National Ergonomics Month
National Boss’s Day
Facts About You!!
Your brain has the potential to remember everything that you have ever experienced, read, heard or seen. The only problem is that you can’t recall it, but its all in there somewhere.
Your body is constantly replacing cells, so much so if fact that you have a completely different body than you had seven years ago.
The amount of information your brain can hold is believed to be 1 petabyte (1000 terrabytes or 1 billion megabytes). The IBM Super Computer Watson, the one that Jeopardy contestants competed against had only 16 terrabytes of RAM.
Gentlemen, if every sperm in your body could produce a child you could repopulate the earth in six months.en while awake at some point in your life.
In your lifetime you will eat about 50 tons of food.
To exercise your legs as much as your eyes get, you would have to walk 50 miles a day EVERY DAY.
In the next four years you will shed your body weight in dead skin.
Your hair grows about a half an inch a month.
You constantly sweat (about 2 pints a day) If you exercise, it is much more.
When you were a baby you were stronger than an ox.
Your reactions occur at about 170 miles per hour.
Aside from burning, your hair is indestructible.Twenty-five million cells of yo die while you read this sentence but your body made 300 billion more of them today.
You were a one-celled creature for only about 1/2 hour.
You are absolutely unique in at least three different ways: Fingerprints, retina patterns and DNA.
“I’m a great believer in luck and I find the harder I work, the more I have of it.”
~ Thomas Jefferson
perorate PUR-uh-rayt, intransitive verb:
1. To conclude or sum up a long discourse.
2. To speak or expound at length; to declaim.
Perorate comes from Latin perorare “to speak at length or to the end,” from per-, “through, throughout,” + orare, “to speak.”
1492 – Columbus’ fleet anchored at “Fernandina” (Long Island, Bahamas).
1555 – Protestant martyrs Bishop Hugh Latimer and Bishop Nicholas Ridley were burned at the stake for heresy in England.
1701 – The Collegiate School was founded in Killingworth, CT. The school moved to New Haven in 1745 and changed its name to Yale College.
1775 – Portland, Maine burned by the British.
1780 – Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the Revolutionary War.
1781 – George Washington captures Yorktown, Virginia
1793 – Queen Marie Antoinette was beheaded during the Reign of Terror following the French Revolution.
1829 – Tremont Hotel in Boston opens. It was the first hotel to have indoor plumbing and became the prototype of a modern, first – class American hotel. It had 170 rooms that rented for $2 a day and included four meals.
1846 – Ether was first used in an operation, at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.
1854 – Abraham Lincoln debated before a large crowd in Peoria, IL the merits of the Kansas-Nebraska Act with Stephen Douglas. Lincoln denounced slavery and its extension and called the practice a violation of the most basic tenets of the Declaration of Independence.
1859 – Abolitionist John Brown led a group in a raid on Harper’s Ferry, intending to seize the arsenal of weapons and retreat to the Appalachian Mountains of Maryland and Virginia, where they would establish an abolitionist republic of liberated slaves and abolitionist whites. John Brown was later hanged in Virginia for treason.
1861 – Civil War: Confederate general issue postage stamps made their first appearance. The Confederacy would issue 13 different major stamps (16 stamps when the different printers are taken into consideration) which would see postal usage.
1867 – Alaska adopts the Gregorian calendar, crosses intl date line.
1868 – America’s first department store “ZCMI” (Zion’s Co-Operative Mercantile Institution) opened in Salt Lake City, Utah.
1869 – The Cardiff Giant, one of the most famous hoaxes in American history, was a 10-foot-tall (3 m) “petrified man” uncovered today by workers digging a well behind the barn of William C. “Stub” Newell in Cardiff, New York. Both it and an unauthorized copy made by P.T. Barnum are still on display.
1876 – Construction began on the first cantilever bridge built on the American continent. Preliminary work had already been completed for the 1,125 foot long High Bridge between Jessamine and Mercer counties to carry the Cincinnati Southern Railroad 275 feet high over a deep gorge of the Kentucky River. The bridge currently there is the original one expanded.
1900 – Frank Sprague was granted a patent for a multi-control for electric trains.
1909 – World Series Pittsburgh Pirates (4) vs Detroit Tigers (3)
1912 – World Series: Boston Red Sox (4) vs New York Giants (3). First pitch was by New York City Mayor James Gaynor. New York Giants outfielder Fred Snodgrass drops an easy pop-fly in the 10th inning of the tie-breaking eighth game of the World Series against the Red Sox. His error led to a two-run Boston rally and cost the Giants the championship.
1916 – Margaret Sanger founded Planned Parenthood in order to eliminate what she thought were “inferior races like Orientals, Jews, and Blacks. She referred to them as “human weeds.” She also opened the first birth control clinic in New York City, NY on this day.
1923 – The Walt Disney Company is founded by Walt Disney and his brother, Roy Disney. Walt Disney contracted with M.J. Winkler to distribute the Alice Comedies. This event is recognized as the start of the Disney Company.
1926 – Patent for the frosted electric light bulb was filed by Marvin Pipkin.
1939 – “The Right to Happiness” debuted on the NBC Blue network. It was an off-shoot of the Guiding Light.
1939 – “The Man Who Came to Dinner” opened on Broadway.
1940 – Benjamin O. Davis, became the U.S. Army’s first African American Brigadier General.
1940 – Registration begins for the draft according to the provisions of the Selective Service Act. The first drafts will be balloted on October 29th. This is the first peacetime draft in US history.
1941 – “Gordo” comic strip (by Gus Arriola) first appears in newspapers.
1941 – “Fry Me Cookie, with a Can of Lard” recorded by the Will Bradley Orchestra.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: The Nazis advanced to within 60 miles of Moscow. Romanians entered Odessa, USSR, and began exterminating 150,000 Jews.
1942 – World War II: Near Guadalcanal, American aircraft from the carrier USS Hornet raid supply bases on Santa Isabel. On Guadalcanal, the Japanese increase their bombardment of American positions in preparation for a major attack.
1942 – National Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services.
1943 – Chicago Mayor Edward J. Kelly officially opened the city’s new subway system.
1944 – World War II: Aachen, Germany (640 km east of Berlin) is surrounded by troops of the US 19th and 8th Corps (elements of US 1st Army.)
1944 – World War II: Land-based aircraft of US 13th and 5th Air Forces attack targets on Mindanao. US Task Group 77.4, with 18 escort carriers, launch air strikes on Leyte, Cebu and Mindanao.
1944 – “The Robe”, by Lloyd Douglas, was published.
1945 – “His Honor, the Barber” debuted on NBC radio.
1946 – At Nuremberg, Germany, ten high-ranking Nazi officials were hung for their war crimes during World War II.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent), “Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue” by Gordon MacRae and “Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long, Long Way)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1951 – Little Richard held his first recording session in Atlanta, GA.
1954 – “Hey There” by Rosemary Clooney topped the charts.
1954 – Elvis Presley made his first radio appearance on the “Louisiana Hayride.”
1955 – Mrs. Jules Lederer replaced Ruth Crowley in newspapers using the name Ann Landers.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2)” by Bill Doggett, “Just Walking in the Rain” by Johnnie Ray, “Love Me Tender” by Elvis Presley and “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1956 – The Elvis Presley film “Love Me Tender” premiered. Full Movie
1957 – “You Send Me,” by Sam Cooke, was released by Keen Records.
1958 – Chevrolet introduces the El Camino. The El Camino was a combination sedan-pickup truck built on the Impala body, with the same “cat’s eye” taillights and dramatic rear fins.
1961 – Cork International Airport opened in Ireland.
1962 – The Cuban missile crisis began when President John F. Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
1962 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs San Francisco Giants (3).
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison, “Do Wah Diddy Diddy” by Manfred Mann, “Dancing in the Street” by Martha & The Vandellas and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1964 – China detonated its first atomic bomb, at Lop Nor. It became the fifth nuclear power.
1965 – “Yesterday” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1966 – Joan Baez and 123 other anti-draft demonstrators were arrested for blocking the entrance to the Armed Forces Induction Center in Oakland, CA.
1968 – United States athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos are kicked out of the USA’s team for performing a Black Power salute during a medal ceremony.
1968 – Milwaukee Bucks play their first game losing 89-84 to Chicago Bulls.
1969 – World Series: New York Mets (4) vs Baltimore Orioles (1). The Mets had been a 100-1 shot going into the Series.
1970 – Anwar Sadat was elected president of Egypt, succeeding the late Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1971 – “Maggie May” by Rod Stewart topped the charts.
1971 – Isaac Hayes’ “Theme From Shaft” was released.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ben” by Michael Jackson, “Use Me” by Bill Withers, “Everybody Plays the Fool” by The Main Ingredient and “Funny Face” by Donna Fargo all topped the charts.
1976 – Stevie Wonder’s album, “Songs in the Key of Life” hits #1 in the US.
1976 – “Disco Duck (Part 1)” by Ricky Dees & His Cast of Idiots topped the charts.
1978 – Sacred College of Cardinals of the Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla as the new pope (John Paul II).
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen, “Woman in Love” by Barbra Streisand, “Late in the Evening” by Paul Simon and “Loving Up a Storm” by Razzy Bailey all topped the charts.
1982 – Mt Palomar Observatory was the first to detect Halley’s comet on its 13th return.
1982 – “Jack and Diane” by John Cougar topped the charts.
1982 – RCA Records released “H2O” by Daryl Hall and John Oates.
1983 – World Series: Baltimore Orioles (4) vs Philadelphia Phillies (1).
1985 – Intel introduces 32-bit 80386 microcomputer chip.
1987 – Jessica McClure, 18 months old, was trapped in an abandoned well in Midland, Texas, but rescued today after 58.5 hours.
1987 – In the Persian Gulf, an Iranian missile hit a re-flagged Kuwaiti ship in the first direct attack on the tanker fleet guarded by the U.S.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Red Red Wine” by UB40, “Groovy Kind of Love” by Phil Collins, “What’s on Your Mind” (Pure Energy) by Information Society and “Streets of Bakersfield” by Dwight Yoakam & Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1988 – Orel Hershiser, first to pitch a shutout in playoff and World Series play. The Championship was transformed into a “California Classic” as the Los Angeles Dodgers went up against the neighboring Oakland Athletics.
1989 – President George H.W. Bush signed the Gramm-Rudman budget reduction law that ordered federal programs be cut by $16.1 billion.
1990 – Comedian Steve Martin and his wife Victoria Tennant visited U.S. soldiers in Saudi Arabia.
1991 – Luby’s massacre: George Hennard″Jo Jo” drove his pickup truck into a Luby’s cafeteria in Killeen, TX , 23 people to death while wounding another 20 and subsequently committing suicide by shooting himself. It was the deadliest shooting rampage in American history until the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre.
1995 – The Million Man March took place in Washington, D.C., under the direction of Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
1997 – Charles M. Schulz and his wife Jeannie announced that they would give $1 million toward the construction of a D-Day memorial to be placed in Virginia.
1999 – A 7.0-magnitude earthquake in California’s Mojave Desert derails an Amtrak train, knocks out power to thousands but causes no serious damage or injuries.
1999 – A New York Air National Guard plane rescued Dr. Jerri Nielsen from a South Pole research center after she’d spent five months isolated by the Antarctic winter, which forced her to treat herself for a breast lump.
2000 – It was announced that Chevron Corp. would be buying Texaco Inc. for $35 billion. The combined company was called Chevron Texaco Corp. and became the 4th largest oil company in the world.
2001 – A wing of the US Senate building was closed following confirmation that a letter to Sen. Tom Daschle, D-S.D., carried anthrax. It was later found that the anthrax contained the additive bentonite to enhance suspension in air. 12 Senate offices were closed as hundreds of staffers underwent anthrax tests.
2001 – US Customs at JFK found $140,763 in the luggage of Basam Nahshal who was bound for Yemen. A second man Ali Alfatimi claimed the money was his and was being smuggled to Yemen as part of his travel business.
2001 – Operation Active Endeavour is christened. It operates in the Mediterranean Sea and is designed to prevent the movement of terrorists or weapons of mass destruction as well as to enhance the security of shipping in general.
2002 – The White House announced that North Korea had disclosed it had a nuclear weapons program.
2002 – U.S. President George W. Bush signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.
2002 – The Arthur Andersen accounting firm was sentenced to five years probation and fined $500,000 for obstructing a federal investigation of the energy company Enron.
2002 – Seven members of the Dawson family were murdered in Baltimore, Maryland in retribution for opposing local drug activity.
2003 – The Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees face off in a historical ALCS game 7 at Yankee Stadium. The game ends in dramatic fashion with an Aaron Boone walk off home run.
2003 – Apple launches its iTunes Music Store, an online download music store, for the Microsoft Windows platform. The iTunes software can be downloaded from apple.com.
2003 – Alan Mulally, CEO of Boeing, announced that production of the Boeing 757 would end in late 2004.
2003 – In Iraq three American soldiers were killed during a clash at a Shiite Muslim cleric’s headquarters in Karbala.
2004 – In Arizona a stolen truck filled with suspected illegal immigrants sped away from deputies and rolled over at a busy intersection near an Army post, causing an 11-car crash that killed six people and seriously injured 15.
2005 – The Chicago White Sox beat the Los Angeles Angels 6-3 to win the American League Championship Series in five games, their first pennant since 1959.
2005 – In Wisconsin a bus carrying Chippewa Falls High School students home from a band competition collided with a semi truck, killing five passengers near Osseo.
2005 – Louis Farrakhan, leader of the Nation of Islam, addresses the Millions More event in Washington DC and condemns George W. Bush for the federal government’s response to Hurricane Katrina.
2006 – Lynne Stewart, a firebrand civil rights lawyer, was sentenced in New York to 28 months in prison for helping an imprisoned terrorist sheik communicate with his followers on the outside.
2006 – In southeast Texas heavy rains and a tornado left 3 people dead.
2007 – President Bush and the Dalai Lama met. On 10/17 the spiritual leader will be awarded a Congressional Gold Medal. China warned that the events are bad for US-Chinese ties.
2007 – In California a blinding sandstorm north of Los Angeles caused a pileup of some 15 vehicles leaving at least 2 people dead and 16 injured.
2007 – Barbara West Dainton (96), believed to be one of the last two survivors from the sinking of the Titanic in 1912, died in Camborne, England.
2008 – The US FDA said it would open its first office in China before the end of the year. Over 60 FDA offices would be placed world-wide over the next year.
2008 – The US Environmental Protection Agency sets a new standard, cutting the amount of lead that can be released into the atmosphere by 90 percent.
2008 – The Hubble Space Telescope went into the final stages of recovery after NASA successfully bypassed a faulty computer and resurrected an 18-year-old spare from orbital hibernation.
2009 – President Barack Obama signed a 7.5 billion dollar aid package for Pakistan after the US Congress acted to placate critics in the strife-torn nation who warned it violated Pakistani sovereignty.
2009 – Two US civil and constitutional rights groups called for Keith Bardwell, a justice of the peace in Louisiana, to resign for refusing to issue a marriage license to an interracial couple.
2009 – The United States records a budget deficit of $1.42 trillion.
2011 – Indianapolis 500 winner Dan Wheldon (9:18) died in a fiery 15-car wreck at Las Vegas Motor Speedway when his car flew over another on Lap 13 and smashed into the wall just outside turn 2.
2011 – The Saint Louis Cardinals defeat the Milwaukee Brewers in the 2011 National League Championship Series; the Cardinals now go on to face the Texas Rangers in the 2011 World Series.
2012 – Ford recalls 154,000 Fiestas due to an issue with airbag deployment.
2012 - The CEO of Citigroup, Vikram Pandit, announces his resignation from that post, and is immediately succeeded by Michael Corbat.
2013 – The US Senate reaches a bipartisan deal to avoid default and end the 16-day US government shutdown.
1758 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer, patriot, educator, and author.
1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish dramatist.
1886 – David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister.
1888 – Eugene O’Neill, American Nobel Prize (1936) and Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright.
1898 – William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
1925 – Angela Lansbury, English-born actress
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 20 November 1908. Woodruff, Kans. Appointed from: Nebraska. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage as Squadron Commander of Marine Fighting Squadron 212 in the South Pacific Area during the period 10 May to 14 November 1942. Volunteering to pilot a fighter plane in defense of our positions on Guadalcanal, Lt. Col. Bauer participated in two air battles against enemy bombers and fighters outnumbering our force more than two to one, boldly engaged the enemy and destroyed one Japanese bomber in the engagement of 28 September and shot down four enemy fighter planes in flames on 3 October, leaving a fifth smoking badly. After successfully leading twenty-six planes on an over-water ferry flight of more than 600 miles on October 16th, 1942, Lt. Col. Bauer, while circling to land, sighted a squadron of enemy planes attacking the U.S.S. McFarland. Undaunted by the formidable opposition and with valor above and beyond the call of duty, he engaged the entire squadron and, although alone and his fuel supply nearly exhausted, fought his plane so brilliantly that four of the Japanese planes were destroyed before he was forced down by lack of fuel. His intrepid fighting spirit and distinctive ability as a leader and an airman, exemplified in his splendid record of combat achievement, were vital factors in the successful operations in the South Pacific Area.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company M, 107th Infantry, 42d Division. Place and date: Near Landres-et-St. Georges, France, October 16th, 1918. Entered service at: Sugar City, Idaho. Born: 17 May 1898, Sharon, Idaho. G.O. No.: 1 18, W .D., 1918. Citation: On the afternoon of 16 October 1918, when the Cote-de-Chatillion had just been gained after bitter fighting and the summit of that strong bulwark in the Kriemhilde Stellung was being organized, Pvt. Neibaur was sent out on patrol with his automatic rifle squad to enfilade enemy machinegun nests. As he gained the ridge he set up his automatic rifle and was directly thereafter wounded in both legs by fire from a hostile machinegun on his flank. The advance wave of the enemy troops, counterattacking, had about gained the ridge, and although practically cut off and surrounded, the remainder of his detachment being killed or wounded, this gallant soldier kept his automatic rifle in operation to such effect that by his own efforts and by fire from the skirmish line of his company, at least 100 yards in his rear, the attack was checked. The enemy wave being halted and Iying prone, four of the enemy attacked Pvt. Neibaur at close quarters. These he killed. He then moved alone among the enemy Iying on the ground about him, in the midst of the fire from his own lines, and by coolness and gallantry captured eleven prisoners at the point of his pistol and, although painfully wounded, brought them back to our lines. The counterattack in full force was arrested to a large extent by the single efforts of this soldier, whose heroic exploits took place against the skyline in full view of his entire battalion.
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 20th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Murfrees Station, Va., October 16th, 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: Clayton, N.Y. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: Volunteered to swim Blackwater River to get a large flat used as a ferry on other side; succeeded in getting the boat safely across, making it possible for a detachment to cross the river and take possession of the enemy’s breastworks.
National Construction Toy Month
National Grouch Day
A farmer took his young son on a hike and they tramped through the meadows and woods. They hiked through the pines and up over the hills.
They climbed the steep mountains and finally, high above the timber line, scaled the crags and peaks they saw a giant eagle soaring overhead. They scanned the cliffs and finally located the eagles nest. The boy climbed up the cliff to where the nest was located. He reached into the nest, which rested on a ledge, and pulled out an egg, which he put inside his shirt. Then he climbed carefully back down the cliff.
He and his father returned home, and the boy put the egg in a nest where a hen was brooding over her eggs. By and by, when the eggs were hatched, each delivered a small chick except the one from which a young eaglet was hatched. Months passed and the eaglet matured.
After the eagle was full grown, a naturalist was driving down the highway out in the country. As he drove by the farmer’s yard, he saw the giant eagle. He slammed on his brakes, got out of the car, and went over to the fence. He could hardly believe his eyes. He opened the gate, walked into the yard, and found the farmer. ‘Where did you get that eagle?’ he asked.
The farmer said, ‘It’s a chicken.’ The man responded: ‘I am a naturalist. I know all about these things, and I tell you that is an eagle. Furthermore, I’ll prove it.’ He picked up the eagle, put it on his arm, and said, ‘Thou art an eagle-fly.’ The eagle hopped off his arm and began to scratch in the dirt like the chickens. The farmer said, ‘I told you it was only a chicken.’
The naturalist asked for a ladder. He leaned it against the barn. Then he carried the eagle up on top of the barn. He stood at the peak of the roof on the barn, placed the eagle on his arm, and said, ‘Thou art an eagle-fly.’ The eagle swooped down into the yard below and began scratching in the gravel. The farmer hollered up, ‘I told you it was a chicken.’
The man climbed down off the barn. He made an agreement with the farmer and the next morning, long before sunrise, he picked up the eagle. He carried it through the woods and over the meadows. He continued up into the hills and the pines, onward, upward, above the timberline to the peaks and crags and pinnacles of the mountains. He arrived at the mountaintop just before dawn.
As the first rays of the sun began to streak across the sky, he put the eagle on his arm. The fresh, cool winds came through the valleys and trees below and swept up to the cliff where the naturalist stood. The eagle breathed deeply. The first streaks of sunlight caught his eye. He stretched his giant wings, almost six feet across. The naturalist said, ‘Thou art an eagle-fly.’
The eagle slowly lifted off the naturalist’s arm. It ascended into the sky. It soared higher and higher and further and further.
It saw more in an instant than its companions had in an entire lifetime, and from that time forth it was never again content to be a barnyard fowl.
See more morals and stories at:
“Take your life in your own hands and what happens? A terrible thing: no one to blame.”
concinnity kuhn-SIN-uh-tee, noun:
1. Internal harmony or fitness in the adaptation of parts to a whole or to each other.
2. Studied elegance of design or arrangement — used chiefly of literary style.
3. An instance of concinnity.
Concinnity comes from Latin concinnitas, “elegance; harmony of style,” from concinnus, “well put together; pleasing, on account of harmony and proportion.”
1581 – The first major ballet was staged at the request of Catherine de’ Medici at the palace in Paris.
1582 – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
1789 – First presidential tour-George Washington in New England.
1794 – US moneymakers minted some 2,000 silver dollars of which 1,750 were deemed good enough to go into circulation. The press initially used was designed for a smaller coin and large scale production on a bigger press began a year later.
1815 – Napoleon began his exile on the island of St. Helena, after suffering a final defeat against a force under the Duke of Wellington.
1855 – In San Francisco St. Ignatius opened for classes with three students, including Richard McCabe, at 841 Market St. In the 1880s St. Ignatius College moved to a new campus on Van Ness.
1858 – The seventh and final debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Alton, Ill.
1860- Eleven-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard. A excerpt of her letter reads “… I have got four brothers and part of them will vote for you any way and if you will let your whiskers grow I will try and get the rest of them to vote for you. You would look a great deal better for your face is so thin. All the ladies like whiskers and they would tease their husband’s to vote for you and then you would be President.”
1863 – Civil War: The first submarine to sink a ship, and first to sink an enemy warship, the CSS H. L. Hunley sinks during a test, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley and seven crew members.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate troops occupied Glasgow, Missouri.
1874 – A US child labor law took 12 year-olds out of work force.
1878 – Thomas A. Edison founded the Edison Electric Light Co.
1880 – Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
1881 – First American fishing magazine, American Angler published. It cost 10 cents an issue back in 1881, or you could subscribe, for three dollars a year.
1883 – U.S. Supreme Court struck down a significant part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, saying that only state-imposed discrimination was unlawful.
1892 – The U.S. government convinced the Crow Indians to give up 1.8 million acres of their reservation for 50 cents per acre. On this day, by presidential proclamation, the land in the mountainous area of western Montana was opened to settlers.
1893 – The NY Times declared Coney Island “Sodom-by-the-Sea” for the thrilling rides that let men and women clutch each other.
1894 – Captain Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935), a Jewish army officer in France, was arrested for allegedly betraying military secrets to Germany.
1897 – Aaron and Samuel Bloch carried the 1st US Mail Pouch.
1900 – Boston’s Symphony Hall, one of the world’s most highly regarded concert halls, was inaugurated. It was the first to be built in known conformity with acoustical laws described by Harvard physicist Wallace Sabine.
1905 – President Grover Cleveland wrote an article for “Ladies Home Journal.” He wrote in that article,” “Sensible and responsible women do not want to vote. “
1914 – Congress passed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act.
1917 – World War I: At Vincennes outside of Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany.
1917 – World Series: Chicago White Sox (4) vs New York Giants (2).
1919 – Fourteen horses begin a 300-mile race from from Burlington, Vermont to Camp Devens, Massachusetts for $1000 prize money.
1923 – World Series : New York Yankees (4) vs New York Giants (2)
1924 – Pres Coolidge declared the Statue of Liberty a national monument.
1925 – World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates (4) vs Washington Senators (3)
1928 – The airship, the Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
1931 – “Cat and the Fiddle” opened in New York for the first of 395 performances.
1937 – Ernest Hemingway novel “To Have & Have Not” published.
1938 – Robert Sherwood’s “Abe Lincoln in Illinois,” premiered in New York City.
1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed La Guardia Airport) is dedicated.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: The first mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe.
1945 – The former Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval was executed by a firing squad for his wartime collaboration with the Germans.
1946 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs Boston Red Sox (3)
1946 – Nazi war criminal Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo, poisoned himself hours before he was to have been executed.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Wish I Didn’t Love You So” by Vaughn Monroe, “Feudin’ and Fightin’” by Dorothy Shay, “Near You” by The Francis Craig Orchestra (vocal: Bob Lamm) and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1949 – Billy Graham begins his ministry. He gained world attention in 1949 with a tent revival in downtown Los Angeles that was scheduled for three weeks and lasted six.
1949 – “That Lucky Old Sun” by Frankie Laine topped the charts.
1951 – “I Love Lucy” premiered on TV.
1952 – “I Married Joan” with Joan Davis and Jim Backus aired for the first time. The last episode was April 6, 1955.
1953 – “The Teahouse of the August Moon” opened on Broadway.
