Unerased History – June 17th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 17, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Stewart’s Root Beer Day



Thou Art an Eagle

A farmer took his young son on a hike and they tramped through the meadows and woods. They hiked through the pines and up over the hills.

They climbed the steep mountains and finally, high above the timber line, scaled the crags and peaks they saw a giant eagle soaring overhead. They scanned the cliffs and finally located the eagles nest. The boy climbed up the cliff to where the nest was located. He reached into the nest, which rested on a ledge, and pulled out an egg, which he put inside his shirt. Then he climbed carefully back down the cliff.

He and his father returned home, and the boy put the egg in a nest where a hen was nest_egg-50brooding over her eggs. By and by, when the eggs were hatched, each delivered a small chick except the one from which a young eaglet was hatched. Months passed and the eaglet matured.

After the eagle was full grown, a naturalist was driving down the highway out in the country. As he drove by the farmer’s yard, he saw the giant eagle. He slammed on his brakes, got out of the car, and went over to the fence. He could hardly believe his eyes. He opened the gate, walked into the yard, and found the farmer. ‘Where did you get that eagle?’ he asked.

The farmer said, ‘It’s a chicken.’ The man responded: ‘I am a naturalist. I know all about these things, and I tell you that is an eagle. Furthermore, I’ll prove it.’ He picked up the eagle, put it on his arm, and said, ‘Thou art an eagle-fly.’ The eagle hopped off his arm and began to scratch in the dirt like the chickens. The farmer said, ‘I told you it was only a chicken.’

The naturalist asked for a ladder. He leaned it against the barn. Then he carried the eagle up on top of the barn. He stood at the peak of the roof on the barn, placed the eagle on his arm, and said, ‘Thou art an eagle-fly.’ The eagle swooped down into the yard below and began scratching in the gravel. The farmer hollered up, ‘I told you it was a chicken.’

The man climbed down off the barn. He made an agreement with the farmer and the next morning, long before sunrise, he picked up the eagle. He carried it through the woods and over the meadows. He continued up into the hills and the pines, onward, upward, above the timberline to the peaks and crags and pinnacles of the mountains. He arrived at the mountaintop just before dawn.

As the first rays of the sun began to streak across the sky, he put the eagle on his arm. The fresh, cool winds came through the valleys and trees below and swept up to the cliff where the naturalist stood. The eagle breathed deeply. The first streaks of sunlight caught his eye. He stretched his giant wings, almost six feet across. The EagleExt-50naturalist said, ‘Thou art an eagle-fly.’

The eagle slowly lifted off the naturalist’s arm. It ascended into the sky. It soared higher and higher and further and further.

It saw more in an instant than its companions had in an entire lifetime, and from that time forth it was never again content to be a barnyard fowl.

 “To touch someone with kindness is to change someone forever. Heavy, huh? But that’s not the half of it. Because for everyone you touch you also reach everyone they will ever know. And everyone they will ever know. And so, for the rest of all time, your kindness will be felt in waves that will spread long after you move on.”

 ~ Mike Dooley

mav·er·ick \ˈmav-rik, ˈma-və-\   noun

1: an unbranded range animal ; especially : a motherless calf
2: an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party

 193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

362 - Emperor Julian issued an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.
1215 – Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.
1495 – Friar John Cor records the first known batch of scotch whisky.
1579 – Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California) for England.
1660 – Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1745 - American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton Island from the French.
1775 – Revolutionary War: The first major fight between British and American troops occurs at Boston in the Battle of Bunker Hill. American troops are dug in along the high ground of Breed’s Hill (the actual location) and are attacked by a frontal assault of over 2000 British soldiers who storm up the hill. The Americans are ordered not to fire until they can see “the whites of their eyes.” As the British get within 15 paces, the Americans let loose a deadly volley of rifle fire and halt the British advance. British forces under General William Howe seized the Charlestown peninsula. The Americans fell back, but British losses were so heavy that the attack was not followed up. The siege was not broken, and Gage was soon replaced by Howe as the British commander-in-chief.
1779 – Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold is court-martialed for malfeasance.
1792 – Kentucky is admitted as the 15th state of the United States.
1796 – Tennessee is admitted as the 16th state of the United States.
1812 – War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
1813 – James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, cries out “Don’t give up the ship!”
1831 – James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole.

1832 - The practice of utilizing “surplus” naval officers as officers of the Revenue Marine was discontinued. Revenue officer vacancies were henceforth filled by promotion from within the service.
1837 - Charles Goodyear obtains his first rubber patent.
1839 -  In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established as a result.
1850 – The steam paddle-wheeler “G P Griffith” burns to the water’s edge off Mentor, Ohio. The passengers were all in their berths when the alarm of fire was given, about three o’clock in the morning.(206 die)

1855 – American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.
1856 -  Republican Party opens its first national convention in Philadelphia.
1861 -  President Abraham Lincoln witnessed Dr. Thaddeus Lowe demonstrate the use of a hydrogen balloon.
1861 – Civil War: Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces

1862 – Civil War, Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
1863 – Civil War: On the way to Gettysburg, Union and Confederate forces skirmished at Point of Rocks, Maryland.
1863 - Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (first accident insurer).
1863 – Civil War: Battle of Aldie in the Gettysburg Campaign.
1864 - Two thousand one hundred foot long pontoon bridge over the James River Virginia is finished.

1864 - General John B Hood of the confederacy replaces General Joseph E.  Johnston
1864 - Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes’s (Nose) Creek, Georgia
1868 – Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
1869 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his electric voting machine.
1870 - USS Mohican burns Mexican pirate ship “Forward.”
1871 - Mr. and Mrs. Martin Bates were married.
1872 - George M. Hoover began selling whiskey in Dodge City, Kansas. The town had been dry up until this point.
1876 – George Hall of the Philadelphia A’s was the first to hit two HRs and score five runs in a nine inn NL game.

1876 – Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud – Fifteen-hundred Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook’s forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
1876 - General George Crook’s command was attacked and defeated on the Rosebud River by 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne under the leadership of Crazy Horse.
1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
1879 - Thomas Edison received an honorary degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the trustees of Rutgers College in New Brunswick, NJ.
1880 - John Monte Ward pitched the second perfect game in major-league history.
1882 – Tornado kills 103 in Iowa.
1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor aboard the French ship `Isere’ .
1886 – The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.

1894 - First US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont. It consisted of 132 total cases, including some adults. Again, causation was attributed to such factors as “overheating, chilling, trauma, fatigue, and such illnesses as typhoid fever, whooping cough, and pneumonia”
1895 – The US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed, cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan.
1898 -  US Senate agrees to annex Hawaii

1898 – The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
1901 – The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.
1913 - U.S. Marines set sail from San Diego to protect American interests in Mexico.
1916 - American troops under the command of Gen. Jack Pershing marched into Mexico. US General Pershing led an unsuccessful punitive expedition against Francisco “Pancho” Villa.
1918 – World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
1919 -  “Barney Google” cartoon strip, by Billy De Beck, premiers.
1921 – Tulsa Race Riot: race riots in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
1925 – Lou Gehrig plays the first game in his streak of 2,130 consecutive games; it was the longest such streak until broken by Cal Ripken Jr. in 1995.
1928 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman to successfully fly across the Atlantic Ocean. She was a passenger in an aircraft piloted by Wilmer Stultz.
1928 -  Fox Movietone News covered the first night of a New York dance marathon at the Manhattan Casino and took a close-up of the feet of “Shorty” George Snowden. When asked “What are you doing with your feet,” Shorty replied, “The Lindy.”
1930 – President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law It  raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels. .
1930 - Chuck Klein sets Phillies hitting streak at 26 straight games.

1932 – Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.
1933 – Union Station Massacre: in Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash were gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.
1937 - Marx Brothers’ “A Day At The Races” opens in New York.

1939 – Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.
1939 – Maiden flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (D-OPZE) fighter aeroplane
1940 – World War II: Europe: Operation Ariel begins – Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany’s takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
1940 – World War II: Europe: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
1940 – World War II: Europe: the British Army’s 11th Hussars assault and take Fort Capuzzo in Libya, Africa from Italian forces.
1940 – World War II: Europe:France asked Germany for terms of surrender in World War II. Marshal Henri Petain replaced Paul Reynaud, who chose to resign over surrender, as prime minister and announced his intention to sign an armistice with the Nazis
1941 - WNBT-TV in New York City, NY, was granted the first construction permit to operate a commercial TV station in the U.S.
1941 – World War II: The Holocaust: The Farhud, a pogrom in Iraqi Jews, takes place in Baghdad.
1942 – World War II: the Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade publishes the first news of the concentration camps.
1942 – World War II: Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Fleet directed the organization of coastal pickets to combat submarine menace of Atlantic Coast. This became known as the “Corsair Fleet.”
1942 – World War II: Four men landed on a Florida beach from a German submarine with plans to sabotage US industrial sites.
1942 – “Suspense“, (1:23:45) known as radio’s outstanding theatre of thrills, debuted on CBS radio.
1942 - “Yank”, coined the term “G.I. Joe” in a comic strip.
1943 - Red Sox player-manager Joe Cronin clutch in doubleheader.
1943 – World War II: British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Long Ago and Far Away” by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes, “I’ll Be Seeing You” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Frank Sinatra), “I’ll Get By” by The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Dick Haymes) and “Straighten Up and Fly Right” by King Cole Trio all topped the charts.
1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, reinforced American units advance in the Kuishi Ridge area which has been stubbornly defended by forces of the Japanese 32nd Army.
1945 – World War II: On Luzon, elements of the US 37th Division, US 1st Corps, captures Naguilian after making a forced crossing of the Cagayan river, near the town of Cagayan.
1945 - World War II: General Arnold orders General Chennault to be replaced by General Stratemeyer as Commander in Chief of the US air forces operating in China. Japanese troops in southern China begin withdrawing northward in five long columns between the Yellow and Yangtze rivers.
1946 – in Saint Louis, Missouri, AT&T and Southwestern Bell introduced the first American commercial mobile radio-telephone service to private customers. Mobiles used newly issued vehicle radio-telephone licenses granted to Southwestern Bell by the FCC.
1947 –  First round-the-world civil air service leaves New York City. Pan Am bought the lavish Boeing Stratocruiser, a two-level plane converted from the design for a military tanker, to make the 24-hour President Special run between New York and Frankfurt.
1948 – A Douglas DC-6 carrying United Airlines Flight 624 crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing all 43 people on board.
1950 - Dr. Richard H. Lawler performed the first kidney transplant in a 45-minute operation in Chicago, IL.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Kiss of Fire” by Georgia Gibbs, “Be Anything” by Eddy Howard (sung by Doris Day),I’m Yours” by Eddie Fisher and “The Wild Side of Life” by Hank Thompson all topped the charts.
1953 - Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stayed the executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day, their 14th wedding anniversary. They were put to death June 19.
1953 - Most runs scored in one inning (17 by Red Sox).
1954 - Rocky Marciano beats Ezzard Charles in 15 rounds  for the  heavyweight boxing title.
1954 - Televised Senate Army McCarthy hearings ends.
1956 – First international flight (to YUL) from the Atlanta Municipal Airport (ATL; now Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, and currently the world’s busiest airport).
1957 - So Rare” by Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra peaks at #2.
1957 –  Tuskegee boycott begins (Blacks boycotted city stores). After blacks began a voter registration drive, the Alabama Legislature redrew Tuskegee’s previously square boundaries to exclude all black neighborhoods. In response, blacks boycotted the city’s stores, doing considerable economic damage to Tuskegee businesses. The Supreme Court ultimately declared that Alabama’s artful boundary creations were unconstitutional.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers “Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool” by Connie Francis, “Burning Bridges” by Jack Scott and “Please Help Me, I’m Falling” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.
1960 – Ted Williams hit his 500th home run. A 2-run home run off Wynn Hawkins at Cleveland Municipal Stadium makes Ted Williams the fourth player in Major League history to hit 500 home runs.
1960 - Ted Williams hit his 500th HR.
1961 –  “Travellin’ Man” by Ricky Nelson topped the charts.
1961 - 61st US Golf Open: Gene Littler shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills MI.
1962 – Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
1963 – The United States Supreme Court rules 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against allowing the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord’s Prayer in public schools. The case began in 1956 when Edward L. Schempp (d.2003), on behalf of his son, objected to a 1949 Pennsylvania law requiring ten Bible verses each day followed by the Lord’s Prayer and the Pledge of Allegiance.
1964 - The Supremes’ “Where Did Our Love Go” was released. It became their first song to get to number one on the Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart.
1965 – The Kinks arrive in New York City beginning their first US tour.
1965 – Vietnam War:  Twenty-seven B-52’s hit Viet Cong outposts but lost two planes in South Vietnam.
1965 - Holly, Colorado sets a state 24-hour record for rainfall, 11.08″.

1967 – The groundbreaking Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album by The Beatles is released.
1967 – “Somebody To Love” by Jefferson Airplane peaks at #5
1967 –  The Hollies’ “Carrie Ann was released.
1967 - “Groovin’” by the Young Rascals topped the charts.
1967 - Longest doubleheader 9:15 between the Detroit Tigers and the Kansas City Athletics.

1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mrs. Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel, “This Guy’s in Love with You” by Herb Alpert, “Mony Mony” by Tommy James & The Shondells and “Honey” by Bobby Goldsboro all topped the charts.
1968 - Ohio Express’ “Yummy Yummy Yummy” goes gold
1968 - The US Supreme Court in Jones v. Mayer banned racial discrimination in the sale and rental of housing.
1969 - Black Panther William Brent (1931-2006) became the 28th person this year to hijack a US airplane to Cuba. The Cubans put him in jail for two years.
1970 -  Edwin Land patents Polaroid camera.
1971 - The United States and Japan signed the Okinawa Reversion Treaty under which the United States would return control of the island of Okinawa and the Ryukyu Island chain, which includes the Senkaku Islands, in 1972.
1972 –  Paul McCartney released “Mary Had a Little Lamb.
1972 - Looking Glass releases “Brandy“.
1972 – Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee, in an attempt by some members of the Republican party to illegally wiretap the opposition.
1972 - “Candy Man” by Sammy Davis, Jr. topped the charts.
1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
1976 - ABA (Nets, Pacers, Nuggets & Spurs) merges into the NBA.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Silly Love Songs” by Wings, “Get Up and Boogie (That’s Right)” by Silver Convention, “Misty Blue” by Dorothy Moore and “I’ll Get Over You” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1978 - “Shadow Dancing” by Andy Gibb topped the charts.
1978 - Ron Guidry sets Yankee record with 18 strike-outs, 15 in six innings-in a 4-hit 4-0 shutout of the Angels, setting an American League record for lefthanders.
1979 - Colonel Valeria Hilgart became the first woman Marine to assume duty as chief of staff of a major command (Albany, Georgia).
1980 – Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting.
1980 - First two video games (Atari) registered in the Copyright Office.
1982 -  US President Reagan first UN General Assembly address (“evil empire” speech)
1983 - The US Air Force successfully conducted the first test flight of the Peacekeeper ICBM from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Time After Time” by Cyndi Lauper, “The Reflex” by Duran Duran, “Self Control” by Laura Branigan and “I Got Mexico” by Eddy Raven all topped the charts.
1985 - 18th Space Shuttle Mission – Discovery 5 is launched. The cargo included three commercial communications satellites, a deployable/retrievable spacecraft called Spartan l, six GAS experiment canisters, a tracking experiment for the Defense Department’s Strategic Defense Initiative, a materials processing furnace and a series of biomedical experiments sponsored by France.
1986 - President Reagan announced the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger.
1987 - Charles Glass, a journalist on leave from ABC News, was kidnapped in Lebanon. Glass escaped his captors in August 1987.
1988 -In a North Hollywood supermarket,  a thief grabbed a bag of cash containing several thousand dollars from an armored-car guard. Blood was later found on the passenger side of an abandoned, silver 1979 Mazda RX-7 that the robber and his accomplice used to get away.
1988 - Microsoft releases MS DOS 4.0
1989 –  “I’ll Be Loving You Forever” by the New Kids on the Block topped the charts.

1990 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production.
1990 - 90th US Golf Open: Hale Irwin shoots a 280 at Medinah CC in Medinah Il
1991 - The remains of President Zachary Taylor were briefly exhumed in Louisville, Kentucky, to test a theory that Taylor had died of arsenic poisoning. Results showed death was from natural causes.
1991 - Country entertainer Minnie Pearl suffers a stroke at 78.
1992 – A ‘Joint Understanding’ agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this would be later codified in START II).
1994 – Following a televised low-speed highway chase and a failed attempt at suicide, O.J. Simpson is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman. The arrest took place after a prolonged slow-car chase where Al A.C. Cowlings drove Simpson around in a white Ford Bronco and talked him into giving up to the police.
1996 - Fires burned down five more Southern churches.
1997 - Mir Aimal Kasi, suspected in the shooting deaths of two CIA employees outside agency headquarters in January 1993, was brought to Fairfax, Va., to face trial after being arrested in Pakistan. He was later convicted and sentenced to death.
1999 - The Republican-controlled House narrowly voted to loosen restrictions on sales at gun shows, marking a victory for the National Rifle Association.
2001 - In New York City,  a five-alarm fire at a hardware store in Queens killed three firefighters and injured dozens of others.
2001 - Tropical Strom Allison moved into southeastern Pennsylvania and killed 4 people. This raised the toll from Allison to at least 43.
2002 - The US Supreme Court struck down an Ohio village’s law and ruled that groups have a constitutional right to go door-to-door to promote their causes without getting permission from local officials.
2002 - A converted C-130 air tanker crashed over a flaming ridge near Walker in Mono County, Ca., and three crew members were killed. It was later reported that the 1956 plane had been used by the CIA and lacked maintenance records.
2003 – The Aspen Fire burned for about a month on Mount Lemmon, part of the Santa Catalina Mountains located in the Coronado National Forest north of Tucson, Arizona, and in the surrounding area. It burned 84,750 acres of land, and destroyed 340 homes and businesses of the town of Summerhaven, a small town at 8200 feet on Mt. Lemmon..
2003 - A US federal appeals court ruled the government properly withheld names and other details about hundreds of foreigners who were detained in the months after the Sept. 11 attacks.
2005 – The longest oil/natural gas explosion in the Houston, Texas area occurs in Crosby, Texas. The drill was owned by the Louisiana Oil and Gas Company.
2005 - The US Roman Catholic bishops agreed to a five-year extension on their unprecedented policy of permanently barring sexually abusive clergy from church work.
2005 - MasterCard International said a security breach had exposed about 40 million payment cards of various brands to potential fraud in the biggest such privacy violation ever reported. The breach was traced to Atlanta-based CardSystems Solutions.
2006 - The typical American chief executive earned 300 times the average wage, up tenfold from the 1970s.
2006 - In Louisiana five people aged 16-19 were gunned down just outside the business district of  New Orleans.
2007 - Ángel Cabrera wins the 2007 U.S. Open Golf Championship at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania.
2007 – Jack Kevorkian is released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second-degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.
2008 - 62nd NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 2
2008 – First day of legal same-sex marriage in California.
2008 – A fire at the backlot of Universal Studios Hollywood destroys several icons from movies, such as Courthouse Square, the clock tower from Back to The Future, and the King Kong exhibit on the studio tour.
2008 –   Florida Gov. Charlie Crist, a potential vice presidential candidate for John
McCain, reversed his long-standing opposition to oil drilling off the Florida coast.
2008 – The Boston Celtics defeated the Los Angeles Lakers to win the N.B.A. championship.
2009 – An American Hero died!! Click here for his story!
2009 - Eddie Bauer, the well-known retailer of outdoor apparel, filed for bankruptcy in a U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Delaware.
2009 – The Obama administration proposed a sweeping overhaul of the financial system. An 88-page wish list of changes released by the Treasury Dept. would require the approval of Congress and included broad new powers for the Federal Reserve.
2009 –  A White House official said President Barack Obama, whose gay and lesbian supporters have grown frustrated with his slow movement on their priorities, is extending benefits to same-sex partners of federal employees but stopping short of a guarantee of full health insurance.
2010 –  Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster: BP Chief Executive Tony Hayward testified before Congress, apologizing for the spill but avoiding answering most questions and stating that he was unaware of the risks at the Deepwater Horizon rig that exploded in April causing the oil spill.
2010 – The Los Angeles Lakers win the 2010 NBA Finals defeating the Boston Celtics 83-79 in Game 7. They won games to three.
2010 –  The Times Square bombing attempt suspect is indicted on ten terrorism and weapons charges in New York City.
2012 - Rodney King, whose videotaped beating by Los Angeles police officers in March 1991 later led to riots in April 1992, is found dead at the bottom of a swimming pool in Rialto, California.
2012 - In golf, American Webb Simpson wins the U.S. Open.
2013 - President Barack Obama told a town hall meeting for youth in Belfast, Northern Ireland that there should not be Catholic and Protestant schools because such schools cause division. Note he did not mention Islamic schools.
2013 – The Supreme Court of the United States struck down an Arizona law requiring voters to present citizenship proof to register in state and federal elections. The law clears the way to illegal aliens voting in national elections without substantive means of preventing it for many states. 
2014 - Army Staff Sergeant Cory Schroeder was told by University of Wyoming’s (UW) student government that he would not be allowed to say the Pledge of Allegiance before its meetings because it could offend international students.



1704 – John Kay, English inventor, was the inventor of the flying shuttle, which was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution. (d. 1780)
1742 – William Hooper, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1790)
1861 – Pete Browning, American baseball player  who played primarily for the Louisville Eclipse/Colonels, becoming one of the sport’s most accomplished batters of the 1880s. (d. 1905)
1861 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940)
1867 – John Robert Gregg, inventor of shorthand system (d. 1948)
1903 – Ruth Wakefield, inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie (d. 1977)
1904 – Ralph Bellamy, American actor (d. 1991)
1923 – Elroy ‘Crazylegs’ Hirsch, American football player was an American football running back and receiver for the Los Angeles Rams and Chicago Rockets, nicknamed for his unusual running style. (d. 2004)
1932 – Peter Lupus, American actor (Mission: Impossible)
1943 – Newt Gingrich, American politician
1943 – Barry Manilow, American musician
1951 – Joe Piscopo, American actor
1980 – Venus Williams, American tennis player






Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 3d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Rosebud River, Mont., 17 June 1876. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 9 August 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.






Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 1st U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White Bird Canyon, Idaho, 17 June 1877. Entered service at: New York. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 16 September 1897. Citation: With a few men, in the face of a heavy fire from pursuing Indians and at imminent peril, returned and rescued a soldier whose horse had been killed and who had been left behind in the retreat.






Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 3d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Rosebud River, Mont., 17 June 1876. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 23 January 1880. Citation: Discharged his duties while in charge of the skirmish line under fire with judgment and great coolness and brought up the lead horses at a critical moment.





Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Troop 1, 3d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Rosebud River, Mont., 17 June 1876. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 1 June 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.





Rank and organization: Trumpeter, Company M, 3d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Rosebud Creek, Mont., 17 June 1876. Entered service at: ——. Birth. Hardwick, Mass. Date of issue: 16 October 1877. Citation. Bravery in action; was wounded in both arms.





Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 164th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 18 January 1894. Citation: Rescued a wounded comrade who lay exposed to the enemy’s fire, receiving a severe wound in the effort.




Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 59th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Andover, Mass. Date of issue: 30 March 1898. Citation: Though seriously wounded in a bayonet charge and directed to go to the rear he declined to do so, but remained with his regiment and helped to carry the breastworks.





Rank and organization: Colonel, 4th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Aldie, Va., 17 June 1863. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 29 June 1832, Rivarola, Piedmont, Italy. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: Was present, in arrest, when, seeing his regiment fall back, he rallied his men, accompanied them, without arms, in a second charge, and in recognition of his gallantry was released from arrest. He continued in the action at the head of his regiment until he was desperately wounded and taken prisoner.





Rank and organization: Captain, Battery M, 15th New York Heavy Artillery. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Newburgh, N.Y. Born: 11 January 1845, Newburgh, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 June 1896. Citation: Refused to leave the field, remaining in command after being wounded by a piece of shell, and led his command in the assault on the enemy’s works on the following day.





Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 29th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: 9 September 1840, England. Date of issue: 24 February 1897. Citation: Capture of flag along with three enemy men.





Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 24th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Dobbs Ferry, N.Y. Birth: Hamburg, N.Y. Date of issue: 29 March 1899. Citation: During an assault and in the face of a heavy fire rendered heroic assistance to a wounded and helpless officer, thereby saving his life and in the performance of this gallant act sustained a severe wound.





Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Minersville, Pa. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Recapture of colors of 7th New York Heavy Artillery.





Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 85th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Bermuda Hundred, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Drakestown, Pa. Birth: Fayette County, Pa. Date of issue: 2 August 1897. Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to a heavy fire to bring off a wounded comrade.





Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 3d Maryland Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at:——. Birth: England. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Recaptured the colors of the 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.





Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Pottsville, Pa. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).





Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 11th New Hampshire Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Candia, N.H. Born: April 1840, Candia, N.H. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: With 2 companions, he rushed and disarmed 27 enemy pickets, capturing a stand of flags.





Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 3d Maryland Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Warfordsburg, Pa. Birth: Adams County, Pa. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Recaptured the colors of 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.





Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 60th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Amelia, Ohio. Birth: Clermont County, Ohio. Date of issue: 27 July 1896. Citation: Remained with the command after being severely wounded until he had fired all the cartridges in his possession, when he had to be carried from the field.




Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Canada. Born: 1844, Canada. Date of issue: 5 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 35th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).





Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 16th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 16, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button


Fudge Day

History of the Guitar

The first instrument was probably nothing more than a bow in the hands of a prehistoric hunter. One day, some nameless innovator attached a hollow gourd to the shaft of a bow. By hugging the gourd to his chest and bending the shaft back and forth with one hand (to change the tension on the string), he produced resonant notes by plucking the string with his other hand. Primitive instruments of this type are still played in various parts of Africa.

A natural outgrowth of the single-string bow was the “bow-harp”, consisting of several strings attached to a single soundbox and strung so as to yield different notes when plucked by the fingers.

This “one string, one note” principle was common to all instruments of the harp family known to early inhabitants of the lands around eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.

They included the Nubian kissar, the Greek kithara and the lyre of the Greeks, Assyrians and other Near Eastern peoples. David, King of Israel and slayer of Goliath, was said to have been proficient on the lyre (harp). 1 Samuel 16:23(KJV)And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

Although the Egyptian nefer (which had both soundbox and a neck) was in use well before the time of Christ, the first “neck” instrument about very much is known was Chinese. The tzi-tze (pronounced see-see), as it was called after the emperor who invented it in the fifth century B.C., was a small square box, punctured at the top, with four strings running the length of a thick bamboo cane. Historians believe that this instrument influenced the development of Western stringed instruments, particularly the Arab ud which eventually became the lute.

From the Greek word kithara came the names of both guitar and zither. In ancient Rome, the kithara was also called the fidula, which in time gave rise to the words vihela, once used in Spain for “guitar”, and violao, still used in Portugal. “viola” and “violin” stem from the same source, as does “fiddle”. The ud (in Arabic, Al ud) had a soundbox shaped like a melon or a giant pear sliced in half. When the Arabs and Moors invaded Spain in the eighth century, they took many examples of the instrument with them. Gradually “Al ud” spread from Spain, whose people called it the “laud”. to become the French liuth, the German laute and the English lute.

Centuries before this, after the fall of Rome, the music-loving Celts of Western Europe had added a fingerboard to the kithara, and called the resulting instrument the chrotta, which may simply have been their way of pronouncing the old name. In Provence, in South of France, the new instrument was called the crota. It was there, in all probability, that the guitar had its first beginnings, for Provence experienced a cultural flowering during the 11th and 12th centuries, in which music played a paramount role.

Troubadours who accompanied themselves on the crota as they sang songs of love and war were key figures in Provencial society. Often of knightly rank, they were poets and lyricists who generally composed works as they sang.

To keep up with the ever-more sophisticated tastes of their noble audiences and so win fame and distinction over their rivals, some troubadours began to tinker with their instruments. by slow stages, the crota was refined to produce clearer notes of purer pitch and wider range, until it came to resemble in a general way, the modern guitar.

The transition was interrupted by a bitter religious war which ultimately destroyed the Provincial civilization and it’s way of life. Some of the Provincial troubadours fled to Italy, but more sought refuge in Spain, especially in nearby Catalonia. The Catalans, long familiar with the lute, eagerly adopted the improved crota and began to “cross-breed” it with the older instrument. Thus was laid in the thirteenth century, the foundations of that devotion to the guitar which was to make Spain the leading center for that instrument after well into the 20th Century.

Greatest Guitar Solo Ever

Two of The Best Guitarists


“If a man is called to be a streetsweeper, he should sweep streets even as Michelangelo painted, or Beethoven composed music, or Shakespeare wrote poetry. He should sweep streets so well that all the hosts of heaven and earth will pause to say, here lived a great streetsweeper who did his job well.”

