Unerased History – August 15

Posted by Wayne Church on August 15, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month, Military, US Marines |
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Best Friends Day
Sandcastle & Sculpture Day




Sand Castles & Sculptures

Sandcastle building is a great way to interact with nature and especially the beach. It has  a lot of benefits such as making it a fun family activity. It’s a wonderful way to meet people. It’s a useful means of teaching teamwork and cooperation — and it’s good exercise.

Sandcastling is an inexpensive hobby that any age can do. All you need is sand, water and some imagination. This is an event that can be done by small children and professional adults. Here is a gallery of some of the really complicated ones.

These appeared to come from the annual competition at the Harrison Hot Springs Resort in the Fraser Valley of B.C. Canada on 5-19- 2007




















Just Don’t Get Too CloseToThe Tide

“Give everyone what you owe him: if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.”

 ~  Apostle Paul, Romans 13:7b


ascribe uh-SKRYB, transitive verb:

1. To attribute, as to a source or cause; as, “they ascribed the poor harvest to drought.”
2.To attribute, as a quality; to consider or allege to belong; as, “ascribed jealousy to the critics.”

1057 – King Macbeth of Scotland was slain by Malcolm Canmore, whose father, King Duncan I, was murdered by Macbeth 17 years earlier.
1248 – The foundation stone of the Cologne Cathedral, built to house the relics of the Three Wise Men, was laid. Construction eventually completed in 1880. That was 632 years or almost 16 generations.
1790 – Reverend John Carroll became the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
1812 – Potawatomi Indians kill William Wells, an Indian captive turned Indian fighter.
1824 – Freed American slaves formed the country of Liberia.
1824 – General Lafayette returned to the US under an invitation from Pres. Monroe. Political ribbons were printed in for the first time in large quantities to celebrate his US tour.
1843 – The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.
1845 – U.S. Naval Academy established at Annapolis, MD on former site of Fort Severn.
1846 – The first California newspaper was the Californian of Monterey issued by Colton and Semple. It was written half in English and half in Spanish.
1848 – M. Waldo Hanchett patented a dental chair.
1861 – Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln directed reinforcements to be sent to Missouri.
1864 – Civil War: The Confederate raider Tallahassee captured six Federal ships off New England.
1865 – Sir Joseph Lister discovered the antiseptic process.
1876 – US law removed Indians from Black Hills after gold find. Sioux leaders Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull led their warriors to protect their lands from invasion by prospectors following the discovery of gold.
1877 -Thomas Edison wrote the president of the Telegraph Company in Pittsburgh, PA. The letter stated that the word, “hello” would be a more appropriate greeting than “ahoy,” as suggested by Alexander Graham Bell when answering the telephone. 
1895 – Commissioning of U.S.S. Texas, the first American steel-hulled battleship.
1899 – Henry Ford (36) quit his job with the Edison Illuminating Company. He soon found backers and started the Detroit Automobile Company, with himself as chief engineer.
1906 – The first freight delivery tunnel system began underneath Chicago.
1911 – Procter & Gamble Company of Cincinnati, Ohio introduced Crisco hydrogenated shortening.
1914 – The American-built Panama Canal was inaugurated with the passage of the U.S. vessel Ancon, a cargo and passenger ship.
1914 – A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright set fire to the living quarters of the architect’s Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murdered seven people, and burned the living quarters to the ground. It is unknown if the servant was arrested or not.
1918 – The Sinking of the Lusitania, the first full-length feature cartoon film, is released in the US. Made by Winsor McCay, it incorporated 25,000 drawings and took  22 months to make.
1921 – The US Congress passed the Packer and Stockyards Act. The Act’s purpose was to “regulate interstate and foreign commerce in live stock, live-stock produce, dairy products, poultry, poultry products, and eggs, and for other purposes.”
1926 – The famous Three Men on Third play happened in Boston’s Fenway Park. Babe Herman came to bat in the bottom of the seventh inning. One man was out and the bases were loaded. Chick Fewster was on first base, Dazzy Vance on second and Hank DeBerry on third. Herman hit the ball off the right-field wall. DeBerry crossed the plate, Vance stopped at third and Fewster ran past second base on his way to third. Herman ran PAST Fewster on HIS way to third. Herman was declared out and Fewster was tagged out. Herman had hit into a double play. DeBerry’s score, however, was allowed — and the Brooklyn Dodgers won, 2-1.
1935 – Will Rogers and Wiley Post are killed after engine problems during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.
1918 – Russia severed diplomatic ties with US.
1934 – Nineteen years of occupation ended as the First Marine Brigade departed Haiti. Twelve Haitians were killed when US Marines opened fire on rioters in Cayes, leading to a pullout in conjunction with a “Haitianizing” of treaty services, including command of the Gendarmerie (police force).
1939 – “Wizard of Oz” premiers at Grauman’s Chinese Theater, Hollywood. The role of Dorothy was given to Judy Garland on February 24, 1938. She became famous for the movie’s song “Somewhere Over the Rainbow.
1941 – “Au Revoir, Pleasant Dreams” was recorded by Ben Bernie and his orchestra.
1942 – World War II: Operation Pedestal – The USS Ohio reaches the island of Malta barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island defenses.
1942 – World War II: The Japanese submarine I-25 departed Japan with a floatplane in its hold. It was assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the US, and used to bomb U.S. forests.
1942 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, the Marines prepare an airstrip and fortify the perimeter around it.
1943 – World War II: An invasion of Kiska Island commences. Three American battleships provide support for the landing of 34,000 US and Canadian troops.
1944 – World War II: Operation Dragoon – Allied forces land in southern France.
1945 – World War II: US Task Force 38 launches massive air strikes on the Tokyo area, encountering numerous Japanese fighters but the aircraft are recalled upon receipt of the surrender announcement.
1945 – World War II: Victory over Japan Day – Japan surrenders. Pronounced V-J Day. It is also called Korean Liberation Day.
1945 – US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends.
1948 – CBS-TV inaugurated the first nightly news broadcast. Douglas Edwards was chosen to anchor the “CBS World News Roundup”. He soon became the first major radio news reporter to take up television duties, reporting twice a week.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mona Lisa” by Nat King Cole, “I Wanna Be Loved” by The Andrews Sisters, “Sam’s Song” by Bing & Gary Crosby and “I’m Moving On” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War – Two U.S. divisions were badly mauled by the North Korean Army at the Battle of the Bowling Alley in South Korea, which raged on for five days.
1953 – “No Other Love” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1954 – Bob Toski captured the richest prize in golf — The Tam O’Shanter world pro golf title. Toski earned a cash prize of $50,000 and a $50,000 exhibition contract.

1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Poor Little Fool” by Ricky Nelson, “Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)” by Domenico Modugno, “My True Love” by Jack Scott and “Alone with You” by Faron Young all topped the charts.
1959 “Big Hunk o’ Love” by Elvis Presley topped the charts
1960 “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley topped the charts
1961 – Conrad Schumann flees from East Germany while on duty guarding the construction of the Berlin Wall.
1962 – Shady Grove Baptist Church was burned in Leesburg, Georgia.
1962 – US Pvt. James Joseph Dresnok (21) defected to North Korea. His wife had recently divorced him and he faced a court-martial. As of May 20, 2013, he is still in North Korea.
1964 – “Everybody Loves Somebody” by Dean Martin topped the charts.
1964 – A race riot took place in Dixmoor, a suburb of Chicago, Ill.
1965 – Vietnam War: Da Nang and Chu Lai Marines reinforced by 6,400 arrivals.
1965 – The Beatles play to nearly 60,000 fans at Shea Stadium in New York City, marking the birth of stadium rock.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Summer in the City” by The Lovin’ Spoonful, “They’re Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa! by Napoleon XIV, “Sunny” by Bobby Hebb and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1968 – Vietnam War:  Heavy fighting intensifies in and around the DMZ, as South Vietnamese and U.S. troops engage a North Vietnamese battalion.
1969 – The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York. 400,000 young people gathered at Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in the Bethel hamlet of White Lake, N.Y. for the Woodstock music festival. The organizers of the festival, John Roberts, Michael Lang and Joel Rosenman, had originally estimated expenses, to be covered by admissions fees, at $750,000. Acts at Woodstock included Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Joan Baez, Santana, The Who and a nascent Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young.
1969 – Three Dog Night (Danny Hutton, Cory Wells and Chuck Negron) was awarded a gold record for the album, “Three Dog Night”. Where’d the name of the group come from? In Australia, the aborigine tribes of several regions slept outside all year. As the temperatures got colder, the tribesmen would sleep with a dog to keep warm. In colder weather, they would huddle with two dogs. It must have been an extremely cold night when the group was formed…

1970 – “(They Long to Be) Close to You” by the Carpenters topped the charts.
1970 – Patricia Palinkas becomes first woman pro football player (Orlando).
1970 – A ferryboat named the M.V. Golden Gate made its maiden voyage from San Francisco to Sausalito marking a revival of ferry service on San Francisco Bay. It was retired from service on March 26, 2004.
1971 – President Richard Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by ending convertibility of the United States dollar into gold by foreign investors.
1971 – President Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, rents and prices.
1973 – Vietnam War: The United States bombing of Cambodia ends.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Feel like Makin’ Love” by Roberta Flack, “The Night Chicago Died” by Paper Lace, “Please Come to Boston” by Dave Loggins and  “Rub It In” by Billy “Crash” Craddock all topped the charts.
1977 – The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by The Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the “Wow! signal” for notation made by a volunteer on the project.
1980 – George Manuel Bosque (25) reportedly abandoned his armored truck at the San Francisco Airport Hilton Hotel, stole a car at gunpoint, and vanished with over $1.8 million in cash.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor, “Hurts So Good” by John Cougar, “Abracadabra” by The Steve Miller Band and “I’m Gonna Hire a Wino to Decorate Our Home” by David Frizzell all topped the charts.
1984 – Cincinnati Reds name Pete Rose the player-manager replacing Vern Rapp.
1984 – New York City turned out to honor the Team USA Olympic medalists. An estimated two million people lined the streets during the 10-block-long ticker-tape parade.

1987 –  $100 million in damage was done in the Chicago area when 13 1/2 inches of rain fell.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Vision of Love” by Mariah Carey, “The Power” by Snap! and “If Wishes Came True” by Sweet Sensation all topped the charts.
1990 – In an attempt to gain support against the US-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy Iran.
1994 – Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as “Carlos the Jackal,” was jailed in France after being captured in Sudan.
1994 – The Social Security Administration became an independent government agency. It had been a part of the Department of Health and Human Services agency.
1995 – In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet matriculated at The Citadel, but drops out in less than a week citing emotional and psychological abuse and physical exhaustion. After her departure, the male cadets openly celebrated on the campus.
1996 – San Diego State engineering student, Frederick Martin Davidson hid a handgun in a classroom first-aid kit hours before he methodically killed three professors–chasing two of them down. He was apparently upset over the progress of his master’s thesis.
1997 – The Los Angeles Dodgers retired player, scout, coach, manager, executive Tommy Lasorda’s uniform #2 in a pre-game ceremony at Dodger Stadium.

1997 – The U.S. Justice Department decided not to prosecute FBI officials in connection with the deadly 1992 Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho. The investigation dealt with an alleged cover-up.
1997 – In Louisiana a self-defense law, passed in June that permits motorists to use deadly force in a car-jacking incident took effect.
1997 – Beginning today couples seeking marriage in Louisiana were given the choice between a traditional or a covenant marriage. The covenant marriage, designed to make divorce much more difficult, required counseling and a 2-year cooling off period.
1998 – In Congo the US Embassy shut its doors as rebels approached Kinshasa. Pres. Kabila and his ministers retired to Lubumbashi.
1998 – Approximately 34,000 union workers went on strike against US West.
1999 – Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship, becoming the youngest player to win two majors since Seve Ballesteros.
2000 – Iraq War: US warplanes bombed air defense sites in northern Iraq.
2001 – Scientists had found data that suggested that “there is a time evolution of the laws of physics.”
2001 – President Bush, using Mount Rushmore as a dramatic backdrop, pressed Congress to give him a flexible, fast-moving homeland security department.
2001 – Astronomers announced the discovery of the first solar system outside our own – two planets orbiting a star in the Big Dipper.
2001 – A Texas appeals court halted the execution of Napoleon Beazley just hours before he was scheduled to die for a murder he had committed as a teenager. He was executed in May 2002.
2002 – President Bush, using Mount Rushmore as a dramatic backdrop, pressed Congress to give him a flexible, fast-moving homeland security department.
2002 –  Some 600 families of 9/11 victims files a $3 trillion lawsuit against Saudi princes, foreign banks, charities and the government of Sudan for funding the terrorist networks that launched the 2001 attacks.
2003 – Returning from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities from the Midwest to Manhattan restored power to millions of people — only to confront a second series of woes created in the aftermath of the enormous outage.
2003 – A car bomb exploded, destroying the lobby of the JW Marriott Hotel, a top hotel in the Jakarta, Indonesia; 14 people were killed and 150 were wounded.
2003 – Iraq War : Saboteurs blew up a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just three days after the pipeline between the two countries was reopened.
2004 – In Athens, the US men’s basketball team lost 92-73 to Puerto Rico, only the third Olympic defeat ever for the Americans and first since adding pros.
2004 – Residents left homeless by Hurricane Charley dug through their ravaged homes, rescuing what they could as President Bush promised rapid delivery of disaster aid.
2005 – US prosecutors said four former Wall Street brokers have been indicted for a scheme allowing day traders to eavesdrop on internal communications and profit by trading ahead of large share orders and subsequent price movements.
2005 – Delta Air Lines said it is selling its feeder carrier, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, to SkyWest for $425 million.
2005 – Hershey announced the acquisition of Joseph Schmidt, a SF chocolate maker.
2006 – US officials arrested Edgar Alvarez Cruz on immigration violations in Denver. He was suspected of participating in the rapes and killings of at least 10 women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, where more than 100 young women have been killed since 1993.
2006 – US federal agents arrested 138 alleged drug traffickers in 15 cities. They seized over 47 pounds of Mexican black tar heroin and confiscated over $500,000 in illegal profits.
2007 – Ex-NBA referee Tim Donaghy pleaded guilty to felony charges in an NBA betting scheme. He faced up to 25 years in prison and a $500,000 fine. A federal judge later sentenced Donaghy to 15 months behind bars.
2007 – Hurricane Flossie passes Hawaii causing some damage but not as much as feared. It has deteriorated to a tropical storm and should cause no further damage.
2007 – The United States declares Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps a “specially designated global terrorist,” paving the way for increased financial pressure on Iran and its assets abroad.
2007 – Pennsylvania Superior Court Judge Michael Thomas Joyce, an appeals court judge, was indicted on charges of scamming $440,000 from insurers by claiming he suffered debilitating injuries in a car crash, even while he golfed, skated and went scuba diving.
2008 – In Texas store clerk Mindy Daffern (46) was abducted in the north Texas town of Scotland. Wallace Bowman Jr. (30) was identified by a security camera and led investigators to her body the next day.
2008 – Summer Olympics: Michael Phelps  wins his sixth gold medal of the Beijing Olympics in the men’s 200 metres individual medley setting a new world record.
2008 – Summer Olympics: Swimmers Rebecca Soni and Ryan Lochte win gold medals and set swimming world records in the women’s 200-metre breaststroke and men’s 200m backstroke respectively
2008 – Cookie retailer Mrs. Fields Famous Brands LLC said it plans to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection to help restructure its business.
2009 – In southern California the body of Jasmine Fiore (28), a swimsuit model, was found stuffed in a suitcase and dumped into a trash bin in Orange County.
2009 – In Georgia former college professor Lothar Karl Schweder (77) and his wife Sherry (65) were found mauled to death by dogs near their home in Lexington.
2010 – In San Francisco the two-day Outside Lands Music and Arts Festival drew close to 80,000 people to four concert stages in Golden Gate Park.
2012 – The Family Research Council, the organization that advocates Christian values and standards, was targeted by a gunman, Floyd Corkins, 28,  this morning at its Washington, D.C., headquarters. The attack left a security officer injured. The suspect was captured at the scene and taken into custody.
2012 – The Social Security Administration has purchased 174,000 rounds of ammunition, adding the agency to a growing list of federal agencies that have purchased multithousands of rounds of ammo over the last six months. The agencies have purchased hollow point bullets which are designed to expand once they enter their target in order to do the most damage to the victim.



1717 – John Metcalf,  the first of the professional road builders to emerge during the Industrial Revolution.
1859 – Charles Albert “The Old Roman” Comiskey was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner.
1860 – Henrietta Vinton Davis was an American elocutionist, dramatist, and impersonator. Lady Davis was proclaimed by Marcus Garvey to be the “greatest woman of the (African) race today”.
1879 – Ethel Barrymore (Ethel Mae Blythe), often called the “First Lady of the American Theatre.”
1888 – T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia), was a British soldier renowned especially for his liaison role during the Arab Revolt of 1916-18.
.1912 – Julia Child (McWilliams), American cooking teacher, author, and television personality.
1944 – Linda Ellerbee (born Linda Jane Smith in Bryan, Texas, is a journalist who is most known for several jobs at NBC News, including Washington (DC) correspondent, and reporter and co-anchor of NBC News Overnight, which was recognized by the DuPont Columbia Awards as “the best written and most intelligent news program ever.”
1949 – Burns, first woman captain in the world on the Boeing 747.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Cape Cavalaire, southern France, 15 August 1944. Entered service at: Wilmington, Del. Birth: Wilmington, Del. G.O. No.: 18, 15 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 15 August 1944, Sgt. Connor, through sheer grit and determination, led his platoon in clearing an enemy vastly superior in numbers and firepower from strongly entrenched positions on Cape Cavalaire, removing a grave enemy threat to his division during the amphibious landing in southern France, and thereby insured safe and uninterrupted landings for the huge volume of men and materiel which followed. His battle patrol landed on “Red Beach” with the mission of destroying the strongly fortified enemy positions on Cape Cavalaire with utmost speed. From the peninsula the enemy had commanding observation and seriously menaced the vast landing operations taking place. Though knocked down and seriously wounded in the neck by a hanging mine which killed his platoon lieutenant, Sgt. Connor refused medical aid and with his driving spirit practically carried the platoon across several thousand yards of mine-saturated beach through intense fire from mortars, 20-mm. flak guns, machineguns, and snipers. En route to the Cape he personally shot and killed two snipers. The platoon sergeant was killed and Sgt. Connor became platoon leader. Receiving a second wound, which lacerated his shoulder and back, he again refused evacuation, expressing determination to carry on until physically unable to continue. He reassured and prodded the hesitating men of his decimated platoon forward through almost impregnable mortar concentrations. Again emphasizing the prevalent urgency of their mission, he impelled his men toward a group of buildings honeycombed with enemy snipers and machineguns. Here he received his third grave wound, this time in the leg, felling him in his tracks. Still resolved to carry on, he relinquished command only after his attempts proved that it was physically impossible to stand. Nevertheless, from his prone position, he gave the orders and directed his men in assaulting the enemy. Infused with Sgt. Connor’s dogged determination, the platoon, though reduced to less than one-third of its original 36 men, outflanked and rushed the enemy with such furiousness that they killed seven, captured forty, seized three machineguns and considerable other materiel, and took all their assigned objectives, successfully completing their mission. By his repeated examples of tenaciousness and indomitable spirit Sgt Connor transmitted his heroism to his men until they became a fighting team which could not be stopped.



Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: England. Date of issue: 26 August 1864. Citation: Capture of colors of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).



Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: England. Date of issue: 26 August 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).





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Unerased History – August 14th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 14, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Navajo Code Talkers Day
VJ Day

Navajo Code Talkers

Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Peleliu, Iwo Jima: the Navajo code talkers took part in every assault the U.S. Marines conducted in the Pacific from 1942 to 1945. They served in all six Marine divisions, Marine Raider battalions and Marine parachute units, transmitting messages by telephone and radio in their native language — a code that the Japanese never broke.

The idea to use Navajo for secure communications came from Philip Johnston, the son of a missionary to the Navajos and one of the few non-Navajos who spoke their language fluently. Johnston, reared on the Navajo reservation, was a World War I veteran who knew of the military’s search for a code that would withstand all attempts to decipher it. He also knew that Native American languages–notably Choctaw–had been used in World War I to encode messages.

Johnston believed Navajo answered the military requirement for an undecipherable code because Navajo is an unwritten language of extreme complexity. Its syntax and tonal qualities, not to mention dialects, make it unintelligible to anyone without extensive exposure and training. It has no alphabet or symbols, and is spoken only on the Navajo lands of the American Southwest. One estimate indicates that less than 30 non-Navajos, none of them Japanese, could understand the language at the outbreak of World War II.

In May 1942, the first 29 Navajo recruits attended boot camp. Then, at Camp Pendleton, Oceanside, California, this first group created the Navajo code. They developed a dictionary and numerous words for military terms. The dictionary and all code words had to be memorized during training.

At Iwo Jima, Major Howard Connor, 5th Marine Division signal officer, declared, “Were it not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have taken Iwo Jima.” Connor had six Navajo code talkers working around the clock during the first two days of the battle. Those six sent and received over 800 messages, all without error. The Japanese chief of intelligence, Lieutenant General Seizo Arisue, said that while they were able to decipher the codes used by the U.S. Army and Army Air Corps, they never cracked the code used by the Marines.


Long unrecognized because of the continued value of their language as a security classified code, the Navajo code talkers of World War II were honored for their contributions to defense on Sept. 17, 1992, at the Pentagon, Washington, D.C.



On July 26, 2002 the original 29 Code Talkers were presented with the Congressional Medal of Honor by President George W. Bush. This long awaited recognition occurred 56 years after World War II despite the fact that the Code saved thousands of lives. The Code had been de-classified in 1968.

Four of the five living Code Talkers, John Brown, Jr., Allen Dale June, Chester Nez and Lloyd Oliver, were able to travel to Washington DC to receive their gold medals. Teddy Draper, Sr. received his medal in New Mexico. Those Code Talkers who are no longer living, were represented by family members.

In November 2002 more than 200 of the subsequent Code Talkers received the Congressional Silver Medal at Window Rock, Arizona.


Never lose a chance of saying a kind word.