1954 – Hurricane Hazel struck US and Canada and 348 people died. 81 people were killed in Ontario where damages were estimated at $24 million.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love is a Many-Splendored Thing” by The Four Aces, “Autumn Leaves” by Roger Williams, “Black Denim Trousers” by The Cheers and “The Cattle Call” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1955 – Buddy Holly opened a show for Elvis Presley in Lubbock, TX.
1955 – Richard Martin Theiler (28) was in the front seat of the Lockheed-Martin T-33A that went missing just after takeoff from the Los Angeles International Airport. The plane had just departed in bad weather bound for its base in Yuma, Ariz., but the pilots didn’t make contact after they cleared the clouds. In 2009 aviation archaeologist G. Pat Macha and a group of volunteers found the plane underneath 100 feet of water.
1955 – “Grand Ole Opry” premiered on ABC-TV.
1956 – Pan Am Flight 943, enroute to Hawaii from San Francisco crash landed in the ocean. All 31 aboard were rescued by the Coast Guard cutter Pontchartrain.
1959 – “26 men” premiered. It was an American western television series about the Arizona Rangers, an elite group commissioned in 1901 by the legislature of the Arizona Territory and limited, for financial reasons, to twenty-six active members. The series aired between October 15, 1957 and June 30, 1959, for a total of 78 episodes.
1959 – “Untouchables” premieres. It was based on the memoir of the same name by Eliot Ness and Oscar Fraley, it dealt with the experiences of Eliot Ness, a United States Justice Department agent, as he fought crime in Chicago in the 1930s.
1960 – “Mr. Custer” by Larry Verne topped the charts.
1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis began. It was on this day that U.S. intelligence personnel analyzing data discovered Soviet medium-range missle sites in Cuba. On October 22 President John F. Kennedy announced that he had ordered the naval “quarantine” of Cuba. October 14 was when the structures were identified.
1962 – Byron R. White (1917-2002) was appointed to the US Supreme Court by Pres. Kennedy.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sugar Shack” by Jimmy Gilmer & The Fireballs, “Be My Baby” by The Ronettes, “Cry Baby” by Garnet Mimms & The Enchanters and “Talk Back Trembling Lips” by Ernest Ashworth all topped the charts.
1964 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs New York Yankees (3)
1964 – Craig Breedlove sets auto speed record of 526 mph.
1965 – First draft card was burned in protest of the U.S.’s involvement in Vietnam.
1966 – President Lyndon Johnson signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation.
1966 – “Reach Out, I’ll Be There” by the Four Tops topped the charts.
1966 – US Congress passed the Endangered Species Preservation Act. It was expanded in 1973 as the Endangered Species Act.
1969 – Oriole Earl Weaver becomes first manager ejected in a World Series. Weaver was the third manager to leave early in a World Series, but the first since 1935.
1969 – Peace demonstrators staged activities across the US, including a candlelight march around the White House, as part Vietnam Moratorium Day.
1969 – The $100-million, 52-story Bank of America World Headquarters at 555 California St. in San Francisco, was dedicated.
1970 – World Series: Baltimore Orioles (4) vs Cincinnati Reds (1)
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Maggie Mae/Reason to Believe” by Rod Stewart, “Superstar” by Carpenters “Yo-Yo” by The Osmonds and “How Can I Unlove You” by Lynn Anderson all topped the charts.
1971 – “Garden Party” was Ricky Nelson’s biggest hit in years and his last hit.
1973 – “Tomorrow” debuted on NBC-TV.
1974 – President Ford signed legislation limiting campaign spending by political parties. Congress amended the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971 to set limits on contributions by individuals, political parties and PACs.
1974 – National Guard mobilized to restore order in Boston school busing.
1976 – First televised debate between vice-presidential nominees took place, involving Democrat Walter F. Mondale and Republican Bob Dole.
1976 – Ike and Tina Turner split their musical act.
1977 – “Slip Slidin’ Away,” by Paul Simon, was released.
1977 – Arkansas’ Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal.
1977 – Debbie Boone’s “You Light Up My Life,” goes #1.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Stop ’Til You Get Enough” by Michael Jackson, “Rise” by Herb Alpert, “Sail On” by Commodores and “Last Cheater’s Waltz” by T.G. Sheppard all topped the charts.
1979 – New York Knicks retire their 2nd number, # 10, in honor of Walt Frazier.
1981 – Professional cheerleader Krazy George Henderson leads what is thought to be the first audience wave in the Oakland Athletics-New York Yankees playoff game.
1983 – U.S. Marines killed five snipers who had pinned them down in Beirut International Airport.
1983 – Columbia beats Yale 21-18 in football and they will lose next 44 games.
1983 – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler topped the charts.
1984 – The Freedom of Information Act was passed.
1985 – Shelley Taylor makes fastest swim ever around Manhattan Island. She did it in 6 hours 12 minutes 29 seconds.
1986 – Longest post season game, Mets beat Astros 7-6 in 16 & win NL pennant.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake, “Lost in Emotion” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam, “Carrie” by Europe and “The Way We Make a Broken Heart” by Rosanne Cash all topped the charts.
1987 – NFL Players Association orders an end to the 24 day strike.
1987 – Frantic efforts continued in Midland, Texas, to save 18-month-old Jessica McClure, who had fallen 22 feet down an abandoned well the day before. Jessica was freed the following evening.
1988 – Dodgers win game one of the World Series behind Kirk Gibson’s HR. Gibson hits a 2-run home run off Dennis Eckersley with two out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Dodgers a 5-4 win.
1988 – “Red Red Wine” by UB40 topped the charts.
1989 – Billy Graham is given the 1,900th star on Hollywood Blvd. His ministry is 40 years old.
1989 – Wayne Gretsky passes Gordie Howes as NHL’s all time top scorer.
1990 – Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1991 – U.S. Senate narrowly confirmed the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, 52-to-48, despite sexual harassment allegations.
1991 – Pizza Hut, Inc. was trademark registered.
1992 – New York City Subway motorman Robert Ray was convicted of manslaughter in death of five riders, when he fell asleep drunk while in control of train on Aug 28, 1991.
1993 – Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1994 – President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned to Haiti after three years in exile.
1995 – Saddam Hussein gains 99.96% of votes in Iraq’s presidential elections.
1997 – The US CIA disclosed that its annual budget for spy services totaled $26.6 billion.
1997 – Former Representative Dan Rostenkowski was released from custody for mail fraud.
1999 – The US stock market Dow Jones average dropped 266.9 points, 2.6%, to 10,019.71. It was the largest % drop since Oct 13, 1989.
1999 – Hurricane Irene hit southern Florida and five people were electrocuted by down power lines in Miami.
2001 – NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.
2001 – US warplanes carried out their heaviest bombings in 9 days over Afghanistan. The Pentagon called in the slow moving AC-130 Spectre gunships to targets around Kandahar.
2001 – In Texas the last 2 of 5 escaped convicts were captured after one shot another and freed a farm couple that was held hostage.
2001 – Bethlehem Steel filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2002 – Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani will be paid $4.3 million plus expenses for a one-year contract to advise Mexico City’s mayor on reducing crime.
2002 – It was reported that duct tape is effective in removing warts when worn over the wart for a number of days.
2002 – A listeria outbreak blamed for at east 7 deaths in the northeast was traced to a Wampler Foods plant in Franconia, Pa.
2003 – Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube is removed following numerous failed petitions by her parents to prevent such action. It would be reinserted a week later by order of Florida Governor Jeb Bush.
2003 – The Florida Marlins defeated the Chicago Cubs 9-6 in game 7 for the National League pennant.
2003 -In New York City a collision between the Staten Island Ferry “Andrew J. Barberi” and a pier at the St. George ferry terminal, has left at least ten people dead, forty-two injured and three who lost limbs. The ferry pilot lost consciousness before the vessel slammed into a pier.
2004 – A federal judge struck down a ban on snowmobiles in Yellowstone and Grand Teton national parks.
2004 – A federal bankruptcy judge allowed U.S. Airways to cut union workers’ pay immediately by 21 percent.
2004 – US Marines launched air and ground attacks on the insurgent bastion Fallujah after city representatives suspended peace talks with the government over PM Ayad Allawi’s demand to hand over terror mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
2005 – Marcia and Ken Powers, a husband-and-wife team, reached the Pacific Ocean on after a 4,900-mile cross-country hike, becoming the first to backpack the transcontinental American Discovery Trail in one continuous trek. They had started Feb. 27 at Cape Henlopen in Delaware.
2005 – In Toledo, Ohio, a riot broke out when protesters confronted members of the National Socialist Movement who had gathered at a city park. More than 100 people were arrested and one officer was seriously injured.
2006 – Three members of Duke University’s lacrosse team appeared on CBS’ “60 Minutes” to deny raping a woman who had been hired to perform as a stripper. Collin Finnerty, Reade Seligmann and David Evans were later exonerated.
2006 – UnitedHealth Group said CEO Dr. William McGuire agreed to leave the company by Dec 1 due to illegal stock option practices. His walk away package was estimated at $1.1 billion.
2006 – A 6.7-magnitude quake hit Hawaii’s Big Island at 7:07 am, followed by aftershocks. It caused blackouts and landslides but no reported fatalities.
2007 – News Corporation’s Fox Business Network launched a new cable channel that will focus on financial markets and global economy news.
2007 – In San Diego, Ca., local and federal agents seized over 5,000 trained birds in the largest cockfighting bust in US history.
2007 – Kathleen Casey-Kirschling became the first baby boomer to make an early filing for Social Security benefits. Kathleen Casey became the first official US baby boomer following her January 1, 1946, birth just after midnight.
2008 – John McCain and Barack Obama held their final televised debate at Hofstra Univ. in Hempstead, NY. It was moderated by Bob Schieffer of CBS.
2008 – U.S. Congressman Vito Fossella is convicted of drunken driving.
2008 – In Illinois a medical helicopter crashed just before midnight and killed a desperately ill 1-year-old girl and three crew members when the aircraft clipped a radio structure’s wire and went down in a suburban Chicago field.
2009 – In Colorado the flight of a home-made helium balloon touched off a frantic rescue attempt for the young boy thought to be aboard. It was later determined to have been a publicity-seeking hoax.
2009 – Colleen R. LaRose (46), a self-described “Jihad Jane,” was arrested in Philadelphia. She is an American citizen who pleaded guilty in February 2011 to charges in terrorism-related crimes, including conspiracy to commit murder and providing material support to terrorists.
2009 – Two F-16 planes collided around 8:30 p.m. about 40 miles off Folly Beach, near Charleston, SC. One jet, piloted by Capt. Lee Bryant, landed safely at Charleston Air Force Base. The missing plane was piloted by Capt. Nicholas Giglio.
2010 – A United States Army soldier from 5th Stryker Brigade Combat Team is to face a court martial on murder and other charges related to the deaths of civilians in Afghanistan.
2010 – GM workers protest a drop in wages, from $58,000/year to $30,000/year, at a new car plant in Michigan that was funded by a $50 billion government bailout and is receiving $770 million intax incentives.
2010 – Workers in Hilton Hotels in the US cities of Chicago, San Francisco, and Honolulu continue a strike over what they claim are efforts to “lock workers into cheap recession contracts.”
2011 – The United States Department of Commerce reports that U.S. retail sales rose at their fastest rate for seven months in September, having risen by 1.1% over the previous month.
2011 – Occupy Wall Street protests take place in hundreds of cities worldwide.
2011 – The world’s first commercial spaceport, Spaceport America, in New Mexico, opens. The SpaceShipTwo spaceplane is expected to begin commercial flights from the spaceport by 2013.
2012 – South Dakota executed Eric Robert (50), the first person to be executed there since 2007. He killed a prison guard during a failed escape attempt in 2011.
70 B.C.E. – Virgil, Roman poet.
1608 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician.
1844 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher.
1858 – John L. Sullivan, American world heavyweight champion.
1881 – P.G. Wodehouse, English novelist.
1908 – John Kenneth Galbraith, American economist.
1917 – Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., American historian.
1921 – Mario Puzo, American novelist and screenplay writer.
1844 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (d. 1900)
1959 – Sarah Ferguson (Fergi), Duchess of York.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Battery A, 2d Battalion, 320th Field Artillery, 101st Airborne Infantry Division (Airmobile). Place and date: Tam Ky, Republic of Vietnam, October 15th, 1967. Entered service at: Winnsboro, S.C. Born: 15 July 1933, Winnsboro, S.C. Citation: Sfc. Anderson (then S/Sgt.), distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving as chief of section in Battery A, against a hostile force. During the early morning hours Battery A’s defensive position was attacked by a determined North Vietnamese Army infantry unit supported by heavy mortar, recoilless rifle, rocket propelled grenade and automatic weapon fire. The initial enemy onslaught breached the battery defensive perimeter. Sfc. Anderson, with complete disregard for his personal safety, mounted the exposed parapet of his howitzer position and became the mainstay of the defense of the battery position. Sfc. Anderson directed devastating direct howitzer fire on the assaulting enemy while providing rifle and grenade defensive fire against enemy soldiers attempting to overrun his gun section position. While protecting his crew and directing their fire against the enemy from his exposed position, two enemy grenades exploded at his feet knocking him down and severely wounding him in the legs. Despite the excruciating pain and though not able to stand, Sfc. Anderson valorously propped himself on the parapet and continued to direct howitzer fire upon the closing enemy and to encourage his men to fight on. Seeing an enemy grenade land within the gun pit near a wounded member of his gun crew, Sfc. Anderson heedless of his own safety, seized the grenade and attempted to throw it over the parapet to save his men. As the grenade was thrown from the position it exploded and Sfc. Anderson was again grievously wounded. Although only partially conscious and severely wounded, Sfc. Anderson refused medical evacuation and continued to encourage his men in the defense of the position. Sfc. Anderson by his inspirational leadership, professionalism, devotion to duty and complete disregard for his welfare was able to maintain the defense of his section position and to defeat a determined attack. Sfc. Anderson’s gallantry and extraordinary heroism at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
*POMEROY, RALPH E.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company E, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kumhwa, Korea, October 15th, 1952. Entered service at: Quinwood, W. Va. Born: 26 March 1930, Quinwood, W. Va. G.O. No.: 97, 30 December 1953. Citation: Pfc. Pomeroy, a machine gunner with Company E, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. While his comrades were consolidating on a key terrain feature, he manned a machine gun at the end of a communication trench on the forward slope to protect the platoon flank and prevent a surprise attack. When the enemy attacked through a ravine leading directly to his firing position, he immediately opened fire on the advancing troops inflicting a heavy toll in casualties and blunting the assault. At this juncture the enemy directed intense concentrations of artillery and mortar fire on his position in an attempt to neutralize his gun. Despite withering fire and bursting shells, he maintained his heroic stand and poured crippling fire into the ranks of the hostile force until a mortar burst severely wounded him and rendered the gun mount inoperable. Quickly removing the hot, heavy weapon, he cradled it in his arms and, moving forward with grim determination, raked the attacking forces with a hail of fire. Although wounded a second time he pursued his relentless course until his ammunition was expended within 10 feet of the foe and then, using the machine gun as a club, he courageously closed with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat until mortally wounded. Pfc. Pomeroy’s consummate valor, inspirational actions and supreme sacrifice enabled the platoon to contain the attack and maintain the integrity of the perimeter, reflecting lasting glory upon himself and upholding the noble traditions of the military service .
DONOVAN, WILLIAM JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 165th Infantry, 42d Division. Place and date: Near Landres-et-St. Georges, France, 14-October 15th, 1918. Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y. Born: 1 January 1883, Buffalo, N.Y. G.O., No.: 56, W.D., 1922. Citation: Lt. Col. Donovan personally led the assaulting wave in an attack upon a very strongly organized position, and when our troops were suffering heavy casualties he encouraged all near him by his example, moving among his men in exposed positions, reorganizing decimated platoons, and accompanying them forward in attacks. When he was wounded in the leg by machine-gun bullets, he refused to be evacuated and continued with his unit until it withdrew to a less exposed position.
*INGRAM, OSMOND K.
Rank and organization: Gunner’s Mate First Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 4 August 1887, Alabama. Accredited to. Alabama. Citation: For extraordinary heroism in the presence of the enemy on the occasion of the torpedoing of the Cassin, on October 15th, 1917. While the Cassin was searching for the submarine, Ingram sighted the torpedo coming, and realizing that it might strike the ship aft in the vicinity of the depth charges, ran aft with the intention of releasing the depth charges before the torpedo could reach the Cassin. The torpedo struck the ship before he could accomplish his purpose and Ingram was killed by the explosion. The depth charges exploded immediately afterward. His life was sacrificed in an attempt to save the ship and his shipmates, as the damage to the ship would have been much less if he had been able to release the depth charges.
VILLEPIGUE, JOHN C.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company M, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: At Vaux-Andigny, France, October 15th, 1918. Entered service at. Camden, S.C. Born: 29 March 1896, Camden, S.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Having been sent out with two other soldiers to scout through the village of Vaux-Andigny, he met with strong resistance from enemy machinegun fire, which killed one of his men and wounded the other. Continuing his advance without aid 500 yards in advance of his platoon and in the face of machinegun and artillery fire he encountered four of the enemy in a dugout, whom he attacked and killed with a handgrenade. Crawling forward to a point 150 yards in advance of his first encounter, he rushed a machinegun nest, killing four and capturing six of the enemy and taking two light machineguns. After being joined by his platoon he was severely wounded in the arm.
BATCHELDER, RICHARD N.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel and Chief Quartermaster, 2d Corps. Place and date: Between Catlett and Fairfax Stations, Va., 13-October 15th, 1863. Entered service at: Manchester, N.H. Born: 27 July 1832, Meredith, N.H. Date of issue: 20 May 1895. Citation: Being ordered to move his trains by a continuous day-and-night march, and without the usual military escort, armed his teamsters and personally commanded them, successfully fighting against heavy odds and bringing his trains through without the loss of a wagon.
Peanut butter was invented and reinvented many times during history. Peanuts were known as early as 950 B.C. and originated inSouth America. The ancient Incas used peanuts and were known to have made it into a kind of paste-like substance. As a crop peanuts emigrated from South America to Africa by early explorers and then traveled by trade into Spain who then traded the product to the American colonies. The first commercial peanut crop was grown in Virginia in the early to mid 1840’s and in North Carolina beginning around 1818.
According to the Corn Products Company, Dr. Ambrose Straub of St. Louis patented a peanut butter-making machine in 1903 and some unknown doctor invented peanut butter in 1890.
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg patented a “Process of Preparing Nut Meal” in 1895 and used peanuts. Kellogg served the patients at his Battle Creek Sanitarium peanut butter. Joseph Lambert worked for Dr. Kellogg and began selling his own hand-operated peanut butter grinder in 1896. Almeeta Lambert published the first nut cookbook, “The Complete Guide to Nut Cookery” in 1899.
There are lots of ways to use peanut butter
Peanut butter is an excellent lubricator. If your lawnmower blades are getting a little tight and rusty – smear on some of the spread and voila – perfect lubrication. This hint is particularly useful because almost every time I need lube, I don’t have any around – but I always have a jar of peanut butter in the cupboard. It can be used for virtually all your lubrication needs.
If you own a cat or a dog, you will know how hard it can be to get them to take their medication – especially when it is in pill form. Fortunately cats and dogs love peanut butter – so next time you have to give them some medication, mix it up with a spoonful and feed it to them. No more struggling with the animal as you hold its mouth open and try to force feed it a bitter pill.
Most recipes that use butter can be cooked with peanut butter instead. In cookies and cakes this can make a wonderful and subtle taste difference. Next time you are making fudge brownies, try using peanut butter instead – it will be like eating a huge Reese’s Peanut Butter Cup. You can also stir peanut butter into a sauce instead of butter to give it a nutty finish.
Mice are not particularly fond of cheese – so it is strange that it is the first food people go for when they are baiting their mousetraps. What most people don’t know is that mice prefer peanut butter – how this has been proven I do not know, but the fact that peanut butter is so much cheaper than cheese, makes this tip a very handy and frugal one. So next time you need to bait a mouse trap, don’t bother loading it with camembert or 5 year aged cheddar, stick on some trusty peanut butter.
Despite the major advances in science in recent years, no one seems to have managed to invent a label that can be removed easily without leaving any glue behind. Fortunately, we have peanut butter. Rub some of the tasty spread on the label glue and rub with a cloth – it works brilliantly.
If you have ever fried fish, you will know that it leaves behind a rather unpleasant fishy smell in the house. To help eradicate the smell, take a tablespoon of peanut butter after you have finished frying the fish, drop it in the frying pan and fry it off for a minute or two. The smell of peanut butter is the house is much more enjoyable than stale fish and oil.
Peanut butter is an excellent cleaner for leather furniture. Just rub a small amount on and work it in in a circular motion. Remove with a buffing cloth and there you have it! The caveat to this tip is peanut-butter smelling furniture. To avoid that you might want to mix a little perfume oil in it – but not too much. Also, if you do add the perfume, make sure you don’t mix up your jars or you will end up with a peanut butter and jelly sandwich that tastes like mouth wash.
This one doesn’t seem quite so weird, but it is included because some cookies use peanut butter as the main ingredient – there is no flour at all. The cookies are a mix of peanut butter, sugar, egg, and vanilla. You can even throw in a handful of chocolate chips if you wish. The resulting cookies are amazingly tasty and it only takes about 20 minutes from start to finish.
While it doesn’t happen quite so often to us adults, children often end up with gum in their hair. This would normally be followed up by a lot of tugging and pulling with a comb to remove it, and the eventual chopping of the locks. But what most people don’t realize, is that peanut butter is a perfect “gum remover” – not only will it remove gum from hair, but it will remove it from carpet and any other object that is tainted with the chewy stuff. Just rub some peanut butter into the gum and you can wipe the whole mess off with a cloth.
Believe it or not, peanut butter makes a great shaving gel. Just apply it like you would apply the gel, and shave as normal. It works just as well and anyone that has bought a container of shaving gel will know, it is a hell of a lot cheaper. The end result is a very smooth shave and, as a bonus, the oils in the peanut butter are very good for your skin, so you don’t need to spend even more money on moisturizer for your legs or face. You might want to remember to use smooth peanut butter though – the chunky stuff doesn’t work quite as well.
“If you don’t mind smelling like peanut butter for two or three days, peanut butter is darn good shaving cream.”
~ Barry Goldwater
n. Informal.Unwavering pertinacity; perseverance: “You’ve got to have reasonable goals and the stick-to-itiveness to get there” (J. Robert Buchanan).
54 A.D. – Roman emperor Claudius I died, after being poisoned with mushrooms by his wife, Agrippina. Nero (37-68AD), son of Agrippina, succeeded his great uncle Claudius as the new emperor of Rome. After the murder of his wife, Octavia, Nero descended deep into a religious delirium. His acts became wild and unintelligible and he was displaced by his soldiers with Galba after which he committed suicide.
1307 – Members of the Knights of Templar are arrested throughout France, imprisoned and tortured by the order of King Philip the Fair of France.
1670 – Virginia passed a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians cannot be used as slaves.
1775 – The Continental Congress authorized the first American naval force. Later in the year, Esek Hopkins is appointed the first commander-in-chief of the Continental Navy (later called the United States Navy).
1776 – Benedict Arnold was defeated at Lake Champlain by the British, who then retreated to Canada for the winter. Arnold’s efforts bought the colonists nine months to consolidate their hold in northern New York.
1792 – The Executive Mansion (later White House) cornerstone block was laid by President George Washington; it was designed by Irish-American architect James Hoban. John Adams was the first President to occupy it.
1792 – The “Old Farmer’s Almanac” was first published.
1812 – During the War of 1812, British and Indian forces under Sir Isaac Brock defeated Americans under General Stephen Van Rensselaer at the Battle of Queenstown Heights, effectively ending further United States invasion of Canada.
1843 – The Jewish organization B’nai B’rith (meaning “Sons of the Covenant”) was founded in New York City by Henry Jones and eleven others.
1845 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution that, if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
1849 – The California state constitution, which prohibited slavery, was signed in Monterey.
1854 – The state of Texas ratified a state constitution.
1858 – The sixth debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Quincy, Ill.
1860 – The first aerial photo was taken in the U.S., from a hot air balloon over Boston.
1864 – Civil War: Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia resulted in 337 casualties. Union forces advanced to find and feel the new Confederate defensive line in front of Richmond.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby’s Raid). Learning that the garrison at Harpers Ferry had not retreated after his incursion into Maryland, Lee decided to surround the force and capture it.
1881 – A revival of the Hebrew language began as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agreed to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
1893 – The melody for “Happy Birthday To You” (originally published as “Good Morning To All” in Mildred J. and Patty S. Hill’s “Song Stories for the Kindergarten”) was copyright registered.
1903 – World Series: The Boston Americans defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates in baseball’s first World Series. It was an eight game series and the Americans won 5 with the Pirates winning 3. Attendances ran from a low of 7455 to a high of 18,801.
1903 – “Babes in Toyland” entertained youngsters of all ages in New York City.
1904 – Sigmund Freud’s “The Interpretation of Dreams” was published.
1913 – The 16th amendment to the constitution was ratified and the modern income tax came into being. It lifted the constitutional ban on income taxes. The levy was 1% of GDP and the highest rate was 7%. An exemption on the first $20,000 in dividend income was revoked during WW I.
1914 – World Series: Boston Braves (4) vs Philadelphia Athletics (0)
1914 – Garrett Morgan invented and patented a gas mask, a breathing device consisting of a canvas hood placed over the head. A double tube extended from the hood and merged into a single tube at the back. The open end held a sponge soaked with water to filter out smoke and to cool incoming air.
1915 – World Series: Boston Red Sox (4) vs Philadelphia Phillies (1). This series was notable mostly for the debut of a young twenty year old lefty named George Herman Ruth.
1921 – World Series: New York Giants (5) vs New York Yankees (3). This was the first broadcast on the radio of the World Series..
1939 – Harry James and his band featuring Frank Sinatra recorded “On a Little Street in Singapore.”
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: Nazis killed 11,000 Jewish children and old people.
