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Unerased History – February 21st

Posted by Wayne Church on February 21, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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National Cherry Pie Month

Clam Chowder Day

Cliff House

 

The Cliff House story begins in 1866. The Civil War was over and the nation turned its attention to reconstruction and rebuilding its spirit. One of the North’s military necessities during that war was to standardize railway gauges. This laid the foundation for a coordinated railway system. The Boston and Maine Railroad was about to add a spur to York, Maine, and this news was not lost on Elsie Jane, the wife of Captain Theodore Weare. She invested their money to buy Bald Head Cliff and began planning a resort. Her brother, Captain Charles Perkins, built The Cliff House with wood from the family lots.

The Cliff House thrived through the roaring 20’s, the shaky 30’s. And then…World War II. Not only was The Cliff House shuttered for the duration, it was literally drafted. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers took over the property, built a radar station and kept a 24-hour-a-day vigil for Nazi submarines in the coastal waters. German U-Boats sank 152 Allied ships in the North Atlantic in January and February of 1942. Coastal cities and towns observed nightly blackouts to prevent ships from being silhouetted against the night sky. So important was this installation on Bald Head Cliff that the Weares were barred from their own land.

When peace returned The Cliff House faced an uncertain future. Substantial damage and severe neglect had taken their toll of the property. Rumors flew that The Cliff House would never reopen. Charles, discouraged by the condition of the land and nearly broke after having been deprived of income during the seizure of the family business, decided to sell. He placed this ad in a 1946 edition of the Wall Street Journal: For Sale. 144 rooms, 90 acres, over 2500’ of ocean frontage for just $50,000.

There were no takers! So Charles turned the property over to his son, Maurice, an army veteran, who accepted the challenge with single-minded determination. Money was so scarce he even hand-rolled the mile long, blacktop driveway. In 1948, he married Charlotte Williams, The Cliff House secretary, and together they labored long and hard to overcome the countless obstacles and restore the resort’s prestige.

Since Elsie Jane first realized her dream and opened The Cliff House in 1872, there have been many changes at this Maine resort. Sensitivity to the changing needs and expectations of our guests and our willingness to evolve in anticipation of them have been the hallmarks of The Cliff House success story. One of those hallmarks is the following recipe:


The Cliff House Clam Chowder

 

 

This recipe has been on the menu since 1872.

Ingredients: Serves six.

1 slice hickory-smoked bacon, minced

1/2 teaspoon butter

1 cup onion, minced

1 medium garlic clove, minced

1 teaspoon The Cliff House Spice Blend (see below)

1 tablespoon all-purpose flour

1 can clams (6-1/2 ounces)

1 cup bottled clam juice

1-1/2 cups Half and Half

1/4 teaspoon white pepper

2 medium potatoes, boiled, peeled and diced

 

Preparation:

To Create The Cliff House Spice Blend, blend 4 tsps oregano, 4 tsps dried parsley, 2 tsps marjoram, 2 tsps dill, 4 tsps thyme, 4 tsps basil, 1 tsp sage, 4 tsps rosemary, 2 tsps tarragon, 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour, crushing in a mortar if possible. Store in a resealable plastic bag to refrigerate.

In a heavy-bottomed, 4-pint soup kettle, sauté bacon, butter, onion, garlic and The Cliff House Spice Blend over low heat. Do not allow to brown. Drain clams and set aside, reserving the juice. Slowly stir the flour and clam juices in the sauté mixture. Bring to a boil; reduce heat. Add Half and Half and simmer 20 minutes. Add white pepper, potatoes and clams. Heat to serving temperature. Do not allow to boil, as this toughens the clams. Serve at once with crackers and warm cornbread.

 

“The secret of greatness is simple: do better work than any other man in your field – and keep on doing it.”

~ Wilfred A. Peterson

adduce uh-DOOS; -DYOOS, verb:

to offer as a reason in support of an argument; bring up as an example; give as proof or evidence; cite

1775 – As troubles with Great Britain increased, colonists in Massachusetts voted to buy military equipment for 15,000 men.

1782 – US Congress passes a resolution for the establishment of a US mint.
1792 - US Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act. The closest the act came to being implemented occurred in 1868, when President Andrew Johnson came one vote short in the Senate of being removed from office after being impeached by the House of Representatives.
1795 – Freedom of worship was established in France.
1804 – British engineer Richard Trevithick demonstrated the first steam engine to run on rails.
1828 – The first issue of the Cherokee Phoenix, the first American Indian newspaper in US, was printed, both in English and in the newly invented Cherokee alphabet.
1838 – Samuel F.P. Morse gave the first public demonstration of his telegraph.
1842 – John J. Greenough of Washington, D.C. patented the sewing machine.
1846 – First US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Massachusetts.
1848 - Former president John Quincy Adams suffers a stroke on the floor of the U.S. House; dies two days later.
1848 -  Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto.
1853 – US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces.
1857 – Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US.
1857 – US issues flying eagle cents. The new cents would weigh 72 grains and be composed of 88% copper and 12% nickel.
1858 – Edwin T Holmes installs first electric burglar alarm (Boston, Mass).
1862 – Civil War: Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate troops under General Henry Hopkins Sibley attack Union troops commanded by Colonel Edward R. S. Canby near Fort Craig in New Mexico Territory.
1863 – Civil War:  The U.S.S. Thomas Freeborn and the U.S.S. Dragon engaged a Confederate battery below Fort Lowry, Virginia, while reconnoitering the Rappahannock River.
1865 – Civil War:   The gunboat fleet of Rear Admiral Porter closed Fort Strong and opened rapid fire “all along the enemy’s line” to support the Army attack ashore.
1865 – John Deere received a patent for ploughs.
1866 – Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.
1874 – Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication by George Staniford and Benet A. Dewes. They gave out copies free of charge. The paper had news stories and 43 advertisements.
1878 – The first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Company of New Haven, Connecticut.
1885 – The 555-foot-high Washington Monument was dedicated.
1887 – Oregon becomes 1st US state to make Labor Day a holiday.
1887 – The first US bacteriology laboratory opened in Brooklyn.
1893 – Thomas Edison receives two U.S. patents for a “Cut Out for Incandescent Electric Lamps” and for a “Stop Device” .
1902 – Dr Harvey Cushing, first US brain surgeon, does his first brain operation.
1903 – Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, DC.
1904 – The National Ski Association was formed in Ishpeming, MI.
1915 – World’s Fair- Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco opens.
1916 – World War I: The Battle of Verdun in northeast France began when German artillery barraged the French lines. (one million casualties). The battle ended on December 18, 1916 with a French victory over Germany.
1918 – The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo. It  was native to the eastern, midwest and plains states of the United States and was the only indigenous parrot within its range. It was believed to be poisonous.
1920 – Robert S. Johnson, American World War II fighter ace outshot Eddie Rickenbacker when he shot down 27 German planes.
1922 – Airship Rome explodes at Hampton Roads Virginia; 34 die.
1922 – WHK-AM in Cleveland OH begins radio transmissions.
1925 – The first issue of “The New Yorker” went on sale.
1931 – Alka Seltzer introduced.
1931 – Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play first exhibition night game. Both teams combined to collect twenty-three hits during the ten-inning exhibition.
1932 – William N. Goodwin of Newark, New Jersey patented the camera exposure meter.
1937 – Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman’s Arrowbile. It was intended to be an aircraft which could be landed on the street, and owned by regular people.
1940 – World War II: Europe: The Germans began construction of a concentration camp at Auschwitz.
1943 – World War II: Operation Cleanslate. Troops of the US 43rd Division (commanded by General Hester) occupy Banika and Pavuvu in the Russell Islands. There is no Japanese resistance. By the end of the month about 9000 American troops occupy these islands.
1943 – World War II: The Coast Guard Cutter USS Spencer, received credit from the U.S. Navy for attacking and sinking the U-225 in the North Atlantic.
1943 – “Free World Theatre” debuted on the Blue network (now ABC radio). The program was produced and directed by Arch Oboler.
1943 – Battle of Guadalcanal ended.
1944 – “War As It Happens” news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
1945 – World War II: The US 11th Corps completes the capture of the Bataan area of Luzon. Fighting on Corregidor continues, as does the battle for Manila.
1945 – World War II: “The Bismarck Sea” was the last U.S. Navy aircraft carrier to be sunk in combat during World War II. The escort carrier was supporting the invasion of Iwo Jima, when about 50 kamikazes attacked the U.S. Navy Task Groups 58.2 and 58.3. The ‘Saratoga” was damaged as well.
1945 – “The Lion and the Mouse” was first broadcast on “Brownstone Theatre” on the Mutual Broadcasting System.
1947 – First broadcast of first US TV soap opera “A Woman to Remember”.
1947 – Edwin H. Land publicly demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera, which could produce a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds. the Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover” by The Art Moonie Orchestra, “Ballerina” by Vaughn Monroe, “Now is the Hour” by Bing Crosby and “I’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1948 – NASCAR is incorporated.
1951 – Korean War: The U. S. Eighth Army launched Operation Killer, a counterattack to push Chinese forces north of the Han River in Korea.

1951 – Korean War: After a two-month detachment to the ROK Army, the 1st ROK Marine Regiment rejoined the U.S.1st Marine Division.
1951 – South Carolina House urged that “Shoeless Joe” Jackson be reinstated.
1952 – The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes Identity Cards in the UK to “set the people free”.
1952 – Dick Button performs first figure skating triple jump in competition.
1953 – “The Doggie in the Window” by Patti Page topped the charts.
1953 – Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81.
1953 – Francis Crick and James D. Watson discover the structure of the DNA molecule.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock and Roll Waltz by Kay Starr, “Lisbon Antigua” by Nelson Riddle, “It’s Almost Tomorrow” by The Dream Weavers, “Sixteen Tons” by Tennessee Ernie Ford all topped the charts.
1956 – A grand jury in Montgomery, Ala., indicted 115 in a Negro bus boycott.
1959 – “Stagger Lee” by Lloyd Price topped the charts.
1960 – Cuban leader Fidel Castro nationalizes all businesses in Cuba.
1963 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Want to Hold Your Hand” by The Beatles, “You Don’t Own Me” by Leslie Gore, “She Loves You” by The Beatles and “B.J. the D.J.” by Stonewall Jackson all topped the charts.
1965 – Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.
1967 – Vietnam War: Writer and historian Bernard B. Fall is killed by a Viet Cong mine while accompanying a U.S. Marine patrol along the seacoast about 14 miles northwest of Hue, on a road known as the “Street Without Joy”.
1967 – Ford recalled 217,000 cars to check brakes and steering.
1968 – Baseball announces a minimum annual salary of $10,000.
1970 – Jackson 5 make TV debut on “American Bandstand”.
1970 – “Thank You” by Sly & the Family Stone topped the charts.
1971 – A series of tornadoes cuts through Mississippi and Louisiana killing 117.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Without You” by Nilsson, “Hurting Each Other” by the  Carpenters, “Never Been to Spain” by Three Dog Night and “It’s Four in the Morning” by Faron Young all topped the charts.
1972 – The group known as Climax received a gold record for their one and only hit, “Precious and Few“.
1972 – Richard M. Nixon arrived in China for an eight-day official visit. He was the first U.S. president to visit the People’s Republic of China since its inception in 1949 and he was the first US president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the US.
1972 – The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
1974 – The last Israeli soldiers leave the west bank of the Suez Canal in carrying out a truce with Egypt.
1974 – A report claimed that the use of defoliants by the U.S. had scarred Vietnam for century. Defoliation was meant to save lives by denying the enemy cover.
1975 – Former U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H.R. Haldeman, and John D. Ehrlichman were sentenced to 2.5-8 years in prison for their roles in the Watergate cover-up.
1976 – “50 Ways to Leave Your Lover” by Paul Simon topped the charts.
1979 – Two Iowa girls High School basketball teams play 4 scoreless quarters; the game was won 4-2 in the 4th overtime period
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Do That to Me One More Time” by The Captain & Tennille, “Crazy Little Thing Called Love” by Queen, “Yes, I’m Ready” by Teri DeSario with K.C. and “Love Me Over Again” by Don Williams all topped the charts.
1981 – Dolly Parton reached the top spot on the pop music charts with “9 to 5“, from the movie of the same name, in which Dolly starred with Lily Tomlin and Jane Fonda.
1982 – “Ain’t Misbehavin’” closes at Longacre Theater,  New York City, after 1604 performances.
1983 – Donald Davis runs 1 mile backwards in 6 minutes 7.1 seconds.
1986 - Ryan White (1971-1990), AIDS patient, returned to classes at Western Middle School in Indiana. He had been expelled from middle school because of his infection. As a hemophiliac, he became infected with HIV from a contaminated blood treatment
1986 – Larry Wu-tai Chin, the first American found guilty of spying for China, killed himself in his Virginia jail cell.
1987 – “Livin’ on a Prayer” by Bon Jovi topped the charts.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Seasons Change” by Expose, “What Have I Done to Deserve This?” by Pet Shop Boys & Dusty Springfield, “Father Figure” by George Michael and “Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Star” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1989 – Pete Rose meets with Commissioner Ueberroth to discuss his gambling.
1989 –  President George H.W. Bush called Ayatollah Khomeini’s death warrant against “Satanic Verses” author Salman Rushdie “deeply offensive to the norms of civilized behavior.”
1991 – Neil Simon’s “Lost in Yonkers,” premiered in New York City.

1992 – Olympics: Kristi Yamaguchi of the United States won the gold medal in women’s figure skating at the Albertville Olympics and Nancy Kerrigan of the United States the bronze.
1994 – Jury selection began in Pensacola, Fla., in the trial of Michael F. Griffin, an anti-abortion activist accused of killing Dr. David Gunn outside a women’s clinic. Griffin was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
1995 – Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Saskatchewan, Canada.
1995 - The United States and Mexico signed an agreement to unlock $20 billion in U.S. support to stabilize the peso, but under tough conditions.
1996 – The Space Telescope Science Institute announced that photographs from the Hubble Space Telescope confirmed the existence of a “black hole” equal to the mass of two billion suns in a galaxy some 30 million light-years away.
1996 – The Glorious Church of God in Christ in Richmond, Va., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
1997 – The Empire Strikes Back was re-released to theaters in 1997 as part of the “Special Edition” of the original trilogy.
2000 – David Letterman returns to The Late Show after having an emergency quintuple heart bypass surgery.
2001 – The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to protect state governments from federal suits for damages filed by disabled employees under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
2002 – It was acknowledged that Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was dead after a video was received that showed an assailant slash his throat. On May 30, Pearl’s wife in Paris gave birth to a baby boy, Adam D. Pearl.
2002 – Olympics: Sarah Hughes (16) of Great neck, NY, won gold in the Olympics women’s free skate competition, leaving teammate Michelle Kwan to settle for a bronze.
2002 – MASS SHOOTING: In New Jersey a retired police officer, John W. Mabie (70) shot and killed his 22-year-old daughter and then killed three neighbors.
2003 – David Hasselhoff and his wife Pamela were injured in a motorcycle accident. The accident was caused by a strong gust of wind.
2003 – Michael Jordan became the first 40-year-old in NBA history to score 40 or more points in a game, getting 43 in the Washington Wizards’ 89-86 win over the New Jersey Nets.
2003 – An explosion rocked a Mobil oil refinery on the edge of Staten Island and two workers were killed.
2003 - The owners of The Station nightclub in West Warwick, R.I., where 100 people perished in a fast-moving fire the night before, denied giving the rock band Great White permission to use fireworks blamed for setting off the blaze, although the band’s singer insisted the use of pyrotechnics had been approved.
2004 - The Mississippi was closed near New Orleans following a ship collision that left five crewmen lost.
2004 - Two International Red Cross staff members visit Saddam Hussein in United States custody.
2005 – The new Atomic Testing Museum opened in Las Vegas.
2005 - Former US Presidents Bill Clinton and George H. W. Bush visit Sri Lanka to see marks of the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake.
2006 - Taser International said it is working to deliver electricity to the human body using 12-gauge shotgun shells. Test models of the XREP reached 100 feet. The US military challenged the company to extend the range to 330 feet.
2006 - US federal courts in Ohio charged three men, originally from Jordan and Lebanon, with conspiring to kill US forces in Iraq.
2006 - Google announced that it hired Dr. Larry Brilliant (61) as executive director of Google.org, a charitable effort funded by some $1 billion.
2007 – Juniata College in Huntingdon, PA defeats Susquehanna University in Selinsgrove, PA  in men’s basketball. It is their first win in a  playoff game in the history of the program which is over 100 years old.
2008 – Ben Chapman (1928-2008), film star, died. He played the creature in the film “The Creature from the Black Lagoon” (1954). This movie was one of the first 3-D movies requiring special glasses to watch it.
2008 - Google Inc. said will begin storing the medical records of a few thousand people as it tests a long-awaited health service that’s likely to raise more concerns about the volume of sensitive information entrusted to the Internet search leader.
2008 - The US Navy shoots down USA 193, a spy satellite in a decaying orbit, over the Pacific Ocean. Officials believe the targeted hydrazine fuel tank was destroyed, and no longer poses a threat.
2008 - An earthquake of 6.3 Magnitude hits 11.1 miles east/southeast of Wells, Nevada. It is 2.2 miles deep, and is felt as far away as Twin Falls, Idaho, about 125 miles away, and Salt Lake City, Utah, about 180 miles away.
2009 – The US postal service released a set of six 42-cent stamps honoring a dozen early civil rights activists.
2009 - President Barack Obama ordered the US Treasury to implement tax cuts for 95 percent of Americans, fulfilling a campaign pledge he hopes will help jolt the economy out of recession.
2009 - The Journal Register Co., a Yardley, Pa.-based company, filed for bankruptcy protection. The company owned 20 daily and 159 nondaily newspapers with some 3,500 employees.
2010 - The Space Shuttle Endeavour returned to Florida following an assembly mission to the International Space Station.
2011 - ConAgra lays off 234 workers from its Slim Jim manufacturing plant in Garner, North Carolina prior to the closure of the plant.
2011 – Four Americans taken hostage by Somali pirates off East Africa were shot and killed by their captors Monday, the U.S. military said, marking the first time U.S. citizens have been killed in a wave of pirate attacks plaguing the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean for years.
2012 –  The Obama administration is starting to shut down a program that deputized local police officers to act as immigration agents. The officers can check the immigration status of suspects and place immigration holds on them.
2012 - The International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan commissions an inquiry into allegations that Qurans were burnt at an American Air Force base as Afghans protest.
2013 - A car crash and shooting occurs at the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada, United States. Three people are dead, and six others are wounded.
2013 – Superheavyweight amateur boxer Jerimiah Moen (29) dies in the hospital after his fight during Upper Midwest Golden Gloves tournament in East Grand Forks, Minnesota.

 


1705 – Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (d. 1781)
1721 – John McKinly, was an American physician and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a veteran of the French and Indian War, served in the Delaware General Assembly, was the first elected President of Delaware, and for a time was a member of the Federalist Party. (d. 1796)
1794 – Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, was a Mexican political leader who greatly influenced early Mexican and Spanish politics and government, first fighting against independence from Spain (d. 1876)
1893 – Andrés Segovia, was a Spanish classical guitarist born in Linares, Spain who is considered to be the father of the modern classical guitar movement by most modern music scholars. (d. 1987)
1910 – Douglas Bader, was a successful fighter pilot in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. Bader is upheld as an inspirational leader and hero of the era, not least because he fought despite having lost both legs in a pre-war flying accident. (d. 1982)
1925 – Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)
1927 – Erma Bombeck, American humorist She became an American syndicated columnist whose column “At Wit’s End” humorously dealt with life as a wife and mother. Her work included “The Grass is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank.” (d. 1996)
1934 – Rue McClanahan, American actress
1936 – Barbara Jordan, American politician (d. 1996)
1946 – Tyne Daly, American actress
1947 – Olympia Snowe, American politician
1969 – Eric Wilson, American musician (Sublime)
1979 – Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress

 

  HOOPER, JOE R.
VIETNAM WAR
 

 

Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 2d Battalion (Airborne), 501st Infantry, 101st Airborne Division. Place and date: Near Hue, Republic of Vietnam, 21 February 1968. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Born: 8 August 1938, Piedmont, S.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Staff Sergeant (then Sgt.) Hooper, U.S. Army, distinguished himself while serving as squad leader with Company D. Company D was assaulting a heavily defended enemy position along a river bank when it encountered a withering hail of fire from rockets, machine guns and automatic weapons. S/Sgt. Hooper rallied several men and stormed across the river, overrunning several bunkers on the opposite shore. Thus inspired, the rest of the company moved to the attack. With utter disregard for his own safety, he moved out under the intense fire again and pulled back the wounded, moving them to safety. During this act S/Sgt. Hooper was seriously wounded, but he refused medical aid and returned to his men. With the relentless enemy fire disrupting the attack, he single-handedly stormed three enemy bunkers, destroying them with hand grenade and rifle fire, and shot two enemy soldiers who had attacked and wounded the Chaplain. Leading his men forward in a sweep of the area, S/Sgt. Hooper destroyed three buildings housing enemy riflemen. At this point he was attacked by a North Vietnamese officer whom he fatally wounded with his bayonet. Finding his men under heavy fire from a house to the front, he proceeded alone to the building, killing its occupants with rifle fire and grenades. By now his initial body wound had been compounded by grenade fragments, yet despite the multiple wounds and loss of blood, he continued to lead his men against the intense enemy fire. As his squad reached the final line of enemy resistance, it received devastating fire from four bunkers in line on its left flank. S/Sgt. Hooper gathered several hand grenades and raced down a small trench which ran the length of the bunker line, tossing grenades into each bunker as he passed by, killing all but two of the occupants. With these positions destroyed, he concentrated on the last bunkers facing his men, destroying the first with an incendiary grenade and neutralizing two more by rifle fire. He then raced across an open field, still under enemy fire, to rescue a wounded man who was trapped in a trench. Upon reaching the man, he was faced by an armed enemy soldier whom he killed with a pistol. Moving his comrade to safety and returning to his men, he neutralized the final pocket of enemy resistance by fatally wounding three North Vietnamese officers with rifle fire. S/Sgt. Hooper then established a final line and reorganized his men, not accepting treatment until this was accomplished and not consenting to evacuation until the following morning. His supreme valor, inspiring leadership and heroic self-sacrifice were directly responsible for the company’s success and provided a lasting example in personal courage for every man on the field. S/Sgt. Hooper’s actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army .

 

 

*SIMS, CLIFFORD CHESTER
VIETNAM WAR

Posthumously

 

 

Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 2d Battalion (Airborne), 501st Infantry, 101st Airborne Division. Place and Date: Near Hue, Republic of Vietnam, 21 February 1968. Entered service at: Jacksonville, Fla. Born: 18 June 1942, Port St. Joe, Fla. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Sims distinguished himself while serving as a squad leader with Company D. Company D was assaulting a heavily fortified enemy position concealed within a dense wooded area when it encountered strong enemy defensive fire. Once within the woodline, S/Sgt. Sims led his squad in a furious attack against an enemy force which had pinned down the 1st Platoon and threatened to overrun it. His skillful leadership provided the platoon with freedom of movement and enabled it to regain the initiative. S/Sgt. Sims was then ordered to move his squad to a position where he could provide covering fire for the company command group and to link up with the 3d Platoon, which was under heavy enemy pressure. After moving no more than thirty meters S/Sgt. Sims noticed that a brick structure in which ammunition was stocked was on fire. Realizing the danger, S/Sgt. Sims took immediate action to move his squad from this position. Though in the process of leaving the area two members of his squad were injured by the subsequent explosion of the ammunition, S/Sgt. Sims’ prompt actions undoubtedly prevented more serious casualties from occurring. While continuing through the dense woods amidst heavy enemy fire, S/Sgt. Sims and his squad were approaching a bunker when they heard the unmistakable noise of a concealed booby trap being triggered immediately to their front. S/Sgt. Sims warned his comrades of the danger and unhesitatingly hurled himself upon the device as it exploded, taking the full impact of the blast. In so protecting his fellow soldiers, he willingly sacrificed his life. S/Sgt. Sims’ extraordinary heroism at the cost of his life is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.

 

 

DUNLAP, ROBERT. HUGO
WW II


 

 

Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Company C, 1st Battalion, 26th Marines, 5th Marine Division. Place and date: On Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 20 and 21 February 1945. Entered service at: Illinois. Born: 19 October 1920, Abingdon, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of Company C, 1st Battalion, 26th Marines, 5th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 20 and 21 February, 1945. Defying uninterrupted blasts of Japanese artillery. mortar, rifle and machinegun fire, Capt. Dunlap led his troops in a determined advance from low ground uphill toward the steep cliffs from which the enemy poured a devastating rain of shrapnel and bullets, steadily inching forward until the tremendous volume of enemy fire from the caves located high to his front temporarily halted his progress. Determined not to yield, he crawled alone approximately two-hundred yards forward of his front lines, took observation at the base of the cliff fifty yards from Japanese lines, located the enemy gun positions and returned to his own lines where he relayed the vital information to supporting artillery and naval gunfire units. Persistently disregarding his own personal safety, he then placed himself in an exposed vantage point to direct more accurately the supporting fire and, working without respite for two days and two nights under constant enemy fire, skillfully directed a smashing bombardment against the almost impregnable Japanese positions despite numerous obstacles and heavy Marine casualties. A brilliant leader, Capt. Dunlap inspired his men to heroic efforts during this critical phase of the battle and by his cool decision, indomitable fighting spirit, and daring tactics in the face of fanatic opposition greatly accelerated the final decisive defeat of Japanese countermeasures in his sector and materially furthered the continued advance of his company. His great personal valor and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice throughout the bitter hostilities reflect the highest credit upon Capt. Dunlap and the U.S. Naval Service.

 

 

 

*GRAY, ROSS FRANKLIN
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: August 1920, Marvel Valley, Ala. Accredited to: Alabama. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a Platoon Sergeant attached to Company A, 1st Battalion, 25th Marines, 4th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Shrewdly gauging the tactical situation when his platoon was held up by a sudden barrage of hostile grenades while advancing toward the high ground northeast of Airfield No. 1, Sgt. Gray promptly organized the withdrawal of his men from enemy grenade range, quickly moved forward alone to reconnoiter and discovered a heavily mined area extending along the front of a strong network of emplacements joined by covered trenches. Although assailed by furious gunfire, he cleared a path leading through the minefield to one of the fortifications, then returned to the platoon position and, informing his leader of the serious situation, volunteered to initiate an attack under cover of three fellow Marines. Alone and unarmed but carrying a huge satchel charge, he crept up on the Japanese emplacement, boldly hurled the short-fused explosive and sealed the entrance. Instantly taken under machinegun fire from a second entrance to the same position, he unhesitatingly braved the increasingly vicious fusillades to crawl back for another charge, returned to his objective and blasted the second opening, thereby demolishing the position. Repeatedly covering the ground between the savagely defended enemy fortifications and his platoon area, he systematically approached, attacked and withdrew under blanketing fire to destroy a total of six Japanese positions, more than twenty-five troops and a quantity of vital ordnance gear and ammunition. Stouthearted and indomitable, Sgt. Gray had single-handedly overcome a strong enemy garrison and had completely disarmed a large minefield before finally rejoining his unit. By his great personal valor, daring tactics and tenacious perseverance in the face of extreme peril, he had contributed materially to the fulfillment of his company mission. His gallant conduct throughout enhanced and sustained the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.

 

McCARTHY, JOSEPH JEREMIAH
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, 2d Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division. Place and date: Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Entered service at: Illinois. Born: 10 August 1911, Chicago, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of a rifle company attached to the 2d Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on  21 February 1945. Determined to break through the enemy’s cross-island defenses, Capt. McCarthy acted on his own initiative when his company advance was held up by uninterrupted Japanese rifle, machinegun, and high-velocity 47mm fire during the approach to Motoyama Airfield No. 2. Quickly organizing a demolitions and flamethrower team to accompany his picked rifle squad, he fearlessly led the way across seventy-five yards of fire-swept ground, charged a heavily fortified pillbox on the ridge of the front and, personally hurling hand grenades into the emplacement as he directed the combined operations of his small assault group, completely destroyed the hostile installation. Spotting two Japanese soldiers attempting an escape from the shattered pillbox, he boldly stood upright in full view of the enemy and dispatched both troops before advancing to a second emplacement under greatly intensified fire and then blasted the strong fortifications with a well-planned demolitions attack. Subsequently entering the ruins, he found a Japanese taking aim at one of our men and, with alert presence of mind, jumped the enemy, disarmed and shot him with his own weapon. Then, intent on smashing through the narrow breach, he rallied the remainder of his company and pressed a full attack with furious aggressiveness until he had neutralized all resistance and captured the ridge. An inspiring leader and indomitable fighter, Capt. McCarthy consistently disregarded all personal danger during the fierce conflict and, by his brilliant professional skill, daring tactics, and tenacious perseverance in the face of overwhelming odds, contributed materially to the success of his division’s operations against this savagely defended outpost of the Japanese Empire. His cool decision and outstanding valor reflect the highest credit upon Capt. McCarthy and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.

 

*RUHL, DONALD JACK
WW II

Posthumously

 

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born 2 July 1923, Columbus, Mont. Accredited to: Montana. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a rifleman in an assault platoon of Company E, 28th Marines, 5th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 to 21 February 1945. Quickly did he press the advantage after eight Japanese had been driven from a blockhouse on D-day, Pfc. Ruhl single-handedly attacked the group, killing one of the enemy with his bayonet and another by rifle fire in his determined attempt to annihilate the escaping troops. Cool and undaunted as the fury of hostile resistance steadily increased throughout the night, he voluntarily left the shelter of his tank trap early in the morning of D-day plus one and moved out under a tremendous volume of mortar and machinegun fire to rescue a wounded Marine Iying in an exposed position approximately forty yards forward of the line. Half pulling and half carrying the wounded man, he removed him to a defiladed position, called for an assistant and a stretcher and, again running the gauntlet of hostile fire, carried the casualty to an aid station some three-hundred yards distant on the beach. Returning to his platoon, he continued his valiant efforts, volunteering to investigate and apparently abandoned Japanese gun emplacement 75 yards forward of the right flank during consolidation of the front lines, and subsequently occupying the position through the night to prevent the enemy from repossessing the valuable weapon. Pushing forward in the assault against the vast network of fortifications surrounding Mt. Suribachi the following morning, he crawled with his platoon guide to the top of a Japanese bunker to bring fire to bear on enemy troops located on the far side of the bunker. Suddenly a hostile grenade landed between the two Marines. Instantly Pfc. Ruhl called a warning to his fellow Marine and dived on the deadly missile, absorbing the full impact of the shattering explosion in his own body and protecting all within range from the danger of flying fragments although he might easily have dropped from his position on the edge of the bunker to the ground below. An indomitable fighter, Pfc. Ruhl rendered heroic service toward the defeat of a ruthless enemy, and his valor, initiative and unfaltering spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death sustain and enhance the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

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Unerased History – February 20th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 20, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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President’s Day
Northern Hemisphere Hoodie Hoo Day
John Glenn Orbits The Earth

President’s Day

 

presidents-day-picThe original version of the holiday was in commemoration of George Washington’s birthday in 1796 in the last full year of his presidency.   Washington, according to the calendar that has been used since at least the mid-18th century, was born on February 22, 1732.  According to the old style calendar in use back then, however, he was born on February 11.

At least in 1796, many Americans celebrated his birthday on the 22nd while others marked the occasion on the 11th instead. By the early 19th century, Washington’s Birthday had taken firm root in the American experience as a bona fide national holiday.  Its traditions included Birthnight Balls in various regions, speeches and receptions given by prominent public figures, and a lot of revelry in taverns throughout the land.  Then along came Abraham Lincoln, another revered president and fellow February baby (born on the 12th of the month).  The first formal observance of his birthday took place in 1865, the year after his assassination, when both houses of Congress gathered for a memorial address.  While Lincoln’s Birthday did not become a federal holiday like George Washington’s, it did become a legal holiday in several states.

In 1968, legislation (HR 15951) was enacted that affected several federal holidays.  One of these was Washington’s Birthday, the observation of which was shifted to the third Monday in February each year whether or not it fell on the 22nd.  This act, which took effect in 1971, was designed to simplify the yearly calendar of holidays and give federal employees some standard three-day weekends in the process.

Apparently, while the holiday in February is still officially known as Washington’s Birthday (at least according to the Office of Personnel Management), it has become popularly (and, perhaps in some cases at the state level, legally) known as “President’s Day.”  This has made the third Monday in February a day for honoring Washington and Lincoln, as well as all the other men who have served as President.


“To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.”