~ William Thackeray

incursion in-KUR-zhuhn; -shuhn, noun:

1. a sudden attack; invasion, raid
2. a running or flowing in


1457 – Gutenberg’s financier Johann Fust and calligrapher Peter Schoffer published the 2nd printed book. This is the oldest known exactly dated printed book.
1607 – The Popham expedition reached the Sagadahoc River in the northeastern North America (Maine), and settled there.
1756 – Daniel Boone married 16-year-old Rebecca Bryan.
1765 – Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an elm tree later called the Liberty Tree.
1784 – The first Russian settlement in Alaska was established on Kodiak Island. Grigori Shelekhov, a Russian fur trader, founded Three Saints Bay.
1805 – A peace treaty between the U.S. and Tunis was signed on board the USS Constitution.
1812 – War of 1812: Marines help to capture British sloop “Alert”.
1813 – War of 1812: British warship Pelican attacked and captured US war brigantine Argus.
1814 – War of 1812: British marines landed near the mouth of the Patuxent River in Maryland and began marching overland to attack Washington, DC.
1820 – The first US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opened in New York City.
1824 – General Lafayette returned to US.
1842 – Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma.
1846 – The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Missouri.
1846 – Henry David Thoreau was jailed for tax resistance.
1848 – Oregon Territory organized by Act of U.S. Congress.
1861 – Civil War: Martial Law was declared at St. Louis, MI.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith begins an invasion of Kentucky as part of a Confederate plan to draw the Yankee army of General Don Carlos Buell away from Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1864 -Civil War: Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieged Dalton, Georgia.
1864 – Civil War: Second day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia.
1866 – SECNAV establishes Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard.
1888 – First successful AC ampere-hour meter developed by Oliver B. Shallenberger, Westinghouse’s chief electrician.
1873 – “Field and Stream” magazine published its first issue.
1889 – “The Washington Post March” by John Phillip Sousa was registered.
1889 – David S. Terry, former Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court (1857-1859), was shot by a bodyguard of Stephen Field, an associate justice of the US Supreme Court, after Terry slapped Field in the face at a railroad restaurant in Lathrop, Ca.
1893 – France issues first driving licenses, included required test.
1900 – Boxer Rebellion: An international force featuring 2000 American Marines and aided by British, Russian, Japanese, French, and German troops relieve the Chinese capital of Peking after fighting its way 80 miles from the port of Tientsin. The Chinese nationalists were crushed and the Boxer Rebellion effectively came to an end.
1896 – Gold was discovered in Canada’s Yukon Territory. Within the next year more than 30,000 people rushed to the area to look for gold.
1901 – The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
1908 – There was a race riot in Springfield, Illinois. Reports that a black man had sexually assaulted a white woman caused a white mob to want to take a recently arrested suspect from the city jail and kill him.
1911 – United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye’s death.
1912 – United States Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after José Santos Zelaya resigned three years earlier. They remained until 1925.
1912 – The US Public Health Service was established under the Dept. of the Treasury by the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service Act (37 Stat. 309).
1925 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
1932 – Philips made its one-millionth radio.
1932 – Rin Tin Tin, Hollywood dog, died.
1933 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (375 square miles).
1933 – WLW in Cincinnati, OH premiered “Ma Perkins”.
1935 – The Social Security Act became law as President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Bill, providing assistance to the poor and needy. It created an old-age and unemployment insurance, and supplemented mothers’ pensions with Aid to Dependent Children. Violated U.S. Constitution.
1936 – First Olympic basketball game (Berlin).U.S. wins over Canada 19-8.
1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
1938 – The Sturgis Motorcycle Rally is an American motorcycle rally held annually in Sturgis, South Dakota. The first rally was held on this day by the “Jackpine Gypsies” motorcycle club.
1941 – The U.S. Congress appropriated the funds to construct the Pentagon (approximately $83 million). The building was the new home of the U.S. War Department.
1941 – World War II:  Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims.
1942 – World War II: Dwight D. Eisenhower was named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.
1942 – Garry Moore hosted a new radio program on NBC. “The Show Without a Name” was an effort to crack the morning show dominance of Arthur Godfrey (CBS) and “Don McNeil’s Breakfast Club” (ABC).
1944 – World War II: The US federal government allowed the manufacture of certain domestic appliances, such as electric ranges and vacuum cleaners, to resume on a limited basis.
1944 – World War II: In Seattle, Wa., a riot took place at Fort Lawton, following a fight between  an Italian prisoner and an African-American soldier. POW Guglielmo Olivotto was found hanged the next day.
1945 – World War II: In the last air raid of the war, during the night (August 14-15) US B-29 Superfortress bombers strike Kumagaya and Isezaki, northwest of Tokyo, and Akita-Aradi oil refinery.
1945 – World War II: Victory over Japan (VJ): Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender (August 15 in Japan standard time).
1945 – Alfred Eisenstaedt shot a picture of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square. The two people were Edith Shain, a nurse working at Doctor’s Hospital in New York City and Glenn McDuffie, a sailor who was born August 3rd, 1927 and was 18 on the day of this shot.
1945 – The American War Production Board removes all restrictions on the production of automobiles in the United States.
1945 – “Fourteen August” on CBS radio- Orson Welles.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como, “Bali Ha’I” by Perry Como, “Again” by Doris Day and I’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1953 – David N. Mullany and his 13-year-old son, David A. Mullany, while trying to come up with a ball that would curve every time it was thrown, wound up inventing the Wiffle Ball.
1954 – “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts topped the charts.
1957- CHART TOPPERS – “(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear” by Elvis Presley, “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone, “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds and “Bye Bye Love” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1959 – The first meeting was held to organize the American Football League.
1962 – US mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million.
1964 – Vietnam War:  Hanoi is reported to be holding air-raid drills for fear of more U.S. attacks in the wake of the Pierce Arrow retaliatory raids that had been flown in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Got You Babe” by Sonny & Cher, “Save Your Heart for Me” by Gary Lewis & The Playboys. “Unchained Melody” by The Righteous Brothers and “The First Thing Ev’ry Morning (And the Last Thing Ev’ry Night)” by Jimmy Dean all topped the charts.
1966 – First US lunar orbiter begins orbiting the Moon.
1971 – “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart?” by the Bee Gees topped the charts.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Morning After” by Maureen McGovern, “Live and Let Die” by Wings, “Brother Louie” by Stories and “Trip to Heaven” by Freddie Hart & The Heartbeats all topped the charts.
1974 – Congress authorizes US citizens to own gold.
1976 – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee topped the charts.
1976 – A softball game was staged to raise money for a new softball field and for the Community General Hospital in Monticello, NY. Gager’s Diner and Bend ‘n Elbow Tavern fielded competing teams (a total of 50 men and 20 women) to play a 365-inning ball game. The game began at 10 a.m. and was finally called because of rain and fog at 4 p.m. the following day. The score was Gager’s Diner 491, Bend ‘n Elbow Tavern 467.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jessie’s Girl” by Rick Springfield, “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Theme from ‘Greatest American Hero’ (Believe It or Not)” by Joey Scarbury and “Too Many Lovers” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1981 – Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital. He had been there for three months following an assassination attempt.
1982 – Pete Rose (Phillies) 12,365 at bat sets record (passes Aaron).
1982 – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor topped the charts.
1984 – IBM releases MS-DOS version 3.0.
1986 – U.S. officials announced that a U.S. Drug Enforcement agent had been abducted, interrogated and tortured by Mexican police.
1987 – Mark McGwire set the record for home runs by a rookie.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Right Here Waiting” by Richard Marx, “On Our Own” by Bobby Brown, “Once Bitten Twice Shy” by Great White and “Timber, I’m Falling in Love” by Patty Loveless all topped the charts.
1990 – Denver voted for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise.
1992 – The U.S. announced that emergency airlifts of food to Somalia would begin. The action was being taken to stop mass deaths due to starvation.
1994 – Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, the terrorist known as “Carlos the Jackal”, is captured.
1994 – Space telescope Hubble photographed Uranus with rings.
1995 – Shannon Faulkner became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel. She quit the school less than a week later citing the stress of her court fight, and her isolation among the male cadets.
1995 – Nintendo introduces the “Virtual Boy” game. It was advertised as the first 3-D graphics. It was very hard to play because people’s eyes would get very sore.
1997 – Timothy McVeigh was formally sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing.
1998 – A U.S. federal appeals court in Richmond, VA, ruled that the Food and Drug Administration had no authority to regulate tobacco. The FDA had established rules to make it harder for minors to buy cigarettes.
2001 – Helios, a remote-controlled, solar powered NASA plane, reached a record 96,500 feet.
2001 – Approximately 18,000 firefighters in eight US Western states battle 315,000 burning acres.
2002 – Texas Governor Rick Perry denied a reprieve for Javier Suarez Medina and authorities in Huntsville gave Suarez a lethal injection as he sang the hymn “Amazing Grace.”
2003 – A massive power blackout hits eight northeastern US states and southern Canada. It shuts down ten major airports and nine nuclear power stations.
2005 – It was reported that the Detroit area had more than 12,000 abandoned homes, a byproduct of decades of layoffs at the city’s auto plants and white flight to the suburbs.
2006 –  Fox News journalists Steve Centanni and Olaf Wiig are kidnapped in Gaza.

2006 – The US State Department began issuing smart chip-embedded passports to Americans as planned, despite ongoing privacy concerns and legal disputes.
2007 – Teacher-astronaut Barbara Morgan transformed the space shuttle Endeavour and space station into a classroom for her first educational session from orbit.
2009 – Real estate lender Colonial BancGroup Inc. was shut down by federal officials in the biggest US bank failure this year.
2009 – Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme (60), the Charles Manson follower convicted of trying to assassinate President Gerald Ford in 1975, was released from a Texas prison hospital after more than three decades behind bars.
2010 – Four people are fatally shot outside a Buffalo, New York restaurant with three others sustaining injuries.
2010 – President  Barack Obama states that America’s “commitment to religious freedom must be unshakable” as he declares his support for plans to build a mosque in New York City very near the World Trade Center once stood.
2011 – Golfer Keegan Bradley wins the United States 2011 PGA Championship at the Atlanta Athletic Club, defeating Jason Dufner in a playoff.
2012 – A nearly 400-foot deep sinkhole in Assumption Parrish, Louisiana  swallowed all of the trees in its area and enacted a mandatory evacuation order for about 150 residences for fear of potential radiation and explosions. It is over 400 feet deep in spots. The salt water or “slurry” within it contains diesel fuel.


1586 – William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist (d. 1642)
1817 – Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (d. 1874)
1851 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and dentist (d. 1887)
1881 – Francis Ford, American actor (d. 1953)
1913 – Paul “Daffy”Dean, American baseball player and brother to Jay “Dizzy” Dean (d. 1981)
1940 – Dash Crofts, American musician
1941 – David Crosby, American musician
1941 – Connie Smith, American country and gospel singer and songwriter
1943 – Jimmy Johnson, American football coach
1945 – Steve Martin, American comedian
1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress
1947 – Danielle Steel, American novelist
1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver
1966 – Halle Berry, American actress, former fashion model, and beauty queen.
1968 – Catherine Bell, British-born Iranian-American actress known for her role of Lt. Colonel Sarah MacKenzie of the television show JAG from 1997 to 2005.






Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company A, 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team. Place and date: Near Kumwha, Korea, 14 August 1952. Entered service at: Quincy, Ill. Born: 25 March 1931, Wayland, Mo. G.O. No.: 63, 17 August 1953. Citation: Cpl. Hammond, a radio operator with Company A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Cpl. Hammond was a member of a 6 man reconnaissance patrol which had penetrated approximately 3,500 yards into enemy-held territory. Ambushed and partially surrounded by a large hostile force, the small group opened fire, then quickly withdrew up a narrow ravine in search of protective cover. Despite a wound sustained in the initial exchange of fire and imminent danger of being overrun by the numerically superior foe, he refused to seek shelter and, remaining in an exposed place, called for artillery fire to support a defensive action. Constantly vulnerable to enemy observation and action, he coordinated and directed crippling fire on the assailants, inflicting heavy casualties and repulsing several attempts to overrun friendly positions. Although wounded a second time, he remained steadfast and maintained his stand until mortally wounded. His indomitable fighting spirit set an inspiring example of valor to his comrades and, through his actions, the onslaught was stemmed, enabling a friendly platoon to reach the beleaguered patrol, evacuate the wounded, and effect a safe withdrawal to friendly lines. Cpl. Hammond’s unflinching courage and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and uphold the finest traditions of the military service.



(First Award)


Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 11 November 1873, Glen Cove, Long Island, N.Y. Accredited to. New York. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Other Navy Awards: Second Medal of Honor, Navy Cross. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the battle of Peking, China, 14 August 1900, Daly distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.



Rank and organization: Musician, U.S. Army, Company E, 14th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Peking, China, 14 August 1900. Entered service at: lowa. Birth: Vinton, lowa. Date of i55ue: 11 March 1902. Citation: Gallant and daring conduct in the presence of his colonel and other officers and enlisted men of his regiment; was first to scale the wall of the city.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 1st Battalion Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Deep Bottom, Va., 14 August 1864. Entered service at: Dover, Minn. Birth: Canada. Date of issue: 12 June 1895. Citation: At the risk of his life, voluntarily went to the assistance of a wounded officer Iying close to the enemy’s lines and, under fire carried him to a place of safety.



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Unerased History – August 13th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 13, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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International Left Handers Day

 Women Marines Day




Pay Phones

In the early spring on 1888, in Hartford, Connecticut, a man ran into a nearby factory and asked to use the phone. He needed to call a doctor for his critically ill wife. The people there told him that the phone was not available for public use. He offered to pay for the service, but he was denied. Only after pleading the urgency of his need to the manager was he finally allowed to make the call. The man was inventor William Gray (also known for inventing the inflatable chest protector for baseball). The early telephone booth was quite ornate and lavish, almost to a fault. The original patent specified a booth made of wood, four or five feet square, with a domed and ventilated roof and a strong door. When a prospective customer wanted to make a call, an attendant would usher him into one of these specially made rooms. The attendant would then lock the customer in after the connection was made, so he could not leave without paying for the call. It was first placed at a bank in Hartford, Ct.

In 1898, the Western Electric No. 5 Coin Collector, the first automatic “prepay” station, went into use in Chicago. The depositing of coins before placing a call would gradually become the norm in pay phones until the introduction of “dial tone first” service in 1966.

By 1902, there were 81,000 pay telephones in the United States.

In 1905, the first outdoor Bell System coin telephone was installed on a Cincinnati street. It wasn’t an instant hit; people apparently were reluctant to make private calls on a public thoroughfare.

In the 1950s, glass outdoor telephone booths began replacing wooden ones and in 1950, the first coin telephone mobile train service was established on the Pennsylvania Railroad between New York and Washington.

In 1957, “calling from your car” was first tested in Mobile, Ala., and Chicago. Drive-up pay telephones proved popular and are still in use today.

In 1960, the Bell System installed its millionth pay telephone. Today there are 2.2 million pay phones, down from 2.6 million in 1998. Local calls on pay phones also have dropped 30 percent since 1998.

Pay phones became so ubiquitous that in 1964, when the Treasury Department decided to change the metallic composition of U.S. coins, it consulted with Bell Laboratories to ensure the new coins would still function properly.

We cannot talk long about the payphone until we talk about the “Superman” connection to the phone-booth. Ask almost anyone familiar with Superman “knows” that he changes his clothes in pay-booths. Actually except for a few instances over a lot of years that did not happen. For a fuller history on the Superman connection go the history link.

In 1966, “dial tone first” service was introduced in Hartford, Conn. This essentially turned coin phones into emergency call stations because such calls could be made without first depositing coins.

On Feb. 2, 2001, BellSouth announced that it’s getting out of the pay phone business. That would make it the first major phone company to do so.


“If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant; if we did not sometimes taste of adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome.”

~  Anne Dudley Bradstreet

quandary KWAHN-duh-ree; -dree, noun:

A state of difficulty, perplexity, doubt, or uncertainty.

3114 BC The Mayan “long count” calendar system begins.
1521 – Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés.
1553 – Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
1608 – John Smith’s story of Jamestown’s first days was submitted for publication.
1642 – Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap.
1680 – War started when the Spanish were expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indians under Chief Pope.
1777 – American explosive device made by David Bushnell explodes near British vessel off New London, CT.
1784 – The Continental Congress met for the final time in Annapolis, Maryland. It moved a few more times, from Philadelphia, PA to New York City and, finally, to its permanent seat of government in Washington, DC.
1831 –  Nat Turner sees a solar eclipse, which he believes is a sign from God. Eight days later he and 70 other slaves kill approximately 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia.
1833 – The Bank of the US under Nicholas Biddle began to contract its loans.
1846 – The American Flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles, CA.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
1863 –  Civil War:A Union naval force surveyed the White River above Clarendon, Arkansas, looking for the whereabouts of Confederate General Sterling Price’s Army.
1864 – Civil War: U.S.S. Agawam engaged three different Confederate batteries near Four Mile Creek on the James River.
1864 – Civil War: Ships of the Confederate James River Squadron shelled Union Army positions near Dutch Gap, Virginia.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Deep Bottom, Va., (Strawberry Plains) and Fussell’s Mill, Va. 
1867 – “Under the Gaslight”, by Augustin Daly, opened in New York City.
1870 – Armed tug Palos becomes first U.S. Navy ship to transit Suez Canal.
1876 – Reciprocity Treaty between the US and Hawaii was ratified.
1881 – The first African- American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Ga.
1889 – William Gray of Hartford, CT patented the coin-operated telephone. A foreman had refused to let Gray call his sick wife from the company phone.
1890 – Nathaniel Hawthorne’s book “The Scarlet Letter.” was registered.
1892 – The first issue of the “Afro American” newspaper was published in Baltimore, Maryland.
1898 – Spanish and American forces engaged in a mock battle for Manila, after which the Spanish commander surrendered to Admiral George Dewey in order to keep the city out of Filipino rebel hands. .
1906 – At Fort Brown, Texas, some 10-20 armed men engaged an all-Black Army unit in a shooting rampage that left one townsperson dead and a police officer wounded. A 1910 inquiry placed guilt on the soldiers and President Roosevelt ordered all 167 discharged without honor. The Army later cleared them.
1907 – First taxicab (New York City). The New York taxis were imported from France by businessperson Harry N. Allen. He was also the first person to paint his taxis yellow, after learning that yellow is the color most easily seen from a distance.
1910 – Florence Nightingale (90), British nurse famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, died.
1912 – St. Joseph’s College in Philadelphia, PA was granted the first experimental radio license.
1913 – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
1914 – Carl Wickman began Greyhound, the first US bus line, in Minnesota.
1918 – Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time (305 women. Opha Mae Johnson (1900-1975) was the first woman to enlist.
1918 – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
1919 – Previously undefeated racehorse, “Man o’War’s” only defeat by a horse named “Upset.”
1923 – US Steel Corp. initiated an 8-hour work day.
1924 – “The Prisoner’s Song“, recorded by Vernon Dalhart and was country westerns first million seller.
1930 – Guy Lombardo and his orchestra records “Go Home and Tell Your Mother.”
1930 – Captain Frank M. Hawks, superintendent of the Aviation Division of Texaco, flew a red-and-white Travel Air monoplane from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes and 3 seconds at an average speed of 215 mph.
1931 – The first community hospital in the U.S. was dedicated in Elk City, OK.
1934 – The comic strip “Li’l Abner,” created by Al Capp, debuts. It was one of the most popular comic strips in American history. The strip ran in newspapers from 1934 until 1977.
1935 – Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum). On Sunday, September 22, teammates Clarice Martin and Bernie McKay won the first roller derby.
1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain begins – Der Adler Tag (Eagle Day) was the name given to the day the German Luftwaffe launched an all-out offensive against the Royal Air Force and the British aircraft industry in southern England.
1942 – Walt Disney’s animated feature “Bambi” premiered at Radio City Music Hall.
1944 – In New York City, Lucien Carr stabbed to death David Kammerer following sexual advances by Kammerer, who had been Carr’s Boy Scout Scoutmaster during his youth.
1945 – World War II: Thirty-five Jews sacrificed their lives to blow up a Nazi rubber plant in Silesia.
1945 – World War II: Japanese surrender documents, approved by President Truman, are sent to General MacArthur.
1945 – World War II: American aircraft fly over Tokyo and other Japanese cities dropping millions of leaflets explaining the position reached in the surrender negotiations and the state of affairs in Japan. 
1948 – CHART TOPPER – “It’s Magic” by Doris Day, “Woody Woodpecker Song” by The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Gloria Wood & The Campus Kids), “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting and “Bouquet of Roses” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1948 – Satchel Paige, at age 42, pitches his first major league complete game.
1948 – Responding to increasing Soviet pressure on western Berlin, U.S. and British planes airlift a record amount of supplies into sections of the city under American and British control.
1948 – During the Berlin Airlift, the weather over Berlin became so stormy that American planes had their most difficult day landing supplies. They deemed it ‘Black Friday.’
1949 – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como topped the charts.
1952 – The original version of “Hound Dog” recorded by Willie Mae (Big Mama) Thornton.
1954 – Twenty-first NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops “Billboards” chart.
1956 – CHART TOPPER – “My Prayer” by The Platters, “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley, “Whatever Will Be Will Be (Que Sera Sera)” by Doris Day and “I Walk the Line” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1959 – In New York, ground was broken on the $320 million Verrazano Narrows Bridge.
1959 – Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
1960 – The first two-way telephone conversation by satellite. It took place with the help of Echo 1, a balloon satellite.
1960 – “Itsy Bitsy Teenwy Weeny Yellow Polka-Dot Bikini” by Brian Hyland topped the “Billboard” charts.
1961 – The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants’ attempts to escape to the West.
1962 – Two Americans, David Healy and Leonard Oeth, skyjack a charter plane heading to Miami, Florida, and force its pilot to fly to Cuba.Apparently unwelcome, they were later returned to the United States and jailed.
1964 – CHART TOPPER – “A Hard Day’s Night” by The Beatles, “Everybody Loves Somebody” by Dean Martin, “Where Did Our Love Go” by The Supremes and “Dang Me” by Roger Miller all topped the charts.
1965 –  In San Francisco, the Jefferson Airplane made its first public performance opening at the new Matrix club on Fillmore.
1966 – “Summer in the City” by Lovin’ Spoonful topped the charts.
1967 – The movie “Bonnie and Clyde,” starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, had its US premiere.
1969 – Baltimore Oriole Jim Palmer pitches a no-hitter against the Oakland A’s.
1969 – The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker-tape parade in New York. That evening, at a state dinner in Los Angeles, they are awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.S. President Richard Nixon.
1971 – Paul and Linda McCartney release “Back Seat of My Car.

1972 – CHART TOPPER – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan; “Brandy (You’re a Fine Girl)” by Looking Glass, “(If Loving You is Wrong) I Don’t Want to Be Right” by Luther Ingram and “Bless Your Heart” by Freddie Hart & The Heartbeats all topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: Communist sappers (demolitions specialists) attack the ammo dump at Long Binh, destroying thousands of tons of ammunition.
1973 – President Richard Nixon instituted general wage and price controls. Phase IV controls went into effect for the general economy and lasted until Economic Stabilization Program (ESP) expired on April 30, 1974.
1977 – “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb topped the charts.
1979 – The roof of the uncompleted Rosemont Horizon near Chicago, Illinois collapses, killing 5 workers and injuring 16.
1979 – Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals got his 3,000th career hit.
1980 – CHART TOPPER – “Magic” by Olivia Newton-John, “Take Your Time (Do It Right)” by The S.O.S. Band, “Sailing” by Christopher Cross and “Stand by Me” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.
1981 – Final scene of “Waltons on CBS-TV.
1981 – President Reagan signed a historic package of tax and budget reductions, also known as the Kemp-Roth tax cuts.
1983 – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police topped the charts.
1986 – United States Football League player Herschel Walker signed to play with the Dallas Cowboys of the NFL. Walker’s contract paid an estimated $1 million per year over five years.
1987 – A rented Piper Cherokee airplane flew close to President Reagan’s helicopter in restricted airspace over Southern California; the pilot and passenger of the plane were arrested.
1988 – CHART TOPPER – “Roll with It” by Steve Winwood, “Hands to Heaven” by Breathe, “Make Me Lose Control” by Eric Carmen and “Don’t Close Your Eyes” by Keith Whitley all topped the charts.
1989 – The wreckage of Texas Congressman Mickey Leland’s plane was found a week after disappearing in Ethiopia. There were no survivors of the 16 passengers.
1989 – The space shuttle Columbia returned from a secret military mission.
1990 – Iraq transferred $3-4 billion in bullion, currency, and other goods seized from Kuwait to Baghdad.
1990 – President Bush ordered Defense Secretary Dick Cheney to the Persian Gulf for the second time since Iraq invaded Kuwait.
1992 – A gunmen dressed in military fatigues shot and killed three people and wounded four others before killing himself. The shootings took place in a plant nursery in Watsonville, CA.
1993 – U.S. Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all e-mail.
1994 – It was reported that aspirin not only helps reduce the risk of heart disease, but also helps prevent colon cancer.
1995 – Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer at the age of 63.
1996 – Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0
1998 – President Clinton led the nation in mourning twelve Americans killed in a pair of U.S. embassy bombings in Africa. Standing before black hearses carrying ten of the bodies, the president pledged to seek justice “for these evil acts.”
1998 – Oakland, Ca., declared a medical marijuana club a city agency.
1999 – Tennis player Steffi Graf retired from the sport she had dominated for two decades.
2000 – On the eve of the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, 3500 protesters demonstrated against police brutality and in support of Mumia Abu-Jamal, on death row for killing a Philadelphia police officer.
2002 – American Airlines said it would eliminate 7,000 employees and cut flights.
2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, candidate for governor of California, named Warren Buffet as his economic adviser. 135 candidates were certified.
2003 – Florida’s legislature approved a bill that capped most medical malpractice damage awards at $500,000.
2004 – Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area. It hit with winds at 145mph. It flattened oceanfront homes, killed 23 people and left thousands more homeless.
2006 – In Michigan City, Indiana, fire swept through a two-story house, killing at least six people. An unknown number of others were missing. It was not clear whether they had left the scene or were still inside the home.
2007 – A state of emergency is declared on the island of Hawaii as Category 3 Hurricane Flossie approaches.
2007 – Karl Rove, the White House deputy chief of staff for George W. Bush, announced his retirement effective at the end of the month.
2008 – Bill Gwatney, the chairman of the Arkansas Democratic Party died at 3:59 pm. Timothy Dale Johnson (50), described as a loner, drove more than 30 miles  just hours after losing his job, entered the chairman’s Little Rock office and shot him several times in the upper body.
2008 – Michael Phelps swam into history as the winningest Olympic athlete ever with his 10th and 11th career gold medals, and 5 world records in 5 events at the Beijing Games.
2009 – Legendary guitarist and inventor Les Paul (94), who pioneered the design of solid body Gibson electric guitars that bore his name, died at a New York hospital of complications from pneumonia.
2010 – President Barack Obama signed a $600 million bill to put more agents and equipment along the Mexican border. The new law nearly doubled fees on visas for skilled workers brought in by companies whose employees are more than 50 percent foreign, a move that largely affects India’s IT and outsourcing industries.
2010 –  President Obama forcefully endorsed building a mosque near Ground Zero, saying the country’s founding principles demand no less.
2010 –  The US Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. took over the Palos Bank and Trust Co. based in Palos Heights, Illinois. It was the 110th US bank to go under this year.
2011 –  Stage rigging collapses at the Indiana State Fair, killing at least five and injuring dozens of fans of the musical group Sugarland and singer/songwriter Sara Bareilles.
2011 – The first electoral contest of the 2012 United States Presidential election takes place in the Iowa town of Ames with the Ames Straw Poll for Republican Party candidates with Michele Bachmann emerging as the winner.

