Unerased History – June 15th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 15, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Native American Citizen’s Day

Nature Photography Day

 Arlington National Cemetery

All attempts to maintain the links in this file and staying current have failed. Instead of links here is a directory of things that can be found when you search for Arlington National Cemetery.

Arlington National Cemetery is visited by nearly four million visitors each year. Most come to pay respect to their loved ones, to honor the leaders interred here, or to thank the more than 300,000 people buried here, many of whom were soldiers killed in the line of duty.

On June 15, 1864, the original 200 acres were designated as a military cemetery. Soldiers and veterans from every war the United States has fought, from the Revolutionary War to the war in Iraq, are buried here (those who died prior to the Civil War were reinterred in Arlington after 1900). Three unknown soldiers–from World War I, World War II, and the Korean War– are buried at the never-officially-named Tomb of the Unknowns. (The Vietnam veteran who had been buried here was identified in 1998, and his body was returned to his family in St. Louis.)

President John F. Kennedy is buried in Arlington. His grave is marked by the Eternal Flame, designed so that a constant spark of electricity ignites the gas, keeping the flame alive through rain and wind.

Other important Arlington National Cemetery Information

Address: Memorial Dr. and Schley Dr., Arlington , VA

Phone: 703/607-8000

Hours of Operation: Apr. – Sept., 8 a.m. – 7 p.m., daily and Oct. – Mar., 8 a.m. – 5 p.m., daily


Historical Facts About Arlington National Cemetery

 Arlington House
History of the Cemetery
Historical Figures Buried at Arlington
Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 Facts


Casualties of War and Honorary War Veterans Buried at Arlington National Cemetery

American Revolutionary War Veterans
Beirut and Grenada
Operation “Just Cause” Panama
Persian Gulf War
USS Liberty
USS Serpens
USS Stark
World War II Medal of Honor Recipients


Explorers Buried at Arlington National Cemetery

Prominent Explorers
Robert Edwin Peary
Matthew Alexander Henson


Historical Figures Buried at Arlington National Cemetery:
Kennedy Brothers
udie Murphy
Five-Star Officers – Generals and Admirals
Glenn Miller
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
James Parks
Literary Figures
Matt Urban
Medical Figures
Military Figures
Pierre Charles L’Enfant
Robert R. Scott

 Minorities Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Black History and Black Medal of Honor Recipients
63 Foreign Nationals
Japanese-American Service Members
Jewish Figures
Prominent Figures in Black History
Prominent Figures in Hispanic History


Presidents of the United States
William Howard Taft
John Fitzgerald Kennedy


Chief Justices of the United States Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
William Howard Taft
Earl Warren
Warren Earl Burger
William Hubbs Rehnquist

Associate Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Hugo Layfayette Black
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
Potter Stewart
Thurgood Marshall
William O. Douglas
Arthur Joseph Goldberg
William J. Brennan Jr.
Harry A. Blackmun

Monuments at Arlington National Cemetery

John F. Kennedy’s Eternal Flame
Infantry Division Monument
Argonne Cross (WW I)
Battle of the Bulge Memorial
Beirut Barracks
Canadian Cross of Sacrifice Memorial
Chaplains Hill and Monuments
Civil War Unknowns Monument
Coast Guard Memorial
Confederate Memorial
Group Burials
Iran Rescue Mission Monument
Korean War Contemplative Bench
Living Memorials
McClellan Gate
Memorial Drive, National Park Service
Memorial Entrance
Nurses Memorial
Pan Am Flight 103 Memorial Cairn
Pentagon Group Burial Marker
President William Howard Taft Monument
Robert F. Kennedy Gravesite
Rough Riders Memorial
Space Shuttle Challenger Memorial
Space Shuttle Columbia Memorial
Spanish-American War Memorial
Spanish-American War Nurses
Tomb of the Unknowns
USS Maine Memorial
USS Serpens Monument
Woodhull Memorial Flagstaff
Women in Military Service for America


Scripture of the Day

John 20:31

31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.


Founders Thoughts

Abraham Clark” Our fates are in the hands of An Almighty God, to whom I can with pleasure confide my own; he can save us, or destroy us; his Councils are fixed and cannot be disappointed, and all his designs will be Accomplished.”

Abraham Clark


“Few things in the world are more powerful than a positive push. A smile. A world of optimism and hope. A “you can do it” when things are tough.”

 ~ Richard M.  DeVos

quix·ot·ic \kwik-ˈsä-tik\   adjective
1: foolishly impractical especially in the pursuit of ideals ; especially : marked by rash lofty romantic ideas or extravagantly chivalrous action.

763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.

1215 – King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta.

1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull Exsurge Domine.

1664 – New Jersey established. The entire region was claimed by England for the Duke of York (later King James II) in 1664. The name New Jersey was introduced, which honored the isle of Jersey in the English Channel.

1667 – The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.

1752 – Benjamin Franklin proves that lightning is electricity. He and his son tested the relationship between electricity and lightning by flying a kite in a thunder storm.

1775 – Revolutionary War:Congress unanimously votes to appoint George Washington general and commander-in-chief of the new Continental Army.

1775 – Reports reached the Americans that the British intended to occupy the Charlestown peninsula.

1776 – Delaware Separation Day – Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.

1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, become the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon explodes during their attempt to cross the English Channel.

1804 – New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.

1836 – Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.

1844 – Charles Goodyear receives patent #3633 for the vulcanization of rubber.

1846 – The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

1849 – James Polk, the 11th president of the United States, died of cholera in Nashville, TN following a visit to New Orleans.

1851 – Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up first ice-cream factory. Fussell sold his ice cream at less than half the price charged by others (twenty-five cents a quart against sixty-five cents a quart charged by others in the city). By 1856 he had opened manufacturing operations and parlors in Washington, D.C., and Boston.

1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.

1863 – Civil War: The second battle at Winchester, Va., ended in a Union defeat with 1350 casualties.

1864 – Civil War:  Siege of Petersburg begins.

1864 – Republican Congress votes equal pay for African-American troops serving in U.S. Army during Civil War

1864 – Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres around Arlington Mansion are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. The area used was Robert E Lee’s home area (Arlington).

1867 – Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana. The mine is located in the southwestern area of Montana, between Drummond and Anaconda along the Pintler Scenic Route on Montana Highway 1, east of Georgetown Lake.
The gold mine was named with the name commemorating the completion of the laying of the second transatlantic cable. The mine’s founders were Alexander Aiken, John B. Pearson and Jonas Stough.

1869 –  Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY.

1875 – A massive swarm of Rocky Mountain locusts descended on the West. The swarm was estimated to be a quarter to a half-mile deep. They were visible for six to seven hours,five days a week. The swarm was estimated to cover 198.000 square miles. It was called Albert’s Swarm.

1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first Black cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy. He was given a dishonorable discharge from the army in 1882 on charges that appeared to be racially motivated. In 1999 Pres. Clinton granted him a posthumous pardon.

1896 –  Temperature hits 127 degrees F at Fort Mojave, CA .

1898 – The U.S. House of Representatives approved the annexation of Hawaii. Some 38,000 Hawaiians opposing annexation signed the “Monster Petition” that was delivered to Washington by Queen Lili’uokalani. The petition was ignored.

1898 – US Marines attacked the Spanish off Guantanamo, Cuba.

1902 –  Justin Clark of Corsicana, TX minors hits eight home runs in one game. Corsicana met Texarkana in a home game that was played in nearby Ennis because of Corsicana’s blue laws and drubbed the Casketmakers by the unheard of score of 51-3.

1903 – Barney Oldfield (1878-1946), race car driver, drove a Ford 999 at a record mile per minute (60 mph).

1904 – A fire erupted aboard the steamboat General Slocum, owned by the Knickerbocker Steamboat Co., in New York City’s East River and some 1,021 people died. The ship carried a congregation of a German church on its annual picnic. Capt. William van Schaick (1837-1927) was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in Sing Sing. He was pardoned by President Taft in 1911.

1909 –  Benjamin Shibe patented the cork-center baseball.

1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.

1915 –  US government mints first $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo.

1916 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.

1918 – The U.S. Post Office and the U.S. Army began regularly scheduled airmail service between Washington and New York through Philadelphia. Lieutenant George L. Boyle, an inexperienced young army pilot, was chosen to make the first flight from Washington.

1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.

1920 – Duluth lynchings in Minnesota. Three black circus workers were attacked and lynched by a mob of 5000 in Duluth, Minnesota. Rumors had circulated among the mob that six Black Americans had raped a teenage girl. It was later proved to be untrue.

1924 – J. Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI.

1932 – Gaston Means was sentenced to fifteen years for fraud in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping.

1934 – The U.S.’s Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.

1936 –   Al Jolson and Ruby Keeler starred in “Burlesque” on the “Lux Radio Theatre”.

1938 –   Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented second consecutive no-hitter.

1944 – World War II:   First B-29 raid against mainland Japan.

1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invades Saipan.

1947 –  First night game at Detroit Briggs Stadium (Tigers 4, Athletics 1).

1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Foolish Heart”by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra
(vocal: Eileen Wilson), “Bewitched” by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Mary Lou Williams), “The Third Man Theme” by Alton Karas and “Why Don’t You Love Me by Hank Williams all topped the charts.

1951 –  Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory. The Brown Bomber of old, Louis literally was beating Lee Savold to a pulp, when mercifully Savold went down under a barrage of punches in round six and was counted out.

1951 – The first commercial electronic computer was dedicated in Philadelphia.

1953 –  The Ford Motor Company presented one of TV’s biggest events. The show was a two-hour program and was a look back at the history of the United States and the world up to 1953. Presented by Ford Motor Company on the occasion of their 50th Anniversary. Hosted by Edward R. Murrow and Oscar Hammerstein who discussed historic events, trends, and personalities that had changed the world in the previous fifty years.

1955 – The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert” (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA’s preparations for a nuclear attack.

1957 –  Yankees trade Billy Martin & Ralph Terry for Ryne Duran. In more fallout over the Copacabana incident, the Yankees trade Billy Martin to Kansas City with SS Woodie Held and OF Bob Martyn for P Ryne Duren, 2B Milt Graff and OFs Harry Simpson and Jim Pisoni.

1957 –  “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone topped the charts.

1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Purple People Eater” by Sheb Wooley, “Do You Want to Dance” by Bobby Freeman, “Yakety Yak” by The Coasters and “All I Have to Do is Dream” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.

1960 – The Billy Wilder movie “The Apartment,” starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine, opened in New York City.

1963 –  Jan & Dean’s “Surf City” was released to Radio.

1963 –  “Sukiyaki” by Kyu Sakamoto topped the charts.

1963 – “Sound of Music” closed at Lunt Fontanne Theater in New York City after 1443 performances.

1963 –  Juan Marichal becomes the first Giants pitcher to hurl a no-hitter since Carl Hubbell (on May 8, 1929), and the first Latin American to toss one in the Major League. Eighth-inning doubles by Jim Davenport and Chuck Hiller provide the only score in the Giants 1-0 win at Candlestick.

1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Paint It, Black by The Rolling Stones, “Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind?” by The Lovin’ Spoonful, I Am a Rock” by Simon & Garfunkel and “Distant Drums” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.

1967 – Governor Reagan signed the Therapeutic Abortion Act, which permitted abortions in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy if a woman’s life or health was threatened or the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest.

1968 –  “Mrs Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel topped the charts.

1969 –  “Hee Haw” with Roy Clark & Buck Owens premiers on CBS TV. The Cornfield Jokes, Pickin-&-Grinnin, Archie’s Barbershop, Empty Arms Hotel, KORN Radio, Lulu’s Truck Stop, Minnie’s School and much more. The cast also frequently asked Grandpa Jones, “What’s For Supper?” And then, there was the comedic Burma-Shave style signs – all on Hee-Haw!

1970 –  Charles Manson goes on trial for the Sharon Tate murders.

1973 – California Angel Nolan Ryan’s first no-hitter beats Kansas City Royals, 3-0.

1973 –   “American Graffiti” opens in New York City.

1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Billy, Don’t Be a Hero” by Bo Donaldson & The Heywoods, “You Make Me Feel Brand New by The Stylistics, “Sundown” by Gordon Lightfoot and “I Don’t See Me in Your Eyes Anymore” by Charlie Rich all topped the charts.

1976 – “Boogie Fever” by the Sylvers topped the charts.

1976 – A 10-inch, mid-June rainfall in Houston, TX made it impossible for the Astros and the Pittsburgh Pirates to play ball in the Astrodome this night. With the parking lot under water and boats the only way to get to the stadium gates, the game was canceled.

1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ebony and Ivory” by Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder, “Don’t Talk to Strangers” by Rick Springfield, “Don’t You Want Me” by The Human League and “For All the Wrong Reasons” by The Bellamy Brothers all topped the charts.

1983 – The US Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion.

1984 –  Thomas Hearns KOs Roberto Duran. The fight was held at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada. Referee: Carlos Padilla

1985 –  “Everybody Wants to Rule the World” by Tears for Fears topped the charts.

1987 – The Supreme Court struck down a Maryland law allowing use of “victim impact statements” at sentencing hearings of a capital case.

1989 – Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth. Reagan received an honorary British knighthood, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. This entitled him to the use of the post-nominal letters GCB, but did not entitle him to be known as “Sir Ronald Reagan”.

1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hold On” by Wilson Phillips, “Poison” by Bell Biv DeVoe, It Must Have Been Love” by Roxette and “Love Without End, Amen” by George Strait all topped the charts.

1991 –  “Rush, Rush” by Paula Abdul topped the charts.

1991 – The song “Love Is A Wonderful Thing” by Michael Bolton reached #3 on the pop singles chart.

1992 – The United States Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the USA to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries.

1993 – Former Texas Gov. John Connally, who was wounded in the gunfire that killed President Kennedy, died at age 76.

1994 –  Disney’s “Lion King,” opened in US theaters.

1995 – At the O.J. Simpson murder trial, Simpson struggled to don a pair of gloves that prosecutors said were worn the night Simpson’s ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, were murdered.

1996 – The US Postal Service began printing a breast cancer awareness stamp.

1998 – The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that state prison inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.

1998 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In Richmond, Virginia, Quinshawn Booker (14) fired 8-9 rounds from a .32 caliber semiautomatic pistol at Armstrong High School and wounded a coach and a volunteer aide.

1999 – Rosa Parks (86) was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. It was the 121st such medal awarded.

1999 – The US Senate passed legislation protecting companies from lawsuits stemming from Year 2000 computer problems.

2000 – Denis Savard, Joe Mullen and Walter L. Bush Junior were selected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.

2001 – The Los Angeles Lakers defeated the Philadelphia 76ers 108-96 in game five to win their second straight NBA championship.

2001 – The US cancelled $16 million of Tanzania’s debt and committed to canceling the remaining $10 million by the end of the year.

2001 – US Catholic Bishops voted 209-7 to stop the performance of sterilizations in Catholic hospitals. The new policy applied to 620 US Catholic health care facilities and included non Catholic facilities acquired in mergers.

2001 – In Cicero, Ind., the town president, Betty Loren-Maltese, and nine others were charged with stealing $10 million in taxpayer money and spending it on a horse farm and golf course.

2002 – Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

2002 –  Accountants Arthur Andersen convicted of obstruction of justice for shredding documents related to the Enron inquiry.

2003 – The San Antonio Spurs beat the New Jersey Nets 88-77 in game 6 to win the NBA finals.

2003 -With a deadline passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.

2004 –  The Detroit Pistons beat the Los Angeles Lakers 100-87 in Game Five of the NBA Finals for their first championship in 14 years.

2004 – Janis Karpinski, the United States Brigadier General at the center of the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse in Iraq says that she was “ordered from the top” to treat detainees “like dogs”, as they are treated in Guantanamo.

2005 – A Republican-led House voted to upend a provision of the Patriot Act that allows federal agents to examine people’s book-reading habits at public libraries.

2006 – US House Democrats voted to strip embattled Louisiana Congressman William Jefferson of his seat on the House Ways and Means Committee.

2006 –  A divided Supreme Court made it easier for police to barge into homes and seize evidence without knocking or waiting.

2006 – US Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials said federal agents over the last 3 weeks had captured 2,179 illegal immigrants across the country in raids targeting child molesters, violent gang members and past deportees who re-entered the country.

2006 – A Colorado state appeals court ruled that a 15-year-old girl can enter into a common-law marriage. The court said that under English common law, which the state recognizes, it could be legal for girls at 12 and boys at 14 to enter common-law marriage.

2007 – During his ethics trial, a tearful Mike Nifong announced he would resign as district attorney of Durham County, NC, after admitting that he’d made improper statements about three Duke University lacrosse players who were once charged with raping a stripper. The players were later declared innocent by state prosecutors.

2007 – Retired “Price Is Right” host Bob Barker won his 19th Daytime Emmy.

2007 – In Tulsa, Okla., a crane lifted out a 1957 Plymouth Belvedere that had been buried in an underground concrete vault half a century earlier to celebrate 50 years of statehood.

2008 – The American International Group (AIG), the world’s largest insurance company, removes Martin J. Sullivan as its CEO due to losses caused by the subprime mortgage crisis.

2009 – Harriet Miers, former White House counsel, during House Judiciary closed door testimony, said former White House political advisor Karl Rove played a central role in the 2006 ouster of New Mexico’s US Attorney David Iglesias as well as 8 other US attorneys.

2011 – Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords has been released from a Houston hospital, five months after being shot in the head during a Tucson, AZ political event.

2011 –  The Boston Bruins defeat the Vancouver Canucks 4-0 in Game 7 to win the Stanley Cup Finals in the NHL.

2011 – The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences changes the rules regarding the Academy Award for Best Picture at the 84th Academy Awards, allowing anywhere from five to ten nominees, provided that each receives a minimum of 5% of the nominating votes.

2011 – Dexter Isaac, a convicted killer, claims responsibility for an attempted assassination of rapper Tupac Shakur in 1994.

2012 – An Apple I computer sells at an auction in New York for $374,500, setting a new record.

2012 – Canada and the U.S. state of Michigan announce a deal to construct a bridge between the U.S. city of Detroit and the Canadian city of Windsor, Ontario.

2012 –  President Obama announces, in the Rose Garden of the White House, that his administration will stop deporting and begin granting work permits to younger illegal immigrants who came to the U.S. as children and have since led law-abiding lives.

2012 – U.S. president Barack Obama announces that the U.S. will stop deporting some illegal immigrants.

2013 – A Gulfstream IV aircraft carrying former President George W. Bush from Philadelphia International Airport to Dallas Love Field is diverted safely to Louisville International Airport when the pilot smells smoke; Bush arrived safely in Dallas early Sunday.

2013 – A man goes on a shooting spree in Omaha, Nebraska,  killing two people and wounding two others, before being fatally shot by police.

2014 – The United States evacuates personnel from its embassy in Baghdad as ISIS nears the city.

2014 – San Antonio Spurs beat the Miami Heat in the 2014 NBA Finals.

2015 – The 800th anniversary of the sealing of the Magna Carta by King John of England is commemorated around the world.

2015 – Gap Inc. announces closing 175 stores, including 140 this year, and terminating 250 jobs at its headquarters.

2015 – 2015 Alaska Sockeye wildfire grows to 8,500 acres.

1330 – Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (d. 1376)
1767 – Rachel Donelson Jackson, First Lady of the United States (d. 1828)
1789 – Josiah Henson, American slave and settlement founder (d. 1883)
1801 – Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
1805 – William Butler Ogden, first Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
1894 – Robert Russell Bennett, American composer and arranger (d. 1981)
1910 – David Rose, American songwriter, composer and orchestra leader (d. 1990)
1932 – Mario Cuomo, Governor of New York
1937 – Waylon Jennings, American singer (d. 2002)
1942 – John E. McLaughlin, former Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
1947 – Lee Purcell, American actress
1948 – Mike Holmgren, American football coach
1963 – Helen Hunt, American actress
1964 – Courteney Cox, American actress
1969 – Ice Cube, American rapper
1981 – William Dean Martin, American musician (Good Charlotte)





Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, River Assault Division 152. Place and date: Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa province, Republic of Vietnam, June 15th, 1969. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: 13 May 1939, Boston, Mass. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in the afternoon while serving as commander of River Assault Division 152 during combat operations against enemy aggressor forces. Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.) Kelley was in charge of a column of eight river assault craft which were extracting one company of U.S. Army infantry troops on the east bank of the Ong Muong Canal in Kien Hoa province, when one of the armored troop carriers reported a mechanical failure of a loading ramp. At approximately the same time, Viet Cong forces opened fire from the opposite bank of the canal. After issuing orders for the crippled troop carrier to raise its ramp manually, and for the remaining boats to form a protective cordon around the disabled craft, Lt. Comdr. Kelley realizing the extreme danger to his column and its inability to clear the ambush site until the crippled unit was repaired, boldly maneuvered the monitor in which he was embarked to the exposed side of the protective cordon in direct line with the enemy’s fire, and ordered the monitor to commence firing. Suddenly, an enemy rocket scored a direct hit on the coxswain’s flat, the shell penetrating the thick armor plate, and the explosion spraying shrapnel in all directions. Sustaining serious head wounds from the blast, which hurled him to the deck of the monitor, Lt. Cmdr. Kelley disregarded his severe injuries and attempted to continue directing the other boats. Although unable to move from the deck or to speak clearly into the radio, he succeeded in relaying his commands through one of his men until the enemy attack was silenced and the boats were able to move to an area of safety. Lt. Comdr. Kelley’s brilliant leadership, bold initiative, and resolute determination served to inspire his men and provide the impetus needed to carry out the mission after he was medically evacuated by helicopter. His extraordinary courage under fire, and his selfless devotion to duty sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.






Rank and orgartization: Landsman, Engineer’s Force, U.S. Navy. Born: 1862, Portsmouth, Va. Accredited to: Virginia. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Jean Sands, opposite the Norfolk Navy Yard, on the night of June 15th, 1880, and rescuing from drowning a young girl who had fallen overboard.






Rank and organization: Landsman, Engineer’s Force, U.S. Navy. Born: 1856, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. C O. No.326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Jean Sands, opposite the Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va., on the night of June 15th, 1880, and rescuing from drowning a young girl who had fallen overboard.



Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., June 15th, 1864; At New Market Heights, Va., 29 September 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, N.H. Born: 24 March 1843, Chichester, N.H. Date of issue: 18 February 1891. Citation: The first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy’s works at Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864. Valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Va., inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage.




Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 37th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Fair Oaks, Va., 30-31 May 1862. At Big Shanty, Ga., 14-June 15th,1864. Entered service at: Freehold, N.J. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 13 February 1891. Citation: At Williamsburg, Va., assisted in driving rebel skirmishers to their main line. Participated in action, at Fair Oaks, Va., though excused from duty because of disability. In a charge with his company at Big Shanty, Ga., was the first man on the enemy’s works.




Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 124th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., June 15th, 1863. Entered service at: Middletown, N.Y. Birth: Orange County, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 September 1897. Citation: At imminent peril saved from death or capture a disabled officer of his company by carrying him under a hot musketry fire, to a place of safety.





Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 11th lowa Infantry. Place and date: Near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 15th, 1864. Entered service at: Tipton, Cedar County, lowa. Born: 1840, Michigan. Date of issue: 27 November 1899. Citation: With one companion and under a fierce fire of the enemy at close range, went to the rescue of a wounded comrade who had fallen between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.





Rank and organization. Private, Company K, 11th lowa Infantry. Place and date: Near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 15th, 1864. Entered service at: DeWitt, Clinton County, lowa. Birth: Marion County, Ohio. Date of issue. 27 November 1899. Citation: With one companion and under a fierce fire from the enemy at short range went to the rescue of a wounded comrade who had fallen between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.





Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1840, County of Caven, Ireland. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Fort Henry, Crystal River, Fla., June 15th, 1863. Reconnoitering on the Crystal River on this date and in charge of a boat from the Fort Henry, Orderly Sgt. Nugent ordered an assault upon a rebel breastwork fortification. In this assault, the orderly sergeant and his comrades drove a guard of eleven rebels into the swamp, capturing their arms and destroying their camp equipage while gallantly withholding fire to prevent harm to a woman among the fugitives. On 30 July 1863, he further proved his courage by capturing a boat off Depot Key, Fla., containing two men and a woman with their baggage.





Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 46th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 15th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Perry County, Ohio. Date of issue: 2 January 1895. Citation: Advanced beyond the lines, and in an encounter with three Confederates, shot two and took the other prisoner.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 14th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 14, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Flag Day
U.S. Army’s Birthday

Star Spangled Banner

Flag Etiquette


The Flag Code, which formalizes and unifies the traditional ways in which we give respect to the flag, also contains specific instructions on how the flag is not to be used. They are:

  • The flag should never be dipped to any person or thing. It is flown upside down only as a distress signal.
  • The flag should not be used as a drapery, or for covering a speakers desk, draping a platform, or for any decoration in general. Bunting of blue, white and red stripes is available for these purposes. The blue stripe of the bunting should be on the top.
  • The flag should never be used for any advertising purpose. It should not be embroidered, printed or otherwise impressed on such articles as cushions, handkerchiefs, napkins, boxes, or anything intended to be discarded after temporary use. Advertising signs should not be attached to the staff or halyard
  • The flag should not be used as part of a costume or athletic uniform, except that a flag patch may be used on the uniform of military personnel, fireman, policeman and members of patriotic organizations.
  • The flag should never have placed on it, or attached to it, any mark, insignia, letter, word, number, figure, or drawing of any kind.
  • The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything.

When the flag is lowered, no part of it should touch the ground or any other object; it should be received by waiting hands and arms. To store the flag it should be folded neatly and ceremoniously.

The flag should be cleaned and mended when necessary.

When a flag is so worn it is no longer fit to serve as a symbol of our country, it should be destroyed by burning in a dignified manner.


Note: Most American Legion Posts regularly conduct a dignified flag burning ceremony, often on Flag Day, June 14th. Many Cub Scout Packs, Boy Scout Troops, and Girl Scout Troops retire flags regularly as well. Contact your local American Legion Hall or Scout Troop to inquire about the availability of this service.


Displaying the Flag Outdoors

When the flag is displayed from a staff projecting from a window, balcony, or a building, the union should be at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff.

When it is displayed from the same flagpole with another flag – of a state, community, society or Scout unit – the flag of the United States must always be at the top except that the church pennant may be flown above the flag during church services for Navy personnel when conducted by a Naval chaplain on a ship at sea.

When the flag is displayed over a street, it should be hung vertically, with the union to the north or east. If the flag is suspended over a sidewalk, the flag’s union should be farthest from the building.

When flown with flags of states, communities, or societies on separate flag poles which are of the same height and in a straight line, the flag of the United States is always placed in the position of honor – to its own right.
..The other flags may be smaller but none may be larger.
..No other flag ever should be placed above it.
..The flag of the United States is always the first flag raised and the last to be lowered.

When flown with the national banner of other countries, each flag must be displayed from a separate pole of the same height. Each flag should be the same size. They should be raised and lowered simultaneously. The flag of one nation may not be displayed above that of another nation.

Raising and Lowering the Flag

The flag should be raised briskly and lowered slowly and ceremoniously. Ordinarily it should be displayed only between sunrise and sunset. It should be illuminated if displayed at night.
The flag of the United States of America is saluted as it is hoisted and lowered. The salute is held until the flag is unsnapped from the halyard or through the last note of music, whichever is the longest.

Displaying the Flag Indoors

When on display, the flag is accorded the place of honor, always positioned to its own right. Place it to the right of the speaker or staging area or sanctuary. Other flags should be to the left.

The flag of the United States of America should be at the center and at the highest point of the group when a number of flags of states, localities, or societies are grouped for display.

When one flag is used with the flag of the United States of America and the staffs are crossed, the flag of the United States is placed on its own right with its staff in front of the other flag.

When displaying the flag against a wall, vertically or horizontally, the flag’s union (stars) should be at the top, to the flag’s own right, and to the observer’s left.

Parading and Saluting the Flag

When carried in a procession, the flag should be to the right of the marchers. When other flags are carried, the flag of the United States may be centered in front of the others or carried to their right. When the flag passes in a procession, or when it is hoisted or lowered, all should face the flag and salute.

The Salute

To salute, all persons come to attention. Those in uniform give the appropriate formal salute. Citizens not in uniform salute by placing their right hand over the heart and men with head cover should remove it and hold it to left shoulder, hand over the heart. Members of organizations in formation salute upon command of the person in charge.


The Pledge of Allegiance and National Anthem

The pledge of allegiance should be rendered by standing at attention, facing the flag, and saluting.
When the national anthem is played or sung, citizens should stand at attention and salute at the first note and hold the salute through the last note. The salute is directed to the flag, if displayed, otherwise to the music.

The Flag in Mourning

To place the flag at half staff, hoist it to the peak for an instant and lower it to a position half way between the top and bottom of the staff. The flag is to be raised again to the peak for a moment before it is lowered. On Memorial Day the flag is displayed at half staff until noon and at full staff from noon to sunset.

The flag is to be flown at half staff in mourning for designated, principal government leaders and upon presidential or gubernatorial order.

When used to cover a casket, the flag should be placed with the union at the head and over the left shoulder. It should not be lowered into the grave.


Scripture of the Day

Psalm 143:10  King James Version (KJV)

10 Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.

Founders Thoughts

Founding Fathers

The Revolution and political founding of our country spanned three decades, and the process of building a new nation encompassed the intellect and energy of the entire population. Like bloggers of today, pamphleteers and newspapers spread their opinions to the populous and people gathered in churches, taverns and homes to debate the kind of government they wanted for themselves and posterity. Debate raged across the nation for years as We The People rationally decided on the best form of government to protect individual liberty.


The great use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it.

 ~ William James


ca·pri·cious kə-ˈpri-shəs, -ˈprē-  adjective

1 a: a sudden, impulsive, and seemingly unmotivated notion or action b: a sudden usually unpredictable condition, change, or series of changes <the caprices of the weather>2: a disposition to do things impulsively


1642 – First compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts.

1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts colony.

1775 –  The Continental Army was established by a resolution of the Continental Congress . The army was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies in their struggle against the rule of Great Britain. Most of the Continental Army was disbanded in 1783 after the Treaty of Paris ended the war.

1777 – During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress adopts a resolution stating that “the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white” and that “the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.”

1777 – John Paul Jones takes command of USS Ranger.

1789 – Mutiny on the Bounty: Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat.

1789 – Whisky distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

1822 – Charles Babbage proposes a difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables”.

1834 – Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, ME.

1834 – Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.

1834 – Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont.

1846 – Bear Flag Revolt begins – Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.

1847 – Commodore Matthew Perry launches amphibious river operations by sailors and Marines on Tabasco River, Mexico.

1848 – The California Star newspaper in San Francisco locked its doors due to the gold strike and lack of working men.

1863 – Civil War: President Lincoln authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to “cooperate by the revenue cutters under your direction with the Navy in arresting rebel depredations on American commerce and transportation and in capturing rebels engaged therein.”

1863 – Civil War: Battle of Second Winchester – a Union garrison is defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia.

1864 – Civil War: At the Battle of Pine Mountain, Georgia, Confederate General Leonidas Polk was killed by a Union shell.

