Bubble Bath Day
National English Toffee Day
National Show and Tell Day at Work
Did you ever wonder about the Popeye characters? J. Wellington Wimpy or Wimpy is one of the characters in the long-running comic strip, Thimble Theater, and in the Popeye cartoons based upon the strip.Wimpy was created by newspaper cartoonist Elzie Crisler Segar. He became one of the dominant characters in the newspaper strips. When “Popeye” was adapted as an animated cartoon series by Fleischer Studios, Wimpy was made a more minor character; Dave Fleischer said that the character in the Segar comic strips was “too intellectual” to be used in film cartoons.
Wimpy loves to eat hamburgers, and is usually seen with one (e.g. in “Popeye the Sailor Meets Sindbad the Sailor,” where he was eating burgers almost the entire time) but is usually too cheap to pay for them. A recurring joke is Wimpy’s attempts to con other patrons of the diner into buying him burgers. Wimpy often tries to outwit fellow patrons with his convoluted logic. His famous line, which was first introduced to the cartoons in the 1934 cartoon, We Aim to Please, is “I’d gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today”. Wimpy had other frequently used lines in the original comic strip, usually invoked to someone or a group of people who are after him for some shenanigan he’s pulled. Now, this phrase is used by people to indicate that some shenanigan is about to occur. On some occasions, Wimpy tries to placate the angry person or mob by saying “I’d like to invite you over to my house for a duck dinner.” The angry person or persons are usually satisfied with that line and Wimpy moves away quickly to a safe distance and yells, “You bring the ducks!” Another such line was, “Jones is my name… I’m one of the Jones boys”–an attempt to defuse a hostile situation with a falsified case for mistaken identity.Wimpy is Popeye’s friend. In the cartoons he mainly plays the role of the “straight man” to Popeye’s outbursts and wild antics. Wimpy is very intelligent, and well educated, but very lazy and gluttonous. Wimpy is also somewhat of a scam artist and (especially in the newspaper cartoons) can be shockingly underhanded at times.
“If you want to win friends, make it a point to remember them. If you remember my name, you pay me a subtle compliment; you indicate that I have made an impression on you. Remember my name and you add to my feeling of importance.”
~ Dale Carnegie
robustious roh-BUHS-chuhs, adjective
1. Boisterous; vigorous.
2. Coarse; rough; crude.
Robustious derives from Latin robustus, “oaken, hence strong, powerful, firm,” from robur, “oak.”
1675 – First American commercial corporation chartered (New York Fishing Co).
1734 – Premiere of George Frideric Handel’s Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
1790 – George Washington delivers the first State of the Union Address address in New York City.
1978 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was declared in effect by President John Adams nearly three years after its ratification by the states; it prohibited a citizen of one state from suing another state in federal court.
1806 – Lewis & Clark found the skeleton of 105′ blue whale in Oregon.
1811 – Unsuccessful slave revolt led by Charles Deslandes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
1815 – War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson including Marines under Maj. Daniel Carmick leads American forces in victory over the British. The war officially ended on December 24, 1814, with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. The news of the signing had not reached British troops in time to prevent their attack on New Orleans.
1833 – Boston Academy of Music, first US music school is established.
1838 – Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code).
1847 – Jose Maria Flores and Andres Pico offered the last serious Mexican resistance against U.S. invasion forces at the Battle of the San Gabriel River (in modern-day Montebello).
1851 – Jean Foucault demonstrated definitively that the Earth rotates on its axis.
1853 – A bronze statue of Andrew Jackson on a horse was unveiled in Lafayette Park in Washington, D.C. The statue was the work of Clark Mills. There is an urban myth that says that one hoof of the ground indicated wounded but recovered, two off the ground meant killed in action, and all four hooves firmly planted was supposed to indicate that the soldier was untouched in battle. There are, however, too many contradictions to be considered a rule.
1856 – Borax was discovered near Red Bluff, California. The product was popularized during the era of TV’s “Death Valley Days”. Remember “20 Mule Team Borax”?
1863 – Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield was a battle fought in Springfield, Missouri. It is sometimes known as The Battle of Springfield. (The First Battle of Springfield was fought on October 21, 1861, and there was also the better-known Battle of Wilson’s Creek, fought nearby on August 10, 1861.) Fighting was urban and house-to-house, which was rare in the war.
1867 – African American men granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia.
1877 – Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry (Montana).
1889 – American inventor Herman Hollerith patented his tabulator, the first device for data processing; his firm would later become one of IBM’s founding companies.
1892 – Coal mine explosion killed 100 in McAlister, Okla.
1894 – Columbus World’s fair in Chicago destroyed by fire. It was to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s discovery of the New World.The fire occurred at the height of the Pullman Strike, since the strikers set other fires that very week, it is possible the fire was set by disgruntled Pullman employees.
1900 – President William McKinley places Alaska under military rule.
1902 – First National Bowling Championship held (Chicago IL).
1906 – Arthur Rubinstein made his debut at Carnegie Hall in New York City. The concert received only a few favorable reviews.
1908 – A train collision occurs in the Park Avenue Tunnel in New York City killing seventeen people, injuring thirty-eight and leading to increased demand for electric trains.
1908 – A subway linking New York’s Brooklyn and Manhattan opened.
1916 – World War I: Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli.
1918 – President Woodrow Wilson announces his “Fourteen Points” for the aftermath of World War I.
1918 – Mississippi became the first state to ratify the proposed 18th amendment to the US Constitution, which established Prohibition.
1929 – William S. Paley appeared on CBS Radio for the first time to announce that CBS had become the largest regular chain of broadcasting chains in radio history.
1935 - the first U.S. patent for a spectrophotometer was issued to Professor Arthur Cobb Hardy of Wellesley, Mass. (No. 1,987,441) which he called a “photometric apparatus.” It could detect two million different shades of color and make a permanent record chart of the results.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Heart Tells Me” by The Glen Gray Orchestra (vocal: Eugenie Baird), “Paper Doll” by The Mills Brothers, “People Will Say We’re in Love” by Bing Crosby and “Pistol Packin’ Mama” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters all top the charts.
1945 – World War II: Allied forces eliminate German positions on the west bank of the Maas River.
1952 – “My Friend Irma” came to television. The show, popular for years on radio, lasted just two seasons on television.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Slowpoke” by Pee Wee King, “Sin (It’s No)” by Eddy Howard, “Undecided” by The Ames Brothers and “Let Old Mother Nature Have Her Way” by Carl Smith all topped the charts.
1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower proposed stripping convicted Communists of their U.S. citizenship.
1955 – After 130 home basketball wins, Georgia Tech defeated Kentucky 59-58. It was the first Kentucky loss at home since January 2, 1943.
1956 – Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog” single goes to #1.
1957 – Jackie Robinson announced his retirement from major league baseball in an article that appeared in “LOOK” magazine.
1957 – Elvis took the U.S. Army pre-induction exam on his 22nd birthday.
1958 – Fourteen-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship.
1958 - Eight-year-old Mary Kosloski had a date with Elvis Presley and he kept her waiting for more than two hours. The Collierville girl, who was the national March of Dimes poster child in 1955, seemed to forgive all when Elvis appeared and told her: ‘If you were 10 years older, honey, I wouldn’t let you go’.
1959 – Conquest of Cuba by Fidel Castro is completed with the conquest of Santiago de Cuba.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “Why” by Frankie Avalon, “Running Bear” by Johnny Preston, “Way Down Yonder in New Orleans” by Freddie Cannon, “El Paso” by Marty Robbins all topped the charts.
1961 – Robert Goulet made his national TV debut this night on “The Ed Sullivan Show” on CBS.
1962 – Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time (National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.).
1962 – Golfer Jack Nicklaus, 21, first pro appearance, he came in 50th. At the end of the first full year on the pro tour, he defeated Arnold Palmer in a play-off to win the U.S. Open.
1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a “War on Poverty” in the United States.
1965 – The TV dance show “Hullabaloo” debuted on NBC.
1966 – The final episode of “Shindig!” was broadcast on ABC-TV. The show featured the Kinks and the Who.
1967 – 16,000 U.S. soldiers from the 1st and 25th Infantry Divisions, 173rd Airborne Brigade and 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment join 14,000 South Vietnamese troops to mount Operation Cedar Falls.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hello Goodbye” by The Beatles, “Daydream Believer” by The Monkees, “Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)” by John Fred & His Playboy Band and “For Loving You” by Bill Anderson & Jan Howard all topped the charts.
1973 – Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of placing bugs in Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins.
1973 - National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger and Hanoi’s Le Duc Tho resume peace negotiations in Paris.
1974 – Gold hits record $126.50 an ounce in London and silver hits record $3.40 an ounce in New York.
1975 – President Ford appoints an eight-man commission to investigate charges that the CIA had been involved in a wide range of illegal activities.
1975 – Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States who did not succeed her husband.
1975 – Alabama Educational Television Commission has its application for license renewal denied by the Federal Communications Commission because of racial discrimination against Blacks in employment and programming.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Saturday Night” by Bay City Rollers, “I Write the Songs” by Barry Manilow, “Theme from Mahogany (Do You Know Where You’re Going To)” by Diana Ross and “Convoy” by C.W. McCall all topped the charts.
1977 – “You Don’t Have to Be a Star ” by Marylin McCoo & Billy Davis, Jr. hits #1.
1979 – U.S. advised the Shah to get out of Iran.
1981 – The “Pirates of Penzance” opened at the Uris Theater, NYC, for 772 performances. Linda Ronstadt (b.1946) debuted Mabel.
1982 – AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions.
1984 – The Washington Redskins defeated San Francisco 24-21 after the 49ers staged a comeback with three touchdowns in the fourth quarter. They now went on to Superbowl XVIII.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Say Say Say” by Paul McCartney & Michael Jackson, “Owner of a Lonely Heart” by Yes, “Twist of Fate” by Olivia Newton-John and “You Look So Good in Love” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1987 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 8.30 to close at 2,002.25 — The Dow’s first close above 2,000.
1989 – The oldest integration law suit in the US was settled in 1989 when the St. Helena Parish schools were officially integrated. The suit was originally filed by a John Hall and the NAACP in 1952.