1814 – Anders Jonas Ångström, (d. 1874) was a physicist in Sweden, one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy.

1818 – Lucy Stone, (d. 1893) was a prominent American suffragist. Stone was best known for being the first recorded American woman to keep her own last name upon marriage and being the first woman in Massachusetts to receive a college degree.
1860 – Annie Oakley, (d. 1926) was an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. Using a .22 caliber rifle at 90 feet (27 m), Oakley reputedly could split a playing card edge-on and put five or six more holes in it before it touched the ground.
1887 – Julius Freed, (d. 1952) was an American banker, mechanical engineer, and amateur pigeon racer, notable for his involvement in the creation of the beverage Orange Julius.
1895 – Bert Lahr, American actor (d. 1967) was a German-Jewish American Tony Award-winning comic actor. He is best remembered today for his role as the Cowardly Lion and the Kansas farmworker Zeke in the classic 1939 movie The Wizard of Oz.
1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (d. 1980) was a highly influential British/American filmmaker and producer, who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He became an American citizen in 1956 and maintained dual citizenship between Britain and America.
1902 – Felix Wankel, (d. 1988) was a German mechanical engineer and the inventor of the Wankel engine.
1912 – Ben Hogan, (d. 1997) was an American golfer, and is generally considered one of the greatest golfers in the history of the game.
1918 – Frederick Sanger, is an English biochemist and twice a Nobel laureate in chemistry. He is the fourth person to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes.
1919 – Rex Humbard, (d. 2007) was a well-known American television evangelist whose Cathedral of Tomorrow show was shown on over 600 stations at the peak of its popularity.
1930 – Don Ho, American musician (d. 2007) was a Hawaiian and traditional pop musician and singer and entertainer. In the fall of 1966, Ho released his most famous song, Tiny Bubbles.
1958 – Sgt. First Class Randall Shughart, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)  See October 3rd for citation.






Rank and organization: Hospital Corpsman, U.S. Navy, attached to duty as a medical corpsman with a Marine rifle company in the 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Korea, 13 August 1952. Entered service at: Houston, Tex. Born: 15 August 1930, Highland Park, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against enemy aggressor forces. With his company engaged in defending a vitally important hill position well forward of the main line of resistance during an assault by large concentrations of hostile troops, HC Kilmer repeatedly braved intense enemy mortar, artillery, and sniper fire to move from one position to another, administering aid to the wounded and expediting their evacuation. Painfully wounded himself when struck by mortar fragments while moving to the aid of a casualty, he persisted in his efforts and inched his way to the side of the stricken Marine through a hail of enemy shells falling around him. Undaunted by the devastating hostile fire, he skillfully administered first aid to his comrade and, as another mounting barrage of enemy fire shattered the immediate area, unhesitatingly shielded the wounded man with his body. Mortally wounded by flying shrapnel while carrying out this heroic action, HC Kilmer, by his great personal valor and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice in saving the life of a comrade, served to inspire all who observed him. His unyielding devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for another.


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Unerased History – August 12th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 12, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Vinyl Record Day


Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall was erected in the night of August 13, 1961. It was a weekend and most Berliners slept while the East German government begun to close the border. In the early morning of that Sunday most of the first work was done: the border to West Berlin was closed. The East German troops had begun to tear up streets and to install barbed wire entanglement and fences through Berlin.

There were two main reasons, from the East German perspective, for building the Wall. First was economics. Too many well-educated people moved from East Germany, and some worked in West Berlin and lived in East Berlin (it’s cheaper there), so DDR lost money on this.Between the years 1954 -1960, East Germany suffered a “brain drain”. During that period, 4,600 doctors, 15,885 teachers, 738 university teachers, 15,536 engineers and technicians moved from East to West Germany. Altogether this came to 36,759 people with academic and professional qualifications, plus 11,705 students. These highly qualified people were educated at the expense of East Germany (and former Nazi Germany).Education was free in East, but it cost money in West. So of course German students went to East German schools to get their education for free, and then returned to work in West Germany where they could earn more money.

The second was political. The West side interfered with the East side or the Russian sector.During the “cold war” of the 1950s and 1960s, the western countries used Berlin as a spy center – to spy on the Eastern block. As long as the border was open – they could also enter the Russian sector. In 1960 there were about 80 spy centers and similar organisations working against the Eastern block. This kind of spy war was also called “The Silence War”.
The first concrete elements and large square blocks were used first on August 15, 1961. Within the next months the first generation of the Berlin Wall was build up: a wall consisting of concrete elements and square blocks.

A second Wall was build in June 1962 in order to prevent from escaping to the West. The first Wall was improved during the next years and it’s difficult to distinguish between the first and the second generation of the Wall.

These two first generations were removed by the third generation beginning about 1965. The third generation of Wall consisted of concrete slabs between steel girder and concrete posts with a concrete sewage pipe on top of the Wall.

From the year 1975, the third generation of Wall was replaced by the fourth generation. New concrete segments were used which were easy to build up and were more resistant to breakthroughs and to environmental pollution.


In a speech at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Wall on June 12, 1987, commemorating the 750th anniversary of Berlin,President Ronald Reagan challenged Mikhail Gorbachev (who was then the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union), to tear it down as a symbol of Gorbachev’s desire for increasing freedom in the Eastern Bloc. “Tear down this wall!” was the challenge from Reagan to Gorbachev to destroy the Berlin Wall.


Günter Litwin was the first victim who was shot down by East German border guard in Berlin on August 24, 1961. One-hundred-seventeen  people were killed or died attempting to escape at the Berlin Wall between August 13, 1961 and November 9, 1989.

“Sometimes only a change of viewpoint is needed to convert a tiresome duty into an interesting opportunity.”

~ Alberta Flanders


panache puh-NASH; -NAHSH, noun:

1. Dash or flamboyance in manner or style.
2. A plume or bunch of feathers, esp. such a bunch worn on the helmet; any military plume, or ornamental group of feathers.

Panache is from the French, from Medieval French pennache, from Italian pinnacchio, feather, from Late Latin pinnaculum, diminutive of penna, feather. It is related to pen, a writing instrument, originally a feather or quill used for writing.

30 BC – Cleopatra commits suicide after her lover Mark Antony’s defeat at the battle of Actium.

1480 – Battle of Otranto – Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.
1508 – Ponce de Leon arrived in Puerto Rico.
1658 – The first US police corps formed in New Amsterdam.
1676 – In colonial New England, King Philip’s War effectively ended when Metacomet the Wampanoag war chief, was assassinated by a Native American, Praying Indian John Alderman working for the English.  This ended the King Philip’s War. Benjamin Church, a Plymouth volunteer, ordered that Philip be beheaded and quartered.
1812 – The USS Constitution captures and destroys the brig Adeona.
1833 – Chicago is founded. It is incorporated as a village of about 350.
1851 – Isaac Merritt Singer was granted a patent on his lockstitch sewing machine. He formed I.M. Singer & Co. in New York City and soon began selling machines for $100 each.
1856 – Anthony Fass patents an accordion.
1861 – Texas rebels were attacked by Apaches.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader General John Hunt Morgan captures a small Federal garrison in Gallatin, Tennessee, just north of Nashville.
1863 – Civil War: Confederate raider William Quantrill led a massacre of 150 men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas. This was Quantrill’s last ride.
1864 – Civil War: After a week of heavy raiding, the Confederate cruiser Tallahassee claimed six Union ships captured.
1865 – Joseph Lister became the first doctor to use disinfectant during surgery.
1867 – President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Edwin Stanton. This ultimately lead to the attempt to impeach him by the Radical Republicans.
1877 – Asaph Hall discovers Deimos. It is the  smaller and outer of Mars’s two moons (the other being Phobos).
1877 – Thomas Alva Edison completed the model for the first phonograph, the Edisonphone.
1879 – The first National Archery Association tournament was held in Chicago.
1888 – Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes first motor tour.
1896 – Gold was discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.
1898 – The Spanish-American War was ended with the signing of the peace protocol. The U.S. acquired Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Hawaii was also annexed.
1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from Iolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the American flag to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawai`i to the United States.
1908 – First Model T Ford built and rolled off the assembly line.
1915 – “Of Human Bondage,” by William Somerset Maugham, published.
1918 – SECNAV approves acceptance of women as yeoman (F) in U.S. Navy.
1918- The Secretary of the Navy authorized the enlistment of women into the Marine Corps Reserve.
1918 – Regular air-mail service began between New York City and Washington, DC.
1922 – The home of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C. was dedicated as a memorial.
1925 – KMA-AM in Shenandoah, IA, began radio transmissions.
1927 – “Wings,” the only silent film to win an Oscar for best picture, opens.
1928 – The 9th Olympic Games closed in Amsterdam. During the games several women collapsed at the end of the 800-meter run. This led to a 32-year ban on women running in Olympic races over 200 meters.
1930 – Clarence Birdseye patented a method for packaging frozen foods.
1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 8.4%.
1934 – Babe Ruth’s final game at Fenway Park. Making a farewell appearance in Boston, Babe Ruth draws a record 46,766 fans, with an estimated 20,000 turned away.
1936 – Diver Marjorie Gestring becomes youngest Olympic gold medalist. At only 13 years and 9 months old, Gestring became the youngest individual gold medalist in Olympic history when she won the springboard diving championship.
1936 – Texas records state record temperature at 1200 in Seymour.
1940 – World War II: Europe: Luftwaffe bombed British radar stations and lost 31 aircraft.
1941 – The House passes an extension of the draft period from one year to thirty months (and a similar increase for service in the National Guard) after considerable debate.
1942 – World War II: Strong American forces are landed on Espiritu Santu to build a supply base for the Guadalcanal campaign.
1943 – Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge. It is alleged that the U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Eldridge was to be rendered invisible (or “cloaked”) to enemy devices. If we watch future fiction (StarTrek) the Federation of Planets ships do not yet have “cloaking” devices while our enemies (Klingons and Romulans) have the technology.
1944 – World War II: Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., eldest son of Joseph Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blew up over England.
1944 – World War II – Holocaust: Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant’Anna di Stazzema.
1944 – World War II – Alençon liberated by General Leclerc, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces.
1945 – World War II:  The battleship USS Pennsylvania is damaged by an attack from a Japanese torpedo bomber off the island of Okinawa. Meanwhile, a Japanese submarine sinks the American destroyer Thomas F. Nickel and the landing craft Oak Hill.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Peg o’ My Heart” by The Harmonicats, “I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder” by Eddy Howard, “Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba” by Perry Como and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1950 – “Mona Lisa” by Nat ‘King’ Cole topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: A reinforced rifle company of the 1st Marine Division on Hill 122 (Bunker Hill) fought off repeated enemy assaults, up to battalion size in strength for three days.
1953 – Ann Davidson, first woman to sail solo across Atlantic, arrives in Miami, FL.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley & His Comets, “Ain’t that a Shame” by Fats Domino, “Learnin’ the Blues”by Frank Sinatra and “I Don’t Care by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1955 – President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from $0.75 to $1 an hour.
1957 – LCDR Don Walker lands on the USS Antietam, in the first test of the Automatic Carrier Landing System.
1958 – USS Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives Portland, England completing the first submerged transit under ice from the Pacific to Atlantic Oceans.
1960 – The first communication satellite, the Echo 1, was launched by the US from Cape Canaveral, FL. It bounced phone calls from JPL in California to the Bell Labs in New Jersey.
1961 – “Tossin’ & Turnin‘” by Bobby Lewis topped the charts.
1961 – The communist government of East Germany begins building the Berlin Wall to divide East and West Berlin. Construction actually started early on the morning of the 13th.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Fingertips – Pt 2” by Little Stevie Wonder, “Wipe Out” by The Surfaris ,“(You’re the) Devil in Disguise” by Elvis Presley and “Ring of Fire” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1964 – Mickey Mantle set a major league baseball record when he hit home runs from both the left and ride sides of the plate in the same game.
1964 – Race riot, Elizabeth, New Jersey. (8/12-13).
1965 – Race riot, West Side of Chicago. National Guard was placed on stand-by alert, August 14. (8/12-14).
1965 – Jonathan M. Daniels, white Episcopal seminary student from Massachusetts, killed and Richard F. Morrisroe, white Roman Catholic priest from Chicago, seriously wounded by shotgun blasts fired by white special deputy sheriff in Hayneville, Alabama. They were participating in civil rights demonstrations in Lowndes County.
1966 – The last tour for the Beatles began in Chicago; and John Lennon apologized for boasting that the Beatles were more popular than Jesus Christ.
1967 – “Light My Fire” by the Doors topped the charts.
1969 – Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces launch a new offensive with attacks on 150 cities, towns, and bases, including Da Nang and Hue.
1969 – William Lennon, father of the Lennon Sisters, was killed by a former Air Force officer who had become delusional and was convinced that he was married to Peggy.  Young killed him in the parking lot of the Marina Del Rey golf course.
1971CHART TOPPERS – “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart” by The Bee Gees,Take Me Home, Country Roads” by John Denver, “Beginnings/Colour My World” by Chicago and “I’m Just Me” by Charley Pride all topped the charts.
1972 – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan topped the charts.
1972 – The last American combat ground troops left Vietnam. As they left the B-52’s laid down one of their most devastating strikes.
1973 – Jack Nicklaus won his 14th major golf title. The win broke the record that had been held by Bobby Jones for 50 years.
1974 – Yankees Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford become first teammates elected to the Hall of Fame on same day.
1976 – The orbiter Enterprise made its first approach and landing test.
1977 – High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 was launched into Earth orbit.
1977 – The space shuttle Enterprise passed its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating and then touching down in California’s Mojave Desert.
1978 – “Three Times a Lady by the Commodores topped the charts.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Bad Girls” by Donna Summer, “Good Times” by Chic, “The Main Event/Fight” by Barbra Streisand and “Suspicions” by Eddie Rabbitt all topped the charts.
1979 – Iranian press censors start conducting massive book burnings.
1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released as well as and PC-DOS version 1.0. The base model retailed for $2880 and included 64 kilobytes of RAM and a single-sided 160K 5.25″ floppy drive. A PC was also available with 16 kilobytes of memory was priced at $1,565.
1981 – President Reagan, citing alleged Libyan involvement in terrorism, ordered U.S. jets to attack targets in Libya.
1982 – Coast Guard vessels escorted the nation’s first Trident submarine, the USS Ohio, into its home port at Naval Submarine Base Bangor, ME.
1982 – The US stock market bottomed and rose 35% by the end of the year.
1984 – Harmon Killebrew, Rick Ferrell, Don Drysdale, Pee Wee Reese, and Luis Aparicio inducted into Hall of Fame.
1984 – In San Francisco a driver on an apparent suicide mission smashed head-on into a packed cable car climbing the Hyde Street hill. The driver, an Iranian alien, was killed and at least 23 people were injured.
1986 – Don Baylor gets hit by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season. Baylor will end the season being hit 35 times: the major-league record is 50 by Ron Hunt.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For” by U2, “I Want Your Sex” by George Michael, “Heart and Soul” by T’Pau and “One Promise Too Late” by Reba McEntire all topped the charts.
1988 – “The Last Temptation of Christ” opened. A Hollywood movie about Jesus Christ, released in a presidential election year, is denounced by religious leaders, inspires anti-Semitic demonstrations.
1988 – Richard Thornburgh became US Attorney General.
1989 – “Right Here Waiting” by Richard Marx topped the charts.
1989 – The Pentagon said it was intensifying efforts to find missing Texas Rep. Mickey Leland and his fifteen companions in Ethiopia. The wreckage of the group’s airplane, with no survivors, was found the next day.
1990 – Sue, the most complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex, is discovered near Faith, South Dakota.
1990 – The first U.S. casualty occurred during the Persian Gulf crisis when Air Force Staff Sergeant John Campisi died after being hit by a military truck.
1991 – The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, began hosting a two-day reunion of former Negro League players.
1992 – Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1993 – President Clinton signed a relief package for the flooded areas of the Midwest United States.
1993 – The launch of space shuttle Discovery was scrubbed at the last second.
1993 – President Clinton lifted the ban on rehiring air traffic controllers that had been fired for going on strike in 1981.
1994 – Stephen G. Breyer, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.
1994 – Major League Baseball players go on strike. The work stoppage forces the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.It was baseball’s eighth work stoppage since 1972. Players went on strike rather than allowing team owners to limit their salaries.
1994 – First NFL game on Fox network (exhibition – San Francisco vs Denver).
1996 – The Republican Party opened its 36th national convention in San Diego by celebrating Bob Dole as a tested, trustworthy leader who would lower taxes and bring compassionate conservatism to the White House.
1997 – Steel workers in West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania ended a 10-month strike at Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. It was the longest strike by a major steel company.
1997 – In Arizona, a flash flood from a storm 15 miles away killed ten hikers in the Lower Antelope Canyon near Lake Powell.
1997 – A hamburger recall issued to cover some 1.2 million pounds. The Hudson Foods Inc., of Rogers, Ark., issued the recall due to E. coli poisonings in Colorado.
1998 – A Lockheed Martin Titan 4A rocket exploded after takeoff at Cape Canaveral. The $300 million rocket carried a  spy satellite for the Air Force valued at $800 to $1 billion. The explosion was blamed on a momentary loss of power.
1998 – Swiss banks agreed to pay $1.25 billion as restitution to World War II Holocaust victims.
1999 – Los Angeles County prosecutors charged white supremacist Buford O. Furrow (b.1961) with murder and five counts of attempted murder, all filed as hate crimes, in the August 10 wounding of five people at a Jewish community center and the shooting death of a Filipino-American mail carrier.
2000 – Evander Holyfield won a 12-round unanimous decision over John Ruiz in Las Vegas for the vacant WBA heavyweight title.
2002 – US Airways declares bankruptcy, caused by the air travel slowdown following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the twin towers.
2002 – The INS reported that a child-smuggling ring, in operation since 1994, had been broken up.
2003 – The FBI arrested Hemant Lakhani, an Indian-born British arms dealer, in a sting operation in New Jersey and foiled a contrived plot aimed at smuggling a shoulder-fired missile for some $80,000 to US-based terrorists.
2003 – Some 8,000 US doctors called for a government-financed national health insurance as a single-payer system similar to an expanded version of Medicare.
2004 – In Najaf, US forces besiege the Imam Ali Mosque, where followers of the radical Shia cleric Moqtada al Sadr are barricaded.
2004 – New Jersey Governor Jim McGreevey resigns his post effective November 15, saying that his extramarital homosexual affair would leave the governor’s office “vulnerable to rumors, false allegations and threats of disclosure.”.
2004 – Dust storms on I-10 in Arizona caused vehicle pile-ups that left 4 dead.
2005 – An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.
2005 – An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island.
2005 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter launches successfully from Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 11:43 GMT
2007 – CHURCH SHOOTING: A gunman opened fire in the sanctuary of First Congregational Church in Neosho, Mo., killing a pastor and two worshipers and wounding several others.
2007 – A gunman kills two people and wounds two others before killing himself on a Dallas, Texas freeway.
2007 – Tiger Woods captured the PGA Championship to win at least one major for the third straight season and run his career total to 13.
2008 – Two-thirds of US corporations paid no federal income taxes between 1998 and 2005, according to a new report by the Government Accountability Office.
2008 – In California state and federal officials celebrated the official transfer of 3,300 acres from the US Army to the Fort Ord Reuse Authority, which will oversee the redevelopment of the 28,000-acre base on Monterey Bay.
2008 – It was reported that Akron inventor Charlie Grispin, chief technical officer of PolyFlow Corp., had developed a new process to recycle plastic and that a demonstration plant in Akron showed how the process broke all manner of plastics into their base chemicals.
2009 – Pres. Obama awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, to sixteen “agents of change.”
2009 – In Atlanta, Georgia, Ehsanul Islam (23) was convicted of aiding terrorist groups by sending videotapes of US landmarks overseas and plotting to support “violent jihad.” He faced a maximum of 60 years in prison.
2009 – In Montana a grizzly bear named Maximus, one of the largest in the state, was found shot to death on a ranch near Dupuyer. He had stood 7½ feet tall and weighed 800 lbs.
2010 – Edward Whitacre, Jr. announces that he will resign as chief executive officer of General Motors effective from September and that he will be replaced by Daniel Akerson.
2010 – Officials in Atlanta, Georgia, arrested Elias Abuelazam (33), a suspect in a string of 18 stabbings that left five people dead, at the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta Int’l. airport as he was about to board an airplane to Tel Aviv.
2010 – In Oregon a small plane crashed in the Steens Mountain killing 2 men, including prominent California horse breeder Frank Vessels (58).
2011 – The US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit strikes down the health insurance mandate of President Barack Obama’s Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
2013 – Transgendered students in California now have the right to use whichever bathrooms they prefer and join either the boys’ or girls’ sports teams, thanks to landmark legislation signed by Democratic Gov. Jerry Brown.


1856 – “Diamond Jim” Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
1881 – Cecil B. DeMille, American film director (d. 1959)
1910 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006) Wyman was the first wife of Ronald Reagan. They married in 1940 and divorced in 1948
1925 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (d. 2004)
1925 – Ross McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (d. 1975)
1927 – Porter Wagoner, American singer (d. 2007)
1933 – Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and team owner
1939 – George Hamilton, American actor
1971 – Rebecca Gayheart, American actress
1971 – Pete Sampras, American tennis player




 State of California


Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, United States Army. Place and date: Phuoc Long Province, Republic of Vietnam, 12 August 1969. Entered service at: Bakersfield, Calif. Born: 13 February 1947, Bakersfield, CA Date of Issue: 18 March 2014

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

Specialist Four Leonard L. Alvarado distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Rifleman with Company D, 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) during combat operations against an armed enemy in Phuoc Long Province, Republic of Vietnam on August 12, 1969. On that day, as Specialist Four Alvarado and a small reaction force moved through dense jungle en route to a beleaguered friendly platoon, Specialist Four Alvarado detected enemy movement and opened fire. Despite his quick reaction, Specialist Four Alvarado and his comrades were soon pinned down by the hostile force that blocked the path to the trapped platoon. Specialist Four Alvarado quickly moved forward through the hostile machinegun fire in order to engage the enemy troops. Suddenly, an enemy grenade exploded nearby, wounding and momentarily stunning him. Retaliating immediately, he killed the grenadier just as another enemy barrage wounded him again. Specialist Four Alvarado crawled forward through the fusillade to pull several comrades back within the hastily-formed perimeter. Realizing his element needed to break away from the hostile force, Specialist Four Alvarado began maneuvering forward alone. Though repeatedly thrown to the ground by exploding satchel charges, he continued advancing and firing, silencing several emplacements, including one enemy machinegun position. From his dangerous forward position, he persistently laid suppressive fire on the hostile forces, and after the enemy troops had broken contact, his comrades discovered that he had succumbed to his wounds. Specialist Four Alvarado’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.





Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Place and date: Bo Ban, Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam, 12 August 1968. Entered service at: Fresno, Calif. Born: 27 April 1948, Farmington, N. Mex. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a machine gunner with Company L, 3d Battalion, in action against enemy forces. After establishing a night ambush position in a house in the Bo Ban, Hamlet of Quang Nam Province, security was set up and the remainder of the patrol members retired until their respective watch. During the early morning hours the marines were abruptly awakened by the platoon leader’s warning that “grenades” had landed in the house. Fully realizing the inevitable result of his actions, L/Cpl. Worley, in a valiant act of heroism, instantly threw himself upon the grenade nearest him and his comrades, absorbing with his body, the full and tremendous force of the explosion. Through his extraordinary initiative and inspiring valor in the face of almost certain death, he saved his comrades from serious injury and possible loss of life although five of his fellow Marines incurred minor wounds as the other grenades exploded. L/Cpl. Worley’s gallant actions upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Fort Tularosa, N. Mex., 14 May 1880; at Carrizo Canyon, N. Mex., 12 August 1881. Entered service at: Nashville, Tenn. Birth: Williamson County, Tenn. Date of issue: 7 May 1890. Citation: While commanding a detachment of twenty-five men at Fort Tularosa, N. Mex., repulsed a force of more than one-hundred Indians. At Carrizo Canyon, N . Mex., while commanding the right of a detachment of 19 men, on 12 August 1881, he stubbornly held his ground in an extremely exposed position and gallantly forced back a much superior number of the enemy, preventing them from surrounding the command.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Carrizo Canyon, N. Mex., 12 August 1881. Entered service at: Pike County, Mo. Birth: Covington, Ky. Date of issue: 7 December 1890. Citation: Forced the enemy back after stubbornly holding his ground in an extremely exposed position and prevented the enemy’s superior numbers from surrounding his command.