George Washington

“Let us raise a standard to which the wise and honest can repair; the rest is in the hands of God.” 
George Washington

 

“I have been driven many times upon my knees by the overwhelming conviction that I had nowhere else to go. My own wisdom and that of all about me seemed insufficient for that day.”

Abraham Lincoln

 

“With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation’s wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan – to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations.”

Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865.

sycophant SIK-uh-fuhnt, noun:

A person who seeks favor by flattering people of wealth or influence; a parasite; a toady.

 


1521 – Ponce de Leon set sail from Puerto Rico with 200 men to colonize Florida. Landing, probably at Charlotte Harbor, de Leon was wounded in an attack by the natives and the group returned to Cuba where Ponce de Leon died.
1685 -  René-Robert Cavelier establishes Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
1755 – British General Edward Braddock, accompanied by two regiments of British troops, arrived in Virginia to assume the post of commander-in-chief of all the British forces in the American colonies. He came to lead the Virginia troops in the French & Indian War.
1768 – First American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn).
1792 – The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington. Postage was 6 cents – 12 cents depending on distance.
1809 – Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state. This is when The Court achieved its current influence in the life of the United States, during the tenure of the Chief Justice John Marshall.
1815 – The USS Constitution, under Captain Charles Stewart fought the British ships Cyane and Levant. The Constitution captures both, but lost the Levant after encountering a British squadron.

1839 – Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia. In America, dueling was a tradition of the Southern gentry, which intensified in the early 19th century.
1861 – Civil War: Dept of Navy of Confederacy forms.
1864 – Civil War: The Battle of Olustee or Battle of Ocean Pond was fought near Lake City, Florida . It was the largest battle fought in Florida.
1865 – Civil War: After the evacuation of Fort Anderson, Rear Admiral Porter’s gunboats steamed seven miles up the Cape Fear River to the Big Island shallows and the piling obstructions and engaged Fort Strong’s five guns.
1865 – MIT establishes first US collegiate architectural school.
1869 – The United States Congress establishes four regiments of black troops: the Ninth and Tenth Cavalries and the 24th and 25th Infantries. They patrol the Great Plains and help to open the western frontier. They become dubbed “Buffalo Soldiers” by the Native Americans they fight, because their hair, matted by dust and sweat, is thought to resemble buffalo fur.
1869 – Tennessee Governor W.C. Brownlow declared martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis.
1872 – In New York City the Metropolitan Museum of Art opens.
1872 – Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin. The elevator was installed in the Stephens Hotel in New York City (Patent No. 123,761).
1872 – Silas Noble & JP Cooley patent a toothpick manufacturing machine.
1872 – Luther Childs Crowell from Cape Cod, Mass., received a patent for a machine that would manufacture square-bottom paper bags. Patent #123,811 allowed for the bags to have two longitudinal inward folds.
1873 – The University of California opens its first medical school in San Francisco, California.
1877 – Charles Shaler Smith’s use of a cantilever design for the bridge helped solve the difficult construction challenge of the 275 feet deep gorge of the Kentucky River. When the bridge was completed in 1877, it was not only the first cantilever bridge in North America, but also the highest and longest cantilever in the world.
1880 – The American Bell Company was incorporated.
1895 – Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver CO.
1899 – Illinois Telephone & Telegraph was granted a franchise for a Chicago freight tunnel system.
1900 – J.F. Pickering patented his airship.
1901 – The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
1907 – Pres. Theodore Roosevelt signed an immigration act which excluded “idiots, imbeciles, feebleminded persons, epileptics, insane persons” from being admitted to the US.
1915 – President Wilson opened the Panama -Pacific Expo in San Francisco to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal.  During the opening ceremonies,a 40-ton organ with 7,000 pipes played the “Hallelujah Chorus.” It was made by the Austin Organs Co. of Hartford, Conn. After the fair it was moved to the Civic Auditorium and used for 7 decades until the 1989 earthquake damaged it.
1917 -Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse’s musical “Oh, Boy!,” premiered in New York City.

1921 – The film “The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse”, starring Rudolph Valentino, premieres.
1927 – Golfers in South Carolina arrested for violating Sabbath.
1929 – Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field. The first Red Sox Sunday game actually played in Boston was a 7-3 loss to Philadelphia at Braves Field on April 28, 1929.
1931 – California gets the go-ahead by the U.S. Congress to build the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
1933 - Congress proposes the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution that will end Prohibition in the United States.
1935 – Karoline Mikkelson is first woman on Antarctica. She went ashore at Vestfold Hills.
1936 – Switzerland barred all Nazis from entering the country.
1940 – Larry Clinton and his orchestra recorded “Limehouse Blues”.
1941 – World War II: Europe: First transport of Jews going to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland.
1941 – World War II: Europe: Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation.
1941 – Prior to American involvement in WW II, the U.S. sent war planes to the Pacific. General George C. Kenney pioneered aerial warfare strategy and tactics in the Pacific theater.
1942 – World War II: Lieutenant Edward O’Hare took off from the USS Lexington and within minutes becomes America’s very first World War II flying ace. He received the Medal of Honor for his bravery and O’Hare airport in Chicago is named after him.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the internment of Japanese Americans on the West Coast
1943 – American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
1943 – The Parícutin volcano begins to form in Paricutín, México. It is a volcano in the Mexican state of Michoacán, close to a lava-covered village of the same name. It appears on many versions of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World.
1943 - The Saturday Evening Post publishes the first of Norman Rockwell’s Four Freedoms in support of United States President Franklin Roosevelt’s 1941 State of the Union address theme of Four Freedoms.
1944 – World War II: “Big Week” ended with American bomber raids on Nazi aircraft manufacturing centers.
1944 – World War II: A ferry carrying a stock of heavy water on the first stage of a journey from the Ryukan hydroelectric plant to laboratories in Germany is sunk and her cargo lost in attack by Norwegian resistance fighters. The bomb planted by Norwegian commando Knut Haukelid.
1944 – World War II: The United States takes Eniwetok Island. It is an atoll in the Marshall Islands of the central Pacific Ocean.
1944 – Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers.
1945 – World War II: American troops make slow progress toward Mount Suribachi in the south and the first airfield to the north of the beachhead. The naval bombardment groups (US TF54 and TF52), now joined by US Task Force 58, continue to provide support to the US 5th Amphibious Corps fighting on shore.
1945 – World War II: Nuremberg is attacked by 900 American B-17 bombers with 700 escort fighters. The nominal target is the passenger station and marshalling yards; the escorts conduct strafing runs on locomotives, rolling stock and parked planes.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “For Sentimental Reasons” by Nat King Cole, “A Gal in Calico” by Johnny Mercer, “Oh, But I Do” by Margaret Whiting and “So Round, So Firm, So Fully Packed” by Merle Travis all topped the charts,
1947 – Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in Los Angeles.
1949 – First International Pancake Race held (Liberal, KS)
1949 – Future teen singing idol, Ricky Nelson, began performing on his parents’ Radio show.
1951 – First Black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford).
1952 – Emmett L. Ashford becomes the first African-American umpire in organized baseball by being authorized to be a substitute umpire in the Southwestern International League.
1952 – “The African Queen“, opened in New York City at the Capitol Theatre . It is a marvelous film of romance, adventure, love and human character all set in lush location filming in Ceylon. Two of the major stars were Humphrey Bogart and Kathryn Hepburn.
1953 – August A Busch buys the Cardinals for $3.75 million. Had he not done this, St. Louis would have lost the Cards.
1953 – US Court of Appeals rules that organized baseball is a sport and not a business.
1954 – “Secret Love” by Doris Day topped the charts.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sincerely” by the McGuire Sisters, “Melody of Love” by Billy Vaughn, “Tweedle Dee” by Georgia Gibbs and “Let Me Go, Lover!” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1956 -  The US Merchant Marine Academy becomes a permanent Service Academy.
1958 – The Broadway play “The Day the Money Stopped” opened at the Belasco Theater in New York City. It featured the debut of actress Collin Wilcox-Paxton.

1959 – The FCC applied the equal time rule to TV newscasts of political candidates.
1960 – “Teen Angel” by Mark Dinning topped the charts
1962 – Mercury program: While aboard Friendship 7, U.S. Marine Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn, Jr., orbits the earth three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes, becoming the first American to orbit the earth. He did it again at age 77.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hey Paula” by Paul & Paula, “Walk like a Man” by – The Four Seasons, “Ruby Baby” by Dion and “The Ballad of Jed Clampett” by Flatt & Scruggs all topped the charts.
1964 – The Beach Boys recorded “Don’t Worry Baby“.
1965 – “This Diamond Ring” by Gary Lewis & the Playboys topped the charts
1965 – Ranger 8 crashes into the moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts.
1966 – Chester W. Nimitz (80), US admiral (WW II), died at home on Yerba Buena Island (Treasure Island) in San Francisco Bay.
1967 – Elvis Presley released his album “How Great Thou Art.” The song “How Great Thou Art” is a Christian hymn based on a Swedish poem written by Carl Gustav Boberg (1859-1940).
1967 – The 378-foot high endurance Coast Guard Cutter Hamilton, first in her class, was commissioned. This was the first class of major vessels in the U.S. government’s inventory that were powered by jet turbines.
1968 – Author of Unerased History arrived in Parris Island, S.C. for boot camp. This was one of the three times in 98 years that it snowed in Charleston and Beaufort, SC. By the 22nd it had snowed 1.3 inches.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “One Bad Apple” by the Osmonds, “If You Could Read My Mind” by Gordon Lightfoot, “Mama’s Pearl” by The Jackson 5 and “Help Me Make It Through the Night” by Sammi Smith all topped the charts.
1971 – The National Emergency Warning Center in Colorado mistakenly ordered radio and TV stations across the US to go off the air; some stations heeded the alert, which was not lifted for about 40 minutes.
1976 – Kathryn Kuhlman (b.1907), American evangelist and faith healer, died in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
1978 – The cover of Time magazine was titled “The Computer Society” and featured a graphic of human bodies with heads of electronic gizmos.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Da Ya Think I’m Sexy?” by Rod Stewart, “Y.M.C.A.” by Village People, “A Little More Love” by Olivia Newton-John and “Every Which Way But Loose” by Eddie Rabbitt all topped the charts.
1981 – The space shuttle Columbia cleared the final major hurdle to its maiden launch as the spacecraft fired its three engines in a 20-second test.
1982 – “Centerfold” by the J. Geils Band topped the charts.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Livin’ on a Prayer” by Bon Jovi, “Change of Heart” by Cyndi Lauper, “Touch Me (I Want Your Body)” by Samantha Fox and “How Do I Turn You On” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1987 – Unabomber: In Salt Lake City, Utah, a bomb explodes in a computer store. Gary Wright, computer store owner is injured in the bombing.
1987 – David Hartman quits ABC’s “Good Morning America”, after 11 years.
1988 – Peter Kalikow purchased the NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million.
1991 – Quincy Jones’ “Back on the Block” was named album of the year at the 33rd Annual Grammy Awards. (57:58)
1992 – H. Ross Perot announces he will run for President during an appearance on the Larry King Show.
1993 – Florida Marlins open their first spring training camp.
1994 – Bosnian Serbs, faced with the threat of air strikes, pulled back most of their heavy guns from around Sarajevo as a NATO deadline approached.
1995 – American Marine, Sgt. Justin A. Harris, died in a helicopter crash during the evacuation of United Nations forces from Somalia.
1997 – Ben and Jerry’s introduced an ice cream  called “Phish Food”. It was named after the rock group Phish.
1998 – American figure skater Tara Lipinski becomes the youngest gold-medalist (15) at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.
1998 – The Nashville Banner daily newspaper in Nashville, Tennessee publishes its last edition.
1998 – In New York an FBI sting led to the arrest of two Chinese conspiring to arrange transplants of organs taken from the bodies of executed Chinese inmates.
2000 – ABC-TV aired the “Little Richard” TV movie. (1:27:58)
2001 – Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at Edwards Air Force Base following a 13-day mission to the International Space Station. Three straight days of bad weather prevented the ship from returning to its Florida home port.
2001 – The government announced the arrest of veteran FBI agent Robert Philip Hanssen. He was accused of spying for Russia for more than 15 years.
2002 – Palindrome Day, At 8:02 pm, on February 20, 2002, the date is read officially as 20:02, 20, 02, 2002. Or 2002 2002 2002.
2003 -  In West Warwick, RI, 100 people were killed when fire destroyed the nightclub “The Station.” The fire started with sparks from a pyrotechnic display being used by Great White. Ty Longley, guitarist for Great White, was one of the victims in the fire. On September 28th, 2012  the Station Fire Memorial Foundation announced that the owner, Raymond Villanova, had donated the land to the group — which is run mostly by survivors of the blaze to officially create a memorial.

2003 – Pentagon officials said they will send over 1,700 US troops to the Philippines over the next few weeks to fight Muslim extremists.
2003 – Former Air Force Master Sgt. Brian Patrick Regan was convicted in Alexandria, Va., of offering to sell U.S. intelligence to Iraq and China but acquitted of attempted spying for Libya. Regan was later sentenced to life without parole.
2004 – In Virginia one person won at least $230 million in the Mega Millions lottery, becoming the biggest winner in the game’s history.
2004 – Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger directed the California state attorney general to take immediate legal steps to stop San Francisco from granting marriage licenses to gay couples.
2005 – In Florida Jeff Gordon won his third Daytona 500.
2006 – Scientists feared that leaping, hyperactive Asian carp, silver and bighead carp, will reach the US Great Lakes, devour the base of the food chain and spoil drinking water for 40 million people. The carp, which escaped lagoons in Arkansas during late 1990s flooding, could set off an ecological collapse in the lakes.
2007 – In a victory for President Bush, a divided federal appeals court ruled that Guantanamo Bay detainees could not use the U.S. court system to challenge their indefinite imprisonment.
2007 – Jerry Yang (38), co-founder of Yahoo, donated $75 million to Stanford University. Yang and David Filo founded Yahoo in March, 1995.
2008 – A US Navy SM-3 missile knocked out a dying US spy satellite. Officials said the intent was to destroy an onboard tank of toxic fuel.
2009 – Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal announced that he will decline stimulus money specifically targeted at expanding state unemployment insurance coverage, becoming the first state executive to officially refuse any part of the federal government’s payout to states.
2011 – Trevor Bayne, 20, becomes youngest winner in Daytona 500 history.
2011 - The Western Conference defeats the Eastern Conference in the 2011 NBA All-Star Game 148-143 played in Los Angeles.
2012 - Scientists report regenerating specimens of Silene stenophylla from a 31,800 year old piece of fruit, greatly surpassing the previous record for oldest plant successfully regenerated.
2013 - A United States federal grand jury in Georgia indicts four employees of bankrupt Virginia-based Peanut Corporation of America for the 2009 salmonella outbreak that killed nine people and infected hundreds.

 

 

1726 – William Prescott, U.S. Revolutionary War hero at the Battle of Bunker Hill
1839 – Benjamin Waugh was an American ministewho founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) in the late 19th century (d. 1908)
1844 – Ludwig Boltzmann was an Austrian physicist famous for his founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics. (d. 1906)
1899 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman.  (d. 1992)
1902 – Ansel Adams was an American photographer and environmentalist, best known for his black-and-white photographs of the American West and primarily Yosemite National Park. (d. 1984)
1906 – Gale Gordon, American television and radio actor. (d. 1995)
1914 – John Daly, was a journalist, game show host, radio personality, actor, and author. (d. 2001)
1924 – Gloria Vanderbilt, American artist, actress, and socialite most noted as an early developer of designer blue jeans.
1925 – Robert Altman, American film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with a stylized perspective. (d. 2006)
1927 – Roy Cohn, American lawyer who came to prominence during the investigations by Senator Joseph McCarthy into alleged Communists. (d. 1986)
1927 – Sidney Poitier, Academy Award-winning actor, film director, and activist. He became the first Bahaman American to win an Oscar for his role in “Lilies in the Field.”
1929 – Amanda Blake, American actress best known for the role of the red-haired “Miss Kitty” on the longest-running television drama, CBS’s Gunsmoke series (1955-1975). (d. 1989)
1934 – Bobby Unser, retired U.S. automobile racer. He is the brother of Al Unser and Jerry Unser, the father of Robby Unser, and the uncle of Al Unser, Jr. and Johnny Unser.
1937 – Roger Penske, Owner of a very successful automobile racing team Penske Racing, the Penske Corporation, and other automotive related.
1942 – Mitch McConnell, is the senior United States Senator from Kentucky. He was chosen by his Republican colleagues as the Minority Leader in November 2006.
1946 – Sandy Duncan, American singer and actress of stage and television. Her most notable trademarks are her pixie blonde hairdo and her perky demeanor.
1954 – Patty Hearst, now known as Patricia Hearst Shaw, American newspaper heiress and occasional actress.
1963 – Charles Barkley,retired American professional basketball player. Commonly nicknamed “Sir Charles” and “The Round Mound of Rebound”.
1966 – Cindy Crawford is an American supermodel, MTV television personality, celebrity endorser, cover girl, and actress.
1975 – Brian Littrell, is an American musician and member of the Backstreet Boys.

 

 

 

*DAMATO, ANTHONY PETER
WW II

Posthumously

 

 

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 28 March 1922, Shenandoah, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with an assault company in action against enemy Japanese forces on Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, on the night of 19-20 February 1944. Highly vulnerable to sudden attack by small, fanatical groups of Japanese still at large despite the efficient and determined efforts of our forces to clear the area, Cpl. Damato lay with two comrades in a large foxhole in his company’s defense perimeter which had been dangerously thinned by the forced withdrawal of nearly half of the available men. When one of the enemy approached the foxhole undetected and threw in a hand grenade, Cpl. Damato desperately groped for it in the darkness. Realizing the imminent peril to all three and fully aware of the consequences of his act, he unhesitatingly flung himself on the grenade and, although instantly killed as his body absorbed the explosion, saved the lives of his twocompanions. Cpl. Damato’s splendid initiative, fearless conduct and valiant sacrifice reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his comrades.

 

  LAWLEY, WILLIAM R., JR. (Air Mission)
WW II
 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 364th Bomber Squadron, 305th Bomber Group. Place and date: Over Europe, 20 February 1944. Entered service at: Birmingham, Ala. Born: 23 August 1920, Leeds, Ala. G.O. No.: 64, 8 August 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty, 20 February 1944, while serving as pilot of a B-17 aircraft on a heavy bombardment mission over enemy-occupied continental Europe. Coming off the target he was attacked by approximately twenty enemy fighters, shot out of formation, and his plane severely crippled. Eight crewmembers were wounded, the copilot was killed by a 20-mm. shell. One engine was on fire, the controls shot away, and 1st Lt. Lawley seriously and painfully wounded about the face. Forcing the copilot’s body off the controls, he brought the plane out of a steep dive, flying with his left hand only. Blood covered the instruments and windshield and visibility was impossible. With a full bomb load the plane was difficult to maneuver and bombs could not be released because the racks were frozen. After the order to bail out had been given, one of the waist gunners informed the pilot that two crewmembers were so severely wounded that it would be impossible for them to bail out. With the fire in the engine spreading, the danger of an explosion was imminent. Because of the helpless condition of his wounded crewmembers 1st Lt. Lawley elected to remain with the ship and bring them to safety if it was humanly possible, giving the other crewmembers the option of bailing out. Enemy fighters again attacked but by using masterful evasive action he managed to lose them. One engine again caught on fire and was extinguished by skillful flying. 1st Lt. Lawley remained at his post, refusing first aid until he collapsed from sheer exhaustion caused by loss of blood, shock, and the energy he had expended in keeping control of his plane. He was revived by the bombardier and again took over the controls. Coming over the English coast one engine ran out of gasoline and had to be feathered. Another engine started to burn and continued to do so until a successful crash landing was made on a small fighter base. Through his heroism and exceptional flying skill, 1st Lt. Lawley rendered outstanding distinguished and valorous service to our Nation.

 

  LUCAS, JACKLYN HAROLD
WW II
 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, 1st Battalion, 26th Marines, 5th Marine Division. Place and date: Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 20 February 1945. Entered service at: Norfolk, Va. Born: 14 February 1928, Plymouth, N.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 1st Battalion, 26th Marines, 5th Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 20 February 1945. While creeping through a treacherous, twisting ravine which ran in close proximity to a fluid and uncertain frontline on D-plus-1 day, Pfc. Lucas and three other men were suddenly ambushed by a hostile patrol which savagely attacked with rifle fire and grenades. Quick to act when the lives of the small group were endangered by two grenades which landed directly in front of them, Pfc. Lucas unhesitatingly hurled himself over his comrades upon one grenade and pulled the other under him, absorbing the whole blasting forces of the explosions in his own body in order to shield his companions from the concussion and murderous flying fragments. By his inspiring action and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice, he not only protected his comrades from certain injury or possible death but also enabled them to rout the Japanese patrol and continue the advance. His exceptionally courageous initiative and loyalty reflect the highest credit upon Pfc. Lucas and the U.S. Naval Service.

 

 

*MATHIES, ARCHIBALD
(Air Mission)

WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U .S. Army Air Corps, 510th Bomber Squadron, 351st Bomber Group. Place and date: Over Europe, 20 February 1944. Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa. Born: 3 June 1918, Scotland. G.O. No.: 52, 22 June 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy in connection with a bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe on 20 February 1944. The aircraft on which Sgt. Mathies was serving as engineer and ball turret gunner was attacked by a squadron of enemy fighters with the result that the copilot was killed outright, the pilot wounded and rendered unconscious, the radio operator wounded and the plane severely damaged. Nevertheless, Sgt. Mathies and other members of the crew managed to right the plane and fly it back to their home station, where they contacted the control tower and reported the situation. Sgt. Mathies and the navigator volunteered to attempt to land the plane. Other members of the crew were ordered to jump, leaving Sgt. Mathies and the navigator aboard. After observing the distressed aircraft from another plane, Sgt. Mathies’ commanding officer decided the damaged plane could not be landed by the inexperienced crew and ordered them to abandon it and parachute to safety. Demonstrating unsurpassed courage and heroism, Sgt. Mathies and the navigator replied that the pilot was still alive but could not be moved and they would not desert him. They were then told to attempt a landing. After two unsuccessful efforts, the plane crashed into an open field in a third attempt to land. Sgt. Mathies, the navigator, and the wounded pilot were killed.

 

  O’HARE, EDWARD HENRY
WW II
 

Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Navy. Born: 13 March 1914, St. Louis, Mo. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Other Navy awards: Navy Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross with 1 gold star. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in aerial combat, at grave risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, as section leader and pilot of Fighting Squadron 3 on 20 February 1942. Having lost the assistance of his teammates, Lt. O’Hare interposed his plane between his ship and an advancing enemy formation of nine attacking twin-engine heavy bombers. Without hesitation, alone and unaided, he repeatedly attacked this enemy formation, at close range in the face of intense combined machinegun and cannon fire. Despite this concentrated opposition, Lt. O’Hare, by his gallant and courageous action, his extremely skillful marksmanship in making the most of every shot of his limited amount of ammunition, shot down five enemy bombers and severely damaged a sixth before they reached the bomb release point. As a result of his gallant action–one of the most daring, if not the most daring, single action in the history of combat aviation–he undoubtedly saved his carrier from serious damage.

 

 

 

  *TRUEMPER, WALTER E.
(Air Mission)
WW II
Posthumously
 

Rank and organization Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps. 510th Bomber Squadron, 351st Bomber Group. Place and date: Over Europe, 20 February 1944. Entered service at: Aurora, Ill. Born: 31 October 1918, Aurora, Ill. G.O. No.: 52, 22 June 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy in connection with a bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe on 20 February 1944. The aircraft on which 2d Lt. Truemper was serving as navigator was attacked by a squadron of enemy fighters with the result that the copilot was killed outright, the pilot wounded and rendered unconscious, the radio operator wounded and the plane severely damaged Nevertheless, 2d Lt. Truemper and other members of the crew managed to right the plane and fly it back to their home station, where they contacted the control tower and reported the situation. 2d Lt. Truemper and the engineer volunteered to attempt to land the plane. Other members of the crew were ordered to jump, leaving 2d Lt. Truemper and the engineer aboard. After observing the distressed aircraft from another plane, 2d Lt. Truemper’s commanding officer decided the damaged plane could not be landed by the inexperienced crew and ordered them to abandon it and parachute to safety. Demonstrating unsurpassed courage and heroism, 2d Lt. Truemper and the engineer replied that the pilot was still alive but could not be moved and that they would not desert him. They were then told to attempt a landing. After two unsuccessful efforts their plane crashed into an open field in a third attempt to land. 2d Lt. Truemper, the engineer, and the wounded pilot were killed.

 

 

 

 

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Unerased History – February 19th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 19, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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Chocolate Mint Day
Love Your Dog Day
Iwo Jima Landing Day

 

The Burr Conspiracy

On February 19th, 1807 the soldiers from Ft. Stoddert, Louisiana Territory, captured the fugitive Aaron Burr former Vice President,on a muddy road near the hamlet of Wakefield, Washington County, Alabama. Burr’s fall from grace seemed total. The former vice president, who at one time, dressed as magnificently as any head of state, wore a battered beaver hat and ragged wool coat. The man who had charmed women by the score, sported a scruffy crop of whiskers. Aaron Burr had traveled West just six months before to carve out his own empire. Now, he would return East to stand trial for treason in Richmond, Va.

It has been over 200 years but the exact details of what became known as the Burr Conspiracy remain unknown. But the conspiracy probably began sometime in early 1804, just months before Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel. It is believed that Aaron Burr’s attempt to detach the Western states and the Louisiana Territory from the Union were his attempt to regain his pre-eminence. Vice President Burr’s political hopes in the East were fading by then. And after he killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel on July 11, they would die completely. But Burr saw a chance to revive his fortunes. If the East wouldn’t crown him, the West just might.

Burr turned to the newly acquired Territory of Louisiana. The land was mostly unsettled and its borders were disputed by Spain. Many of its residents talked openly of secession and Burr believed that with a relatively small and well-armed military force, he could pry territory from Louisiana and build his own empire.

Burr would need an army to accomplish his objectives. He had many co-conspirators but the obvious one was General James Wilkinson, Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Army. Wilkinson had befriended Burr during the Revolutionary War and after the war Burr convinced President Jefferson to give the governorship of Northern Louisiana to Wilkinson.

Wilkinson represented a logical choice for Burr even though he had some significant faults such as the fact that he was arrogant, unscrupulous, and  he was overly fond of liquor. As commander-in chief, however,  Wilkinson controlled the military and could move about the West without suspicion to cultivate alliances. Burr needed to search for supporters with even more power.

In August 1804 the vice president contacted Anthony Merry, Britain’s Minister to the United States. Burr offered to help Britain take Western territory from the United States. Merry immediately sent a dispatch to Britain, detailing Burr’s offer to “effect a separation of the western part of the United States” from the rest of the country. In return, Burr wanted money and ships to carry out his conquest.

In April, 1805, shortly after his term as vice president ended, Burr journeyed West on a reconnaissance mission. In town after town, he dropped hints of the expedition to come. And in town after town, he met men that he believed would support him in his enterprise. One of these men, Harman Blennerhassett, would prove a loyal follower.

Blennerhassett, an eccentric Irish gentleman, had come to the United States with a fortune in hand. On a small island in the Ohio River near Marietta, he had built himself a mansion. There, with his wife and children, he lived a life of luxury. But thanks to Aaron Burr’s scheme, Blennerhassett’s paradise would soon crumble.

Problems still remained. Support from the British had not yet arrived. In fact, it never would — nor would assistance from Spain. Rumors about Burr’s plans began to circulate and had even been published in Eastern newspapers. Unshaken, Burr continued his quest for support.

Meanwhile, the border conflict with Spain had begun to heat up. This fit perfectly into Burr’s plan. Jefferson would order Wilkinson to Louisiana with U.S. troops. In the name of U.S. sovereignty, Wilkinson and Burr could attack Texas or even Mexico. Burr could then declare himself ruler of the conquered lands.

Finally ready to move forward, Burr sent a coded letter to Wilkinson outlining his plans. The document would become known as the Cipher Letter, and would figure prominently at Burr’s treason trial. Burr set out from Pittsburgh in August, 1806. His first stop was Blennerhassett’s, where he ordered the Irishman to outfit his island as a military encampment.

As Burr hobnobbed around Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, the trickle of rumors about him became a torrent. Particularly problematic for Burr was the U.S. Court in Frankfort, Kentucky. Burr was called by the court three times to answer charges of treason. Each time he was acquitted.

By the beginning of December, 1806, Burr’s plan was in total collapse, although he didn’t know it. Wilkinson, who by now believed Burr’s plan would fail, opted to save his own hide. On October 9, he had sent a letter to President Thomas Jefferson outlining the conspiracy, but without naming Burr. Jefferson responded with a cease and desist order. Burr was not named specifically, but he didn’t need to be. The newspapers were full of treason talk, and Burr’s name was prominently featured.

On December 9, 1806, authorities struck the first blow against Burr. Ohio militiamen captured most of his boats and supplies at a Marietta boatyard. On December 11, the militia raided Blennerhassett’s Island, but most of the men had already fled downriver. Blennerhassett’s mansion was ransacked.

When Burr rendezvoused with Blennerhassett on the Ohio River near the end of December, he expected to meet a small army. Instead, he met a force of less than 100 men. A less ambitious (or wiser) leader would have quit. But Burr proceeded, picking up what new recruits he could as they drifted down the Mississippi.

At Bayou Pierre, just 30 miles above New Orleans, the final blow came. A friend handed Burr a New Orleans newspaper. It announced a reward for the capture of Aaron Burr and reproduced in full a translation of the coded letter Burr had sent to Wilkinson.

Burr surrendered to authorities at Bayou Pierre and was arraigned before a grand jury. Burr and his men insisted that they had no intention of attacking U.S. territory, and the jury failed to return an indictment. Still, one of the two judges involved in the case ordered Burr returned to the courtroom. Convinced he would be railroaded, Burr fled into the wilderness. On February 13, 1807, a soaking wet and bedraggled Burr was captured and carried back to the federal court at Richmond, Virginia, to face trial for treason.

This was truly the trial of the century, and Aaron Burr battled for his life. Both the prosecution and the defense used the Cipher Letter to try and prove their case. But in the end, the Cipher Letter took a back seat to another, even more renowned document: the Constitution, which defines treason very specifically. Supreme Court Justice John Marshall insisted on absolute adherence to this strict definition, that there had to be an overt act but Burr’s actions did not meet that requirement. As a result he was acquitted.

But if Burr was victorious in court, he lost in the court of public opinion. Across America he was burned in effigy. Several states filed additional charges against him, and he lived in fear for his life. Wisely, Burr fled again — this time to Europe, where he tried without success to convince Britain and France to support other North American invasion plots.

After four years in exile, Aaron Burr returned to America again. In mid-1812, the country was on the brink of war with Britain, and the Burr Conspiracy seemed ancient history. Aaron Burr put up his shingle in New York as an attorney and found ready business. He would live the rest of his life in relative obscurity, his dreams of empire forever undone.

 

“Never do today what you can put off till tomorrow. Delay may give clearer light as to what is best to be done.”

~ Aaron Burr


treason  n. ˈtrē-zən

1.  the betrayal of a trust : treachery
2.  the offense of attempting by overt acts to overthrow the government of the state to which the offender owes allegiance or to kill or personally injure the sovereign or the sovereign’s family


1401 – William Sawtree, first English religious martyr, was burned in London.
1545 – Pierre Brully, [Peter Brulius], Calvinist minister, was burned to death.