~ Martin Luther King Jr.


misogyny \mə-ˈsä-jə-nē\   noun

: a hatred of women

— miso·gy·nic \ˌmi-sə-ˈji-nik, -ˈgī-\ adjective
— mi·sog·y·nist \mə-ˈsä-jə-nist\ noun or adjective


1746 - English fleet occupied Cape Breton on St. Lawrence River.
1755 – French and Indian War: the French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Accadians of Nova Scotia. They were uprooted by an English governor and forced to leave. The Longfellow story “Evangeline” is based on this displacement.
1774 – Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky which is the oldest city in Kentucky.
1775 – American Col. William Prescott led 1200 men from Cambridge to dig in at Bunker’s Hill but arrived at night and dug in at Breed’s Hill.
1775 - Continental Congress authority for a “Chief Engineer for the Army” was passed.
1822 - Denmark Vessy led a slave rebellion in South Carolina.
1833 - Lucie (Ruthy) Blackburn (30), a fugitive slave, escaped from jail in Detroit and made her way to Canada. The next day a riot erupted, “The Blackburn Riots,” as her husband, Thornton Blackburn (21), was escorted for return to slavery.
1858 – Abraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois. He said, “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” More than 1,000 Republican delegates met in the Springfield, Illinois, statehouse for the Republican State Convention. At 5 p.m. they chose Abraham Lincoln as their candidate for the U.S. Senate, running against Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. At 8 p.m. Lincoln delivered this address to his Republican colleagues in the Hall of Representatives. The title comes a sentence from the speech’s introduction, “A house divided against itself cannot stand,” which paraphrases a statement by Jesus in the New Testament.”
1856 - James Strang, king of Big Beaver Island, Mich., was ambushed by Thomas Bedford and Alexander Wentworth. They shot him three times and then pistol-whipped him and fled to Mackinac on the USS Michigan.
1861 – Civil War: A Union attempt to capture Charleston, South Carolina, is thwarted when the Confederates turn back an attack at Secessionville.
1862 – Civil War: Union naval squadron advancing up the Mississippi River toward Vicksburg, shelled Grand Gulf, Mississippi.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Lynchburg, VA.
1864 – Civil War: U.S.S. Commodore Perry shelled Fort Clifton, Virginia, at the request of Major General Butler.
1879 - Gilbert & Sullivan’s “HMS Pinafore” debuted at Bowery Theater in New York City.
1882 - Seventeen-inch hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs each fall in Dubuque, Iowa.
1883 – Baseball’s first “Ladies’ Day.”  Women, with or without a male companion, were admitted for free and the New York Gothams did not disappoint defeating the Spiders 5-2.
1884 -  First gravity-powered roller coaster. It was put in operation at Coney Island, N.Y. and was the invention of La Marcus Thompson . Passengers rode a train on undulating tracks over a wooden structure 600-ft. It cost five cents and made about $600 per day.
1890 - The second Madison Square Gardens opened.
1893 - Cracker Jack was invented by R.W. Rueckheim, a unique popcorn, peanuts, and molasses confection which he introduced at the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago’s First World Fair.
1897 – A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.
1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. squadron bombards Santiago, Cuba.
1903 – The Ford Motor Company is incorporated.
1903 - Clark Griffith tosses a 1-0 shutout against the White Sox, to give the New York Highlanders (Yankees) their first shutout ever.
1903 - Pepsi-Cola Co. registered the Pepsi-Cola trademark with the U.S. Patent Office. Pharmacies in NC at the time were favorite gathering places.To increase business at his store’s soda fountain, pharmacist Caleb D. Bradham created a soft drink. In the summer of 1898, he mixed carbonated water, sugar, vanilla, oils, pepsin, and kola nut extract.
1904 - Bloomsday. The 1922 novel “Ulysses” by James Joyce was set on this day. It charts the wanderings of Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus among Dublin streets and beaches, museums and galleries, pubs and brothels through the ebb and tide of their memories and emotions. The “same day that the penniless and Myopic Jimmy Joyce (22) first walked out with the redheaded chambermaid Nora Barnacle,” (20) who became his Molly Bloom.
1909 - First US airplane sold commercially was by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000. He sold it to the newly organized Aeronautic Society of New York.
1909 - Jim Thorpe made his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with a 4-2 win. This later caused him to forfeit his Olympic medals.
1911 – A 772-gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn.
1911 – IBM incorporates. Actually it was the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) that was incorporated but it was a predecessor of IBM (1924). Earlier, in 1890, Dr. Herman Hollerith had constructed an electromechanical machine using perforated cards for use in the U.S. census, and in 1896 he founded the Tabulating Machine Co. to construct sorting machines.
1922 - Henry A. Berliner demonstrated the first helicopter prototype for representatives of the U.S. Bureau of Aeronautics in College Park, Maryland.
1925 - France accepted a German proposal for a security pact.
1933 - National Industrial Recovery Act becomes law (later struck down). This was a set of United States federal laws and codes that authorized the President to regulate businesses in the interests of promoting “fair” competition.
1933 - The 2nd US Glass-Steagall Act, actually the Bank Act of 1933, banned banks from underwriting stocks. It separated regular banks from investment banks.
1935 - President Roosevelt’s New Deal legislation was passed by the House of Representatives.
1937 - Marx Brothers’ “A Day At The Races” opens in Los Angeles.
1940 – World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Premier of Vichy France.
1941 - The Washington National Airport Terminal and South Hangar Line, products of New Deal initiatives, were milestones in American aviation technology. It was the first federally-owned airport.
1941 -  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the closure of all German consulates in the United States. The deadline was set as July 10.
1941 - World War II:The 1st Provisional Marine Brigade was activated for duty in Iceland.
1942 - The SS Port Nicholson was headed for New York with 71 tons of platinum valued at about $53 million when it was sunk off Maine in an attack that left six people dead. The platinum was a payment from the Soviet Union to the US for war supplies.
1943 - World War II:US fighters from Henderson Field claim to have shot down 93 Japanese aircraft from a force attacking shipping assembled for operations against New Georgia Island.
1943 - World War II: Operation Husky. The first convoys bound for the invasion of Sicily leave port.
1943 – Ol’ 666 an aircraft and crew that received Medals of Honor and Distinguished Flying Crosses making it the most decorated mission of WWII, flew its most famous mission. One bomber against 17 enemy fighters. Watch the video (8:23).
1944 - World War II: Forces of the US 5th Army take Grosseto, Italy.
1944 – World War II: US battleships, under the command of Admiral Ainsworth, shell Guam.
1944 -  World War II:Admiral Clark leads two groups of US carrier forces raiding Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima and Haha Jima. The Japanese fleets link up and refuel. US patrols make two sightings.
1945 - World War II: On Okinawa, Mount Yuza is captured by the US 381st Infantry Regiment. Fighting continues on the south of the island. At sea, the Japanese air offensive against American ships slackens, but the Japanese still sink 1 destroyer and damage 1 escort carrier.
1947 - First network news-Dumont’s “News from Washington”
1949 – The first gas turbine-electric locomotive in the U.S. was publicly demonstrated in Erie, Pa.
1950 – “Sentimental Me” by the Ames Brothers topped the charts.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Too Young” by Nat King Cole, “On Top of Old Smokeyby The Weavers (vocal: Terry Gilkyson), “Syncopated Clock” by The Leroy Anderson Orchestra and “I Want to Be with You Always” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1951 –  Ben Hogan wins golf’s US open for the second year in a row.
1951 – Korean War: The 1st Marine Division reached its objective — a line running northeast from the Hwachon Reservoir through the Punch Bowl, a gigantic volcanic crater.
1951 –  “How High the Moon” by Les Paul & Mary Ford topped the charts.
1952 –  “My Little Margie” debuted on CBS-TV.
1952 - “Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl” was published in the United States.
1954 - In San Francisco the 13-foot neon schooner atop the new Hamm’s Brewery building at 1550 Bryant St. was turned on. Brewing at the facility ended in 1974.
1955 - The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend Selective Service until 1959.
1956 –  “I’ll Be Home” by Pat Boone topped the charts
1956 –  “Be-Bop-A-Lula“, by Gene Vincent and His Blue Caps, was released on Capitol Records.
1958 - The US Supreme Court, in Kent v. Dulles, ruled that artist Rockwell Kent could not be denied a passport because of his communist affiliations.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Personality” by Lloyd Price, “Quiet Village” by Martin Denny, “Tallahassee Lassie” by Freddy Cannon and “The Battle of New Orleans” by Johnny Horton all topped the charts.
1960 - The Alfred Hitchcock movie “Psycho” opened in New York City.
1961 –  Dave Garroway is fired as Today Show host.
1962 –  “I Can’t Stop Loving You” by Ray Charles topped the charts.
1965 – Vietnam War: Navy Department schedules reactivation of hospital ship Repose (AH-16), first hospital ship activated for Vietnam Conflict.
1966 - “Rowan & Martin Show,” debuted on NBC-TV.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Respect” by Aretha Franklin, “Him or Me by What’s It Gonna Be?” by Paul Revere & The Raiders, “Somebody to Love” by Jefferson Airplane and “It’s Such a Pretty World Today” by Wynn Stewart all topped the charts.
1967 – The three-day Monterey International Pop Music Festival begins in Monterey, California.
1968 –  Lee Trevino is first to play all four rounds of golf’s US open under par.
1971 - An El Greco sketch, “The Immaculate Conception,” was recovered in New York City by the FBI. The work had been stolen 35 years earlier.
1972 - The New York Jazz Museum opened.
1973 –  “My Love” by Paul McCartney & Wings topped the charts.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sister Golden Hair” by America, “Love Will Keep Us Together” by The Captain & Tennille, “I’m Not Lisa” by Jessi Colter and “When Will I Be Loved” by Linda Ronstadt all topped the charts.
1975 – Bucks trade Kareem Abdul-Jabber & Walt Wesley to LA for four players.
1975 – Randy Farland finds a 14-leaf clover near Sioux Falls, SD.
1975 - The US Supreme Court ruled that uniform minimum legal fees are a violation.
1975 - John Lennon sued the U.S. government, he charged that officials tried to deny his immigration through selective prosecution.
1977 – Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
1978 - The film adaptation of “Grease” premiered in New York City.
1979 –  “Hot Stuff” by Donna Summer topped the charts.
1979 –  Carl Yastrzemski hits his 1,000th extra base hit.
1980 –  “The Blues Brothers” opened in Chicago, IL.
1980 - US Supreme Court ruled that new forms of life created in labs could become patents.
1981 - The “Chicago Tribune” purchased the Chicago Cubs baseball team from the P.K. Wrigley Chewing Gum Company for $20.5 million.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Flashdance…What a Feeling” by Irene Cara, “Time (Clock of the Heart)” by Culture Club, “My Love” by Lionel Richie and “Our Love is on the Faultline” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1984 –  Edwin Moses wins his 100th consecutive 400-meter hurdles race
1984 –  “Time After Time” by Cyndi Lauper topped the charts.
1985 - Willie Banks broke the world record for the triple jump with a leap of 58 feet, 11.5 inches at the U.S.A. championships in Indianapolis, IN.
1987 - New York City subway gunman Bernhard Goetz was acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting four black youths who tried to rob him. In 1996, a civil jury ordered Goetz to pay $43 million to one of the persons he’d shot.
1988 –  In Santa Barbara, CA, a team of 32 divers begin cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins.
1988 - Impeached and ousted Arizona Governor Evan Mecham and his brother, Willard, were found innocent by a Phoenix jury of concealing a $350,000 campaign loan.
1989 –  Four golfers shoot a hole-in-one on the same hole at the US Open.
1990 –  “It Must Have Been Love” by Roxette topped the charts.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rush, Rush” by Paula Abdul, “Love is a Wonderful Thing” by Michael Bolton, “Losing My Religion” by R.E.M. and “If the Devil Danced (In Empty Pockets)” by Joe Diffie all topped the charts.
1991 –  Otis Nixon steals National League record six bases in one day.
1992 - Sister Souljah called future U.S. President Bill Clinton a “draft dodging, pot smoking womanizer.” Clinton had criticized Sister Souljah on June 13, 1992.
1993 - The U.S. Postal Service released a set of seven stamps that featured Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, Clyde McPhatter, Otis Redding, Ritchie Valens, Dinah Washington and Elvis Presley.
1993 – The Dan Quayle Center and Museum opened in Huntington, Indiana.
1995 –  Salt Lake City was awarded the XIX Winter Olympic Games for 2002. A scandal later developed over pay-offs.
1996 - “Batman Forever” opened in the U.S.
1996 - The Chicago Bulls won the NBA championship, beating the Seattle SuperSonics in game six, 87-to-75.
1997 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average climbed above 8,000 for the first time.
1998 - The Detroit Red Wings took home the Stanley Cup for the second consecutive year after completing a sweep of the Washington Capitals with a 4-1 victory in game four.
1998 –  Massachusetts’ highest court cleared the way for Louise Woodward to return home to England, upholding a judge’s ruling that freed the au pair convicted of killing a baby.
1998 - CNSNews.com was launched as a news source for individuals, news organizations and broadcasters who put a higher premium on balance than spin and seek news that’s ignored or under-reported as a result of media bias by omission.
1999 –  The U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said that a 1992 federal music piracy law does not prohibit a palm-sized device that can download high-quality digital music files from the Internet and play them at home.
1999 - Kathleen Ann Soliah, a fugitive member of the Symbionese Liberation Army, was captured in St. Paul, Minnesota, where she had made a new life under the name Sara Jane Olson.
2000 -  U.S. federal regulators approved the merger of Bell Atlantic and GTE Corp. The merger created the nation’s largest local phone company.
2000 - The US Senate passed a bill to allow e-signatures for online contracts. President Clinton said he would sign the bill.
2002 - The Bush administration revealed a secret plan to for the CIA to undermine and possibly kill Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.
2002 - A runaway winner again in the U.S. Open, Tiger Woods became the first player since Jack Nicklaus in 1972 to capture the first two major championships of the year.
2003 –  Douglas Brinkley authored “Wheels for the World,” a history of the Ford Motor Company.
2003 - A divided US Supreme Court said the government can force medication on mentally ill criminal defendants only in the rarest of circumstances.
2004 –  A new computer worm targeting mobile phones was reported. It was dubbed “Cabir” and reportedly written by a virus-writing group in Spain known as 29A.
2006 –  In Oakland, Ca., an unofficial final tally showed former US Rep. Ron Dellums winning the mayor’s race by 155 votes with 50.18% of the vote.
2006 –  The US House of Representatives rejected a timetable for pulling forces out of Iraq, 256-153.
2007 –  A North Carolina State Bar disciplinary committee said disgraced prosecutor Mike Nifong would be disbarred for his disastrous prosecution of three Duke University lacrosse players falsely accused of rape.
2007 – US astronaut Sunita “Suni” Williams set a record aboard the international space station for the longest single spaceflight by any woman, surpassing the record of 188 days set by astronaut Shannon Lucid at the Mir space station in 1996.
2008 – In Utah the Bureau of Land Management announced a dinosaur find, calling the quarry near Hanksville “a major dinosaur fossil discovery.”
2008 - Same-sex marriage in California comes into effect following a court ruling on May 15, 2008.
2008 - Tiger Woods defeats Rocco Mediate in a playoff to win the 2008 U.S. Open Golf Championship.
2009 – US FDA said consumers should stop using Zicam Cold Remedy nasal gel and related products because they can permanently damage the sense of smell.
2009 - Sammy Sosa, one of six Major League Baseball players to have hit 600 home runs in his career, is reported to have tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs during the 2003 season.
2010 –  BP, under pressure from President Obama, agreed to set aside $20 billion in a spill recovery escrow program to compensate Gulf Coast fishermen and others who have lost work and wages from the 8-week old massive oil spill.
2010 - Police in Seattle say they will “review training procedures” following the surfacing of a video which attracted international attention. The video shows a white officer from the Seattle department punching a black teenager girl in the face.
2010 - The United States announces new sanctions against Iran’s financial sector, shipping industry and Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps.
2011 –  A senior aide and consultant to former Governor of Maryland Bob Ehrlich are indicted in connection to robocalls in the 2010 Maryland gubernatorial elections.
2011 –  U.S. Representative Anthony Weiner of New York resigns his office amidst pressure from Democratic leadership and President Barack Obama after admitting to sending lewd photos via Twitter.
2011 - Traces of dioxin are found in stream waters near the United States Army base Camp Carroll in South Korea where drums of Agent Orange were allegedly dumped three decades ago.
2012 - One of the US’s most wanted fugitives, Air Force deserter David A. Hemler, has reportedly been living and working in Stockholm, Sweden, for the past 28 years.
2012 - The Air Force’s robotic Boeing X-37B spaceplane returns to Earth after a classified 469-day orbital mission.
2012 - Daredevil Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to walk a tightrope above the brink of Niagara Falls between the United States and Canada.


1738 – Mary Katharine Goddard, American printer and publisher (d. 1816)

1829 – Geronimo, Apache leader (d. 1909)
1836 – Wesley Merritt was a general in the United States Army during the CIVIL WAR and the Spanish-American War. (d. 1910)
1838 – Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
1890 – Stan Laurel, British-born actor and comedian Member of the comedy team, Laurel & Hardy(d. 1965)
1907 – Jack Albertson, American actor (d. 1981)
1909 – Archie Fairley Carr, biologist (d. 1987)
1917 – Katherine Graham, American publisher who led her family’s newspaper, The Washington Post, for more than two decades,  (d. 2001)
1924 – Faith Domergue, American actor (d. 1999)
1934 – William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate
1937 – Erich Segal, American author
1943 – Joan Van Ark, American actress





Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant (then S/Sgt.) U.S. Marine Corps, Company C, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 16 June 1966. Entered service at: Burlington, Iowa. Born: 27 July 1929, Burlington, Iowa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life above and beyond the call of duty. G/Sgt. Howard and his eighteen-man platoon were occupying an observation post deep within enemy-controlled territory. Shortly after midnight a Viet Cong force of estimated battalion size approached the marines’ position and launched a vicious attack with small arms, automatic weapons, and mortar fire. Reacting swiftly and fearlessly in the face of the overwhelming odds, G/Sgt. Howard skillfully organized his small but determined force into a tight perimeter defense and calmly moved from position to position to direct his men’s fire. Throughout the night, during assault after assault, his courageous example and firm leadership inspired and motivated his men to withstand the unrelenting fury of the hostile fire in the seemingly hopeless situation. He constantly shouted encouragement to his men and exhibited imagination and resourcefulness in directing their return fire. When fragments of an exploding enemy grenade wounded him severely and prevented him from moving his legs, he distributed his ammunition to the remaining members of his platoon and proceeded to maintain radio communications and direct air strikes on the enemy with uncanny accuracy. At dawn, despite the fact that five men were killed and all but one wounded, his beleaguered platoon was still in command of its position. When evacuation helicopters approached his position, G/Sgt. Howard warned them away and called for additional air strikes and directed devastating small-arms fire and air strikes against enemy automatic weapons positions in order to make the landing zone as secure as possible. Through his extraordinary courage and resolute fighting spirit, G/Sgt. Howard was largely responsible for preventing the loss of his entire platoon. His valiant leadership and courageous fighting spirit served to inspire the men of his platoon to heroic endeavor in the face of overwhelming odds, and reflect the highest credit upon G/Sgt. Howard, the Marine Corps, and the U.S. Naval Service.





Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 25 November 1918, Syracuse, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as platoon sergeant of Company A, 4th Tank Battalion, 4th Marine Division, during the battle for enemy Japanese-held Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 16 June 1944. Cut off from the other units of his platoon when his tank was put out of action by a battery of enemy 77mm. guns, G/Sgt. McCard carried on resolutely, bringing all the tank’s weapons to bear on the enemy, until the severity of hostile fire caused him to order his crew out of the escape hatch while he courageously exposed himself to enemy guns by hurling hand grenades, in order to cover the evacuation of his men. Seriously wounded during this action and with his supply of grenades exhausted, G/Sgt. McCard then dismantled one of the tank’s machineguns and faced the Japanese for the second time to deliver vigorous fire into their positions, destroying 16 of the enemy but sacrificing himself to insure the safety of his crew. His valiant fighting spirit and supreme loyalty in the face of almost certain death reflect the highest credit upon G/Sgt. McCard and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.



(Air Mission)

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 43rd Bomber Group, Place and date: Over Buka Area, Solomon Islands, 16 June 1943. Entered service at: Simpson, Pa. Born. 30 January 1915, Simpson, Pa. G.O. No.: 85, 17 December 1943. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty. On 16 June 1943, 2d Lt. Sarnoski volunteered as bombardier of a crew on an important photographic mapping mission covering the heavily defended Buka area, Solomon Islands. When the mission was nearly completed, seventeen enemy fighters intercepted. At the nose guns, 2d Lt. Sarnoski fought off the first attackers, making it possible for the pilot to finish the plotted course. When a coordinated frontal attack by the enemy extensively damaged his bomber, and seriously injured five of the crew, 2d Lt. Sarnoski, though wounded, continued firing and shot down two enemy planes. A twenty-millimeter shell which burst in the nose of the bomber knocked him into the catwalk under the cockpit. With indomitable fighting spirit, he crawled back to his post and kept on firing until he collapsed on his guns. 2d Lt. Sarnoski by resolute defense of his aircraft at the price of his life, made possible the completion of a vitally important mission.



 (Air Mission)

Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Over Buka area, Solomon Islands, 16 June 1943. Entered service at: Machias, Maine. Birth: Carlisle, Pa. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1944. Citation: On 16 June 1943, Maj. Zeamer (then Capt.) volunteered as pilot of a bomber on an important photographic mapping mission covering the formidably defended area in the vicinity of Buka, Solomon Islands. While photographing the Buka airdrome. his crew observed about twenty enemy fighters on the field, many of them taking off. Despite the certainty of a dangerous attack by this strong force, Maj. Zeamer proceeded with his mapping run, even after the enemy attack began. In the ensuing engagement, Maj. Zeamer sustained gunshot wounds in both arms and legs, one leg being broken. Despite his injuries, he maneuvered the damaged plane so skillfully that his gunners were able to fight off the enemy during a running fight which lasted forty-five minutes. The crew destroyed at least five hostile planes, of which Maj. Zeamer himself shot down one. Although weak from loss of blood, he refused medical aid until the enemy had broken combat. He then turned over the controls, but continued to exercise command despite lapses into unconsciousness, and directed the flight to a base 580 miles away. In this voluntary action, Maj. Zeamer, with superb skill, resolution, and courage, accomplished a mission of great value.



Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 133d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: Near the Richmond & Petersburg Ry., Va., 16 June 1864. Entered service at: ——. Born: 5 January 1841, Circleville, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 May 1899. Citation: Voluntarily returned to the breastworks which his regiment had been forced to abandon to notify 3 missing companies that the regiment was falling back; found the enemy already in the works, refused a demand to surrender, returning to his command under a concentrated fire, several bullets passing through his hat and clothing.


JACKSON, FREDERICK R.State of Connecticut

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 7th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At James Island, S.C., 16 June 1862. Entered service at: New Haven, Conn. Birth: New Haven, Conn. Date of issue: 1863. Citation: Having his left arm shot away in a charge on the enemy, he continued on duty, taking part in a second and a third charge until he fell exhausted from the loss of blood.





Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Secessionville, S.C., 16 June 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: West Chester, Pa. Date of issue: 23 April 1896. Citation: While retiring with his men before a heavy fire of canister shot at short range, returned in the face of the enemy’s fire and rescued an exhausted private of his company who but for this timely action would have lost his life by drowning in the morass through which the troops were retiring.



Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 15th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 15, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Native American Citizen’s Day

Nature Photography Day

 Arlington National Cemetery

All attempts to maintain the links in this file and staying current have failed. Instead of links here is a directory of things that can be found when you search for Arlington National Cemetery.

Arlington National Cemetery is visited by nearly four million visitors each year. Most come to pay respect to their loved ones, to honor the leaders interred here, or to thank the more than 300,000 people buried here, many of whom were soldiers killed in the line of duty.

On June 15, 1864, the original 200 acres were designated as a military cemetery. Soldiers and veterans from every war the United States has fought, from the Revolutionary War to the war in Iraq, are buried here (those who died prior to the Civil War were reinterred in Arlington after 1900). Three unknown soldiers–from World War I, World War II, and the Korean War– are buried at the never-officially-named Tomb of the Unknowns. (The Vietnam veteran who had been buried here was identified in 1998, and his body was returned to his family in St. Louis.)

President John F. Kennedy is buried in Arlington. His grave is marked by the Eternal Flame, designed so that a constant spark of electricity ignites the gas, keeping the flame alive through rain and wind.

Other important Arlington National Cemetery Information

Address: Memorial Dr. and Schley Dr., Arlington , VA

Phone: 703/607-8000

Hours of Operation: Apr. – Sept., 8 a.m. – 7 p.m., daily and Oct. – Mar., 8 a.m. – 5 p.m., daily


Historical Facts About Arlington National Cemetery

 Arlington House
History of the Cemetery
Historical Figures Buried at Arlington
Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 Facts


Casualties of War and Honorary War Veterans Buried at Arlington National Cemetery

American Revolutionary War Veterans
Beirut and Grenada
Operation “Just Cause” Panama
Persian Gulf War
USS Liberty
USS Serpens
USS Stark
World War II Medal of Honor Recipients


Explorers Buried at Arlington National Cemetery

Prominent Explorers
Robert Edwin Peary
Matthew Alexander Henson


Historical Figures Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Kennedy Brothers
udie Murphy
Five-Star Officers – Generals and Admirals
Glenn Miller
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
James Parks
Literary Figures
Matt Urban
Medical Figures
Military Figures
Pierre Charles L’Enfant
Robert R. Scott

 Minorities Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Black History and Black Medal of Honor Recipients
63 Foreign Nationals
Japanese-American Service Members
Jewish Figures
Prominent Figures in Black History
Prominent Figures in Hispanic History


Presidents of the United States
William Howard Taft
John Fitzgerald Kennedy


Chief Justices of the United States Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
William Howard Taft
Earl Warren
Warren Earl Burger
William Hubbs Rehnquist

Associate Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Hugo Layfayette Black
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
Potter Stewart
Thurgood Marshall
William O. Douglas
Arthur Joseph Goldberg
William J. Brennan Jr.
Harry A. Blackmun

Monuments at Arlington National Cemetery

John F. Kennedy’s Eternal Flame
Infantry Division Monument
Argonne Cross (WW I)
Battle of the Bulge Memorial
Beirut Barracks
Canadian Cross of Sacrifice Memorial
Chaplains Hill and Monuments
Civil War Unknowns Monument
Coast Guard Memorial
Confederate Memorial
Group Burials
Iran Rescue Mission Monument
Korean War Contemplative Bench
Living Memorials
McClellan Gate
Memorial Drive, National Park Service
Memorial Entrance
Nurses Memorial
Pan Am Flight 103 Memorial Cairn
Pentagon Group Burial Marker
President William Howard Taft Monument
Robert F. Kennedy Gravesite
Rough Riders Memorial
Space Shuttle Challenger Memorial
Space Shuttle Columbia Memorial
Spanish-American War Memorial
Spanish-American War Nurses
Tomb of the Unknowns
USS Maine Memorial
USS Serpens Monument
Woodhull Memorial Flagstaff
Women in Military Service for America


“Few things in the world are more powerful than a positive push. A smile. A world of optimism and hope. A “you can do it” when things are tough.”

 ~ Richard M.  DeVos

quix·ot·ic \kwik-ˈsä-tik\   adjective
1: foolishly impractical especially in the pursuit of ideals ; especially : marked by rash lofty romantic ideas or extravagantly chivalrous action.