1993 – Chicago Bull Michael Jordan scores his 20,000th career point.
1993 – Elvis Presley Commemorative Postage Stamp goes on sale. It was a $.29 stamp.
1993 – In Palatine, a suburb of Chicago, seven people were shot to death at a fried chicken restaurant. The victims were forced into two walk-in coolers and shot a total of 24 times with a .38. Some were also stabbed and one had their throat slit. Their bodies were found the next day. On May 16, 2002, Juan Luna (28) and James Degorski (29) were arrested and confessed to the killings.
1994 – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 leaves for Mir. He will stay on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space.
1994 – Tonya Harding won the ladies’ U.S. Figure Skating Championship in Detroit, MI, a day after Nancy Kerrigan dropped out because of a clubbing attack that injured her right knee. The U.S. Figure Skating Association later took the title from Harding because of her involvement in the attack.
1998 – At the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Philadelphia, Michelle Kwan received seven perfect presentation marks out of nine for her short program.
1998 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the World Trade Center bombing, was sentenced in New York to life in prison.
1998 - Scientists announced the identification for the first time of a key brain chemical related to nicotine addiction, in the journal Nature.
1998 – Scientists announced that they had discovered that galaxies were accelerating and moving apart and at faster speeds.
1999 – The top two executives of Salt Lake City’s Olympic organizing committee resigned amid investigations into how far city boosters stooped to win the 2002 Winter Games. Investigators found boosters gave IOC members cash payments up to $70,000 and expensive gifts; and paid educational, travel, housing and medical costs of IOC members and their families.
2001- Donna Bailey (43), paralyzed from a Ford Explorer rollover crash, settled her suit with Ford and Firestone for a total in the range of $20-35 million along with the disclosure of internal memos and reports on tire safety and rollover issues.
2002 – Afghanistan: US soldiers captured 14 suspected fighters at the Zhawar Kili cave and bunker complex near Khost.
2002 – Ozzie Smith, regarded as the finest-fielding shortstop ever, was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on his first try.
2002 – Pres. Bush signed an education bill that tied federal aid to test performance. It was the most far-reaching federal education bill in nearly 4 decades.
2003 - A federal appeals court ruled that Pres. Bush could order U.S. citizens captured overseas indefinitely detained as enemy combatants without the rights normally afforded citizens charged in criminal cases.
2004 – RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, was christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
2004 – In Iraq a US Black Hawk medivac helicopter crashed near Fallujah killing all nine soldiers aboard.
2005 – The rate for U.S. First Class mail was raised to 39¢.
2007 – USS Newport News nuclear-powered submarine collided with a Japanese oil tanker in the Straits of Hormuz.
2008 – Gold futures surged above $880 an ounce and closed at $880.30, up $18.30.
2009 – President-elect Barack Obama warned of dire and lasting consequences if Congress doesn’t pump unprecedented dollars into the economy, making an urgent pitch for his mammoth spending proposal in his first speech since his election.
2011 – Congresswoman Gabriella Giffords (AZ District 8) and six other people were shot at an event during a public meeting held in a supermarket parking lot in Casas Adobes, near Tucson, Arizona. Representative Giffords was shot by Jared Lee Loughner through the temples and survived but six others including a nine year-old girl and a District Judge were killed.
2012- First non-sudden death overtime game in NFL History happened when the Denver Broncos and the Pittsburgh Steelers came to the end of regulation time with a 23-23 score. On the first play Denver Quarterback Tim Tebow from the twenty-yard line connected with Demarius Thomas at about the 40 yard line who then ran for a touchdown. Denver won 29-23.
2013 - An Illinois man is killed by cyanide poisoning after winning the lottery.
2013 - The United States records its hottest year on record in 2012.
2013 - In the NBA, the Milwaukee Bucks and Coach Scott Skiles mutually agree to part ways after starting the 2012–13 NBA season with a 16–16 record. The team promotes assistant Jim Boylan as interim head coach.
2014 – Due to the influence of a “polar vortex” that caused extremely cold temperatures across the east coast and the Midwest. Niagara Falls froze all the way to the bottom on the American side.
1735 – John Carroll (priest), first American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
1792 – Lowell Mason, American composer (d. 1872) He was a leading figure in American church music, the composer of over 1600 hymns, many of which are often sung today. He was also responsible for the first teaching of music in American public schools.
1862 – Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (d. 1934)
1909 – Evelyn Wood, U.S. educator. She was sometimes known as “the Pioneer of Speed Reading,” learned how to read quickly by watching fast readers. She coined the phrase, “speed reading” and developed a system that was taught in seminars. She and her husband started the Evelyn Wood Reading Dynamics.
1933 – Charles Osgood, American journalist and commentator
1935 – Elvis Aaron Presley, U.S. rock-and-roll singer, actor, legend.
1935 – Jesse Presley, Elvis’ stillborn twin (d. 1935)
1938 – Bob Eubanks, American game show host
1942 – Stephen Hawking, English physicist and mathematician.
WETZEL, GARY GEORGE
Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class (then Pfc.), U.S. Army, 173d Assault Helicopter Company. Place and date: Near Ap Dong An, Republic of Vietnam, 8 January 1968. Entered service at: Milwaukee, Wis. Born: 29 September 1947, South Milwaukee, Wis. Citation. Sp4c. Wetzel, 173d Assault Helicopter Company, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life. above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. Wetzel was serving as door gunner aboard a helicopter which was part of an insertion force trapped in a landing zone by intense and deadly hostile fire. Sp4c. Wetzel was going to the aid of his aircraft commander when he was blown into a rice paddy and critically wounded by two enemy rockets that exploded just inches from his location. Although bleeding profusely due to the loss of his left arm and severe wounds in his right arm, chest, and left leg, Sp4c. Wetzel staggered back to his original position in his gun-well and took the enemy forces under fire. His machinegun was the only weapon placing effective fire on the enemy at that time. Through a resolve that overcame the shock and intolerable pain of his injuries, Sp4c. Wetzel remained at his position until he had eliminated the automatic weapons emplacement that had been inflicting heavy casualties on the American troops and preventing them from moving against this strong enemy force. Refusing to attend his own extensive wounds, he attempted to return to the aid of his aircraft commander but passed out from loss of blood. Regaining consciousness, he persisted in his efforts to drag himself to the aid of his fellow crewman. After an agonizing effort, he came to the side of the crew chief who was attempting to drag the wounded aircraft commander to the safety of a nearby dike. Unswerving in his devotion to his fellow man, Sp4c. Wetzel assisted his crew chief even though he lost consciousness once again during this action. Sp4c. Wetzel displayed extraordinary heroism in his efforts to aid his fellow crewmen. His gallant actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.
DUNHAM, RUSSELL E.
Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 30th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kayserberg, France, 8 January 1945. Entered service at: Brighton Ill. Born: 23 February 1920, East Carondelet, Ill. G.O. No.: 37, 11 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. At about 1430 hours on 8 January 1945, during an attack on Hill 616, near Kayserberg, France, T/Sgt. Dunham single-handedly assaulted three enemy machineguns. Wearing a white robe made of a mattress cover, carrying twelve carbine magazines and with a dozen hand grenades snagged in his belt, suspenders, and buttonholes, T/Sgt. Dunham advanced in the attack up a snow-covered hill under fire from two machineguns and supporting riflemen. His platoon thirty-five yards behind him, T/Sgt. Dunham crawled seventy-five yards under heavy direct fire toward the timbered emplacement shielding the left machinegun. As he jumped to his feet ten yards from the gun and charged forward, machinegun fire tore through his camouflage robe and a rifle bullet seared a ten-inch gash across his back sending him spinning fifteen yards down hill into the snow. When the indomitable sergeant sprang to his feet to renew his one-man assault, a German egg grenade landed beside him. He kicked it aside, and as it exploded five yards away, shot and killed the German machinegunner and assistant gunner. His carbine empty, he jumped into the emplacement and hauled out the third member of the gun crew by the collar. Although his back wound was causing him excruciating pain and blood was seeping through his white coat, T/Sgt. Dunham proceeded fifty yards through a storm of automatic and rifle fire to attack the second machinegun. Twenty-five yards from the emplacement he hurled two grenades, destroying the gun and its crew; then fired down into the supporting foxholes with his carbine dispatching and dispersing the enemy riflemen. Although his coat was so thoroughly blood-soaked that he was a conspicuous target against the white landscape, T/Sgt. Dunham again advanced ahead of his platoon in an assault on enemy positions farther up the hill. Coming under machinegun fire from sixty-five yards to his front, while rifle grenades exploded 10 yards from his position, he hit the ground and crawled forward. At fifteen yards range, he jumped to his feet, staggered a few paces toward the timbered machinegun emplacement and killed the crew with hand grenades. An enemy rifleman fired at pointblank range, but missed him. After killing the rifleman, T/Sgt. Dunham drove others from their foxholes with grenades and carbine fire. Killing nine Germans–wounding seven and capturing two–firing about one hundred-seventy-five rounds of carbine ammunition, and expending eleven grenades, T/Sgt. Dunham, despite a painful wound, spearheaded a spectacular and successful diversionary attack.
*TURNER, DAY G.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 319th Infantry, 80th Infantry Division. Place and date: At Dahl, Luxembourg, 8 January 1945. Entered service at. Nescopek, Pa. Birth: Berwick, Pa. G.O. No.: 49, 28 June 1945. Citation: He commanded a 9-man squad with the mission of holding a critical flank position. When overwhelming numbers of the enemy attacked under cover of withering artillery, mortar, and rocket fire, he withdrew his squad into a nearby house, determined to defend it to the last man. The enemy attacked again and again and were repulsed with heavy losses. Supported by direct tank fire, they finally gained entrance, but the intrepid sergeant refused to surrender although five of his men were wounded and one was killed. He boldly flung a can of flaming oil at the first wave of attackers, dispersing them, and fought doggedly from room to room, closing with the enemy in fierce hand-to-hand encounters. He hurled handgrenade for handgrenade, bayoneted two fanatical Germans who rushed a doorway he was defending and fought on with the enemy’s weapons when his own ammunition was expended. The savage fight raged for four hours, and finally, when only three men of the defending squad were left unwounded, the enemy surrendered. Twenty-five prisoners were taken, eleven enemy dead and a great number of wounded were counted. Sgt. Turner’s valiant stand will live on as a constant inspiration to his comrades His heroic, inspiring leadership, his determination and courageous devotion to duty exemplify the highest tradition of the military service .