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Unerased History – August 11th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 11, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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President’s Joke Day
Ingersoll Day




Presidential Goofs, Jokes and Gaffes

Presidents have a sense of humor, too.  Many people believe this is a day to make jokes about the president. On the contrary, this day is for presidents to make a joke. On this day in 1984, President Ronald Reagan made a doozie.

On August 11, 1984, just before his regular Saturday radio address, President Ronald Reagan was doing a voice test with the microphone. He thought the microphone and the feed was not live. He joked into the microphone: “My fellow Americans, I am pleased to tell you I just signed legislation which outlaws Russia forever. The bombing begins in five minutes.” To his surprise, he was speaking to a live feed!

This incident led to the creation of “Presidential Joke Day”. However, we do not think American presidents will make it a habit to perform jokes on, or to, the American public on this day, or any other.

What they do often do is get their tangs all toungled up, I mean their tongues all tangled up. Here are some famous goofs.

George W. Bush:

“I am here to make an announcement that this Thursday, ticket counters and airplanes will fly out of Ronald Reagan Airport.” –Washington, D.C., Oct. 3, 2001

“I know the human being and fish can coexist peacefully.” –Saginaw, Mich., Sept. 29, 2000

Warren Harding’s poor grasp of the English language, coupled with his insistence on writing his own speeches, produced notorious linguistic errors. He once commented:

“I would like the government to do all it can to mitigate, then, in understanding, in mutuality of interest, in concern for the common good, our tasks will be solved.”

Following Harding’s death, poet E. E. Cummings said “The only man, woman or child who wrote a simple declarative sentence with seven grammatical errors is dead.”

During an April 20th, 1979 fishing trip to Plains, Georgia, Carter encountered a swamp rabbit that attempted to board the President’s fishing boat, which he shooed away with a paddle. The story found its way to the national press a few months later. It was covered for over a week, and Carter was widely portrayed as having acted in a “cowardly” fashion on his encounter with what the press nicknamed the “Killer rabbit.”

On 20 May 1993, President Clinton received a haircut aboard Air Force One by Beverly Hills hairstylist Christophe. It was reported that during the one-hour haircut the airplane’s engines were running and two of the four runways at Los Angeles International Airport were shut down, forcing some scheduled air traffic to circle the airport waiting to land.

September 4, 2000 — Thinking he was speaking off the record and privately to running mate Dick Cheney, then-presidential candidate George W. Bush said, “There’s Adam Clymer, major league a*****e from the New York Times” — at a campaign rally in Naperville, Illinois, unaware the microphone in front of him was live.

January 20, 2009 – During his inaguration speech, Obama said “Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath.”. Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted as both the 22nd and the 24th President. So in fact only 43 individuals, including Obama, have served as President of the United States and have taken the oath.

February 24, 2009 — During a speech before a joint session of Congress, Obama claimed the automobile was invented in the United States. German Karl Benz is generally credited with inventing the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine.


“Be sure you put your feet in the right place, then stand firm.”

 ~ President Abraham Lincoln


Slugabed SLUHG-uh-bed, noun:

One who stays in bed until a late hour; a sluggard.

Slugabed is from slug, “sluggard” + abed, “in bed.”



117The Roman army of Syria hailed its legate, Hadrian, as emperor, which made the senate’s formal acceptance an almost meaningless event. One of his first acts was to withdraw Rome’s army from Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).
1772 – An explosive eruption blew 4,000 feet off Papandayan, Java, and 3,000 people were killed.
1806 – While hunting for elk along the Missouri River, Meriwether Lewis is shot in the hip,
1807 – David Atchison, legislator, was born. He was president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, and president of U.S. for one day [March 4, 1849], the Sunday before Zachary Taylor was sworn in.
1807 – The Eclipse, a Yankee fur trading vessel, sank in the Shumagin Islands, south of the Alaska Peninsula. It is the oldest known American shipwreck in Alaska and as of 2007 had not been found.
1812 – War of 1812: USS Constitution captures and destroys brig Lady Warren.
1841 – Frederick Douglass, an escaped slave, speaks before an audience in the North during an anti-slavery convention on Nantucket Island.
1856 –  A band of rampaging settlers in California killed four Yokut Indians. The settlers had heard unproven rumors of Yokut atrocities.
1860 – Nation’s first successful silver mill (Virginia City, NV).
1864 – Confederate General Jubal Early pulls out of Winchester, Virginia, as Union General Philip Sheridan approaches the city. Wary of his new foe, Early moved away to avoid an immediate conflict.
1864 -Small steamers U.S.S. Romeo, the U.S.S. Prairie Bird and transport steamer Empress engaged a battery at Gaines Landing, Arkansas, on the Mississippi River. The Confederates had secretly wheeled into place.
1866 – World’s first roller rink opens in Newport, RI.
1874 – Harry S. Parmelee of New Haven, Connecticut, received a patent for the sprinkler head.
1877 – Asaph Hall discovers Mars’s moon Deimos. It was named after one of the mythical horses that drew the chariot of the Roman god, Mars.
1896 – Harvey Hubbell receives a patent for the pull-chain, electric-light socket.
1898 – Spanish-American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1909 – First recorded American use of “SOS” was in August of 1909. Wireless operator T. D. Haubner of the SS Arapahoe radioed for help when his ship lost its screw near Diamond Shoals, sometimes called the “Graveyard of the Atlantic.” The call was heard by the United Wireless station “HA” at Hatteras.
1918 – World War I – Battle of Amiens was the opening phase of the Allied offensive later known as the Hundred Days Offensive that ultimately led to the end of World War I. More than 450 tanks were used in this battle.
1919 – Green Bay Packers football club founded.
1921 – Carrier arresting gear first tested at Hampton Roads.
1923 – Marine Corps Recruit Depot (MCRD) transferred from Mare Island to its present location at San Diego, CA.
1924 – The first newsreel pictures of U.S. presidential candidates were taken.
1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio. League Park was home to the National League Cleveland Spiders, the American League Cleveland Indians and the Cleveland Buckeyes of the Negro American League. It was located at the northeast corner of Lexington Avenue and E. 66th Street.
1934 – Federal prison opened at Alcatraz Island. For 29 years the federal prison system kept high-security prisoners in lockup there. It’s called “The Rock” because it’s an island in the middle of the San Francisco Bay.
1935 – There was a Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews.
1939 – Moses Annenberg, owner of the Philadelphia Enquirer, was indicted by a federal jury in Chicago for evading some $3.2 million in income taxes.
1941 – Glenn Miller and his Orchestra recorded “Elmer’s Tune“.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: The SS began exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz, Poland.
1942 – World War II: Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly announced “the hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war.”
1942 – World War II: The German submarine U-73 attacked a Malta bound British convoy and sank the HMS Eagle, one of the world’s first aircraft carriers.
1943 – World War II: German forces begin a six-day evacuation of the Italian island of Sicily, having been beaten back by the Allies, who invaded the island in July.
1944 – World War II: German troops abandoned Florence, Italy, as Allied troops closed in on the historic city.
1945 – The Allies informed Japan that they would determine Emperor Hirohito’s future status after Japan’s surrender.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “They Say It’s Wonderful” by Frank Sinatra, “The Gypsy” by The Ink Spots, “Surrender” by Perry Como and “New Spanish Two Step” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.
1949 – President Truman nominated Gen. Omar N. Bradley to become the first chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1950 – Korean War: Maj Vivian Moses became the first casualty of Marine Air Group 33. He crash-landed his F-4U Corsair in a rice paddy after being hit with ground fire and was thrown from the cockpit. Knocked unconscious, Moses drowned minutes before an air rescue team could get to him.
1951 – The Mississippi River flooded some 100,000 acres in Ks, Ok, Mo and IL.
1952 – Korean War: The First Marine Division participated in the Battle of Bunker Hill during the Korean War.
1951 – First color baseball game (Braves vs Dodgers) telecast (WCBS-NYC). Each team took a game, the Dodgers the first, 8-1 and the Braves the second, 8-4. Announcers for the game were Walter Ranier (Red) Barber and Connie Desmond.
1951 – “Come On-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney topped the charts.
1952 – Hank Williams was fired from the Grand Ole Opry and told not to return until he was sober.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sh-Boom” by The Crewcuts, “The Little Shoemaker” by The Gaylords, “In the Chapel in the Moonlight” by Kitty Kallen and “One by One” by Kitty Wells & Red Foley all topped the charts.
1954 – Seven years of fighting came to an end in Indochina. A formal peace was in place for the French and the Communist Vietminh. Vietnam was partitioned under the terms of the Geneva Accords.
1956 – Elvis Presley releases “Don’t Be Cruel“.
1956 – “My Prayer” by the Platters topped the charts.
1960 – USNS Longview, using Navy helicopters and frogmen, recovers a Discover satellite capsule after 17 orbits. This is first recovery of U.S. satellite from orbit.
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “Breaking Up is Hard to Do” by Neil Sedaka, “The Loco-Motion” by Little Eva, “Ahab, the Arab” by Ray Stevens and “Wolverton Mountain” by Claude King all topped the charts.
1962 – Booker T. and the MG’s instrumental song, “Green Onions,” was released.
1962 – Beach Boys release “Surfin’ Safari.
1964 – Beatles’ “A Hard Day’s Night” opens in New York City.
1965 – Beatles movie “Help” opens in New York City.  Full Movie (1:40:39)   Full Album (34:34)
1965 – Race riots (the Watts riots) begin in Watts area of Los Angeles, California. The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale race riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in August 1965. Before the riot had subsided, 34 people had been killed, 1,032 injured, and 3,952 arrested. It would stand as the worst riot in Los Angeles history until eclipsed by the Los Angeles riots of 1992.
1966 – Last Beatle concert tour of the US begins.
1966 – Vietnam War: Coast Guard Cutter Point Welcome was attacked in the pre-dawn hours of 11 August 1966 by U.S. Air Force aircraft while on patrol in the waters near the mouth of the Cua Viet River. It was the first “friendly-fire” incident.
1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. pilots are authorized to bomb road and rail links in the Hanoi-Haiphong area, formerly on the prohibited target list.
1967 – Roy M. Wheat (20) led a team from Company K, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, providing security for a Navy construction crew on the Liberty Road in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam. (See Medal of Honor)
1968 – Eight US troops were killed and 50 wounded when an Air Force F100 fighter accidentally bombed a US unit near Ta Bat, northeast of Saigon. The fighter intended on hitting Viet Cong who were located in front of the troops.
1969 – Diana Ross invited 350 guests to a Beverly Hills club to see the newest Motown act, The Jackson 5.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “(They Long to Be) Close to You” by Carpenters, “Make It with You” by Bread, “Signed, Sealed, Delivered I’m Yours by Stevie Wonder and “Don’t Keep Me Hangin’ On” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1970 – Jim Bunning becomes 2nd (Cy Young) to win 100 games in both leagues.
1972 – Vietnam War: The last U.S. ground combat unit in South Vietnam, the Third Battalion, Twenty-First Infantry, departs for the United States.
1972 – “Cheech & Chong Day” in San Antonio Texas.
1973 – “The Morning After” by Maureen McGovern topped the charts.
1973 – The Edgar Winter Group’s “Free Ride” was released.
1975 – The United States vetoed the proposed admission of North and South Vietnam to the United Nations, following the Security Council’s refusal to consider South Korea’s application.
1977 – The California legislature restored the death penalty.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Miss You” by The Rolling Stones, “Three Times a Lady” by Commodores, “Grease” by Frankie Valli and “Love or Something Like It” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1978 – The American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA) put an end to the persecution of Native American religions.
1979 – “Bad Girls” by Donna Summer topped the charts.
1982 – Pan Am flight 830 from Tokyo to Honolulu was bombed. One boy was killed and 15 people were injured. In 1998 Mohammed Rashid, a Palestinian national, was turned over to the US by Egypt on charges related to the bombing.
1984 – The Cincinnati Reds honored major league All-Star and Hall of Fame catcher Johnny Bench by retiring his uniform (#5).
1984 – In LA, Ca., Carl Lewis (b.1961) duplicated Jesse Owens’ 1936 feat with 4 Olympic track gold medals.
1984 – President Reagan sparked controversy when he joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address: “My fellow Americans, I’m  pleased to tell you today that I’ve signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in  five minutes.” It turned into an international controversy.
1985 – Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ.
1985 –  “Dreamgirls” closed at Imperial Theater in New York City after 1522 performances.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Glory of Love” by Peter Cetera, “Papa Don’t Preach” by Madonna, “Mad About You” by Belinda Carlisle and “Rockin’ with the Rhythm of the Rain” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1988 – Dick Thornburgh was unanimously confirmed (85-0) by the U.S. Senate to be the next attorney general. He succeeded Edwin Meese III.
1989 – Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings of Neptune.
1991 – Edward Tracey, an American, was released by Shiite Muslim kidnappers. He had been held for nearly five years.
1991 – The space shuttle Atlantis ended its nine-day journey by landing safely.
1992 – The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the country, opened in Bloomington, MN.
1994 – A federal jury awarded $286.8 million to some 10,000 commercial fishermen for losses as a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
1995 – All U.S. nuclear tests were banned by President Clinton.
1996 – The Reform Party opened the first part of its two-stage convention in Long Beach, Calif., with Ross Perot and Richard Lamm battling for the presidential nod.
1997 – President Bill Clinton made the first use of the historic line-item veto approved by Congress, rejecting three items in spending and tax bills. This was struck down by the Supreme Court in Clinton v. City of New York in 1998 by a 6 to 3 decision,
1997 – It was reported that the US Energy Dept. was short of tritium for nuclear weapons and would borrow space from a civilian power plant for its production.
1997 – US federal officials arrested 29 people in a drug sweep in New York, Michigan and New Mexico. The arrests were linked to Mexico’s Juarez cartel.
1998 – British Petroleum became No. 3 among oil companies with the $49 billion purchase of Amoco. It was the largest foreign takeover of a U.S. company.
1998 – Mitchell Johnson (14), one of the shooters in the March 24 Jonesboro, Ark., schoolyard massacre, pleaded guilty to murder and battery.
1998 – Steve Fossett (54) became the first man to cross the south Atlantic in a balloon. He was on his 4th attempt to float around the world.
1999 – The exceptional Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one and injuring over a hundred.
1999 – In Kansas the KC Board of Education deleted virtually any mention of evolution from the state’s science curriculum.
1999 – Buford O. Furrow Jr., a white supremacist, surrendered to the FBI in Las Vegas and confessed to wounding five people in LA and killing mail carrier Joseph Ileto (39).
2000 – Eight people subdued Jonathan Burton (19) during a flight to Salt Lake City from Las Vegas after he broke into the cockpit.
2000 – The National Transportation Safety Board released evidence reports in the October 31st, 1999, crash of EgyptAir Flight 990 off the New England coast; a transcript of the cockpit voice recording showed the chilling details of the pilot’s futile struggle to save the Boeing 767 and its 217 occupants.
2001 – A woman (71) who lived near downtown Atlanta died of the West Nile virus, the first reported death from the disease outside the Northeast since the virus emerged on the East Coast in 1999.
2002 – US Airways announced that it had filed for bankruptcy.
2002 – Dr. Steven J. Hatfill, a bioweapons expert under scrutiny for anthrax-laced letters, fiercely denied any involvement and said he had cooperated with the investigation. He was eventually exonerated and given a $5.8 million settlement from the US government after years of their harassing him.
2003 – Herb Brooks, the coach of the 1980 US gold medal ice hockey team that beat the Soviet Union in a game that was called “The Miracle on Ice“, dies in a car accident.
2003 – The Spirit of Butts Farm (also known as TAM 5) became the first model aircraft to cross the Atlantic Ocean on August 11, 2003. The aircraft was launched from Cape Spear near St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, and landed at Mannin Beach near Clifden, Ireland 38.5 hours later.
2003 – A heat wave in Paris resulted in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.
2004 – U.S. jet fighters bombed the turbulent city of Fallujah.
2004 – The U.S. women’s soccer team defeated home team Greece 3-0 on the first day of competition in the 2004 Olympic Games.
2004 – A three-day wildfire near Lake Shasta broke out and covered some 10,000 acres destroying 86 homes in Jones Valley.
2005 – An anonymous donor will give $25 million to UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business to construct a new building for its executive education program.
2006 – A Kentucky judge ruled that Gov. Ernie Fletcher, under fire for a hiring scandal, is protected by executive immunity and cannot be prosecuted while in office.
2006 – US soldiers raided a funeral and detained 60 men suspected of ties to al-Qaida car bombings.
2007 – New York City is put on high alert after an al Qaeda bomb threat surfaces on Internet.
2007 – Presidential candidate Mitt Romney wins the Republican Party’s Ames Straw Poll in Ames, Iowa.
2008 – The United States team wins the 4×100 men’s freestyle relay setting a new world record with France and Australia finishing second and third respectively.
2008 – California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger sued state Controller John Chiang for refusing to follow the governors order to slash pay for thousands of state workers during the budget impasse.
2009 – The NASA Spitzer Space Telescope finds evidence of a high-speed collision between two burgeoning planets orbiting a young star.
2009 – Bernard Madoff’s long-time deputy, Frank DiPascali, pleaded guilty to financial crimes including helping others carry out Wall Street’s biggest investment fraud, but shed little more light in court on the decades-long swindle.
2010 – Republican politician Bill McCollum proposes stricter immigration legislation for the  State of Florida, similar to that in the State of Arizona.
2010 –  An American museum launches an appeal designed to restore 5 dresses that actress Vivien Leigh wore in the film Gone with the Wind (1939) ahead of 2014’s 75th anniversary.
2010 – National Transportation Safety Board investigators arrive at the scene of the Alaskan crash that occurred yesterday.
2012 – Presidential hopeful  Mitt Romney has selected House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis) as his running mate, and unveiled the ticket at an event in Norfolk, Va.
2013 – Jason Dufner has won his first major title with a two-stroke victory over Jim Furyk at the PGA Championship.


1673 – Richard Mead, English physician (d. 1754) His work was of profound historical importance in the understanding of transmissable diseases.
1794 – James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869) was the fourth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1844 until his death.
1807 – David Rice Atchison, American politician (d. 1886) organizer of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company.
1858 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1930) was a Dutch physician and pathologist whose demonstration that beriberi is caused by poor diet led to the discovery of vitamins.
1900 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994) His first archaeological experiences were on Iroquois sites, but he specialized in the Mississippian culture, especially its Lower Mississippi Valley incarnation.
1921 – Alex Haley, American historian (d. 1992) He is best known as the author of Roots: The Saga of an American Family.
1923 – Stan Chambers, is an American television reporter who has worked for KTLA since 1947. Chambers’s career began shortly after KTLA became the first commercially-licensed TV station in the western United States.
1925 – Mike Douglas, American entertainer (d. 2006) He was an afternoon television talk-show host at WKYC-TV, then known as KYW-TV.
1933 – Jerry Falwell, (d. 2007) was an American evangelical Christian pastor and televangelist. He was the founding pastor of the Thomas Road Baptist Church, a megachurch in Lynchburg, Virginia. He founded Liberty University in 1971 and co-founded the Moral Majority in 1979.
1943 – Abigail Folger, American heiress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
1944 – Fred Smith, American entrepreneur is the founder, chairman, president, and CEO of FedEx, originally known as Federal Express.
1950 – Steve Wozniak, American computer pioneer is an American computer engneer and the co-founder of Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.), with Steve Jobs.
1975 – Ronald Clarke, American musician and founder of aliennetwork Records.






Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company K, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 11 August 1967. Entered service at Jackson, Miss. Born: 24 July 1947, Moselle, Miss. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. L/Cpl. Wheat and 2 other Marines were assigned the mission of providing security for a Navy construction battalion crane and crew operating along Liberty Road in the vicinity of the Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province. After the Marines had set up security positions in a tree line adjacent to the work site, L/Cpl. Wheat reconnoitered the area to the rear of their location for the possible presence of guerrillas. He then returned to within 10 feet of the friendly position, and here unintentionally triggered a well concealed, bounding type, antipersonnel mine. Immediately, a hissing sound was heard which was identified by the 3 Marines as that of a burning time fuse. Shouting a warning to his comrades, L/Cpl. Wheat in a valiant act of heroism hurled himself upon the mine, absorbing the tremendous impact of the explosion with his body. The inspirational personal heroism and extraordinary valor of his unselfish action saved his fellow Marines from certain injury and possible death, reflected great credit upon himself, and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.



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Unerased History – August 10th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 10, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Smithsonian Day
S’Mores Day
Annual Wear a Christian T-shirt Day




Star Spangled Banner

The Star Spangled Banner is our national anthem. An anthem is a special song sung to show honor and loyalty. The United States was at war with England in 1812. Just before an attack by the British, the American soldiers raised the United Stated flag over their fort. Not far away, Francis Scott Key, an American poet and lawyer, watched the battle. Following a British attack during the night, Key looked through the morning sky for the United States flag. When he saw it still waving over the fort, he knew the Americans had won, and he began writing the words to “The Star Spangled Banner” on the back of a letter. He wrote the entire song in one day. The poem was set to music composed by John Stafford Smith. It has officially been the national anthem since 1931.The Star Spangled Banner

It actually has four verses, and you can read (or sing) all of them. Americans should stand and face the flag, and many people put their hand over their heart while singing the National Anthem. Military in uniform, salute.


Star Spangled Banner

Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air
Gave proof thro’ the night that our flag was still there.
Oh, say, does that Star-Spangled Banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore dimly seen, thro’ the mists of the deep,
Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines in the stream;
‘Tis the Star-Spangled Banner, Oh long may it wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footstep’s pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh, thus be it ever when free men shall stand
Between their loved homes and the war’s desolation!
Blest with vict’ry and peace, may the heaven rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto, “In God is our trust”
And the Star-spangled Banner in triumph shall wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!


“. . . You often learn more by being wrong for the right reasons than you do by being right for the wrong reasons.”

 ~ Norton Juster


fettle FET-l, noun:
A state or condition of fitness or order; state of mind; spirits — often used in the phrase “in fine fettle.”Fettle is from Middle English fetlen, “to set in order,” originally “to gird up,” from Old English fetel, “a girdle.”

612 BC – Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.
1519 – Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe.
1539 – King Francis of France declared that all official documents were to be written in French, not Latin.
1680 – Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico. This revolt was against the Spaniards controlling the area by the local Mexicans and the Pueblo Indians.
1776 – Revolutionary War: Word of the Declaration of Independence reaches London.
1792 – King Louis XVI was taken into custody by mobs during the French Revolution. He was executed the following January after being put on trial for treason.
1813 – A number of British barges manned by marines shelled the town of St. Michaels, Md., on the Chesapeake Bay. Residents had hoisted lanterns to treetops and masts and caused the British canons to overshoot their mark. One house was hit by a cannonball on the roof and the ball rolled across the attic and down the staircase frightening Mrs. Merchant as she carried her infant daughter downstairs.
1821 – Missouri enters the Union as the 24th state–and was first located entirely west of the Mississippi River.
1827 – There were race riots in Cincinnati, Ohio and some 1,000 blacks left for Canada.
1831 – William Driver of Salem, Massachusetts, was the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gave that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett.
1835 – Mob of white citizens and a hundred yoke of oxen pulled a Black school to a swamp outside the town of Canaan, New Hampshire.
1846 – The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the U.S. Congress after $500,000 was given for such a purpose by scientist James Smithson.
1856 – In Last Island, Louisiana, the 1856 Last Island Hurricane kills between 200 and 400 people.
1859 – In Boston, MA, the first milk inspectors were appointed.
1861 – Civil War: General Nathaniel Lyon died at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Missouri. He was the first Union general to die in the Civil War. The second land battle of the Civil War was fought along Wilson’s Creek in southwest Missouri. The fight was considered a Confederate victory.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate Commander John Bell Hood sent his cavalry north of Atlanta to cut off Union General William Sherman’s supply lines.
1869 – O.B. Brown of Malden, MA patented the motion-picture projector.
1877 – Col. John Gibbon slaughtered Nez-Perce Indians at Big Hole River.
1885 – Leo Daft opens America’s first commercially operated electric streetcar (Baltimore).
1889 – Dan Rylands patented a screw cap.
1893 – Chinese were deported from San Fancisco under the 1892 Exclusion Act.
1897 – Felix Hoffmann, a German worker for Bayer, rediscovered aspirin (acetyl salicyclic acid), the active ingredient of the willow plant’s (salicin). On March 6, 1899, Bayer registered Aspirin as a trademark.
1900 – First Davis Cup Tennis Tournament (Mass) US beats England.
1901 – The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins.
1909 – Trademark registered by the Ford Motor Corporation.
1916 – First Naval aircraft production contract, for N-9s.
1921 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian Island of Campobello, New Brunswick. Mrs. Roosevelt acted as her partially paralyzed husband’s eyes and ears by traveling, observing and reporting her observations to him.
1927 – Mount Rushmore was formally dedicated by President Calvin Coolidge. The individual faces of the presidents were dedicated later. Gutzon Borglum began work and the Mount Rushmore project was completed in 1941.
1932 – An 11.2-pound chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
1932 – Rin Tin Tin (b.1918), US Hollywood-dog, died. In 1922 Rin Tin Tin was spotted by the maker of a motion picture camera and his career began. He went on to create a total of 26 motion pictures for Warner Brothers. Rin-Tin-Tin TV Opening, Close and Contest.
1942 – World War II: An American submarine sinks the Japanese heavy cruiser Kako while it was returning to Rabual after the battle at Savo Island.
1944 – World War II: American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam.

