roger Williams, “Love and Marriage” by Frank Sinatra and “Love, Love, Love” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1956 – “Love Me Tender” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1956 – “Pajama Game” closed at St James Theater New York City after 1063 performances.
1958 – Jackie Wilson’s “Lonely Teardrops” was released.
1958 – Richie Valens released “Donna” and “La Bamba”
1958 – “It’s Only Make Believe” by Conway Twitty topped the charts.
1959 – The new TV show Twilight Zone ran “The Time Element” (51:57)about a bartender returning to Pearl Harbor Dec 6, 1941.
1960 – Wilt Chamberlain pulls down 55 rebounds in a game (NBA record).
1962 – “Big Girls Don’t Cry” by the Four Seasons topped the charts.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’m Leaving It Up to You” by Dale & Grace, “Washington Square” by The Village Stompers, “She’s a Fool” by Lesley Gore and “Love’s Gonna Live Here” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1963 – Jack Ruby shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, in the Dallas police station in a scene captured on live television. (In 1979, the House Assassination’s Committee concludes that Kennedy likely was killed as part of a larger conspiracy. It may even have included members of organized crime.) The whole event was broadcast on television.
1963 – Vietnam War: Newly sworn-in US President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam both militarily and economically.
1964 – USS Princeton (LPH-5) completes seven-days of humanitarian relief to South Vietnam which suffered damage from typhoon and floods.
1964 – Residents of Wash DC were permitted to vote for the first time since 1800.
1966 – Four-hundred die of respiratory failure & heart attack in killer New York City smog. It was caused by a temperature inversion trapping the urban air pollution for three days.
1968 – Three Latins hijacked a US B-707 jet, from New York’s Kennedy Int’l. to Cuba. Pena Soltren, a US citizen, and two accomplices used weapons hidden in a diaper bag to hijack Pan Am Flight 281.
1969 – Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the Moon, successfully returned to Earth.
1969 – U.S. Army officials announce 1st Lt. William Calley will be court-martialed for the premeditated murder of 109 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai.
1970 – Stanford’s QB Jim Plunkett wins Heisman Trophy.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Theme from Shaft” by Isaac Hayes, “Baby I’m-A Want You” by Bread, “Have You Seen Her” by Chi-Lites and “Daddy Frank (The Guitar Man)” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1971 – Hijacker D.B. Cooper parachuted from a Northwest Airlines 727 over Washington state with $200,000 in ransom. He was never found. In 2011 evidence was presented that Lynn Doyle Cooper (d.1999) of Oregon, a Korean war veteran, was the hijacker.
1971 – A prison rebellion took place at Rahway State Prison, NJ.
1972 – A Friday night show that would compete head-to-head with NBC’s “Midnight Special” premiered. “In Concert” featured Chuck Berry, Alice Cooper, Blood Sweat and Tears, Seals and Crofts and Poco.
1973 – “Photograph” by Ringo Starr topped the charts.
1976 – NBA Atlanta Hawks end a 28 game road losing streak.
1977 – Greece announced the discovery of the tomb of King Philip II, father of Alexander the Great.
1979 – The United States government admitted that thousands of troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “No More Tears (Enough Is Enough)” by Barbra Streisand & Donna Summer, “Babe” by Styx, “Please Don’t Go” by K.C. & The Sunshine Band and “Come with Me” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1982 – FCC dropped limits on the duration and frequency of TV ads.
1984 – “Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go” by Wham! topped the charts.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mony Mony “Live” by Billy Idol, “(I’ve Had) The Time of My Life” by Bill Medley & Jennifer Warnes, “Heaven is a Place on Earth” by Belinda Carlisle and “I Won’t Need You Anymore (Always and Forever)” by Randy Travis all topped the charts.
1986 – First day issue of the American Eagle silver dollar. It sold out on its first day.
1987 – The United States and the Soviet Union agreed to scrap shorter- and medium-range missiles.
1990 – “Love Takes Time” by Mariah Carey topped the charts.
1991 – The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off from Cape Canaveral with six astronauts and a military satellite.
1992 – Marines lowered the flag at Subic Bay, U.S. Naval Facility, Republic of the Philippines, for the last time during ceremonies to turn over the facility to the government of the Philippines. The withdrawal ended almost a century of U.S. presence in that nation.
1993 – The “Brady Bill” was passed by the U.S. Congress. The battle over the bill had been long and loud since its introduction in 1987.
1996 – Barry Sanders (Detroit Lions) set an NFL record when he recorded his eighth straight 1,000-yard season.
1997 – Space-walking astronauts from the shuttle Columbia grabbed a spinning satellite with their hands, enabling the cockpit crew to use the shuttle’s robot arm to return it to the cargo bay.
1998 – America Online announced that it would buy Netscape Communications for $10 billion.
1998 – Bill Gates, chairman of Microsoft Corp., donated $20 million to the Seattle Public Library system.
1999 – It was reported that US married couples with children comprised 26% of the population as opposed to 45% in 1972.
2000 – The PlayStation 2 is released in Europe, for around €449/£299.
2000 – The U.S. Supreme Court stepped into the bitter, overtime struggle for the White House, agreeing to consider George W. Bush’s appeal whether the extended Florida ballot counting violates federal law.
2001 – Heavy storms hit the US and at least 12 people were killed in the lower Mississippi valley.
2002 – Space Shuttle Endeavour lifts off on mission STS-113, the final successful shuttle flight before the ill-fated STS-107 Columbia mission.
2003 – A jury in Virginia Beach, Virginia, sentenced John Allen Muhammad to death for the series of Washington-area sniper shootings.
2003 – A new US FCC regulation allowed cell phone users to transfer their numbers to a different carrier beginning today.
2003 – Warren Spahn (82), the Hall of Fame pitcher who won more games than any other left-hander in history, died in Broken Arrow, Ok.
2004 – The US military ended a nine-year peacekeeping role in Bosnia but kept on a small contingent to hunt down top war crimes suspects Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic.
2004 – In Fallujah the US military uncovered the largest arms cache yet inside the mosque of an insurgent leader.
2005 – A giant balloon in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York snagged a street light and caused part of it to fall, injuring a woman and a child.
2006 – In Chicago a gunman who took his neighbor hostage for 23 hours over Thanksgiving ended the standoff by killing the woman and himself.
2007 – In southern California a fast-moving wildfire destroyed more than a dozen homes and spread through the canyons and hills above Malibu, forcing dozens of residents to flee ahead of the flames. Fifty-three homes were destroyed with seven square miles scorched.
2008 – The US government won a terrorism conviction against Texas-based Holy Land, what had been the nation’s largest Muslim charity, and five of its leaders for funneling millions of dollars to the Palestinian militant group Hamas.
2010 – The US Federal Transit Administration sent an invoice to New Jersey for some $271 million for work done on the cancelled $8.7 billion Hudson River rail tunnel connecting the state with NY.
2010 – Former US House of Representatives Majority Leader and former Dancing with the Stars contestant Tom DeLay is convicted of money laundering and conspiracy in relation to Republican fundraising for the 2002 Texas state elections.
2010 – In Virginia 5 Somali men, accused of attacking the USS Nicholas on April 1, were convicted on federal piracy charges. On March 14, 2011, the 5 men were sentenced to life in prison.
2012 – Retail analysis says more Americans went out to shop (as opposed to shopping online) on Black Friday, 23 November. However, total sales decreased 1.8% from the previous Black Friday.
2012 – The NHL cancels all games through 14 December, plus the 2013 NHL All-Star Game scheduled for 27 January in Columbus, Ohio, due to the 2012 NHL lockout.
1784 – Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States of America (1849-50).
1806 – William Webb Ellis, credited with the invention of Rugby (d. 1872)
1853 – Bat Masterson, American gunfighter (d. 1921)
1868 – Scott Joplin, American ragtime music composer and pianist.
1877 – Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (d. 1956)
1888 – Dale Carnegie, American lecturer and author.
1897 – Lucky Luciano, American gangster (d. 1962)
1925 – William F. Buckley, conservative commentator who founded National Review in 1955.
1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, White House Press Secretary
*KNIGHT, NOAH O.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company F, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kowang-San, Korea, November 23rd and November 24th, 1951. Entered service at: Jefferson, S.C. Born: 27 October 1929, Chesterfield County, S.C. G.O. No.: 2, 7 January 1953. Citation: Pfc. Knight, a member of Company F, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. He occupied a key position in the defense perimeter when waves of enemy troops passed through their own artillery and mortar concentrations and charged the company position. Two direct hits from an enemy emplacement demolished his bunker and wounded him. Disregarding personal safety, he moved to a shallow depression for a better firing vantage. Unable to deliver effective fire from his defilade position, he left his shelter, moved through heavy fire in full view of the enemy and, firing into the ranks of the relentless assailants, inflicted numerous casualties, momentarily stemming the attack. Later during another vicious onslaught, he observed an enemy squad infiltrating the position and, counterattacking, killed or wounded the entire group. Expending the last of his ammunition, he discovered three enemy soldiers entering the friendly position with demolition charges. Realizing the explosives would enable the enemy to exploit the breach, he fearlessly rushed forward and disabled two assailants with the butt of his rifle when the third exploded a demolition charge killing the three enemy soldiers and mortally wounding Pfc. Knight. Pfc. Knight’s supreme sacrifice and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1825, Malta. Citation: For courage and fidelity displayed in the loss of the U.S.S. Huron, November 24th, 1877. While on a scientific trip to Cuba, Huron ran aground off Nags Head, North Carolina in heavy weather, and was wrecked shortly after 1 a.m. next morning. For a time, her crew worked in relatively little danger, attempting to free their ship, but she soon heeled over, carrying 98 officers and men to their deaths.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 149th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Lookout Mountain, Tenn., November 24th, 1863. Entered service at: Syracuse, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 28 June 1865. Citation: Capture of Confederate flag (Bragg’s army).
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 149th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Lookout Mountain, Tenn., November 24th, 1863. Entered service at: Syracuse, N.Y. Birth: Syracuse, N.Y. Date of issue: 12 January 1892. Citation: Waved the colors to save the lives of the men who were being fired upon by their own batteries, and thereby drew upon himself a concentrated fire from the enemy.
POTTER, NORMAN F.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company E, 149th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Lookout Mountain, Tenn., November 24th, 1863. Entered service at: Pompey, N.Y. Birth: Pompey, N.Y. Date of issue: 24 June 1865. Citation: Capture of flag (Bragg’s army).
Receiving a Medal of Honor for any activity is simply ordinary people doing extremely extraordinary things. We tend to look at things such as capturing a flag as fairly simple events when that is far from the truth. First, the flags captured in these contexts are powerful symbols of the organization displaying it. During the CIVIL WAR it was an extreme honor to capture the enemy’s flag and a disgrace to lose your own. To take your enemy’s flag was also a very important mark of success.
Second, in addition to the emotional aspects, having your flag stolen would be tantamount to losing a very important communication device. To the soldiers in the battle it said, “Here are your leaders and they are still standing.” It gave a focal point or a rallying point to those in battle but away from their leaders.
Finally it was a sense of pride that transcended the battle and the war and all of the following history. There is still (2010) contention between states over these banners, guidons and flags from the CIVIL WAR. This demonstrates the military and emotional importance of these pieces of cloth.
National Adoption Day
The day after Thanksgiving is commonly called Black Friday. Usually Black is not with many things that are positive but I think it could be when I heard a statistic that said many small businesses make 40% of their annual profit on that one day. In history, though, there have been a number of events that happened on a Friday and are thus known as Black Friday:
- Black Friday (1869), a financial crisis in the United States
- Black Friday (1889), the day of the Johnstown Flood.
- Black Friday (1929), a stock market crash in the United States
- Black Friday (1939), a day of devastating fires in Australia
- Black Friday (1945), largest air battle over Norway, over Sunnfjord
- Hollywood Black Friday (1945), the day the six-month-old Confederation of Studio Unions (CSU) strike boiled over into a bloody riot at the Warner Bros. studios leading to the eventual breakup of the CSU.
- Black Friday (1978), a massacre of protesters in Iran
- Black Friday (1982), known in Britain after Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, sparking the Falklands Wa
- rOther uses of the term include:
- Black Friday, a name used for any Friday which falls on the 13th of a month
- Black Friday (shopping), the day after Thanksgiving Day in the United States, the first shopping day of the Christmas season and one of the busiest shopping days of the year
- “Black Friday” is the name given to the last Friday before Christmas in the United Kingdom. It is a day when widespread anti-social behaviour due to public alcohol consumption is expected to occur, and police are given additional powers to combat it.
- Black Friday (1940 film), a science-fiction/horror film starring Boris Karloff, Stanley Ridges and Bela Lugosi
- “Black Friday”, a title of a song by Grinspoon
- “Black Friday”, a title of a song by Steely Dan
- “Black Friday”, a title of a song by Megadeth
- “Black Friday Rule”, a title of a song by Flogging Molly
- “Black Friday”, the nickname for game 3 of the 1977 National League Championship Series, Philadelphia Phillies fans gave the nickname because the Phillies blew an early lead against the Los Angeles Dodgers and a controversial call was made during the game
- “Black Friday”, a title of a poem written by Dennis Rader, the BTK killer
“Gratitude unlocks the fullness of life. It turns what we have into enough, and more. It turns denial into acceptance, chaos to order, confusion to clarity. It can turn a meal into a feast, a house into a home, a stranger into a friend. Gratitude makes sense of our past, brings peace for today, and creates a vision for tomorrow.”
~ Melody Beattie
ef‧fer‧vesce /ef‧fer‧ves‧cence, noun
to give off bubbles of gas, as fermenting liquors.
as a verb
to issue forth in bubbles.
to show enthusiasm, excitement, liveliness, etc.: The parents effervesced with pride over their new baby.
as an adjective
He has such an effervescent personality
[Origin: 1695–1705; < L effervēscere, equiv. to ef- ef- + ferv- hot (see fervent) + -ēscere -esce]
1499 – Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1654 – French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense vision that marks him for life.
1765 – Frederick County, Md., became the first colonial entity to repudiate the British Stamp Act.
1783 – Annapolis, Md., became the US capital until June 1784.
1785 – John Hancock was elected president of the Continental Congress for the second time.
1808 – Zebulon Pike reaches his peak.
1835 – Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine, Troy, NY
1837 – William Crompton of Taunton, MA patented the silk, power loom.
1848 – The Female Medical Educational Society was established.
1849 – Harvard chemistry Professor John Webster murdered Dr. George Parkman. Dental identification played a key role in the trial.
1852 – Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30′. A severe earthquake created a fissure a half mile wide and three hundred yards long through which the waters of Lake Merced flowed to the sea.
1863 – Civil War: Union forces struck out and captured Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain.
1863 – Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga began. Union forces drove the Confederates away and set the stage for Union General William Sherman’s triumphant March to the Sea.
1864 – Civil War: The Battle at Ball’s Ferry, Georgia, left 30 casualties.
1868 – Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process.
1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched – one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1874 – Farmer Joseph Glidden’s patent for barbed wire was granted. Glidden designed a simple wire barb that attached to a double-strand wire, as well as a machine to mass-produce the wire.
1876 – William Marcy “Boss” Tweed, leader of New York City’s corrupt Tammany Hall political organization during the 1860s, was turned in to authorities in New York City after his capture in Spain.
1876 – The first intercollegiate football association was established by Columbia, Harvard & Princeton in Springfield, MA.
1887 – Notre Dame played its inaugural game, the Irish lost to the University of Michigan Wolverines by a score of 8-0. Their first win came in the final game of the 1888 season when the Irish defeated Harvard Prep by a score of 20-0.
1887 – The opera “The Trumpeter of Sackingen” first American production.
1889 – The first jukebox was installed when an entrepreneur named Louis Glass and his business associate, William S. Arnold, placed a coin-operated Edison cylinder phonograph in the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco. There was a coin slot for each tube. 5 cents bought a few minutes of music. The contraption took in $1,000 in six months!
1895 – The first ever Backyard Brawl rivalry match-up between Pitt Panthers and West Virginia Mountaineers takes place. The Backyard Brawl is an annual football game between the University of Pittsburgh and West Virginia University.
1897 – A pencil sharpener was patented by J.L. Love.
1898 – Andrew Beard, African-American inventor, was granted a patent (Patent # 594,059) for a railway car coupler. It was , commonly called the Jenny Coupler. It did the dangerous job of hooking railroad cars together, Beard, himself had lost a leg in a car coupling accident.
1903 – Singer Enrico Caruso made his U.S. debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, in “Rigoletto.”
1903 – Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners’ strike.
1905 – Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physician, named minister of Haiti. He was the last Black minister to Haiti in this period. President Woodrow Wilson appointed a white minister in 1913.
1909 – The Wright brothers formed a corporation for the commercial manufacture of their airplanes.
1919 – The first play-by-play football game radio broadcast took place during the Texas A&M – Texas game.
1921 – U.S. President Warren Harding signed the Willis Campell Act, better known as the anti-beer bill. It forbids doctors to prescribe beer or liquor for medicinal purposes, which was a loophole in Prohibition.
1935 – Ethel Leginska became the first woman to write an opera — and conduct it.
1936 – Henry R. Luce’s “LIFE” magazine debuted. The first cover pictured the Fort Peck Dam in Montana (part of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program) photographed by Margaret Bourke-White. On page 2, a photo showed a doctor slapping a newborn baby — and the caption read, “LIFE begins.”
1936 – U.S. abandoned the American embassy in Madrid, Spain, which was engulfed by civil war.
1937 – John Steinbeck’s “Of Mice & Men,” premiered in New York City.
1938 – “Thanks for the Memory” was a song in the film “The Big Broadcast of 1938. The words and music were written by Leo Robin and Ralph Rainger, and was recorded by Shep Fields and his orchestra. It won the Academy Award for Best Song. Bob Hope sang the vocals and it became his signature song.
1939 – Thanksgiving. Franklin D. Roosevelt had proclaimed Thanksgiving Day a week earlier–on the fourth, not the last, Thursday of November–in an effort to encourage more holiday shopping.
1940 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints Admiral William D. Leahy as U.S. Ambassador to Vichy France to try to prevent the French fleet and naval bases from falling into German hands.
1941 – U.S. troops moved into Dutch Guiana [Surinam] to guard the bauxite (aluminum ore) mines. The attack at Pearl Harbor is only 14 days away.
1942 – The Coast Guard Woman’s Auxiliary (SPARS) was authorized.
1942 – The film “Casablanca” premiered in New York City.
1943 – World War II: Pacific: The U.S. began its offensive against Japan in the Central Pacific by taking Tarawa Island and Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands. On Tarawa Atoll, the battle ends by noon. The US Marines have suffered 1000 killed and 2000 wounded. The Japanese garrison of 4800 troops has been annihilated. A total of 17 wounded Japanese troops and 129 Korean laborers are the only survivors.
1944 – World War II: Europe: On the right flank of the German line, the 15th Army falls back in Holland. Meanwhile, the German 7th Army launches attacks on forces of US 9th Army. To the south, French troops of US 7th Army reach Strasbourg.
1945 – Wartime rationing of food, particularly meat and butter, was ended in the U.S.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rumors are Flying” by Frank Sinatra (sung by Andrews Sisters), “Ole Buttermilk Sky” by The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Mike Douglas & The Campus Kids), “The Whole World is Singing My Song” by The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day) and “Divorce Me C.O.D” by Merle Travis all topped the charts.
1947 – Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for six touchdowns vs the Chicago Cardinals (45-21).
1948 – Dr. Frank G. Back of New York City patented the Zoomar lens. At some point Zoomar and Zoom lens became interchangeable.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Need You Now” by Eddie Fisher, “Mr. Sandman” by The Chordettes, “Teach Me Tonight” by The De Castro Sisters and “More and More” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1954 – For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
1954 – At 0950, the 50 millionth GM body met up with the 50 millionth GM Chassis. The result a few minutes later was a 1955 Chevrolet Bel-Air. The car was painted gold and had more than 600 parts plated in 24-karat gold.
1957 – “Jailhouse Rock” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1958 – “Have Gun Will Travel” premieres on radio. It was broadcast on CBS radio and starred John Dehner as Paladin. Richard Boone played Paladin on TV.
1958 – Ronald and Nancy Reagan appeared together in the “GE Theatre” production of “A Turkey for the President”.
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “Big Girls Don’t Cry” by The Four Seasons, “Return to Sender” by Elvis Presley, “Next Door to an Angel” by Neil Sedaka and “I’ve Been Everywhere” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1963 – “Dr. Who” premiered on British TV; it didn’t air in the U.S. until September 1975.
1963 – “I’m Leaving it up to You” by Dale & Grace topped the charts.
1963 – President John Fitzgerald Kennedy’s body, lay in repose in East Room of White House.
1964 – Beatles release “I Feel Fine” & “She’s a Woman”
1968 – Hijacking: Five Cubans hijacked a US B-727 jet, from Chicago to Cuba.
1968 – “Hey Jude” by the Beatles topped the charts. This is the most commercially successful Beatles song. It was #1 in at least 12 countries and by the end of 1968 had sold more than 5 million copies.
1970 – Simas I. Kudirka, a Soviet fisherman, attempted to defect from his Soviet fishing vessel to the Coast Guard Cutter Vigilant, during a meeting between the Soviets and the U.S. on fishing rights.
1970 – George Harrison released “My Sweet Lord” in the US.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Think I Love You” by The Partridge Family, “The Tears of a Clown” by Smokey Robinson & The Miracles, “Gypsy Woman” by Brian Hyland and “Fifteen Years Ago” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1974 – “I Can Help” by Billy Swan topped the charts.
1976 – Police arrested Jerry Lee Lewis outside the gates of Graceland after he showed up for the second time that night and made a scene by shouting, waving a pistol and demanding to see Elvis Presley.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “MacArthur Park” by Donna Summer, “Double Vision” by Foreigner, “How Much I Feel” by Ambrosia and “Sleeping Single in a Double Bed” by Barbara Mandrell all topped the charts.
1980 – One-thousand people from twenty five states gather in Philadelphia and form the National Black Independent Party.
1981 – President Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1984 – Boston College quarterback Doug Flutie throws a game-winning 48-yard “Hail Mary pass” to Gerard Phelan to defeat the University of Miami Hurricanes 45-41. It is one of the most famous plays in American college football history.
1985 – “We Built This City” by Starship topped the charts.
1985 – Larry Wu-tai Chin, a retired CIA analyst, was arrested and accused of spying for China. He committed suicide a year after his conviction.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Human” by Human League, “You Give Love a Bad Name” by Bon Jovi, “Word Up” by Cameo and “You’re Still New to Me” by Marie Osmond with Paul Davis all topped the charts.
1988 – Wayne Gretzky scored his 600th National Hockey League (NHL) goal.
1990 – The first all-woman expedition to the South Pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the first leg of a seventy day, 1287 kilometer ski trek.
1991 – “When a Man Loves a Woman” by Michael Bolton topped the charts.
1992 – The play “Someone Who’ll Watch Over Me” opened. This is an opening video montage to accompany drama piece ‘Someone Who’ll Watch Over Me’, set in Gaza during the war of 2009.
1995 – The Bosnian Serbs accepted a peace plan proposed during talks in Dayton, Ohio, to end the four years of conflict in the former Yugoslavia.
1998 – A U.S. federal judge rejected a Virginia county’s effort to block pornography on library computer calling the attempt unconstitutional.
1998 – The Georgia state Supreme Court invalidated Georgia’s anti-sodomy law.
1998 – The Dow Jones hit a new record high at 9,374.27.
1999 – Defense Secretary William Cohen called for a military-wide review of conduct after a Pentagon study said up to 75 percent of blacks and other ethnic minorities reported experiencing racially offensive behavior.
2001 – A crowd of 87,555 people watched the Texas Longhorns beat the Texas A&M Aggies 21-7. The crowd was the largest to see a football game in Texas.
2001 – Heavy storms hit Arkansas and at least 4 people were killed.
2001 – It was reported that Hawaii’s Supreme Court struck down the state’s sex offender registration law, declaring it unconstitutional.
2002 – NC State beats Florida State 17-7 to give the Wolfpack it’s first 10-win season in 111 years.
2003 – Adolfo “Big Al” Bruno (57), a regional Mafia boss, was killed in Springfield, Mass.
2003 – The New York Times reports that the Federal Bureau of Investigation is actively monitoring and gathering intelligence on anti-war protest movements’ activities, ostensibly to detect possible terrorist activity.
2004 – Dan Rather announced that he would step down as anchorman of “The CBS Evening News” in March 2005.
2004 – Iraq: 5,000 US Marines, British troops and Iraqi commandos launched raids and arrested suspected insurgents aimed at clearing a swath of insurgent hotbeds south of Baghdad.
2005 – The record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season continues as Tropical Storm Delta forms from a non-tropical low 1,000 nautical miles southwest of the Azores.
2005 – A federal jury in New York convicted Uzair Paracha (25), a Pakistani man detained in 2003, of providing material support to terrorists and other related charges. His father was being held as an enemy combatant at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
2005 – A commuter train slammed into several vehicles caught in a traffic jam on a busy road in Elmwood Park, Ill., starting a chain reaction that injured at least ten people.
2007 – The ice breaker/cruise ship MS Explorer sinks in the Southern Ocean after striking an iceberg. Everyone aboard is rescued.
2007 – Emily Sander (18), a Kansas college student and Internet porn star, was last seen leaving a bar in El Dorado, about 30 miles from Wichita, with a man identified as Israel Mireles (24). Her body was found Nov 29 about 50 miles east of El Dorado.
2008 – In Hollywood, Ca., Mario Majorski (48) of Oregon was shot and killed by a security guard at the Scientology Celebrity Center as he tried to attack guests with a pair of Samurai swords.
2009 – The US Consumer Product Safety Commission recalled of 2.1 million cribs following links to four infant suffocations. The drop-side cribs were made by Stork Craft Manufacturing of Canada.
2009 – Ohio police seized about 35 pipe bombs, an assortment of firearms, hundreds of rounds of ammunition at the Cuyahoga Falls apartment of Mark Campano (56), a former doctor, following two loud explosions.
2010 – Rep. Dan Maffei (D-N.Y.) conceded to his GOP challenger Tuesday afternoon, giving Republicans their 63rd pickup in the House.
2012 – Black Friday- Gun sales resulted in a record-high 154,873 background check requests, a 20 percent increase over last year’s record of 129,166.
1616 – John Wallis, English mathematician (d. 1703) He was an English mathematician who is given partial credit for the development of modern calculus. Between 1643 and 1689 he served as chief cryptographer for Parliament and, later, the royal court. He is also credited with introducing the symbol ∞ for infinity.