SCHILT, CHRISTIAN FRANK
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Quilali, Nicaragua, 6, 7 and 8 January 1928. Entered service at: Illinois. Born: 1 March 1895, Richland County, Ill. Other Navy awards: Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross with 1 gold star. Citation: During the progress of an insurrection at Quilali, Nicaragua, 6, 7, and 8 January 1928, 1st Lt. Schilt, then a member of a Marine expedition which had suffered severe losses in killed and wounded, volunteered under almost impossible conditions to evacuate the wounded by air and transport a relief commanding officer to assume charge of a very serious situation. 1st Lt. Schilt bravely undertook this dangerous and important task and, by taking off a total of ten times in the rough, rolling street of a partially burning village, under hostile infantry fire on each occasion, succeeded in accomplishing his mission, thereby actually saving three lives and bringing supplies and aid to others in desperate need.
The Battle of Wolf Mountains
The Battle of Wolf Mountains including Cedar Creek, from 21 October 1876 to January 8, 1877, marked a turning point in the Great Sioux War because it resulted in the eventual surrender of the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne, which led to their removal to reservation lands. Despite blizzards and extreme cold Colonel Nelson Miles camped beside the Tongue River on the southern flank of the Wolf Mountains. On January 8, 1877, Crazy Horse and 800 braves made a surprise attack. Miles was able to quickly repulse it and the Indians took refuge on bluffs overlooking the camp. When the troops assaulted the bluffs, the warriors withdrew under cover of a snowstorm. The arrival of Crazy Horse and his people on May 6 at Camp Robinson, Nebraska, symbolized the formal conclusion of the war. The Battle of Wolf Mountains was the last major war of the Great Sioux War.
The following men received the Medal of Honor in this war.
Rank and organization: Captain, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Wolf Mountain, Mont., 8 January 1877. Entered service at: Brooklyn N.Y. Birth. Ireland. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation. Most distinguished gallantry in action with hostile Indians.
CASEY, JAMES S.
Rank and organization: Captain, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Wolf Mountain, Mont., 8 January 1877. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command in a successful charge against superior numbers of the enemy strongly posted.
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Boston, Mass. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Dearborn, Mich. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation. Gallantry in actions.
HUNT, FRED O.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: New Orleans, La. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in actions.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company C, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Prussia. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 22d U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Rutland, Vt. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action .
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Wolf Mountain, Mont., 8 January 1877. Entered service at Fort Sumner, N. Mex. Birth: New York. Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command in a successful charge against superior numbers of hostile Indians, strongly posted.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: Pawtucket, R.I. Birtil: North Attleboro, Mass Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Syracuse, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Cltation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Brooklyn, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
MONTROSE, CHARLES H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Birth: St. Paul, Minn. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Birth: Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Birth: Rocky Hill, Conn. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Bravery in action with Sioux.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
WHITEHEAD, PATTON G.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Russell County, Va. Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, etc., Mont., 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877. Entered service at: Beardstown, Ill. Birth: Petersburg, Ill Date of issue: 27 April 1877. Citation: Gallantry in action.
The very new field of Archaeogenetics studies DNA recovered from archaeological sites, cultivated plants, domesticated animals, or from living humans. Through such analysis it has become possible to say useful things about the way we have migrated about our planet and altered our environment.The archaeologist Colin Renfrew coined it in 2000 in a book that he edited with Katie Boyle: Archaeogenetics: DNA and the population prehistory of Europe. The word itself is still largely the preserve of academic specialists, but the ideas behind it have had masses of attention in the press.Work with human DNA is sometimes instead called “genetic genealogy” or “historical genetics”. Some of our DNA can remain unchanged for generations and can give clues about our origins. Men in Orkney have a Y chromosome similar to modern Scandinavians, which suggests that the Vikings who colonized the island may have wiped out all the male members of its previous Pictish population. One gene often gives its owners red hair and was common among ancient Britons; invasions by non-redheads later pushed them to the margins, which is why that coloring is especially common among Scots and Irish.The idea that through analysis of one’s DNA it may be possible to deduce something interesting about one’s ancient family history is intriguing to anyone who has ever had an urge to find out who they are by investigating their forebears.There is evidence according to this process that says that all human life can be traced to a single female in the area of Mesopotamia. Adam & Eve?
~ Estee Lauder
punctilio \punk-TIL-ee-oh\, noun:
1. A fine point of exactness in conduct, ceremony, or procedure.
2. Strictness or exactness in the observance of formalities; as, “the punctilios of a public ceremony.”
Punctilio comes from Obsolete Italian punctiglio, from Spanish puntillo, diminutive of punto, “point,” from Latin punctum, from pungere, “to prick.”
1608 – Disaster strikes Jamestown. The fort burns and leaves the colonists vulnerable to attack by Indians and the Spanish.
1610 – Galileo Galilei observes the four largest moons of Jupiter for the first time. He named them and in turn the four are called the Galilean moons.
1699 – Hostilities end in King William’s War, with the signing of a treaty at Casco, Maine.
1714 – A patent was issued for the first typewriter or ‘writing machine’ was given to Henry Mill of England.
1782 – The first American commercial bank opens (Bank of North America).
1784 – First US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
1785 – Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in a gas balloon.
1789 – The first U.S. presidential election was held. Americans voted for electors who, a month later, chose George Washington to be the nation’s first President.
1822 – Africa’s first republic, Liberia was founded in 1822 as a result of the efforts of the American Colonization Society to settle freed American slaves in West Africa.
1830 – The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company began rail service.
1835 – HMS Beagle anchors off the Chonos Archipelago.
1839 – Louis Daguerre had the influential astronomer Dominique-Francois-Argo make an announcement at the Academy of Sciences in Paris of the daguerreotype, a photographic process using fumes of iodine to sensitize a silver plate, vapor of mercury to bring out the image, and common salt to fix the image.
1863 – Civil War: Confederate Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke’s expedition into Missouri reached Ozark, where it destroyed the Union post, and then approached Springfield on the morning of January 8. Springfield was an important Federal communications center and supply depot.
1865 – Cheyenne, Arapaho and Sioux warriors attack Julesburg, CO, in retaliation for the Sand Creek Massacre.
1887 – Thomas Stevens completed the first worldwide bicycle trip. He started his trip in April 1884. Stevens and his bike traveled 13,500 miles in almost three years time.
1890 – W B Purvis patents fountain pen.
1894 – W.K. Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
1894 – One of the earliest motion picture experiments took place at the Thomas Edison studio in West Orange, N.J., as comedian Fred Ott was filmed sneezing.
1896 – Fanny Farmer publishes her first cookbook.
1904 – The distress signal “CQD” (_._. __._ _..) is established only to be replaced two years later by “SOS” (…___…).
1913 – A patent was obtained for the process to get gasoline from crude oil by William M. Burton of Chicago.
1914 – The first ship, the Alexander la Valley, crossed the Panama Canal.
1918 – In Arver v. United States, the Supreme Court finds that conscription during war is authorized by the Constitution which gives Congress the power “to declare war…to raise and support armies.”
1920 - The New York State Assembly refuses to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen.
1924 – George Gershwin completes “Rhapsody in Blue.”
1926 – George Burns and Gracie Allen were married.
1927 – First transatlantic telephone call – New York City to London. Thirty-one calls were made on this first day.
1927 – The Harlem Globetrotters play their first game.
1929 – “Buck Rogers 2429 A.D.” debuted in newspapers
1929 – “Tarzan”, one of the first adventure comic strips, first appears.
1934 – “Flash Gordon” comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts.
1934 – Six-thousand pastors in Berlin defied the Nazis insisting that they will not be muzzled.
1940 – “Gene Autry’s Melody Ranch” first aired on the CBS Radio Network. Original 1944 Guitar
1941 – The NBC Blue radio network presented the first installment of “Inner Sanctum.” It was originally called “Squeaky Doors.”
1941 – “Good-for-Nothin’-Joe” was recorded by the sultry Lena Horne with Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra on Bluebird Records.
1942 – World War II: Siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
1943 – World War II: On Guadalcanal, fresh American troops mount an assault on Mount Austen.
1944 – The U.S. Air Force announces the production of the first jet-fighter, Bell P-59 Airacomet.
1945 – World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge.
1945 – U.S. air ace Major Thomas B. McGuire, Jr. is killed in the Pacific.
1948 - Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of a supposed UFO.
1949 – First photo of genes taken at University of Southern California by Pease & Baker
1950 – A fire at the Mercy Hospital in Davenport, Iowa, kills 41 people.
1950 – “Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer” by Gene Autry topped the charts.
1950 – Hank Snow’s first appearance on “Grand Ole Opry.”
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Tennessee Waltz” by Patti Page, “The Thing” by Phil Harris, “Nevertheless” by Jack Denny and “I Love You a Thousand Ways” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1953 – President Harry Truman announces that the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.
1954 – Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, was held in New York at the head office of IBM.
1955 – Contralto Marian Anderson made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York, the first Black to do so.
1956 – “Memories Are Made of This” by Dean Martin topped the charts.
1959 – The United States recognizes the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Chipmunk Song” by The Chipmunks, “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes” by The Platters, “Problems” by The Everly Brothers and “City Lights” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1960 – Launch of the first fully-guided flight of a Polaris missile at Cape Canaveral (flew 900 miles).
1960 – A small submarine, the Trieste, sets a new record for depth when it descends 24,000 feet into the Pacific off Guam.
1961 – “Are You Lonesome Tonight?” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1962 – “GE College Bowl” quiz show premieres on NBC TV.
1963 – First class postage raised from 4¢ to 5¢.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’m a Believer” by The Monkees, “Snoopy Vs. the Red Baron” by The Royal Guardsmen, “Tell It Like It Is” by Aaron Neville and “There Goes My Everything” by Jack Greene all topped the charts.