763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.
1215 – King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta.
1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull Exsurge Domine.
1664 - New Jersey established. The entire region was claimed by England for the Duke of York (later King James II) in 1664. The name New Jersey was introduced, which honored the isle of Jersey in the English Channel.
1667 – The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.
1752 – Benjamin Franklin proves that lightning is electricity. He and his son tested the relationship between electricity and lightning by flying a kite in a thunder storm.
1775 – Revolutionary War:Congress unanimously votes to appoint George Washington general and commander-in-chief of the new Continental Army.
1775 - Reports reached the Americans that the British intended to occupy the Charlestown peninsula.
1776 – Delaware Separation Day – Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.
1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, become the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon explodes during their attempt to cross the English Channel.
1804 – New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.
1836 – Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.
1844 – Charles Goodyear receives patent #3633 for the vulcanization of rubber.
1846 – The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
1849 - James Polk, the 11th president of the United States, died of cholera in Nashville, TN following a visit to New Orleans.
1851 – Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up first ice-cream factory. Fussell sold his ice cream at less than half the price charged by others (twenty-five cents a quart against sixty-five cents a quart charged by others in the city). By 1856 he had opened manufacturing operations and parlors in Washington, D.C., and Boston.
1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.
1863 – Civil War: The second battle at Winchester, Va., ended in a Union defeat with 1350 casualties.
1864 – Civil War:  Siege of Petersburg begins.
1864 – Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres around Arlington Mansion are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. The area used was Robert E Lee’s home area (Arlington).
1867 – Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana.
1869 –  Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY.
1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first Black cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy. He was given a dishonorable discharge from the army in 1882 on charges that appeared to be racially motivated. In 1999 Pres. Clinton granted him a posthumous pardon.
1896 –  Temperature hits 127 degrees F at Fort Mojave, CA .
1898 - The U.S. House of Representatives approved the annexation of Hawaii. Some 38,000 Hawaiians opposing annexation signed the “Monster Petition” that was delivered to Washington by Queen Lili’uokalani. The petition was ignored.
1898 - US Marines attacked the Spanish off Guantanamo, Cuba.
1902 –  Justin Clark of Corsicana, TX minors hits eight home runs in one game. Corsicana met Texarkana in a home game that was played in nearby Ennis because of Corsicana’s blue laws and drubbed the Casketmakers by the unheard of score of 51-3.
1903 - Barney Oldfield (1878-1946), race car driver, drove a Ford 999 at a record mile per minute (60 mph).
1904 - A fire erupted aboard the steamboat General Slocum, owned by the Knickerbocker Steamboat Co., in New York City’s East River and some 1,021 people died. The ship carried a congregation of a German church on its annual picnic. Capt. William van Schaick (1837-1927) was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in Sing Sing. He was pardoned by President Taft in 1911.
1909 –  Benjamin Shibe patented the cork-center baseball.
1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
1915 –  US government mints first $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo.
1916 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.
1918 – The U.S. Post Office and the U.S. Army began regularly scheduled airmail service between Washington and New York through Philadelphia. Lieutenant George L. Boyle, an inexperienced young army pilot, was chosen to make the first flight from Washington.
1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.
1920 – Duluth lynchings in Minnesota. Three black circus workers were attacked and lynched by a mob of 5000 in Duluth, Minnesota. Rumors had circulated among the mob that six African Americans had raped a teenage girl. It was later proved to be untrue.
1924 - J. Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI.
1932 - Gaston Means was sentenced to fifteen years for fraud in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping.
1934 – The U.S.’s Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.
1936 –   Al Jolson and Ruby Keeler starred in “Burlesque” on the “Lux Radio Theatre”
1938 –   Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented second consecutive no-hitter.
1944 – World War II:   First B-29 raid against mainland Japan
1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invades Saipan.
1947 –  First night game at Detroit Briggs Stadium (Tigers 4, Athletics 1).
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Foolish Heart”by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra
(vocal: Eileen Wilson), “Bewitched” by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Mary Lou Williams), “The Third Man Theme” by Alton Karas and “Why Don’t You Love Me by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1951 –  Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory. The Brown Bomber of old, Louis literally was beating Lee Savold to a pulp, when mercifully Savold went down under a barrage of punches in round six and was counted out.
1951 – The first commercial electronic computer was dedicated in Philadelphia.
1953 –  The Ford Motor Company presented one of TV’s biggest events. The show was a two-hour program and was a look back at the history of the United States and the world up to 1953. Presented by Ford Motor Company on the occasion of their 50th Anniversary. Hosted by Edward R. Murrow and Oscar Hammerstein who discussed historic events, trends, and personalities that had changed the world in the previous fifty years.
1955 – The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert” (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA’s preparations for a nuclear attack.
1957 –  Yankees trade Billy Martin & Ralph Terry for Ryne Duran. In more fallout over the Copacabana incident, the Yankees trade Billy Martin to Kansas City with SS Woodie Held and OF Bob Martyn for P Ryne Duren, 2B Milt Graff and OFs Harry Simpson and Jim Pisoni.
1957 –  “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone topped the charts.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Purple People Eater” by Sheb Wooley, “Do You Want to Dance” by Bobby Freeman, “Yakety Yak” by The Coasters and “All I Have to Do is Dream” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1960 - The Billy Wilder movie “The Apartment,” starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine, opened in New York City.
1963 –  Jan & Dean’s “Surf City” was released to Radio.
1963 –  “Sukiyaki” by Kyu Sakamoto topped the charts.
1963 - “Sound of Music” closed at Lunt Fontanne Theater in New York City after 1443 performances.
1963 –  Juan Marichal becomes the first Giants pitcher to hurl a no-hitter since Carl Hubbell (on May 8, 1929), and the first Latin American to toss one in the Major League. Eighth-inning doubles by Jim Davenport and Chuck Hiller provide the only score in the Giants 1-0 win at Candlestick.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Paint It, Black by The Rolling Stones, “Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind?” by The Lovin’ Spoonful, I Am a Rock” by Simon & Garfunkel and “Distant Drums” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1967 - Governor Reagan signed the Therapeutic Abortion Act, which permitted abortions in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy if a woman’s life or health was threatened or the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest.
1968 –  “Mrs Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel topped the charts.
1969 –  “Hee Haw” with Roy Clark & Buck Owens premiers on CBS TV. The Cornfield Jokes, Pickin-&-Grinnin, Archie’s Barbershop, Empty Arms Hotel, KORN Radio, Lulu’s Truck Stop, Minnie’s School and much more. The cast also frequently asked Grandpa Jones, “What’s For Supper?” And then, there was the comedic Burma-Shave style signs – all on Hee-Haw!
1973 - California Angel Nolan Ryan’s first no-hitter beats Kansas City Royals, 3-0
1973 –   “American Graffiti” opens in New York City.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Billy, Don’t Be a Hero” by Bo Donaldson & The Heywoods, “You Make Me Feel Brand New by The Stylistics, “Sundown” by Gordon Lightfoot and “I Don’t See Me in Your Eyes Anymore” by Charlie Rich all topped the charts.
1976 - “Boogie Fever” by the Sylvers topped the charts
1976 - A 10-inch, mid-June rainfall in Houston, TX made it impossible for the Astros and the Pittsburgh Pirates to play ball in the Astrodome this night. With the parking lot under water and boats the only way to get to the stadium gates, the game was canceled.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ebony and Ivory” by Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder, “Don’t Talk to Strangers” by Rick Springfield, “Don’t You Want Me” by The Human League and “For All the Wrong Reasons” by The Bellamy Brothers all topped the charts.
1983 - The US Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion.
1984 –  Thomas Hearns KOs Roberto Duran.
1985 –  “Everybody Wants to Rule the World” by Tears for Fears topped the charts.
1987 - The Supreme Court struck down a Maryland law allowing use of “victim impact statements” at sentencing hearings of a capital case.
1989 – Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth. Reagan received an honorary British knighthood, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. This entitled him to the use of the post-nominal letters GCB, but did not entitle him to be known as “Sir Ronald Reagan”.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hold On” by Wilson Phillips, “Poison” by Bell Biv DeVoe, It Must Have Been Love” by Roxette and “Love Without End, Amen” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1991 –  “Rush, Rush” by Paula Abdul topped the charts.

1991 - The song “Love Is A Wonderful Thing” by Michael Bolton reached #3 on the pop singles chart.
1992 – The United States Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the USA to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries.
1993 - Former Texas Gov. John Connally, who was wounded in the gunfire that killed President Kennedy, died at age 76.
1994 -  Disney’s “Lion King,” opened in US theaters.
1995 - At the O.J. Simpson murder trial, Simpson struggled to don a pair of gloves that prosecutors said were worn the night Simpson’s ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, were murdered.
1996 - The US Postal Service began printing a breast cancer awareness stamp.
1998 - The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that state prison inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
1998 - In Richmond, Virginia, Quinshawn Booker (14) fired 8-9 rounds from a .32 caliber semiautomatic pistol at Armstrong High School and wounded a coach and a volunteer aide.
1999 - Rosa Parks (86) was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. It was the 121st such medal awarded.
1999 - The US Senate passed legislation protecting companies from lawsuits stemming from Year 2000 computer problems.
2000 - Denis Savard, Joe Mullen and Walter L. Bush Junior were selected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2001 - The Los Angeles Lakers defeated the Philadelphia 76ers 108-96 in game five to win their second straight NBA championship.
2001 - The US cancelled $16 million of Tanzania’s debt and committed to canceling the remaining $10 million by the end of the year.
2001 - US Catholic Bishops voted 209-7 to stop the performance of sterilizations in Catholic hospitals. The new policy applied to 620 US Catholic health care facilities and included non Catholic facilities acquired in mergers.
2001 - In Cicero, Ind., the town president, Betty Loren-Maltese, and nine others were charged with stealing $10 million in taxpayer money and spending it on a horse farm and golf course.
2002 – Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.
2002 -  Accountants Arthur Andersen convicted of obstruction of justice for shredding documents related to the Enron inquiry.
2003 - The San Antonio Spurs beat the New Jersey Nets 88-77 in game 6 to win the NBA finals.
2003 -With a deadline passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.
2004 –  The Detroit Pistons beat the Los Angeles Lakers 100-87 in Game Five of the NBA Finals for their first championship in 14 years.
2004 - Janis Karpinski, the United States Brigadier General at the center of the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse in Iraq says that she was “ordered from the top” to treat detainees “like dogs”, as they are treated in Guantanamo.
2005 - A Republican-led House voted to upend a provision of the Patriot Act that allows federal agents to examine people’s book-reading habits at public libraries.
2006 - US House Democrats voted to strip embattled Louisiana Congressman William Jefferson of his seat on the House Ways and Means Committee.
2006 -  A divided Supreme Court made it easier for police to barge into homes and seize evidence without knocking or waiting.
2006 - US Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials said federal agents over the last 3 weeks had captured 2,179 illegal immigrants across the country in raids targeting child molesters, violent gang members and past deportees who re-entered the country.
2006 - A Colorado state appeals court ruled that a 15-year-old girl can enter into a common-law marriage. The court said that under English common law, which the state recognizes, it could be legal for girls at 12 and boys at 14 to enter common-law marriage.
2007 - During his ethics trial, a tearful Mike Nifong announced he would resign as district attorney of Durham County, NC, after admitting that he’d made improper statements about three Duke University lacrosse players who were once charged with raping a stripper. The players were later declared innocent by state prosecutors.
2007 - Retired “Price Is Right” host Bob Barker won his 19th Daytime Emmy.
2007 - In Tulsa, Okla., a crane lifted out a 1957 Plymouth Belvedere that had been buried in an underground concrete vault half a century earlier to celebrate 50 years of statehood.
2008 - The American International Group (AIG), the world’s largest insurance company, removes Martin J. Sullivan as its CEO due to losses caused by the subprime mortgage crisis.
2009 - Harriet Miers, former White House counsel, during House Judiciary closed door testimony, said former White House political advisor Karl Rove played a central role in the 2006 ouster of New Mexico’s US Attorney David Iglesias as well as 8 other US attorneys.
2011 - Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords has been released from a Houston hospital, five months after being shot in the head during a Tucson, AZ political event.
2011 –  The Boston Bruins defeat the Vancouver Canucks 4-0 in Game 7 to win the Stanley Cup Finals in the NHL.
2011 - The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences changes the rules regarding the Academy Award for Best Picture at the 84th Academy Awards, allowing anywhere from five to ten nominees, provided that each receives a minimum of 5% of the nominating votes.
2011 - Dexter Isaac, a convicted killer, claims responsibility for an attempted assassination of rapper Tupac Shakur in 1994.
2012 - An Apple I computer sells at an auction in New York for $374,500, setting a new record.
2012 - Canada and the U.S. state of Michigan announce a deal to construct a bridge between the U.S. city of Detroit and the Canadian city of Windsor, Ontario.
2012 –  President Obama announces, in the Rose Garden of the White House, that his administration will stop deporting and begin granting work permits to younger illegal immigrants who came to the U.S. as children and have since led law-abiding lives.


1330 – Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (d. 1376)
1767 – Rachel Donelson Jackson, First Lady of the United States (d. 1828)
1789 – Josiah Henson, American slave and settlement founder (d. 1883)
1801 – Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
1805 – William Butler Ogden, first Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
1894 – Robert Russell Bennett, American composer and arranger (d. 1981)
1910 – David Rose, American songwriter, composer and orchestra leader (d. 1990)
1932 – Mario Cuomo, Governor of New York
1937 – Waylon Jennings, American singer (d. 2002)
1942 – John E. McLaughlin, former Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
1947 – Lee Purcell, American actress
1948 – Mike Holmgren, American football coach
1963 – Helen Hunt, American actress
1964 – Courteney Cox, American actress
1969 – Ice Cube, American rapper
1981 – William Dean Martin, American musician (Good Charlotte)





Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, River Assault Division 152. Place and date: Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa province, Republic of Vietnam, 15 June 1969. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: 13 May 1939, Boston, Mass. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in the afternoon while serving as commander of River Assault Division 152 during combat operations against enemy aggressor forces. Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.) Kelley was in charge of a column of eight river assault craft which were extracting one company of U.S. Army infantry troops on the east bank of the Ong Muong Canal in Kien Hoa province, when one of the armored troop carriers reported a mechanical failure of a loading ramp. At approximately the same time, Viet Cong forces opened fire from the opposite bank of the canal. After issuing orders for the crippled troop carrier to raise its ramp manually, and for the remaining boats to form a protective cordon around the disabled craft, Lt. Comdr. Kelley realizing the extreme danger to his column and its inability to clear the ambush site until the crippled unit was repaired, boldly maneuvered the monitor in which he was embarked to the exposed side of the protective cordon in direct line with the enemy’s fire, and ordered the monitor to commence firing. Suddenly, an enemy rocket scored a direct hit on the coxswain’s flat, the shell penetrating the thick armor plate, and the explosion spraying shrapnel in all directions. Sustaining serious head wounds from the blast, which hurled him to the deck of the monitor, Lt. Cmdr. Kelley disregarded his severe injuries and attempted to continue directing the other boats. Although unable to move from the deck or to speak clearly into the radio, he succeeded in relaying his commands through one of his men until the enemy attack was silenced and the boats were able to move to an area of safety. Lt. Comdr. Kelley’s brilliant leadership, bold initiative, and resolute determination served to inspire his men and provide the impetus needed to carry out the mission after he was medically evacuated by helicopter. His extraordinary courage under fire, and his selfless devotion to duty sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.






Rank and orgartization: Landsman, Engineer’s Force, U.S. Navy. Born: 1862, Portsmouth, Va. Accredited to: Virginia. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Jean Sands, opposite the Norfolk Navy Yard, on the night of 15 June 1880, and rescuing from drowning a young girl who had fallen overboard.






Rank and organization: Landsman, Engineer’s Force, U.S. Navy. Born: 1856, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. C O. No.326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Jean Sands, opposite the Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va., on the night of 15 June 1880, and rescuing from drowning a young girl who had fallen overboard.



Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864; At New Market Heights, Va., 29 September 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, N.H. Born: 24 March 1843, Chichester, N.H. Date of issue: 18 February 1891. Citation: The first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy’s works at Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864. Valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Va., inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage.




Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 37th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Fair Oaks, Va., 30-31 May 1862. At Big Shanty, Ga., 14-15 June 1864. Entered service at: Freehold, N.J. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 13 February 1891. Citation: At Williamsburg, Va., assisted in driving rebel skirmishers to their main line. Participated in action, at Fair Oaks, Va., though excused from duty because of disability. In a charge with his company at Big Shanty, Ga., was the first man on the enemy’s works.




Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 124th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 15 June 1863. Entered service at: Middletown, N.Y. Birth: Orange County, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 September 1897. Citation: At imminent peril saved from death or capture a disabled officer of his company by carrying him under a hot musketry fire, to a place of safety.





Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 11th lowa Infantry. Place and date: Near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 15 June 1864. Entered service at: Tipton, Cedar County, lowa. Born: 1840, Michigan. Date of issue: 27 November 1899. Citation: With one companion and under a fierce fire of the enemy at close range, went to the rescue of a wounded comrade who had fallen between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.





Rank and organization. Private, Company K, 11th lowa Infantry. Place and date: Near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 15 June 1864. Entered service at: DeWitt, Clinton County, lowa. Birth: Marion County, Ohio. Date of issue. 27 November 1899. Citation: With one companion and under a fierce fire from the enemy at short range went to the rescue of a wounded comrade who had fallen between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.





Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1840, County of Caven, Ireland. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Fort Henry, Crystal River, Fla., 15 June 1863. Reconnoitering on the Crystal River on this date and in charge of a boat from the Fort Henry, Orderly Sgt. Nugent ordered an assault upon a rebel breastwork fortification. In this assault, the orderly sergeant and his comrades drove a guard of eleven rebels into the swamp, capturing their arms and destroying their camp equipage while gallantly withholding fire to prevent harm to a woman among the fugitives. On 30 July 1863, he further proved his courage by capturing a boat off Depot Key, Fla., containing two men and a woman with their baggage.





Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 46th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 15 June 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Perry County, Ohio. Date of issue: 2 January 1895. Citation: Advanced beyond the lines, and in an encounter with three Confederates, shot two and took the other prisoner.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 14th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 14, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Flag Day
U.S. Army’s Birthday

Star Spangled Banner

Flag Etiquette


The Flag Code, which formalizes and unifies the traditional ways in which we give respect to the flag, also contains specific instructions on how the flag is not to be used. They are:

  • The flag should never be dipped to any person or thing. It is flown upside down only as a distress signal.
  • The flag should not be used as a drapery, or for covering a speakers desk, draping a platform, or for any decoration in general. Bunting of blue, white and red stripes is available for these purposes. The blue stripe of the bunting should be on the top.
  • The flag should never be used for any advertising purpose. It should not be embroidered, printed or otherwise impressed on such articles as cushions, handkerchiefs, napkins, boxes, or anything intended to be discarded after temporary use. Advertising signs should not be attached to the staff or halyard
  • The flag should not be used as part of a costume or athletic uniform, except that a flag patch may be used on the uniform of military personnel, fireman, policeman and members of patriotic organizations.
  • The flag should never have placed on it, or attached to it, any mark, insignia, letter, word, number, figure, or drawing of any kind.
  • The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything.

When the flag is lowered, no part of it should touch the ground or any other object; it should be received by waiting hands and arms. To store the flag it should be folded neatly and ceremoniously.

The flag should be cleaned and mended when necessary.

When a flag is so worn it is no longer fit to serve as a symbol of our country, it should be destroyed by burning in a dignified manner.


Note: Most American Legion Posts regularly conduct a dignified flag burning ceremony, often on Flag Day, June 14th. Many Cub Scout Packs, Boy Scout Troops, and Girl Scout Troops retire flags regularly as well. Contact your local American Legion Hall or Scout Troop to inquire about the availability of this service.


Displaying the Flag Outdoors

When the flag is displayed from a staff projecting from a window, balcony, or a building, the union should be at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff.

When it is displayed from the same flagpole with another flag – of a state, community, society or Scout unit – the flag of the United States must always be at the top except that the church pennant may be flown above the flag during church services for Navy personnel when conducted by a Naval chaplain on a ship at sea.

When the flag is displayed over a street, it should be hung vertically, with the union to the north or east. If the flag is suspended over a sidewalk, the flag’s union should be farthest from the building.

When flown with flags of states, communities, or societies on separate flag poles which are of the same height and in a straight line, the flag of the United States is always placed in the position of honor – to its own right.
..The other flags may be smaller but none may be larger.
..No other flag ever should be placed above it.
..The flag of the United States is always the first flag raised and the last to be lowered.

When flown with the national banner of other countries, each flag must be displayed from a separate pole of the same height. Each flag should be the same size. They should be raised and lowered simultaneously. The flag of one nation may not be displayed above that of another nation.

Raising and Lowering the Flag

The flag should be raised briskly and lowered slowly and ceremoniously. Ordinarily it should be displayed only between sunrise and sunset. It should be illuminated if displayed at night.
The flag of the United States of America is saluted as it is hoisted and lowered. The salute is held until the flag is unsnapped from the halyard or through the last note of music, whichever is the longest.

Displaying the Flag Indoors

When on display, the flag is accorded the place of honor, always positioned to its own right. Place it to the right of the speaker or staging area or sanctuary. Other flags should be to the left.

The flag of the United States of America should be at the center and at the highest point of the group when a number of flags of states, localities, or societies are grouped for display.

When one flag is used with the flag of the United States of America and the staffs are crossed, the flag of the United States is placed on its own right with its staff in front of the other flag.

When displaying the flag against a wall, vertically or horizontally, the flag’s union (stars) should be at the top, to the flag’s own right, and to the observer’s left.

Parading and Saluting the Flag

When carried in a procession, the flag should be to the right of the marchers. When other flags are carried, the flag of the United States may be centered in front of the others or carried to their right. When the flag passes in a procession, or when it is hoisted or lowered, all should face the flag and salute.

The Salute

To salute, all persons come to attention. Those in uniform give the appropriate formal salute. Citizens not in uniform salute by placing their right hand over the heart and men with head cover should remove it and hold it to left shoulder, hand over the heart. Members of organizations in formation salute upon command of the person in charge.


The Pledge of Allegiance and National Anthem

The pledge of allegiance should be rendered by standing at attention, facing the flag, and saluting.
When the national anthem is played or sung, citizens should stand at attention and salute at the first note and hold the salute through the last note. The salute is directed to the flag, if displayed, otherwise to the music.

The Flag in Mourning

To place the flag at half staff, hoist it to the peak for an instant and lower it to a position half way between the top and bottom of the staff. The flag is to be raised again to the peak for a moment before it is lowered. On Memorial Day the flag is displayed at half staff until noon and at full staff from noon to sunset.

The flag is to be flown at half staff in mourning for designated, principal government leaders and upon presidential or gubernatorial order.

When used to cover a casket, the flag should be placed with the union at the head and over the left shoulder. It should not be lowered into the grave.



The great use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it.

 ~ William James


ca·pri·cious kə-ˈpri-shəs, -ˈprē-  adjective

1 a: a sudden, impulsive, and seemingly unmotivated notion or action b: a sudden usually unpredictable condition, change, or series of changes <the caprices of the weather>2: a disposition to do things impulsively


1642 - First compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts.
1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts colony.

1775 -  The Continental Army was established by a resolution of the Continental Congress . The army was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies in their struggle against the rule of Great Britain. Most of the Continental Army was disbanded in 1783 after the Treaty of Paris ended the war.
1777 – During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress adopts a resolution stating that “the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white” and that “the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.”
1777 - John Paul Jones takes command of USS Ranger.
1789 – Mutiny on the Bounty: Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat.
1789 – Whisky distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.
1822 – Charles Babbage proposes a difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables”.
1834 - Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, ME.
1834 - Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
1834 - Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont.
1846 – Bear Flag Revolt begins – Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.
1847 - Commodore Matthew Perry launches amphibious river operations by sailors and Marines on Tabasco River, Mexico.
1848 - The California Star newspaper in San Francisco locked its doors due to the gold strike and lack of working men.
1863 – Civil War: President Lincoln authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to “cooperate by the revenue cutters under your direction with the Navy in arresting rebel depredations on American commerce and transportation and in capturing rebels engaged therein.”
1863 – Civil War: Battle of Second Winchester – a Union garrison is defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War: At the Battle of Pine Mountain, Georgia, Confederate General Leonidas Polk was killed by a Union shell.
1864 - U.S.S. Kearsarge, Captain Winslow, arrived off Cherbourg, France. The ship log recorded: “Found the rebel privateer Alabama lying at anchor in the roads.” Kearsarge took up the blockade in international waters off the harbor entrance.
1870 - All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer first loss in 130 games.
1876 - George Hall of the Philadelphia Athletics hits three triples and a HR in a 20-5 pasting of Cincinnati.
1881 - Player piano patented by John McTammany, Jr, Cambridge, MA.
1893 - Philadelphia observed the first Flag Day.
1898 – Spanish-American War: Two companies of Marines defeated the Spanish near Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
1900 – Hawaii becomes a United States territory. US Congress passed a law granting citizenship to all persons who had been citizens of the Republic of Hawaii at the time of annexation.
1916 – President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day; in August 1949, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress.
1917 - General John Pershing arrived in Paris during World War I.
1919 - The US Congress passed the 19th amendment granting suffrage to American women.
1922 - Warren G. Harding became the first president heard on radio, as Baltimore station WEAR broadcast his speech dedicating the Francis Scott Key memorial at Fort McHenry.
1923 - Fiddlin’ John Carson recorded “Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane” for Okeh records. This is considered the beginning of the country music recording industry.
1927 - George Washington Carver patents a process of producing paints and stains.
1928 - The Republican National Convention in Kansas City nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot.
1932 - Representative Edward Eslick died on the floor of the House of Representatives while pleading for the passage of the bonus bill for US veterans.
1934 – James J. Braddock scores one of the most upsetting victories in of his boxing career by beating John “Corn” Griffin – roughly marking the advent of his comeback to success and eventually winning World Heavyweight championship.
1937 – Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.
1937 – U. S. House of Representatives passes the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act.
1938 – Action Comics issue one was released, introducing Superman.
1938 - Chlorophyll patented by Dr. Benjamin Grushkin. It was patented as a “therapeutic agent for the use in the treatment of infection” of the blood stream, infected parts, and for open cuts and wounds.
1940 – World War II: Paris falls under German occupation, and Allied forces retreat. 1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Naval Expansion Act which aims to increase the United States Navy’s tonnage by 11%.
1940 – World War II: Holocaust: A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1941 – World War II: Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Lithuanians and Latvians, the June deportation, begin.
1941 - World War II: The Coast Guard Cutter Duane rescued 46 survivors from the torpedoed USS Tresillian.
1941 – World War II: President Roosevelt freezes all German and Italian assets in the United States.
1941 – World War II: The Russian secret police gathered up some 40,000 men, women and children and exiled them to Siberia in cattle cars.
1942 – World War II: Anne Frank begins to keep a diary.
1942 - World War II: The first bazooka rocket gun, produced in Bridgeport, Ct., demolished a tank from its shoulder-held position.
1943 - The U.S. Supreme Court, in West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette, ruled that schoolchildren could not be made to salute the U.S. flag and say the Pledge of Allegiance if doing so conflicted with their religious beliefs.
1944 - World War II: The first raid by American B-29 Superfortress bombers is carried out. A total of 48 planes (of which 4 are lost) make an ineffective strike on the Yawata Iron and Steel works.
1944 – World War II: US naval forces conduct bombardments of Saipan and Tinian in preparation for landings on these islands.
1945 - General Dwight D. Eisenhower was honored as a Companion of the Liberation by General Charles de Gaulle.
1945 – World War II: The US Joint Chiefs of Staff issue a directive to General MacArthur, General Arnold and Admiral Nimitz to prepare plans for the immediate occupation of the Japanese islands in the event of a sudden capitulation.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Riders in the Sky”  by  Vaughn Monroe, “Again”  by  Doris Day, “Bali Ha’i”  by  Perry Como and “One Kiss Too Many”  by  Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1949 – Congress declares June 14th as “Flag Day”.
1951 – UNIVAC I is dedicated by U.S. Census Bureau.
1951 – Korean War: A single communist Polikarpov PO-2 biplane dropped bombs on Suwon Airfield and another PO-2 bombed a motor pool at Inchon. These attacks marked the beginning of enemy night harassing missions that soon became known as “Bedcheck Charley.”
1952 - The USS Nautilus, the first atomic submarine, was dedicated in Groton, Connecticut.
1953 - Elvis Presley graduated from L.C. Humes High School in Memphis, TN.
1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words “under God” into the United States’ Pledge of Allegiance.
1954 - Over 12 million Americans “die” in a mock nuclear attack, as the United States goes through its first nationwide civil defense drill.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Letters in the Sand”  by  Pat Boone, “A Teenager’s Romance/I’m Walkin”  by  Ricky Nelson, “Bye Bye Love”  by  The Everly Brothers and “Four Walls”  by  Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1958 - “Purple People Eater” by Sheb Wooley topped the charts.
1961 - Patsy Cline sustained serious head injuries and a fractured hip in a car accident in Madison, TN.
1962 – Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders Anna Slesers, his first victim.
1962 – The New Mexico Supreme Court in the case of Montoya v. Bolack, 70 N.M. 196, prohibits state and local governments from denying Native Americans the right to vote because they live on a reservation.
1963 - Duke Snider got his 400th home run in a game against the Cincinnati Reds.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “Back in My Arms Again”  by  The Supremes, “Crying in the Chapel”  by  Elvis Presley, “I Can’t Help Myself “ by  The Four Tops and “What’s He Doing in My World”  by  Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1965 - Paul McCartney recorded “Yesterday.”
1965 - Bob Dylan recorded “Like A Rolling Stone.
1965 - Cincinnati Reds Jim Maloney no-hits NY Mets but loses in 11, 1-0
1967 – The space probe Mariner 5 was launched from Cape Kennedy on a flight that took it past Venus.
1969 - “Get Back” by the Beatles topped the charts
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Love”  by  Paul McCartney & Wings, “Frankenstein”  by  The Edgar Winter Group, “Pillow Talk”  by  Sylvia and “You Always Come Back (To Hurting Me)  by  Johnny Rodriguez all topped the charts.
1975 - Janis Ian releases “At Seventeen
1975 - “Sister Golden Hair” by America topped the charts.
1976 - “Gong Show” premieres on TV (syndication)
1980 – “Funky Town” by Lipps, Inc. topped the charts
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Bette Davis Eyes”  by  Kim Carnes, “Stars on 45 Medley”  by  Stars on 45, “Sukiyaki”  by  A Taste of Honey and “What are We Doin’ in Love”  by  Dottie West with Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1983 - Five people were killed in a wing of a Ramada Inn in Fort Worth, TX. The fire began in stacked rolls of carpet and padding, the fumes that ensued were toxic.
1985 - TWA Flight 847 from Athens to Rome is hijacked by Shiite Hezbollah terrorists who immediately demand to know the identity of ”those with Jewish-sounding names.” The hijackers killed Petty Officer Robert Dean Stethem and dumped his body on the tarmac in Beirut.
1985 - Earl Weaver returned to manage the American League Baltimore Orioles, after a 2-1/2-year retirement.
1986 - “On My Own” by Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonald topped the charts.
1987 - The Los Angeles Lakers won the NBA title by defeating the defending Boston Celtics 106 – 93.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wind Beneath My Wings”  by  Bette Midler, “I’ll Be Loving You (Forever)”  by  New Kids on the Block, “Every Little Step”  by  Bobby Brown and “Better Man”  by  Clint Black all topped the charts.
1989 - Former U.S. President Reagan received an honorary knighthood from Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II.
1989 - Ground breaking begins in Minnesota on the world’s largest mall.
1989 - Nolan Ryan becomes second pitcher to defeat all twenty-six teams.
1989 - Zsa Zsa Gabor was arrested in Beverly Hills for slapping a motorcycle policeman.
1989 - Pistons sweep LA for NBA title, Kareem Abdul Jabar’s final NBA game.
1990 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld police checkpoints that are used to examine drivers for signs of intoxication.
1991 – The space shuttle “Columbia” returned from a medical research mission.
1992 - The Chicago Bulls won the NBA championship beating the Portland Trailblazers, 97-93.
1992 - Mona Van Duyn (1921-2004) became the first woman to be named America’s poet laureate by the Library of Congress.
1993 - President Clinton chose Ruth Bader Ginsburg, an advocate of women’s rights, to serve on the Supreme Court.
1994 - The New York Rangers won the Stanley Cup by defeating the Vancouver Canucks. It was the first time the Rangers had won the cup in 54 years.
1994 - President Clinton unveiled a $9.3 billion welfare reform plan.
1996 - The FBI released that the White House had done bureau background reports on at least 408 people without justification.
1996 - Money Magazine ranked Madison, Wis., as the best place to live among the nation’s 300 metropolitan areas.
1996 - A new medium priced home in the US was priced at $135,800.
1997 - “I’ll Be Missing You” by Puff Daddy topped the charts.
1998 - The Chicago Bulls win their sixth NBA championship, defeating the Utah Jazz in game six played in Salt Lake City, 87-86.
1998 - Tori Murden of Louisville, Ky., departed from North Carolina in a 23-foot fiberglass rowboat in an attempt to become the first woman to row across the Atlantic.
1998 - The Boston Globe asked for the resignation of columnist Patricia Smith due to fabricated quotations and people in her column.
1999 – About 15,000 NATO peacekeepers spread out across Kosovo, including a convoy of about 1200 US Marines.
2000 – In Florida George Trofimoff (73) was arrested for spying for the Soviet KGB from 1969-1995. He had served as chief of an Army unit responsible for interviewing Warsaw pact defectors.
2000 – US federal marine specialists reported that the US Navy induced underwater noise caused the death of at least a dozen whales in the Bahamas in March. Hemorrhages were found around the animals’ ears.
2000 - The Southern Baptist Convention declared that women should no longer serve as pastors.
2001 – Pres. Bush ordered a stop to the Navy bombing exercises on Puerto Rico’s Vieques Island. Cleanup was estimated to cost hundreds of millions and take decades. Bombing practice was set to stop by May, 2003.
2002 - Actor Kirk Douglas received the UCLA Medal. The award is presented to people for cultural, political and humanitarian achievements.
2002 - In Lubbock, TX, a power failure ended a Britney Spears concert after only two songs.
2003 - Off the northern Oregon coast a large wave flipped over Taki-Tooo, a charter fishing boat carrying 19 people, killing at least nine; eight survived by swimming to shore.
2003 - A car driven by Phoenix Bishop Thomas O’Brien struck and killed pedestrian Jim Reed; O’Brien was later convicted of leaving the scene of an accident and sentenced to probation.
2004 - The US Supreme Court allowed millions of schoolchildren to keep affirming loyalty to one nation “under God”
2002 – The US became officially free from a 1972 treaty that banned major missile defenses. In Alaska work was set to begin on missile interceptors.
2004 – The US military released hundreds of prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison.
2005 –  US Army deserter Charles Jenkins, who crossed into North Korea in 1965, arrived in the United States for his first visit in 40 years.
2005 – The 7.0-magnitude quake struck northern California about 90 miles southwest of the coastal community of Crescent City, where a 1964 tsunami killed eleven people.
2006 – Librarian of Congress James H. Billington named Donald Hall (77), former poet laureate of New Hampshire, as the next poet laureate of the US.
2007 –  In Mississippi Klansman James Ford Seale (71) was convicted on federal charges of kidnapping and conspiracy in the 1964 deaths of Charles Moore and Henry Hezekiah Dee.
2008 – Shuttle Discovery and its crew of seven returned to Earth and capped a successful expansion job at the International Space Station thanks to a new billion-dollar science lab.
2010 - A California judge refuses to suspend the medical licence of Conrad Murray, the doctor charged in connection with Michael Jackson’s death.
2011 - Small communities near the US town of Sierra Vista, Arizona are evacuated due to a wildfire that started in Coronado National Memorial.
2011 - The Wallow Fire becomes the largest wildfire in Arizona history.
2012 - A new survey finds that global support for President Barack Obama has declined since 2009.
2013 - White House attempts to remove ‘Father’ from ‘Founding Fathers’. In an apparent effort to make sure the names of Dolly Madison, Martha Washington and Abigail Adams weren’t disparaged, the White House blog wanted to change Founding Fathers to “Founding Founders.”