1942 – World War II: In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships sail down the slot and shelled Henderson field on Guadalcanal with 918 rounds, in an unsuccessful effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
1943 – World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
1944 – World War II: American troops entered Aachen, Germany.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “Along the Navajo Trail” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters and “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1947 – “Kukla, Fran & Ollie” premieres. It was unique in the history of television: a live, daily, ad-libbed puppet show that was watched by more adults than children.
1951 – Korean War- Hill 851, the last peak comprising Heartbreak Ridge, was secured by the 23rd Regimental Combat Team of the 2nd Infantry Division after a fierce assault of bayonets, grenades and flame-throwers.
1951 – A football with a rubber covering was used for the first time, as Georgia Tech whipped Louisiana State 25-7.
1951 – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: US Naval aircraft hit enemy positions around Kojo, and Navy surface craft shelled the beach area. After almost a year, the enemy, using small fabric-covered biplanes, hassled Cho-do and the Seoul area with “Bedcheck Charlie” raids.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford, “You, You, You” by The Ames Brothers, “No Other Love” by Perry Como and “I Forgot More Than You’ll Ever Know” by The Davis Sisters all topped the charts.
1953 – The first U.S. patent for a burglar alarm operated by ultrasonic sound was issued to Samuel Bagno of New York City on a system for movement detection in a confined space by intruders or fire. It was manufactured as the Alertronic and first sold in June 1950.
1955 – A US Air Force B-47B crashed while taking off from March Air Base in California. Capt. Edward A. O’Brien Jr. (Pilot), Capt. David J. Clare (co-pilot), Major Thomas F. Mulligan (navigator), and Capt. Joseph M. Graeber (chaplain) were all killed.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1957 – “The Edsel Show” (Part 1) was an hour-long television special broadcast live on CBS. The show starred Bing Crosby and featured Frank Sinatra, Rosemary Clooney, Louis Armstrong, Lindsay Crosby and The Four Preps. It also featured an appearance by a “mystery guest” who turned out to be Bob Hope. (Part 2 – 14:57)) (Part 3 – 13:32)) (Part 4 - 11:01) (Part 5 – 14:48)
1958 – “Tea for Two Cha Cha” by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra made the pop chart.
1960 – World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates (4) vs New York Yankees (3). Bill Mazeroski becomes the first person to end a World Series with a home run.
1960 – Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of their presidential campaign, with Nixon in Hollywood and Kennedy in New York. (Part 1 – 15:17 ) (Part 2 – 14:56) (Part 3 – 15:11) (Part 4 – 13:35)
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hit the Road Jack” by Ray Charles, “Crying” by Roy Orbison, “Runaround Sue” by Dion and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.
1962 – “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?,” by Edward Albee, opened on Broadway.
1962 – “Sherry” by the Four Seasons topped the charts.
1963 – “Beatlemania” was coined after Beatles appeared at the London Palladium.
1965 – Vietnam: War: Marine Attack Squadron 211 (VMA-211) was awarded the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Gallantry Cross for Vietnam service, 13 October 1965 – 13 July 1966.
1966 – Vietnam: War: US completes a major bombing of North Vietnam using 173 aircraft..
1967 – The first game of the new American Basketball Association was played.
1967 – Pat Boone, the owner of the Oakland Oaks, sang the national anthem at the first game of the new American Basketball Association.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Jean” by Oliver, “Little Woman” by Bobby Sherman and “Since I Met You, Baby” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1970 – Angela Yvonne Davis, a former philosophy professor at the University of California, black militant, and self-proclaimed Communist, was arrested for supplying weapons used in a courtroom shootout in California.
1971 – Donny Osmond earned a gold record for “Go Away Little Girl.”
1971 – Bing Crosby, part owner of the Pittsburgh Pirates, threw out the first ball in Game 4 of the World Series between the Pirates and the Orioles. This was also the first World Series game to be played entirely under the lights. Pittsburgh comes back from a 3-0 deficit to beat Baltimore 4-3.
1973 – The Rolling Stones’ “Goat’s Head Soup” (1:19:54) was number one album in the U.S. This link is 30th Anniversary version.
1973 – “Half-Breed” by Cher topped the charts.
1974 – Television host Ed Sullivan died in New York City at age 72.
1976 – The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis. He was then working at the C.D.C..
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band” by Maco, “Keep It Comin’ Love” by KC & The Sunshine Band, “You Light Up My Life” by Debby Boone and “Heaven’s Just a Sin Away” by The Kendalls all topped the charts.
1979 – “Don’t Stop ’til You Get Enough” by Michael Jackson topped the charts.
1982 – The International Olympic Committee restores 2 gold medals from 1912 Olympics to Jim Thorpe. During the summers of 1909 and 1910, Thorpe was paid – reports have him earning from $2 a game to $35 a week – for playing for Rocky Mountain in Fayetteville in the Class D Eastern Carolina League.
1983 – The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, landed safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago.
1984 – John Henry becomes first thoroughbred to win $6 million.
1984 – “I Just Called to Say I Love You” by Stevie Wonder topped the charts.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Oh Sheila” by Ready For The World, “Take on Me” by a-ha, “Saving All My Love for You” by Whitney Houston and “Meet Me in Montana” by Marie Osmond with Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1987 – First military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
1988 – Vice President George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis met in their second presidential debate of the 1988 campaign.
1988 – The first U.S. Merchant Marine World War II veterans received their Coast Guard issued discharge certificates. Congress gave the Merchant Mariners veterans’ status and tasked the Coast Guard with administering the discharges.
1989 – President George H.W. Bush called for an overthrow of the Panamanian ruler Manuel Antonio Noriega.
1990 – “Praying for Time” by George Michael topped the charts.
1991 – The Minnesota Twins won the American League pennant, defeating the Toronto Blue Jays 8-5 at SkyDome.
1992 – A commercial flight record was set by an Air France supersonic jetliner for circling the Earth in 33 hours and one minute.
1993- The Philadelphia Phillies won the National League pennant, defeating the Atlanta Braves in game six.
1994 – Netscape Communications Corporation announced that it was offering its new Netscape Navigator free to users via the Internet.
1995 – Walt Disney World Resort admitted its 500-millionth guest. Bill Trow from Wentworthville, Australia, was presented a key for being guest number 500 million at the fantasy US theme park in Los Angeles.
1996 – The Yankees won the American League pennant, defeating the Baltimore Orioles.
1996 – House Speaker Newt Gingrich, appearing on CBS’ “Face the Nation,” called on Congress to investigate campaign contributions made to President Clinton’s re-election campaign by the Lippo Group, an Indonesian banking conglomerate.
1997 – A British jet car, Thrust SSC, driven by Andy Green of the Royal Air Force set a land speed record of 764.168 mph in Nevada’s Black Rock Desert. The record was not recorded as official because turn around time went over an hour due to braking problems. Green officially broke the record two days later.
1998 – The National Basketball Association canceled the first two weeks of its regular season because of a lockout. This was the first time in its 51-year history. It will happen again in 2011.
1998 – The New York Yankees won the American League pennant with a 9-5 victory over the Cleveland Indians in Game 6 of their championship series.
1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph, a suspect in the bombing of a Birmingham, Ala. abortion clinic, was reported to be linked to the 1996 Olympics bombing and would be charged for that and 2 other bombings in Atlanta.
1999 – The US Senate rejected the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban treaty 51-48.
1999 – In Boulder, Colorado, the JonBenet Ramsey grand jury was dismissed after 13 months of work with prosecutors saying there wasn’t enough evidence to charge anyone in the six-year-old’s strangulation.
1999 – In Texas, three Pleasanton law officers, Mark Stephenson, Thomas Monse and Terry Miller were shot and killed by Jeremiah Engleton (21), who had been arrested earlier for beating his wife.
2000 – A US federal appeals court ruled that residents of Puerto Rico cannot vote in presidential elections unless the island becomes a state or the US Constitution is amended.
2001 – Anthrax was confirmed in three US states. In Florida five more employees tested positive; in Nevada a letter sent to a Microsoft office tested positive; and in New York City a letter sent to NBC News tested positive.
2001 – In Nebraska a school bus carrying a high school band in Douglas County overturned and three people were killed.
2002 – The Anaheim Angels routed the Minnesota Twins 13-5 to win the American League Championship Series in five games.
2002 – In Iowa up to eleven bodies of suspected Mexican immigrants were found in a Union Pacific rail car. The car had left Matamoros, Mexico, in June, and had been parked in Oklahoma since mid-June.
2003 – It was reported that scientists in North Carolina had built a brain implant that lets monkeys control a robotic arm with their thoughts.
2003 – In Louisiana a bus crash on I-20 killed 8 members of a Texas church group after the driver fell asleep.
2004 – A Russian rocket lifted off in Kazakhstan carrying two Russians and an American to replace the crew of the International Space Station.
2004 – In Tempe, AZ, Pres. Bush and Sen John Kerry held their 3rd and final debate trading blows on taxes, gun control, abortion and jobs.
2004 – The US government approved a microchip that can be implanted under the skin to provide doctors with patient data. Two weeks after the device’s approval took effect on Jan. 10, 2005, Tommy Thompson left his Cabinet post, and within five months was a board member of VeriChip Corp. and Applied Digital Solutions.
2005 – ABC investigative reporter Brian Ross reports that security at nuclear reactors on U.S. college campuses is easily compromised.
2006 – Air America Radio, a liberal talk radio network founded in 2004, filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy.
2006 – A jury in Philadelphia said US retail giant Wal-Mart must pay $78 million dollars for violating labor laws in Pennsylvania.
2008 – ABC News reported that Tim Mahoney (52), a US Democratic Representative from Florida, had an affair with an aide and then paid her $121,000 to keep her quiet and avoid a sexual harassment suit. His affair with Patricia Allen (50) had begun in 2006.
2008 – In the San Francisco Bay Area fire crews extinguished a fire that had begun a day earlier on Angel Island. All the historic buildings on the island were saved. The fire burned 400 of the island’s 740 acres.
2009 – It was reported that the FBI has begun using facial-recognition technology on millions of motorists comparing driver’s license photos with pictures of convicts. The project in North Carolina had already helped nab at least one suspect.
2009 – The Missouri Dept. of Revenue sent letters to 140 yoga and Pilates practices telling them they must collect sales tax on fees for their classes and services.
2009 – In Ohio a woman being driven around in a rented limousine pulled up at a Burlington coat store and announced she’d won the lottery and would pay for everyone’s purchases. Linda Brown (44) ended up causing a riot when customers realized it was a hoax. When the limousine driver realized he wasn’t going to be paid the $900 Brown owed him for the day’s rental, he turned her in to police.
2010 – The US government rules out a moratorium on foreclosures. The moratorium would help millions expected to lose their homes, but may also hurt the housing market.
2011- Illinois Democratic Rep. Jesse Jackson, Jr stated that congressional opposition to the American Jobs Act is akin to the Confederate ‘states in rebellion. He called for full government employment of the 15 million unemployed and said that Obama should ‘declare a national emergency’ and take ‘extra-constitutional’ action ‘administratively’ — without the approval of Congress — to tackle unemployment.
2012 – President Obama in his weekly address said that he refused to “let Detroit go bankrupt.”“[W]e refused to throw in the towel and do nothing,” Obama said. “We refused to let Detroit go bankrupt, I bet on American workers, and American ingenuity and three years later that bet is paying off in a big way.” On July 18, 2013 it went officially bankrupt.
2012 – Residents of Los Angeles watch in awe as U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour inches through the city on a giant trolley, bound for a museum. Hundreds of trees in its path are chopped down.
2013 – Jimmy Johnson, professional bass angler, was shot and killed by a 17-year-old assailant in Jackson, MS. The crime occurred because a fence surrounding the property was broken down allowing the assailant to get past the property’s cameras. (See February 23, 2014 for the lawsuit filed for inadequate security)
1754 – “Molly Pitcher” (Mary Hays (Ludwig) McCauley), heroine of the American Revolution.
1853 – Lillie Langtry, British actress (d. 1929) Remember Judge Roy Bean?
1909 – Herblock (Herbert Lawrence Block), American editorial cartoonist.
1921 – Yves Montand, French singer and actor.
1924 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian, actor, and television personality (d. 2005)
1925 – Lenny Bruce, American controversial comedian.
1925 – Lady Margaret Thatcher (Roberts), first female Prime Minister of Great Britain
1941 – Paul Simon, American singer, songwriter, and guitarist
BURT, JAMES M.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company B, 66th Armored Regiment, 2d Armored Division. Place and date: Near Wurselen, Germany, October 13th, 1944. Entered service at: Lee, Mass. Birth: Hinsdale, Mass. G.O. No.: 95, 30 October 1945. Citation: Capt. James M. Burt was in command of Company B, 66th Armored Regiment on the western outskirts of Wurselen, Germany, on 13 October 1944, when his organization participated in a coordinated infantry-tank attack destined to isolate the large German garrison which was tenaciously defending the city of Aachen. In the first day’s action, when infantrymen ran into murderous small-arms and mortar fire, Capt. Burt dismounted from his tank about two-hundred yards to the rear and moved forward on foot beyond the infantry positions, where, as the enemy concentrated a tremendous volume of fire upon him, he calmly motioned his tanks into good firing positions. As our attack gained momentum, he climbed aboard his tank and directed the action from the rear deck, exposed to hostile volleys which finally wounded him painfully in the face and neck. He maintained his dangerous post despite pointblank self-propelled gunfire until friendly artillery knocked out these enemy weapons, and then proceeded to the advanced infantry scouts’ positions to deploy his tanks for the defense of the gains which had been made. The next day, when the enemy counterattacked, he left cover and went seventy-five yards through heavy fire to assist the infantry battalion commander who was seriously wounded. For the next eight days, through rainy, miserable weather and under constant, heavy shelling, Capt. Burt held the combined forces together, dominating and controlling the critical situation through the sheer force of his heroic example. To direct artillery fire, on 15 October, he took his tank 300 yards into the enemy lines, where he dismounted and remained for one-hour giving accurate data to friendly gunners. Twice more that day he went into enemy territory under deadly fire on reconnaissance. In succeeding days he never faltered in his determination to defeat the strong German forces opposing him. Twice the tank in which he was riding was knocked out by enemy action, and each time he climbed aboard another vehicle and continued the fight. He took great risks to rescue wounded comrades and inflicted prodigious destruction on enemy personnel and materiel even though suffering from the wounds he received in the battle’s opening phase. Capt. Burt’s intrepidity and disregard of personal safety were so complete that his own men and the infantry who attached themselves to him were inspired to overcome the wretched and extremely hazardous conditions which accompanied one of the most bitter local actions of the war. The victory achieved closed the Aachen gap.
*OLSON, ARLO L.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 1 5th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Crossing of the Volturno River, Italy, October 13th, 1943. Entered service at: Toronto, S. Dak. Birth: Greenville, lowa. G.O. No.: 71, 31 August 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. On 13 October 1943, when the drive across the Volturno River began, Capt. Olson and his company spearheaded the advance of the regiment through thirty miles of mountainous enemy territory in thirteen days. Placing himself at the head of his men, Capt. Olson waded into the chest-deep water of the raging Volturno River and despite pointblank machine-gun fire aimed directly at him made his way to the opposite bank and threw two handgrenades into the gun position, killing the crew. When an enemy machinegun 150 yards distant opened fire on his company, Capt. Olson advanced upon the position in a slow, deliberate walk. Although five German soldiers threw handgrenades at him from a range of five yards, Capt. Olson dispatched them all, picked up a machine pistol and continued toward the enemy. Advancing to within fifteen yards of the position he shot it out with the foe, killing 9 and seizing the post. Throughout the next thirteen days Capt. Olson led combat patrols, acted as company No. 1 scout and maintained unbroken contact with the enemy. On 27 October 1943, Capt. Olson conducted a platoon in attack on a strongpoint, crawling to within twenty-five yards of the enemy and then charging the position. Despite continuous machinegun fire which barely missed him, Capt. Olson made his way to the gun and killed the crew with his pistol. When the men saw their leader make this desperate attack they followed him and overran the position. Continuing the advance, Capt. Olson led his company to the next objective at the summit of Monte San Nicola. Although the company to his right was forced to take cover from the furious automatic and small arms fire, which was directed upon him and his men with equal intensity, Capt. Olson waved his company into a skirmish line and despite the fire of a machinegun which singled him out as its sole target led the assault which drove the enemy away. While making a reconnaissance for defensive positions, Capt. Olson was fatally wounded. Ignoring his severe pain, this intrepid officer completed his reconnaissance, Supervised the location of his men in the best defense positions, refused medical aid until all of his men had been cared for, and died as he was being carried down the mountain.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 115th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Buzzard’s Roost Gap, Ga., October 13th, 1864. Entered service at: Rushville, Schuyler County, Ill. Born: 17 May 1829, Harrison County, Ind. Date of issue: 28 March 1896. Citation: With only forty-one men under his command, defended and held a blockhouse against the attack of Hood’s Division for nearly ten hours, thus checking the advance of the enemy and insuring the safety of the balance of the regiment, as well as that of the 8th Kentucky Infantry, then stationed at Ringgold, Ga.
Domestic Violence Awareness Month
Columbus Day (Traditional)
A parachute is a soft fabric device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag. Parachutes are generally used to slow the descent of a person or object to Earth or another celestial body within an atmosphere. Drogue parachutes are also sometimes used to aid horizontal deceleration of a vehicle (a fixed-wing aircraft or space shuttle after touchdown, or a drag racer). The word parachute comes from the French words para, protect or shield, and chute, the fall. Therefore parachute actually means “fall protection”. Most modern parachutes are classified as semi-rigid wings, are quite maneuverable, and can be flown as a glider.
Credit for the invention of the first practical parachute frequently goes to Sebastien Lenormand who demonstrated the parachute principle in 1783. However, parachutes had been imagined and sketched by Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) centuries earlier.
Jean Pierre Blanchard (1753-1809) a Frenchman, was probably the first person to actually use a parachute for an emergency. In 1785, he dropped a dog in a basket, to which a parachute was attached, from a balloon high in the air. In 1793, Blanchard claimed to have escaped from an exploded hot air balloon with a parachute. However, this was an unwitnessed event. Blanchard, it should be noted, did develop the first foldable parachute made from silk, up until that point all parachutes were made with rigid frames. Originally silk was used for parachute suspension lines, but was replaced by nylon during the Second World War.
In 1797 (October 22), Andrew Garnerin was the first person recorded to jump with a parachute without a rigid frame. Garnerin jumped from hot air balloons as high as 8,000 feet in the air. Garnerin also designed the first air vent in a parachute intended to reduce oscillations. When opened, the Andrew Garnerin parachute resembled a huge umbrella about thirty feet in diameter. It was made of canvas and was attached to a hydrogen balloon.
In 1890, Paul Letteman and Kathchen Paulus invented the method of folding or packing the parachute in a knapsack to be worn on the back before its release. Kathchen Paulus was also behind the invention of the intentional breakaway, which is when one small parachute opens first and pulls open the main parachute.
Two parachutters claim to be the first person to jump from an airplane,
both Grant Morton and Captain Albert Berry parachuted from an airplane in 1911. Stanley Switlik founded the “Canvas-Leather Speciality Company” on October 9,
1920. The company first manufactured items such as leather hampers, golf bags, coal bags, pork roll casings, and postal mail bags. However, Switlik soon switched to making pilot and gunner belts, designing flight clothing, and experimenting with parachutes. The company was soon renamed the Switlik Parachute & Equipment Company.
According to the Switlik Parachute Company: “In 1934, Stanley Switlik and George Palmer Putnam, Amelia Earhart’s husband, formed a joint venture and built a 115 foot tall tower on Stanley’s farm in Ocean County. Designed to train airmen in parachute jumping, the first public jump from the tower was made by Ms. Earhart on June 2, 1935. Witnessed by a crowd of reporters and officials from the Army and Navy, she described the descent as “Loads of Fun!”
Parachute jumping as a sport began in the 1960s when new “sport parachutes” were first designed. The parachute uses drive slots for greater stability and horizontal speed.
“Skill in the art of communication is crucial to a leader’s success. He can accomplish nothing unless he can communicate effectively.”
~ Norman Allen
bon ton \bahn-TAHN\, noun:
1. Fashionable or elegant manner or style.
2. The proper or fashionable thing to do.
3. Fashionable society; a fashionable social set.
Bon ton is from the French bon (from Latin bonus), good + ton (from Latin tonus), tone.
539 BC – The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
1285 – One hundred-eighty Jews refused baptism in Munich, Germany, and were set on fire.
1492 – Christopher Columbus arrived with his expedition in the present-day Bahamas and sighted Watling Island. He believed that he had found Asia while attempting to find a Western ocean route to India.
1609 – The song “Three Blind Mice” was published in London; it was believed to be the earliest printed secular song.
1681 – A London woman is publicly flogged for the crime of “involving herself in politics”
1773 – America’s first insane asylum opens for ‘Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds’ in Virginia
1775 – The United States Navy is formed.
1776 – British Brigade began guarding Throgs Necks Road in Bronx.
1792 – First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York.
1810 – The Bavarian royalty invited the citizens of Munich to attend the festivities, held for Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig’s (later King Ludwig I of Bavaria) wedding to Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen. The decision to repeat the festivities in the subsequent year gave rise to the tradition of the annual Oktoberfest.
1823 – Charles Macintosh, of Scotland, sells the first raincoat.
1850 – The first women’s medical college opens, in Pennsylvania. This was two years after the formation of Hahnemann University.
1853 – John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round.
1859 – Self-described “Emperor of the United States” Joshua A. Norton issues a decree dissolving the U.S. Congress. Congress fails to notice.
1861 – Civil War: Confederate ironclad Manassas attacks Union’s Richmond on Mississippi River. The Manassas was the Confederacy‘s first operational ironclad.
1862 – Civil War: There was a skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland.
1870 – Gen. Robert E. Lee died in Lexington, Va., at 63.
1871 – President Grant ordered the South Carolina Ku Klux Klan to disperse and disarm in five days.
1872 – Apache (Chiricahua) leader Cochise signed a peace treaty with General O.O. Howard in Arizona Territory.
1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited in unison by students in US public schools in honor of the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s discovery. Francis Bellamy, a magazine editor of Rome, NY, wrote the “Pledge of Allegiance.”
1895 – In Newport, RI, the first amateur golf tournament was held.
1901 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt renamed the Executive Mansion “The White House.”
1907 – World Series: Chicago Cubs (4) vs Detroit Tigers (0) Tie(1).
1914 – USS Jupiter (AC-3) is first Navy ship to complete transit of Panama Canal.
1915 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by a German firing squad in Brussels for helping Allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium during World War I.
1915 – Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt criticized U.S. citizens who identified themselves by dual nationalities.
1915 – Ford Motor Company manufactured its 1 millionth Model T automobile.
1916 – World Series: Boston Red Sox (4) vs Brooklyn Robins (1).
1917 – Lions International was founded in Dallas, Texas.
1917 – The 1st Marine Aviation Squadron and 1st Marine Aeronautic Company formed at Philadelphia.
1918 – The 1918 Cloquet fire was a massive fire in northern Minnesota caused by sparks on the local railroads and dry conditions. It was the worst natural disaster in Minnesota history in terms of the number of lives lost in a single day.
1920 – Construction of the Holland Tunnel got underway. The tunnel provides a direct link between Twelfth Street in Jersey City, NJ and Canal Street in New York City.
1920: World Series: Cleveland Indians (5) vs Brooklyn Robins (2)
1920 – Race Horse Man O’War’s ran his last race and won.
1923 – NY Giants’ Casey Stengel home run beats Yanks 1-0 in Game 3 of the World Series.
1928 – The first iron lung was used, at Boston Children’s Hospital, Massachusetts. The inventors used an iron box and two vacuum cleaners to build their prototype respirator. Almost the length of a subcompact car, the iron lung exerted a push-pull motion on the chest.
1928 – Graf Zeppelin, the first commercial dirigible to cross the Atlantic Ocean, embarked on its maiden voyage. It made more than 500 transatlantic flights before being retired in favor of the ill-fated Hindenburg.
1933 – The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island, is acquired by the United States Department of Justice. It becomes an unofficial federal penitentiary.
1933 – John Dillinger escapes from the Allen County, OH, jail. The sheriff was killed by his gang as they helped Dillinger escape.
1937 – “Mr. Keen, Tracer of Lost Persons” debuted on radio. This kind, elderly, boring sleuth, in company with his bumbling assistant, Mike Clancy, was on the airwaves from 1937 to 1955.
1938 – Filming starts on The Wizard of Oz.
1939 – “Body and Soul“, by jazz great Coleman Hawkins, was waxed on Bluebird Records.
1939 – The Philadelphia Eagles lost the first televised game 23-14 to the Brooklyn Dodgers. The game was played in Brooklyn’s Ebbetts Field before 13,000 fans and broadcast to approx. 1,000 television sets in New York City without the knowledge of the players.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust: Thousands of Jews were killed in Ivano Frankivsk, Ukraine, by men of the Security Police (Sicherheitspolizei; SiPo), assisted by members of the German Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) and the railroad police.
1942 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivered a “fireside chat” in which he reemphasized America’s unbeatable spirit.
1942 – U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that Italian nationals in the U.S. would no longer be considered enemy aliens.
1942 – World War II: US Navy defeated Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance.
1944 – World War II: Aircraft from Carrier Task Force 38 attack Formosa.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore, “Is You is or is You Ain’t” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “Together” by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley all topped the charts.
1944 – Frank Sinatra returned to the Paramount Theatre to a huge crowd known as the “Columbus Day Riot”.
1945 – Private First Class Desmond T. Ross, of Lynchburg, Virginia, was presented the Medal of Honor for outstanding bravery as a medical corpsman. Ironically, Ross had registered as a conscientious objector upon entering the service.
1948 – Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager.
1949 – Eugenie Anderson became the first woman U.S. ambassador.
1950 – The “George Burns and Gracie Allen Show” (27:19) made its debut on CBS-TV.
1950 – The Kefauver Crime Commission convened in New York to investigate interstate organized crime.