1967 – “Newlywed Game” premieres on ABC TV.
1968 - Surveyor Program: Surveyor 7, the last spacecraft in the Surveyor series, lifts off from launch complex 36A, Cape Canaveral. Next stop, the Moon.
1968 – The cost of a U.S. first class stamp was raised to 6 cents.
1971 – Arizona sets its state record for its coldest temperature -40o F at Hawley Lake.
1972 – Lewis F. Powell Jr., private practice lawyer, and William H. Rehnquist (1925-2005), Assistant Attorney General for Pres. Nixon, were sworn in as the 99th and 100th members of the Supreme Court.
1972 – Los Angeles Lakers chalk up 33rd consecutive win (NBA record).
1973 – MASS SHOOTING: Mark Essex fatally shoots 10 people and wounds 13 others at Howard Johnson’s Hotel in New Orleans, Louisiana, before being shot to death by police officers.
1975 – OPEC agreed to raise crude oil prices by 10%, which began a time of world economic inflation.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” by Elton John, “You’re the First, the Last, My Everything” by Barry White, “Kung Fu Fighting” by Carl Douglas and “The Door” by George Jones all topped the charts.
1978 – “How Deep Is Your Love” by The Bee Gees topped the charts.
1979 – In the AFC title game, the Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Houston Oilers 34-5 for a Super Bowl trip and their third AFC championship title. They played in a steady rain at Three Rivers Stadium. In the NFC championship game, the Dallas Cowboys shut out the Los Angeles Rams 28-0. (The Steelers beat the Cowboys 35-31 in Super Bowl XIII Jan 21.)
1980 – President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out Chrysler Corporation.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Maneater” by Daryl Hall & John Oates, “The Girl is Mine” by Michael Jackson /Paul McCartney, “Dirty Laundry” by Don Henley and “Wild and Blue” by John Anderson all topped the charts.
1985 – “New York, New York” became the official anthem of NYC.
1986 – US president Reagan proclaimed economic sanctions against Libya.
1986 – White teens in Howard Beach chased Michael Griffith, a Black youth, onto a freeway where he was hit by a motorist. Griffith died from his injuries setting off a wave of protests and racial tensions in New York.
1987 – Government sources said the combined local, state, and national debt had risen to $10,047 per person in the U.S.; the Federal debt, alone, amounting to $7,650 per person.
1989 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan during World War II, dies.
1989 – “Every Rose Has Its Thorn” by Poison topped the charts.
1990 – The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Justify My Love” by Madonna, “High Enough” by Damn Yankees, “Love Will Never Do (Without You)” by Janet Jackson and “I’ve Come to Expect It From You” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1992 – AT&T releases video-telephone ($1499).
1993 – The US claimed that Saddam Hussein moved surface-to-air missiles into southern Iraq. Baghdad refused to remove them and allied warplanes attacked the missile sites and warships fired cruise missiles at a nuclear facility near Baghdad.
1993 – Largest military confrontation of Restore Hope. 500 Marines engage in a shoot-out with Warlord Aidid’s forces in Mogadishu. 15 Somalis are taken POW, no US casualties.
1996 – One of the biggest blizzards in U.S. history hit the eastern states. More than 100 deaths were later blamed on the severe weather.
1996 – “Crazy After You” closed at Shubert Theater, NYC, after 1622 performances.
1996 – Republicans rejected President Clinton’s budget plan and warned they would close government programs they didn’t like if there were no agreement on a budget plan in the next few weeks.
1998 – Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky signed an affidavit denying that she had an affair with President Clinton.
1999 – A US jet fired on an air defense station in Iraq after it was targeted on radar.
1999 – The first presidential impeachment trial in 130 years began as members of the U.S. Senate were sworn in by Supreme Court Chief Justice William Rehnquist to decide whether President Clinton should be removed from office. President Clinton was ultimately acquitted of charges of perjury and obstruction of justice.
2002 – Microsoft Corp. chairman Bill Gates introduced a new device code named Mira. The device was tablet-like and was a cross between a handheld computer and a TV remote control.
2002 – Shirley Franklin is sworn in as the first African-American Mayor of Atlanta and the only African-American female mayor of a major American city.
2003 – Pres. Bush put forward a $674 billion “growth and jobs” economic stimulus plan that would provide tax relief to an estimated 92 million Americans by accelerating income tax rate cuts, wiping out all federal taxes on stock dividends paid to investors and boosting the child tax credit by $400 per child.
2005 – A military jury at Fort Hood, Texas, acquitted Army SGT Tracy Perkins of involuntary manslaughter in the alleged drowning of an Iraqi civilian, but convicted him of assault in the January 2004 incident.
2005 – The nuclear submarine USS San Francisco ran aground 350 miles off the Pacific Ocean territory of Guam, injuring about 20 crew members. One died the next day.
2006 – In East Palo Alto, Ca., police officer Richard May (38) was gunned down after responding to a report of a fight at a taqueria. Alberto Alvarez (23) was arrested the next day.
2006 – In Iraq gunmen kidnapped Jill Carroll, a female American journalist, and killed her Iraqi translator in western Baghdad. Carroll was freed on March 30th.
2008 – Two United States Navy F/A-18 Super Hornets, a F/A-18E and two-seat F/A-18F, flying off the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman, crash in the Persian Gulf. The aviators were safely recovered. There was no indication of hostile fire.
2009 – The United States Congressional Budget Office estimates that the federal government will run a record $1.2 trillion budget deficit in fiscal year 2009, that the current recession will last well into this year, and that the enactment of an economic-stimulus plan would increase that deficit.
2010 – MASS SHOOTING: An ABB employee, armed with multiple firearms, commits suicide after shooting eight people, three fatally, at the ABB Power building in St. Louis, Missouri. Police identified the shooter as 51-year-old Timothy Hendron, a resident of Webster Groves, Missouri.
2010 - Muslim gunmen in Egypt open fire on a crowd of Coptic Christians, killing eight of them and one Muslim bystander.
2011 – Republicans made history by staging the first-ever reading of the entire Constitution on the House floor. Passed in 1789, it had never been read out loud in Congress.
2012 – Iran praises the United States Navy after American sailors rescued Iranian fishermen from armed pirates in the Arabian Sea.
2013 - For $8.5 billion, ten banks settle to stop mortgage foreclosure process audits. The United States government regulators had been engaged in a loan-by-loan review of home loan practices during the Great Recession.
2013 – Despite a tremendous outcry, President Barack Obama nominates PIAB Chairman Chuck Hagel to be the next Secretary of Defense and HSC Advisor John O. Brennan to be the next Director of the CIA.
2013 - In American football, the Alabama Crimson Tide defeats the Notre Dame Fighting Irish to win the 2013 BCS National Championship Game.
1718 – Israel Putnam (d.1790) was an American army general and Freemason, popularly known as “Old Put,” who fought with distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill (1775) during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
1745 – Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor of hot-air balloon.
1800 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States of America (1850-1853).
1827 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915) Universal Time (UT) is a timescale based on the rotation of the Earth. It is a modern continuation of the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), i.e., the mean solar time on the meridian of Greenwich, England, which is the conventional 0-meridian for geographic longitude. GMT is sometimes used, incorrectly, as a synonym for UTC. The old GMT has been split, in effect into UTC and UT1.
1873 – Adolph Zukor, American entrepreneur of Paramount Pictures movie empire.
1912 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist, creator of the Addams Family.
1930 - Jack Greene, (d.2013) was an American country musician. Nicknamed the “Jolly Greene Giant” due to his height and deep voice, Greene was a long time member of the Grand Ole Opry. Greene is best known for his 1966 hit “There Goes My Everything.”
1937 – Paul Revere, American musician
1950 – Erin Gray, American actress: “Kate” in Silver Spoons” and “Colonel Wilma” in “Buck Rogers in the 25th Century”
1957 – Katie Couric, American television host
1964 – Nicolas Cage, American actor
1966 – Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy, American publicist (d. 1999)
McGUlRE, THOMAS B., JR.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps, 13th Air Force. Place and date: Over Luzon, Philippine Islands, 25-26 December 1944. Entered service at: Sebring, Fla.. Birth: Ridgewood, N.J. G.O. No.: 24, 7 March 1946. Citation: He fought with conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity over Luzon, Philippine Islands. Voluntarily, he led a squadron of fifteen P-38′s as top cover for heavy bombers striking Mabalacat Airdrome, where his formation was attacked by twenty aggressive Japanese fighters. In the ensuing action he repeatedly flew to the aid of embattled comrades, driving off enemy assaults while himself under attack and at times outnumbered three to one, and even after his guns jammed, continuing the fight by forcing a hostile plane into his wingman’s line of fire. Before he started back to his base he had shot down three Zeros. The next day he again volunteered to lead escort fighters on a mission to strongly defended Clark Field. During the resultant engagement he again exposed himself to attacks so that he might rescue a crippled bomber. In rapid succession he shot down one aircraft, parried the attack of four enemy fighters, one of which he shot down, single-handedly engaged three more Japanese, destroying one, and then shot down still another, his 38th victory in aerial combat. On 7 January 1945, while leading a voluntary fighter sweep over Los Negros Island, he risked an extremely hazardous maneuver at low altitude in an attempt to save a fellow flyer from attack, crashed, and was reported missing in action. With gallant initiative, deep and unselfish concern for the safety of others, and heroic determination to destroy the enemy at all costs, Maj. McGuire set an inspiring example in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
*SHOUP, CURTIS F
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 346th Infantry, 87th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Tillet, Belgium, 7 January 1945. Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y. Birth: Napenoch, N.Y. G.0. No.: 60, 25 July 1945. Citation: On 7 January 1945, near Tillet, Belgium, his company attacked German troops on rising ground. Intense hostile machinegun fire pinned down and threatened to annihilate the American unit in an exposed position where frozen ground made it impossible to dig in for protection. Heavy mortar and artillery fire from enemy batteries was added to the storm of destruction falling on the Americans. Realizing that the machinegun must be silenced at all costs, S/Sgt. Shoup, armed with an automatic rifle, crawled to within seventy-five yards of the enemy emplacement. He found that his fire was ineffective from this position, and completely disregarding his own safety, stood up and grimly strode ahead into the murderous stream of bullets, firing his low-held weapon as he went. He was hit several times and finally was knocked to the ground. But he struggled to his feet and staggered forward until close enough to hurl a grenade, wiping out the enemy machinegun nest with his dying action. By his heroism, fearless determination, and supreme sacrifice, S/Sgt. Shoup eliminated a hostile weapon which threatened to destroy his company and turned a desperate situation into victory.