1749 – Edward Rutledge, U.S. statesman from South Carolina. He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and later governor of South Carolina.
1804 – Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States of America (1853-57).
1859 – Billy the Kid (William Bonney), American outlaw of the Wild West.
1887 – Boris Karloff (William Henry Pratt), British actor.
1888 – Harpo Marx (Adolph Marx/Arthur Marx), American comedian.
SILK, EDWARD A.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company E, 398th Infantry, 100th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near St. Pravel, France, 23 November 1944. Entered service at: Johnstown, Pa. Born: 8 June 1916, Johnstown, Pa. G.O. No.: 97, 1 November 1945. Citation: 1st Lt. Edward A. Silk commanded the weapons platoon of Company E, 398th Infantry, on 23 November 1944, when the end battalion was assigned the mission of seizing high ground overlooking Moyenmoutier France, prior to an attack on the city itself. His company jumped off in the lead at dawn and by noon had reached the edge of a woods in the vicinity of St. Pravel where scouts saw an enemy sentry standing guard before a farmhouse in a valley below. One squad, engaged in reconnoitering the area, was immediately pinned down by intense machinegun and automatic-weapons fire from within the house. Skillfully deploying his light machinegun section, 1st Lt. Silk answered enemy fire, but when fifteen minutes had elapsed with no slackening of resistance, he decided to eliminate the strong point by a one-man attack. Running one-hundred yards across an open field to the shelter of a low stone wall directly in front of the farmhouse, he fired into the door and windows with his carbine; then, in full view of the enemy, vaulted the wall and dashed fifty yards through a hail of bullets to the left side of the house, where he hurled a grenade through a window, silencing a machinegun and killing two gunners. In attempting to move to the right side of the house he drew fire from a second machinegun emplaced in the woodshed. With magnificent courage he rushed this position in the face of direct fire and succeeded in neutralizing the weapon and killing the two gunners by throwing grenades into the structure. His supply of grenades was by now exhausted, but undaunted, he dashed back to the side of the farmhouse and began to throw rocks through a window, demanding the surrender of the remaining enemy. Twelve Germans, overcome by his relentless assault and confused by his unorthodox methods, gave up to the lone American. By his gallant willingness to assume the full burden of the attack and the intrepidity with which he carried out his extremely hazardous mission, 1st Lt. Silk enabled his battalion to continue its advance and seize its objective.
VAN SCHAICK, LOUIS J.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: Near Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippine Islands, 23 November 1901. Entered service at: Cobleskill, N.Y. Birth: Cobleskill, N.Y. G.O. No.: 33, 1913. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: While in pursuit of a band of insurgents was the first of his detachment to emerge from a canyon, and seeing a column of insurgents and fearing they might turn and dispatch his men as they emerged one by one from the canyon, galloped forward and closed with the insurgents, thereby throwing them into confusion until the arrival of others of the detachment.
BARNUM, HENRY A.
Rank and organization: Colonel, 149th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chattanooga, Tenn., 23 November 1863. Entered service at: Syracuse, N.Y. Born: 24 September 1833, Jamesville, Onondaga County, N.Y. Date of issue: July 1889. Citation: Although suffering severely from wounds, he led his regiment, inciting the men to greater action by word and example until again severely wounded.
SEWARD, RICHARD E.
Rank and organization: Paymaster’s Steward, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Ship Island Sound, La., 23 November 1863. Entered service at——. Born: 1840, Kittery, Maine. Date of issue: 16 April 1864. Citation: Served as paymaster’s steward on board the U.S.S. Commodore, November 1863. Carrying out his duties courageously, Seward “volunteered to go on the field amidst a heavy fire to recover the bodies of two soldiers which he brought off with the aid of others; a second instance of personal valor within a fortnight.” Promoted to acting master’s mate.
TOFFEY, JOHN J.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company G, 33d New Jersey Infantry. Place and date. At Chattanooga, Tenn., 23 November 1863. Entered service at: Hudson, N.J. Birth: Duchess, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 September 1897. Citation: Although excused from duty on account of sickness, went to the front in command of a storming party and with conspicuous gallantry participated in the assault of Missionary Ridge; was here wounded and permanently disabled.
ANNIVERSARY – John F. Kennedy Assassination
JOHN F. KENNEDY ASSASSINATED
On this most Americans can agree: President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963.
President Kennedy’s motorcade route through Dallas was planned to give him maximal exposure to Dallas crowds before his arrival, along with the vice president and the governor, at a luncheon with civic and business leaders in that city. The White House staff informed the secret service that the president would arrive in Dallas via a short (13 minutes in the air) flight, from Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth, to Dallas Love Field. The Dallas Trade Mart had been selected for the luncheon, and the final decision of the Trade Mart as the end of the motorcade journey was selected by Kennedy’s friend and appointments secretary Kenneth O’Donnell, who would accompany him on the trip.
Leaving from Love Field, 45 minutes had been allotted for the motorcade to reach the Dallas Trade Mart at a planned arrival time of 12:15 PM. The actual route was chosen to be a meandering 10-mile route which could be driven slowly in the allotted time. Special Agent Winston G. Lawson, a member of the White House detail and Secret Service agent Forrest V. Sorrels, SAC of the Dallas office, were most active in planning the actual route.
On November 14, Lawson and Sorrels attended a meeting at Love Field and drove over the route which Sorrels believed best suited for the motorcade. From Love Field, the route passed through a portion of suburban Dallas, through the downtown area along Main Street, and finally to the Trade Mart including a short segment of the Stemmons Freeway. For the President’s return to Love Field, for a fund-raising dinner in Austin later in the day would be a more direct and shorter route. The planned route to the Trade Mart was widely reported in Dallas newspapers several days before the event, for the benefit of people who wished to view the motorcade.
To pass through downtown Dallas, a route west along Dallas’ Main Street, rather than Elm Street was chosen. This was the traditional parade route, and provided the maximal building and crowd views. It also had an exit accessible only from Elm Street. The planned motorcade route thus included a short one-block turn at the end of the downtown segment of Main Street, onto Houston Street for one block northward, before turning again west onto Elm. The motorcade would proceed through Dealey Plaza before exiting Elm onto the Stemmons Freeway. The Texas School Book Depository was situated at this corner of Houston and Elm.
After a breakfast speech in Fort Worth, where Kennedy had stayed overnight after arriving from San Antonio the day previously, the President boarded Air Force One which departed at 11:10 and arrived at Love Field 15 minutes later. At about 11:40, the presidential motorcade left Love Field for the trip through Dallas, which was running on a schedule about 10 minutes longer than the planned 45 minutes, due to enthusiastic crowds and an unplanned stop directed by the president. By the time the motorcade reached Dealy Plaza, however, they were only 5 minutes away from their planned destination.
At 12:30 p.m. CST, as Kennedy’s uncovered limousine entered Dealey Plaza, Nellie Connally, then the First Lady of Texas, turned around to Kennedy, who was sitting behind her, and commented, “Mr. President, you can’t say Dallas doesn’t love you,” which President Kennedy acknowledged. From Houston Street, the presidential limousine made the planned left turn to put it on Elm Street to allow it to pass to the Stemmons Freeway exit. As it turned on Elm, the motorcade passed the Texas School Book Depository. As it continued down Elm Street, shots were fired at
Kennedy; a clear majority of witnesses recalled hearing three shots. A minority of the witnesses did recognize the first gunshot blast they heard as a weapon blast, but there was hardly any reaction from a majority in the crowd or riding in the motorcade itself to the first shot, with many later saying they heard what they first thought to be a firecracker or the exhaust backfire of a vehicle just after the president started waving.
Within one second of each other, President Kennedy, Governor Connally, and Mrs. Kennedy, all turned abruptly from looking to their left to looking to their right, between Zapruder film frames 155 and 169. Governor Connally, like the President, a WWII military veteran, testified that he immediately recognized the sound of a high-powered rifle, then he turned his head and torso rightward attempting to see President Kennedy behind him. Connally testified he could not see the president, so he then started to turn forward again (turning from his right, to his left). Connally testified that when his head was facing about twenty-degrees left of center he was hit in his upper right back by a bullet. He testified he did not hear the muzzle blast. After Connally was hit he then shouted, “Oh, no, no, no. My God. They’re going to kill us all!”
Mrs. Connally testified that right after hearing a first loud, frightening noise that came from somewhere behind her and to her right, she immediately turned towards President Kennedy and saw him with his arms and elbows already raised high with his hands already close to his throat. She then heard another gunshot and her husband started yelling. Mrs. Connally then turned away from President Kennedy towards her husband, then another gunshot sounded. She and the limousine’s rear interior were now covered with fragments of skull, blood, and brain matter.
According to the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations, as President Kennedy waved to the crowds on his right with his right arm upraised on the side of the limo, a shot entered his upper back, penetrated his neck, slightly damaged a spinal vertebra and the top of his right lung, exited his throat nearly centerline just beneath his larynx, then nicked the left side of his suit tie knot. He then raised his elbows and clenched his fists in front of his face and neck, then leaned forward and towards his left. Mrs. Kennedy then put her arms around him in concern.
Governor Connally also reacted after the same bullet penetrated his back just below his right armpit, creating an oval entry wound, impacted and destroyed four inches of his right, fifth rib bone, exited his chest just below his right nipple creating a two-and-a-half inch oval sucking-air chest wound, then entered just above his right wrist, impacted and cleanly shattered his right radius bone, exited just below the wrist at the inner side of his right palm, and entered his left inner thigh.
A second shot struck at Zapruder film frame 313 when the Presidential limousine was passing in front of the John Neely Bryan north pergola concrete structure. Both the Commission and the House Select Committee each concluded that this shot entered the rear of President Kennedy’s head then exploded out a roughly oval-shaped hole from his head’s rear and right side. Head matter, brain, blood, and skull fragments, originating from Kennedy, covered the interior of the car, the inner and outer surfaces of the front glass windshield and raised sun visors, the front engine hood, the rear trunk lid, the followup Secret Service car and its driver’s left arm, and motorcycle officers riding on both sides of the president behind him. Mrs. Kennedy then reached out onto the rear trunk lid. After she crawled back into her limousine seat, both Governor Connally and Mrs. Connally heard her say more than once, “They have killed my husband,” and “I have his brains in my hand.”
Clint Hill was riding on the left front running board of the followup car, immediately behind the Presidential limousine. Hill testified he heard one shot, then, he jumped off into Elm Street and ran forward to try and get on the limousine and protect the president. Hill testified to the Warren Commission that after he jumped into Elm Street, he heard two more shots. After the president had been shot in the head, Mrs. Kennedy began to climb out onto the back of the limousine, though she later had no recollection of doing so. Hill believed she was reaching for something, perhaps a piece of the president’s skull. He jumped onto the back of the limousine while at the same time Mrs. Kennedy returned to her seat, and he clung to the car as it exited Dealey Plaza and accelerated, speeding to Parkland Memorial Hospital.
I (Wayne Church) was a sophomore at Aurora High School in Aurora, Ohio on this day. My friends and I were on the far north side of the cafeteria up against the windows looking over the football field. We were in 8th period study hall and the next stop was the bus to go home. Mr. Richard Golnick walked toward our table. I remember him as a hard-nosed teacher from Brooklyn, NY. He was our gym teacher. As he walked across the room I remember that the noise level was dropping. He was wearing his blue gym suit with white striping and he had a day-old beard.
I remember all of this fifty years later (2013) because of what he said next. He said, “President Kennedy has been shot and killed in Dallas.” Nothing before or since has hit me harder than that short sentence. If you were old enough to remember, where were you???
“Joy is what happens when we allow ourselves to recognize how good things really are.”
~ Marianne Williamson
Lying under or below something.
[From Latin subjacent- (stem of subjacens), present participle of subjacere
(to underlie), from sub- (under) + jacere (to lie). Ultimately from the
Indo-European root ye- (to throw), that is also the source of jettison,
eject, project, reject, object, subject, adjective, joist, and ejaculate.]
1247 – Robin Hood died according to the 1400 ballad “A Lytell Geste of Robyn Hode.”
1497 – Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope in his search for a route to India.
1542 – New laws were passed in Spain giving protection against the enslavement of Indians in America.
1718 – Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as “Blackbeard”) is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard.
1809 – Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen.
1812 – War of 1812: Seventeen Indiana Rangers are killed at the Battle of Wild Cat Creek.
1842 – Mt Saint Helens erupts. In late fall or early winter of 1842, nearby settlers and missionaries were witness to the so-called “Great Eruption”. This small-volume outburst created large ash clouds, and mild explosions followed for 15 years. It was then fairly quiet for 123 years.
1847 – Astor Place Opera House, New York City’s first operatic theater, was opened.
1858 – Denver, Colorado is founded.
1862 – Civil War: Joint Army–Navy expedition to vicinity of Mathews Court House, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood invades Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General William T. Sherman from Georgia.
1864 – Civil War: Union General O. Howard at Gettysburg, ordered plunderers shot to death. Howard University is named for this General.
1864 – Civil War: Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ended after 650 casualties.
1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched – one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today.
1880 – Vaudeville actress Lillian Russell makes her debut at Tony Pastor’s Theatre in New York City.
1898 – In Lake City, S.C. a Black postmaster was lynched and his three daughters were shot and maimed for life.
1899 – The Marconi Wireless Company of America was incorporated under laws of the State of New Jersey.
1904 – Design Patent for the Congressional Medal of Honor was granted to George Gillespie.
1906 – The “SOS” distress signal was adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention.
1910 – Arthur Knight patents steel shaft golf clubs. The metal shaft was not approved by the US Golf Association until 1925. ;Approval by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrew’s wasn’t until 1929.
1915 – Germany offers £1,000 each of American passengers lost in “Lusitania”. Offer refused by America.
1917 – NHL created. The founding teams were the Canadiens, Wanderers, Senators and the newly-created Toronto Arenas.
1922 – Howard Carter, assisted by Lord Carnarvon, opens the tomb of Tutankhamen.
1923 – Pres. Coolidge pardoned WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, who was sentenced to death. Witzke, a member of a “fifth column” organization run from Mexico. He was suspected in the “Black Tom” explosion that damaged the Statue of Liberty in 1916
1927 – The first U.S. patent for a snowmobile was issued to Carl J.E. Eliason of Saynor, Wisconsin. His “motor toboggan” had ski-like front runners and a rear drive track.
1927 – George Gershwin’s “Funny Face,” premiered in New York City.
1928 – “Bolero” by Maurice Ravel, first performed publicly, in Paris. The composition was a great success when it was premiered with choreography by Bronislava Nijinska and designs by Benois.
1930 – Elijah Muhammad formed the Nation of Islam in Detroit.
1932 – A pump was patented that computed quantity and price delivered.
1934 – “Santa Claus Is Comin’ to Town” was first heard on Eddie Cantor’s show.
1935 – Pan Am’s China Clipper, a flying boat, takes off from Alameda, California in an attempt to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean (the airplane later reached its destination, Manila, and delivered over 110,000 pieces of mail).
1938 – The first coelacanth, a prehistoric fish thought extinct, was caught off the South African coast.
1938 – Bunny Berigan and his orchestra waxed “Jelly Roll Blues” on Victor Records.
1942 – World War II: General Friedrich von Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army is surrounded.
1943 – World War II:President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met to discuss strategies for defeating Japan.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s Been a Long, Long Time” by The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Kitty Kallen), “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “I’ll Buy that Dream” by The Pied Pipers and “Sioux City Sue” by Dick Thomas all topped the charts.
1945 – Jim Benton, Cleveland end, gains 303 yards (NFL record).
1946 – Biro ball point pens went on sale, invented by Hungarian journalist László Biro.
1950 – Lowest NBA score, Ft Wayne Pistons (19), Minneapolis Lakers (18).
1952 – “It’s in the Book” by Johnny Standley topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War – Captain Cecil G. Foster of the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing became the 23rd ace of the Korean War.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ebb Tide” by The Frank Chacksfield Orchestra, “Rags to Riches” by Tony Bennett, “Ricochet” by Teresa Brewer and “There Stands the Glass” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1954 – The Humane Society of the United States is founded.
1957 – Mickey Mantle beats Ted Williams by one vote for MVP.
1958 – “Tom Dooley” by The Kingston Trio topped the charts.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Runaround Sue” by Dion, “Fool #1” by Brenda Lee, “Goodbye Cruel World” by James Darren and “Big Bad John” by Jimmy Dean all topped the charts.
1963 – In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John B. Connally is seriously wounded. Later the same day, US Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
1963 – Two amateur films recorded the assassination of Pres. Kennedy. A 24 ½ sec. video by Orville Nix Sr. and Abraham Zapruder, a dress manufacturer, captured the assassination on video tape.
1963 – Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit was slain by Oswald 45 minutes after Kennedy was shot when he called Oswald over for questioning.
1964 – 40,000 paid tribute to John F Kennedy at Arlington Cemetery on the first anniversary of his death.
1965 – The production of “Man of La Mancha” opened in NYC for the first of 2,328 performances.
1967 – Arlo Guthrie’s “Alice’s Restaurant” was released. Best Sound Live Version
1968 – The Beatles release the double album The Beatles, commonly known as The White Album.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wedding Bell Blues” by The 5th Dimension, “Take a Letter Maria” by R.B. Greaves, “Smile a Little Smile for Me” by The Flying Machine and “Okie from Muskogee” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1969 – In American football, the University of Michigan upset Ohio State University, 24-12, in Bo Schembechler’s first season as Michigan’s head coach. The win set off the 10 Year War between Schembechler and Ohio State’s Woody Hayes.
1972 – Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
1972 – Pittsburgh Penguins set NHL record for scoring fastest 5 goals (2m7s).
1975 – “Dr. Zhivago” appeared on TV for the first time.
1975 – “That’s the Way (I Like It)” by K. C. & the Sunshine Band topped the charts.
1976 – Comic strip “Cathy,” by Cathy Guisewhite, made its debut.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Light Up My Life” by Debby Boone, “Don’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue” by Crystal Gayle, “Baby, What a Big Surprise” by Chicago and “The Wurlitzer Prize (I Don’t Want to Get over You)” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1977 – Passenger service between New York and Europe on the British Airways supersonic Concorde began.
1980 – “Lady” by Kenny Rogers topped the charts.
1981 – San Diego Charger Dan Fouts passes for 6 touchdowns vs Oakland (55-21).
1984 – Fred Rogers (1928-2003) of PBS’ “Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood” presented his sweater to the Smithsonian Institution.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “We Built this City” by Starship, “You Belong to the City” by Glenn Frey, “Separate Lives” by Phil Collins & Marilyn Martin and “Hang on to Your Heart” by Exile all topped the charts.
1985 – The largest swearing-in ceremony took place as 38,648 immigrants became citizens of the United States after six days of rallies around the country.
1985 – Anne Henderson-Pollard was taken into custody a day after her husband Jonathon Jay Pollard was arrested for spying for Israel.
1986 – The U.S. Justice Department found a memo in Lt. Col. Oliver North’s office on the transfer of $12 million to Contras of Nicaragua from Iranian arms sale.
1986 – Mike Tyson knocks out Trevor Berbick in the second round, becoming the youngest world heavyweight champion at the age of 20 years and 4 months.
1987 – Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.
1988 – The Northrop B-2 “stealth” bomber is shown publicly for the first time at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California.
1988 – Americans honored President Kennedy on the 25th anniversary of his assassination, with 2,500 people turning out in Dallas, and visitors stopping by his gravesite at Arlington National Cemetery.
1989 – DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince win the first rap Grammy for the hit single “Parents Just Don’t Understand.”
1989 – Conjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn & the Moon.
1990 – Margaret Thatcher, the first female prime minister in British history, resigned after 11 years.
1990 – President H.W. Bush, his wife, Barbara, and other congressional leaders shared Thanksgiving dinner with U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia.
1994 – Inside the District of Columbia’s police headquarters a gunman opened fire. Two FBI agents, a city detective and the gunman were killed in the gun battle.
1995 – Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery. Full Movie (1:20:01)
1996 – The 86-year-old Nobel Peace Prize winner Mother Teresa underwent heart surgery in Calcutta, India.
1996 – O.J. Simpson took the stand as a hostile witness in the wrongful death lawsuit filed against him, saying it was “absolutely not true” that he killed Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
1998 – Denver Broncos QB John Elway passed the 50,000-yard career-passing mark.
1998 – CBS’s “60 Minutes” aired a tape of Jack Kevorkian giving lethal drugs in an assisted suicide of a terminally ill patient. Kevorkian was later sentenced to 25 years in prison for second-degree murder.
1999 – In Japan a T-33 jet crashed and killed two crewmen. The crash severed a 275,000-volt power line.
2000 – Gov. George Bush called on the US Supreme Court to stop the vote counting in Florida.
2000 – Republican vice-presidential candidate Dick Cheney was hospitalized with what doctors called a very slight heart attack.
2000 – Yemen identified the bombers of the USS Cole as 2 Saudi Arabian citizens with Yemeni family roots.
2001 – Mary Kay Ash (b.1918), founder of the Mary Kay cosmetics firm, died in Dallas. By 2001 her 1963 sales force of 11 had grown to over 750,000 in 37 countries.
2003 – The Heritage Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the NHL, is played in Edmonton, Alberta
2005 – A federal jury in Virginia found Ahmed Omar Abu Ali (24), a US citizen, guilty of numerous charges to commit acts of terrorism. In 2009 he was sentenced to life in prison for plotting to kill President George W. Bush.
2005 – Massachusetts signed an agreement with Venezuela to obtain discounted home heating oil. Democrat Representative William Delahunt helped broker the deal.
2005 – Ted Koppel hosted his final edition of ABC News’ “Nightline.”
2006 – Two explosions at a chemical plant in Danvers, Mass., wrecked 25 homes and left nearly 400 people homeless.
2006 – The U.S. Copyright Office said cell phone owners can now break locks to use their handsets with competing carriers, while film professors have the right to copy snippets from DVDs for educational compilations.
2010 – FBI raided three hedge funds in New York City as part of a sweeping investigation into insider trading.
2010 – A Washington D.C. jury convicts Ingmar Guandique of the murder of Chandra Levy.
2010 – Brad Childress is sacked as head coach of the Minnesota Vikings National Football League team.
2012 – Up to 120 people are injured and 2 killed near Beaumont, Texas in a 100-vehicle pileup in dense fog that forced the closure of both directions of Interstate 10 in Southeast Texas.
2013 – OBAMACARE: In an end run around the broken Obamacare website, the administration says people can enroll directly with insurance companies and still qualify for subsidies, which the law wasn’t supposed to allow.
2014 – A 3.3 earthquake is felt at Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) at 9:15 p.m. The epicenter was 3 miles ENE of Irving, TX. There as no serious damage.
1643 – René-Robert La Salle, French explorer of North America.
1744 – Abigail Smith Adams, wife of John Adams, second President of the United States.
1808 – Thomas Cook, English travel package pioneer.
1889 – Wiley Post, American airman, first to fly solo around the world (1933).
1890 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (d. 1970)
1899 – Hoagy Carmichael, American songwriter, pianist, singer.
1918 – Claiborne Pell, American politician
1921 – Rodney Dangerfield, born Jacob Cohen, American comedian and actor.
1932 – Robert Vaughn (Emmy Award-winning actor: The Man from U.N.C.L.E., The Magnificent Seven, The Towering Inferno, Delta Force, Superman 3)
1943 – Billie Jean King, American tennis player.
1958 – Jamie Lee Curtis, American film actress.
1967 – Boris Becker, German-born professional tennis player.
1983 – Tyler Hilton, American singer and actor
1985 – DeVon Walker, American football player
*LORING, CHARLES J., JR.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Air Force, 80th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing. Place and date: Near Sniper Ridge, North Korea, 22 November 1952. Entered service at: Portland, Maine. Born: 2 October 1918, Portland, Maine. Citation: Maj. Loring distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. While leading a night of four F-80 type aircraft on a close support mission, Maj. Loring was briefed by a controller to dive-bomb enemy gun positions which were harassing friendly ground troops. After verifying the location of the target, Maj. Loring rolled into his dive bomb run. Throughout the run, extremely accurate ground fire was directed on his aircraft. Disregarding the accuracy and intensity of the ground fire, Maj. Loring aggressively continued to press the attack until his aircraft was hit. At approximately 4,000 feet, he deliberately altered his course and aimed his diving aircraft at active gun emplacements concentrated on a ridge northwest of the briefed target, turned his aircraft forty-five degrees to the left, pulled up in a deliberate, controlled maneuver, and elected to sacrifice his life by diving his aircraft directly into the midst of the enemy emplacements. His selfless and heroic action completely destroyed the enemy gun emplacement and eliminated a dangerous threat to United Nations ground forces. Maj. Loring’s noble spirit, superlative courage, and conspicuous self-sacrifice in inflicting maximum damage on the enemy exemplified valor of the highest degree and his actions were in keeping with the finest traditions of the U.S. Air Force.
STONE, JAMES L.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company E 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: Near Sokkogae, Korea, 21 and 22 November 1951. Entered service at: Houston Tex. Born: 27 December 1922, Pine Bluff, Ark. G.O. No.: 82, 20 October 1953. Citation: 1st Lt. Stone, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When his platoon, holding a vital outpost position, was attacked by overwhelming Chinese forces, 1st Lt. Stone stood erect and exposed to the terrific enemy fire calmly directed his men in the defense. A defensive flame-thrower failing to function, he personally moved to its location, further exposing himself, and personally repaired the weapon. Throughout a second attack, 1st Lt. Stone; though painfully wounded, personally carried the only remaining light machine gun from place to place in the position in order to bring fire upon the Chinese advancing from two directions. Throughout he continued to encourage and direct his depleted platoon in its hopeless defense. Although again wounded, he continued the fight with his carbine, still exposing himself as an example to his men. When this final overwhelming assault swept over the platoon’s position his voice could still be heard faintly urging his men to carry on, until he lost consciousness. Only because of this officer’s driving spirit and heroic action was the platoon emboldened to make its brave but hopeless last ditch stand.