1864 – U.S.S. Kearsarge, Captain Winslow, arrived off Cherbourg, France. The ship log recorded: “Found the rebel privateer Alabama lying at anchor in the roads.” Kearsarge took up the blockade in international waters off the harbor entrance.

1870 – All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer first loss in 130 games.

1876 – George Hall of the Philadelphia Athletics hits three triples and a HR in a 20-5 pasting of Cincinnati.

1881 – Player piano patented by John McTammany, Jr, Cambridge, MA.

1893 – Philadelphia observed the first Flag Day.

1898 – Spanish-American War: Two companies of Marines defeated the Spanish near Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

1900 – Hawaii becomes a United States territory. US Congress passed a law granting citizenship to all persons who had been citizens of the Republic of Hawaii at the time of annexation.

1916 – President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day; in August 1949, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress.

1917 – General John Pershing arrived in Paris during World War I.

1919 – The US Congress passed the 19th amendment granting suffrage to American women.
1922 – Warren G. Harding became the first president heard on radio, as Baltimore station WEAR broadcast his speech dedicating the Francis Scott Key memorial at Fort McHenry.

1923 – Fiddlin’ John Carson recorded “Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane” for Okeh records. This is considered the beginning of the country music recording industry.

1927 – George Washington Carver patents a process of producing paints and stains.

1928 – The Republican National Convention in Kansas City nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot.

1932 – Representative Edward Eslick died on the floor of the House of Representatives while pleading for the passage of the bonus bill for US veterans.

1934 – James J. Braddock scores one of the most upsetting victories in of his boxing career by beating John “Corn” Griffin – roughly marking the advent of his comeback to success and eventually winning World Heavyweight championship.

1937 – Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.

1937 – U. S. House of Representatives passes the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act.

1938 – Action Comics issue one was released, introducing Superman.

1938 – Chlorophyll patented by Dr. Benjamin Grushkin. It was patented as a “therapeutic agent for the use in the treatment of infection” of the blood stream, infected parts, and for open cuts and wounds.

1940 – World War II: Paris falls under German occupation, and Allied forces retreat.

1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Naval Expansion Act which aims to increase the United States Navy’s tonnage by 11%.

1940 – World War II: Holocaust: A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.

1941 – World War II: Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Lithuanians and Latvians, the June deportation, begin.

1941 – World War II: The Coast Guard Cutter Duane rescued 46 survivors from the torpedoed USS Tresillian.

1941 – World War II: President Roosevelt freezes all German and Italian assets in the United States.

1941 – World War II: The Russian secret police gathered up some 40,000 men, women and children and exiled them to Siberia in cattle cars.

1942 – World War II: Anne Frank begins to keep a diary.

1942 – World War II: The first bazooka rocket gun, produced in Bridgeport, Ct., demolished a tank from its shoulder-held position.

1943 – The U.S. Supreme Court, in West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette, ruled that schoolchildren could not be made to salute the U.S. flag and say the Pledge of Allegiance if doing so conflicted with their religious beliefs.

1944 – World War II: The first raid by American B-29 Superfortress bombers is carried out. A total of 48 planes (of which 4 are lost) make an ineffective strike on the Yawata Iron and Steel works.

1944 – World War II: US naval forces conduct bombardments of Saipan and Tinian in preparation for landings on these islands.

1945 – General Dwight D. Eisenhower was honored as a Companion of the Liberation by General Charles de Gaulle.

1945 – World War II: The US Joint Chiefs of Staff issue a directive to General MacArthur, General Arnold and Admiral Nimitz to prepare plans for the immediate occupation of the Japanese islands in the event of a sudden capitulation.

1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Riders in the Sky”  by  Vaughn Monroe, “Again”  by  Doris Day, “Bali Ha’i”  by  Perry Como and “One Kiss Too Many”  by  Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.

1949 – Congress declares June 14th as “Flag Day”.

1951 – UNIVAC I is dedicated by U.S. Census Bureau.

1951 – Korean War: A single communist Polikarpov PO-2 biplane dropped bombs on Suwon Airfield and another PO-2 bombed a motor pool at Inchon. These attacks marked the beginning of enemy night harassing missions that soon became known as “Bedcheck Charley.”

1952 – The USS Nautilus, the first atomic submarine, was dedicated in Groton, Connecticut.

1953 – Elvis Presley graduated from L.C. Humes High School in Memphis, TN.

1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words “under God” into the United States’ Pledge of Allegiance.

1954 – Over 12 million Americans “die” in a mock nuclear attack, as the United States goes through its first nationwide civil defense drill.

1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Letters in the Sand”  by  Pat Boone, “A Teenager’s Romance/I’m Walkin”  by  Ricky Nelson, “Bye Bye Love”  by  The Everly Brothers and “Four Walls”  by  Jim Reeves all topped the charts.

1958 – “Purple People Eater” by Sheb Wooley topped the charts.

1961 – Patsy Cline sustained serious head injuries and a fractured hip in a car accident in Madison, TN.

1962 – Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders Anna Slesers, his first victim.

1962 – The New Mexico Supreme Court in the case of Montoya v. Bolack, 70 N.M. 196, prohibits state and local governments from denying Native Americans the right to vote because they live on a reservation.

1963 – Duke Snider got his 400th home run in a game against the Cincinnati Reds.

1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “Back in My Arms Again”  by  The Supremes, “Crying in the Chapel”  by  Elvis Presley, “I Can’t Help Myself “ by  The Four Tops and “What’s He Doing in My World”  by  Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.

1965 – Paul McCartney recorded “Yesterday.”

1965 – Bob Dylan recorded “Like A Rolling Stone.

1965 – Cincinnati Reds Jim Maloney no-hits NY Mets but loses in 11, 1-0

1967 – The space probe Mariner 5 was launched from Cape Kennedy on a flight that took it past Venus.

1969 – “Get Back” by the Beatles topped the charts.

1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Love”  by  Paul McCartney & Wings, “Frankenstein”  by  The Edgar Winter Group, “Pillow Talk”  by  Sylvia and “You Always Come Back (To Hurting Me)  by  Johnny Rodriguez all topped the charts.

1975 – Janis Ian releases “At Seventeen

1975 – “Sister Golden Hair” by America topped the charts.

1976 – “Gong Show” premieres on TV (syndication).

1980 – “Funky Town” by Lipps, Inc. topped the charts.

1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Bette Davis Eyes”  by  Kim Carnes, “Stars on 45 Medley”  by  Stars on 45, “Sukiyaki”  by  A Taste of Honey and “What are We Doin’ in Love”  by  Dottie West with Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.

1983 – Five people were killed in a wing of a Ramada Inn in Fort Worth, TX. The fire began in stacked rolls of carpet and padding, the fumes that ensued were toxic.

1985 – TWA Flight 847 from Athens to Rome is hijacked by Shiite Hezbollah terrorists who immediately demand to know the identity of ”those with Jewish-sounding names.” The hijackers killed Petty Officer Robert Dean Stethem and dumped his body on the tarmac in Beirut.

1985 – Earl Weaver returned to manage the American League Baltimore Orioles, after a 2-1/2-year retirement.

1986 – “On My Own” by Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonald topped the charts.

1987 – The Los Angeles Lakers won the NBA title by defeating the defending Boston Celtics 106 – 93.

1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wind Beneath My Wings”  by  Bette Midler, “I’ll Be Loving You (Forever)”  by  New Kids on the Block, “Every Little Step”  by  Bobby Brown and “Better Man”  by  Clint Black all topped the charts.

1989 – Former U.S. President Reagan received an honorary knighthood from Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II.

1989 – Ground breaking begins in Minnesota on the world’s largest mall.

1989 – Nolan Ryan becomes second pitcher to defeat all twenty-six teams.

1989 – Zsa Zsa Gabor was arrested in Beverly Hills for slapping a motorcycle policeman.

1989 – Detroit Pistons sweep LA for NBA title, Kareem Abdul Jabar’s final NBA game.

1990 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld police checkpoints that are used to examine drivers for signs of intoxication.

1991 – The space shuttle “Columbia” returned from a medical research mission.

1992 – The Chicago Bulls won the NBA championship beating the Portland Trailblazers, 97-93.

1992 – Mona Van Duyn (1921-2004) became the first woman to be named America’s poet laureate by the Library of Congress.

1993 – President Clinton chose Ruth Bader Ginsburg, an advocate of women’s rights, to serve on the Supreme Court.

1994 – The New York Rangers won the Stanley Cup by defeating the Vancouver Canucks. It was the first time the Rangers had won the cup in 54 years.

1994 – President Clinton unveiled a $9.3 billion welfare reform plan.

1996 – The FBI released that the White House had done bureau background reports on at least 408 people without justification.

1996 – Money Magazine ranked Madison, Wis., as the best place to live among the nation’s 300 metropolitan areas.

1996 – A new medium priced home in the US was priced at $135,800.

1997 – “I’ll Be Missing You” by Puff Daddy topped the charts.

1998 – The Chicago Bulls win their sixth NBA championship, defeating the Utah Jazz in game six played in Salt Lake City, 87-86.

1998 – Tori Murden of Louisville, Ky., departed from North Carolina in a 23-foot fiberglass rowboat in an attempt to become the first woman to row across the Atlantic.

1998 – The Boston Globe asked for the resignation of columnist Patricia Smith due to fabricated quotations and people in her column.

1999 – About 15,000 NATO peacekeepers spread out across Kosovo, including a convoy of about 1200 US Marines.

2000 – In Florida George Trofimoff (73) was arrested for spying for the Soviet KGB from 1969-1995. He had served as chief of an Army unit responsible for interviewing Warsaw pact defectors.

2000 – US federal marine specialists reported that the US Navy induced underwater noise caused the death of at least a dozen whales in the Bahamas in March. Hemorrhages were found around the animals’ ears.

2000 – The Southern Baptist Convention declared that women should no longer serve as pastors.

2001 – Pres. Bush ordered a stop to the Navy bombing exercises on Puerto Rico’s Vieques Island. Cleanup was estimated to cost hundreds of millions and take decades. Bombing practice was set to stop by May, 2003.

2002 – Actor Kirk Douglas received the UCLA Medal. The award is presented to people for cultural, political and humanitarian achievements.

2002 – In Lubbock, TX, a power failure ended a Britney Spears concert after only two songs.

2003 – Off the northern Oregon coast a large wave flipped over Taki-Tooo, a charter fishing boat carrying 19 people, killing at least nine; eight survived by swimming to shore.

2003 – A car driven by Phoenix Bishop Thomas O’Brien struck and killed pedestrian Jim Reed; O’Brien was later convicted of leaving the scene of an accident and sentenced to probation.

2004 – The US Supreme Court allowed millions of schoolchildren to keep affirming loyalty to one nation “under God.”
2002 – The US became officially free from a 1972 treaty that banned major missile defenses. In Alaska work was set to begin on missile interceptors.

2004 – The US military released hundreds of prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison.

2005 –  US Army deserter Charles Jenkins, who crossed into North Korea in 1965, arrived in the United States for his first visit in 40 years.

2005 – The 7.0-magnitude quake struck northern California about 90 miles southwest of the coastal community of Crescent City, where a 1964 tsunami killed eleven people.

2006 – Librarian of Congress James H. Billington named Donald Hall (77), former poet laureate of New Hampshire, as the next poet laureate of the US.

2007 –  In Mississippi Klansman James Ford Seale (71) was convicted on federal charges of kidnapping and conspiracy in the 1964 deaths of Charles Moore and Henry Hezekiah Dee.

2008 – Shuttle Discovery and its crew of seven returned to Earth and capped a successful expansion job at the International Space Station thanks to a new billion-dollar science lab.

2010 – A California judge refuses to suspend the medical licence of Conrad Murray, the doctor charged in connection with Michael Jackson’s death.

2011 – Small communities near the US town of Sierra Vista, Arizona are evacuated due to a wildfire that started in Coronado National Memorial.

2011 – The Wallow Fire becomes the largest wildfire in Arizona history.

2012 – A new survey finds that global support for President Barack Obama has declined since 2009.

2013 – White House attempts to remove ‘Father’ from ‘Founding Fathers’. In an apparent effort to make sure the names of Dolly Madison, Martha Washington and Abigail Adams weren’t disparaged, the White House blog wanted to change Founding Fathers to “Founding Founders.”

2014 – Near Colorado Springs, destructive wildfires claimed more than 570 homes and at least 2 lives.

2015 – 2015 Alaska Sockeye wildfire – A wildfire near Willow, Alaska in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough burns over 6,500 acres, numerous structures and closes the George Parks Highway, severing the road link between Anchorage and Fairbanks.



1820 – John Bartlett, publisher of Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations (d. 1905)
1832 – Nikolaus Otto, German engineer was the German inventor of the first internal-combustion engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber. (d. 1891)
1855 – Robert La Follette, Sr., U.S. Senator (d. 1925)
1871 – Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor. He is remembered chiefly for his contributions to powered flight. (d. 1946)
1903 – Alonzo Church, American mathematician and logician that ushered in the theoretical basis for computer science. (d. 1995)
1906 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photojournalist (d. 1971)
1909 – Burl Ives, American musician (d. 1995)
1916 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (d. 2001)
1919 – Sam Wanamaker, American actor (d. 1993)
1921 – Gene Barry, American actor
1925 – Pierre Salinger, John F. Kennedy’s Press Secretary (d. 2004)
1932 – Joe Arpaio, sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona
1946 – Donald Trump, American businessman and entrepreneur
1947 – Barry Melton, American guitarist (Country Joe and the Fish)





Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Medical Company 223d Infantry Regiment, 40th Infantry Division. Place and date: Vicinity of Minari-gol, Korea, 14 June 14, 1952. Entered service at: Shelley, Idaho. Born: 27 February 1932, Idaho Falls, Idaho. G.O. No.: 83, 2 November 1953. Citation: Sgt. Bleak, a member of the medical company, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. As a medical aidman, he volunteered to accompany a reconnaissance patrol committed to engage the enemy and capture a prisoner for interrogation. Forging up the rugged slope of the key terrain, the group was subjected to intense automatic weapons and small arms fire and suffered several casualties. After administering to the wounded, he continued to advance with the patrol. Nearing the military crest of the hill, while attempting to cross the fire-swept area to attend the wounded, he came under hostile fire from a small group of the enemy concealed in a trench. Entering the trench he closed with the enemy, killed two with bare hands and a third with his trench knife. Moving from the emplacement, he saw a concussion grenade fall in front of a companion and, quickly shifting his position, shielded the man from the impact of the blast. Later, while ministering to the wounded, he was struck by a hostile bullet but, despite the wound, he undertook to evacuate a wounded comrade. As he moved down the hill with his heavy burden, he was attacked by two enemy soldiers with fixed bayonets. Closing with the aggressors, he grabbed them and smacked their heads together, then carried his helpless comrade down the hill to safety. Sgt. Bleak’s dauntless courage and intrepid actions reflect utmost credit upon himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.




Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company F, 223d Infantry Regiment, 40th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Minarigol, Korea, 14 June 14,1952. Entered service at: Gray, Pa. Born: 25 March 1931, Gray, Pa. G.O. No.: 65, 19 August 1953. Citation: Cpl. Speicher distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. While participating in an assault to secure a key terrain feature, Cpl. Speicher’s squad was pinned down by withering small-arms mortar, and machine gun fire. Although already wounded he left the comparative safety of his position, and made a daring charge against the machine gun emplacement. Within ten yards of the goal, he was again wounded by small-arms fire but continued on, entered the bunker, killed two hostile soldiers with his rifle, a third with his bayonet, and silenced the machine gun. Inspired by this incredible display of valor, the men quickly moved up and completed the mission. Dazed and shaken, he walked to the foot of the hill where he collapsed and died. Cpl. Speicher’s consummate sacrifice and unflinching devotion to duty reflect lasting glory upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.





Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain), 2d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division, World War II. Place and date: Renouf, France,  June 14, to September 3rd,1944. Entered service at: Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 2 July 1941. Date and place of birth: 25 August 1919, Buffalo, New York. Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain) Matt Urban, l 12-22-2414, United States Army, who distinguished himself by a series of bold, heroic actions, exemplified by singularly outstanding combat leadership, personal bravery, and tenacious devotion to duty, during the period 14 June to 3 September 1944 while assigned to the 2d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On 14 June, Captain Urban’s company, attacking at Renouf, France, encountered heavy enemy small arms and tank fire. The enemy tanks were unmercifully raking his unit’s positions and inflicting heavy casualties. Captain Urban, realizing that his company was in imminent danger of being decimated, armed himself with a bazooka. He worked his way with an ammo carrier through hedgerows, under a continuing barrage of fire, to a point near the tanks. He brazenly exposed himself to the enemy fire and, firing the bazooka, destroyed both tanks. Responding to Captain Urban’s action, his company moved forward and routed the enemy. Later that same day, still in the attack near Orglandes, Captain Urban was wounded in the leg by direct fire from a 37mm tank-gun. He refused evacuation and continued to lead his company until they moved into defensive positions for the night. At 0500 hours the next day, still in the attack near Orglandes, Captain Urban, though badly wounded, directed his company in another attack. One hour later he was again wounded. Suffering from two wounds, one serious, he was evacuated to England. In mid-July, while recovering from his wounds, he learned of his unit’s severe losses in the hedgerows of Normandy. Realizing his unit’s need for battle-tested leaders, he voluntarily left the hospital and hitchhiked his way back to his unit hear St. Lo, France. Arriving at the 2d Battalion Command Post at 1130 hours, 25 July, he found that his unit had jumped-off at 1100 hours in the first attack of Operation Cobra.” Still limping from his leg wound, Captain Urban made his way forward to retake command of his company. He found his company held up by strong enemy opposition. Two supporting tanks had been destroyed and another, intact but with no tank commander or gunner, was not moving. He located a lieutenant in charge of the support tanks and directed a plan of attack to eliminate the enemy strong-point. The lieutenant and a sergeant were immediately killed by the heavy enemy fire when they tried to mount the tank. Captain Urban, though physically hampered by his leg wound and knowing quick action had to be taken, dashed through the scathing fire and mounted the tank. With enemy bullets ricocheting from the tank, Captain Urban ordered the tank forward and, completely exposed to the enemy fire, manned the machine gun and placed devastating fire on the enemy. His action, in the face of enemy fire, galvanized the battalion into action and they attacked and destroyed the enemy position. On 2 August, Captain Urban was wounded in the chest by shell fragments and, disregarding the recommendation of the Battalion Surgeon, again refused evacuation. On 6 August, Captain Urban became the commander of the 2d Battalion. On 15 August, he was again wounded but remained with his unit. On 3 September, the 2d Battalion was given the mission of establishing a crossing-point on the Meuse River near Heer, Belgium. The enemy planned to stop the advance of the allied Army by concentrating heavy forces at the Meuse. The 2d Battalion, attacking toward the crossing-point, encountered fierce enemy artillery, small arms and mortar fire which stopped the attack. Captain Urban quickly moved from his command post to the lead position of the battalion. Reorganizing the attacking elements, he personally led a charge toward the enemy’s strong-point. As the charge moved across the open terrain, Captain Urban was seriously wounded in the neck. Although unable to talk above a whisper from the paralyzing neck wound, and in danger of losing his life, he refused to be evacuated until the enemy was routed and his battalion had secured the crossing-point on the Meuse River. Captain Urban’s personal leadership, limitless bravery, and repeated extraordinary exposure to enemy fire served as an inspiration to his entire battalion. His valorous and intrepid actions reflect the utmost credit on him and uphold the noble traditions of the United States.



Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant. U.S. Army, Company L, 142d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Magliano, Italy,  June 14, 1944. Entered service al: Baton Rouge, La. Birth: Baton Rouge La. G.O. No.: 90, 8 December 1944. Citation: While his platoon was pinned down by enemy small-arms fire from both flanks, he left his position of comparative safety and assisted in carrying 1 of his men, who had been seriously wounded and who lay in an exposed position, to a point where he could receive medical attention. The advance of the platoon was resumed but was again stopped by enemy frontal fire. A German officer and 2 enlisted men, armed with automatic weapons, threatened the right flank. Fearlessly exposing himself, he moved to a position from which he killed all 3 with his submachinegun. Returning to his squad, he obtained an Ml rifle and several antitank grenades, then took up a position from which he delivered accurate fire on the enemy holding up the advance. As the battalion moved forward it was again stopped by enemy frontal and flanking fire. He procured an automatic rifle and, advancing ahead of his men, neutralized an enemy machinegun with his fire. When the flanking fire became more intense he ran to a nearby tank and exposing himself on the turret, restored a jammed machinegun to operating efficiency and used it so effectively that the enemy fire from an adjacent ridge was materially reduced thus permitting the battalion to occupy its objective.


*STOCKHAM, FRED W. (Army Medal)

Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 96th Company, 2d Battalion, 6th Regiment. Place and date: In Bois-de-Belleau, France, June 13th and June 14, 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Detroit, Mich. G.O. NO.:–. Citation: During an intense enemy bombardment with high explosive and gas shells which wounded or killed many members of the company, G/Sgt. Stockham, upon noticing that the gas mask of a wounded comrade was shot away, without hesitation, removed his own gas mask and insisted upon giving it to the wounded man, well knowing that the effects of the gas would be fatal to himself. He continued with undaunted courage and valor to direct and assist in the evacuation of the wounded, until he himself collapsed from the effects of gas, dying as a result thereof a few days later. His courageous conduct undoubtedly saved the lives of many of his wounded comrades and his conspicuous gallantry and spirit of self-sacrifice were a source of great inspiration to all who served with him.


Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 17 March 1873, Limerick, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 92, 8 December 1910. Citation: For heroism and gallantry in action at Cuzco, Cuba,  June 14th, 1898.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 20 June 1870, Charleston, W. Va. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 504 13 December 1898. Other Navy award: Navy Cross. Citation: In action during the battle of Cuzco, Cuba, June 14th, 1898. Distinguishing himself during this action, Quick signaled the U.S.S. Dolphin on 3 different occasions while exposed to a heavy fire from the enemy.



Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company E, 12th West Virginia Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., June 14th, 1863. Entered service at: Clarksburg, W. Va. Born: 7 February 1833, Richmond, W. Va. Date of issue: 6 March 1890. Citation: Led his command over the stone wall, where he was wounded.


FOX, NICHOLASState of Connecticut

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 28th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., June 14th, 1863. Entered service at: Greenwich, Conn. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 1 April 1898. Citation: Made two trips across an open space, in the face of the enemy’s concentrated fire, and secured water for the sick and wounded.



Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 4th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., June 14th, 1863. Entered service at: East Randolph, Mass. Born: 10 January 1832, Springfield, N.H. Date of issue: 19 November 1891. Citation: During a momentary confusion in the ranks caused by other troops rushing upon the regiment, this soldier, with coolness and determination, rendered efficient aid in preventing a panic among the troops.



Rank and organization: Principal Musician, 122d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., June 14th, 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Morgan County, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 May 1899 Citation: With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.



Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 122d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., June 14th,1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Morgan County, Ohio. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless, wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 13th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 13, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Kitchen Klutzes of America Day 

Miranda v. Arizona









In March 1963, a kidnapping and sexual assault occurred in Phoenix, Arizona. The Phoenix police, in their investigation, determined that they had found a strong suspect (this was prior to terms like investigative leads, etc.) On March 13, 1963, Ernesto Miranda, 23, was arrested in his home, taken to the police station, identified by the victim, and taken into an interrogation room. Ernesto Miranda was no stranger to police procedures. He negotiated with police officers with intelligence and understanding. He signed the confession willingly. The prosecution was proper, his conviction was based on Arizona law, and his imprisonment was just.

Miranda was not told of his rights to counsel prior to questioning. Two hours later, investigators emerged from the room with a written confession signed by Miranda. It included a typed disclaimer, also signed by Miranda, stating that he had “full knowledge of my legal rights, understanding any statement I make may be used against me,” and that he had knowingly waived those rights.

Two weeks later at a preliminary hearing, Miranda again was denied counsel. At his trial he did have a lawyer, whose objections to the use of Miranda’s signed confession as evidence were overruled. Miranda was convicted of kidnapping and rape, and received a 20-year sentence.

The question was, is a confession an admissible document in a court of law if it was obtained without warnings against self-incrimination and without legal counsel—rights guaranteed to all persons by the 5th and 6th amendments?  The second question is, with whom does the burden of proof rest for determining whether a defendant has legally “waived” his or her rights? What is the standard for judging whether “voluntary confessions” should be deemed admissible? When should an attorney be appointed for a person if he or she cannot afford one?

According to the Supreme Court,the police clearly violated Miranda’s 5th Amendment “right to remain silent”, and his 6th Amendment “right to legal counsel.”  Arizona ignored both the Escobedo rule (evidence obtained from an illegally obtained confession is inadmissible in court) and the Gideon rule (all felony defendants have the right to an attorney) in prosecuting Miranda. His confession was illegally obtained and should be thrown out. His conviction was faulty, and he deserved a new trial.

By a 5-4 margin, the Court voted to overturn Miranda’s conviction. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Warren declared that the burden is upon the State to demonstrate that “procedural safeguards effective to secure the privilege against self-incrimination” are followed. “The current practice of ‘incommunicado’ [unable to communicate with the world] interrogation is at odds with one of our Nation’s most cherished principles—that the individual may not be compelled to incriminate himself.”

Warren then summarized the case, measuring it against the “fundamental fairness” standards the Court had established. “[I]t is clear,” he wrote, “that Miranda was not in any way apprised of his right to consult with an attorney and to have one present during the interrogation, nor was his right not to be compelled to incriminate himself effectively protected in any other manner. Without these warnings [his] statements were inadmissible. The mere fact that he signed a statement which contained a typed-in clause stating that he had ‘full knowledge’ of his ‘legal rights’ does not approach the knowing and intelligent waiver required to relinquish constitutional rights.”

The creation of the Miranda Warning put on the shoulders of the police the burden of informing citizens subject to questioning in a criminal investigation of their rights to “due process.” Ernesto Miranda, retracting his confession, was tried again by the State of Arizona, found guilty, and sent to prison. His retrial, based on a prisoner’s successful appeal, did not constitute “double jeopardy.”


Scripture of the Day

Isaiah 12:2

Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.

Founders Thoughts

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson – Muslim Problem – “The ambassador answered us that [the right] was founded on the Laws of the Prophet, that it was written in their Koran, that all nations who should not have answered their authority were sinners, that it was their right and duty to make war upon them wherever they could be found, and to make slaves of all they could take as prisoners, and that every Mussulman who should be slain in battle was sure to go to Paradise.” Jefferson wrote this to Secretary of State John Jay, explaining peace was not possible.

 I can go for two months on one compliment.”

~ Mark Twain

woot (verb) :

To triumph over

(interjection) : UPDATED: an abbreviation of “We Owned the Other Team”. (W.O.O.T.) expression of joy after a triumph (or an obvious victory). originated from a computer-gaming sub-culture

(interjection) : an interjection expressing joy (it could be after a triumph, or for no reason at all); similar in use to the word “yay”

w00t! I won the contest!


1525 – Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.

1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.

1777 – Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.

1778 – France declares war against England in aid of the American colonies.

1789 – Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to George Washington in her home in New York.

1798 – Mission San Luis Rey is founded.

1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.

1825 – Walter Hunt patented the safety pin. Hunt then  sold the rights for $400.

1862 – Civil War: The Confederate steamer Planter, with her captain ashore in Charleston, was taken out of the harbor by an entirely Negro crew under Robert Smalls and turned over to U.S.S. Onward of the blockading Union squadron.

1862 – U.S.S. Iroquois, Commander Palmer, and U.S.S. Oneida, Commander S. P. Lee, occupied Natchez, Mississippi, as Flag Officer Farragut’s fleet moved steadily toward Vicksburg.

1863 –  Confederate forces on their way to Gettysburg clashed with Union troops at the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia.

1864 – Civil War: The bulk of the Army of the Potomac begins moving towards Petersburg, Virginia, precipitating a siege that lasted for more than nine months.

1866 – The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. It was ratified on July 9, 1868. The amendment was designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves.

1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack. After being trapped in the ice and drifting for almost two years, the ship was released from its ice-grip, then trapped again, crushed and sunk some 300 nautical miles (560 km; 350 mi) north of the Siberian coast.

1888 –  Congress creates the Department of Labor. It was designed to collect information about employment and labor. It became an independent (sub-Cabinet) department by the Department of Labor Act on June 13, 1888.

1893 – Grover Cleveland undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; operation not revealed to US public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.

1898 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.

1900 – China’s Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted into violence.

1910 – Pilot Charles Hamilton makes first one-day round-trip from New York to Philadelphia.

1912 – Captain Albert Berry made the first successful parachute jump from an airplane in Jefferson, Mississippi.|

1917 – World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.

1920 – The U.S. Post Office Department ruled that children may not be sent by parcel post.

1922 – Charlie Osborne started the longest attack on hiccups. He hiccuped over 435 million times before stopping. He died in 1991, 11 months after his hiccups ended.

1924 – The New York Yankees win by forfeit over the Detroit Tigers due to a 30 minute fight after Bob Meusel takes a pitch in his back, hurls his bat at P Bert Cole, and charges the mound. The umpire, Billy Evans, forfeited it to New York and it was their third forfeit win.

1927 – For the first time, an American Flag was displayed from the right hand of the Statue of Liberty.

1927 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker-tape parade down Fifth Avenue in New York City.

1929 – Coast Guard Radio Technician A. G. Descoteaux became the first person to broadcast from an aircraft.

1933 – First sodium vapor lamps are installed in Schenectady, NY.

1933 –  Federal Home Owners Loan Corporation is authorized. The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) was a New Deal agency established in 1933 under President Franklin Roosevelt. Its purpose was to refinance homes to prevent foreclosure.

1934 – Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as “a silly little monkey”.

1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, the ten to one underdog James J. Braddock defeats Max Baer in Long Island City, New York, and becomes the heavyweight champion of the world.

1937 – Joe DiMaggio hits three consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns.

1939 – Lionel Hampton and his band recorded “Memories of You” for Victor Records.

1942 – World War II: President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information, and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head. The OSS, Office of Strategic Services, was formed.

1942 – The Coast Guard Cutter Thetis sank the German U-boat U-157 off the Florida Keys. There were no survivors.

1942 – German spies landed on Long Island, New York from their submarine U-202. John C. Cullen, Seaman 2nd Class discovered the Nazi saboteurs landing on beach at Amagansett, Long Island. They were soon captured.

1944 – A patent was obtained by Marvin Camras for the magnetic tape recorder.

1944 – World War II: Germany launches a counter attack on Carentan.

1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets. A V-1 flying bomb resembled a 25-ft aircraft, with a wingspan of 17-ft. Ordinary truck fuel kept its pulse-jet engine running, which was mounted above the bomb fuselage carrying a 1,870-pound warhead.

1944 – World War II: On Biak, American forces reduce the scattered Japanese resistance from caves in the east of the island. US aircraft are operating from Mokmer Airfield.

1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, the Japanese resistance in the Oruku peninsula ends. The US 6th Marine Division records a record 169 Japanese prisoners as well as finding about 200 dead.