*SPECKER, JOE C.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, 48th Engineer Combat Battalion. Place and date: At Mount Porchia, Italy, 7 January 1944. Entered service at: Odessa, Mo. Birth: Odessa, Mo. G.O. No.. 56, 12 July 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty, in action involving actual conflict. On the night of 7 January 1944, Sgt. Specker, with his company, was advancing up the slope of Mount Porchia, Italy. He was sent forward on reconnaissance and on his return he reported to his company commander the fact that there was an enemy machinegun nest and several well-placed snipers directly in the path and awaiting the company. Sgt. Specker requested and was granted permission to place one of his machineguns in a position near the enemy machinegun. Voluntarily and alone he made his way up the mountain with a machinegun and a box of ammunition. He was observed by the enemy as he walked along and was severely wounded by the deadly fire directed at him. Though so seriously wounded that he was unable to walk, he continued to drag himself over the jagged edges of rock and rough terrain until he reached the position at which he desired to set up his machinegun. He set up the gun so well and fired so accurately that the enemy machine-gun nest was silenced and the remainder of the snipers forced to retire, enabling his platoon to obtain their objective. Sgt. Specker was found dead at his gun. His personal bravery, self-sacrifice, and determination were an inspiration to his officers and fellow soldiers.
Home Office Safety & Security Week
Epiphany – Twelfth Night
Pocahontas was “the most deare and wel-beloved” daughter of Powhatan, the powerful chief of the Algonquian Indians in the Tidewater region of Virginia. She was born around 1595 to one of Powhatan’s many wives. They named her Matoaka, though she is better known as Pocahontas, which means “Little Wanton,” a playful, frolicsome little girl.
Pocahontas probably saw white men for the first time in May 1607 when Englishmen landed at Jamestown. The one she found most likable was Captain John Smith. The first meeting of Pocahontas and John Smith is a legendary story, romanticized by Smith in his later writings. He was leading an expedition in December 1607 when he was taken captive by some Indians. Days later, he was brought to the official residence of Powhatan at Werowocomoco, which was twelve miles from Jamestown. According to Smith, he was first welcomed by the great chief and offered a feast. Then he was grabbed and forced to stretch out on two large, flat stones. Indians stood over him with clubs as though ready to beat him to death if ordered. Suddenly a little Indian girl rushed in and took Smith’s “head in her arms and laid her owne upon his to save him from death.” The girl, Pocahontas, then pulled him to his feet. Powhatan said that they were now friends, and he adopted Smith as his son, or a subordinate chief. Actually, this mock “execution and salvation” ceremony was traditional with the Indians, and if Smith’s story is true, Pocahontas’s actions were probably one part of a ritual. At any rate, Pocahontas and Smith soon became friends.
Relations with the Indians continued to be generally friendly for the next year, and Pocahontas was a frequent visitor to Jamestown. She delivered messages from her father and accompanied Indians bringing food and furs to trade for hatchets and trinkets. She was a lively young girl, and when the young boys of the colony turned cartwheels, “she would follow and wheele some herself, naked as she was all the fort over.” She apparently admired John Smith very much and would also chat with him during her visits. Her lively character and poise made her appearance striking. Several years after their first meeting, Smith described her: “a child of tenne yeares old, which not only for feature, countenance, and proportion much exceedeth any of the rest of his [Powhatan's] people, but for wit, and spirit, the only Nonpariel of his Country.”
Unfortunately, relations with the Powhatans worsened. Necessary trading still continued, but hostilities became more open. In October 1609, John Smith was badly injured by a gunpowder explosion and was forced to return to England. When Pocahontas next came to visit the fort, she was told that her friend Smith was dead.
“Time = Life, Therefore, waste your time and waste of your life, or master your time and master your life.”
~ Alan Lakein
Tumultuous noise, excitement, confusion; uproar.
[Of uncertain origin. Apparently a reduplication of hallo
(former variant of hello), an alteration of French hola
(whoa, stop there), from ho + la (there).]
0001 CE – Traditional day of the Epiphany, the day that the three kings, Melchior, Gaspar and Balthazar brought to Jesus gifts of Gold, Incense and Myrrh.
1066 - Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England.
1215 – King John met with disgruntled barons of northern England who demanded that taxes be lowered. This is near the time of the issuance of the Magna Carta.
1494 - First Mass celebrated in the New World at La Isabela, Hispaniola.
1617 – Pocahontas, American Indian princess, attended a court masque with King James I and Queen Anne. A masque was a courtly form of dramatic spectacle where disguised guests bearing presents would break into a festival and then join with their hosts in a ceremonial dance.
1639 – Virginia became the first colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed.
1681 – First recorded boxing match (Duke of Albemarle’s butler vs his butcher)
1759 – George Washington married Martha Custis; she was a rich widow who had two children, Martha “Patsy” and John “Jacky.”
1773 – Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom.
1777 – General Washington establishes winter quarters for the exhausted Continental Army in the hills surrounding Morristown, New Jersey.
1779 – Pushing northward from Florida, British forces led by General Augustine Prevost capture Fort Sunbury, Georgia and attack August, Georgia.
1832 – New England Anti-Slavery Society organized at African Baptist Church on Boston’s Beacon Hill.
1838 - Samuel Morse first successfully tested the electrical telegraph in Morristown, NJ. It was another six years before Sam could figure out how to say, “What hath God wrought!” in dots and dashes.
1853 - President-Elect Franklin Pierce, wife Jane, and son Ben are involved in atrain wreck near Andover, Massachusetts. Franklin and Jane survive but eleven-year-old Ben is killed.
1861 – New York City, NY mayor proposes New York become a free city.
1861 – Civil War: Florida troops seize the Federal arsenal at Apalachicola. The Governor of Maryland sent a message to the people of Maryland, strongly opposing Maryland’s secession from the Union.
1867 – The Peabody Fund is established to provide monies for construction, endowments, scholarships, teacher, and industrial education for newly freed slaves.
1880 – Record snow cover in Seattle, WA- 64”.
1893 - Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
1893 – Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast.
1895 – Former Hawaiian Queen Liluokalani is arrested after a failed coup attempt against the republican government of Sanford Dole.
1896 – The first American women’s six-day bicycle race was held at Madison Square Garden in New York City
1898 – First telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
1912 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th state. The Land of Enchantment, the territory acquired by the U.S. as a result of the Mexican War. The state motto is in Latin: “Crescit eundo”, which translates to “It grows as it goes.”
1919 - Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, dies at Sagamore Hill, his estate overlooking New York’s Long Island Sound.
1921 – The U.S. Navy orders the sale of 125 flying boats to encourage commercial aviation.
1925 – Agronomist George Washington Carver was granted a patent for peanut-based cosmetics.
1927 – U.S. Marines begin Second Nicaraguan conflict
1928 – Marine 1st Lt. Christian Schilt began 10 flights to aid besieged Marine patrol at Quilali, Nicaragua.
1929 - Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a legacy of work amongst India’s poorest and diseased people
1930 - The very first diesel-engine automobile trip was completed. The trip was from Indianapolis to New York City. A 1,200 pound engine, delivering 50 h.p. at 1,000 r.p.m., was installed in a 7- passenger Packard sedan. The 3-day trip began in Indianapolis, Indiana, and ended in New York City, covering 792 miles at a total fuel cost of $1.38.
1931 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
1936 - Supreme Court of the United States rules the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional in the case United States v. Butler et al..
1936 - Porky Pig premieres.
1939 – Comic strip “Superman” debuts
1941 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address. The four freedoms- speech, worship, from want & from fear.
1941 – CBS radio aired a program titled, “Home of the Brave”. Along with others in the cast, this was Richard Widmark’s debut.
1941 – Alice Marble made her professional tennis debut when she defeated Ruth Hardwick of Great Britain at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
1942 - Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to have a flight go around the world. The pilot was Captain Robert Ford.
1942 – The National Collegiate Football Rules Committee abolished the Y formation.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces to Congress that he is authorizing the largest armaments production in the history of the United States.
1944 – In Burma, Brigadier General Merrill is designated to command a volunteer unit that becomes known as “Merrill’s Marauders”.
1945 - The Battle of the Bulge, or Ardennes offensive, ended. It ended with 130,000 German and 77,000 Allied casualties.
1945 – Future President George Herbert Walker Bush married Barbara Pierce in Rye, N.Y.
1945 – Boeing B-29 bombers in the Pacific strike new blows on Tokyo and Nanking.
1950 – CHART TOPPERS – “Dear Hearts and Gentle People” by Dinah Shore, “A Dreamer’s Holiday” by Perry Como, “The Old Master Painter” by Snooky Lanson and “Mule Train” by Tennessee Ernie Ford all topped the charts.
1951 – Indianapolis beats Rochester 75-73 in NBA-record 6 overtimes.
1957 – Elvis Presley makes his third & final appearance on Ed Sullivan Show.
1958 – Gibson patents the Flying V Guitar.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “At the Hop” by Danny & The Juniors, “Stood Up/Waitin’ in School” by Ricky Nelson, “Great Balls of Fire” by Jerry Lee Lewis and “The Story of My Life” by Marty Robbins all topped the charts.
1962 – “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” by The Tokens topped the charts
1963 – “Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom” with Marlin Perkins begins on NBC.
1963 – “Oliver!” opened at Imperial Theater NYC for 774 performances.
1966 – Duke Ellington’s concert recorded at 5th Avenue Presbyterian Church in New York City, was broadcast on CBS-TV.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Sounds of Silence” by Simon & Garfunkel, “We Can Work It Out” by The Beatles, “Ebb Tide” by The Righteous Brothers and “Buckaroo” by Buck Owens & The Buckaroos all topped the charts.