1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Peace of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, which renamed it New York.
1803 – Congress voted to accept Ohio’s borders and constitution. However, Congress did not get around to formally ratifying Ohio statehood until 1953.
1807 – Aaron Burr, former US vice president, was arrested in Wakefield, Alabama on charges of plotting to annex Spanish territory in Louisiana and Mexico to be used toward the establishment of an independent republic. He was acquitted on the grounds that, although he had conspired against the United States, he was not guilty of treason because he had not engaged in an “overt act,” a requirement of treason as specified by the Constitution of the United States of America.
1814 – War of 1812: USS Constitution captures British brig Catherine.
1831 – First practical US coal-burning locomotive makes first trial run in Pennsylvania.
1845 – Lighthouse establishment transferred to Revenue Marine Bureau. Metal buoys were first put into service.
1846 – In Austin, Texas the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following Texas’ annexation by the United States. J. Pinckney Henderson took the oath of office as governor.
1847 – The Donner Party is rescued in the Sierras. It is noted that some of the survivors seem to be remarkably well-fed considering their ordeal. Rumors had it that many resorted to cannibalism to survive.
1852 – The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
1856 – Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier OH.
1858 - Leschi, a Nisqually American Indian leader from the Puget Sound region, was hanged a mile east of Fort Steilacoom. On June 10, 1857, he had been convicted of the murder of Abram Moses, a Territorial Militiaman, and was sentenced to hang. He was exonerated in 2004.
1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, NY congressman, was acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This was the first time this defense was successfully used. Sickles had shot and killed Philip Barton Key, son of Francis Scott Key, author of “Star Spangled Banner.”
1861 - President-elect Lincoln traveled through New York City on his way to Washington, D.C.
1862 – Civil War: Confederates evacuated Clarksville, Tennessee.
1862 – Civil War: Trial run of two-gun ironclad U.S.S. Monitor in New York harbor.
1862 – Congress authorized cutters to enforce law forbidding importation of Chinese “coolie” labor.
1865 – Civil War: The Confederate steamer A. H. Schultz, carrying  exchange prisoners between Richmond and the Varina vicinity on the James River was destroyed by a torpedo near Chaffin’s Bluff on the James River.
1866 – Congress passes the New Freedman’s Bureau bill, providing for military trials for people accused of depriving Blacks of their civil rights.
1869 – US Assay Office in Boise ID authorized. It was very costly to ship gold to the mint in San Francisco so a strong demand for either a federal mint or an assay office in Idaho.
1878 – The phonograph, “an improvement in phonograph or speaking machines,” is patented by Thomas Edison.
1881 – Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
1884 – A series of sixty tornadoes left an estimated 800 people dead in seven US states (MS, AL, NC, SC, TN, KY and IN). It was one of the largest outbreaks in US History.
1887 – The 49th US Congress passed the Edmunds-Tucker Act. It abolished women’s suffrage, forced wives to testify against their husbands, disincorporated the LDS Church, dismantled the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company, abolished the Nauvoo Legion, and provided that LDS Church property in excess of $50,000 would be forfeited to the United States.It is named after its sponsors, Senator George F. Edmunds of Vermont and Congressman John Randolph Tucker of Virginia. The Act was repealed in 1978.
1906 – William Kellogg established the Battle Creek Toasted Cornflake Company, selling breakfast cereals. The cereals were originally developed as a health food for psychiatric patients.Kellogg spent 2/3 of the company budget to advertise Corn Flakes.
1910 – Mary Mallon (aka Typhoid Mary) was released from 4 years of quarantine on New York’s North Brother Island. In 1914 she caused a typhus outbreak in the Sloane Maternity Hospital. She was again arrested and returned to North Brother Island where she died Nov 11, 1938.
1913 – Cracker Jack prizes are included in candy boxes for the first time.
1915 – World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli began.
1917 – World War I: American troops are recalled from the Mexican border to prepare for possible deployment to Europe. General Pershing has already been ordered off the hunt for Pancho Villa.
1921 – The U.S. Red Cross reported that approximately 20,000 children died yearly in auto accidents.
1922 – Ed Wynn became the first big-name vaudeville entertainer to sign on as a radio talent.
1925 – President Calvin Coolidge proposed the phasing out of inheritance tax.
1929 – A medical diathermy machine was first used in Schenectady, NY. Diathermy is the controlled production of “deep heating” beneath the skin in the subcutaneous tissues, deep muscles and joints for therapeutic purposes.
1934 – US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months. In the process of awarding air mail contracts there appeared to be a lot of favoritism and downright corruption, many small airlines complained. The change proved to be disastrous.
1941 – Coast Guard Reserve established. Auxiliary created from former Reserve.
1941 – World War II: The Afrika Korps, the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in North Africa, was formed.
1941 – World War II: Europe: Nazi police were attacked and driven away from Koco, Amsterdam by young Jews. Nazis raided Amsterdam and rounded up 429 young Jews for deportation.
1942 – Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded “I’ll Take Tallulah.”
1942 – World War II: nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of Darwin killing anywhere from 243 to 1100 people.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt bypasses Congress and signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps.
1942 – World War II: The Army Air Corps’ all African-American 100th Pursuit Squadron, later designated a fighter squadron, was activated at Tuskegee Institute. The squadron served honorably in England and in other regions of the European continent during World War II.
1942 – World War II: General Dwight D. Eisenhower, is appointed chief of the War Plans Division of the US Army General Staff.
1942 – World War II: New York Yankees announce 5,000 uniformed soldiers will be admitted free at each of their upcoming home games.
1943 – World War II: On Guadalcanal American reinforcements arrive as part of the buildup for the next offensive move to the Russell Islands.
1944 – World War II: The U.S. Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force began “Big Week,” a series of heavy bomber attacks against German aircraft production facilities.
1945 – World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima – about 30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima. The initial assault forces are from US 4th and 5th Marine Divisions with 3rd Marines in reserve. The 36-day battle took the lives of 7,000 Americans and about 20,000 of 22,000 Japanese defenders.
1945 – World War II: On Ramree Island off the coast of old Burma, some 900 Japanese soldiers retreated from British soldiers into an alligator filled swamp. Only about 20 men survived.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “Symphony” by The Freddy Martin Orchestra (vocal: Clyde Rogers), “I Can’t Begin to Tell You” by Bing Crosby with the Carmen Cavallaro Orchestra, “Aren’t You Glad You’re You” by Bing Crosby and “Guitar Polka” by Al Dexter all topped the charts.
1949 – Ezra Pound won the Bollingen Prize. He was an American expatriate poet and critic, and a major figure in the early modernist movement in poetry.
1949 – “A Little Bird Told Me” by Evelyn Knight topped the charts.
1953 – State of Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Oh! My Pa-Pa” by Eddie Fisher, “Secret Love” by Doris Day, “Till Then” by The Hilltoppers and “Wake Up, Irene” by Hank Thompson all topped the charts.
1955 – “Sincerely” by the McGuire Sisters topped the charts.
1955 – Dot Records launched “Two Hearts, Two Kisses, One Love“, the first single by Pat Boone.
1958 – The Miracles released their first single “Got A Job.” Second side was “My Mama Done Told Me“.
1958 -Really nasty weather in Minneapolis, MN,  hail the size of baseballs was reported with flash lightning.
1959 – USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (3,088 mph), New Mexico.
1960 – Bill Keane’s “Family Circus” cartoon strip debuts.
1960 – UniversityC Regents retracted the following question from an English aptitude test for high school applicants: “What are the dangers to a democracy of a national police organization, like the FBI, which operates secretly and is unresponsive to public criticism.” FBI director J. Edgar Hoover had organized a covert public relations campaign and put pressure on Gov. Brown to retract the question.
1960 - California Gov. Edmund G. Brown gave a 60-day stay of execution for San Quentin inmate Caryl Chessman (39), convicted sex offender and best-selling author, “The Red Light Bandit.”
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “Duke of Earl” by Gene Chandler, “Norman” by Sue Thompson, “The Wanderer” by Dion and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.
1963 – The Soviet Union informed President John F. Kennedy it would withdraw “several thousand” of its troops in Cuba.
1964 – Paul Simon writes “The Sounds of Silence,” the song which, in a year and a half, will catapult him and Art Garfunkel to stardom as Simon & Garfunkel.
1966 – “Lightnin’ Strikes” by Lou Christie topped the charts.
1968 – National Educational Television (the predecessor to the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States) debuts the children’s television program Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood .
1969 – Elvis Presley recorded the Eddie Rabbit song “Kentucky Rain.”
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin)/Everybody is a Star” by Sly & The Family Stone, “Hey There Lonely Girl” by Eddie Holman, “No Time” by The Guess Who and “It’s Just a Matter of Time” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1970 – American League Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for book-making. It was for alleged involvement in a bookmaking operation. The suspension will last three months.
1970 – Nautel introduced first solid state Radio Beacon Transmitter
1972 – “Without You” by Nilsson topped the charts.
1974 – Dick Clark premiered the “American Music Awards.”
1977 – “Blinded by the Light” by Manfred Mann’s Earth Band topped the charts.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Stayin’ Alive” by the Bee Gees, “(Love Is) Thicker Than Water” by Andy Gibb, “Just the Way You Are” by Billy Joel and “Don’t Break the Heart that Loves You” by Margo Smith all topped the charts.
1981 – The U.S. State Department called El Salvador a “textbook case” of a Communist plot.
1981 – Ford Motor Company announced a loss of $1.5 billion.
1981 – George Harrison was ordered to pay ABKCO Music the sum of $587,000 for “subconscious plagiarism” between his song, “My Sweet Lord” and the Chiffons “He’s So Fine.
1983 – “Baby, Come to Me” by Patti Austin & James Ingram topped the charts.
1983 – MASS SHOOTING: A shooting at the Wah Mee gambling parlor in Seattle, Wa., left 13 men dead. Kwan-Fai Mak and Benjamin Ng were later found guilty on 13 murder counts.
1985 – Artificial heart patient William J. Schroeder becomes the first such patient to leave hospital. He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky.
1985 – Cherry Coke was introduced by the Coca-Cola Company.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “How Will I Know” by Whitney Houston, “When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going” by Billy Ocean, “Kyrie” by Mr. Mister and “Makin’ Up for Lost Time (The Dallas Lovers’ Song)” by Crystal Gayle & Gary Morris all topped the charts.
1986 – The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station.
1986 – After waiting 37 years, the United States Senate approves a treaty outlawing genocide.
1986 - In the San Francisco Bay Area water breached a levee on the 8,800 acre Tyler Island wiping out crops and nearly destroying the Mello family’s farming business.
1987 – Anti-smoking ad airs for first time on TV, featuring Yul Brynner. This was made just before he died of lung cancer and he had expressed a desire to make an anti-smoking commercial.
1987 – President Ronald Reagan lifts trade sanctions against Poland when the Communist government releases political prisoners.
1987 – Fidel Castro resigns; younger brother Raul to succeed. See 2008.
1988 – A group calling itself the “Organization of the Oppressed on Earth” claimed responsibility for the kidnapping in Lebanon of U.S. Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins. This group is a pseudonym for or a splinter of Hezbollah.
1988 – The Coast Guard Cutter Mallow made the largest drug bust in Hawaiian waters to date. A boarding team from Mallow discovered 454 55-pound bales of marijuana aboard.
1992 – John Singleton, the first African American director to be nominated for the Academy Award is nominated for best director and best screenplay for his first film “Boyz N the Hood.”
1992 – “Crazy For You” opened at Shubert Theater in New York City for 1622 performances.
1992 – Peter Collins of Boulder, Colo., discovered Nova Cygni 1992.
1994 - American speedskater Bonnie Blair won the fourth Olympic gold medal of her career as she won the 500-meter race in Lillehammer, Norway.
1993President Clinton’s economic plan won praise from Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan. The president, visiting Hyde Park, N.Y., suggested the United States might have to consider a national sales tax “not too long in the future,” then said he’d meant in 10 years or so.
1994 – American speedskater Bonnie Blair won the fourth Olympic gold medal of her career as she won the 500-meter race in Lillehammer, Norway.
1996 – President Clinton told Monica Lewinsky that their relationship must end. It was later resumed.
1997 – FCC made available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls.
1997 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In southwestern Alaska Evan Ramsey (16) opened fire with a  Mossberg 500 12-gauge shotgun as students assembled in a high school lobby, killing two people, a principal and 16-year-old classmate, wounding two others, in Bethel, a town of 6,000. Ramsey was sentenced to a 198-year prison term.
1998 – Federal officials in Henderson, Nevada, arrested Larry Wayne Harris and William Job Leavitt for possession of suspected anthrax bacterium.
1999 - President Clinton posthumously pardoned Henry O. Flipper, the first African-American graduate of West Point, whose military career was tarnished by a racially motivated discharge.
1999 – Ohio inmate Wilford Berry, “The Volunteer”, became the first inmate to be executed in Ohio since 1963.
1999 – An explosion in Allentown, Pa., at a chemical processing plant in the Lehigh Valley Industrial Park, killed 5 people and injured 14.
1999 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, Billy Jack Gaither (39), a textile warehouse worker, was abducted, beaten to death with an ax handle and burned on a pile of burning tires due to a sexual advance.
2000 – Physicists described the possible detection of a neutralino particle, also called a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP).
2001 – An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
2002 – Vonetta Flowers became the first African-American gold medalist in the history of the Winter Olympic Games. She and partner Jull Brakken won the inaugural women’s two-person bobsled event.
2002 – The US Supreme Court approved peer grading in schools. Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo, 534 U.S. 426 (2002), was a case that held (in favor of the school district) that allowing students to score each other’s tests and call out the grades does not violate the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA).
2002 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
2003 – In West Warwick, RI, 99 people were killed when fire destroyed the nightclub The Station. The fire started with sparks from a pyrotechnic display being used by Great White. Ty Longley, guitarist for Great White, was one of the victims in the fire.
2003 – Missouri Rep. Dick Gephardt announced his second candidacy for president with a pledge to repeal most of President Bush’s tax cuts.
2004 - Former Enron CEO Jeffrey Skilling surrenders to the FBI in Houston and is arraigned on charges of fraud and insider trading.
2004 – Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a “lifetime of service to humanity.”
2004 - The AFL-CIO endorsed Democrat John Kerry for president.
2005 – The USS Jimmy Carter was commissioned at Groton, CT. It was the last of the Seawolf class of attack submarines. It is the most heavily armed submarine ever built.
2005 -  In Arkansas a train slammed into an ambulance that apparently tried to get out of its path, but stopped at a rail crossing, killing all three paramedics on board. The patient in the vehicle survived.
2006 - Jimmie Johnson won the Daytona 500.
2006 - The East rallied from 21 points down for a 122-120 victory over the West in the NBA All-Star Game.
2008- Cuban leader Fidel Castro said Tuesday that he will not return to lead the country, retiring as head of state 49 years after he seized power in an armed revolution. The announcement was posted in a letter to readers on the website of the state-run newspaper Granma.
2008 – San Francisco-based Sharper Image retailer filed for bankruptcy protection.
2008 – In southwestern Minnesota a woman driving a van crashed into a school bus, killing four students. Olga Marino Franco del Cid (24) of Minnesota, was later charged in state court with four counts of criminal vehicular homicide.
2009 –  Barack Obama made his first foreign trip as president to Canada where he sought to quell Canadian concerns about US protectionism.
2009 –  The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 89.68 to 7465.95, a new 6-year low.
2009 – In Pennsylvania Roger Leon Barlow (19) was charged with setting nine fires in arson-prone Coatesville, 35 miles west of Philadelphia.
2010 –  From Ponte Vedra Beach, Fla. Golf star Tiger Woods faced the world and formally apologized for his infidelity.
2011 – Pirates seize a yacht with four Americans off the coast of Oman.
2011 –  Governor of Wisconsin Scott Walker rejects union concessions on the state budget as protests continue in the state capital.
2012 –  ESPN admits two other instances in which it referred to the American basketball player Jeremy Lin by the racial slur “chink”. It comes after yesterday’s controversial “Chink in the Armor” headline.
2012 - Whitney Houston is buried at Fairview Cemetery in Westfield, New Jersey, USA.
2013 - U.S. Federal Court hits President Barack Hussein Obama with three charges of abuse of office. The indictments assert that President Obama “acted as a dictator” to exceed his powers of office. President Barack Obama violated the Constitution when he bypassed the Senate last year to appoint three members of the National Labor Relations Board, a federal appeals court decided.
2013 - Two people are missing and at least 14 injured after a car struck a gas main causing an explosion at the Country Club Plaza in Kansas City, Missouri.

 

 


1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikolaj Kopernick), Polish astronomer, known as the “Father of Modern Astronomy.”
1865 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer of Tibet, scientist.
1912 – Stan Kenton, American jazz bandleader.
1912 – Saul Chaplin, was one of Hollywood’s preeminent composers and musical directors. he won four Oscars for collaborating on the scores and orchestrations of An American in Paris (1951), Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954) and West Side Story (1961). (d. 1997)
1916 – Eddie Arcaro, known professionally as Eddie Arcaro, was an American Thoroughbred horse racing Hall of Fame jockey who won more American Classic Races than any other jockey in history and is the only rider to have won the U.S. Triple Crown twice. (d. 1997)
1924 – Lee Marvin, was an American film actor. Known for his gravelly voice, white hair and 6’2″ stature (d. 1987)
1940 – Smokey Robinson is an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter, record producer, and former record executive. Robinson is noted for being one of the primary figures associated with Motown Records.
1946 – Karen Silkwood, was an American labor union activist and chemical technician at the Kerr-McGee plant near Crescent, Oklahoma. She died under mysterious circumstances after investigating claims of irregularities and wrongdoing at the Kerr-McGee plant. (d. 1974)

 

ZABITOSKY, FRED WILLIAM
VIETNAM WAR

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class (then S/Sgt.), U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne). Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 19 February 1968. Entered service at: Trenton, N.J. Born: 27 October 1942, Trenton, N.J. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sfc. Zabitosky, U.S. Army, distinguished himself while serving as an assistant team leader of a 9-man Special Forces long-range reconnaissance patrol. Sfc. Zabitosky’s patrol was operating deep within enemy-controlled territory when they were attacked by a numerically superior North Vietnamese Army unit. Sfc. Zabitosky rallied his team members, deployed them into defensive positions, and, exposing himself to concentrated enemy automatic weapons fire, directed their return fire. Realizing the gravity of the situation, Sfc. Zabitosky ordered his patrol to move to a landing zone for helicopter extraction while he covered their withdrawal with rifle fire and grenades. Rejoining the patrol under increasing enemy pressure, he positioned each man in a tight perimeter defense and continually moved from man to man, encouraging them and controlling their defensive fire. Mainly due to his example, the outnumbered patrol maintained its precarious position until the arrival of tactical air support and a helicopter extraction team. As the rescue helicopters arrived, the determined North Vietnamese pressed their attack. Sfc. Zabitosky repeatedly exposed himself to their fire to adjust suppressive helicopter gunship fire around the landing zone. After boarding one of the rescue helicopters, he positioned himself in the door delivering fire on the enemy as the ship took off. The helicopter was engulfed in a hail of bullets and Sfc. Zabitosky was thrown from the craft as it spun out of control and crashed. Recovering consciousness, he ignored his extremely painful injuries and moved to the flaming wreckage. Heedless of the danger of exploding ordnance and fuel, he pulled the severely wounded pilot from the searing blaze and made repeated attempts to rescue his patrol members but was driven back by the intense heat. Despite his serious burns and crushed ribs, he carried and dragged the unconscious pilot through a curtain of enemy fire to within ten feet of a hovering rescue helicopter before collapsing. Sfc. Zabitosky’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.

 

*COLE, DARRELL SAMUEL
WW II

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 20 July 1920, Flat River, Mo. Entered service at. Esther, Mo. other Navy award: Bronze Star Medal. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as leader of a Machinegun Section of Company B, 1st Battalion, 23d Marines, 4th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. Assailed by a tremendous volume of small-arms, mortar and artillery fire as he advanced with one squad of his section in the initial assault wave, Sgt. Cole boldly led his men up the sloping beach toward Airfield No. 1 despite the blanketing curtain of flying shrapnel and, personally destroying with hand grenades two hostile emplacements which menaced the progress of his unit, continued to move forward until a merciless barrage of fire emanating from three Japanese pillboxes halted the advance. Instantly placing his one remaining machinegun in action, he delivered a shattering fusillade and succeeded in silencing the nearest and most threatening emplacement before his weapon jammed and the enemy, reopening fire with knee mortars and grenades, pinned down his unit for the second time. Shrewdly gauging the tactical situation and evolving a daring plan of counterattack, Sgt. Cole, armed solely with a pistol and one grenade, coolly advanced alone to the hostile pillboxes. Hurling his one grenade at the enemy in sudden, swift attack, he quickly withdrew, returned to his own lines for additional grenades and again advanced, attacked, and withdrew. With enemy guns still active, he ran the gauntlet of slashing fire a third time to complete the total destruction of the Japanese strong point and the annihilation of the defending garrison in this final assault. Although instantly killed by an enemy grenade as he returned to his squad, Sgt. Cole had eliminated a formidable Japanese position, thereby enabling his company to storm the remaining fortifications, continue the advance, and seize the objective. By his dauntless initiative, unfaltering courage, and indomitable determination during a critical period of action, Sgt. Cole served as an inspiration to his comrades, and his stouthearted leadership in the face of almost certain death sustained and enhanced the highest tradition of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

JOHNSTON, WILLIAM J.
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company G, 180th Infantry, 45th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Padiglione, Italy, 17-19 February 1944. Entered service at: Colchester, Conn. Birth: Trenton, N.J. G.O. No.: 73, 6 September 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. On 17 February 1944, near Padiglione, Italy, he observed and fired upon an attacking force of approximately eighty Germans, causing at least twenty-five casualties and forcing withdrawal of the remainder. All that day he manned his gun without relief, subject to mortar, artillery, and sniper fire. Two Germans individually worked so close to his position that his machinegun was ineffective, whereupon he killed one with his pistol, the second with a rifle taken from another soldier. When a rifleman protecting his gun position was killed by a sniper, he immediately moved the body and relocated the machinegun in that spot in order to obtain a better field of fire. He volunteered to cover the platoon’s withdrawal and was the last man to leave that night. In his new position he maintained an all-night vigil, the next day causing seven German casualties. On the afternoon of the 18th, the organization on the left flank having been forced to withdraw, he again covered the withdrawal of his own organization. Shortly thereafter, he was seriously wounded over the heart, and a passing soldier saw him trying to crawl up the embankment. The soldier aided him to resume his position behind the machinegun which was soon heard in action for about ten minutes. Though reported killed, Pfc. Johnston was seen returning to the American lines on the morning of 19 February slowly and painfully working his way back from his overrun position through enemy lines. He gave valuable information of new enemy dispositions. His heroic determination to destroy the enemy and his disregard of his own safety aided immeasurably in halting a strong enemy attack, caused an enormous amount of enemy casualties, and so inspired his fellow soldiers that they fought for and held a vitally important position against greatly superior forces.

 

McCARTER, LLOYD G.
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 503d Parachute Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Corregidor, Philippine Islands, 16-19 February 1945. Entered service at: Tacoma, Wash. Born: 11 May 1917, St. Maries, Idaho. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: He was a scout with the regiment which seized the fortress of Corregidor, Philippine Islands. Shortly after the initial parachute assault on 16 February 1945, he crossed thirty yards of open ground under intense enemy fire, and at pointblank range silenced a machinegun with hand grenades. On the afternoon of 18 February he killed six snipers. That evening, when a large force attempted to bypass his company, he voluntarily moved to an exposed area and opened fire. The enemy attacked his position repeatedly throughout the night and was each time repulsed. By 2 o’clock in the morning, all the men about him had been wounded; but shouting encouragement to his comrades and defiance at the enemy, he continued to bear the brunt of the attack, fearlessly exposing himself to locate enemy soldiers and then pouring heavy fire on them. He repeatedly crawled back to the American line to secure more ammunition. When his submachine gun would no longer operate, he seized an automatic rifle and continued to inflict heavy casualties. This weapon, in turn, became too hot to use and, discarding it, he continued with an M-l rifle. At dawn the enemy attacked with renewed intensity. Completely exposing himself to hostile fire, he stood erect to locate the most dangerous enemy positions. He was seriously wounded; but, though he had already killed more than thirty of the enemy, he refused to evacuate until he had pointed out immediate objectives for attack. Through his sustained and outstanding heroism in the face of grave and obvious danger, Pvt. McCarter made outstanding contributions to the success of his company and to the recapture of Corregidor.

 

 

*STEIN, TONY
WW II

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 30 September 1921, Dayton, Ohio. Accredited to: Ohio. citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company A, 1st Battalion, 28th Marines, 5th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, in the Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. The first man of his unit to be on station after hitting the beach in the initial assault, Cpl. Stein, armed with a personally improvised aircraft-type weapon, provided rapid covering fire as the remainder of his platoon attempted to move into position. When his comrades were stalled by a concentrated machinegun and mortar barrage, he gallantly stood upright and exposed himself to the enemy’s view, thereby drawing the hostile fire to his own person and enabling him to observe the location of the furiously blazing hostile guns. Determined to neutralize the strategically placed weapons, he boldly charged the enemy pillboxes one by one and succeeded in killing twenty of the enemy during the furious single-handed assault. Cool and courageous under the merciless hail of exploding shells and bullets which fell on all sides, he continued to deliver the fire of his skillfully improvised weapon at a tremendous rate of speed which rapidly exhausted his ammunition. Undaunted, he removed his helmet and shoes to expedite his movements and ran back to the beach for additional ammunition, making a total of eight trips under intense fire and carrying or assisting a wounded man back each time. Despite the unrelenting savagery and confusion of battle, he rendered prompt assistance to his platoon whenever the unit was in position, directing the fire of a half-track against a stubborn pillbox until he had effected the ultimate destruction of the Japanese fortification. Later in the day, although his weapon was twice shot from his hands, he personally covered the withdrawal of his platoon to the company position. Stouthearted and indomitable, Cpl. Stein, by his aggressive initiative sound judgment, and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of terrific odds, contributed materially to the fulfillment of his mission, and his outstanding valor throughout the bitter hours of conflict sustains and enhances the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.


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Unerased History – February 18th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 18, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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National Entrepreneur Week 18-24

National Cow Milked In An Airplane Day

HISTORY OF CHERRIES

Cherries have been favorites of food lovers for centuries. Cherries were brought to

America by ship with early settlers in the 1600s. Later on the French colonists from Normandy brought pits that they planted along the Saint Lawrence River and on down into the Great Lakes area.

 

Modern day cherry production began in the mid-1800s. Peter Dougherty was a Presbyterian missionary living in northern Michigan. In 1852, he planted cherry trees on Old Mission Peninsula (near Traverse City, Michigan). Much to the surprise of the other farmers and Indians who lived in the area, Dougherty’s cherry trees flourished and soon other residents of the area planted trees. The area proved to be ideal for growing cherries because Lake Michigan tempers Arctic winds in winter and cools the orchards in summer.

 

The first commercial tart cherry orchards in Michigan were planted in 1893 on Ridgewood Farm near the site of Dougherty’s original plantings. By the early 1900s, the tart cherry industry was firmly established in the state with orchards not only in the Traverse City area, but all along Lake Michigan from Benton Harbor to Elk Rapids. Soon production surpassed other major crops. The first cherry processing facility, Traverse City Canning Company, was built just south of Traverse City, and the ruby-red fruit was soon shipped to Chicago, Detroit and Milwaukee.

 

In the Northwestern part of the United States, cherry orchards also flourished. In 1847, Henderson Lewelling planted an orchard in western Oregon, using nursery stock that he had transported by ox cart from Iowa. Lewelling Farms became known for its sweet cherries with orchards coming into production during the 1870s and 80s.

 

The most famous sweet cherry variety is the Bing cherry; this cherry variety got its name from one of Lewelling’s Chinese workmen. Another sweet cherry variety is the Lambert, which also got its start on Lewelling Farms. The Rainier cherry, a light sweet variety, originated from the cross breeding of the Bing and Van varieties by Dr. Harold W. Fogle at the Washington State University Research Station in Prosser, Washington. The Bing, Lambert and Rainier varieties together account for more than 95 percent of the Northwest sweet cherry production.

 

 

 

“The truest greatness lies in being kind, the truest wisdom in a happy mind.”

~ Ella Wheeler Wilcox

sonorous suh-NOR-uhs; SAH-nuh-rus, adjective:

1. Giving sound when struck; resonant; as, sonorous metals.
2. Loud-sounding; giving a clear or loud sound; as, a sonorous voice.
3. Yielding sound; characterized by sound; as, the vowels are sonorous.
4.Impressive in sound; high-sounding.

 


1229 – The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.

1493 – Columbus landed on the island of Santa Maria, the southernmost island of the Portuguese-controlled Azores.
1678 – John Bunyan’s “The Pilgrim’s Progress” is published. The Pilgrim’s Progress was read in virtually every Victorian home and remains a best seller for youth and adults alike. His works are considered devotional classics among Christian literature.
1685 – Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
1688 – At a Quaker meeting in Germantown, Pa, German Mennonites penned a memorandum stating a profound opposition to Negro slavery. Quakers in Germantown, Pa., adopted the first formal antislavery resolution in America.
1735 – First opera performed in America, “Flora”, in Charleston SC.
1804 – First US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens OH, chartered.
1814 – The British schooner Phoenix fell to Marines of the USS Constitution.
1823 – Mexican Emperor Augustin de Iturbide reconfirms the land grant made by the governor of New Spain to the late Moses Austin, made transferable to his son, Stephen F. Austin. This tract along the Rio Grande will become home to over 300 families brought in by Austin in 1825.
1841 – The first ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate begins and lasts until March 11.The Democratic minority tried to block a bank bill favored by the Whig majority by using this political tactic.
1845 – John Chapman, aka Johnny Appleseed, died in Allen County,  Indiana.
1846 – “It having been represented to the (Navy) Department, that confusion arises from the use of the words “Larboard” and “Starboard,” in consequence of the similarity of sound, the word “Port” is hereafter to be substituted for “Larboard.”–Navy Department General Order
1849 – First regular steamboat service to San Francisco CA starts: gold rush prospectors from east coast.
1850 – The California state legislature created the original 18 counties.
1850 – The city of San Francisco was incorporated.
1856 – The American Party (Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
1861 – Civil War: In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
1864 – Civil War: President Lincoln ended the blockade of Brownsville, Texas, and opened the port for trade.
1865 – CIVIL WAR: Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia.
1865 – Civil War: Following the fall of Fort Fisher at the mouth of the river, Union forces  re-positioned for an attack on Fort Anderson, N.C on the Cape Fear River.
1865 – Civil WarBattle of Ft. Moultrie, SC.
1878 – The Lincoln County War begins in Lincoln County, New Mexico. It began with the murder of Billy the Kid’s mentor, Englishman rancher John Tunstall.  Outlaw Jesse Evans of the  James J. Dolan gang gunned down Tunstall in Lincoln, N.M.
1879 – Auguste Bartholdi was granted a design patent for the Statue of Liberty.
1885 – Mark Twain’s Adventures of “Huckleberry Finn” is published for the first time.
1896 – Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 years.
1896 – African American H. Grenon received Patent No. 554,867 for a “Razor Stropping Device.”
1901 – Winston Churchill makes his first speech in the British House of Commons.
1901 – H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner.
1907 – In San Francisco according to an agreement between Mayor Schmidt, Pres. Theodore Roosevelt and the San Francisco School Board, Japanese children under 16 were to be admitted to the city’s public schools. Skilled and unskilled laborers from Japan were to be banned from entering the US and American laborers were to be excluded from Japan.
1908 – First US postage stamps in coils issued.
1922 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis resigns his judgeship to work for baseball.  Landis was selected to become the first Commissioner of Major League Baseball, serving from 1920 until his death in 1944. The position was created to restore public confidence in the integrity of baseball following the 1919 Black Sox scandal.
1927 – Singer Jessica Dragonette starred on radio’s “Cities Service Concerts” (sponsored by the oil company of the same name)
1929 – First Academy Awards are announced.
1930 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers the planet Pluto.Tombaugh also discovered many asteroids and he called for the serious scientific research of unidentified flying objects, or “U.F.O.s”.
1930 – Elm Farm “Ollie” becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft. It was as part of the International Air Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri. The aircraft, a Ford Trimotor, covered 72 miles  from Bismarck, Missouri, to St. Louis.