1946 – First transcontinental round-trip flight in one-day, California-Maryland.

1947 –  First night game at Fenway Park (Red Sox 5, White Sox 3).

1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “Nature Boy” by Nat King Cole, “Toolie Oolie Doolie” by The Andrews Sisters, “Baby Face” by The Art Mooney Orchestra and “Texarkana Baby” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.

1948 – Babe Ruth’s final farewell at Yankee Stadium, he dies August 16th.

1953 – “Song From Moulin Rouge (Where Is Your Heart)” by Percy Faith topped the charts.

1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Wayward Wind” by Gogi Grant, “I’m in Love Againby Fats Domino, “I Want You, I Need You, I Love You” by Elvis Presley and “Crazy Arms” by Ray Price all topped the charts.

1957 – Ted Williams becomes first in the American League to have two, three-HR games in a season.

1959 –  “Battle of New Orleans” by Johnny Horton topped the charts.

1960 –  “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers topped the charts.

1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “Chapel of Love” by The Dixie Cups, “A World Without Love” by Peter & Gordon, “Love Me with All Your Heart” by The Ray Charles Singers and “Together Again” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.

1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.

1967 – President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first Black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

1967 – Vietnam War: Operation Great Bend in Rung Sat Zone.

1968 – Johnny Cash performed a live concert at California’s Folsom Prison. Applause from the inmates was dubbed into his “At Folsom Prison” (54:30)album.

1968 – US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren (1891-1974) submitted his resignation to President Johnson.

1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” becomes the Beatles’ last Number 1 song.

1970 – Beatles’ “Let It Be,” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 4 weeks.

1970 – The song “Make It with You“, by David Gates and Bread, was released.

1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers.

1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Candy Man” by Sammy Davis, Jr., “Song Sung Blueby Neil Diamond, “Nice to Be with You” by Gallery and “The Happiest Girl in the Whole U.S.A.” by Donna Fargo all topped the charts.

1975 – John Lennon made his last TV appearance to sing “Imagine.”

1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.

1979 – Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota.

1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Funkytown” by Lipps, Inc., “Coming Up” by Paul McCartney & Wings, “Biggest Part of Me” by Ambrosia and “My Heart” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.

1981 –  “Bette Davis Eyes” by Kim Carnes topped the charts.

1981 – Tom Snyder interviewed Charles Manson (55:53) on “Tomorrow.”

1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the solar system.
In 2002, NASA made successful contact with telemetry received from Pioneer 10 when it was at a distance from Earth of 7.57 billion miles, and the round-trip time for the signal (at the speed of light) was 22-hr 35-min.

1984 – The Jacksons’ “State of Shock,” was released. Mick Jagger did guest vocals.

1987 – Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel & Anne Knabe complete cycling journey of 15,266 mi from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska to Argentina.

1987 –   “Always” by Atlantic Starr topped the charts.

1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “One More Try” by George Michael, “Together Foreverby Rick Astley, “Everything Your Heart Desires” by Daryl Hall John Oates and “I Told You So” by Randy Travis all topped the charts.

1989 – The Detroit Pistons won their first National Basketball Association title. They beat the L.A. Lakers in four games.

1989 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush exercised his first Presidential veto on a bill dealing with minimum wage.

1991 – Marines from Okinawa and Marine Barracks, Subic Bay, Philippines, evacuated 20,000 Americans after Mount Pinatubo erupted. HMH-772, MAGTF 4-91, MAG-36, 15th MEU and other Marine units assisted.

1992 – Future U.S. President Bill Clinton criticized rap singer Sister Souljah for making remarks “filled with hatred” towards whites.

1992 – Law enforcement officials in Texas called for a ban on Ice-T’s “Cop Killer” album.

1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.

1994 – O.J. Simpson was questioned by Los Angeles police concerning the deaths of his ex-wife and her friend, Ronald Goldman.

1996 – In Montana, the 81-day standoff between the Freemen and the FBI ended when the anti-government group surrendered.

1996 – Arizona Governor Fife Symington was indicted on charges of making false statement to financial institutions and using his office to free himself from a $10 mil loan guarantee.

1996 – A federal grand jury indicted Sun-Diamond Growers of California on charges of illegal gifts to former agricultural Secretary Mike Espy and improper campaign contributions to Espy’s brother Henry.

1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to the death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.

1997 – The Chicago Bulls captured their fifth professional basketball championship in seven years with a 90-86 victory over the Utah Jazz in Game 6 of the NBA finals.

1998 – President Clinton visited Thurston High School in Springfield, Ore., where two students were killed and 22 others wounded the previous month.

1998 – Civil rights leaders and politicians called for an end to racial violence as hundreds of mourners gathered in Jasper, Texas, for the funeral of James Byrd Jr., a black man who police said was brutally killed by white supremacists.

2000 – Julius “Dr. J.” Erving issued a public appeal for help finding his 19-year-old son, Cory. Cory had been missing since May 28, 2000. His body was found July 6, 2000.

2002 – The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

2002 – A federal judge blocked South Carolina Governor Jim Hodges’ suit to block a plutonium shipment from Rocky Flats in Colorado to the Savannah River Site nuclear facility for re-processing.

2002 – The Detroit Red Wings won the Stanley Cup four games to one over the Carolina Hurricanes.

2003 – US forces killed 27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad.

2004 – Former President George H.W. Bush celebrated his 80th birthday with a 13,000-foot parachute jump over his presidential library in College Station, Texas.

2004 – It was reported that a quarter teaspoon of cinnamon a day helped to reduce glucose, fat and cholesterol levels by as much as 30%.

2005 – A jury in Santa Maria, California acquits pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch.

2005 – The US Senate apologized for blocking anti-lynching legislation in the early 20th century, when mob violence against blacks was commonplace.

2005 –   The Supreme Court warned prosecutors to use care in striking minorities from juries, siding with black murder suspects in Texas and California who contended their juries had been unfairly stacked with whites.

2008 –  In Ohio, three men were convicted of plotting to recruit and train terrorists to kill American soldiers in Iraq. Mohammad Amawi (28), Warwan El-Hindi (45) and Wassim Mazloum (27) faced maximum life sentences.

2008 –  In Iowa, the Cedar River crested at nearly 32 feet, 12 feet higher than the old record set in 1929. Water submerged more than 400 blocks of Cedar Rapids, threatened the city’s drinking supply and forced the evacuation of a downtown hospital.

2008 –  In northern California some 2,800 firefighters battled the Humboldt Fire in Butte County. 9,000 residents were evacuated as the fire covered 23,00 acres. By June 15 most of the fire was under control after destroying 74 homes and damaging 20 more in Paradise.

2008 – Tim Russert (58), NBC News’s Washington bureau chief, collapsed and died of a heart attack in his Washington newsroom.

2009 –  Six Flags, an American theme park operator, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

2010 –  Spirit Airlines announced that it has canceled all flights through Jun 15 as a pilot’s strike continued into a second day.

2010 –  Jimmy Dean, former country singer and sausage entrepreneur, died at his home in Virginia. His 1961 song “Big Bad John” won him a Grammy. In 1969 he started the Jimmy Dean Meat Co., which he sold to Sara Lee Corp. in 1984.

2011 –  The US National Weather Service issues a flash flood warning after the Missouri River breaches a levee near Hamburg, Iowa.

2011 –  The American destroyer USS McCampbell is reported to have asked to board a North Korean cargo vessel south of Shanghai; the vessel’s crew refused and later returned home after what The New York Times described as “several days of pressure” from the U.S. warship.|

2011 – The US National Weather Service issues a flash flood warning after the Missouri River breaches a levee near Hamburg, Iowa.

2011 – The Boston Bruins defeat the Vancouver Canucks 5-2 to force the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals into a seventh game.

2012 – U.S. federal prosecutors drop corruption charges against former Senator John Edwards following a mistrial.

2012 – The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency brings drugs charges against seven-time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong.

2012 – In baseball, pitcher Matt Cain of the San Francisco Giants throws the first perfect game in the club’s history.

2015 – A man opens fire at policemen outside the police headquarters in the Texan city of Dallas, while a bag containing a pipe bomb is also found. He was later shot dead by police snipers following a car chase and standoff.

1786 – Winfield Scott, U.S. general (d. 1866)
1864 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
1894 – Dr. Leo Kanner, American psychiatrist and physician known for his work related to autism (d. 1981)
1903 – Harold ‘Red’ Grange, American football player (d. 1991)
1910 – Mary Wickes, American actress (d. 1995)
1911 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
1926 – Paul Lynde, American actor (d. 1982)
1928 – John Forbes Nash, American mathematician, Nobel laureate
1951 – Richard Thomas, American actor
1953 – Tim Allen, American comedian and actor
1986 – Ashley Olsen, American actress
1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen, American actress





Rank and organization: Specialist Fifth Class, U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam,  June 13th, 1968. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 31 July 1946, Brooklyn, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp5c. Kedenburg, U.S. Army, Command and Control Detachment North, Forward Operating Base 2, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), distinguished himself while serving as advisor to a long-range reconnaissance team of South Vietnamese irregular troops. The team’s mission was to conduct counter-guerrilla operations deep within enemy-held territory. prior to reaching the day’s objective, the team was attacked and encircled by a battalion-size North Vietnamese Army force. Sp5c. Kedenburg assumed immediate command of the team which succeeded, after a fierce fight, in breaking out of the encirclement. As the team moved through thick jungle to a position from which it could be extracted by helicopter, Sp5c. Kedenburg conducted a gallant rear guard fight against the pursuing enemy and called for tactical air support and rescue helicopters. His withering fire against the enemy permitted the team to reach a preselected landing zone with the loss of only one man, who was unaccounted for. Once in the landing zone, Sp5c. Kedenburg deployed the team into a perimeter defense against the numerically superior enemy force. When tactical air support arrived, he skillfully directed air strikes against the enemy, suppressing their fire so that helicopters could hover over the area and drop slings to be used in the extraction of the team. After half of the team was extracted by helicopter, Sp5c. Kedenburg and the remaining three members of the team harnessed themselves to the sling on a second hovering helicopter. Just as the helicopter was to lift them out of the area, the South Vietnamese team member who had been unaccounted for after the initial encounter with the enemy appeared in the landing zone. Sp5c. Kedenburg unhesitatingly gave up his place in the sling to the man and directed the helicopter pilot to leave the area. He then continued to engage the enemy who were swarming into the landing zone, killing six enemy soldiers before he was overpowered. Sp5c. Kedenburg’s inspiring leadership, consummate courage and willing self-sacrifice permitted his small team to inflict heavy casualties on the enemy and escape almost certain annihilation. His actions reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.



Rank and organization: Captain, 23d U.S. Infantry. Place and date: Near Zapote River, Luzon, Philippine Islands, June 13th, 1899. Entered service at: Binghamton, N.Y. Birth: Centerville, N.Y. Date of issue: 24 July 1902. Citation: With nine men volunteered to hold an advanced position and held it against a terrific fire of the enemy estimated at 1,000 strong. Taking a rifle from a wounded man, and cartridges from the belts of others, Capt. Sage himself killed five of the enemy.




Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1860 Holland. Biography not available. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna, June 13th, 1884, at Callao, Peru, Fasseur rescued William Cruise, who had fallen overboard, from drowning.


WILLIAMS, LOUIS (Second Award)



Rank and organization: Captain of the Hold, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845 Norway. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884 Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna, Williams rescued from drowning William Cruise, who had fallen overboard at Callao Peru, June 13th, 1884.





Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 12th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 12, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Crowded Nest Awareness Day

Ride The Wind Day




Raggedy Ann and Andy: History and Legend
by Patricia Hall
Copyright 1999, Patricia Hall
All rights reserved


Raggedy Ann, and her equally spirited rag brother, Andy are the world’s best-known and most adored rag dolls. At the hand of their creator, cartoonist-illustrator-author Johnny Gruelle, the Raggedys weren’t ever simply dolls. They were literary characters as well, possessing attributes and outlooks reflecting trustworthiness, kindness, and spunk. Because Gruelle was a natural born storyteller, it followed that his dolls would star in whimsical, fanciful tales, based on fantasy and make believe.

Because of this, Johnny Gruelle’s little rag dolls have also found themselves at the center of several legend cycles — groups of stories that, while containing kernels of truth, are more myth than they are history. What makes this even more intriguing is that fact that Johnny Gruelle, either unwittingly or with the great sense of humor he was known for, initiated many of these legends, a number of which are continuously repeated as the factual history of Raggedy Ann and Andy.

One of the distinguishing features of a legend is that, unlike an out-and-out fairy tale, it is factual-sounding enough to be believable. This especially applies to the Raggedy legends.

In the case of Raggedy Ann and Andy, the legends are as important as factual history in telling their story. Because the Raggedys sprang directly from the rich and embellished world of storytelling — a world of frolicking fairies; come-alive dolls and talking forest critters — it makes great sense to not discount legends simply because they are folklore, and therefore, “unprovable.”

While legends can frustrate the conscientious historian in search of hard, provable facts and figures, they can tell us different things than facts, and they possess powers that historical data do not. Legends have the power of revealing ethics and values; preferences and motives; emotions and reactions. And, in the case of the Raggedys, legends have the singular ability to showcase the true personalities of these fanciful dolls, as well as lending insight into the persona of their creator, Johnny Gruelle.

Johnny Gruelle was born in Arcola, Illinois in 1880, the son of landscape and portrait artist Richard (R.B.) Gruelle. R.B. eventually moved his young family to Indianapolis. There, mixing with his parents’ artistic and literary friends (among them, the poet James Whitcomb Riley) young Johnny developed a strong love of region, and a penchant for the fine art of storytelling.

By the time Gruelle reached adulthood, he had cast his lot as a political cartoonist, turning out as many as three cartoons as day for several midwestern newspapers. In 1910, he acted on his aspirations to become a freelance illustrator, moving to the East Coast, where he accepted a full-time position with The New York Herald (turning out weekly pages of his Sunday comic, “Mr. Twee Deedle”) as well as several book illustrating commissions.

This was during a time in American history when traditional values were being challenged by progress and social change. As a counter-reaction, many were turning back to more nostalgic diversions. Homemade and hand-crafted objects were popular fare; fairy tales, magic shows, and psychic phenomena became all the rage. All of this fit with what Gruelle was already creating, and set the stage perfectly for the folksy, whimsical doll he designed and patented in 1915 — Raggedy Ann. And, Raggedy Ann’s creation set the stage for the legends…

…a small girl bursts into her father’s art studio, trailing a battered rag doll behind her. Panting, she tells Daddy about discovering the faceless doll in Grandmother’s attic. Laying aside his afternoon’s cartoon, the father picks up the doll. He studies her face for a moment before picking up his cartooning pen and deftly applying a new, whimsical face. He suggests that Grandmother might be enlisted to sew on another shoe button to take care of a missing eye. Then, reaching for a volume of poetry behind his desk, the father browses through several by poet and family friend, James Whitcomb Riley. Compressing the titles of two of his favorites — “The Raggedy Man” and “Little Orphant Annie” — he asks, his daughter, “What if we call your new doll Raggedy Ann?..”

So goes one version of an oft-repeated account of where Raggedy Ann really came from. Sometimes the date given is 1914; sometimes it is as early as 1900. Sometimes the story is set in suburban Indianapolis or downtown Cleveland; other times, it is said to have taken place in rural Connecticut. As with any migratory legend, while the core account may stay constant, local details usually differ (depending on the teller, and which locale is trying to lay claim to the story).

The core account of this particular legend — a family doll being retrieved from the attic — is also based on some factual evidence. According to Johnny Gruelle’s wife, Myrtle (a warm, but practical woman, who could usually be depended on to provide candid, historical accounts) it was her husband, Johnny, (not her daughter, Marcella) who retrieved a long-forgotten family-made rag doll from the Indianapolis attic of his parents home, sometime around the turn of the century.

“There was something her wanted from the attic,” Myrtle recounted. “While he was rummaging around for it, her found an old rag doll his mother had made for his sister. Her said then that the doll would make a good story.”

But back to the legend … It conveys things the cold, hard facts cannot — like the wonder of a long-forgotten family doll being discovered by a little girl in the magical and mystical environs of a grandmother’s attic. And it reflects the devotion of a father taking time out of a busy day to minister to his daughter’s “new” charge. The legendary account provides the kind of magical underpinnings and romantic detailing that a doll like Raggedy Ann deserves. And most seem to want to believe that the legend is true. Which is likely why journalists and fans alike have, time and again, perpetuated the Raggedy birth legend as historical fact.

Judging from his “Introduction” to Raggedy Ann Stories (in which a literary character named Marcella finds Raggedy Ann in her grandmother’s attic and takes it to her for repairs), Johnny Gruelle is the most likely source of this legend, giving his storybook Raggedy Ann a more magical, reader-friendly discovery, at the hand of, not a father, but a sweet little girl.


Scripture of the Day

Psalm 119:143

Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: yet thy commandments are my delights.

Founders Thoughts

 John AdamsThe foundation of every government is some principle or passion in the minds of the people. The noblest principles and most generous affections in our nature then, have the fairest chance to support the noblest and most generous models of government.  ~ John Adams, Thoughts on Government

 ~ John Adams, Thoughts on Government



It is a grand mistake to think of being great without goodness and I pronounce it as certain that there was never a truly great man that was not at the same time truly virtuous.”

~ Benjamin Franklin

peck·sniff·ian \pek-ˈsni-fē-ən\  adjective

unctuously hypocritical : pharisaical

Etymology: Seth Pecksniff, character in Martin Chuzzlewit (1843–44) by Charles Dickens

1429 – Hundred Years’ War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.

1665 – England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).

1775 – Revolutionary War: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.

1775 – First naval battle of the Revolution. Forty men, armed with guns, swords, axes, and pitchforks, headed by Jeremiah O’Brien, on the sloop Unity and twenty men under the command of Benjamin Foster on a small schooner pursued the Margaretta.Today near Round Island on Machias Bay the patriots crashed into the Margaretta and engaged in hand to hand combat.

1776 – Virginia’s colonial legislature became the first to adopt a Bill of Rights. The Virginia Declaration of Rights granted every individual the right to the enjoyment of life and liberty and to acquire and possess property.

1787 –  Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old.

1813 – War of 1812: The Revenue cutter Surveyor, at anchor in the York River, Virginia, was surprised by a three-barge attack force launched from the British frigate HMS Narcissus.

1838 – The Iowa Territory was organized.

1839 – Abner Doubleday invents baseball. Doubleday supposedly invented the game in Elihu Phinney’s cow pasture in Cooperstown, New York.

1849 – The gas mask is patented by Lewis Haslett in Louisville, Kentucky.

1862 – Civil War: Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart begins his ride around the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsular campaign, after being sent on a reconnaissance of Union positions by Robert E. Lee.

1864 – Civil War: General Lee sent General Early into the Shenandoah Valley.

1864 – Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.

1876 – Marcus Kellogg, a journalist traveling with Custer’s 7th Cavalry, files one of his last dispatches before being killed at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

1880 –  Baseball’s first El Perfecto, a perfect game, was recorded. A perfect game is when no batter reaches a base during a complete game of at least nine innings. A southpaw, left-handed Lee Richmond of the Worcester (Massachusetts) Ruby Legs, pitched himself to perfection with a 1-0 shutout of the Cleveland Spiders in a National League game.

1881 – The steamship USS Jeannette sank under ice during an expedition to reach the North Pole. The crew, having abandoned the ship, prepared three lifeboats in an attempt to reach Siberia. Less than half survived.

1897 – Carl Elsener patented his penknife. The object later became known as the Swiss army knife.

1899 – New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.

1901 – Cuba agreed to become an American protectorate by accepting the Platt Amendment.

1903 – The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of  Michigan School of Music.

1907 – A committee from the Vista Grande Improvement Club (Daly City, Ca.) was appointed to arrange for a volunteer fire department and a fire alarm system.

1908 – The USS Lusitania crossed the Atlantic from New York City in a record 4 days 15 hours.

1913 – “The Dachshund” by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released. John Randolph Bray invented and patented the process, producing a movie called “The Artist’s Dream” (also known as The Dachsund) in which a dog eats sausages until it explodes.

1917 – Secret Service extends protection of president to his family. At this time, in addition to this protection, threats against the President became a felony.

1918 – The first airplane bombing raid by an American unit occurred on World War I’s Western Front in France.

1920 – Republicans in Chicago nominated Warren G. Harding for president and Calvin Coolidge, governor of Massachusetts, for vice president.

1921 – U.S. President Warren Harding urged every young man to attend military training camp.

1923 – Harry Houdini frees himself from a straitjacket while suspended upside down in New York City.

1928 – “Good and Plenty” candy was trademark registered. Good and Plenty candy was first produced by the Quaker City Confection Company in Philadelphia in 1893 and is the oldest branded candy in the United States. Choo Choo Charlie, the engineer who fueled his train with Good & Plenty, first appeared in advertisements in 1950.

1931 – Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen were indicted for violating U.S. Prohibition laws.

1934 – Black-McKeller Bill passes. The Black-McKeller Act, known as the Air Mail Act of 1934, forced the break up of United Aircraft & Transport Corporation. William Boeing was so disgusted he quit aviation.

1934 – The US Farm Mortgage Foreclosure Act allowed federal loans to farmers to recover property lost to foreclosure.

1935 – Ella Fitzgerald recorded “Love and Kisses” and “I’ll Chase the Blues Away“.

1935 – U.S. Senator Huey Long of Louisiana made the longest speech on Senate record. The speech took 15 1/2 hours and was filled by 150,000 words.

1939 – Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown NY. The Hall of Fame was dedicated by Stephen Carlton Clark, grandson of Edward Clark, who was a founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company.

1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures’ Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.

1940 – World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.

1942 – Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded “Travelin’ Light“.

1942 – World War II: Holocaust: future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.

1942 – World War II: American bombers struck the oil refineries of Ploesti, Romania for the first time.

1943 – World War II: Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. 1,180 Jews are led to the city’s old Jewish graveyard and shot.

1944 – World War II:  US naval forces continue attacks on Japanese positions in the island group. They concentrate on Tinian, Saipan and Guam. The Japanese fleets located at Tawitawi and Batjan set sail to counterattack.

1944 – World War II: A third wave of Allied forces has landed. There are now 326,000 troops, 104,000 tons of supplies and 54,000 vehicles deployed in Normandy, France.

1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, many of the Japanese naval infantry cut off in the Oruku peninsula, reduced to a pocket of about 1000 square yards, begin to commit mass suicide to avoid surrender.

1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mam’selle” by Art Lund, “Linda” by Buddy Clark with the Ray Noble Orchestra, “My Adobe Hacienda” by Eddy Howard and “Sugar Moon” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.

1947 – “Sergeant Preston of The Yukon” (25:50) debuts on radio nationwide. The program was an adventure series about Sergeant William Preston of the Northwest Mounted Police and his lead sled dog, Yukon King, as they fought evildoers in the Northern wilderness during the Gold Rush of the 1890s.

1948 – Eddie Arcaro becomes first jockey to win the Triple Crown twice.

1948 – Ben Hogan won his first U.S. Open golf classic.

1948 – The Women’s Armed Forces Integration Act provides for enlistment and appointment of women in the Naval Reserve and the regular Marine Corps.

1951 – Korean War: Eighth Army controlled the “Iron Triangle” as Operation PILEDRIVER wrapped up. The “iron Triangle” is used a lot. In this instance it means a term used during the Korean War to describe an area in Korea bounded by Ch’orwon, Kumhwa, and Pyonggang.

1951 – Korean War: Twenty-five sailors were killed when the destroyer USS Walke struck a mine east of Wonsan.

1952 –  U.S. Navy lets a contract to produce the A-4 Skyhawk. This aircraft later became the workhorse of the Vietnam War.

1953 – Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Robert V. McHale and Captain Samuel Hoster, both of the 319th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, were on a night mission in their F-94 Starfire and apparently collided with the enemy light aircraft they were attacking. The men thereby made the fourth and last F-94 kill of the Korean War posthumously.

1954 – “Little Things Mean a Lot” by Kitty Kallen topped the charts.

1954 – Bill Haley’s “Rock Around the Clock,” was originally released.

1955 – CHART TOPPERS -“Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White” by Perez Prado, “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley & His Comets, “Learnin’ the Blues” by Frank Sinatra and “In the Jailhouse Now” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.

1957 – Stan Musial sets NL record for consecutive games played. This was his 823rd game. Musial went on to extend his consecutive game streak to 895 in late August 1957.

1959 – The album “Chuck Berry on Top” was released by Chuck Berry.

1959 – Bo Diddley released “Go Go Bo Diddley.”

1961 – President John F. Kennedy signed a Presidential Proclamation calling for the American flag to be flown at the Marine Corps War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia, “at all times during the day and night.”

1961 – The US TV show “PM East and PM West” began airing on the Westinghouse network.PM East/PM West was a late night talk show hosted by Mike Wallace and Joyce Davidson in New York City (PM East), and San Francisco Chronicle television critic Terrence O’Flaherty in San Francisco (PM West). It was an attempted competition to the Tonight Show (Jack Paar).

1962 – USAF Maj Robert M White takes the X-15 to 184,622 feet.

1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s My Party” by Lesley Gore, “Sukiyaki” by Kyu Sakamoto, “Da Doo Ron Ron” by The Crystals and “Lonesome 7-7203” by Hawkshaw Hawkins all topped the charts.

1963 – Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.

1963 – Elizabeth Taylor starred in the $44,000,000 film epic, “Cleopatra”. It was originally budgeted at $2 million and almost bankrupted 20th Century Fox.

1965 – Rolling Stones release “Satisfaction“.

1965 –  “Back in My Arms Again” by the Supremes topped the charts.

1965 – Big Bang theory of creation of universe was supported by announcement of discovery of new celestial bodies known as “blue galaxies.”

1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.

1967 – Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet’s atmosphere and successfully return data).

1970 – After an earthquake in Peru, the USS Guam began eleven days of relief flights to transport medical teams and supplies, as well as rescue victims. The Guam was an Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ship that was equipped with helicopters and VSTOL aircraft.

1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Want Ads” by The Honey Cone, “Rainy Days and Mondays” by Carpenters, “It’s Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move” by Carole King and “You’re My Man” by Lynn Anderson all topped the charts.

1972 – Richard Kleindienst (1923-2000) was sworn in as the attorney general after John Mitchell left to head the Committee to Re-Elect the President.

1972 – Saul Alinsky (b.1909), founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, died in Carmel, Ca. He is generally considered the father of community organizing.

1976 – “Silly Love Songs” by the Wings topped the charts.

1977 – “Pippin” closed at Imperial Theater in New York City after 1944 performances.

1978 – David Berkowitz, the “Son of Sam” killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings. In 1987, Berkowitz became a born-again Christian in prison. According to his personal testimony, his moment of conversion occurred after reading Psalm 34:6 from a Gideon’s Pocket Testament Bible given to him by a fellow inmate.The Psalm says, “This poor man called, and the Lord heard him; he saved him out of all his troubles.” At last check, he would not pursue parole in 2012.

1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love You Inside Out” by Bee Gees, “We Are Family” by Sister Sledge, “Just When I Needed You Most” by Randy Vanwarmer and “She Believes in Me” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.

1979 – Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.

1979 – Kevin St Onge throws a playing card a record 185′. The current record is 201 feet, set in 1992.

1981 – Baseball players begin a fifty-day strike, their third strike.

1981 – “Raiders Of The Lost Ark” starring Harrison Ford premiered.

1982 – “Ebony and Ivory” by Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder topped the charts.

1984 – In San Francisco,  the Huntington Falls at Stow Lake in Golden Gate Park was again turned on after being rebuilt for $846,000 under a state grant. The 1893 falls had collapsed in 1962 and were turned off for 22 years.

1985 – Wayne “The Great One” Gretsky was named winner of the NHL’s Hart Trophy. The award is given to the the league Most Valuable Player.

1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Keep Me Hangin On” by Kim Wilde, “Always” by Atlantic Starr, “Head to Toe” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam and “I Will Be There” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.

1987 –  President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate by saying, “tear down this wall.”

1989 – Graceland opened the Elvis Presley Autoland Museum, which contains over twenty cars owned by Presley.

1989 – The US Supreme Court expanded the abilities of white males to challenge court-approved affirmative action plans, even years after they take effect.

1990 – Oakland A’s Rickey Henderson becomes the second player to steal 900 bases.

1991 – The Chicago Bulls won their first NBA championship. The Bulls beat the Los Angeles Lakers four games to one.

1993 – Reports surfaced that Judge Stephen Breyer, considered a likely candidate to the Supreme Court, had failed to pay Social Security taxes for a domestic employee.

1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is the chief suspec but is later acquitted of the killings. He is ultimately held liable in a civil suit.

1994 – The Boeing 777, the world’s largest twinjet, makes its first flight.

1995 – The US Supreme Court dealt a potentially crippling blow to federal affirmative action programs, ruling Congress was limited by the same strict standards as states in offering special help to minorities.

1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.

1996 – The Mohave Desert town of Hinkley, Ca., won a $333 million settlement from PG&E for the leakage of high concentrations of chromium 6 from storage tanks into the groundwater. The film “Erin Brockovich” with Julia Roberts (2000) was based on the case.”

1997 – The U.S. Treasury Department unveiled a new $50 bill meant to be more counterfeit-resistant.

1997 – Timothy McVeigh was sentenced to death for the Apr 19, 1995 bombing of the federal office building in Oklahoma.

1997 – A new computer, speech-recognition program by Dragon Systems was touted. It used a 30,000 word vocabulary and cost $695. Home edition now down to $99 (2012).

1998 – Strikes at GM plants in Flint idled 13 assembly plants and dozens of parts operations and 50,900 workers in the US, Canada and Mexico.

1998 – The Space shuttle Discovery returned to Earth, bringing home the last American to live aboard Mir and closing out three years of U.S.-Russian cooperation aboard the International Space Station.

1998 – A jury in Hattiesburg, MS, convicted 17-year-old Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at Pearl High School.

1999 – “If You Had My Love” by Jennifer Lopez topped the charts.

2000 – The US Justice Dept. agreed to compensate the Nixon estate $18 million for the tapes and presidential papers seized in 1974.

2000 – US Supreme Court Justices in a unanimous ruling curbed patient’s rights and ruled that HMOs can’t be sued over doctor’s incentives to cut treatment costs.

2000 – In St. Louis, Earl Murray, a drug dealer, and his friend Ronald Beasley were killed by police during an attempted drug arrest. The two men were unarmed and police fired twenty bullets into their car.

2001 – A federal court in New York City sentenced Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-‘Owhali, a Saudi Arabian follower of Osama bin Laden, to life in prison without parole for his role in the deadly 1998 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya.

2001 – Muslim rebels on Basilan Island claimed to have beheaded American citizen Guillermo Sobero of Corona, Ca., one of the hostages kidnapped May 27 during the Dos Palmas event.

2001 – Governor Jebb Bush signed into law a bill banning the execution of mentally retarded killers. Florida became the 15th state to do so.

2002 – The Los Angeles Lakers finished off the New Jersey Nets in four games, winning their third straight NBA title with the 113-to-107 victory.