1967 – Vietnam War - United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch “Operation Deckhouse Five” in the Mekong River delta. 16,000 U.S. and 14,000 Vietnamese troops start the attack on the Iron Triangle, northwest of Saigon.
1967 – “Milton Berle Show” last airs on ABC-TV.
1968 – “Hello, Goodbye” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1968 – Dr. Norman E. Shumway of Stanford performed the first US adult heart transplant. Mike Kasperak (54) lived for 2 weeks before he died of massive bleeding from other organs.
1973 – A Mercedes-Benz 770K sedan, supposedly Adolf Hitler’s parade car, was sold at auction for $153,000.00, the most money ever paid for a car at auction at that time.
1974 - In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
1974 – CBS Radio Network debuted “Radio Mystery Theatre.”
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “Time in a Bottle” by Jim Croce, “The Joker” by the Steve Miller Band, “Show and Tell” by Al Wilson and “If We Make It Through December” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1975 - “Wheel of Fortune” game show premiered on TV.
1975 – About a thousand Led Zeppelin fans riot while waiting for tickets to go on sale at Boston Garden. About $30,000 was done in damage and the show was cancelled by Boston Mayor Kevin White.
1976 – Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million
1978 - The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after the Second World War.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Physical” by Olivia Newton-John, “Waiting for a Girl Like You” by Foreigner, “Let’s Groove” by Earth, Wind & Fire and “Love in the First Degree” by Alabama all topped the charts.
1987 - Astronomers reported sighting a new galaxy 12 billion light years away.
1987 – After a 29-year lapse, the Ford Thunderbird was presented with the Motor Trend Car of the Year Award. It was the first occurrence of a repeat winner of the award.
1987 – 100th US Congress convenes.
1989 – The US presented photographic evidence to the U.N. Security Council to justify its shootdown of two Libyan jet fighters as self-defense, evidence the Libyan ambassador said was faked.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Another Day in Paradise” by Phil Collins, “Rhythm Nation” by Janet Jackson, “Pump Up the Jam” by Technotronic featuring Felly and “Who’s Lonely Now” by Highway 101 all topped the charts.
1991 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, in a television address, told his country to prepare for a long war against what he called “tyranny represented by the United States.”
1991 – Federal regulators seized banks owned by Bank of New England Corporation in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Maine.
1992 – The US Food and Drug Administration called on surgeons to stop using silicone gel breast implants because of safety questions, but stopped short of an outright ban.
1993 – In Somalia, Marines on a recon patrol in village of Afgoy kill a Somali gunman.
1994 - Nancy Kerrigan is clubbed on the right leg by an assailant at Cobo Arena in Detroit, MI. The assailant committed the crime under orders from figure skating rival Tonya Harding.
1995 - Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and Abdul Hakim Murad were arrested in Manila, Philippines, when explosives that they were mixing blew up and alerted the police.In their apartment were found bomb-making manuals and timers and evidence of a plan leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack against US jetliners.
1997 – The Sun erupted with a “coronal mass ejection.” The blast reached Earth on Jan 10, and may have played a role in the Jan 11 failure of the $200 million Telstar 401 communications satellite.
1998 – The spacecraft Lunar Prospect was launched into orbit around the moon. The craft was crashed into the moon, in an effort to find water under the lunar surface, on July 31, 1999.
1999 – The 106th U.S. Congress opened. The first item on the agenda was the impeachment proceedings of President Bill Clinton. The trial was set to begin January 7, 1999.
2000 – In Miami hundreds of Cuban Americans protested the INS decision to return Elian Gonzalez to his father in Cuba. At least 135 people were arrested.
2001 – Congress formally certified George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 Presidential election. The President of the Senate was Vice President Al Gore.
2003 – US Surgeon General Dr. Richard Carmona called obesity the fastest growing cause of illness and death in the US.
2003 – U.S. warplanes bombed two Iraqi anti-aircraft radars that threatened pilots patrolling the southern no-fly zone.
2003 - Thousands of Marines, sailors and soldiers headed for the Persian Gulf region, shipping out from California, Georgia and Maryland as the buildup for a possible war with Iraq accelerated sharply.
2004 – World Trade Center memorial design announced
2005 - Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.
2005 – Andrea Yates’ murder conviction for drowning her children in the bathtub on June 20, 2001, was overturned by a Texas appeals court.
2005 – In South Carolina a freight train carrying chlorine gas struck a parked train, killing eight people and injuring more than 240 others, nearly all of them sickened by a toxic cloud that at nightfall persisted over the small textile town of Graniteville.
2006 - Tropical Storm Zeta (2005) dissipates, ending the notorious 2005hurricane season.
2006 – In Florida Martin Lee Anderson (14) died a day after he was brutally beaten at a juvenile detention boot camp. Videotape showed that he was punched and kicked.
2007 – A Tennessee state trooper, was found beside his patrol car near the intersection of state highways 14 and 54, just east of Covington, TN. He was shot during a traffic stop. The next day police arrested two people they believed were responsible for the killing.
2008 – Five armed Iranian boats confront three U.S. Navy warships in international waters near the Strait of Hormuz.
2009 – President-elect Barack Obama offers CNN medical correspondent and neurosurgeon Sanjay Gupta the position of Surgeon General.
2010 – The U.S. government lowers the threshold for information deemed important enough to put suspicious individuals on a watch list or no-fly list, or have their visa revoked.
2010 - Computer scientist Fabrice Bellard claims he has computed π to almost 2.7 trillion digits.
2011 – The U.S. plans to send another 1,400 Marines to Afghanistan, where approximately 100,000 U.S. troops are already engaged in the war there.
2011 – The United States protests strongly to Vietnam after a U.S. diplomat is attacked and injured by Vietnamese police when he went to visit a detained religious dissident.
2013 – The National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players’ Association reach an agreement that ends the 2012–13 NHL lockout and averts the cancellation of the 2012–13 NHL season.
1367 - King Richard II of England.
1412 - Joan of Arc (Jeanne D’Arc), French heroine and martyr.
1706 - Benjamin Franklin, American statesman (d. 1790)
1793 – James Madison Porter , a Pennsylvanian, was the 18th United States Secretary of War and a founder of Lafayette College.
1878 - Carl Sandburg, American poet, author, journalist.
1880 - Tom Mix, American silent movies actor and radio star.
1882 - Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d.1961)
1913 - Loretta Gretchen Young, American Academy Award-winning actress.
1914 - Danny Thomas (Amos Jacobs), American actor, philanthropist.
1916 - Eugene T. Maleska, American crossword puzzle editor.
1921 - Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (d. 1998)
1957 - Nancy Lopez, American golfer
BRADY, PATRICK HENRY
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army, Medical Service Corps, 54th Medical Detachment, 67th Medical Group, 44th Medical Brigade. Place and Date: Near Chu Lai, Republic of Vietnam, 6 January 1968. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Born: 1 October 1936, Philip, S. Dak. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, Maj. Brady distinguished himself while serving in the Republic of Vietnam commanding a UH-1H ambulance helicopter, volunteered to rescue wounded men from a site in enemy held territory which was reported to be heavily defended and to be blanketed by fog. To reach the site he descended through heavy fog and smoke and hovered slowly along a valley trail, turning his ship sideward to blow away the fog with the backwash from his rotor blades. Despite the unchallenged, close-range enemy fire, he found the dangerously small site, where he successfully landed and evacuated two badly wounded South Vietnamese soldiers. He was then called to another area completely covered by dense fog where American casualties lay only fifty meters from the enemy. Two aircraft had previously been shot down and others had made unsuccessful attempts to reach this site earlier in the day. With unmatched skill and extraordinary courage, Maj. Brady made four flights to this embattled landing zone and successfully rescued all the wounded. On his third mission of the day Maj. Brady once again landed at a site surrounded by the enemy. The friendly ground force, pinned down by enemy fire, had been unable to reach and secure the landing zone. Although his aircraft had been badly damaged and his controls partially shot away during his initial entry into this area, he returned minutes later and rescued the remaining injured. Shortly thereafter, obtaining a replacement aircraft, Maj. Brady was requested to land in an enemy minefield where a platoon of American soldiers was trapped. A mine detonated near his helicopter, wounding two crewmembers and damaging his ship. In spite of this, he managed to fly six severely injured patients to medical aid. Throughout that day Maj. Brady utilized three helicopters to evacuate a total of fifty-one seriously wounded men, many of whom would have perished without prompt medical treatment. Maj. Brady’s bravery was in the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.