1950 – Korean War: The battleship USS Missouri bombarded Chongjin.
1950 – Korean War: The USS Pirate and USS Pledge were both destroyed by mines. The Pirate sank in four minutes with six killed and forty-three wounded. The Pledge suffered seven killed in action and thirty-six wounded.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford, “Wish You Were Here” by Eddie Fisher, “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Jo Stafford and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1953 – “The Bob Hope Show” debuted on television.
1954 – Philadelphia A’s gets permission to move to Kansas City.
1957 – “Honeycomb” by Jimmie Rodgers topped the charts.
1958 – Spencer Tracy’s classic movie, The Old Man and the Sea was released. Based on Ernest Hemingway’s Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name, it is the story of an aging fisherman attempting to find himself, and hopefully a fish, on a fishing trip near Cuba. Audiobook 2:30:30
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mr. Custer” by Larry Verne, “Chain Gang” by Sam Cooke, “Save the Last Dance for Me” by The Drifters and “Alabam” by Cowboy Copas all topped the charts.
1960 – Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet Union colonialist policy being conducted in Eastern Europe.
1961 – The first video memoirs by a U.S. president were made. CBS presented a three-hour discussion with former President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1962 – Little Richard headlined a concert in Liverpool. One of the opening acts was the Beatles.
1963 – “Sugar Shack” by Jimmy Gilmer & the Fireballs topped the charts.
1964 – Mary Meyer, lover to John F. Kennedy up to his assassination, was brutally murdered on a walking path by the Potomac River.
1965 – End of Project Sealab II where teams of naval divers and scientists spent 15 days in Sealab moored 205 feet below surface near La Jolla, California.
1965 – First group of men commissioned into Navy Nurse Corps report for one month indoctrination to Naval Service; LTJG Jerry McClelland, ENS Charles Franklin, ENS Israel Miller, ENS Richard Gierman and ENS George Silver.
1967 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs Boston Red Sox (3).
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hey Jude” by The Beatles, “Fire” by The Crazy World of Arthur Brown, “Little Green Apples” by O.C. Smith and “Harper Valley P.T.A.” by Jeannie C. Riley all topped the charts.
1968 – “Cheap Thrills“, (56:25) the album by Big Brother and the Holding Company hit #1.
1968 – The U.S. launched Apollo 7. It was described by commander Walter M. Schirra, Jr. as a “magnificent flying machine.”
1970 – Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas
1971 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Equal Rights Amendment (354-23).
1971 – “Jesus Christ Superstar,” (2:01:04) the rock opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater on Broadway.
1972 – Stevie Wonder registered the words and music for “You Are the Sunshine of My Life“.
1972 – Vietnam War: A racial brawl broke out aboard the U.S. aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk. Nearly 50 sailors were injured.
1972 – Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian northern pole.
1973 – President Richard Nixon nominated House minority leader Gerald R. Ford of Michigan to succeed Spiro T. Agnew as vice president.
1974 – “I Honestly Love You” by Olivia Newton-John topped the charts.
1975 – “Live from New York! It’s Saturday Night!” The late-night comedy show, Saturday Night Live, made its debut — with George Carlin as the first guest host. Monologue
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Fifth of Beethoven” by Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band, “Lowdown” by Boz Scaggs, “Disco Duck (Part 1)” by Rick Dees & His Cast of Idiots and “The Games That Daddies Play” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1977 – The US Supreme Court ruled that communities have a right to prevent commuters from parking in residential neighborhoods.
1977 – US Supreme Court heard arguments in the “reverse discrimination” case of Allan Bakke (35), a white student denied admission to U of California Med School.
1981 – Barbara Mandrell won the Country Music Association’s Entertainer of the Year honor for the second year in a row.
1982 – Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor gets World Series record five hits in one game.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Let’s Go Crazy” by Prince & The Revolution, “I Just Called to Say I Love You” by Stevie Wonder, “Hard Habit to Break” by Chicago and “Everyday” by The Oak Ridge Boys all topped the charts.
1984 – Brighton hotel bombing: Margaret Thatcher survives an IRA bomb, which shredded her bathroom barely two minutes after she had left it. Five other people did die in the attack.
1984 – Space-shuttle Challenger astronaut Dr. Kathy Sullivan became the first U.S. woman to perform an EVA (extra-vehicular activity), or walk in space.
1985 – “Oh Sheila” by Ready For the World topped the charts.
1986 – California Angels within one pitch of pennant victory, lose to Red Sox.
1988 – Federal prosecutors announced that the Sundstrand Corp. would pay $115 million dollars to settle with the Pentagon for overbilling airplane parts over a five-year period.
1989 – Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for twelve players.
1989 – The U.S. House of Representatives approved a statutory federal ban on the destruction of the American flag.
1990 – The Cincinnati Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-to-1.
1991 – “Emotions” by Mariah Carey topped the charts.
1991 – Actor/comedian Redd Foxx, star of TV’s “Sanford and Son”, suffered a fatal heart attack on the set of his new sitcom, The Royal Family.
1991 – Testifying for a second day on sexual harassment charges leveled by law professor Anita Hill, Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas told the Senate Judiciary Committee he’d “rather die than withdraw,” and repeated his denial of Hill’s allegations.
1994 – The Magellan space probe ended its four-year mission to Venus for the purpose of mapping.
1995 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In Blackville-Hilda High School. Blackville, SC is a farm community of 2700, 45 miles south of Columbia.Toby Sincino’s height was the source of some of his troubles, but not all of them. At less than 5 feet tall some of his fellow students would kick him, shut him in lockers or dump him upside down in trash cans. The 16-year-old also had occasional run-ins with teachers and once told a fellow student his heroes were Charles Manson and Jeffrey Dahmer. A day after being suspended for making an obscene gesture, he walked to school, shot and seriously wounded a math teacher, then killed himself. A second teacher died but authorities weren’t sure whether she was shot or suffered a heart attack.
1996 – Thousands of Hispanic Americans marched in Washington to push for simplified citizenship procedures and a seven-dollar minimum wage.
1997 – John Denver was killed when the plane he was piloting crashed into Monterey Bay, CA. He was 53 years old.
1997 – Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and Eyad Ismoil were convicted in the United States of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York.
1998 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Online Copyright Bill.
1998 – A record 974-pound pumpkin won the Great Pumpkin Weigh-Off in Half Moon Bay, Ca. It was raised from an Atlantic Giant seed by Lincoln Mettler of Eatonville, Wa.
1999 – The world population reached six billion, according to the United Nations.
2000 – In Aden, Yemen, the USS Cole, a U.S. Navy destroyer, experienced a large explosion while refueling. The explosion was the result of a terrorist attack using a small boat. 17 crewmembers were killed and at least 39 were injured.
2001 – A special episode of America’s Most Wanted was aired that focused on 22 wanted terrorists. The show was specifically requested by U.S. President George W. Bush.
2001 – Polaroid Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection.
2001 – US Attorney General John Ashcroft urged federal agencies to resist most Freedom of Information Act requests made by American citizens. The act was passed in 1974 during the Watergate scandal.
2002 – A bomb destroyed a nightclub on the Indonesian island of Bali, killing 202 people, many of them foreign tourists. Islamic militants linked to al-Qaeda were blamed.
2003 – Some 70,000 employees of Ralphs, Vons and Albertsons grocery stores began a strike in southern California, Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio. Health care costs were a main issue.
2003 – The operation to separate two-year old Egyptian twins joined at the head is going well in Dallas; the two boys have been separated and no troublesome complications have arisen. The next steps are to reconstruct the boys’ skulls including the skin.
2004 – The Seattle Storm won their first WNBA title with a 74-60 victory over the Connecticut Sun.
2004 – A jury in Baton Rouge, La., took eighty minutes to find suspected serial killer Derrick Todd Lee guilty of first-degree murder in the death of 22-year-old Charlotte Murray Pace. Lee was later sentenced to death for Pace’s killing.
2005 – US federal agents in Operation Long Whine arrested 28 people and seized 1,300 pounds of cocaine during an overnight raid in Atlanta.
2005 – Bridgestone Firestone North American Tire said it has agreed to pay $240 million to Ford Motor Co. to settle claims related to the tiremaker’s 2000 recall of defective tires.
2005 – CNN reports that the Louisiana attorney general is investigating the possibility that mercy killings of critically ill patients by staff medical professionals at Memorial Medical Center in New Orleans, Louisiana occurred during Hurricane Katrina.
2005 – A fire at the Wines Central warehouse in Vallejo, Ca., destroyed tens of millions of dollars worth of vintage wine. An estimated 6 million bottles were in storage there.
2006 – PO2 Michael Monsoor was buried at Fort Rosencrans in San Diego, CA. (See Medal of Honor record 29 September 2006.)
2006 – It was reported that Coke planned to introduce its new drink Evigna, a green-tea based soft drink, in November with claims that it could help burn off calories.
2006 – Workers begin demolishing the one-room Amish schoolhouse in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania where five girls were shot to death and five others were injured.
2006 – A blast occurred when a tugboat pushing two barges hit an undersea pipeline in West Cote Blanche Bay, 100 miles southwest of New Orleans. four bodies were found and two people were missing.
2007 – Two men were sentenced to prison in the first successful criminal prosecution under the CAN-SPAM Act. James R. Schaffer, 41, of Paradise Valley, Arizona, and Jeffrey A. Kilbride, 41, of Venice, California, were convicted in June of fraud, conspiracy, money laundering, and obscenity.
2007 – In southern California 28 commercial vehicles and one passenger vehicle were involved in the crash in the southbound truck tunnel of Interstate 5 that killed three people and injured at least ten.
2007 – In Norristown, Pa., Michele Cossey (46), the mother of a 14-year-old who authorities say had a cache of guns, knives and explosive devices in his bedroom for a possible school attack, was charged with buying her son three weapons. Authorities said the teenager felt bullied and tried to recruit another boy for a possible attack at Plymouth Whitemarsh High School.
2008 – In California Hans Florine (44) and Yuji Hirayama (39) broke their own World Record for the fastest climb up the Nose of El Capitan (2:37:5) in Yosemite National Park. Their first record was set on Jul 2 with a time of 2:43:33.
2009 – Edgar Allan Poe receives a funeral in Baltimore, USA, 160 years after his death and 200 after his birth.
2009 – Don Young of Des Moines, Iowa, won the 39th Half Moon Bay Art & Pumpkin Festival with his 1,658-pound pumpkin. It broke the year-old record of 1,528 pounds. His first prize of $9,948 came out to $6 per pound.
2010 – The Obama administration in the United States lifts a six-month moratorium on deep water oil drilling in the Gulf of Mexico imposed following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Actual resumption was still weeks to months away.
2010 – A US federal judge ordered an immediate halt to military discharges under the “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy. District Judge Virginia Phillips of Riverside, Ca., had ruled the 1993 law unconstitutional on Sep 9.
2011 – At least eight people are killed and one is seriously injured in a shooting at a hair salon in Seal Beach, California.
2011 – The City Council in Harrisburg, Pa., filed for bankruptcy, despite opposition by the Mayor Linda Thompson and state Gov. Tom Corbett. Harrisburg faced $300 million in debt connected to a city-owned rubbish incinerator.
2011 – Dennis Ritchie (b.1941), American computer scientist, was found dead at his home in New Jersey. In the late 1960s Ritchie invented the C programming language. Ritchie and Ken Thompson then used C to develop the Unix operating system.
1537 – Edward VI, King of England.
1710 – Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of the Colony and the state of Connecticut (d. 1785)
1860 – Elmer Sperry, American inventor (d. 1930)
1935 – Joan Rivers (Molinsky), American comedienne, author, TV host.
1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian operatic tenor.
*PERKINS, WILLIAM THOMAS, JR.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company C, 1st Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, October 12th, 1967. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Born: 10 August 1947, Rochester, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a combat photographer attached to Company C. During Operation MEDINA, a major reconnaissance in force southwest of Quang Tri, Company C made heavy combat contact with a numerically superior North Vietnamese Army force estimated at from two to three companies. The focal point of the intense fighting was a helicopter landing zone which was also serving as the Command Post of Company C. In the course of a strong hostile attack, an enemy grenade landed in the immediate area occupied by Cpl. Perkins and three other Marines. Realizing the inherent danger, he shouted the warning, “Incoming Grenade” to his fellow Marines, and in a valiant act of heroism, hurled himself upon the grenade absorbing the impact of the explosion with his body, thereby saving the lives of his comrades at the cost of his life. Through his exceptional courage and inspiring valor in the face of certain death, Cpl. Perkins reflected great credit upon himself and the Marine Corps and upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country .
*COURSEN, SAMUEL S.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company C 5th Cavalry Regiment. Place and date: Near Kaesong, Korea, October 12th,1950. Entered service at: Madison, N.J. Born: 4 August 1926 Madison, N.J. G.O. No.: 57, 2 August 1951. Citation: 1st Lt. Coursen distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. While Company C was attacking Hill 174 under heavy enemy small-arms fire, his platoon received enemy fire from close range. The platoon returned the fire and continued to advance. During this phase one his men moved into a well-camouflaged emplacement, which was thought to be unoccupied, and was wounded by the enemy who were hidden within the emplacement. Seeing the soldier in difficulty he rushed to the man’s aid and, without regard for his personal safety, engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat in an effort to protect his wounded comrade until he himself was killed. When his body was recovered after the battle seven enemy dead were found in the emplacement. As the result of 1st Lt. Coursen’s violent struggle several of the enemies’ heads had been crushed with his rifle. His aggressive and intrepid actions saved the life of the wounded man, eliminated the main position of the enemy roadblock, and greatly inspired the men in his command. 1st Lt. Coursen’s extraordinary heroism and intrepidity reflect the highest credit on himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.
WEST, ERNEST E.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company L, 14th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Sataeri, Korea, October 12th,1952. Entered service at: Wurtland Ky. Born: 2 September 1931, Russell, Ky. G.O. No.: 7, 29 January i954. Citation: Pfc. West distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. He voluntarily accompanied a contingent to locate and destroy a reported enemy outpost. Nearing the objective, the patrol was ambushed and suffered numerous casualties. Observing his wounded leader lying in an exposed position, Pfc. West ordered the troops to withdraw, then braved intense fire to reach and assist him. While attempting evacuation, he was attacked by three hostile soldiers employing grenades and small-arms fire. Quickly shifting his body to shelter the officer, he killed the assailants with his rifle, then carried the helpless man to safety. He was critically wounded and lost an eye in this action. but courageously returned through withering fire and bursting shells to assist the wounded. While evacuating two comrades, he closed with and killed three more of the foe. Pfc. West’s indomitable spirit, consummate valor, and intrepid actions inspired all who observed him, reflect the highest credit on himself, and uphold the honored traditions of the military service.
*PENDLETON, JACK J.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 120th Infantry, 30th Infantry Division. Place and date: Bardenberg, Germany, October 12th, 1944. Entered service at: Yakima, Wash. Birth: Sentinel Butte, N. Dak. G.O. No.: 24, 6 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 12 October 1944. When Company I was advancing on the town of Bardenberg, Germany, they reached a point approximately two-thirds of the distance through the town when they were pinned down by fire from a nest of enemy machineguns. This enemy strong point was protected by a lone machinegun strategically placed at an intersection and firing down a street which offered little or no cover or concealment for the advancing troops. The elimination of this protecting machinegun was imperative in order that the stronger position it protected could be neutralized. After repeated and unsuccessful attempts had been made to knock out this position, S/Sgt. Pendleton volunteered to lead his squad in an attempt to neutralize this strongpoint. S/Sgt. Pendleton started his squad slowly forward, crawling about ten yards in front of his men in the advance toward the enemy gun. After advancing approximately one-hundred thirty yards under the withering fire, S/Sgt. Pendleton was seriously wounded in the leg by a burst from the gun he was assaulting. Disregarding his grievous wound, he ordered his men to remain where they were, and with a supply of handgrenades he slowly and painfully worked his way forward alone. With no hope of surviving the veritable hail of machinegun fire which he deliberately drew onto himself, he succeeded in advancing to within ten yards of the enemy position when he was instantly killed by a burst from the enemy gun. By deliberately diverting the attention of the enemy machine gunners upon himself, a second squad was able to advance, undetected, and with the help of S/Sgt. Pendleton’s squad, neutralized the lone machinegun, while another platoon of his company advanced up the intersecting street and knocked out the machinegun nest which the first gun had been covering. S/Sgt. Pendleton’s sacrifice enabled the entire company to continue the advance and complete their mission at a critical phase of the action.
Rank and organization: Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. Born: 10 August 1889, Indianapolis, Ind. Appointed from: Indiana. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty during action against enemy Japanese forces off Savo Island on the night of October 11th and October 12th and again on the night of 12-13 November 1942. In the earlier action, intercepting a Japanese Task Force intent upon storming our island positions and landing reinforcements at Guadalcanal, Rear Adm. Scott, with courageous skill and superb coordination of the units under his command, destroyed eight hostile vessels and put the others to flight. Again challenged, a month later, by the return of a stubborn and persistent foe, he led his force into a desperate battle against tremendous odds, directing close-range operations against the invading enemy until he himself was killed in the furious bombardment by their superior firepower. On each of these occasions his dauntless initiative, inspiring leadership and judicious foresight in a crisis of grave responsibility contributed decisively to the rout of a powerful invasion fleet and to the consequent frustration of a formidable Japanese offensive. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
*HERIOT, JAMES D.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company I, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: At Vaux-Andigny, France, October 12th, 1918. Entered service at: Providence, S.C. Birth: Providence, S.C. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: Cpl. Heriot, with four other soldiers, organized a combat group and attacked an enemy machine-gun nest which had been inflicting heavy casualties on his company. In the advance two of his men were killed, and because of the heavy fire from all sides the remaining two sought shelter. Unmindful of the hazard attached to his mission, Cpl. Heriot, with fixed bayonet, alone charged the machinegun, making his way through the fire for a distance of thirty yards and forcing the enemy to surrender. During this exploit he received several wounds in the arm, and later in the same day, while charging another nest, he was killed.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 60th Infantry, 5th Division. Place and date: At Cunel, France, October 12th, 1918. Entered service at: Bryantsburg, Ind. Birth: Jefferson County, Ind. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While he was leading his company against the enemy, his line came under heavy machinegun fire, which threatened to hold up the advance. Followed by two soldiers at twenty-five yards, this officer went out ahead of his first line toward a machinegun nest and worked his way around its flank, leaving the two soldiers in front. When he got within ten yards of the gun it ceased firing, and four of the enemy appeared, three of whom were shot by 1st Lt. Woodfill. The fourth, an officer, rushed at 1st Lt. Woodfill, who attempted to club the officer with his rifle. After a hand-to-hand struggle, 1st Lt. Woodfill killed the officer with his pistol. His company thereupon continued to advance, until shortly afterwards another machinegun nest was encountered. Calling on his men to follow, 1st Lt. Woodfill rushed ahead of his line in the face of heavy fire from the nest, and when several of the enemy appeared above the nest he shot them, capturing three other members of the crew and silencing the gun. A few minutes later this officer for the third time demonstrated conspicuous daring by charging another machinegun position, killing five men in one machinegun pit with his rifle. He then drew his revolver and started to jump into the pit, when two other gunners only a few yards away turned their gun on him. Failing to kill them with his revolver, he grabbed a pick lying nearby and killed both of them. Inspired by the exceptional courage displayed by this officer, his men pressed on to their objective under severe shell and machinegun fire.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Jefferson, Va., October 12th, 1863. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: 10 May 1844, Ireland. Date of issue: 23 January 1897. Citation: At the head of a detachment of his company dashed across an open field, exposed to a deadly fire from the enemy, and succeeded in dislodging them from an unoccupied house, which he and his comrades defended for several hours against repeated attacks, thus preventing the enemy from flanking the position of the Union forces.
Organize Your Medical Information Month
General Pulaski Memorial Day
The Curse of the Billy Goat
As the story goes, Vasili “Billy Goat” Sianis, a Greek immigrant who owned a nearby tavern (the now-famous Billy Goat Tavern), had two $7.20 box seat tickets to Game 4 of the 1945 World Series between the Chicago Cubs and the Detroit Tigers, and decided to bring his pet goat, Murphy (or Sinovia according to some references), with him. Sianis and the goat were allowed into Wrigley Field and even paraded about on the playing field before the game before ushers intervened. They were led off the field. After a heated argument, both Sianis and the goat were permitted to stay in the stadium occupying the box seat for which he had tickets. However, before the game was over, Sianis and the goat were ejected from the stadium at the command of Cubs owner Philip Knight Wrigley due to the animal’s objectionable odor. Sianis was outraged at the ejection and allegedly placed a curse,”Them Cubs, they aren’t gonna win no more,” upon the Cubs that they would never win another pennant or play in a World Series at Wrigley Field again and left the States to vacation in his home in Greece.
Following a third-place finish in the National League in 1946, the Cubs would finish in the league’s second division for the next 20 consecutive years. This streak finally ending in 1967, the year after Leo Durocher became the club’s manager. Vasilli Sianis died in 1970. Since that curse, the cursed Cubs have not won a National League pennant or played in a World Series –the longest pennant drought in Major League history.
They have tried everything including having Sam Sianis, nephew of Vasilli, “Billy”, Sianis, bring a goat out onto Wrigley Field many times in attempts to break that curse. On Opening Day in 1984 and 1989 (in both years, the Cubs went on to win their division), in 1994 to stop a home losing streak, and in 1998 for the wild card play-in game (which the Cubs won). In 2003 (The Chinese zodiac’s Year of the Goat), a group of Cubs fans headed to Houston with a billy goat named “Virgil Homer”. They attempted to gain entrance to Minute Maid Park, home of their division rivals, the Astros. They were denied entrance so they unfurled a scroll, read a verse and proclaimed they were “reversing the curse.” The Cubs won the division that year and then came within five outs of playing in the World Series but were undone by an eight-run rally from the Florida Marlins’. They then lost the following game and with it the series.
In another bizarre twist, it was reported that a butchered goat was hung from the Harry Caray’s, long-time Chicago announcer, statue on October 3, 2007. The Chicago Sun-Times wrote: “If the prankster intended to reverse the supposed billy goat curse with the stunt, it doesn’t appear to have worked.” While the Cubs did win the NL Central Division title in 2007 and 2008, they were swept in the first round of the playoffs in both years. The sweeps were in 2007 by the Arizona Diamondbacks and in 2008 by the Los Angeles Dodgers. The elimination by Arizona came on October 6, the same date, 62 years earlier, that the goat appeared at Wrigley Field in 1945.
The act was repeated before the home opener in 2009, this time a goat’s butchered head being hung from the statue. The act was futile as the Cubs were eliminated from postseason contention on September 26, 2009. Cubs fans have also brought in priests that have blessed the field, stadium, and dugout. Nothing has worked.
Through the 2011 World Series Chicago has still not been in the running.
“I’ve always felt it was not up to anyone else to make me give my best.”
~ Akeem Olajuwon
avuncular uh-VUHNG-kyuh-luhr, adjective:
1. Of or pertaining to an uncle.
2. Resembling an uncle, especially in kindness or indulgence.
Avuncular comes from Latin avunculus, “maternal uncle.”
1521 – Pope Leo X conferred the title of “Defender of the Faith” on England’s Henry VIII for his support of Catholic principles. Henry VIII denounced Martin Luther’s teachings.
1726 – Benjamin Franklin returned to Philadelphia from England.
1767 – Surveying for the Mason–Dixon Line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
1776 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Valcour Island – A big defeat for the inexperienced American Navy on Lake Champlain at the hands of a British fleet of 87 gunships. In this 7-hour most of the American flotilla of 83 gunships is crippled with the remaining ships destroyed in a second engagement two days later. It was the first naval battle fought during the American Revolution.
1779 – Revolutionary War: Polish nobleman General Casimir Pulaski was killed while fighting for American independence during the Revolutionary War Battle of Savannah, Ga.
1809 – Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies at the age of 35 under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand. It has been speculated that personal and professional problems may have driven him to suicide, but some people believe he was murdered..
1811 – Inventor John Stevens’ boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
1824 – Marquis de Lafayette visits the Washington Navy Yard during his year- long tour of America.
1862 – Civil War: The Confederate Congress in Richmond passed a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service.
1862 – Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
1863 – Civil War: Skirmish at Rheatown, Henderson’s Mill, Tennessee.
1865 – Civil War: President Johnson paroled CSA Vice President Alexander Stephens.
1867 – Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule applied for a patent on their new direct action typewriter.
1868 – Thomas Edison patented his first invention, an electric voice machine.
1871 – Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after three days, 300 people killed.
1877 – Outlaw Wild Bill Longley, who killed at least a dozen men, was hanged, but it took two tries; on the first try, the rope slipped and his knees drug the ground.
1879 – The first annual conference of the National Guard Association is held.
1881 – Roll film for cameras was patented by David H. Houston. His many patents ranged from a disc plow to a portable camera. George Eastman bought twenty-one patents on cameras from him.
1887 – A patent for the adding machine was granted to Dorr Eugene Felt of Chicago, Illinois. His Comptometer was the first practical key-driven calculator with sufficient speed, reliability and economic benefit.
1887 – A. Miles patented the elevator.
1890 – In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
1890 – First 100-yard dash under 10 seconds was accomplished by John Owens 9-4/5 secs, Washington, DC.
1896 - The crew of the Pea Island (North Carolina) Life-Saving Station performed one of their finest rescues when they saved the passengers and crew of the schooner E.S. Newman, after that ship ran aground during a hurricane.
1899 – Byron Bancroft Johnson, president of baseball’s Western League, renamed it as the American League.
1906 – The San Francisco school board ordered the segregation of Oriental schoolchildren, inciting Japanese outrage.
1907 – The freighter Cyprus foundered during a storm on Lake Superior, while on its second voyage hauling iron ore from Superior, Wis., to Buffalo, NY. All but one of the Cyprus’ 23 crew members died.
1910 – Former president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch aviation field, St. Louis, Missouri.