1932 – Sonja Henie won her sixth world women’s figure skating title in Montreal, Canada.
1932 – In San Francisco, federal prohibition agents seized the offices and storehouses of two wholesale liquor setups: The Chicago Specialty Company at 724 Montgomery St. and J.C. Millet at 241 Clay St. The raids were aimed at breaking up a major bootlegging ring said to be headed by Johnny Marino.
1938 – “The Big Broadcast of 1938” was released.
1939 – The Golden Gate International Exposition opened on Treasure Island in the SF Bay.
1940 – The American Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, applies the American “moral embargo” to the USSR.
1942 – The Mills Brothers recorded “Paper Doll” on Decca records.
1942 – The Free French submarine Surcouf (then the largest submarine in the world) is sunk in a collision with a US merchant ship.
1943 – World War II: Munich resistance group “White Rose” was captured by Nazis. The White Rose was a law abiding, non-violent, intellectual resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor. The group became known for an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign.
1943 – Groundbreaking ceremony in Oak Ridge, TN for the first uranium 235 plant. The uranium manufacturing facility cost $280,000,000 to build and was completed in the summer of 1944.
1943 – World War II: Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels delivers his Sportpalast speech.This speech was a speech delivered  at the Berlin Sportpalast to a large but carefully selected audience calling for a total war, as the tide of World War II had turned against Nazi Germany and its Axis allies.
1943 – World War II: The new American 6th Army, commanded by General Krueger, become operational in the southwest Pacific.
1943– World War II: A US Task Group (Admiral McMorris) with two cruisers and four destroyers bombards Japanese positions on Attu Island.
1943– World War II: Rommel took three towns in Tunisia, North Africa. The intercepted communications of an American in Cairo provided a secret ear for the Desert Fox.
1944 – President Roosevelt vetoes the Bankhead Bill which proposed to end food subsidies. The veto is upheld by the House of Representatives.
1944 – World War II: American forces continue their raid on the Japanese base at Truk. Over the course of the two days, US aircraft log 1250 sorties.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Fence Me In” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “Accentuate the Positive” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “I Dream of You” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Freddy Stewart) and “I’m Losing My Mind Over You” by Al Dexter all topped the charts.
1945 – World War II: All US Third Army units attacked. The German Siegfried Line is broken north of Echternach by US 8th Corps while both US 12th and 20th Corps, to the south, are advancing.
1945 – World War II: While most of US Task Force 58 is replenishing, one group of four carriers commanded by Admiral Radford attacks Haha Jima and Chichi Jima.
1945 – World War II: U.S. Marines stormed ashore at Iwo Jima (2/18-19). About 60,000 US Marines went ashore at Iwo Jima, an 8-sq. mile island of rock, volcanic ash and black sand. The 36-day battle took the lives of 7,000 Americans and about 20,000 of 22,000 Japanese defenders.
1949 – “Yours Truly Johnny Dollar” (1:09:47) debuted on CBS radio.
1950 – “Rag Mop” by the Ames Brothers topped the charts.
1951 – “Tennessee Waltz” by Patti Page topped the charts.
1951 – Korean War: An enemy shore battery scored a hit on the destroyer USS Ozbourn and wounded two sailors. This was the first time a U.S. Navy ship operating in the vicinity of Wonsan had been hit by gunfire from a shore battery.
1952 – Two tanker ships broke apart off Cape Cod. 14 men died in the wrecks, 9 of 41 on the Pendleton and 5 of 43 on the Fort Mercer.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes” by Perry Como,Till I Waltz Again with You” by Teresa Brewer, “Keep It a Secret” by Jo Stafford and “I Let the Stars Get in My Eyes” by Goldie Hill all topped the charts.
1953 – Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz signed a contract worth $8,000,000 to continue the “I Love Lucy” TV show through 1955.
1953 – “Bwana Devil,” the movie that heralded the 3D fad of the 1950s, opened in New York City.
1955 – Operation Teapot begins. It is a series of fourteen nuclear detonations to determine the effects of nuclear weapons on a variety of materials and in a variety of conditions begins with detonation Wasp. The Teapot test shot “Wasp” is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of 1.2 kilotons.
1956 – “Rock and Roll Waltz” by Kay Starr and “The Great Pretender” by the Platters hit #1.
1959 – Elvis Presley appeared after hours at the Lido Club in Paris while on leave from the U.S. Army.
1959 – Ray Charles recorded “What’d I Say.”
1960 – The Eighth Winter Olympic Games were formally opened in Squaw Valley, Calif., by Vice President Nixon. A drought of snow ended 2 days before the start of the games.
1960 – Walter O’Malley, Los Angeles Dodger owner, purchases Chavez Ravine for $494,000. It was only worth $92,500.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Calcutta” by Lawrence Welk, “Shop Around” by The Miracles, “Calendar Girl” by Neil Sedaka and “North to Alaska” by Johnny Horton all topped the charts..
1962 – Robert F. Kennedy said that U.S. troops would stay in Vietnam until Communism was defeated.
1964 – “Any Wednesday” opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York City. The play established Gene Hackman as an actor.
1964 – The Beatles visited Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) in training for his match with heavyweight champion Sonny Liston.   Cassius Clay v. Liston (Complete fight)  (38:09)
1964 – The United States cuts off military assistance to Britain, France, and Yugoslavia in retaliation for their continuing trade with the communist nation of Cuba. The action was chiefly symbolic, but represented the continued U.S. effort to destabilize the Cuban regime of Fidel Castro.
1965 – Alabama police were sent to Marion as some 500 people marched from a church toward the city jail to protest the jailing of a civil rights worker. Street lights went out and troopers began swinging clubs on the marchers. Jimmie Lee Jackson (26) was shot while aiding his grandfather (82) and mother. Jackson died 2 days later.
1967 – “Kind of a Drag” by the Buckinghams topped the charts.
1968 – Vietnam War: Three U.S. pilots who were held by the Vietnamese arrived in Washington.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Everyday People” by Sly & The Family Stone, “Touch Meby The Doors, “Build Me Up Buttercup” by The Foundations and “Until My Dreams Come True” by Jack Greene all topped the charts.
1969 – Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 disaster. The aircraft crashed into the tallest mountain in the contiguous United States, Mount Whitney, near Lone Pine, killing all 35 passengers and crew on board.
1970 – The Chicago Seven are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic Party national convention.
1972 – The California Supreme Court in the case of People v. Anderson, 6 Cal.3d 628 invalidates the state’s death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life in prison.
1973 – 54-kg (119 lbs) octopus measuring 23 feet across captured in Hood Canal, Washington.
1976 – President Gerald Ford signed Executive Order #11905 prohibiting US officials from plotting or engaging in political assassination. The order was later broadened by Presidents Carter and Reagan.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Torn Between Two Lovers” by Mary MacGregor, “New Kid in Town” by the Eagles, “Blinded by the Light” by Manfred Mann’s Earth Band and “Near You” by George Jones & Tammy Wynette all topped the charts.
1977 – The Space Shuttle “Enterprise” test vehicle goes on its maiden “flight” while sitting on top of a Boeing 747.
1978 – “Stayin’ Alive” by the Bee Gees topped the charts. In 2012 it was determined that the “beat” to this song was perfect for training CPR students on the speed of chest compressions.
1979 – The miniseries “Roots: Next Generations” premiered on ABC TV. (This was very offensive.)
1983 – MASS SHOOTING: Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington, said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in American history. The Wah Mee massacre was a multiple homicide  in which Kwan Fai “Willie” Mak, Wai-Chiu “Tony” Ng, and Benjamin Ng gunned down 14 people in the Wah Mee gambling club.
1984 – “Karma Chameleon” by the Culture Club topped the charts.
1984 – Reed Larson (Detroit Red Wings) got two assists to become the highest scoring, American-born player in the history of the National Hockey League.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Careless Whisper” by Wham! featuring George Michael, Loverboy” by Billy Ocean, “Method of Modern Love” by Daryl Hall John Oates and “Make My Life with You” by The Oak Ridge Boys all topped the charts.
1985 – General William Westmoreland and CBS, INC. reach an out-of-court settlement in Westmoreland’s $120 million libel suit in which he charged that a CBS documentary falsely accused him of misrepresenting the strength of Vietcong forces.
1987 – The executives of the Girl Scout movement decided to change the color of the scout uniform from the traditional Girl Scout green to the newer Girl Scout blue.
1987 – The song “Sign O’ The Times” was released by Prince.
1988 – Anthony M. Kennedy was sworn in as the 104th justice of the Supreme Court.
1998 – Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
1986 – San Antonio’s Alvin Robertson scores NBA 2nd quadruple double- 20 points, 11 rebounds, 10 assists & 10 steals against Phoenix. The NBA only recognizes four in basketball history.
1989 – “Straight Up” by Paula Abdul topped the charts.
1994 – At the Winter Olympic Games in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen finally won a gold medal, breaking the world record in the 1,000 meters.
1997 – Shuttle Discovery Astronauts completed their tuneup of the Hubble Space Telescope.
1997 – It was reported that scientists found evidence that upheld the theory of an asteroid hitting the Earth 65 million years ago in seabed drill sediments 300 miles off the coast of northern Florida.
1999 – The Clinton administration warned Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic to choose peace with ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, or face a devastating military strike.
2000 – Mariano Faget (54), a 34-year US immigration officer in Miami, was reported to be a Cuban spy. Faget was found guilty of disclosing government secrets May 30.
2000 – Ford Motor Co. agreed to pay $3.8 million in a settlement with the Labor Dept. over charges of discrimination in hiring against women and minorities at seven plants.
2000 – Announcer Bob Hite Sr. (86), whose rich voice introduced “The Lone Ranger” on radio, died in West Palm Beach, Fla.
2001 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
2001 – Dale Earnhardt is killed in a crash during the final lap of the Daytona 500, which was won by Michael Waltrip, driving in a car that Earnhardt owned. His son, Dale Earnhardt, Jr. finished second.
2004 – Scientists reported that X-rays from galaxy RX J1242-11 indicated a black hole tearing apart a star and gobbling up a share of its gaseous mass.
2004 – The US federal debt passed the $7 trillion mark.
2005 – The United Kingdom law banning fox hunting, hare coursing and other sports which kill wild mammals is enforced from this date.
2005 – President George W. Bush signed the US Class Action Fairness Act. It expanded federal jurisdiction over many large class-action lawsuits and mass actions taken in the United States.
2005 – Mathematics: The 42nd known Mersenne prime is discovered by Martin Nowak of Germany. The prime number is the largest known Mersenne prime at the time of its discovery, and is nearly eight million digits long. That makes this number in Pica 10, over 25 miles long.
2006 – Thousands of people remained without power after a winter storm packing wind gusts of up to 77 mph rolled across the Northeast US, downing trees and power lines. Four people were killed.
2007 – The United States sent eight more US F-22 stealth fighter planes to the southern Japanese island of Okinawa in their first full deployment overseas.
2007 - Eight U.S. troops are killed and fourteen wounded in a helicopter crash in south-eastern Afghanistan.
2009 – The Federal Reserve cut its economic outlook for 2009 on Wednesday and warned that the United States economy would face an “unusually gradual and prolonged” period of recovery as the country struggles to climb out of a deep global downturn.
2009 – A Florida jury ordered Philip Morris to pay $8 million in damages to Elaine Hess, the widow of a smoker who died of lung cancer.
2009 –  A Columbian mammoth is discovered in the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, California.
2009 –  General Motors will cut 47,000 jobs throughout 2009.
2010 –  A small private plane is intentionally crashed into an office building in Austin, Texas. Andrew Joseph Stack III, flying his Piper Dakota, crashed into Building I of the Echelon office complex in a suicide attempt killing himself and Internal Revenue Service manager Vernon Hunter. Thirteen others were injured, two seriously.
2011 –  The Obama administration rescinds most of a regulation designed to protect health care workers who refuse to provide a service that they find objectionable but retains protections against performing abortions when you have strong anti-abortion convictions.
2011 –  The US House of Representatives blocks Federal funding for Planned Parenthood.
2011 –  Wisconsin has demonstrations in the tens of thousands against a bill forcing public service workers to pay increased pension costs, increased healthcare coverage as well as striping them of almost all union rights. State Senators yesterday fled the state to Illinois.
2011 –  NASA clears the Space Shuttle Discovery for its final flight.
2012 - The funeral of entertainer Whitney Houston is held at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, New Jersey.  Kevin Costner’s emotional speech  (17:09)

 

 

 


1745 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (d. 1827) was an Italian physicist known especially for the development of the electric battery in 1800.
1838 – Ernst Mach, who was a Bohemian-Austrian physicist and philosopher and is the namesake for the “Mach number” (also known as Mach speed) and the optical illusion known as Mach bands. (d. 1916)
1892 – Wendell Willkie, was a lawyer in the United States and the Republican nominee for the 1940 presidential election. He lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt . (d. 1944)
1901 – Wayne King, saxophonist, bandleader. He was an American musician, songwriter, singer and orchestral leader. He was sometimes referred to as “the Waltz King”.  (d. 1985)
1914 – Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter was an American country music songwriter and recording artist. King’s songs included “The Tennessee Waltz”, “Slow Poke”, and “You Belong to Me”.  (d. 2000)
1919 – Jack Palance, was an Oscar-winning American film actor. With his rugged facial features and gravelly voice, Palance was best known to modern movie audiences as both the characters of Curly and Duke in the two City Slickers movies (d. 2006)
1920 – Bill Cullen, was an Emmy Award-winning American radio and television personality . He was best known for his roles in game shows as the original host of The Price Is Right in the 1960s and The $25,000 Pyramid in the 1970s. (d. 1990)
1925 – George Kennedy is an Academy-Award winning American actor who has appeared in over 200 film and television productions. He is widely familiar as Joe Patroni in the Airport series of disaster movies from the 1970s,
1950 – Cybill Shepherd is a Golden Globe Award-winning American actress, singer, and former fashion model.
1954 – John Travolta is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and singer.
1957 – Vanna White, is an American television personality, best known as the hostess and puzzle board operator on the long-running game show Wheel of Fortune. She is the niece of actor Christopher George.
1968 – Molly Ringwald, is an American actress, singer, and dancer.

 

 

*FERNANDEZ, DANIEL
VIETNAM WAR

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, Company C, 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry (Mechanized) 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Cu Chi, Hau Nghia Province, Republic of Vietnam, 18 February 1966. Entered service at: Albuquerque, N. Mex. Born: 30 June 1944, Albuquerque, N. Mex. c.o. No.: 21, 26 April 1967. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. Fernandez demonstrated indomitable courage when the patrol was ambushed by a Viet Cong rifle company and driven back by the intense enemy automatic weapons fire before it could evacuate an American soldier who had been wounded in the Viet Cong attack. Sp4c. Fernandez, a sergeant and two other volunteers immediately fought their way through devastating fire and exploding grenades to reach the fallen soldier. Upon reaching their fallen comrade the sergeant was struck in the knee by machine gun fire and immobilized. Sp4c. Fernandez took charge, rallied the left flank of his patrol and began to assist in the recovery of the wounded sergeant. While first aid was being administered to the wounded man, a sudden increase in the accuracy and intensity of enemy fire forced the volunteer group to take cover. As they did, an enemy grenade landed in the midst of the group, although some men did not see it. Realizing there was no time for the wounded sergeant or the other men to protect themselves from the grenade blast, Sp4c. Fernandez vaulted over the wounded sergeant and threw himself on the grenade as it exploded, saving the lives of his four comrades at the sacrifice of his life. Sp4c. Fernandez’ profound concern for his fellow soldiers, at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.

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Unerased History – February 17th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 17, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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My Way Day

National PTA Founders Day

Black Sox Scandal

1919 Chicago White Sox

The players on the Charles Comiskey’s 1919 Chicago White Sox team were a fractious lot.  The club was divided into two “gangs” of players, each with practically nothing to say to the other. Together they formed the best team in baseball–perhaps one of the best teams that ever played the game, yet they–like all ball players of the time–were paid a fraction of what they were worth.  Because of baseball’s reserve clause, any player who refused to accept a contract was prohibited from playing baseball on any other professional team.  The White Sox owner paid two of his greatest stars, outfielder Shoeless” Joe Jackson and third baseman Buck Weaver, only $6000 a year.  Comiskey has been labeled the tyrant and tightwad whose cheap practices made his players especially willing to sell their baseball souls for money, but in fact Comiskey was probably no worse than most owners–in fact, Chicago had the highest team payroll in 1919.  In the era of the reserve clause, gamblers could find players on lots of teams looking for extra cash.

The 1919 World Series ended up being the most famous scandal in baseball history. Eight players from the Chicago White Sox (later nicknamed the Black Sox) were accused of throwing the series against the Cincinnati Reds. Details of the scandal and the extent to which each man was involved have always been unclear. It was, however, front-page news across the country and, despite being acquitted of criminal charges, the players were banned from professional baseball for life. The eight men included the great “Shoeless” Joe Jackson; pitchers Eddie Cicotte and Claude “Lefty” Williams; infielders Buck Weaver, Arnold “Chick” Gandil, Fred McMullin, and Charles “Swede” Risberg; and outfielder Oscar “Happy” Felsch. While the facts surrounding the throwing of the Series are confusing, people familiar with the case agree that “Chick” Gandil was the ringleader.

A few weeks before the 1919 World Series, Gandil approached Sullivan about fixing the Series. He told Sullivan that for $100,000, Gandil and several of his teammates would make sure the White Sox would lose. Gandil was known as a rough character and, at the age of thirty-three, he was getting ready to retire. Before his career ended, he had one last shot to make big money. While Sullivan started raising money, Gandil went to work getting the cooperation of his teammates.

The gamblers started almost immediately not paying on their promises and the players seeing that they were not getting paid had a change of heart. They started winning until the crucial final game. Unfortunately, any chance of winning was ruined by Arnold Rothstein. Instead of betting individual games, he had bet on Cincinnati to win the series. With his investment at risk, Rothstein sent one of his henchman to visit Williams, who was pitching in the eighth game. He explained to Williams that Rothstein wanted the Series to end the next day. He threatened Williams and his wife. Chicago lost 10-5. In the end, one scared man handed Cincinnati the World Series.\


The Whole Story

 


“Without difficulties life would be like a stream without rocks or curves.”

~Tao of Pooh

idee fixe \ee-day-FEEKS\, noun:

An idea that dominates the mind; a fixed idea; an obsession.

 


1600 – Philosopher Giordano Bruno was burnt alive at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy. The Roman Inquisition claimed that  his cosmological theories went beyond the Copernican model in proposing that the Sun was essentially a star, and moreover, that the universe contained an infinite number of inhabited worlds populated by other intelligent beings.
1621 – Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of Plymouth colony.
1691 – Thomas Neale was granted a British patent for American postal service.
1776 – First volume of Gibbon’s “Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire” published.
1801 – An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the US House of Representatives.
1817 – First US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
1820 – The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise, also called the Compromise of 1820, was an agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories. It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri.
1827 – Chester Stone patented a washing machine.
1861 – Civil War: Local militia forced the surrender of the federal arsenal at San Antonio, TX even before the state seceded on March 2.
1862 – Ironclad C.S.S. Virginia (ex-U.S.S. Merrimack) commissioned, Captain Franklin Buchanan commanding.
1862 – Legislation was introduced in the Senate on 17 February 1862, which authorized the Congressional Medal of Honor for the Army and followed the pattern of a similar award approved for Naval personnel in December 1861.
1864 – Civil War: H. L. Hunley (CSA) becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.
1865 – Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.
1865 – Civil War: Ships of Rear Admiral Porter’s fleet helped to ferry General Schofield’s two divisions from Fort Fisher to Smithville, on the west bank of the Cape Fear River.
1865 – Civil War: Union forces regained Fort Sumter.
1865 Civil War: During the night, Forts Moultrie, Sumter, Johnson, Beauregard, and Castle Pinckney were abandoned as the Confederates marched northward to join the beleaguered forces of General Lee.
1870Mississippi became the 9th state readmitted to US after CIVIL WAR.
1872 – The Senate refuses to ratify a treaty with the Samoan Islands that would have given the US the right to install a naval coaling station on Pago Pago and become “protector” of Samoa.
1876 – Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, ME.
1878 – In San Francisco, CA, the first large city telephone exchange opened. It had only 18 phones.
1897 – National Congress of Parents & Teachers (PTA) organizes (Washington, DC).
1900 – After an ambush that killed two Philippine-based Marines the day before, the gunboat USS Manileno was sent to the village of Moron a little after midnight on the morning of 17 February. Surprising the defenders, it took the town without much resistance, destroyed a store of ammunition, and burned the blockhouse. On the afternoon of the same day the captain ordered the inhabitants of Benictican and Baton to move into Olongapo, where the Marines were based, within three days or be declared outlaws. All obeyed his order except six families, who, according to his information, moved to another town.
1906 – Theodore Roosevelt’s daughter Alice marries in the White House.
1909 – A government commission reported that the tobacco industry was controlled by six men with 86 firms that were worth $450 million.
1911 – First amphibian flight to & from a ship, by Glenn Curtiss, San Diego
1913 – The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.
1924 – In Miami, Florida, Johnny Weissmuller sets a new world record in the 100-yard freestyle swimming competition with a time of 52-2/5 seconds.
1925 – Harold Ross and Jane Grant found The New Yorker magazine; the debut issue was dated February 21, 1925 and the cost was 15 cents.
1926 –  An avalanche buried 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah, and 40 died.
1927 – A major  four day storm that dumped 25.38 inches of rain on the San Diego area. This was a 5000 year storm at the HenshawDam.  The Henshaw weather station reported 14.48 inches on February 16, 1927 alone. The death toll reached 24 with some 3,000 left homeless.
1932 – Irving Berlin’s musical “Face the Music,” premiered in New York City.
1933 – The magazine Newsweek is published for the first time.
1933 – The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States. It was sponsored by Wisconsin Senator John J. Blaine and passed by the United States Senate today.The repeal was formally adopted as the 21st Amendment to the Constitution on December 5, 1933.
1933 – Blondie Boopadoop marries Dagwood Bumstead. They married three years after Chic Young’s popular strip first debuted. Blondie is an American comic strip created by cartoonist Chic Young. Distributed by King Features Syndicate, the strip has been published in newspapers since September 8, 1930.
1934 – First high school auto driving course offered in State College, PA.
1936 – The world’s first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.
1937 – Nearly at the end of the four years of construction of the Golden Gate Bridge, ten construction workers lost their lives when a section of scaffold fell through a safety net.
1940 – President Roosevelt sends Sumner Welles, Under-Secretary of State, on a “fact-finding” tour of Europe and appoints Myron C. Taylor as his “personal representative” to the Vatican.
1942 – Two-hundred ninety-six men of the first naval construction unit to deploy from the United States was designated the First Construction Detachment and it arrived at Bora Bora in the Societies Islands with the mission of constructing a fueling station and other facilities.
1943 – New York Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US Army.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “Shoo, Shoo, Baby” by The Andrews Sisters, “My Heart Tells Me” by The Glen Gray Orchestra (vocal: Eugenie Baird), “Besame Mucho” by The Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Bob Eberly & Kitty Kallen), “Pistol Packin’ Mama” by Al Dexter all topped the charts.
1944 – Oil was discovered in commercial quantities in Alabama.
1944 – World War II: Battle of Eniwetok Atoll (Operation Catchpole) begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22.
1944 – World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk (Chuuk), Japan’s main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion.
1944 – World War II: During the night (February 17-18), US destroyers bombard Japanese bases at Rabaul and Kavieng.
1944 – World War II: German forces continue attacks on the Anzio beachhead. The US 45th Division barely contains the German attack. Heavy losses are sustained by both sides.
1945 – There are new attacks by US 12th and 20th Corps, of US 3rd Army, from Luxembourg and around Saarlouis.
1945 – World War II: Gen. MacArthur’s troops landed on Corregidor in the Philippines. General Tomoyuki Yamashita was the Japanese general opposing MacArthur.
1945 - US Task Force 54 and TF52 continue the preliminary bombardment of Iwo Jima. The battleship Tennessee and a cruiser as well as several smaller ships are damaged by Japanese return fire. Meanwhile, a USAAF raid by B-24 bombers is also conducted.
1947 – With the words, “Hello! This is New York calling,the Voice of America begins to transmit radio broadcasts into the Soviet Union.
1949 – Burl Ives release his original recording of Ghost Riders in the Sky. Numerous artists went on to record this as well.
1949 – Richard (Dick) Button bested all competition in Paris, France to retain the world title of the men’s figure skating championship. Button is a commentator on figure skating events the world over for American television, including Olympics competition.
1950 – In New York 31 people died in a train crash at Long Island’s Rockville Center.
1951 – Packard introduced its “250” Chassis Convertible.
1951 – FBI director J. Edgar Hoover initiated a secret nationwide program intended to remove politically suspect employees from their jobs.
1951 – Korean War: B-26s flew the first night bombing mission using SHORAN, a short-range navigation system employing an airborne radar device and two ground beacon stations for precision bombing.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Slowpoke” by Pee Wee King, “Cry” by Johnnie Ray, Anytime” by Eddie Fisher and “Give Me More, More, More (Of Your Kisses)” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1954 – Doris Day’s single, “Secret Love“, became the #1 tune in the U.S. It won the 1953 Academy Award winner for Best Song.
1956 – The USCoast Guard Cutter Casco saved twenty-one persons from a US Navy seaplane that was forced to ditch 100 miles south of Bermuda and delivered both the survivors and the disabled aircraft to the Naval Air Station at St. Georgia Harbor, Bermuda.
1957 – A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
1958 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare of Assisi (1193~1253) the patron saint of television.
1958 – Comic strip “BC” first appears. It was created by Johnny Hart (1931-2007.)
1958 – “Sugartime” by McGuire Sisters topped the charts
1959 – Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “Teen Angel” by Mark Dinning, “Handy Man” by Jimmy Jones, “The Theme from ‘A Summer Place’” by Percy Faith and “He’ll Have to Go” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1960 – Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested in the Alabama bus boycott.
1962 – Gene Chandler hit #1 with “Duke of Earl“.
1962 – Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit “Surfin.
1964 – In Wesberry v. Sanders, the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
1964 – Luke Appling became the 101st member elected to baseball’s Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY.
1965 - Project Ranger: The Ranger 8 probe launches on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions. Mare Tranquillitatis or the “Sea of Tranquility” would become the site chosen for the Apollo 11 lunar landing.
1965 – Comedienne Joan Rivers made her first guest appearances on ” The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson” on NBC-TV.
1966 – Staff Sgt. Barry Sadler received a gold record from RCA Victor, for both the album and the single of “The Ballad of the Green Berets“.
1966 – In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Gen. Maxwell Taylor states that a major U.S. objective in Vietnam is to demonstrate that “wars of liberation” are “costly, dangerous and doomed to failure.”
1967 – Beatles release “Penny Lane” & “Strawberry Fields.” Strawberry Fields was a children’s home run by the Salvation Army. It was closed in 2005.
1967 – Vietnam War: The first full day of Operation DECKHOUSE VI, which lasted until 3 March, was conducted near Quang Ngai city. The Special Landing Force (BLT Y4 and HMM-363) accounted for 280 enemy killed.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love is Blue” by Paul Mauriat, “I Wish It Would Rain” by The Temptations, “(Theme From) Valley of the Dolls” by Dionne Warwick and “Skip a Rope” by Henson Cargill all topped the charts.
1968 – Vietnam War: American officials in Saigon report an all-time high weekly rate of U.S. casualties–543 killed in action and 2,547 wounded in the previous seven days.
1968 – In Springfield, Massachusetts the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens.
1970 – At Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Dr. Jeffrey MacDonald’s wife and two daughters were murdered. Dr. MacDonald was convicted of the murders but claimed that drug-crazed assailants were responsible.
1972 – Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle exceeded those of Ford Model-T.
1972 – President Richard Nixon departed on his historic trip to China.
1973 - President Richard Nixon named Patrick Gray director of the FBI.
1973 – “Crocodile Rock” by Elton John topped the charts
1974 – Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter. At 2 A.M. Preston, stole a United States Army helicopter from Fort Meade, Maryland, flew it to Washington, D.C., and hovered for six minutes over the White House before descending on the south lawn, about 100 yards from the West Wing.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “50 Ways to Leave Your Lover” by Paul Simon, “Love to Love You Baby” by Donna Summer, “You Sexy Thing” by Hot Chocolate and “The White Knight” by Cledus Maggard & the Citizen’s Band all topped the charts.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Karma Chameleon” by Culture Club, “Joanna” by Kool & The Gang, “Jump” by Van Halen and “That’s the Way Love Goes” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1985 – U.S. Postage stamp prices were raised from 20 cents to 22 cents for first class mail.
1985 – Murray Haydon became the third person to receive an artificial heart.
1986 – Johnson and Johnson, maker of Tylenol, announced it would no longer sell over-the-counter medications in capsule form, following the death of a woman who had taken a cyanide-laced capsule.
1988 – Marine Lt. Col. William Higgins, an American officer, and veteran of Vietnam, serving with a United Nations truce monitoring group, was kidnapped in southern Lebanon by pro-Iranian terrorists.
1988 – In St. Paul, MN about 40 “well-to-do”partygoers celebrating after a pop concert were stripped naked and robbed by four men with machine guns.
1989 – A six-week study of Arctic atmosphere by NASA shows no ozone “hole”.
1990 – “Opposites Attract” by Paula Abdul & the Wild Pair topped the charts.
1992 – A court in Milwaukee, Wisconsin sentences serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer to life in prison. In November of 1994, he was beaten to death in prison.
1993 – President Clinton addressed a joint session of Congress, asking Americans to accept one of the biggest tax increases in history as part of a plan to stimulate the economy and curb massive budget deficits.
1995 – Federal judge allowed a lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive and manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked.
1995 - Colin Ferguson is convicted of six counts of murder for the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings and later receives a 200+ year sentence.
1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, world champion Garry Kasparov beats the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match.
1996 -  NASA’s Discovery Program begins as the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lifts off on the first mission ever to orbit and land on an asteroid, 433 Eros.
1997 – The Virginia House of Delegates voted to retire the state song “Carry Me Back to Old Virginia,” and make it the state song emeritus.
1997 - In Austin, Texas, Angela Peck was stabbed in the back and the neck by Carl Wayne Thomas (21), a security guard. She pleaded for mercy and promised to blame the attack on a fictitious character. Thomas agreed and summoned aid. She later told the truth and Thomas confessed. He agreed to a 42-year prison sentence for attempted murder.
1998 – The U.S. women’s hockey team won the gold medal at Nagano, Japan, defeating Canada 3-1.
1998 – Bob Merrill (b.1921), composer and lyricist, died from suicide at age 74. His work included the musicals “Carnival” and “Funny Girl” and the song “How Much Is That Doggie in the Window.”
1998 - An Iranian crowd cheered as US wrestlers carried the Stars and Stripes into an international meet in Tehran.
1999 - In a satellite-linked address to college campuses across the country, President Clinton made his case for shoring up Social Security and Medicare.
2000 – Microsoft released the Windows 2000 computer operating system.
2002 - The new US Transportation Security Administration took over supervision of aviation security from the airline industry and the Federal Aviation Administration.
2003 – An estimated 40 million viewers tuned in to the finale of Fox’s reality show “Joe Millionaire,” in which Evan Marriott chose Zora Andrich. Once he was revealed to her, they did not stay together but did split the winnings.
2003 – A blizzard shut down much of the mid-Atlantic region on Presidents Day with windblown snow up to 4 feet deep, halting air and some rail travel and caused at least 40 deaths.
2003 – Baltimore Orioles pitcher Steve Bechler died of heatstroke at a Fort Lauderdale, Fla., hospital, less than 24 hours after complaining of dizziness during a spring training workout.
2003  -  In Chicago twenty-one people were killed at the E2 nightclub in an early morning stampede after security guards used mace and pepper spray to halt a fist fight between two women.
2004 – Cingular Wireless won the bidding war to acquire AT&T Wireless Services for nearly $41 billion in cash, a deal which would create the largest cell phone company in the US.
2004 - A study published in the latest issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests breast cancer is linked to the use of antibiotics. (Tucson Citizen)
2004 - In Connecticut two cranes collapsed at a bridge construction site and one worker was killed.
2005 – President George W. Bush named John Negroponte as the first national intelligence director.
2005 – Two US Border Patrol agents in Texas stopped a van carrying 743 pounds of marijuana and shot Osvaldo Aldrete-Davila, an admitted Mexican drug smuggler, as he fled back across the Rio Grande.
2005 - The US House of Representatives passes a Class Action Fairness Act that intends to curb class action suits, moving them from state courts to federal courts.
2005 – Researchers demonstrated a robot that used a “passive-dynamic design” to learn walking step by step like a toddler.
2006 - Christian worship leader and songwriter Brenton Brown released his first solo album, “Everlasting God“.
2006 – Harry Whittington, the lawyer shot by Vice President Dick Cheney while quail hunting, left a Corpus Christi, Texas, hospital, saying “accidents do and will happen.”
2006 – US-based Space Adventures announced it plans to build a $265 million spaceport in the United Arab Emirates.
2006 - A fierce storm system swept across the Midwest moving eastward, ripping the roof off an Indiana church, pelting Arkansas with hail and cutting power to thousands in Michigan.
2007 - Presidential contender Hillary Clinton has called for a 90-day deadline to start withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq. She states in a video on her website: “If George Bush doesn’t end the war before he leaves office, when I’m president, I will.” (Reuters via ABC Australia Online)
2007 – Bismarck, ND reclaims the snow angel record. More than 8,900 people flapped their arms and legs on Bismarck’s state Capitol grounds in an attempt to reclaim the snow angel record of 3,784 set by students at Michigan Technological University in Houghton, MI.
2007 - In Cape Canaveral, Florida, a rocket carried five satellites into orbit as part of the THEMIS mission to study magnetic storms in the Earth’s atmosphere.
2008 - California-based Hallmark/Westland Meat Packing Company voluntarily recalls just over 143 million pounds (65 million kilograms) of raw and frozen beef products, considered the largest meat recall in the United States, following an investigation into animal cruelty.
2009 -  President Barack Obama authorizes the deployment of 12,000 more soldiers into the Afghanistan War.
2009 -  President Obama signs the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 in Denver, Colorado.
2009 - General Motors and Chrysler inform the U.S. federal government that they will need additional loans of $21.6 billion.
2009 - Trump Entertainment Resorts Inc, the casino operator named for Donald Trump, filed for bankruptcy protection as recession and declining gambling revenues battered the company and its rivals.
2010 - Defense Secretary Robert Gates announced that the Obama administration has decided to give the war in Iraq a new name, “Operation New Dawn,” effective Sept 1, to reflect the reduced role US troops will play in securing the country this year as troop levels fall.
2010 -  In Palo Alto, Ca., a Cessna 310 crashed into a neighborhood after takeoff from the fogged-in Palo Alto Airport, killing all three people aboard.
2011 - Police arrest nine people allegedly involved in a United States-Mexico arms ring, and seize 300 weapons.
2011 - The inquiry into the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is released finding that the accident was entirely preventable. (Oil Spill Commission)
2011 - US authorities charge more than a hundred doctors, nurses and physical therapists in nine cities with Medicare fraud.
2011 - Schools in Wisconsin close as teachers attend rallies against proposals to limit collective bargaining for state employees. Democratic State Senators leave the capital Madison to avoid participating in the debate.
2012 –  United States Capitol Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Amine El Khalifi, a man from Morocco who allegedly planned a suicide attack on the United States Capitol.
2012 –  A US Federal Court judge orders Tampa-based Odyssey Marine Exploration to return treasures from the shipwreck of the Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes to Spain.
2012 - New Jersey Governor Chris Christie vetoes a bill that would legalize same-sex marriage in the state.
2013 - Danica Patrick becomes the first woman to win pole position at the Daytona 500 and the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. (Atlanta Journal Constitution)
2014 – Conan O’brien takes over the Tonight Show from Jay Leno!!!