JENKINS, DON J.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 2d Battalion, 39th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division. Place and date: Kien Phong Province, Republic of Vietnam, 6 January 1969. Entered service at: Nashville, Tenn. Born: 18 April 1948, Quality, Ky. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Jenkins (then Pfc.), Company A, distinguished himself while serving as a machine gunner on a reconnaissance mission. When his company came under heavy crossfire from an enemy complex, S/Sgt. Jenkins unhesitatingly maneuvered forward to a perilously exposed position and began placing suppressive fire on the enemy. When his own machine gun jammed, he immediately obtained a rifle and continued to fire into the enemy bunkers until his machine gun was made operative by his assistant. He exposed himself to extremely heavy fire when he repeatedly both ran and crawled across open terrain to obtain resupplies of ammunition until he had exhausted all that was available for his machine gun. Displaying tremendous presence of mind, he then armed himself with two antitank weapons and, by himself, maneuvered through the hostile fusillade to within twenty meters of an enemy bunker to destroy that position. After moving back to the friendly defensive perimeter long enough to secure yet another weapon, a grenade launcher, S/Sgt. Jenkins moved forward to a position providing no protection and resumed placing accurate fire on the enemy until his ammunition was again exhausted. During this time he was seriously wounded by shrapnel. Undaunted and displaying great courage, he moved forward one-hundred meters to aid a friendly element that was pinned down only a few meters from the enemy. This he did with complete disregard for his own wound and despite having been advised that several previous rescue attempts had failed at the cost of the life of one and the wounding of others. Ignoring the continuing intense fire and his painful wounds, and hindered by darkness, he made three trips to the beleaguered unit, each time pulling a wounded comrade back to safety. S/Sgt. Jenkins’ extraordinary valor, dedication, and indomitable spirit inspired his fellow soldiers to repulse the determined enemy attack and ultimately to defeat the larger force. S/Sgt. Jenkins risk of his life reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
*WICKAM, JERRY WAYNE
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Troop F, 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment. Place and date: Near Loc Ninh, Republic of Vietnam, 6 January 1968. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 19 January 1942, Rockford, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Cpl. Wickam, distinguished himself while serving with Troop F. Troop F was conducting a reconnaissance in force mission southwest of Loc Ninh when the lead element of the friendly force was subjected to a heavy barrage of rocket, automatic weapons, and small arms fire from a well concealed enemy bunker complex. Disregarding the intense fire, Cpl. Wickam leaped from his armored vehicle and assaulted one of the enemy bunkers and threw a grenade into it, killing two enemy soldiers. He moved into the bunker, and with the aid of another soldier, began to remove the body of one Viet Cong when he detected the sound of an enemy grenade being charged. Cpl. Wickam warned his comrade and physically pushed him away from the grenade thus protecting him from the force of the blast. When a second Viet Cong bunker was discovered, he ran through a hail of enemy fire to deliver deadly fire into the bunker, killing one enemy soldier. He also captured one Viet Cong who later provided valuable information on enemy activity in the Loc Ninh area. After the patrol withdrew and an air strike was conducted, Cpl. Wickam led his men back to evaluate the success of the strike. They were immediately attacked again by enemy fire. Without hesitation, he charged the bunker from which the fire was being directed, enabling the remainder of his men to seek cover. He threw a grenade inside of the enemy’s position killing two Viet Cong and destroying the bunker. Moments later he was mortally wounded by enemy fire. Cpl. Wickam’s extraordinary heroism at the cost of his life was in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.
DAVIS, GEORGE FLEMING
Rank and organization: Commander, U.S. Navy. Born: 23 March 1911, Manila, Philippine Islands. Accredited to: Philippine Islands. Other Navy awards: Silver Star Medal, Legion of Merit. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Walke engaged in a detached mission in support of minesweeping operations to clear the waters for entry of our heavy surface and amphibious forces preparatory to the invasion of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 6 January 1945. Operating without gun support of other surface ships when four Japanese suicide planes were detected flying low overland to attack simultaneously, Comdr. Davis boldly took his position in the exposed wings of the bridge and directed control to pick up the leading plane and open fire. Alert and fearless as the Walke’s deadly fire sent the first target crashing into the water and caught the second as it passed close over the bridge to plunge into the sea of portside, he remained steadfast in the path of the third plane plunging swiftly to crash the after end of the bridge structure. Seriously wounded when the craft struck, drenched with gasoline and immediately enveloped in flames, he conned the Walke in the midst of the wreckage; he rallied his command to heroic efforts; he exhorted his officers and men to save the ship and, still on his feet, saw the barrage from his guns destroy the fourth suicide bomber. With the fires under control and the safety of the ship assured, he consented to be carried below. Succumbing several hours later, Comdr. Davis by his example of valor and his unhesitating self-sacrifice, steeled the fighting spirit of his command into unyielding purpose in completing a vital mission. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
George Washington Carver Day
National Whipped Cream Day
In 1945, the first Volkswagen Beetles were made in a factory in Germany. It was not until 1967 that the name “Beetle” or “Bug” was used for the car; before that, the car was referred to as the “Type 1″, “1200″, “1300″, or “1500″, with the numbers representing the engine size in cubic centimeters. The Beetle was first imported into the United States in 1949 with very little success. Then a second attempt to import them began in the early 1950s and in 1953 sales began to improve. In 1972, the Beetle overtook the Ford Model T as the most popular car ever made. In 1981, the 20,000,000th Beetle rolled off the production line in Mexico. The last new original Beetle was sold in the United States in 1978, but it continued to be produced in Mexico up to the 2004 model. In 1998, an updated model called the “New Beetle” appeared in the United States. Volkswagen means “people’s car” in German.
“What is the recipe for successful achievement? To my mind there are just four essential ingredients: Choose a career you love, give it the best there is in you, seize your opportunities, and be a member of the team.”
~ Benjamin F. Fairless
favonian \fuh-VOH-nee-uhn\, adjective:
Pertaining to the west wind; soft; mild; gentle.
Favonian is derived from Latin Favonius, “the west wind.”
1527 – Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, was executed by drowning.
1643 – The first legal divorce in the American colonies was granted, to Anne Clarke of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, from her absent and adulterous husband, Denis Clarke, by the Quarter Court of Boston, Massachusetts.
1709 – Sudden extreme cold kills thousands of Europeans
1757 – Louis XV of France survives the assassination attempt by Robert–François Damiens, the last person to be executed in France with the traditional and gruesome form of death penalty used for regicides.
1776 – Assembly of New Hampshire adopted its first state constitution.
1781 – Revolutionary War: Richmond, Virginia, is burned by British naval forces led by Benedict Arnold.
1782 – Revolutionary War: The British withdraw from Wilmington, North Carolina as part of their plan to evacuate from all the towns they have occupied during the War for Independence.
1804 – Ohio legislature passed the first of a succession of Northern Black Laws which restricted the rights and movement of free Blacks in the North. Most Northern states passed Black Laws. Constitutions of three states –Illinois, Indiana, Oregon–barred Black settlers.
1836 – Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo
1846 – The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.
1854 – The steamship “San Francisco” disabled on her voyage from New York to San Francisco sinks.
1861 – Civil War : Alabama state troops take possession of Forts Morgan and Gaines at the entrance to Mobile Bay.
1861 –Civil War : Secretary of the Navy Toucey ordered Fort Washington-on the Maryland side of the Potomac– garrisoned “to protect public property.”
1879 - The shares of Homestake Mining Co. began trading on the NY Stock Exchange. was one of the largest gold mining businesses in the United States from the 19th century through the beginning of the 21st. It was merged into the Canadian-based Barrick Gold Corporation in 2002.
1885- The Long Island Railroad Company became the first to offer piggy-back rail service which was the transportation of farm wagons on trains.
1892 – The first successful auroral photograph or photograph of the Aurora Borealis was made.
1895 – Dreyfus Affair: French officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island. The “Dreyfus Affair” was a political scandal which divided France during the 1890s and early 1900s. It involved the wrongful conviction for treason of a promising young French artillery officer of Jewish faith, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, and the political and judicial scandal that followed until his full rehabilitation. He ended his career as a Lieutenant-Colonel and actively served during World War I at the end of which he was raised to the rank of Officer of the Legion of Honor.
1896 – An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Roentgen discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
1903 – San Francisco-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use.
1904 – U.S. Marines arrive in Seoul, Korea, to guard the U.S. legation there.
1905 – Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) introduces the first electric freight locomotive.
1914 – Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day’s labor. This was more than double the existing minimum rate ($2.40/9-hour). He also introduced profit-sharing within the company by sharing with employees $10 million in last year’s profits.
1919 – Free Committee for a German Workers Peace founded, which would become the Nazi party.
1919 – In Boston an explosion opened a tank of molasses and the cylindrical sides toppled outward knocking down ten nearby buildings. two million gallons of molasses oozed onto the streets and killed twenty-one people. Another fifty were injured.
1920 – GOP women demanded equal representation at the Republican National Convention.
1923 - The Senate debated the benefits of peyote for the American Indian.
1925 – Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first female governor in the United States (WY).
1927 – Fox Studios exhibits Movietone.
1932 – “The Shadow” debuted on the Columbia Broadcast System (CBS).
1933 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay on the Marin County side.
1933 – In San Francisco, federal judge Harold Lauderback ordered the auction of 2,245 gallons of moonshine that had been seized in raids.
1934 – Both the National and American baseball leagues decided to use a uniform-size baseball. It was the first time in 33 years that both leagues used the same size ball.
1935 – Phil Spitalny’s All-Girl Orchestra was featured on CBS radio this day on the program, “The Hour of Charm”.
1937 – Only unicameral state legislature in US opens first session (Nebraska)
1940 – FM radio is demonstrated to the FCC for the first time. The new medium, free of interference, static, and noise in thunderstorms, was developed by Major E.H. Armstrong.
1941 – “Chica Chica Boom Chic” by Carmen Miranda was recorded on Decca. Decca record #23210
1943 – World War II: USS Helena (CL-50) fired first proximity fused projectile in combat and shot down Japanese dive bomber in southwest Pacific.
1943 – William H. Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigned to protest segregation and discrimination in armed forces.
1944 – The London “Daily Mail” becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
1945 – World War II: Rear Admiral “Hoke” Smith leads a force of cruisers and destroyers to shell Iwo Jima, Haha Jima and Chichi Jima. There is a simultaneous attack by USAAF B-29 Superfortress bombers.
1945 – Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon “Odor-able Kitty”
1948 – Warner Brothers shows the first color newsreel (Tournament of Roses Parade and the Rose Bowl).
1949 – In his State of the Union address, President Harry Truman called his administration’s reform package the “Fair Deal.”
1949 – CHART TOPPERS -“Buttons and Bows” by Dinah Shore, “My Darling, My Darling” by Jo Stafford & Gordon MacRae, “On a Slow Boat to China” by The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Harry Babbitt & Gloria Wood) and “A Heart Full of Love (For a Handful of Kisses)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1951 – Korean War: Fifty-nine B-29s dropped 672 tons of incendiary bombs on Pyongyang.
1952 – “Slow Poke” by Pee Wee King topped the charts.
1956 – Elvis Presley, truckdriver, began his first recording session for RCA. “Heartbreak Hotel,” written by Mae Boren Axton, was the first song recorded. It became the first of his 45 records to sell over a million copies. The second was “I Want You, I Need You, I Love You“, and “I Was the One” was the third.
1956 – In the Peanuts comic strip, Snoopy walked on two legs for the first time.
1957 – Dodgers’ Jackie Robinson retires rather than be traded to New York Giants.