1910 – Buffalo Bill’s Wild West and Pawnee Bill’s Far East combined shows arrived in San Francisco. They set up on 8 acres at 12th and Market with a big arena and 22 tents.
1910 – The San Francisco Rotary Club offered a $10,000 prize to the aviator who first flies from SF to New York.
1911 – Ty Cobb (AL) and Frank Schulte (NL) are first MVPs, each gets an automobile.
1913 – World Series : Philadelphia Athletics (4) vs New York Giants (1).
1919 – The first transcontinental air race ended.
1923 – The first political telecast, sponsored by the Democratic National Committee, aired from New York.
1929 – JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 states.
1932 – Franklin D. Roosevelt receives letter from Einstein about atom bomb.
1932 – First political telecast was the Democratic National Committee at CBS, New York City.
1935 – In San Francisco five tons of molten glass escaped from a break in a 300-ton furnace at the 15th and Folsom streets plant of Owens-Illinois Co. An emergency pit caught most of the escaping glass.
1936 – “Professor Quiz”, first radio quiz show premieres.
1939 – Albert Einstein informs Franklin D. Roosevelt of possibilities of atomic bomb.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance – On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
1943 – World War II: The US submarine Wahoo, Under the command of Dudley “Mush” Morton, was sunk by the Japanese navy as it returned from its seventh patrol. All 79 crewmen died.
1943 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (1). They become the first team to win ten World Series.
1948 – “The Brighter Day”, a soap opera, premiered on radio.
1948 – World Series: Cleveland Indians (4) vs Boston Braves (2)
1950 –Korean War: Task Force 77 Aircraft destroy North Korean vessels off Songjin and Wonsan and north of Hungham.
1950 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
1951 – Korean War: A Marine battalion was flown by transport helicopters to a frontline combat position for the first time, when HMR-161 lifted the 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, and its equipment, during Operation Bumblebee, northeast of Yanggu, Korea.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett, “I Get Ideas” by Tony Martin, “Cold, Cold Heart” by Tony Bennett and “Always Late (With Your Kisses)” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1952 – Two USAF 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing F-86 Sabre jet pilots shot down enemy aircraft. It was future ace Captain Clyde A. Curtin’s first aerial victory of the war.
1952 – “I Went to Your Wedding” by Patti Page topped the charts .
1958 – NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
1958 – “It’s All In The Game” by Tommy Edwards topped the charts.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mack the Knife” by Bobby Darin, “Put Your Head on My Shoulder” by Paul Anka, “Teen Beat” by Sandy Nelson and “The Three Bells” by The Browns all topped the charts.
1961 – USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 216,874 feet.
1962 – “McHales Navy” with Ernest Borgnine premiered on television.
1963 – Vietnam: A US National Security Action memorandum that recommended plans to withdraw 1,000 US Military personnel by the end of the year was approved. The memo followed McNamara’s return from a trip to South Vietnam.
1963 – Vietnam: Navy medical team from Norfolk, VA begins massive inoculation program to safeguard against outbreak of typhoid in the wake of Hurricane Flora.
1967– CHART TOPPERS – “The Letter” by The Box Tops, “Never My Love” by The Association, “Little Ole Man (Uptight-Everything’s Alright)” by Bill Cosby and “Turn the World Around” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1967 – World Series record three consecutive home runs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, and Rico Petrocelli) by the Boston Red Sox.
1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard. It made 163 orbits. The mission lasted 10 days and 20 hours. Recovery was by HS-5 helicopters from USS Essex (CVS-9).
1969 – “Sugar, Sugar” by the Archies topped the charts.
1971 – Frank McGee becomes news anchor of the Today Show.
1972 – There was an attempted prison escape at the Washington DC jail.
1972 – A race riot occurs on the United States Navy aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off the coast of Vietnam during Operation Linebacker.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Bad Blood” by Neil Sedaka, “Calypso/I’m Sorry” by John Denver, “Mr. Jaws” by Dickie Goodman and “Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain” by Willie Nelson all topped the charts.
1975 – Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the guest host.
1976 – George Washington’s appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies of the United States by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 is approved by President Gerald R. Ford.
1980 – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen topped the charts.
1982 – The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship which sunk on July 18th 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near to Portsmouth.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler, “Making Love Out of Nothing at All” by Air Supply, “King of Pain” by The Police and “Don’t You Know How Much I Love You” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1983 – The last hand cranked telephones in the US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct dial.
1984 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
1984 – Vice President candidate debate-Geraldine Ferraro (D) and George Bush (R).
1985 – Arab-American activist Alex Odeh was killed by a bomb blast in Santa Ana, Calif.
1986 – “When I Think of You” by Janet Jackson topped the charts.
1989 – The US House narrowly approved an amendment to an appropriations bill that would restore Medicaid for abortions in cases of rape or incest. President Bush later vetoed the bill, and the veto was upheld.
1990 – Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & The Funky Bunch/Loleatta Holloway, “Emotions” by Mariah Carey, “Do Anything” by Natural Selection and “Where Are You Now” by Clint Black all topped the charts.
1991 – Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harassed her.
1992 – First 3-way presidential debate (Bush-Clinton-Perot).
1996 – In Operation Global Sea US officials arrested 34 members of a drug trafficking network operated primarily by Nigerian women. Jumoke Kafayat Majekodunmi, aka Kafi, used a women’s clothing store in Chicago as the center of operations.
1996 – US FBI agents arrested seven in West Virginia for plotting to bomb the national fingerprinting records facility in Charleston.
1996 – Time Warner completed its $7.6 billion acquisition of Turner Broadcasting.
1996 – Ford buys rights to named Detroit domed stadium for $40 million.
1997 – “Candle In The Wind” by Elton John topped the charts.
1999 – The Lord of the Rings movies begin principal photography.
2000 – The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown using Space Shuttle Discovery. .
2001 – In NYC Mayor Giuliani rejected a $10 million donation from Saudi Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal due to an attached press release that said the US should re-examine its policies in the Middle East and adopt a more balanced stance toward the Palestinian cause.
2001 - The Pentagon confirmed the first US death in Operation Enduring Freedom. Air Force Sgt. Evander Earl Andrews was killed in a fork lift accident in Qatar.
2001 - Abdul Salam Zaeem, Afghan ambassador to Pakistan, said US bombing in Afghanistan killed some 100 noncombatants in the Torghar region near Jalalabad. The total civilian casualties since Oct 7 was estimated at 170.
2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
2002 – The US Senate voted to give war powers to President George W. Bush as part of the ongoing conflict between the United States and Iraq.
2002 – Jimmy Carter is honored with the Nobel Peace Prize.
2002 – United States embassy guards in Tel Aviv, Israel, stopped a suicide bomber from setting off a bomb in a crowded beachfront cafe.
2003 – A team of eighteen doctors in Dallas, Texas, began a complicated separation surgery in an attempt to give Ahmed and Mohamed Ibrahim, 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt, a chance at independent lives. The 34-hour operation went well.
2004 – Light crude oil for November closed in New York City at a record $53.64 per barrel.
2005 – The US Army Corps of Engineers said it had finished pumping out the New Orleans metropolitan area, which was flooded by Hurricane Katrina six weeks earlier and then was swamped again by Hurricane Rita.
2006 – In Chicago businessman Antoin Rezko (51), top advisor and fund-raiser for Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich, was indicted for scheming to collect kickbacks from companies doing business with the state.
2006 – A small plane, carrying New York Yankees pitcher Cory Lidle (b.1972) and instructor Tyler Stanger, crashed into a 50-story condominium tower on Manhattan’s Upper East Side killing both men. It was not clear who was at the controls.
2007 – The Bush administration reported that the federal budget deficit had fallen to $162.8 billion in the just-completed budget year, the lowest amount of red ink in five years.
2010 – Brett Favre first player to throw 500 TD passes and threw for 70,000 yards.
2010 – The Hobbit is set to be most expensive movie ever. The New Zealand company, Wingnut Films, is waiting for the green light for its planned adaptation. The first one, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, is scheduled for release December 14, 2012. The second one, The Hobbit: There and Back Again, is scheduled for release December 13, 2013.
2011 – US Senate blocks Obama’s $447 billion jobs plan. Republicans and Democrats joined together because of the increased spending required.
2011 – Two men were charged and Iran implicated, in bomb plot to kill the Saudi ambassador while he was in the United States.
2012 – A U.S. appeals court has overturned a district court order that had banned the sale of Samsung’s Galaxy Nexus in the US.
1821 – George Williams, English founder of the YMCA (d. 1905)
1844 – Henry Heinz, American food manufacturer (d. 1916)
1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (d. 1962)
1962 – Joan Cusack, American actress
KEARBY, NEEL E.
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Near Wewak, New Guinea, October 11th, 1943. Entered service at: Dallas, Tex. Birth: Wichita Falls, Tex. G.O. No.: 3, 6 January 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy, Col. Kearby volunteered to lead a flight of four fighters to reconnoiter the strongly defended enemy base at Wewak. Having observed enemy installations and reinforcements at four airfields, and secured important tactical information, he saw an enemy fighter below him, made a diving attack and shot it down in flames. The small formation then sighted approximately twelve enemy bombers accompanied by thirty-six fighters. Although his mission had been completed, his fuel was running low, and the numerical odds were twelve to one, he gave the signal to attack. Diving into the midst of the enemy airplanes he shot down three in quick succession. Observing one of his comrades with two enemy fighters in pursuit, he destroyed both enemy aircraft. The enemy broke off in large numbers to make a multiple attack on his airplane but despite his peril he made one more pass before seeking cloud protection. Coming into the clear, he called his flight together and led them to a friendly base. Col. Kearby brought down six enemy aircraft in this action, undertaken with superb daring after his mission was completed.
*BLACKWELL, ROBERT L.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company K, 119th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near St. Souplet, France, October 11th, 1918. Entered service at: Hurdle Mills, N.C. Birth: Person County, N.C. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: When his platoon was almost surrounded by the enemy and his platoon commander asked for volunteers to carry a message calling for reinforcements, Pvt. Blackwell volunteered for this mission, well knowing the extreme danger connected with it. In attempting to get through the heavy shell and machinegun fire this gallant soldier was killed.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company M, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: At Brancourt, France, October 11th, 1918. Entered service at: Westville, S.C. Born: 8 October 1898, Westville, S.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While Sgt. Hilton’s company was advancing through the village of Brancourt it was held up by intense enfilading fire from a machinegun. Discovering that this fire came from a machinegun nest among shell holes at the edge of the town, Sgt. Hilton, accompanied by a few other soldiers, but well in advance of them, pressed on toward this position, firing with his rifle until his ammunition was exhausted, and then with his pistol, killing six of the enemy and capturing ten. In the course of this daring exploit he received a wound from a bursting shell, which resulted in the loss of his arm.
National Chiropractic Month
Bring Your Teddy Bear to Work & School Day
In Radio Ten Code this date means “standing-by”
Urban legend describes the glue as an accidental solution to battle wounds during World War II, however, its actual evolution is a little different. The chemicals were discovered in 1942 in a search for materials to make clear plastic gun sights for the war, and scientists stumbled upon a formulation that stuck to everything that it came in contact with. Super glue deserves its name: a one-square-inch bond can hold more than a ton of weight. It was invented by Dr. Harry Coover of Kodak Laboratories. The main ingredient in super glue is cyanoacrylate, which bonds almost instantly when exposed to moisture; since there is no moisture inside the bottle or tube of glue, it does not stick to the inside. At the end of the war, it was lost but in 1951, cyanoacrylates were rediscovered by Eastman Kodak researchers Harry Coover and Fred Joyner. They recognized its true commercial potential, and it was first sold as a commercial product in 1958.
In a now-famous demonstration conducted in 1959, Dr. Coover displayed the strength of this new product on the early television show “I’ve Got a Secret,” where he used a single drop placed between two steel cylinders to lift the host of the show, Garry Moore, completely off of the ground.
In 1964 Eastman submitted an application to use cyanoacrylate glues to seal wounds to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Soon afterward Dr. Coover’s glue did find use in Vietnam–reportedly in 1966 cyanoacrylates were tested on-site by a specially trained surgical team, with impressive results. According to an interview with Dr. Coover by the Kingsport Times-News: Coover said the compound demonstrated an excellent capacity to stop bleeding, and during the Vietnam War, he developed disposal cyanoacrylate sprays for use in the battle field.
“If somebody had a chest wound or open wound that was bleeding, the biggest problem they had was stopping the bleeding so they could get the patient back to the hospital. And the consequence was–many of them bled to death. So the medics used the spray, stopped the bleeding, and were able to get the wounded back to the base hospital. And many, many lives were saved,” Coover said. “This was very powerful. That’s something I’m very proud of–the number of lives that were saved,” he said.
Ironically, the Food & Drug Administration hadn’t given approval for the medical use of the compound at that point. But the military used the substance, anyway. The FDA finally did improve an improved cyanoacrylate glue that was developed for medical applications called “2-octyl-cyanoacrylate.” This compound causes less skin irritation and has improved flexibility and strength–at least three times the strength of the butyl-based compound (reference 2). As a result, in 1998 the FDA approved 2-octyl cyanoacrylate for use in closing wounds and surgical incisions, and in 2001 approved it for use as a “barrier against common bacterial microbes including certain staphylococci, pseudomonads, and Escherichia coli” (reference 2). This latest incarnation was marketed under the name Traumaseal as well as the more popular Dermabond.
Cyanoacrylate glues also find use in medicine for orthopedic surgery, dental and oral medicine (marketed as Soothe-n-Seal), veterinary medicine (Nexaband), and for home use as Band Aid brand Liquid Bandage. It even has been explored as a potential treatment for emphysema, where it can be used to seal off diseased lung passages without the need for invasive surgery.
More uses are being discovered as time advances. Another use includes super glue fuming and it is sometimes used in criminal investigations to detect latent fingerprints.
Approximately 90% of U.S. homes have a tube of super glue.
“When you face your fear, most of the time you will discover that it was not really such a big threat after all. We all need some form of deeply rooted, powerful motivation – it empowers us to overcome obstacles so we can live our dreams.”
~ Les Brown
commodious kuh-MOH-dee-us, adjective: Comfortably or conveniently spacious; roomy; as, a commodious house.
Commodious derives from the Latin commodus, “conforming to measure, hence convenient or fit for a particular purpose,” from com-, “with” + modus, “measure.”
680 – Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shi’a Muslims as Aashurah.
732 – At Tours, France, Charles Martel killed Yemenite general Abd el-Rahman and halted the Muslim invasion of Europe. Islam’s westward spread was stopped by the Franks at the Battle of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poitiers).
1582 – This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000-30,000 in the Caribbean. This was the deadliest storm ever recorded.
1802 – First non indian settlement in Oklahoma. This was a trading post which was established by the Chouteau Brothers, of St. Louis.
1845 – United States Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, Maryland. It started with fifty midshipmen students and seven professors.
1846 – Alexis the Tocqueville wrote about the “Algerian problem.” The problem was the on-going one involving the Barbary pirates (muslim).
1850 – The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal was completed and opened for business along its entire 184.5 mile length from Washington, D.C. to Cumberland, Maryland.
1863 – Civil War: The Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee, resulted in 166 casualties.
1865 – The first U.S. patent for a billiard ball of a composition material resembling ivory was patented by John Wesley Hyatt. The first ones didn’t work well but improved rapidly.
1863 – The first telegraph line to Denver was completed.
1870 – South Carolina Republican Gov. Robert Scott (1826-1900) was re-elected, on the strength of the black vote. The Ku Klux Klan was enraged and a wave of terror began the following day.
1877 – Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer was buried at West Point in New York.
1886 – The dinner jacket made its U.S. debut at a ball in Tuxedo Park, New York. It was named tuxedo, after its venue. Griswold Lorillard designed it.
1887 – Thomas Edison organized the Edison Phonograph Company.
1899 – I.R. Johnson patented the bicycle frame.
1902 – The Wright brothers’ third test glider is launched at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina.
1908 – Sports reporters form a professional group that will become the Baseball Writers Association of America.
1911 – Henry Ford received a patent for an automobile transmission mechanism.
1911 – California voters approved amendments by Republican Gov. Hiram Johnson that included the recall, initiative and referendum process as part of his progressive reform package.
1913 – The U.S.-built Panama Canal was completed with the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, concluding one of the largest construction projects in history.
1918 – WW I: While President Woodrow Wilson was attempting to establish “peace without victory” with Germany, the German UB-123 torpedoed RMS Leinster, a civilian mail and passenger ferry, off the coast of Ireland.
1920’s – To Live In The 20’s (5:57)
1920 – The Chicago Cardinals traveled across town to visit the Tigers and played to a scoreless tie. Although a game has not finished with a 0-0 score since 1943, in the 1920s it was not an uncommon occurrence.
1923 – NY Giants & NY Yankees become first teams to play each other for 3 consecutive World Series.
1923 – First American-built rigid airship, Shenandoah, is christened. It used helium gas instead of hydrogen.This meant that the airship was non-explosive.
1924 – World Series: Washington Senators (4) vs New York Giants (3). It was the Senators first win.
1926 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs New York Yankees (3)
1928 – “You’re the Cream in My Coffee” … comes from “Hold Everything”, opened on Broadway.
1931 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs Philadelphia Athletics (3)
1932 – “Betty & Bob” (14:16) premiers on radio, sponsored by Folger’s Coffee. It is considered one of the first true network soap operas, as the characters suffered through trials and tribulations.
1932 – “Judy and Jane” began on radio.
1933 – A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage while en route from Cleveland, Ohio to Chicago, the first case in the history of commercial aviation.
1933 – Dreft, the first detergent with synthetic surfactants for home use was marketed by Procter & Gamble.
1935 – George Gershwin’s opera “Porgy and Bess” opened on Broadway.
1937 – The Mutual Broadcasting System debuted “Thirty Minutes in Hollywood.”
1937 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs New York Giants (1)
1940 – “Moonlight and Roses“, by Lanny Ross, was recorded on the Victor label.
1941 – Seven weeks before Pearl Harbor, The destroyer USS Kearney is attacked by a German, submarine. In the attack, ten sailors are killed and scores injured. America suffers its first war casualties in World War II.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: 1,300 Austrian Jews were transported to Theresienstadt.
1943 – Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.
1944 – World War II: Holocaust: Eight-hundred Gypsy children are systematically murdered at the Auschwitz death camp.
1944 – World War II: Nearly two hundred of Admiral Halsey’s planes struck Naha, Okinawa’s capital and principal city, in five separate waves. The city was almost totally devastated.
1945 – World Series: Detroit Tigers (4) vs Chicago Cubs (3).
1948 – Carlos Prio became Cuba’s last democratically elected president. He was ousted by Batista in 1952.
1950 – Korean War: The 1st Cavalry Division’s 8th Cavalry Regiment crossed the 38th parallel in the vicinity of Kaesong. The ROK 3rd Division entered Wonsan on the East Coast.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Goodnight Irene” by The Weavers, “La Vie En Rose” by Tony Martin, “Bonaparte’s Retreat” by Kay Starr and “I’m Moving On” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1951 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs New York Giants (2).It was Joe DiMaggio’s final game.
1951 – President Harry S. Truman signs the Mutual Security Act, announcing to the world, and its communist powers in particular, that the U.S. was prepared to provide military aid to “free peoples.”
1953 – “St. George and the Dragonet” by Stan Freberg topped the charts.
1956 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (3)
1957 – World Series: The Milwaukee Braves defeated the New York Yankees in Game 7, 5-0.
1957 – “Zorro” premiered on television starring Guy Williams as the masked hero and debuted on ABC.
1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, the finance minister of Ghana, after the official had been refused service in a Dover, DE, restaurant.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s All in the Game” by Tommy Edwards, “Rock-in Robin” by Bobby Day, “Tea for Two Cha-Cha” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra and “Bird Dog” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1958 – “77 Sunset Strip” premiered on ABC-TV. The private detective series starred Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., Roger Smith, and Edd Byrnes.
1959 – “Mack the Knife” by Bobby Darin topped the charts.
1959 – The first global airline service was announced by Pan American World Airways.
1960 – “Mr. Custer” by Larry Verne topped the charts.
1960 – The U.S. Navy was given the responsibility for program management and technical direction for Project SPASUR, the first U.S. universal satellite detection and tracking network.
1964 – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison topped the charts.
1964 – Shangri-Las released “Leader Of The Pack.”
1965 – The “Vinland Map” was introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440 by Norse explorer Lief Eriksson. Fifty years before Columbus?
1965 – The Red Baron made his first appearance in the “Peanuts” comic strip.
1965 – The Supremes made their first appearance on the “Ed Sullivan Show.”
1965 – Ronald Reagan spoke at Coalinga Junior College and called for an official declaration of war in Vietnam. As of October 2011, the U.S. has not declared war since 1941.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Cherish” by The Association, “Reach Out I’ll Be There” by Four Tops, “96 Tears” by ?(Question Mark) & The Mysterians and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1966 – Simon and Garfunkel release the album “Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme“. (Full album 28:33)
1967 – The Outer Space Treaty, which prohibits the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, entered into force.
1968 – World Series: Detroit Tigers (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (3)
1970 – “Tears Of A Clown” was released by Smokey Robinson & The Miracles.
1970 – “Cracklin’ Rosie” by Neil Diamond topped the charts.
1970 – Former Illinois Secretary of State Paul Powell (b.1902) died. Investigators found nearly half a million dollars in cash and checks, from unsuspecting drivers paying for their license plates, crammed into shoe boxes inside his hotel room.
1970 – During the October Crisis, Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte was kidnapped by the Quebec Liberation Front, a militant separatist group. He was found dead a week later.
1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
1971 – “Upstairs, Downstairs” premiered on TV.
1973 – Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, accused of accepting bribes, pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigned. He was the first U.S. Vice President to resign in disgrace.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Honestly Love You” by Olivia Newton-John, “Nothing from Nothing” by Billy Preston, “Then Came You” by Dionne Warwicke & The Spinners and “I Love My Friend” by Charlie Rich all topped the charts.
1976 – In New Jersey the Meadowlands’ Giant’s Stadium opened with an NFL game between the Giants and Dallas Cowboys.
1977 – Joe Namath played the last game of his National Football League (NFL) career. “Broadway Joe” was the first quarterback to pass for more than 4,000 yards in one season. He completed 1,886 passes for 27,663 yards and 173 touchdowns in 12 seasons with the Jets and a final try with the Los Angeles Rams in 1977.
1978 – US President Jimmy Carter signs a bill into law that authorizes the minting of the Susan B. Anthony dollar.
1979 – “The Rose,” starring Bette Midler, premiered in Los Angeles, CA.
1979 – Panama assumes sovereignty over Canal Area (ie Canal Zone).
1980 – The Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope network in N.M. was dedicated.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jack & Diane” by John Cougar, “Eye in the Sky” by The Alan Parsons Project, “I Keep Forgettin’ (Every Time You’re Near)” by Michael McDonald and “Yesterday’s Wine” by Merle Haggard/George Jones all topped the charts.
1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the Achille Lauro cruise ship hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
1987 – “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake topped the charts.
1987 – Tom McClean finished rowing across the Atlantic Ocean. It set the record at 54 days and 18 hours.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Close to You” by Maxi Priest, “Praying for Time” by George Michael, “Something Happened on the Way to Heaven” by Phil Collins and “Friends in Low Places” by Garth Brooks all topped the charts.
1990 – World Series: The Oakland A’s swept to the American League pennant and their third straight World Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-to-1.
1990 – The space shuttle “Discovery” landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California, ending a virtually flawless four-day mission.
1991 – Greyhound Bus ends bankruptcy.
1991 – The US Senate Judiciary Committee prepared to re-open the confirmation hearing of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, accused of sexual harassment by former aide Anita Hill.
1991 – Former U.S. postal worker Joseph Harris shoots two former co-workers to death at the post office in Ridgewood, New Jersey. The night before, Harris had killed his former supervisor, Carol Ott, with a three-foot samurai sword, and shot her fiance.
1992 – Iraq released U.S. munitions expert Clinton Hall, two days after he’d been taken prisoner in the demilitarized zone separating Iraq and Kuwait.
1994 – Iraq announced it was withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border; seeing no signs of a pullback, President Clinton dispatched 350 additional aircraft to the region.
1994 – Americans Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell won the Nobel Prize in medicine for “their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells.”.
1997 – Defying the Republican Congress a second time, President Clinton vetoed a ban on certain late-term abortion procedures.
1998 – David Sheldon Boone (46), a former Pentagon analyst, was arrested for selling top defense secrets to the former Soviet Union. He was lured back to the US from Germany.
1999 – In Texas six college students of Texas A-and-M University were killed just after midnight as they got out of their cars for a party at Tau Kappa Epsilon in College Station. The driver of a pickup that hit them had fallen asleep.
2000 – The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, co-inventor of the computer chip.
2001 – President George W. Bush presented a list of 22 most wanted terrorists with rewards equaling $5 million dollars.
2001 – In Florida a third case of anthrax was identified in a 35-year-old woman who worked in the same office as Robert Stevens. The strain was reported to match one from Iowa in the 1950s commonly used by lab researchers.
2001 – Rep. Nancy Pelosi of California was elected House Democratic Whip, the No. 2 House Democratic leader and the highest post ever held by a woman in Congress.
2002 – The House of Representatives voted 296-133 to give President George W. Bush the authority to use military force against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, with or without United Nations support. The next day, the Senate joined the House in approving 77-23 the use of America’s military against Iraq. They did not, however, declare war.
2002 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 247 to 7,533.95. NASDAQ rose 49 to 1,163.
2003 – The flagship channel of the Adventist Television Network (ATN), Hope Channel is launched.
2004 – Tropical Storm Matthew floods southeastern Louisiana, dropping as much as 7 inches of rain.
2004 – Christopher Reeve who played Superman in the movie passes away.
2004 – The 2004 movie Alien Vs Predator takes place on this date (Fictional).
2005 – Three New Orleans officers accused of near fatally beating Robert Davis and assaulting a cameraman who taped the ordeal, plead not guilty.