BONNYMAN, ALEXANDER, JR.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps Reserves. Born: 2 May 1910, Atlanta, Ga. Accredited to: New Mexico. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Executive Officer of the 2d Battalion Shore Party, 8th Marines, 2d Marine Division, during the assault against enemy Japanese-held Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands, 20-22 November 1943. Acting on his own initiative when assault troops were pinned down at the far end of Betio Pier by the overwhelming fire of Japanese shore batteries, 1st Lt. Bonnyman repeatedly defied the blasting fury of the enemy bombardment to organize and lead the besieged men over the long, open pier to the beach and then, voluntarily obtaining flame throwers and demolitions, organized his pioneer shore party into assault demolitionists and directed the blowing of several hostile installations before the close of D-day. Determined to effect an opening in the enemy’s strongly organized defense line the following day, he voluntarily crawled approximately forty- yards forward of our lines and placed demolitions in the entrance of a large Japanese emplacement as the initial move in his planned attack against the heavily garrisoned, bombproof installation which was stubbornly resisting despite the destruction early in the action of a large number of Japanese who had been inflicting heavy casualties on our forces and holding up our advance. Withdrawing only to replenish his ammunition, he led his men in a renewed assault, fearlessly exposing himself to the merciless slash of hostile fire as he stormed the formidable bastion, directed the placement of demolition charges in both entrances and seized the top of the bombproof position, flushing more than one-hundred of the enemy who were instantly cut down, and effecting the annihilation of approximately 150 troops inside the emplacement. Assailed by additional Japanese after he had gained his objective, he made a heroic stand on the edge of the structure, defending his strategic position with indomitable determination in the face of the desperate charge and killing three of the enemy before he fell, mortally wounded. By his dauntless fighting spirit, unrelenting aggressiveness and forceful leadership throughout three days of unremitting, violent battle, 1st Lt. Bonnyman had inspired his men to heroic effort, enabling them to beat off the counterattack and break the back of hostile resistance in that sector for an immediate gain of 400 yards with no further casualties to our forces in this zone. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SHOUP, DAVID MONROE
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, commanding officer of all Marine Corps troops on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, and Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 22 November 1943. Entered service at: Indiana. Born: 30 December 1904, Tippecanoe, Ind. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of all Marine Corps troops in action against enemy Japanese forces on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 22 November 1943. Although severely shocked by an exploding enemy shell soon after landing at the pier and suffering from a serious, painful leg wound which had become infected, Col. Shoup fearlessly exposed himself to the terrific and relentless artillery, machinegun, and rifle fire from hostile shore emplacements. Rallying his hesitant troops by his own inspiring heroism, he gallantly led them across the fringing reefs to charge the heavily fortified island and reinforce our hard-pressed, thinly held lines. Upon arrival on shore, he assumed command of all landed troops and, working without rest under constant, withering enemy fire during the next 2 days, conducted smashing attacks against unbelievably strong and fanatically defended Japanese positions despite innumerable obstacles and heavy casualties. By his brilliant leadership daring tactics, and selfless devotion to duty, Col. Shoup was largely responsible for the final decisive defeat of the enemy, and his indomitable fighting spirit reflects great credit upon the U.S. Naval Service .
WHAT DO YOU LOVE ABOUT AMERICA DAY
PUMPKIN PIE DAY
Directions for Making Pumpkin Pie from Scratch
Yield: It really depends on the size of the pumpkin and the size of your pie plate. If you use a 6″ pie pumpkin and a full deep dish 9″ pie plate, then it should fill that pie to the brim and maybe have enough extra for either a small (4 inch) shallow pie (or a crustless pie – see step 11).
Some people manage to make 2 full pies, especially if they use shallow pie plates and/or 8 inch pie plates.
Ingredients and Equipment
A sharp, large serrated knife
an ice cream scoop
a large microwaveable bowl or large pot
1 large (10 inch) deep-dish pie plate and pie crust they will open in a new window) – or two small pie plates (9 inch) and crusts
A pie pumpkin (see step 1; you can use different types of pumpkin or even a butternut squash)
1 cup sugar (see step 10 for alternatives)
1.5 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground allspice
1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
1/2 teaspoon of vanilla extract (optional)
1/2 teaspoon salt (optional)
4 large eggs – to reduce fat and cholesterol, you may use egg whites (like “Egg Beaters) instead, and vegans may want to use Ener-G .
3 cups pumpkin glop (ok… “sieved, cooked pumpkin”)
1.5 cans (12oz each) of evaporated milk (can use the nonfat version) for best results.
If you can’t get canned evaporated milk, make your own from nonfat dried milk and make it twice as concentrated as the directions on the box call for!
If you can’t get nonfat dried milk, just use milk.
If you are lactose-intolerant, use lactose-free milk or soy milk.
Try fresh whipping cream (unwhipped) to make a “wonderful” pie”
If you are allergic to dairy try using coconut milk,.
Note: if you do not have cinnamon, cloves, allspice and ginger, you can substitute 3 teaspoons of “pumpkin pie spice”. It’s not exactly the same, but it will do.
Recipe and Directions
Yield: One 9-inch deep dish pie or two 8-inch shallow pies
Step 1 – Get your pie pumpkin
“Pie pumpkins” are smaller, sweeter, less grainy textured pumpkins than the usual jack-o-lantern types. Grocery stores usually carry them in late September through December in the U.S. In some parts of the country, they are also called sugar pumpkins or even “cheese pumpkins”. To give you an idea of the size of a typical pie pumpkin look for one . They’re only about 6 to 8 inches in diameter (about 20 to 24 inches in circumference). TIP: If you’re in a pinch and can’t find a pie pumpkin, use a butternut squash, it tastes almost the same! If you need to use a regular Jack O’ Lantern type pumpkin, you may need to add about 25% more sugar and run the cooked pumpkin through a blender or food processor to help smooth it out.
Just like selecting any squash, look for one that is firm, no bruises or soft spots, and a good orange color. One 6″ pie pumpkin usually makes one 10 inch deep dish pie and a bit extra; or two 9 inch shallow pies! If you have extra goop, you can always pour it into greased baking pans and make a crustless mini pie with the excess (and the cooked pies do freeze well!)
Step 2 – Prepare the pumpkin for cooking
Wash the exterior of the pumpkin in cool or warm water, no soap.
Cut the pumpkin in half. A serrated knife and a sawing motion works best – a smooth knife is more likely to slip and hurt you!
Step 3 – Scoop out the seeds…
And scrape the insides. You want to get out that stringy, dangly stuff that coats the inside surface. I find a heavy ice cream scoop works great for this.
Note: SAVE THE SEEDS: The seeds can be used either to plant pumpkins next year, or roasted to eat this year! Place them in a bowl of water and rub them between your hands, then pick out the orange buts (throw that away) and drain off the water. Spread them out on a clean towel or paper towel to dry and they’re ready to save for next year’s planting or roast.
Step 4 – Cooking the pumpkin
There are several ways to cook the pumpkin; just choose use your preferred method.
Method 1 – Put it in a microwaveable bowl
Remove the stem, and put the pumpkin into a microwaveable bowl. You may need to cut the pumpkin further to make it fit. The fewer the number of pieces, the easier it will to scoop out the cooked pumpkin afterwards.
Put a couple of inches of water in the bowl, cover it, and put in the microwave. Cook it on high until it is soft. That may take 20 minutes or more, so like anything else, try 15 minutes, see how much it is softened, then do 5 minute increments until it is soft
Method 2 – Steam on the stovetop
You can also cook it on the stovetop; it takes about the same length of time in a steamer (20 to 30 minutes). Use a double pot steamer or you could use an ordinary large pot with a steamer basket.
Method 3 – Bake in the oven
You can also bake the prepared pumpkin in the oven, just like a butternut squash. This method takes the longest. Basically, you cut and scoop out the pumpkin as for the other methods, place it cut side down into a covered oven container. Cover the ovenproof container (with a lid), and pop it in a 3500 F oven. It normally takes about 45 minutes to 90 minutes (it can vary a lot!); just test it periodically by sticking it with a fork to see if it is soft!
Step 6 – Scoop out the cooked pumpkin
Whether you cook the pumpkin on the stove, microwave, or even the oven, once it is cooked until it is soft, it is easy to scoop out the guts with a broad, smooth spoon, (such as a tablespoon). Use the spoon to gently lift and scoop the cooked pumpkin out of the skin. It should separate easily an in fairly large chucks, if the pumpkin is cooked enough.
Many times the skin or rind will simply lift off with your fingers. The result is pumpkin “glop.”
If your pumpkin “glop” has standing, free water, you may want to let it sit for 30 minutes and then pour off any free water. This will help prevent the pie from being too watery! Don’t be TOO concerned about it! The recipe accounts for the fact that fresh pumpkin is more watery than canned!
Step 7 – Puree the pumpkin
To get a nice, smooth consistency use a hand blender. By blending it, you give the pie a smooth, satiny texture; rather than the rough graininess that is typical of cooked squashes. A regular blender works as well or a food processor.With the hand blender, it just takes 2 or 3 minutes!
Step 8 – Done with the pumpkin!
The pumpkin is now cooked and ready for the pie recipe. Note: You may freeze the puree or pie filling to use it later! Just use a freezer bag or other container to exclude as much air as possible. It should last a year or more in a deep freezer On the other hand, you may NOT “can” it: Pumpkin and winter squash are low-acid foods (pH > 4.6) capable of supporting the growth of Clostridium botulinumbacteria which can cause the very serious illness, botulism, under the right storage conditions. If the bacteria are present and survive processing, and the product has a high enough water activity, they can thrive and produce toxin in the product.
Step 9 – Make the pie crust
A flaky crust is easy to make! It is also time to start preheating the oven. Turn it on and set it to 425 F (210 C, for those in Europe)
Directions for Making a Flakey Pie Crust – Easily!
Yield: makes 1 deep dish 10″ pie shell. If you are making a double crust pie (a pie with dough on the top, too), simply double it.
1.5 cups flour (about 6 ounces by weight) – plain flour, not self-rising
2 tablespoons sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt (optional)
1/6 cup (1 ounce by weight) COLD vegetable shortening like Crisco.
Here’s a useful conversion: 1/6 cup = 2 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons
1/3 cup COLD butter
1/4 cup cold water
Food processor (is very helpful, but you can blend by hand)
Recipe and Directions
Step 1 – Mix the ingredients
Mix the flour, sugar and shortening first. About 15 seconds in a food processor is by far the best way, since it is fast and the ingredients don’t warm up much. Don’t make it too smooth or uniform. Little pea sized granules makes a flaky crust.
Note: Use shortening and butter together because they will melt at different temperatures. It makes a a lighter, flakier crust. Another key is to keep all the ingredients, especially the butter, shortening and water are very cold.
Another way is to substitute coconut oil for the Cisco vegetable shortening.
Step 2 – Mix and add water as needed
Sprinkle the water, just enough water to make it hold together; a good dough consistency. A pastry blender works very well to mix, but some people prefer a few seconds in a food processor instead. Just mix it enough to make it into pieces that hold together about the size of a pea. Do not overmix it!
If you have time, put the dough (wrapped in plastic wrap or a ziploc bag) into the fridge to rest and chill for a half hour or more. If you don’t have time, don’t worry, just move on to step 3.
Step 3 – Roll out the dough
Use a pie crust bag (a circular plastic bag that zips up around the edge. If unavailable, use two pieces of waxed paper). A couple of tablespoons of flour shaken in the bag will help to keep the dough from sticking to the bag. Roll it out to an even thickness, and just an inch or two wider than your pie pan. The crust should be about 1/8 inch thick.
Step 4 – Put in the pie pan and shape!
Place the dough into the pie pan. Don’t worry if it breaks. You can easily fix that.
Press the dough into the pan, seal any broken areas, and shape the top edge in any pattern you like; just for appearance’s sake. It’s now ready to add the pie ingredients and pop in the oven!
Step 10 – Mix the pie contents
All the hard work is behind you! Here’s where it gets really easy. If you start with a fresh 8″ pie pumpkin, you will get about 3 cups of cooked, mashed pumpkin. The right amount of ingredients for this is as follows:
1 cup sugar – or 1 cup Splenda, or 3/4 cup honey
1-1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground allspice
one half teaspoon ground ginger
one half teaspoon salt (optional, I don’t use any)
4 large eggs
3 cups pumpkin glop
1-1/2 cans (12oz each) of evaporated milk (regular or nonfat )
1/2 teaspoon of vanilla extract (optional) For different flavors try rum or brandy extracts.
Mix well using a hand blender or mixer.
Note: This pie is light and fluffy. If you want a heavy, more dense pie, use 3 eggs instead of 4 and 1 can of evaporated milk instead of 1 ½ cans.
Step 11 – Pour into the pie crust
Fill it right up to about one quarter to one half inch from the very top.
Don’t be surprised if the mixture is very runny! It may start as a soupy liquid, but it will firm up nicely in the oven! Accident prevention! If you put the empty pie crust on the oven rack, with the rack slid partially out, you can fill it there and avoid making a mess while carrying the pie to the oven!
TIP: What do you do if you end up with more filling than will fit in your pie crust(s)? Easy! Of course, you can make another, smaller pie crust and fill a small pie pan… or just grease any baking dish, of a size that the extra filling will fill to a depth of about 2 inches (see the photo at right), and pour the extra filling in.. then bake it. It will be a crustless pumpkin pie that kids especially love! You can also use it in making pumpkin muffins or pumpkin bread!
TIP: Cover the exposed edges of the crust with strips of aluminum foil will prevent them from burning. Make your own crust cover by cutting the rim off of a disposable aluminum pie pan!
Step 12 – Bake the pie
Bake at 425 F (210 C ) for the first 15 minutes, then turn the temperature down to 350 F ( 175 C ) and bake another 45 to 60 minutes, until a clean knife inserted into the center comes out clean.
Step 13 – Cool the pie
And enjoy! Warm or chilled, with whipped cream , ice cream or nothing at all – it’s great!
“As we express our gratitude, we must never forget that the highestappreciation is not to utter words, but to live by them.”
~John Fitzgerald Kennedy
monomania mon-uh-MAY-nee-uh; -nyuh, noun:1. Pathological obsession with a single subject or idea.
2. Excessive concentration of interest upon one particular subject or idea.
Monomania is derived from the Greek elements mono-, “one, single, alone” + mania, “madness, frenzy, enthusiasm.”
164 BC – Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
1620 – Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (11 November, Old Style calendar), 10 days after arrival.
1783 – François de Rozier and the Marquis d’Arlandres made the first human flight in a hot-air balloon, in Paris, in a balloon built by the Joseph-Michel Montgolfier and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier.
1789 – North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the twelfth U.S. state.
1791 – The first student entered Georgetown College. He was William Gaston, the son of a widow from New Bern, North Carolina. Mrs. Gaston agreed to an annual tuition of six pounds ten shillings, payable in six-month installments, with room and board adding 27pounds 10s. to the total bill.
1794 – Honolulu Harbor was discovered.
1836 – Marines and Soldiers took action against the Seminole Indians at Wahoo Swamp, Florida.
1847 – Steamer “Phoenix” was lost on Lake Michigan. 200 people were killed.
1848 – The John C. Fremont expedition, in search of a railroad route across the Rocky Mountains, reached Pueblo, Colorado.
1854 – Issac Von Bunschoten patented a rosin-oil lamp.
1855 – Franklin Colman, a pro-slavery Missourian, gunned down Charles Dow, a Free Stater from Ohio, near Lawrence, Kansas.
1861 – Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin Secretary of War.
1864 – Civil War : Confederate General John Bell Hood launched the Franklin-Nashville Campaign into Tennessee from Georgia.
1865 – Shaw University was founded.Shaw University is a private liberal arts institution and historically black university specializing in social research and the liberal arts, located in Raleigh, North Carolina.
1871 – The first U.S. patent for a cigar lighter was issued to Moses F. Gale of New York City as an “Improvement in Cigar-Lighters.”
1871 – The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, was fired from a cannon.
1877 – Thomas Edison announced his invention of his “talking machine” – the tin-foil cylinder recorder that preceded the phonograph.
1899 – Vice President Garret A. Hobart, serving under President McKinley, died in Paterson, N.J., at age 55.
1902 – First night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0.
1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, is published in the journal “Annalen der Physik”. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the famous equation e=mc².
1906 – In San Juan, President Theodore Roosevelt pledged citizenship for Puerto Rican people.
1907 – The Cunard liner Mauritania set a new speed record for steamship travel, 624 nautical miles in a one day run.
1918 – World War I: The German High Seas Fleet surrendered to the Allies.
1918 – The last German troops left Alsace-Lorraine, France.
1921 – The first mid-air refueling was done by hand over Long Beach on a Curtiss JN-4.
1922 – Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia was sworn in as the first woman to serve in the U.S. Senate. She only got to serve one-day though.
1925 – Three-time All-American Harold “Red” Grange played his last football game for the University of Illinois and joined the Chicago Bears less than a week later on Thanksgiving Day.
1927 – Columbine Mine Massacre: Striking coal miners were allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes in Serene, CO. Six strikers were killed, and dozens were injured.
1929 – Surrealist painter Salvador Dali had his first exhibit.
1933 – S.H. Love patents improved vending machine – Patent No.1936515
1934 – New York Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from San Francisco Seals.
1934 – The Cole Porter musical “Anything Goes,” starring Ethel Merman as Reno Sweeney, premiered at New York’s Alvin Theatre.
1934 – Ella Fitzgerald makes her singing debut at age 16 at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York.
1938 – World War II: Nazi forces occupied western Czechoslovakia and declared its people German citizens.This annexation of Sudetenland was the first major belligerent action by Hitler.
1938 – WBOE in Cleveland, OH became the first school-operated radio station (owned by a municipality) to receive a license from the FCC.
1941 – The radio program King Biscuit Time is broadcast for the first time (it would later become the longest running daily radio broadcast in history and the most famous live blues radio program).
1942 – Tweety Bird, cartoon character, was born.
1942 – The Alcan Highway, an overland military supply route to the U.S. territory of Alaska, linking Canada and Alaska, was opened. It is now called the Alaska Highway. Passing through the Yukon, the more than 1,500-mile roadway connected Dawson Creek, British Columbia with Fairbanks, Alaska.
1943 – World War II: On Tarawa Atoll, more American troops (of the 2nd Marine Divison) land on Betio Island.
1944 – World War II: On Leyte, the US 32nd Division, advancing from the north coast, is held in the Ormoc Valley by Japanese forces.
1944 – World War II: Northeast of Formosa, the US submarine Sealion sinks the Japanese battleship Kongo and a destroyer.
1944 – :World War II: US 1st and 9th Armies meet firm resistance from German forces west of the Roer River.The US 3rd Army continues the siege of Metz while other elements gain ground near Saarebourg.
1944 – “The Roy Rogers Show” was first heard on the Mutual Broadcasting System. “Happy trails to you, until we meet again….”
1944 – “I’m Beginning to See the Light“, recorded by Harry James and his orchestra.
1945 – The last residents of the US Japanese-American internment left their camps.
1945 – General Motors workers went on strike.Within days of the end of World War II, the United Auto Workers demanded a 30% increase in wages. When denied their demands, the UAW went on strike for 113 days. They did not strike for increased wages but more for reduced profits by GM.
1946 – Harry Truman becomes first US President to travel in a submerged submarine. Mr. Truman had something to show for his temerity: a membership in the Royal Order of Deep Dunkers.
1950 – Korean War: The 17th Infantry Regiment of the 7th Infantry Division reached the Yalu River near its source at Hyesanjin, “Ghost City of Broken Bridges.”
1950 – The battleship USS New Jersey was recommissioned and re-entered active service under the command of Captain David M. Tyree.
1952 – First US postage stamp in 2 colors (rotary process) introduced.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford, “Glow Worm” by The Mills Brothers, “Because You’re Mine” by Mario Lanza and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1953 – “Rags to Riches” by Tony Bennett topped the charts.
1953 – Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce that the “Piltdown Man” skull, held to be one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, was a hoax.
1955 – The first lady of the American stage, Helen Hayes, was honored for her many remarkable years in show business.
1959 – Jack Benny (violin) & Richard Nixon (piano) play their famed duet.
1959 – “Mr. Blue” by The Fleetwoods topped the charts.
1960 – Mercury-Redstone 1 (MR-1) was launched from Launch Complex 5 at Cape Canaveral, Florida. It was to be an unmanned suborbital flight. This was the first launch attempt for the Mercury-Redstone combination. The Redstone’s engine cut out about 1 second after lift-off.
1960 – American rocket launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, went off-course and a piece of debris fell in Cuba, killing a cow. The Cuban government gave the cow an official funeral as the victim of “imperialist aggression.” Date only known as November 1960.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline, arrived in San Antonio, TX. They were beginning a two-day tour of Texas that would end in Dallas.
1963 – The Elvis Presley film “Fun in Acapulco” premiered.
1964 – New York’s Verrazano Narrows Bridge opened. World’s longest suspension bridge.
1964 – “Baby Love” by the Supremes topped the charts.
1967 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the air quality act, which allotted money to fight air pollution.
1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.”
1967 – According to Guiness, “The single kite record is 22,500ft (min) – 28,000 ft. (max) by Prof. Phillip R. Kunz and Jay P. Kunz at Laramie, Wyoming.
1968 – Supremes & Temptations release “I’m Gonna Make You Love Me“.
1969 – The Senate (Democrat Majority) voted down the nomination of Clement F. Haynsworth to the Supreme Court, the first time since 1930 that a candidate for the nation’s highest court was rejected.
1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast – A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American POWs thought to be held there. It would be later learned that the POWs had been relocated to Dong Hoi, on July 14.
1970 – Vietnam War: Two 378-foot cutters, US Coast Guard Cutters Sherman and Rush combined with USS Endurance to sink a North Vietnamese trawler attempting to smuggle arms into South Vietnam.
1970 – “I Think I Love You” by the Partridge Family topped the charts.
1972 – It’s easy, and it’s good for everyone. What could possibly be so wonderful? World Hello Day, that’s what. This friendly annual event began on this day and has grown enormously since. Here’s what you do to participate: you just say “hello” to ten people on this day. Greet them warmly and with a smile. And you can say “hello” in any language.
1973 – The 18.5-minute gap in one of Richard Nixon’s White House tape recordings related to Watergate was revealed by Nixon’s lawyer, J. Fred Buzhardt .
1974 – George W. Bush is honourably discharged from the US Air Force Reserve.
1974 – U.S. Congress (Democrat Majority) passed the Freedom of Information Act over President Gerald Ford’s veto.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright)” by Rod Stewart, “The Wreck of the Edmond Fitzgerald” by Gordon Lightfoot, “Love So Right” by Bee Gees and “Somebody Somewhere (Don’t Know What He’s Missin’ Tonight)” by Loretta Lynn all topped the charts.
1979 – The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set on fire killing four, two of which were American.
1980 – A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada (now Bally’s Las Vegas). Eighty-seven people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
1980 – Lake Peigneur, Louisiana drained into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe drilled into the Diamond crystal salt mine; water flowing down into the mine eroded the edges of the hole. The whirlpool created sucked the drilling platform, several barges, houses and trees thousands of feet, to the bottom of the dissolving salt deposit.
1980 – Who Shot JR? – The Dallas Episode “Who Done It?” aired on US television. It was one of the highest-rated episodes (53.3) of a TV show ever aired. Kristin, played by Mary Crosby, was the character that fired the gun.
1981 – Olivia Newton-John’s “Physical,” single goes #1 & stays for 10 weeks.
1985 – United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Jay Pollard is arrested for spying (he was caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations and was eventually sentenced to life in prison).
1986 – Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary, Fawn Hall, start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1987 – “Mony Mony” by Billy Idol topped the charts.
1987 – An eight-day siege began at a detention center in Oakdale, LA, as Cuban detainees seized the facility and took hostages after news that they were going to be returned to Cuba.
1988 – “The Delicate Sound Of Thunder” by Pink Floyd was released.
1989 – A law banning smoking on most domestic flights signed by President Bush.
1990 – Leaders of NATO and Warsaw Pact member states signed the Charter of Paris and a treaty on conventional forces in Europe, bringing an end to the Cold War.
1991 – President George H.W. Bush signed the Civil Rights Act of 1991, making it easier for workers to sue in job discrimination cases.
1992 – Sen. Bob Packwood, R-Ore., issued an apology but refused to discuss allegations that he’d made unwelcome sexual advances toward ten women over the years.
1993 – The U.S. House of Representatives voted against making the District of Columbia the 51st state, 277-153.
1995 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above the 5000 (5023.55) mark for the first time.
1995 – Israel granted jailed US spy Jason Pollard, citizenship.
1995 – “Toy Story” is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
1996 – Thirty-three people were killed, and more than 100 injured, when an explosion blamed on leaking gas ripped through a six-story building in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
1997 – “The Food and Drug Administration Act of 1997″ was signed into law by President Clinton. The new law was designed to enhance the product development and review process; streamline the way the Agency regulates medical devices and simplify enforcement procedures.
2000 – Pres. Clinton agreed not to punish China for exporting missile components to Iran and Pakistan after China promised to end future technological cooperations with countries seeking to develop missile weaponry.
2000 – In a setback for George W. Bush, the Florida Supreme Court granted Al Gore’s request to keep the presidential recounts going; Democrats were jubilant, Republicans bitter and angry.
2001 – Tiger Woods won his 4th consecutive PGA Grand Slam with a win at Poipu Bay in Hawaii.
2002 -” It’s A Very Muppet Christmas Movie” first airs on NBC. Baby Jordan Elliott was born.
2002 – Intensive cleaning began aboard the cruise ship Disney Magic after over 100 passengers fell sick from an unknown stomach virus.
2002 – NATO invited the seven former communist countries into its membership.
2003 – Health officials said a deadly outbreak of hepatitis A at a Chi-Chi’s Mexican restaurant in suburban Pittsburgh was probably caused by green onions from Mexico.
2003 – Phil Spector was charged with the murder of Lana Clarkson at his home the previos February. Spector pled innocent.
2003 – The Air Force conducted a second test of the “Mother of All Bombs,” officially the Massive Ordnance Air Blast, in Florida. It was first tested Mar 11.
2004 – Donald Trump’s casino empire filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2004 – Kurt Busch clinches the first NASCAR Nextel Cup championship trophy.
2004 – Fred Hale Sr., believed to have been the oldest man on Earth, died less than a month before his 114th birthday at a DeWitt, N.Y., nursing home. He was born the same year as basketball was invented and the Swiss Army knife was developed.
2004 – A trespassing deer hunter in northern Wisconsin opened fire on other hunters when they asked him to leave, killing five and wounding three. In 2005 Vang (36) was convicted of 1st degree murder and sentenced to six life terms.
2004 – Scientists began releasing water from Glen Canyon Dam to flood the Grand Canyon in a five-day effort to restore the Colorado river ecosystem.
2004 – The Nintendo DS was released in North America.