1718 – Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
1844 – Aaron Montgomery Ward, American department store founder (d. 1913)
1874 – Thomas J. Watson, American computer manufacturer (d. 1956)
1908 – Red Barber, American baseball announcer (d. 1992)
1910 – Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (d. 1979)
1914 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (d. 1990)
1914 – Wayne Morris, American actor (d. 1959)
1922 – Marshall Teague, American race car driver (d. 1959)
1924 – Margaret Truman, American novelist (d. 2008)
1925 – Hal Holbrook, American actor
1933 – Craig L. Thomas, American politician (d. 2007)
1936 – Jim Brown, American football player
1939 – Mary Ann Mobley, American actress and beauty queen
1942 – Huey P. Newton, American political activist (d. 1989)
1954 – Rene Russo, American actress
1963 – Michael Jordan, American basketball player
1963 – Larry the Cable Guy, American comedian
1975 – Wish Bone, American rapper
1981 – Paris Hilton, American actress and heiress

 

 

*HAMMERBERG, OWEN FRANCIS PATRICK
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy. Born: 31 May 1920, Daggett, Mich. Accredited to: Michigan. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a diver engaged in rescue operations at West Loch, Pearl Harbor, 17 February 1945. Aware of the danger when two fellow divers were hopelessly trapped in a cave-in of steel wreckage while tunneling with jet nozzles under an LST sunk in forty feet of water and twenty feet of mud. Hammerberg unhesitatingly went overboard in a valiant attempt to effect their rescue despite the certain hazard of additional cave-ins and the risk of fouling his lifeline on jagged pieces of steel imbedded in the shifting mud. Washing a passage through the original excavation, he reached the first of the trapped men, freed him from the wreckage and, working desperately in pitch-black darkness, finally effected his release from fouled lines, thereby enabling him to reach the surface. Wearied but undaunted after several hours of arduous labor, Hammerberg resolved to continue his struggle to wash through the oozing submarine, subterranean mud in a determined effort to save the second diver. Venturing still farther under the buried hulk, he held tenaciously to his purpose, reaching a place immediately above the other man just as another cave-in occurred and a heavy piece of steel pinned him crosswise over his shipmate in a position which protected the man beneath from further injury while placing the full brunt of terrific pressure on himself. Although he succumbed in agony eighteen hours after he had gone to the aid of his fellow divers, Hammerberg, by his cool judgment, unfaltering professional skill and consistent disregard of all personal danger in the face of tremendous odds, had contributed effectively to the saving of his two comrades. His heroic spirit of self-sacrifice throughout enhanced and sustained the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.

 

 HERRING, RUFUS G.
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Naval Reserve, LCI (G) 449. Place and date: Iwo Jima, 17 February 1945. Entered service at: North Carolina. Born: 11 June 1921, Roseboro, N.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of LCI (G) 449 operating as a unit of LCI (G) Group 8, during the preinvasion attack on Iwo Jima on 17 February 1945. Boldly closing the strongly fortified shores under the devastating fire of Japanese coastal defense guns, Lt. (then Lt. (j.g.)) Herring directed shattering barrages of 40mm. and 20mm. gunfire against hostile beaches until struck down by the enemy’s savage counter-fire which blasted the 449′s heavy guns and whipped her decks into sheets of flame. Regaining consciousness despite profuse bleeding he was again critically wounded when a Japanese mortar crashed the conning station, instantly killing or fatally wounding most of the officers and leaving the ship wallowing without navigational control. Upon recovering the second time, Lt. Herring resolutely climbed down to the pilothouse and, fighting against his rapidly waning strength, took over the helm, established communication with the engineroom, and carried on valiantly until relief could be obtained. When no longer able to stand, he propped himself against empty shell cases and rallied his men to the aid of the wounded; he maintained position in the firing line with his 20mm. guns in action in the face of sustained enemy fire, and conned his crippled ship to safety. His unwavering fortitude, aggressive perseverance, and indomitable spirit against terrific odds reflect the highest credit upon Lt. Herring and uphold the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.

 

JOHNSTON, WILLIAM J.
WW II

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company G, 180th Infantry, 45th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Padiglione, Italy, 17-19 February 1944. Entered service at: Colchester, Conn. Birth: Trenton, N.J. G.O. No.: 73, 6 September 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. On 17 February 1944, near Padiglione, Italy, he observed and fired upon an attacking force of approximately eighty Germans, causing at least twenty-five casualties and forcing withdrawal of the remainder. All that day he manned his gun without relief, subject to mortar, artillery, and sniper fire. Two Germans individually worked so close to his position that his machinegun was ineffective, whereupon he killed one with his pistol, the second with a rifle taken from another soldier. When a rifleman protecting his gun position was killed by a sniper, he immediately moved the body and relocated the machinegun in that spot in order to obtain a better field of fire. He volunteered to cover the platoon’s withdrawal and was the last man to leave that night. In his new position he maintained an all-night vigil, the next day causing seven German casualties. On the afternoon of the 18th, the organization on the left flank having been forced to withdraw, he again covered the withdrawal of his own organization. Shortly thereafter, he was seriously wounded over the heart, and a passing soldier saw him trying to crawl up the embankment. The soldier aided him to resume his position behind the machinegun which was soon heard in action for about ten minutes. Though reported killed, Pfc. Johnston was seen returning to the American lines on the morning of 19 February slowly and painfully working his way back from his overrun position through enemy lines. He gave valuable information of new enemy dispositions. His heroic determination to destroy the enemy and his disregard of his own safety aided immeasurably in halting a strong enemy attack, caused an enormous amount of enemy casualties, and so inspired his fellow soldiers that they fought for and held a vitally important position against greatly superior forces.

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Unerased History – February 16th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 16, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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Famous Amos Cookies

Wally Amos is one of the most famous black entrepreneurs in America. He sometimes calls himself the Jackie Robinson of the theatrical business. It was Amos who “discovered” Simon and Garfunkel in a Manhattan Club. Amos was known for promoting talent at the William Morris Agency.

One evening a friend of Amos came over and with him brought a batch of chocolate chip cookies. Amos wanted to know how to make them himself and the friend said, Simple, the recipe is on the back of the bag of Nestles chocolate chips. After months of making cookies for his friends and making the recipe his own, Amos was ready to introduce his new discovery to the world.

It was opening night in Los Angeles. Two thousand people were sent special invitations. A red carpet adorned the sidewalk. Celebrities arrived in limousines. Music was playing and champagne were flowing. It was the opening night of the “Famous” Amos first chocolate chip cookie store.

Within five years, annual sales went to five million dollars annually. What’s out there waiting to be “discovered?” Look around it could the simplest, everyday thing that you could improve to the “world’s best!”

 


“The thoughts we choose to think are the tools we use to paint the canvas of our lives.”

~Louise Hay

overweening oh-ver.-WEE-ning, adjective:

1. Overbearing; arrogant; presumptuous.
2.Excessive; immoderate; exaggerated.

Overweening is from Middle English overwening, present participle of overwenen, “to be arrogant,” from over + wenen “to ween,” from Old English wenan.

 

600 – Pope Gregory the Great decreed “God bless You” as the religiously correct response to a sneeze.
659- First known check (£400) – on display at Westminster Abbey (did it bounce?)

1741- Benjamin Franklin published America’s second magazine, “The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle”. It beat the first magazine by lasting twice as long. The first, Bradford’s American Magazine, lasted only three issues and Franklin’s lasted six.
1751 – Thomas Gray’s poem “Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard” was first published.
1760 – Cherokee Indians held hostage at Fort St. George by South Carolina Governor Lyttleton are killed in revenge for Indian attacks on frontier settlements that broke a peace treaty of December 1759.
1804 – During the First Barbary War, Stephen Decatur (USMC) leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia (1799). The First Barbary War (1801–1805) was the first of two wars fought between the United States and the Northwest African Berber Muslim states known collectively as the Barbary States.
1838 Kentucky passes law permitting widows with children the right to vote in school board elections.

1840 – American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
1852 – Studebaker Brothers Wagon Company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
1857 – The National Deaf Mute College was incorporated in Washington, DC. It was the first school in the world for advanced education of the deaf. The school was later renamed Gallaudet College.
1857 – Frederick Douglass elected President of Freedman Bank and Trust.
1859 – The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
1862 – Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee and aapproximately 14,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered.
1862 – Civil War:  Gunboats of Flag Officer Foote’s force destroyed the “Tennessee Iron Works” above Dover on the Cumberland River.
1864 – Civil War: Union naval forces, composed of double-ender U.S.S. Octorara, converted ferryboat U.S.S. J. P. Jackson and six mortar schooners, began bombarding the Confederate works at Fort Powell. Six months later this would result in the closing of Mobile Bay.
1865 – Civil War:  Columbia, S.C., surrendered to Federal troops.
1868 – In New York City, the Jolly Corks organization is renamed the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.
1878 – Silver dollar became US legal tender.
1883 – “Ladies Home Journal” began publication. It started as a women’s supplement to the Tribune and Farmer. The following year it became an independent publication.
1909 – First subway car with side doors goes into service in New York City.
1909 – The San Francisco Citizens Health Committee declared San Francisco free of bubonic plague.
1913 – President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
1914 – The first airplane flight between Los Angeles and San Francisco took place.
1923 – Black singer Bessie Smith makes her first recording, “Down Hearted Blues,” which sells 800,000 copies for Columbia Records. Her music reflected the Depression era.
1923 – Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. On the 17th he entered the chamber with several invited guests. He had originally found the tomb on November 4, 1922.
1926 – Congress authorized Secretary of Treasury to acquire a site at New London, CT, without cost to United States, and construct thereon buildings for the United States Coast Guard Academy at a total cost not to exceed $1,750,000.
1932 – The first fruit tree patent was issued to James E. Markham for a peach tree which ripens later than other varieties.
1936 – 4th Winter Olympic games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1937 – Wallace H. Carothers receives a patent for nylon. Carothers was a research chemist for Du Pont.
1938 – The U.S. Federal Crop Insurance program was authorized.
1940 – World War II: Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed.
1942 – Shep Fields and his orchestra recorded “Jersey Bounce.”
1942 – German submarines attacked an Aruba oil refinery and sank the tanker Pedernales.
1943 – Sign on Munich facade: “Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!” was posted by the “White Rose” student group. They were caught on 2/18 and beheaded on 2/22.
1943 – World War II: The Soviet troops reenter Kharkov.
1944 – World War II: Justo Gonzalez became the first Hispanic-American to make the rank of chief petty officer when the Coast Guard promoted him to Chief Machinist’s Mate.
1944 – World War II: German forces begin a new attack on the Allied forces on the Anzio beachhead.
1945 – World War II: Two American battalions, one seaborne and one dropped by parachute, land on Corregidor Island in Manila Bay.
1945 – World War II: Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines is occupied by American troops, almost three years after the devastating and infamous Bataan Death March.
1945 – World War II: US Task Force 58, part of US 5th Fleet (Spruance), with 12 fleet carriers and 4 light carriers, conducts air raids on Tokyo. The aircraft carriers are escorted by 8 battleships, 15 cruisers and 83 destroyers as well as numerous support ships.
1945 – World War II: US Task Force 54 (Admiral Rodgers), with 5 cruisers and 16 destroyers, as well as the 10 escort carriers of TF52 begin the preliminary bombardment of Iwo Jima.
1946 – The first commercial helicopter, the four-seat Sikorsky S51, single rotor helicopter first flew. It could carry 3 passengers over 250 miles at a speed of 100 miles per hour.
1948 -  The first U.S. newsreel telecast to be presented daily was the 20th Century-Fox Movietone News.
1948 – NBC-TV began airing its first nightly newscast, “The Camel Newsreel Theatre”, which consisted of Fox Movietone newsreels.
1948 – Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for the first time
1950 – Longest-running prime-time game show (17 years), “What’s My Line” begins on CBS. “That’s three down. We move now to Arlene Francis.” Arlene Francis, Dorothy Kilgallen, humorist Hal Block, and Louis Untermeyer joined host John Daly.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Heart Cries for You” by Guy Mitchell, “Tennessee Waltz” by Patti Page, “If” by Perry Como and “There’s Been a Change in Me” (not on You-Tube) by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1951 – Korean War: The 861-day naval siege of Wonsan began. This was one of the largest blockade and bombardment efforts ever initiated by the U.S. Navy.
1951 – NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing.
1952 – “Slow Poke” by Pee Wee King topped the charts.
1952 – The FBI arrested ten members of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.
1953 – Korean War: Marine Corps Captain Ted Williams, future baseball hall of famer, had his F9F Panther jet fighter badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Instead of ditching the aircraft, Captain Williams opted to return to base, an action that required exceptional skill and daring. He received the Air Medal for his actions. Williams walked away from the wheels-up landing.
1953 – Air Force Captain Joseph C. McConnell, Jr., 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, flying his F-86 “Beauteous Butch” shot down his fifth MiG. He is recognized as the 27th ace of the war.
1953 – First man-made diamonds. The diamond crystals, the size of grains of sand, were produced in Sweden in a high pressure press by subjecting graphite to 83,000 atmospheres pressure and about 2000 degrees C for an hour.
1957 – “Young Love” by Tab Hunter topped the charts.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Stagger Lee” by Lloyd Price, “16 Candles” by The Crests, “The All American Boy” by Bill Parsons and “Billy Bayou” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1959 – Leonard Spigelgass’ “Majority of One,” premiered in New York City.
1959 – The US House Committee on Un-American Activities has charged that an “elite corps” of Communist lawyers is promoting the party’s cause in the courts, Congress and government agencies.
1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
1960 – The U.S.S. Triton began the first circumnavigation of the globe under water. The trip ended on May 10.
1961 – Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.The Explorer program was a United States space exploration program that provides flight opportunities for physics, heliophysics, and astrophysics investigations from space
1961 - The DuSable Museum of African American History is chartered.
1962 – Jimmy Bostwick defeated his brother, Pete, to win the U.S. Open Court-Tennis championships for the third time.
1963 – First round-trip swim of Straits of Messina, Italy, was made by Mary Revell of US.
1963 – Beatles top British rock charts with “Please, Please Me.”  Full Album
1963 – “Hey Paula” by Paul & Paula topped the charts.
1964 – The Beatles performed for the second time on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” They had made their first appearance on the show only a week before.
1965 – Pegasus 1 launched. Pegasus was a series of three satellites, which were launched 1965 to study the frequency of micrometeorite impacts. All three Pegasus satellites were launched by Saturn 1 rockets, and remained connected with the upper stage.
1965 – Four persons were held in a plot to blow up the Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell and the Washington Monument.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’m a Believer” by The Monkees, “Georgy Girl” by The Seekers, “Kind of a Drag” by The Buckinghams and “Don’t Come Home a’Drinkin’ (With Lovin’ on Your Mind)” by Loretta Lynn all topped the charts.
1967 – Operation River Raider begins in Mekong Delta.
1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
1968 – Elvis Presley receives gold record for “How Great Thou Art.
1970 – Joe Frazier began his reign as the undefeated heavyweight world champion when he knocked out Jimmy Ellis in five rounds. He lost the title on January 22, 1973, when he lost for the first time in his professional career to George Foreman.
1970 – In San Francisco, a homemade bomb exploded outside the police Park Station on Waller St. Sgt. Brian McDonnell (44) died 2 days later and 8 other officers were injured. Black Panthers were suspected, but a later investigation suggested it was the work of the Weather Underground.
1971 – Aretha Franklin recorded “Spanish Harlem.”
1972 – Wilt Chamberlain (Los Angeles Lakers) reached the 30,000-point mark in his NBA career during a game against the Phoenix Suns. He was the first NBA player to do so.
1974 – “The Way We Were” by Barbra Streisand’s topped the charts.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re No Good” by Linda Ronstadt, “Pick Up the Pieces” by AWB, “Best of My Love” by The Eagles and “Devil in the Bottle” by T.G. Sheppard all topped the charts.
1978 – The first computer bulletin board system is created (Ward & Randy’s CBBS) in Chicago, Illinois. (CBBS stood for  Computerized Bulletin Board System.)
1980 –  “Do That to Me One More Time” by Captain & Tennille topped the charts.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Down Under” by Men at Work, “Baby, Come to Me” by Patti Austin with James Ingram, “Shame on the Moon” by Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band and “’Til I Gain Control Again” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1984 – Bill Johnson becomes first American to win Olympic downhill skiing gold.
1984 – Musician Jerry Lee Lewis surrendered to federal authorities to answer income tax evasion charges. He was later acquitted.
1985 – “Careless Whisper” by George Michael topped the charts.
1985 – “Kojak” returned to network television after an absence of seven years with the CBS-TV special, “Kojak: The Belarus File.”
1985 – Ray ‘Boom Boom’ Mancini lost the World Boxing Association lightweight championship crown to Livingstone Bramble. The fighter retired in August, 1985.
1985 – Coach Lefty Driesell got his 400th career victory as the University of Maryland defeated Davidson by a score of 65-63.
1987 – The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible” in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.
1988 – First documented combat action by U.S. military advisors in El Salvador.
1989 – Investigators in Lockerbie, Scotland, announced that a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette player was the reason that Pan Am Flight 103 was brought down the previous December. All 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground were killed.
1988 – MASS SHOOTING: Richard Wade Farley gunned down seven people at ESL Corp. during an office rampage in Sunnyvale, Calif. Farley was later convicted of murder and sentenced to death.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)” by C & C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams, “All the Man that I Need” by Whitney Houston, “One More Try” by Timmy -T-, and “Brother Jukebox” by Mark Chesnutt all topped the charts.
1991 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding.
1992 – Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue.
1993 - Prices fell as Wall Street reacted unfavorably to President Clinton’s economic austerity plan outlined in a White House address last night.
1994 - Figure skaters Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan encountered each other at the Winter Olympic Games in Norway before posing for the U.S. team photograph.
1996 - World chess champion Garry Kasparov won for the second time against IBM supercomputer “Deep Blue” in the fifth game of their match in Philadelphia (Kasparov had drawn twice and lost once).
1996 - A commuter train slammed into Amtrak’s Capital Limited an Silver Spring, Md., and killed 11 people. It was later claimed that a new warning system was partly to blame.
1997 – At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history.
1998 - Mr. Jefferson, the first cloned calf, was born in Virginia.
1999 - The Chinese Lunar New Year began the Year of the Rabbit.
1999 – Testimony began in the Jasper, TX, trial of John William King. He was charged with murder in the gruesome dragging death of James Byrd Jr. King was later convicted and sentenced to death.
2000 - In New York City, Lucy Edwards (41), a former Bank of New York executive, and her husband, Peter Berlin (46), pleaded guilty to laundering over $7 billion from Russian bankers in exchange for $1.8 million.
2001 – Two dozen US and British aircraft bombed 5 radar and other anti-aircraft sites around Baghdad with guided missiles. A number of new guided bombs, AGM-154A priced from $250-700k, missed their targets.
2002 – In Noble, Ga., officials found 334 decomposing bodies at the Tri-State Crematory, where the furnace had not worked for years. Ray Brent Marsh (28), manager of the family operation, was arrested and charged with five counts of theft by deception.
2003 - Michael Waltrip raced past leader Jimmie Johnson to win the rain-shortened Daytona 500 for the second time in three years.
2004 – In Ohio a crane collapsed at an I-80 bridge near Toledo and three workers were killed.
2004 - L. Paul Bremer, the United States administrator of Iraq states he will veto any interim constitution that would make Islam “the chief source of law”, as opposed to “a source of inspiration for the law.”
2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
2005 – The National Hockey League (NHL) cancels the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs, becoming the first major sports league in North America to do so over a labor dispute.
2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
2006 - Pennsylvania Senator Arlen Specter asked the Senate Ethics Committee to investigate whether a top aide improperly helped direct nearly $50 million in Pentagon spending to clients represented by her husband.
2007 – An annual survey released Forbes.com said Raleigh, North Carolina, topped the list of the best US cities for getting a job.
2007 - The Democrat-controlled US House of Representatives voted 246-182 for a non-binding resolution opposing President Bush’s Surge plan to send 21,500 more troops to Iraq. Seventeen Republicans voted in favor.
2007 - Francisco Castaneda, an illegal immigrant from El Salvador, died of penile cancer that went undiagnosed for more than a year while he was in state and federal custody in California. In 2010 a Los Angeles jury awarded his family $1.73 million.
2008 – In Maryland a car plowed into a crowd that had gathered to watch a drag race on a suburban road, killing eight people and injuring at least four.
2008 - A student dies of unknown causes while competing at the Harvard National Speech and Debate Tournament.
2008 – A company source said Toshiba Corp is planning to give up on its HD DVD format for high-definition video, conceding defeat to the competing Blu-Ray technology backed by Sony Corp.
2009 – In Kansas,  Republican legislators blocked an effort by Democratic Gov. Kathleen Sebelius to transfer funds to allow the state to pay its bills. Income tax refunds were suspended and the state payroll was threatened.
2009 –   In Stamford, Connecticut, a 200-pound domesticated chimpanzee  was shot dead by police after a violent rampage that left a friend of its owner badly mauled. Travis (15) had once starred in TV commercials for Old Navy and Coca-Cola. Charla Nash lost her hands, nose, lips and eyelids in the attack. Doctors later said she will be blind for life.
2010 –  New US Treasury data said China’s holdings of US Treasury bonds tumbled in December, allowing Japan to take over as the top holder of American government debt.
2010 – In New Jersey Shamsid-Din Abdul-Raheem (21) threw his 3-month-old daughter off the Garden State Parkway Driscoll Bridge after the mother filed a restraining order against him. The body of the infant was found on April 24.
2011 –  Borders Group, the second largest bookstore chain in the United States, files for bankruptcy with plans to sell at least 200 stores.
2011 – The West Virginia Gazette reported that three U.S. marshals were shot in Elkins, West Virginia, while trying to serve a warrant, resulting in the death of one marshal and the shooter.
2012 - Two time Pulitzer Prize winner Anthony Shadid dies suddenly at age 43 of an acute asthma attack.
2012 - Four World Trade Center’s construction crane snaps while lifting a steel beam.
2013 -Two firefighters are killed and two others are injured extinguishing an inferno at a Knights of Columbus fraternal lodge in Bryan, Texas.

 

1698 – Pierre Bouguer was a French mathematician and astronomer. He is also known as “the father of naval architecture”. (d. 1758)
1812 – Henry Wilson, 18th Vice President of US (d. 1875) He served under President Ulysses S Grant. He was a leading Republican who committed himself to the destruction of what he called the Slave Power. This was a conspiracy of slave owners to seize control of the federal government and block the progress of liberty.
1826 – Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
1866 – Billy Hamilton (baseball player), MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder (d. 1940)
1887 – Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
1901 – Wayne King, American musician and orchestra leader (d. 1985)
1901 – Chester Morris, American film actor (d. 1970) He is most famous for his role in the Boston Blackie detective series of the 1940s.
1903 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
1906 – Vera Menchik, British-Czech chess player, the first Women’s World Champion in chess (d. 1944)
1909 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor (d. 1982) is best known for his portrayal of Ward Cleaver, the husband of June Cleaver (Barbara Billingsley) and the father of Wally (Tony Dow) and Beaver (Jerry Mathers) on the television series, Leave It to Beaver (1957–1963).
1909 – Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)He was one of the early American fast food pioneers, originally from Manchester, New Hampshire, who established the first McDonald’s restaurant in San Bernardino, California in 1940.
1918 – Patty Andrews, American singer and one of the famous Andrew Sisters.
1920 – Anna Mae Hays, American army general. She was the first woman in the U.S. Military to be promoted to a general officer rank.
1934 – Herbie & Harold Kalin, American singers (d. 2005-Harold / 2006-Herbie) The twins were a pop music recording duo and remain the archetypal one-hit wonders with the 1958 song “When”.
1935 – Sonny Bono, American entertainer & U.S. Congressman (d. 1998)
1951 – William Katt, American actor.  He is best known as the star of The Greatest American Hero.
1954 – Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (d. 1996)
1957 – LeVar Burton, American actor. He is most well-known for his portrayal of Geordi La Forge on Star Trek: The Next Generation, and as the host of the PBS children’s program Reading Rainbow.
1958 – Ice-T, American rapper, songwriter, and actor
1959 – John McEnroe, American tennis player
1967 – Keith Gretzky, former hockey player; brother of Wayne Gretzky

 

*GRAVES, TERRENCE COLLINSON
VIETNAM

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, 3d Force Reconnaissance Company, 3d Reconnaissance Battalion, 3d Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Place and date: Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, 16 February 1968. Entered service at: New York Born: 6 July 1945, Corpus Christi, Tex. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a platoon commander with the 3d Force Reconnaissance Company. While on a long-range reconnaissance mission, 2d Lt. Graves’ eight-man patrol observed seven enemy soldiers approaching their position. Reacting instantly, he deployed his men and directed their fire on the approaching enemy. After the fire had ceased, he and two patrol members commenced a search of the area, and suddenly came under a heavy volume of hostile small arms and automatic weapons fire from a numerically superior enemy force. When one of his men was hit by the enemy fire, 2d Lt. Graves moved through the fire-swept area to his radio and, while directing suppressive fire from his men, requested air support and adjusted a heavy volume of artillery and helicopter gunship fire upon the enemy. After attending the wounded, 2d Lt. Graves, accompanied by another Marine, moved from his relatively safe position to confirm the results of the earlier engagement. Observing that several of the enemy were still alive, he launched a determined assault, eliminating the remaining enemy troops. He then began moving the patrol to a landing zone for extraction, when the unit again came under intense fire which wounded two more Marines and 2d Lt. Graves. Refusing medical attention, he once more adjusted air strikes and artillery fire upon the enemy while directing the fire of his men. He led his men to a new landing site into which he skillfully guided the incoming aircraft and boarded his men while remaining exposed to the hostile fire. Realizing that one of the wounded had not embarked, he directed the aircraft to depart and, along with another Marine, moved to the side of the casualty. Confronted with a shortage of ammunition, 2d Lt. Graves utilized supporting arms and directed fire until a second helicopter arrived. At this point, the volume of enemy fire intensified, hitting the helicopter and causing it to crash shortly after liftoff. All aboard were killed. 2d Lt. Graves’ outstanding courage, superb leadership and indomitable fighting spirit throughout the day were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country .

 

 

*MILLER, GARY L.
VIETNAM 

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company A, 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and Date: Binh Duong province, Republic of Vietnam, 16 February 1969. Entered service at: Roanoke, Va. Born: 19 March 1947, Covington, Va. Citation: For conspicuous intrepidity and gallantry in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. First Lt. Miller, Infantry, Company A, was serving as a platoon leader at night when his company ambushed a hostile force infiltrating from Cambodian sanctuaries. After contact with the enemy was broken, 1st Lt. Miller led a reconnaissance patrol from their prepared positions through the early evening darkness and dense tropical growth to search the area for enemy casualties. As the group advanced they were suddenly attacked. First Lt. Miller was seriously wounded. However, the group fought back with telling effect on the hostile force. An enemy grenade was thrown into the midst of the friendly patrol group and all took cover except 1st Lt. Miller. who in the dim light located the grenade and threw himself on it, absorbing the force of the explosion with his body. His action saved nearby members of his patrol from almost certain serious injury. The extraordinary courage and selflessness displayed by this officer were an inspiration to his comrades and are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.

 

*MONROE, JAMES H.
VIETNAM 

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Place and Date: Bong Son, Hoai Nhon Province, Republic of Vietnam, 16 February 1967. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 17 October 1944, Aurora, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. His platoon was deployed in a night ambush when the position was suddenly subjected to an intense and accurate grenade attack, and one foxhole was hit immediately. Responding without hesitation to the calls for help from the wounded men Pfc. Monroe moved forward through heavy small-arms fire to the foxhole but found that all of the men had expired. He turned immediately and crawled back through the deadly hail of fire toward other calls for aid. He moved to the platoon sergeant’s position where he found the radio operator bleeding profusely from fragmentation and bullet wounds. Ignoring the continuing enemy attack, Pfc. Monroe began treating the wounded man when he saw a live grenade fall directly in front of the position. He shouted a warning to all those nearby, pushed the wounded radio operator and the platoon sergeant to one side, and lunged forward to smother the grenade’s blast with his body. Through his valorous actions, performed in a flash of inspired selflessness, Pfc. Monroe saved the lives of two of his comrades and prevented the probable injury of several others. His gallantry and intrepidity were in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army, and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.

 

*SMITH, ELMELINDO R.
VIETNAM  WAR

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Platoon Sergeant (then S/Sgt.), U.S. Army, 1st Platoon, Company C, 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 16 February 1967. Entered service at: Honolulu, Hawaii. Born: 27 July 1935, Honolulu, Hawaii. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. During a reconnaissance patrol, his platoon was suddenly engaged by intense machinegun fire hemming in the platoon on three sides. A defensive perimeter was hastily established, but the enemy added mortar and rocket fire to the deadly fusillade and assaulted the position from several directions. With complete disregard for his safety, P/Sgt. Smith moved through the deadly fire along the defensive line, positioning soldiers, distributing ammunition and encouraging his men to repeal the enemy attack. Struck to the ground by enemy fire which caused a severe shoulder wound, he regained his feet, killed the enemy soldier and continued to move about the perimeter. He was again wounded in the shoulder and stomach but continued moving on his knees to assist in the defense. Noting the enemy massing at a weakened point on the perimeter, he crawled into the open and poured deadly fire into the enemy ranks. As he crawled on, he was struck by a rocket. Moments later, he regained consciousness, and drawing on his fast dwindling strength, continued to crawl from man to man. When he could move no farther, he chose to remain in the open where he could alert the perimeter to the approaching enemy. P/Sgt. Smith perished, never relenting in his determined effort against the enemy. The valorous acts and heroic leadership of this outstanding soldier inspired those remaining members of his platoon to beat back the enemy assaults. P/Sgt. Smith’s gallant actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and they reflect great credit upon him and the Armed Forces of his country.

 

 

*KYLE, DARWIN K.
KOREAN WAR

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company K, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kamil-ni, Korea, 16 February 1951. Entered service at: Racine, W. Va. Born: 1 June 1918, Jenkins, Ky. G.O. No.: 17, 1 February 1952. Citation: 2d Lt. Kyle, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When his platoon had been pinned down by intense fire, he completely exposed himself to move among and encourage his men to continue the advance against enemy forces strongly entrenched on Hill 185. Inspired by his courageous leadership, the platoon resumed the advance but was again pinned down when an enemy machine gun opened fire, wounding six of the men. 2d Lt. Kyle immediately charged the hostile emplacement alone, engaged the crew in hand-to-hand combat, killing all three. Continuing on toward the objective, his platoon suddenly received an intense automatic-weapons fire from a well-concealed hostile position on its right flank. Again leading his men in a daring bayonet charge against this position, firing his carbine and throwing grenades, 2d Lt. Kyle personally destroyed four of the enemy before he was killed by a burst from an enemy submachinegun. The extraordinary heroism and outstanding leadership of 2d Lt. Kyle, and his gallant self-sacrifice, reflect the highest credit upon himself and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the military service.