2005 – Allegations that New Orleans police looted 200 cars (41 Cadillacs) are under investigation by Louisiana police.
2005 – In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Joel Holland, a retired Washington state firefighter, won the annual Safeway World Championship Pumpkin Weigh-Off, presenting a gigantic pumpkin that weighed 1,229 pounds.
2005 – Widespread desertion, suicide, and crime among New Orleans police officers has been reported in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
2006 – BP shuts down the Prudhoe Bay oil fields due to losing power as a result of high winds.
2006 – The Diocese of Davenport, Iowa, became the 4th Catholic diocese in the US to file for bankruptcy amid the clergy abuse scandal.
2007 – Robert Levy (64), mayor of Atlantic City, NJ, resigned. He had gone missing for two weeks after being accused of lying about his military record.
2007 – Thousands of Chrysler LLC autoworkers walked off the job after the automaker and the United Auto Workers union failed to reach a tentative contract agreement before a union-imposed deadline.
2007 – In Cleveland, Ohio, Asa H. Coon (14), armed with two revolvers, opened fire at the SuccessTech Academy alternative school, wounding two students and two teachers before fatally shooting himself.
2008 – Ed Jew, former San Francisco supervisor, pleaded guilty to one count each of mail fraud, bribery and extortion as part of a scheme to shakedown Chinese immigrant owners of tapioca drink shops in the sunset District for $84,000 in bribes.
2009 – The U.S. Supreme Court announced that it will hear the case of McDonald v. City of Chicago, and decide whether the right to keep and bear arms secured by the Second Amendment protects Americans from overreaching state and local governments.
2009 – President Barack Obama announces he will end the “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy against homosexuals serving in the U.S. military.
2009 – Christy Harp of Jackson Township, Ohio, won the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers annual weigh-off with a world record 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
2009 – In Idaho a bus carrying a high school marching band went off of I-15 killing one adult and injuring several students.
2010 – The Philadelphia Phillies sweep the Cincinnati Reds in the 2010 National League Division Series.
2011 – American economists Thomas J. Sargent and Christopher A. Sims win the 2011 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
2011 – Governor Rick Scott of Florida signs the death warrant for Oba Chandler, convicted of the murder of three women in 1989, with the execution set for November 15.
2011 – In basketball, National Basketball Association Commissioner David Stern cancels the first two weeks of the 2011–12 NBA season due to the ongoing lockout.
2012 – The SpaceX Dragon capsule was securely bolted to the Harmony module of the International Space Station at 9:03 a.m. EDT. The hatch between the newly arrived spacecraft and the Harmony module is scheduled to be opened tomorrow.
2012 – Toyota recalled 7.43 million cars, trucks and SUVs worldwide to fix faulty power window switches that can cause fires. This was the largest recall in Toyota’s 75-year history.
2012 – In Florida a section of a parking garage collapsed at Miami-Dade College killing two people.
2014 – Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy has declared a Public Health Emergency in his state, authorizing the “isolation of any individual reasonably believed to have been exposed to the Ebola virus.” The State of Public Health Emergency allows bureaucrats to detain and force-vaccinate people without due process – despite not one single case being found in CT.
1731 – Henry Cavendish, English physicist. He is generally credited with having discovered hydrogen.
1900 – Helen Hayes (Brown), American actress.
BONG, RICHARD 1. (Air Mission)
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Over Borneo and Leyte, October 10th, to 15 November 1944. Entered service at: Poplar, Wis. Birth: Poplar, Wis. G.O. No.: 90, 8 December 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty in the Southwest Pacific area from 10 October to 15 November 1944. Though assigned to duty as gunnery instructor and neither required nor expected to perform combat duty, Maj. Bong voluntarily and at his own urgent request engaged in repeated combat missions, including unusually hazardous sorties over Balikpapan, Borneo, and in the Leyte area of the Philippines. His aggressiveness and daring resulted in his shooting down eight enemy airplanes during this period.
CARTER, ROBERT G.
INDIAN WARS PERIOD
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: On Brazos, River, Tex., October 10th, 1871. Entered service at: Bradford, Mass. Birth: Bridgeport, Maine. Date of issue: 27 February 1900. Citation: Held the left of the line with a few men during the charge of a large body of Indians, after the right of the line had retreated, and by delivering a rapid fire succeeded in checking the enemy until other troops came to the rescue.
DARROUGH, JOHN S.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 113th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Eastport, Miss., October 10th, 1864. Entered service at: Concord, Morgan County, Ill. Birth: Kentucky. Date of issue: 5 February 1895. Citation: Saved the life of a captain.
Curious Events Day
Leif Erickson Day
Moldy Cheese Day
Picture this. You are a trained pilot being asked to fly in an aluminum,aerodynamically shaped box at over 750 miles per hour (Mach 1; speed of sound). The engine or engines pushing you that fast are producing incredible amounts of thrust. While the actual amount of thrust on the F-22 Raptor is classified, several external scientists have estimated that it produces 35,000 lbs of thrust with afterburner and in two engines for 70,000 lbs of thrust.
All of a sudden everything that can go wrong does and your choice is to crash or eject and this decision has to happen NOW!!! That is what happened to U.S. Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady was helping to enforce the no-fly zone over northern Bosnia on June 2, 1995. A Bosnian-Serb surface-to-air missile(SAM) struck his F-16. With the plane disintegrating around him, O’Grady reached down between his knees grabbed the pull handle of his ejection seat and ejected from the aircraft. A loud bang occurred caused by the canopy separating. O’Grady was blasted into the air along with his seat. His parachute deployed after he was a safe distance from the aircraft. O’Grady survived the ejection from his F-16.
The forces on a pilot during an ejection are incredible and are only for the physically fit in excellent condition. An aircraft such as the F-22 flies along at 1275 mph. In using the Force Dynamic formulas (weight x speed) it means that were you to stop suddenly, your body would continue until it was stopped weighing 255,000 lbs. (200 pound man). Now the aircraft is suddenly stopped, your body is suddenly stopped but what is not yet stopped are your internal organs. They will continue at weight x speed until they too stop. There would never be a scenario where that would be survivable. Enter the ejection seat designed to separate you from that scenario. In some photos it would appear that you are being ejected backwards when, in fact, you left forward but the aircraft is still going forward and you are already slowing down. The G-forces hitting your body could be up to 20G’s or 20x your normal weight on terra firma.
Ejection seats made by Martin-Baker have saved over 7100 lives worldwide.
HISTORICAL VIDEO: Ejection seat development.
VIDEO: Hilarious G-Force Training
“The future is not some place we are going, but one we are creating. The paths are not to be found, but made. And the activity of making them changes both the maker and their destination.”
~ John Schaar
bloviate BLOH-vee-ayt, intransitive verb:
To speak or write at length in a pompous or boastful manner. Bloviate is from blow + a mock-Latinate suffix -viate. Compare blowhard, “a boaster or braggart.” Bloviation is the noun form; a bloviater is one who bloviates.
28 B.C. – The Temple of Apollo was dedicated on the Palatine Hill in Rome.
1000 – Leif Erikson supposedly landed on North American mainland near Newfoundland, soon setting sail for Greenland.
1290 – Last of 16,000 English Jews, expelled by King Edward I, left. The country was on the verge of bankruptcy. The debt to Jewish bankers was written off and all Jews were expelled from England.
1470 – English king Henry VI was restored to the throne after being deposed in 1461. However, six months later he was again deposed and then murdered in the Tower of London.
1604 – Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.
1635 – Religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He went on to found Rhode Island, found the first Baptist church in America, and edit the first dictionary of Native American languages.
1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later Yale University) was chartered in New Haven, Connecticut.
1767 – The survey party of Mason and Dixon came to a halt after 233 miles when Indians of the Six Nations said they had reached the end of their commission.
1776 – San Francisco is established by Spanish missionaries on the California coast.
1781 – In the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, American and French armies under General George Washington started bombarding Lord Cornwallis’s British forces at Yorktown, Virginia.
1812 – War of 1812: On Lake Erie, American forces captured two British brigs, the Detroit and Caledonia. Lieutenant Jesse Duncan Elliot set the brig Detroit ablaze the next day in retaliation for the British capture seven weeks earlier of the city of Detroit.
1825 – The first Norwegian immigrants to America arrived on the sloop Restaurationen.
1852 – The Lighthouse Board, which administered the lighthouse system until 1 July 1910, was organized.
1855 – Isaac Singer patented the sewing machine motor.
1855 – Joshua C. Stoddard received a patent for his calliope.
1858 – Mail service via stagecoach between San Francisco, CA, and St. Louis, MO, began.
1863 – Confederate cavalry raiders returned to Chattanooga having attacked Union General William Rosecrans’ supply and communication lines all around east Tennessee.
1863 – Battle of Brandy Station, Va. (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station).
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Tom’s Brook – Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom’s Brook, Virginia.
1867 – The Russians formally transferred Alaska to the US. The U.S. had bought Alaska for $7.2 million in gold.
1871 – The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.
1872 – Aaron Montgomery started his mail order business with the delivery of the first mail order catalog. The firm later became Montgomery Wards.
1873 – LT Charles Belknap calls a meeting at the Naval Academy to establish the U.S. Naval Institute for the purpose of disseminating scientific and professional knowledge throughout the Navy.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson made their longest telephone call to date. It was a distance of two miles.
1888 – The public was first admitted to the Washington Monument, designed by Robert Mills. Steam powered elevators carried visitors to the top in twelve minutes.
1914 – World War I: German forces captured Antwerp, Belgium.
1915 – Woodrow Wilson became the first president to attend a World Series game.
1917 – The 8th Marines was activated at Quantico, Virginia.
1919 – Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds “win” the World Series. The 1919 World Series was played between the Chicago White Sox of the American League and the Cincinnati Reds of the National League. Due to increased enthusiasm in baseball after World War I, Major League Baseball decided on a best-of-nine format for the Series. Eight members of the Chicago franchise conspired with gamblers to throw (intentionally lose) games. The conspiracy is often referred to as the Black Sox Scandal.
1926 – NBC (National Broadcasting Corporation) formed.
1928 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (0)
1930 – Aviator Laura Ingalls landed in Glendale, California, in her Moth biplane, thus completing the first solo transcontinental flight by a woman.
1931 – Russ Columbo’s “Prisoner of Love” was recorded.
1934 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs Detroit Tigers (3)
1935 – “Cavalcade of America” (25:36) was first broadcast on CBS radio.
1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to transmit electricity from the Colorado River 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
1938 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Chicago Cubs (0)
1940 – A German blitz destroyed the altar of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London and left much of the city in flames.
1941 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt requested congressional approval for arming U.S. merchant ships.
1942 – First three schools for enlisted WAVES open at Stillwater, OK (Yeoman), Bloomington, IN (Storekeepers), and Madison, WI (Radiomen).
1943 – “Land of the Lost” (28:21) debuted on ABC radio.
1944 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs St. Louis Browns (2)
1945 – Parade in New York City honors Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz and 13 other Navy and Marine Corps Medal of Honor winners.
1946 – “The Iceman Cometh” opened in New York City.
1946 – The first electric blanket went on sale in Petersburg, VA. It sold for $39.50.
1947 – The Broadway show, “High Button Shoes“, opened.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone, “That Lucky Old Sun” by Frankie Laine, “Someday” by Vaughn Monroe and “Slipping Around” by Margaret Whiting & Jimmy Wakely all topped the charts.
1949 – Harvard Law School began admitting women.
1949 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (1)
1950 – Korean War: Major Eighth Army units assembled along the 38th parallel. Tenth Corps’ 1st Marine Division began embarkation at Inchon for sea movement to Wonsan on the East Coast. The 1st Cavalry Division crossed the 38th parallel north of Kaesong and attacked northward toward Pyongyang.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wake Up Little Susie” by The Everly Brothers, “Chances Are/The Twelfth of Never” by Johnny Mathis, “Jailhouse Rock” by Elvis Presley and “My Shoes Keep Walking Back to You” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1958 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Milwaukee Braves (3)
1961 – US members of communist party were obliged to report themselves to the police.
1961 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Cincinnati Reds (1). The 1961 season witnessed one of the most amazing performances in all of baseball as Yankees teammates Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris went head-to-head for the all-time, single-season homerun record set by another slugger in pinstripes named Babe Ruth.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “Yesterday” by The Beatles, “Treat Her Right” by Roy Head
“The “In” Crowd” by Ramsey Lewis Trio and “Behind the Tear” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1966 – World Series: Baltimore Orioles (4) vs Los Angeles Dodgers (0)
1967 – Doc Severinsen replaced Skitch Henderson as musical director of “The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.”
1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection to the trial of the “Chicago Eight” (trial started on September 24).
1971 – Van Morrison’s “Wild Night” was released.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Half-Breed” by Cher, “Loves Me like a Rock” by Paul Simon, “Higher Ground” by Stevie Wonder and “You’re the Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1974 – Quincy Jones gets his first gold record for “Body Heat.”
1974 – Oskar Schindler died in Frankfurt, Germany. Schindler is credited with saving the lives of about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust. At his request, he was buried in Jerusalem. His wife Emilie died in 2001.
1980 – John Lennon released “Starting Over” on his 40th birthday. It was his first record in five years.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Arthur’s Theme (Best That You Can Do)” by Christopher Cross, “Who’s Crying Now” by Journey and “Midnight Hauler” by Razzy Bailey all topped the charts.
1985 – A 2½-acre garden memorial was dedicated to John Lennon by his widow Yoko Ono. The memorial in New York City’s Central Park is called Strawberry Fields.
1985 – The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt.
1986 – The FOX Network begins broadcasting.
1986 – Joan Rivers debuted her new “The Late Show” on the FOX network.
1986 – United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.
1987 – Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork, his rejection by the Senate a virtual certainty, angrily told reporters he would not ask that his nomination be withdrawn.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Miss You Much” by Janet Jackson, “Cherish” by Madonna, “Mixed Emotions” by Rolling Stones and “I Got Dreams” by Steve Wariner all topped the charts.
1990 – David Hackett Souter was sworn in as a US Supreme Court judge.
1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family’s 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
1992 – The US 102nd Congress adjourned.
1994 – The U.S. sent troops and warships to the Persian Gulf in response to Saddam Hussein sending thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks toward the Kuwaiti border.
1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona. The derailment killed one and injured a hundred.
1995 – Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan and former NAACP exec. Benjamin Chavis propose to lead a march of black men, “the million man march,” on Washington DC.
1996 – In the opening game of the American League Championship series, 12-year-old Jeffrey Maier turned a probable fly out into a game-tying home run by reaching over the right-field wall at Yankee Stadium and sweeping the ball into the stands with his baseball glove. The Yankees won, 5-to-4 in 11 innings.
1998 – Ariel Sharon returned to power in Israel as the country’s new foreign minister.
2000 – Brett Hull (Dallas Stars) scored his 611th National Hockey League (NHL) goal. The goal allowed him to pass his father, Bobby Hull, on the all time scoring list bringing him to number 9.
2001 – Prosecutors in Miami, FL, announced that they would seek a prison sentence if O.J. Simpson was convicted in his road rage trial. Jury selection began for the trial just after the announcement.
2001 – Letters postmarked in Trenton, N.J., were sent to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy; the letters later tested positive for anthrax.
2001 – Hurricane Iris hit Belize with 140 mph winds. Seventeen members of a Virginia diving club and two local sailors were confirmed dead with three missing. Winds nearing 200 mph left 20 people dead.
2002 – The space shuttle “Atlantis” arrived at the international space station, bringing with it a 14 -ton girder.
2002 – Dean Meyers (53) of Gaithersburg, Md., was shot to death in Manassas, Va., in a shooting that appeared to be linked to 6 previous sniper attacks in the area.
2002 – Lawrence Lessig argues Eldred v. Ashcroft in front of the U.S. Supreme Court. The case challenges retroactive copyright extensions passed by Congress, and potentially affects millions of copyrighted works.
2003 – The new peach and blue redesigned US $20 bill made its debut.
2005 – The Houston Astros beat the Atlanta Braves 7-6 in the 18th inning of the longest post-season game in Major League Baseball history.
2005 – A driverless Volkswagen won a $2 million race across the rugged Nevada desert, beating four other robot-guided vehicles that completed a Pentagon-sponsored contest aimed at making warfare safer for humans.
2005 – Three white New Orleans police officers are arrested after a video surfaces showing the officers brutally beating unarmed 64-year old Robert Davis. The victim, who is black, has been charged with public intoxication, resisting arrest, battery on a police officer and public intimidation.
2006 – The US Customs and Border Protection officials, effective today, scrapped their 11-month-old policy of seizing prescription drugs imported through the mail from Canada.
2006 – Google Inc. agreed to acquire YouTube Inc., a leading video-sharing Web site founded by Chad Hurley and Steve Chen, for $1.65 billion in stock.
2006 – American Edmund S. Phelps wins the 2006 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for work on the trade-offs between inflation and unemployment.
2007 – The Dow Jones industrial average reaches its highest point in history, 14,164.53 points before falling into bear market territory during 2008.
2007 – In Texas Ronald Taylor (47), who spent a dozen years in prison for a rape he didn’t commit, was freed based on DNA evidence.
2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 678.91 points to 8,579.19 points.
2008 – Virginia’s Gov. Timothy M. Kaine ordered 570 state employee layoffs, cut college funding by at least 5%, ordered some older prisons closed and postponed state employee raises to deal with a $2.5 billion fiscal crisis.
2008 – Chicago’s Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart halted evictions on foreclosed properties, saying innocent tenants were being put on the street. But bankers said he was breaking the law.
2008 – The U.S. National Security Agency is accused of listening to Americans’ private phone conversations.
2009 – General Motors finalizes a deal to sell Hummer to China’s Sichuan Tengzhong Heavy Industrial Machinery Company.
2009 – Two people die after being overcome by sweat and about nineteen others are hospitalised at a spiritual retreat in Arizona.
2009 – President Barack Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples,” the Nobel Foundation said in Sweden on Friday.
2009 – NASA smacked two spacecraft into the lunar south pole in a search for hidden ice.
2010 – It was reported that Madeleine Pickens, the wife of billionaire T. Boone Pickens, has acquired a Nevada ranch for use as a wild horse sanctuary, the Mustang Monument Preserve. The 14,000 acre property included grazing rights to 540,000 acres of public land.
2010 – In southern Utah a small plane crashed and killed two National park Service law enforcement agents in the Dixie National Forest.
2010 – The New York Yankees sweep the Minnesota Twins to progress to the 2010 American League Championship Series.
2012 – Gas prices in California hit a record high for the third day in a row, a station in San Diego County was charging $5.779 a gallon for regular gas and almost $6 a gallon for premium. Qwik Korner at 2015 East Valley Parkway in Escondido was charging $1.11 more than the state average of $4.558 a gallon for regular unleaded gas. Premium was going for $5.99 a gallon.
2012 – The Sesame Workshop, which runs “Sesame Street,” put out a statement asking the campaign to take down an ad that prominently features Big Bird. The ad mocks Mitt Romney’s vow to end the federal subsidy to PBS. It paints Big Bird as the shady criminal mastermind behind a raft of financial scandals.
2013 – A gunman,Thomas Piccard, retired VA police officer, reportedly opened fire on a federal courthouse in West Virginia before being shot and killed by authorities.
According to West Virginia Metro News, the gunman used a rifle and reloaded at least twice, before authorities returned fire fatally wounding the man. The outlet reported that no one other than the shooter was injured.
1837 – Francis Parker, American educator and founder of progressive elementary schools.
1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist, known as the “Father of the Modern Drugstore.”
1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-born American evangelist.
1891 – Otto Schnering, American candy bar entrepreneur.
1940 – John Lennon, British singer-songwriter, member of The Beatles.
*BURRIS, TONY K.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Company L, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: vicinity of Mundung -ni, Korea October 9th, 1951. Entered service at: Blanchard, Okla. Birth: Blanchard, Okla. G.O. No.: 84, 5 September 1952. Citation: Sfc. Burris, a member of Company L, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty. On 8 October, when his company encountered intense fire from an entrenched hostile force, Sfc. Burris charged forward alone, throwing grenades into the position and destroying approximately fifteen of the enemy. On the following day, spearheading a renewed assault on enemy positions on the next ridge, he was wounded by machine gun fire but continued the assault, reaching the crest of the ridge ahead of his unit and sustaining a second wound. Calling for a 57mm. recoilless rifle team, he deliberately exposed himself to draw hostile fire and reveal the enemy position. The enemy machine gun emplacement was destroyed. The company then moved forward and prepared to assault other positions on the ridge line. Sfc. Burris, refusing evacuation and submitting only to emergency treatment, joined the unit in its renewed attack but fire from hostile emplacement halted the advance. Sfc. Burris rose to his feet, charged forward and destroyed the first emplacement with its heavy machine gun and crew of six men. Moving out to the next emplacement, and throwing his last grenade which destroyed this position, he fell mortally wounded by enemy fire. Inspired by his consummate gallantry, his comrades renewed a spirited assault which overran enemy positions and secured Hill 605, a strategic position in the battle for “Heartbreak Ridge,” Sfc. Burris’ indomitable fighting spirit, outstanding heroism, and gallant self -sacrifice reflect the highest glory upon himself, the infantry and the U.S. Army.
*YOUNG, ROBERT H.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company E, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: North of Kaesong, Korea, October 9th, 1950. Entered service at: Vallejo, Calif. Born: 4 March 1929, Oroville. Calif. G.O. No.: 65, 2 August 1951. Citation: Pfc. Young distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. His company spearheading a battalion drive deep in enemy territory, suddenly came under a devastating barrage of enemy mortar and automatic weapons crossfire which inflicted heavy casualties among his comrades and wounded him in the face and shoulder. Refusing to be evacuated, Pfc. Young remained in position and continued to fire at the enemy until wounded a second time. As he awaited first aid near the company command post the enemy attempted an enveloping movement. Disregarding medical treatment he took an exposed position and firing with deadly accuracy killed five of the enemy. During this action he was again hit by hostile fire which knocked him to the ground and destroyed his helmet. Later when supporting tanks moved forward, Pfc. Young, his wounds still unattended, directed tank fire which destroyed three enemy gun positions and enabled the company to advance. Wounded again by an enemy mortar burst, and while aiding several of his injured comrades, he demanded that all others be evacuated first. Throughout the course of this action the leadership and combative instinct displayed by Pfc. Young exerted a profound influence on the conduct of the company. His aggressive example affected the whole course of the action and was responsible for its success. Pfc. Young’s dauntless courage and intrepidity reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Marine Fighting Squadron 121, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Place and date: Over Guadalcanal, October 9th, to 19 November 1942, 15 and 23 January 1943. Entered service at: South Dakota. Born: 17 April 1 915, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Citation: For outstanding heroism and courage above and beyond the call of duty as executive officer of Marine Fighting Squadron 121, First Marine Aircraft Wing, at Guadalcanal. Engaging in almost daily combat with the enemy from 9 October to 19 November 1942, Capt. Foss personally shot down twenty-three Japanese planes and damaged others so severely that their destruction was extremely probable. In addition, during this period, he successfully led a large number of escort missions, skillfully covering reconnaissance, bombing, and photographic planes as well as surface craft. On 15 January 1943, he added three more enemy planes to his already brilliant successes for a record of aerial combat achievement unsurpassed in this war. Boldly searching out an approaching enemy force on 25 January, Capt. Foss led his eight F -4F Marine planes and four Army P -38’s into action and, undaunted by tremendously superior numbers, intercepted and struck with such force that four Japanese fighters were shot down and the bombers were turned back without releasing a single bomb. His remarkable flying skill, inspiring leadership, and indomitable fighting spirit were distinctive factors in the defense of strategic American positions on Guadalcanal.
*KANDLE, VICTOR L.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near La Forge, France, October 9th,1944. Entered service at: Redwood City, Calif. Birth: Roy, Wash. G.O. No.: 37, 11 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. On 9 October 1944, at about noon, near La Forge, France, 1st Lt. Kandle, while leading a reconnaissance patrol into enemy territory, engaged in a duel at pointblank range with a German field officer and killed him. Having already taken five enemy prisoners that morning, he led a skeleton platoon of sixteen men, reinforced with a light machinegun squad, through fog and over precipitous mountain terrain to fall on the rear of a German quarry stronghold which had checked the advance of an infantry battalion for two days. Rushing forward, several yards ahead of his assault elements, 1st Lt. Kandle fought his way into the heart of the enemy strongpoint, and, by his boldness and audacity, forced the Germans to surrender. Harassed by machinegun fire from a position which he had bypassed in the dense fog, he moved to within fifteen yards of the enemy, killed a German machinegunner with accurate rifle fire and led his men in the destruction of another machinegun crew and its rifle security elements. Finally, he led his small force against a fortified house held by two German officers and thirty enlisted men. After establishing a base of fire, he rushed forward alone through an open clearing in full view of the enemy, smashed through a barricaded door, and forced all thirty-two Germans to surrender. His intrepidity and bold leadership resulted in the capture or killing of three enemy officers and fifty-four enlisted men, the destruction of three enemy strongpoints, and the seizure of enemy positions which had halted a battalion attack.
*COLYER, WILBUR E.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 1st Engineers, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Verdun, France, October 9th, 1918. Entered service at: South Ozone, Long Island, N.Y. Birth: Brooklyn, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Volunteering with two other soldiers to locate machinegun nests, Sgt. Colyer advanced on the hostile positions to a point where he was half surrounded by the nests, which were in ambush. He killed the gunner of one gun with a captured German grenade and then turned this gun on the other nests silencing all of them before he returned to his platoon. He was later killed in action.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company H, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: Near Consenvoye, France, October 9th, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born. 24 August 1886, Bergen, Norway. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: When his company had reached a point within 100 yards of its objective, to which it was advancing under terrific machinegun fire, Pvt. Loman voluntarily and unaided made his way forward after all others had taken shelter from the direct fire of an enemy machinegun. He crawled to a flank position of the gun and, after killing or capturing the entire crew, turned the machinegun on the retreating enemy.
SCHMIDT, OSCAR, JR.