1820 – John Bartlett, publisher of Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations (d. 1905)
1832 – Nikolaus Otto, German engineer was the German inventor of the first internal-combustion engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber. (d. 1891)
1855 – Robert La Follette, Sr., U.S. Senator (d. 1925)
1871 – Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor. He is remembered chiefly for his contributions to powered flight. (d. 1946)
1903 – Alonzo Church, American mathematician and logician that ushered in the theoretical basis for computer science. (d. 1995)
1906 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photojournalist (d. 1971)
1909 – Burl Ives, American musician (d. 1995)
1916 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (d. 2001)
1919 – Sam Wanamaker, American actor (d. 1993)
1921 – Gene Barry, American actor
1925 – Pierre Salinger, John F. Kennedy’s Press Secretary (d. 2004)
1932 – Joe Arpaio, sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona
1946 – Donald Trump, American businessman and entrepreneur
1947 – Barry Melton, American guitarist (Country Joe and the Fish)





Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Medical Company 223d Infantry Regiment, 40th Infantry Division. Place and date: Vicinity of Minari-gol, Korea, 14 June 1952. Entered service at: Shelley, Idaho. Born: 27 February 1932, Idaho Falls, Idaho. G.O. No.: 83, 2 November 1953. Citation: Sgt. Bleak, a member of the medical company, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. As a medical aidman, he volunteered to accompany a reconnaissance patrol committed to engage the enemy and capture a prisoner for interrogation. Forging up the rugged slope of the key terrain, the group was subjected to intense automatic weapons and small arms fire and suffered several casualties. After administering to the wounded, he continued to advance with the patrol. Nearing the military crest of the hill, while attempting to cross the fire-swept area to attend the wounded, he came under hostile fire from a small group of the enemy concealed in a trench. Entering the trench he closed with the enemy, killed two with bare hands and a third with his trench knife. Moving from the emplacement, he saw a concussion grenade fall in front of a companion and, quickly shifting his position, shielded the man from the impact of the blast. Later, while ministering to the wounded, he was struck by a hostile bullet but, despite the wound, he undertook to evacuate a wounded comrade. As he moved down the hill with his heavy burden, he was attacked by two enemy soldiers with fixed bayonets. Closing with the aggressors, he grabbed them and smacked their heads together, then carried his helpless comrade down the hill to safety. Sgt. Bleak’s dauntless courage and intrepid actions reflect utmost credit upon himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.




Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company F, 223d Infantry Regiment, 40th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Minarigol, Korea, 14 June 1952. Entered service at: Gray, Pa. Born: 25 March 1931, Gray, Pa. G.O. No.: 65, 19 August 1953. Citation: Cpl. Speicher distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. While participating in an assault to secure a key terrain feature, Cpl. Speicher’s squad was pinned down by withering small-arms mortar, and machine gun fire. Although already wounded he left the comparative safety of his position, and made a daring charge against the machine gun emplacement. Within ten yards of the goal, he was again wounded by small-arms fire but continued on, entered the bunker, killed two hostile soldiers with his rifle, a third with his bayonet, and silenced the machine gun. Inspired by this incredible display of valor, the men quickly moved up and completed the mission. Dazed and shaken, he walked to the foot of the hill where he collapsed and died. Cpl. Speicher’s consummate sacrifice and unflinching devotion to duty reflect lasting glory upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.





Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain), 2d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division, World War II. Place and date: Renouf, France, 14 June to 3 September 1944. Entered service at: Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 2 July 1941. Date and place of birth: 25 August 1919, Buffalo, New York. Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain) Matt Urban, l 12-22-2414, United States Army, who distinguished himself by a series of bold, heroic actions, exemplified by singularly outstanding combat leadership, personal bravery, and tenacious devotion to duty, during the period 14 June to 3 September 1944 while assigned to the 2d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On 14 June, Captain Urban’s company, attacking at Renouf, France, encountered heavy enemy small arms and tank fire. The enemy tanks were unmercifully raking his unit’s positions and inflicting heavy casualties. Captain Urban, realizing that his company was in imminent danger of being decimated, armed himself with a bazooka. He worked his way with an ammo carrier through hedgerows, under a continuing barrage of fire, to a point near the tanks. He brazenly exposed himself to the enemy fire and, firing the bazooka, destroyed both tanks. Responding to Captain Urban’s action, his company moved forward and routed the enemy. Later that same day, still in the attack near Orglandes, Captain Urban was wounded in the leg by direct fire from a 37mm tank-gun. He refused evacuation and continued to lead his company until they moved into defensive positions for the night. At 0500 hours the next day, still in the attack near Orglandes, Captain Urban, though badly wounded, directed his company in another attack. One hour later he was again wounded. Suffering from two wounds, one serious, he was evacuated to England. In mid-July, while recovering from his wounds, he learned of his unit’s severe losses in the hedgerows of Normandy. Realizing his unit’s need for battle-tested leaders, he voluntarily left the hospital and hitchhiked his way back to his unit hear St. Lo, France. Arriving at the 2d Battalion Command Post at 1130 hours, 25 July, he found that his unit had jumped-off at 1100 hours in the first attack of Operation Cobra.” Still limping from his leg wound, Captain Urban made his way forward to retake command of his company. He found his company held up by strong enemy opposition. Two supporting tanks had been destroyed and another, intact but with no tank commander or gunner, was not moving. He located a lieutenant in charge of the support tanks and directed a plan of attack to eliminate the enemy strong-point. The lieutenant and a sergeant were immediately killed by the heavy enemy fire when they tried to mount the tank. Captain Urban, though physically hampered by his leg wound and knowing quick action had to be taken, dashed through the scathing fire and mounted the tank. With enemy bullets ricocheting from the tank, Captain Urban ordered the tank forward and, completely exposed to the enemy fire, manned the machine gun and placed devastating fire on the enemy. His action, in the face of enemy fire, galvanized the battalion into action and they attacked and destroyed the enemy position. On 2 August, Captain Urban was wounded in the chest by shell fragments and, disregarding the recommendation of the Battalion Surgeon, again refused evacuation. On 6 August, Captain Urban became the commander of the 2d Battalion. On 15 August, he was again wounded but remained with his unit. On 3 September, the 2d Battalion was given the mission of establishing a crossing-point on the Meuse River near Heer, Belgium. The enemy planned to stop the advance of the allied Army by concentrating heavy forces at the Meuse. The 2d Battalion, attacking toward the crossing-point, encountered fierce enemy artillery, small arms and mortar fire which stopped the attack. Captain Urban quickly moved from his command post to the lead position of the battalion. Reorganizing the attacking elements, he personally led a charge toward the enemy’s strong-point. As the charge moved across the open terrain, Captain Urban was seriously wounded in the neck. Although unable to talk above a whisper from the paralyzing neck wound, and in danger of losing his life, he refused to be evacuated until the enemy was routed and his battalion had secured the crossing-point on the Meuse River. Captain Urban’s personal leadership, limitless bravery, and repeated extraordinary exposure to enemy fire served as an inspiration to his entire battalion. His valorous and intrepid actions reflect the utmost credit on him and uphold the noble traditions of the United States.



Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant. U.S. Army, Company L, 142d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Magliano, Italy, 14 June 1944. Entered service al: Baton Rouge, La. Birth: Baton Rouge La. G.O. No.: 90, 8 December 1944. Citation: While his platoon was pinned down by enemy small-arms fire from both flanks, he left his position of comparative safety and assisted in carrying 1 of his men, who had been seriously wounded and who lay in an exposed position, to a point where he could receive medical attention. The advance of the platoon was resumed but was again stopped by enemy frontal fire. A German officer and 2 enlisted men, armed with automatic weapons, threatened the right flank. Fearlessly exposing himself, he moved to a position from which he killed all 3 with his submachinegun. Returning to his squad, he obtained an Ml rifle and several antitank grenades, then took up a position from which he delivered accurate fire on the enemy holding up the advance. As the battalion moved forward it was again stopped by enemy frontal and flanking fire. He procured an automatic rifle and, advancing ahead of his men, neutralized an enemy machinegun with his fire. When the flanking fire became more intense he ran to a nearby tank and exposing himself on the turret, restored a jammed machinegun to operating efficiency and used it so effectively that the enemy fire from an adjacent ridge was materially reduced thus permitting the battalion to occupy its objective.


*STOCKHAM, FRED W. (Army Medal)

Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 96th Company, 2d Battalion, 6th Regiment. Place and date: In Bois-de-Belleau, France, 13-14 June 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Detroit, Mich. G.O. NO.:–. Citation: During an intense enemy bombardment with high explosive and gas shells which wounded or killed many members of the company, G/Sgt. Stockham, upon noticing that the gas mask of a wounded comrade was shot away, without hesitation, removed his own gas mask and insisted upon giving it to the wounded man, well knowing that the effects of the gas would be fatal to himself. He continued with undaunted courage and valor to direct and assist in the evacuation of the wounded, until he himself collapsed from the effects of gas, dying as a result thereof a few days later. His courageous conduct undoubtedly saved the lives of many of his wounded comrades and his conspicuous gallantry and spirit of self-sacrifice were a source of great inspiration to all who served with him.


Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 17 March 1873, Limerick, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 92, 8 December 1910. Citation: For heroism and gallantry in action at Cuzco, Cuba, 14 June 1898.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 20 June 1870, Charleston, W. Va. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 504 13 December 1898. Other Navy award: Navy Cross. Citation: In action during the battle of Cuzco, Cuba, 14 June 1898. Distinguishing himself during this action, Quick signaled the U.S.S. Dolphin on 3 different occasions while exposed to a heavy fire from the enemy.



Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company E, 12th West Virginia Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 14 June 1863. Entered service at: Clarksburg, W. Va. Born: 7 February 1833, Richmond, W. Va. Date of issue: 6 March 1890. Citation: Led his command over the stone wall, where he was wounded.


FOX, NICHOLASState of Connecticut

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 28th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 14 June 1863. Entered service at: Greenwich, Conn. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 1 April 1898. Citation: Made two trips across an open space, in the face of the enemy’s concentrated fire, and secured water for the sick and wounded.



Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 4th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 14 June 1863. Entered service at: East Randolph, Mass. Born: 10 January 1832, Springfield, N.H. Date of issue: 19 November 1891. Citation: During a momentary confusion in the ranks caused by other troops rushing upon the regiment, this soldier, with coolness and determination, rendered efficient aid in preventing a panic among the troops.



Rank and organization: Principal Musician, 122d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 14 June 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Morgan County, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 May 1899 Citation: With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.



Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 122d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 14 June 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Morgan County, Ohio. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless, wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 13th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 13, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Kitchen Klutzes of America Day 

Miranda v. Arizona









In March 1963, a kidnapping and sexual assault occurred in Phoenix, Arizona. The Phoenix police, in their investigation, determined that they had found a strong suspect (this was prior to terms like investigative leads, etc.) On March 13, 1963, Ernesto Miranda, 23, was arrested in his home, taken to the police station, identified by the victim, and taken into an interrogation room. Ernesto Miranda was no stranger to police procedures. He negotiated with police officers with intelligence and understanding. He signed the confession willingly. The prosecution was proper, his conviction was based on Arizona law, and his imprisonment was just.

Miranda was not told of his rights to counsel prior to questioning. Two hours later, investigators emerged from the room with a written confession signed by Miranda. It included a typed disclaimer, also signed by Miranda, stating that he had “full knowledge of my legal rights, understanding any statement I make may be used against me,” and that he had knowingly waived those rights.

Two weeks later at a preliminary hearing, Miranda again was denied counsel. At his trial he did have a lawyer, whose objections to the use of Miranda’s signed confession as evidence were overruled. Miranda was convicted of kidnapping and rape, and received a 20-year sentence.

The question was, is a confession an admissible document in a court of law if it was obtained without warnings against self-incrimination and without legal counsel—rights guaranteed to all persons by the 5th and 6th amendments?  The second question is, with whom does the burden of proof rest for determining whether a defendant has legally “waived” his or her rights? What is the standard for judging whether “voluntary confessions” should be deemed admissible? When should an attorney be appointed for a person if he or she cannot afford one?

According to the Supreme Court,the police clearly violated Miranda’s 5th Amendment “right to remain silent”, and his 6th Amendment “right to legal counsel.”  Arizona ignored both the Escobedo rule (evidence obtained from an illegally obtained confession is inadmissible in court) and the Gideon rule (all felony defendants have the right to an attorney) in prosecuting Miranda. His confession was illegally obtained and should be thrown out. His conviction was faulty, and he deserved a new trial.

By a 5-4 margin, the Court voted to overturn Miranda’s conviction. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Warren declared that the burden is upon the State to demonstrate that “procedural safeguards effective to secure the privilege against self-incrimination” are followed. “The current practice of ‘incommunicado’ [unable to communicate with the world] interrogation is at odds with one of our Nation’s most cherished principles—that the individual may not be compelled to incriminate himself.”

Warren then summarized the case, measuring it against the “fundamental fairness” standards the Court had established. “[I]t is clear,” he wrote, “that Miranda was not in any way apprised of his right to consult with an attorney and to have one present during the interrogation, nor was his right not to be compelled to incriminate himself effectively protected in any other manner. Without these warnings [his] statements were inadmissible. The mere fact that he signed a statement which contained a typed-in clause stating that he had ‘full knowledge’ of his ‘legal rights’ does not approach the knowing and intelligent waiver required to relinquish constitutional rights.”

The creation of the Miranda Warning put on the shoulders of the police the burden of informing citizens subject to questioning in a criminal investigation of their rights to “due process.” Ernesto Miranda, retracting his confession, was tried again by the State of Arizona, found guilty, and sent to prison. His retrial, based on a prisoner’s successful appeal, did not constitute “double jeopardy.”


 “I can go for two months on one compliment.”

~ Mark Twain

woot (verb) :

To triumph over

(interjection) : UPDATED: an abbreviation of “We Owned the Other Team”. (W.O.O.T.) expression of joy after a triumph (or an obvious victory). originated from a computer-gaming sub-culture

(interjection) : an interjection expressing joy (it could be after a triumph, or for no reason at all); similar in use to the word “yay”

w00t! I won the contest!


1525 – Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.

1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.
1777 – Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.
1778 - France declares war against England in aid of the American colonies.
1789 - Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to George Washington in her home in New York.
1798 – Mission San Luis Rey is founded.
1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.
1825 - Walter Hunt patented the safety pin. Hunt then then sold the rights for $400.
1862 – Civil War: The Confederate steamer Planter, with her captain ashore in Charleston, was taken out of the harbor by an entirely Negro crew under Robert Smalls and turned over to U.S.S. Onward of the blockading Union squadron.
1862 - U.S.S. Iroquois, Commander Palmer, and U.S.S. Oneida, Commander S. P. Lee, occupied Natchez, Mississippi, as Flag Officer Farragut’s fleet moved steadily toward Vicksburg.
1863 -  Confederate forces on their way to Gettysburg clashed with Union troops at the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War: The bulk of the Army of the Potomac begins moving towards Petersburg, Virginia, precipitating a siege that lasted for more than nine months.
1866 - The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. It was ratified on July 9, 1868. The amendment was designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves.
1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
1888 -  Congress creates the Department of Labor. It was designed to collect information about employment and labor. It became an independent (sub-Cabinet) department by the Department of Labor Act on June 13, 1888.
1893 – Grover Cleveland undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; operation not revealed to US public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.
1898 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
1900 - China’s Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted into violence.
1910 - Pilot Charles Hamilton makes first one-day round-trip from New York to Philadelphia.
1912 - Captain Albert Berry made the first successful parachute jump from an airplane in Jefferson, Mississippi.
1917 – World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
1920 - The U.S. Post Office Department ruled that children may not be sent by parcel post.
1922 - Charlie Osborne started the longest attack on hiccups. He hiccuped over 435 million times before stopping. He died in 1991, 11 months after his hiccups ended.
1924 – The New York Yankees win by forfeit over the Detroit Tigers due to a 30 minute fight after Bob Meusel takes a pitch in his back, hurls his bat at P Bert Cole, and charges the mound. The umpire, Billy Evans, forfeited it to New York and it was their third forfeit win.
1927 - For the first time, an American Flag was displayed from the right hand of the Statue of Liberty.
1927 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker-tape parade down Fifth Avenue in New York City.
1929 - Coast Guard Radio Technician A. G. Descoteaux became the first person to broadcast from an aircraft.
1933 - First sodium vapor lamps are installed in Schenectady, NY.
1933 -  Federal Home Owners Loan Corporation is authorized. The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) was a New Deal agency established in 1933 under President Franklin Roosevelt. Its purpose was to refinance homes to prevent foreclosure.
1934 – Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as “a silly little monkey”.
1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, the ten to one underdog James J. Braddock defeats Max Baer in Long Island City, New York, and becomes the heavyweight champion of the world.
1937 - Joe DiMaggio hits three consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns.
1939 - Lionel Hampton and his band recorded “Memories of You” for Victor Records.
1942 – World War II: President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information, and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head. The OSS, Office of Strategic Services, was formed.
1942 – The Coast Guard Cutter Thetis sank the German U-boat U-157 off the Florida Keys. There were no survivors.
1942 - German spies landed on Long Island, New York from their submarine U-202. John C. Cullen, Seaman 2nd Class discovered the Nazi saboteurs landing on beach at Amagansett, Long Island. They were soon captured.
1944 – A patent was obtained by Marvin Camras for the magnetic tape recorder.
1944 – World War II: Germany launches a counter attack on Carentan.
1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets. A V-1 flying bomb resembled a 25-ft aircraft, with a wingspan of 17-ft. Ordinary truck fuel kept its pulse-jet engine running, which was mounted above the bomb fuselage carrrying a 1,870-pound warhead.
1944 – World War II: On Biak, American forces reduce the scattered Japanese resistance from caves in the east of the island. US aircraft are operating from Mokmer Airfield.
1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, the Japanese resistance in the Oruku peninsula ends. The US 6th Marine Division records a record 169 Japanese prisoners as well as finding about 200 dead.
1946 - First transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland.
1947 -  First night game at Fenway Park (Red Sox 5, White Sox 3).
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “Nature Boy” by Nat King Cole, “Toolie Oolie Doolie” by The Andrews Sisters, “Baby Face” by The Art Mooney Orchestra and “Texarkana Baby” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1948 - Babe Ruth’s final farewell at Yankee Stadium, he dies August 16th.
1953 - “Song From Moulin Rouge (Where Is Your Heart)” by Percy Faith topped the charts.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Wayward Wind” by Gogi Grant, “I’m in Love Againby Fats Domino, “I Want You, I Need You, I Love You” by Elvis Presley and “Crazy Arms” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1957 - Ted Williams becomes first in the American League to have two, three-HR games in a season.
1959 –  “Battle of New Orleans” by Johnny Horton topped the charts.
1960 -  “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers topped the charts.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “Chapel of Love” by The Dixie Cups, “A World Without Love” by Peter & Gordon, “Love Me with All Your Heart” by The Ray Charles Singers and “Together Again” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
1967 – President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first Black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1967 – Vietnam War: Operation Great Bend in Rung Sat Zone.
1968 - Johnny Cash performed a live concert at California’s Folsom Prison. Applause from the inmates was dubbed into his “At Folsom Prison” album.
1968 - US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren (1891-1974) submitted his resignation to President Johnson.
1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” becomes the Beatles’ last Number 1 song.
1970 - Beatles’ “Let It Be,” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 4 weeks.
1970 - The song “Make It with You“, by David Gates and Bread, was released.
1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Candy Man” by Sammy Davis, Jr., “Song Sung Blueby Neil Diamond, “Nice to Be with You” by Gallery and “The Happiest Girl in the Whole U.S.A.” by Donna Fargo all topped the charts.
1975 - John Lennon made his last TV appearance to sing “Imagine.”
1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.
1979 - Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota.
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Funkytown” by Lipps, Inc., “Coming Up” by Paul McCartney & Wings, “Biggest Part of Me” by Ambrosia and “My Heart” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1981 -  “Bette Davis Eyes” by Kim Carnes topped the charts.
1981 - Tom Snyder interviewed Charles Manson (55:53) on “Tomorrow.”
1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the solar system.
In 2002, NASA made successful contact with telemetry received from Pioneer 10 when it was at a distance from Earth of 7.57 billion miles, and the round-trip time for the signal (at the speed of light) was 22-hr 35-min.
1984 - The Jacksons’ “State of Shock,” was released. Mick Jagger did guest vocals.
1987 – Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel & Anne Knabe complete cycling journey of 15,266 mi from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska to Argentina.
1987 –   “Always” by Atlantic Starr topped the charts.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “One More Try” by George Michael, “Together Foreverby Rick Astley, “Everything Your Heart Desires” by Daryl Hall John Oates and “I Told You So” by Randy Travis all topped the charts.
1989 - The Detroit Pistons won their first National Basketball Association title. They beat the L.A. Lakers in four games.
1989 - U.S. President George H.W. Bush exercised his first Presidential veto on a bill dealing with minimum wage.
1991 - Marines from Okinawa and Marine Barracks, Subic Bay, Philippines, evacuated 20,000 Americans after Mount Pinatubo erupted. HMH-772, MAGTF 4-91, MAG-36, 15th MEU and other Marine units assisted.
1992 - Future U.S. President Bill Clinton criticized rap singer Sister Souljah for making remarks “filled with hatred” towards whites.
1992 - Law enforcement officials in Texas called for a ban on Ice-T’s “Cop Killer” album.
1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
1994 - O.J. Simpson was questioned by Los Angeles police concerning the deaths of his ex-wife and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
1996 - In Montana, the 81-day standoff between the Freemen and the FBI ended when the anti-government group surrendered.
1996 - Arizona Governor Fife Symington was indicted on charges of making false statement to financial institutions and using his office to free himself from a $10 mil loan guarantee.
1996 - A federal grand jury indicted Sun-Diamond Growers of California on charges of illegal gifts to former agricultural Secretary Mike Espy and improper campaign contributions to Espy’s brother Henry.
1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to the death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
1997 - The Chicago Bulls captured their fifth professional basketball championship in seven years with a 90-86 victory over the Utah Jazz in Game 6 of the NBA finals.
1998 - President Clinton visited Thurston High School in Springfield, Ore., where two students were killed and 22 others wounded the previous month.
1998 - Civil rights leaders and politicians called for an end to racial violence as hundreds of mourners gathered in Jasper, Texas, for the funeral of James Byrd Jr., a black man who police said was brutally killed by white supremacists.
2000 - Julius “Dr. J.” Erving issued a public appeal for help finding his 19-year-old son, Cory. Cory had been missing since May 28, 2000. His body was found July 6, 2000.
2002 – The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
2002 - A federal judge blocked South Carolina Governor Jim Hodges’ suit to block a plutonium shipment from Rocky Flats in Colorado to the Savannah River Site nuclear facility for re-processing.
2002 - The Detroit Red Wings won the Stanley Cup four games to one over the Carolina Hurricanes.
2003 - US forces killed 27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad.
2004 - Former President George H.W. Bush celebrated his 80th birthday with a 13,000-foot parachute jump over his presidential library in College Station, Texas.
2004 - It was reported that a quarter teaspoon of cinnamon a day helped to reduce glucose, fat and cholesterol levels by as much as 30%.
2005 – A jury in Santa Maria, California acquits pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch.
2005 – The US Senate apologized for blocking anti-lynching legislation in the early 20th century, when mob violence against blacks was commonplace.
2005 –   The Supreme Court warned prosecutors to use care in striking minorities from juries, siding with black murder suspects in Texas and California who contended their juries had been unfairly stacked with whites.
2008 –  In Ohio, three men were convicted of plotting to recruit and train terrorists to kill American soldiers in Iraq. Mohammad Amawi (28), Warwan El-Hindi (45) and Wassim Mazloum (27) faced maximum life sentences.
2008 –  In Iowa, the Cedar River crested at nearly 32 feet, 12 feet higher than the old record set in 1929. Water submerged more than 400 blocks of Cedar Rapids, threatened the city’s drinking supply and forced the evacuation of a downtown hospital.
2008 –  In northern California some 2,800 firefighters battled the Humboldt Fire in Butte County. 9,000 residents were evacuated as the fire covered 23,00 acres. By June 15 most of the fire was under control after destroying 74 homes and damaging 20 more in Paradise.
2008 – Tim Russert (58), NBC News’s Washington bureau chief, collapsed and died of a heart attack in his Washington newsroom.
2009 –  Six Flags, an American theme park operator, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2010 –  Spirit Airlines announced that it has canceled all flights through Jun 15 as a pilot’s strike continued into a second day.
2010 –  Jimmy Dean, former country singer and sausage entrepreneur, died at his home in Virginia. His 1961 song “Big Bad John” won him a Grammy. In 1969 he started the Jimmy Dean Meat Co., which he sold to Sara Lee Corp. in 1984.
2011 –  The US National Weather Service issues a flash flood warning after the Missouri River breaches a levee near Hamburg, Iowa.
2011 –  The American destroyer USS McCampbell is reported to have asked to board a North Korean cargo vessel south of Shanghai; the vessel’s crew refused and later returned home after what The New York Times described as “several days of pressure” from the U.S. warship.
2011 - The US National Weather Service issues a flash flood warning after the Missouri River breaches a levee near Hamburg, Iowa.
2011 - The Boston Bruins defeat the Vancouver Canucks 5-2 to force the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals into a seventh game.
2012 - U.S. federal prosecutors drop corruption charges against former Senator John Edwards following a mistrial.
2012 - The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency brings drugs charges against seven-time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong.
2012 – In baseball, pitcher Matt Cain of the San Francisco Giants throws the first perfect game in the club’s history.