1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Dream” by The Pied Pipers, “I Wish I Knew” by Dick Haymes, If I Loved You” by Perry Como and “Oklahoma Hills” by Jack Guthrie all topped the charts.
1945 – World War II: The day after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan announced they would surrender. The only condition was that the status of Emperor Hirohito would remain unchanged.

1947 – William Odom completed an around-the-world flight. He set the solo record by completing the flight in 73 hours and 5 minutes.
1948 – ABC enters network TV at 7 PM (WJZ, NY).
1948 – Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
1949 – US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the National Military Establishment with the United States Department of Defense.
1950 – Korean War: U.S. and Australian warplanes conducted large-scale bombing missions on transportation and communications targets in North Korea.
1950 – Korean War: The U.S. Army activated the IX Corps at Fort Sheridan, Ill., and ordered it to Korea.
1950 – Korean War: In South Korea some 200-300 prisoners were killed by South Korean police near Dokchon.
1950 – Korean War: The first Marine Corps helicopter rescue of a downed pilot was successfully made by VMO-6.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “I’m Walking Behind You by Eddie Fisher, “I Believe” by Frankie Laine and “Rub-A-Dub-Dub” by Hank Thompson all topped the charts.
1954 – At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
1957 – “Teddy Bear by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1959 – “A Big Hunk of Love” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1960 – Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned first object from space.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tossin’ and Turnin’” by Bobby Lewis, “I Like It Like That by Chris Kenner, “Last Night” by Mar-Keys and “I Fall to Pieces” by Patsy Cline all topped the charts.
1965 – Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 270,000 feet.
1965 – In Austin, TX, a fire burned part of the 20th floor of the 27-story University of Texas main building. A collection that contained items once owned by escape artist Harry Houdini and circus magnate P. T. Barnum were damaged by smoke and water.
1966 – First lunar orbiter launched by US.
1966 – Daylight meteor seen from Utah to Canada. Only known case of a meteor entering the Earth’s atmosphere & leaving it again.
1968 – “Hello, I Love You” by the Doors topped the charts.
1968 – In West Virginia 35 people were killed in the crash of a Piedmont Airlines Fairchild FH-227 at Kanawha County Airport.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “In the Year 2525” by Zager & Evans, “Crystal Blue Persuasion” by Tommy James & The Shondells, “Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones and “All I Have to Offer You (Is Me)” by Charley Pride all topped the charts.
1969 – A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson’s cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.
1970 – Dan Mitrione (b.1920), a former Indiana police officer and FBI agent who had been advising Latin American governments, including Uruguay’s, on techniques for interrogating suspects, was killed by Tupamaro guerrillas. He had been kidnapped on July 31.
1971 – The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.
1971 – Harmon Killebrew hits HRs #500 & 501.
1972 – An Earth-grazing meteoroid grazed the atmosphere above Canada. It entered the Earth’s atmosphere in daylight over Utah.
1974 – “Feel Like Makin’ Love” by Roberta Flack topped the charts.
1975 – David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview FORMER President Richard Nixon.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “ Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb, “I’m in You” by Peter Frampton, “Best of My Love” by Emotions and “Rollin’ with the Flow” by Charlie Rich all topped the charts.
1977 – In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz (“Son of Sam”) is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over a year’s period.
1979 – Michael Jackson (21) launched his solo career with “Off the Wall.”  (Full Album)
1981 – Richard Nixon Museum in San Clemente closed. On July 11, 2007, the Nixon Library in Yorba Linda, Ca., officially opened as a federal facility.
1981 – The head of John Walsh’s son Adam is found in Hollywood, Florida. This event will later prompt the U.S. Congress to pass the Missing Children’s Act to give the Federal Bureau of Investigation greater authority to track the disappearance of children, as well as the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. It also makes Walsh a national spokesman against crime and eventually leads to the establishment of America’s Most Wanted.
1981 – Coca-Cola Bottling Co agreed to pump $34 million into black businesses.
1981 – Pete Rose tops Stan Musial’s NL record 3,630 hits.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Shout” by Tears For Fears, “Never Surrender” by Corey Hart, “The Power of Love” by Huey Lewis & The News and “I’m for Love” by Hank Williams, Jr. all topped the charts.
1985 – Michael Jackson buys ATV Music (every Beatles song) for $47 million.
1986 – “Me and My Girl” opened at Marquis Theater in New York City for 1420 performances.
1987 – President Reagan said he would nominate C. William Verity Jr., a retired steel company executive, to replace the late Malcolm Baldrige as commerce secretary.
1988 – Japanese-American Internment: US President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans who were either interned or relocated by in the United States during World War II.
1990 – Washington DC Mayor Marion Barry was convicted of a single misdemeanor drug charge and acquitted on another; the judge declared a mistrial on twelve other counts.
1990 – The Magellan space probe reaches Venus.
1991 – In Phoenix, AZ, nine Buddhists were found slain in their temple. Two teenagers were arrested for the crime.
1991 – The Revolutionary Justice Organization, one of the groups holding hostages in Lebanon, announced it would release an American within 72 hours. The next day, Edward Tracy was freed.
1992 – President Bush met at his Kennebunkport, Maine, vacation home with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. Afterward, Bush announced that Mideast peace talks would resume in two weeks in Washington, D.C.
1993 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1994 – President Clinton claimed presidential immunity in asking a federal judge to dismiss, at least for the time being, a sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Paula Corbin Jones, a former Arkansas state employee.
1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain agreement for his testimony.

1995 – Norma McCorvey, “Jane Roe” of the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, announced that she had joined the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue.
1995 – Los Angeles Dodgers are forced to forfeit against the St. Louis Cardinals after fans throw souvenir baseballs on to the field en masse.
1996 – US Sen. Bob Dole completed the Republican ticket by announcing former housing secretary Jack Kemp as his running mate.
1996 – Cascading power outages hit parts of nine Western states. [3:40 p.m. PST]
1997 – It was reported that the gasoline additive MTBE, methyl tert-butyl ether, was leaking into ground water in California and elsewhere in the US. Some 1,000 wells in California tested above the state’s action level. The additive leaks from gasoline stations and dissolves in water and seeps into aquifers.
1997 – In Nashville a riot erupted when a police officer killed a black murder suspect.
1998 – The 308,000 sq.-foot Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center opened in Mashantucket, Conn.
1998 – Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announced a $2 million reward for information leading to the conviction of terrorists who bombed U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 224 people, including 12 Americans.
1999 – In Granada Hills, Los Angeles County, Buford Oneal Furrow (37) opened fire at a Jewish day camp center and wounded 1 adult, a teenager and 3 children. He also shot and killed postal worker Joseph Ileto.
2000 – World Population reaches 6 billion according to www.ibiblio.org world population tracker.
2001 – A tourist helicopter crashed near the Grand Canyon and 6 people were killed.
2001 – Space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral with supplies and a fresh crew for the Int’l Space Station.
2002 – It was reported that the Bush administration had begun warning foreign diplomats that they could lose US military assistance if they join the Int’l. Criminal Court without pledging to protect Americans from its reach.
2002 – Sammy Sosa hit three three-run homers in Chicago’s 15-1 rout of Colorado. Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants broke Willie McCovey’s 1969 record for intentional walks in a season with his 46th of the year.
2003 – Atlanta Braves shortstop Rafael Furcal turned the twelfth unassisted triple play in major league history against the St. Louis Cardinals. St. Louis beat Atlanta 3-2.
2004 – Barry Bonds became the first player in major league history to hit thirty home runs in thirteen consecutive seasons, connecting in San Francisco’s 8-7 loss to Pittsburgh.
2004 – The 20-year-old woman, who accused Kobe Bryant of rape, filed a federal lawsuit in Denver against the NBA star. The lawsuit was later settled out of court; terms were not disclosed.
2004 – President Bush nominated Porter J. Goss, Florida Republican congressman, to head the CIA. Goss spent most of his career as a clandestine operative in Latin America.
2005 – A fire destroyed an egg facility in Michigan and killed some 250,000 chickens.
2005 – Tennessee prison inmate George Hyatte and his wife, Jennifer, surrendered in Columbus, Ohio, a day after she’d allegedly ambushed two prison guards at a courthouse, killing one of them, to help her husband escape.
2005 – Pres. Bush visited a Caterpillar plant in Illinois where he signed a $286.4 billion highway bill. It was the most expensive US public works program to date.
2006 – NASA satellite data showed that the ice sheet in Greenland is melting faster than expected.
2006 – Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial airplanes.
2007 – In southern Indiana three men were killed in a coal mine when a nylon sling used to transport supplies up and down a shaft got caught, causing the bucket the men were riding in to tip and send them plummeting more than 500 feet to their deaths.
2007 – The United States launched an expedition toward the Arctic to map the sea floor off Alaska.
2007 – Federal regulators said that they are pulling $200 million in funding from the Martin Luther King Jr.-Harbor Hospital a troubled hospital that serves one of LA’s poorest neighborhoods, forcing it to all but shut down.
2008 – Isaac Hayes (b.1942), singer, died in Memphis. The baldheaded, baritone-voiced soul crooner laid the groundwork for disco. His 1971 “Theme From Shaft” won both Academy and Grammy awards.
2009 – In Oakland, Ca., Hassani Campbell (5) was reported missing by his foster parents Louis Ross (38) and Jennifer Campbell (33). The couple were arrested on Aug 28 on suspicion of killing the boy, who suffered from cerebral palsy.
2010 –  President Barack Obama signed a $26 billion bill would protect some 300,000 teachers, police and others from election-year layoffs.
2010 –  A San Francisco judge ordered Wells Fargo to pay its customers $203 million for manipulating debit transactions to maximize overdraft fees.
2010 –  In Ohio, Roderick Davie (38) was executed by lethal injection for the murder of two co-workers at a pet supply company in 1991.
2012 –  Not enough water in the Mississippi River to float the American Queen steamboat.The ongoing drought has left the ship docked in Memphis, Tennessee, unable to paddle on down the Mississippi River because of low water.

1814 – Henri Nestlé, Swiss industrialist was the founder of Nestlé S.A., the world’s largest food and beverage company, as well as one of the main creators of milk chocolate. (d. 1890)
1821 – Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
1856 – William Willett, English inventor of Daylight Saving Time (d. 1915)
1874 – Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st President of the United States (d. 1964)
1874 – Bill Johnson was an American jazz musician, considered the father of the “slap” style of string bass playing. (d. 1972)
1889 – Charles Darrow, inventor, is best known for his role in developing the Monopoly board game. (d. 1967)
1898 – Jack Haley, American actor (d. 1979)
1913 – Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (d. 1994)
1914 – Jeff Corey, American actor (d. 2002)
1923 – Rhonda Fleming, American actress
1927 – Vernon Washington, American actor (d. 1988)
1928 – Jimmy Dean, American singer
1928 – Eddie Fisher, American singer
1940 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer (Righteous Brothers) (d. 2003)
1945 – Harriet Miers, 31st White House counsel serving under President George W. Bush February 3, 2005 – January 31, 2007.
1956 – Charlie Peacock, American record producer, singer-songwriter
1959 – Rosanna Arquette, American actress




Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 111th Infantry, 28th Division. Place and date: At Fismette, France, 10 August 1918. Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa. Birth: Montenegro. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Seeing his company commander Iying wounded 30 yards in front of the line after his company had withdrawn to a sheltered position behind a stone wall, Sgt. Mestrovitch voluntarily left cover and crawled through heavy machinegun and shell fire to where the officer lay. He took the officer upon his back and crawled to a place of safety, where he administered first-aid treatment, his exceptional heroism saving the officer’s life.




Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st Iowa Infantry. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: Burlington, Iowa. Born: 14 November 1842, Germany. Date of issue: 16 February 1897. Citation: Voluntarily left the line of battle, and, exposing himself to imminent danger from a heavy fire of the enemy, assisted in capturing a riderless horse at large between the lines and hitching him to a disabled gun, saved the gun from capture.


Wilson’s Creek, Mo.

In 1861, Americans were preoccupied by the question of which states would join the secession movement and which would remain loyal to the Union. In Missouri, it was largely settled at Wilson’s Creek on August 10, 1861, in a contest that is rightly considered the second major battle of the Civil War Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon’s Army of the West was camped at Springfield, Missouri, with Confederate troops under the commands of Brigadier General Ben McCulloch approaching.

On August 9, both sides formulated plans to attack the other. About 5:00 am on the 10th, Lyon, in two columns commanded by himself and Colonel Franz Sigel, attacked the Confederates on Wilson’s Creek about 12 miles southwest of Springfield.

Rebel cavalry received the first blow and fell back away from Bloody Hill. Confederate forces soon rushed up and stabilized their positions.

The Confederates attacked the Union forces three times that day but failed to break through the Union line. Lyon was killed during the battle and Major Samuel D. Sturgis replaced him.

Meanwhile, the Confederates had routed Sigel’s column, south of Skegg’s Branch. Following the third Confederate attack, which ended at 11:00 am, the Confederates withdrew. Sturgis realized, however, that his men were exhausted and his ammunition was low, so he ordered a retreat to Springfield.

The Confederates were too disorganized and ill-equipped to pursue. This Confederate victory buoyed southern sympathizers in Missouri and served as a springboard for a bold thrust north that carried Price and his Missouri State Guard as far as Lexington.

In late October, a rump convention, convened by Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson,met in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession.

Wilson’s Creek, the most significant 1861 battle in Missouri, gave the Confederates control of southwestern Missouri.


The following men received Medals of Honor in this battle:




Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 2d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ross, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 July 1890. Citation: Bravery in action.



Rank and organization: Major, 1st Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Born: 29 September 1831, Gerry, N.Y. Date of issue: 2 July 1892. Citation: Was conspicuously gallant in leading a regiment in a successful charge against the enemy.



Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 3d U.S. Reserve Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Born: 13 September 1836, St. Louis, Mo. Date of issue: 30 October 1895. Citation: Displayed conspicuous coolness and heroism in rallying troops that were recoiling under heavy fire.



Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 11th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: Winthrop, Maine. Birth: Winthrop, Maine. Date of issue: 28 October 1893. Citation: Distinguished gallantry.








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Unerased History – August 9th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 9, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Smokey the Bear Day
National Book Lovers Day





The eye

“We speak of the body as a machine, but it is hardly necessary to say that none of the most ingenious machines set up by modern science can for a moment compare with it. The body is a self-building machine, a self-stoking, self-regulating, self-repairing machine – the most marvelous and unique automatic mechanism in the universe.”

~ J Arthur Thomson, Scotch biologist

If one is going to determine whether evolution is true compared to creation, one does not have to go any farther than the human body and specifically, the eye. It is an amazingly intricate machine. Although small in size, the eye is a very complex organ. The eye is approximately 1 inch (2.54 cm) wide, 1 inch deep and 0.9 inches (2.3 cm) tall. The human eye is remarkable. It accommodates to changing lighting conditions and focuses light rays originating from various distances from the eye. When all of the components of the eye function properly, light is converted to impulses and conveyed to the brain where an image is perceived. The average human eye can distinguish about 500 different shades of gray.

Look at just some of the intricacies of the eye:

1.         The eye contains a self-adjusting aperture, an automatic focus system, and inner surfaces surrounded by a dark pigment to minimize the scattering of stray light. But no camera that small is so complete.

2.         The sensitivity range of the eye far surpasses any film. The eye adjusts to 10 billion-fold changes in brightness.

3.         Its color-analysis system enables the eye to distinguish millions of shades of color and quickly adjust to lighting conditions (incandescent, fluorescent, underwater, or sunlight) that would require a photographer to change filters, films, and housings.

4.         The eye-brain combination produces depth perception that is beyond the range of any camera.

5.         The cornea is alive, one cell layer thick, getting its food and oxygen from tears. The tear gland not only feeds and lubricates the eye, but also packs enzymes into the tears that kill bacteria.

6.         Light passes through the iris, the aperture. No one understood intricacies of the human iris until making biometric scanners for identification purposes was done. For example each human fingerprint has 35 measurable characteristics, each iris has 266. The chance that two people will have matching irises is one in 1078. Or 10 followed by 78 more zeros.

7.         The retina has 127 million photovoltaic receptors – only seven million of which provide color awareness and fine detail. The information of these 127 million receptors is converted from light to electricity and transmitted along one million nerve fibers to the 1% of the cortex of the brain.

8.         The retina never stops “shooting” pictures, and each fiber of the optic nerve processes one hundred “photos” each second.  Considering both eyes, and allowing only five synapses (connections) to other nerves from the retina to the brain cortex, a 1983 Cray supercomputer would require one hundred years to process the information that your eye transmits every hundredth of a second.

The question then is this, using Darwin’s theory of survival of the fittest, what forces had to be present to create a system like this and have itself replicate in each new person exactly the same as they are born?


“Success is not the key to happiness. Happiness is the key to success. If you love what you are doing, you will be successful.”

~ Albert Schweitzer


chaffer (CHAF-uhr) verb tr., intr., noun
1. To haggle; to bargain.
2. To bandy words; to chatter.
Bargaining or haggling.

[From Middle English chaffare, eventually from Old English ceap (trade, purchase), precursor of English cheap + faru (journey).]