Rank and organization: Chief Gunner’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Place and date: At sea, October 9th,1918. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Born: 25 March 1896, Philadelphia, Pa. G.O. No.: 450, 1919. Citation: For gallant conduct and extraordinary heroism while attached to the U.S.S. Chestnut Hill, on the occasion of the explosion and subsequent fire on board the U.S. submarine chaser 219. Schmidt, seeing a man, whose legs were partly blown off, hanging on a line from the bow of the 219, jumped overboard, swam to the sub chaser and carried him from the bow to the stern where a member of the 219’s crew helped him land the man on the afterdeck of the submarine. Schmidt then endeavored to pass through the flames amidships to get another man who was seriously burned. This he was unable to do, but when the injured man fell overboard and drifted to the stern of the chaser Schmidt helped him aboard .
Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Woodstock, Va., October 9th, 1864. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Allegany County, N.Y. Date of issue: 14 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 32d Battalion Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).
The Great Chicago Fire
The summer of 1871 was very dry, leaving the ground parched and the wooden city vulnerable. What caused the fire to grow so quickly and burn so fast was a preponderance of ballon houses. The balloon house was invented in Chicago by Augustine Taylor and used light weight planks and nails instead of heavy timbers that were mortised together. The end product looked like it would blow away in a high wind, like a balloon, thus the name.
On Sunday evening, October 8, 1871, just after nine o’clock, a fire broke out in the barn behind the home of Patrick and Catherine O’Leary at 13 DeKoven Street on the northeast corner of Dekoven (1100S) and Jefferson (600W) streets . How the fire started is still unknown today, but Mrs. O’Leary’s cow often gets the credit. The belief that a kerosene lamp was overturned during the milking a cow is more myth than truth.
Conditions at the time were more probably due to the weather conditions. Chicago was experiencing constant dry winds. That combined with an exhausted fire department, a malfunction of the city’s alarm system and the total unpredictability in determining the fire path. The firefighters, exhausted from fighting a large fire the day before, were first sent to the wrong neighborhood. When they finally arrived at the O’Leary’s, they found the fire raging out of control. The blaze quickly spread east and north. Wooden houses, commercial and industrial buildings, and private mansions were all consumed in the blaze.
After two days, rain began to fall. On the morning of October 10, 1871, the fire died
out, leaving complete devastation in the heart of the city. At least 250 people were dead, 100,000 people were homeless, and $200 million worth of property was destroyed. The entire central business district of Chicago was leveled. The fire was one of the most spectacular events of the nineteenth century, the fire burned out of control in the tinder-dry city for more than 24 hours, and it is recognized as a major milestone in the city’s history.
The city was so quickly rebuilt that by 1875, few traces of the fire remained. Many
people still believe that Mrs. O’Leary’s cow kicked over a lantern which started the fire. The Chicago City Council once passed a resolution exonerating the cow and apologizing to the O’Leary family. Pegleg O’Sullivan kicked over a lantern after breaking into the O’Leary dairy barn to steal milk for a whiskey punch party.
“A certain amount of opposition is a great help to a man. Kites rise against, not with the wind.”
~ John Neal
in‧trigue /v. ɪnˈtrig; n. ɪnˈtrig, ˈɪn [v. in-treeg; n. in-treeg, in-treeg] verb, -trigued, -tri‧guing, noun
– Used as a verb (with object)
1. to arouse the curiosity or interest of by unusual, new, or otherwise fascinating or compelling qualities; appeal strongly to; captivate: The plan intrigues me, but I wonder if it will work.
2. to achieve or earn by appealing to another’s curiosity, fancy, or interest: to intrigue one’s way into another’s notice.
- Used as a noun
3. to plot craftily or underhandedly.
4. to accomplish or force by crafty plotting or underhand machinations.
5. to draw or capture: Her interest was intrigued by the strange symbol.
6. to carry on a secret or illicit love affair.
7.the use of underhand machinations or deceitful stratagems.
8. a plot or crafty dealing: political intrigues.
876 – Charles the Bald was defeated at the Battle of Andernach. Louis the Young beat Charles the Bare.
1775 – Officers decided to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army.
1812 – Boat party under Lt. Jesse D. Elliott captures HMS Detroit and Caledonia in Niagara River.
1823 – Erie Canal inaugurated at Albany,NY.
1837 – The schooner Cumberland ran ashore on Core Banks, North Carolina. The nasty weather that caused the wreck was due to hurricane that came to be known as Racer’s Storm. The Cumberland was carrying coffee, animal hides and cigars from the Caribbean island of Curaçao to New York.
1842 – Commodore Lawrence Kearny in USS Constitution addresses a letter to the Viceroy of China, urging that American merchants in China be granted the same treaty privileges as the British. His negotiations are successful.
1862 – Union and Confederate forces fought at Perryville, Kentucky in a one-day battle that stopped the South’s attempt to bring that border state into the Confederacy.
1865 – An earthquake hit San Francisco.
1869 – Franklin Pierce (64), the 14th president (1853 -1857) of the United States, died in Concord, N.H.
1871 – Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these. It burned about 17,450 buildings, killing 250 people and left nearly 100,000 people homeless, although the Peshtigo Fire killed as many as 2,500 people making it the deadliest fire in United States history.
1888 – Melville Fuller is sworn in as the 8th Chief Justice of the United States.
1895 – The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in Philadelphia.
1899 – Philippine Insurrection:: A force of 375 Marines under command of future Commandant George F. Elliott, attacked and captured the insurgent town of Novaleta, Luzon, Philippine Islands, and linked up with U.S. Army troops. There were eleven Marine casualties.
1901 – Domino Sugar was trademark registered.
1904 – First Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY).
1904 – “Little Johnny Jones” opened in Hartford, CT. The show became a hit several times, due in part to a little ditty which became quite popular. “Give My Regards to Broadway.” James Cagney version 1942 @ 2:16
1906 – Karl Ludwig Nessler of London demonstrated the first machine to put permanent waves in hair. It was a six-hour process and the client wore a dozen brass curlers, each weighing two pounds.
1912 – The First Balkan War (against Turkey) began — from which World War I arose.
1915 – World War I: The Battle of Loos, in World War I, ended. There was loss of over one hundred thousand French, British, and German lives in this battle. It marked the first use of poisonous gas by the British, which drifted back to the British trenches.
1918 – World War I – In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Army Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills twenty-five German soldiers and captures one-hundred thirty-two. After this event he was promoted to sergeant and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
1919 – The first transcontinental air race in the U.S. began; 63 planes competed in the round-trip aerial derby between California and New York. Lieutenant Belvin W. Maynard, flying a Havilland-4 with a Liberty motor, won the 5,400-mile race across the continent and back.
1919 – The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives passed the Volstead Prohibition Enforcement Bill. It was named for Representative Andrew Volstead of Minnesota and enforced the ban on the sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages. This rang in the era of prohibition.
1922 – World Series: New York Giants (4) vs New York Yankees (0)
1922 – Lilian Gatlin became the first woman pilot to fly across the United States.
1927 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Pittsburgh Pirates (0)
1930 – World Series: Philadelphia Athletics (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (2)
1934 – Bruno Hauptmann was indicted for murder in the death of the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh. He had been caught with $14,000 of the Lindbergh baby ransom money.
1935 – “The O’Neills” debuted on the CBS Radio Network.
1935 – Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet.)
1938 – Norman Rockwell published his famous self-portrait in the “Saturday Evening Post.”
1938 – The film “In Old Chicago,” with Tyrone Power and Alice Faye, was a musical that built up to the Chicago fire.
1939 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Cincinnati Reds (0)
1940 – World Series: Cincinnati Reds (4) vs Detroit Tigers (3)
1941 – The Benny Goodman Orchestra recorded “Buckle Down Winsocki”, with Tom Dix.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust – Construction began on the 430-acre Birkenau extermination camp, 1.5 miles away from Auschwitz.
1942 – World War II: Third Battle of the Matanikau was a U.S. success: the Marines mauled a Japanese infantry regiment and disrupted their offensive by capturing assembly and artillery positions on the east bank of the Matanikau.
1944 – “Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet” debut on CBS radio
1945 – President Harry Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
1948 – CHART TOPPER – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent), “It’s Magic” by Doris Day and “Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long, Long Way)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1949 – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War: U.N. forces crossed into North Korea from South Korea.
1952 – Korean War: Operation RED COW, a joint Navy -Air Force mission against enemy positions near Kaesong, was conducted with Navy F2H Banshee fighter jets from Task Force 77 providing fighter escort for Air Force B -29 Super Fortress bombers.
1952 – “The Complete Book of Etiquette” was published for the first time.
1953 – Birmingham, Alabama, barred Jackie Robinson’s Negro-White All-Stars from playing there. Robinson gave in and dropped white players from his group.
1955 – “Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing” by Four Aces topped the charts.
1955 – USS Saratoga launched. It was billed as the world’s most powerful aircraft carrier,
1956 – Don Larsen pitched the first (and only, to date) perfect game in the World Series as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0.
1956 – The show “Lawrence Welk’s Top Tunes and New Talent” debuted.
1956 – CHART TOPPER – “Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2)” by Bill Doggett, “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Heywood, “The Green Door” by Jim Lowe and “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1957 – Walter O’Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California.
1957 – Jerry Lee Lewis recorded the song “Great Balls Of Fire.” He was at Sun Records with Elvis.
1958 – “Bat Masterson” was an American Western television series which showed a fictionalized account of the life of real-life marshal/gambler/dandy Bat Masterson. The title character was played by Gene Barry.
1959 – LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in the World Series.
1960 – “My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own” by Connie Francis topped the charts.
1960 – Yankee Bobby Richardson’s hits a World Series grand slam off relief pitcher Clem Labine.
1960 – USS Constellation (CV-64) was launched, a Kitty Hawk-class aircraft carrier, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the “new constellation of stars” on the flag of the United States.
1961 – Whitey Ford set the World Series record for consecutive scoreless innings.
1964 – CHART TOPPER – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison, “Do Wah Diddy Diddy” by Manfred Mann, “Dancing in the Street” by Martha & The Vandellas and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1966 – “Cherish” by the Association topped the charts.
1966 – Wyoming’s Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52).
1968 – Vietnam War: Operation Sealords – United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
1970 – Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon’s October 7 peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.”
1970 – Soviet Union author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.
1972 – CHART TOPPER – “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis, “Ben” by Michael Jackson, “Back Stabbers” by O’Jays and “I Ain’t Never” by Mel Tillis all topped the charts.
1972 – The TV series “Hec Ramsey” premiered with Richard Boone as a gunfighter intrigued with new methods of criminology.
1974 – “Then Came You“, by Dionne Warwick and The Spinners, went solid gold this day.
1974 – President Gerald Ford’s WIN (Whip Inflation Now) program was announced in response to a high inflation rate. Consumer prices rose 12.2 percent in 1974.
1974 – The Franklin National Bank, the 20th largest US bank, collapsed in obscure circumstances.
1977 – “Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band” by Meco topped the charts.
1978 – Ken Warby set the world water speed record at 317.627 mph.
1979 – “Sugar Babies” opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway. It continued for 1208 performances.
1980 – CHART TOPPER – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen, “Give Me the Night” by George Benson, “Drivin’ My Life Away” by Eddie Rabbitt and “Do You Wanna Go to Heaven” by T.G. Sheppard all topped the charts.
1980 – Bob Marley collapsed onstage during a show in Pittsburgh, PA. It was the last show he would ever perform. He died seven months later of cancer.
1981 – An explosive device at the Univ. of Utah was defused. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
1983 – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler topped the charts
1984 – Anne Murray won the Country Music Association’s Album of the Year Award for “A Little Good News“. Murray was the first woman to achieve this award.
1987 – U.S. helicopter gunships in the Persian Gulf sank three Iranian patrol boats after an American observation helicopter was fired on. (Two of six Iranian crewmen taken from the water later died.)
1988 – CHART TOPPER – “Love Bites” by Def Leppard, “Red Red Wine” by UB40, “Don’t Be Cruel” by Cheap Trick and “Honky Tonk Moon” by Randy Travis all topped the charts.
1989 – The Oakland A’s won the American League pennant for the second year in a row by defeating the Toronto Blue Jays.
1990 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
1991 – A slave burial site was found by construction workers in lower Manhattan. The “Negro Burial Ground” had been closed in 1790. Over a dozen skeletons were found.
1991 – The U.S. Senate postponed its vote on Clarence Thomas’ Supreme Court nomination to investigate allegations that he’d sexually harassed a former aide, Anita Hill.
1991 – A federal judge in Anchorage, Alaska, approved a five-billion-dollar settlement against Exxon for the Valdez oil spill.
1992 – The U.S. Postal Service announced the commemorative stamp booklet that would include Bill Haley, Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, Clyde McPhatter, Dinah Washington, and Otis Redding.
1993 – The U.S. government issued a report absolving the FBI of any wrongdoing in its final assault in Waco, TX, on the Branch Davidian compound. The fire that ended the siege killed as many as 85 people.
1994 – President Clinton, responding to the massing of Iraqi troops near the Kuwaiti border, warned Saddam Husein not to misjudge “American will or American power” as he ordered additional U.S. forces to the region.
1997 – A jury in South Carolina ordered Chrysler Corp. to pay $262.5 mil to the parents of a 6-year-old boy killed in a 1994 accident due to a defective rear latch. $250 mil was for punitive damages.
1998 – In Port Arthur, Texas, an incinerating plant operated by Waste Management began burning a diluted batch of napalm.
1998 – Astronomers reported sighting galaxies 12 billion light-years away using the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) on the Hubble Space Telescope.
1999 – It was reported that the US Congress had approved $1 billion over 20 years for 7 luxury aircraft for the Pentagon’s top commanders.
1999 – Laila Ali, the 21-year-old daughter of Muhammad Ali, made her professional boxing debut by knocking out opponent April Fowler 31 seconds after the opening bell in Verona, New York.
1999 – A damage award to State Farm auto insurance customers swelled to nearly $1.2 billion after a judge in Illinois ruled that the nation’s largest auto insurer committed fraud by using generic auto-body repair parts.
2001 – President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security. Tom Ridge, former Governor of Pennsylvania, was sworn in as director.
2001 – A second case of anthrax was reported with Ernesto Blanco (73), a co-worker of the man who died Oct 5 in Florida.
2002- A federal judge approved U.S. President George W. Bush’s request to reopen West Coast ports, to end a caustic 10-day labor lockout. The lockout was costing the U.S. economy an estimated $1 billion to $2 billion a day.
2002 – Two Kuwaitis opened fire on U.S. troops on a military exercise on a Kuwait’s Failaka Island in the Persian Gulf, fatally wounding a Marine in what the Interior Ministry called a “terrorist” attack.
2003 – Siegfried Fischbacher and his manager announced that the “Siegfried and Roy” show at the Mirage was canceled permanently.
2003 – In Arizona officials at Safford Middle School strip-searched Savana Redding (13) after she was suspected of distributing 4 ibuprofen pills. In 2009 the US Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the school officials had violated her rights.
2004 – At Alderson Federal Prison Camp, WV, Martha Stewart began her five-month prison sentence. The sentence was imposed for Stewart lying about a stock sale.
2005 – In New Orleans Robert Davis, a retired elementary teacher, was repeatedly punched in the head by police in an incident caught on videotape. Davis was not drunk, put up no resistance and was baffled by what happened. In Dec two police officers were fired for the incident.
2005 – Auto-parts maker Delphi Corp. filed for bankruptcy, hurt by high wage and benefit costs. It was the biggest bankruptcy filing in US automotive history.
2007 – U.S. athlete Marion Jones returns the five medals she won at the Sydney Olympics and accepts a two-year ban from the sport after admitting to her use of a prohibited substance.
2007 – Air crews conduct search and rescue missions for an airplane carrying 8-10 skydivers and there pilot that is believed to have crashed in a mountainous area of the Washington 45 miles west of Yakima. The wreckage was found with no sign of survivors.
2009 – A New York City jury convicted Anthony Marshall (85), the son of Brooke Astor, of grand larceny and conspiracy in a scheme to force the socialite to change her will before she died at age 105 in 2007.
2009 – In Arizona twenty-one people were taken to area hospitals with illnesses ranging from dehydration to kidney failure after being overcome while sitting in a sweat-lodge at the Angel Valley resort in Sedona.
2010 – President Barack Obama praised outgoing national security adviser Jim Jones and named close aide Tom Donilon (55) as his top security adviser, elevating a skeptic of the US troop surge in Afghanistan to oversee a major review of the war.
2010 – President Obama signed a law on providing the disabled easier access to technology.
2010 – The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 11,000 for the first time in five months.
2010 – The United States economy shed 95,000 more jobs than expected in September.
2011 – Roger Williams (87), pianist and composer, died in Los Angeles. His 1955 hit “Autumn Leaves” was the only piano instrumental to reach No.1 on the billboard pop charts. His hits also included “Born Free,” “the Impossible Dream” and “Lara’s Theme.”
2014 – Batman honored by the U.S. Postal Service to celebrate 75 Years of the revered super hero. He will join the elite ranks of American pop-culture icons that have been given this honor.
2014 – In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Thad Starr (45) of Pleasant Hills, Oregon, won the 39th annual giant pumpkin contest with a 1,775 gourd, a local record. The world record was recently set in Massachusetts by a 2,009-pound specimen.
1810 – James Wilson Marshall, American carpenter and wheelwright, discoverer of gold in the American West.
1838 – John Milton Hay, American diplomat and statesman, poet, and author.
1890 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American fighter pilot in World War I, aviation pioneer, and airlines executive.
1895 – Juan Perón, President of Argentina (1946-1955 and 1973-74).
1941 – Rev. Jesse Jackson, American civil rights leader.
1943 – Chevy Chase, American comedian and actor
1949 – Sigourney Weaver, American actress
BROWN, BOBBIE E.
Rank and organization: Captain, U S. Army, Company C, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Crucifix Hill, Aachen, Germany, October8th, 1944. Entered service at: Atlanta, Ga. Born: 2 September 1903, Dublin, Ga. G.O. No.: 74, 1 September 1945. Citation: He commanded Company C, 18th Infantry Regiment, on 8 October 1944, when it, with the Ranger Platoon of the 1st Battalion, attacked Crucifix Hill, a key point in the enemy’s defense of Aachen, Germany. As the leading rifle platoon assaulted the first of many pillboxes studding the rising ground, heavy fire from a flanking emplacement raked it. An intense artillery barrage fell on the American troops which had been pinned down in an exposed position. Seeing that the pillboxes must be neutralized to prevent the slaughter of his men, Capt. Brown obtained a pole charge and started forward alone toward the first pillbox, about 100 yards away. Hugging the ground while enemy bullets whipped around him, he crawled and then ran toward the aperture of the fortification, rammed his explosive inside and jumped back as the pillbox and its occupants were blown up. He rejoined the assault platoon, secured another pole charge, and led the way toward the next pillbox under continuous artillery mortar, automatic, and small-arms fire. He again ran forward and placed his charge in the enemy fortification, knocking it out. He then found that fire from a third pillbox was pinning down his company; so he returned to his men, secured another charge, and began to creep and crawl toward the hostile emplacement. With heroic bravery he disregarded opposing fire and worked ahead in the face of bullets streaming from the pillbox. Finally reaching his objective, he stood up and inserted his explosive, silencing the enemy. He was wounded by a mortar shell but refused medical attention and, despite heavy hostile fire, moved swiftly among his troops exhorting and instructing them in subduing powerful opposition. Later, realizing the need for information of enemy activity beyond the hill, Capt. Brown went out alone to reconnoiter. He observed possible routes of enemy approach and several times deliberately drew enemy fire to locate gun emplacements. Twice more, on this self-imposed mission, he was wounded; but he succeeded in securing information which led to the destruction of several enemy guns and enabled his company to throw back two powerful counterattacks with heavy losses. Only when Company C’s position was completely secure did he permit treatment of his three wounds. By his indomitable courage, fearless leadership, and outstanding skill as a soldier, Capt. Brown contributed in great measure to the taking of Crucifix Hill, a vital link in the American line encircling Aachen.
ANDERSON, JOHANNES S.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: At Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Finland. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While his company was being held up by intense artillery and machinegun fire, 1st Sgt. Anderson, without aid, voluntarily left the company and worked his way to the rear of the nest that was offering the most stubborn resistance. His advance was made through an open area and under constant hostile fire, but the mission was successfully accomplished, and he not only silenced the gun and captured it, but also brought back with him twenty-three prisoners.
*COSTIN, HENRY G.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company H, 115th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: Near Bois -de -Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Baltimore, Md. Birth: Baltimore, Md. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: When the advance of his platoon had been held up by machinegun fire and a request was made for an automatic rifle team to charge the nest, Pvt. Costin was the first to volunteer. Advancing with his team, under terrific fire of enemy artillery, machineguns, and trench mortars, he continued after all his comrades had become casualties and he himself had been seriously wounded. He operated his rifle until he collapsed. His act resulted in the capture of about one-hundred prisoners and several machineguns. He succumbed from the effects of his wounds shortly after the accomplishment of his heroic deed.
DOZIER, JAMES C .
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company G, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Montbrehain, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Rock Hill, S.C. Born: 17 February 1885, Galivants Ferry, N.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: In command of 2 platoons, 1st. Lt. Dozier was painfully wounded in the shoulder early in the attack, but he continued to lead his men displaying the highest bravery and skill. When his command was held up by heavy machinegun fire, he disposed his men in the best cover available and with a soldier continued forward to attack a machinegun nest. Creeping up to the position in the face of intense fire, he killed the entire crew with handgrenades and his pistol and a little later captured a number of Germans who had taken refuge in a dugout nearby.
FOSTER, GARY EVANS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company F, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Montbrehain, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Inman, S.C. Birth: Spartanburg, S.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: When his company was held up by violent machinegun fire from a sunken road, Sgt. Foster with an officer went forward to attack the hostile machinegun nests. The officer was wounded, but Sgt. Foster continued on alone in the face of the heavy fire and by effective use of handgrenades and his pistol killed several of the enemy and captured eighteen others.
GREGORY, EARL D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Headquarters Company, 116th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: At Bois -de -Consenvoye, north of Verdun, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Chase City, Va. Birth: Chase City, Va. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: With the remark “I will get them,” Sgt. Gregory seized a rifle and a trench -mortar shell, which he used as a handgrenade, left his detachment of the trench -mortar platoon, and advancing ahead of the infantry, captured a machinegun and three of the enemy. Advancing still farther from the machinegun nest, he captured a 7.5 -centimeter mountain howitzer and, entering a dugout in the immediate vicinity, single -handedly captured nineteen of the enemy.
*HALL, THOMAS LEE
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date. Near Montbrehain, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Fort Mill, S.C. Birth: Fort Mill, S.C., G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: Having overcome two machinegun nests under his skillful leadership, Sgt. Hall’s platoon was stopped eight-hundred yards from its final objective by machinegun fire of particular intensity. Ordering his men to take cover in a sunken road, he advanced alone on the enemy machinegun post and killed five members of the crew with his bayonet and thereby made possible the further advance of the line. While attacking another machinegun nest later in the day this gallant soldier was mortally wounded.
HOLDERMAN, NELSON M.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 307th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Northeast of Binarville, in the forest of Argonne, France, 2 -October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Santa Ana, Calif. Birth: Trumbell, Nebr. G.O. No.: 11, W.D., 1921. Citation: Capt. Holderman commanded a company of a battalion which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy. He was wounded on the 4th, 5th, and 7th of October, but throughout the entire period, suffering great pain and subjected to fire of every character, he continued personally to lead and encourage the officers and men under his command with unflinching courage and with distinguished success. On 6 October, in a wounded condition, he rushed through enemy machinegun and shell fire and carried two wounded men to a place of safety.
KARNES, JAMES E.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Estrees, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Knoxville, Tenn. Born: 1889, Arlington, Tenn. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: During an advance, his company was held up by a machinegun, which was enfilading the line. Accompanied by another soldier, he advanced against this position and succeeded in reducing the nest by killing three and capturing seven of the enemy and their guns.
McMURTRY, GEORGE G.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: At Charlevaux, in the forest of Argonne, France, 2 -October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 6 November 1876, Pittsburgh, Pa. G.O. No.: 118, W.D., 1918. Citation: Commanded a battalion which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy and although wounded in the knee by shrapnel on 4 October and suffering great pain, he continued throughout the entire period to encourage his officers and men with a resistless optimism that contributed largely toward preventing panic and disorder among the troops, who were without food, cut off from communication with our lines. On 4 October during a heavy barrage, he personally directed and supervised the moving of the wounded to shelter before himself seeking shelter. On 6 October he was again wounded in the shoulder by a German grenade, but continued personally to organize and direct the defense against the German attack on the position until the attack was defeated. He continued to direct and command his troops, refusing relief, and personally led his men out of the position after assistance arrived before permitting himself to be taken to the hospital on 8 October. During this period the successful defense of the position was due largely to his efforts.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 115th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: Bois -de -Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Birth: Middleboro, Mass. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: While leading his platoon against a strong enemy machinegun nest which had held up the advance of two companies, 2d Lt. Regan divided his men into three groups, sending one group to either flank, and he himself attacking with an automatic rifle team from the front. Two of the team were killed outright, while 2d Lt. Regan and the third man were seriously wounded, the latter unable to advance. Although severely wounded, 2d Lt. Regan dashed with empty pistol into the machinegun nest, capturing thirty Austrian gunners and four machineguns. This gallant deed permitted the companies to advance, avoiding a terrific enemy fire. Despite his wounds, he continued to lead his platoon forward until ordered to the rear by his commanding officer.
SAMPLER, SAMUEL M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company H, 142d Infantry, 36th Division. Place and date: Near St. Etienne, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Altus, Okla. Birth: Decatur, Tex. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: His company having suffered severe casualties during an advance under machinegun fire, was finally stopped. Cpl. Sampler detected the position of the enemy machineguns on an elevation. Armed with German handgrenades, which he had picked up, he left the line and rushed forward in the face of heavy fire until he was near the hostile nest, where he grenaded the position. His third grenade landed among the enemy, killing two, silencing the machineguns, and causing the surrender of twenty-eight Germans, whom he sent to the rear as prisoners. As a result of his act the company was immediately enabled to resume the advance.