1786 – Winfield Scott, U.S. general (d. 1866)
1864 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
1894 – Dr. Leo Kanner, American psychiatrist and physician known for his work related to autism (d. 1981)
1903 – Harold ‘Red’ Grange, American football player (d. 1991)
1910 – Mary Wickes, American actress (d. 1995)
1911 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
1926 – Paul Lynde, American actor (d. 1982)
1928 – John Forbes Nash, American mathematician, Nobel laureate
1951 – Richard Thomas, American actor
1953 – Tim Allen, American comedian and actor
1986 – Ashley Olsen, American actress
1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen, American actress





Rank and organization: Specialist Fifth Class, U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 13 June 1968. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 31 July 1946, Brooklyn, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp5c. Kedenburg, U.S. Army, Command and Control Detachment North, Forward Operating Base 2, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), distinguished himself while serving as advisor to a long-range reconnaissance team of South Vietnamese irregular troops. The team’s mission was to conduct counter-guerrilla operations deep within enemy-held territory. prior to reaching the day’s objective, the team was attacked and encircled by a battalion-size North Vietnamese Army force. Sp5c. Kedenburg assumed immediate command of the team which succeeded, after a fierce fight, in breaking out of the encirclement. As the team moved through thick jungle to a position from which it could be extracted by helicopter, Sp5c. Kedenburg conducted a gallant rear guard fight against the pursuing enemy and called for tactical air support and rescue helicopters. His withering fire against the enemy permitted the team to reach a preselected landing zone with the loss of only one man, who was unaccounted for. Once in the landing zone, Sp5c. Kedenburg deployed the team into a perimeter defense against the numerically superior enemy force. When tactical air support arrived, he skillfully directed air strikes against the enemy, suppressing their fire so that helicopters could hover over the area and drop slings to be used in the extraction of the team. After half of the team was extracted by helicopter, Sp5c. Kedenburg and the remaining three members of the team harnessed themselves to the sling on a second hovering helicopter. Just as the helicopter was to lift them out of the area, the South Vietnamese team member who had been unaccounted for after the initial encounter with the enemy appeared in the landing zone. Sp5c. Kedenburg unhesitatingly gave up his place in the sling to the man and directed the helicopter pilot to leave the area. He then continued to engage the enemy who were swarming into the landing zone, killing six enemy soldiers before he was overpowered. Sp5c. Kedenburg’s inspiring leadership, consummate courage and willing self-sacrifice permitted his small team to inflict heavy casualties on the enemy and escape almost certain annihilation. His actions reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.



Rank and organization: Captain, 23d U.S. Infantry. Place and date: Near Zapote River, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 June 1899. Entered service at: Binghamton, N.Y. Birth: Centerville, N.Y. Date of issue: 24 July 1902. Citation: With nine men volunteered to hold an advanced position and held it against a terrific fire of the enemy estimated at 1,000 strong. Taking a rifle from a wounded man, and cartridges from the belts of others, Capt. Sage himself killed five of the enemy.




Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1860 Holland. Biography not available. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna, 13 June 1884, at Callao, Peru, Fasseur rescued William Cruise, who had fallen overboard, from drowning.


WILLIAMS, LOUIS (Second Award)



Rank and organization: Captain of the Hold, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845 Norway. Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884 Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna, Williams rescued from drowning William Cruise, who had fallen overboard at Callao Peru, 13 June 1884.





Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 12th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 12, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Crowded Nest Awareness Day

Ride The Wind Day




Raggedy Ann and Andy: History and Legend
by Patricia Hall
Copyright 1999, Patricia Hall
All rights reserved


Raggedy Ann, and her equally spirited rag brother, Andy are the world’s best-known and most adored rag dolls. At the hand of their creator, cartoonist-illustrator-author Johnny Gruelle, the Raggedys weren’t ever simply dolls. They were literary characters as well, possessing attributes and outlooks reflecting trustworthiness, kindness, and spunk. Because Gruelle was a natural born storyteller, it followed that his dolls would star in whimsical, fanciful tales, based on fantasy and make believe.

Because of this, Johnny Gruelle’s little rag dolls have also found themselves at the center of several legend cycles — groups of stories that, while containing kernels of truth, are more myth than they are history. What makes this even more intriguing is that fact that Johnny Gruelle, either unwittingly or with the great sense of humor he was known for, initiated many of these legends, a number of which are continuously repeated as the factual history of Raggedy Ann and Andy.

One of the distinguishing features of a legend is that, unlike an out-and-out fairy tale, it is factual-sounding enough to be believable. This especially applies to the Raggedy legends.

In the case of Raggedy Ann and Andy, the legends are as important as factual history in telling their story. Because the Raggedys sprang directly from the rich and embellished world of storytelling — a world of frolicking fairies; come-alive dolls and talking forest critters — it makes great sense to not discount legends simply because they are folklore, and therefore, “unprovable.”

While legends can frustrate the conscientious historian in search of hard, provable facts and figures, they can tell us different things than facts, and they possess powers that historical data do not. Legends have the power of revealing ethics and values; preferences and motives; emotions and reactions. And, in the case of the Raggedys, legends have the singular ability to showcase the true personalities of these fanciful dolls, as well as lending insight into the persona of their creator, Johnny Gruelle.

Johnny Gruelle was born in Arcola, Illinois in 1880, the son of landscape and portrait artist Richard (R.B.) Gruelle. R.B. eventually moved his young family to Indianapolis. There, mixing with his parents’ artistic and literary friends (among them, the poet James Whitcomb Riley) young Johnny developed a strong love of region, and a penchant for the fine art of storytelling.

By the time Gruelle reached adulthood, he had cast his lot as a political cartoonist, turning out as many as three cartoons as day for several midwestern newspapers. In 1910, he acted on his aspirations to become a freelance illustrator, moving to the East Coast, where he accepted a full-time position with The New York Herald (turning out weekly pages of his Sunday comic, “Mr. Twee Deedle”) as well as several book illustrating commissions.

This was during a time in American history when traditional values were being challenged by progress and social change. As a counter-reaction, many were turning back to more nostalgic diversions. Homemade and hand-crafted objects were popular fare; fairy tales, magic shows, and psychic phenomena became all the rage. All of this fit with what Gruelle was already creating, and set the stage perfectly for the folksy, whimsical doll he designed and patented in 1915 — Raggedy Ann. And, Raggedy Ann’s creation set the stage for the legends…

…a small girl bursts into her father’s art studio, trailing a battered rag doll behind her. Panting, she tells Daddy about discovering the faceless doll in Grandmother’s attic. Laying aside his afternoon’s cartoon, the father picks up the doll. He studies her face for a moment before picking up his cartooning pen and deftly applying a new, whimsical face. He suggests that Grandmother might be enlisted to sew on another shoe button to take care of a missing eye. Then, reaching for a volume of poetry behind his desk, the father browses through several by poet and family friend, James Whitcomb Riley. Compressing the titles of two of his favorites — “The Raggedy Man” and “Little Orphant Annie” — he asks, his daughter, “What if we call your new doll Raggedy Ann?..”

So goes one version of an oft-repeated account of where Raggedy Ann really came from. Sometimes the date given is 1914; sometimes it is as early as 1900. Sometimes the story is set in suburban Indianapolis or downtown Cleveland; other times, it is said to have taken place in rural Connecticut. As with any migratory legend, while the core account may stay constant, local details usually differ (depending on the teller, and which locale is trying to lay claim to the story).

The core account of this particular legend — a family doll being retrieved from the attic — is also based on some factual evidence. According to Johnny Gruelle’s wife, Myrtle (a warm, but practical woman, who could usually be depended on to provide candid, historical accounts) it was her husband, Johnny, (not her daughter, Marcella) who retrieved a long-forgotten family-made rag doll from the Indianapolis attic of his parents home, sometime around the turn of the century.

“There was something her wanted from the attic,” Myrtle recounted. “While he was rummaging around for it, her found an old rag doll his mother had made for his sister. Her said then that the doll would make a good story.”

But back to the legend … It conveys things the cold, hard facts cannot — like the wonder of a long-forgotten family doll being discovered by a little girl in the magical and mystical environs of a grandmother’s attic. And it reflects the devotion of a father taking time out of a busy day to minister to his daughter’s “new” charge. The legendary account provides the kind of magical underpinnings and romantic detailing that a doll like Raggedy Ann deserves. And most seem to want to believe that the legend is true. Which is likely why journalists and fans alike have, time and again, perpetuated the Raggedy birth legend as historical fact.

Judging from his “Introduction” to Raggedy Ann Stories (in which a literary character named Marcella finds Raggedy Ann in her grandmother’s attic and takes it to her for repairs), Johnny Gruelle is the most likely source of this legend, giving his storybook Raggedy Ann a more magical, reader-friendly discovery, at the hand of, not a father, but a sweet little girl.



“It is a grand mistake to think of being great without goodness and I pronounce it as certain that there was never a truly great man that was not at the same time truly virtuous.”

~ Benjamin Franklin

peck·sniff·ian \pek-ˈsni-fē-ən\  adjective

unctuously hypocritical : pharisaical

Etymology: Seth Pecksniff, character in Martin Chuzzlewit (1843–44) by Charles Dickens

1429 – Hundred Years’ War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.

1665 – England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
1775 – Revolutionary War: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
1775 - First naval battle of Revolution. Forty men, armed with guns, swords, axes, and pitchforks, headed by Jeremiah O’Brien, on the sloop Unity and twenty men under the command of Benjamin Foster on a small schooner pursued the Margaretta.Today near Round Island on Machias Bay the patriots crashed into the Margaretta and engaged in hand to hand combat.
1776 - Virginia’s colonial legislature became the first to adopt a Bill of Rights. The Virginia Declaration of Rights granted every individual the right to the enjoyment of life and liberty and to acquire and possess property.
1787 -  Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old.
1813 – War of 1812: The Revenue cutter Surveyor, at anchor in the York River, Virginia, was surprised by a three-barge attack force launched from the British frigate HMS Narcissus.
1838 - The Iowa Territory was organized.
1839 - Abner Doubleday invents baseball. Doubleday supposedly invented the game in Elihu Phinney’s cow pasture in Cooperstown, New York.
1849 – The gas mask is patented by Lewis Haslett in Louisville, Kentucky.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart begins his ride around the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsular campaign, after being sent on a reconnaissance of Union positions by Robert E. Lee.
1864 – Civil War: General Lee sent General Early into the Shenandoah Valley.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
1876 - Marcus Kellogg, a journalist traveling with Custer’s 7th Cavalry, files one of his last dispatches before being killed at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.
1880 -  Baseball’s first El Perfecto, a perfect game, was recorded.A perfect game is when no batter reaches a base during a complete game of at least nine innings. A southpaw, left-handed Lee Richmond of the Worcester (Massachusetts) Ruby Legs, pitched himself to perfection with a 1-0 shutout of the Cleveland Spiders in a National League game.
1881 - The steamship USS Jeannette sank under ice during an expedition to reach the North Pole. The crew, having abandoned the ship, prepared 3 lifeboats in an attempt to reach Siberia. Less than half survived.
1897 - Carl Elsener patented his penknife. The object later became known as the Swiss army knife.
1899 – New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.
1901 - Cuba agreed to become an American protectorate by accepting the Platt Amendment.
1903 – The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of  Michigan School of Music.
1907 - A committee from the Vista Grande Improvement Club (Daly City, Ca.) was appointed to arrange for a volunteer fire department and a fire alarm system.
1908 – The USS Lusitania crossed the Atlantic from New York City in a record 4 days 15 hours.
1913 - “The Dachshund” by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released. John Randolph Bray invented and patented the process, producing a movie called The Artist’s Dream (also known as The Dachsund) in which a dog eats sausages until it explodes.
1917 - Secret Service extends protection of president to his family. At this time, in addition to this protection, threats against the President became a felony.
1918 - The first airplane bombing raid by an American unit occurred on World War I’s Western Front in France.
1920 - Republicans in Chicago nominated Warren G. Harding for president and Calvin Coolidge, governor of Massachusetts, for vice president.
1921 - U.S. President Warren Harding urged every young man to attend military training camp.
1923 - Harry Houdini frees himself from a straitjacket while suspended upside down in New York City.
1928 – “Good and Plenty” candy was trademark registered. Good and Plenty candy was first produced by the Quaker City Confection Company in Philadelphia in 1893 and is the oldest branded candy in the United States. Choo Choo Charlie, the engineer who fueled his train with Good & Plenty, first appeared in advertisements in 1950.
1931 - Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen were indicted for violating U.S. Prohibition laws.
1934 - Black-McKeller Bill passes. The Black-McKeller Act, known as the Air Mail Act of 1934, forced the break up United Aircraft & Transport Corporation. William Boeing was so disgusted he quit aviation.
1934 - The US Farm Mortgage Foreclosure Act allowed federal loans to farmers to recover property lost to foreclosure.
1935 - Ella Fitzgerald recorded “Love and Kisses” and “I’ll Chase the Blues Away“.
1935 - U.S. Senator Huey Long of Louisiana made the longest speech on Senate record. The speech took 15 1/2 hours and was filled by 150,000 words.
1939 - Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown NY. The Hall of Fame was dedicated by Stephen Carlton Clark, grandson of Edward Clark, who was a founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company.
1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures’ Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
1940 – World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
1942 - Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded “Travelin’ Light“.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1942 – World War II: American bombers struck the oil refineries of Ploesti, Romania for the first time.
1943 – World War II: Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. 1,180 Jews are led to the city’s old Jewish graveyard and shot.
1944 – World War II:  US naval forces continue attacks on Japanese positions in the island group. They concentrate on Tinian, Saipan and Guam. The Japanese fleets located at Tawitawi and Batjan set sail to counterattack.
1944 – World War II: A third wave of Allied forces has landed. There are now 326,000 troops, 104,000 tons of supplies and 54,000 vehicles deployed in Normandy, France.
1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, many of the Japanese naval infantry cut off in the Oruku peninsula, reduced to a pocket of about 1000 square yards, begin to commit mass suicide to avoid surrender.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mam’selle” by Art Lund, “Linda” by Buddy Clark with the Ray Noble Orchestra, “My Adobe Hacienda” by Eddy Howard and “Sugar Moon” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.
1947 - “Sergeant Preston of The Yukon” (25:50) debuts on radio nationwide. The program was an adventure series about Sergeant William Preston of the Northwest Mounted Police and his lead sled dog, Yukon King, as they fought evildoers in the Northern wilderness during the Gold Rush of the 1890s.
1948 - Eddie Arcaro becomes first jockey to win the Triple Crown twice.
1948 - Ben Hogan won his first U.S. Open golf classic.
1948 - The Women’s Armed Forces Integration Act provides for enlistment and appointment of women in the Naval Reserve and the regular Marine Corps.
1951 – Korean War: Eighth Army controlled the “Iron Triangle” as Operation PILEDRIVER wrapped up. The “iron Triangle” is used a lot. In this instance it means a term used during the Korean War to describe an area in Korea bounded by Ch’orwon, Kumhwa, and Pyonggang.
1951 – Korean War: Twenty-five sailors were killed when the destroyer USS Walke struck a mine east of Wonsan.
1952 -  U.S. Navy lets a contract to produce the A-4 Skyhawk. This aircraft later became the workhorse of the Vietnam War.
1953 - Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Robert V. McHale and Captain Samuel Hoster, both of the 319th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, were on a night mission in their F-94 Starfire and apparently collided with the enemy light aircraft they were attacking. The men thereby made the fourth and last F-94 kill of the Korean War posthumously.
1954 - “Little Things Mean a Lot” by Kitty Kallen topped the charts.
1954 - Bill Haley’s “Rock Around the Clock,” was originally released.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS -“Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White” by Perez Prado, “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley & His Comets, “Learnin’ the Blues” by Frank Sinatra and “In the Jailhouse Now” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1957 - Stan Musial sets NL record for consecutive games played. This was his 823rd game. Musial went on to extend his consecutive game streak to 895 in late August 1957.
1959 - The album “Chuck Berry on Top” was released by Chuck Berry.
1959 - Bo Diddley released “Go Go Bo Diddley.”
1961 - President John F. Kennedy signed a Presidential Proclamation calling for the American flag to be flown at the Marine Corps War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia, “at all times during the day and night.”
1961 - The US TV show “PM East and PM West” began airing on the Westinghouse network.PM East/PM West was a late night talk show hosted by Mike Wallace and Joyce Davidson in New York City (PM East), and San Francisco Chronicle television critic Terrence O’Flaherty in San Francisco (PM West). It was an attempted competition to the Tonight Show (Jack Paar).
1962 - USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 184,622 feet.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s My Party” by Lesley Gore, “Sukiyaki” by Kyu Sakamoto, “Da Doo Ron Ron” by The Crystals and “Lonesome 7-7203” by Hawkshaw Hawkins all topped the charts.
1963 – Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
1963 - Elizabeth Taylor starred in the $44,000,000 film epic, “Cleopatra”. It was originally budgeted at $2 million and almost bankrupted 20th Century Fox.
1965 - Rolling Stones release “Satisfaction“.
1965 -  “Back in My Arms Again” by the Supremes topped the charts.
1965 – Big Bang theory of creation of universe was supported by announcement of discovery of new celestial bodies known as “blue galaxies.”
1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
1967 – Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet’s atmosphere and successfully return data).
1970 - After an earthquake in Peru, the USS Guam began eleven days of relief flights to transport medical teams and supplies, as well as rescue victims. The Guam was an Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ship that was equipped with helicopters and VSTOL aircraft.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Want Ads” by The Honey Cone, “Rainy Days and Mondays” by Carpenters, “It’s Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move” by Carole King and “You’re My Man” by Lynn Anderson all topped the charts.
1972 - Richard Kleindienst (1923-2000) was sworn in as the attorney general after John Mitchell left to head the Committee to Re-Elect the President.
1972 - Saul Alinsky (b.1909), founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, died in Carmel, Ca. He is generally considered the father of community organizing.
1976 - “Silly Love Songs” by the Wings topped the charts.
1977 - “Pippin” closed at Imperial Theater in New York City after 1944 performances.
1978 – David Berkowitz, the “Son of Sam” killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings. In 1987, Berkowitz became a born-again Christian in prison. According to his personal testimony, his moment of conversion occurred after reading Psalm 34:6 from a Gideon’s Pocket Testament Bible given to him by a fellow inmate.The Psalm says, “This poor man called, and the Lord heard him; he saved him out of all his troubles.” At last check, he would not pursue parole in 2012.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love You Inside Out” by Bee Gees, “We Are Family” by Sister Sledge, “Just When I Needed You Most” by Randy Vanwarmer and “She Believes in Me” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1979 – Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
1979 - Kevin St Onge throws a playing card a record 185′. The current record is 201 feet, set in 1992.
1981 - Baseball players begin a fifty-day strike, their third strike.
1981 - “Raiders Of The Lost Ark” starring Harrison Ford premiered.
1982 - “Ebony and Ivory” by Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder topped the charts.
1984 - In San Francisco,  the Huntington Falls at Stow Lake in Golden Gate Park was again turned on after being rebuilt for $846,000 under a state grant. The 1893 falls had collapsed in 1962 and were turned off for 22 years.
1985 - Wayne “The Great One” Gretsky was named winner of the NHL’s Hart Trophy. The award is given to the the league Most Valuable Player.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Keep Me Hangin On” by Kim Wilde, “Always” by Atlantic Starr, “Head to Toe” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam and “I Will Be There” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1987 –  President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate by saying, “tear down this wall.”
1989 - Graceland opened the Elvis Presley Autoland Museum, which contains over twenty cars owned by Presley.
1989 - The US Supreme Court expanded the abilities of white males to challenge court-approved affirmative action plans, even years after they take effect.
1990 - Oakland A’s Rickey Henderson becomes the second player to steal 900 bases.
1991 - The Chicago Bulls won their first NBA championship. The Bulls beat the Los Angeles Lakers four games to one.
1993 - Reports surfaced that Judge Stephen Breyer, considered a likely candidate to the Supreme Court, had failed to pay Social Security taxes for a domestic employee.
1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is the chief suspec but is later acquitted of the killings. He is ultimately held liable in a civil suit.
1994 - The Boeing 777, the world’s largest twinjet, makes its first flight.
1995 - The US Supreme Court dealt a potentially crippling blow to federal affirmative action programs, ruling Congress was limited by the same strict standards as states in offering special help to minorities.
1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.
1996 - The Mohave Desert town of Hinkley, Ca., won a $333 million settlement from PG&E for the leakage of high concentrations of chromium 6 from storage tanks into the groundwater. The film “Erin Brockovich” with Julia Roberts (2000) was based on the case.”
1997 - The U.S. Treasury Department unveiled a new $50 bill meant to be more counterfeit-resistant.
1997 - Timothy McVeigh was sentenced to death for the Apr 19, 1995 bombing of the federal office building in Oklahoma.
1997 - A new computer, speech-recognition program by Dragon Systems was touted. It used a 30,000 word vocabulary and cost $695. Home edition now down to $99 (2012).
1998 - Strikes at GM plants in Flint idled 13 assembly plants and dozens of parts operations and 50,900 workers in the US, Canada and Mexico.
1998 – The Space shuttle Discovery returned to Earth, bringing home the last American to live aboard Mir and closing out three years of U.S.-Russian cooperation aboard the International Space Station.
1998 - A jury in Hattiesburg, MS, convicted 17-year-old Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at Pearl High School.
1999 - “If You Had My Love” by Jennifer Lopez topped the charts.
2000 - The US Justice Dept. agreed to compensate the Nixon estate $18 million for the tapes and presidential papers seized in 1974.
2000 - US Supreme Court Justices in a unanimous ruling curbed patient’s rights and ruled that HMOs can’t be sued over doctor’s incentives to cut treatment costs.
2000 - In St. Louis, Earl Murray, a drug dealer, and his friend Ronald Beasley were killed by police during an attempted drug arrest. The two men were unarmed and police fired twenty bullets into their car.
2001 - A federal court in New York City sentenced Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-’Owhali, a Saudi Arabian follower of Osama bin Laden, to life in prison without parole for his role in the deadly 1998 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya.
2001 - Muslim rebels on Basilan Island claimed to have beheaded American citizen Guillermo Sobero of Corona, Ca., one of the hostages kidnapped May 27 during the Dos Palmas event.
2001 - Governor Jebb Bush signed into law a bill banning the execution of mentally retarded killers. Florida became the 15th state to do so.
2002 - The Los Angeles Lakers finished off the New Jersey Nets in four games, winning their third straight NBA title with the 113-to-107 victory.
2003 -  In Arkansas, Terry Wallis spoke for the first time in nearly 19 years. Wallis had been in a coma since July 13, 1984, after being injured in a car accident.
2003 - Lewis “Scooter” Libby, chief of staff to VP Dick Cheney, first learned of CIA officer Valery Plame in a conversation with VP Cheney.
2003 -  Air France turned the oldest of its Concordes over to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.
2003 - Attorney General of Massachusetts Thomas Reilly formally accuses college student Luke Thompson of creating a fake airline, Mainline Airways, and selling bogus tickets.
2004 -  In Saudi Arabia an American was kidnapped. An al-Qaida statement, posted on an Islamic Web site, showed a passport-size photo of a brown-haired man and a Lockheed Martin business card bearing the name Paul M. Johnson. Suspected militants killed an American in Riyadh, shooting him in the back as he parked in his home garage.
2004 - It was reported that engineers had created a “metal-rubber,” a substance that conducts electricity like metal, but also stretches like rubber up to 250% of its original length.
2005 - At the LPGA Championship, Annika Sorenstam closed with a 1-over 73 for a three-shot victory over Michelle Wie, who shot a 69 to finish second.
2005 - Mike Tyson announces he will retire from boxing.
2005 - A fire in Philadelphia left five children dead. Security bars on windows may have hampered escape attempts.
2006 - The US Supreme Court paved the way for more death row inmates to challenge execution by lethal injection. In an unanimous decision, the court allowed those condemned to die to make last-minute claims that the chemicals used are too painful, and therefore amount to cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Constitution’s Eighth Amendment.
2006 - FBI statistics confirmed that violent crime in the US was on the rise, posting its biggest one-year increase since 1991.
2006 - In San Francisco, Superior Court Judge James Warren struck down a voter approved ban on handgun possession. Proposition H, pass last November, would have outlawed possession of handguns by all city residents except law enforcement officers and other who need guns for professional purposes.
2007 - The Center for Disease Control said up to 75,000 US Marine family members may have drunk water at Camp Lejeune tainted by dry-cleaning fluid over a 30-year period.
2008 - Deaths due to the heat wave across the US East Coast climbed past thirty with at least fifteen dead in Philadelphia and seven in New York City.
2008 - Wildfires in northern California lead to the evacuation of residents in Paradise, California and Bonny Doon, California.
2008 - Four thousand homes in Cedar Rapids, Iowa are evacuated as the Cedar River floods due to heavy rain in recent days.
2009 - In the U.S., The switch from analog TV transmission to digital was completed.
2009 - Guantanamo detainee Ahmed Zuhair and two others were reported to have been sent home to Saudi Arabia, where they would be subject to judicial review before entering a government-run “rehabilitation” program. Zuhair had been held at Guantanamo since June 2002 and had refused to eat since the summer of 2005. He was force-fed a liquid mix to keep him alive.
2009-The Pittsburgh Penguins defeat the Detroit Red Wings in game seven to win the 2009 Stanley Cup Finals
2010 - A French fishing vessel rescued Abby Sunderland (16), a California teenager from her crippled sailboat in the turbulent southern Indian Ocean, bringing relief to her family but ending her around-the-world sailing effort.
2010 - Pilots for the American low-cost carrier Spirit Airlines go on strike.
2010 - The death toll from the Arkansas floods reaches 18.
2011 - Dallas Mavericks beat Miami Heat 105-95 in Game 6 to win N.B.A. Finals 4-2.
2012 - The first female Nobel Prize laureate in Economics, Elinor Ostrom, dies at the age of 78.
2012 - Voters in the 8th congressional district in the US state of Arizona go to the polls for a special election caused by the resignation of Gabrielle Giffords due to health reasons with Democrat Ron Barber duly elected.


1777 – Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker
1916 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
1920 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
1924 – George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
1928 – Vic Damone, American singer
1929 – Anne Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim (d. 1945)
1930 – Jim Nabors, American actor
1942 – Len Barry, American singer and musician (The Dovells)
1953 – Allan Weiner, American radio station owner
1958 – Rebecca Holden, American actress and singer
1959 – John Linnell, American musician (They Might Be Giants)
1964 – Paula Marshall, American actress



United States ArmySVEHLA, HENRYState of New Jersey

Rank: Private First Class Organization: U.S. Army, Company F, 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division  Born: 1932 New Jersey  Entered Service At: New Jersey

Date of Issue: 05/02/2011  State  :

 New Jersey

Place / Date: Pyongony, Korea, 12 June, 1952 Citation: Private First Class Henry Svehla distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Rifleman with F Company, 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, in connection with combat operations against an armed enemy in Pyongony, Korea, on 12 June 1952. That afternoon while Private First Class Svehla and his platoon were patrolling a strategic hill to determine enemy strength and positions, they were subjected to intense enemy automatic weapons and small arms fire at the top of the hill. Coming under the heavy fire, the platoon’s attack began to falter. Realizing the success of the mission and the safety of the remaining troops were in peril, Private First Class Svehla leapt to his feet and charged the enemy positions, firing his weapon and throwing grenades as he advanced. In the face of this courage and determination, the platoon rallied to the attack with renewed vigor. Private First Class Svehla, utterly disregarding his own safety, destroyed enemy positions and inflicted heavy casualties, when suddenly fragments from a mortar round exploding nearby seriously wounded him in the face. Despite his wounds, Private First Class Svehla refused medical treatment and continued to lead the attack. When an enemy grenade landed among a group of his comrades, Private First Class Svehla, without hesitation and undoubtedly aware of the extreme danger, threw himself upon the grenade. During this action, Private First Class Svehla was mortally wounded. Private First Class Svehla’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.




Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 12 June 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth:——. Date of issue: 20 October 1899. Citation: Voluntarily carrier a box of ammunition across an open space swept by the enemy’s fire to the relief of an outpost whose ammunition had become almost exhausted, but which was thus enabled to hold its important position.





Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 12 June 1864. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: Norwich, Vt. Date of issue: 6 April 1892. Citation: Distinguished gallantry.





Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 11th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 11, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Corn On The Cob Day




The Corn Cob Pipe by Bryan Schatz.


Pipe smoking is the oldest form of smoking tobacco, developed during an era in which men would make time to sit at the end of a hard day’s toil, to rock back and forth in their favorite chair and observe the rotation of life. They had an understanding that prolonged satisfaction is greater than the immediate and fleeting gratification we have a tendency to seek today. A pipe is a man’s companion, his smoky warmth on a crisp winter day and the friend with which he watches the passing of time. A pipe requires patience. It instills calmness, observation, and contemplation.

A pipe is best enjoyed from the stoop thrones of rocking chairs, beneath the shade of patio roofs and in the absence of unnecessary noise.

Why the Corn Cob Pipe?

In my mind, the corn cob pipe is a tangible symbol of a bygone era. Corn cob pipes are the tobacco-smoking instrument of the common man: those who surveyed their surroundings and did what they could with what little they had. These were men of thrift, of inherent frugality and of resourcefulness. They are the pipes of hard times, when men knew how to work with their hands, when they did what was required without complaint; when men were hard, lest they perish. Or as the saying goes: “back when dodgeball was played with sticks and stickball was played with knives.”

The Corn Cob Pipe Tradition

Legend has it that in 1869, a farmer in the Missouri countryside whittled a pipe out of a dried out corn cob. He smoked his tobacco and enjoyed the nice smooth smoking experience so much that he requested his wood-working friend to turn stems for the pipes on his lathe. Hence, the birth of the Missouri Meerschaum Company, the original and sole surviving manufacturer of mass produced corn cob pipes.

Though the beginning of the mass production of corn cob pipes commenced in the late 1800s, their emergence and individual construction likely began long before that, and certainly persisted for years to come. Within and beyond the Dust Bowl area, corn cob pipes were the instruments of farmers, hobos, migrant laborers and vagabonds of all sorts.

Train hoppers in the Midwest and other corn-growing areas would find themselves in the presence of this abundant crop, often just off of the train tracks. With a communal sharing of simple tools and the luck of having a pinch of tobacco, having a soothing smoke on those enormously tiring days was a welcomed occasion.

Current Status

Examining the evolution of pipe smoking in the 21stcentury is more like observing the slow extinction of a dwindling species.

According to “Bowled Over No Longer,” a 2005 Washington Postarticle by Peter Carlson, there exists approximately 1.6 million pipe smokers in America today. Since the 1970s, there has been a 91% drop in pipe tobacco purchases. With those statistics it becomes apparent that the current number of corn cob pipe smokers has likely declined even more dramatically.