2005 – Camden, NJ, was named the most dangerous city in the USA for the 2nd year in a row by the Morgan Quitno, a Kansas-based publishing and research company.
2005 – In New Mexico, police arrested Monsignor Dale Fushek (53), former vicar general of the Phoenix Roman Catholic Diocese, on sex charges involving boys and young men.
2005 – General Motors Corp. said it will eliminate 30,000 jobs and close nine North American assembly, stamping and powertrain plants by 2008.
2006 – In Atlanta, Ga., Kathryn Johnston (92) was shot to death by police after she fired at narcotics investigators as they stormed her house in a no-knock raid.
2007 – University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists reported they had reprogrammed human skin cells to behave as embryonic stem cells. The procedure by-passes the ethical or political controversy caused by destroying embryos or cloning for stem cell research.
2007 – Senator Barack Obama makes the case for an Obama Presidency by saying he is uniquely qualified to bring stability to America’s relationships in the Muslim world because he lived in an Islamic country during his youth and his half-sister is Muslim.
2007 – New Hampshire set its presidential primary to Jan 8, claiming its traditional spot as the nation’s first primary.
2007 – Officials in the US announced the recall of more than a half-million pieces of Chinese-made children’s jewelry contaminated with lead.
2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 494.13 to close at 8,046.42 following news that President-elect Obama would likely pick Timothy Geithner, chief of the New York Federal Reserve, as the next Treasury secretary.
2008 – The U.S. National Intelligence Council predicts a major decline in U.S. economic, military, and political dominance over the next two decades.
2009 – Th US Senate voted 60-39 to open debate on the health care bill. The vote was hailed a victory for President Obama, but final passage of the legislation was far from certain.
2009 – President Barack Obama’s job approval rating slips below 50 percent in a daily tracking survey by Gallup poll and reported by Rueters.
2010 – Iran delays the trial of two American citizens detained while hiking until 6 February 2011.
2010 – US stock car racer Jimmie Johnson wins his fifth straight NASCAR Sprint Cup Series championship, the first driver to do so.
2011 – The United States, United Kingdom, and Canada impose further sanctions against Iran’s nuclear program.
2011 – A Congressional panel fails to agree on proposals to cut the United States’ national budget deficit by $1.2 trillion, leading to automatic budget cuts.
2012 – Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma is shut down over the discovery of a painted golden object with a hole in the bottom in the luggage of musician Wayne Coyne. The object is mistaken for a live grenade by frightened staff.
2012 – Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) resigns from U.S. Congress due to health problems and federal criminal investigation of his activities.|
2013 – The US Senate approved the most fundamental alteration of its rules in more than a generation, ending the minority party’s ability to filibuster most presidential nominees in response to the partisan gridlock that has plagued Congress for much of the Obama administration. By a vote of 52 to 48, with only three Democrats defecting, led by Reid, changed the rules to prevent filibusters of virtually all presidential nominees except Supreme Court justices.
694 – Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet), French philosopher, historian, poet, dramatist and novelist.
1787 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born shipping magnate (d. 1865)
1903 – Tom Horn was an American Old West lawman, scout, soldier, hired gunman, detective, outlaw and assassin during his lifetime. He was hanged for a murder he probably did not commit the day before his 43rd birthday, in Cheyenne, Wyoming.
1907 – Jim Bishop (newspaper columnist, author: The Day Christ Died, The Days of Martin Luther King, Jr., The Day Kennedy Was Shot; died July 26, 1987)
1916 – Sid Luckman (Pro Football Hall of Famer: Chicago Bears quarterback: 4 NFL Championships, MVP ; shares NFL individual record for touchdowns thrown in a game [7, Nov. 14, 1943]; died July 5, 1998)
1920 – Stan Musial, American baseball Hall-of-Famer.
1937 – Marlo Thomas, American actress
1945 – Goldie Hawn, American Academy Award-winning actress.
1949 – Barbara Jo Rubin (horse-racing jockey: first U.S. woman to win a flat race against male jockeys ; first woman to ride in NY & NJ)
1962 – Steven Curtis Chapman, American musician
1966 – Troy Aikman (football: Dallas Cowboys quarterback: Super Bowl XXVII, XXVIII; holds record for longest pass completion w/receiver Alvin Harper in a playoff game [94 yards, 1/8/95]) 1969 – Ken (George Kenneth) Griffey Jr. (baseball: Seattle Mariners left-handed outfielder)
CARPENTER, WILLIAM KYLE
Rank: Lance Corporal Organization: U.S. Marine Corps, Company F, 2d Battalion Division: 9th Marines Born: 17 October, 1989, Flowood, MS Entered Service At: Columbia, SC Date of Issue: 06/19/2014 Accredited To: South Carolina Place / Date: November 21st, 2010, Marjah District, Helmand Province, Afghanistan Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an Automatic Rifleman with Company F, 2d Battalion, 9th Marines, Regimental Combat Team 1, 1st Marine Division (Forward), 1 Marine Expeditionary Force (Forward), in Helmand Province, Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom on 21 November 2010. Lance Corporal Carpenter was a member of a platoon-sized coalition force, comprised of two reinforced Marine squads partnered with an Afghan National Army squad. The platoon had established Patrol Base Dakota two days earlier in a small village in the Marjah District in order to disrupt enemy activity and provide security for the local Afghan population. Lance Corporal Carpenter and a fellow Marine were manning a rooftop security position on the perimeter of Patrol Base Dakota when the enemy initiated a daylight attack with hand grenades, one of which landed inside their sandbagged position. Without hesitation, and with complete disregard for his own safety, Lance Corporal Carpenter moved toward the grenade in an attempt to shield his fellow Marine from the deadly blast. When the grenade detonated, his body absorbed the brunt of the blast, severely wounding him, but saving the life of his fellow Marine. By his undaunted courage, bold fighting spirit, and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death, Lance Corporal Carpenter reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the United States Naval Service.
HAWKINS, WILLIAM DEAN
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 19 .April 1914, Fort Scott, Kans. Appointed from: El Paso, Tex. Citation: For valorous and gallant conduct above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of a Scout Sniper Platoon attached to the Assault Regiment in action against Japanese-held Tarawa in the Gilbert Island, 20 and November 21st, 1943. The first to disembark from the jeep lighter, 1st Lt. Hawkins unhesitatingly moved forward under heavy enemy fire at the end of the Betio Pier, neutralizing emplacements in coverage of troops assaulting the main beach positions. Fearlessly leading his men on to join the forces fighting desperately to gain a beachhead, he repeatedly risked his life throughout the day and night to direct and lead attacks on pillboxes and installations with grenades and demolitions. At dawn on the following day, 1st Lt. Hawkins resumed the dangerous mission of clearing the limited beachhead of Japanese resistance, personally initiating an assault on a hostile position fortified by S enemy machineguns, and, crawling forward in the face of withering fire, boldly fired pointblank into the loopholes and completed the destruction with grenades. Refusing to withdraw after being seriously wounded in the chest during this skirmish, 1st Lt. Hawkins steadfastly carried the fight to the enemy, destroying three more pillboxes before he was caught in a burst of Japanese shellfire and mortally wounded. His relentless fighting spirit in the face of formidable opposition and his exceptionally daring tactics served as an inspiration to his comrades during the most crucial phase of the battle and reflect the highest credit upon the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
MINICK, JOHN W.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 121st Infantry, 8th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Hurtgen, Germany, November 21st, 1944. Entered service at: Carlisle, Pa. Birth: Wall, Pa. Citation: He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, in action involving actual conflict with the enemy on 21 November 1944, near Hurtgen, Germany. S/Sgt. Minick’s battalion was halted in its advance by extensive minefields, exposing troops to heavy concentrations of enemy artillery and mortar fire. Further delay in the advance would result in numerous casualties and a movement through the minefield was essential. Voluntarily, S/Sgt. Minick led four men through hazardous barbed wire and debris, finally making his way through the minefield for a distance of three-hundred yards. When an enemy machinegun opened fire, he signaled his men to take covered positions, edged his way alone toward the flank of the weapon and opened fire, killing two members of the guncrew and capturing three others. Moving forward again, he encountered and engaged single-handedly an entire company killing twenty Germans and capturing twenty, and enabling his platoon to capture the remainder of the hostile group. Again moving ahead and spearheading his battalion’s advance, he again encountered machinegun fire. Crawling forward toward the weapon, he reached a point from which he knocked the weapon out of action. Still another minefield had to be crossed. Undeterred, S/Sgt. Minick advanced forward alone through constant enemy fire and while thus moving, detonated a mine and was instantly killed.
Rank and organization: Seaman Apprentice, Second Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 1866, France. Accredited to: New York. (Letter, Capt. N. Judlow, U.S. Navy, No. 8326B; 21 November 1885.) Citation: On board the U.S.S. Quinnebaug, Alexandria, Egypt, on the morning of November 21st, 1885. Jumping overboard from that vessel, Chandron, with the aid of Hugh Miller, boatswain’s mate, rescued William Evans, ordinary seaman, from drowning.
Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1859 Philadelphia, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. (Letter Capt. N. Judlow U.S. Navy, No. 8326/B; 21 November 1885.) Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Quinnebaug, at Alexandria, Egypt, on the morning of November 21st,1885 and assisting in saving a shipmate from drowning.
NATIONAL BIBLE WEEK
NAME YOUR PC DAY
Armadillos are an amazing group of animals that originated in South America. Armadillos are mammals, just like you. Contrary to what you may have heard, the armadillo is neither a rodent nor a marsupial, and they are not related to the opossum any more than you are. There are twenty different species of armadillos. They belong to the order Xenarthra, family Dasypodidae.
What’s an armadillo?
Their closest relatives are sloths and anteaters. The most easily recognized feature of an armadillo is its shell. All armadillos have shells, made of true bone, that cover their backs. Most armadillos also have bony rings or plates that protect their tails. Because their backs are covered with bone, armadillos are not very flexible. Although one species, the three-banded armadillo, can roll itself into a ball, none of the others can do so. They rely on speed or their digging ability to escape danger.
Armadillos are built to dig. They have short, strong legs that are well suited to rapid digging, either for food or for shelter. Like their cousins, the sloth and anteater, armadillos have strong claws. They use them to help in digging, or to tear apart rotting wood to find food. Armadillos eat a wide variety of different foods, ranging from insects to plants. Most armadillos eat small invertebrates like ants, beetles, and grubs. Many of them also eat bits of flesh from dead animals when they can find them.
Most armadillos also eat plants, and some species — like the giant armadillo — can cause quite a bit of agricultural damage if they happen to wander into a farmer’s field. Because small bugs and soft plants are not too difficult to chew, armadillos do not have very complicated teeth. They have lost all but their molars over time, and the teeth that remain are peg-shaped. Armadillo teeth do not have the hard white enamel coating that protects the teeth of other mammals.
Many species of armadillo are endangered or threatened. Human encroachment, slash-and-burn farming, hunting, and deaths due to domestic dogs account for a large percentage of the problem. Of the twenty species of armadillo, only one — the nine-banded armadillo — appears to be increasing in number. In the last hundred years or so, the nine-banded armadillo has expanded its home range northward into the United States. Armadillos have moved as far west as Colorado and as far north as Nebraska, with occasional sightings even farther north. Cold weather will eventually stop the spread of the armadillo, as they cannot tolerate even relatively short periods of extreme cold — they do not have large fat reserves to help insulate their bodies.
“It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.”
~ Charles Darwin
inveterate in-VET-uhr-it, adjective:
1. Firmly established by long persistence; deep-rooted; of long standing.
2. Fixed in habit by long persistence; confirmed; habitual.
Inveterate is from the past participle of Latin inveterari, “to grow old, to endure,” from in- + vetus, veter-, “old.” It is related to veteran, “one who is long experienced in some activity or capacity; an old soldier of long service; one who has served in the armed forces.” The noun form is inveteracy or inveterateness.
269 – Diocletian was proclaimed emperor of Numerian in Asia Minor. Under his rule the last and most terrible persecution of the Christians took place, perhaps some 3,000 martyrs.
1620 – Peregrine White was born aboard the Mayflower in Massachusetts Bay. White was the first child to be born of English parents, son of William and Susanna White, in present-day New England.
1720 – Pirates Mary Read, Anne Bonny (b.~1700) and Captain Calico Jack Rackham were tried by an admiralty court in Jamaica. Rackham was found guilty and hanged the next day. Read and Bonny were also found guilty and sentenced to hang but pleaded pregnancy.
1789 – New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights, approving ten of the twelve amendments.
1817 – First Seminole War began in Florida.
1819 – Louis Charles Guille at 500 feet altitude, cut his basket loose from a balloon in Jersey City and parachuted safely to earth. He is credited with the first parachute jump in the western world.
1820 – The whaler Essex, from Nantucket, Massachusetts, was attacked and sunk by an 80-ton sperm whale 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. It was the first American vessel sunk by a whale. (Herman Melville’s 1851 novel Moby-Dick is in part inspired by this story).
1856 – Commander Andrew H. Foote lands at Canton, China, with 287 Sailors and Marines to stop attacks by Chinese on U.S. military and civilians.
1861 – Civil War: Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky’s Confederate government.
1866 – Howard University, the first university for Black students, was founded in Washington, D.C. as the Howard Theological Seminary.
1866 – The first U.S. patent on a rotary crank bicycle was issued to Pierre Lallemont of Paris, France.
1866 – The first U.S. patent for a yoyo was issued to James L. Haven and Charles Hittrick of Cincinnati, Ohio.
1888 – Willard LeGrand Bundy, a jeweller, was issued the first U.S. patent for a time recording clock. A workman inserted a key which actuating his number by engaging corresponding catches on a type-wheel mechanism. This printed his identification number and time on a paper tape.
1893 – Western League of Professional Baseball Clubs, meeting in Detroit, Michigan, elected Byron Bancroft Johnson (29), a former ballplayer and Cincinnati sportswriter, as president.
1902 – Henri Desgrange and fellow journalist Géo Lefèvre dream up the idea of the Tour de France over lunch at the Café de Madrid in Paris.
1914 – US State Department began requiring photographs for passports.
1917 – USS Kanawha, Noma and Wakiva sink German sub off France.
1919 – Tucson, AZ opened the first municipally owned airport in the United States. Commercial air service began in Tucson with Standard Airlines (later American Airlines) in 1928.
1920 – The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to US President Woodrow Wilson.
1923 – American Black Garrett Morgan (1877-1963) patented an automatic traffic signal. He later sold the technology for the Morgan traffic signal to General Electric Corporation for $40,000.
1928 – Mrs. Glen Hyde became the first woman to dare the Grand Canyon rapids in a scow.
1929 – Leo Reisman and his orchestra recorded “Happy Days are Here Again“.
1929 – The first episode of “The Rise of the Goldbergs” aired as a sustaining program on WJZ, flagship of the NBC Blue network.
1931 – Commercial teletype service begins (AT & T).
1933 – Navy crew (Lt. Commander Thomas G. W. Settle, USN, and MAJ Chester I. Fordney, USMC) sets a world altitude record in balloon (62,237 ft.) in flight into stratosphere.
1940 – World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
1943 – World War II: Battle of Tarawa begins – United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
1944 – World War II: The first Japanese suicide submarine attack was at Ulithi Atoll, Carolines. A Japanese Kaiten attack sinks the US naval tanker Mississinewa.
1945 – The Nuremberg Trials began for 24 top Nazis accused of war crimes and atrocities.
1947 – Britain’s future queen, Princess Elizabeth II, married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in a ceremony broadcast worldwide from Westminster Abbey.
1947 – “Meet the Press” made network TV debut on NBC.
1950 – Korean War: U.S. troops pushed to Yalu River within five miles of Manchuria.
1953 – Scott Crossfield piloted the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket research aircraft to Mach 2, or 1,291 mph.
1954 – “I Need You Now” by Eddie Fisher topped the charts.
1955 – Maryland National Guard was ordered desegregated.
1955 – Bo Diddley becomes the first Black performer to appear on The Ed Sullivan Show. Apparently Sullivan was infuriated when Diddley sang his self-titled song instead of Tennessee Ernie Ford’s hit, “Sixteen Tons”.
1955 – RCA paid the unheard of sum of $35,000 to Sam Phillips of Memphis, TN for the rights to the music of a truck driver from Tupelo, Mississippi: Elvis Presley.
1959 – “Moondoggy” himself, Alan Freed, was axed in the midst of the payola music scandal. In 1959 the U.S. House Oversight Committee, at the urging of ASCAP, began to look into deejays who took gifts from record companies in return for playing their records on their shows.
1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union’s agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
1962 – Mickey Mantle was named the American League – Most Valuable Player for the third time.
1962 – The Four Seasons’ “Big Girls Don’t Cry” was released.
1962 – President Kennedy issued executive order barring religious or racial discrimination in federally financed housing.
1962 – Robert C. Weaver, economist and government official was awarded Spingarn Medal for his leadership in the movement for open housing.
1965 – “I Hear a Symphony” by the Supremes topped the charts.
1966 – “Cabaret” opened on Broadway for the first of 1,165 stellar performances.
1967 – The U.S. census clock reported the population at 200 million.
1968 – Vietnam War: Eleven men comprising a Long Range Patrol team from F Company, 58th Infantry, 101st Airborne are surrounded and nearly wiped out by North Vietnamese army regulars from the 4th and 5th Regiment. The seven wounded survivors are rescued after several hours by an impromptu force made of other men from their unit.
1969 – Vietnam War: The Cleveland Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai massacre in Vietnam.
1969 – A group of eighty Native Americans, all college students, seized Alcatraz Island in the name of “Indians of All Tribes.”
1969 – The Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT.
1971 – “Theme From Shaft” by Isaac Hayes topped the charts.
1974 – The United States filed an antitrust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Island Girl” by Elton John, “Who Loves You” by Four Seasons, “That’s the Way (I like It)” by KC & The Sunshine Band and “Are You Sure Hank Done It This Way” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1976 – “Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright)” by Rod Stewart topped the charts.
1977 – Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL-record 275 yards against the Minnesota Vikings.
1979 – The first US artificial blood transfusion occurred at Univ. of Minnesota Hospital. The patient was a Jehovah’s Witness, who had refused a transfusion of real blood because of his religious beliefs.
1980 – Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger piloted its first solar-powered flight.
1980 – Lake Peigneur in Louisiana drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole. The resulting whirlpool sucked the drilling platform, several barges, houses and trees thousands of feet down to the bottom of the dissolving salt deposit.
1982 – Andy Kaufman was forever voted off Saturday Night Live by a live phone poll.
1982 – “Up Where We Belong” by Joe Cocker & Jennifer Warnes topped the charts.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “All Night Long (All Night)” by Lionel Richie, “Say Say Say” by Paul McCartney & Michael Jackson, “Uptown Girl” by Billy Joel and “One of a Kind Pair of Fools” by Barbara Mandrell all topped the charts.
1983 – In the U.S., an estimated 100 million people watch the controversial made-for-television movie “The Day After“, depicting a nuclear war and its effects on the United States.
1984 – McDonalds flip past the 50 billionth burger mark. It came 35 years and 11 months after the very first McDonald’s hamburger was sold. The 50 billionth burger was made by Edward Rensi, president of Mickey D’s at the Grand Hyatt Hotel in New York City.
1985 – Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
1990 – The space shuttle Atlantis landed at Cape Canaveral, FL, after completing a secret military mission.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Cream” by Prince & The N.P.G., “Can’t Stop This Thing We Started” by Bryan Adams, “When a Man Loves a Woman” by Michael Bolton and “Shameless” by Garth Brooks all topped the charts.
1993 – Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his “dealings” with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
1993 – The U.S. Senate passed the Brady Bill and legislation implementing NAFTA.
1994 – David Crosby got a liver transplant.
1995 – Princess Diana admitted being unfaithful to Prince Charles in an interview that was broadcast on BBC Television.
1998 – Forty-six states agreed to a $206 billion settlement of health claims against the tobacco industry.
1998 – International Space Station is launched.
2000 – Lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush battled before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidential election recount should be allowed to continue.
2000 – The EU began to build its own defense force, a 60,000 man, rapid reaction corps. EU defense chiefs pledged 100,000 soldiers, 400 planes and 100 ships for a rapid-reaction force.
2001 – In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the US Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.
2001 – A federal judge extended a court order blocking an attempt by Attorney General John Ashcroft to dismantle Oregon’s one-of-a-kind law allowing physician-assisted suicides.
2001 – Jeff Hawkins, inventor of the Palm computer, was reported to hold that the brain works by anticipating and completing patterns more than it does through inputs and outputs of information.
2002 – Louisiana began offering a $4-a-tail bounty on the swamp-dwelling nutria rodent, due to wetlands damage from devoured plants.
2003 – Motor Trend named the Toyota’s hybrid Prius as “Car of the Year.”
2003 – Michael Jackson turned himself over to police in Santa Barbara, Ca., on an arrest warrant alleging multiple counts of child molestation. He posted a $3 million bail bond. Jackson was later acquitted at trial.
2003 – Record producer Phil Spector was charged with murder in the shooting death of an actress, Lana Clarkson in February 2003 at his home in Alhambra, Calif.
2004 – The NBA suspended nine players without pay over the Nov 19 Piston and Pacer brawl in Auburn Hills, Mich.
2004 – Scientist Ancel Keys (100), died in Minneapolis. He invented the K rations eaten by soldiers in World War II.
2004 – Juan Rodriguez (49) of New York City, a Colombian immigrant and parking garage worker, won the $149 million Mega Millions lottery jackpot. He chose to take a single payment of $88.5 million before taxes.
2005 – President George W. Bush attends a church service during his visit to People’s Republic of China as he presses for greater freedoms of expression and faith during his east Asian tour.
2005 – In Tacoma, Wash., Dominick Sergio Maldonado (20) went on a shooting spree at a crowded shopping mall. 7 people were injured, one critically.
2006 – A school bus carrying high school students falls nose-first 40 feet to the ground off an Interstate 565 overpass in downtown Huntsville, Alabama, killing four teenage girls.
2006 – The US Mint announced designs for new one-dollar coins that will feature images of the presidents beginning in February.
2006 – Six imams were removed from a US Airways flight at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport after passengers reported they were acting suspiciously.
2006 – Authorities seized a 50-foot homemade submarine with three tons of cocaine off the coast of Costa Rica.
2007 – In San Francisco, CA, large grocery stores stopped using plastic bags as a new city ordnance banning the bags took effect.
2007 – Warren Jeffs, the leader of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, is sentenced to five years to life in jail for complicity in rape. He was also sentenced to 10 years to life in prison for forcing a 14-year-old to marry her first cousin.
2008 – US Attorney General Michael Mukasey collapses while giving a speech to the Federalist Society in Washington, D.C.
2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.
2008 – NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter discovers evidence of enormous underground deposits of water ice on Mars; one such deposit, under Hellas Planitia, is estimated to be the size of Los Angeles.
2008 – Five Guantánamo Bay detainees who successfully argued Boumediene v. Bush before the Supreme Court are ordered freed by Judge Richard J. Leon of the District Court for Washington, D.C.
2009 – The United States Senate clears Senator Roland Burris of legal wrongdoing in relation to his appointment to the Senate.
2009 – A US judge blocked a Tennessee law that allowed people to bring handguns into restaurants and bars.
2009 – The Manhattan Declaration was signed by about 150 prominent Christian clergy, ministry leaders and scholars and was released at a press conference in Washington, DC. It was born out of an urgent concern about growing efforts to marginalize the Christian voice in the public square, to redefine marriage, and to move away from the biblical view of the sanctity of life.
2009 – Lester Shubin (84), former US Justice Dept. researcher, died at his home in Virginia. In the 1970s he began developing Kevlar, a new DuPont fabric invented in 1965, into body armor for police and soldiers.
2010 – The US Senate settles with a payment of $4.6 billion to black farmers and at least 300,000 Native Americans who objected to government discrimination and cheating in Cobell v. Salazar.
2010 – Four Talon T-38 Trainer jets flew just 16 feet above the stadium’s press box and at 400 mph (max allowable is 300) when they wowed 70,000 fans inside Kinnick Stadium before Iowa hosted Ohio State in football. The pilots were punished, see March 24th, 2011.
2011 – Jose Pimentel, a 27-year-old Dominican-American, is arrested in New York City after planning to detonate pipe bombs, according to New York mayor Michael Bloomberg. The suspect is believed to have Al-Qaeda sympathies, although no wider conspiracy is suspected.
2012 – Sesame Street puppeteer Kevin Clash, known for being the voice of Elmo, resigns after a second accuser files a complaint that Clash had underage sexual relations with him.
2012 – The nation awoke to the story of Grinnell’s Jack Taylor, the 5-foot-10 guard who scored an NCAA record 138 points in a college basketball game, which undoubtedly evoked a collective, coast-to-coast, “Whaaaaaaaaat?” Fifty-two shots of 108 from the field, 27 of 71 from 3-point land, 7 of 10 free throws, 138 points!
2012 – Wildlife officials investigate the killing and mutilations of dolphins along the coast of the United States over the past year.
1620 – Peregrine White, first English child born in the Plymouth Colony (d. 1704)
1858 – Selma Lagerlof, Swedish author, first woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature.
1889 – Edwin Powell Hubble, American astronomer.
1900 – Chester Gould, creator of comic strips (Dick Tracy) (d. 1985)
1908 – Sir Alistair Cooke, English journalist and TV host.
1917 – Robert Byrd, American politician
1921 – Jim Garrison, American district attorney and judge (d. 1992)
1925 – Robert F. Kennedy, American senator, attorney general, and presidential candidate.
1932 – Richard Dawson, British actor, Game Show Host
1954 – Bo Derek, American film actress and model.
*CRESCENZ, MICHAEL J.