2003 –  In Arkansas, Terry Wallis spoke for the first time in nearly 19 years. Wallis had been in a coma since July 13, 1984, after being injured in a car accident.

2003 – Lewis “Scooter” Libby, chief of staff to VP Dick Cheney, first learned of CIA officer Valery Plame in a conversation with VP Cheney.

2003 –  Air France turned the oldest of its Concordes over to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.

2003 – Attorney General of Massachusetts Thomas Reilly formally accuses college student Luke Thompson of creating a fake airline, Mainline Airways, and selling bogus tickets.

2004 –  In Saudi Arabia an American was kidnapped. An al-Qaida statement, posted on an Islamic Web site, showed a passport-size photo of a brown-haired man and a Lockheed Martin business card bearing the name Paul M. Johnson. Suspected militants killed an American in Riyadh, shooting him in the back as he parked in his home garage.

2004 – It was reported that engineers had created a “metal-rubber,” a substance that conducts electricity like metal, but also stretches like rubber up to 250% of its original length.

2005 – At the LPGA Championship, Annika Sorenstam closed with a 1-over 73 for a three-shot victory over Michelle Wie, who shot a 69 to finish second.

2005 – Mike Tyson announces he will retire from boxing.

2005 – A fire in Philadelphia left five children dead. Security bars on windows may have hampered escape attempts.

2006 – The US Supreme Court paved the way for more death row inmates to challenge execution by lethal injection. In an unanimous decision, the court allowed those condemned to die to make last-minute claims that the chemicals used are too painful, and therefore amount to cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Constitution’s Eighth Amendment.

2006 – FBI statistics confirmed that violent crime in the US was on the rise, posting its biggest one-year increase since 1991.

2006 – In San Francisco, Superior Court Judge James Warren struck down a voter approved ban on handgun possession. Proposition H, pass last November, would have outlawed possession of handguns by all city residents except law enforcement officers and other who need guns for professional purposes.

2007 – The Center for Disease Control said up to 75,000 US Marine family members may have drunk water at Camp Lejeune tainted by dry-cleaning fluid over a 30-year period.

2008 – Deaths due to the heat wave across the US East Coast climbed past thirty with at least fifteen dead in Philadelphia and seven in New York City.

2008 – Wildfires in northern California lead to the evacuation of residents in Paradise, California and Bonny Doon, California.

2008 – Four thousand homes in Cedar Rapids, Iowa are evacuated as the Cedar River floods due to heavy rain in recent days.

2009 – In the U.S., The switch from analog TV transmission to digital was completed.

2009 – Guantanamo detainee Ahmed Zuhair and two others were reported to have been sent home to Saudi Arabia, where they would be subject to judicial review before entering a government-run “rehabilitation” program. Zuhair had been held at Guantanamo since June 2002 and had refused to eat since the summer of 2005. He was force-fed a liquid mix to keep him alive.

2009-The Pittsburgh Penguins defeat the Detroit Red Wings in game seven to win the 2009 Stanley Cup Finals.

2010 – A French fishing vessel rescued Abby Sunderland (16), a California teenager from her crippled sailboat in the turbulent southern Indian Ocean, bringing relief to her family but ending her around-the-world sailing effort.

2010 – Pilots for the American low-cost carrier Spirit Airlines go on strike.

2010 – The death toll from the Arkansas floods reaches 18.

2011 – Dallas Mavericks beat Miami Heat 105-95 in Game 6 to win N.B.A. Finals 4-2.

2012 – The first female Nobel Prize laureate in Economics, Elinor Ostrom, dies at the age of 78.

2012 – Voters in the 8th congressional district in the US state of Arizona go to the polls for a special election caused by the resignation of Gabrielle Giffords due to health reasons with Democrat Ron Barber duly elected.

2013 – A bus and a trolley car collide in downtown San Francisco, California, injuring fifteen people.

2013 –  NASCAR driver Jason Leffler dies following a crash at Bridgeport Speedway in the New Jersey.

2016 – MASS SHOOTING: A mass shooting in a gay bar in Orlando, FL has resulted in fifty dead and 53 injured. Federal authorities identified the shooter as Omar Mateen, 29, a New York-born resident of Fort Pierce, Fla., who worked for the security firm G4S. This was the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. History.



1777 – Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker
1916 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
1920 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
1924 – George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
1928 – Vic Damone, American singer
1929 – Anne Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim (d. 1945)
1930 – Jim Nabors, American actor
1942 – Len Barry, American singer and musician (The Dovells)
1953 – Allan Weiner, American radio station owner
1958 – Rebecca Holden, American actress and singer
1959 – John Linnell, American musician (They Might Be Giants)
1964 – Paula Marshall, American actress



United States ArmySVEHLA, HENRYState of New Jersey

Rank: Private First Class Organization: U.S. Army, Company F,32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division  Born: 1932 New Jersey  Entered Service At: New Jersey

Date of Issue: 05/02/2011  State  :  New Jersey  Place / Date: Pyongony, Korea, June 12th, 1952 Citation: Private First Class Henry Svehla distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Rifleman with F Company, 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, in connection with combat operations against an armed enemy in Pyongony, Korea, on 12 June 1952. That afternoon while Private First Class Svehla and his platoon were patrolling a strategic hill to determine enemy strength and positions, they were subjected to intense enemy automatic weapons and small arms fire at the top of the hill. Coming under the heavy fire, the platoon’s attack began to falter. Realizing the success of the mission and the safety of the remaining troops were in peril, Private First Class Svehla leapt to his feet and charged the enemy positions, firing his weapon and throwing grenades as he advanced. In the face of this courage and determination, the platoon rallied to the attack with renewed vigor. Private First Class Svehla, utterly disregarding his own safety, destroyed enemy positions and inflicted heavy casualties, when suddenly fragments from a mortar round exploding nearby seriously wounded him in the face. Despite his wounds, Private First Class Svehla refused medical treatment and continued to lead the attack. When an enemy grenade landed among a group of his comrades, Private First Class Svehla, without hesitation and undoubtedly aware of the extreme danger, threw himself upon the grenade. During this action, Private First Class Svehla was mortally wounded. Private First Class Svehla’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.




Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., June 12th, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth:——. Date of issue: 20 October 1899. Citation: Voluntarily carrier a box of ammunition across an open space swept by the enemy’s fire to the relief of an outpost whose ammunition had become almost exhausted, but which was thus enabled to hold its important position.





Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., June 12th, 1864. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: Norwich, Vt. Date of issue: 6 April 1892. Citation: Distinguished gallantry.





Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 11th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 11, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Corn On The Cob Day




The Corn Cob Pipe by Bryan Schatz.


Pipe smoking is the oldest form of smoking tobacco, developed during an era in which men would make time to sit at the end of a hard day’s toil, to rock back and forth in their favorite chair and observe the rotation of life. They had an understanding that prolonged satisfaction is greater than the immediate and fleeting gratification we have a tendency to seek today. A pipe is a man’s companion, his smoky warmth on a crisp winter day and the friend with which he watches the passing of time. A pipe requires patience. It instills calmness, observation, and contemplation.

A pipe is best enjoyed from the stoop thrones of rocking chairs, beneath the shade of patio roofs and in the absence of unnecessary noise.

Why the Corn Cob Pipe?

In my mind, the corn cob pipe is a tangible symbol of a bygone era. Corn cob pipes are the tobacco-smoking instrument of the common man: those who surveyed their surroundings and did what they could with what little they had. These were men of thrift, of inherent frugality and of resourcefulness. They are the pipes of hard times, when men knew how to work with their hands, when they did what was required without complaint; when men were hard, lest they perish. Or as the saying goes: “back when dodgeball was played with sticks and stickball was played with knives.”

The Corn Cob Pipe Tradition

Legend has it that in 1869, a farmer in the Missouri countryside whittled a pipe out of a dried out corn cob. He smoked his tobacco and enjoyed the nice smooth smoking experience so much that he requested his wood-working friend to turn stems for the pipes on his lathe. Hence, the birth of the Missouri Meerschaum Company, the original and sole surviving manufacturer of mass produced corn cob pipes.

Though the beginning of the mass production of corn cob pipes commenced in the late 1800s, their emergence and individual construction likely began long before that, and certainly persisted for years to come. Within and beyond the Dust Bowl area, corn cob pipes were the instruments of farmers, hobos, migrant laborers and vagabonds of all sorts.

Train hoppers in the Midwest and other corn-growing areas would find themselves in the presence of this abundant crop, often just off of the train tracks. With a communal sharing of simple tools and the luck of having a pinch of tobacco, having a soothing smoke on those enormously tiring days was a welcomed occasion.

Current Status

Examining the evolution of pipe smoking in the 21stcentury is more like observing the slow extinction of a dwindling species.

According to “Bowled Over No Longer,” a 2005 Washington Post article by Peter Carlson, there exists approximately 1.6 million pipe smokers in America today. Since the 1970s, there has been a 91% drop in pipe tobacco purchases. With those statistics, it becomes apparent that the current number of corn cob pipe smokers has likely declined even more dramatically.

Apparently, appreciating the afternoon with a pipe in hand has been exchanged for quick fixes of indulgence and gadgetry. People today tend to not simply sit and notice, say, the sun’s departure quietly occurring later and later each day. We may not consider why a particular bee chose to slurp the nectar from one flower and not another, or wonder why it hasn’t rained in so long.

In these days of instant coffee, fast-food chain-restaurants and 5-minute cigarette breaks, the corn cob pipe persists as a comfortable speed bump in the common rush of a frantic life.

With the immediacy of most things today, it can be easy to forget that we don’t always have to buy something we want, that we can allow ourselves a few solitary moments to create something with our own hands-and then enjoy the fruits of our labor.

In an attempt to grasp a few moments for yourself, I encourage you to try making a corn cob pipe, to take a contemplative breath and appreciate the fact that the world still spins.

 Scripture of the Day

Proverbs 1 King James Version (KJV)

The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;

To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;

To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.

A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels:

To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.


Founders Thoughts

Thomas Jefferson“… God forbid we should ever be twenty years without such a rebellion. The people cannot be all, and always, well informed. The part which is wrong will be discontented, in proportion to the importance of the facts they misconceive. If they remain quiet under such misconceptions, it is lethargy, the forerunner of death to the public liberty…. And what country can preserve its liberties, if its rulers are not warned from time to time, that this people preserve the spirit of resistance? Let them take arms. The remedy is to set them right as to the facts, pardon and pacify them. What signify a few lives lost in a century or two? The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time, with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is its natural manure.”

Thomas Jefferson Papers, 334 (C.J. Boyd, Ed., 1950)



“The difference between something good and something great is attention to detail.”

 ~ Charles R. Swindoll

quag·mire \ˈkwag-ˌmī(-ə)r, ˈkwäg-\   noun

soft miry land that shakes or yields under the foot
a difficult, precarious, or entrapping position


1184 BC – Troy is sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.

1742 – Benjamin Franklin invents the Franklin stove.The wood fuel burns on an iron surface over a cold air duct which heats air which then passes through baffles in the back wall. The heated air is released through vents on each side of the stove. Rather than patent it, he chose to write about it in a book so that others could freely copy his design.

1776 – Congress appoints a committee to draft a declaration of independence. Committee members are Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Livingston and Roger Sherman. Thomas Jefferson is chosen by the committee to prepare the first draft of the declaration, which he completes in one day.

1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.

1805 – A fire consumes large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.

1825 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City. Historic Fort Hamilton is located in the southwestern corner of the New York City borough of Brooklyn surrounded by the communities of Bay Ridge and Dyker Heights.

1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.

1847 – A written record was found in 1859, indicating that Sir John Franklin, Brotish explorer,  died on this day, and that the ships Erebus and Terror were abandoned in April 1848. The crews’ deaths have been attributed to either scurvy or lead poisoning originating from the solder on food tins. Both ships and the remains of most of the 129 crewmen have never been found.

1853 – Five Navy ships leave Norfolk, VA on a three-year exploring expedition to survey the far Pacific.

1859 – Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada. Prospector James Finney stumbled across thick, bluish clay in western Nevada. A fellow miner, Henry Comstock, gave his name to the lode, the most lucrative silver ore mine in history.

1861 – Civil War: Union forces under General George B. McClellen repulsed a Confederate force at Rich Mountain in Western Virginia.

1862 – Civil War: C.S.S. Virginia blown up by her crew off Craney Island to avoid capture.

1864 – Civil War: Confederate cavalry intercepts Sheridan’s Union cavalry as it works to destroy a rail line. A two-day battle ensued with the Confederates driving off the Union soldiers with little damage to the supply line.

1864 – Civil War: Gen. Wade Hampton (1818-1902) led a company of Citadel cadets at the battle of Trevilian Station in Virginia.

1889 – The Washington Business High School opened in Washington, DC. It was the first school devoted to business in the U.S.

1895 – C.E. Duryea patented a road vehicle – the gasoline automobile. Early in the next year, 1896, the Duryea Motor Wagon Co. set up shop in Springfield, Mass. to manufacture multiple units to a gasoline-powered vehicle that he built with his brother, Frank.

1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.

1900 – Belle Boyd (b.1844), former Confederate spy, died in Wisconsin. Her 1865 autobiography was titled “Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison.”

1905 – Pennsylvania Railroad debuts the fastest train the Pennsylvania Special (which would later become the Broadway Limited) set a speed record between Chicago, Illinois, and New York City, travelling at 127.2 mph.

1912 – Silas Christofferson became the first airplane pilot to take off from the ROOF OF A HOTEL in front of a crowd in Portland, Oregon. He took off from theMultnomah Hotel. “This is an age of do it first. Be original; don’t copy. When a feat has once been performed, the people tire of it and expect the next performer to give something entirely new.”

1917 – World War I: King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by Allied armies occupying Athens.

1918 – World War I: A Marine assault following artillery bombardment succeeds in capturing two-thirds of Belleau Wood, but with heavy casualties.

1919 – “Sir Barton” wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown. Sir Barton’s four wins were accomplished in a space of just 32 days. He has been retrospectively honored as the 1919 Horse of the Year.

1920 – The US Republican Senate bosses gathered in rooms 408 & 410 of the Blackstone Hotel in Chicago and selected Sen. Warren Harding to break a deadlock. Harding, disregarding his mistress of four years, Nan Britton, declared himself to be of good character.

1922 – The documentary film “Nanook of the North,” shot in subarctic Quebec  by Robert Flaherty during 1920-1921, premiered in New York City.

1927 -USS Memphis arrives at Washington, DC, with Charles Lindbergh and his plane, Spirit of St. Louis, after his non-stop flight across the Atlantic. Mr. Lindberg was presented the first Distinguished Flying Cross.

1928 – King Oliver and his band recorded “Tin Roof Blues” for Vocalion Records.

1930 – William Beebe dove to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda. He used a diving chamber called a bathysphere.

1935 – Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.

1936 – The Presbyterian Church of America was formed in Philadelphia, PA.

1937 – Marx Brothers’ “A Day At The Races” released.

1939 – King & Queen of England taste first “hot dogs” at FDR’s party.

1940 – The Ink Spots recorded “Maybe” on Decca Records.

1940 – World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.

1940 – World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.

1941 –  An amendment was passed to the act creating the Coast Guard (January 28, 1915) providing that “The Coast Guard shall be a military service and constitute a branch of the land and naval forces of the United States at all times.”

1942 – World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.

1944 – World War II: Five days after the D-Day landing, the five Allied landing groups, made up of some 330,000 troops, link up in Normandy to form a single solid front across northwestern France.|

1944 – World War II: U.S. battleships off Normandy provide gunfire support.

1944 – World War II: The US 15th Air Force, operating from bases in Italy, raids the airfield at Focsani, Romania.

1944 – World War II: US Task Force 58 begins raids against Japanese bases on Saipan, Tinian and other islands.

1945 – On Okinawa, the Japanese force in the Oroku Peninsula has been reduced to a perimeter measurable in yards but their resistance remains fanatical.

1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Gypsy” by The Ink Spots, “All Through the Day” by Perry Como, “They Say It’s Wonderful” by Frank Sinatra and “New Spanish Two Step” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.

1947 – The U.S. government announced an end to sugar rationing.

1949 –  “Riders in the Sky” by Vaughan Monroe topped the charts.

1950 – Ben Hogan returned to tournament play after a near-fatal car accident. He won the U.S. Open.

1951 – Korean War: Elements of the 3rd Infantry Division captured Chorwon.

1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Little Things Mean a Lot” by Kitty Kallen, “Three Coins in the Fountain” by The Four Aces, “If You Love Me (Really Love Me)” by Kay Starr and “(Oh Baby Mine) I Get So Lonely” by Johnnie & Jack all topped the charts.

1955 – Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

1955 – First magnesium jet airplane flown. Delivery and flight test of experimental all-magnesium F-80C aircraft, built to test weight and strength of magnesium alloys, at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.

1955 – “Unchained Melody” by Les Baxter topped the charts.

1955 – Jockey Eddie Arcaro ties record of six Belmont Stakes wins.

1957 –  Buddy Holly and the Crickets auditioned for “Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts” and were rejected.

1957 – The Everly Brothers made their debut on “Grand Ole Opry” in Nashville, TN.

1957 – Twelve people died in a train crash in Vroman, Colo.

1959 – Postmaster General banned D.H. Lawrence’s book, “Lady Chatterley’s Lover.”

1961 – Norm Cash becomes first Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium.

1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Can’t Stop Loving You” by Ray Charles, “Lovers Who Wander” by Dion, “(The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance” by Gene Pitney and “She Thinks I Still Care” by George Jones all topped the charts.

1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island. They were never found.

1963 – Alabama Governor George Wallace ends his blockade of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and allows two African American students to enroll.

1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.

1966 – “Paint It Black” by the Rolling Stones topped the charts.

1967 – The ABC-TV special “Rodgers & Hart Today” aired. It starred Bobby Darin, the Supremes, Petula Clark and the Mamas & the Papas.

1967 – There was a race riot in Tampa Florida and the National Guard was mobilized. Martin Chambers (19) was suspected of robbing a camera store. Chambers ran from police near Nebraska and Harrison Streets and was shot in the back and died. Several days of riots around Central Avenue followed.

1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Everything is Beautiful“ by Ray Stevens, “Which Way You Goin’ Billy?” by The Poppy Family, “Up Around the Bend/Run Through the Jungle” by Creedence Clearwater Revival and “Hello Darlin’” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.

1970 – After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.

1972 – Hank Aaron tied the National League record for fourteen grand-slam home runs in a career.

1972 – John Lennon appeared on the “Dick Cavett” TV show and said that the FBI had tapped his phone.

1973 – After a ruling by the Justice Department of the State of Pennsylvania, women were licensed to box or wrestle.

1974 – Steely Dan’s “Rikki, Don’t Lose That Number” was released.

1977 – Main Street Electrical Parade premiers at Walt Disney World.

1977 – “Seattle Slew” wins Belmont Stakes & Triple Crown.

1977 – “I’m Your Boogie Man” by K. C. & the Sunshine Band topped the charts.

1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re the One that I Want” by John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John, “Shadow Dancing” by Andy Gibb, “Feels So Good” by Chuck Mangione and “Georgia on My Mind” by Willie Nelson all topped the charts.

1981 – Mariners beat Orioles 8-2 at Kingdome, then players go on strike.The first major league baseball player’s strike began. It would last for two months.

1982 – Movie “ET The Extra-Terrestrial” released (highest grossing film).

1983 – “Flashdance…What a Feeling” by Irene Cara topped the charts.

1985 – Karen Ann Quinlan died at age 31. Quinlan was a comatose patient whose case prompted a historic right-to-die court decision.

1985 –  Madonna’s single “Crazy For You” hit #1.

1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Live to Tell” by Madonna, “On My Own” by Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonald, “I Can’t Wait” by Nu Shooz and “Happy, Happy Birthday Baby” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.

1988 –  “One More Try” by George Michael topped the charts.

1988 – Preakness winner “Risen Star” captured the Belmont Stakes with a time second only to its father, thoroughbred legend Secretariat.

1990 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down a law that would prohibit the desecration of the American Flag.

1990 – Nolan Ryan pitches his sixth no-hitter beating the Oakland A’s. He is the first to pitch a no-hitter for three different teams, and the first to throw a no-hitter in three different decades.

1990 – A federal judge sentenced former national security adviser John M. Poindexter to six months in prison for making false statements to Congress about the Iran-Contra affair. Poindexter’s convictions were later overturned.

1991 – Microsoft released MS DOS 5.0.

1992 – Baseball owners approved the sale of Seattle Mariners to a Japanese group.

1993 – U.S. audiences crowded in to theatres for a first look at Jurassic Park.

1993 – The US Supreme Court ruled that people who commit “hate crimes” motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled religious groups have a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in worship services.

1994 – The United States, South Korea and Japan agreed to seek punitive steps against North Korea over its nuclear program.

1996 – Lightning struck a tank and started a blaze of three million gallons of gas at a Shell Oil storage facility in Woodbridge, N.J.

1998 – Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in the largest high-tech acquisition.

1999 – “Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me” premiered at theatres across the US.

1999 – The FBI was seeking the creator of Worm.Explore.Zip, a file-destroying computer virus which had hit some of the nation’s biggest corporations.

2000 – In New York City’s Central Park young male gangs attacked approximately 47 women with harassment, molestation and robbery during the annual Puerto Rico Day parade. Some of the assaults were captured on home video.

2001 – Timothy McVeigh (33) was executed by lethal injection at the federal prison in Terra Haute, Ind., for the April 19th, 1995, Oklahoma City bombing. For his final statement he issued a hand-written copy of “Invictus,” a poem written in 1875 by William Ernest Henley.

2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress (D).

2002 – Congressional investigators released a report which said Clinton administration workers had defaced equipment and left behind prank messages as they departed the White House in January 2001.

2003 – The US military launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid to end daily attacks against American soldiers.

2003 – Houston’s Roy Oswalt, Pete Munro, Kirk Saarloos, Brad Lidge, Octavio Dotel and Billy Wagner combined for the first no-hitter against the New York Yankees in 45 years, winning 8-0.

2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral is held at Washington National Cathedral.

2004 – Terry Nichols escaped execution as the District court jury in McAlester, Oklahoma, deadlocked in the penalty phase of his trial.

2007 – “Afleet Alex” won the Belmont Stakes by seven lengths.

2007 – A divided panel of the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals said the Bush administration could not use new anti-terrorism laws to keep US residents locked up indefinitely without charging them.

2007 – Idaho Sen. Larry Craig (62) was arrested by a plainclothes officer investigating complaints of lewd conduct in a men’s restroom at the Minneapolis airport. The conservative three-term senator pleaded guilty on Aug 8.

2008 – The US government said the average American life expectancy has surpassed 78 years with 81 years for women and 75 for men.

2008 – In South Carolina a bill allowing an “I Believe” license plate with the image of a cross and a stained glass window became law after Gov. Mark Sanford declined to veto it.  The state legislature allowed several religious-themed bills to become laws in its closing session.

2010 – A US federal grand jury indicted three current and two former New Orleans police officers in the shooting of Henry Glover (31) on Sep 2, 2005, and then burning his body.

2010 – In Salt Lake City an underground pipeline broke sending oil into a creek that ultimately flows into the Great Salt Lake. The pipeline was shut off the next day as the 21,000 gallon spill coated some 300 birds at area creeks.

2011 –  On a muddy track at Belmont Park, “Ruler on Ice” passed “Shackleford” near the end of the race to win the 143rd running of the Belmont Stakes.

2012 –  An explosion on a yacht off the coast of New Jersey injured 7 and forced all 21 people on-board to abandon ship. The explosion on the vessel, “Blind Date,” occurred 17.5 miles east of Sandy Hook, N.J All the passengers have apparently made it into life rafts.

2012 – After six years, Google reaches a deal with a publishing group that opposed its scanning and publishing of books online.

2012 – Police in the San Gabriel Valley in southern California cite Secretary of Commerce John Bryson (D) for felony hit and run for alleged involvement in a series of accidents on the weekend. Bryson took medical leave while he undergoes test related to a seizure that occurred during the crashes.

2012 – The NHL’s Los Angeles Kings defeat the New Jersey Devils 6-1 in game 6 of the 2012 Stanley Cup Finals to win Los Angeles Kings’ first Stanley Cup. Los Angeles goalie Jonathan Quick is awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs MVP.

2013 – A charter bus carrying a group of students from a Louisville, Kentucky high school to Eastern Kentucky University crashes on the return trip to Louisville, injuring 35 people in all.

 2015  – Health officials in the United States are advising doctors to be on the lookout for MERS following an outbreak in South Korea.

2015 – Authorities from the Marshal’s Service, the FBI, Customs, state and local police, and the Forest Police searching for 6 days in northeastern New York (about 25 miles south of the Canadian border, near Lake Champlain and Vermont, in the Adirondack Forest area, in Dannemora, New York and Plattsburgh, New York) for two high-risk murderers who staged an elaborate escape from the high-security Clinton Correctional Facility the night of Friday, June 5, 2015 (it was discovered the next morning), using bloodhounds, find a scent and leftover evidence that could be from the two, Richard Matt and David Sweat.


1741 – Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
1846 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
1880 – Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist (d. 1973)
1903 – Ernie Nevers, American football player (d. 1976)
1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor (d. 1997)
1910 – Carmine Coppola, American composer, director and songwriter (d. 1991) 1913 – Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
1930 – Charles B. Rangel, American politician
1933 – Gene Wilder, American actor
1939 – Christina Crawford, American actress and writer best known as the author of Mommie Dearest, an exposé of alleged child abuse by her mother, actress Joan Crawford.
1945 – Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
1947 – Henry Cisneros, American politician, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development







Rank and organization: Master Sergeant (then Sgt.), U.S. Army, Company K, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Surang-ni, Korea, June 10th to  June 11th, 1953. Entered service at: Gadsden, Ala. Born: 28 August 1931, Marshall County, Ala. G.O. No.: 70, 24 September 1954. Citation: M/Sgt. Mize, a member of Company K, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Company K was committed to the defense of “Outpost Harry”, a strategically valuable position, when the enemy launched a heavy attack. Learning that a comrade on a friendly listening post had been wounded he moved through the intense barrage, accompanied by a medical aid man, and rescued the wounded soldier. On returning to the main position he established an effective defense system and inflicted heavy casualties against attacks from determined enemy assault forces which had penetrated into trenches within the outpost area. During his fearless actions he was blown down by artillery and grenade blasts 3 times but each time he dauntlessly returned to his position, tenaciously fighting and successfully repelling hostile attacks. When enemy onslaughts ceased he took his few men and moved from bunker to bunker, firing through apertures and throwing grenades at the foe, neutralizing their positions. When an enemy soldier stepped out behind a comrade, prepared to fire, M/Sgt. Mize killed him, saving the life of his fellow soldier. After rejoining the platoon, moving from man to man, distributing ammunition, and shouting words of encouragement he observed a friendly machine gun position overrun. He immediately fought his way to the position, killing ten of the enemy and dispersing the remainder. Fighting back to the command post, and finding several friendly wounded there, he took a position to protect them. Later, securing a radio, he directed friendly artillery fire upon the attacking enemy’s routes of approach. At dawn he helped regroup for a counterattack which successfully drove the enemy from the outpost. M/Sgt. Mize’s valorous conduct and unflinching courage reflect lasting glory upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.

He passed away 3/12/2014.






Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 101st Airborne Division. Place and date: Near Carentan, France, June 11th, 1944. Entered service at: San Antonio, Tex. Birth: Fort Sam Houston, Tex. G.O. No.: 79, 4 October 1944. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty on 11 June 1944, in France. Lt. Col. Cole was personally leading his battalion in forcing the last four bridges on the road to Carentan when his entire unit was suddenly pinned to the ground by intense and withering enemy rifle, machinegun, mortar, and artillery fire placed upon them from well-prepared and heavily fortified positions within 150 yards of the foremost elements. After the devastating and unceasing enemy fire had for over one hour prevented any move and inflicted numerous casualties, Lt. Col. Cole, observing this almost hopeless situation, courageously issued orders to assault the enemy positions with fixed bayonets. With utter disregard for his own safety and completely ignoring the enemy fire, he rose to his feet in front of his battalion and with drawn pistol shouted to his men to follow him in the assault. Catching up a fallen man’s rifle and bayonet, he charged on and led the remnants of his battalion across the bullet-swept open ground and into the enemy position. His heroic and valiant action in so inspiring his men resulted in the complete establishment of our bridgehead across the Douve River. The cool fearlessness, personal bravery, and outstanding leadership displayed by Lt. Col. Cole reflect great credit upon himself and are worthy of the highest praise in the military service.





Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122. Place and date: Off Okinawa, June 10th and June 11th, 1945. Entered service at: Oklahoma. Born: 4 January 1922, Tishomingo, Okla. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122 during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu chain, 10 and 11 June 1945. Sharply vigilant during hostile air raids against Allied ships on radar picket duty off Okinawa on 10 June, Lt. McCool aided materially in evacuating all survivors from a sinking destroyer which had sustained mortal damage under the devastating attacks. When his own craft was attacked simultaneously by two of the enemy’s suicide squadron early in the evening of 11 June, he instantly hurled the full power of his gun batteries against the plunging aircraft, shooting down the first and damaging the second before it crashed his station in the conning tower and engulfed the immediate area in a mass of flames. Although suffering from shrapnel wounds and painful burns, he rallied his concussion-shocked crew and initiated vigorous firefighting measures and then proceeded to the rescue of several trapped in a blazing compartment, subsequently carrying one man to safety despite the excruciating pain of additional severe burns. Unmindful of all personal danger, he continued his efforts without respite until aid arrived from other ships and he was evacuated. By his staunch leadership, capable direction, and indomitable determination throughout the crisis, Lt. McCool saved the lives of many who otherwise might have perished and contributed materially to the saving of his ship for further combat service. His valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of extreme peril sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.






Rank and organization: Lieutenant (Medical Corps), USNRF. Born: 20 February 1874, Harrison, Ohio. Appointed from: Pennsylvania. Citation: For extraordinary heroism while serving with the 5th Regiment, U.S. Marines, in France during the attack in the Boise de Belleau, June 11th, 1918. While under heavy fire of high explosive and gas shells in the town of Lucy, where his dressing station was located, Lt. Petty attended to and evacuated the wounded under most trying conditions. Having been knocked to the ground by an exploding gas shell which tore his mask, Lt. Petty discarded the mask and courageously continued his work. His dressing station being hit and demolished, he personally helped carry Capt. Williams, wounded, through the shellfire to a place of safety.



Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Philippine Scouts. Place and date: At Gagsak Mountain, Jolo, Philippine Islands, June 11th, 1913. Entered service at: Brockton, Mass. Birth: Westport, Mass. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: Voluntarily entered a cleared space within about 20 yards of the Moro trenches under a furious fire from them and carried a wounded soldier of his company to safety at the risk of his own life.