Apparently, appreciating the afternoon with a pipe in hand has been exchanged for quick fixes of indulgence and gadgetry. People today tend to not simply sit and notice, say, the sun’s departure quietly occurring later and later each day. We may not consider why a particular bee chose to slurp the nectar from one flower and not another, or wonder why it hasn’t rained in so long.

In these days of instant coffee, fast-food chain-restaurants and 5-minute cigarette breaks, the corn cob pipe persists as a comfortable speed bump in the common rush of a frantic life.

With the immediacy of most things today, it can be easy to forget that we don’t always have to buy something we want, that we can allow ourselves a few solitary moments to create something with our own hands-and then enjoy the fruits of our labor.

In an attempt to grasp a few moments for yourself, I encourage you to try making a corn cob pipe, to take a contemplative breath and appreciate the fact that the world still spins.


“The difference between something good and something great is attention to detail.”

 ~ Charles R. Swindoll

quag·mire \ˈkwag-ˌmī(-ə)r, ˈkwäg-\   noun

soft miry land that shakes or yields under the foot
a difficult, precarious, or entrapping position


1184 BC – Troy is sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.
1742 - Benjamin Franklin invents the Franklin stove.The wood fuel burns on an iron surface over a cold air duct which heats air which then passes through baffles in the back wall. The heated air is released through vents on each side of the stove. Rather than patent it, he chose to write about it in a book so that others could freely copy his design.
1776 - Congress appoints a committee to draft a declaration of independence. Committee members are Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Livingston and Roger Sherman. Thomas Jefferson is chosen by the committee to prepare the first draft of the declaration, which he completes in one day.
1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
1805 – A fire consumes large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.
1825 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
1847 - A written record was found in 1859, indicating that Sir John Franklin died on this day, and that the ships Erebus and Terror were abandoned in April 1848. The crews’ deaths have been attributed to either scurvy or lead poisoning originating from the solder on food tins. Both ships and the remains of most of the 129 crewmen have never been found.
1853 - Five Navy ships leave Norfolk, VA on a three-year exploring expedition to survey the far Pacific.
1859 - Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada. Prospector James Finney stumbled across thick, bluish clay in western Nevada. A fellow miner, Henry Comstock, gave his name to the lode, the most lucrative silver ore mine in history.
1861 – Civil War: Union forces under General George B. McClellen repulsed a Confederate force at Rich Mountain in Western Virginia.
1862 – Civil War: C.S.S. Virginia blown up by her crew off Craney Island to avoid capture.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate cavalry intercepts Sheridan’s Union cavalry as it works to destroy a rail line. A two-day battle ensued with the Confederates driving off the Union soldiers with little damage to the supply line.
1864 – Civil War: Gen. Wade Hampton (1818-1902) led a company of Citadel cadets at the battle of Trevilian Station in Virginia.
1889 - The Washington Business High School opened in Washington, DC. It was the first school devoted to business in the U.S.
1895 - C.E. Duryea patented a road vehicle – the gasoline automobile. Early in the next year, 1896, the Duryea Motor Wagon Co. set up shop in Springfield, Mass. to manufacture multiple units to a gasoline-powered vehicle that he built with his brother, Frank.
1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.
1900 - Belle Boyd (b.1844), former Confederate spy, died in Wisconsin. Her 1865 autobiography was titled “Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison.”
1905 - Pennsylvania Railroad debuts the fastest train the Pennsylvania Special (which would later become the Broadway Limited) set a speed record between Chicago, Illinois, and New York City, travelling at 127.2 mph.
1912 - S. Christofferson became the first airplane pilot to take off from the ROOF OF A HOTEL in front of a crowd in Portland, Oregon.
1917 – World War I: King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by Allied armies occupying Athens.
1918 – World War I: A Marine assault following artillery bombardment succeeds in capturing two-thirds of Belleau Wood, but with heavy casualties.
1919 – Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown.
1920 - The US Republican Senate bosses gathered in rooms 408 & 410 of the Blackstone Hotel in Chicago and selected Sen. Warren Harding to break a deadlock. Harding, disregarding his mistress of four years, Nan Britton, declared himself to be of good character.
1922 - The documentary film “Nanook of the North,” shot in subarctic Quebec  by Robert Flaherty during 1920-1921, premiered in New York City.
1927 -USS Memphis arrives at Washington, DC, with Charles Lindbergh and his plane, Spirit of St. Louis, after his non-stop flight across the Atlantic. Mr. Lindberg was presented the first Distinguished Flying Cross.
1928 - King Oliver and his band recorded “Tin Roof Blues” for Vocalion Records.
1930 - William Beebe dove to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda. He used a diving chamber called a bathysphere.
1935 – Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.
1936 - The Presbyterian Church of America was formed in Philadelphia, PA.
1937 - Marx Brothers’ “A Day At The Races” released.
1939 - King & Queen of England taste first “hot dogs” at FDR’s party.
1940 - The Ink Spots recorded “Maybe” on Decca Records.
1940 – World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
1940 – World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
1941 -  An amendment was passed to the act creating the Coast Guard (January 28, 1915) providing that “The Coast Guard shall be a military service and constitute a branch of the land and naval forces of the United States at all times.”
1942 – World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
1944 – World War II: Five days after the D-Day landing, the five Allied landing groups, made up of some 330,000 troops, link up in Normandy to form a single solid front across northwestern France.
1944 – World War II: U.S. battleships off Normandy provide gunfire support.
1944 – World War II: The US 15th Air Force, operating from bases in Italy, raids the airfield at Focsani, Romania.
1944 – World War II: US Task Force 58 begins raids against Japanese bases on Saipan, Tinian and other islands.
1945 - On Okinawa, the Japanese force in the Oroku Peninsula has been reduce to a perimeter measurable in yards but their resistance remains fanatical.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Gypsy” by The Ink Spots, “All Through the Day” by Perry Como, “They Say It’s Wonderful” by Frank Sinatra and “New Spanish Two Step” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.
1947 - The U.S. government announced an end to sugar rationing.
1949 -  “Riders in the Sky” by Vaughan Monroe topped the charts.
1950 - Ben Hogan returned to tournament play after a near fatal car accident. He won the U.S. Open.
1951 – Korean War: Elements of the 3rd Infantry Division captured Chorwon.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Little Things Mean a Lot” by Kitty Kallen, “Three Coins in the Fountain” by The Four Aces, “If You Love Me (Really Love Me)” by Kay Starr and “(Oh Baby Mine) I Get So Lonely” by Johnnie & Jack all topped the charts.
1955 – Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
1955 - First magnesium jet airplane flown. Delivery and flight test of experimental all-magnesium F-80C aircraft, built to test weight and strength of magnesium alloys, at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.
1955 - “Unchained Melody” by Les Baxter topped the charts.
1955 – Jockey Eddie Arcaro ties record of six Belmont Stakes wins.
1957 -  Buddy Holly and the Crickets auditioned for “Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts” and were rejected.
1957 - The Everly Brothers made their debut on “Grand Ole Opry” in Nashville, TN.
1957 - Twelve people died in a train crash in Vroman, Colo.
1959 - Postmaster General banned D.H. Lawrence’s book, “Lady Chatterley’s Lover.”
1961 - Norm Cash becomes first Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium.
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Can’t Stop Loving You” by Ray Charles, “Lovers Who Wander” by Dion, “(The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance” by Gene Pitney and “She Thinks I Still Care” by George Jones all topped the charts.
1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
1963 - Alabama Governor George Wallace ends his blockade of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and allows two African American students to enroll.
1963 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.
1966 - “Paint It Black” by the Rolling Stones topped the charts.
1967 - The ABC-TV special “Rodgers & Hart Today” aired. It starred Bobby Darin, the Supremes, Petula Clark and the Mamas & the Papas.
1967 - There was a race riot in Tampa Florida and the National Guard was mobilized. Martin Chambers (19) was suspected of robbing a camera store. Chambers ran from police near Nebraska and Harrison Streets and was shot in the back and died. Several days of riots around Central Avenue followed.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Everything is Beautiful“ by Ray Stevens, “Which Way You Goin’ Billy?” by The Poppy Family, “Up Around the Bend/Run Through the Jungle” by Creedence Clearwater Revival and “Hello Darlin’” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1970 – After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.
1972 - Hank Aaron tied the National League record for fourteen grand-slam home runs in a career.
1972 - John Lennon appeared on the “Dick Cavett” TV show and said that the FBI had tapped his phone.
1973 - After a ruling by the Justice Department of the State of Pennsylvania, women were licensed to box or wrestle.
1974 - Steely Dan’s “Rikki, Don’t Lose That Number” was released.
1977 - Main Street Electrical Parade premiers at Walt Disney World.
1977 – “Seattle Slew” wins Belmont Stakes & Triple Crown.
1977 - “I’m Your Boogie Man” by K. C. & the Sunshine Band topped the charts.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re the One that I Want” by John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John, “Shadow Dancing” by Andy Gibb, “Feels So Good” by Chuck Mangione and “Georgia on My Mind” by Willie Nelson all topped the charts.
1981 - Mariners beat Orioles 8-2 at Kingdome, then players go on strike.The first major league baseball player’s strike began. It would last for two months.
1982 - Movie “ET The Extra-Terrestrial” released (highest grossing film).
1983 - “Flashdance…What a Feeling” by Irene Cara topped the charts.
1985 - Karen Ann Quinlan died at age 31. Quinlan was a comatose patient whose case prompted a historic right-to-die court decision.
1985 -  Madonna’s single “Crazy For You” hit #1.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Live to Tell” by Madonna, “On My Own” by Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonald, “I Can’t Wait” by Nu Shooz and “Happy, Happy Birthday Baby” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1988 -  “One More Try” by George Michael topped the charts.
1988 - Preakness winner “Risen Star” captured the Belmont Stakes with a time second only to its father, thoroughbred legend Secretariat.
1990 - The U.S. Supreme Court struck down a law that would prohibit the desecration of the American Flag.
1990 - Nolan Ryan pitches his sixth no-hitter beating the Oakland A’s. He is the first to pitch a no-hitter for three different teams, and the first to throw a no-hitter in three different decades.
1990 - A federal judge sentenced former national security adviser John M. Poindexter to six months in prison for making false statements to Congress about the Iran-Contra affair. Poindexter’s convictions were later overturned.
1991 - Microsoft released MS DOS 5.0.
1992 - Baseball owners approved the sale of Seattle Mariners to a Japanese group.
1993 - U.S. audiences rumbled to theatres for a first look at Jurassic Park.
1993 - The US Supreme Court ruled that people who commit “hate crimes” motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled religious groups have a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in worship services.
1994 - The United States, South Korea and Japan agreed to seek punitive steps against North Korea over its nuclear program.
1996 - Lightning struck a tank and started a blaze of three million gallons of gas at a Shell Oil storage facility in Woodbridge, N.J.
1998 – Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in the largest high-tech acquisition.
1999 - “Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me” premiered at theatres across the US.
1999 - The FBI was seeking the creator of Worm.Explore.Zip, a file-destroying computer virus which had hit some of the nation’s biggest corporations.
2000 - In New York City’s Central Park young male gangs attacked approximately 47 women with harassment, molestation and robbery during the annual Puerto Rico Day parade. Some of the assaults were captured on home video.
2001 - Timothy McVeigh (33) was executed by lethal injection at the federal prison in Terra Haute, Ind., for the April 19, 1995, Oklahoma City bombing. For his final statement he issued a hand-written copy of “Invictus,” a poem written in 1875 by William Ernest Henley.
2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress (D).
2002 - Congressional investigators released a report which said Clinton administration workers had defaced equipment and left behind prank messages as they departed the White House in January 2001.
2003 - The US military launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid to end daily attacks against American soldiers.
2003 - Houston’s Roy Oswalt, Pete Munro, Kirk Saarloos, Brad Lidge, Octavio Dotel and Billy Wagner combined for the first no-hitter against the New York Yankees in 45 years, winning 8-0.
2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral is held at Washington National Cathedral.
2004 - Terry Nichols escaped execution as the District court jury in McAlester, Oklahoma, deadlocked in the penalty phase of his trial.
2007 – “Afleet Alex” won the Belmont Stakes by seven lengths.
2007 - A divided panel of the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals said the Bush administration could not use new anti-terrorism laws to keep US residents locked up indefinitely without charging them.
2007 - Idaho Sen. Larry Craig (62) was arrested by a plainclothes officer investigating complaints of lewd conduct in a men’s restroom at the Minneapolis airport. The conservative three-term senator pleaded guilty on Aug 8.
2008 - The US government said the average American life expectancy has surpassed 78 years with 81 years for women and 75 for men.
2008 - In South Carolina a bill allowing an “I Believe” license plate with the image of a cross and a stained glass window became law after Gov. Mark Sanford declined to veto it.  The state legislature allowed several religious-themed bills to become laws in its closing session.
2010 - A US federal grand jury indicted 3 current and 2 former New Orleans police officers in the shooting of Henry Glover (31) on Sep 2, 2005, and then burning his body.
2010 - In Salt Lake City an underground pipeline broke sending oil into a creek that ultimately flows into the Great Salt Lake. The pipeline was shut off the next day as the 21,000 gallon spill coated some 300 birds at area creeks.
2011 –  On a muddy track at Belmont Park, “Ruler on Ice” passed “Shackleford” near the end of the race to win the 143rd running of the Belmont Stakes.
2012 –  An explosion on a yacht off the coast of New Jersey injured 7 and forced all 21 people on-board to abandon ship. The explosion on the vessel, “Blind Date,” occurred 17.5 miles east of Sandy Hook, N.J All the passengers have apparently made it into life rafts.
2012 - After six years, Google reaches a deal with a publishing group that opposed its scanning and publishing of books online.
2012 - 
Police in the San Gabriel Valley in southern California cite Secretary of Commerce John Bryson (D) for felony hit and run for alleged involvement in a series of accidents on the weekend. Bryson took medical leave while he undergoes test related to a seizure that occurred during the crashes.
2012 – The NHL’s Los Angeles Kings defeat the New Jersey Devils 6-1 in game 6 of the 2012 Stanley Cup Finals to win Los Angeles Kings’ first Stanley Cup. Los Angeles goalie Jonathan Quick is awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs MVP.



1741 – Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
1846 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
1880 – Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist (d. 1973)
1903 – Ernie Nevers, American football player (d. 1976)
1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor (d. 1997)
1910 – Carmine Coppola, American composer, director and songwriter (d. 1991) 1913 – Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
1930 – Charles B. Rangel, American politician
1933 – Gene Wilder, American actor
1939 – Christina Crawford, American actress and writer best known as the author of Mommie Dearest, an exposé of alleged child abuse by her mother, actress Joan Crawford.
1945 – Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
1947 – Henry Cisneros, American politician, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development







Rank and organization: Master Sergeant (then Sgt.), U.S. Army, Company K, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Surang-ni, Korea, 10 to 11 June 1953. Entered service at: Gadsden, Ala. Born: 28 August 1931, Marshall County, Ala. G.O. No.: 70, 24 September 1954. Citation: M/Sgt. Mize, a member of Company K, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Company K was committed to the defense of “Outpost Harry”, a strategically valuable position, when the enemy launched a heavy attack. Learning that a comrade on a friendly listening post had been wounded he moved through the intense barrage, accompanied by a medical aid man, and rescued the wounded soldier. On returning to the main position he established an effective defense system and inflicted heavy casualties against attacks from determined enemy assault forces which had penetrated into trenches within the outpost area. During his fearless actions he was blown down by artillery and grenade blasts 3 times but each time he dauntlessly returned to his position, tenaciously fighting and successfully repelling hostile attacks. When enemy onslaughts ceased he took his few men and moved from bunker to bunker, firing through apertures and throwing grenades at the foe, neutralizing their positions. When an enemy soldier stepped out behind a comrade, prepared to fire, M/Sgt. Mize killed him, saving the life of his fellow soldier. After rejoining the platoon, moving from man to man, distributing ammunition, and shouting words of encouragement he observed a friendly machine gun position overrun. He immediately fought his way to the position, killing ten of the enemy and dispersing the remainder. Fighting back to the command post, and finding several friendly wounded there, he took a position to protect them. Later, securing a radio, he directed friendly artillery fire upon the attacking enemy’s routes of approach. At dawn he helped regroup for a counterattack which successfully drove the enemy from the outpost. M/Sgt. Mize’s valorous conduct and unflinching courage reflect lasting glory upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.

He passed away 3/12/2014.






Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 101st Airborne Division. Place and date: Near Carentan, France, 11 June 1944. Entered service at: San Antonio, Tex. Birth: Fort Sam Houston, Tex. G.O. No.: 79, 4 October 1944. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty on 11 June 1944, in France. Lt. Col. Cole was personally leading his battalion in forcing the last four bridges on the road to Carentan when his entire unit was suddenly pinned to the ground by intense and withering enemy rifle, machinegun, mortar, and artillery fire placed upon them from well-prepared and heavily fortified positions within 150 yards of the foremost elements. After the devastating and unceasing enemy fire had for over one hour prevented any move and inflicted numerous casualties, Lt. Col. Cole, observing this almost hopeless situation, courageously issued orders to assault the enemy positions with fixed bayonets. With utter disregard for his own safety and completely ignoring the enemy fire, he rose to his feet in front of his battalion and with drawn pistol shouted to his men to follow him in the assault. Catching up a fallen man’s rifle and bayonet, he charged on and led the remnants of his battalion across the bullet-swept open ground and into the enemy position. His heroic and valiant action in so inspiring his men resulted in the complete establishment of our bridgehead across the Douve River. The cool fearlessness, personal bravery, and outstanding leadership displayed by Lt. Col. Cole reflect great credit upon himself and are worthy of the highest praise in the military service.





Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122. Place and date: Off Okinawa, 10 and 11 June 1945. Entered service at: Oklahoma. Born: 4 January 1922, Tishomingo, Okla. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122 during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu chain, 10 and 11 June 1945. Sharply vigilant during hostile air raids against Allied ships on radar picket duty off Okinawa on 10 June, Lt. McCool aided materially in evacuating all survivors from a sinking destroyer which had sustained mortal damage under the devastating attacks. When his own craft was attacked simultaneously by two of the enemy’s suicide squadron early in the evening of 11 June, he instantly hurled the full power of his gun batteries against the plunging aircraft, shooting down the first and damaging the second before it crashed his station in the conning tower and engulfed the immediate area in a mass of flames. Although suffering from shrapnel wounds and painful burns, he rallied his concussion-shocked crew and initiated vigorous firefighting measures and then proceeded to the rescue of several trapped in a blazing compartment, subsequently carrying one man to safety despite the excruciating pain of additional severe burns. Unmindful of all personal danger, he continued his efforts without respite until aid arrived from other ships and he was evacuated. By his staunch leadership, capable direction, and indomitable determination throughout the crisis, Lt. McCool saved the lives of many who otherwise might have perished and contributed materially to the saving of his ship for further combat service. His valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of extreme peril sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.






Rank and organization: Lieutenant (Medical Corps), USNRF. Born: 20 February 1874, Harrison, Ohio. Appointed from: Pennsylvania. Citation: For extraordinary heroism while serving with the 5th Regiment, U.S. Marines, in France during the attack in the Boise de Belleau, 11 June 1918. While under heavy fire of high explosive and gas shells in the town of Lucy, where his dressing station was located, Lt. Petty attended to and evacuated the wounded under most trying conditions. Having been knocked to the ground by an exploding gas shell which tore his mask, Lt. Petty discarded the mask and courageously continued his work. His dressing station being hit and demolished, he personally helped carry Capt. Williams, wounded, through the shellfire to a place of safety.



Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Philippine Scouts. Place and date: At Gagsak Mountain, Jolo, Philippine Islands, 11 June 1913. Entered service at: Brockton, Mass. Birth: Westport, Mass. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: Voluntarily entered a cleared space within about 20 yards of the Moro trenches under a furious fire from them and carried a wounded soldier of his company to safety at the risk of his own life.





Rank and organization: Machinist’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Aboard the U.S.S. Bruce at the Naval Shipyard, Norfolk, Va., 11 June 1928. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Birth: Harrisburg, Pa. Citation: For display of extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on 11 June 1928, after a boiler accident on the U.S.S. Bruce, then at the Naval Shipyard, Norfolk, Va. Immediately on becoming aware of the accident, Huber without hesitation and in complete disregard of his own safety, entered the steam-filled fireroom and at grave risk to his life succeeded by almost superhuman efforts in carrying Charles H. Byran to safety. Although having received severe and dangerous burns about the arms and neck, he descended with a view toward rendering further assistance. The great courage, grit, and determination displayed by Huber on this occasion characterized conduct far above and beyond the call of duty.



1871 Korean Campaign

The 1871 United States-Korea conflict is one of the least known and understood actions in both Korea and the United States.  At the same time, it was a pivotal event in not only the histories of the United States and Korea, but arguably in the world.  The failed diplomacy that led to the °Weekend War” set Korea up for a fall just a few short years later, which forever changed the direction of life in Korea, Asia, and the rest of the world, as Japan gained a foothold on the Asian continent.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: New York, N.Y. Enlisted at: Hongkong, China. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado in action against a Korean fort on 11 June 1871. Assisted in capturing the Korean standard in the center of the citadel of the fort.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization. Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 9 October 1847, Ireland. Accredited to: California. G.O. No. 169, 8 February 1872. Citation. On board the U.S.S. Colorado in action at Korea on 11 June 1871. Fighting hand-to-hand with the enemy, Coleman succeeded in saving the life of Alexander McKenzie.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1840, Portsmouth, N.H. Accredited to. New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citatian: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts on 11 June 1871. Assuming command of Company D, after Lt. McKee was wounded, Franklin handled the company with great credit until relieved.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organizatian: Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1835. Ireland. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No. 177, 4 December 1915. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Benicia during the attack on the Korean forts, 10 and 11 June 1871. Carrying out his duties with coolness, Grace set forth gallant and meritorious conduct throughout this action.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Carpenter, U.S. Navy. Born: 1843, York, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Serving as color bearer of the battalion, Hayden planted his flag on the ramparts of the citadel and protected it under a heavy fire from the enemy.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Scotland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Fighting at the side of Lt. McKee during this action, McKenzie was struck by a sword and received a severe cut in the head from the blow.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1841, Clure, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Benicia during the capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Advancing to the parapet, McNamara wrenched the match-lock from the hands of an enemy and killed him.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 6 February 1853, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the capture of Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Fighting courageously in hand-tohand combat, Owens was badly wounded by the enemy during this action.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 5 March 1846, Philadelphia, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Alaska during the attack on and capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Braving the enemy fire, Purvis was the first to scale the walls of the fort and capture the flag of the Korean forces.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845, Buffalo, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Fighting courageously at the side of Lt. McKee during this action, Rogers was wounded by the enemy.


1871 Korean Campaign



Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1848, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Colorado during the capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Fighting at the side of Lt. McKee, by whom he was especially commended, Troy was badly wounded by the enemy.





Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 10th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 11 June 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Cattaraugus County, N.Y. Date of issue: 1 April 1898. Citation: Voluntarily carried a message which stopped the firing of a Union battery into his regiment, in which service he crossed a ridge in plain view and swept by the fire of both armies.




Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 2d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 11 June 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 August 1892. Citation: Remained at his gun, resisting with its implements the advancing cavalry, and thus secured the retreat of his detachment.





Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Commissary, 10th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 11 June 1864. Entered service at: Fulton, N.Y. Birth: ——. Date of issue: 22 November 1889. Citation: Voluntarily led a charge in which he was severely wounded.





Rank and organization: Captain, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Trevlhan Station, Va., 11 June 1864. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Born: 5 November 1838, Easton, Pa. Date of issue: 21 September 1893. Citation: Handled the regiment with great skill and valor, was severely wounded.


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 10th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 10, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

 Ball Point Pen Day

Nursing Assistants Day


Salem Witch Trials

The Salem witch trials occurred in colonial Massachusetts between 1692 and 1693. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft—the Devil’s magic—and 20 were executed. Eventually, the colony admitted the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted. Since then, the story of the trials has become synonymous with paranoia and injustice, and it continues to beguile the popular imagination more than 300 years later.

Salem Struggling
Several centuries ago, many practicing Christians, and those of other religions, had a strong belief that the Devil could give certain people known as witches the power to harm others in return for their loyalty. A “witchcraft craze” rippled through Europe from the 1300s to the end of the 1600s. Hundreds of thousands of supposed witches—mostly women—were executed. Though the Salem trials came on just as the European craze was winding down, local circumstances explain their onset.

In 1689, English rulers William and Mary started a war with France in the American colonies. This war, known as King William’s War to colonists, decimated regions of upstate New York, Nova Scotia and Quebec. It sent refugees into the county of Essex and, specifically, Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. (Salem Village is present-day Danvers, Massachusetts; colonial Salem Town became what’s now Salem.)

The refugees created a strain on Salem’s resources. This aggravated the existing rivalry between families with ties to the wealth of the port of Salem and those who still depended on agriculture. Controversy also brewed over Reverend Samuel Parris, who became Salem Village’s first ordained minister in 1689, and was disliked because of his rigid ways and greedy nature. The Puritan villagers believed all the quarreling was the work of the Devil.

In January of 1692, Reverend Parris’ daughter Elizabeth, age 9, and niece Abigail Williams, age 11, started having “fits.” They screamed, threw things, uttered peculiar sounds and contorted themselves into strange positions, and a local doctor blamed the supernatural. Another girl, Ann Putnam, age 11, experienced similar episodes. On February 29, under pressure from magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne, the girls blamed three women for afflicting them: Tituba, the Parris’ Caribbean slave; Sarah Good, a homeless beggar; and Sarah Osborne, an elderly impoverished woman.

Witch Hunt
All three women were brought before the local magistrates and interrogated for several days, starting on March 1, 1692. Osborne claimed innocence, as did Good. But Tituba confessed, “The Devil came to me and bid me serve him.” She described elaborate images of black dogs, red cats, yellow birds and a “black man” who wanted her to sign his book. She admitted that she signed the book and said there were several other witches looking to destroy the Puritans. All three women were put in jail.

With the seed of paranoia planted, a stream of accusations followed for the next few months. Charges against Martha Corey, a loyal member of the Church in Salem Village, greatly concerned the community; if she could be a witch, then anyone could. Magistrates even questioned Sarah Good’s 4-year-old daughter, Dorothy, and her timid answers were construed as a confession. The questioning got more serious in April when Deputy Governor Thomas Danforth and his assistants attended the hearings. Dozens of people from Salem and other Massachusetts villages were brought in for questioning.

On May 27, 1692, Governor William Phipps ordered the establishment of a Special Court of Oyer (to hear) and Terminer (to decide) for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties. The first case brought to the special court was Bridget Bishop, an older woman known for her gossipy habits and promiscuity. When asked if she committed witchcraft, Bishop responded, “I am as innocent as the child unborn.” The defense must not have been convincing, because she was found guilty and, on June 10, became the first person hanged on what was later called Gallows Hill.



“Self-discipline begins with the mastery of your thoughts. If you don’t control what you think, you can’t control what you do. Simply, self-discipline enables you to think first and act afterward.”