 

 McCARTER, LLOYD G.
WW II

 

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 503d Parachute Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Corregidor, Philippine Islands, 16-19 February 1945. Entered service at: Tacoma, Wash. Born: 11 May 1917, St. Maries, Idaho. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: He was a scout with the regiment which seized the fortress of Corregidor, Philippine Islands. Shortly after the initial parachute assault on 16 February 1945, he crossed thirty yards of open ground under intense enemy fire, and at pointblank range silenced a machinegun with hand grenades. On the afternoon of 18 February he killed six snipers. That evening, when a large force attempted to bypass his company, he voluntarily moved to an exposed area and opened fire. The enemy attacked his position repeatedly throughout the night and was each time repulsed. By 2 o’clock in the morning, all the men about him had been wounded; but shouting encouragement to his comrades and defiance at the enemy, he continued to bear the brunt of the attack, fearlessly exposing himself to locate enemy soldiers and then pouring heavy fire on them. He repeatedly crawled back to the American line to secure more ammunition. When his submachine gun would no longer operate, he seized an automatic rifle and continued to inflict heavy casualties. This weapon, in turn, became too hot to use and, discarding it, he continued with an M-l rifle. At dawn the enemy attacked with renewed intensity. Completely exposing himself to hostile fire, he stood erect to locate the most dangerous enemy positions. He was seriously wounded; but, though he had already killed more than thirty of the enemy, he refused to evacuate until he had pointed out immediate objectives for attack. Through his sustained and outstanding heroism in the face of grave and obvious danger, Pvt. McCarter made outstanding contributions to the success of his company and to the recapture of Corregidor.

 

HARVEY, HARRY
PHILLIPINE INSURRECTION
 

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 4 June 1873, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: Served in battle against the enemy at 16 February 1900. Throughout this action and in the presence of the enemy, Harvey distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.

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Unerased History – February 15th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 15, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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National Gum Drop Day
Susan B. Anthony Day

Invention of the Outboard Motor

Ole Evinrude was born in in 1877 in  Norway.. In October 1881 his father emigrated to America, followed the next year by his wife and three children. Three additional children were born in America. The family settled on a farm in Ripley Lake near Cambridge, Wisconsin. At age sixteen Evinrude went to Madison, where he worked in machinery stores and studied engineering on his own. He became a machinist while working at various machine tool firms in Milwaukee, Pittsburgh, and Chicago.

Necessity is the mother of invention  and she could not have found a better person
to appear to than Ole Evinrude. 1n 1893, on a nice warm day in Wisconsin, Ole, some of his friends and the love of his life, Bess Cary rowed out to an island on Oconomowoc Lake, just outside Milwaukee. As the day warmed up even more, it would have been nice to have something cool. Bess said she would like to have some ice cream. Eager to please, Ole jumped into his rowboat and took off. The wind was favorable to the trip going to land and the trip did not take long. The trip back, however, was much tougher because the trip was into the wind. The result was ice cream soup. Regardless, they enjoyed it but Ole said to himself, “Never again.”

He had owned a company that had made small gasoline engines but it had failed. He had helped a young man named Arthur Davidson make an air-cooled engine and watch as he went on to Harley-Davidson fame and he now thought that this was the way to propel a small boat.

In 1900, Evinrude co-founded the custom engine firm Clemick & Evinrude. In 1907, he invented the first practical and reliable outboard motor, which was built of steel and brass, and had a crank on the flywheel to start the two-cycle engine. On his first test he amazed the deckhands at the river by skimming across the water at about five miles per hour. After some cosmetic changes, he made engine #2. He gave it to a friend who then immediately bought ten engines.

By 1912, the firm employed 300 workers. Ole then formed the Evinrude Outboard Motors, which he sold in 1913 in order to look after his sick wife.

In 1919, Evinrude invented a more efficient and lighter two-cylinder motor. Having sold his part in Clemick & Evinrude, he founded ELTO or the Elto Outboard Motor Company. (ELTO was an acronym for “Evinrude Light Twin Outboard”.) Although ELTO faced stiff competition from other companies, such as Johnson Motor Company of South Bend, Indiana, Evinrude’s company survived through acquisitions, eventually forming the Outboard Marine Corporation.The advertising went in to effect. It began with, “DON’T ROW, use the Evinrude Detachable Row Boat Motor.”

His wife Bess died in 1933, at only 48 years old, and Ole Evinrude died the following year, 57 years old. After Evinrude died, his son, Ralph Evinrude, took over day-to-day management of the company, eventually rising to Chairman of the Board. The company is now called Evinrude Outboard Motors, and is owned by Bombardier Recreational Products.

 

“If you wish the world to become loving and compassionate, become loving and compassionate yourself. If you wish to diminish fear in the world, diminish your own. These are the gifts that you can give.”


~ Gary Zukav

 

omphaloskepsis(om-fuh-lo-SKEP-sis) noun

Contemplation of one’s navel.[From Greek omphalos (navel) + skepsis (act of looking, examination).
Ultimately from the Indo-European root spek- (to observe) which is
also the ancestor of suspect, spectrum, bishop (literally, overseer),
despise, espionage, telescope, spectator, and spectacles.]

 

399 BC – Socrates was condemned to death on charges of corrupting the youth and introducing new gods into Greek thought. A tribunal of 501 citizens found Socrates guilty of the charge of impiety and corruption of youth.
1758 – The first mustard, made by Benjamin Franklin was put on sale in America.

1762 – The British capture Fort Martiniqe, the main French port in the West Indies, and then St. Lucia and Grenada. Later in the year, Britain will also overrun the Spanish colonial outposts of Cuba and of Manila in the Philippines.
1764 – St Louis (MO) founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue.
1798 – The first serious fist fight occurred in Congress.Roger Griswold (CT-Federalist) v. Matthew Lyon (VT- Republican)
1799 – Printed ballots were authorized for use in elections in the State of Pennsylvania.
1803 – Marbury v. Madison decided. It is a landmark case in United States law. It formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution.
1804 – New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish slavery.
1805 – Harmony Society officially formed. The Society was founded and led by Johann Georg Rapp (1757–1847) and his adopted son, Frederick (Reichert) Rapp (1775–1834), and lasted for 100 years –until 1905.
1838 – In defiance of the new “gag rule” adopted 19 December 1837, Representative John Quincy Adams introduces 350 petitions against slavery into the House. The petitions were all tabled.
1842 – First adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), New York, NY.
1847 – The House of Representatives approves a bill for negotiations to purchase occupied territory from Mexico. Several attempts were made to exclude slavery but they all failed.
1848 – Sarah Roberts was barred from a white school in Boston. Boston required Sarah Roberts, a five-year-old Black, to enroll in an all-black public elementary school. Benjamin Roberts, Sarah’s father and one of the nation’s first Black American printers, challenged the Boston School Committee’s policy of racial segregation.
1851 – Black abolitionists invaded a Boston courtroom to rescue a fugitive slave.
1856 – USS Supply, commanded by LT David Dixon Porter, sails from Smyrna, Syria, bound for Indianola, Texas, with a load of 21 camels intended for experimental use in the American desert west of the Rockies.
1861 – Civil War: Ft. Point in the San Francisco Bay area was completed and garrisoned to defend San Francisco Bay against hostile warships. It never fired a cannon in anger.
1862 – Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
1862 – Civil War: Four Confederate gunboats under Commodore Tattnall attacked Union batteries at Venus Point, on Savannah River, Georgia, but were forced back to Savannah. Tattnall was attempting to effect the passage of steamer Ida from Fort Pulaski to Savannah.
1864 – Civil War: U.S.S. Forest Rose came to the relief of Union soldiers who were hard pressed by attacking Confederate troops at Waterproof, Louisiana.
1869 – Charges of treason against Jefferson Davis were dropped.
1870 – Ground was broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn.
1876 – Historic Elm at Boston blown down. On the first complete map of Boston, drafted by Captain John Bonner in 1722, is a record of three trees only, standing at the time the first settlers came. One of these, represented as the largest, was the Old Elm on Boston Common.
1879 – President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
1895 – Nine inches of snow falls on New Orleans.
1898 – Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing more than 260 of the 400 men on board.  On April 25, the U.S. Congress declared war on Spain to the shouts of “Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain!” The true cause of the explosion that sank the battleship Maine remains a mystery.
1903 – Morris Michtom and his wife Rose introduce the first teddy bear in America.
1911 – Congress transferred Fort Trumbull, New London, CT from War Department to Treasury Department for the use of the USRCS (US Revenue Cutter Service).
1912 – The Fram reached latitude 78ø 41′ S, farthest south ever by ship. The Fram (“Forward”) was a ship that was used in expeditions of the Arctic and Antarctic regions between 1893 and 1912.
1917 – The Main Branch of the SF Public Library at the Civic center was dedicated.
1918 – The 1st WW I US army troopship was torpedoed & sunk off Ireland by Germany.
1919 – American Legion organizes in Paris.
1926 – Contract air mail service begins in US.
1930 – Wenona beat Toluca in an Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
1931 – First Dracula movie released.
1931 – Spring training site of New York Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team’s late manager.
1932 – George Burns and Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on “The Guy Lombardo Show” on CBS radio.
1932 – US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan became the only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold).
1933 – In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago, Illinois Mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.
1934 – America was plagued by poverty and unemployment, prompting President Franklin Roosevelt to call on Congress to establish a Federal institution for doling out funds to the nation’s needy. The result was the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA).
1939 – Lillian Hellman’s “Little Foxes,” premiered in New York City.
1940 – World War II: Europe – Hitler ordered that all British merchant ships would be considered warships.
1941-Duke Ellington first records “Take the “A” Train“.
1942 – World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.
1943 – World War II: North Africa – The Germans broke the U.S. lines at the Fanid-Sened Sector in Tunisia.
1943 – World War II: PacificWomen’s camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) was hit by allied air raid.
1943 – “My True Story” was heard for the first time on ABC radio.
1944 – World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy begins.
1944 – World War II: British bombers attacked Berlin.
1945 – World War II: During the day, the US 8th Air Force raids Dresden where the fire storm continues.
1945 – World War II: American USAAF B-24 and B-29 bombers raid Iwo Jima in preparation for the landings later in the month. They drop a daily average of 450 tons of bombs over the course of 15 days (6800 tons).
1945 – World War II: A regiment from US 11th Corps is landed at the southern tip of Bataan on Luzon to help in the operations of the remainder of the corps. The fighting in Manila continues.
1946 -  ENIAC, the first electronic general-purpose computer, is formally dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
1946 – Edith Houghton, at age 33, was signed as a baseball scout by the Philadelphia Phillies becoming the first female scout in the major leagues.
1950 – Walt Disney’s “Cinderella” released.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Dear Hearts and Gentle People” by Bing Crosby, “The Old Master Painter” by Snooky Lanson, “There’s No Tomorrow” by Tony Martin and “Chattanooga Shoe Shine Boy” by Red Foley
1951 – Korean War: The communists were defeated at Chipyong-ni by the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division’s 23rd Infantry Regimental Combat Team (RCT) and the French Battalion.
1953 – Korean War: Radio Pyongyang went off the air when B-29s attacked the nearby Pingjang-ni communications center, damaging power lines and Twenty-two F-84s from the 474th Fighter-Bomber Wing bombed the generators at the Sui-ho hydroelectric plant.
1953 – Seventeen-year-old Tenley Albright becomes the first American to win the world figure skating championship.
1954 – An ocean exploration depth record of 13,287 feet (4,050 meters, over 2,000 fathoms, or over 2-1/2 miles) in FNRS III was set when two French Navy officers, Lt. Commander Georges Houot and Lt. Pierre Willm, reached the Atlantic Ocean floor, 120 miles southwest of Dakar, Senegal, Africa, in the tropical Atlantic Ocean.
1954 -  Canada and the United States agree to construct the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line, a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska.
1955 – First pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced.
1956 – Pirates & Kansas City A’s cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham AL, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t/I Beg of You” by Elvis Presley, “Get a Job” by The Silhouettes, “Catch a Falling Star/Magic Moments” by Perry Como and “Ballad of a Teenage Queen” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1960 – US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip.
1961 – Sabena Flight 548 crashes in Belgium, killing 73, with the entire 18 – member US Figure Skating team, several coaches & family.
1962 – CBS-TV bought the exclusive rights to college football games from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) for $10 million.

1964 – “I Saw Her Standing There” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Love” by Petula Clark, “Lightnin’ Strikes” by Lou Christie, “Uptight (Everything’s Alright)” by Stevie Wonder and “Giddyup Go” by Red Sovine all topped the charts.
1967 – Vietnam War : Thirteen U.S. helicopters were shot down in one day in Vietnam.
1967 – The first anti-bootleg recording laws were enacted.
1968 – Anaheim’s Les Salvage scored 10, 3-pt baskets in an ABA game vs. Denver.
1969 – “Everyday People” by Sly & the Family Stone topped the charts.
1970 – William Kunstler, Chicago defense attorney, got a four-year sentence on contempt charges for his conduct during the Chicago Seven trial.
1972 -  Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
1972 – William Kolff obtained a patent for the soft shell mushroom shaped artificial heart.
1973 - Friendsville Academy in Tenn. ended a 138-game basketball losing streak. It beat a small catholic school from West Virginia who had a similar record with 70 straight losses. Neither team ever played basketball again.
1973 - The US and Cuba reached an anti-hijacking agreement.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love’s Theme” by Love Unlimited Orchestra, Americans” by Byron MacGregor, “Until You Come Back to Me (That’s What I’m Gonna Do)” by Aretha Franklin and “World of Make Believe” by Bill Anderson all topped the charts.
1974 – US gasoline stations threatened to close because of federal fuel policies.
1975 – “You’re No Good” by Linda Ronstadt topped the charts.
1975 -In local elections 78.8% of the residents approved a covenant under which the Northern Marianas would become a US Commonwealth. In 1976 the US Congress approved a covenant whereby Saipan became the capital of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Today (2014), the Marianas Islands are composed of two U.S. jurisdictions: the territory of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
1976 - David Pearson survived a last lap chaos with Richard Petty and limped his car to victory lane to win his only Daytona 500 victory in one of NASCAR’s amazing endings.

1978 – Boxer Leon Spinks defeated Muhammad Ali to win the heavyweight boxing crown.
1978 - Ted Bundy (1946-1989), American escaped serial killer, was recaptured in Pensacola, Fla. Bundy eventually confessed to 29 murders.
1979 – The Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appeared on the Mike Douglas Show. (See YouTube)
1981 – A rocket-powered ice sled attained 399 kph on Lake George, NY.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Centerfold” by The J. Geils Band, “Harden My Heart” by Quarterflash, “Open Arms” by Journey and “Someone Could Lose a Heart Tonight” by Eddie Rabbitt all topped the charts.
1982 – The drilling rig Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing 84 rig workers.
1982 – Sugar Ray Leonard, the welterweight boxing champion, knocked out Bruce Finch in the third round of a fight in Reno, NV. Leonard was injured in the second round and underwent retinal surgery in May.
1985 – The STS 51-E vehicle was moved to the launch pad.
1985 – The Center for Disease Control reported that more than half of all nine-year-olds in the U.S. showed no sign of tooth decay.
1986 – “How Will I Know” by Whitney Houston topped the charts.
1987 - ABC-TV began broadcasting “Amerika” mini-series.
1989 – Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops had left Afghanistan.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Opposites Attract” by Paula Abdul with The Wild Pair, Two to Make It Right” by Seduction, “Janie’s Got a Gun” by Aerosmith and “Southern Star” by Alabama all topped the charts.
1990 – Professional Baseball owners lock out players.
1991 – Iraq: Iraq proposed a conditional withdrawal from Kuwait, an offer dismissed by President Bush as a “cruel hoax.”
1992 – One hundredth episode of “Cops” aired on the Fox network.
1992 - A Milwaukee jury found that Jeffrey Dahmer was sane when he killed and mutilated 15 men and boys.
1993 – President Clinton issued an economic “call to arms,” asking Americans to accept a painful package of tax increases and spending cuts.
1994 – Navy chief Adm. Frank Kelso II agreed to early retirement because of criticism over the Tailhook sex abuse scandal.
1995 – Kevin Mitnick is arrested for computer hacking by the FBI and charged with breaking into some of the United States’ most “secure” computer systems. He did five years in prison.
1996 – Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece.
1996 – A federal judge temporarily blocked the Communications Decency Act, saying the government had to explain what material it considered indecent before it could enforce the law, designed to protect children from sexually explicit material on computer networks.
1997 - Tara Lipinski upset Michelle Kwan at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Nashville, Tenn., becoming the youngest gold medalist at the nationals.
1999 – Coast Guard recruiting ads began appearing on World Wrestling Federation cable television programs.
1999Carole Sund (42), Julie Sund (15) and Silvina Pelosso were last seen at the Cedar Lodge motel in Portal, Ca. The trio were visiting the area from Eureka. Carole Sund’s wallet and credit cards were found in Modesto on Feb 19. Cary Stayner, motel maintenance man, later admitted to the murders and faced trial in 2002.
2000 – Indian Point II nuclear power plant in New York State vents a small amount of radioactive steam when a steam generator fails.
2000 -  Fox aired “Who Wants to Marry a Multimillionaire?,” a TV special which drew huge ratings.
2001 - First draft of the complete human genome is published in Nature.
2002 – President George W. Bush approved Nevada’s Yucca Mountain as a site for long-term disposal of radioactive nuclear waste.
2002 – Globalstar, a satellite telephone company, filed for bankruptcy. The company had spent $4 billion to launch a network of 48 communications satellites.
2002 – At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on the crematorium’s property. The discovery reveals one of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry.
2003 – American warplanes bombed two anti-aircraft missile sites in southern Iraq.
2004 - Scientists at the California Institute of Technology announce the discovery of a galaxy which is the farthest known object in the universe. The galaxy was found with the help of the magnification effect from the Abell 2218 galaxy cluster.
2004 - Dale Earnhardt Jr. won the Daytona 500 on the same track where his father was killed three years earlier.
2004 – Iraqi police arrested No. 41 on the American military’s most-wanted list, Baath Party official Mohammed Zimam Abdul-Razaq.
2005 – - YouTube, a popular video-sharing Web site, is started.
2005 - The United States recalls its ambassador to Syria, Margaret Scobey, in protest of alleged Syrian involvement in the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
2005 - Microsoft announces its intentions to release Internet Explorer version 7.0.
2006 – Robert Rich (92), inventor of frozen non-dairy topping, died. In 1990 he was among the 1st 4 people inducted into the Frozen Food Hall of Fame.
2006 - A US Republican-led House committee report, “A Failure of Initiative,” cited major failures at all levels of government in the handling of Hurricane Katrina.
2007 – Top US auditors told Congress that over $10 billion paid to military contractors for Iraq reconstruction and troop support was either excessive or unsupported by documents.
2007 - Democratic Party officials in the U.S. Congress have warned President Bush that he does not have the authority to go to war with Iran.
2007 – In another case of “Corporate Flight”, Hershey Co. said it would cut about 11 percent of its workforce and reduce the number of production lines it operates by more than a third as it spends as much as $575 million to overhaul its manufacturing. The Chicago-based US chocolate maker also said it will build a new, cost-efficient manufacturing plant in Monterrey, Mexico.
2007 – A new version of the US $1 coin, paying tribute to American presidents, went into general circulation. A unknown number were mistakenly struck without their edge inscription “In God We Trust.” George Washington appeared on the first coin.
2007 – Hundreds of drivers became stranded on a stretch of eastern Pennsylvania that had been hit by a monster storm. The National Guard was called in to deliver food and other necessities to a 50-mile line of vehicles trapped on I-78.
2008 - A Cook County, Illinois, probate judge declares adventurer Steve Fossett to be legally dead five months after he disappeared in the Nevada desert.
2008 – It was reported that a new computer virus called Mocmex, identified as a Trojan Horse from China, had been discovered in digital photo frames. It recognized and blocked antivirus software from over 100 security vendors and collected passwords for online games.
2009 - NASCAR driver Matt Kenseth wins the rain-shortened 2009 Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway after 152 of 200 laps.
2009 –  In Washington State a 16-year-old girl was found dead and another teenage girl was discovered unconscious in a barracks at Fort Lewis Army base south of Tacoma. In March, Army authorities charged Pvt. Timothy E. Bennitt (19) if the drug overdose of his girlfriend.
2009 –  Illinois Republicans called for the resignation of Democratic Sen. Roland Burris following reports of contradicting statements regarding conversations with close associates of former Gov. Rod Blagojevich.
2010 –  Astronauts successfully attached a fancy new observation deck to the International Space Station after a long, frustrating night spent dealing with stuck bolts and wayward wiring.
2011 –  Secretary of State Hillary Clinton outlines a new policy on Internet freedom.
2011 –  Two U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers are shot while travelling between Monterrey and Mexico City with one officer dying.
2012 –  Sony admits it increased the price of two Whitney Houston albums hours after she was found in the bathtub of her hotel room last Saturday. Fans react with outrage.
2012 –  The Kellogg Company purchases snack maker Pringles from Procter & Gamble for $2.7 billion.
2012 –  Seventeen students at Texas Christian University in the U.S., including four members of the school’s football team, are arrested on drug charges.
2013 - Near-Earth asteroid 2012 DA14 with an estimated diameter of about 50 160 ft comes within 17,200 miles  from the Earth’s surface. This distance is a record close approach for a known object of such size
2013 - Former Congressman Jesse Jackson, Jr. is charged with misusing campaign funds while in office.

 

1564 – Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)

1725 – Abraham Clark, American founding father, Declaration of Independence signer (d. 1794)
1734 – William Stacy, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1802)
1809 – Cyrus McCormick, American inventor (d. 1884)
1812 – Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler (d. 1902)
1820 – Susan B. Anthony, American suffragist (d. 1906)
1825 – Carter Harrison, Sr., (d. 1893) was an American politician who served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1879 until 1887;
1877 – Louis Renault, French automobile executive (d. 1944)
1882 – John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
1892 – James Forrestal, United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949) U.S.S. Forrestal named after him.
1893 – Walter Donaldson, American songwriter “Carolina in the Morning” “How Ya Gonna Keep ‘Em Down on the Farm?” “Yes Sir, That’s My Baby”  (d. 1947)
1907 – Cesar Romero, American actor (d. 1994)
1911 – Leonard Woodcock, American labor union official and diplomat (d. 2001)
1916 – Mary Jane Croft, was an American actress best known for her role as Mary Jane Lewis on The Lucy Show and Here’s Lucy. (d. 1999)
1927 – Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian (d. 2008)
1929 – James Schlesinger, American politician
1935 – Roger Chaffee, astronaut (d. 1967)
1947 – David Brown, American musician (Santana) (d. 2000)
1947 – Rusty Hamer, American actor. Hamer grew up on TV as Rusty Williams, the freckle-faced son of TV Dad, Danny Thomas, on Make Room for Daddy (1953–1964) (d. 1990)
1964 – Chris Farley, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
1973 – Amy Van Dyken, is an American swimmer who has six career Olympic gold medals. Four of these gold medals came in the 1996 Summer Olympics, making her the first American woman to accomplish such a feat.
1974 – Seattle Slew, American racehorse (d. 2002)

 

 

*WILLETT, LOUIS E.
VIETNAM WAR

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company C, 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division. Place and date: Kontum Province, Republic of Vietnam, 15 February 1967. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 19 June 1945, Brooklyn, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Pfc. Willett distinguished himself while serving as a rifleman in Company C, during combat operations. His squad was conducting a security sweep when it made contact with a large enemy force. The squad was immediately engaged with a heavy volume of automatic weapons fire and pinned to the ground. Despite the deadly fusillade, Pfc. Willett rose to his feet firing rapid bursts from his weapon and moved to a position from which he placed highly effective fire on the enemy. His action allowed the remainder of his squad to begin to withdraw from the superior enemy force toward the company perimeter. Pfc. Willett covered the squad’s withdrawal, but his position drew heavy enemy machinegun fire, and he received multiple wounds enabling the enemy again to pin down the remainder of the squad. Pfc. Willett struggled to an upright position, and, disregarding his painful wounds, he again engaged the enemy with his rifle to allow his squad to continue its movement and to evacuate several of his comrades who were by now wounded. Moving from position to position, he engaged the enemy at close range until he was mortally wounded. By his unselfish acts of bravery, Pfc. Willett insured the withdrawal of his comrades to the company position, saving their lives at the cost of his life. Pfc. Willett’s valorous actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.

 

  BENNETT, EDWARD A.
WWII
 

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company B, 358th Infantry, 90th Infantry Division. Place and date: Heckhuscheid, Germany, February 1945 (Exact day is unknown). Entered service at: Middleport, Ohio. Birth: Middleport, Ohio. G.O. No.: 95, 30 October 1945. Citation: He was advancing with Company B across open ground to assault Heckhuscheid, Germany, just after dark when vicious enemy machinegun fire from a house on the outskirts of the town pinned down the group and caused several casualties. He began crawling to the edge of the field in an effort to flank the house, persisting in this maneuver even when the hostile machine gunners located him by the light of burning buildings and attempted to cut him down as he made for the protection of some trees. Reaching safety, he stealthily made his way by a circuitous route to the rear of the building occupied by the German gunners. With his trench knife he killed a sentry on guard there and then charged into the darkened house. In a furious hand-to-hand struggle he stormed about a single room which harbored seven Germans. Three he killed with rifle fire, another he clubbed to death with the butt of his gun, and the three others he dispatched with his .45 caliber pistol. The fearless initiative, stalwart combat ability, and outstanding gallantry of Cpl. Bennett eliminated the enemy fire which was decimating his company’s ranks and made it possible for the Americans to sweep all resistance from the town.

 

FLUCKEY, EUGENE BENNETT
WW II

 

 

Rank and organization: Commander, U.S. Navy, Commanding U.S.S. Barb. Place and date: Along coast of China, 19 December 1944 to 15 February 1945. Entered service at: Illinois. Born: S October 1913, Washington, D.C. Other Navy award: Navy Cross with 3 Gold Stars. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Barb during her eleventh war patrol along the east coast of China from 19 December 1944 to 15 February 1945. After sinking a large enemy ammunition ship and damaging additional tonnage during a running two-hour night battle on 8 January, Comdr. Fluckey, in an exceptional feat of brilliant deduction and bold tracking on 25 January, located a concentration of more than thirty enemy ships in the lower reaches of Nankuan Chiang (Mamkwan Harbor). Fully aware that a safe retirement would necessitate an hour’s run at full speed through the uncharted, mined, and rock-obstructed waters, he bravely ordered, “Battle station–torpedoes!” In a daring penetration of the heavy enemy screen, and riding in five fathoms of water, he launched the Barb’s last forward torpedoes at 3,000-yard range. Quickly bringing the ship’s stern tubes to bear, he turned loose four more torpedoes into the enemy, obtaining eight direct hits on six of the main targets to explode a large ammunition ship and cause inestimable damage by the resultant flying shells and other pyrotechnics. Clearing the treacherous area at high speed, he brought the Barb through to safety and four days later sank a large Japanese freighter to complete a record of heroic combat achievement, reflecting the highest credit upon Comdr. Fluckey, his gallant officers and men, and the U.S. Naval Service.

 

  GORDON, NATHAN GREEN
WW II
 

Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, commander of Catalina patrol plane. Place and date: Bismarck Sea, 15 February 1944. Entered service at: Arkansas. Born: 4 September 1916, Morrilton, Ark. Citation: For extraordinary heroism above and beyond the call of duty as commander of a Catalina patrol plane in rescuing personnel of the U.S. Army 5th Air Force shot down in combat over Kavieng Harbor in the Bismarck Sea, 15 February 1944. On air alert in the vicinity of Vitu Islands, Lt. (then Lt. j.g.) Gordon

 

  LOW, GEORGE
INTERIM 1871-1898
 

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1847, Canada. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S.S. Tennessee at New Orleans, La., 15 February 1881, and sustaining, until picked up by a boat’s crew, N. P. Petersen, gunner’s mate, who had fallen overboard.

 

 

  BURGER, JOSEPH
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Crystal Lake, Minn. Birth: Austria. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Burger was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

His grandson was United States Supreme Court Justice Warren E. Burger.

 

  CLARK, WILLIAM A.
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Shelbyville, Minn. Birth: Pennsylvania. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

  FLANNIGAN, JAMES
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863.. Entered service at: Louisville, Scott County, Minn. Birth: New York. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

  HANNA, MILTON
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Henderson, Minn. Birth: Lickland County, Ohio. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

  HOLMES, LOVILO N.
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Mankato, Minn. Birth: Cattaraugus County, N.Y. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

 

  PAY, BYRON E.
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Mankato, Minn. Born: 21 October 1844, LeRoy Township, Jefferson County, N.Y. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

  TWOMBLY, VOLTAIRE P.
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 2d Iowa Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Donelson, Tenn., 15 February 1862. Entered service at: Keosauqua, Van Buren County, Iowa. Birth: Van Buren County, Iowa. Date of issue: 12 March 1897. Citation: Took the colors after three of the color guard had fallen, and although most instantly knocked down by a spent ball, immediately arose and bore the colors to the end of the engagement.

 

  VALE, JOHN
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Rochester, Minn. Birth: England. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

  WRIGHT, SAMUEL
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Swan Lake, Minn. Birth: Indiana. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of sixteen men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of one hundred twenty-five Confederate cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

 

 

 

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Unerased History – February 14th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 14, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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Valentine’s Day

National Have A Heart Day


 Valentine’s Day

Every February we celebrate Valentine’s Day by giving flowers, candy and cards to those we love. We do this in honor of Saint Valentine. You may be wondering, “Who is St. Valentine”? Time to brush up on your Valentine’s history!

One legend has it that Valentine was an imprisoned man who fell in love with his jailer’s daughter. Before he was put to death he sent the first ‘valentine’ himself when he wrote her a letter and signed it ‘Your Valentine’, words still used on cards today.

Another story which made Saint Valentine famous is this story. In ancient times, Saint Valentine was a person who helped people and heard their problems to find solutions. The main story started when the emperor of the time Claudius banned all marriages and engagements. The reason behind such act was that at that times, the war was ON and emperor thought was depressed due to the less participation of the young men. So he sorted out the problem by banning marriages so as the young men do not fall in love and hence will join the emperor’s army to fight. Valentine was helping the young couples to marry and when emperor sorted out St. Valentine, he ordered his men to throw Valentine into prison where he died on the 14th February 270 AD. From then, the day is celebrated as the Valentine’s Day.The other story related to the Valentine’s day is that Saint Valentine was a bishop who was killed by the emperor.

Perhaps we’ll never know the true identity and story behind the man named St. Valentine, but this much is for sure…February has been the month to celebrate love for a long time, dating clear back to the Middle Ages. In fact, Valentines ranks second only to Christmas in number of greeting cards sent.

The Valentine Week starts from the blossomy Rose Day followed by the Propose DayChocolate DayTeddy DayPromise DayKiss Day & Hug Day (21st) sequentially. The Valentine’s Day ends the Valentine Week on 14 February.

Another valentine gentleman you may be wondering about is Cupid (Latin cupido, “desire”). In Roman mythology Cupid is the son of Venus, goddess of love. His counterpart in Greek mythology is Eros, god of love. Cupid is often said to be a mischievous boy who goes around wounding both gods and humans with his arrows, causing them to fall in love.



When love is not madness, it is not love.  ~Pedro Calderon de la Barca

Anyone can catch your eye, but it takes someone special to catch your heart.

~ Scriptor Incompertus

 

A bell is no bell ’til you ring it,
A song is no song ’til you sing it,
And love in your heart
Wasn’t put there to stay -
Love isn’t love
‘Til you give it away.
~Oscar Hammerstein, Sound of Music, “You Are Sixteen (Reprise)”

 

 Love noun  adoration 

Synonyms: adulation, affection, allegiance, amity, amorousness, amour, appreciation, ardency, ardor, attachment, cherishing, crash, crush, delight, devotedness, devotion, emotion, enchantment, enjoyment, fervor, fidelity, flame, fondness, friendship, hankering, idolatry, inclination, infatuation, involvement, like, liking, mad for, mash, partiality, pash, passion, piety, rapture, regard, relish, respect, sentiment, soft spot, taste, tenderness, the hots, weakness, “wild for”, worship, yearning and zeal


1349 – Two thousand Jews were burned at the stake in Strasbourg, Germany.