1638 – Jonas Bronck of Holland became the first European settler in the Bronx.
1678 – American Indians sold the Bronx to Jonas Bronck for 400 beads.
1778 – Capt. Cook passes through Bering Strait. The object of this third voyage was to find out whether there existed a north-east passage from Pacific to Atlantic.
1790 – Robert Gray is the first American to circumnavigate the Earth. The Columbia returned to Boston Harbor after a three-year voyage. It was the first ship to carry the American flag around the world.
1803 – First horses arrive in Hawaii. Richard Clevedon offered them as a gift to the king.
1814 – Major General Andrew Jackson signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson ending the Creek War. The agreement provided for the surrender of 23 million acres of Creek land to the United States.
1815 – CAPT Stephen Decatur concludes treaty for U.S. with Tripoli.
1829 – The locomotive “Stourbridge Lion” went into service. It was not only the first locomotive to be operated in the United States, it was also one of the first locomotives to operate outside of England, where it was manufactured in 1828.
1831 – First US steam engine train run was from Albany to Schenectady, NY.
1842 – The Webster-Ashburn Treaty fixed the border between Maine and Canada’s New Brunswick.
1848 – Barnburners party merges with the Free Soil Party. The barnburners were the anti-slavery section of the party that joined with the abolitionist Free Soil Party. Martin Van Buren was nominated for president by the Free-Soil Party in Buffalo, NY.
1854 – Henry David Thoreau published “Walden,” in which he described his experiences while living near Walden Pond on Cape Cod in Massachusetts.
1859 – Nathan Ames of Saugus, Massachusetts patented the escalator.
1862 – Confederate General “Stonewall” Jackson narrowly defeats a Union force at Cedar Mountain, Virginia.
1865US Naval Academy returns to Annapolis after four years at Newport, RI.
1877 – Refusing government demands that they move to a reservation, a small band of Nez Perce Indians clash with the U.S. Army near the Big Hole River in Montana.
1892Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
1893 – “Gut Holz” was published. It was America’s first bowling magazine.
1898 – Rudolf Diesel granted a patent for an “internal combustion engine”.
1910 – A.J. Fisher of Chicago, Illinois received a patent for the electric washing machine.
1918 – U. S. government ordered automobile production to halt by January 1, 1919, and convert to military production. Manufacturers turned out staff cars and ambulances, aircraft engines and ammunition.
1929 – New York Bank raised the rediscount rate on loans to brokers a full point to 6 percent.Wall Street received the news that brokers had racked up a record $6 million debt.
1930 – Betty Boop debuts in Max Fleischer’s animated cartoon “Dizzy Dishes.” Betty’s spit curls came from a song sheet of Helen Kane, commonly called the “Boop Oop a Doop Girl”.
1932 – Helen Morgan records Bill“, a popular tune from Broadway’s “Showboat”.
1935 – Fleet Marine Force Headquarters moved from Quantico to San Diego.
1936 – African-American track star Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal of the Olympic Games in Berlin.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Savo Island begins; Allied naval forces are surprised and defeated by an Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser force. These forces were involved in the beginning stages of Guadalcanal.
1942 – CBS radio debuted “Our Secret Weapon”.It was a program that featured Rex Stout, who countered lies being broadcast by the Axis powers through shortwave radio.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Be Seeing You” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Frank Sinatra), “Amor” by Bing Crosby, “Swinging on a Star” by Bing Crosby and “Is You is or is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” by Louis Jordan all topped the charts.
1944 – The Forest Service and Wartime Advertising Council created “Smokey the Bear.” Smokey Bear debuted as spokesman for fire prevention. The image of “Smokey the Bear” was created by an artist as the official forest-fire spokesbear. He was named in 1945 reportedly in honor of Smokey Joe Martin, asst. chief of the New York City Fire Dept.
1944 – Two-hundred fifty-eight Black American sailors based at Port Chicago, Calif., refused to load a munitions ship following the July 17th explosion of another ship that killed 320 men, two-thirds of them Black. The sailors were court-martialed, fined and imprisoned for their refusal.
1944 – The Halyard Mission began rescuing over 500 bomber fliers shot down over Serbia.
1945 – The second atomic bomb was dropped by the United States, over Nagasaki, Japan, killing an estimated 74,000 people. It was scheduled to be dropped on the Japanese city of Kokura. The weather made visibility poor, so the aircraft passed Kokura and chose its secondary target, Nagasaki.
1946 – First time all major-league baseball games (8) are played at night.
1949 – First use of pilot-ejection seat for emergency escape in U.S. made by LT Jack I. Fruin of VF-171 near Walterboro, SC.
1950 – Congress enacted Public Law 679, which charged the Coast Guard with the function of port security.
1951 – Korean War: The First Marine Air Wing was awarded the Army Distinguished Unit Citation for outstanding performance of duty and extraordinary heroism during the period from Nov. 22 to Dec. 14, 1950.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home” by Johnnie Ray, “Auf Wiedersehn, Sweetheart” by Vera Lynn, I’m Yours” by Don Cornell and “Are You Teasing Me” by Carl Smith all topped the charts.
1952 – “Half As Much by Rosemary Clooney topped the “Billboard” charts.
1952 – Korean War: First Marine Division defended against a Chinese attack in the vicinity of Bunker Hill. The Marine position on Hill 58 changed hands five times during the next two days.
1958 – “Poor Little Fool” by Ricky Nelson topped the charts.
1959 – “Stagger Lee” by Lloyd Price topped the charts.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka-dot Bikini” by Brian Hyland, “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley, “Image of a Girl” by Safaris and “Please Help Me, I’m Falling” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.
1960 – Race riot, Jacksonville, Fla., after ten days of sit-in demonstrations. Fifty reported injured.
1961 – James B. Parsons became first African-American appointed to Federal District Court in the continental United States.
1967 – Vietnam War: First Marine Division launches Operation Cochise in the Que Son valley.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hello, I Love You” by The Doors, “Classical Gas” by Mason Williams, “Stoned Soul Picnic” by The 5th Dimension and “Folsom Prison Blues” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1969 – “Hot Fun in The Summertime“, by Sly and the Family Stone, and “Easy to Be Hard“, from the Broadway production “Hair”, were released.
1969 – Actress Sharon Tate,  coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men’s hairstylist Jay Sebring, and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent were found brutally murdered in Tate’s Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and several of his disciples were later convicted of the crime.
1971 – LeRoy Satchel Paige, one of baseball’s pitching legends, was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY.
1972 – Rockwell receives NASA contract to construct the Space Shuttle.
1974 – At noon on this day, U.S. President Richard Nixon’s resignation was official. Succeeding Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford was sworn in as the 38th president of the United States of America.
1975 – Arizona Congressman Sam Steiger, answering complaints about wild burros, entered an enclosure with a .30 caliber carbine, the Congressman went to check the animals’ brands to determine who owned them. In a report to the local sheriff, Steiger later claimed the burros charged him and he shot the two lead animals in self-defense. The incident was forwarded to the county attorney’s office for consideration before the burros’ owner brought a pair of civil suits against Steiger.
1975 – “Jive Talkin‘” by the Bee Gees topped the charts.
1975 – First NFL game in Louisiana Superdome, Houston beats Saints 13-7. The new Superdome cost $163 million to build.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee, “Let ’Em In” by Wings, “You Should Be Dancing” by Bee Gees and “Golden Ring” by George Jones & Tammy Wynette all topped the charts.
1976 – John Roselli (b.1905), Chicago mobster hired by the CIA to kill Castro, was found murdered.
1979 – In California Forrest Silva Tucker, William McGirk and John Waller escaped from San Quentin prison in a handmade kayak named Rub-a-Dub-Dub.
1980 – “Magic” by Olivia Newton-John topped the charts.
1982 – Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger approved the use of Coast Guard law enforcement detachments on board Navy vessels during peace-time. 
1982 -A federal judge in Washington ordered John W. Hinckley Jr., who had been acquitted of shooting President Ronald Reagan and three others by reason of insanity, committed to a mental hospital.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “When Doves Cry” by Prince, “Ghostbusters” by Ray Parker Jr., “State of Shock” by the Jacksons and “Mama He’s Crazy” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1985 – Retired Navy officer Arthur J. Walker guilty of spying for the Soviet Union.
1986 – “Glory of Love” by Peter Cetera topped the charts.
1987 – Beatrice Foods is acquired by Reginald Lewis. It is the largest business acquisition ever by an African-American.
1987 – The Football Hall of Fame in Canton, OH welcomed Larry Csonka, Len Dawson, ‘Mean’ Joe Greene, John Henry Johnson, Jim Langer, Don Maynard and Gene Upshaw.
1988 – Cubs beat Mets 6-4 in their first official night game at Wrigley Field.
1988 – President Reagan nominated Lauro F. Cavazos to be Secretary of Education. Cavazos was the first Hispanic in U.S. history to be named to a cabinet position.
1994 – A divided US Senate opened formal debate on legislation to provide health insurance for millions of Americans without it.
1995 – Netscape Communications went public and was valued at $2.2 billion.
1995 –  Jerry Garcia, guitarist and lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in San Francisco of a heart attack at age 53.
1996 – In Jacksonville, Fla., a jury held the Brown and Williamson Tobacco Co. liable for the lung cancer of Grady Carter and awarded damages of $750,000.
1996 – Frank A. Whittle (89), inventor of the jet engine, died.
1997 – An Amtrak train derailed on a bridge near Kingman, Arizona, and 183 of 350 passengers were injured. A flash flood had undermined supports for a small bridge.
1997 – In New York City, police officer Justin Volpe sodomized Abner Louima in the bathroom of the 70th precinct in Brooklyn. [see Aug 13] In 1999 Volpe was sentenced to 30 years in prison and ordered to pay $277,495 in restitution.
1998 – A strike by 73,000 telephone workers of NYC-based Bell Atlantic began.
1998 – Americans, Kenyans and Tanzanians held church and memorial services to mourn those killed in bombing attacks on two U.S. embassies.
1999 – First time in 129 years of major league baseball, five grand slams were hit in one day.” 1) Fernando Tatis (St. Louis Cardinals), 2) Jose Vidro (Montreal Expos), 3) Mike Lowell (Florida Marlins), 4) Bernie Williams (NY Yankees) … 5) Jay Buhner of the Seattle Mariners, being the last to hit the slam, actually set the record.
1999 – President Clinton presented former President Jimmy Carter and Rosalynn Carter the Medal of Freedom, the highest US civilian award. Other recipients included Lloyd Bentson, former US Treasury secretary and Gerald Ford, former US president.
2000 – Bridgestone/Firestone Inc. announced it was recalling 6.5 million tires that had been implicated in hundreds of accidents and at least 46 deaths.
2000 – In New Jersey, two small planes collided in midair and the bulk of one plane crashed through the roof a house. All eleven passengers were killed.
2000 – In Texas Brian Keith Roberson (36) was executed for the 1986 stabbing deaths of an elderly couple in Dallas. Oliver Cruz (33) was executed for the 1988 abduction, rape and fatal stabbing of a 24-year-old woman in San Antonio.
2001 – President G. W. Bush approved federal funding only for research on existing lines of embryonic stem cells.
2002 – Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit his 600th homerun.
2002 – Kris Eggle (28), Arizona park ranger, was killed by a gunman at the Mexican border of organ Pipe Cactus National Monument.
2002 – Oscar-winning actor and National Rifle Association president Charlton Heston, 78, revealed that doctors had told him he had symptoms consistent with Alzheimer’s disease.
2003 – The US Army began burning chemical weapons at the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Anniston, AL.
2004 – Microsoft issues Service Pack 2 for its Windows XP operating system.
2004 – Donald Duck received the 2,257th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2004 – Oil prices for September delivery of light crude hit a record high of $44.98 since trading began in New York City in 1983.
2004 – In McAlester, Oklahoma, District Judge Steven Taylor sentenced Terry Nichols to 161 consecutive life sentences for the 1995 Oklahoma City federal building bombing.
2004 – Trump Hotels and Casino Resorts Inc. announced it would soon file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Three Trump properties had filed for bankruptcy in 1992.
2005 – The US State Department said the US will begin issuing electronic passports in December to help tighten border and identity security.
2005 – The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by a quarter point to 3.5%. It marked the 10th increase since tightening began in 2004.
2005 – Officials in San Jose, Ca., opened their new $390 million, 18-story City Hall. It was designed by Richard Meier with an original budget of $214 million.
2005 – In Tennessee inmate George Hyatte escaped after his wife shot and killed a guard escorting him outside the Kingston courthouse.
2005 – Discovery and its crew of seven glided back to Earth ending a 14-day test of space shuttle safety. NASA’s STS 114 flight was shadowed by the ghosts of Columbia,
2006 – In Ohio, Osama Sabhi Abulhassan (20) and Ali Houssaiky (20), both of Dearborn, Mich., were charged with money laundering in support of terrorism after authorities said they found airplane passenger lists and information on airport security checkpoints in their car.
2007 – Charges against two United States Marines accused of involvement in the killing of Iraqis in 2005 are dropped.
2008 – In SF the 10th annual Gumball 3000 Rally, an 8-day, 3,000 mile trip across the West Coast, North Korea and China, began with a parade that included some 100 participants who had apparently paid the $120,000 entrance fee.
2009 – More than 250 inmates were injured in a riot that erupted overnight at the California Institution for Men in Chino, CA.
2010 – An Alaska Turbine Otter crashed and was a fatal accident when a privately operated amphibious floatplane crashed near Aleknagik, Alaska, killing five of the nine passengers and crew. The fatalities included former United States Senator for Alaska Ted Stevens, while the survivors included former Administrator of NASA and current CEO of EADS North America, Sean O’Keefe, and his son.
2010 – The US federal court in Hawaii found Noshir Gowadia (66), a former B-2 stealth bomber engineer, guilty of selling sensitive military technology to China.
2010 – Democrat representative from California Maxine Waters is formally charged with three counts of breaking ethics rules.
2010 – Honda recalls more than 384,000 vehicles due to ignition difficulties.
2011 – Warren Jeffs, former leader of the FLDS Church and formerly on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, is sentenced to life in prison plus 20 years for a conviction on child sexual assault charges.
2011 –  Voters in some parts of the US state of Wisconsin go to the polls for recall elections for six Republican State Senators with Republicans retaining four of the six seats and their majority in the chamber.


1754 – Pierre Charles L’Enfant, French architect (d. 1825)
1809 – William Barret Travis, American Battle of the Alamo figure (d. 1836)
1911 –  Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (d. 2001)
1928 – Bob Cousy, American basketball player
1943 – Kenneth Howard Norton Sr. is a former multi-time world champion heavyweight boxer.
1944 – Sam Elliott, American actor
1946 –  Jim Kiick, American football player
1957 – Melanie Griffith, American actress
1963 – Whitney Houston, American singer and actress
1966 – Vinny Del Negro, American basketball player and head coach of the Chicago Bulls
1967 – Deion Sanders, American football player



Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 4th Marines, 3d Marine Division (Rein). Place and date: Near Cam Lo, Republic of Vietnam, 8 and 9 August 1966. Entered service at: Dumfries, Va. Born: 1 August 1933, New York, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. A platoon of Maj. (then Capt.) Lee’s company, while on an operation deep in enemy territory, was attacked and surrounded by a large Vietnamese force. Realizing that the unit had suffered numerous casualties, depriving it of effective leadership, and fully aware that the platoon was even then under heavy attack by the enemy, Maj Lee took seven men and proceeded by helicopter to reinforce the beleaguered platoon. Maj. Lee disembarked from the helicopter with two of his men and, braving withering enemy fire, led them into the perimeter, where he fearlessly moved from position to position, directing and encouraging the overtaxed troops. The enemy then launched a massive attack with the full might of their forces. Although painfully wounded by fragments from an enemy grenade in several areas of his body, including his eye, Maj. Lee continued undauntedly throughout the night to direct the valiant defense, coordinate supporting fire, and apprise higher headquarters of the plight of the platoon. The next morning he collapsed from his wounds and was forced to relinquish command. However the small band of Marines had held their position and repeatedly fought off many vicious enemy attacks for a grueling six hours until their evacuation was effected the following morning. Maj. Lee’s actions saved his men from capture, minimized the loss of lives, and dealt the enemy a severe defeat. His indomitable fighting spirit, superb leadership, and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds, reflect great credit upon himself and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service.




(Air Mission)

Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: L’Isle Adam railroad bridge over the Seine in occupied France, 9 August 1944. Entered service at: Storm Lake, Iowa. Birth: Jefferson, Iowa. G.O. No.: 43, 30 May 1945. Citation: On 9 August 1944, Capt. Lindsey led a formation of thirty B-26 medium bombers in a hazardous mission to destroy the strategic enemy held L’lsle Adam railroad bridge over the Seine in occupied France. With most of the bridges over the Seine destroyed, the heavily fortified L’Isle Adam bridge was of inestimable value to the enemy in moving troops, supplies, and equipment to Paris. Capt. Lindsey was fully aware of the fierce resistance that would be encountered. Shortly after reaching enemy territory the formation was buffeted with heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire. By skillful evasive action, Capt. Lindsey was able to elude much of the enemy flak, but just before entering the bombing run his B-26 was peppered with holes. During the bombing run the enemy fire was even more intense, and Capt. Lindsey’s right engine received a direct hit and burst into flames. Despite the fact that his ship was hurled out of formation by the violence of the concussion, Capt. Lindsey brilliantly maneuvered back into the lead position without disrupting the flight. Fully aware that the gasoline tanks might explode at any moment, Capt. Lindsey gallantly elected to continue the perilous bombing run. With fire streaming from his right engine and his right wing half enveloped in flames, he led his formation over the target upon which the bombs were dropped with telling effect. Immediately after the objective was attacked, Capt. Lindsey gave the order for the crew to parachute from the doomed aircraft. With magnificent coolness and superb pilotage, and without regard for his own life, he held the swiftly descending airplane in a steady glide until the members of the crew could jump to safety. With the right wing completely enveloped in flames and an explosion of the gasoline tank imminent, Capt. Lindsey still remained unperturbed. The last man to leave the stricken plane was the bombardier, who offered to lower the wheels so that Capt. Lindsey might escape from the nose. Realizing that this might throw the aircraft into an uncontrollable spin and jeopardize the bombardier’s chances to escape, Capt. Lindsey refused the offer. Immediately after the bombardier had bailed out, and before Capt. Lindsey was able to follow, the right gasoline tank exploded. The aircraft sheathed in fire, went into a steep dive and was seen to explode as it crashed. All who are living today from this plane owe their lives to the fact that Capt. Lindsey remained cool and showed supreme courage in this emergency.




Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company H, 131st Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: At Chipilly Ridge, France, 9 August 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 13 July 1887, Prizren, Serbia. G.O. No.: 44, W.D., 1919. Citation: At a critical point in the action, when all the officers with his platoon had become casualties, Cpl. Allex took command of the platoon and led it forward until the advance was stopped by fire from a machinegun nest. He then advanced alone for about thirty yards in the face of intense fire and attacked the nest. With his bayonet he killed five of the enemy, and when it was broken, used the butt of his rifle, capturing fifteen prisoners.


Big Hole, Montana

Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole – Near Big Hole River in Montana, a small band of Nez Percé Indians who refused government orders to move to a reservation, clash with the United States Army. The army lost 29 soldiers and Indians lost 89 warriors.



Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 7th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont. 9 August 1877. Entered service at: Indianapolis, Ind. Birth: Davidson County, N.C. Date of issue: 8 May 1878. Citation: After having been severely wounded in right shoulder, continued to do duty in a most courageous manner.



Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont., 9 August 1877; at Camas Meadows, Idaho, 20 August 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Philadelphia Pa. Date of issue: 28 February 1878. Citation: Conspicuous gallantry, especial skill as sharpshooter.



Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 7th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont., 9 August 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Brooklyn, N.Y. Date of issue: 2 December 1878. Citatlon: Bravery in action.



Rank and organization: Musician, Company A, 7th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont., 9 August 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Fort Belknap, Tex. Date of issue: 2 December 1878. Citation: Gallantry in action.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 7th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont., 9 August 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 2 December 1878. Citation: Verified and reported the company while subjected to a galling fire from the enemy.



Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 7th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Big Hole, Mont., 9 August 1877. Entered service at: Newark, Ohio. Birth: Huron County, Ohio. Date of issue: 2 December 1878. Citation: Gallantry in forming company from line of skirmishers and deploying again under a galling fire, and in carrying dispatches at the imminent risk of his life.


 State of Connecticut

Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 5th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Mountain, Va., 9 August 1862. Entered service at: New Haven, Conn. Birth: ——. Date ·S issue: 10 September 1897. Citation: Seized a fallen flag of the regiment, the color bearer having been killed, carried it forward in the face of a severe fire, and though himself shot down and permanently disabled, planted the staff in the earth and kept the flag flying.

History of the Unit:
Organized in part from the “Colt’s Revolving Rifles” company of early 1861.

The Regiment was heavily engaged at Cedar Mountain, 9 August 1862:
“Capt. Daboll, writing to his brother after the battle, says that he finds himself in command of the regiment, being the senior officer present for duty. The regiment went into the fight, with 380 men, and came out with 200. Companies H and F were not in the battle being on detached duty. He says ‘Our colors was shot down nine times, and we have lost them with the nine brave men who defended them’ . Col Chapman, LCol Stone, and Maj Smith were all wounded and captured, as were many other officers”.
(Hartford Courant, August 16, 1862).



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Unerased History – August 8th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 8, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Happiness Happens Day
National Garage Sale Day



The Invention of Band-Aids

Josephine Dickson married a man who worked for a company that manufactured gauze and adhesive tape called Johnson & Johnson. We will never know the reason, but it is a fact that Josephine Dickson was accident prone. During the first week that she was married to Earle Dickson, she cut her self twice with the kitchen knife. After that, it just went from bad to worse. It seemed that Josephine was always cutting herself.

One day, in 1920, her husband , Earle Dickson had an idea. He sat down with some tape and gauze and a pair of scissors. Then he cut the tape into strips. In the middle of each strip he stuck a little square of gauze. From then on, whenever Josephine had an accident, ready-made bandages were on hand for her to use quickly and without a lot of fuss. At Johnson & Johnson, they heard about these new bandages that could be put on in thirty seconds.

Soon the company was making them to sell on a small scale. Four years later, in 1924, the company installed machines for mass producing the new product, and the trade name BAND-AID was adopted.






“Success means fulfilling your own dreams, singing your own song, dancing your own dance, creating from your heart and enjoying the journey, trusting that whatever happens, it will be OK. Creating your own adventure!”

~ Elana Lindquist


satiety \suh-TY-uh-tee\, noun:

The state of being full or gratified to or beyond the point of satisfaction.

1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound,Cumberland Sound, a part of the Labrador Sea, between Cumberland Peninsula and Hall Peninsula, in quest for the Northwest Passage.

1588 – The English Navy destroyed the Spanish Armada. 600 Spaniards were killed in the day’s fighting and 800 badly injured.
1776 - John Paul Jones was commissioned as a captain and appointed to command the “Alfred.” His orders were to harass enemy merchant ships and defend the American coast.
1786 - The US Congress adopted the silver dollar and decimal system of money.
1794 – Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
1839 – Beta Theta Pi is founded in Oxford, Ohio. It was the first Greek-letter fraternity west of the Alleghenies.
1844 – After the killing of Joseph Smith, Brigham Young was chosen to lead the Mormons.
1854 – Smith and Wesson patented metal bullet cartridges.
1860 – Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrived in NYC.
1862 – Indian Wars: Minnesota’s 5th Infantry fought the Sioux Indians in Redwood, Minn., and 24 soldiers were killed.
1863 – Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
1863 – Civil War: Tennessee’s “military” Gov. Andrew Johnson freed his personal slaves. During the early 20th century, the day was celebrated by African-Americans in Tennessee as a holiday.
1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph. The mimeograph was a “method of preparing autographic stencils for printing.”
1885 – African-American inventor, William C. Carter, patented an umbrella stand (U.S. patent number –  323,397).
1890 – Daughters of American Revolution (DAR) organized.
1899 – The first household refrigerating machine was patented. It was patented by A.T. Marshall.
1899 – Marines of “U.S.S. Yosemite” start to form garrison at Agana, Cuba.
1900 – Competition began for the International Lawn Tennis Challenge Trophy at the Longwood Cricket Club in Brookline, MA.
1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It’s the Wright Brothers’ first public flight and the French public goes wild.
1910 – The US Army installs the first tricycle landing gear on the Army’s Wright Flyer.
1911 – The millionth patent is filed in the US Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
1911 – Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435. The law would come into effect in 1913. There would be one member of Congress for every 211,877 residents. See the Amazing Apportionment Machine.
1918 – World War I: Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines.
1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
1931 – Workers go on strike at the Hoover dam.
1934 –  Bing Crosby became the first singer to record for the newly created Decca Records. His songs, “Just A-Wearyin’ For You” and “I Love You Truly”, were waxed as Decca number D-100.
1940 – World War II: The Battle of Britain, or “The Blitz,” began when the German air force waged a sustained series of daytime air attacks on Britain.
1941 – Les Brown and His Band of Renown paid tribute to baseball’s ‘Yankee Clipper’, Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees, with the recording of “Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio” on Okeh Records.
1942 – World War II: U.S. Marines captured the Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal.
1942 – World War II:  Six German saboteurs who secretly entered the United States on a mission to attack its civil infrastructure were executed by the United States for spying; two others were imprisoned.
1945 – World War II – The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.
1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed by the United States, which becomes the third nation to join.
1945- President Truman makes a public radio broadcast in which he threatens Japan with destruction by atomic bombs.
1945 – The survivors of the USS Indianapolis are rescued. Only 316 of the 1196 men onboard the ship survived.
1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36. The B-36 was the largest mass-produced piston-engine aircraft ever made and had the largest wingspan in a combat aircraft ever built (230 ft).
1950 – Whataburger opened its first restaurant in Corpus Christi, TX.
1950 – Korean War: U.S. troops repelled the first North Korean attempt to overrun them at the battle of Naktong Bulge, which continued for 10 days.   (HN, 8/8/98)
1950 – Florence Chadwick  swam the English Channel from France to Dover in 13 hours and 23 minutes.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Too Young” by Nat King Cole, “Mister and Mississippi” by Patti Page, “Because of You” by Tony Bennett and “I Wanna Play House with You” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Lonely Boy” by Paul Anka, “A Big Hunk o’ Love” by Elvis Presley, “My Heart is an Open Book” by Carl Dobkins, Jr. and Waterloo” by Stonewall Jackson all topped the charts.
1959 – Announcement of Project Teepee, electronic system to monitor 95 percent of earth’s atmosphere for missile launchings or nuclear explosions. System developed by William Thaler, Office of Naval Research physicist.
1960 – The pop song “Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini“, sung by Brian Hyland (16), hit #1.
1966 – Michael DeBakey became the first surgeon to install an artificial heart pump in a patient.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Light My Fire” by The Doors, “All You Need is Love” by The Beatles, “A Whiter Shade of Pale” by Procol Harum and “I’ll Never Find Another You” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1968 – Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach. Later that day, Nixon chose Maryland Gov. Spiro T. Agnew to be his running mate.
1968 – National Guard mobilized to put down rioting which erupted while Republicans were holding national convention in Miami Beach.
1969 – Actress Sharon Tate (26) and four other people were brutally murdered in her Beverly Hills home. Cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime.
1972 – Navy women authorized for sea duty as regular ship’s company.
1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew goes on television to denounce accusations he had taken kickbacks while governor of Maryland.
1974 – U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation, effective tomorrow at 12 noon. Full Speech
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “One of These Nights” by Eagles, “Jive Talkin’” by Bee Gees,Please Mr. Please” by Olivia Newton-John and “Just Get Up and Close the Door“ by Johnny Rodriguez all topped the charts.
1976 – John Roselli, hired by CIA to kill Castro, was found murdered.
1978 – The U.S. launched Pioneer Venus II, which carried scientific probes to study the atmosphere of Venus.
1978 – James Ramp, Philadelphia police officer, was killed during a standoff with MOVE. Nine  members of MOVE, an African-American group that espoused equality with animals and preached against technology, were convicted.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police, “Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)” by Eurythmics, “She Works Hard for the Money” by Donna Summer and “Your Love’s on the Line” by Earl Thomas Conley all topped the charts.
1984 – Carl Lewis won his third gold medal at the Los Angeles Olympics. He won the 200-meter sprint.
1985 – Near Frankfurt, Germany, outside the Rhein-Mein U.S. air base, a bomb exploded killing two Americans. The bomb was blamed on the Red Army Faction.
1988 – The lights are turned on at Wrigley Field for the first time, making it the last major league stadium to host night games. (The game, against the Philadelphia Phillies, is rained out after three-and-a-half innings.)
1988 – A renovated New York City Central Park Zoo reopened after 4 years.
1988 – Secretary of State George Shultz narrowly escaped an assassination attempt in Bolivia.
1989 – Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission – Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
1989 – Congressman George Thomas “Mickey” Leland, members of his congressional staff, and State Department officials die in a plane crash near Gambela, Ethiopia.
1990 – Pete Rose began a 5-month prison term at Marion (IL) Federal  prison camp.
1990 – Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” by Bryan Adams,P.A.S.S.I.O.N.”  by Rythm Syndicate, “Summertime”  by D.J. Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince and “She’s in Love with the Boy”  by Trisha Yearwood all topped the charts.
1992 – The “Dream Team” clinched the gold medal at the Barcelona Summer Olympics. The U.S. basketball team beat Croatia 117-85.
1993 – Four U.S. soldiers were killed in Somalia when a land mine detonated underneath their vehicle.
1995 – Saddam Hussein’s two eldest daughters, their husbands, and several senior army officers defected to Jordan.
1995 – President Clinton, during a visit to Baltimore, ordered all companies doing business with the federal government to report the pollution they cause.
1998 – A riot broke out in Reno, NV, during the annual “Hot Autumn Nights” festival. There was some property damage and a few minor injuries. 130 people were arrested.
1998 – A group called the Liberation Arm of the Islamic Sanctuaries claimed responsibility for the bombing of the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania and threatened more attacks.
1992 – Opening a new attack on the Republican tax-cut measure, President Clinton warned the nation’s governors at their meeting in St. Louis that the $792 billion package would trigger “huge cuts” in Medicare, farm programs and other spending critical to their voters.
1999 – Wade Boggs got his 3,000th hit of his major league baseball career.
2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
2001 – US Federal authorities announced the arrests of 100 people nationwide in an Internet child pornography operation, Landslide Productions Inc., based in Fort Worth, Tx.
2002 – The F.C.C. votes to require television manufacturers to include digital tuners in nearly all televisions by 2007.
2003 – George Soros pledged $10 million to a political action committee called America Coming Together to defeat George Bush in 2004.
2005 – The Space Shuttle Discovery was waved off by Mission Control in Houston for a landing at Kennedy Space Center due to bad weather. NASA has said they will land the Orbiter in 24 hours, with six opportunities available — the first two at Kennedy Space Center and the second two at Edwards Air Force Base and the final two at the White Sands Missile Range (also known as the White Sands Spaceport).
2005 – In California forty-two inmates were injured when a simmering dispute between two ethnic groups erupted into the largest riot at San Quentin State Prison in twenty-three years.
2006 – Medicare said it plans to cut doctor payment rates by 5.1% and force hospitals to disclose financial data.
2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889. It came in with a violent thunderstorm that dropped three inches of rain.
2007 – The US Space Shuttle Endeavour and a crew of seven took off from Cape Canaveral, Fl., on a special mission. Teacher-astronaut Barbara Morgan was part of the crew.
2008 – Former U.S. Senator and Democratic ex-presidential candidate John Edwards admits to an affair with Rielle Hunter after having earlier denied it. (In 2006 he denied fathering a daughter with her.CNN)
2008 – The 2008 Summer Olympics starts with the 2008 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony at the Beijing National Stadium. President Bush became the first US president to attend an Olympics abroad.
2008 – Home finance giant Fannie Mae reported a massive second quarter loss of 2.3 billion dollars, more than three times analysts’ estimates.
2008 – At least thirteen people die when a private charter bus falls off a bridge onto a creek north of Dallas, Texas.
2009 – Judge Sonia Sotomayor was sworn as the 111th justice of the Supreme Court, becoming the first Hispanic and third woman to serve on the court in United States history.
2009 – In Dinuba, CA, a car fleeing from police ran a stop sign and slammed into a pickup, killing three people in the car and four young children in the truck.
2009 – Near Hoboken, New Jersey, nine people died in an air collision over the Hudson River, including three members of a Pennsylvania family in the private plane and five Italian tourists and a pilot from New Jersey in a Liberty Tours helicopter.
2010 – Ads website “Craigslist” faces allegations of “pay to rape” underage prostitution after a letter is published in The Washington Post.
2011 –  Dow Jones Industrial Average trading down nearly 300 points at noon (ET) after S&P adds mortgage giants Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae to debt downgrade.
2012 – Daniel Castillo’a Jet Ski broke down in New York City’s Jamaica Bay, forcing him to swim to the nearest shore — at JFK International Airport. As Castillo roamed the grounds, he somehow failed to disturb the airport’s $100 million, state-of-the-art Perimeter Intrusion Detection System of cameras and motion sensors, stumbling into the Delta terminal before an employee noticed him.
2012 – On the 88th floor of One World Trade Center in New York City, a welding fire breaks out but is soon extinguished, with no injuries.
2012 – A magnitude 4.5 earthquake strikes Orange County, California. Minimal damage was reported.
2014 – The Islamic terror group ISIS that President Barack Obama threatened to strike in Iraq Thursday evening is itself threatening to strike the American homeland.
2014 – President Obama announced that he had authorized targeted American airstrikes against militants in Iraq, scrambling to avert the fall of the Kurdish capital. The first airstrikes against the Islamic State were carried out by two aircraft from the aircraft carrier George H.W. Bush.
2014 – Tropical Storm Iselle’s eye swept onto Hawaii’s shore about 5 miles east of Pahala with winds at 60 mph at 2:30 a.m. Hawaii Standard Time. Iselle is the first tropical storm to hit the state in 22 years.