Rank and Organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company A, 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade, Americal Division. Place and date: Hiep Duc Valley area, Republic of Vietnam, November 20th, 1968. Entered service at: Philadelphia, PA. Born: 14 January 1949, Philadelphia, Pa. Citation: Cpl. Crescenz distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving as a rifleman with Company A. In the morning his unit engaged a large, well-entrenched force of the North Vietnamese Army whose initial burst of fire pinned down the lead squad and killed the two point men, halting the advance of Company A. Immediately, Cpl. Crescenz left the relative safety of his own position, seized a nearby machine gun and, with complete disregard for his safety, charged one-hundred meters up a slope toward the enemy’s bunkers which he effectively silenced, killing the two occupants of each. Undaunted by the withering machine gun fire around him, Cpl. Crescenz courageously moved forward toward a third bunker which he also succeeded in silencing, killing two more of the enemy and momentarily clearing the route of advance for his comrades. Suddenly, intense machine gun fire erupted from an unseen, camouflaged bunker. Realizing the danger to his fellow soldiers, Cpl. Crescenz disregarded the barrage of hostile fire directed at him and daringly advanced toward the position. Assaulting with his machine gun, Cpl. Crescenz was within five meters of the bunker when he was mortally wounded by the fire from the enemy machine gun. As a direct result of his heroic actions, his company was able to maneuver freely with minimal danger and to complete its mission, defeating the enemy. Cpl. Crescenz’s bravery and extraordinary heroism at the cost of his life are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
*LOZADA, CARLOS JAMES
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 2d Battalion, 503d Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade. Place and date: Dak To, Republic of Vietnam, November 20th, 1967. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 6 September 1946, Caguas, Puerto Rico. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Pfc. Lozada, U.S. Army, distinguished himself at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in the battle of Dak To. While serving as a machine gunner with 1st platoon, Company A, Pfc. Lozada was part of a four-man early warning outpost, located forty yards from his company’s lines. At 1400 hours a North Vietnamese Army company rapidly approached the outpost along a well defined trail. Pfc. Lozada alerted his comrades and commenced firing at the enemy who were within ten yards of the outpost. His heavy and accurate machine gun fire killed at least twenty North Vietnamese soldiers and completely disrupted their initial attack. Pfc. Lozada remained in an exposed position and continued to pour deadly fire upon the enemy despite the urgent pleas of his comrades to withdraw. The enemy continued their assault, attempting to envelop the outpost. At the same time enemy forces launched a heavy attack on the forward west flank of Company A with the intent to cut them off from their battalion. Company A was given the order to withdraw. Pfc. Lozada apparently realized that if he abandoned his position there would be nothing to hold back the surging North Vietnamese soldiers and that the entire company withdrawal would be jeopardized. He called for his comrades to move back and that he would stay and provide cover for them. He made this decision realizing that the enemy was converging on three sides of his position and only yards away, and a delay in withdrawal meant almost certain death. Pfc. Lozada continued to deliver a heavy, accurate volume of suppressive fire against the enemy until he was mortally wounded and had to be carried during the withdrawal. His heroic deed served as an example and an inspiration to his comrades throughout the ensuing four-day battle. Pfc. Lozada’s actions are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
*BORDELON, WILLIAM JAMES
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 25 December 1920, San Antonio, Tex. Accredited to: Texas. Citation: For valorous and gallant conduct above and beyond the call of duty as a member of an assault engineer platoon of the 1st Battalion, 18th Marines, tactically attached to the 2d Marine Division, in action against the Japanese-held atoll of Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands on November 20th, 1943. Landing in the assault waves under withering enemy fire which killed all but four of the men in his tractor, S/Sgt. Bordelon hurriedly made demolition charges and personally put two pillboxes out of action. Hit by enemy machinegun fire just as a charge exploded in his hand while assaulting a third position, he courageously remained in action and, although out of demolition, provided himself with a rifle and furnished fire coverage for a group of men scaling the seawall. Disregarding his own serious condition, he unhesitatingly went to the aid of one of his demolition men, wounded and calling for help in the water, rescuing this man and another who had been hit by enemy fire while attempting to make the rescue. Still refusing first aid for himself, he again made up demolition charges and single-handedly assaulted a fourth Japanese machinegun position but was instantly killed when caught in a final burst of fire from the enemy. S/Sgt. Bordelon’s great personal valor during a critical phase of securing the limited beachhead was a contributing factor in the ultimate occupation of the island, and his heroic determination throughout three days of violent battle reflects the highest credit upon the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
BRILES, HERSCHEL F.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Co. C, 899th Tank Destroyer Battalion. Place and date: Near Scherpenseel, Germany, November 20th, 1944. Entered service at: Fort Des Moines, lowa. Birth: Colfax, lowa. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: He was leading a platoon of destroyers across an exposed slope near Scherpenseel, Germany, on 20 November 1944, when they came under heavy enemy artillery fire. A direct hit was scored on one of the vehicles, killing one man, seriously wounding two others, and setting the destroyer afire. With a comrade, S/Sgt. Briles left the cover of his own armor and raced across ground raked by artillery and small-arms fire to the rescue of the men in the shattered destroyer. Without hesitation, he lowered himself into the burning turret, removed the wounded and then extinguished the fire. From a position he assumed the next morning, he observed hostile infantrymen advancing. With his machinegun, he poured such deadly fire into the enemy ranks that an entire pocket of fifty-five Germans surrendered, clearing the way for a junction between American units which had been held up for two days. Later that day, when another of his destroyers was hit by a concealed enemy tank, he again left protection to give assistance. With the help of another soldier, he evacuated two wounded under heavy fire and, returning to the burning vehicle, braved death from exploding ammunition to put out the flames. By his heroic initiative and complete disregard for personal safety, S/Sgt. Briles was largely responsible for causing heavy enemy casualties, forcing the surrender of fifty-five Germans, making possible the salvage of our vehicles, and saving the lives of wounded comrades.
MABRY, GEORGE L., JR.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division Place and date: Hurtgen Forest near Schevenhutte, Germany, November 20th, 1944. Entered service at: Sumter, S.C. Birth: Sumter, SC G.O. No.: 77, September 1945. Citation: He was commanding the 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry, in an attack through the Hurtgen Forest near Schevenhutte, Germany, on 20 November 1944. During the early phases of the assault, the leading elements of his battalion were halted by a minefield and immobilized by heavy hostile fire. Advancing alone into the mined area, Col. Mabry established a safe route of passage. He then moved ahead of the foremost scouts, personally leading the attack, until confronted by a boobytrapped double concertina obstacle. With the assistance of the scouts, he disconnected the explosives and cut a path through the wire. Upon moving through the opening, he observed three enemy in foxholes whom he captured at bayonet point. Driving steadily forward he paced the assault against three log bunkers which housed mutually supported automatic weapons. Racing up a slope ahead of his men, he found the initial bunker deserted, then pushed on to the second where he was suddenly confronted by nine onrushing enemy. Using the butt of his rifle, he felled one adversary and bayoneted a second, before his scouts came to his aid and assisted him in overcoming the others in hand-to-hand combat. Accompanied by the riflemen, he charged the third bunker under pointblank small arms fire and led the way into the fortification from which he prodded six enemy at bayonet point. Following the consolidation of this area, he led his battalion across three-hundred yards of fire-swept terrain to seize elevated ground upon which he established a defensive position which menaced the enemy on both flanks, and provided his regiment a firm foothold on the approach to the Cologne Plain. Col. Mabry’s superlative courage, daring, and leadership in an operation of major importance exemplify the finest characteristics of the military service.
WETHERBY, JOHN C.
Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 4th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: Near Imus, Luzon, Philippine Islands, November 20th, 1899. Entered service at: Martinsville, Ind. Birth: Morgan County, Ind. Date of issue: 25 April 1902. Citation: While carrying important orders on the battlefield, was desperately wounded and, being unable to walk, crawled far enough to deliver his orders.
AUER, JOHN F.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman Apprentice, U.S. Navy. Born: 1866, New York. Accredited to: New York. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lancaster, Marseille, France, November 20th, 1883. Jumping overboard, Auer rescued from drowning a French lad who had fallen into the sea from a stone pier astern of the ship.
Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1852, Providence, R.I. Accredited to: Rhode Island. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lancaster at Marseille, France, November 20th, 1883. Jumping overboard from the Lancaster, Gillick rescued from drowning a French lad who had fallen into the sea from a stone pier astern of the ship.
FALCONER, JOHN A.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., November 20th, 1863. Entered service at: Manchester, Mich. Born: 1844, Wachtenaw, Mich. Date of issue: 27 July 1896. Citation: Conducted the “burning party” of his regiment at the time a charge was made on the enemy’s picket line, and burned the house which had sheltered the enemy’s sharpshooters, thus insuring success to a hazardous enterprise.
HADLEY, CORNELIUS M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 9th Michigan Cavalry. Place and date: At siege of Knoxville, Tenn., November 20th, 1863. Entered service at: Adrian, Mich. Born: 27 April 1838, Sandy Creek, Oswego County, N.Y. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: With one companion, voluntarily carried through the enemy’s lines important dispatches from Gen. Grant to Gen. Burnside, then besieged within Knoxville, and brought back replies, his comrade’s horse being killed and the man taken prisoner.
KELLEY, ANDREW J.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Knoxville, Tenn., November 20th, 1863. Entered service at: Ypsilanti, Mich. Born: 2 September 1845, Lagrange County, Ind. Date of issue: 17 April 1900. Citation: Having voluntarily accompanied a small party to destroy buildings within the enemy’s lines whence sharpshooters had been firing, disregarded an order to retire, remained and completed the firing of the buildings, thus insuring their total destruction; this at the imminent risk of his life from the fire of the advancing enemy.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Knoxville, Tenn. November 20th, 1863. Entered service at: Chelsea, Mich. Birth: Skaneateles, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 August 1897. Citation: Having voluntarily accompanied a small party to destroy buildings within the enemy’s lines, whence sharpshooters had been firing, disregarded an order to retire, remained and completed the firing of the buildings, thus insuring their total destruction; this at the imminent risk of his life from the fire of the advancing enemy.
NATIONAL GAME & PUZZLE WEEK
LINCOLN’S GETTYSBURG ADDRESS
LINCOLN’S GETTYSBURG ADDRESS
Abraham Lincoln said:
“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met here on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled, here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they have, thus far, so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”
Abraham Lincoln- Gettysburg- 1863
On June 1, 1865, Senator Charles Sumner, in his eulogy for the slain president, said Lincoln was mistaken when he said “the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here.” Rather, Sumner said:
“The world noted at once what he said, and will never cease to remember it. The battle itself was less important than the speech.”
“Pretend that every single person you meet has a sign around his or her neck that says, ‘Make me feel important.’ Not only will you succeed in sales, you will succeed in life.”
~ Mary Kay Ash
Founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics
Infandous (In- fan-dus) adj
“unspeakable” or “too odious to be expressed or mentioned”
and comes from Latin “infandus”, abominable. It was last used in 1708 but could renew itself in the lexicon given our current political scene.
1493 – Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
1602 – Mariner Bartholomew Gosnold (1572-1607) sailed the New England coast in 1602, naming things as he went. He gave the name ‘Cape Cod’ to the sandy, 65mile-long peninsula that juts eastward from mainland Massachusetts into the Atlantic.
1620 – The Mayflower arrived off the coast of Cape Cod. Peregrine White was born aboard the Mayflower.
1703 – The “Man in the Iron Mask,” a prisoner of Louis XIV in the Bastille prison in Paris, died. The prisoner may have been Count Matthioli, who had double-crossed Louis XIV, or may have even been the brother of Louis XIV.
1794 – The United States and Great Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which attempts to clear up some of the lingering problems left over from the Revolutionary War.
1850 – Alfred Lord Tennyson becomes Poet Laureate, a position he held until his death in 1892.
1850 – The first life insurance policy for a woman was issued. Carolyn Ingraham, 36 years old, bought the policy in Madison, NJ.
1861 – Julia Ward Howe wrote “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” while visiting Union troops near Washington.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address and dedicated a Civil War battlefield cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate commander Nathan Bedford Forrest joined Gen. Hood at Gunter’s Landing on the Tennessee River in northern Alabama.
1867 – South Carolina citizens endorsed constitutional convention and selected delegates. Records indicated that 66,418 Blacks and 2350 whites voted for the convention and 2278 whites voted against holding a convention. The total vote cast was 71,046. Not a single Black voted against the convention.
1868 – New Jersey suffragists attempt to cast votes.
1874 – William Marcy “Boss” Tweed convicted of defrauding the City of New York of $6M. Tweed was convicted of official embezzlement and sentenced to 12 years in prison. He served one year. On his release in 1875, he was rearrested on other charges and returned to prison. He escaped later that same year.
1895 – Frederick E. Blaisdell of Philadelphia, PA patented what he called the paper pencil — a paper-wrapped pencil with a string for revealing more lead. The pencil is also used in china markers.
1901 – Granville Woods was issued a patent for a third rail to operate electrified railways.
1903 – Carrie Nation attempted to address Senate. Nation was a member of the temperance movement, which opposed alcohol in pre-Prohibition America. She is particularly noted for promoting her viewpoint through vandalism.
1911 – New York received the first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy.
1916 – Samuel Goldfish (later renamed Samuel Goldwyn) and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Company (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).
1919 – Utah’s Mukuntuweap National Monument, later called Zion National Monument, was established as a national park. Mukuntuweap is said to be Southern Paiute language for “straight arrow”, “straight canyon”, “straight river”, or “land of the springs”.
1919 – The U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles with a vote of 55 in favor to 39 against. A two-thirds majority was needed for ratification. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
1923 - Oklahoma Governor Walton was ousted by state senate for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures.
1928 – “Time” magazine presented its cover portrait for the first time. Japanese Emperor Hirohito was the magazine’s first cover subject.
1932 – West Liberty State College of West Virginia football team shuts out Cedarville College of Ohio 127-0. Halfback Joe Kershallo scored 71 points to lead the charge.
1939 – The first presidential library, that of Franklin D. Roosevelt, had its cornerstone laid at Hyde Park, New York.
1942 – World War II: French forces at Medjez el Bab, Tunisia hold off the German attacks and are reinforced by British and American troops.
1942 – World War II: US troops coming from Pongani, New Guinea begin their attack on the well fortified Japanese positions at Buna, believing that it is lightly held.
1943 – Stan Kenton and his orchestra recorded “Artistry in Rhythm.”
1943 – Coast Guard Air Station at Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, New York, designated as helicopter training base.
1943 – World War II: Holocaust: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lemberg (Lviv), western Ukraine, murdering at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.
1943 – World War II: Carrier aircraft of US Task Force 50 (Admiral Pownall) raid Mili, Tarawa, Makin and Nauru as a prelude to landings. Four carrier groups are engaged in the operation. There are 11 carriers, 5 battleships and 6 cruisers in the American task force.
1943 – World War II: USS Nautilus (SS-168) enters Tarawa lagoon in first submarine photograph reconnaissance mission.
1943 – World War II: German submarine U-536 sank in Atlantic Ocean.
1943 – Stan Kenton and his orchestra recorded “Artistry in Rhythm.”
1944 – World War II: It is estimated that the cost of the war is now about $250 million per day.
1944 – World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US$14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
1947 – Two-hundred inch mirror arrives at Mt Palomar, CA. The 40 ton cargo requires three diesel tractors to push it up the mountain. Despite a storm, which nearly aborts the transport, the 125 mile trip is completed in 32 hours.
1949 – Monaco held a coronation for its new ruler, Prince Rainier III, the 30th monarch of Monaco.
1949 – “Slipping Around” by Margaret Whiting & Jimmy Wakely topped the charts.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Harbor Lights” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Tony Alamo), “Goodnight Irene” by The Weavers, “Thinking of You” by Don Cherry and “I’m Moving On” by Hank Snow all topped the chart.
1950 – Korean War: US General Eisenhower became supreme commander of NATO.
1950 – Korean War: X Corps First Marine Division commander, Major General O.P. Smith moved his units carefully northward toward the Chosin Reservoir.
1953 -Vice President Richard Nixon visited Hanoi. Nixon’s first of four visits to Vietnam, prior to his own presidency.
1953 – Roy Campanella was named most valuable player of the National Baseball League for the second time.
1953 – US Supreme Court rules (7-2) that baseball is a sport not a business.
1954 – The first automatic toll collection machine went into effect at the Union Toll Plaza on New Jersey’s Garden State Parkway.
1954 – Sammy Davis, Jr., loses his left eye in an automobile accident in San Bernardino, California.
1955 – William F. Buckley Jr. published the first issue of the National Review, a conservative political journal.
1955 – “Autumn Leaves” by Roger Williams topped the charts.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tom Dooley” by the Kingston Trio, “Topsy II” by Cozy Cole, “Beep Beep” by The Playmates and “City Lights” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1959 – Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel. Last Edsel rolled off the assembly line.
1959 – First episode of “Rocky & His Friends” airs.
1960 – “Georgia on my Mind” by Ray Charles topped the charts.
1961 – Chubby Checker reached the #1 spot with “The Twist.”
1962 – The Paul Winter Sextet, at the invitation of Jackie Kennedy, became the first jazz group to officially perform at the White House.
1966 – Dodger great Sandy Koufax announced his retirement.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Keep Me Hanging On” by the Supremes, “Good Vibrations” by The Beach Boys, “Winchester Cathedral” by The New Vaudeville Band and “I Get the Fever” by Bill Anderson all topped the charts.
1967 – Vietnam War: The Tiger Force, an elite US Army unit of the 101st Airborne Division, achieved their 327th kill.
1969 – Pele scored his 1000th soccer goal in his 909th first-class match.
1969 – U.S. astronauts Charles Conrad, Jr. and Alan Bean became the third and fourth humans to walk on the surface of the Moon after their landing module, Intrepid, touched down as part of the Apollo 12 mission.
1973 – Saudi Arabia, Libya and other Arab states proclaimed a total ban on oil exports to the United States. Gasoline prices quadrupled from twenty-five cents per gallon to over one dollar.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Whatever Gets You Thru the Night” by John Lennon with The Plastic Ono Nuclear Band, “Do It (’Til You’re Satisfied)” by B.T. Express, “My Melody of Love” by Bobby Vinton and “Country Is” by Tom T. Hall all topped the charts.
1976 – Patty Hearst was released from prison on $1.5 million bail.
1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1977 – “You Light Up My Life” by Debbie Boone topped the charts.
1979 – Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
1979 – Nolan Ryan (Houston Astros) signed a four-year contract for $4.5 million. At the time, Ryan was the highest paid player in major league baseball.
1979 – Chuck Berry was released from Lompoc Prison, CA, after serving a sentence for income tax evasion.
1980 – CBS TV bans Calvin Klein’s jeans ad featuring Brooke Shields.
1981 – U.S. Steel agreed to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil.
1982 – An antenna tower collapsed during construction in Missouri City, Texas, and 5 riggers were killed.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Up Where We Belong” by Joe Cocker & Jennifer Warnes, “Truly” by Lionel Richie, “Heart Attack” by Olivia Newton-John and “Heartbroke” by Ricky Skaggs all topped the charts.
1983 – “All Night Long (All Night)” by Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1984 – Twenty-year-old Dwight Gooden of the New York Mets named NL Rookie of the Year. He was the youngest major-league pitcher to be named Rookie of the Year.
1984 – The Coast Guard accepts the new HH-65A Dolphin helicopter for service.
1985 – At a summit in Geneva, President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met for the first time.
1986 – Philadelphia’s Mike Schmidt became named Most Valuable Player (3rd time). Schmidt became only the third player in National League history to win the Most Valuable Player award three times. Roy Campanella of the Dodgers and Stan Musial of the Cardinals were the other two.
1988 – “Bad Medicine” by Bon Jovi topped the charts.
1990 – The pop duo Milli Vanilli was stripped of its Grammy Award because other singers sang the songs on their “Girl You Know It’s True” album.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Takes Time” by Mariah Carey, “Pray” by M.C. Hammer, “More Than Words Can Say” by Alias and “You Really Had Me Going” by Holly all topped the charts.
1993 – The U.S. Senate voted in favor of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1993 – The U.S. Senate approved a sweeping $22.3 billion anti-crime measure.
1996 – The space shuttle Columbia lifted off with the oldest crew member to date, 61-year-old Story Musgrave.
1997 – In Carlisle, IA, septuplets were born to Bobbi McCaughey. It was only the second known case where all seven were born alive.
1997 – The space shuttle Columbia goes into orbit on a two-week science mission.
1998 – The US House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
1998 – Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr laid out his evidence for the impeachment hearings against Pres. Clinton. He defended his investigation under withering questions from Democrats, during a daylong appearance before the House Judiciary Committee.
1998 – Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5
1998 – The US Air Force tested the Centurion flying wing, a 206-foot battery powered robotic craft.
1999 – John Carpenter became the first contestant to win $1,000,000 U.S.D. on “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire.”
2001 – President Bush signs the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, creating the Transportation Security Administration.
2001 – Barry Bonds became the first baseball player to win four Most Valuable Player Awards.
2002 – The US Senate voted 90-9 to create a Homeland Security Department.
2002 – The U.S. government completed its takeover of security at 424 airports nationwide.
2002 – Singer Michael Jackson made an appearance outside his Berlin hotel and briefly held his youngest child, Prince Michael II, over a fourth-floor balcony in front of dozens of fans waiting below.
2003 – Eight competing designs for a memorial to the victims of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center were unveiled. One design would be built at the site of the World Trade Center.
2003 – The US Department of Justice charges 47 people, including former employees of JP Morgan and UBS, with offenses related to foreign exchange fraud.
2003 – The two-year-old Transportation Security Administration (TSA) held a banquet at the Grand Hyatt in Washington DC that cost $461,745 for some 600 honorees and as many guests. That is $385 per person.
2004 – The U.S. Congress has passed a bill reinstating and extending a ban on taxation of internet access for another three years.
2004 – Congress raises the national debt ceiling by$800 billion to a total of $8.18 trillion.
2004 – The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie premieres in theaters.
2004 – A brawl breaks out between Detroit Pistons and Indiana Pacers players during their game at The Palace of Auburn Hills; the brawl turns into an even larger fight between Pacers players and Pistons fans.
2006 – Nintendo’s new Wii video game console debuted, the final entrant in the three-way scramble for dominance in the $30 billion global game market.
2006 – Muslim women in New York City want to start a Koran council to interpret strict sharia law.
2007 – Amazon.com began selling its Kindle electronic book reader, the size of a paperback, for $399.
2008 – FBI agent Sam Hicks was shot and killed while serving a warrant at a home near Pittsburgh, during a roundup of drug suspects in the greater Pittsburgh area.
2008 – The Supreme Court of California agrees to hear a challenge to Proposition 8, which banned same-sex marriage in the state.
2008 – In New York City, the Triborough Bridge was renamed the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge.
2008 -NASA successfully tests the first deep-space communications protocol to pave the way for Interplanetary Internet.
2009 -Media mogul and talk show host Oprah Winfrey announces she will end her long running talk show in 2011.
2009 -Google releases the source code of its open source Operating system Chrome OS.
2010 – Residents of Los Angeles come under attack from rabid bats carrying a deadly disease. The Department of Public Health said twenty-one rabid bats had been found in the county this year so far, twice the number typically found in the region.
2010 – The U.S. military is sending M1 Abrams tanks to Afghanistan for the first time in the nine-year war in Afghanistan.
2010 – US federal judge William Terrell Hodges orders actor Wesley Snipes to surrender to authorities so that he can start a three year sentence for tax-related crimes.
2011 – The US successfully tests a new hypersonic weapon system called Falcon HTV-2, capable of striking targets 2,300 miles away in under 30 minutes, as part of its Prompt Global Strike program. The missile was launched from the Pacific Missile Range Facility in Hawaii, and struck a target at the Reagan Test Site on Kwajalein Atoll.
2012 – Barack Obama becomes the first sitting US President to visit Burma, meeting both Burmese President Thein Sein and National League for Democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
2012 – Indianapolis and Indiana state homeland security and police authorities now say that the $4.4 million explosion in Richmond Hill neighborhood may not be due to gas or a faulty furnace, but may somehow have been an intentional criminal homicide.
2013 – 150th anniversary of Lincoln’s Gettysburg address. President Obama chose to address business leaders instead of this commemoration, although he did send a handwritten tribute to mark the event. ‘It didn’t work schedule wise,’ says a top aide.
1600 – Charles I, King of England and Scotland.
1752 – George Rogers Clark, American soldier and frontiersman.
1797 – Sojourner Truth, American abolitionist and women’s rights advocate.
1831 – James Garfield, 20th President of the United States of America. He was the second U.S. president (after Abraham Lincoln) to be assassinated.
1905 – Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader and musician.
1917 – Indira Gandhi (Nehru), Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84).
1921 – Roy Campanella, one of the first black major league baseball players.
1933 – Larry King, American TV, radio host, columnist.
1938 – Ted Turner, American cable TV mogul.
1997 – The first septuplets delivered alive were born in Des Moines, Iowa, to Bobbi and Kenny McCaughey.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division. Place and Date: Plei Djerang, Republic of Vietnam, 19 November 1966. Entered service at: Huntington, W . Va. Born: 21 July 1924, Accoville, W . Va. Citation: Distinguishing himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life. Sgt. Belcher’s unit was engaged in a search and destroy mission with Company B, 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry, the Battalion Reconnaissance Platoon and a special forces company of civilian irregular defense group personnel. As a squad leader of the 2d Platoon of Company C, Sgt. Belcher was leading his men when they encountered a bunker complex. The reconnaissance platoon, located a few hundred meters northwest of Company C, received a heavy volume of fire from well camouflaged snipers. As the 2d Platoon moved forward to assist the unit under attack, Sgt. Belcher and his squad, advancing only a short distance through the dense jungle terrain, met heavy and accurate automatic weapons and sniper fire. Sgt. Belcher and his squad were momentarily stopped by the deadly volume of enemy fire. He quickly gave the order to return fire and resume the advance toward the enemy. As he moved up with his men, a hand grenade landed in the midst of the sergeant’s squad. Instantly realizing the immediate danger to his men, Sgt. Belcher, unhesitatingly and with complete disregard for his safety, lunged forward, covering the grenade with his body. Absorbing the grenade blast at the cost of his life, he saved his comrades from becoming casualties. Sgt. Belcher’s profound concern for his fellow soldiers, at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.