1688 – The Carolina colonial assembly denies the power of the Lords Proprietor, agents of the King, to invalidate the Fundamental Constitutions of 1669.
1778 – Our flag, “Stars & Stripes” arrives in foreign port for first time (France). This was the first time that the Stars and Stripes, the flag of the new nation, was officially recognized by a foreign government. A nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
1779 – Capt. James Cook is killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii (then called the Sandwich Islands).
1779 – Revolutionary War – American Loyalists are defeated by Patriots at Kettle Creek, Ga.
1794 – First US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport. His patent for “weaving and beating sail duck,” was the first one issued in the United States.
1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress which conflicts with the Constitution is void.
1803 – The first American patent for an apple peeler was issued to Moses Coates of Chester Co., Pennsylvania.
1813 – Essex becomes first U.S. warship to round Cape Horn and enter the Pacific Ocean.
1814 – USS Constitution captures British Lovely Ann and Pictou.
1840 – Officers from USS Vincennes make first landing in Antarctica on floating ice.
1849 – James Polk became the first U.S. president to be photographed while in office. The photographer was Mathew Brady, who later became famous for his Civil War pictures.
1854 – Texas linked by telegraph with the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
1854 – Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson patented a firearm. Their first pistol was  known as the “Smith & Wesson Model 1.”
1859 – Oregon admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.
1861 -  First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor occurred in what would become Arizona on the night of 2/13-14. The medal went to Army Assistant Surgeon Bernard J.D. Irwin. He rescued the 60 soldiers of 2nd Lt. George Bascom’s unit at Apache Pass, AZ. (recorded on both the 13th & 14th)
1862 – Galena, the first US iron-clad warship for service at sea, was launched in CT.
1862 – Civil War: Gunboats U.S.S. St. Louis, Carondelet, Louisville, Pittsburg, Tyler, and Conestoga under Flag Officer Foote joined with General Grant in attacking Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River.
1867 – Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co. issued its first policy. It is now “The Hartford”.
1870 – Esther Morris became the world’s first female justice of the peace. She began term in South Pass City, WY but only served nine months. She “filled in” after R.S. Barr resigned in protest for the passage of the WY women’s suffrage amendment.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone,as does Elisha Gray.
1886 – First trainload of oranges left Los Angeles via the transcontinental railroad.
1895 – First performance of Oscar Wilde’s last play, “The Importance of Being Earnest” at the St James’s Theatre in London.
1899 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
1903 – The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into Dept. of Commerce and Dept. of Labor).
1904 – “The Missouri Kid” (AKA William Rudolph, AKA Charles Gorney. He was credited with numerous highway robberies, bank robberies, and murder.) was captured in Kansas.
1912 – Arizona admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
1912 – In Groton, Connecticut, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned.
1918 – Tarzan of the Apes, the first movie featuring Edgar Rice Burroughs’ Tarzan character, is released.
1918 – Sigmund Romberg’s musical “Sinbad,” premiered in New York City.
1919 – United Parcel Service forms.
1920 – The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois. Its first president was Maude Wood Park.
1921 – Skeezix of “Gasoline Alley” discovered on Wallet’s doorstep. This was the day Gasoline Alley entered history as the first comic strip in which the characters aged normally.
1921 – The Little Review faced obscenity charges in NY for publishing “Ulysses” by James Joyce. Margaret Anderson and Jane Heap were convicted and fined $50 each.
1924 – The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is founded by Thomas Watson.
1929 – St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: Seven gangster rivals of Al Capone are murdered in Chicago, Illinois. Seven members of Moran’s gang were lined up against a wall , then shot and killed by five members of Al Capone’s gang.
1932 – The U.S. won the first bobsled competition at the Winter Olympic Games at Lake Placid, NY.
1933 – An eight-day bank holiday was declared in Michigan in a Depression-era move to avert a financial panic. A total of $50 million was rushed to Detroit to bolster bank assets.
1939 – German battleship Bismarck was launched.
1940 – The first porpoise born in captivity arrived at Marineland in Florida.
1941 – WW II: German Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya.
1941 – 1,000,000th vehicle traverses the New York Midtown Tunnel.
1941 – Frank Leahy was named head football coach at the University of Notre Dame. Leahy coached at Notre Dame for 11 years, from 1941-1943, and 1946-1953. His record of thirty-nine straight, undefeated games still stands as a Notre Dame record. Coach Leahy’s overall college football record was 107 wins, 13 losses, and 9 ties.
1942 – World War II: This Is War, a 13-week anti-fascist radio series, debuted in the midst of World War II.
1943 – World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass – German General Erwin Rommel and the Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia.
1944 – World War II: American and New Zealand forces land on the Green Islands.
1945 – WW II: On the second day of the Bombing of Dresden , the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. 521 American heavy bombers flew daylight raids over Dresden, Germany .The firestorm killed an estimated 135,000 people.
1945 – American USAAF B-24 and B-29 bombers raid Iwo Jima in preparation for the landings later in the month (2/19). They drop a daily average of 450 tons of bombs over the course of 15 days (6800 tons).
1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
1946 – ENIAC (for “Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer”), the first general-purpose electronic computer, unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania. ENIAC contained 17,468 vacuum tubes, 7,200 crystal diodes, 1,500 relays, 70,000 resistors, 10,000 capacitors and around 5 million hand-soldered joints. It weighed 30 short tons, was roughly 8.5 by 3 by 80 feet, took up 680 square feet and consumed 150 kW of power.
1949 – The Knesset (Israeli parliament) first convenes.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Little Bird Told Me” by Evelyn Knight, “Powder Your Face with Sunshine” by Evelyn Knight, “Far Away Places” by Margaret Whiting and “I Love You So Much It Hurts” by Jimmy Wakely all topped the charts.
1951 – Korean War: Operation ROUNDUP officially concluded and the 30-day battle of Wonju began as the 2nd Infantry Division repelled repeated attacks from seven Chinese divisions.
1952 – Olympic Games: Winter Olympic Games – VI Olympic Winter Games open in Oslo, Norway.
1953 – Korean War: U.S. Air Force Colonel Royal N. “The King” Baker, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, downed his tenth enemy aircraft and became the third double ace of the war. (An ace has five enemy kills.)
1953 – “Till I Waltz Again with You” by Teresa Brewer topped the charts.
1954 – Senator John F. Kennedy appears on “Meet the Press”.
1954 – The TV show “Letter to Loretta” changed its name to “The Loretta Young Show.” The show premiered on September 20, 1953.
1955 – Elvis Presley performs the first show booked by his new manager, “Col.” Tom Parker, at Lubbock’s Fair Park Coliseum.
1957 – Lionel Hampton’s only major musical work, “King David,” made its debut at New York’s Town Hall.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Too Much” by Elvis Presley, “Young Love” by Tab Hunter, “You Don’t Owe Me a Thing” by Johnnie Ray and “Young Love” by Sonny James all topped the charts
1959 – “Stagger Lee” by Lloyd Price topped the charts.
1961 – Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized at the University of California.
1962 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House. (57:20)
1962 – President John F. Kennedy authorizes U.S. military advisors in Vietnam to return fire if fired upon.
1963 – US launches communications satellite Syncom 1.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’ve Lost that Lovin’ Feelin’” by The Righteous Brothers, “This Diamond Ring” by Gary Lewis & The Playboys, “All Day and All of the Night” by The Kinks and “You’re the Only World I Know” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1966 – Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points.
1967 – Aretha Franklin records “Respect“.
1970 – “Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin)” by Sly & the Family Stone topped the charts.
1971 – Movie “Ben Hur” first shown on television.
1971 – Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House.
1972 – The musical, “Grease”, opened at the Eden Theatre in New York City.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Crocodile Rock” by Elton John, “Why Can’t We Live Together” by Timmy Thomas, “Oh, Babe, What Would You Say?” by Hurricane Smith and “She Needs Someone to Hold Her (When She Cries)” by Conway Twitty all topped the charts.
1976 – “50 Ways to Leave Your Lover” by Paul Simon topped the charts.
1978 – Texas Instruments introduced the first single chip speech synthesizer and incorporated it in a product called the “Speak & Spell” which was later immortalized in the movie “E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial.”
1978 – G. W. Boone and M.J. Cochran of Texas Instruments received a patent for their Variable Function Programmed Calculator.
1979 – In Kabul, Muslim extremists kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
1979 – Twenty-year-old rookie, Don Maloney, of the New York Rangers, scored his first goal in the National Hockey League. It came on his first NHL shot.
1979 – Iranian guerrillas stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, trapping Ambassador William Sullivan and 100 staff members. Forces of the Ayatollah Khomeini later freed them but the incident foreshadowed the embassy takeover in November.
1980 – Olympic Games: Winter Olympic Games – XIII Olympic Winter Games open in Lake Placid, New York.
1980 – Walter Cronkite announces his retirement from the CBS Evening News.
1980 – The Solar Max satellite was launched by NASA to monitor the sun and its flares at an orbit of 400 miles above Earth.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Celebration” by Kool & the Gang, “9 to 5” by Dolly Parton, “I Love a Rainy Night” by Eddie Rabbitt and “Who’s Cheatin’ Who” by Charly McClain all topped the charts.
1984 – A 6-year-old (Stormie Jones) became the first person to receive a heart and liver transplants in the same operation. She lived until 1990.
1985 – CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is freed from captivity in Lebanon. He was kidnapped in March 1984.
1987 – “Livin’ on a Prayer” by Bon Jovi topped the charts.
1988 – American David Jansen lost his bid for a Gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada. He fell during his 500-meter speed-skating event just hours after hearing that his sister has died.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Straight Up” by Paula Abdul, “Wild Thing by Tone Loc, Born to Be My Baby” by Bon Jovi and “Song of the South” by Alabama all topped the charts.
1989 – The world’s first satellite telephone communications system for airline passengers, Skyphone, had its commercial debut on a British Airways 747.
1989 – Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
1989 – Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of The Satanic Verses, Salman Rushdie. In 1998, Tehran rescinded the death sentence.
1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System is placed into orbit.
1990 – Space probe Voyager 1 took photographs of entire solar system.
1990 – Ike Turner (Ike & Tina Turner) is convicted of 11 charges (including cocaine possession and distribution) and is sentenced to four years in prison, but is released after 18 months.
1993 – Six people were killed in a modern Valentine’s Day massacre in a Bronx, New York, neighborhood where area residents ignored the gunfire.
1997 – Astronauts on the space shuttle Discovery began a series of space walks that are required to overhaul the Hubble Space Telescope.
1997 -  American Airlines and its pilots union continued contract talks as the clock ticked down to a midnight strike deadline. The pilots did strike, but President Clinton immediately intervened, ordering a 60-day “cooling off” period.
1998 – Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.
1998 – “Nice & Slow” by Usher topped the charts.
1999 – Iraq threatened Kuwait and Saudi Arabia with missile attacks for permitting US warplanes to fly from their countries.
2000 - In Georgia three tornadoes struck the southwest part of the state and twenty-two people were killed.
2000 – The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
2000 - In Colorado two teens, Nicholas Kunselman (15) and Stephanie Hart (16), from Columbine High School were shot and killed in a sandwich shop near the school, which was still reeling from the April 1999 massacre.
2001 - The Kansas Board of Education approved new science standards restoring evolution to the state’s curriculum.
2002 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Shays-Meehan bill. The bill, if passed by the U.S. Senate, would ban millions of unregulated money that goes to the national political parties. It went into effect November 6, 2002.
2002 - The US House voted to ban unregulated contributions to national political parties.
2002 - Jayson Williams (34), former NBA star and NBC Sports commentator, accidentally shot and killed Costas Christofi (55), a limousine driver.
2003 – Dolly the sheep, the first cloned mammal and mother of 6 lambs, was put to sleep by veterinarians in Scotland, because of incurable lung cancer.
2003 - Four ex-Symbionese Liberation Army members were sentenced to prison for the 1975 murder of Myrna Opsahl during a bank robbery in Carmichael, CA.
2004 - Staff advisors for President George W. Bush say he will support the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which would outlaw same-sex marriage and federalize marriage law, which has been set by individual states since the founding of the country.
2005 - President Bush said he would nominate Lester M. Crawford as head of the Food and Drug Administration. Crawford had been acting commissioner for nearly a year.
2006 - In Texas lawyer Harry Whittington, who was accidentally injured 3 days earlier by birdshot fired by VP Cheney, suffered a minor heart attack.
2007 – Valentine’s Day blizzard blasted out of the Midwest and shut down parts of the Northeast including New York City.
2007 - The U.S. military confirms that a United States Marine Corps CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter that crashed on 7 February 2007 was shot down by Iraqi insurgents.
2007 – All Peter Pan and Great Value peanut butter made at a Georgia ConAgra plant  was recalled because of a salmonella outbreak.
2007 - Challenged on the accuracy of US intelligence, President Bush told a news conference there was no doubt the Iranian government was providing armor-piercing weapons to kill American soldiers in Iraq, and he said he would fight any attempt by the Democratic-controlled Congress to cut off money for the war.
2008 – The US Mint officially issued the Monroe dollar coin, the fifth of its presidential dollar series.
2008 – Former student at Northern Illinois University, Stephen Kazmierczak, opened fire in a lecture hall at the school, killing six students and wounding 15 others before killing himself.
2009 – The White House had a monogram that symbolizes the name of Jesus hidden from the backdrop of a speech President Obama gave at Georgetown University.
2009 – Suspicious fires destroyed two churches and damaged a third near the Georgia border. Authorities were concerned that this was the work of Satanists.
2009 –  Louie Bellson (b.1924), big band and jazz drummer, died. The master musician performed with such greats as Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman and his late wife, Pearl Bailey.
2010 –  In Arizona, a helicopter crashed north of Phoenix killing 5 people onboard including Thomas Stewart (64), the head of Services Group of America.
2010 –   In Florence, AZ,   Viva Leroy Nash, the oldest death row inmate in the U.S. dies of natural causes at age 94.
2010 – An apartment fire in Cicero, Ill., killed at least 7 people including 4 children. The fire spread to nearby buildings and over 20 people were left homeless.
2011 –  General Motors announces that it will pay its United States hourly workers more than $4000 each as a share of profits.
2011 – The US House of Representatives votes to extend the Patriot Act for another nine months.
2012 –  An illegal alien, Ulugbek Kodirov, a Uzbekistan national, who has been residing in the U.S. on an expired visa, pleaded guilty today, to providing material support to radical Islamic terrorists, plotting to assassinate President Barack Obama, and illegally possessing a firearm.
2012 - The U.S. aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln, accompanied by the cruiser Cape St. George and the destroyer Sterett, sails through the Strait of Hormuz, close to the coast of Iran, for the second time in recent weeks.
2012 -  The Detroit Red Wings set a new record of 21 consecutive home victories in the National Hockey League by defeating the Dallas Stars 3-1.
2013 - US Airways and the bankrupt American Airlines announce a merger to form the world’s largest air carrier trading as American Airlines.
2013 - Republican Senators filibuster the nomination of muslim convert Chuck Hagel as US Secretary of Defense.
2014 – Jay Leno does his final show on the Tonight Show. Conan O’Brien will be starting on February 17th. Jay’s Final Monologue!!

 


1812 – Alfred Thomas Agate was a noted American artist, painter and miniaturist.
1819 – Christopher Sholes, American inventor invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard still in use today. (d. 1890)
1824 – Winfield Scott Hancock, American Civil War Union general and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880.   (d. 1886)
1838 – Margaret Knight was an American inventor, famous as the female Thomas Edison. She invented a machine that folded and glued paper to form the brown paper bags familiar to shoppers today.  (d. 1914)
1846 – Julian Scott was an American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient. (d. 1901)
1847 – Anna Howard Shaw was a leader of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. She was also a physician and the first ordained female Methodist minister in the United States. (d. 1919)
1859 – George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr., engineer and inventor who invented the Ferris wheel, for the 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition in an attempt to create something as impressive as the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. (d. 1896)
1894 – Jack Benny was an American comedian, vaudevillian, and actor for radio, television, and film. (d. 1974)
1904 – Charles Oatley, Professor of electrical engineering, (scanning electron microscope), (d. 1996)
1913 – Woody Hayes was a college football coach who is best remembered for winning five national titles and 13 Big Ten championships in 28 years at Ohio State University. (d. 1987)
1913 – Jimmy Hoffa, American labor union leader, served as the General President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1958–1971  (disappeared 1975)
1921 – Hugh Downs, American television host. He served as anchor of 20/20, host of The Today Show, announcer for the Tonight Show with Jack Paar, and host of the Concentration game show.
1931 – Brian Kelly was an American actor best known for his role as Porter Ricks, the widowed father of two sons on the NBC television series Flipper. (d. 2005)
1931 – Phyllis McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
1934 – Florence Henderson, American actress who is perhaps best known for playing the role of Carol Brady in the television program The Brady Bunch.
1936 – Fanne Foxe, Argentine dancer best known for being involved in a 1974 sex scandal surrounding Arkansas Congressman Wilbur Mills, until then one of the most powerful members of the House of Representatives.
1948 – Pat O’Brien, American sportscaster and television host.
1960 – Jim Kelly, American football player, led the Buffalo Bills to four consecutive Super Bowls in 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993, though the Bills lost all four of them. In 2002, in his first year of eligibility, he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

 

*SITMAN, WILLIAM S.
KOREA
 

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Company M, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chipyong-ni, Korea, 14 February 1951. Entered service at: Bellwood, Pa. Birth: Bellwood, Pa. G.O. No.: 20, 1 February 1952. Citation: Sfc. Sitman distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. Sfc. Sitman, a machine gun section leader of Company M, was attached to Company I, under attack by a numerically superior hostile force. During the encounter when an enemy grenade knocked out his machine gun, a squad from Company I, immediately emplaced a light machine gun and Sfc. Sitman and his men remained to provide security for the crew. In the ensuing action, the enemy lobbed a grenade into the position and Sfc. Sitman, fully aware of the odds against him, selflessly threw himself on it, absorbing the full force of the explosion with his body. Although mortally wounded in this fearless display of valor, his intrepid act saved 5 men from death or serious injury, and enabled them to continue inflicting withering fire on the ruthless foe throughout the attack. Sfc. Sitman’s noble self-sacrifice and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and upheld the honored traditions of the military service.

 

 

*BIGELOW, ELMER CHARLES
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Watertender First Class, U.S. Naval Reserve. Born: 12 July 1920, Hebron, IL. Accredited to. Illinois. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving on board the U.S.S. Fletcher during action against enemy Japanese forces off Corregidor Island in the Philippines, 14 February 1945. Standing topside when an enemy shell struck the Fletcher, Bigelow, acting instantly as the deadly projectile exploded into fragments which penetrated the No. 1 gun magazine and set fire to several powder cases, picked up a pair of fire extinguishers and rushed below in a resolute attempt to quell the raging flames. Refusing to waste the precious time required to don rescue-breathing apparatus, he plunged through the blinding smoke billowing out of the magazine hatch and dropped into the blazing compartment. Despite the acrid, burning powder smoke which seared his lungs with every agonizing breath, he worked rapidly and with instinctive sureness and succeeded in quickly extinguishing the fires and in cooling the cases and bulkheads, thereby preventing further damage to the stricken ship. Although he succumbed to his injuries on the following day, Bigelow, by his dauntless valor, unfaltering skill and prompt action in the critical emergency, had averted a magazine explosion which undoubtedly would have left his ship wallowing at the mercy of the furiously pounding Japanese guns on Corregidor, and his heroic spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death enhanced and sustained the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.

 

  BONNEY, ROBERT EARL
INTERIM 1901-1911
 

 

Rank and organization: Chief Watertender, U.S. Navy, U.S.S. Hopkins. Place and date: Aboard U.S.S. Hopkins, 14 February 1910. Entered service at: Nashville, Tenn. Birth: Tennessee. Citation: While serving on board the U.S.S. Hopkins, Bonney displayed extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of the accident to one of the boilers of that vessel, 14 February 1910.

 

 

  ARTHER, MATTHEW
CIVIL WAR
 

Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1835, Scotland. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Carondelet at the reduction of Forts Henry and Donelson, 6 and 14 February 1862 and other actions. Carrying out his duties as signal quartermaster and captain of the rifled bow gun, S/Q.M. Arther was conspicuous for valor and devotion, serving most faithfully, effectively and valiantly.

 

 

  IRWIN, BERNARD J. D.
Pre- Indian Wars


 

Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Army. Place and date: Apache Pass, Ariz., 13-14 February 1861. Entered service at: New York. Born: 24 June 1830, Ireland. Date of issue: 24 January 1894. Citation: Voluntarily took command of troops and attacked and defeated hostile Indians he met on the way. Surgeon Irwin volunteered to go to the rescue of 2d Lt. George N. Bascom, 7th Infantry, who with 60 men was trapped by Chiricahua Apaches under Cochise. Irwin and 14 men, not having horses began the 100-mile march riding mules. After fighting and capturing Indians, recovering stolen horses and cattle, he reached Bascom’s column and help break his siege.

The area where this occurred was in the Chiricahua Mountains in what would become Arizona 49 years later to the day.

 

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Unerased History – February 13th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 13, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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Blame Someone Else Day
Get a Different Name Day

Strange Taxes

History shows that there have been many strange and unusual taxes over time. Many of them were implemented to raise additional revenue, while the purpose of others was to promote social change. Here are some of the strangest ones:

In this world nothing can be said to be certain except death and taxes.”
~ Benjamin Franklin

In Ancient Egypt, cooking oil was taxed, and on top of that, people had to buy their taxed cooking oil from the Pharaoh’s monopoly, and were prohibited from reusing previously purchased oil.

During the 1st century AD, Roman emperor Vaspasian placed a tax on urine. At the time, urine was collected and used as a source of ammonia in such tasks as tanning hides and laundering garments. Therefore, those who obtained valuable urine from collectors were charged a tax.

In Ancient Rome, it was not uncommon for slave owners to free their slaves after a certain number of years of work, and/or the payment of a certain fee. Slaves could pay that fee because many of them had the opportunity to work in several places, and thus could earn the money used to obtain their freedom. The Roman government required the newly freed slave to pay a tax on his or her freedom.

During the Middle Ages, European governments placed a tax on soap. Great Britain didn’t repeal its soap tax until 1835.

King Henry I allowed knights to opt out of their duties fight in wars by paying a tax called “scutage”. At first the tax wasn’t high, but then King John came to power and raised it to a rate of 300%. Some claim that the excessive tax rate was one of the things that contributed to the creation of the Magna Carta, which limited the king’s power.

Oliver Cromwell placed a tax on Royalists, who were his political opponents, taking one tenth of their property. He then used that money to fund his activities that were aimed against the Royalists.

Playing cards were taxed as early as the 16th century, but in 1710, the English government dramatically raised taxes on playing cards and dice. This led to widespread forgeries of playing cards to avoid paying taxes. The tax was not removed until 1960.

In 1660, England placed a tax on fireplaces. The tax led to people covering their fireplaces with bricks to conceal them and avoid paying the tax. It was repealed in 1689.

Like many English monarchs, William III was short of money, which he attempted to rectify by the introduction of the much-despised Window Tax. As the name suggests, this was a tax levied on the windows or window-like openings of a property. The details were much amended over time, but the tax was levied originally on all dwellings except cottages. The upper classes, having the largest houses, paid the most. Some wealthy individuals used their ability to pay as a mark of status and demonstrated their wealth by ostentatiously building homes with many windows. Eventually this became a health problem and ultimately led to the tax’s repeal in 1851.

In the 1700’s, England placed a tax on bricks. Builders soon realized that they could use bigger bricks (and thus fewer bricks) to pay less tax. Soon after, the government caught on and placed a larger tax on bigger bricks. Brick taxes were finally repealed in 1850.

In 1705, Russian Emperor Peter the Great placed a tax on beards, hoping to force men to adopt the clean-shaven look that was common in Western Europe.

The French had a salt tax called the gabelle, which angered many and was one of the contributing factors to the French Revolution.

In 1712, England imposed a tax on printed wallpaper. Builders avoided the tax by hanging plain wallpaper and then painting patterns on the walls.

England introduced a tax on hats in 1784. To avoid the tax, hat-makers stopped calling their creations “hats”, leading to a tax on any headgear by 1804. The tax was repealed in 1811.

In 1789, England introduced a tax on candles. People were forbidden from making their own candles unless they obtained a license and then paid taxes on the candles they produced. The tax was repealed in 1831, leading to a more widespread popularity of candles.

In 1795, England put a tax on the aromatic powders that men and women put on their wigs. This led to a dramatic decline in the popularity of wigs.

In 1885 Canada created the Chinese Head Tax, which taxed the entry of Chinese immigrants into Canada. The tax lasted until 1923 when a law was passed banning Chinese people from entering Canada altogether with a few exceptions.

Johnstown, Pennsylvania was devastated by a flood that killed nearly 2,000 people in the late 19th century, and in 1936 another flood damaged the town. That led to the state of Pennsylvania passing a tax on alcohol, the proceeds of which would be used to rebuild the city. By 1942, enough money was raised to rebuild Johnstown, yet the tax exists to this day, and brings in around $200 million a year for Pennsylvania.

Salt was a very popular thing to tax because consuming it is necessary to humans. The British placed a tax on salt, and the salt tax gained worldwide attention when Ghandi staged nonviolent protests against it.

New York City places a special tax on prepared foods, so sliced bagels are taxed once as food and again as prepared food, thus creating a sliced bagel tax.

Maine has special tax on blueberries, a valuable state resource.

Pennsylvania has a tax on coin operated vacuum machines at gas stations.

Pittsburgh has a 5% amusement tax on anything that offers entertainment or allows people to engage in entertainment.

States like Iowa, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey exempt pumpkins from a sales tax but only if they will be eaten and not carved.

In 2005, Tennessee began requiring drug dealers to anonymously pay taxes on any illegal substances they sold. In North Carolina, just go to the Department of Revenue and pay tax on your fix. You’ll receive stamps to affix to your illegal substance as proof you paid your tax…just before they apply the handcuffs. Despite marijuana being illegal on a federal level and in most states, many states impose taxes on the sale of marijuana.

In Arkansas, body piercings, pet grooming, and gutter cleaning are all subject to a 6% sales tax.

In California, snuff tobacco is taxed differently depending on its type. Dry snuff is taxed at 256% of its price if it’s $1.70 or more. Moist snuff is taxed at 170% of its price if it’s $1.70 or more.

In Chicago, candy that is prepared with flour is taxed as food at 1%, while candy that is prepared without flour is taxed as candy at 6.25%.

In Florida, a sales tax holiday was created that included items like fanny packs, bowling shoes, school supplies, vests, and seemingly randomly assembled list of other items.

In California, fresh fruit bought through a vending machine is subject to a 33% tax.

In Oregon, double amputees get a $50 tax credit.

In West Virginia, there is an additional tax on sparklers.

Kentucky levies a sales tax on thoroughbred stud fees (whether the horses were in the Derby or not).

The IRS taxes stolen property. The 1040 instructions say that you should report it as stolen property. However, doing that would be self-incrimination, from which we are protected by the Constitution; therefore, one has the option of reporting it as “other income”.

In Texas, Christmas tree decoration services are subject to a tax only if the decorator provides the decorations and ornaments. In addition, there is a tax on holiday-themed pictures that are meant to be placed on windows.

Many cities and states levy a “jock tax” on any income earned by entertainers and athletes while working in that city. Therefore, athletes have to pay taxes on a portion of their income in any place they play.

Wisconsin is one of the few states that levies a tax on internet access. When dial-up was a popular method of getting online, there was double taxation occurring because phone calls were also taxed.

In Colorado, essential food items are tax-free, but straws and cup lids are subject to sales tax because they are considered to be nonessential food items.

In New Mexico, people over 100 years old are tax-exempt, but only if they are not dependents.

In many states there are “occupancy taxes” for anyone who books a room in a hotel. For example, in Texas, occupancy of any room costing over $15 is taxed at 6% of the room fee.

In 2004, Maryland imposed a tax on residents whose houses are hooked up to sewers leading to treatment plants. Proceeds go to protect the polluted Chesapeake Bay.

The city of Chicago taxes soda bought in a bottle at a rate of 3%, and taxes soda from fountains at a rate of 9%.

In Tennessee, there is a tax on all litigation. The amount varies case-by-case but it can be as low as $1 for a parking violation case. The tax tends to discourage frivolous lawsuits.

In Minnesota, there is a special tax on fur.

In the state of Kansas, untethered hot air balloon rides are exempt from sales tax because they are considered a legitimate form or air transportation. Tethered hot air balloon rides, on the other hand, are considered to be an amusement ride and therefore are subject to sales tax.

Japan imposed a tax on whiskey which is based on the percentage of alcohol by volume, so Japanese whiskey manufacturers began diluting their product with water to avoid the tax. European whiskey manufacturers were prohibited from doing so; therefore, Japanese whiskey had an advantage in Japan.

In Utah if  you are the owner of a business that employs “nude or partially nude individuals perform any service” then your business must pay a 10% “sales tax”.

In Maine, a three quarter cent per pound tax is levied against anyone who grows, sells, buys, or handles blueberries in the state.

Purchase a pumpkin in New Jersey and there is no sales tax. That is, of course, unless you decide to carve a Jack-O-Lantern from it. Then the standard state sales tax applies.

Ohio has a Cadaver Make-Up Tax. If you go to your favorite salon in Akron and they apply makeup, you pay a makeup tax. If you’re dead, the funeral parlor can apply the same makeup FOR FREE.

And finally (not really), all the way from Germany…

Germany’s tax law allows private businesses to write off the costs of bribery on their corporate income tax returns.


“A strong positive mental attitude will create more miracles than any wonder drug.”

~ Patricia Neal

 

palliate PAL-ee-ayt, transitive verb:1. To reduce in violence (said of diseases, etc.); to lessen or abate.
2. To cover by excuses and apologies; to extenuate.
3.To reduce in severity; to make less intense.

Palliate derives from Late Latin palliatus, past participle of palliare, “to cloak, to conceal,” from Latin pallium, “cloak.”


 

1542 – Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
1566 – St. Augustine, Florida, was established.
1633 – Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. He was found guilty of  professing the belief that the earth revolved around the sun.
1635 – The first public school in the U.S., Boston Latin School, is founded.
1693 – The College of William and Mary opened in Virginia.
1741 – The American Magazine, the first magazine in the U.S., was published in Philadelphia, PA.
1795 – The University of North Carolina became the first U.S. state university to admit students with the arrival of Hinton James, who was the only student on campus for two weeks.
1819 – Congress introduces the Missouri Bill. It would allow the Missouri Territory to draft a constitution and prepare for statehood.
1826 – American Temperance Society, forms in Boston.
1837 – There was a riot in NY over the high price of flour.
1847 – General Kearney acts on orders to establish a new government in Monterey while John C. Freemont still acts a governor in Los Angeles.
1854 – Admiral Perry anchors off Yokosuka, Japan to receive Emperor’s reply to treaty proposal.
1861Abraham Lincoln was declared president.
1861 – First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor occurred in what would become Arizona on the night of 2/13-14. The medal went to Army Assistant Surgeon Bernard J.D. Irwin. He rescued the 60 soldiers of 2d Lt. George Bascom’s unit at Apache Pass, AZ. (recorded on both the 13th & 14th) (Located south of I-10, east of Willcox, AZ in the Chirihacua Mountains.)
1862 – Civil War: The four-day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins.
1864 – Civil War:  Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek and Wyatt, Mississippi.
1865 – Civil War:  The Confederacy approved the recruitment of slaves as soldiers, as long as the approval of their owners was gained.
1866 – The first daylight robbery in United States history during peacetime takes place in Liberty, Missouri. This is considered to be the first robbery committed by Jesse James and his gang, although James’s role is disputed. ($15,000).
1875 – Mrs. Edna Kanouse gave birth to America’s first quintuplets. All five of the baby boys died within two weeks.
1880 – Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
1889 – Norman Coleman became the first U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.
1892 – The first Black performers, the World’s Fair Colored Opera Company, appear at Carnegie Hall.
1894 – Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
1901 – May be the day after a truncated January 19, 2038 on Unix and Unix-like computer systems still suffering from the year 2038 problem.
1905 – Major cold snap hits Midwest to the south and set several records including  -40° in Warsaw, Missouri; -29° in Pond, AR; -2° in Tallahassee, FL; and -40° in Lebanon, KS.
1907 – Wendell P. Dabney establishes The Union. The Cincinnati, Ohio paper’s motto is “For no people can become great without being united, for in union there is strength.”
1913 – Naval Radio Station, Arlington, VA begins operations.
1914 – Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
1920 – The Negro National Baseball League is formed.
1923 – First Black pro Basketball team, “Renaissance,” organizes.