~ Napoleon Hill


in·teg·ri·ty in-ˈte-grə-tē noun

: firm adherence to a code of especially moral or artistic values


323 BC -  Alexander died in Persia at Babylon at the age of 32. His general, Ptolemy, took possession of Egypt.

1610 - First Dutch settlers arrive, to colonize Manhattan Island. They came from what would be New Jersey.
1610 - English Lord De La Ware and his supply ships arrived at Jamestown allowing the colony to recover and survive.
1652 –  Silversmith John Hull opened the first mint in America, in defiance of English colonial law. It was Massachusetts’s first twelvepenny coin, the famous Pine Tree Shilling. Hull guaranteed that each of his Pine Tree Shillings contained 15 ounces of silver.
1692 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries”. (See June 2nd).
1718 - Blackbeard’s ship, the Queen Anne’s Revenge, ran aground about this time and soon sank off the coast of Beaufort, NC.
1752 - Benjamin Franklin’s kite was struck by lightning as he flew it during a thunderstorm.
1760 –   NY passes first effective law regulating practice of medicine. Medical licensure originated in New York in 1760 as a means to prevent “ignorant and unskillful persons” from “endangering the lives and limbs of their patients, and many poor and ignorant persons, who have been persuaded to become their patients.”
1770 – Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
1801 - The North African state of Tripoli declared war on the United States in a dispute over safe passage of merchant vessels through the Mediterranean. Tripoli declared war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute.
1805 – First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
1809 –  First US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Philadelphia. The “Phoenix” took thirteen days to make the trip.
1847 - Chicago Tribune began publishing.
1848 - First telegraph link between New York City & Chicago.
1854 – The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduated.Originally a course of study for five years was prescribed. Only the first and last were spent at the school with the other three being passed at sea.
1861 - Thaddeus Lowe demonstrated his balloon, the Enterprise, along with its telegraphy capabilities for Pres. Lincoln at the White House lawn.
1861 – Civil War: The Virginia village of Big Bethel became the site of the first major land battle of the Civil War. Private Henry L. Wyatt was the first Confederate soldier killed in a Civil War battle. 18 Union soldiers were killed.
1861 – Civil War: Dorthea Dix, known for her work with the mentally ill, was appointed superintendent of women nurses for the Union Army.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
1869 – Machine-frozen food was transported a significant distance in the U.S. for the first time. A shipment of frozen Texas beef had been processed by refrigeration equipment invented by John Gorrie, and delivered by the steamship Agnes in New Orleans, La.
1871 – Korean Campaign : Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
1880 –  Boston’s Charley Jones, 1879′s home run king with nine, hits two home runs in one inning, becoming the first big leaguer to accomplish this feat. Both home runs come off Buffalo’s Tom Poorman in the 8th inning of a 19-3 rout.
1884 - William E. Eldred of Brooklyn, NY, was granted a US patent for a new way to open and close the legs of a folding table.
1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. Marines land on the island of Cuba.
1902 – Patent for window envelope granted to H.F. Callahan. This style of envelope was able to save expense of printing or labour of addressing when they were already on the letter.
1905 - First forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, ME. It was erected on Big Squaw Mt., now Big Moose Mt., located in Township 2, Range 6 near Greenville, in Piscataquis County (elevation 3209′).
1908 - The Aeronautical Society of New York, the first flying club, opened with facilities at Morris Park Racetrack. It was the first organization in the world to have flying grounds.
1909 - The SOS distress signal was used for the first time. The Cunard liner SS Slavonia used the signal when it wrecked off the Azores.
1915 - Girl Scouts were founded.
1920 - The Republican convention in Chicago endorsed woman suffrage.
1921 - Babe Ruth becomes all time HR champ with #120. He eclipsed Gavvy Cravath at a career high of 119.
1924 –  First political convention broadcast on radio-Republicans at Cleveland. Radio’s big news story during the two-day convention was the nomination of Calvin Coolidge as the Republican presidential nominee.
1925 - The state of Tennessee adopted a new biology text book that denied the theory of evolution.
1932 –  First demonstration of artificial lightning using ten-million volts occurred at Pittsfield, MA.
1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by him and Bill Wilson.
1940 – World War II: Europe: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
1940 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy’s actions with his “Stab in the Back” speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
1940 – World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
1940 – World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
1940 – World War II: Norway surrenders to German forces.
1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
1943 – World War II: The Allies began bombing Germany around the clock.
1943 - Laszlo Biro patented his ballpoint pen. Biro was a Hungarian journalist.
1943 – President Franklin D Roosevelt signed a withholding tax bill into law.
1944 – World War II: Holocaust: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
1944 – World War II: Holocaust: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece, 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.
1944 – In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sentimental Journey” by The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day), “Dream” by The Pied Pipers, “Laura” by The Woody Herman Orchestra and “At Mail Call Today” by Gene Autry all topped the charts.
1946 -  Jack Johnson, first black heavyweight champion (1908-1915), died in car accident.
1947 – Saab produces its first automobile.
1948 - The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.
1950 –  “Sentimental Me” by the Ames Brothers topped the charts.
1952 - MYLAR was trademark registered. It was an extraordinarily strong polyester film that grew out of the development of Dacron® in the early 1950s. During the 1960s its superior strength steadily replaced cellophane because of its its superior strength, heat resistance, and excellent insulating properties.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Song from Moulin Rouge” by The Percy Faith Orchestra, April in Portugal” by The Les Baxter Orchestra, “Pretend” by Nat King Cole and “Take These Chains from My Heart” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1954 - General Motors announced the gas turbine bus had been produced successfully.
1956 – Last original episode of Captain Z-Ro aired. It originally started in November 1950.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Running Scared” by Roy Orbison, “Moody River” by Pat Boone, “Stand by Me” by Ben E. King and “Hello Walls” by Faron Young all topped the charts.
1963 – President John F Kennedy signed an equal pay for equal work law for men & women.
1964 - Capitol Records released the Beatles’ single “A Hard Days Night” and the album of the same name.
1964 - A dramatic day in the United States Senate. For the first time in its history, cloture was invoked on a civil rights bill, ending a record-breaking 57-day filibuster by Democrats. Leading the Democrats in their opposition to civil rights for African-Americans was Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV). Byrd, who got into politics as a recruiter for the Ku Klux Klan, spoke against the bill for fourteen straight hours.The hero of the hour was minority leader Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen (R-Ill.) calling on the Democrats to end their filibuster and accept racial equality.
1965 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
1966 –  Beatles record “Rain“, first to use reverse tapes. John Lennon was the first to experiment with mixing forward and backwards recordings. The technique of mixing backward recordings in music became known as ‘back masking’.
1966 – Janis Joplin’s first live concert was held at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco.
1966 - Mamas & Papas won a gold record for “Monday, Monday.
1967 – “Respect” by Aretha Franklin topped the charts.
1967 - Stevie Wonder’s “I Was Made To Love Her” was released.
1967 – Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Get Back” by The Beatles, “Love (Can Make You Happy)” by Mercy, “Grazing in the Grass” by The Friends of Distinction and “Singing My Song” by Tammy Wynette all topped the charts.
1970 – Vietnam War: A fifteen-man group of special forces troops began training for Operation Kingpin. The operation was a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.
1971 - The London Bridge was reconstructed at Lake Havasu City, Arizona, and dedicated today.
1971 - Federal marshals, FBI agents and special forces swarmed Alcatraz Island and removed the Native American occupiers: five women, four children and six unarmed men.
1972 – “Candy Man” by Sammy Davis, Jr. topped the charts.
1972 –  Hank Aaron hits his 14th career grand slam, tying Gil Hodges’s National League record, as the Braves defeat the Phillies 15-3. It is career home run 649 for Aaron, enabling him to pass Willie Mays for 2nd place on the all-time list.
1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sir Duke” by Stevie Wonder, “I’m Your Boogie Man” by KC & The Sunshine Band, “Dreams” by Fleetwood Mac and “Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love)” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1977 – James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
1977 – Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer. It was one of the first computers with a color display, and it had the BASIC programming language built-in, so it is ready-to-run right out of the box.
1978 –  “You’re the One That I Want” by John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John topped the charts.
1978 - Joe Walsh’s “Life’s Been Good” was released.
1978 – “Affirmed” (1975-2001) , ridden by Steve Cauthen, became a Triple Crown winner after winning the NY Belmont Stakes by a nose over Alyadar.
1980 – Percy Wood, United Airlines President is injured when a bomb sent by the Unabomber went off.
1981 –  Pete Rose ties Stan Musial’s NL record of 3,630 hits.
1982 - The Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company and the Old Milwaukee brand was acquired by Stroh Brewing Company of Detroit. The Old Milwaukee brand was first brewered by the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company.
1984 - The U.S. Army successfully tested an antiballistic missile.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Everybody Wants to Rule the World” by Tears for Fears, Suddenly” by Billy Ocean, “Things Can Only Get Better” by Howard Jones and “Natural High” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1987 –  An earthquake hit 15 states from Iowa to South Carolina. The tremor, centered near Lawrenceville, IL, 55 miles north of Evansville, Ind., was the largest in the Midwest in nearly 20 years.
1988 - The US House ethics committee announced it had voted unanimously to conduct a preliminary inquiry into allegations concerning the conduct of Speaker Jim Wright.
1989 –  “Wind Beneath My Wings” by Bette Midler topped the charts.
1989 – “Easy Goer” won the Belmont Stakes in New York, denying the Triple Crown to Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner Sunday Silence.
1991 -  “Twin Peaks” ended its run on ABC-TV.
1991 - New York City staged a massive celebration for US veterans of Desert Storm.
1993 - Richard Webb (77), actor (Captain Midnight), died.
1995 - US Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia, described his six-day ordeal at a news conference at Aviano Air Base in Italy.
1995 - “Thunder Gulch” won the Belmont Stakes.
1996 - The film “The Rock,” starring Sean Connery and Nicolas Cage, opened and took in $25.1 million nationally.
1996 - The Colorado Avalanche defeated the Florida Panthers 1-0 in triple overtime to win the Stanley Cup in a four-game sweep.
1996 - Intel released its 200 Mhz Pentium chip.
1998 –  The Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that poor children in Milwaukee could attend religious schools at taxpayer expense.
1998 – A jury in Jacksonville, Fla. ordered Brown and Williamson Tobacco Corp. to pay nearly $1 million to the family of Roland Maddox, who had died after smoking Lucky Strikes for almost 50 years.
1999 –  The US Supreme Court struck down (6-3) a Chicago anti-loitering ordnance aimed against street gangs.
1999 –  The Christian Coalition, founded and led by Pat Robertson, was denied tax-exempt status because of its political activity.
2000 –  “Commendable” won the Belmont Stakes.
2001 - Tropical storm Allison hung over Texas and Louisiana and killed at least 16 people. President Bush declared 28 counties disaster areas due to flooding.
2001 –  The Supreme Court, without comment, turned down a request to allow the videotaping of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh’s execution, scheduled for the following day.
2002 –  US officials announced the breakup of a terrorist plot to detonate a radioactive “dirty bomb.” Abdullah Al Mujahir, also known as Jose Padilla, was arrested on May 8 as he flew from Pakistan into Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Padilla was said to be a US-born al-Qaeda associate scouting targets for the bomb.
2002 –  The Colorado wildfire fire that began in Pike National Forest June 8 pushed toward Denver’s southern suburbs.
2003 –  NASA launched a Mars Exploration Rover named Spirit, the first of two craft. Spirit arrived on Mars in January 2004.
2003 – The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission.
2004 – Ray Charles (b.1930), rhythm ‘n’ blues piano player and singer best known for “Hit the Road Jack” and “Georgia on My Mind,” died in Beverly Hills.
2005 –  Citigroup Inc. said it will pay $2 billion to Enron Corp. shareholders who accused it of helping the energy trader in a massive accounting fraud.
2005 - Baltimore’s 4-3 win over Cincinnati marked the first time three 500 homer players appeared in the same game – the Orioles’ Sammy Sosa (580) and Rafael Palmeiro (559), and the Reds’ Ken Griffey Jr., who hit number 511.
2006 – “Jazil” cruised to victory, holding off “Bluegrass Cat” in the Belmont Stakes.
2006 –  In New York City, a firefighter’s monument was unveiled for the 343 who died in the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.
2006 – Three Guantanamo Bay detainees, 2 from Saudi Arabia and one from Yemen,  hanged themselves with nooses made of sheets and clothes, bringing further condemnation of the isolated camp where hundreds of men have been held for years without charge.
2007 –  HBO concluded “The Sopranos,” created by David Chase, with its 86th show since 1999.
2007 – The crews of Atlantis and the International Space Station greeted each other after the Space Shuttle arrived at the orbiting outpost.
2008 –  In New York City a million pieces of stainless steel toy parts assembled into a nearly seven-story model skyscraper glimmered under the hot sun. It was created by American artist Chris Burden (b.1946). The 16,000-pound “poetic interpretation” of the 30 Rock Building at Rockefeller Center was made of replicated Erector set pieces from the toy created by A.C. Gilbert in 1912.
2008 –  The nation’s top AIDS doctor said researchers have been undercounting new cases of HIV infection in the United States, meaning the rate is probably 25 percent higher at 50,000 people per year.
2009 – President Obama appoints a czar to oversee executive pay.
2009 – James von Brunn (88), identified as a white supremacist, shot and killed Guard Stephen T. Johns (39), who prevented his entrance into the US Holocaust Memorial and Museum in Washington, DC. Security engaged the gunman as soon as he stepped inside the crowded museum and began shooting.
2009 – In Pennsylvania a car fleeing a robbery scene jumped a curb in Philadelphia, smashed into a crowd and killed three young children.
2009 –  Italy’s Fiat became the new owner of the bulk of Chrysler’s assets, closing a deal that saves the troubled US automaker from liquidation and places a new company in the hands of Fiat’s CEO.
2010 –  In San Francisco the office tower at 333 Market St. was sold to a group of South Korean investors including the Korean Teacher’s Credit Union and Korean Federation of community Credit Cooperatives for $333 million.
2010 - In the first move of a possible major realignment of U.S. college sports, the Pacific-10 Conference announces that the University of Colorado, a current member of the Big 12 Conference, has accepted the Pac-10′s invitation to join that conference.
2011 –  Iran has reportedly been caught on ten separate occasions trying to send arms to terrorist groups, including Hamas and the Taliban.
2012 -Police in the San Gabriel Valley in southern California cite United States Secretary of Commerce John Bryson for felony hit and run for alleged involvement in a series of accidents on the weekend.
2012 -  NHL’s Los Angeles Kings defeat the New Jersey Devils 6-1 in game 6 of the 2012 Stanley Cup Finals to win Los Angeles Kings’ first Stanley Cup.


1835 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)

1908 – Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
1910 – Howlin’ Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
1911 – Ralph Kirkpatrick, American musician and musicologist (d. 1984)
1920 – Ruth Bell Graham, wife of the famous evangelist Billy Graham (d. 2007)
1922 – Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
1933 – F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American politician
1969 – Kate Snow, American TV journalist
1971 – Bobby Jindal, Louisiana Congressman, Governor
1973 – Faith Evans, American singer







Rank and organization: Construction Mechanic Third Class, U.S. Navy, Seabee Team 1104. Place and date: Dong Xoai, Republic of Vietnam, 10 June 1965. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Born: 30 December 1939, Port Townsend, Wash. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Although wounded when the compound of Detachment A342, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, came under intense fire from an estimated reinforced Viet Cong regiment employing machineguns, heavy weapons and small arms, Shields continued to resupply his fellow Americans who needed ammunition and to return the enemy fire for a period of approximately three hours, at which time the Viet Cong launched a massive attack at close range with flame-throwers, hand grenades and small-arms fire. Wounded a second time during this attack, Shields nevertheless assisted in carrying a more critically wounded man to safety, and then resumed firing at the enemy for four more hours. When the commander asked for a volunteer to accompany him in an attempt to knock out an enemy machinegun emplacement which was endangering the lives of all personnel in the compound because of the accuracy of its fire, Shields unhesitatingly volunteered for this extremely hazardous mission. Proceeding toward their objective with a 3.5-inch rocket launcher, they succeeded in destroying the enemy machinegun emplacement, thus undoubtedly saving the lives of many of their fellow servicemen in the compound. Shields was mortally wounded by hostile fire while returning to his defensive position. His heroic initiative and great personal valor in the face of intense enemy fire sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.




Rank and organization: First Lieutenant (then 2d Lt.), U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group. Place and date: Dong Xoai, Republic of Vietnam, 9 to 10 June 1965. Entered service at: Fort Jackson, S.C. Born: 17 September 1933, Charleston, S.C. G.O. No.: 30, 5 July 1966. Citation: 1st Lt. Williams distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while defending the Special Forces Camp against a violent attack by hostile forces that lasted for fourteen hours. 1st Lt. Williams was serving as executive officer of a Special Forces Detachment when an estimated Vietcong reinforced regiment struck the camp and threatened to overrun it and the adjacent district headquarters. He awoke personnel, organized them, determined the source of the insurgents’ main effort and led the troops to their defensive positions on the south and west walls. Then, after running to the District Headquarters to establish communications, he found that there was no radio operational with which to communicate with his commanding officer in another compound. To reach the other compound, he traveled through darkness but was halted in this effort by a combination of shrapnel in his right leg and the increase of the Vietcong gunfire. Ignoring his wound, he returned to the district headquarters and directed the defense against the first assault. As the insurgents attempted to scale the walls and as some of the Vietnamese defenders began to retreat, he dashed through a barrage of gunfire, succeeded in rallying these defenders, and led them back to their positions. Although wounded in the thigh and left leg during this gallant action, he returned to his position and, upon being told that communications were reestablished and that his commanding officer was seriously wounded, 1st Lt. Williams took charge of actions in both compounds. Then, in an attempt to reach the communications bunker, he sustained wounds in the stomach and right arm from grenade fragments. As the defensive positions on the walls had been held for hours and casualties were mounting, he ordered the consolidation of the American personnel from both compounds to establish a defense in the district building. After radio contact was made with a friendly air controller, he disregarded his wounds and directed the defense from the District building, using descending flares as reference points to adjust air strikes. By his courage, he inspired his team to hold out against the insurgent force that was closing in on them and throwing grenades into the windows of the building. As daylight arrived and the Vietcong continued to besiege the stronghold, firing a machinegun directly south of the district building, he was determined to eliminate this menace that threatened the lives of his men. Taking a 3.5 rocket launcher and a volunteer to load it, he worked his way across open terrain, reached the berm south of the district headquarters, and took aim at the Vietcong machinegun 150 meters away. Although the sight was faulty, he succeeded in hitting the machinegun. While he and the loader were trying to return to the district headquarters, they were both wounded. With a fourth wound, this time in the right arm and leg, and realizing he was unable to carry his wounded comrade back to the district building, 1st Lt. Williams pulled him to a covered position and then made his way back to the district building where he sought the help of others who went out and evacuated the injured soldier. Although seriously wounded and tired, he continued to direct the air strikes closer to the defensive position. As morning turned to afternoon and the Vietcong pressed their effort with direct recoilless rifle fire into the building, he ordered the evacuation of the seriously wounded to the safety of the communications bunker. When informed that helicopters would attempt to land as the hostile gunfire had abated, he led his team from the building to the artillery position, making certain of the timely evacuation of the wounded from the communications area, and then on to the pickup point. Despite resurgent Vietcong gunfire, he directed the rapid evacuation of all personnel. Throughout the long battle, he was undaunted by the vicious Vietcong assault and inspired the defenders in decimating the determined insurgents. 1st Lt. Williams’ extraordinary heroism, are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.





Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Hangnyong, Korea, 10 June 1951. Entered service at: Terre Haute, Ind. Born: 12 August 1931, Terre Haute, Ind. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a fire team leader in Company E, in action against enemy aggressor forces. While advancing with his platoon in an attack against well-concealed and heavily fortified enemy hill positions, Cpl. Abrell voluntarily rushed forward through the assaulting squad which was pinned down by a hail of intense and accurate automatic-weapons fire from a hostile bunker situated on commanding ground. Although previously wounded by enemy hand grenade fragments, he proceeded to carry out a bold, single-handed attack against the bunker, exhorting his comrades to follow him. Sustaining two additional wounds as he stormed toward the emplacement, he resolutely pulled the pin from a grenade clutched in his hand and hurled himself bodily into the bunker with the live missile still in his grasp. Fatally wounded in the resulting explosion which killed the entire enemy guncrew within the stronghold, Cpl. Abrell, by his valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of certain death, served to inspire all his comrades and contributed directly to the success of his platoon in attaining its objective. His superb courage and heroic initiative sustain and enhance the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.





Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Vaubadon, France, 10 June 1944. Entered service at: Saugus, Mass. Birth: Saugus, Mass. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life, above and beyond the call of duty, on 10 June 1944, near Vaubadon, France. As scouts were advancing across an open field, the enemy suddenly opened fire with several machineguns and hit 1 of the men. S/Sgt. DeFranzo courageously moved out in the open to the aid of the wounded scout and was himself wounded but brought the man to safety. Refusing aid, S/Sgt. DeFranzo reentered the open field and led the advance upon the enemy. There were always at least two machineguns bringing unrelenting fire upon him, but S/Sgt. DeFranzo kept going forward, firing into the enemy and 1 by 1 the enemy emplacements became silent. While advancing he was again wounded, but continued on until he was within 100 yards of the enemy position and even as he fell, he kept firing his rifle and waving his men forward. When his company came up behind him, S/Sgt. DeFranzo, despite his many severe wounds, suddenly raised himself and once more moved forward in the lead of his men until he was again hit by enemy fire. In a final gesture of indomitable courage, he threw several grenades at the enemy machinegun position and completely destroyed the gun. In this action, S/Sgt. DeFranzo lost his life, but by bearing the brunt of the enemy fire in leading the attack, he prevented a delay in the assault which would have been of considerable benefit to the foe, and he made possible his company’s advance with a minimum of casualties. The extraordinary heroism and magnificent devotion to duty displayed by S/Sgt. DeFranzo was a great inspiration to all about him, and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.






Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Goville, France, 9-10 June 1944. Entered service at: Manhattan, Kans. Birth: Junction City, Kans. G.O. No.: 91, 19 December 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 9-10 June 1944, near Goville, France. S/Sgt. Ehlers, always acting as the spearhead of the attack, repeatedly led his men against heavily defended enemy strong points exposing himself to deadly hostile fire whenever the situation required heroic and courageous leadership. Without waiting for an order, S/Sgt. Ehlers, far ahead of his men, led his squad against a strongly defended enemy strong point, personally killing four of an enemy patrol who attacked him en route. Then crawling forward under withering machinegun fire, he pounced upon the guncrew and put it out of action. Turning his attention to two mortars protected by the crossfire of two machineguns, S/Sgt. Ehlers led his men through this hail of bullets to kill or put to flight the enemy of the mortar section, killing three men himself. After mopping up the mortar positions, he again advanced on a machinegun, his progress effectively covered by his squad. When he was almost on top of the gun he leaped to his feet and, although greatly outnumbered, he knocked out the position single-handed. The next day, having advanced deep into enemy territory, the platoon of which S/Sgt. Ehlers was a member, finding itself in an untenable position as the enemy brought increased mortar, machinegun, and small arms fire to bear on it, was ordered to withdraw. S/Sgt. Ehlers, after his squad had covered the withdrawal of the remainder of the platoon, stood up and by continuous fire at the semicircle of enemy placements, diverted the bulk of the heavy hostile fire on himself, thus permitting the members of his own squad to withdraw. At this point, though wounded himself, he carried his wounded automatic rifleman to safety and then returned fearlessly over the shell-swept field to retrieve the automatic rifle which he was unable to carry previously. After having his wound treated, he refused to be evacuated, and returned to lead his squad. The intrepid leadership, indomitable courage, and fearless aggressiveness displayed by S/Sgt. Ehlers in the face of overwhelming enemy forces serve as an inspiration to others.







Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122. Place and date: Off Okinawa, 10 and 11 June 1945. Entered service at: Oklahoma. Born: 4 January 1922, Tishomingo, Okla. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. LSC(L)(3) 122 during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu chain, 10 and 11 June 1945. Sharply vigilant during hostile air raids against Allied ships on radar picket duty off Okinawa on 10 June, Lt. McCool aided materially in evacuating all survivors from a sinking destroyer which had sustained mortal damage under the devastating attacks. When his own craft was attacked simultaneously by two of the enemy’s suicide squadron early in the evening of 11 June, he instantly hurled the full power of his gun batteries against the plunging aircraft, shooting down the first and damaging the second before it crashed his station in the conning tower and engulfed the immediate area in a mass of flames. Although suffering from shrapnel wounds and painful burns, he rallied his concussion-shocked crew and initiated vigorous firefighting measures and then proceeded to the rescue of several trapped in a blazing compartment, subsequently carrying one man to safety despite the excruciating pain of additional severe burns. Unmindful of all personal danger, he continued his efforts without respite until aid arrived from other ships and he was evacuated. By his staunch leadership, capable direction, and indomitable determination throughout the crisis, Lt. McCool saved the lives of many who otherwise might have perished and contributed materially to the saving of his ship for further combat service. His valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of extreme peril sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.


The 1871 United States-Korea conflict is one of the least known and understood actions in both Korea and the United States.  At the same time, it was a pivotal event in not only the histories of the United States and Korea, but arguably in the world.  The failed diplomacy that led to the °Weekend War” set Korea up for a fall just a few short years later, which forever changed the direction of life in Korea, Asia, and the rest of the world, as Japan gained a foothold on the Asian continent.






Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1821, York County, Pennsylvania. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 176, 9 July 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Benicia in action against Korean forts on 9 and 10 June 1871. Stationed at the lead in passing the forts, Andrews stood on the gunwale on the Benicia’s launch, lashed to the ridgerope. He remained unflinchingly in this dangerous position and gave his soundings with coolness and accuracy under a heavy fire.



Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1846, Bohemia. Enlisted at: Tientsin, China. G.O. No.: 180, 10 October 1872. Citation: Served with Company D during the capture of the Korean forts, 9 and 10 June 1871. Fighting the enemy inside the fort, Lukes received a severe cut over the head.




Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Birth: England. G.O. No.: 180, 10 October 1872. Citation: Landsman and member of Company D during the capture of the Korean forts, 9 and 10 June 1871, Merton was severely wounded in the arm while trying to force his way into the fort.




Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 9th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 9, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Donald Duck Day

 Denture Day



Donald Duck is one of the most popular of all the Disney Characters. He got his start on June 9, 1934 in a Silly Symphony cartoon titled ‘The Wise Little Hen’. Audiences have always loved his fiery temper and silly antics.


Clarence ‘Ducky’ Nash provided Donald’s voice for 50 years. Tony Anselmo, a Disney artist, is the current voice of Donald Duck.

Donald is a lovable character with a good heart who usually tries to do the right thing. He takes humiliation and keeps on going. He never backs down from a fight. Donald may be hard to understand most of the time but he always has a lot to say. He is easily calmed down by his beloved Daisy who can simply soothe his brow to make him happy. Donald is the character well known for his short fuse, his many fights, and his need to be as good as Mickey Mouse.

In the 1940′s Donald Duck had more cartoons than Mickey Mouse; with over 128 to his credit. These don’t include the ones that did include the famous Mouse.

Our favorite duck is well known for his attire; wearing simply a sailor shirt and hat, with no pants in sight. Donald even has a middle name: Donald Fauntleroy Duck.

He is also the lesser-known member of the Three Caballeros from 1944. He is also very well known from Duck Tales; which was on television from 1987-1990. And for those who are not sure where Donald lives, well of course it is in Duckburg, Calisota USA. He does dock his boat, the Miss Daisy, at Disneyland in ToonTown.

Donald is not just a Disney icon. He is also the mascot for the Oregon Ducks.



“If you want things to be different, perhaps the answer is to become different yourself.” 

~ Norman Vincent Peale 

in·sip·id in-ˈsi-pəd   adjective
: lacking taste or savor : tasteless <insipid food>
: lacking in qualities that interest, stimulate, or challenge : dullflat <insipid
Insipid comes from the French & Late Latin; French insipide, from Late Latininsipidus, from Latin in-sapidus savory, from sapere to taste.


68 – Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.

1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
1549 - Book of Common Prayer was adopted by the Church of England. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, issued the “Book of Common Prayer.” Other prayer books were forbidden by the Act of Uniformity. The book was mandated by the government under Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, so that services could be spoken in the language of the people. Most likely the prayer book of the Puritans.
1628 - First deportation from what is now the US, Thomas Morton from Massachusetts.
1650 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.
1732 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
1772 - The first naval attack of Revolutionary War took place when residents of Providence, RI., stormed the British revenue cutter HMS Gaspee, burned it to the waterline and shot the captain.
1790 - First book copyrighted under the constitution, Philadelphia Spelling Book.
1822- Charles Graham receives first patent for false teeth. His were not the first false teeth in use, however.Graham’s choppers were the first durable and reusable dentures, replacing wooden, carved ivory, gold, and animal teeth in humans. Graham’s false teeth fostered health by preventing mold, decay and illness through oral infection from earlier versions.
1856 – Five-hundred Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
1861 – Civil War: Mary Ann “Mother” Bickerdyke, Civil War hospital worker, began working in Union hospitals. “The midwife must give way to the physician. Woman, therefore, must become physician.”
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Port Republic, last of five battles in Jackson’s Valley camp.
1863 – Civil War: the Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia. Union and Confederate cavalries clashed. This was the largest cavalry battle in the CIVIL WAR.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Kenesaw Mountain, GA (Pine Mt, Pine Knob, Golgotha).
1869 – In Philadelphia, PA, Charles Elmer Hires sells his first root beer.Originally, Hires packaged the mixture in boxes and sold it to housewives and soda fountains. They needed to mix in water, sugar, and yeast.
1870 - President Grant met with Sioux chief Red Cloud.
1899 - Jim Jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons for the Heavyweight boxing crown. In the eleventh round, Jeffries finished off Fitzsimmons with a left hook and a right uppercut.
1901 - New York Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13.
1902 - First Automat restaurant opens at 818 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA. It was Horn & Hardart, a cavernous, waiterless establishment that was a combination of fast-food, vending and a cafeteria.
1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, in fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
1910 - Passenger on Austarian ship SS Arawatta threw a bottle with note overboard. It was found June 6, 1983, in Queensland. The Arawatta sank in 1936.
1914 - Honus Wagner becomes the first baseball player to get 3,000 hits.
1915 – Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States’ handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.
1922 – First ringing of the Yale Memorial Chime at Yale University.
1923 - Brinks unveiled its first armored security vans.
1924 - “Jelly-Roll Blues” was recorded by blues great Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers.
1928 – Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross. The flight was from California to Brisbane.
1931 - Goddard patents rocket-fueled aircraft design.
1930 – Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
1934 – Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen. His distinctive quack was voiced originally by Clarence Nash.
1941 – Production began on “The Maltese Falcon,” starring Humphrey Bogart as detective Sam Spade. The film was directed by John Huston (34).
1941 - The Japanese high command announced that “The Midway Occupation operations have been temporarily postponed.”
1943 - Congress passes “pay-as-you-go” income tax
1944  - CHART TOPPERS –  “ Long Ago and Far Away” by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes, “I’ll Get By “ by The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Dick Haymes), “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby and “Straighten Up and Fly Right” by King Cole Trio all topped the charts.