Rank and organization: Machinist’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Aboard the U.S.S. Bruce at the Naval Shipyard, Norfolk, Va., June 11th,1928. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Birth: Harrisburg, Pa. Citation: For display of extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on 11 June 1928, after a boiler accident on the U.S.S. Bruce, then at the Naval Shipyard, Norfolk, Va. Immediately on becoming aware of the accident, Huber without hesitation and in complete disregard of his own safety, entered the steam-filled fireroom and at grave risk to his life succeeded by almost superhuman efforts in carrying Charles H. Byran to safety. Although having received severe and dangerous burns about the arms and neck, he descended with a view toward rendering further assistance. The great courage, grit, and determination displayed by Huber on this occasion characterized conduct far above and beyond the call of duty.



1871 Korean Campaign

The 1871 United States-Korea conflict is one of the least known and understood actions in both Korea and the United States.  At the same time, it was a pivotal event in not only the histories of the United States and Korea, but arguably in the world.  The failed diplomacy that led to the °Weekend War” set Korea up for a fall just a few short years later, which forever changed the direction of life in Korea, Asia, and the rest of the world, as Japan gained a foothold on the Asian continent.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: New York, N.Y. Enlisted at: Hongkong, China. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado in action against a Korean fort on June 11th, 1871. Assisted in capturing the Korean standard in the center of the citadel of the fort.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization. Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 9 October 1847, Ireland. Accredited to: California. G.O. No. 169, 8 February 1872. Citation. On board the U.S.S. Colorado in action at Korea on June 11th, 1871. Fighting hand-to-hand with the enemy, Coleman succeeded in saving the life of Alexander McKenzie.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1840, Portsmouth, N.H. Accredited to. New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citatian: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts on June 11th, 1871. Assuming command of Company D, after Lt. McKee was wounded, Franklin handled the company with great credit until relieved.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organizatian: Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1835. Ireland. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No. 177, 4 December 1915. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Benicia during the attack on the Korean forts, June 10th and June 11th, 1871. Carrying out his duties with coolness, Grace set forth gallant and meritorious conduct throughout this action.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Carpenter, U.S. Navy. Born: 1843, York, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts, June 11th, 1871. Serving as color bearer of the battalion, Hayden planted his flag on the ramparts of the citadel and protected it under a heavy fire from the enemy.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Scotland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the capture of the Korean forts, June 11th, 1871. Fighting at the side of Lt. McKee during this action, McKenzie was struck by a sword and received a severe cut in the head from the blow.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1841, Clure, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Benicia during the capture of the Korean forts, June 11th, 1871. Advancing to the parapet, McNamara wrenched the match-lock from the hands of an enemy and killed him.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 6 February 1853, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the capture of Korean forts, June 11th, 1871. Fighting courageously in hand-tohand combat, Owens was badly wounded by the enemy during this action.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 5 March 1846, Philadelphia, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Alaska during the attack on and capture of the Korean forts, June 11th,1871. Braving the enemy fire, Purvis was the first to scale the walls of the fort and capture the flag of the Korean forces.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845, Buffalo, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts, June 11th, 1871. Fighting courageously at the side of Lt. McKee during this action, Rogers was wounded by the enemy.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1848, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the capture of the Korean forts, June 11th,1871. Fighting at the side of Lt. McKee, by whom he was especially commended, Troy was badly wounded by the enemy.





Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 10th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., June 11th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Cattaraugus County, N.Y. Date of issue: 1 April 1898. Citation: Voluntarily carried a message which stopped the firing of a Union battery into his regiment, in which service he crossed a ridge in plain view and swept by the fire of both armies.




Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 2d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., June 11th, 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 August 1892. Citation: Remained at his gun, resisting with its implements the advancing cavalry, and thus secured the retreat of his detachment.





Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Commissary, 10th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., June 11th, 1864. Entered service at: Fulton, N.Y. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 22 November 1889. Citation: Voluntarily led a charge in which he was severely wounded.





Rank and organization: Captain, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevlhan Station, Va., June 11th, 1864. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Born: 5 November 1838, Easton, Pa. Date of issue: 21 September 1893. Citation: Handled the regiment with great skill and valor, was severely wounded.


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 10th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 10, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Ball Point Pen Day

Nursing Assistants Day


Salem Witch Trials

The Salem witch trials occurred in colonial Massachusetts between 1692 and 1693. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft—the Devil’s magic—and 20 were executed. Eventually, the colony admitted the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted. Since then, the story of the trials has become synonymous with paranoia and injustice, and it continues to beguile the popular imagination more than 300 years later.

Salem Struggling
Several centuries ago, many practicing Christians, and those of other religions, had a strong belief that the Devil could give certain people known as witches the power to harm others in return for their loyalty. A “witchcraft craze” rippled through Europe from the 1300s to the end of the 1600s. Hundreds of thousands of supposed witches—mostly women—were executed. Though the Salem trials came on just as the European craze was winding down, local circumstances explain their onset.

In 1689, English rulers William and Mary started a war with France in the American colonies. This war, known as King William’s War to colonists, decimated regions of upstate New York, Nova Scotia and Quebec. It sent refugees into the county of Essex and, specifically, Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. (Salem Village is present-day Danvers, Massachusetts; colonial Salem Town became what’s now Salem.)

The refugees created a strain on Salem’s resources. This aggravated the existing rivalry between families with ties to the wealth of the port of Salem and those who still depended on agriculture. Controversy also brewed over Reverend Samuel Parris, who became Salem Village’s first ordained minister in 1689, and was disliked because of his rigid ways and greedy nature. The Puritan villagers believed all the quarreling was the work of the Devil.

In January of 1692, Reverend Parris’ daughter Elizabeth, age 9, and niece Abigail Williams, age 11, started having “fits.” They screamed, threw things, uttered peculiar sounds and contorted themselves into strange positions, and a local doctor blamed the supernatural. Another girl, Ann Putnam, age 11, experienced similar episodes. On February 29, under pressure from magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne, the girls blamed three women for afflicting them: Tituba, the Parris’ Caribbean slave; Sarah Good, a homeless beggar; and Sarah Osborne, an elderly impoverished woman.

Witch Hunt
All three women were brought before the local magistrates and interrogated for several days, starting on March 1, 1692. Osborne claimed innocence, as did Good. But Tituba confessed, “The Devil came to me and bid me serve him.” She described elaborate images of black dogs, red cats, yellow birds and a “black man” who wanted her to sign his book. She admitted that she signed the book and said there were several other witches looking to destroy the Puritans. All three women were put in jail.

With the seed of paranoia planted, a stream of accusations followed for the next few months. Charges against Martha Corey, a loyal member of the Church in Salem Village, greatly concerned the community; if she could be a witch, then anyone could. Magistrates even questioned Sarah Good’s 4-year-old daughter, Dorothy, and her timid answers were construed as a confession. The questioning got more serious in April when Deputy Governor Thomas Danforth and his assistants attended the hearings. Dozens of people from Salem and other Massachusetts villages were brought in for questioning.

On May 27, 1692, Governor William Phipps ordered the establishment of a Special Court of Oyer (to hear) and Terminer (to decide) for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties. The first case brought to the special court was Bridget Bishop, an older woman known for her gossipy habits and promiscuity. When asked if she committed witchcraft, Bishop responded, “I am as innocent as the child unborn.” The defense must not have been convincing, because she was found guilty and, on June 10, became the first person hanged on what was later called Gallows Hill.


Scripture of the Day

Galatians 5:19-21 King James Version (KJV)

19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.


Founders Thoughts

Patrick Henry“If we wish to be free, if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending, if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained _ we must fight!”

~Patrick Henry


“Self-discipline begins with the mastery of your thoughts. If you don’t control what you think, you can’t control what you do. Simply, self-discipline enables you to think first and act afterward.”

~ Napoleon Hill


in·teg·ri·ty in-ˈte-grə-tē noun

: firm adherence to a code of especially moral or artistic values


323 BC –  Alexander died in Persia at Babylon at the age of 32. His general, Ptolemy, took possession of Egypt.

1610 – First Dutch settlers arrive, to colonize Manhattan Island. They came from what would be New Jersey.

1610 – English Lord De La Ware and his supply ships arrived at Jamestown allowing the colony to recover and survive.

1652 –  Silversmith John Hull opened the first mint in America, in defiance of English colonial law. It was Massachusetts’s first twelvepenny coin, the famous Pine Tree Shilling. Hull guaranteed that each of his Pine Tree Shillings contained 15 ounces of silver.

1692 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries”. (See June 2nd).

1718 – Blackbeard’s ship, the Queen Anne’s Revenge, ran aground about this time and soon sank off the coast of Beaufort, NC.

1752 – Benjamin Franklin’s kite was struck by lightning as he flew it during a thunderstorm.

1760 –   NY passes first effective law regulating practice of medicine. Medical licensure originated in New York in 1760 as a means to prevent “ignorant and unskillful persons” from “endangering the lives and limbs of their patients, and many poor and ignorant persons, who have been persuaded to become their patients.”

1770 – Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.

1801 – The North African state of Tripoli (muslims) declared war on the United States in a dispute over safe passage of merchant vessels through the Mediterranean. Tripoli declared war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute.

1805 – First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.

1809 –  First US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Philadelphia. The “Phoenix” took thirteen days to make the trip.

1847 – Chicago Tribune began publishing.

1848 – First telegraph link between New York City & Chicago.

1854 – The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduated.Originally a course of study for five years was prescribed. Only the first and last were spent at the school with the other three being passed at sea.

1861 – Thaddeus Lowe demonstrated his balloon, the Enterprise, along with its telegraphy capabilities for Pres. Lincoln at the White House lawn.

1861 – Civil War: The Virginia village of Big Bethel became the site of the first major land battle of the Civil War. Private Henry L. Wyatt was the first Confederate soldier killed in a Civil War battle. 18 Union soldiers were killed.

1861 – Civil War: Dorthea Dix, known for her work with the mentally ill, was appointed superintendent of women nurses for the Union Army.

1864 – Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.

1869 – Machine-frozen food was transported a significant distance in the U.S. for the first time. A shipment of frozen Texas beef had been processed by refrigeration equipment invented by John Gorrie, and delivered by the steamship Agnes in New Orleans, La.

1871 – Korean Campaign : Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.

1880 –  Boston’s Charley Jones, 1879’s home run king with nine, hits two home runs in one inning, becoming the first big leaguer to accomplish this feat. Both home runs come off Buffalo’s Tom Poorman in the 8th inning of a 19-3 rout.

1884 – William E. Eldred of Brooklyn, NY, was granted a US patent for a new way to open and close the legs of a folding table.

1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. Marines land on the island of Cuba.

1902 – Patent for window envelope granted to H.F. Callahan. This style of envelope was able to save expense of printing or labour of addressing when they were already on the letter.

1905 – First forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, ME. It was erected on Big Squaw Mt., now Big Moose Mt., located in Township 2, Range 6 near Greenville, in Piscataquis County (elevation 3209′).

1908 – The Aeronautical Society of New York, the first flying club, opened with facilities at Morris Park Racetrack. It was the first organization in the world to have flying grounds.

1909 – The SOS distress signal was used for the first time. The Cunard liner SS Slavonia used the signal when it wrecked off the Azores.

1915 – Girl Scouts were founded.

1920 – The Republican convention in Chicago endorsed woman suffrage.

1921 – Babe Ruth becomes all time HR champ with #120. He eclipsed Gavvy Cravath at a career high of 119.

1924 –  First political convention broadcast on radio-Republicans at Cleveland. Radio’s big news story during the two-day convention was the nomination of Calvin Coolidge as the Republican presidential nominee.

1925 – The state of Tennessee adopted a new biology text book that denied the theory of evolution.

1932 –  First demonstration of artificial lightning using ten-million volts occurred at Pittsfield, MA.

1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by him and Bill Wilson.

1940 – World War II: Europe: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.

1940 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy’s actions with his “Stab in the Back” speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.

1940 – World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.

1940 – World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.

1940 – World War II: Norway surrenders to German forces.

1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.

1943 – World War II: The Allies began bombing Germany around the clock.

1943 – Laszlo Biro patented his ballpoint pen. Biro was a Hungarian journalist.

1943 – President Franklin D Roosevelt signed a withholding tax bill into law.

1944 – World War II: Holocaust: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.

1944 – World War II: Holocaust: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece, 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.

1944 – In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.

1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sentimental Journey” by The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day), “Dream” by The Pied Pipers, “Laura” by The Woody Herman Orchestra and “At Mail Call Today” by Gene Autry all topped the charts.

1946 –  Jack Johnson, first black heavyweight champion (1908-1915), died in car accident.

1947 – Saab produces its first automobile.

1948 – The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.

1950 –  “Sentimental Me” by the Ames Brothers topped the charts.

1952 – MYLAR was trademark registered. It was an extraordinarily strong polyester film that grew out of the development of Dacron® in the early 1950s. During the 1960s its superior strength steadily replaced cellophane because of its its superior strength, heat resistance, and excellent insulating properties.

1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Song from Moulin Rouge” by The Percy Faith Orchestra, April in Portugal” by The Les Baxter Orchestra, “Pretend” by Nat King Cole and “Take These Chains from My Heart” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.

1954 – General Motors announced the gas turbine bus had been produced successfully.

1956 – Last original episode of Captain Z-Ro aired. It originally started in November 1950.

1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Running Scared” by Roy Orbison, “Moody River” by Pat Boone, “Stand by Me” by Ben E. King and “Hello Walls” by Faron Young all topped the charts.

1963 – President John F Kennedy signed an equal pay for equal work law for men & women.

1964 – Capitol Records released the Beatles’ single “A Hard Days Night” and the album of the same name.

1964 – A dramatic day in the United States Senate. For the first time in its history, cloture was invoked on a civil rights bill, ending a record-breaking 57-day filibuster by Democrats. Leading the Democrats in their opposition to civil rights for African-Americans was Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV). Byrd, who got into politics as a recruiter for the Ku Klux Klan, spoke against the bill for fourteen straight hours.The hero of the hour was minority leader Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen (R-Ill.) calling on the Democrats to end their filibuster and accept racial equality.

1965 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dong Xoai begins.

1966 –  Beatles record “Rain“, first to use reverse tapes. John Lennon was the first to experiment with mixing forward and backwards recordings. The technique of mixing backward recordings in music became known as ‘back masking’.

1966 – Janis Joplin’s first live concert was held at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco.

1966 – Mamas & Papas won a gold record for “Monday, Monday.

1967 – “Respect” by Aretha Franklin topped the charts.

1967 – Stevie Wonder’s “I Was Made To Love Her” was released.

1967 – Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.

1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Get Back” by The Beatles, “Love (Can Make You Happy)” by Mercy, “Grazing in the Grass” by The Friends of Distinction and “Singing My Song” by Tammy Wynette all topped the charts.

1970 – Vietnam War: A fifteen-man group of special forces troops began training for Operation Kingpin. The operation was a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.

1971 – The London Bridge was reconstructed at Lake Havasu City, Arizona, and dedicated today.

1971 – Federal marshals, FBI agents and special forces swarmed Alcatraz Island and removed the Native American occupiers: five women, four children and six unarmed men.
1972 – “Candy Man” by Sammy Davis, Jr. topped the charts.

1972 –  Hank Aaron hits his 14th career grand slam, tying Gil Hodges’s National League record, as the Braves defeat the Phillies 15-3. It is career home run 649 for Aaron, enabling him to pass Willie Mays for 2nd place on the all-time list.

1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.

1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sir Duke” by Stevie Wonder, “I’m Your Boogie Man” by KC & The Sunshine Band, “Dreams” by Fleetwood Mac and “Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love)” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.

1977 – James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.

1977 – Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer. It was one of the first computers with a color display, and it had the BASIC programming language built-in, so it is ready-to-run right out of the box.

1978 –  “You’re the One That I Want” by John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John topped the charts.

1978 – Joe Walsh’s “Life’s Been Good” was released.

1978 – “Affirmed” (1975-2001) , ridden by Steve Cauthen, became a Triple Crown winner after winning the NY Belmont Stakes by a nose over Alyadar.

1980 – Percy Wood, United Airlines President is injured when a bomb sent by the Unabomber went off.

1981 –  Pete Rose ties Stan Musial’s NL record of 3,630 hits.

1982 – The Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company and the Old Milwaukee brand was acquired by Stroh Brewing Company of Detroit. The Old Milwaukee brand was first brewed by the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company.

1984 – The U.S. Army successfully tested an antiballistic missile.

1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Everybody Wants to Rule the World” by Tears for Fears, Suddenly” by Billy Ocean, “Things Can Only Get Better” by Howard Jones and “Natural High” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.

1987 –  An earthquake hit 15 states from Iowa to South Carolina. The tremor, centered near Lawrenceville, IL, 55 miles north of Evansville, Ind., was the largest in the Midwest in nearly 20 years.

1988 – The US House ethics committee announced it had voted unanimously to conduct a preliminary inquiry into allegations concerning the conduct of Speaker Jim Wright.

1989 –  “Wind Beneath My Wings” by Bette Midler topped the charts.

1989 – “Easy Goer” won the Belmont Stakes in New York, denying the Triple Crown to Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner “Sunday Silence.”

1991 –  “Twin Peaks” ended its run on ABC-TV.

1991 – New York City staged a massive celebration for US veterans of Desert Storm.

1993 – Richard Webb (77), actor (Captain Midnight), died.

1995 – US Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia, described his six-day ordeal at a news conference at Aviano Air Base in Italy.

1995 – “Thunder Gulch” won the Belmont Stakes.

1996 – The film “The Rock,” starring Sean Connery and Nicolas Cage, opened and took in $25.1 million nationally.

1996 – The Colorado Avalanche defeated the Florida Panthers 1-0 in triple overtime to win the Stanley Cup in a four-game sweep.

1996 – Intel released its 200 Mhz Pentium chip.

1998 –  The Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that poor children in Milwaukee could attend religious schools at taxpayer expense.

1998 – A jury in Jacksonville, Fla. ordered Brown and Williamson Tobacco Corp. to pay nearly $1 million to the family of Roland Maddox, who had died after smoking Lucky Strikes for almost 50 years.

1999 –  The US Supreme Court struck down (6-3) a Chicago anti-loitering ordnance aimed against street gangs.

1999 –  The Christian Coalition, founded and led by Pat Robertson, was denied tax-exempt status because of its political activity.

2000 –  “Commendable” won the Belmont Stakes.

2001 – Tropical storm Allison hung over Texas and Louisiana and killed at least 16 people. President Bush declared 28 counties disaster areas due to flooding.

2001 –  The Supreme Court, without comment, turned down a request to allow the videotaping of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh’s execution, scheduled for the following day.

2002 –  US officials announced the breakup of a terrorist plot to detonate a radioactive “dirty bomb.” Abdullah Al Mujahir, also known as Jose Padilla, was arrested on May 8 as he flew from Pakistan into Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Padilla was said to be a US-born al-Qaeda associate scouting targets for the bomb.

2002 –  The Colorado wildfire  that began in Pike National Forest June 8th pushed toward Denver’s southern suburbs.

2003 –  NASA launched a Mars Exploration Rover named Spirit, the first of two craft. Spirit arrived on Mars in January 2004.

2003 – The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission.

2004 – Ray Charles (b.1930), rhythm ‘n’ blues piano player and singer best known for “Hit the Road Jack” and “Georgia on My Mind,” died in Beverly Hills.

2005 –  Citigroup Inc. said it will pay $2 billion to Enron Corp. shareholders who accused it of helping the energy trader in a massive accounting fraud.

2005 – Baltimore’s 4-3 win over Cincinnati marked the first time three 500 homer players appeared in the same game – the Orioles’ Sammy Sosa (580) and Rafael Palmeiro (559), and the Reds’ Ken Griffey Jr., who hit number 511.

2006 – “Jazil” cruised to victory, holding off “Bluegrass Cat” in the Belmont Stakes.

2006 –  In New York City, a firefighter’s monument was unveiled for the 343 who died in the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.

2006 – Three Guantanamo Bay detainees, two from Saudi Arabia and one from Yemen,  hanged themselves with nooses made of sheets and clothes, bringing further condemnation of the isolated camp where hundreds of men have been held for years without charge.

2007 –  HBO concluded “The Sopranos,” created by David Chase, with its 86th show since 1999.

2007 – The crews of Atlantis and the International Space Station greeted each other after the Space Shuttle arrived at the orbiting outpost.

2008 –  In New York City a million pieces of stainless steel toy parts assembled into a nearly seven-story model skyscraper glimmered under the hot sun. It was created by American artist Chris Burden (b.1946). The 16,000-pound “poetic interpretation” of the 30 Rock Building at Rockefeller Center was made of replicated Erector set pieces from the toy created by A.C. Gilbert in 1912.

2008 –  The nation’s top AIDS doctor said researchers have been undercounting new cases of HIV infection in the United States, meaning the rate is probably 25 percent higher at 50,000 people per year.

2009 – President Obama appoints a czar to oversee executive pay.

2009 – James von Brunn (88), identified as a white supremacist, shot and killed Guard Stephen T. Johns (39), who prevented his entrance into the US Holocaust Memorial and Museum in Washington, DC. Security engaged the gunman as soon as he stepped inside the crowded museum and began shooting.

2009 – In Pennsylvania a car fleeing a robbery scene jumped a curb in Philadelphia, smashed into a crowd and killed three young children.

2009 –  Italy’s Fiat became the new owner of the bulk of Chrysler’s assets, closing a deal that saves the troubled US automaker from liquidation and places a new company in the hands of Fiat’s CEO.

2010 –  In San Francisco the office tower at 333 Market St. was sold to a group of South Korean investors including the Korean Teacher’s Credit Union and Korean Federation of community Credit Cooperatives for $333 million.

2010 – In the first move of a possible major realignment of U.S. college sports, the Pacific-10 Conference announces that the University of Colorado, a current member of the Big 12 Conference, has accepted the Pac-10’s invitation to join that conference.

2011 –  Iran has reportedly been caught on ten separate occasions trying to send arms to terrorist groups, including Hamas and the Taliban.

2012 -Police in the San Gabriel Valley in southern California cite United States Secretary of Commerce John Bryson for felony hit and run for alleged involvement in a series of accidents on the weekend.

2012 – Heavy rainfall damages roadways and bridges the Southeastern United States, with 20 inches falling in Escambia County, Florida.

2012 – Three people are shot to death and three are wounded during a party held at an apartment complex near the campus of Auburn University in Auburn, Alabama

2012 –  NHL’s Los Angeles Kings defeat the New Jersey Devils 6-1 in game 6 of the 2012 Stanley Cup Finals to win Los Angeles Kings’ first Stanley Cup.

2014 – US Olympic swimming gold medal winner Amy Van Dyken severs her spine in a severe ATV accident. She won six Olympic gold medals in her career, four of which she won at the 1996 Summer Olympics, making her the first American woman to accomplish such a feat and the most successful athlete at the 1996 Summer Olympics.

 2014 – A student, Emilio Hoffman, is shot and killed at Reynolds High School in Troutdale, Oregon, and the shooter is dead. The shooter, Jared Padgett, entered the building that houses the high school’s gym, which is a separate, detached building from the school and shot and killed Hoffman. There was no connection between the two.

1835 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)

1908 – Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
1910 – Howlin’ Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
1911 – Ralph Kirkpatrick, American musician and musicologist (d. 1984)
1920 – Ruth Bell Graham, wife of the famous evangelist Billy Graham (d. 2007)
1922 – Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
1933 – F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American politician
1969 – Kate Snow, American TV journalist
1971 – Bobby Jindal, Louisiana Congressman, Governor
1973 – Faith Evans, American singer







Rank and organization: Construction Mechanic Third Class, U.S. Navy, Seabee Team 1104. Place and date: Dong Xoai, Republic of Vietnam,  June 10th, 1965. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Born: 30 December 1939, Port Townsend, Wash. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Although wounded when the compound of Detachment A342, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, came under intense fire from an estimated reinforced Viet Cong regiment employing machineguns, heavy weapons and small arms, Shields continued to resupply his fellow Americans who needed ammunition and to return the enemy fire for a period of approximately three hours, at which time the Viet Cong launched a massive attack at close range with flame-throwers, hand grenades and small-arms fire. Wounded a second time during this attack, Shields nevertheless assisted in carrying a more critically wounded man to safety, and then resumed firing at the enemy for four more hours. When the commander asked for a volunteer to accompany him in an attempt to knock out an enemy machinegun emplacement which was endangering the lives of all personnel in the compound because of the accuracy of its fire, Shields unhesitatingly volunteered for this extremely hazardous mission. Proceeding toward their objective with a 3.5-inch rocket launcher, they succeeded in destroying the enemy machinegun emplacement, thus undoubtedly saving the lives of many of their fellow servicemen in the compound. Shields was mortally wounded by hostile fire while returning to his defensive position. His heroic initiative and great personal valor in the face of intense enemy fire sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.




Rank and organization: First Lieutenant (then 2d Lt.), U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group. Place and date: Dong Xoai, Republic of Vietnam, June 9th to June 10th, 1965. Entered service at: Fort Jackson, S.C. Born: 17 September 1933, Charleston, S.C. G.O. No.: 30, 5 July 1966. Citation: 1st Lt. Williams distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while defending the Special Forces Camp against a violent attack by hostile forces that lasted for fourteen hours. 1st Lt. Williams was serving as executive officer of a Special Forces Detachment when an estimated Vietcong reinforced regiment struck the camp and threatened to overrun it and the adjacent district headquarters. He awoke personnel, organized them, determined the source of the insurgents’ main effort and led the troops to their defensive positions on the south and west walls. Then, after running to the District Headquarters to establish communications, he found that there was no radio operational with which to communicate with his commanding officer in another compound. To reach the other compound, he traveled through darkness but was halted in this effort by a combination of shrapnel in his right leg and the increase of the Vietcong gunfire. Ignoring his wound, he returned to the district headquarters and directed the defense against the first assault. As the insurgents attempted to scale the walls and as some of the Vietnamese defenders began to retreat, he dashed through a barrage of gunfire, succeeded in rallying these defenders, and led them back to their positions. Although wounded in the thigh and left leg during this gallant action, he returned to his position and, upon being told that communications were reestablished and that his commanding officer was seriously wounded, 1st Lt. Williams took charge of actions in both compounds. Then, in an attempt to reach the communications bunker, he sustained wounds in the stomach and right arm from grenade fragments. As the defensive positions on the walls had been held for hours and casualties were mounting, he ordered the consolidation of the American personnel from both compounds to establish a defense in the district building. After radio contact was made with a friendly air controller, he disregarded his wounds and directed the defense from the District building, using descending flares as reference points to adjust air strikes. By his courage, he inspired his team to hold out against the insurgent force that was closing in on them and throwing grenades into the windows of the building. As daylight arrived and the Vietcong continued to besiege the stronghold, firing a machinegun directly south of the district building, he was determined to eliminate this menace that threatened the lives of his men. Taking a 3.5 rocket launcher and a volunteer to load it, he worked his way across open terrain, reached the berm south of the district headquarters, and took aim at the Vietcong machinegun 150 meters away. Although the sight was faulty, he succeeded in hitting the machinegun. While he and the loader were trying to return to the district headquarters, they were both wounded. With a fourth wound, this time in the right arm and leg, and realizing he was unable to carry his wounded comrade back to the district building, 1st Lt. Williams pulled him to a covered position and then made his way back to the district building where he sought the help of others who went out and evacuated the injured soldier. Although seriously wounded and tired, he continued to direct the air strikes closer to the defensive position. As morning turned to afternoon and the Vietcong pressed their effort with direct recoilless rifle fire into the building, he ordered the evacuation of the seriously wounded to the safety of the communications bunker. When informed that helicopters would attempt to land as the hostile gunfire had abated, he led his team from the building to the artillery position, making certain of the timely evacuation of the wounded from the communications area, and then on to the pickup point. Despite resurgent Vietcong gunfire, he directed the rapid evacuation of all personnel. Throughout the long battle, he was undaunted by the vicious Vietcong assault and inspired the defenders in decimating the determined insurgents. 1st Lt. Williams’ extraordinary heroism, are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.





Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Hangnyong, Korea, June 10th, 1951. Entered service at: Terre Haute, Ind. Born: 12 August 1931, Terre Haute, Ind. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a fire team leader in Company E, in action against enemy aggressor forces. While advancing with his platoon in an attack against well-concealed and heavily fortified enemy hill positions, Cpl. Abrell voluntarily rushed forward through the assaulting squad which was pinned down by a hail of intense and accurate automatic-weapons fire from a hostile bunker situated on commanding ground. Although previously wounded by enemy hand grenade fragments, he proceeded to carry out a bold, single-handed attack against the bunker, exhorting his comrades to follow him. Sustaining two additional wounds as he stormed toward the emplacement, he resolutely pulled the pin from a grenade clutched in his hand and hurled himself bodily into the bunker with the live missile still in his grasp. Fatally wounded in the resulting explosion which killed the entire enemy guncrew within the stronghold, Cpl. Abrell, by his valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of certain death, served to inspire all his comrades and contributed directly to the success of his platoon in attaining its objective. His superb courage and heroic initiative sustain and enhance the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.





Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Vaubadon, France, June 10th, 1944. Entered service at: Saugus, Mass. Birth: Saugus, Mass. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life, above and beyond the call of duty, on 10 June 1944, near Vaubadon, France. As scouts were advancing across an open field, the enemy suddenly opened fire with several machineguns and hit one of the men. S/Sgt. DeFranzo courageously moved out in the open to the aid of the wounded scout and was himself wounded but brought the man to safety. Refusing aid, S/Sgt. DeFranzo reentered the open field and led the advance upon the enemy. There were always at least two machineguns bringing unrelenting fire upon him, but S/Sgt. DeFranzo kept going forward, firing into the enemy and one by one the enemy emplacements became silent. While advancing he was again wounded, but continued on until he was within 100 yards of the enemy position and even as he fell, he kept firing his rifle and waving his men forward. When his company came up behind him, S/Sgt. DeFranzo, despite his many severe wounds, suddenly raised himself and once more moved forward in the lead of his men until he was again hit by enemy fire. In a final gesture of indomitable courage, he threw several grenades at the enemy machinegun position and completely destroyed the gun. In this action, S/Sgt. DeFranzo lost his life, but by bearing the brunt of the enemy fire in leading the attack, he prevented a delay in the assault which would have been of considerable benefit to the foe, and he made possible his company’s advance with a minimum of casualties. The extraordinary heroism and magnificent devotion to duty displayed by S/Sgt. DeFranzo was a great inspiration to all about him, and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.






Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Goville, France, June 9th to June 10th, 1944. Entered service at: Manhattan, Kans. Birth: Junction City, Kans. G.O. No.: 91, 19 December 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 9-10 June 1944, near Goville, France. S/Sgt. Ehlers, always acting as the spearhead of the attack, repeatedly led his men against heavily defended enemy strong points exposing himself to deadly hostile fire whenever the situation required heroic and courageous leadership. Without waiting for an order, S/Sgt. Ehlers, far ahead of his men, led his squad against a strongly defended enemy strong point, personally killing four of an enemy patrol who attacked him en route. Then crawling forward under withering machinegun fire, he pounced upon the guncrew and put it out of action. Turning his attention to two mortars protected by the crossfire of two machineguns, S/Sgt. Ehlers led his men through this hail of bullets to kill or put to flight the enemy of the mortar section, killing three men himself. After mopping up the mortar positions, he again advanced on a machinegun, his progress effectively covered by his squad. When he was almost on top of the gun he leaped to his feet and, although greatly outnumbered, he knocked out the position single-handed. The next day, having advanced deep into enemy territory, the platoon of which S/Sgt. Ehlers was a member, finding itself in an untenable position as the enemy brought increased mortar, machinegun, and small arms fire to bear on it, was ordered to withdraw. S/Sgt. Ehlers, after his squad had covered the withdrawal of the remainder of the platoon, stood up and by continuous fire at the semicircle of enemy placements, diverted the bulk of the heavy hostile fire on himself, thus permitting the members of his own squad to withdraw. At this point, though wounded himself, he carried his wounded automatic rifleman to safety and then returned fearlessly over the shell-swept field to retrieve the automatic rifle which he was unable to carry previously. After having his wound treated, he refused to be evacuated, and returned to lead his squad. The intrepid leadership, indomitable courage, and fearless aggressiveness displayed by S/Sgt. Ehlers in the face of overwhelming enemy forces serve as an inspiration to others.







Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122. Place and date: Off Okinawa, June 10th and June 11th, 1945. Entered service at: Oklahoma. Born: 4 January 1922, Tishomingo, Okla. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122 during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu chain, 10 and 11 June 1945. Sharply vigilant during hostile air raids against Allied ships on radar picket duty off Okinawa on 10 June, Lt. McCool aided materially in evacuating all survivors from a sinking destroyer which had sustained mortal damage under the devastating attacks. When his own craft was attacked simultaneously by two of the enemy’s suicide squadron early in the evening of 11 June, he instantly hurled the full power of his gun batteries against the plunging aircraft, shooting down the first and damaging the second before it crashed his station in the conning tower and engulfed the immediate area in a mass of flames. Although suffering from shrapnel wounds and painful burns, he rallied his concussion-shocked crew and initiated vigorous firefighting measures and then proceeded to the rescue of several trapped in a blazing compartment, subsequently carrying one man to safety despite the excruciating pain of additional severe burns. Unmindful of all personal danger, he continued his efforts without respite until aid arrived from other ships and he was evacuated. By his staunch leadership, capable direction, and indomitable determination throughout the crisis, Lt. McCool saved the lives of many who otherwise might have perished and contributed materially to the saving of his ship for further combat service. His valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of extreme peril sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.


The 1871 United States-Korea conflict is one of the least known and understood actions in both Korea and the United States.  At the same time, it was a pivotal event in not only the histories of the United States and Korea, but arguably in the world.  The failed diplomacy that led to the °Weekend War” set Korea up for a fall just a few short years later, which forever changed the direction of life in Korea, Asia, and the rest of the world, as Japan gained a foothold on the Asian continent.






Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1821, York County, Pennsylvania. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 176, 9 July 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Benicia in action against Korean forts on June 9th and June 10th, 1871. Stationed at the lead in passing the forts, Andrews stood on the gunwale on the Benicia’s launch, lashed to the ridgerope. He remained unflinchingly in this dangerous position and gave his soundings with coolness and accuracy under a heavy fire.



Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1846, Bohemia. Enlisted at: Tientsin, China. G.O. No.: 180, 10 October 1872. Citation: Served with Company D during the capture of the Korean forts, June 9th and June 10th,1871. Fighting the enemy inside the fort, Lukes received a severe cut over the head.




Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Birth: England. G.O. No.: 180, 10 October 1872. Citation: Landsman and member of Company D during the capture of the Korean forts, June 9th and June 10th, 1871, Merton was severely wounded in the arm while trying to force his way into the fort.




Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 9th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 9, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Donald Duck Day

 Denture Day



Donald Duck is one of the most popular of all the Disney Characters. He got his start on June 9, 1934 in a Silly Symphony cartoon titled ‘The Wise Little Hen’. Audiences have always loved his fiery temper and silly antics.


Clarence ‘Ducky’ Nash provided Donald’s voice for 50 years. Tony Anselmo, a Disney artist, is the current voice of Donald Duck.

Donald is a lovable character with a good heart who usually tries to do the right thing. He takes humiliation and keeps on going. He never backs down from a fight. Donald may be hard to understand most of the time but he always has a lot to say. He is easily calmed down by his beloved Daisy who can simply soothe his brow to make him happy. Donald is the character well known for his short fuse, his many fights, and his need to be as good as Mickey Mouse.

In the 1940’s Donald Duck had more cartoons than Mickey Mouse; with over 128 to his credit. These don’t include the ones that did include the famous Mouse.

Our favorite duck is well known for his attire; wearing simply a sailor shirt and hat, with no pants in sight. Donald even has a middle name: Donald Fauntleroy Duck.

He is also the lesser-known member of the Three Caballeros from 1944. He is also very well known from Duck Tales; which was on television from 1987-1990. And for those who are not sure where Donald lives, well of course it is in Duckburg, Calisota USA. He does dock his boat, the Miss Daisy, at Disneyland in ToonTown.

Donald is not just a Disney icon. He is also the mascot for the Oregon Ducks.

 Scripture of the Day

Psalm 5: 1-7

For the director of music. For pipes. A psalm of David.

Listen to my words, Lord,
    consider my lament.
Hear my cry for help,
    my King and my God,
    for to you I pray.

In the morning, Lord, you hear my voice;
in the morning I lay my requests before you
and wait expectantly.

For you are not a God who is pleased with wickedness;
 with you, evil people are not welcome.

The arrogant cannot stand in your presence.
You hate all who do wrong;

 you destroy those who tell lies.
The bloodthirsty and deceitful
you, Lord, detest.

But I, by your great love, can come into your house;
in reverence I bow down toward your holy temple.


Founders Thoughts

Milton FriedmanMaybe I did well and maybe I led the battle but nobody ever said we were going to win this thing at any point in time. Eternal vigilance is required and there have to be people who step up to the plate, who believe in liberty, and who are willing to fight for it.”
Milton Friedman




“If you want things to be different, perhaps the answer is to become different yourself.” 

~ Norman Vincent Peale 

in·sip·id in-ˈsi-pəd   adjective

: lacking taste or savor : tasteless <insipid food>
: lacking in qualities that interest, stimulate, or challenge : dullflat <insipid

Insipid comes from the French & Late Latin; French insipide, from Late Latininsipidus, from Latin in-sapidus savory, from sapere to taste.


68 – Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.

1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.

1549 – Book of Common Prayer was adopted by the Church of England. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, issued the “Book of Common Prayer.” Other prayer books were forbidden by the Act of Uniformity. The book was mandated by the government under Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, so that services could be spoken in the language of the people. Most likely the prayer book of the Puritans.

1628 – First deportation from what is now the US, Thomas Morton from Massachusetts.

1650 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.

1732 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.

1772 – The first naval attack of Revolutionary War took place when residents of Providence, RI., stormed the British revenue cutter HMS Gaspee, burned it to the waterline and shot the captain.

1790 – First book copyrighted under the constitution, Philadelphia Spelling Book.

1822- Charles Graham receives first patent for false teeth. His were not the first false teeth in use, however.Graham’s choppers were the first durable and reusable dentures, replacing wooden, carved ivory, gold, and animal teeth in humans. Graham’s false teeth fostered health by preventing mold, decay and illness through oral infection from earlier versions.

1856 – Five-hundred Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.

1861 – Civil War: Mary Ann “Mother” Bickerdyke, Civil War hospital worker, began working in Union hospitals. “The midwife must give way to the physician. Woman, therefore, must become physician.”

1862 – Civil War: Battle of Port Republic, last of five battles in Jackson’s Valley camp.

1863 – Civil War: the Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia. Union and Confederate cavalries clashed. This was the largest cavalry battle in the Civil War.

1869 – In Philadelphia, PA, Charles Elmer Hires sells his first root beer.Originally, Hires packaged the mixture in boxes and sold it to housewives and soda fountains. They needed to mix in water, sugar, and yeast. Homemade root beer recipe

1870 – President Grant met with Sioux chief Red Cloud.

1899 – Jim Jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons for the Heavyweight boxing crown. In the eleventh round, Jeffries finished off Fitzsimmons with a left hook and a right uppercut.

1901 – New York Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13.

1902 – First Automat restaurant opens at 818 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA. It was Horn & Hardart, a cavernous, waiterless establishment that was a combination of fast-food, vending and a cafeteria.

1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, in fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.

1910 – Passenger on Australian ship SS Arawatta threw a bottle with note overboard. It was found June 6, 1983, in Queensland. The Arawatta sank in 1936.

1914 – Honus Wagner becomes the first baseball player to get 3,000 hits.

1915 – Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States’ handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.

1922 – First ringing of the Yale Memorial Chime at Yale University.

1923 – Brinks unveiled its first armored security vans.

1924 – “Jelly-Roll Blues” was recorded by blues great Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers.

1928 – Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross. The flight was from California to Brisbane.

1931 – Goddard patents rocket-fueled aircraft design.

1930 – Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.

1934 – Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen. His distinctive quack was voiced originally by Clarence Nash.

1941 – Production began on “The Maltese Falcon,” starring Humphrey Bogart as detective Sam Spade. The film was directed by John Huston (34).

1941 – World War II: The Japanese high command announced that “The Midway Occupation operations have been temporarily postponed.”

1943 – Congress passes “pay-as-you-go” income tax.

1944  – CHART TOPPERS –  “ Long Ago and Far Away” by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes, “I’ll Get By “ by The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Dick Haymes), “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby and “Straighten Up and Fly Right” by King Cole Trio all topped the charts.

1944 – World War II: Ninety-nine inhabitants of Tulle were hanged by the German SS. The Tulle Murders refer to the actions committed by the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich.

1945 – World War II: Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declared that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender.

1946 – NY Giant Mel Ott becomes the first manager to be ejected from both games of a doubleheader.

1948 – John Phillips (1915-1996), photographer for Life Magazine, took pictures of the ill-fated defense of the Jewish quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem against Arab troops.

1951 – “How High the Moon” by Les Paul & Mary Ford topped the charts.

1952 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Kiss of Fire” by Georgia Gibbs, “Blue Tango” by The Leroy Anderson Orchestra, “Be Anything” by Eddy Howard and “The Wild Side of Life” by Hank Thompson all topped the charts.

1953 – Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94 and produced more than $58 million in property damage. It was the worst tornado in New England history.

1953 – Patent granted to John H. Kraft for the “manufacture of soft surface cured cheese.”

1954 – Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army – giving McCarthy the famous rebuke, “You’ve done enough. Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?”

1956 – “Heartbreak Hotel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.

1958 – “The Purple People Eater” by Sheb Wooley topped the charts.

1959 – The USS George Washington is launched. It is the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.

1960 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers, “Burning Bridges” by Jack Scott, “Paper Roses”  by Anita Bryant and “Please Help Me, I’m Falling” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.

1963 – President John F Kennedy named Winston Churchill a US honorary citizen.

1963 – A US Equal Pay Act was enacted.

1967 – Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.

1968 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Mrs. Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel, “Tighten Up” by Archie Bell & The Drells, “This Guy’s in Love with You” by Herb Alpert and “Honey “by Bobby Goldsboro all topped the charts.

1968 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.

1969 – The U.S. Senate confirmed Warren Burger to be the new chief justice of the United States, succeeding Earl Warren.

1969 – The US Supreme Court, in Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC, ruled the Fairness Doctrine constitutional. The court said free-speech protections for broadcasters are narrower than those for publishers and pedestrians.

1970 – Harry A. Blackmun (1908-1999), was sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.

1972 – Vietnam: John Paul Vann, American military adviser, was killed in a helicopter accident in South Vietnam. He posthumously was awarded the highest American civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

1973 – “Secretariat” wins the Triple Crown. He was the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years by winning the Belmont Stakes. He won by 34 lengths and “Twice a Prince” came in 2nd.

1976 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Love Hangover” by Diana Ross, “Silly Love Songs’ by Wings, “Get Up and Boogie (That’s Right)” by Silver Convention and “One Piece at a Time” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.

1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens its priesthood to “all worthy men”, ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.

1980 – Comedian Richard Pryor suffered almost fatal burns at his San Fernando Valley, Calif., home when a mixture of “free-base” cocaine exploded.

1984 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Time After Time” by Cyndi Lauper, “Oh Sherrie” by Steve Perry, “The Reflex” by Duran Duran and “Someday When Things are Good” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.

1985 – Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he is not released until 1991).

1986 – The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.

1987 – In Platteville, CO, a lightning-caused fire engulfed 30 acres of tires spreading a plume of toxic black smoke that was visible by pilots in Wyoming and Nebraska, officials said. The blaze burned out of control in a private salvage yard called Tire Mountain, which contained an estimated 6 million tires. No injuries were reported.
1990 – “Go and Go” won the 122nd running of the Belmont Stakes.

1992 – Vice President Dan Quayle, addressing Southern Baptists in Indianapolis, condemned the “media elite,” saying, “I wear their scorn as a badge of honor.”

1996 – White House Chief of Staff Leon Panetta, appearing on NBC’s “Meet the Press,” said it was wrong for an investigator to have obtained secret FBI files on 341 people, including prominent Republicans. President Clinton agreed with Panetta that an apology was called for.

1996 – The latest US unemployment rate was 5.6%.

1997 – A California state commission decided to raise the salary of Gov. Wilson to $131,040. It would make him the highest paid governor in the nation.

1998 – In Texas three white men, Shawn Allen Berry (23), Lawrence Russell Brewer (31) and John William King (23), were charged for the June 7th dragging death murder of James Byrd Jr., an African-American.

1999 – President Clinton instructed federal law agencies to collect race and gender data on people they stop or arrest, in a move to end racial profiling by police.

2001 – “Point Given” won the Belmont Stakes.

2003 – The New Jersey Devils won the Stanley Cup, defeating the Anaheim Mighty Ducks 3-0 in Game 7.

2003 – Freddie Mac, a US government-sponsored mortgage company, ousted 3 top officials. The 4th largest US financial company had assets of $722 billion at the end of 2002. Leland Brendsel, CEO, was given a severance package valued at $24 million.

2004 – The body of Ronald Reagan was laid in state in the Washington DC Capitol Rotunda. Thousands viewed the flag-draped casket of the 40th president prior to his burial in California.

2008 – Apple, Inc. introduces a new iPhone with 3G capabilities, a GPS, and new features. The device is called iPhone 3G.

2008 – A stalled storm system in the American Midwest causes further heavy flooding in Indiana, Iowa and Wisconsin with storms on the weekend causing 10 deaths in four states.

2008 – In the town of Lake Delton, Wisconsin, Lake Delton drained as a result of heavy flooding breaking the dam holding the lake back. (The video has no sound but the devastation is clear.)

2008 –  Engineers from the Los Alamos National Laboratory and IBM Corp. unveiled, the world’s fastest supercomputer, a $100 million machine that for the first time has performed 1,000 trillion calculations per second in a sustained exercise. Named Roadrunner it will be used primarily on nuclear weapons work.

2009 – Two Democrats cross party lines and join Republicans to swing control of the Senate of New York State to the Republican Party.

2009 – The trial of William Jefferson, a former member of the U.S. House of Representatives, on charges of bribery and racketeering gets underway.

2010 – Georgia executes its 24th death row inmate Melbert Ford by lethal injection.

2011 – The Financial Times reports that computer hackers may have gained access to details of Citigroup bank card customer details.

2012 –  A Federal judge in the US has ruled Washington cannot indefinitely detain Americans suspected of having terrorist ties unless they have been found in connection with the 9/11 attacks. It comes just six months after President Obama signed the National Defense Authorization Act, which would have allowed American citizens to be held without trial or charge.

2012 –  The Miami Heat defeated the Boston Celtics, 101-88, to become the 2012 Eastern Conference Champions, advancing to the NBA Finals to face the Oklahoma City Thunder.

2012 – Over 12 inches of rain falls on Pensacola, Florida and adjacent areas, leading to widespread flooding.

2013 – Inbee Park wins the 2013 LPGA Championship, defeating Catriona Matthew on the third hole of a sudden-death playoff. The Korean wins her second major championship of the season and third of her career.

2014 – Six Cuban National Ballet dancers arrive in  Miami after defecting on tour.

2015 – The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit upholds a Texan law providing that abortion clinics meet the same standards as hospital-style surgical clinics meaning that many abortion clinics must upgrade or close.


1768 – Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)

1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
1915 – Les Paul, American guitarist
1916 – Robert McNamara, Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank
1921 – Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
1931 – Jackie Mason, American comedian
1939 – Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
1961 – Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
1961 – Aaron Sorkin, American writer
1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor
1993 – Danielle Chuchran, American actress







Rank and organization: Captain (then Comdr.) U.S. Navy, U.S.S. Liberty (AGTR-5). Place and Date: International waters, Eastern Mediterranean, June 8th and June 9th, 1967. Entered service at: Thermal, Calif. Born: 19 November 1925, Wichita, Kans. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sailing in international waters, the Liberty was attacked without warning by jet fighter aircraft and motor torpedo boats which inflicted many casualties among the crew and caused extreme damage to the ship. Although severely wounded during the first air attack, Capt. McGonagle remained at his battle station on the badly damaged bridge and, with full knowledge of the seriousness of his wounds, subordinated his own welfare to the safety and survival of his command. Steadfastly refusing any treatment which would take him away from his post, he calmly continued to exercise firm command of his ship. Despite continuous exposure to fire, he maneuvered his ship, directed its defense, supervised the control of flooding and fire, and saw to the care of the casualties. Capt. McGonagle’s extraordinary valor under these conditions inspired the surviving members of the Liberty’s crew, many of them seriously wounded, to heroic efforts to overcome the battle damage and keep the ship afloat. Subsequent to the attack, although in great pain and weak from the loss of blood, Captain McGonagle remained at his battle station and continued to command his ship for more than 17 hours. It was only after rendezvous with a U.S. destroyer that he relinquished personal control of the Liberty and permitted himself to be removed from the bridge. Even then, he refused much needed medical attention until convinced that the seriously wounded among his crew had been treated. Capt. McGonagle’s superb professionalism, courageous fighting spirit, and valiant leadership saved his ship and many lives. His actions sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. (Captain McGonagle earned the Medal of Honor for actions that took place in international waters in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Isreali Six-Day War rather than in Vietnam.)






Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Co. C, 325th Glider Infantry, 82d Airborne Division. Place and date: Merderet River at la Fiere, France, June 9th, 1944. Entered service at: Grand Island, N.Y. Birth: Grand Island, N.Y. G.O. No.: 22, 28 February 1946. Citation: He was a member of Company C, 325th Glider Infantry, on 9 June 1944 advancing with the forward platoon to secure a bridgehead across the Merderet River at La Fiere, France. At dawn the platoon had penetrated an outer line of machineguns and riflemen, but in so doing had become cut off from the rest of the company. Vastly superior forces began a decimation of the stricken unit and put in motion a flanking maneuver which would have completely exposed the American platoon in a shallow roadside ditch where it had taken cover. Detecting this danger, Pfc. DeGlopper volunteered to support his comrades by fire from his automatic rifle while they attempted a withdrawal through a break in a hedgerow 40 yards to the rear. Scorning a concentration of enemy automatic weapons and rifle fire, he walked from the ditch onto the road in full view of the Germans, and sprayed the hostile positions with assault fire. He was wounded, but he continued firing. Struck again, he started to fall; and yet his grim determination and valiant fighting spirit could not be broken. Kneeling in the roadway, weakened by his grievous wounds, he leveled his heavy weapon against the enemy and fired burst after burst until killed outright. He was successful in drawing the enemy action away from his fellow soldiers, who continued the fight from a more advantageous position and established the first bridgehead over the Merderet. In the area where he made his intrepid stand his comrades later found the ground strewn with dead Germans and many machineguns and automatic weapons which he had knocked out of action. Pfc. DeGlopper’s gallant sacrifice and unflinching heroism while facing unsurmountable odds were in great measure responsible for a highly important tactical victory in the Normandy Campaign.




Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 5th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Port Republic, Va., June 9th, 1862. Entered service at: Hamilton County, Ohio. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 14 March 1864. Citation: Mounted an artillery horse of the enemy and captured a brass six-pound piece in the face of the enemy’s fire and brought it to the rear.

HARDING, THOMASState of Connecticut



 Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Middletown, Conn. Accredited to: Connecticut. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Dacotah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner Pevensey, near Beauford, N.C., June 9th, 1864. “Learning that one of the officers in the boat, which was in danger of being, and subsequently was, swamped, could not swim, Harding remarked to him: ‘If we are swamped, sir, I shall carry you to the beach or I will never go there myself.’ He did not succeed in carrying out his promise, but made desperate efforts to do so, while others thought only of themselves. Such conduct is worthy of appreciation and admiration–a sailor risking his own life to save that of an officer.”


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 8th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 8, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Upsy Daisy Day
Name Your Poison Day
Best Friend Day



“Blog” is an abbreviated version of “weblog,” which is a term used to describe web sites that maintain an ongoing chronicle of information. A blog features diary-type commentary and links to articles on other Web sites, usually presented as a list of entries in reverse chronological order. Blogs range from the personal to the political, and can focus on one narrow subject or a whole range of subjects.

Many blogs focus on a particular topic, such as web design, home staging, sports, or mobile technology. Some are more eclectic, presenting links to all types of other sites. And others are more like personal journals, presenting the author’s daily life and thoughts.

Generally speaking (although there are exceptions), blogs tend to have a few things in common.

  • A main content area with articles listed chronologically, newest on top. Often, the articles are organized into categories.
  • An archive of older articles.
  • A way for people to leave comments about the articles.
  • A list of links to other related sites, sometimes called a “blogroll”.
  • One or more “feeds” like RSS, Atom or RDF files.

Some blogs may have additional features beyond these. Watch this short video for a simple explanation for what a blog is.

The Blog Content

Content is the raison d’être for any web site. Retail sites feature a catalog of products. University sites contain information about their campuses, curriculum, and faculty. News sites show the latest news stories. For a personal blog, you might have a bunch of observations, or reviews. Without some sort of updated content, there is little reason to visit a web site more than once.

On a blog, the content consists of articles (also sometimes called “posts” or “entries”) that the author(s) writes. Yes, some blogs have multiple authors, each writing his/her own articles. Typically, blog authors compose their articles in a web-based interface, built into the blogging system itself. Some blogging systems also support the ability to use stand-alone “weblog client” software, which allows authors to write articles offline and upload them at a later time.


Want an interactive website? Wouldn’t it be nice if the readers of a website could leave comments, tips or impressions about the site or a specific article? With blogs, they can! Posting comments is one of the most exciting features of blogs.

Most blogs have a method to allow visitors to leave comments. There are also nifty ways for authors of other blogs to leave comments without even visiting the blog! Called “pingbacks” or “trackbacks“, they can inform other bloggers whenever they cite an article from another site in their own articles. All this ensures that online conversations can be maintained painlessly among various site users and websites.

Other blogs that are associated with this blog include:

U.S. Constitution – http://foundersvoices.com
Public Speaking – http://speakersrepose.com
Motivational Quotes: http://motivquotes.com

 Scripture of the Day

Psalm 104:1-10 King James Version (KJV)

1Bless the Lord, O my soul. O Lord my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty. Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain: Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind: Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

Founders Thoughts

“Nothing is more certain than that a general profligacy and corruption of manners make a people ripe for destruction. A good form of government may hold the rotten materials together for some time, but beyond a certain pitch, even the best constitution will be ineffectual, and slavery must ensue.”

Rev. John Witherspoon, The Dominion of Providence Over the Passions of Men, 1776

It has long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and happened to things.”


~ Elinor Smith

blogˈblȯg, ˈbläg  noun

: a Web site that contains an online personal journal with reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks provided by the writer ; also : the contents of such a site

Etymology: short for Weblog Date: 1999


65AD – Jews revolted against Rome, capturing the fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem.

632 AD – The prophet Mohammed died. He died in the arms of Aishah, his third and favorite wife.

1675 – Three Wampanoag Indians were hanged in Plymouth, Massachusetts. On the testimony of a Native American witness, Plymouth Colony arrested three Wampanoags, including a counselor to Metacom, a Pokanoket sachem (inter-tribal leader). A jury among whom were some Native American members convicted them of the recent murder of John Sassamon, an advisor to Metacom.

1776 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières – American attackers are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.

1783 – Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption.

1786 – The first commercially-made ice cream in the U.S. was advertised in New York City by Mr. Hall of 76 Chatham Street (now Park Row). (George Washington was non-commercial on May 17th.)

1789 – James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1790 – The first loan for the U.S. was repaid. The Temporary Loan of 1789 was negotiated and secured on September 18, 1789 by Alexander Hamilton.

1808 – The “Phoenix”, the largest ocean-going steamboat in the world, left New York Harbor for Philadelphia, PA. It was the first ocean voyage ever taken by a steamboat. John Stevens built the mammoth boat.

1809 – Thomas Paine (b.1737), British born political essayist, died in poverty and obscurity in New York City at age 72. His revolutionary essays included “Common Sense” (1776), “The Rights of Man” (1991/1792) and “The Age of Reason” (1794-1796), which he started while imprisoned in France.

1824 – Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec.

1830 – Sloop-of-war USS Vincennes becomes first U.S. warship to circle the globe.

1845 – Andrew Jackson, 7th president of the US, died in Nashville, Tenn.

1856 – The community of Pitcairn Islands and descendants of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty consisting of 194 people arrived on the Morayshire at Norfolk Island Commencing the Third Settlement of the Island.

1861 – Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.

1861 – Civil War: U.S.S. Mississippi set blockade at Key West.

1862 – Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys – Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.

1862 – Civil War: U.S.S. Monitor, Dacotah, Naugatuck, Seminole, and Susquehanna,  by direction of the President,  shelled Confederate batteries at Sewell’s Point, Virginia.

1862 – Civil War: A landing party from U.S.S. Iroquois seized the arsenal and took possession of Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

1863 – Civil War: Residents of Vicksburg, Miss., fled into caves as Grant’s army began shelling the town.

1864 – Civil War: The U.S.S. Chillicothe, led an expedition up the Atchafalaya River, Louisiana, accompanied by U.S.S. Neosho and U.S.S. Port Hindman to silence a Confederate battery above Simmesport. The Union gun-boats, after a short engagement, forced the Southerners to abandon their position and a landing party and capture the guns.

1869 – Ives W McGaffey of Chicago receives the patent for the first vacuum cleaner.

1872 – U.S. Congress authorized the penny postal card.

1874 – Cochise (b.~1810), Chiricahua Apache war chief (his name meant “his nose”) and leader of the Chokonen band, died on a reservation in the Dragoon Mountains in southeastern Arizona.

1880 – Captain W. B. Remey was the first Marine appointed Judge Advocate of the Navy.

1885 – Jockey Eddie Maple rode “Creme Fraiche” to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1887 – Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.

1904 – U.S. Marines landed in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens.

1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value. It gave authority for him to do that without Congressional approval.

1912 – Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.

1927 -Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded “When Day is Done.” Paul Whiteman’s orchestra was a vanguard force that changed the face of popular music in the 1920s.

1937 – World’s largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, a giant Sumatran Titan Arum, Amorphophallus titanum, measuring 8-1/2 ft high and 4-ft diam. Its putrid rotting-corpse fragrance repelled visitors. Native in Sumatran jungles of Indonesia, it is known there as the “corpse flower.”

1940 – The discovery of element 93, neptunium (symbol Np) was announced by Edwin M. McMillan and Philip H. Abelson working at the University of California at Berkeley.

1941 – World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.

1942 – World War II: Holocaust:In Paris on the first day Helene Berr was forced to wear the yellow star to distinguish Jews: “My God, I didn’t know this would be so hard. I was very brave all day. I held my head high and looked people so straight in the eyes they turned away. But it’s hard … This morning, I went out with Mother. Two kids in the street pointed at us saying ‘Hey? You see? Jewish.'”

1942 – World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.

1943 – Senior military officials bring the Zoot Suit Riot under control by declaring Los Angeles off-limits to all sailors, soldiers, and Marines. These riots occurred in what is now the Watts area of LA.

1944 – World War II: Elements of the US 7th Corps, from Utah beach, advance toward Cherbourg. The 4th Division engages in heavy fighting near Azeville.

1944 – World War II: German rearguards slow the advance of the US 5th Army and British 8th Army.

1944 – World War II: Fighting continues on Biak Island. A Japanese attempt to ship reinforcements to Biak is intercepted by the cruiser squadron commanded by Admiral Crutchley.

1945 – World War II: There are reports that every able bodied Japanese man, woman and child is being given instructions in the fighting of tanks, paratroops and other invading forces.

1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, in the north, heavy fighting continues on the Oroku peninsula. In the south, the US 24th Corps prepares to attack Mount Yaeju.

1947 – “Lassie” (13:49) debuted on ABC radio. The Lassie radio show was broadcast from 1947 to 1950, first on the ABC radio network, then on NBC. It was a 15-minute show about an extraordinary collie.

1948 – Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater on NBC TV.

1949 – Celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.

1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Too Young” by Nat King Cole, “On Top of Old Smokeyby The Weavers (vocal: Terry Gilkyson), “How High the Moon” by Les Paul & Mary Ford and “I Want to Be with You Always” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.

1951 – Paul Bobel, Werner Braune, Erich Naumann, Otto Ohlendorf, Oswald Pohl, W. Schallenmair & Otto Schmidt, the last Nazi war criminals, were hanged by Americans at Landsberg Fortress.

1953 – Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A tornado hits Flint, Michigan, and kills 116 and injured more than 850 in Ohio and Michigan. This is the last tornado to claim more than 100 lives up to 1974.

1953 – The United States Supreme Court rules that Washington, D.C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.

1957 – “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone topped the charts.

1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Dream Lover” by Bobby Darin, “Personality” by Lloyd Price, “Quiet Village” by Martin Denny and “The Battle of New Orleans” by Johnny Horton all topped the charts.

1959 – From the submarine USS Barbero at about 100 miles off the Atlantic Coast to the Mayport Auxiliary Naval Station near Jacksonville, Florida, the United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.

1959 – X-15 makes first unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 37,731 feet.

1961 – The Milwaukee Braves set a major league baseball record when four consecutive home runs in the seventh inning.

1963 – It’s My Party” by Lesley Gore topped the charts.

1965 – Vietnam War: U.S. troops in South Vietnam were given orders to begin fighting offensively.

1966 – Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempted to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but was unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack.

1966 – One of the XB-70 Valkyrie prototypes is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and USAF test pilot Carl Cross were both killed.

1966 – Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an “F5” on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.

1966 – The NFL and the AFL announce plans to become the NFC and AFC in 1970.

1966 – A tornado hit Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and destroying 820 homes.

1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Respect” by Aretha Franklin, “Release Me (And Let Me Love Again) by Engelbert Humperdinck, “Creeque Alley” by The Mamas & The Papas and “It’s Such a Pretty World Today” by Wynn Stewart all topped the charts.

1967 – Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 sailors and wounding 171.

1968 – Gary Puckett & The Union Gap release “Lady Will Power.”

1968 -Don Drysdale pitches a record 58th consecutive scoreless inning.

1968 – James Earl Ray is arrested for the murder of Martin Luther King Jr.

1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.