*WATTERS, CHARLES JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Chaplain (Maj.), U .S. Army, Company A, 173d Support Battalion, 173d Airborne Brigade. Place and date: Near Dak To Province, Republic of Vietnam, 19 November 1967. Entered service at: Fort Dix, N.J. Born: 17 January 1927, Jersey City, N.J. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Chaplain Watters distinguished himself during an assault in the vicinity of Dak To. Chaplain Watters was moving with one of the companies when it engaged a heavily armed enemy battalion. As the battle raged and the casualties mounted, Chaplain Watters, with complete disregard for his safety, rushed forward to the line of contact. Unarmed and completely exposed, he moved among, as well as in front of the advancing troops, giving aid to the wounded, assisting in their evacuation, giving words of encouragement, and administering the last rites to the dying. When a wounded paratrooper was standing in shock in front of the assaulting forces, Chaplain Watters ran forward, picked the man up on his shoulders and carried him to safety. As the troopers battled to the first enemy entrenchment, Chaplain Watters ran through the intense enemy fire to the front of the entrenchment to aid a fallen comrade. A short time later, the paratroopers pulled back in preparation for a second assault. Chaplain Watters exposed himself to both friendly and enemy fire between the two forces in order to recover two wounded soldiers. Later, when the battalion was forced to pull back into a perimeter, Chaplain Watters noticed that several wounded soldiers were lying outside the newly formed perimeter. Without hesitation and ignoring attempts to restrain him, Chaplain Watters left the perimeter three times in the face of small arms, automatic weapons, and mortar fire to carry and to assist the injured troopers to safety. Satisfied that all of the wounded were inside the perimeter, he began aiding the medics–applying field bandages to open wounds, obtaining and serving food and water, giving spiritual and mental strength and comfort. During his ministering, he moved out to the perimeter from position to position redistributing food and water, and tending to the needs of his men. Chaplain Watters was giving aid to the wounded when he himself was mortally wounded. Chaplain Watters’ unyielding perseverance and selfless devotion to his comrades was in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.
*CROMWELL, JOHN PHILIP
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Off Truk Island, 19 November 1943. Born: 11 September 1901, Henry, Ill. Appointed from: Illinois. Other Navy award: Legion of Merit. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commander of a Submarine Coordinated Attack Group with Flag in the U.S.S. Sculpin, during the ninth War Patrol of that vessel in enemy-controlled waters. Undertaking this patrol prior to the launching of our first large-scale offensive in the Pacific, Capt. Cromwell, alone of the entire Task Group, possessed secret intelligence information of our submarine strategy and tactics, scheduled Fleet movements and specific attack plans. Constantly vigilant and precise in carrying out his secret orders, he moved his underseas flotilla inexorably forward despite savage opposition and established a line of submarines to southeastward of the main Japanese stronghold at Truk. Cool and undaunted as the submarine, rocked and battered by Japanese depth charges, sustained terrific battle damage and sank to an excessive depth, he authorized the Sculpin to surface and engage the enemy in a gunfight, thereby providing an opportunity for the crew to abandon ship. Determined to sacrifice himself rather than risk capture and subsequent danger of revealing plans under Japanese torture or use of drugs, he stoically remained aboard the mortally wounded vessel as she plunged to her death. Preserving the security of his mission, at the cost of his own life, he had served his country as he had served the Navy, with deep integrity and an uncompromising devotion to duty. His great moral courage in the face of certain death adds new luster to the traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Marine Fighting Squadron 121, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Place and date: Over Guadalcanal, 9 October to 19 November 1942, 15 and 23 January 1943. Entered service at: South Dakota. Born: 17 April 1 915, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Citation: For outstanding heroism and courage above and beyond the call of duty as executive officer of Marine Fighting Squadron 121, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing, at Guadalcanal. Engaging in almost daily combat with the enemy from 9 October to 19 November 1942, Capt. Foss personally shot down twenty-three Japanese planes and damaged others so severely that their destruction was extremely probable. In addition, during this period, he successfully led a large number of escort missions, skillfully covering reconnaissance, bombing, and photographic planes as well as surface craft. On 15 January 1943, he added three more enemy planes to his already brilliant successes for a record of aerial combat achievement unsurpassed in this war. Boldly searching out an approaching enemy force on 25 January, Capt. Foss led his eight F-4F Marine planes and four Army P-38’s into action and, undaunted by tremendously superior numbers, intercepted and struck with such force that four Japanese fighters were shot down and the bombers were turned back without releasing a single bomb. His remarkable flying skill, inspiring leadership, and indomitable fighting spirit were distinctive factors in the defense of strategic American positions on Guadalcanal.
*McGRAW, FRANCIS X.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company H, 26th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Schevenhutte, Germany, 19 November 1944. Entered service at: Camden. N.J. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. G.O. No.: 92, 25 October 1945. Citation: He manned a heavy machinegun emplaced in a foxhole near Schevenhutte, Germany, on 19 November 1944, when the enemy launched a fierce counterattack. Braving an intense hour-long preparatory barrage, he maintained his stand and poured deadly accurate fire into the advancing foot troops until they faltered and came to a halt. The hostile forces brought up a machinegun in an effort to dislodge him but were frustrated when he lifted his gun to an exposed but advantageous position atop a log, courageously stood up in his foxhole and knocked out the enemy weapon. A rocket blasted his gun from position, but he retrieved it and continued firing. He silenced a second machinegun and then made repeated trips over fire-swept terrain to replenish his ammunition supply. Wounded painfully in this dangerous task, he disregarded his injury and hurried back to his post, where his weapon was showered with mud when another rocket barely missed him. In the midst of the battle, with enemy troops taking advantage of his predicament to press forward, he calmly cleaned his gun, put it back into action and drove off the attackers. He continued to fire until his ammunition was expended, when, with a fierce desire to close with the enemy, he picked up a carbine, killed one enemy soldier, wounded another and engaged in a desperate firefight with a third until he was mortally wounded by a burst from a machine pistol. The extraordinary heroism and intrepidity displayed by Pvt. McGraw inspired his comrades to great efforts and was a major factor in repulsing the enemy attack.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 377th Infantry, 95th Infantry Division. Place and date: From Woippy, France, through Metz to Kerprich Hemmersdorf, Germany, 16 – 29 November 1944. Entered service at: Two Rivers, Wis. Birth: Manitowoc, Wis. G.O. No.: 74, 1 September 1945. Citation: For performing a series of heroic deeds from 16 – 29 November 1944, during his company’s relentless drive from Woippy, France, through Metz to Kerprich Hemmersdorf, Germany. As he led a rifle squad on 16 November at Woippy, a crossfire from enemy machineguns pinned down his unit. Ordering his men to remain under cover, he went forward alone, entered a building housing one of the guns and forced five Germans to surrender at bayonet point. He then took the second gun single-handedly by hurling grenades into the enemy position, killing two, wounding three more, and taking two additional prisoners. At the outskirts of Metz the next day, when his platoon, confused by heavy explosions and the withdrawal of friendly tanks, retired, he fearlessly remained behind armed with an automatic rifle and exchanged bursts with a German machinegun until he silenced the enemy weapon. His quick action in covering his comrades gave the platoon time to regroup and carry on the fight. On 19 November S/Sgt. Miller led an attack on large enemy barracks. Covered by his squad, he crawled to a barracks window, climbed in and captured six riflemen occupying the room. His men, and then the entire company, followed through the window, scoured the building, and took seventy-five prisoners. S/Sgt. Miller volunteered, with three comrades, to capture Gestapo officers who were preventing the surrender of German troops in another building. He ran a gauntlet of machinegun fire and was lifted through a window. Inside, he found himself covered by a machine pistol, but he persuaded the four Gestapo agents confronting him to surrender. Early the next morning, when strong hostile forces punished his company with heavy fire, S/Sgt. Miller assumed the task of destroying a well-placed machinegun. He was knocked down by a rifle grenade as he climbed an open stairway in a house, but pressed on with a bazooka to find an advantageous spot from which to launch his rocket. He discovered that he could fire only from the roof, a position where he would draw tremendous enemy fire. Facing the risk, he moved into the open, coolly took aim and scored a direct hit on the hostile emplacement, wreaking such havoc that the enemy troops became completely demoralized and began surrendering by the score. The following day, in Metz, he captured twelve more prisoners and silenced an enemy machinegun after volunteering for a hazardous mission in advance of his company’s position. On 29 November, as Company G climbed a hill overlooking Kerprich Hemmersdorf, enemy fire pinned the unit to the ground. S/Sgt. Miller, on his own initiative, pressed ahead with his squad past the company’s leading element to meet the surprise resistance. His men stood up and advanced deliberately, firing as they went. Inspired by S/Sgt. Miller’s leadership, the platoon followed, and then another platoon arose and grimly closed with the Germans. The enemy action was smothered, but at the cost of S/Sgt. Miller’s life. His tenacious devotion to the attack, his gallant choice to expose himself to enemy action rather than endanger his men, his limitless bravery, assured the success of Company G.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, 761st Tank Battalion Place and date: 15-19 November 1944, toward Guebling, France. Born: 1921 , Tecumseh, Oklahoma. Citation: For extraordinary heroism in action. Though severely wounded in the leg, Sergeant Rivers refused medical treatment and evacuation, took command of another tank, and advanced with his company in Guebling the next day. Repeatedly refusing evacuation, Sergeant Rivers continued to direct his tank’s fire at enemy positions through the morning of 19 November 1944. At dawn, Company A’s tanks began to advance towards Bougaktroff, but were stopped by enemy fire. Sergeant Rivers, joined by another tank, opened fire on the enemy tanks, covering company A as they withdrew. While doing so, Sergeant River’s tank was hit, killing him and wounding the crew. Staff Sergeant Rivers’ fighting spirit and daring leadership were an inspiration to his unit and exemplify the highest traditions of military service.
Pushbutton Telephone Day
IF Your Cellphone Gets Wet
Get it out of the water as soon as possible. The plastic covers on cell phones are fairly tight, but water can enter the phone over time. But this time may be quite short – 20 seconds or less. So grab your phone quickly!
Remove the battery. This is one of the most important steps. Don’t take time to think about it; electricity and water do not mix. Cutting power to your phone is a crucial first step in saving it. Then remove your SIM card; some or all of your valuable contacts could be stored on your SIM (along with other data). To some people this could be more worth saving than the phone itself. SIM cards survive water damage well, but some of the following steps are unnecessary i.e. don’t heat it. Just pat it dry and leave it aside until you need to connect your phone to your cellular network.
Dry your phone. Obviously you need to remove as much of the water as soon as possible, so you can to prevent it from getting into the phone. Use a towel or paper towel to remove as much of the water as possible.
Allow the phone to dry. Since you do not want to ruin your phone or lose all of the numbers in your phone book, you need to allow the phone to dry. Also, ringtones and graphics stay with the phone – not the SIM. Don’t try putting the battery back on to see if it works as this would risk damaging the phone with a short circuit. Leaving your phone in a bowl of dry rice will help to expedite moisture evaporation.
Heat your phone. Apply enough heat to your phone to cause the water to evaporate without water-logging your digital screen. One of the best things you can do to save a cell phone is to set it on the back of your computer monitor or TV screen over the heat vents. This is usually the perfect amount of heat to fix your phone. The convection action of the heat vents will help carry away the moisture in your phone. Leave the phone on the heat for at least 2-3 days.
Test your phone. After you have waited 3 days, make sure everything is clean and dry looking and re-attach the battery to the phone and see if it works. If your phone does not work repeat step 4. If it still won’t work, try taking your cell phone to an authorized dealer. Sometimes they can fix it.
“The people who succeed are the efficient few. They are the few who have the ambition and will power to develop themselves.”
~ Herbert N. Casson
Third degree (thurd di-GREE)
As a Noun
Intensive questioning using rough treatment.
As an Adjective
Pertaining to the third degree.
As a Verb
To subject to such treatment.
[There are many folk etymologies regarding possible origins of
this term but lexicographers are not certain. The more popular of
the stories suggests it came from the third degree in freemasonry
that was the most difficult to achieve. One aspiring to that rank
was supposed to undergo intense questioning and grilling.]
326 – The old St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
1307 – According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off his son’s head.
1421 – A seawall at the Zuider Zee dike breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people in the Netherlands.
1477 – William Caxton set “Dictes and Sayenges of the Phylosophers,” the first book to be printed in England. Caxton went on to print almost 100 books in England, including the “Canterbury Tales.”
1626 – St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome was consecrated.
1686 – Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV’s anal fistula after practicing the surgery on several peasants.
1755 – At about 4:30 in the morning a strong earthquake rocked the New England area. Observers reported damage to chimneys, brick buildings, and stone walls in coastal communities from Portland, Maine to south of Boston, Massachusetts.
1805 – The Lewis and Clark expedition reached the Pacific Ocean.
1820 – U.S. Navy Captain Nathaniel Palmer was the first American to sight the continent of Antarctica.
1861 – Poet and abolitionist Julia Ward Howe writes the lyrics for the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
1863 – President Lincoln boards a train for Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver a short speech at the dedication for the cemetery of soldiers killed during the battle there on July 1 to 3, 1863.The address he gave became perhaps the most famous speech in American history.
1863 – Civil War: Merchant schooner Joseph L. Garrity was seized by five Southern sympathizers under Thomas E. Hogg.
1865 – Mark Twain’s story “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” is published in the New York Saturday Press.
1874 – National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland. There were 300 women representing 16 states.
1883 – American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
1886 – Chester A. Arthur (56), 21st president of the United States (1881-1885), died in New York.
1890 – USS Maine, first American battleship, is launched.
1894 – The “New York World” published the first color Sunday comic.
1903 – The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the Americans exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
1909 – Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.
1913 – The first airplane in the U.S. to perform a loop-the-loop was piloted by Lincoln Beachey over North Island, San Diego, California. At a level of 1,000 feet, he brought his aircraft up with a swoop and a moment later was flying head downward. He completed the loop at a height of 300 feet.
1915 – Marines participated in the Battle of Fort Riviere during the occupation of Haiti.
1919 – Ticker tape was first used in a parade to welcome the Prince of Wales to New York City.
1919 – H. Tierney’s and J. McCarthy’s musical “Irene,” premiered in New York City.
1922 – CDR Kenneth Whiting in a PT seaplane, makes first catapult launching from aircraft carrier, USS Langley, at anchor in the York River. Watch 100 years of Naval Aviation.
1926 – George Bernard Shaw refuses to accept the money for his Nobel Prize, saying, “I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize.”
1928 – The first animated talking picture, “Steamboat Willie,” starring Mickey Mouse, was screened in the U.S.. This is also considered Mickey Mouse’s birthday.
1929 – Large quake in Atlantic breaks Transatlantic cable in 28 places. It occurred at 5:02 pm Newfoundland time approximately 400 miles south of Newfoundland along the southern edge of the Grand Banks. This magnitude 7.2 tremor was felt as far away as New York and Montreal.
1929 – Dr. Vladimir K. Zworykin demonstrated the “kinescope.”
1930 – The musical “Smiles” with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premiered in New York City.
1936 – The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco was joined.
1938 – Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
1941 – World War II: Eleven Japanese submarines are launched to take up station-keeping off Hawaii and scouting mission.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: German SS carry out selection of Jewish ghetto in Lviv, western Ukraine, arresting 5.000 “unproductive Jews”. All get deported to Belzec death camp.
1942 – Thornton Wilder’s play, “The Skin of Our Teeth”, opened in New York City. It starred Tallulah Bankhead, Fredric March, Montgomery Clift and E.G. Marshall.
1943 – World War II: 440 Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF lost nine aircraft and 53 air crew.
1943 – World War II: German submarine U-211 sank in the Atlantic Ocean.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “That Lucky Old Sun” by Frankie Laine, “Don’t Cry, Joe” by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Betty Brewer), “I Can Dream, Can’t I?” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Jack Leonard), “Slipping Around” by Margaret Whiting & Jimmy Wakely all topped the charts.
1949 – Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn Dodgers, named National League’s MVP.
1950 – “Harbor Lights” by Sammy Kaye topped the charts.
1951 – Edward R. Murrow and Fred Friendly launched one of the most highly-praised TV productions in history. “See It Now” debuted on CBS.
1951 – Chuck Connors (Los Angeles Angels) became the first player to oppose the major league draft. Connors later became the star of the television show “The Rifleman.”
1951 – Korean War: MiG jet fighters are destroyed for the first time on the ground in North Korea by two F-86 Sabres in a strafing run.
1952 – Korean War: Captain Leonard W. Lilley of the 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, became the 22nd ace of the war.
1952 – Korean War: F9F Panthers from the USS Oriskany shot down two Russian MiG jet fighters and damaged a third over North Korea.
1952 – “ELMER’S” glue was trademark registered. The glue was named Elmer’s, after the spouse of Borden’s famed dairy mascot, Elsie.
1955 – Bell X-2 rocket plane was taken up for its first powered flight. Lt. Col. Frank K. “Pete” Everest was the pilot.
1955 – A memorial honoring the 4th Marine Brigade was dedicated at Belleau Wood, France by General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.
1956 – Fats Domino appeared on the Ed Sullivan show and performed his hit “Blueberry Hill.”
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jailhouse Rock” by Elvis Presley, “You Send Me” by Sam Cooke, “Little Bitty Pretty One” by Thurston Harris and “Wake Up Little Susie” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1958 – The cargo freighter SS Carl D. Bradley sank during a storm in Lake Michigan, claiming 33 of the 35 lives on board.
1959 – William Wyler’s film “Ben-Hur” premieres at Loew’s Theater in New York City.
1960 – Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration.
1961 – On this day, just two weeks after the 1961 DeSoto was introduced to an uninterested market, Chrysler announced the termination of the DeSoto marque.
1961 – “Big Bad John” by Jimmy Dean topped the charts.
1963 – The push-button telephone debuted. Touch-tone service was available as an option in two Pennsylvania cities, initially in Greensburg and Carnegie, Pennsylvania.
1964 – J Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as “most notorious liar” for accusing FBI agents in Georgia of failing to act on complaints filed by blacks.
1964 – The Supremes and The Righteous Brothers appeared on the show “Shindig!”
1966 – Sandy Koufax, the ace pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers, retires from baseball. He was just 30 years old, and he was retiring after a great season–he’d led the Dodgers to a National League pennant and won his third Cy Young award.
1967 – Lulu’s “To Sir with Love“, from the movie of the same name, started its fifth and final week at number one on the “Billboard Hot 100″ chart.
1969 – Apollo 12 astronauts Charles “Pete” Conrad Jr. and Alan L. Bean landed on the lunar surface during the second manned mission to the moon.
1970 – Nobel Prize-winner Linus Pauling declared that large doses of Vitamin C could ward off the common cold.
1971 – The US federal Airborne-Hunting Act prohibited shooting animals from planes without license.
1972 – “I Can See Clearly Now” by Johnny Nash topped the charts.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Keep on Truckin’” by Eddie Kendricks, “Heartbeat – It’s a Lovebeat” by The DeFranco Family, “Photograph” by Ringo Starr and “Paper Roses” by Marie Osmond all topped the charts.
1976 – Spain’s parliament approved a bill to establish a democracy.
1978 – California Congressman Leo Ryan and four other people were killed in Jonestown, Guyana, by members of the Peoples Temple. They had gone there to investigate the religious sect of Jim Jones, a U.S. pastor. Leo Ryan, became the first and only Congressman murdered in the line of duty in the history of the United States. Jonestown incident: In Guyana, Jim Jones leads his Peoples Temple cult in a mass murder-suicide that claims 918 lives in all, 909 of them at Jonestown itself, including over 270 children.
1978 – Spingarn Medal presented to Ambassador Andrew J. Young.
1978 – “MacArthur Park” (17:53) by Donna Summer topped the charts.
1979 – Ayatollah Khomeini charged US ambassador William H. Sullivan and the American embassy of espionage.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Private Eyes” by Daryl Hall & John Oates, “Start Me Up” by The Rolling Stones, “Physical” by Olivia Newton-John and “My Baby Thinks He’s a Train” by Rosanne Cash all topped the charts.
1982 – Duk Koo Kim dies unexpectedly from injuries sustained during a 14-round match against Ray Mancini in Las Vegas, prompting reforms in the sport of boxing.
1985 – Calvin and Hobbes, a comic strip by Bill Watterson, is first published.
1985 – Joe Theismann (Washington Redskins) broke his leg after being hit by Lawrence Taylor (New York Giants). The injury ended Theismann’s 12 year NFL career.
1986 – “Amanda” by Boston topped the charts.
1987 – The Iran-Contra committee of Congress said in their final report that President Ronald Reagan bore “ultimate responsibility” for wrongdoing of his aides.
1988 – US President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law providing the death penalty for murderous drug traffickers.
1990 – The musical revival “Fiddler on the Roof” opened.
1989 – Pennsylvania became the first state to restrict abortions after Supreme Court gave states the right to do so.
1991 – The Shi’ite Muslim faction Islamic Jihad freed Church of England envoy Terry Waite and U.S. university professor Thomas Sutherland.
1994 – “Star Trek VII – Generations,” premiered.
1995 – The Rolling Stones become the first act to broadcast a concert on the Internet.
1995 – “Goldeneye” the James Bond movie, opened, featuring a title song by Tina Turner.
1997 – Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays are formed in the expansion draft. The Diamondbacks start with pitcher Brian Anderson from Cleveland and Florida started with pitcher Tony Saunders.
1997 – The FBI officially pulled out of the probe into the TWA Flight 800 disaster. They said the explosion that destroyed the Boeing 747 was not caused by a criminal act. 230 people were killed.
1997 – John Denver’s last recording, “The Unplugged Collection,” (56:31) was released in the U.S.
1998 – Republicans, for the first time, elected an African-American, Oklahoma’s J.C. Watts, to their leadership.
1998 – Frederick McPhail (27), a graduate student from NYU, was found dead in a car in Mexico City. In 1999 thirteen current and former police officers were arrested as suspects in a gang that robbed and kidnapped tourists.
1999 – In College Station, Texas, twelve are killed and twenty-seven injured at Texas A&M University when a huge bonfire under construction collapses.
1999 – The US Sacagawea “Golden Dollar” coin went into full production.
1999 – A jury in Jasper, Texas, convicted Shawn Allen Berry of murder for his role in the dragging death of James Byrd Junior, but spared him the death penalty.
2000 – In Florida the absentee ballot count raised Gov. Bush’s lead over Al Gore to 930 votes.
2001 – The Nintendo GameCube is released in North America.
2001 – In Georgia thousands demonstrated outside Fort Benning during the annual march to the post to protest the School of the Americas training for Latin America soldiers.
2001 – Phillips Petroleum and Conoco Inc. announced they were merging in a $35 billion deal that created the third-largest U.S. oil and gas company.
2002 – A US federal review court expanded the government’s power to use wiretaps and searches to prosecute suspected terrorists and spies.
2003 – Santa Barbara County, California, police search the Neverland ranch of pop icon Michael Jackson, looking for evidence to corroborate a 12-year-old boy’s complaint that he was sexually molested.
2003 – Pres. Bush brought a forceful defense of the Iraq invasion to skeptical Britons, arguing that history proves war is sometimes necessary when certain values are threatened.
2003 – Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that the state’s prohibition against same-sex marriages was unconstitutional.
2003 – Barry Bonds won his record sixth National League MVP award.
2003 – The Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that a ban on same sex marriage is illegal.
2004 – In Little Rock, Ark., an estimated 30,000 guests attended the opening of the Clinton Presidential Center, a 30-acre, $165 million glass-and-steel home of artifacts and documents gathered during Clinton’s eight years in the White House.
2004 – Former Ku Klux Klansman Bobby Frank Cherry (74), who was convicted of killing four black girls in a racially motivated bombing of a Birmingham, Ala., church in 1963, died in prison.
2004 – The Great American Smokeout, sponsored by the American Cancer Society is held for the 28th time.
2005 – Robert Blake was found liable for the wrongful death of his wife in a civil trial. The jury has ordered him to pay $30 million.
2005 – The US Senate voted to extend $60 billion in tax cuts for individuals and businesses but added a $5 billion tax on big oil companies, drawing a veto threat from the White House. Congress voted itself a $3,100 pay raise.
2005 – In Washington DC Michael Scanlon (35) was charged with conspiring with former lobbyist Jack Abramoff to bribe government officials and bilk millions of dollars from Indian tribes.
2006 – Connecticut woman who pleaded guilty to sending cookies loaded with rat poison to the U.S. Supreme Court was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
2007 – Detroit pushed past St. Louis to become the nation’s most dangerous city, according to a private research group’s controversial analysis of annual FBI crime statistics. Flint, Mich., ranked 3rd and Oakland, Ca., ranked 4th.
2008 – The chief executives of Detroit’s Big Three automakers appeared before the US Senate Banking Committee along with the head of the UAW union to plea for financial aid under the current economic crises.
2009 – US District Judge Stanwood Duval ruled that the Army Corps of Engineers’ failure to properly maintain a navigation channel led to massive flooding in Hurricane Katrina. The ruling gave more than 100,000 other individuals, businesses and government entities a better shot at claiming damages.
2009 – In New York City the 60th annual Book Awards honored Gore Vidal with its lifetime achievement award.
2009 – In Texas Danielle Simpson (30) was executed by lethal injection for the Jan, 2000, abduction and slaying of Geraldine Davidson (84).
2010 – The United States House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommends that the United States House of Representatives censure Rep. Charlie Rangel D-NY for ethics violations and be required to make restitution for any unpaid taxes.
2010 – The Leonid meteor shower was visible across much of the US early this morning.
2010 – A fault discovered in Idaho could produce an earthquake of 7.5 magnitude.
2011 – Regis Philbin retires.
2011 – Thirty-Seven House Republicans are standing up to the Barack Hussein Obama Regime’s political imprisonment of U.S. Border Patrol Agent Jesus Diaz.
It’s nice to see Republicans act like Republicans, even if it’s merely fifteen percent of House Republicans acting like they understand the Constitution!
2011 – A proposed constitutional amendment that would require Congress to balance the budget failed in the House capping a months-long campaign by congressional conservatives to build support for the measure.
2011 – President Obama’s United States Department of Agriculture has delayed shale gas drilling in Ohio for up to six months by cancelling a mineral lease auction for Wayne National Forest (WNF). The move was taken in deference to environmentalists, on the pretext of studying the effects of hydraulic fracturing.
2013 – The launch of MAVEN, NASA’s next Mars explorer is scheduled. The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution, or MAVEN, spacecraft will be the first to study the Red Planet’s upper atmosphere.
2013 – The 9th Circuit held that 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9), which prohibits a person convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor from possessing a firearm, does not violate the Second Amendment on its face and that a defendant is not entitled to the “civil rights restored” exception, even though he was now allowed to have a firearm under California law. (US v. Chovan Case #:11-50107 (9th Cir November 18, 2013))
2014 – A major early snowstorm hits the Great Lakes with more than five feet falling in one night on Buffalo, NY. The storm was blamed for at least eight deaths in New York, New Hampshire, and Michigan. When this snow is over there will be numerous records broken.
2014 – TERRORISM: It occurred in Jerusalem, Israel – Three Americans are among four rabbis and a guard, who are hacked to death at a synagogue by two Palestinian terrorists with axes shouting praises to Allah.
1789 – Louis Daguerre, French theater scene painter, physicist, inventor of daguerreotype photography.