SLACK, CLAYTON K.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company D, 124th Machine Gun Battalion, 33d Division. Place and date: Near Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Madison, Wis. Born: 23 February 1896, Plover, Wis. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Observing German soldiers under cover fifty yards away on the left flank, Pvt. Slack, upon his own initiative, rushed them with his rifle and, single -handed, captured ten prisoners and two heavy -type machineguns, thus saving his company and neighboring organizations from heavy casualties.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 6 January 1897, South Weymouth, Mass. Appointed from: Connecticut. Citation: For exceptionally meritorious service and extraordinary heroism while attached to Squadron C, 1st Marine Aviation Force, in France. 2d Lt. Talbot participated in numerous air raids into enemy territory. On October 8th, 1918, while on such a raid, he was attacked by nine enemy scouts, and in the fight that followed shot down an enemy plane. Also, on 14 October 1918, while on a raid over Pittham, Belgium, 2d Lt. Talbot and another plane became detached from the formation on account of motor trouble and were attacked by twelve enemy scouts. During the severe fight that followed, his plane shot down one of the enemy scouts. His observer was shot through the elbow and his gun jammed. 2d Lt. Talbot maneuvered to gain time for his observer to clear the jam with one hand, and then returned to the fight. The observer fought until shot twice, once in the stomach and once in the hip and then collapsed, 2d Lt. Talbot attacked the nearest enemy scout with his front guns and shot him down. With his observer unconscious and his motor failing, he dived to escape the balance of the enemy and crossed the German trenches at an altitude of fifty feet, landing at the nearest hospital to leave his observer, and then returning to his aerodrome.
TURNER, HAROLD L.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company F, 142d Infantry, 36th Division. Place and date: Near St. Etienne, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Seminole, Okla. Born: 5 May 1898, Aurora, Mo. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: After his platoon had started the attack Cpl. Turner assisted in organizing a platoon consisting of the battalion scouts, runners, and a detachment of Signal Corps. As second in command of this platoon he fearlessly led them forward through heavy enemy fire, continually encouraging the men. Later he encountered deadly machinegun fire which reduced the strength of his command to but four men, and these were obliged to take shelter. The enemy machinegun emplacement, twenty-five yards distant, kept up a continual fire from four machineguns. After the fire had shifted momentarily, Cpl. Turner rushed forward with fixed bayonet and charged the position alone capturing the strong point with a complement of fifty Germans and one machineguns. His remarkable display of courage and fearlessness was instrumental in destroying the strong point, the fire from which had blocked the advance of his company.
WARD, CALVIN JOHN
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company D, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Estrees, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Morristown, Tenn. Born: October 1898, Green County, Tenn. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: During an advance, Pvt. Ward’s company was held up by a machinegun, which was enfilading the line. Accompanied by a noncommissioned officer, he advanced against this post and succeeded in reducing the nest by killing three and capturing seven of the enemy and their guns.
YORK, ALVIN C.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company G, 328th Infantry, 82d Division. Place and date: Near Chatel -Chehery, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Pall Mall, Tenn. Born: 13 December 1887, Fentress County, Tenn. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: After his platoon had suffered heavy casualties and three other noncommissioned officers had become casualties, Cpl. York assumed command. Fearlessly leading seven men, he charged with great daring a machinegun nest which was pouring deadly and incessant fire upon his platoon. In this heroic feat the machinegun nest was taken, together with four officers, 128 enemy soldiers and several guns.
DURHAM, JOHN S.
ank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 1st Wisconsin Infantry. Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., October 8th, 1862. Entered service at: Malone, St. Croix County, Wis. Born: 1843, New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 20 November 1896. Citation: Seized the flag of his regiment when the color sergeant was shot and advanced with the flag midway between the lines, amid a shower of shot, shell, and bullets, until stopped by his commanding officer.
SURLES, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 2d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., October 8th, 1862. Entered service at: Steubenville, Ohio. Born: 24 February 1845, Steubenville, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 August 1891. Citation: In the hottest part of the fire he stepped in front of his colonel to shield him from the enemy’s fire.
Thousands of years before there were movies, there was popcorn. The oldest ears of popcorn ever found were discovered in the Bat Cave of west central New Mexico in 1948 and 1950. Ranging from smaller than a penny to about 2 inches, the oldest Bat Cave ears are about 4,000 years old. Bat Cave is now an archaeological site. The name actually refers to a complex of rock shelters, occupied from about 10,000 years ago up to the present, with evidence of early maize agriculture.
Archeologists have found very old corn pollen just below Mexico City. The pollen found there is almost exactly the same as that today. Popcorn probably grew first in Mexico, though it was also used in China and India hundreds of years before Columbus reached the Americas. In tombs in Peru, archaeologists found ancient kernels of popcorn that are so well preserved that they can still pop.
Popcorn was probably an important part of life in the ancient Americas. On a 1,700-year-old painted funeral urn found in Mexico, a corn god is shown wearing a headdress of popcorn. Decorated popcorn poppers from around the same time have been found in Peru.
In 1519, Cortes got his first sight of popcorn when he invaded Mexico and came into contact with the Aztecs. In the 1600’s popcorn was very important to the Aztec and probably Mayan cultures. Bernardino de Sahagún (1499 – October 23, 1590) was a Franciscan friar and missionary priest who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain (now Mexico). He wrote, “And also a number of young women danced, having so vowed, a popcorn dance. As thick as tassels of maize were their popcorn garlands. And these they placed upon (the girls’) heads.” Popcorn was an important food for the Aztec Indians, who also used popcorn as decoration for ceremonial headdresses, necklaces and ornaments on statues of their gods, including Tlaloc, the god of rain and fertility.
Popcorn is fun and, if young kids are around, can be slightly scary with all these little explosions. When I was a kid (first half of the last century) my mom used a pressure cooker on an electric range. She would put in the oil, add the kernel’s, put the lid on the pan and lock it in place. Our job was to keep the pan moving so the kernels would not burn.
Once all the explosions stopped we would pull the pan off the burner and mom would open the pan. I was always amazed at the little brown things that went in and the big white things that came out. Here is what “scientifically” happens:
Each kernel of popcorn contains a certain amount of moisture and oil. Unlike most other grains, the outer hull of the popcorn kernel is both strong and impervious to moisture and the starch inside consists almost entirely of a hard, dense type. As the oil and the water are heated past the boiling point, they turn the moisture in the kernel, which has a moisture-proof hull, into a superheated pressurized steam. Under these conditions, the starch inside the kernel gelatinizes, softens and becomes pliable. The pressure continues to increase until the breaking point of the hull is reached: a pressure of about 135 psi and a temperature of 180 °C(356 °F). The hull ruptures rapidly, causing a sudden drop in pressure inside the kernel and a corresponding rapid expansion of the steam, which expands the starch and proteins of the endosperm into airy foam. As the foam rapidly cools, the starch and protein polymers set into the familiar crispy puff.
That and some butter and salt and it is time to start the movie.
“Success is peace of mind, a direct result of self-satisfaction in knowing that you did your best to become the best that you are capable of becoming, and not just in a physical way: seek ye first the kingdom and His righteousness and all these things will be yours as well.”
~ John Wooden (The Greatest Coach Ever)
stanch STONCH; STANCH, transitive verb:
To stop the flowing of; to check in its course; also, to stop the flowing of blood from; as, “to stanch a wound.”
Stanch is from Old French estancher, “to stop a liquid from flowing.”
3761 BC – The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar.
1492 – Christopher Columbus misses Florida when he changes course.
1520 – First public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain.
1571 – The Battle of Lepanto was fought between Christian allied naval forces and the Ottoman Turks attempting to capture Cyprus from the Venetians. It was the last great clash of galley ships.
1542 – Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast.
1763 – George III of Great Britain issued Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement.
1765 – Twenty-eight delegates from nine American colonies met at the Stamp Act Congress in New York City to protest Parliaments’ British Stamp Act, which imposed a direct tax on the colonies to raise revenue for a standing army in America.
1777 – Revolutionary War: Americans beat the British in the Battle of Second Saratoga and the Battle of Bemis Heights. During the battle General Benedict Arnold was shot in the leg. Another bullet killed his horse, which fell on Arnold, crushing his leg.
1780 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Kings Mountain American Patriot militia defeat Loyalist irregulars led by British colonel Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.
1785 – Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot tribes signed a treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States.
1793 – During the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine. He had been condemned for treason.
1806 – The first carbon paper was patented by its English inventor, Ralph Wedgwood.
1816 – The first double-decked steamboat, the “Washington,” arrives in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1826 – The first gravity-powered railroad went into operation, the Granite Railway from Quincy to Milton, Massachusetts.
1846 – The first issue of the “Daily News,” edited by Charles Dickens, was published.
1853 – Dr. Russell L. Hawes patented the envelope folding machine.
1863 – Two Confederate ships drive away two Union ships as the Rebels recapture Sabine Pass, Texas, and open an important port for the Confederacy.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Darbytown Road – the Confederate forces’ attempt to regain ground that had been lost around Richmond is thwarted
1864 – Civil War: Capture of the C.S.S. “Florida” — Union Warship captures the U.S.S. “Wachusett” — Confederate raider ship while in port in Bahia, Brazil.
1868 – Cornell University opened in Ithaca, New York.
1882 – Baseball: First World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0.
1896 – Dow Jones began reporting an average of the prices of 12 industrial stocks in the Wall Street Journal.
1903 – The US and Columbia sign the Hay-Herran Treaty, giving the US a 99 year lease and sovereignty over the Panama Canal Zone.
1908 – The Sullivan Ordinance was passed in New York City making smoking by women illegal. The measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
1912 – US troops begin the occupation of Tiensin, China to protect US interests and the US diplomatic legation.
1913 – The Ford Motor Company started operation of the first assembly line. It could turn out a car in three hours.
1916 – Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland College in the most lopsided victory in American college football. The 1916 Georgia Yellow Jackets team set a record for the largest margin of victory in college football history (or in the history of any other American football competition, for that matter) in a game against Cumberland College, 222-0. The Yellow Jackets led 63-0 after the first quarter and 126-0 at halftime. Tech added 54 more points in the third quarter and 42 in the final period.
1919 – The Dutch airline KLM, the oldest existing airline, was established.
1922 – The first radio network was formed. It was a network of just two stations. WJZ in Newark, NJ teamed with WGY in Schenectady, NY to bring the World Series game direct from the Polo Grounds in New York.
1927 – Yank Herb Pennock retires first 22 Pirates in world series game.
1927 – The first opera broadcast over a national radio network was presented in Chicago, IL. The opera was “Faust”.
1928 – Herbert Hoover was elected 31st President of the United States of America (1929-1933).
1931 – First infrared photograph, Rochester, New York.
1933 – World Series: New York Giants (4) vs Washington Senators (1)
1935 – World Series: Detroit Tigers (4) vs Chicago Cubs (2)
1938 – Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter J.
1939 – “Kate Hopkins, Angel of Mercy” was heard for the first time on CBS radio.
1940 – Artie Shaw’s orchestra recorded Hoagy Carmichael’s standard, “Star Dust”.
1941 – The United States lifted the ban on arms to the Soviet Union.
1943 – World War II: Japan executes 100 American civilian prisoners on Wake Island.
1943 – World War II: A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.
1944 – World War II: Uprising at Auschwitz, Jews burn down crematoriums.
1944 – Forces chosen for the Anzio landing set sail from Naples.
1946 – “The Fat Man” debuted on ABC radio.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Wish I Didn’t Love You So” by Vaughn Monroe, “Feudin’ and Fightin’ – Dorothy Shay, “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” by Perry Como, “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1949 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, known as Tokyo Rose, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for treason.
1950 – U.S.-led United Nations forces crossed the 38th parallel into North Korea, in response to North Korea’s invasion of South Korea.
1950 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Philadelphia Phillies (0)
1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts.
1950 – The “Frank Sinatra Show” premiered on CBS. This Saturday night show was broadcast weekly from 9:00 p.m. 10:00 p.m., leading to a radio series, also on CBS, called “Meet Frank Sinatra”.
1951 – The Western Hills Hotel in Fort Worth, TX became the first hostelry to feature all foam-rubber mattresses and pillows.
1952 – “American Bandstand” debuts on a local Philadelphia station.
1952 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (3)
1954 – Marian Anderson became the first Black opera singer in New York’s Metropolitan Opera.
1954 – The Nautilus was launched in Groton, CT. It was the first atomic-powered submarine. U.S. First Lady Mamie Eisenhower broke the traditional bottle of champagne across the bow.
1954 – Transistor calculator displayed.
1954 – The gas turbine automobile was introduced in New York City.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love is a Many-Splendored Thing” by The Four Aces, “Autumn Leaves” by Roger Williams, “Moments to Remember” by The Four Lads, “The Cattle Call” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1958 – US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury.
1959 – Far side of Moon seen for first time, compliments of USSR’s Luna 3.
1959 – A U.S. House subcommittee began investigations of allegedly rigged TV quiz shows.
1960 – Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy and Republican opponent Richard M. Nixon debated for a second time on television.
1960 – The TV series “Route 66” premieres.
1961 – “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee topped the charts.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy signed the documents of ratification for a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Blue Velvet” by Bobby Vinton, “Be My Baby” by The Ronettes, “Sugar Shack” by Jimmy Gilmer & The Fireballs and “Abilene” by George Hamilton IV all top the chart.
1965 – The official world’s longest hole-in-one occurred when on the 447 yard 10th hole of the Miracle Hills CG Robert Mitera blasted a 447 yard drive which happened to be the exact length of the hole.
1967 – “The Letter” by Box Tops topped the charts.
1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America adopted its film-rating system.
1970 – The Boeing 747 made its first commercial flight from New York to London for Pan American.
1970 – ABC-TV presented “The Johnny Cash Show” in prime time.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Maggie Mae/Reason to Believe” by Rod Stewart, “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” by Joan Baez, “Superstar” by the Carpenters and “Easy Loving” by Freddie Hart all topped the charts.
1972 – “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis topped the charts.
1975 – President Gerald Ford signs law allowing admission of women into service academies (Public Law 94 -106).
1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.
1978 – “Kiss You All Over” by Exile topped the charts.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sad Eyes” by Robert John, “Don’t Stop ’Til You Get Enough” by Michael Jackson, “Sail On” by Commodores and “The Cheater’s Waltz” by T.G. Sheppard all top the charts.
1980 – Gold was valued at $850 an ounce.
1981 – Egypt’s parliament named vice president Hosni Mubarak to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat.
1982 – Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice’s musical “Cats,” opened on Broadway. It closed after a record 7,485 performances.
1984 – Walter Payton passes Jim Brown as NFL’s career rushing leader.
1985 – Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship “Achille Lauro” in the Mediterranean Sea with more than 400 people aboard. After demanding the release of 50 Palestinian prisoners held in Israel, the terrorists kill Leon Klinghoffer, an elderly disabled American tourist, throwing him and his wheelchair overboard. The 413 people were held hostage for two days in the seizure that was masterminded by Mohammed Abul Abbas.
1985 – The United States announced it would no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions. This was in response to a June 25, 1985, World Court ruling that U.S. involvement in Nicaragua violated international law.
1985 – Lynette Woodward was chosen as the first woman on the Harlem Globetrotters.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston, “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake, “Lost in Emotion” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam and “You Again” by The Forester Sisters all topped the charts.
1989 – Rickey Henderson steals a record 8 bases in a playoff (5 games).
1989 – “Miss You Much” by Janet Jackson topped the charts.
1994 – A jury in Manassas, VA, acquitted Lorena Bobbitt by reason of temporary insanity of maliciously wounding (severing his penis) her husband John. She accused him of sexually assaulting her.
1994 – Iraqi troops moved south toward Kuwait. Pres. Clinton dispatched a carrier group, 54,000 troops and warplanes to the gulf area after Iraqi troops were spotted moving south toward Kuwait. The Iraqis pulled back.
1995 – A crowd of over 100,000 people were sitting or standing in Central Park to see Pope John Paul II.
1997 – Newt Gingrich was fined as the U.S. House of Representatives voted for first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.
1998 – A former White House intern said on tape that she had an affair with President Clinton.
1999 – American Home Products Corp. resolved one of the biggest product liability cases in history by agreeing to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that the fen-phen diet drug caused heart problems.
1999 – The U.S. Coast Guard intercepted a ship headed for Houston, TX, that had over 9,500 pounds of cocaine aboard. It was one of the largest drug busts in U.S. history.
1999 – It was reported that American fighter jets had begun using non -explosive concrete bombs to destroy military targets in northern Iraq.
2001 – Afghanistan: Operation Enduring Freedom begins with carrier air strikes, and ship and submarine Tomahawk strikes.
2001 – The Al -Jazeera TV network from Qatar showed video footage of Osama bin Laden praising Allah for the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
2002 – Space Shuttle Atlantis flies mission STS-112, its last mission before the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
2002 – In an address to the nation to support his action against Iraq, President Bush labeled Saddam Hussein a “homicidal dictator” and said the threat from Iraq was unique and imminent: “We refuse to live in fear.”
2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, an Austrian immigrant known as a film actor and former Mr. Universe, was elected governor of California. The election was a recall of Gov. Gray Davis just eleven months into his second term due to the state’s perilous financial condition.
2003 – It was announced by the U.S. Census Bureau that estimates showed that the Hispanic population had passed the black population for the first time.
2003 – Yasser Arafat swore in new Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia and a skeleton emergency Cabinet.
2003 – California voters recalled Gov. Davis. Among the replacement candidates, Arnold Schwarzenegger won with 3.74 million votes or 49%. Propositions 53 on racial privacy and 54 on state infrastructure funding were defeated.
2005 – The Senate voted to give President Bush $50 billion more for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and US military efforts against terrorism, money that would push total spending for the operations beyond $350 billion.
2006 – The NY Yankees were eliminated from the first round of the AL playoffs, losing to Detroit 8-3 in Game 4. It was the second straight year New York lost in the opening round.
2006 – In Virginia the Bush family christened the USS George H.W. Bush, the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier named after the 82-year-old former president.
2007 – Chad Schieber (35), a Michigan police officer, died and dozens of others needed medical care while running the Chicago Marathon as record heat and smothering humidity forced race organizers to shut down the course midway through the event.
2007 – A Cessna 208 Grand Caravan crashed in the Cascade Mountains after it left Star, Idaho, near Boise, en route to Shelton, Wash., northwest of Olympia. Nine skydivers and the pilot were killed. Searchers found the wreckage the next day.
2008 – The US Federal Reserve announced a radical plan to buy massive amounts of short-term debt in a dramatic effort to break through the severe credit clog. The Fed began lending unsecured to companies for the first time in its history.
2008 – Republican John McCain and Democrat Barack Obama held their 2nd presidential debate. Tom Brokaw of NBC, the moderator, screened their questions and also chose others that had been submitted online.
2009 – The war in Afghanistan entered its 9th year.
2010 – Israel buys 20 F-35I variant radar-evading fighter jets from the United States, Israel’s first batch of advanced fighter jets
2010 – The War in Afghanistan marks its ten year anniversary.
2012 – SpaceX launched a rocket to the International Space Station tonight at 20:35 Eastern. It will be delivering a half-ton of supplies. Public relations kit.
2012 -Drew Brees with the New Orleans Saints broke Johnny Unitas’ 52-year old record of 47 consecutive games with a touchdown pass. Brees threw his 48th with a 40-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Devery Henderson with 2:58 to play in the first quarter for a 7-7 tie. Uniquely Henderson wears No. 19 the same number Unitas wore.
2013 – The US House of Representatives today voted 400-1 to pass House Concurrent Resolution 58 calling on Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel to allow the continued performance of religious services on military installations during the government shutdown. The government had shut them down.
2014 – The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals invalidated Idaho’s marriage laws and legalized same-sex marriage in that state, which allowed Idaho county clerks to begin issuing same-sex marriage licenses a week later.
1853 – James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (d. 1916)
1905 – Andy Devine, American actor (d. 1977)
1931 – Cotton Fitzsimmons, American basketball coach most well-known for the Phoenix Suns (d. 2004)
1943 – Oliver North, U.S. Marine and politician
1957 – Michael W. Smith, American Christian singer
WATKINS, LEWIS G.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company I, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, October 7th,1952. Entered service at: Seneca, S.C. Born. 6 June 1925, Seneca, S.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a guide of a rifle platoon of Company I, in action against enemy aggressor forces during the hours of darkness on the morning of 7 October 1952. With his platoon assigned the mission of retaking an outpost which had been overrun by the enemy earlier in the night, S/Sgt. Watkins skillfully led his unit in the assault up the designated hill. Although painfully wounded when a well-entrenched hostile force at the crest of the hill engaged the platoon with intense small-arms and grenade fire, he gallantly continued to lead his men. Obtaining an automatic rifle from one of the wounded men, he assisted in pinning down an enemy machine gun holding up the assault. When an enemy grenade landed among S/Sgt. Watkins and several other Marines while they were moving forward through a trench on the hill crest, he immediately pushed his companions aside, placed himself in a position to shield them and picked up the deadly missile in an attempt to throw it outside the trench. Mortally wounded when the grenade exploded in his hand, S/Sgt. Watkins, by his great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, saved the lives of several of his comrades and contributed materially to the success of the mission. His extraordinary heroism, inspiring leadership, and resolute spirit of self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
HARRIS, JAMES L.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 756th Tank Battalion. Place and date: At Vagney, France, October 7th, 1944. Entered service at: Hillsboro, Tex. Birth: Hillsboro, Tex. G.O. No.: 32, 23 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 7 October 1944, in Vagney, France. At 9 p.m. an enemy raiding party, comprising a tank and two platoons of infantry, infiltrated through the lines under cover of mist and darkness and attacked an infantry battalion command post with hand grenades, retiring a short distance to an ambush position on hearing the approach of the M -4 tank commanded by 2d Lt. Harris. Realizing the need for bold aggressive action, 2d Lt. Harris ordered his tank to halt while he proceeded on foot, fully ten yards ahead of his six-man patrol and armed only with a service pistol, to probe the darkness for the enemy. Although struck down and mortally wounded by machinegun bullets which penetrated his solar plexus, he crawled back to his tank, leaving a trail of blood behind him, and, too weak to climb inside it, issued fire orders while lying on the road between the two contending armored vehicles. Although the tank which he commanded was destroyed in the course of the fire fight, he stood the enemy off until friendly tanks, preparing to come to his aid, caused the enemy to withdraw and thereby lose an opportunity to kill or capture the entire battalion command personnel. Suffering a second wound, which severed his leg at the hip, in the course of this tank duel, 2d Lt. Harris refused aid until after a wounded member of his crew had been carried to safety. He died before he could be given medical attention.
BARKLEY, JOHN L.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company K, 4th Infantry, 3d Division. Place and date: Near Cunel, France, October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Blairstown, Mo. Born: 28 August 1895 Blairstown, Mo. G.O. No.: 44, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pfc. Barkley, who was stationed in an observation post half a kilometer from the German line, on his own initiative repaired a captured enemy machinegun and mounted it in a disabled French tank near his post. Shortly afterward, when the enemy launched a counterattack against our forces, Pfc. Barkley got into the tank, waited under the hostile barrage until the enemy line was abreast of him and then opened fire, completely breaking up the counterattack and killing and wounding a large number of the enemy. Five minutes later an enemy 77-millimeter gun opened fire on the tank pointblank. One shell struck the drive wheel of the tank, but this soldier nevertheless remained in the tank and after the barrage ceased broke up a second enemy counterattack, thereby enabling our forces to gain and hold Hill 25.
HILL, RALYN M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company H, 129th Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: Near Donnevoux, France, October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Oregon, Ill. Born: 6 May 1899, Lindenwood, Ill. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: Seeing a French airplane fall out of control on the enemy side of the Meuse River with its pilot injured, Cpl. Hill voluntarily dashed across the footbridge to the side of the wounded man and, taking him on his back, started back to his lines. During the entire exploit he was subjected to murderous fire of enemy machineguns and artillery, but he successfully accomplished his mission and brought his man to a place of safety, a distance of several hundred yards.
TALLEY, EDWARD R.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company L, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Ponchaux, France, October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Russellville, Tenn. Born: 8 September 1890, Russellville, Tenn. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: Undeterred by seeing several comrades killed in attempting to put a hostile machinegun nest out of action, Sgt. Talley attacked the position single -handed. Armed only with a rifle, he rushed the nest in the face of intense enemy fire, killed or wounded at least six of the crew, and silenced the gun. When the enemy attempted to bring forward another gun and ammunition he drove them back by effective fire from his rifle.
WHITTLESEY, CHARLES W.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Northeast of Binarville, in the forest of Argonne France, October 2nd through October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Pittsfield, Mass. Birth. Florence, Wis. G.O. No.: 118, W.D., 1918. Citation: Although cut off for 5 days from the remainder of his division, Maj. Whittlesey maintained his position, which he had reached under orders received for an advance, and held his command, consisting originally of 46 officers and men of the 308th Infantry and of Company K of the 307th Infantry, together in the face of superior numbers of the enemy during the five days. Maj. Whittlesey and his command were thus cut off, and no rations or other supplies reached him, in spite of determined efforts which were made by his division. On the 4th day Maj. Whittlesey received from the enemy a written proposition to surrender, which he treated with contempt, although he was at the time out of rations and had suffered a loss of about 50 percent in killed and wounded of his command and was surrounded by the enemy.
BELPITT, W. H.
Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy. Born: 1859, Sydney, Australia. (Letter No. 126, 27 October 1884, LCDR Iverson, U .S. Navy.) Citation: On board the U.S.S. Monocacy, Foochow, China, October 7th, 1884. Jumping overboard from that vessel on the morning of this date, Belpitt sustained, until picked up, a Chinaman who had been thrown into the water by the capsizing of a canoe.