1968 – Rolling Stones release “Jumpin’ Jack Flash.

1968 – “Mrs Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel topped the charts.

1969 – Mickey Mantle Day, 60,096 saw the retirement of his uniform number 7.

1974 – An F4 tornado strikes Emporia, Kansas, killing six.

1974 – “Band on the Run” by Paul McCartney & Wings topped the charts.

1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Thank God I’m a Country Boy” by John Denver, “Sister gramophone12Golden Hair” by America, “Bad Time” by Grand Funk and “Window Up Above” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.

1978 – A jury in Clark County, Nevada, ruled that the “Mormon will,” was a forgery. The work was supposedly written by Howard Hughes.

1978 – Leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints struck down a 148-year-old policy of excluding Black men from the Mormon priesthood. Prophet Spencer Kimball opened the Mormon priesthood to Blacks.

1979 – The Source, first computer public information service, goes online.

1982 – President Ronald Reagan became the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.

1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Flashdance…What a Feeling” by Irene Cara, “Overkill” by Men At Work, “Time (Clock of the Heart)” by Culture Club and “Lucille (You Won’t Do Your Daddy’s Will)” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.

1985 – “Everybody Wants to Rule the World” by Tears for Fears topped the charts.

1986 – Longest 9-inning American League game (4h16m), Baltimore Orioles beat Yankees 18-9.

1986 – The Boston Celtics won their 16th NBA championship.

1987 – Fawn Hill began testifying in the Iran-Contra hearings. She said that she had helped to shred some documents.

1988 – The judge in the Iran-Contra conspiracy case ruled that Oliver North, John Poindexter, Richard Secord and Albert Hakim had to be tried separately.

1990 – Commander Rosemary Mariner becomes first Navy female officer to command a fleet jet aircraft squadron.

1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “More Than Words” by Extreme, “I Wanna Sex You Upby Color Me Badd, “Rush, Rush” by Paula Abdul and “Meet in the Middle” by Diamond Rio all topped the charts.

1991 – A victory parade was held in Washington, DC, to honor veterans of the Persian Gulf War.

1991 – Preakness winner “Hansel” won the Belmont Stakes.

1993 – Los Angeles voters elected their first registered Republican mayor since the elections of 1961, choosing Richard Riordan over City Councilman Michael Woo.

1995 – Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit stationed on board the USS Kearsarge near Bosnia.

1998 – The National Rifle Association elected Charlton Heston to be its president.

1998 – The Federal Trade Commission brought an antitrust complaint against Intel Corp., alleging its policies punished other developers of microprocessor chips.

1998 – The Space Shuttle Discovery pulled away from Mir, ending America’s three-year partnership with Russia.

1999 – President Clinton announced new restrictions aimed at making it tougher for teens to sneak into R-rated movies.

1999 – Sen. James Inhofe (R-Okla) blocked all the civilian nominations of Pres. Clinton in protest of the “recess appointment” of James Hormel.

2000 – The Dallas Stars and the New Jersey Devils played the NHL’s longest scoreless game in Stanley Cup finals history. The fifth game of the series lasted 106 minutes and 21 seconds.

2002 – “Sarava,” a 70-1 shot, captured the 134th running of the Belmont Stakes; Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner “War Emblem” finished eighth.

2002 – The Hayman Fire was a forest fire that started southwest of Denver, Colorado. A federal forestry officer, Terry Barton, who claimed she was attempting to burn a letter from her estranged husband, set the fire inside a campfire ring within an area designated for no fires due to a severe drought.

2002 – Lennox Lewis kept his heavyweight titles by stopping Mike Tyson in the eighth round of their fight in Memphis, Tenn.

2003 – A coalition of US mayors meeting in Denver asked federal officials to bypass state governments and give them the money they needed to beef up homeland security.

2003 – The presence of the monkeypox virus in the United States is confirmed with four cases in Wisconsin, sparking the first discovery of the virus in the Western Hemisphere.

2004 – Observers around much of the world saw Venus drift across the face of the sun as Venus passed between the sun and earth. A transit of Venus is so rare that, up to June 8, 2004, no human then alive had witnessed this celestial event. The last transit of Venus was on 5 and 6 June 2012, and was the last Venus transit of the 21st century; the prior transit took place on 8 June 2004. The previous pair of transits were in December 1874 and December 1882. The next transits of Venus will be 10–11 December 2117, and in December 2125.

2004 – Nate Olive and Sarah Jones began the first known continuous hike of the 1,800-mile trail down the U.S. Pacific Coast. They completed the trek at the U.S.-Mexico border on September 28.

2004 – U.S.-led troops backed by jet fighters and helicopters killed 21 Taliban militants, after rebels attacked a convoy in the mountains of southern Afghanistan.

2004 – Al-Qaeda members in Saudi Arabia threaten new attacks on Western passenger airliners.

2005 – The US Senate confirmed California judge Janice Rogers Brown for the federal appeals court, ending a two-year battle.

2005 – Seagate introduced a disk drive for notebook computers that stores 160 gigabytes of data. It used new technology called perpendicular recording.

2006- The US FDA approved the vaccine Gardasil, developed by Merck to prevent most cases of cervical cancer.

2006 – A jury in Memphis, Tenn., convicted former state Sen. Roscoe Dixon for his role in the Tennessee Waltz bribery sting.

2006 – The U.S. House of Representatives definitively rejects the concept of Net neutrality.

2007 – The US froze bank accounts of four Iran banks tied to Tehran’s nuclear efforts.

2007 – Mary Winkler, who’d killed her preacher husband with a shotgun blast to the back as he lay in bed, was sentenced in Selmer, Tenn., to three years in prison.

2007 – Atlantis blasted off with seven astronauts on the first space shuttle flight of the year, an 11-day space station-building mission.

2008 – A fire sweeps through the historic Texas Governor’s Mansion, leaving much of the 152-year-old building charred and severely damaged.

2009 – The US Supreme Court stays the sale of Chrysler to Fiat in Indiana State Police Pension Trust v. Chrysler.

2009 – North Korea found two American journalists guilty of illegal entry and sentenced them to 12 years in a labor prison.

2009 – The US border patrol said a Mexican truck driver was arrested over the weekend at a checkpoint in San Diego County after 73 illegal Mexican immigrants were found in the back of his rig.

2010 – The US Supreme Court derailed a key part of Arizona’s campaign finance system.

2010 –  The trial of former Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich on corruption charges begins today.

2010 – General Motors Co. said it was recalling about 1.5 million vehicles worldwide to address a problem with a heated windshield wiper fluid system that could lead to a fire, its second recall over the issue in two years.

2011 –  Residents in the US towns of Eagar and Springerville, Arizona are ordered to fully evacuate ahead of the Wallow Fire.

2012 – “I’ll Have Another” will not run in Belmont Stakes. The colt was scratched and retired from racing with a swollen tendon. It was the first time since 1936 that the Derby and Preakness winner didn’t run in the Belmont.

2013 – In a 53-46 vote, the US Senate narrowly passed a measure that will stop the United States from entering into the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty.

2013 – Palace Malice seized the lead with a quarter-mile to go in the final leg of the Triple Crown and ran off to a 3 1/4-length victory over Oxbow at Belmont Park, with Kentucky Derby winner Orb another 1 3/4 lengths back in third. Palace Malice was ridden by jockey Mike Smith.

2014 – Four Troopers went out on a cliff to rescue a woman from plunging to her death near Healy, AK. The 18-year-old Washington woman called for help after she fell 30 feet down a slope and became stranded on a rocky outcropping above Fox Creek.



1625 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian scientist .Along with Robert Hooke, Cassini is given credit for the discovery of the Great Red Spot on Jupiter (ca. 1665). (d. 1712)
1831 – Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
1847 – Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (d. 1907)
1859 – Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure (d. 1947)
1867 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
1917 – Byron White, American athlete and Supreme Court Justice (d. 2002)
1918 – Robert Preston, American actor (d. 1987)
1924 – Lyn Nofziger, American political operative (d. 2006)
1925 – Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States
1927 – Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
1933 – Joan Rivers, American comedian and author
1940 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer
1944 – Boz Scaggs, American singer and songwriter
1958 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor and director
1970 – Kelli Williams, American actress






Rank and organization: Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 29 April 1926, Downers Grove, Ill. Accredited to: Illinois. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with an Assault Rifle Platoon, attached to the 1st Battalion, 22d Marines, 6th Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain,  June 8th, 1945. Quick to spot a wounded Marine Iying in an open field beyond the front lines following the relentless assault against a strategic Japanese hill position, Lester unhesitatingly crawled toward the casualty under a concentrated barrage from hostile machineguns, rifles, and grenades. Torn by enemy rifle bullets as he inched forward, he stoically disregarded the mounting fury of Japanese fire and his own pain to pull the wounded man toward a covered position. Struck by enemy fire a second time before he reached cover, he exerted tremendous effort and succeeded in pulling his comrade to safety where, too seriously wounded himself to administer aid, he instructed two of his squad in proper medical treatment of the rescued Marine. Realizing that his own wounds were fatal, he staunchly refused medical attention for himself and, gathering his fast-waning strength with calm determination, coolly and expertly directed his men in the treatment of two other wounded Marines, succumbing shortly thereafter. Completely selfless in his concern for the welfare of his fighting comrades, Lester, by his indomitable spirit, outstanding valor, and competent direction of others, had saved the life of one who otherwise must have perished and had contributed to the safety of countless others. Lester’s fortitude in the face of certain death sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.





Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company K 116th Infantry, 29th Infantry Division. Place and date: Grandcampe France,  June 8th, 1944. Entered service at: Charlottesville, Va. Born. 10 April 1915, Esmont, Va. G.O. No.: 43, 30 May 1945. Citation: On 8 June 1944, the 3d Battalion of the 116th Infantry was advancing on the strongly held German defenses at Grandcampe, France, when the leading elements were suddenly halted by decimating machinegun fire from a firmly entrenched enemy force on the high ground overlooking the town. After numerous attempts to neutralize the enemy position by supporting artillery and tank fire had proved ineffective, T/Sgt. Peregory, on his own initiative, advanced up the hill under withering fire, and worked his way to the crest where he discovered an entrenchment leading to the main enemy fortifications 200 yards away. Without hesitating, he leaped into the trench and moved toward the emplacement. Encountering a squad of enemy riflemen, he fearlessly attacked them with handgrenades and bayonet, killed 8 and forced 3 to surrender. Continuing along the trench, he single-handedly forced the surrender of 32 more riflemen, captured the machine gunners, and opened the way for the leading elements of the battalion to advance and secure its objective. The extraordinary gallantry and aggressiveness displayed by T/Sgt. Peregory are exemplary of the highest tradition of the armed forces.






Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 7th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 7, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Daniel Boone Day



Daniel Boone

Daniel Boone is one of the most famous frontiersmen in U.S. history. He was a skilled hunter, trapper, and trailblazer. During the early days of westward expansion, Boone’s explorations helped open the frontier to new settlements. In 1799, he led his family and other settlers across the Mississippi River into land populated by Native Americans but claimed by Spain. Boone spent the last twenty years of his life in what is now Missouri.

Daniel Boone was born November 2, 1734, in Berks County, Pennsylvania. Sometimes, an alternate birth date is listed because the Boone family used an outdated calendar system and recorded Daniel’s birth on October 22. Daniel was the sixth of eleven children born to Squire and Sarah Boone, both Quakers. Boone’s father had grown up in England but had immigrated to the New World as a teenager.

As a child, Daniel was responsible for taking the family’s cattle into the woods to graze each day. Daniel loved wandering the woods with the cows. The outdoors fascinated him, and he spent his days studying small birds and game, which he hunted with a homemade “herdsman’s club.” Daniel begged for a rifle and became an expert marksman. At thirteen, he provided a steady supply of fresh game for the family’s meals.

Daniel Boone did not attend school. His older brother’s wife taught him to read and write. Though he mastered the basics, Boone’s grammar and spelling remained poor. Boone could sign his name, though, which set him apart from most frontiersmen, who used an “X” for their signature.

Around 1750 the Boones moved to North Carolina and settled in the Yadkin River valley. The Native Americans who lived and hunted there did not like sharing their land with the settlers. Fights frequently broke out between the two groups, and Boone joined the county militia to help defend the settlements.

Soon after his death, the Missouri legislature honored Daniel Boone by naming Boone County after him. Many other states have also honored the legacy of Daniel Boone. Though it has been more than 180 years since he died, Daniel Boone and stories of his adventures continue to attract interest. Generations later, people still identify with his restless, wandering spirit, which compelled him to push the boundaries of existence.


Scripture of the Day

Psalm 103:17-18 King James Version (KJV)

17 But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children’s children; 18 To such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments to do them.


Founders Thoughts
Abraham Clark Our fates are in the hands of An Almighty God, to whom I can with pleasure confide my own; he can save us, or destroy us; his Councils are fixed and cannot be disappointed, and all his designs will be Accomplished.”
Abraham Clark



Be not afraid of growing slowly, be afraid only of standing still.”

 ~ Chinese Proverb


defenestration (ˌ)dē-ˌfe-nə-ˈstrā-shən  noun

: a throwing of a person or thing out of a window 2 : a usually swift dismissal or expulsion (as from a political party or office)

Etymology:  de- + Latin fenestra window


1099 – The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins.

1692 – An earthquake struck Jamaica. It rearranged the geology, splitting the rocks, turning mountains to lakes, and engulfed two-thirds of Port Royal. On that day and subsequently,  in just three minutes, 1,600 people are killed and 3,000 are seriously injured.

1712 – The Pennsylvania Assembly banned the importation of slaves.

1767 – Daniel Boone first sights the future Kentucky.

1769 – Daniel Boone begins exploring the Bluegrass State of Kentucky as recognized by Kentucky’s Historical Society.

1775 – United Colonies changes name to United States. The first known use of the formal term “United States of America” was in the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Paine, in February, 1776, had written of “Free and independent States of America.”

1776 – Richard Henry Lee presents the “Lee Resolution” to the Second Continental Congress. The motion is seconded by John Adams and leads to the United States Declaration of Independence.

1800 – David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba.

1819 – LT John White on merchant ship Franklin, anchored off Vung Tau is first U.S. naval officer to visit Vietnam.

1828 – A party led by Jebediah Smith completed a journey down the Klamath River and were on the verge of starvation when they were visited by Indians who brought food. Smith’s party were the first white people to see Lake Earl, the biggest lagoon on the West Coast.

1839 – Hawaiian Declaration of Rights was signed.

1860 – The first “dime novel” offered for sale on this day.The earliest was “Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter,” by Anne Stephens.

1860 – San Francisco workmen started laying track for the Market Street Railroad. The line was planned to reach to San Jose.

1862 – The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.

1862 – Civil War: James J. Andrews (b.1829), civilian Union spy, was hanged in Atlanta for leading the April 12th Union raid in Georgia that stole the locomotive “General” in an effort to disrupt Confederate transport. On June 18 seven other Union men were hanged for the raid.

1862 – Civil War:  U.S.S. Wachusett,  U.S.S. Chocura, and Sebago escorted Army transports up the York River, supported the landing at West Point, Virginia, and countered a Confederate attack with accurate gunfire.

1862 – Civil War:  New Orleanian William Mumford was hanged for treason by occupying commander General Benjamin Butler for lowering the Union flag that flew over the New Orleans branch of the United States Mint.

1863 – Civil War:  A Confederate attempt to rescue Vicksburg and a Rebel garrison held back by Union forces on the east side of the city fails when Union troops turn back the attack.

1864 – Abe Lincoln renominated for President by Republican Party. The Republicans joined the War Democrats to form the Union Party and renominated Abe Lincoln despite a bit of opposition  while the Copperheads and Peace Democrats ran George McClellan.

1864 – Civil War: The Union Navy captured over 100 bales of cotton in the vicinity of Clay Landing.

1868 – Fort Wrangel, Alaska began as a Russian stockade called Redoubt St. Dionysius in 1834. On this day the American flag was raised.

1887 – Monotype type-casting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston, Washington DC. This cast new type as individual pieces of type for each character from matrices which were sorted after use and used again.

1892 – Benjamin Harrison becomes the first President of the United States to attend a baseball game.

1892 – U.S. patent #476,416) was received by George T. Sampson. It was an early patent for a clothes dryer, one that suspended clothing in close relation to a stove by means of frames. They could then be readily placed in proper position for drying.

1892 – John J Doyle of Cleveland Spiders is first to pinch hit in a baseball game.

1892 – J.F. Palmer of Chicago, IL patented the cord bicycle tire.

1892 – Homer Plessy was arrested after buying a railroad ticket in New Orleans and seating himself in the white-only section. He was an “octoroon,” 7/8 white and 1/8 black. He had been selected to test the validity of the 1890 Louisiana law mandating separate cars for whites and blacks.

1898 – Social Democracy of America party held its first national convention in Chicago.

1900 – Boxer Rebellion: Boxer rebels cut the rail links between Peking and Tientsin in China.

1903 – Professor Pierre Curie revealed the discovery of Polonium.

1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania is launched at the John Brown Shipyard, Glasgow (Clydebank), Scotland. This ship plays a role in how America got into WW I.

1909 – Actress Mary Pickford made her motion picture debut in “The Violin Maker of Cremona.”

1909 -Cleveland Industrial Exposition opened. The purpose of the Exposition was to highlight manufacturing products from Cleveland, OH.

1912 – US Army tests first machine gun mounted on an airplane. Capt. Charles deForest Chandler becomes the first aviator to fire a machine gun from the air. He shoots a Lewis low-recoil machine gun at the ground while flying as Lt. Thomas DeWitt Milling’s passenger in the Wright Model B aircraft.

1912 – Company A, 1st Marines landed at Santiago, Cuba.

1913 – First successful summit of Mt. McKinley (Denali), a feat accomplished by the expedition of American missionary Hudson Stuck. The first man to the top of the mountain on this historic day was Walter Harper, a native of Alaska.

1915 – The resignation of William Jennings Bryan as Woodrow Wilson‘s secretary of state, was prompted by the failure to send the “second Lusitania note.” Bryan resigned from office in protest at Wilson’s handling of the Lusitania crisis; he believed (wrongly) that Wilson was using the sinking of the Lusitania as a basis for preparing the U.S. for entry into the war.

1917 – World War I: Battle of Messines – Allied ammonal mines underneath German trenches in Mesen Ridge are detonated, killing 10,000 German troops.

1918 – World War I: French and Americans capture Veuilly-la-Poterie and Vinly (west of Chateau-Thierry), Bouresches and Hill 204 (west of Chateau-Thierry).

1930 – NY Times agrees to capitalize the “n” in “Negro.”

1932 – Over 7,000 war veterans marched on Washington, DC, demanding their bonuses from WWI.

1934 – The US Corporate Bankruptcy Act allowed corporations to reorganize.

1937 – The cover of “LIFE” magazine showed the latest in campus fashions of the times, which included saddle shoes.

1938 – The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.

1938 – First play telecast with original Broadway cast, “Susan & God.” Gertrude Lawrence, the British revue and musical star, appeared with Paul McGrath.

1938 – Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat first flown by pilot Eddie Allen. With a nose similar to that of the modern 747, the Clipper was the “jumbo” airplane of its time.

1939 – King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, arrived in the U.S. It was the first visit to the U.S. by a reigning British monarch.

1939 – Cleveland Indians sets AL record of 16 inning game without striking out, however lose the game 5-4 to New York Yankees.

1940 – A crew of 25 workmen began construction of Elmendorf Air Force Base near Anchorage. It was named for the late Capt. M. Elmendorf who was killed at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio while testing a new type of pursuit plane.

1941 – “Whirlaway” wins the Belmont Stakes & the Triple Crown.

1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway ended. The sea and air battle lasted 4 days. Japan lost four carriers, a cruiser, and 292 aircraft, and suffered 2,500 casualties. The U.S. lost the Yorktown, the destroyer USS Hammann, 145 aircraft, and suffered 307 casualties.

1942 – World War II: Japanese soldiers occupy the American islands of Attu and Kiska, in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska.

1943 – The worst of the L.A. Zoot Suit Riot violence occurs as soldiers, sailors, and marines from as far away as San Diego travel to Los Angeles to join in the fighting. Taxi drivers offer free rides to servicemen and civilians to the riot areas. Approximately 5,000 civilians and military men gather downtown. The riot spreads into the predominantly Black section of Watts.

1944 – World War II: Battle of Normandy – At Abbey Ardennes members of the SS Division Hitlerjugend massacre 23 Canadian prisoners of war.

1944 – Off of the coast of Normandy, France, the Susan B. Anthony sank. All 2,689 people aboard survived.

1945 – World War II: All German citizens in the zone occupied by the western Allies are order to watch films of Belsen and Buchenwald — former Nazi concentration camps.

1945 – The NBC radio program “The Adventures of Topper” was heard for the first time. This humorous situation comedy revolves around banker, Cosmo Topper who is haunted by two fun-loving-past-friends-now-spirits, George (Roland Young) and Marion (Constance Bennett). Later, the popular program would move to TV and continue with rave reviews.

1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Foolish Heart” by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson), “Bewitched” by The Bill Snyder Orchestra, “The Third Man Theme” by The Guy Lombardo Orchestra and “Birmingham Bounce” by Red Foley all topped the charts.

1952 – “Here in My Heart” by Al Martino topped the charts.

1953 – Korean War: President Eisenhower announced that proposals for a Korean truce are acceptable to the US and appealed to South Korea to accept terms to stop the war.

1953 – Kukla, Fran and Ollie, along with the Boston Pops Orchestra under the direction of Arthur Fiedler, were featured on the first network telecast in ‘compatible color’. The program was broadcast from Boston, MA.

1955 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower was the first President to appear on color TV. He delivered the commencement address at West Point.

1955 – Lux Radio Theater signs off the air permanently. The show launched in New York in 1934, and featured radio adaptations of Broadway shows and popular films.

1955 – “The $64,000 Question” premieres on CBS TV. Virgil Earp is the guest.

1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Purple People Eater by Sheb Wooley, “Secretly” by Jimmie Rodgers, “Do You Want to Dance” by Bobby Freeman and “All I Have to Do is Dream” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.

1963 – The Rolling Stones made their first TV appearance.

1965 – The U.S. decides on Griswold v. Connecticut, effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples.

1965 – Gemini 4 completes 62 orbits. They were 80 kilometres short of the intended landing point but some ships had already started steaming to the touchdown point and a helicopter was able to see them land.

1965 – Vietnam: General Westmoreland requests a total of thirty-five battalions of combat troops, with another nine in reserve.

1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “When a Man Loves a Woman” by Percy Sledge, “A Groovy Kind of Love”  by The Mindbenders, “Paint It Black” by The Rolling Stones and “Distant Drums” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.

1966 – Sony Corporation unveiled its brand new consumer home videotape recorder. The black and white only unit sold for $995.

1967 – The Haight Ashbury Free Medical Clinic opened in San Francisco. Dr. David E. Smith founded the Clinic.

1967 – The Israeli forces enter Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.

1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York.

1968 – Vietnam War: In Operation Swift Saber, U.S. Marines swept an area 10 miles northwest of Danang in South Vietnam.

1968 – Vietnam: Tuy Hoa Air Base, Vietnam — New Mexico’s 188th Tactical Fighter Squadron (TFS) arrives, becoming the third Air National Guard unit to serve in Vietnam.

1969 – “The Johnny Cash Show” premieres on ABC-TV from Grand Ole Opry with special guest Bob Dylan on this first show.

1969 – Tommy James & the Shondells release “Crystal Blue Persuasion.”

1969 – “Get Back” by the Beatles topped the charts.

1970 – The Who’s “Tommy” (1:02:25) was performed at NY’s Lincoln Center.

1971 – The United States Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent that vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment.

1973 – President Nixon nominated Clarence M. Kelley (1911-1997), Chief of Police in Kansas City, to succeed J. Edgar Hoover as director of the FBI.

1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Streak” by Ray Stevens, “Band on the Run” by Paul McCartney & Wings, “You Make Me Feel Brand New” by The Stylistics and “Pure Love” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.

1974 – The Steve Silver show “Beach Blanket Babylon” premiered at the Savoy Tivoli in San Francisco.

1975 – “Thank God I’m a Country Boy” by John Denver topped the charts.

1975 – Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public.

1976 – “The NBC Nightly News”, with John Chancellor and David Brinkley, aired for the first time.

1977 – Anita Bryant led a successful crusade against Miami gay rights law.

1980 – “Funky Town” by Lipps, Inc. topped the charts.

1980 – “Temperance Hill” won the Belmont Stakes (50:1 long shot).

1981 – The Israeli Air Force destroys Iraq’s Osiraq nuclear reactor during Operation Opera. The facility could have been used to make nuclear weapons.

1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ebony and Ivory” by Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder, Don’t Talk to Strangers” by Rick Springfield, I’ve Never Been to Me” by Charlene and “Finally” by T.G. Sheppard all topped the charts.

1982 – Priscilla Presley opens Graceland to the public; the bathroom where Elvis Presley died five years earlier is kept off-limits.

1983 – Steve Carlton temporarily passes Nolan Ryan with his 3,526 strike outs. There was only a difference of one strikeout.

1983 – The U.S. ordered Nicaragua to close all six of its consulates and informed 21 Nicaraguan consular officials that they could not longer remain in the U.S.

1986 – “Live to Tell” by Madonna topped the charts.

1987 – Washington Dulles International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport are transferred to The Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority.

1989 – Wayne Gretzky wins his ninth NHL Hart (MVP) Trophy in ten years.

1989 – First Baseball game to start outdoors and end indoors, as Toronto Blue Jays stadium closes roof during game at 8:48 p.m and beat the Brewers 4-2.

1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Vogue” by Madonna, “All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You”  by Heart, “Hold On” by Wilson Phillips and “I’ve Cried My Last Tear for You” by Ricky Van Shelton all topped the charts.

1993 – The Supreme Court ruled that religious groups can sometimes meet on school property after hours. The justices also let stand, without comment, a federal appeals court ruling allowing student-led prayers at graduation ceremonies in Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi.

1994 – The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia declared the RMS Titanic, Inc. (RMST) salvor-in-possession of the wreck and the wreck site of the RMS Titanic.

1995 – The long range Boeing 777 enters service with United Airlines.

1995 – President Clinton vetoed his first bill, striking down a Republican plan to cut $16.4 billion in spending.

1996 –  The Clinton White House acknowledged it had obtained the FBI files of House Speaker Newt Gingrich’s press secretary, former Bush chief of staff James A. Baker III and other appointees from Republican administrations, calling it “an innocent bureaucratic mistake.”

1996 – The Matthews-Murkland Presbyterian Church sanctuary in Charlotte, N.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.

1996 – David Rothenberg met with his jailed father, Charles. The father had set David ablaze with kerosene in 1983.

1997 – Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner “Silver Charm” failed to win horse racing’s Triple Crown, losing the Belmont Stakes to “Touch Gold.”

1997 – The last US Mail special delivery letter was sent. The service cost was $9.95. It was phased out and replaced by Express Mail for $10.75.

1998 – James Byrd, Jr. is dragged to death by Shawn Allen Berry, Lawrence Russel Brewer, and John William King in Jasper, Texas in a racially-motivated hate crime.

1999 – It was reported that Allied Signal had agreed to buy Honeywell for $13.8 billion.

1999 – The FBI put alleged terrorist mastermind Osama Bin Laden on the bureau’s list of the Ten Most Wanted fugitives.

2000 –  US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ordered the breakup of Microsoft Corporation, declaring the software giant should be split into two because it had “proved untrustworthy in the past.”

2001 – The US and China agreed on a final plan for the removal of the US spy plane from Hainan Island.

2001 – Pres. Bush signed a $1.3 trillion tax cut bill. It included rising exemptions on estate taxes until 2010 at which point they would return.

2001 – A federal judge refused to stop plans for a World War II Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

2002 –  Kennedy cousin, Michael Skakel was convicted of beating his neighbor Martha Moxley to death in 1975. The two were 15 years old at the time.

2002 –  In the Philippines Martin Burnham, an American missionary, was killed along with Philippine nurse Ediborah Yap when troops stormed an Abu Sayyaf outpost on Mindanao. Burnham’s wife, Gracia Burnham, was wounded.

2003 – At the Belmont Stakes “Empire Maker” caught “Funny Cide” on the far turn and beat him soundly. The defeat left thoroughbred racing still longing for its first Triple Crown winner since “Affirmed” in 1978.

2004 – The US Supreme court ordered US highways to be opened to long-haul Mexican trucks, rejecting objections by labor and environmental groups.

2005 – A University of Alaska –  Fairbanks student found a track from a three-toed dinosaur believed to be about 70 million years old in Denali National Park, the first evidence that the animals roamed there.

2005 – General Motors announced plans to close plants and eliminate some 25,000 manufacturing jobs in the US by 2008.

2005 – Terry Long, former Pittsburgh Steelers lineman, died in a hospital about five hours after he was found unresponsive in his suburban Pittsburgh home. An Oct 19 revised death certificate indicated that he had committed suicide by drinking antifreeze, and did not die as a direct result of football-related head injuries.

2006 – Iraq:  Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi, leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq, is killed by US airstrikes on a safe house north of Baghdad.

2006 – In Houston, Texas, Gabriel Granillo (14) was beaten by about a dozen gang members with baseball bats and tire irons.

2007 –  Severe thunderstorms spawned tornadoes, produced baseball-size hail and dropped more than six inches of rain across the Upper Midwest, killing a swimmer in Illinois.

2007 – After three days in jail for a reckless-driving probation violation, Paris Hilton was released by Los Angeles County sheriff’s officials because of an undisclosed medical condition to be sent home under house arrest. The next day, a judge ordered Hilton back to jail.

2007 – Scientists reported how it might be possible to turn an ordinary skin cell into an embryonic stem cell.

2008 – Hillary Clinton pledged her support for Barack Obama and asked her supporters to do the same.

2008 – In New York Nick Zito saddled 38-1 long shot Da’ Tara to a 5 1/4-length upset at Belmont. Big Brown, the favorite, came in last.

2008 – Jim McKay (b.1921), former ABC sports broadcaster, died in Monkton, Md. He covered 10 Olympic games over 24 years and was the voice of the “Wide World of Sports” for its first twenty-five years.

2009 – In Martinez, Ca., hospital patient Paul Hammond (47) was shot and killed by police after wielding a knife and cutting restraints while being treated for alcohol withdrawal. In 2011 Contra Costa County agreed to pay $1.4 million to his four children.

2009 – Mexican police announced the arrest of Olga Lerma in western Jalisco state. She was wanted in the US for allegedly smuggling $2 million in cocaine-trafficking profits for a powerful drug cartel.

2010 – The US military said it is holding Army Specialist Bradley Manning of the 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division in pretrial confinement in Kuwait and that he is suspected of releasing classified information.

2010 – Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter signed two bills aimed at reigning in the 1,100 medical marijuana dispensaries that have opened around the state. About half the existing dispensaries were expected to continue under the new rules.

2010 – Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone 4.

2010 – Chrysler Group LLC said it is recalling nearly 600,000 minivans and Jeep Wranglers because of brake or wiring problems that could become safety issues.