1836 – Sir William Gilbert, British comic opera libretto writer of Gilbert & Sullivan.
1870 – Dorothea Dix, pseudonym for Elizabeth Gilman, American advice columnist.
1901 – George Gallup, American pollster.
1908 – Imogene Coca, American actress and comedienne (d. 2001)
1923 – Alan Shepard, first American astronaut in space.
1942 – Actress Linda Evans
1956 – Warren Moon, American football player
DAVIS, SAMMY L.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Battery C, 2d Battalion, 4th Artillery, 9th Infantry Division. Place and date: West of Cai Lay, Republic of Vietnam, November 18th, 1967. Entered service at: Indianapolis, Ind. Born: 1 November 1946, Dayton, Ohio. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Davis (then Pfc.) distinguished himself during the early morning hours while serving as a cannoneer with Battery C, at a remote fire support base. At approximately 0200 hours, the fire support base was under heavy enemy mortar attack. Simultaneously, an estimated reinforced Viet Cong battalion launched a fierce ground assault upon the fire support base. The attacking enemy drove to within twenty-five meters of the friendly positions. Only a river separated the Viet Cong from the fire support base. Detecting a nearby enemy position, Sgt. Davis seized a machine gun and provided covering fire for his guncrew, as they attempted to bring direct artillery fire on the enemy. Despite his efforts, an enemy recoilless rifle round scored a direct hit upon the artillery piece. The resultant blast hurled the guncrew from their weapon and blew Sgt. Davis into a foxhole. He struggled to his feet and returned to the howitzer, which was burning furiously. Ignoring repeated warnings to seek cover, Sgt. Davis rammed a shell into the gun. Disregarding a withering hail of enemy fire directed against his position, he aimed and fired the howitzer which rolled backward, knocking Sgt. Davis violently to the ground. Undaunted, he returned to the weapon to fire again when an enemy mortar round exploded within twenty meters of his position, injuring him painfully. Nevertheless, Sgt. Davis loaded the artillery piece, aimed and fired. Again he was knocked down by the recoil. In complete disregard for his safety, Sgt. Davis loaded and fired three more shells into the enemy. Disregarding his extensive injuries and his inability to swim, Sgt. Davis picked up an air mattress and struck out across the deep river to rescue three wounded comrades on the far side. Upon reaching the three wounded men, he stood upright and fired into the dense vegetation to prevent the Viet Cong from advancing. While the most seriously wounded soldier was helped across the river, Sgt. Davis protected the two remaining casualties until he could pull them across the river to the fire support base. Though suffering from painful wounds, he refused medical attention, joining another howitzer crew which fired at the large Viet Cong force until it broke contact and fled. Sgt. Davis’ extraordinary heroism, at the risk of his life, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.
NIETZEL, ALFRED B.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company H, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Heistern, Germany, November 18th, 1944. Born: April 27, 1921, Queens, NY Entered Service at: Jamaica, NY Departed: : Yes (11/18/1944) Date Issued: 3/18/2014
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Sergeant Alfred B. Nietzel distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a section leader for Company H, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division during combat operations against an armed enemy in Heistern, Germany on November 18, 1944. That afternoon, Sergeant Nietzel fought tenaciously to repel a vicious enemy attack against his unit. Sergeant Nietzel employed accurate, intense fire from his machinegun and successfully slowed the hostile advance. However, the overwhelming enemy force continued to press forward. Realizing he desperately needed reinforcements, Sergeant Nietzel ordered the three remaining members of his squad to return to the company command post and secure aid. He immediately turned his attention to covering their movement with his fire. After expending all his machinegun ammunition, Sergeant Nietzel began firing his rifle into the attacking ranks until he was killed by the explosion of an enemy grenade. Sergeant Nietzel’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.
How to Regain Control of a Spooked Camel
(Analogy: What to do when your life goes crazy!!)
In life, there are numerous “problems” that we encounter that need extraordinary steps to come to excellent solutions. In this article, properly titled, there are step-by-step solutions to those “problems.”
In some parts of North Africa and the Middle East, the camel remains the primary means of long-distance transportation. These remarkable animals are intelligent and strong, and they possess incredible endurance. They can also be quite fast: some camels can briefly attain speeds up to 40 miles per hour. While their speed makes them ideal for racing—camel races are very popular in many parts of the world—it can provide a camel rider with a harrowing, potentially deadly experience if a camel is spooked or otherwise begins to run out of control. So what do you do if it does become spooked or out-of-control. Do these:
Stay calm. When things start to get out of control don’t let fear or anger control your next steps. In either case you lose your ability to handle the problem and you will not be able to learn from the event.
Hang on to the reins. The reins are how you will control the camel or the event that is now, apparently no longer in control. When it looks as though the problem is near control, it can take-off again unless you have the reins.
Consider a quick dismount. The other event that will give you some kind of control is to maintain the ability to escape. On a spooked camel, the ability to have even a little control is better than having no control, That is the same as with one of your “problems.”
Hang on. eventually the camel will stop. Hang on sometimes the “problem” will run out of energy just as a camel will. They can run up to 40 mph but they cannot maintain it for long. “Problems” can do the same thing but know that sooner or later they will slow down or stop.
Get off the camel once you have it under control. Don’t tempt your fate. Not with a spooked camel and certainly not with any problem. Don’t exacerbate the situation because camels can “re-spook” just as problems can re-energize.
Now apply this description to the next project that you believe you cannot do. Never say no, just keep the spooked camel in mind.
“Every tomorrow has two handles. We can take hold of it with the handle of anxiety or the handle of faith.”
~ Henry Ward Beecher
fourth estate (forth i-STAYT) noun
Journalistic profession, the press.
[Supposedly, a power other than the three estates (the Lords Spiritual,
the Lords Temporal, and the House of Commons) in UK.] In the U.S. it would be the President, the Senate and the House and then the Fourth Estate.
1278 – In England 680 Jews were arrested for counterfeiting coins. 293 were hanged.
1534 – The Act of Supremacy, which declared King Henry VIII as head of the Church of England, was passed by Parliament.
1558 – Elizabeth I ascended the English throne upon the death of Queen Mary I at 42, thus beginning the Elizabethan Age.
1603- English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason.
1734 – John Peter Zenger, who founded America’s first regularly published newspaper, was arrested for allegedly libeling the colonial governor of New York.
1775 – Continental Congress unanimously elected Henry Knox “Colonel of the Regiment of Artillery.” The Field Artillery regiment formally entered service on January 1, 1776.
1777 – Articles of Confederation submitted to the states for ratification.
1800 – The U.S. Congress convened for the first time in Washington, D.C., in the partially completed Capitol building. It was the second session of the Sixth Congress. Previously, the federal capital had briefly been in other cities, including New York, Philadelphia, and Annapolis, Maryland.
1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica (the Palmer Peninsula was later named after him).
1827 – The Delta Phi Fraternity, America’s oldest continuous social fraternity, was founded at Union College in Schenectady, NY.
1842 – George Latimer, a mulatto, was one of the first fugitive slaves to be apprehended in Massachusetts under the Fugitive Slave Bill (1793). Four hundred dollars was collected to buy his freedom.
1851 – The U.S. Post Office issued a 1-cent carrier stamp.
1856 – On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.This fort was responsible for touching off and escalating the Indian Wars in Arizona, but also for the succession of Arizona Territory during the Civil War.
1862 – Civil War: Union General Burnside marched north out of Washington, D.C. to begin the Fredericksburg Campaign.
1863 – Civil War: Siege of Knoxville begins – Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee under siege.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln began the first draft of his Gettysburg Address.
1871 – The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York. Dismayed by the lack of marksmanship shown by their troops, Union veterans Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate formed the National Rifle Association. The primary goal of the association would be to “promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis,” according to a magazine editorial written by Church.
1881 – Under Samuel Gompers (d.1924), the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Union of the United States was formed–a precursor to the American Federation of Labor.
1884 – Police arrested boxer John L. Sullivan in 2nd round of a fight for being “cruel.”
1889 – The Union Pacific Railroad Co. began direct, daily railroad service between Chicago and Portland, Ore., as well as Chicago and San Francisco.
1891 – Emile Berliner was issued a patent for a combined telegraph and telephone.
1904 – The first underwater submarine journey was taken, from Southampton, England, to the Isle of Wight.
1904 – George Cohan’s musical “Little Johnny Jones,” premiered in New York City. The show introduced Cohan’s tunes “Give My Regards to Broadway” and “The Yankee Doodle Boy.” The “Yankee Doodle” character was inspired by real-life Hall of Fame jockey Tod Sloan.
1911 – Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. was founded on the campus of Howard University.
1913 – The first ship sailed through the Canal, the steamship Louise.
1913 – In Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm banned the armed forces from dancing the tango.
1914 – The U.S. declared the Panama Canal to be neutral.
1917 – The Marine Corps’ Leatherneck Magazine established.
1917 – World War I: USS Fanning (DD-37) and USS Nicholson (DD-52) sink first enemy submarine, U-58, off Milford Haven, Wales. U-58 had been responsible for sinking 21 ships for a total of 30,901 tons in commercial shipping.
1918 – Deaths resulting from the Great Influenza reported in the U.S. far exceeded World War I casualties.
1924 – America’s first aircraft carrier, USS Langley, reports for duty. She served until 27 February 1942, She was attacked by Japanese aircraft, hit by several bombs and disabled. She was scuttled by her escorting destroyers.
1927 – Tornado hit Washington DC. Over 100 people were injured in Alexandria as over 200 homes lost their roofs and were torn apart. At around 2:30 p.m., it touched down southwest of Alexandria, Virginia. After damaging Alexandria, the tornado crossed the Potomac River and injured several people at the Anacostia Naval Air Station. The tornado crossed the Anacostia River and continued through the Navy Yard.
1928 – Notre Dame finally lost a football game after nearly 25 years.
1930 – Musical “Sweet & Low” with Fanny Brice premiered in New York City. It opened today at Chanin’s 46th Street Theatre, where it ran for 184 performances.
1931 – Charles Lindbergh inaugurated Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat American Clipper.
1940 – Green Bay Packers become first NFL team to travel by plane.
1941 – World War II: Joseph Grew, the United States ambassador to Japan, cables the State Department that Japan has plans to launch an attack against Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (his cable is ignored).
1941 – World War II: While still a neutral nation, Congress amends the Neutrality Act to allow U.S. merchant ships to be armed.
1942 – World War II: A Japanese convoy successfully lands 1000 troops at Buna, New Guinea.
1944 – World War II: The USS Spadefish sinks the Japanese fleet carrier Junyo in the China Sea.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “Buttons and Bows” by Dinah Shore, “On a Slow Boat to China” by The Kay Kaiser Orchestra (vocal: Harry Babbitt & Gloria Wood), “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting and “One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart)” by Jimmy Wakely all topped the charts.
1950 – Roberta Peters made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. She stayed with the Opera for thirty-five years.
1951 – “Sin (It’s No Sin)” by Eddy Howard topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: Colonel Royal N. Baker, commander of the 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing shot down his fifth enemy aircraft to become the Korean War’s 21st ace.
1954 – Golfer Arnold Palmer signed a contract with Wilson Sporting Goods and became a pro.
1958 – “Tom Dooley” by the Kingston Trio topped the charts.
1962 – Washington’s Dulles International Airport was dedicated by President John F. Kennedy.
1962 – “Big Girls Don’t Cry” by the Four Seasons topped the charts.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “Baby Love” by The Supremes, “Leader of the Pack” by The Shangri-Las, “Come a Little Bit Closer” by Jay & The Americans and “I Don’t Care (Just as Long as You Love Me)” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1965 – Vietnam War: The NVA ambushed American troops of the 7th Cavalry at Landing Zone Albany in the Ia Drang Valley, almost wiping them out.
1966 – The Leonid meteor shower peaked at 150,000+ per hour. The Leonids are a prolific meteor shower associated with the comet Tempel-Tuttle.
1966 – Woody Allen’s first play, “Don’t Drink the Water”, opened on Broadway.
1967 – Vietnam War: Acting on optimistic reports he was given on November 13, US President Lyndon B. Johnson tells his nation that, while much remained to be done, “We are inflicting greater losses than we’re taking…We are making progress.”
1967 – Surveyor 6 becomes first man-made object to lift off the Moon. It made a six-second “leap”.
1968 – NBC preempts the final 1:05 minutes of a very close NFL football game between the New York Jets and the Oakland Raiders with Heidi, prompting an outrage among sport fans. In that time the Oakland Raiders scored two touchdowns within nine seconds but no one saw them. This event quickly and historically became known as the “Heidi Bowl.”
1969 – US-Soviet talks on strategic arms limitation (SALT) opened in Helsinki.
1970 – Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai massacre.
1970 – Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse.
1972 – Barbara Jordan of Houston and Andrew Young of Atlanta, become the first Blacks from the south elected to Congress since Reconstruction.
1972 – President Nixon reelected, carrying forty-nine of the fifty states, despite massive Black vote for Sen. McGovern.
1973 – In the Watergate scandal President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors “I am not a crook” at a meeting in Orlando, Florida.
1973 – The “Largest Icebreaker in the Western World,” Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star, is launched.
1973 – “Keep on Truckin’” by Eddie Kendricks topped the charts.
1979 – Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini ordered the release of thirteen female and minority hostages being held at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran during the Iran hostage crisis.
1979 – “Still” by the Commodores topped the charts.
1980 – WHMM-TV in Washington, DC becomes the first African American broadcasting television station.
1981 – Luke Spencer married Laura Baldwin in what was called “the wedding of the year” on the TV serial “General Hospital”.
1984 – “Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go” by Wham! topped the charts.
1986 – Pres. Reagan signed the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Act. This is a canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest
1986 – Racecar driver Rick Mears set a U.S. closed-course record at the Michigan International Speedway. Mears was timed at an average speed of 233.934 mph, breaking the record set by Mark Donahue in 1975.
1987 – A federal jury in Denver convicted two neo-Nazis and acquitted two others of civil rights violations in the 1984 slaying of radio talk show host Alan Berg.
1989 – The Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite was launched. It provided evidence for the “Big Bang.”
1990 – “Love Takes Time” by Mariah Carey topped the charts.
1990 – A mass grave was discovered by the bridge over the River Kwai in Thailand. The bodies were believed to be those of World War II prisoners of war.
1992 – An appeals court in Washington ruled the Watergate tapes and Nixon presidential papers rightfully belonged to U.S. President Richard Nixon when he left office in 1974.
1992 – Dateline NBC aired a demonstration that showed a General Motors trucks blowing up on impact. It was later revealed that NBC rigged the test.
1993 – U.S. House of Representatives approved the North American Free Trade Agreement.
1994 – PRESIDENTIAL ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT: Francisco Martin Duran was indicted on a new charge of trying to assassinate President Clinton. The Colorado man was accused of an assault-rifle attack on the White House,
1999 – Hurricane Lenny hit the Virgin Islands with 150 mph winds with most of the force over St. Croix.
2000 – The Florida Supreme Court froze the state’s presidential tally, forbidding Secretary of State Katherine Harris from certifying results of the marathon vote count. In addition, a federal appeals court refused to block recounts under way in two heavily Democratic counties.
2001 – The animated Justice League cartoon premieres on Cartoon Network in America.
2001 – The Taliban confirmed the death of Osama bin Laden’s military chief Mohammed Atef after an airstrike three days prior.
2003 – Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was sworn in as the 38th governor of California.
2003 – Britney Spears, at 21 years old, became the youngest singer to get a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2003 – John Allen Muhammad is unanimously convicted of all four counts in the indictment against him, including two charges of capital murder, committed during the October 2002 sniper shootings in the Washington, DC, metro area.
2004 – In a surprise move, Kmart acquired Sears for $11 billion.
2005 – Just 13 days before his 3rd birthday, Steven Jacob Gaines sets fire to his home in Oceanside, CA. Stevie was thought to be taking a nap but was instead playing with a bbq lighter behind the closed doors of his bedroom.
2006 – Sony’s PlayStation 3 went on sale in the United States.
2006 – The US FDA lifted a 14-year ban on the sale of silicon-gel breast implants.
2008 – Jerry Yang, who helped build Yahoo! from an early directory of Web sites into a sprawling Internet giant, will step down from his role as chief executive after the company finds a replacement.
2008 – On the New York Mercantile Exchange, crude oil futures contracts fall by 3.7% to close at $54.95 per barrel, the lowest price in 22 months.
2009 – U.S. President Barack Obama continues his first trip to China and meets with Chinese President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao.
2009 – US Fish & Wildlife Services agents issued a search warrant on Gibson Guitars’ manufacturing plant in Nashville, TN. The Nashville Post writes that they “seized wood, guitars, computers and boxes of files from Gibson Guitar’s Massman Road manufacturing facility.”
2010 – A United States bankruptcy judge orders Bank of America to return $500 million it seized from the bank accounts of the defunct Lehman Brothers trading firm a few weeks before Lehman declared bankruptcy in 2008.
2010 – New home construction fell to its lowest level since April 2009, mortgage applications declined by 14% in the week ending 12 November, the biggest drop this year, core Consumer Price Index (CPI) recorded a 0.6% rise for the year, marking the slowest increase in prices since records began in 1957 and the Chicago Climate Exchange announces that it will close its cap-and-trade market, given the death of supportive legislation in the U.S. Senate.
2010 – Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani is convicted on one count of conspiracy in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York for his role in the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya.
2010 – Senator Lisa Murkowski wins the Alaska senate election becoming the first successful write-in candidate to be elected since 1954.
2011 – PRESIDENTIAL ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT: The man suspected of shooting at the White House has been charged with attempting to assassinate US President Barack Obama or a member of his staff. Oscar Ortega-Hernandez, 21, of Idaho, remains in federal custody and is to be prosecuted in Washington DC.
2011 – The US House of Representatives considers censoring the Internet for the first time with the Stop Online Piracy Act.
2012 – Authorities in Bolivar, Missouri, arrest Blaec Lammers, 20, after he is accused of stockpiling weapons in an attempt to commit a copycat crime mirroring the 2012 Aurora shooting, this time targeting the premiere of The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2.
1790 – August Mobius, German astronomer, mathematician, teacher, and author.
1901 – Lee Strasberg, Austrian-born American director and teacher of method acting at the Actor’s Studio.
1925 – Rock Hudson (Roy Scherer Fitzgerald), American actor.
1938 – Gordon Lightfoot, American singer-songwriter.
1948 – Howard Dean, American politician
1951 – Dean Paul Martin, American singer and actor (d. 1987)
*RAY, BERNARD J.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company F, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division. Place and date: Hurtgen Forest near Schevenhutte, Germany, 17 November 17th, 1944. Entered service at: Baldwin, N.Y. Birth: Brooklyn, N.Y. G.O. No.: 115, 8 December 1945. Citation: He was platoon leader with Company F, 8th Infantry, on 17 November 1944, during the drive through the Hurtgen Forest near Schevenhutte, Germany. The American forces attacked in wet, bitterly cold weather over rough, wooded terrain, meeting brutal resistance from positions spaced throughout the forest behind minefields and wire obstacles. Small arms, machinegun, mortar, and artillery fire caused heavy casualties in the ranks when Company F was halted by a concertina-type wire barrier. Under heavy fire, 1st Lt. Ray reorganized his men and prepared to blow a path through the entanglement, a task which appeared impossible of accomplishment and from which others tried to dissuade him. With implacable determination to clear the way, he placed explosive caps in his pockets, obtained several bangalore torpedoes, and then wrapped a length of highly explosive primer cord about his body. He dashed forward under direct fire, reached the barbed wire and prepared his demolition charge as mortar shells, which were being aimed at him alone, came steadily nearer his completely exposed position. He had placed a torpedo under the wire and was connecting it to a charge he carried when he was severely wounded by a bursting mortar shell. Apparently realizing that he would fail in his self-imposed mission unless he completed it in a few moments he made a supremely gallant decision. With the primer cord still wound about his body and the explosive caps in his pocket, he completed a hasty wiring system and unhesitatingly thrust down on the handle of the charger, destroying himself with the wire barricade in the resulting blast. By the deliberate sacrifice of his life, 1st Lt. Ray enabled his company to continue its attack, resumption of which was of positive significance in gaining the approaches to the Cologne Plain.
BUTLER, SMEDLEY DARLINGTON
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 30 July 1881, West Chester, Pa. Appointed from: Pennsylvania. Other Navy awards: Second Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Medal. Citation: As Commanding Officer of detachments from the 5th, 13th, 23d Companies and the Marine and sailor detachment from the U.S.S. Connecticut, Maj. Butler led the attack on Fort Riviere, Haiti, November 17th, 1915. Following a concentrated drive, several different detachments of Marines gradually closed in on the old French bastion fort in an effort to cut off all avenues of retreat for the Caco bandits. Reaching the fort on the southern side where there was a small opening in the wall, Maj. Butler gave the signal to attack and Marines from the 15th Company poured through the breach, engaged the Cacos in hand-to-hand combat, took the bastion and crushed the Caco resistance. Throughout this perilous action, Maj. Butler was conspicuous for his bravery and forceful leadership.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps, 23d Co. (Real name is Marguiles, Samuel.) Born: 9 May 1891, Philadelphia, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. Citation: In company with members of the 5th, 13th, 23d Companies and the Marine and sailor detachment from the U.S.S. Connecticut, Gross participated in the attack on Fort Riviere, Haiti, November 17th, 1915. Following a concentrated drive, several different detachments of Marines gradually closed in on the old French bastion fort in an effort to cut off all avenues of retreat for the Caco bandits. Approaching a breach in the wall which was the only entrance to the fort, Gross was the second man to pass through the breach in the face of constant fire from the Cacos and, thereafter, for a 10-minute period, engaged the enemy in desperate hand-to-hand combat until the bastion was captured and Caco resistance neutralized.
IAMS, ROSS LINDSEY
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 5th Co. Born: 5 May 1879, Graysville, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. Citation: In company with members of the 5th, 13th, 23d Companies and marine and sailor detachment from the U.S.S. Connecticut, Sgt. Iams participated in the attack on Fort Riviere, Haiti, November 17th,1915. Following a concentrated drive, several different detachments of Marines gradually closed in on the old French bastion fort in an effort to cut off all avenues of retreat for the Caco bandits. Approaching a breach in the wall which was the only entrance to the fort, Sgt. Iams unhesitatingly jumped through the breach despite constant fire from the Cacos and engaged the enemy in a desperate hand-to-hand combat until the bastion was captured and Caco resistance neutralized.
BEARSS, HIRAM IDDINGS
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 13 April 1875, Peru, Ind. Appointed from: Indiana. Other Navy award: Distinguished Service Medal. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle at the junction of the Cadacan and Sohoton Rivers, Samar, Philippine Islands, November 17th,1901. Col. Bearss (then Capt.), second in command of the columns upon their uniting ashore in the Sohoton River region, made a surprise attack on the fortified cliffs and completely routed the enemy, killing 30 and capturing and destroying the powder magazine, forty lantacas (guns), rice, food and cuartels. Due to his courage, intelligence, discrimination and zeal, he successfully led his men up the cliffs by means of bamboo ladders to a height of 200 feet. The cliffs were of soft stone of volcanic origin, in the nature of pumice, and were honeycombed with caves. Tons of rocks were suspended in platforms held in position by vine cables (known as bejuco) in readiness to be precipitated upon people below. After driving the insurgents from their position which was almost impregnable, being covered with numerous trails lined with poison spears, pits, etc., he led his men across the river, scaled the cliffs on the opposite side, and destroyed the camps there. Col. Bearss and the men under his command overcame incredible difficulties and dangers in destroying positions which, according to reports from old prisoners, had taken three years to perfect, were held as a final rallying point, and were never before penetrated by white troops. Col. Bearss also rendered distinguished public service in the presence of the enemy at Quinapundan River, Samar, Philippine Islands, on 19 January 1902.
PORTER, DAVID DIXON
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 29 April 1877, Washington, D.C. Appointed from: District of Columbia. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle at the junction of the Cadacan and Sohoton Rivers, Samar, Philippine Islands, November 17th, 1901. In command of the columns upon their uniting ashore in the Sohoton Region, Col. Porter (then Capt. ) made a surprise attack on the fortified cliffs and completely routed the enemy, killing thirty and capturing and destroying the powder magazine, 40 lantacas (guns), rice, food and cuartels. Due to his courage, intelligence, discrimination and zeal, he successfully led his men up the cliffs by means of bamboo ladders to a height of 200 feet. The cliffs were of soft stone of volcanic origin, in the nature of pumice and were honeycombed with caves. Tons of rocks were suspended in platforms held in position by vines and cables (known as bejuco) in readiness to be precipitated upon people below. After driving the insurgents from their position which was almost impregnable, being covered with numerous trails lined with poisoned spears, pits, etc., Col. Porter led his men across the river, scaled the cliffs on the opposite side, and destroyed the camps there. He and the men under his command overcame incredible difficulties and dangers in destroying positions which, according to reports from old prisoners, had taken three years to perfect, were held as a final rallying post, and were never before penetrated by white troops. Col. Porter also rendered distinguished public service in the presence of the enemy at Quinapundan River, Samar, Philippine Islands, on 26 October 1901.
Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1857, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Richmond, Mitchell rescued from drowning, M. F. Caulan, first class boy, serving with him on the same vessel, at Shanghai, China, November 17th,1879.
One of the great truths of life is that failure is an integral part of success. Many people try things, fail and then give up. The real tragedy is that they gave up. In every failure there is a lesson to be learned. To be successful then you take the lessons learned and re-apply them to the next attempt to succeed. Winston Churchill grabbed the essence of this when he said, “Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm.” Michael Jordan also grasped this idea and displayed it with this quote, “I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed.”
Even, sometimes, you will run into people who do not want you to succeed even though they might not verbally say that to you personally. When the statements get back to you they can often hurt and cause disappointment and discouragement. Do not take these to heart. Dale Carnegie once said, “Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest stepping stones to success.” Keeping this in mind will certainly help you overcome these two maladies successfully.
What about the people who talked me down or said very demeaning things about me? First, forgive them, not necessarily to their face but certainly in your heart. Unforgivingness will most assuredly drag you down and delay your success. One very good description of unforgivingness is, “lighting yourself on fire and hoping the other person dies of smoke inhalation.” Instead of being unforgiving, practice what David Brinkley believed, “A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him.”
The final truth is this Malcolm Forbes quote, “Failure is success if we learn from it.”
But that is not really the end of this article. Let’s look at the famous failures below, who are now well-known and their names are synonymous with success. It wasn’t always this way. At one point the idea of these people reaching the heights they have reached would have seemed absurd. Many didn’t just fail, they failed in spectacular fashion.