1925 – US Congress made a Supreme Court appeal more difficult.
1929 – Congress passes the Cruiser Act authorizing the construction of 19 new cruisers and 1 aircraft carrier.
1932 – “Free Eats” introduces George “Spanky” McFarland to “Our Gang”. Spanky McFarland was the most popular member of the Our Gang children’s comedy troupe.
1935 – A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.
1935 – First US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland OH.
1936 – The first social security checks were put in the mail.
1937 – Cleveland Rams formed. The NFL Rams first coach was Hugo Bezdek.
1937 – NFL Boston Redskins move to Washington DC and become the Washington Redskins
1937 – “Prince Valiant” comic strip debuts. Prince Valiant is a long-run comic strip created by Hal Foster in 1937. It is an epic adventure that has told a continuous story during its entire history, and the full stretch of that story now totals more than 3700 Sunday strips in more than 300 American newspapers.
1939 – Virginia Payne became a new character in NBC’s soap opera, “The Carter’s of Elm Street”. She played the part of Mrs. Carter.
1940 – Earl ‘Fatha’ Hines recorded “Boogie Woogie on St. Louis Blues“.
1943 – Women’s Marine Corps created. Officially, Opha Mae Johnson (2 Feb 1900 – Jan 1976) is credited as the first woman Marine.
1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces capture Budapest, Hungary from the Nazis.
1945 – World War II: Allied bombers were dispatched to Dresden, Germany to raid the city by massive aerial bombardment.
1945 -World War II: US Navy forces begin operations in Manila Bay, clearing minefields and shelling landing grounds. Corregidor is bombarded.
1945 – World War II: American USAAF B-24 and B-29 bombers raid Iwo Jima in preparation for the landings later in the month.
1947 – “Family Theater of the Air” premieres.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ballerina” by Vaughn Monroe, “I’ll Dance at Your Wedding” by Buddy Clark with The Ray Noble Orchestra, “Now is the Hour” by Bing Crosby and “I’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1951 – Korean War – At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces’ offensive in a four-day battle.
1953 – Major-league baseball owners were warned by Senator Edwin Johnson against televising their games nationwide. The Senator said that broadcasting these games to a national audience would be a threat to the survival of minor league baseball.
1953 – Kansas City A’s change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium.
1953 – Senator Joseph McCarthy states that President Eisenhower’s foreign policy is being subverted by the Voice of America radio network.
1954 – Nicknamed “The Corbin Comet”,  Frank Selvy is best remembered for scoring 100 points in a college game for South Carolina’s Furman University against Newberry College on February 13th, 1954, the only NCAA Division I player ever to do so.
1954 – “Oh! My Papa” by Eddie Fisher topped the charts.
1955 – Israel obtains four of the seven Dead Sea scrolls.
1955 - Elvis Presley performs at the Fair Park Coliseum in Lubbock, TX, billed as “The Be-Bop Western Star of the Louisiana Hayride.” It is the first concert booked through Col. Tom Parker. Also on the bill that day: Buddy and Bob, a country duo featuring an eighteen-year-old Buddy Holly.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock and Roll Waltz” by Kay Starr, “No, Not Much!” by The Four Lads, “Teenage Prayer” by Gale Storm and “Why Baby Why” by Red Sovine & Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1957 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference organized at New Orleans meeting with Martin Luther King Jr. as president.
1960 -  Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee.
1960 – “Teen Angel” by Mark Dinning topped the charts.
1961 – “Calcutta” by Lawrence Welk topped the charts.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Want to Hold Your Hand” by The Beatles, “You Don’t Own Me” by Leslie Gore, “Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um” by Major Lance and “Begging to You” by Marty Robbins all topped the charts.
1965 – Sixteen-year-old Peggy Fleming won the ladies senior figure skating title at Lake Placid, NY.
1965 – “You’ve Lost that Lovin’ Feeling” by the Righteous Brothers topped the charts.
1968 – Vietnam War: As an emergency measure in response to the 1968 communist Tet Offensive, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara approves the deployment of 10,500 troops.
1969In North Carolina the Afro-American Society students of Duke Univ. led a black student takeover of the Allen Building.
1970The New York Stock Exchange admits its first Black member, Joseph Searles.
1970 – GM was reportedly redesigning automobiles to run on unleaded fuel.
1971 – Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
1971 – “One Bad Apple” by the Osmonds topped the charts.
1972 – “1776″ closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,217 performances.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Let’s Stay Together” by Al Green, “Without You” by Nilsson, “Precious and Few” by Climax and “One’s on the Way” by Loretta Lynn all topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: Enemy attacks, in Vietnam, declined for the third day as the U.S. continued its intensive bombing strategy.
1973 – Gertrude E. Downing and William Desjardin invented the Corner Cleaner Attachment, Patent No. 3,715,772.
1973 – Musical “El Grande de Coca-Cola,” premiered in NYC. The off-Broadway show closed April 13, 1975.
1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
1975 – There was a fire in the World Trade Center in New York City, New York.
1979 – An intense Windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a 1/2-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
1979 – Charles Chidsey received a patent for male baldness solution.
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock with You” by Michael Jackson, “Do That To Me One More Time” by The Captain & Tennille, “Coward of the County” by Kenny Rogers and “Leaving Louisiana in the Broad Daylight” by The Oak Ridge Boys all topped the charts.
1981 – Longest sentence published by New York Times-1286 words.
1981 - A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
1982 – “Centerfold” by the J. Geils Band topped the charts.
1983 – World Boxing Council becomes first to cut boxing from 15 to 12 rounds.
1985 – The Dow Jones industrial average closed at a record high of 1297.92 after it topped the 1300 mark earlier in the trading session.
1988 – Winter Olympic Games – The XV Olympic Winter Games open in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Could’ve Been” by Tiffany, “Seasons Change” by Expose, “I Want to Be Your Man” by Roger Troutman & Zapp, and “Wheels” by Restless Heart  all topped the charts.
1990 – German reunification: An agreement is reached for a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
1990 – The U.S. space probe Voyager I , while heading out to the edge of the Solar System, photographed a look backward which captured the Sun and six planets in one image, the first record of the Solar System from space.
1990 – Larry Bird (Celtics) ends NBA free throw streak of 71 games.
1991 – Gulf War: Two laser-guided “smart bombs” destroy a bunker in Baghdad. The bunker was being used as a military communications outpost and unknown to allied forces, as a shelter for Iraqi civilians.
1997 – Space Shuttle program: STS-82 Mission – Tune-up and repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope started by astronauts from the Space Shuttle Discovery.
1997 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,000 for the first time closing at 7,022.44.
1998 - Dr. David Satcher was sworn in as US surgeon general during an Oval Office ceremony.
1998 – The United Auto Workers reached a tentative contract agreement with Caterpillar Inc.; union members rejected the agreement, which was revised and later ratified, ending a bitter dispute that lasted more than six years.
1999 - A federal judge held American Airlines’ pilots’ union and two top board members in contempt and promised sizable fines against them, saying the union did not do enough to encourage pilots to return to work after a court order. A federal judge fined the American Airlines pilot’s union at least $10 million for ignoring his back-to-work order.
2000-Tiger Woods saw his streak of six consecutive victories come to an end as he fell short to Phil Mickelson in the Buick Invitational.
2000 – The last original “Peanuts” comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
2001 - US Treasury Sec. Paul O’Neill urged Congress to accelerate plans for an across-the-board tax cut and a doubling of the child credit.
2002 – In Alexandria, VA, John Walker Lindh pled innocent to a 10-count federal indictment. He was charged with conspiring to kill Americans and aiding Osama bin Laden’s terrorist network.
2002 – In Yemen Sameer Mohammed Ahmed al-Hada (25), an al Qaeda fugitive, died as troops closed in and a hand grenade exploded in his hand.
2002 – Former New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II.
2002 – The US House of Reps. voted 240-189 to ban unlimited “soft money” donations to national parties as part of the Shays-Meehan campaign finance bill.
2003 – Smith & Wesson unveiled a new Model 500, .50 caliber Magnum revolver.
2003 – An investigative panel found that superheated air almost certainly seeped through a breach in space shuttle Columbia’s left wing and possibly its wheel compartment during the craft’s fiery descent, resulting in the deaths of all seven astronauts.
2003 – US and British warplanes have struck an Iraqi surface-to-surface missile system located near Basra in southern Iraq that had been moved into striking range of US troops in Kuwait.
2003 –  Joint Committee on Taxation said the former energy trading giant Enron Corp. manipulated the U.S. tax code so aggressively that from 1996 through 1999 it paid no federal income taxes.
2003 – U.S. Senate Democrats continue to threaten to filibuster the candidacy of Miguel Estrada for the D.C. Circuit Court. The Democrats argue that Estrada is too conservative and not answering all of their questions. Estrada was first nominated for the position in May 2001.
2004 - The FCC began writing rules to enable users to access the Internet through electric power lines.
2004 – The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
2004 - President Bush, trying to calm a political storm, ordered the release of his Vietnam-era military records to counter Democrats’ suggestions that he’d shirked his duty in the Texas Air National Guard.
2005 – The AFC won the Pro Bowl, defeating the NFC 38-27.
2005 -  Ray Charles’ final album, “Genius Loves Company,” won a leading eight Grammy awards, including album of the year, record of the year for “Here We Go Again” with Norah Jones, and pop vocal album.
2006 - US government investigators told the Senate that FEMA has let nearly 11,000 unused manufactured homes deteriorate on old runways and open fields in Arkansas, and spent $416,000 per person to house a few hundred Hurricane Katrina evacuees for a short time in Alabama last fall.
2007 – With Democrats in control, House members debated Iraq in an emotional and historic faceoff over a war that Speaker Nancy Pelosi condemned as a commitment with “no end in sight.”
2007 – US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the US plans to cancel $391 million in outstanding debt owed by Liberia, and she urged others to help the struggling West African nation.
2007 – A powerful storm and likely a tornado hit the New Orleans area killing an elderly woman, injuring at least 15 other people.
2008 -  Former Governor of Massachusetts Mitt Romney (R) formally announces his candidacy for president.
2008 – NY Gov. Eliot Spitzer hired a prostitute in Washington, DC, and paid her $4,300.
2008 -  A prosecutor in Buffalo, NY, announced that a woman, who spent 13 years in prison after being convicted of strangling her 13-year-old daughter, was exonerated by forensic evidence showing she died of a cocaine overdose. Lynn DeJac (44) insisted that a former boyfriend was responsible.
2009 –  Congress approves the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
( The Stimulus) Obama had only been president 24 days.The House vote was 246-183, with all Republicans opposed to the package. The Senate approved the measure 60-38 with three GOP moderates siding with the Democrats.
2009-Unix time equalled “1234567890″ at 23:31:30 UTC.
2010 -  In Alaska an avalanche near Seward buried Jim Bowles, head of Conoco Phillips Alaska and Alan Gage, part of the company’s capital projects team. They were among a party of twelve snowmobilers.
2012 – Beverly Hills police confirm Whitney Houston was underwater and unconscious when found in a bath in her Los Angeles hotel room last Saturday.
2012 –  President Barack Obama presents 16 people with the National Medal of Arts at the White House including actor Al Pacino, country music singer Mel Tillis and former United States Poet Laureate Rita Dove.
2012 –  A 5.5-magnitude earthquake hits Northern California, near Weitchpec. Weitchpec is located in the northern part of the state at the confluence of the Klamath and Trinity Rivers, and the junction of State Highways 96 and 169, 35 miles northeast of Eureka.
2013 - The Obama administration’s nominee to become next Treasury Secretary, Jack Lew, testifies before the financial committee of the Senate at the start of his confirmation hearing.

 

1721 – John Reid, British army general and composer (d. 1807)

1728 – John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
1743 – Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)
1831 -  John Aaron Rawlins, American general and politician, 29th United States Secretary of War (d. 1869)
1876 – Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
1884 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)
1885 – Bess Truman, 35th First Lady of the United States, wife of President Harry S. Truman (d. 1982)
1891 – Grant Wood, American painter (d. 1942)
1910 – William Shockley, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1989)
1918 – Patty Berg, American golfer (d. 2006)
1919 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
1919 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
1923 – Chuck Yeager, American fighter and test pilot
1928 – Dorothy McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
1933 – Kim Novak, American actress
1934 – George Segal, American actor
1939 -  R. C. Sproul, American pastor, theologian, and author
1942 – Peter Tork, American musician and actor (The Monkees)
1944 – Stockard Channing, American actress
1944 – Jerry Springer, American television host, actor, and politician, 56th Mayor of Cincinnati
1977 – Randy Moss, American football player

 

 

 

*CREEK, THOMAS E.
VIETNAM WAR


Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company I, 3d Battalion, 9th Marines, 3d Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Place and Date: Near Cam Lo, Republic of Vietnam, 13 February,1969. Entered service at: Amarillo, Texas. Born 7 April 1950, Joplin, Mo. Citation:: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a rifleman with Company 1 in action against enemy forces. L/Cpl. Creek’s squad was providing security for a convoy moving to resupply the Vandegrift Command Base when an enemy command detonated mine destroyed one of the vehicles and halted the convoy near the Cam Lo Resettlement Village. Almost immediately, the marines came under a heavy volume of hostile mortar fire followed by intense small-arms fire from a well-concealed enemy force. As his squad deployed to engage the enemy, L/Cpl. Creek quickly moved to a fighting position and aggressively engaged in the fire fight. Observing a position from which he could more effectively deliver fire against the hostile forces. he completely disregarded his own safety as he fearlessly dashed across the fire-swept terrain and was seriously wounded by enemy fire. At the same time, an enemy grenade was thrown into the gully where he had fallen, landing between him and several companions. Fully realizing the inevitable results of his action, L/Cpl. Creek rolled on the grenade and absorbed the full force of the explosion with his body, thereby saving the lives of five of his fellow Marines. As a result of his heroic action, his men were inspired to such aggressive action that the enemy was defeated and the convoy was able to continue its vital mission. L/Cpl. Creek’s indomitable courage, inspired the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

 

 

 

PEREZ, MANUEL, JR.
WW II

Posthumously

 

Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A 511th Parachute Infantry, 11th Airborne Division. Place and date: Fort William McKinley, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 February 1945. Entered service at. Chicago, Ill. Born: 3 March 1923 Oklahoma City, Okla. G.O. No.: 124, 27 December 1945. Citation: He was lead scout for Company A, which had destroyed 11 of 12 pillboxes in a strongly fortified sector defending the approach to enemy-held Fort William McKinley on Luzon, Philippine Islands. In the reduction of these pillboxes, he killed 5 Japanese in the open and blasted others in pillboxes with grenades. Realizing the urgent need for taking the last emplacement, which contained 2 twin-mount .50-caliber dual-

 

 

U.S.S. Constitution

 

HORTON, JAMES
INTERIM 1871-1898

 

Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy. Born: 1850, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Constitution, at sea, 13 February 1879, Horton showed courageous conduct in going over the stern during a heavy gale and cutting the fastenings of the ship’s rudder chains.

 

MATTHEWS, JOSEPH
INTERIM 1871-1898

 

 

Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy. Born: 1849, Malta. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For courageous conduct in going over the stern of the U.S.S. Constitution at sea, 13 February 1879, during a heavy gale, and cutting the fastenings of the ship’s rudder chains.

 

WILLIAMS, HENRY
INTERIM 1871-1898

 

 

Rank and organization: Carpenter’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born 1833 Canada. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884 Citation: For going over the stern of the U.S.S. Constitution, at sea, 13 February 1879, during a heavy gale, and performing important carpenter’s work upon her rudder.

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Unerased History – February 12th

Posted by Wayne Church on February 12, 2014 in 02 - February, Blog by month |
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Lincoln’s Birthday

National Plum Pudding Day

 

Abe Lincoln’s Patent

Lincoln displayed a lifelong fascination with mechanical things. William H. Herndon, his law partner, attributed this to his father, saying, “he evinced a decided bent toward machinery or mechanical appliances, a trait he doubtless inherited from his father who was himself something of a mechanic and therefore skilled in the use of tools.”

Henry Whitney, another lawyer friend of Lincoln’s, recalled that “While we were traveling in ante-railway days, on the circuit, and would stop at a farm-house for dinner, Lincoln would improve the leisure in hunting up some farming implement, machine or tool, and he would carefully examine it all over, first generally and then critically;”

Lincoln also delivered lectures on discoveries and inventions before he became president. “Man is not the only animal who labors; but he is the only one who improves his workmanship,” he noted in 1858. In 1859 he praised the patent laws for having “secured to the inventor, for a limited time, the exclusive use of his invention; and thereby added the fuel of interest to the fire of genius, in the discovery and production of new and useful things.”

Abraham Lincoln was the only President who held his own patent. On May 22nd, 1849 he was granted U.S. Patent No. 6,469 (the only president ever granted a patent).

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, OF SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS
BUOYING VESSELS OVER SHOALS
 

 

To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, of Springfield, in the County of Sangamon, in the State of Illinois, have invented a new and improved manner of combining adjustable buoyant air chambers with a steamboat or other vessel for the purpose of enabling their draught of water to be readily lessened to enable them to pass over bars, or through shallow water, without discharging their cargoes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings making a part of this specification. Similar letters indicate like parts in all the figures.

The buoyant chambers A, A, which I employ, are constructed in such a manner that they can be expanded so as to hold a large volume of air when required for use, and can be contracted, into a very small space and safely secured as soon as their services can be dispensed with.

 


“Inspiration does exist, but it must find you working.”

~ Pablo Picasso

 


sequacious
(si-KWAY-shuhs) adjective

Unthinkingly following others.

[From Latin sequax (inclined to follow), from sequi (to follow).]
Often the people who believe that abortion is okay are sequacious in how they follow their leaders.

 

 

1486 – In the Auto Da Fe at Toledo, Spain the Jews were forced to recant their faith , were fined 1/5 of their property and permanently forbidden from wearing decent clothes or holding office.

1502 – Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India.
1554 – A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
1733 – Englishman James Oglethorpe founds the 13th United States colony of Georgia, and its first city at Savannah.
1793 – Congress passes the first fugitive slave law, requiring all states, including those that forbid slavery, to forcibly return slaves who have escaped from other states to their original owners.
1809 – Abraham Lincoln born in present-day Larue County, Kentucky (then Hardin County).
1821 – In New York City, the Mercantile Library opened. It was the largest and most successful of the mercantile libraries, and for that matter of all membership libraries. It is now called the Center for Fiction.
1825 – William McIntosh, Chief of the Creek nation, signs the Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creek Indians cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west. A Creek mob, denouncing McIntosh as a traitor, kills him.
1836 – Mexican General Santa Anna crossed the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo.
1839 – Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick leads to Aroostook War.
1846 – Mexican President, General Mariano Paredes, refuses to receive John Slidell of Louisiana who has been sent as an envoy by the United States.
1850 – Original Washington’s Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300 to James Lennox.
1863 – Civil War: U.S.S. Queen of the West, Colonel C. R. Ellet, steamed up Red River and the Atchafalaya River where a landing party destroyed twelve Confederate Army wagons.
1870 – Women gain the right to vote in Utah Territory. That right was taken away in 1887.
1870 – April 15th as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada.
1873 – The US Congress abolished bimetallism and authorized $1 & $3 gold coins. Bimetallism is a monetary standard in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent either to a certain quantity of gold or to a certain quantity of silver.
1876 – Albert Spalding opens his sporting good shop. Spalding is still an on-going sports equipment business.
1877 – First news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem MA.
1877 – US railroad builders struck against a wage reduction.
1879 – At New York City’s Madison Square Garden the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
1880 – The National Croquet League was organized in Philadelphia, PA.
1892 – Former President Abraham Lincoln’s birthday is declared a national holiday in the United States.
1899 – First 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in US begins, Madison Square Garden, NYC
1908 – New York to Paris auto race begins in New York NY. The route was NYC, Albany, Chicago, San Francisco, Seattle, Valdez Alaska, Japan, Vladivostok, Omsk, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Berlin and finally Paris. It covered 22,000 miles in 169 days. The average was 130 miles per day.
1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1915 – In Washington, DC, the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
1918 – President Garfield orders all non-essential businesses to shut down including all theatres in New York City in an effort to conserve coal.
1918 – World War I: Marines landed at Scapa Flow, Great Britain.
1924 – Premiere of George Gershwin’s “Rhapsody in Blue “in Aeolian Hall in New York City.
1924 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech by radio.
1924 – “The Eveready Hour” became radio’s first sponsored network program. The National Carbon Company was the first sponsor of a network show.
1934 – The Export-Import Bank was incorporated.
1935 – The USS Macon, the last U.S. Navy dirigible, crashed on its 55th flight off the coast of California, killing two people.
1940 – The radio play “The Adventures of Superman” debuted on the Mutual network.
1942 – Mildred Bailey recorded “More Than You Know” on Decca Records. She was a popular and influential American jazz singer during the 1930s, known as “Mrs. Swing”.
1944 – Wendell Wilkie entered the American presidential race against Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1944 – World War II: On New Britain, US Marines capture Gorissi, 25 miles east of Cape Gloucester. Meanwhile, Allied forces land on Rooke Island.
1945 – World War II: American USAAF B-24 and B-29 bombers raid Iwo Jima in preparation for the landings later in the month (2/19/1945).
1945 – World War II: USS Batfish (SS-310) sinks second Japanese submarine within three days.
1946 – Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “For Sentimental Reasons” by Nat King Cole, “Ole Buttermilk Sky” by The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Mike Douglas & The Campus Kids), “A Gal in Calico” by Johnny Mercer and “So Round, So Firm, So Fully Packed” by Merle Travis all topped the charts.
1947 – Record 221 lb. sailfish caught by C W Stewart in the Galapagos Islands.
1947 – First launching of guided missile (Loon) from a submarine, USS Cusk.
1948 – First Lt. Nancy Leftenant (Colon) became the first Black in the Army Nursing Corps.
1949 – “Annie Get Your Gun” closes after 1147 performances.
1949 – “A Little Bird Told Me” by Evelyn Knight topped the charts. The idiom means that if someone doesn’t want to say where they got some information, they can say that a little bird told them.
1950 – Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees.
1950 – Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb. He feared that the Hydrogen Bomb might annihilate “any life.”
1951 – Korean War: I Corps forces regrouped south of the Han River while the ROK Capital Division took Yangyang.
1953 – The Willys-Overland Company, which brought America the Jeep, celebrated its golden anniversary.
1955CHART TOPPERS – Sincerely” by the McGuire Sisters, “Hearts of Stone” by the Fontane Sisters, “Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So)” by Perry Como and “Let Me Go, Lover!” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1955 – President Eisenhower sent first US “advisors” to South Vietnam to aid the government under Ngo Dinh Diem.
1955 – “Sincerely” by the McGuire Sisters topped the charts.
1957 – Researchers announced the development of Borazan, a substance harder than diamonds. As of 10/2010 it does not appear to be in production.
1961 – The Miracles’ “Shop Around” became Motown’s first million-selling single.
1962 – Civil Rights: Bus boycott started in Macon, Georgia.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hey Paula” by Paul & Paula, “Loop De Loop” by Johnny Thunder, “Up on the Roof” by The Drifters and “The Ballad of Jed Clampett” by Flatt & Scruggs all topped the charts.
1964 – Beatles first New York City concert (Carnegie Hall).
1966 – “My Love” by Petula Clark topped the charts.
1968 – “Soul on Ice” by Eldridge Cleaver was published for the first time.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Knock Three Times” by Dawn, “One Bad Apple” by The Osmonds, “Rose Garden” by Lynn Anderson and “Joshua” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.
1972 – “Let’s Stay Together” by Al Green topped the charts.
1972 – “Roundabout” was released by Yes.
1973 – Ohio becomes the first U.S. state to post distance in metric on signs.
1972 – Senator Ted Kennedy advocated amnesty for Vietnam draft resisters.
1973 – Vietnam War: The first United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong. Operation Homecoming was completed on March 29, 1973, when the last of 591 U.S. prisoners were released and returned to the United States.
1974 – Stephen Kovacs received a patent for a magnetic heart pump.
1976 – Sal Mineo (b.1939), American film and theater actor, was stabbed to death in Los Angeles while coming home from a play rehearsal.
1977 – “Torn Between Two Lovers” by Mary MacGregor topped the charts.
1977 – The Police record “Fall Out,” their first single.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Da Ya Think I’m Sexy?” by Rod Stewart, “Y.M.C.A.” by the Village People, “A Little More Love” by Olivia Newton-John and “Every Which Way But Loose” by Eddie Rabbitt all topped the charts.
1983 – “Down Under” by Men At Work topped the charts.
1983 – “Package Saver” invented (protects the pizza in the box). This is the little white “bridge” that holds up the middle of the box.
1984 – Cale Yarborough, becomes first Daytona 500 qualifier, above 200 MPH.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Open Your Heart” by Madonna, “Livin’ on a Prayer” by Bon Jovi, “Change of Heart” by Cyndi Lauper and “Leave Me Lonely” by Gary Morris all topped the charts.
1988 – Two Soviet warships bump two U.S. Navy vessels in waters claimed by the Soviet Union.
1994 – “The Power of Love” by Celine Dion topped the charts.
1997 – The Clinton administration gave permission to 10 U.S. news organizations to open bureaus in Cuba. Cuba only allowed CNN.
1997 – In Maine, Philip Berrigan was arrested at an anti-nuclear protest. He was one of six activists later convicted for vandalizing a Navy guided missile destroyer at the Bath Iron Works.
1998 – The presidential line-item veto is declared unconstitutional by United States federal judge. It takes away from the House of representatives one of its enumerated powers.
1999 – President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial. He was acquitted on two impeachment articles. The charges were perjury (55-45) and obstruction of justice (50-50).
2001 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the “saddle” region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
2001 – Scientists published their first examinations of nearly all the human genetic code.
2001 – The U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ordered Napster to stop its users from trading copyrighted material without charge.
2002 – Nuclear waste: US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is suitable to be the United States’ nuclear repository.
2003 – UN weapons inspectors in Iraq destroy a declared stockpile of mustard gas and artillery shells at a former weapons site.
2003 - An audio tape attributed to Osama bin Laden is released by al Jazeera television. It recounts the battle of Tora Bora and urges Muslims to fight the United States and to overthrow the Iraq regime of Saddam Hussein.
2004 – On National Freedom to Marry Day, two days after Mayor Gavin Newsom of San Francisco, California, issued a directive to the county clerk, the City and County of San Franciso begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
2004 - Virginia House of Delegates give preliminary approval to legislation that would ban the recognition of same-sex civil unions and domestic partnerships.
2004 – Mattel announced the split of Barbie and Ken. The dolls had met on the set of their first television commercial together in 1961. The price of Barbie went up significantly because she now came with all Ken’s stuff.
2005 - Howard Dean, a former governor of Vermont and a 2004 U.S. presidential candidate, is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
2006 – A powerful Nor’easter Winter Storm blankets the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from Washington DC up to Boston, Massachusetts. The storm dumped a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City.
2006 - United States military strategists reportedly are developing plans for a possible major military bombing campaign against Iranian nuclear sites as a “last resort” in the event that diplomatic efforts fail to convince Iran to voluntarily end what Western governments consider to be efforts at acquiring a nuclear weapon.
2007 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad states in an interview that Iran does not fear the U.S. and that any foreign attack would be “severely punished”.
2007 – In Salt Lake City, Utah, Sulejmen Talovic (18) opened fire on shoppers, killing five and wounding four others. Off-duty police officer Kenneth Hammond held him in position until authorities could arrive. Hammond ran on scene after hearing gunshots fire out while having an early Valentine’s Day dinner with his pregnant wife at a local restaurant.  He was eventually stopped in a shoot-out involving Salt Lake City Police Department SWAT.
2008 – A US federal appeals court has overturned a statute outlawing sex toy sales in Texas, one of the last states, all in the South, to retain such a ban. Judges out-of-control.

2008 – Speedo introduced its new LZR Racer swimsuit. By June 38 of 42 world-swimming records were broken by swimmers wearing the suit.
2008 – General Motors Corp. reported a $38.7 billion loss for 2007, the largest annual loss ever for an automotive company.
2009 - The National Transportation Safety Board concludes that Canada geese caused US Airways Flight 1549 to ditch into New York City’s Hudson River.
2009 – The first of four new pennies chronicling Abraham Lincoln’s rise from a small Kentucky cabin went into circulation to honor the 16th president’s 200th birthday.
2009 – A commuter plane, Continental Connection Flight 3407 from Newark, N.J., coming in for a landing nose-dived into a house in suburban Buffalo, sparking a fiery explosion that killed all 49 people aboard and a person in the home. It was the nation’s first fatal crash of a commercial airliner in 2 1/2 years.
2009 –  Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. reopens for the bicentennial of assassinated U.S. President Abraham Lincoln’s birth.
2010 –  A shooting at the University of Alabama in Huntsville leaves at least three persons dead.
2010 - The US successfully shoots down a launching ballistic missile using the Boeing YAL-1, a military Boeing 747-400F aircraft mounted with a chemical oxygen iodine laser weapon.
2011 –  Julie Andrews, Roy Haynes, Juilliard String Quartet, the Kingston Trio, Dolly Parton, The Ramones and George Beverly Shea win Grammy Lifetime Achievement Awards.
2012 –  The 54th Grammy Awards for music are held at the Staples Center in the U.S. city of Los Angeles, with some of the show being re-worked to commemorate Whitney Houston.
2013 -  Christopher Dorner, former LAPD,  kills a sheriff’s deputy and injures another in the Big Bear Lake, California. He then barricades himself in a cabin, which catches on fire during a police assault. The suspect was killed in the fire.

 

 

1606 – John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)

1663 – Cotton Mather, New England minister (d. 1728)
1775 – Louisa Adams, First Lady of the United States, wife of John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)
1791 – Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1883) he manufactured the first steam powered railroad locomotive made in America, which was called Tom Thumb.
1809 – Charles Darwin, English naturalist (d. 1882)
1809 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (d. 1865)
1880 – John L. Lewis, American labor union leader (d. 1969)
1893 – Omar Bradley, American general (d. 1981)
1915 – Lorne Greene, American actor (d. 1987)
1919 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986)
1920 – William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
1926 – Joe Garagiola, American baseball player and announcer
1926 – Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant
1936 – Joe Don Baker, American actor
1951 – Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
1956 – Arsenio Hall, American actor and talk show host
1993 – Jennifer Stone, American actress

*LONG, CHARLES R.
KOREA

Posthumously

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company M, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Hoengsong, Korea, 12 February 1951. Entered service at: Kansas City, Mo. Born: 10 December 1923, Kansas City, Mo. G.O. No.: 18, 1 February 1952. Citation: Sgt. Long, a member of Company M, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. When Company M, in a defensive perimeter on Hill 300, was viciously attacked by a numerically superior hostile force at approximately 0300 hours and ordered to withdraw, Sgt. Long, a forward observer for the mortar platoon, voluntarily remained at his post to provide cover by directing mortar fire on the enemy. Maintaining radio contact with his platoon, Sgt. Long coolly directed accurate mortar fire on the advancing foe. He continued firing his carbine and throwing handgrenades until his position was surrounded and he was mortally wounded. Sgt. Long’s inspirational, valorous action halted the onslaught, exacted a heavy toll of enemy casualties, and enabled his company to withdraw, reorganize, counterattack, and regain the hill strongpoint. His unflinching courage and noble self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit on himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.

 

 

*DELEAU, EMILE, JR.

WW II


Posthumously 

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 142d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Oberhoffen, France, 12 February 1945.Entered service at: Blaine, Ohio. Birth: Lansing, Ohio. G.O. No.: 60, 25 July 1945. Citation: He led a squad in the night attack on Oberhoffen, France, where fierce house-to-house fighting took place. After clearing one building of opposition, he moved his men toward a second house from which heavy machinegun fire came. He courageously exposed himself to hostile bullets and, firing his submachine gun as he went, advanced steadily toward the enemy position until close enough to hurl grenades through a window, killing three Germans and wrecking their gun. His progress was stopped by heavy rifle and machinegun fire from another house. Sgt. Deleau dashed through the door with his gun blazing. Within, he captured ten Germans. The squad then took up a position for the night and awaited daylight to resume the attack. At dawn of 2 February Sgt. Deleau pressed forward with his unit, killing two snipers as he advanced to a point where machinegun fire from a house barred the way. Despite vicious small-arms fire, Sgt. Deleau ran across an open area to reach the rear of the building, where he destroyed one machinegun and killed its two operators with a grenade. He worked to the front of the structure and located a second machinegun. Finding it impossible to toss a grenade into the house from his protected position, he fearlessly moved away from the building and was about to hurl his explosive when he was instantly killed by a burst from the gun he sought to knock out. With magnificent courage and daring aggressiveness, Sgt. Deleau cleared four well-defended houses of Germans, inflicted severe losses on the enemy and at the sacrifice of his own life aided his battalion to reach its objective with a minimum of casualties.

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