1944 – World War II: Ninety-nine inhabitants of Tulle were hanged by the SS. The Tulle Murders refer to the actions committed by the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich.
1945 – World War II: Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declared that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender.
1946 - NY Giant Mel Ott becomes the first manager to be ejected from both games of a doubleheader.
1948 - John Phillips (1915-1996), photographer for Life Magazine, took pictures of the ill-fated defense of the Jewish quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem against Arab troops.
1951 - “How High the Moon” by Les Paul & Mary Ford topped the charts
1952 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Kiss of Fire” by Georgia Gibbs, “Blue Tango” by The Leroy Anderson Orchestra, “Be Anything” by Eddy Howard and “The Wild Side of Life” by Hank Thompson all topped the charts.
1953 – Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94 and produced more than $58 million in property damage. It was the worst tornado in New England history.
1953 - Patent granted to John H. Kraft for the “manufacture of soft surface cured cheese.”
1954 – Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army – giving McCarthy the famous rebuke, “You’ve done enough. Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?”
1956 - “Heartbreak Hotel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1958 - “The Purple People Eater” by Sheb Wooley topped the charts
1959 – The USS George Washington is launched. It is the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers, “Burning Bridges” by Jack Scott, “Paper Roses”  by Anita Bryant and “Please Help Me, I’m Falling” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.
1963 – President John F Kennedy named Winston Churchill a US honorary citizen.
1963 - A US Equal Pay Act was enacted.
1967 – Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Mrs. Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel, “Tighten Up” by Archie Bell & The Drells, “This Guy’s in Love with You” by Herb Alpert and “Honey “by Bobby Goldsboro all topped the charts.
1968 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1969 - The U.S. Senate confirmed Warren Burger to be the new chief justice of the United States, succeeding Earl Warren.
1969 - The US Supreme Court, in Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC, ruled the Fairness Doctrine constitutional. The court said free-speech protections for broadcasters are narrower than those for publishers and pedestrians.
1970 - Harry A. Blackmun (1908-1999), was sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.
1972 – Vietnam: John Paul Vann, American military adviser, was killed in a helicopter accident in South Vietnam. He posthumously was awarded the highest American civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1973 – “Secretariat” wins the Triple Crown. He was the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years by winning the Belmont Stakes. He won by 34 lengths and “Twice a Prince” came in 2nd.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Love Hangover” by Diana Ross, “Silly Love Songs’ by Wings, “Get Up and Boogie (That’s Right)” by Silver Convention and “One Piece at a Time” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens its priesthood to “all worthy men”, ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.
1980 - Comedian Richard Pryor suffered almost fatal burns at his San Fernando Valley, Calif., home when a mixture of “free-base” cocaine exploded.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS –  “Time After Time” by Cyndi Lauper, “Oh Sherrie” by Steve Perry, “The Reflex” by Duran Duran and “Someday When Things are Good” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1985 – Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he is not released until 1991). 1986 – The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
1987 - Near Denver, Colorado, lightning struck the so-called Tire Mountain and ignited a fire that burned some 2 million of the 6 million tires stored there.
1990 - “Go and Go” won the 122nd running of the Belmont Stakes.
1992 – Vice President Dan Quayle, addressing Southern Baptists in Indianapolis, condemned the “media elite,” saying, “I wear their scorn as a badge of honor.”
1996 - White House Chief of Staff Leon Panetta, appearing on NBC’s “Meet the Press,” said it was wrong for an investigator to have obtained secret FBI files on 341 people, including prominent Republicans. President Clinton agreed with Panetta that an apology was called for.
1996 - The latest US unemployment rate was 5.6%.
1997 - A California state commission decided to raise the salary of Gov. Wilson to $131,040. It would make him the highest paid governor in the nation.
1998 - In Texas three white men, Shawn Allen Berry (23), Lawrence Russell Brewer (31) and John William King (23), were charged for the June 7th dragging death murder of James Byrd Jr., an African-American.
1999 - President Clinton instructed federal law agencies to collect race and gender data on people they stop or arrest, in a move to end racial profiling by police.
2001 – “Point Given” won the Belmont Stakes.
2003 - The New Jersey Devils won the Stanley Cup, defeating the Anaheim Mighty Ducks 3-0 in Game 7.
2003 - Freddie Mac, a US government-sponsored mortgage company, ousted 3 top officials. The 4th largest US financial company had assets of $722 billion at the end of 2002. Leland Brendsel, CEO, was given a severance package valued at $24 million.
2004 - The body of Ronald Reagan was laid in state in the Washington DC Capitol Rotunda. Thousands viewed the flag-draped casket of the 40th president prior to his burial in California.
2008 - Apple, Inc. introduces a new iPhone with 3G capabilities, a GPS, and new features. The device is called iPhone 3G.
2008 - A stalled storm system in the American Midwest causes further heavy flooding in Indiana, Iowa and Wisconsin with storms on the weekend causing 10 deaths in four states.
2008 – In the town of Lake Delton, Wisconsin, Lake Delton drained as a result of heavy flooding breaking the dam holding the lake back. (The video has no sound but the devastation is clear.)
2008 –  Engineers from the Los Alamos National Laboratory and IBM Corp. unveiled, the world’s fastest supercomputer, a $100 million machine that for the first time has performed 1,000 trillion calculations per second in a sustained exercise. Named Roadrunner it will be used primarily on nuclear weapons work.
2009 - Two Democrats cross party lines and join Republicans to swing control of the Senate of New York State to the Republican Party.
2009 - The trial of William Jefferson, a former member of the U.S. House of Representatives, on charges of bribery and racketeering gets underway.
2010 - Georgia executes its 24th death row inmate Melbert Ford by lethal injection.
2011 - The Financial Times reports that computer hackers may have gained access to details of Citigroup bank card customer details.
2012 –  A Federal judge in the US has ruled Washington cannot indefinitely detain Americans suspected of having terrorist ties unless they have been found in connection with the 9/11 attacks. It comes just six months after President Obama signed the National Defense Authorization Act, which would have allowed American citizens to be held without trial or charge.
2012 –  The Miami Heat defeated the Boston Celtics, 101-88, to become the 2012 Eastern Conference Champions, advancing to the NBA Finals to face the Oklahoma City Thunder.


1768 – Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)

1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
1915 – Les Paul, American guitarist
1916 – Robert McNamara, Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank
1921 – Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
1931 – Jackie Mason, American comedian
1939 – Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
1961 – Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
1961 – Aaron Sorkin, American writer
1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor
1993 – Danielle Chuchran, American actress







Rank and organization: Captain (then Comdr.) U.S. Navy, U.S.S. Liberty (AGTR-5). Place and Date: International waters, Eastern Mediterranean, 8-9 June 1967. Entered service at: Thermal, Calif. Born: 19 November 1925, Wichita, Kans. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sailing in international waters, the Liberty was attacked without warning by jet fighter aircraft and motor torpedo boats which inflicted many casualties among the crew and caused extreme damage to the ship. Although severely wounded during the first air attack, Capt. McGonagle remained at his battle station on the badly damaged bridge and, with full knowledge of the seriousness of his wounds, subordinated his own welfare to the safety and survival of his command. Steadfastly refusing any treatment which would take him away from his post, he calmly continued to exercise firm command of his ship. Despite continuous exposure to fire, he maneuvered his ship, directed its defense, supervised the control of flooding and fire, and saw to the care of the casualties. Capt. McGonagle’s extraordinary valor under these conditions inspired the surviving members of the Liberty’s crew, many of them seriously wounded, to heroic efforts to overcome the battle damage and keep the ship afloat. Subsequent to the attack, although in great pain and weak from the loss of blood, Captain McGonagle remained at his battle station and continued to command his ship for more than 17 hours. It was only after rendezvous with a U.S. destroyer that he relinquished personal control of the Liberty and permitted himself to be removed from the bridge. Even then, he refused much needed medical attention until convinced that the seriously wounded among his crew had been treated. Capt. McGonagle’s superb professionalism, courageous fighting spirit, and valiant leadership saved his ship and many lives. His actions sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. (Captain McGonagle earned the Medal of Honor for actions that took place in international waters in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Isreali Six-Day War rather than in Vietnam.)






Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Co. C, 325th Glider Infantry, 82d Airborne Division. Place and date: Merderet River at la Fiere, France, 9 June 1944. Entered service at: Grand Island, N.Y. Birth: Grand Island, N.Y. G.O. No.: 22, 28 February 1946. Citation: He was a member of Company C, 325th Glider Infantry, on 9 June 1944 advancing with the forward platoon to secure a bridgehead across the Merderet River at La Fiere, France. At dawn the platoon had penetrated an outer line of machineguns and riflemen, but in so doing had become cut off from the rest of the company. Vastly superior forces began a decimation of the stricken unit and put in motion a flanking maneuver which would have completely exposed the American platoon in a shallow roadside ditch where it had taken cover. Detecting this danger, Pfc. DeGlopper volunteered to support his comrades by fire from his automatic rifle while they attempted a withdrawal through a break in a hedgerow 40 yards to the rear. Scorning a concentration of enemy automatic weapons and rifle fire, he walked from the ditch onto the road in full view of the Germans, and sprayed the hostile positions with assault fire. He was wounded, but he continued firing. Struck again, he started to fall; and yet his grim determination and valiant fighting spirit could not be broken. Kneeling in the roadway, weakened by his grievous wounds, he leveled his heavy weapon against the enemy and fired burst after burst until killed outright. He was successful in drawing the enemy action away from his fellow soldiers, who continued the fight from a more advantageous position and established the first bridgehead over the Merderet. In the area where he made his intrepid stand his comrades later found the ground strewn with dead Germans and many machineguns and automatic weapons which he had knocked out of action. Pfc. DeGlopper’s gallant sacrifice and unflinching heroism while facing unsurmountable odds were in great measure responsible for a highly important tactical victory in the Normandy Campaign.




Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 5th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Port Republic, Va., 9 June 1862. Entered service at: Hamilton County, Ohio. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 14 March 1864. Citation: Mounted an artillery horse of the enemy and captured a brass six-pound piece in the face of the enemy’s fire and brought it to the rear.

HARDING, THOMASState of Connecticut





Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Middletown, Conn. Accredited to: Connecticut. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Dacotah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner Pevensey, near Beauford, N.C., 9 June 1864. “Learning that one of the officers in the boat, which was in danger of being, and subsequently was, swamped, could not swim, Harding remarked to him: ‘If we are swamped, sir, I shall carry you to the beach or I will never go there myself.’ He did not succeed in carrying out his promise, but made desperate efforts to do so, while others thought only of themselves. Such conduct is worthy of appreciation and admiration–a sailor risking his own life to save that of an officer.”


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Unerased History – June 8th

Posted by Wayne Church on June 8, 2014 in 06 - June, Blog by month |
Share Button

Upsy Daisy Day
Name Your Poison Day



“Blog” is an abbreviated version of “weblog,” which is a term used to describe web sites that maintain an ongoing chronicle of information. A blog features diary-type commentary and links to articles on other Web sites, usually presented as a list of entries in reverse chronological order. Blogs range from the personal to the political, and can focus on one narrow subject or a whole range of subjects.

Many blogs focus on a particular topic, such as web design, home staging, sports, or mobile technology. Some are more eclectic, presenting links to all types of other sites. And others are more like personal journals, presenting the author’s daily life and thoughts.

Generally speaking (although there are exceptions), blogs tend to have a few things in common.

  • A main content area with articles listed chronologically, newest on top. Often, the articles are organized into categories.
  • An archive of older articles.
  • A way for people to leave comments about the articles.
  • A list of links to other related sites, sometimes called a “blogroll”.
  • One or more “feeds” like RSS, Atom or RDF files.

Some blogs may have additional features beyond these. Watch this short video for a simple explanation for what a blog is.

The Blog Content

Content is the raison d’être for any web site. Retail sites feature a catalog of products. University sites contain information about their campuses, curriculum, and faculty. News sites show the latest news stories. For a personal blog, you might have a bunch of observations, or reviews. Without some sort of updated content, there is little reason to visit a web site more than once.

On a blog, the content consists of articles (also sometimes called “posts” or “entries”) that the author(s) writes. Yes, some blogs have multiple authors, each writing his/her own articles. Typically, blog authors compose their articles in a web-based interface, built into the blogging system itself. Some blogging systems also support the ability to use stand-alone “weblog client” software, which allows authors to write articles offline and upload them at a later time.


Want an interactive website? Wouldn’t it be nice if the readers of a website could leave comments, tips or impressions about the site or a specific article? With blogs, they can! Posting comments is one of the most exciting features of blogs.

Most blogs have a method to allow visitors to leave comments. There are also nifty ways for authors of other blogs to leave comments without even visiting the blog! Called “pingbacks” or “trackbacks“, they can inform other bloggers whenever they cite an article from another site in their own articles. All this ensures that online conversations can be maintained painlessly among various site users and websites.

Other blogs that are associated with this blog include:

U.S. Constitution – http://foundersvoices.com
Public Speaking – http://speakersrepose.com
Motivational Quotes: http://motivquotes.com


“It has long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and happened to things.”


~ Elinor Smith

blogˈblȯg, ˈbläg  noun

: a Web site that contains an online personal journal with reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks provided by the writer ; also : the contents of such a site

Etymology: short for Weblog Date: 1999


65AD - Jews revolted against Rome, capturing the fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem.
632 AD - The prophet Mohammed died. He died in the arms of Aishah, his third and favorite wife.
1675 - Three Wampanoag Indians were hanged in Plymouth, Massachusetts. On the testimony of a Native American witness, Plymouth Colony arrested three Wampanoags, including a counselor to Metacom, a Pokanoket sachem (inter-tribal leader). A jury among whom were some Native American members convicted them of the recent murder of John Sassamon, an advisor to Metacom.
1776 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières – American attackers are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
1783 - Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption.
1786 - The first commercially-made ice cream in the U.S. was advertised in New York City by Mr. Hall of 76 Chatham Street (now Park Row). (George Washington was non-commercial on May 17th.)
1789 – James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.
1790 - The first loan for the U.S. was repaid. The Temporary Loan of 1789 was negotiated and secured on September 18, 1789 by Alexander Hamilton.
1808 - The “Phoenix”, the largest ocean-going steamboat in the world, left New York Harbor for Philadelphia, PA. It was the first ocean voyage ever taken by a steamboat. John Stevens built the mammoth boat.
1809 – Thomas Paine (b.1737), British born political essayist, died in poverty and obscurity in New York City at age 72. His revolutionary essays included “Common Sense” (1776), “The Rights of Man” (1991/1792) and “The Age of Reason” (1794-1796), which he started while imprisoned in France.
1824 - Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec.
1830 - Sloop-of-war USS Vincennes becomes first U.S. warship to circle the globe.
1845 - Andrew Jackson, 7th president of the US, died in Nashville, Tenn.
1856 – The community of Pitcairn Islands and descendants of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty consisting of 194 people arrived on the Morayshire at Norfolk Island Commencing the Third Settlement of the Island.
1861 – Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.
1861 – Civil War: U.S.S. Mississippi set blockade at Key West.
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys – Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
1862 – Civil War: U.S.S. Monitor, Dacotah, Naugatuck, Seminole, and Susquehanna,  by direction of the President,  shelled Confederate batteries at Sewell’s Point, Virginia.
1862 – Civil War: A landing party from U.S.S. Iroquois seized the arsenal and took possession of Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1863 – Civil War: Residents of Vicksburg, Miss., fled into caves as Grant’s army began shelling the town.
1864 – Civil War: The U.S.S. Chillicothe, led an expedition up the Atchafalaya River, Louisiana, accompanied by U.S.S. Neosho and U.S.S. Port Hindman to silence a Confederate battery above Simmesport. The Union gun-boats, after a short engagement, forced the Southerners to abandon their position and a landing party and capture the guns.
1869 - Ives W McGaffey of Chicago receives the patent for the first vacuum cleaner.
1872 - U.S. Congress authorized the penny postal card.
1874 - Cochise (b.~1810), Chiricahua Apache war chief (his name meant “his nose”) and leader of the Chokonen band, died on a reservation in the Dragoon Mountains in southeastern Arizona.
1880 - Captain W. B. Remey was the first Marine appointed Judge Advocate of the Navy.
1885 - Jockey Eddie Maple rode Creme Fraiche to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
1887 – Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
1904 - U.S. Marines landed in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens.
1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value. It gave authority for him to do that without Congressional approval.
1912 – Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
1927 -Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded “When Day is Done.” Paul Whiteman’s orchestra was a vanguard force that changed the face of popular music in the 1920s.
1937 - World’s largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, a giant Sumatran Titan Arum, Amorphophallus titanum, measuring 8-1/2 ft high and 4-ft diam. Its putrid rotting-corpse fragrance repelled visitors. Native in Sumatran jungles of Indonesia, it is known there as the “corpse flower.”
1940 – The discovery of element 93, neptunium (symbol Np) was announced by Edwin M. McMillan and Philip H. Abelson working at the University of California at Berkeley.
1941 – World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust:In Paris on the first day Helene Berr was forced to wear the yellow star to distinguish Jews: “My God, I didn’t know this would be so hard. I was very brave all day. I held my head high and looked people so straight in the eyes they turned away. But it’s hard … This morning, I went out with Mother. Two kids in the street pointed at us saying ‘Hey? You see? Jewish.’”
1942 – World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.
1943 - Senior military officials bring the Zoot Suit Riot under control by declaring Los Angeles off-limits to all sailors, soldiers, and Marines.
1944 – World War II: Elements of the US 7th Corps, from Utah beach, advance toward Cherbourg. The 4th Division engages in heavy fighting near Azeville.
1944 – World War II: German rearguards slow the advance of the US 5th Army and British 8th Army.
1944 – World War II: Fighting continues on Biak Island. A Japanese attempt to ship reinforcements to Biak is intercepted by the cruiser squadron commanded by Admiral Crutchley.
1945 – World War II: There are reports that every able bodied Japanese man, woman and child is being given instructions in the fighting of tanks, paratroops and other invading forces.
1945 – World War II: On Okinawa, in the north, heavy fighting continues on the Oroku peninsula. In the south, the US 24th Corps prepares to attack Mount Yaeju.
1947 - “Lassie” (13:49) debuted on ABC radio. The Lassie radio show was broadcast from 1947 to 1950, first on the ABC radio network, then on NBC. It was a 15-minute show about an extraordinary collie.
1948 – Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater on NBC TV.
1949 – Celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Too Young” by Nat King Cole, “On Top of Old Smokeyby The Weavers (vocal: Terry Gilkyson), “How High the Moon” by Les Paul & Mary Ford and “I Want to Be with You Always” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1951 - Paul Bobel, Werner Braune, Erich Naumann, Otto Ohlendorf, Oswald Pohl, W. Schallenmair & Otto Schmidt, the last Nazi war criminals, were hanged by Americans at Landsberg Fortress.
1953 – Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A tornado hits Flint, Michigan, and kills 116 and injured more than 850 in Ohio and Michigan. This is the last tornado to claim more than 100 lives up to 1974.
1953 – The United States Supreme Court rules that Washington, D.C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.
1957 - “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone topped the charts.
1959 - CHART TOPPERS – “Dream Lover” by Bobby Darin, “Personality” by Lloyd Price, “Quiet Village” by Martin Denny and “The Battle of New Orleans” by Johnny Horton all topped the charts.
1959 – From the submarine USS Barbero at about 100 miles off the Atlantic Coast to the Mayport Auxiliary Naval Station near Jacksonville, Florida, the United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
1959 - X-15 makes first unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 37,731 feet.
1961 - The Milwaukee Braves set a major league baseball record when four consecutive home runs in the seventh inning.
1963 - It’s My Party” by Lesley Gore topped the charts.
1965 – Vietnam War: U.S. troops in South Vietnam were given orders to begin fighting offensively.
1966 - Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempted to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but was unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack.
1966 – One of the XB-70 Valkyrie prototypes is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and USAF test pilot Carl Cross were both killed.
1966 – Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an “F5″ on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
1966 – The NFL and the AFL announce plans to become the NFC and AFC in 1970.
1966 - A tornado hit Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and destroying 820 homes.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Respect” by Aretha Franklin, “Release Me (And Let Me Love Again) by Engelbert Humperdinck, “Creeque Alley” by The Mamas & The Papas and “It’s Such a Pretty World Today” by Wynn Stewart all topped the charts.
1967 – Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 sailors and wounding 171.
1968 - Gary Puckett & The Union Gap release “Lady Will Power.”
1968 -Don Drysdale pitches a record 58th consecutive scoreless inning.
1968 – James Earl Ray is arrested for the murder of Martin Luther King Jr.
1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.
1968 - Rolling Stones release “Jumpin’ Jack Flash.
1968 – “Mrs Robinson” by Simon & Garfunkel topped the charts.
1969 - Mickey Mantle Day, 60,096 saw the retirement of his uniform number 7.
1974 – An F4 tornado strikes Emporia, Kansas, killing six.
1974 - “Band on the Run” by Paul McCartney & Wings topped the charts.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Thank God I’m a Country Boy” by John Denver, “Sister gramophone12Golden Hair” by America, “Bad Time” by Grand Funk and “Window Up Above” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.
1978 - A jury in Clark County, Nevada, ruled that the “Mormon will,” was a forgery. The work was supposedly written by Howard Hughes.
1978 - Leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints struck down a 148-year-old policy of excluding Black men from the Mormon priesthood. Prophet Spencer Kimball opened the Mormon priesthood to Blacks.
1979 - The Source, first computer public information service, goes online.
1982 - President Ronald Reagan became the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Flashdance…What a Feeling” by Irene Cara, “Overkill” by Men At Work, “Time (Clock of the Heart)” by Culture Club and “Lucille (You Won’t Do Your Daddy’s Will)” by Waylon Jennings all topped the charts.
1985 - “Everybody Wants to Rule the World” by Tears for Fears topped the charts.
1986 - Longest 9-inning American League game (4h16m), Baltimore Orioles beat Yankees 18-9.
1986 - The Boston Celtics won their 16th NBA championship.
1987 - Fawn Hill began testifying in the Iran-Contra hearings. She said that she had helped to shred some documents.
1988 - The judge in the Iran-Contra conspiracy case ruled that Oliver North, John Poindexter, Richard Secord and Albert Hakim had to be tried separately.
1990 - Commander Rosemary Mariner becomes first Navy female officer to command a fleet jet aircraft squadron.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “More Than Words” by Extreme, “I Wanna Sex You Upby Color Me Badd, “Rush, Rush” by Paula Abdul and “Meet in the Middle” by Diamond Rio all topped the charts.
1991 - A victory parade was held in Washington, DC, to honor veterans of the Persian Gulf War.
1991 - Preakness winner “Hansel” won the Belmont Stakes.
1993 - Los Angeles voters elected their first registered Republican mayor since the elections of 1961, choosing Richard Riordan over City Councilman Michael Woo.
1995 – Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit stationed on board the USS Kearsarge near Bosnia.
1998 - The National Rifle Association elected Charlton Heston to be its president.
1998 – The Federal Trade Commission brought an antitrust complaint against Intel Corp., alleging its policies punished other developers of microprocessor chips.
1998 - The Space Shuttle Discovery pulled away from Mir, ending America’s three-year partnership with Russia.
1999 - President Clinton announced new restrictions aimed at making it tougher for teens to sneak into R-rated movies.
1999 - Sen. James Inhofe (R-Okla) blocked all the civilian nominations of Pres. Clinton in protest of the “recess appointment” of James Hormel.
2000 - The Dallas Stars and the New Jersey Devils played the NHL’s longest scoreless game in Stanley Cup finals history. The fifth game of the series lasted 106 minutes and 21 seconds.
2002 - “Sarava,” a 70-1 shot, captured the 134th running of the Belmont Stakes; Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner “War Emblem” finished eighth.
2002 – The Hayman Fire was a forest fire that started southwest of Denver, Colorado. A federal forestry officer, Terry Barton, who claimed she was attempting to burn a letter from her estranged husband, set the fire inside a campfire ring within an area designated for no fires due to a severe drought.
2002 - Lennox Lewis kept his heavyweight titles by stopping Mike Tyson in the eighth round of their fight in Memphis, Tenn.
2003 - A coalition of US mayors meeting in Denver asked federal officials to bypass state governments and give them the money they needed to beef up homeland security.
2003 - The presence of the monkeypox virus in the United States is confirmed with four cases in Wisconsin, sparking the first discovery of the virus in the Western Hemisphere.
2004 - Observers around much of the world saw Venus drift across the face of the sun as Venus passed between the sun and earth. A transit of Venus is so rare that, up to June 8, 2004, no human then alive had witnessed this celestial event. The last transit of Venus was on 5 and 6 June 2012, and was the last Venus transit of the 21st century; the prior transit took place on 8 June 2004. The previous pair of transits were in December 1874 and December 1882. The next transits of Venus will be 10–11 December 2117, and in December 2125.
2004 - Nate Olive and Sarah Jones began the first known continuous hike of the 1,800-mile trail down the U.S. Pacific Coast. They completed the trek at the U.S.-Mexico border on September 28.
2004 - U.S.-led troops backed by jet fighters and helicopters killed 21 Taliban militants, after rebels attacked a convoy in the mountains of southern Afghanistan.
2004 - Al-Qaeda members in Saudi Arabia threaten new attacks on Western passenger airliners.
2005 - The US Senate confirmed California judge Janice Rogers Brown for the federal appeals court, ending a two-year battle.
2005 - Seagate introduced a disk drive for notebook computers that stores 160 gigabytes of data. It used new technology called perpendicular recording.
2006- The US FDA approved the vaccine Gardasil, developed by Merck to prevent most cases of cervical cancer.
2006 - A jury in Memphis, Tenn., convicted former state Sen. Roscoe Dixon for his role in the Tennessee Waltz bribery sting.
2006 - The U.S. House of Representatives definitively rejects the concept of Net neutrality.
2007 - The US froze bank accounts of four Iran banks tied to Tehran’s nuclear efforts.
2007 - Mary Winkler, who’d killed her preacher husband with a shotgun blast to the back as he lay in bed, was sentenced in Selmer, Tenn., to three years in prison.
2007 - Atlantis blasted off with seven astronauts on the first space shuttle flight of the year, an 11-day space station-building mission.
2008 - A fire sweeps through the historic Texas Governor’s Mansion, leaving much of the 152-year-old building charred and severely damaged.
2009 – The US Supreme Court stays the sale of Chrysler to Fiat in Indiana State Police Pension Trust v. Chrysler.
2009 – North Korea found two American journalists guilty of illegal entry and sentenced them to 12 years in a labor prison.
2009 – The US border patrol said a Mexican truck driver was arrested over the weekend at a checkpoint in San Diego County after 73 illegal Mexican immigrants were found in the back of his rig.
2010 - The US Supreme Court derailed a key part of Arizona’s campaign finance system.
2010 –  The trial of former Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich on corruption charges begins today.
2010 - General Motors Co. said it was recalling about 1.5 million vehicles worldwide to address a problem with a heated windshield wiper fluid system that could lead to a fire, its second recall over the issue in two years.
2011 –  Residents in the US towns of Eagar and Springerville, Arizona are ordered to fully evacuate ahead of the Wallow Fire.
2012 - “I’ll Have Another” will not run in Belmont Stakes. The colt was scratched and retired from racing with a swollen tendon. It was the first time since 1936 that the Derby and Preakness winner didn’t run in the Belmont.
2013 - In a 53-46 vote, the US Senate narrowly passed a measure that will stop the United States from entering into the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty.
2013 - Palace Malice seized the lead with a quarter-mile to go in the final leg of the Triple Crown and ran off to a 3 1/4-length victory over Oxbow at Belmont Park, with Kentucky Derby winner Orb another 1 3/4 lengths back in third. Palace Malice was ridden by jockey Mike Smith.
2014 - Four Troopers went out on a cliff to rescue a woman from plunging to her death near Healy, AK. The 18-year-old Washington woman called for help after she fell 30 feet down a slope and became stranded on a rocky outcropping above Fox Creek. 



1625 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian scientist .Along with Robert Hooke, Cassini is given credit for the discovery of the Great Red Spot on Jupiter (ca. 1665). (d. 1712)
1831 – Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
1847 – Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (d. 1907)
1859 – Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure (d. 1947)
1867 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
1917 – Byron White, American athlete and Supreme Court Justice (d. 2002)
1918 – Robert Preston, American actor (d. 1987)
1924 – Lyn Nofziger, American political operative (d. 2006)
1925 – Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States
1927 – Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
1933 – Joan Rivers, American comedian and author
1940 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer
1944 – Boz Scaggs, American singer and songwriter
1958 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor and director
1970 – Kelli Williams, American actress






Rank and organization: Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 29 April 1926, Downers Grove, Ill. Accredited to: Illinois. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with an Assault Rifle Platoon, attached to the 1st Battalion, 22d Marines, 6th Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain, 8 June 1945. Quick to spot a wounded Marine Iying in an open field beyond the front lines following the relentless assault against a strategic Japanese hill position, Lester unhesitatingly crawled toward the casualty under a concentrated barrage from hostile machineguns, rifles, and grenades. Torn by enemy rifle bullets as he inched forward, he stoically disregarded the mounting fury of Japanese fire and his own pain to pull the wounded man toward a covered position. Struck by enemy fire a second time before he reached cover, he exerted tremendous effort and succeeded in pulling his comrade to safety where, too seriously wounded himself to administer aid, he instructed two of his squad in proper medical treatment of the rescued Marine. Realizing that his own wounds were fatal, he staunchly refused medical attention for himself and, gathering his fast-waning strength with calm determination, coolly and expertly directed his men in the treatment of two other wounded Marines, succumbing shortly thereafter. Completely selfless in his concern for the welfare of his fighting comrades, Lester, by his indomitable spirit, outstanding valor, and competent direction of others, had saved the life of one who otherwise must have perished and had contributed to the safety of countless others. Lester’s fortitude in the face of certain death sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.





Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company K 116th Infantry, 29th Infantry Division. Place and date: Grandcampe France, 8 June 1944. Entered service at: Charlottesville, Va. Born. 10 April 1915, Esmont, Va. G.O. No.: 43, 30 May 1945. Citation: On 8 June 1944, the 3d Battalion of the 116th Infantry was advancing on the strongly held German defenses at Grandcampe, France, when the leading elements were suddenly halted by decimating machinegun fire from a firmly entrenched enemy force on the high ground overlooking the town. After numerous attempts to neutralize the enemy position by supporting artillery and tank fire had proved ineffective, T/Sgt. Peregory, on his own initiative, advanced up the hill under withering fire, and worked his way to the crest where he discovered an entrenchment leading to the main enemy fortifications 200 yards away. Without hesitating, he leaped into the trench and moved toward the emplacement. Encountering a squad of enemy riflemen, he fearlessly attacked them with handgrenades and bayonet, killed 8 and forced 3 to surrender. Continuing along the trench, he single-handedly forced the surrender of 32 more riflemen, captured the machine gunners, and opened the way for the leading elements of the battalion to advance and secure its objective. The extraordinary gallantry and aggressiveness displayed by T/Sgt. Peregory are exemplary of the highest tradition of the armed forces.






Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Copyright © 2011-2014 UnerasedHistory All rights reserved.
This site is using the Desk Mess Mirrored theme, v2.2.4.1, from BuyNowShop.com.