Abraham Lincoln – He first went into politics at the age of 23 when he campaigned for a seat in the Illinois General Assembly and failed. He then opened a general store which failed after only a few months. Eight more failures in politics and he was the President of the United States.
Robert M Pirsig - His well known book ‘Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance’ was rejected by 121 publishers. Since finally being published in 1974 it has gone on to sell millions of copies in 27 languages.
Michael Jordan - The most famous name in basketball was actually cut from his high school basketball team. He, himself, says he lost almost 300 games (that’s more games than many NBA players have court time in), missed over 9000 shots at goal (again more shots than an average NBA player even takes) and 26 times he was given the ball to take the game winning shot and MISSED. He is considered one of the most successful basketball players ever.
John Wayne - Before his successful acting career he was rejected from the United States Naval Academy and then went on to only receive one Oscar in his whole acting career.
Steven Spielberg - Dropped out of high school and applied to attend film school three times but was unsuccessful due to his C grade average.
Beethoven - His music teacher once told him that he was a hopeless composer.
Harry S. Truman - This former US President was rejected by the US Military & Naval Academies due to his poor eyesight. At one point he was a clerk in a newspaper mailroom, and also an usher in a movie theater.
Babe Ruth - This baseball legend struck out 1,330 times.
Henry Ford - While Ford is today known for his innovative assembly line and American-made cars, he wasn’t an instant success. In fact, his first two businesses failed and left him broke five times before he founded the successful Ford Motor Company.
Winston Churchill - This former British Prime Minister did poorly in school and had a speech impediment in his early years.
Marilyn Monroe - She spent much of her younger years in foster homes. One of her first jobs, during the Second World War, was inspecting parachutes.
Walt Disney - He was fired by the editor of a newspaper for lacking in ideas.
Soichiro Honda - The founder of Honda was turned down for an engineering job by Toyota after World War Two.
Masaru Ibuka and Akio Morita - These two were the founders of Sony, but one of their first products was an electric rice cooker. They only sold 100 or so of these cookers because they tended to burn rice rather than cook it.
Albert Einstein - He learned to speak at age four and, some say, he performed poorly in school. That contention is disputed by the Albert Einstein Archives. Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. His great intelligence and originality have made the word “Einstein” synonymous with genius.
Thomas Edison - As a boy he was told by his teacher that he was too stupid to learn anything.
John Grisham - This best selling novelist’s first novel was rejected by sixteen agents and twelve publishing houses.
Isaac Newton - He failed at running the family farm and did poorly in school.
Emily Dickinson – She was told by a magazine editor that he could not publish her poems because they failed to rhyme.
F.W. Woolworth – Some may not know this name today, but Woolworth was once one of the biggest names in department stores in the U.S. Before starting his own business, young Woolworth worked at a dry goods store and was not allowed to wait on customers because his boss said he lacked the sense needed to do so.
Most of these people are now household names and there is no reason that you can’t be as well. It is simply a matter of your commitment to your success.
“I have always been delighted at the prospect of a new day, a fresh try, one more start, with perhaps a bit of magic waiting somewhere behind the morning.”
~ J. B. Priestley
ab ovo \ab-OH-voh\, adverb:
Ab ovo is from Latin, literally, “from the egg.”
From the beginning.
1532 – The Inca Empire fell to Spain. Pizarro first encountered Incan emperor Atahualpa at Cajamarca, who declined conversion to Christianity. Pizzaro and 167 fellow Spaniards, armored and on horseback, killed or wounded some 6,000 to 7,000 natives and captured emperor Atahualpa.
1620 – The first corn (maize) found in the U.S. by British settlers was discovered in Provincetown, Mass., by sixteen desperately hungry Pilgrims led by Myles Standish, William Bradford, Stephen Hopkins, and Edward Tilley at a place they named Corn Hill.
1676 – The first U.S. jail was established on Nantucket island on Vestal Street in response to its emerging status as an international seaport, which brought with it an increase in the number of transient visitors.
1766 – Indians surrendered to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac.
1776 – Revolutionary War: British troops captured Fort Washington at the north end of Manhattan.
1776 – Revolutionary War: The United Provinces (The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands) recognize the independence of the United States, the first country in the world to do so. [This is a controversial statement, because other sources say that the Kingdom of Morocco was the first to extend diplomatic recognition to the new United States.)
1798 – The British boarded the U.S. frigate Baltimore and seized a number of crewmen as alleged deserters, a contributor to the War of 1812.
1798 – Kentucky became the first state to nullify an act of Congress. The Kentucky Resolution was passed in opposition to the Alien and Sedition Acts by the Kentucky legislature and written by Thomas Jefferson.
1811 – The New Madrid earthquake in Missouri caused the Mississippi River to flow backwards. These earthquakes remain the most powerful earthquakes ever to hit the eastern United States in recorded history.
1813 – War of 1812: The British announced a blockade of Long Island Sound, leaving only the New England coast open to shipping.
1821 – Trader William Becknell reached Santa Fe, New Mexico, via the route that will become known as the Santa Fe Trail.
1824 – New York City’s Fifth Avenue opened for business.
1841 – Napoleon Guerin of New York City patented the cork life preserver.
1846 – Mexican-American War: General Zachary Taylor took Saltillo, Mexico. “General”, cried Brig. Gen. John Wool in despair, “we are whipped!” ” I know it”, replied Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor”, but the volunteers don’t know it. Let them alone; we’ll see what they do.”
1856 – Marines participated in the Battle of Barrier Forts in China.
1863 – Civil War: Battle of Campbell’s Station near Knoxville, Tennessee. Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
1863 – Civil War: The U.S.S. Monongahela escorted Army transports and covered the landing of more than a thousand troops on Mustang Island, Arkansas Pass, Texas.
1864 – Civil War: Union General William Sherman and his troops began their March to the Sea during the Civil War.
1873 – Richard T. Greener, first Black graduate of Harvard University, named professor of metaphysics at the University of South Carolina.
1875 – William Bonwill patented dental mallet to impact gold into cavities.
1889 – The Oahu Railway and Land Company began operating in Hawaii.
1892 – University of Chicago, a founding member of the Big 10 Conference, won its first football game, beating Illinois, 10-4.
1899 – Marines from the USS Castine and the USS Manila captured Zamboanga, Philippines.
1901 – The first American electric car was the “Torpedo Racer” and it broke the world’s speed record by going down a one-mile straight track in just 63 seconds or at about 57 m.p.h. The feat was accomplished by A.C. Bostwick on the Ocean Parkway racetrack in Brooklyn, New York. Today’s world speed record is “The Buckeye Bullet 1″ which holds the distinction of being the world’s fastest electric car with a top recorded speed of 321.834 mph.
1902 – A cartoon appeared in the Washington Star on this date, prompting the Teddy Bear Craze, after President Teddy Roosevelt refused to kill a captive bear tied up for him to shoot during a hunting trip to Mississippi.
1904 – John Ambrose Fleming invents the vacuum tube.
1906 – Opera star Enrico Caruso is charged with an indecent act after allegedly pinching a woman’s bottom in the monkey house of New York’s Central Park Zoo.
1907 – Oklahoma became the 46th state of the Union.
1907 – The Gila Cliff Dwellings in New Mexico was established as a national monument. People of the Mogollon culture lived in these cliff dwellings from the 1280s through the early 1300s.
1914 – The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
1915 – Coca-Cola had its prototype for a contoured bottle patented.
1920 – Metered mail was born in Stamford, Connecticut with the first Pitney-Bowes postage meter.
1926 – NY Rangers first game, beat Montreal Maroons 1-0.
1932 – The Palace in New York City, the most famous vaudeville theatre in America, closed its doors. Technology spelled its end with the start of radio and talking pictures in 1927.
1933 – The United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations.
1935 – Richard Rodgers’ and Lorenz Hart’s musical “Jumbo,” premiered in New York City.
1937 – Bob Crosby and his orchestra recorded “South Rampart Street Parade”.
1939 – Al Capone was freed from Alcatraz.
1940 – World War II: In response to Germany’s leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg, Germany.
1940 – Holocaust: In occupied Poland, German Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.
1940 – New York City’s Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
1942 – World War II: Navy’s first Night Fighter squadron (VMF(N)-531) established at Cherry Point, NC.
1943 – World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vermork, Norway.
1944 – World War II: Allied air strikes support offensives of US 9th and 1st Armies; about 10,000 tons of bombs are dropped by some 1200 US 8th Air Force planes and 1100 RAF bombers.
1945 – Cold War: The United States Army secretly admits 88 German scientists & engineers to help in the production of rocket technology.
1946 – Television Screen Magazine launches. The show, one of NBC’s first network series, included a collection of features on news, lifestyles, fashion, and other topics. The show ran until 1949.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Wish I Didn’t Love You So” by Vaughn Monroe, “Near You” by The Francis Craig Orchestra (vocal: Bob Lamm), “You Do” by Dinah Shore and “I’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1948 – Operation Magic Carpet began with the first plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel.
1950 – The largest single disaster suffered by the US Coast Guard in World War II occurred on the night of 29 January 1945 when the USS Serpens was destroyed off Lunga Beach, Guadalcanal. On this day a monument was erected in Arlington National Cemetery on the gravesite of those who lost their lives.
1950 – President Harry Truman proclaimed an emergency crisis caused by communist threat.
1952 – In the Peanuts comic strip, Lucy first held a football for Charlie Brown.
1955 – “Sixteen Tons” by Tennessee Ernie Ford became the fastest-selling record in history. The song was originally written in 1947 by the Country & Western guitarist and songwriter Merle Travis and it was about his dad.
1955 – First speed-boat to exceed 200 mph (Don Campbell on Lake Mead, NV)
1956 – “Love Me Tender,” the first Elvis Presley film, premiered in New York City.
1957 – Notre Dame beats Oklahoma 7-0, ending the Sooners’ 47-game, 1,512-day college football winning streak. The game also marked the first time in more than 120 games that Oklahoma didn’t score a single point.
1957 – Jim Brown (Cleveland Browns) set an NFL season rushing record of 1163 yards after only eight games.
1957 – “Jailhouse Rock” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1958 – Tucson, AZ received 6.4 inches of snow across the metro area causing auto accidents, stranded people, dropped power lines, knocked out telephone service, closed highways and paralyzing air travel.
1959 – Rodgers and Hammerstein’s “The Sound of Music” opened on Broadway at Lunt Fontanne Theater, New York City, for 1443 performances. It starred Mary Martin and Theodore Bikel.
1959 – “Mr. Blue” by the Fleetwoods topped the charts.
1960 – After the integration of two all white schools, 2,000 rioted in the streets of New Orleans.
1961 – President John F. Kennedy decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing U.S. combat troops.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Deep Purple” by Nino Tempo & April Stevens, “Washington Square” by The Village Stompers, “I’m Leaving It Up to You” by Dale & Grace, “Love’s Gonna Live Here” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy on USS Observation Island witnesses launch of Polaris A-2 missile by USS Andrew Jackson (SSBN-619).
1963 – Touch-tone telephone was introduced.
1966 – Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard was acquitted in his second trial of charges he had murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954. He had served 9 years.
1967 – Vietnam War: Haiphong shipyard in North Vietnam was hit by U.S. planes for the first time.
1968 – “Hey Jude” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1969 – Lieutenant William Calley, Jr., faced a court martial for directing his platoon in the massacre of at least 400 unarmed peasants in the Vietnamese village of My Lai.
1970 – Anne Murray received a gold record for “Snowbird“.
1971 – Vietnam War: In support of the Cambodian government. U.S. helicopter gunships struck at North Vietnamese emplacements at Tuol Leap, 10 miles north of Phnom Penh.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves” by Cher, “Theme from Shaft” by Isaac Hayes, “Imagine” by John Lennon Plastic Ono Band and “Lead Me On” by Conway Twitty & Loretta Lynn all topped the charts.
1972 – National Guard mobilized after officers killed two students during Southern University demonstrations.
1973 – Skylab 4, under the command of Lt. Colonel Gerald P. Carr, USMC, launched from Cape Canaveral for an 84-day mission. This was the last of the Skylab missions.
1973 – The Alaska Pipeline was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon.
1973 – David Bowie appeared in his first TV special, “1980 Floor Show,” broadcast on NBC’s “Midnight Special.”
1974 – First intentional interstellar radio message sent. The Arecibo message was a radio message that was beamed into space at a ceremony to mark the remodeling of the Arecibo radio telescope.
1974 – John Lennon’s #1 solo “Whatever Gets You Through the Night“.
1975 – Walter Payton of the Chicago Bears rushed for 105 yards in a game against the San Francisco 49ers. It was Payton’s first game of 100 plus yards.
1976 – Rick Barry (San Francisco), ends then longest NBA free throw streak of 60.
1977 – Steven Spielberg’s “Close Encounters of the Third Kind” opens in theaters.
1978 – The movie version of “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” opens. The Bee Gees, Peter Frampton and Billy Preston made their acting debuts in the movie.
1979 – Paul McCartney releases “Wonderful Christmas”
1981 – Luke and Laura marry on the U.S. soap opera General Hospital; it is the highest-rated hour in daytime television history.
1981 – A vaccine for hepatitis B was approved. The vaccine had been developed at Merck Institute for Therapeutic Research.
1982 – The Space Shuttle Columbia completed its first operational flight. STS-5, the first operational mission, also carried the largest crew up to that time — four astronauts.
1982 – An agreement was announced, ending a 57-day strike by the National Football League players.
1984 – Space shuttle Discovery returned to Earth with the first two satellites ever plucked from space.
1985 – “We Built This City” by Starship topped the charts.
1985 – Colonel Oliver North was put in charge of the shipment of HAWK anti-aircraft missiles to Iran.
1986 – Gerber Products announced intentions to produce baby food in plastic jars, instead of glass — a first for the industry.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Think We’re Alone Now” by Tiffany, “Mony Mony “Live“” by Billy Idol, “(I’ve Had) The Time of My Life” by Bill Medley & Jennifer Warnes and “Maybe Your Baby’s Got the Blues” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1991 – Former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards won a landslide victory in his bid to return to office, defeating state representative David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan leader.
1993 – The US Congress enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. It instructed government officials to bend the rules for persons whose actions are based on their religion.
1994 – A US federal judge issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the state of California from implementing most provisions of Proposition 187.
1996 – Mother Teresa receives honorary US citizenship.
1996 – “Head Over Feet” by Alanis Morissette topped the charts.
1997 – Six-hundred protestors at Fort Benning, Ga., called for the closing of the Army’s School of the Americas, which trains Latin American soldiers.
1998 – In Burlington, Wisconsin, five high school students, aged 15 to 16, were arrested in an alleged plot to kill a carefully selected group of teachers and students.
1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court said that union members could file discrimination lawsuits against employers even when labor contracts require arbitration.
1999 – Nathaniel Abraham, at 13, is one of the youngest murder defendants in US history. He was convicted in Pontiac, Michigan, of second-degree murder for shooting a stranger outside a convenience store with a rifle when he was eleven. Nathaniel was sentenced to juvenile detention. He will be released Jan. 13, 2007, when he turns 21.
2000 – President Bill Clinton becomes the first serving U.S. President to visit Vietnam.
2000 – Amtrak christened its new bullet train, the Acela Express, with an inaugural run from Washington DC to New York City and Boston.
2000 – A US Air Force F-16 collided with a small plane near Sarasota, Fla. The pilot of the Cessna was killed, the fighter pilot ejected safely.
2000 – The Internet Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers adopted 7 new domains: .aero for airports, .biz for businesses, .coop for business cooperatives, .info for general use, .museum for accredited museums, .name for individuals, and .pro for professionals.
2001 – The first Harry Potter movie, “ Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone in the United States)”, released in theatres in the United Kingdom, United States, and Canada.
2001 – A letter containing anthrax was found at the Capitol in Washington, addressed to Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt.
2003 – A 7.5 magnitude earthquake in the Aleutian Islands in Alaska triggers tsunami warnings.
2004 – X-43A scramjet becomes the fastest air-breathing jet flying at nearly Mach 10 at approximately 7,000 mph.
2004 – President George W. Bush picked National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice to be his new Secretary of State, succeeding Colin Powell.
2004 – In Iraq a blindfolded woman, believed to be aid worker Margaret Hassan (59), was the shown being shot in the head by a hooded militant on a video obtained but not aired by Al-Jazeera television.
2005 – Vice President Dick Cheney joined the chorus of Republican criticism of Democrats who contended the Bush administration had manipulated intelligence on Iraq, an accusation Cheney called “one of the most dishonest and reprehensible charges ever aired in this city.”
2005 – The US House passed a bill authorizing up to $38 million in federal funds to preserve and restore 10 WW II internment camps, including Tule Lake and Manzanar in California, as well as 17 assembly centers. Nonprofits would need to come up with 75% of the money for the projects.
2006 – Minnesota Twins ace Johan Santana won the American League Cy Young Award.
2006 – Nancy Pelosi was unanimously named speaker-elect by US House Democrats, the first woman set to take the post that is third in line of succession to the presidency, but then selected Steny Hoyer as majority leader against her wishes.
2006 – In North Carolina a tornado struck Riegelwood, a tiny riverside community, killing eight people as thunderstorms continued a path of destruction across the South.
2007 – Marchers surrounded the Justice Department headquarters to demand federal intervention in the Jena Six case in Louisiana.
2008 – Jimmie Johnson wins NASCAR’s 2008 Sprint Cup Series championship, becoming the second driver to win three in a row.
2009 – US federal prosecutors said the Kuwait logistics firm, Public Warehousing co., had inflated prices and defrauded the US government under its multi-billion dollar contract to feed American troops. The contract was set to expire in December 2010.
2009 – NASA’s shuttle Atlantis lifted off from Cape Canaveral with six astronauts on a mission to supply the International Space Station with spare parts and experimental equipment.
2010 – Republican Party Senators adopt a ban on earmarking, or setting aside money in bills for specific purposes specified by legislators.
2011- America hurled over the $15,000,000,000,000 (trillion) debt mark. Since President Obama took office, the debt has risen almost $4.5 trillion (41.5%), and Congress’s solution is leaving spending rates (including stimulus dollars) untouched!
2011 – An investigation by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), into the Obama Administration’s use of $18 million in taxpayer funds to provide funding for a group pushing legalized abortion in Kenya finds the administration broke the law.
2012 – Failing to persuade striking employees to return to work, Hostess Brands disclosed plans on Friday to liquidate its assets and lay off most of its 18,500 workers, bringing the 82-year-old maker of Wonder Bread and Twinkies to the end of its line. The company will now be forced to close its 33 bakeries, 565 distribution centers, 5,500 delivery routes and 570 bakery outlet stores throughout the U.S. thanks to the actions of the Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers International Union.
2014- Peter Kassig, former Army Ranger and aid worker becomes the third American to be beheaded by the Muslim group ISIS.
42 B.C. – Tiberius, Roman emperor.
1873 – W.C. Handy, American composer. He was an African-American blues composer and musician, often known as “the Father of the Blues.”
1889 – George S. Kaufman, American playwright.
1896 – Fibber McGee (Jim Jordan), American actor He was a part of the team ofFibber McGee and Molly.1907 – Burgess Meredith, American actor.
1961 – Sam Rayburn, U.S. Speaker of the House (b. 1882)
HORNER, FREEMAN V.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company K, 119th Infantry, 30th Infantry Division. Place and date: Wurselen, Germany, November 16th, 1944. Entered service at: Shamokin, Pa. Birth: Mount Carmel, Pa. G.O. No.: 95, 30 October 1945. Citation: S/Sgt. Horner and other members of his company were attacking Wurselen, Germany, against stubborn resistance on 16 November 1944, when machinegun fire from houses on the edge of the town pinned the attackers in flat, open terrain 100 yards from their objective. As they lay in the field, enemy artillery observers directed fire upon them, causing serious casualties. Realizing that the machineguns must be eliminated in order to permit the company to advance from its precarious position, S/Sgt. Horner voluntarily stood up with his submachine gun and rushed into the teeth of concentrated fire, burdened by a heavy load of ammunition and hand grenades. Just as he reached a position of seeming safety, he was fired on by a machinegun which had remained silent up until that time. He coolly wheeled in his fully exposed position while bullets barely missed him and killed two hostile gunners with a single, devastating burst. He turned to face the fire of the other two machineguns, and dodging fire as he ran, charged the two positions fifty yards away. Demoralized by their inability to hit the intrepid infantryman, the enemy abandoned their guns and took cover in the cellar of the house they occupied. S/Sgt. Horner burst into the building, hurled two grenades down the cellar stairs, and called for the Germans to surrender. Four men gave up to him. By his extraordinary courage, S/Sgt. Horner destroyed three enemy machinegun positions, killed or captured seven enemy, and cleared the path for his company’s successful assault on Wurselen.
LINDSEY, JAKE W.
Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Hamich, Germany, November 16th, 1944. Entered service at: Lucedale, Miss. Birth: Isney, Ala. G.O. No.: 43, 30 May 1945. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 16 November 1944, in Germany. T/Sgt. Lindsey assumed a position about ten yards to the front of his platoon during an intense enemy infantry-tank counterattack, and by his unerringly accurate fire destroyed two enemy machinegun nests, forced the withdrawal of two tanks, and effectively halted enemy flanking patrols. Later, although painfully wounded, he engaged eight Germans, who were reestablishing machinegun positions, in hand-to-hand combat, killing three, capturing three, and causing the other two to flee. By his gallantry, T/Sgt. Lindsey secured his unit’s position, and reflected great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 377th Infantry, 95th Infantry Division. Place and date: From Woippy, France, through Metz to Kerprich Hemmersdorf, Germany, November 16th to – November 29th, 1944. Entered service at: Two Rivers, Wis. Birth: Manitowoc, Wis. G.O. No.: 74, 1 September 1945. Citation: For performing a series of heroic deeds from 1629 November 1944, during his company’s relentless drive from Woippy, France, through Metz to Kerprich Hemmersdorf, Germany. As he led a rifle squad on 16 November at Woippy, a crossfire from enemy machineguns pinned down his unit. Ordering his men to remain under cover, he went forward alone, entered a building housing one of the guns and forced five Germans to surrender at bayonet point. He then took the second gun single-handedly by hurling grenades into the enemy position, killing two, wounding three more, and taking two additional prisoners. At the outskirts of Metz the next day, when his platoon, confused by heavy explosions and the withdrawal of friendly tanks, retired, he fearlessly remained behind armed with an automatic rifle and exchanged bursts with a German machinegun until he silenced the enemy weapon. His quick action in covering his comrades gave the platoon time to regroup and carry on the fight. On 19 November S/Sgt. Miller led an attack on large enemy barracks. Covered by his squad, he crawled to a barracks window, climbed in and captured six riflemen occupying the room. His men, and then the entire company, followed through the window, scoured the building, and took seventy-five prisoners. S/Sgt. Miller volunteered, with three comrades, to capture Gestapo officers who were preventing the surrender of German troops in another building. He ran a gauntlet of machinegun fire and was lifted through a window. Inside, he found himself covered by a machine pistol, but he persuaded the four Gestapo agents confronting him to surrender. Early the next morning, when strong hostile forces punished his company with heavy fire, S/Sgt. Miller assumed the task of destroying a well-placed machinegun. He was knocked down by a rifle grenade as he climbed an open stairway in a house, but pressed on with a bazooka to find an advantageous spot from which to launch his rocket. He discovered that he could fire only from the roof, a position where he would draw tremendous enemy fire. Facing the risk, he moved into the open, coolly took aim and scored a direct hit on the hostile emplacement, wreaking such havoc that the enemy troops became completely demoralized and began surrendering by the score. The following day, in Metz, he captured twelve more prisoners and silenced an enemy machinegun after volunteering for a hazardous mission in advance of his company’s position. On 29 November, as Company G climbed a hill overlooking Kerprich Hemmersdorf, enemy fire pinned the unit to the ground. S/Sgt. Miller, on his own initiative, pressed ahead with his squad past the company’s leading element to meet the surprise resistance. His men stood up and advanced deliberately, firing as they went. Inspired by S/Sgt. Miller’s leadership, the platoon followed, and then another platoon arose and grimly closed with the Germans. The enemy action was smothered, but at the cost of S/Sgt. Miller’s life. His tenacious devotion to the attack, his gallant choice to expose himself to enemy action rather than endanger his men, his limitless bravery, assured the success of Company G.
INTERIM 1871 – 1898
Rank and organization: Ship’s Corporal U.S. Navy. Born: 1853, Ireland. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For rescuing from drowning a boy serving with him on the U.S.S. Constitution, at the Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va., November 16th, 1879.
BRANDLE, JOSEPH E.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Lenoire, Tenn., November 16th, 1863. Entered service at: Colon, Mich. Born: 1839, Seneca County, Ohio. Date of issue: 20 July 1897. Citation: While color bearer of his regiment, having been twice wounded and the sight of one eye destroyed, still held to the colors until ordered to the rear by his regimental commander.
GILE, FRANK S.
Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845, Massachusetts. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, November 16th, 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had been grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Gile succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.
Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1842, England. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, November 16th, 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. Rowing the small boat which was used in the hazardous task of transferring hawsers from the Lehigh to the Nahant. Irving twice succeeded in making the trip, while under severe fire from the enemy, only to find that each had been in vain when the hawsers were cut by hostile fire and chaffing.
LELAND, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization: Gunner’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1834, Savannah, Ga. Accredited to: Georgia. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task, of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. Rowing the small boat which was used in the hazardous task of transferring hawsers from the Lehigh to the Nahant, Leland twice succeeded in making the trip, only to find that each had been in vain when the hawsers were cut by enemy fire and chaffing.
STARKINS, JOHN H.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, 34th New York Battery. Place and date: At Campbell Station, Tenn., November 16th, 1863. Entered service at:——. Birth: Great Neck, N.Y. Date of issue: 30 July 1896. Citation; Brought off his piece without losing a man.
SWIFT, FREDERIC W.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Lenoire Station, Tenn., November 16th, 1863. Entered service at: Michigan. Born: 30 January 1831, Mansfield Center, Conn. Date of issue: 15 February 1897. Citation: Gallantly seized the colors and rallied the regiment after 3 color bearers had been shot and the regiment, having become demoralized, was in imminent danger of capture.
Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1840, Ireland. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, November 16th, 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had been grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Williams succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.
YOUNG, HORATIO N.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 19 July 1845, Calaise, Maine. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, November 16th, 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Young succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.