1814 – Esther Morris, American jurist (d. 1902)

1839 – Nelson Miles, American general (d. 1925)
1884 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (d. 1933)
1901 – Ernest O. Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
1907 – Benny Carter, American musician (d. 2003)
1908 – Arthur Goldberg, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1980)
1921 – Esther Williams, American actress and swimmer
1922 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
1932 – Mel Tillis, American singer
1933 – Joe Tex, American singer (d. 1982)
1935 – Donald P. Bellisario, American television producer
1937 – Dustin Hoffman, American actor
1938 – Connie Stevens, American singer and actress
1940 – Dennis Tito, American businessman and space tourist
1949 – Keith Carradine, American actor
1958 – Deborah Norville, American television host
1961 – Daniel House, American music executive

No Medal of Honor Citations Actions On This Day`





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Unerased History – August 7th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 7, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Professional Speakers Day



Comets are leftovers from the formation of the nine planets in the solar system billions of years ago. Comets are fragile balls of snow and dust found at the edge of the solar system in the Oort Cloud. The Oort Cloud is made up of about 10 million comets, some of which leave the cloud and travel toward the Sun. The Sun’s heat melts the snow and these comets appear to grow greatly. Unlike the other small bodies in the solar system, comets have been known since antiquity. There are Chinese records of Comet Halley going back to at least 240 BC. The famous Bayeux Tapestry, which commemorates the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, depicts an apparition of Comet Halley. As of 1995, 878 comets have been cataloged and their orbits at least roughly calculated. Of these 184 are periodic comets (orbital periods less than 200 years); some of the remainder are no doubt periodic as well, but their orbits have not been determined with sufficient accuracy to tell for sure. Comets are sometimes called dirty snowballs or “icy mudballs”. They are a mixture of ices (both water and frozen gases) and dust that for some reason didn’t get incorporated into planets when the solar system was formed. This makes them very interesting as samples of the early history of the solar system.

Halley’s Comet has appeared on the following schedule:


Date Years Date Years
25 May 240 BC 18 July 912 75
12 November 164 BC 76 5 September 989 77
6 August 87 BC 77 20 March 1066 77
10 October 12 BC 75 18 April 1145 79
25 January 66 AD 78 28 September 1222 77
22 March 141 75 25 October 1301 79
17 May 218 77 10 November 1378 77
20 April 295 77 9 June 1456 78
16 February 374 79 26 August 1531 76
28 June 451 77 27 October 1607 76
27 September 530 79 15 September 1682 75
15 March 607 77 13 March 1759 77
2 October 684 77 16 November 1835 76
20 May 760 76 20 April 1910 75
28 February 837 77 9 February 1986 76
Next perihelion predicted 28 July 2061 75


“Do not wish to be anything but what you are, and try to be that perfectly.”

~  St. Francis de Sales


prima facie PRY-muh-FAY-shee; -shuh, adverb: 1. At first view; on the first appearance. 2. True, valid, or adequate at first sight; as it seems at first sight; ostensible. 3. Self-evident; obvious. 4. (Law) Sufficient to establish a fact or a case unless disproved.

1606 – The first documented performance of Macbeth performed at the Great Hall at Hampton Court.
1679 – The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.
1731 – William Cosby arrived in New York to assume his post as Governor for the New York 
1760 – Ft. Loudon, Tennessee, surrendered to Cherokee Indians.
1782 – The Badge of Military Merit was first announced in General George Washington’s general orders to the Continental Army. Designed by Washington in the form of a purple heart, it was intended as a military order for soldiers who exhibited, “not only instances of unusual gallantry in battle, but also extraordinary fidelity and essential service in any way.” In 1932 this became the Purple Heart. The decoration itself consisted of a purple, heart-shaped piece of silk, edged with a narrow binding of silver, with the word Merit stitched across the face in silver.
1789 – The U.S. War Department was established by Congress.
1791 – United States troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.
1794 – The Whiskey Rebellion took place, a fight over excise taxes imposed on whiskey-making. President Washington issued a proclamation, calling out the militia and ordering the disaffected westerners to return to their homes. Washington’s order mobilized an army of approximately 13,000 — as large as the one that had defeated the British — under the command of General Harry Lee, the then-Governor of Virginia and father of Robert E. Lee.
1807 – The first serviceable steamboat, the Clermont (called by some “Fulton’s Folly,”) made its first journey, traveling from New York City to Albany.
1820 – Potatoes first planted in Hawaii.
1861 – Civil War: Two floating torpedoes (mines) in the Potomac River were picked up by U. S. S. Resolute- the earliest known use of torpedoes by the Confederates.
1861 – Civil War: The town of Hampton, Va., a small village near Ft. Monroe, was burned to the ground today–by a Confederate general. John B. Magruder, known later as “Prince John” for his occasional theatrics.
1862 – President Lincoln, with Secretaries Seward and Stanton, visited Captain Dahlgren at the Washington Navy Yard for a two hour demonstration of the “Rafael” repeating cannon.
1864 – Union Gen. Philip Henry Sheridan took command of his 30,000-man army at Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia. His orders from Gen. Grant were to march into the Shenandoah Valley and destroy the army of Confederate Gen. Jubal Early.
1864 – Civil War: Union troops captured part of Confederate General Jubal Early’s army at Moorefield, West Virginia.
1869 – George Davidson, a prominent astronomer and explorer, impresses Alaskan Native Americans with his ability to predict a total solar eclipse.
1882 –  Hatfields of south West Virginia and McCoys of eastern Kentucky re-engaged in a feud that dated back to 1865. Some 100 were wounded or died. In 2007 medical evidence indicated that many of the descendants of the McCoys suffered from an inherited disease that leads to hair-trigger rage and violent outbursts.
1888 – Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door.
1906 – In North Carolina, a mob defies a court order and lynches three Blacks which becomes known as “The Lyerly Murders.”
1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey (22) and three of her friends arrived in San Francisco on a ferry boat after driving a 1909 Maxwell Model DA across the country. She had left New York on June 9. The trip took 59 days.
1910 – In San Francisco the Chutes vaudeville theater on Fillmore St. attracted Sophie Tucker, who revived her career after being black-balled by Flo Ziegfeld.
1912 – Teddy Roosevelt nominated as Bull Moose candidate (The Progressive Party). Teddy stormed out of the Republican convention when he lost to William Howard Taft.
1926 -The United States declared non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War.
1927 – The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
1927 – Horace Alderman, a rumrunner, murdered two Coast Guardsmen and a Secret Service agent after his vessel was stopped by patrol boat CG-249 off the coast of Florida.
1928 – The U.S. dollar shrinks in size by 1/3rd.
1929 – Babe Ruth ties record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games.
1930 – In Marion, Indiana, a mob broke into a jail and beat to death two young black men,  Thomas Shipp, and a 3rd teenager who had just been arrested for a botched robbery that left Claude Deeter, a white man, dead. They hung them from a tree in the courthouse square.  James Cameron (16) was saved from hanging, even as a noose was on his neck. 
1934 – In Washington, D.C., the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that the government can neither confiscate nor ban James Joyce’s novel “Ulysses.”
1938 – Nazi’s closed the theology department of Innsbruck university.
1938 – The Holocaust: The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: In Romania 551 Jews were shot in the Kishinev ghetto. The Kishinev Ghetto was being liquidated and its prisoners deported on a death march to Transnistria (the Ukraine).
1942 – World War II: U.S. forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. The initial landing party included Navajo Codetalkers. This was the first land Japanese defeat of WWII.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: The Nazi 36th Police Battalion, made up of ethnic Estonians, massacred some 2,500 Jews at Novogrudok, Belarus.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: Transport 16 departed with French Jews to Nazi-Germany.
1944 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
1945 – World War II: More than 200 B-29 Superfortress bombers raid Yahata, Tokyo and Kukuyama.
1945 – The secret of radio direction finding (RDF), now called radar, is made public.
1947 – Thor Heyerdahl’s balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 4375-mile journey across the Pacific Ocean proving that prehistoric peoples could have traveled from South America.
1948 – Alice Coachman, becomes the first Black woman to win an Olympic gold medal in the high jump during the Summer Games in London.
1949 – “Martin Kane, Private Eye” was first heard on Mutual radio.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Bewitched” by The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: gramophone12Mary Lou Williams), “Mona Lisa” by Nat King Cole, “Count Every Star “by The Ray Anthony Orchestra (vocal: Dick Noel) and “Mississippi” by Red Foley all topped the charts.
1953 – Ohio had met all the requirements for Statehood in 1803 but Congress did not approve Statehood at the time. It wasn’t until today that Ohio reapplied for Statehood. Congress approved the application and made it retroactive to 1803.
1953 – Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket reaches 1,238 mph (Mach 1.88).
1953 – Eastern Airlines entered the jet age with the Electra prop-jet.
1953 – SSgt Barbara Barnwell was the first woman Marine awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for heroism. She was from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and a member of the Marine Reserve, saved a soldier from drowning in 1952.
1953 – “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts topped the charts.
1954 – Charles H. Mahoney was confirmed by the Senate and became the first Black to serve as a full delegate to the United Nations.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Poor Little Fool” by Ricky Nelson, “Patricia” by gramophone12Perez Prado, “Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)” by Domenico Modugno and “Alone with You” by Faron Young all topped the charts.
1959 –  The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the “sheaves of wheat” design, and was minted until 2008.
1959 – The U.S. launched Explorer 6, which sent back a picture of the Earth.
1960 – Black and white students staged kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches.
1961 – Soviet premier Khrushchev predicted that the USSR economy would surpass that of the US.
1964 – Congress overwhelmingly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which allowed  President Johnson to use unlimited military force in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces. 
1965 – “I’m Henry VIII, I Am” by Herman’s Hermits topped the charts.
1965 – The infamous first Reyes party between Ken Kesey’s Merry Pranksters and motorcycle gang the Hells Angels takes place at Kesey’s estate in La Honda, California introducing psychedelics to the gang world and forever linking the hippie movement to the Hell’s Angels.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wild Thing” by The Troggs, Lil’ Red Riding Hood” by gramophone12Sam the Sham & The Pharoahs, “Summer in the City” by The Lovin’ Spoonful and “Think of Me” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1966 – The United States lost seven planes over North Vietnam, the most in the war up to this point.
1966 – Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.  After 200 to 300 black youth go on rampage in east Lansing; Governor George Romney, (former CEO of American Motors, failed Republican Presidential candidate contender in 1964 and 1968, father of Mitt Romney) threatens black power advocates.
1970 – The first all-computer championship was held in New York and won by CHESS 3.0, a program written by Atkin and Gorlen at Northwestern University. Six programs had entered.
1970 – Four persons, including the presiding judge Harold Halley, killed in courthouse shoot-out in San Rafael, Marin County, California. It was an attempt to free George Jackson. Police charged that activist Angela Davis helped provide the weapons used by the convicts and issued a nationwide warrant for her arrest.
1971 – “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart?” by the Bee Gees topped the charts.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Annie’s Song” by John Denver, “Don’t Let the Sun Go gramophone12Down on Me” by Elton John, “Feel like Makin’ Love” by Roberta Flack and “Rub It In” by Billy “Crash” Craddock all topped the charts.
1974 – Philippe Petit walks a tightrope between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet  in the air.
1976 – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee topped the charts.
1976 – US Viking 2 goes into Martian orbit after an eleven-month flight from Earth. Scientists in Pasadena, Calif., announced that the Viking 1 spacecraft had found the strongest indications to date of possible life on Mars.
1978 –  President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been negligently disposed.
1981 – After 128 years of publication, “The Washington Star” ceased all operations.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor, “Hurts So Good” by gramophone12John Cougar, “Abracadabra” by The Steve Miller Band and “Honky Tonkin” by Hank Williams, Jr. all topped the charts.
1983 –  675,000 employees struck the ATT Corporation.
1985 – The candy, “Airheads” was born.  
1985 – Spc. Edward Pimental (20), a US Army soldier, left a discotheque in the western German city of Wiesbaden with a woman and was soon killed. Terrorists used Pimental’s ID card to enter the US Rhein-Main air base in Frankfurt. The following day, explosives packed in a Volkswagen rocked the parking lot behind the base headquarters.
1986 – Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel & Anne Knabe begin cycling journey of 15,266 miles from Prudhoe Bay Alaska to Argentina.
1987 – Lynne Cox became the first person to swim from the US to Russia (two miles) across the Bering Strait.
1988 – The Writers Guild of America ended their 6 months strike.
1989 – A small plane carrying Congressman Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 15 others disappeared during a flight in Ethiopia. The wreckage of the plane was found six days later; there were no survivors.
1990 -CHART TOPPERS – “Vision of Love” by Mariah Carey, “Cradle of Love”by gramophone12Billy Idol, “Rub You the Right Way” by Johnny Gill and “Good Times” by Dan Seals all topped the charts.
1990 – President George H.W. Bush orders the organization of Operation Desert Shield in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2nd.
1992 – The luxury liner Queen Elizabeth 2 ran aground off Massachusetts. Ferryboats evacuated 1800 passengers and 1000 crew members.
1992 – Jennifer Capriati won the gold medal in tennis at the Barcelona Olympics, beating Steffi Graf.
1995 – Ten days before he was to be put to death for the murder of a police officer, black activist and radio reporter Mumia Abu-Jamal won a reprieve from the original trial judge in Philadelphia. 
1996 – More than 6 million American Online customers worldwide were left stranded when the system crashed for almost 19 hours. 
1997 – The space shuttle Discovery was launched with a crew of six. A satellite was dropped off to study the Earth’s ozone layer.
1998 – A massive truck bomb exploded outside the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and another truck bomb detonated outside the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing 224 people, including 12 Americans, and wounding more than 5,500. The United States accused Saudi exile Osama bin Laden, a proponent of international terrorism against America, of masterminding the bombings.
1998 – A fire in Tracy, CA, burned some 2.5 million tires at Royster’s Tire Disposal. Some six-million tires were expected to burn for weeks.
1998 – In Utah five young girls (ages 2-6) died from heat exposure after they were trapped in the trunk of a car in West Valley City.
1999 – The Southern Party held its inaugural rally in Flat Rock, North Carolina, pledging to work peacefully for a separate Southern nation. The party was disbanded in 2003.
1999 – President Clinton, during a visit to his home state of Arkansas, promised to devote the rest of his presidency to erasing poverty.
1999 – Wade Boggs became the first player ever to hit a homerun for his three-thousandth hit.
2000 – U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore selected Connecticut senator Joseph Lieberman to be the first Jewish vice-presidential candidate on a major party ticket.
2002 – Ford Motor Co. and Canadian fuel cell developer Ballard Power Systems Inc. jointly unveiled a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine-driven generator they said could help pave the way toward the commercialization of fuel cell technology.
2002 – Destiny Wright disappeared at a sleepover with other children in Philadelphia. Abdul El-Shabazz (18) was arrested the next day and led police to her body.
2002 – A U.S. Air Force cargo plane crashed on a Puerto Rican mountaintop with at least ten military personnel on board, and all were feared dead.
2003 – In California, Arnold Schwarzenegger announced that he would run for the office of governor.
2003 – Stephen Geppi bought a 1963 G.I. Joe prototype for $200,000.
2004 – Greg Maddux became the 22nd pitcher in major league history to reach 300 victories, leading the Chicago Cubs to an 8-4 victory over San Francisco.
2004 – Paul N. Adair (b.1915), Texas oil field firefighter, died. The 1968 film “Hellfighter” with John Wayne was based on his life.
2004 – AP reported that a beheading was broadcast on two Arab TV stations. The video of the beheading was fake and had been initially made and posted on the Internet in May by three people from the SF Bay Area. Benjamin Vanderford of SF said he made the video to show how easy it is to spread lies over the Internet.
2005 – Peter Jennings (67), Canadian-born ABC broadcaster, died of cancer. He had delivered the news to Americans each night in five separate decades.
2006 – In Arizona nine illegal immigrants died when their SUV, crammed with up to twenty-two people, flipped while trying to evade pursuit by the Border Patrol.
2006 – In the San Francisco Bay Area, Santa Clara County sheriff’s deputies seized over 20,000 marijuana plants on Mount Hamilton. Street value at maturity was estimated at $80 million.
2006 – Utah doctors successfully separated conjoined twins Kendra and Maliyah Herrin. The 4-year-old sisters had been born fused at the midsection with just one kidney and one set of legs.
2006 – Wal-Mart announced chainwide pay caps and said they were intended to move people up the company ladder.
2007 – Barry Bonds sets career home run mark by hitting his 756th homerun. He had just tied Hank Aaron’s record on August 4. The Giants lost to the Washington Nationals 8-6. The ball was later auctioned to fashion designer Marc Ecko for a record $752,467.
2007 – The US FDA approved a new drug to help patients with AIDS. Pfizer’s Selzentry is the first anti-AIDS drug that blocks the CCR5 receptor, often used by the HIV virus to enter white blood cells.
2008 – A US federal judge ruled that American Indian plaintiffs were entitled to $455 million, a fraction of the $47 billion they sought in a year trial for alleged losses on royalties overseen by the Interior Department since 1887.
2008 – A federal judge ordered Detroit’s Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) to jail for violating the terms of his bond in his perjury case.
2008 – In Arizona an SUV packed with suspected illegal immigrants flipped over southeast of Phoenix killing at least nine people. There were nineteen people in the vehicle.
2009 – President Obama signed into law a measure tripling the budget of the $1 billion incentive “cash for clunkers” program.
2010 – Fidel Castro delivers a short speech to the Cuban Parliament to warn about the risk of a nuclear war between the United States and Iran, accusing Barack Obama of provoking conflict with Iran and North Korea and urging him to prevent such a conflict.
2010 – The Gulf of Mexico seafood industry starts to reopen after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
2010 – Elena Kagan was sworn in as the 112th person to serve on the US Supreme Court.
2010 – San Francisco began charging a $7 fee for visitors to the arboretum in Golden Gate Park. 
2010 – The last bus departed the San Francisco Transbay Terminal allowing demolition to soon begin of the 71-year-old terminal.
2010 – Astronauts Douglas H. Wheelock and Tracy Caldwell Dyson fail on the International Space Station (ISS)’s longest spacewalk and sixth longest spacewalk to repair a cooling system, which means two more spacewalks are now required.
2011 – U.S. Bonds slide, biggest two-day decline since 2009,  after S&P rating cut.
2011 – Some 45,000 Verizon Communications Inc. workers from Massachusetts to Washington, D.C., went on strike after negotiations fizzled over a new labor contract.
2011 – San Diego police officer Jeremy Henwood (36) died one day after being shot in the face while sitting in his patrol car. Suspect Dejon Marquee White (23) was fatally shot by police as he tried to avoid arrest.
2011 –  In Ohio a family argument outside Akron ended in the shooting deaths of eight people in two places, including an 11-year-old. Two more people were wounded.
2012 – In Arizona Jared Lee Loughner pleaded guilty to 19 of 49 charges related to the Jan 8, 2011, shootings that killed six people and wounded then Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and twelve others. The government agreed not to seek the death penalty in the plea deal.
2012 – In Louisiana police found the body of Michaela “Mickey” Shunick. She had been last seen riding her bicycle from a friend’s house early May 19, days before her 22nd birthday. Eight days later, the bike was found partially submerged in a swampy area under a highway bridge.



1726 – James Bowdoin – American Revolutionary leader and politician (d. 1790)
1742 -Nathanael Greene –  American Revolutionary general (d. 1786)
1903 – Ralph Johnson Bunche – American political scientist and diplomat who received the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his late 1940s mediation in Palestine. He was the first African-American to be so honored in the history of the Prize.
1942 – B.J. Thomas, American singer
1944 – Robert Mueller, Director of the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation)
1950 – Alan Keyes – American diplomat and political activist
1963 – Patrick Bouvier Kennedy – son of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy
1966 – Jimmy Wales – American Internet entrepreneur and co-founder and promoter of Wikipedia.




 Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company H, 2d Battalion, 3d Marines, 3d Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Place and Date: Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, 7 August 1969. Entered service at: Jacksonville, Fla. Born: 7 May 1950, Schenectady, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as grenadier with Company H in connection with combat operations against the enemy. Pfc. Carter’s unit was maneuvering against the enemy during Operation Idaho Canyon and came under a heavy volume of fire from a numerically superior hostile force. The lead element soon became separated from the main body of the squad by a brush fire. Pfc. Carter and his fellow Marines were pinned down by vicious crossfire when, with complete disregard for his safety, he stood in full view of the North Vietnamese Army soldiers to deliver a devastating volume of fire at their positions. The accuracy and aggressiveness of his attack caused several enemy casualties and forced the remainder of the soldiers to retreat from the immediate area. Shouting directions to the Marines around him, Pfc. Carter then commenced leading them from the path of the rapidly approaching brush fire when he observed a hostile grenade land between him and his companions. Fully aware of the probable consequences of his action but determined to protect the men following him, he unhesitatingly threw himself over the grenade, absorbing the full effects of its detonation with his body. Pfc. Carter’s indomitable courage, inspiring initiative, and selfless devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country .






 Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Infantry, U.S. Army Training Advisory Group. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 7 August 1971. Entered service at: Fargo, N. Dak. Born: 25 February 1946, Fargo, N. Dak. Citation: 1st Lt. Hagen distinguished himself in action while serving as the team leader of a small reconnaissance team operating deep within enemy-held territory. At approximately 0630 hours on the morning of 7 August 1971 the small team came under a fierce assault by a superior-sized enemy force using heavy small arms, automatic weapons, mortar, and rocket fire. 1st Lt. Hagen immediately began returning small-arms fire upon the attackers and successfully led this team in repelling the first enemy onslaught. He then quickly deployed his men into more strategic defense locations before the enemy struck again in an attempt to overrun and annihilate the beleaguered team’s members. 1st Lt. Hagen repeatedly exposed himself to- the enemy fire directed at him as he constantly moved about the team’s perimeter, directing fire, rallying the members, and resupplying the team with ammunition, while courageously returning small arms and hand grenade fire in a valorous attempt to repel the advancing enemy force. The courageous actions and expert leadership abilities of 1st Lt. Hagen were a great source of inspiration and instilled confidence in the team members. After observing an enemy rocket make a direct hit on and destroy one of the team’s bunkers, 1st Lt. Hagen moved toward the wrecked bunker in search for team members despite the fact that the enemy force now controlled the bunker area. With total disregard for his own personal safety, he crawled through the enemy fire while returning small-arms fire upon the enemy force. Undaunted by the enemy rockets and grenades impacting all around him, 1st Lt. Hagen desperately advanced upon the destroyed bunker until he was fatally wounded by enemy small arms and automatic weapons fire. With complete disregard for his personal safety, 1st Lt. Hagen’s courageous gallantry, extraordinary heroism, and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty, at the cost of his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon him and the U.S. Army.





 Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near La Lande, France, 17 August 1944.Entered service at: Chicago, 111. Born: 31 October 1909, Carlisle, W. Va. G.O. No.: 7, 1 February 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 17 August 1944, near La Lande, France, he climbed on top of a knocked-out tank, in the face of withering machinegun fire which had halted the advance of his company, in an effort to locate the source of this fire. Although bullets ricocheted off the turret at his feet, he nevertheless remained standing upright in full view of the enemy for over two minutes. Locating the enemy machineguns on a knoll 200 yards away, he ordered two squads to cover him and led his men down an irrigation ditch, running a gauntlet of intense machinegun fire, which completely blanketed fifty yards of his advance and wounded four of his men. While the Germans hurled hand grenades at the ditch, he stood his ground until his squad caught up with him, then advanced alone, in a wide flanking approach, to the rear of the knoll. He walked deliberately a distance of forty yards, without cover, in full view of the Germans and under a hail of both enemy and friendly fire, to the first machinegun and knocked it out with a single short burst. Then he made his way through the strong point, despite bursting hand grenades, toward the second machinegun, twenty-five yards distant, whose two-man crew swung the machinegun around and fired two bursts at him, but he walked calmly through the fire and, reaching the edge of the emplacement, dispatched the crew. Signaling his men to rush the rifle pits, he then walked thirty-five yards further to kill an enemy rifleman and returned to lead his squad in the destruction of the eight remaining Germans in the strong point. His audacity so inspired the remainder of the assault company that the men charged out of their positions, shouting and yelling, to overpower the enemy roadblock and sweep into town, knocking out two antitank guns, killing thirty-seven Germans and capturing twenty-six  others. He had sparked and led the assault company in an attack which overwhelmed the enemy, destroying a roadblock, taking a town, seizing intact three bridges over the Maravenne River, and capturing commanding terrain which dominated the area.



(Air Mission)

 Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army Air Corps, Heavy Bombardment Squadron. Place and date: Near Rabaul, New Britain, 6-7 August 1942.Entered service at: Plymouth, N.H. Birth: Plymouth, N.H. G.O. No.: 59, 4 November 1942. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy on 6-7 August 1942. When one engine of the bombardment airplane of which he was pilot failed during a bombing mission over New Guinea, Capt. Pease was forced to return to a base in Australia. Knowing that all available airplanes of his group were to participate the next day in an attack on an enemy-held airdrome near Rabaul, New Britain, although he was not scheduled to take part in this mission, Capt. Pease selected the most serviceable airplane at this base and prepared it for combat, knowing that it had been found and declared unserviceable for combat missions. With the members of his combat crew, who volunteered to accompany him, he rejoined his squadron at Port Moresby, New Guinea, at 1 a.m. on 7 August, after having flown almost continuously since early the preceding morning. With only three hours’ rest, he took off with his squadron for the attack. Throughout the long flight to Rabaul, New Britain, he managed by skillful flying of his unserviceable airplane to maintain his position in the group. When the formation was intercepted by about 30 enemy fighter airplanes before reaching the target, Capt. Pease, on the wing which bore the brunt of the hostile attack, by gallant action and the accurate shooting by his crew, succeeded in destroying several Zeros before dropping his bombs on the hostile base as planned, this in spite of continuous enemy attacks. The fight with the enemy pursuit lasted 25 minutes until the group dived into cloud cover. After leaving the target, Capt. Pease’s aircraft fell behind the balance of the group due to unknown difficulties as a result of the combat, and was unable to reach this cover before the enemy pursuit succeeded in igniting one of his bomb bay tanks. He was seen to drop the flaming tank. It is believed that Capt. Pease’s airplane and crew were subsequently shot down in flames, as they did not return to their base. In voluntarily performing this mission Capt. Pease contributed materially to the success of the group, and displayed high devotion to duty, valor, and complete contempt for personal danger. His undaunted bravery has been a great inspiration to the officers and men of his unit.






 Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Marine Corps, commanding officer of the 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Solomon Islands, 7 August to 9 December 1942.Entered service at: Virginia. Born: 13 March 1887, Charlottesville, Va. Citation: For outstanding and heroic accomplishment above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the 1st Marine Division in operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands during the period 7 August to 9 December 1942. With the adverse factors of weather, terrain, and disease making his task a difficult and hazardous undertaking, and with his command eventually including sea, land, and air forces of Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, Maj. Gen. Vandegrift achieved marked success in commanding the initial landings of the U.S. forces in the Solomon Islands and in their subsequent occupation. His tenacity, courage, and resourcefulness prevailed against a strong, determined, and experienced enemy, and the gallant fighting spirit of the men under his inspiring leadership enabled them to withstand aerial, land, and sea bombardment, to surmount all obstacles, and leave a disorganized and ravaged enemy. This dangerous but vital mission, accomplished at the constant risk of his life, resulted in securing a valuable base for further operations of our forces against the enemy, and its successful completion reflects great credit upon Maj. Gen. Vandegrift, his command, and the U.S. Naval Service.



INTERIM 1871-1898



 Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1855, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 180, 10 October 1872. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Wachusett off Cowes, 7 August 1872. Jumping overboard into a strong tideway, Bradley attempted to save Philip Cassidy, landsman, of the U.S.S. Wabash, from drowning.



INTERIM 1871-1898


 Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1855, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 218, 24 August 1876. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Plymouth, Halifax Harbor, Nova Scotia, 7 August 1876. Acting gallantly, Connolly succeeding in rescuing a citizen from drowning on this date.




 Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Moorfield, W. Va., 7 August 1864.Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa. Born: 24 April 1843, Ireland. Date of issue: 13 June 1894. Citation: After being most desperately wounded, he captured the colors of the 8th Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).





 Rank and organization: Commissary Sergeant, Company D, 12th Missouri Cavalry. Place and date: At Tallahatchie River, Miss., 7 August 1864. Entered service at: Rockport, Atchison County, Mo. Birth: Allegany County, Md. Date of issue: 24 August 1905. Citation: Was 1 of 4 volunteers who swam the river under a brisk fire of the enemy’s sharpshooters and brought over a ferry boat by means of which the troops crossed and dislodged the enemy from a strong position.


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Unerased History – August 6th

Posted by Wayne Church on August 6, 2014 in 08 - August, Blog by month |
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Fresh Breath Day
Gossip Day

Anniversary of Hiroshima 

WD-40  – Water Displacement #40


The product began from a search for a rust preventative solvent and degreaser to protect missile parts.

WD-40 was created in 1953 by three technicians at the San Diego Rocket Chemical Company. Its name comes from the project that was to find a “water displacement” compound. They were successful with the fortieth formulation, thus WD-40. The Corvair Company bought it in bulk to protect their atlas missile parts.

The workers were so pleased with the product, they began smuggling (also known as “shrinkage” or “stealing”) it out to use at home. The executives decided there might be a consumer market for it and put it in aerosol cans. The rest, as they say, is history.

Manufacturer recommended uses include:
Protects silver from tarnishing

Removes road tar and grime from cars

Loosens stubborn zippers

Untangles jewelry chains

Keeps ceramic or terra-cotta garden pots from oxidizing

Keeps scissors working smoothly

Lubricates noisy hinges

Rids rocking chairs and swings from squeaky noises.

Lubricates tracks in sticky windows.

Spray on umbrella stem to make it open and close better

Restores and cleans roof racks on vehicles

Lubricates and stops squeaks in electric fans

Lubricates wheel- sprockets on bicycles, etc.

Keeps rust from forming on saws, saw blades and other tools

Lubricates prosthetic limbs

Keeps pigeons off the balcony (they hate the smell)

Removes all traces of duct tape

If sprayed on the distributor cap on a car, it will displace the water and allow the car to start.

Removes black scuff marks from kitchen floors. Be sure to wash off before walking on it. It makes floors extremely slick.

Use to remove “bug-guts” from your cars exterior finish.


There are a number of other uses that WD-40 can be used for but not all are recommended by the manufacturer. They include:

Cleans and lubricates guitar strings

Keeps flies off of cows.

Restores and cleans chalkboards

Removes lipstick stains

Removes stains from stainless steel sinks and appliances.

Removes dirt and grime from the barbeque grill.

Removes tomato stains from clothing

Keeps glass (and plastic) shower doors free from stains

Keeps glass mirrors from fogging

Removes crayon from walls. Spray-on and wipe with a clean rag.


Ken East (one of the original founders) says that there is nothing in WD-40 that can harm you.



“Enjoy everything that happens in your life, but never make your happiness or success dependent on an attachment to any person, place, or thing.” 

~ Dr. Wayne Dyer


supercilious soo-puhr-SIL-ee-uhs, adjective:

Disdainfully arrogant; haughty.  


1181 – Supernova observed by Chinese & Japanese astronomers. It was a supernova and lasted approximately 6 months.
1777 – General Nicholas Herkimer falls at the Battle of Oriskany. He was a militia general during the Revolutionary War.
1780 – Battle of Hanging Rock near Charleston S.C.
1787 – Delegates to the Constitutional Convention began debating the first complete draft of the proposed Constitution of the United States of America, in Philadelphia. It lasted four days and the results included the establishment of a four year term of office for the President, granting Congress the right to regulate foreign trade and interstate commerce, and the appointment of a committee to prepare a final draft of the Constitution.
1815 – US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli. America’s involvement in the Tripolitan War suppressed pirate terrorism in the Mediterranean only after resolute action. It also saw the development of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps with their proud traditions, and for the first time America made its presence known.
1819 – Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
1847 – LtCol S. E. Watson’s Marines commenced their march on the “Halls of Montezuma” in Mexico.
1862 – Civil War: The C.S.S. Arkansas, the most feared Confederate ironclad on the Mississippi River, is blown up by her crew after suffering mechanical problems during a battle with the U.S.S. Essex near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate Rebels evacuated Ft. Powell, Mobile Bay. (See August 5 for the Battle of Mobile Bay).
1878 – The last sailing cutter built for the Revenue Service, USRC Chase, was completed.
1889 – The screw bottle top was patented by Dan Rylands of Hope Glass Works, Yorkshire, England.
1890 – At Auburn Prison in New York, the first execution by electrocution in history was carried out against William Kemmler, who had been convicted of murdering his lover, Matilda Ziegler, with an axe.
1890 – “Cy” Young pitched his first professional game, and won it. He would accumulate 511 in his career.
1909 – Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip.
1914 – Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
1918 – The first American lightship to be sunk by enemy action, Lightship No. 71, was lost on her Diamond Shoals station. It was sunk by the German submarine U-104.
1926 – Gertrude Ederle of New York became the first American woman to swim the English Channel, in about 14.5 hours.
1926 – First talking picture, “Don Juan,” starring John Barrymore. Warner Brothers premiered its “Vitaphone” talking movie system in New York.
1928 – One of radio’s first serials was heard as “Real Folks” debuted on NBC.
1930 – Judge Joseph Crater, a New York Supreme Court Justice, mysteriously disappears. (see today in 1939).
1935 – William Coolidge obtained a patent for the cathode ray tube.
1939 – Dinah Shore (originally Fanny Rose) started her own show on the NBC Blue radio network.
1939 – Judge Joseph Crater is declared dead in absentia He was a judge in New York City who disappeared on the night of August 6, 1930. He was last seen leaving a restaurant on 45th Street.
1940 – Columbia Records cut the price of its 12-inch classical records. The records were priced $1.00. RCA Victor followed two weeks later.
1942 – Queen Wilhelmina, queen regnant of the Netherlands, becomes the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
1943 – World War II: In Vela Gulf there is an encounter engagement between six American destroyers and four Japanese destroyers carrying troops and supplies to Kolombangara. Three of the Japanese vessels are sunk.
1943 – World War II: The US 1st Division takes Troina, Sicily after several days of heavy fighting.
1945 – World War II: The United States dropped an atomic bomb from the “Enola Gay”, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber, named after Enola Gay Tibbets, mother of pilot Paul Tibbets,  on Hiroshima, Japan, killing an estimated 140,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.
1945 – On Guam, British Admiral Fraser, commanding the British Pacific Fleet, invests American Admiral Nimitz with the Order of Bath. The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is today the premier meritorious Order of the Crown.
1945 – The American aircraft carrier Intrepid attacks Japanese positions on Wake Island.
1945 – Major Richard I. Bong, the top-scoring American fighter ace of World War II (with 40 victories), dies while flight testing an experimental jet fighter at age 24.
1948 – Fanny Blankers-Koen (Neth) is first women to win three gold medals at the Olympics.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como, “Againgramophone12
by Gordon Jenkins, “Riders in the Sky” by Vaughn Monroe and “I’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1949 – Chicago White Sox player Luke Appling played in the 2,154th game of his 19-year, major league career.
1950 – Korean War: Marine Squadron VMF-323 flew its first air mission of the war.
1952 – Satchel Paige became the oldest pitcher to complete a major-league baseball game. St. Louis Browns beats Virgil “Fire” Trucks 1-0 in 12 innings.
1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops Billboards chart.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Letters in the Sand “by Pat Boone, “Tammygramophone12by Debbie Reynolds, “Diana” by Paul Anka and “(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1959 – The Chevrolet Corvair makes its debut.
 1960 – “I’m Sorry” by Brenda Lee topped the charts.
1960 – Chubby Checker performed “The Twist” on American TV for the first time on “American Bandstand.”
1960 – In response to a United States embargo, Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
1964 – Prometheus, the world’s oldest tree, is cut down by graduate students working with the US Forest Service. It was a Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) tree 4,862 years old which formerly grew at tree line on Wheeler Peak in eastern Nevada until it was “accidently” cut down. This made the “Oldest tree” to be  Methuselah at 4,842 years old and is located in Inyo County, CA. In 2012 a bristlecone pine in California’s White Mountains was measured by Tom Harlan to be 5062 years old, making it the oldest known tree in North America and the oldest known individual tree in the world.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” by The Rolling Stones, gramophone12I’m Henry VIII, I Am” by Herman’s Hermits, “What’s New Pussycat? “by Tom Jones and “The First Thing Ev’ry Morning (And the Last Thing Ev’ry Night)” by Jimmy Dean all topped the charts.
1965 – President Lyndon Baines Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, guaranteeing African-Americans the right to vote. It outlawed the poll taxes and literacy tests that had restricted black voter registration in the South.
1966 – “Wild Thing” by Troggs topped the charts.
1969 – The first fair ball to be hit completely out of Dodger Stadium occurred. Willie “Pops” Stargell, of the Pittsburgh Pirates, hit the ball 506 feet from home plate.
1970 – An anti-war rock festival was held at Shea Stadium in New York. Janis Joplin, Paul Simon, Steppenwolf and Johnny Winters were the acts.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Morning After” by Maureen McGovern, “Live and gramophone12Let Die” by Wings, “Diamond Girl” by Seals & Crofts and “Lord, Mr. Ford” by Jerry Reed all topped the charts.
1973 – Wolfman Jack did his first broadcast on WNBC-AM, New York, New York.
1973 – Stevie Wonder was seriously injured in a car accident. He permanently lost his sense of smell. He was in a coma for four days.
1977 – “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb topped the charts.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jessie’s Girl” by Rick Springfield, “Theme from gramophone12“Greatest American Hero” (Believe It or Not)” by Joey Scarbury, “I Don’t Need You “by Kenny Rogers and “Dixie on My Mind” by Hank Williams, Jr. all topped the charts.
1981 – Fire fighters in Indianapolis, IN, answered a false alarm. When they returned to their station it was ablaze due to a grease fire.
1983 – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police topped the charts.
1984 – Carl Lewis wins second (long jump) of four gold medals in Summer Olympics.
1985 – The 40th anniversary of the Hiroshima atomic bombing brought tens of thousands of Japanese and foreigners to Hiroshima.
1986 – William J. Schroeder died. He lived 620 days with the Jarvik-7 man-made heart. He was the world’s longest surviving recipient of a permanent artificial heart.
1988 – The Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City spurs reform of the NYPD, who were responsible for the melee that transpired the night of August 6-7.
1988 – “Roll with It” by Steve Winwood topped the charts.
1988 – Goose Gossage registers career save #300. He becomes the second pitcher in ML history to record 300 saves by retiring one batter in the Cubs 7-4 win over Philadelphia.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Batdance” by Prince, “On Our Own” by Bobby Brown, gramophone12So Alive” by Love & Rockets and “Why’d You Come in Here Lookin’ like That” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.
1991 – Peugeot says au revoir to U.S. The reason stipulated in writing was that it was a result of declining sales.
1991 – Harry Reasoner died at the age of 68. He was a newsman for CBS-TV.
1992 – Tim Berners-Lee put the first website online; it explained the World Wide Web and described how to use it.
1993 – The U.S. Senate confirmed Louis Freeh to be the director of the FBI.
1994 – “Stay (I Missed You)” by Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories topped the charts.
1994 – Randolph County High School, in Wedowee, AL, was destroyed by fire. The principal’s stand against interracial dating had caused much tension in the school.
1995 – Thousands of glowing lanterns were set afloat in rivers in Hiroshima, Japan, on the 50th anniversary of the first atomic bombing.
1996 – Officials announced the Air Force had punished 16 officers in connection with the crash that killed Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and 34 others the previous April.
1996 – NASA announced the discovery of evidence of primitive life on Mars. The evidence came in the form of a meteorite that was found in Antarctica. The meteorite was believed to have come from Mars and contained a fossil.
1996 – The US Naval Academy at Annapolis expelled fifteen midshipmen, twelve men and three women, for drug use that included LSD and marijuana.
1997 – Apple Computer and Microsoft agreed to share technology in a deal giving Microsoft a stake in Apple’s survival.
1997 – The Dow Jones reached an all-time high at 8,259.31.
1998 – Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky spent 8 1/2 hours testifying before a grand jury about her relationship with President Bill Clinton.
1998 – The last new episode of Magic Johnson’s talk show, “The Magic Hour,” aired. The musical guests on the show were Boys II Men, Simply Red, Mary J. Blige and Hanson.
1999 – Tony Gwynn became the 22nd major leaguer to reach three-thousand hits.
1999 – In Canton, Texas, a jury awarded Debbie Lovett (36) $23 million for heart-valve problems that she blamed on the diet drug combination fen-phen in the first such lawsuit to reach a jury.
2000 – In San Juan, Puerto Rico, thousands rallied to protest new US military exercises on Vieques.
2000 – In San Juan, Puerto Rico, thousands rallied to protest new US military exercises on Vieques.
2000 – Workers at Verizon, the nation’s largest local telephone company, went on an 18-day strike over working conditions and union representation.
2001 – US intelligence told Pres. Bush that al Qaeda might try to hijack American planes. The document “Bin Laden Determined to Strike in US” was presented to Bush while he was on vacation in Crawford, Texas.
2003 – Hurricane Barry hit the Florida Panhandle along with parts of Alabama and Georgia.
2004 – Arnold Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy to replace Gray Davis as governor of California to Jay Leno on the Tonight Show.
2004 – Louisiana’s Democrat Rep. Rodney Alexander (57) switched party affiliations and filed as a Republican thirty minutes before a deadline.
2005 – Chess master Bobby Fischer, apparently seeking to avoid deportation to, and trial for tax evasion in the U.S., says he is renouncing his U.S. citizenship. He lived a full citizen of Iceland until he died January 17, 2008.
2005 – Anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan, whose soldier-son, Casey, was killed in Iraq, began a weeks-long protest outside President Bush’s ranch in Texas.
2006 – Scientists said a recurring “dead zone” of low-oxygen water off the Oregon coast is larger than in previous years.
2006 – Oil giant BP announced an indefinite shutdown of the biggest oilfield in the US, at Prudhoe Bay in Alaska, after finding a pipeline leak. BP was able to maintain partial operations.
2006 – Walt Disney World hiked ticket prices for the second time in 2006, raising the cost of a basic one-day, one-park admission to $67, according to a pricing chart posted on the company’s media Web site.
2007 – US District Court judge Ronald Whyte strikes down a California law aiming to prohibit minors from buying or renting violent videogames on First Amendment grounds.
2007 – A US federal judge in LA barred the Navy from using underwater sonar blasts for anti-submarine tests off California’s Channel Islands, due to potential harm to 30 species of marine mammals including five species of endangered whales.
2007 – Six miners are trapped in a coal mine 15 miles west of Huntington, Utah. A 3.9 to 4.5 (USGS) magnitude earthquake was reported in the area around the time of the cave-in.
2008 – The FBI claims scientist Bruce Ivins was responsible for the anthrax scares of 2001 that killed five people and made 17 others ill.
2008 – Salim Ahmed Hamdan was convicted of one war crime but acquitted of another charge, arguably more serious, in the first military trial at Guantánamo Bay. Hamdan was the driver for Osama bin Laden. It was also the first war crimes conviction since WWII.
2008 – At least nine firefighters are missing and presumed dead after their Sikorsky S-61 helicopter crashes in northern California.
2009 – Senate Confirms Judge Sonia Sotomayor as Supreme Court Justice. She became the 111th justice of the Supreme Court by a vote of 68-31. She will be the first Hispanic and the third woman to serve on the court.
2010 – A 25-year-old Bosnian immigrant is arraigned in a Brooklyn United States District Court for involvement in an alleged terrorist plot to blow up New York City’s subway system.
2010 – The Pentagon makes a demand to Wikileaks that it remove its collection of classified military documents from the internet.
2010 – The Governor of California Arnold Schwarzenegger files a motion calling for same-sex marriages to resume in their state immediately.
2011 – Texas Governor Rick Perry declares August 6th a Day of Prayer.
2011 – A U.S. Boeing CH-47 Chinook military helicopter, call sign Extortion 17, was shot down while transporting a quick reaction force attempting to reinforce an engaged unit of Army Rangers in Wardak province, west of Kabul, Afghanistan. Thirty people including 22 U.S. Navy personnel, 15 of whom were Navy SEALs from the Naval Special Warfare Development Group’s Gold Squadron, two SEALs from another unit and five Naval Special Warfare support personnel died.
2012 – The Mars rover, Curiosity, lands. The 1:32 a.m. (EDT) landing came two years late. The $2.5 billion mission came in $900 million over budget. But make no doubt about how fantastic the event is for America. (See also 10:32 p.m. 8/5 PDT – Same landing)


1809 - Alfred Lord Tennyson, English poet laureate.
1861 - Edith Roosevelt, American First Lady of the United States (d. 1948). Second wife of Theodore Roosevelt.
1881 - Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish Nobel Prize-winning bacteriologist, discoverer of penicillin.
1911 - Lucille Ball, American Emmy Award-winning comedienne, actress. (d. April 26, 1989)
1917 - Robert Mitchum, American actor. (d. July 1, 1997)
1928 - Andy Warhol (Warhola), American pop artist. (d. February 22, 1987)
1951 - Catherine Hicks, American actress. Best known for her role in 7th Heaven.
1952 - Vinnie Vincent, American musician (Kiss)
1990 - Jon Benet Ramsey, American beauty pageant contestant and murder victim (d. 1996)





Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, 24th Company M, 24th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Haman, Korea, 6 August 1950. Entered service at: Bronx, N.Y. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 63, 2 August 1951. Citation: Pfc. Thompson, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. While his platoon was reorganizing under cover of darkness, fanatical enemy forces in overwhelming strength launched a surprise attack on the unit. Pfc. Thompson set up his machine gun in the path of the onslaught and swept the enemy with withering fire, pinning them down momentarily thus permitting the remainder of his platoon to withdraw to a more tenable position. Although hit repeatedly by grenade fragments and small-arms fire, he resisted all efforts of his comrades to induce him to withdraw, steadfastly remained at his machine gun and continued to deliver deadly, accurate fire until mortally wounded by an enemy grenade. Pfc. Thompson’s dauntless courage and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit on himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of military service.

It is important that we never forget that freedom is not free!!!




Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 52d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Atlanta. Ga., 6 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Jefferson County, Ohio. Date of issue: 5 April 1894. Citation: Saved the lives of some of his comrades, and greatly imperiled his own by picking up and throwing away a lighted shell which had fallen in the midst of the company.

It is important that we never forget that freedom is not free!!!



Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Engineers. Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 6 August 1862. Entered service at: Washington Territory. Birth: Olympia, Washington Territory. Date of issue: 3 July 1897. Citation: Remained on duty, while suffering from an acute illness and very weak, and participated in the action of that date. A few days previous he had been transferred to a staff corps, but preferred to remain until the close of the campaign, taking part in several actions.

It is important that we never forget that freedom is not free!!!

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