2011 –  In Oregon City, Oregon, Timothy and Rebecca Wyland were convicted of felony criminal mistreatment for refusing to get medical treatment for their infant daughter Alayna. The Wylands belong to a church that only believes in faith healing.

2011 – NBC won a fierce bidding war over exclusive television coverage of the Olympics, outbidding Fox and ESPN. NBC signed a deal which cost $4.38 billion, and gave the network US broadcasting rights to the four Olympic Games from 2014 until 2020.

2011 – Nancy Pelosi, the leader of the Democrats in the House of Representatives, called for an ethics investigation into the conduct of Rep. Anthony Weiner to see if the representative’s Twitter scandal had broken any laws.

2012 –  Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta makes an unannounced trip to Kabul and warns that his country is “reaching the limits of our patience here” with regard to Pakistan.

2012 – Archaeologists announce the discovery of the remains of the 16th-century Curtain Theatre, where some of William Shakespeare’s plays were first performed from 1597 to 1599. It became the premier venue of Shakespeare’s Company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596.

2013 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: At least seven dead, including the gunman, in a Santa Monica shooting. A gunman killed six people and injured another five before being shot and killed by police during a rampage that ended on the Santa Monica College in California. The shooter had muslim roots, John Zawahri also killed his own father and brother and burned the family home down.


1837 – Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903)
1883 – Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy. The real Indiana Jones!!! (d. 1948)
1896 – Douglas Campbell.  The first American aviator flying in an American unit to achieve the status of ace. (d. 1990)
1902 – Herman B Wells, president and chancellor of Indiana University (d. 2000)
1909 – Jessica Tandy, English-born actress (d. 1994)
1917 – Dean Martin, American actor (d. 1995)
1952 – Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
1955 – William Forsythe, American actor




Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kontum City, Republic of Vietnam,  June 7th, 1968. Entered service at: Beckley, W . Va. Born: 13 September 1941. Avondale, W. Va. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Pfc. McDonald distinguished himself while serving as a team leader with the 1st platoon of Company A. While on a combat mission his platoon came under heavy barrage of automatic weapons fire from a well concealed company-size enemy force. Volunteering to escort 2 wounded comrades to an evacuation point, Pfc. McDonald crawled through intense fire to destroy with a grenade an enemy automatic weapon threatening the safety of the evacuation. Returning to his platoon, he again volunteered to provide covering fire for the maneuver of the platoon from its exposed position. Realizing the threat he posed, enemy gunners concentrated their fire on Pfc. McDonald’s position, seriously wounding him. Despite his painful wounds, Pfc. McDonald recovered the weapon of a wounded machine gunner to provide accurate covering fire for the gunner’s evacuation. When other soldiers were pinned down by a heavy volume of fire from a hostile machine gun to his front, Pfc. McDonald crawled toward the enemy position to destroy it with grenades. He was mortally wounded in this intrepid action. Pfc. McDonald’s gallantry at the risk of his life which resulted in the saving of the lives of his comrades, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.




Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade, 23d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near the village of Hiep Duc, Republic of Vietnam,  June 7th, 1970. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 10 December 1946, Bronx, N.Y. Citation: S/Sgt. Murray distinguished himself while serving as a squad leader with Company B. S/Sgt. Murray’s squad was searching for an enemy mortar that had been threatening friendly positions when a member of the squad tripped an enemy grenade rigged as a booby trap. Realizing that he had activated the enemy booby trap, the soldier shouted for everybody to take cover. Instantly assessing the danger to the men of his squad, S/Sgt. Murray unhesitatingly and with complete disregard for his own safety, threw himself on the grenade absorbing the full and fatal impact of the explosion. By his gallant action and self sacrifice, he prevented the death or injury of the other members of his squad. S/Sgt. Murray’s extraordinary courage and gallantry, at the cost of his life above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.




Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company F, 31st Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Near Pachi-dong, Korea,  June 7th, 1951. Entered service at: Galveston, Tex. Born: 18 September 1930, Escaptawpa, Miss. G.O. No.: 15, 1 February 1952. Citation: Pfc. Hanson, a machine gunner with the 1st Platoon, Company F, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. The company, in defensive positions on two strategic hills separated by a wide saddle, was ruthlessly attacked at approximately 0300 hours, the brunt of which centered on the approach to the divide within range of Pfc. Hanson’s machine gun. In the initial phase of the action, 4 riflemen were wounded and evacuated and the numerically superior enemy, advancing under cover of darkness, infiltrated and posed an imminent threat to the security of the command post and weapons platoon. Upon orders to move to key terrain above and to the right of Pfc. Hanson’s position, he voluntarily remained to provide protective fire for the withdrawal. Subsequent to the retiring elements fighting a rearguard action to the new location, it was learned that Pfc. Hanson’s assistant gunner and 3 riflemen had been wounded and had crawled to safety, and that he was maintaining a lone-man defense. After the 1st Platoon reorganized, counterattacked, and resecured its original positions at approximately 0530 hours, Pfc. Hanson’s body was found lying in front of his emplacement, his machine gun ammunition expended, his empty pistol in his right hand, and a machete with blood on the blade in his left hand, and approximately 22 enemy dead lay in the wake of his action. Pfc. Hanson’s consummate valor, inspirational conduct, and willing self-sacrifice enabled the company to contain the enemy and regain the commanding ground, and reflect lasting glory on himself and the noble traditions of the military service.





Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 26 March 1924, Altoona, Fla. Accredited to: Florida. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, while serving with the 3d Battalion, 29th Marines, 6th Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa in the Ryukyu Chain,  June 7th, 1945. Alert and ready for any hostile counteraction following his company’s seizure of an important hill objective, Pvt. McTureous was quick to observe the plight of company stretcher bearers who were suddenly assailed by slashing machinegun fire as they attempted to evacuate wounded at the rear of the newly won position. Determined to prevent further casualties, he quickly filled his jacket with hand grenades and charged the enemy-occupied caves from which the concentrated barrage was emanating. Coolly disregarding all personal danger as he waged his furious 1-man assault, he smashed grenades into the cave entrances, thereby diverting the heaviest fire from the stretcher bearers to his own person and, resolutely returning to his own lines under a blanketing hail of rifle and machinegun fire to replenish his supply of grenades, dauntlessly continued his systematic reduction of Japanese strength until he himself sustained serious wounds after silencing a large number of the hostile guns. Aware of his own critical condition and unwilling to further endanger the lives of his comrades, he stoically crawled a distance of 200 yards to a sheltered position within friendly lines before calling for aid. By his fearless initiative and bold tactics, Pvt. McTureous had succeeded in neutralizing the enemy fire, killing 6 Japanese troops and effectively disorganizing the remainder of the savagely defending garrison. His outstanding valor and heroic spirit of self-sacrifice during a critical stage of operations reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service.




Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E., 164th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va.,  June 7th, 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 13 December 1893. Citation: After making a successful personal reconnaissance, he gallantly led the skirmishers in a night attack, charging the enemy, and thus enabling the pioneers to put up works.


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 6th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 6, 2016 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Drive-In Movie Day




New York Times for D-Day

The United States Army remembers D-Day. The United States remembers D-Day and will never forget that battle as long as there are veterans to remember. June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. General Dwight D. Eisenhower called the operation a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory.” More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the D-Day invasion, and by day’s end on June 6, the Allies gained a foot- hold in Normandy. The D-Day cost was high -more than 9,000 Allied Soldiers were killed or wounded — but more than 100,000 Soldiers began the march across Europe to defeat Hitler.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower addressed the troops that morning. This is a transcript of that message:

“Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon a great crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers in arms on other fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.”

“Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle hardened, he will fight savagely.”

“But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man to man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our home fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to victory!”

“I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full victory!”

“Good Luck! And let us all beseech the blessings of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking.”

— Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower

Eisenhower before D-Day


How It All Began

Just after WW II started, Germany invaded and occupied northwestern France. That was in May of 1940. By 1942 the British started considering the possibility of a major Allied offensive across the English Channel. America began its efforts when it was dragged into the War by the Japanese on December 7th, 1941. In November of 1943 Adolph Hitler became aware of a possible threat of invasion along the northern coast of France. He put Field Marshall Erwin Rommel in charge of building the defense in that region even though the Germans did not know exactly where the Allies would strike. Rommel’s charge was to finish the Atlantic Wall, a 2400 mile string of bunkers, mines and water obstacles.

In January 1944, General Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed to “Operation Overlord.” In the time before D-Day, the Allies carried out a massive deception operation even greater than the deception prior to the attack of Sicily where the Allies used the “dead spy” deception. The deception here was to get the Germans to think that the target was Pas-de-Calais instead of Normandy. Some of the tactics were the use of false equipment, a phantom Army commanded by General George Patton, double agents and false radio transmissions.

The original date for D-Day was June 5th, 1944. Bad weather over the Channel in the days preceding the attack caused it to be moved 24 hours or June 6th. General Eisenhower gave the go-ahead. Is his words, “You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you.” Later that day and all night more than 5,000 ships and 11,000 aircraft made the trip across the English Channel.

By dawn on June 6, thousands of paratroopers and glider troops were already on the ground behind enemy lines, securing bridges and exit roads. The amphibious invasions began at 6:30 a.m. The British and Canadians overcame light opposition to capture beaches codenamed Gold, Juno and Sword, as did the Americans at Utah Beach. U.S. forces faced heavy resistance at Omaha Beach, where there were over 2,000 American casualties.

By day’s end, approximately 156,000 Allied troops had successfully stormed Normandy’s beaches. According to some estimates, more than 4,000 Allied troops lost their lives in the D-Day invasion, with thousands more wounded or missing. Less than a week later, on June 11, the beaches were fully secured and over 326,000 troops, more than 50,000 vehicles and some 100,000 tons of equipment had landed at Normandy.

The Normandy American Cemetery, overlooking Omaha Beach and the English Channel, was established on June 8, 1944, as the first U.S. cemetery in Europe during World War II. It holds the graves of more than 9,300 U.S. servicemen who died in the D-Day invasion or subsequent missions.

D-Day Cemetery


Scripture of the Day

Psalm 51:11-13 King James Version (KJV)

Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit. Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.


Founders Thoughts

Benjamin Franklin“Our new Constitution is now established, and has an appearance that promises permanency; but in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”

Benjamin Franklin, letter to Jean-Baptiste Leroy, November 13, 1789





“Any society that would give up a little liberty to gain a little security will deserve neither and lose both.”

~ Benjamin Franklin

slog ˈsläg verb

transitive verb

: to hit hard : beat

: to plod (one’s way) perseveringly especially against difficulty

intransitive verb

: to plod heavily : <slogged through the snow

: to work hard and steadily


1639 – Massachusetts grants 500 acres of land to erect a gunpowder mill.

1813 – War of 1812: Battle of Stoney Creek – A British force of 700 under John Vincent defeat an American force three times its size under William Winder and John Chandler.

1816 – Ten inches of snowfall in New England, the “year without a summer.”

1822 – Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, was accidentally shot in the abdomen. William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon, treated the wound and St. Martin survived.

1833 – President Andrew Jackson becomes the first President to ride on the “Iron Horse”, a B&O passenger train.

1844 – The Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in London.

1862 – Civil War: Battle of Memphis – Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee, from the Confederates.

1862 – Civil War: Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry).

1864 – Civil War: U.S.S. Louisville, covered the embarkation of 8,000 Union troops
under General A. J. Smith on transports near Sunnyside, Arkansas, on the Mississippi River.

1865 – Civil War: Confederate raider Wiliam Quantrill died from shot in the back that he received while escaping from a Union patrol near Taylorsville, KY.

1882 – Electric iron patented by Henry W. Seely, New York City.

1889 – The Great Seattle Fire destroys the entirety of downtown Seattle, Washington.

1890 – United States Polo Association formed in New York City.

1892 – The Chicago ‘L’ commuter rail system begins operation.

1894 – Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners’ strike.

1896 –  George Samuelson leaves New York harbor to row across the Atlantic. They arrived 55 days later in the Scilly Isles.

1904 – The National Tuberculosis Association was formed in Atlantic City, NJ.

1912 – The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. Novarupta, meaning “new eruption”, is a volcano located on the Alaska Peninsula in Katmai National Park and Preserve, about 290 miles (470 km) southwest of Anchorage.

1913 –  Rabbit Maranville, was thrown out trying to steal home three times.

1918 – World War I: Battle of Belleau Wood – The U.S. Marine Corps suffers its worst single day’s casualties until WWII at Tarawa. The Marine Corps took this wood six times before finally taking it from the Germans. The French name for the wood, Bois Belleau, was subsequently officially renamed Bois de la Brigade de Marine, in honour of the Marine Corps’s tenacity in its re-taking. Marine Corps tradition says that this battle was where they earned the moniker “Devil Dogs.”  The moniker was used by German soldiers to describe U.S. Marines who fought in the Battle of Belleau Wood in 1918. The Marines fought with such ferocity that they were likened to “Dogs from Hell (Teufel Hunden).”

1919 –  “Man O’ War” wins first victory as a 2-year-old at Belmont.

1924 – The German Reichstag accepted the Dawes Plan, an American plan to help Germany pay off its war debts.

1925 – The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.

1932 – The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon sold.

1933 – The first drive-in theater opens, in Camden, New Jersey, on Admiral Wilson Boulevard at the Airport Circle in Pennsauken, a short distance from Cooper River Park. The first film shown was the Adolphe Menjou film “Wife Beware”.

1933 – US Employment Service created.

1934 –  President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Act of 1933 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

1938 – “Stella Dallas” was presented for the first time on the NBC Red radio network.

1939 – World War II: German dictator Adolf Hitler gives a public address to returning German volunteers who fought as Legion Kondor during the Spanish Civil War.

1939 – Judge Joseph Force Crater, known as the “Missingest Man in New York”, is declared legally dead.

1941 – The U.S. government authorized the seizure of foreign ships in U.S. ports.

1941 – First navy vessel constructed as solely as a mine layer and named USS Terror was launched.

1942- World War II: Conclusion of the Battle of Midway, with the U.S. Navy dive bombers sinking the Japanese cruiser Mikuma and four Japanese carriers.

1942 – World War II: Japanese troops landed on Kiska, Aleutian Islands.

1942 –  First nylon parachute jump was made in Hartford Ct by Adeline Gray. The jump was done before more than 50 senior staff from the armed forces.

1942 – World War II: Japanese forces retreated in the World War II Battle of Midway. The battle had begun on June 4.

1943 – The L.A. Zoot Suit Riot escalates and spreads into East Los Angeles. California Attorney General Kenny meets with Mayor McWilliams regarding the investigation and creates the McGucken Committee.

1944 World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on a 50-mile stretch of French Coastline to fight Nazi Germany. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history. The invasion led to the deaths of more than 9,000 allied forces, but the victory resulted in a significant turning point for Europe’s history.

1944 – Brig. General Norman “Dutch” Cota was the first American General to step foot on Omaha Beach.

1944 – Cherokee tribal members communicated via radios in their native language on the Normandy beaches.

1944 – Alaska Airlines commences operations.

1946 – The eleven Basketball of America Association teams meet to schedule first season.

1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Riders in the Sky” by Vaughn Monroe, “Again”  by Doris Day, “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como and “Lovesick Blues” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.

1949 – George Orwell’s novel of a dystopian future, Nineteen Eighty-four, is published. The novel’s all-seeing leader, known as “Big Brother,” becomes a universal symbol for intrusive government and oppressive bureaucracy.

1952 – Korean War: F-86 Sabres scored one of the greatest single victories of the war, destroying eight MiGs and damaging two others.

1953 – “Song From Moulin Rouge (Where Is Your Heart)” by Percy Faith topped the charts.

1955 – Bill Haley & Comets, “Rock Around the Clock” hits #1.

1956 –  Gogi Grant reached the top spot with “The Wayward Wind.”

1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone, “A Teenager’s Romance/I’m Walkin’” by Ricky Nelson, “A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)” by Marty Robbins and “Four Walls” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.

1959 –  “Battle of New Orleans” by Johnny Horton topped the charts.

1960 – “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers topped the charts.

1960 – Roy Orbison releases “Only the Lonely.”

1964 – “Chapel of Love by the Dixie Cups topped the charts.

1964 – Two U.S. Navy jets flying low-altitude target reconnaissance missions over Laos are shot down by communist Pathet Lao ground fire.

1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “Help Me, Rhonda” by The Beach Boys, “Wooly Bully” by Sam The Sham and The Pharaohs, “Crying in the Chapel” by Elvis Presley and “What’s He Doing in My World by Eddie  Arnold all topped the charts.

1966 – Gemini 9 completes 45 orbits after rendezvous with the ‘angry alligator’, protective shroud still attached over the docking port.

1966 – James Meredith, civil rights activist, is shot while trying to march across Mississippi.

1967 –  Six-day war between Israel & Arab neighbors begins.

1968- Don Drysdale of the Los Angeles Dodgers throws a record 58th consecutive inning shutout, a major league record.

1968 – U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy died at 1:44am in Los Angeles after being shot by Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy was shot the evening before while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination.

1970 – “Everything Is Beautiful” by Ray Stevens topped the charts.

1970 – Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young’s “Teach Your Children” was released.

1971 –  Ed Sullivan’s final TV show. It was canceled after 23 years on the air. Gladys Knight and the Pips were the musical guests on the show and performed “If I was Your Woman.

1971 – A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte, California claims 50 lives.

1972 – David Bowie’s “Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars” was released.

1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Love” by Paul McCartney & Wings, “Daniel” by Elton John, “Pillow Talk” by Sylvia and “Satin Sheets” by Jeanne Pruett all topped the charts.

1977 – “Washington Post” reported that US had developed a neutron bomb.

1978 – “20/20” debuted on ABC.

1978 – Proposition 13 cuts California property taxes 57%. The tax cut was pushed by Howard Jarvis.

1979 – Willie Horton becomes 43rd player to hit 300 HRs in the majors.

1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Bette Davis Eyes” by Kim Carnes, “Being with You” by Smokey Robinson, “Stars on 45 Medley” by Stars on 45 and “Friends” by Razzy Bailey all topped the charts.

1984 –  Tetris, one of the best-selling video games of all time, is released.

1985 – Chris Evert wins a grand slam title for 13th straight year (French).

1987 –  NY Yankees play their 13,000th game.

1987 –  “You Keep Me Hangin’ On” by Kim Wilde topped the charts.

1988 – Morton Thiokol Inc., which built the booster rocket involved in the Challenger explosion in 1986, announced it would not bid to build the next generation of rocket motors for the nation’s manned space shuttles.

1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock On”  by Michael Damian, “Soldier of Love” by Donny Osmond, “Wind Beneath My Wings” by Bette Midler and “Where Did I Go Wrong” by Steve Wariner all topped the charts.

1990 – U.S. District court judge Jose Gonzales rules that the rap album As Nasty As They Wanna Be by 2 Live Crew violates Florida’s obscenity law; he declares that the predominant subject matter of the record is “directed to the ‘dirty’ thoughts and the loins, not to the intellect and the mind.”

1995 – US astronaut Norman Thagard broke NASA’s space endurance record of 84 days, one hour and 16 minutes, aboard the Russian space station “Mir.”

1997 – While attending her senior prom in Lacey Township, New JerseyMelissa Drexler gives birth in a bathroom stall, leaves the baby to die in a trash can and then returns to the prom.

1998 – “The Boy Is Mine” by Brandy & Monica topped the charts.

1999 – The Shuttle Discover landed at Kennedy Space Center just after 2 a.m. following a ten-day mission and the first docking with the new International Space Station.

1999 – Iraq War: US and British warplanes struck military facilities after being fired on in the no-fly zone of southern Iraq.

2001 – U.S. District Court Judge Matsch rejected a request to delay the execution of convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh. The date was left at June 11.

2002 – President Bush proposed a new Cabinet department for domestic security. The Department of Homeland Security would operate on a $37.5 billion budget and have 169,154 employees.

2003 – NASA investigators cracked a reinforced carbon fiber wing by shooting it with a piece of insulation, providing more evidence that falling insulation may have caused the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

2004 – Heads of state and war veterans mark the sixtieth anniversary of the D-Day invasion of Nazi-controlled Europe in World War II. An estimated 250,000 people died in the Battle of Normandy.

2005 – In Gonzales v. Raich, the United States Supreme Court upholds a federal law banning cannabis, including medical marijuana.

2005 – The Supreme Court decided in Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd. that the ADA applies to foreign cruise ships.

2005 – In Washington state, the battle over the results of the 2004 gubernatorial election is settled by a county judge, approving the final count in favor of Christine Gregoire.

2005 – Apple Computer announces they would change the processors for their Macintosh computer lineup from IBM to Intel.

2007 – The Anaheim Ducks defeat the Ottawa Senators to win the Stanley Cup in five games.

2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 394 points after the price of a barrel of oil rose over $10 to $139 and unemployment rose .5% to 5.5%.

2008 – The America’s Climate Security Act of 2007, a greenhouse gas emissions reduction bill, stalls in the U.S. Senate after a 48-36 vote fails to invoke cloture on a Republican filibusterPresidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama were among six senators absent from the vote who expressed support for the bill.

2009 – The American Cemetery and Memorial honors World War II veterans who landed at Normandy, France, in 1944.

2010 – United States Coast Guard Admiral Thad Allen, the US government’s response manager to the Gulf of Mexico oil disaster says that BP is making progress stopping the oil flow but it may continue for several months.

2010 – NASA scientists discover that Titan, one of Saturn’s moons, has the necessary atmosphere to support life.

2011 –  Two United States drone missiles kill fourteen people in Pakistani Taliban compounds near Wana in South Waziristan.

2011 –  Apple Inc. launches its new iCloud service at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference.

2011 –  Residents of three Western United States towns – Springerville, Arizona, Eagar, Arizona and Luna, New Mexico – are warned to prepare for evacuation ahead of the Wallow Fire. one of the biggest in Arizona history.

2011 –  U.S. House Representative Anthony Weiner of New York admits sending a risqué picture of himself to a college student on Twitter.

2012 – Ray Bradbury, author of The Martian Chronicles and Fahrenheit 451, dies at the age of 91 in his home in the Cheviot Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles.

2014 – In 1944, 73,000 American men invaded Normandy, landing on beaches and parachuting over enemy lines to liberate occupied France during World War II. Jim ‘Pee Wee’ Martin of the legendary 101st Airborne Division parachuted into France, behind enemy lines, hours before the D-Day armada launched across the English Channel. Today, at the age of 93, the Ohio World War Two hero jumped out of a plane again to mark the anniversary of the June 6, 1944.


1755 – Nathan Hale, American writer and patriot (d. 1776)
1756 – John Trumbull, American painter (d. 1843)
1867 – David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (d. 1931)
1918 – Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1934 – Roy Innis, American civil rights activist
1945 – David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000)
1955 – Sandra Bernhard, American actress and comedian
1960 – Gary Graham, American actor

1978 – Judith Barsi, American actress (d. 1988)





Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near St. Laurent-sur-Mer, France,  June 6th,  1944. Entered service at: Albany, N.Y. Birth: Fulton, N.Y. G.O. No.: 78, 2 October 1944. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, in the vicinity of St. Laurent-sur-Mer, France. On the morning of D-day Pvt. Barrett, landing in the face of extremely heavy enemy fire, was forced to wade ashore through neck-deep water. Disregarding the personal danger, he returned to the surf again and again to assist his floundering comrades and save them from drowning. Refusing to remain pinned down by the intense barrage of small-arms and mortar fire poured at the landing points, Pvt. Barrett, working with fierce determination, saved many lives by carrying casualties to an evacuation boat Iying offshore. In addition to his assigned mission as guide, he carried dispatches the length of the fire-swept beach; he assisted the wounded; he calmed the shocked; he arose as a leader in the stress of the occasion. His coolness and his dauntless daring courage while constantly risking his life during a period of many hours had an inestimable effect on his comrades and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.




Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Colleville-sur-Mer, France, June 6th,1944. Entered service at: Richmond, Va. Born: 1 July 1917, Low Moor, Va. G.O. No.: 20, 29 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer, France. 1st Lt. Monteith landed with the initial assault waves on the coast of France under heavy enemy fire. Without regard to his own personal safety he continually moved up and down the beach reorganizing men for further assault. He then led the assault over a narrow protective ledge and across the flat, exposed terrain to the comparative safety of a cliff. Retracing his steps across the field to the beach, he moved over to where two tanks were buttoned up and blind under violent enemy artillery and machinegun fire. Completely exposed to the intense fire, 1st Lt. Monteith led the tanks on foot through a minefield and into firing positions. Under his direction several enemy positions were destroyed. He then rejoined his company and under his leadership his men captured an advantageous position on the hill. Supervising the defense of his newly won position against repeated vicious counterattacks, he continued to ignore his own personal safety, repeatedly crossing the 200 or 300 yards of open terrain under heavy fire to strengthen links in his defensive chain. When the enemy succeeded in completely surrounding 1st Lt. Monteith and his unit and while leading the fight out of the situation, 1st Lt. Monteith was killed by enemy fire. The courage, gallantry, and intrepid leadership displayed by 1st Lt. Monteith is worthy of emulation.





Rank and organization: Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Colleville-sur-Mer, France, June 6th,1944. Entered .service at: Burgettstown, Pa. Birth: McKees Rocks, Pa. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer, France. On D-day, Technician 5th Grade Pinder landed on the coast 100 yards off shore under devastating enemy machinegun and artillery fire which caused severe casualties among the boatload. Carrying a vitally important radio, he struggled towards shore in waist-deep water. Only a few yards from his craft he was hit by enemy fire and was gravely wounded. Technician 5th Grade Pinder never stopped. He made shore and delivered the radio. Refusing to take cover afforded, or to accept medical attention for his wounds, Technician 5th Grade Pinder, though terribly weakened by loss of blood and in fierce pain, on three occasions went into the fire-swept surf to salvage communication equipment. He recovered many vital parts and equipment, including another workable radio. On the third trip he was again hit, suffering machinegun bullet wounds in the legs. Still this valiant soldier would not stop for rest or medical attention. Remaining exposed to heavy enemy fire, growing steadily weaker, he aided in establishing the vital radio communication on the beach. While so engaged this dauntless soldier was hit for the third time and killed. The indomitable courage and personal bravery of Technician 5th Grade Pinder was a magnificent inspiration to the men with whom he served.






Rank and organization: brigadier general, U.S. Army. Place and date: Normandy invasion, June 6th,1944. Entered service at: Oyster Bay, N.Y. Birth: Oyster Bay, N.Y. G.O. No.: 77, 28 September 1944. Citation: for gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, in France. After two verbal requests to accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt’s written request for this mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established them inland. His valor, courage, and presence in the very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice. Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, rallying men around him, directed and personally led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm, and unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach strong points and rapidly moved inland with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France .





Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 130th Infantry, 33d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Tabio, Luzon, Philippine Islands, June 6th,1945. Entered service at: Barberton, Ohio. Birth: Barberton, Ohio. G.O. No.: 14, 4 February 1946. Citation: He volunteered to investigate the delay in a scheduled attack by an attached guerrilla battalion. Reaching the line of departure, he found that the lead company, in combat for the first time, was immobilized by intense enemy mortar, machinegun, and rifle fire which had caused casualties to key personnel. Knowing that further failure to advance would endanger the flanks of adjacent units, as well as delay capture of the objective, he immediately took command of the company, evacuated the wounded, reorganized the unit under fire, and prepared to attack. He repeatedly exposed himself to draw revealing fire from the Japanese strongpoints, and then moved forward with a five-man covering force to determine exact enemy positions. Although intense enemy machinegun fire killed two and wounded his other three men, S/Sgt. Woodford resolutely continued his patrol before returning to the company. Then, against bitter resistance, he guided the guerrillas up a barren hill and captured the objective, personally accounting for two hostile machinegunners and courageously reconnoitering strong defensive positions before directing neutralizing fire. After organizing a perimeter defense for the night, he was given permission by radio to return to his battalion, but, feeling that he was needed to maintain proper control, he chose to remain with the guerrillas. Before dawn the next morning the enemy launched a fierce suicide attack with mortars, grenades, and small-arms fire, and infiltrated through the perimeter. Though wounded by a grenade, S/Sgt. Woodford remained at his post calling for mortar support until bullets knocked out his radio. Then, seizing a rifle he began working his way around the perimeter, encouraging the men until he reached a weak spot where two guerrillas had been killed. Filling this gap himself, he fought off the enemy. At daybreak he was found dead in his foxhole, but thirty-seven enemy dead were lying in and around his position. By his daring, skillful, and inspiring leadership, as well as by his gallant determination to search out and kill the enemy, S/Sgt. Woodford led an inexperienced unit in capturing and securing a vital objective, and was responsible for the successful continuance of a vitally important general advance.


(Army Medal)




Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 49th Company, 5th Regiment, 2d Division, (Name changed to Ernest August Janson ) Place and date: Near Chateau-Thierry, France, June 6th, 1918. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born. 17 August 1878, New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. (Also received Navy Medal of Honor. ) Citation: Immediately after the company to which he belonged had reached its objective on Hill 142, several hostile counterattacks were launched against the line before the new position had been consolidated. G/Sgt. Hoffman was attempting to organize a position on the north slope of the hill when he saw twelve of the enemy, armed with five light machineguns, crawling toward his group. Giving the alarm, he rushed the hostile detachment, bayoneted the two leaders, and forced the others to flee, abandoning their guns. His quick action, initiative, and courage drove the enemy from a position from which they could have swept the hill with machinegun fire and forced the withdrawal of our troops.


(Navy Medal)




Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 49th Company. (Served under name of Charles F. Hoffman) Born: 17 August 1878, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.) Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Chateau-Thierry, France, June 6th,1918. Immediately after the company to which G/Sgt. Janson belonged, had reached its objective on Hill 142, several hostile counterattacks were launched against the line before the new position had been consolidated. G/Sgt. Janson was attempting to organize a position on the north slope of the hill when he saw twelve of the enemy, armed with five light machineguns, crawling toward his group. Giving the alarm, he rushed the hostile detachment, bayoneted the two leaders, and forced the others to flee, abandoning their guns. His quick action, initiative and courage drove the enemy from a position from which they could have swept the hill with machinegun fire and forced the withdrawal of our troops.





Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Junior Grade, (Dental Corps), U.S. Navy. Born: 13 November 1892, Chicago, Ill. Appointed from: Illinois. Citation: For extraordinary heroism while attached to the 6th Regiment, U.S. Marines, in actual conflict with the enemy and under fire during the advance on Bouresche, France, on June 6th, 1918. In the hottest of the fighting when the Marines made their famous advance on Bouresche at the southern edge of Belleau Wood, Lt (j.g.). Osborne threw himself zealously into the work of rescuing the wounded. Extremely courageous in the performance of this perilous task, he was killed while carrying a wounded officer to a place of safety.




INTERIM 1871 – 1898


Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1853, France. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 212, 9 June 1876. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Plymouth, Lejeune displayed gallant conduct in rescuing a citizen from drowning at Port Royal, S.C., June 6th, 1876.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Copyright © 2011-2016 UnerasedHistory All rights reserved.
This site is using the Desk Mess Mirrored theme, v2.5, from BuyNowShop.com.