1957 – The “Eisenhower Doctrine” established the Middle East as a Cold War battlefield.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Singing the Blues” by Guy Mitchell, “The Green Door” by Jim Lowe, “Blueberry Hill” by Fats Domino and “Singing the Blues” by Marty Robbins all topped the charts.
1959 – ”Bozo the Clown” live children’s show premieres on TV.
1959 – Buddy Holly releases his last record “It Doesn’t Matter Any More”
1961 – “Mr. Ed“, the talking horse, debuted for what would be a six-year run. The show starred Alan Young as Ed’s owner, Wilbur Post. Wilbur’s wife, Carol, was played by Connie Hines. Good old neighbor Roger Addison was Larry Keating.
1963 – “Camelot” closed at the Majestic Theater, NYC, after 873 performances.
1964 – Pope Paul VI meets the Greek patriarch Athenagoras I in Jerusalem: the first meeting of Catholic and Orthodox Christianity leaders since 1439.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Feel Fine” by The Beatles, “She’s a Woman” by The Beatles, “Love Potion Number Nine” by The Searchers and “Once a Day” by Connie Smith all topped the charts.
1965 – “HOME OF THE WHOPPER” was trademark registered.
1965 – Charles Robert Jenkins (b.1940) deserted his US Army post at the Korean DMZ hoping to be arrested, turned over to Russia and returned to the US. It didn’t work and he spent 40 years trapped in North Korea.
1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. Marines and South Vietnamese Marines conducting amphibious operations as part of Operation Deckhouse V, marked the first time that U.S. combat troops were used in the Mekong Delta.
1968 - The US Justice Dept. indicted Dr. Benjamin Spock (1903 – 1998), Rev. William Coffin of Yale (1924-2006) and three others for conspiring to violate draft law.
1968 – Vietnam War: U.S. forces launch Operation Niagara I to locate enemy units around the Marine base at Khe Sanh.
1968 – First male Nurse Corps officer in Regular Navy, LT Clarence W. Cote.
1968 - A newspaper strike shut down the SF Chronicle, the Examiner and the News-Call Bulletin for 53 days.
1970 – Soap opera: “All My Children” premieres. The scene: Pine Valley, New York, which later became Pine Valley, Pennsylvania. Its final episode was scheduled in the fall of 2011.
1970 – Joseph A. Yablonski, an unsuccessful candidate for the presidency of the United Mine Workers, was found murdered with his wife and daughter at their Clarksville, Pa., home.
1971 – Harlem Globetrotters lose 100-99 to New Jersey Reds, ending 2,495-game win streak.
1971 - Pres. Nixon named Robert Dole as chairman of the Republican National Party.
1972 – President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Me and Mrs. Jones” by Billy Paul, “Clair” by Gilbert O’Sullivan, “You’re So Vain” by Carly Simon and “She’s Got to Be a Saint” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1974 – “Time In A Bottle” by Jim Croce topped the charts
1975 – “The Wiz,” a musical version of L. Frank Baum’s “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz,” opened at the Majestic Theater on Broadway with an all-black cast. It ran for 1672 performances.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “(Just Like) Starting Over” by John Lennon, “Love on the Rocks” by Neil Diamond, “Hungry Heart” by Bruce Springsteen and “One in a Million” by Johnny Lee all topped the charts.
1981 - Berkeley police arrested eight demonstrators protesting against draft registration. The protest was one of the largest across the country as a second round of draft registration began.
1982 – A Federal judge voided an Arkansas state law requiring balanced classroom treatment of evolution and creationism.
1983 - President Reagan announced he was nominating Elizabeth Dole to succeed Drew Lewis as secretary of transportation. Dole became the first woman to head a Cabinet department in Reagan’s administration, and the first to head the DOT.
1984 – Richard Stallman starts developing GNU.
1987 – Midshipmen beat East Carolina, 91-66, this night, David Robinson became the first basketball player in Naval Academy history to score more than 2,000 points.
1988 - Basketball star “Pistol” Pete Maravich died of a heart attack during a pickup game in Pasadena, Calif., at age 40.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Every Rose Has Its Thorn” by Poison, “My Prerogative” by Bobby Brown, “Two Hearts” by Phil Collins and “When You Say Nothing at All” by Keith Whitley all topped the charts.
1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil.
1993 – Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (the first legal hanging in America since 1965). Dodd was an admitted child sex killer.
1993 – Mike Ditka was dismissed as Chicago Bears head coach after 32 years as a player and coach
1994 – The Clinton administration said North Korea had agreed to allow renewed international inspections of seven nuclear sites.
1995 - A warrant was issued for the arrest of James “Whitey” Bulger (b.1929), top mobster of Boston’s Winter Hill Gang. He had disappeared with his girlfriend just days before the warrant was issued.
1996 – Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is killed by an Israeli-planted booby-trapped cell phone.
1998 – U.S. Representative Sonny Bono died in skiing accident. Sonny Bono (62)was a former 1960′s pop singer and husband of Cher. He died when he struck a tree while skiing in South Lake Tahoe, Calif.
1998 – Balloonist Steve Fosset was forced down in Russia after completing 7,300 miles in four days in his effort to circle the globe. His average speed was 76 m.p.h.
1998 - Volkswagen rolled out a new version of the Beetle at the annual Detroit Auto Show.
1999 – Four U.S. Air Force and Navy jets fired at Iraqi MiGs testing the “no-fly” zone over southern Iraq in the first such confrontation in more than six years.
2000 – The first day of the 2000 Al Qaeda Summit.
2001 - In a blizzard of last-minute executive orders, President Clinton banned roads and most logging in 58.5 million acres of federal forests in 38 states.
2002 – A 15 year-old student pilot, Charles Bishop, crashed a small plane (Cessna 172) into the 40-story Tampa Bank of America building. building in Tampa, FL. Bishop was about to begin a flying lesson when he took off without permission and without an instructor. Bishop left a note saying he acted alone and expressed sympathy for Osama bin Laden.
2003 - In Edinburg, Texas, six men were shot to death in a home invasion that involved weapons and drugs.
2004 – Following 14 years of denials, Pete Rose publicly admitted that he’d bet on baseball while manager of the Cincinnati Reds.
2004 – Foreigners arriving at U.S. airports were photographed and fingerprinted.
2004 – NASA released a 3-D, black-and-white panoramic picture of the bleak surface of Mars snapped by the newly landed rover, Spirit.
2005 – Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun, a Marine charged with desertion in Iraq after mysteriously disappearing from his post was again declared a deserter, this time for failing to report to his U.S. base.
2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, was discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
2005 – Iraq’s intelligence chief said as many as 30,000 well-trained terrorists are actively operating throughout Iraq at the behest of former regime leaders based in Syria.
2006 – California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger in his State of the State speech called for over $222 billion for public works projects.
2006 - Christian broadcaster Pat Robertson suggested that Israeli PM Ariel Sharon’s stroke was divine punishment for “dividing God’s land.” Robertson later apologized.
2006 – The Florida Supreme Court struck down the voucher system that allowed some children to attend private schools at taxpayer expense, saying that it violates the state constitution’s requirement of a uniform system of free public schools.
2007 – US House Democrats approved new budget rules that required new spending or tax cuts to be paid for by other spending cuts or tax increases. The new rules also required lawmakers to disclose which spending items (earmarks), they have added to bills.
2007 – Hitachi announced the 1st 1-terrabyte hard drive, eclipsing Seagate’s 750 gigabyte drives.
2007 - San Francisco signed a contract with EarthLink and Google to install and operate a free wireless Internet service across the city.
2008 - In Hayden, Idaho, a man who believed he bore the “mark of the beast” used a circular saw to cut off one hand, then he cooked it in the microwave and called 911.
2009 – Minnesota’s State Canvassing Board certifies Democratic candidate Al Franken as the winner of the senatorial election recount.
2009 - President- Elect Obama named William Panetta (70) to head the CIA.
2009 - The US Federal Reserve began buying mortgage bonds guaranteed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae, in an effort to make home financing more affordable.
2009 - The California Supreme Court decided that churches that break away from a national denomination may not take church assets with them.
2010 - The Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco overturned Washington state’s ban on voting by convicted felons. The ruling could extend ballots to prisoners in other states.
2010 - Google introduced its Nexus One smart phone.
2010 - In Utah deputy sheriff Josie Greathouse Fox was killed following a traffic stop in Delta. Police searched for suspect Roberto Miramontes Roman, who had just sold drugs to a relative of the slain officer.
2011 – Internet surpasses television as main news source for young adults. According to a Pew Research Center Study, the Internet is now the main national and international news source for people ages 18 to 29, a study from the Pew Research Center reports. In 2010, 65% of people younger than 30 cited the Internet as their go-to source for news, nearly doubling from 34% in 2007.
2011 - Claiming power beneath the Capitol dome, resurgent Republicans gained control of the House of Representatives as the 112th Congress convened in an era of economic uncertainty. Dozens of tea party-backed lawmakers took office in both houses.
2011 - The US said it has decided against renewing a $215 million aid program for farming and infrastructure in Honduras.
2011 - A US Border Patrol agent was involved in a shooting on the Arizona border with Mexico that resulted in the death of Ramses Barron Torres (17), who was trying to illegally scale the border fence.
2011 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In Nebraska Robert Butler Jr. (17) opened fire at Millard South High School in Omaha wounding his principal and killing the vice-principal before killing himself.
2012 - President Barack Obama announces a new defense strategy, cutting spending dramatically.
2013 - A magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck at midnight Friday (1 a.m. PST Saturday) and was centered about 60 miles west of Craig, Alaska. It did generate a tsunami, but the Alaska Tsunami Warning Center said the waves didn’t pose a threat.
2014 - Illinois residents are now able to apply for a concealed handgun license. The application process will be available on the state police website.
2014 – An arctic vortex settled down on the upper US today. Lambeau Field hosting a playoff game between the Green Bay Packers and the San Francisco 49ers, one of the coldest ever played with 5 degrees at kickoff.
1779 – Stephen Decatur, American naval hero who fought against the Barbary pirates and in the War of 1812. “Our country right or wrong.”; died Mar 22, 1820)
1855 – King Camp Gillette, U.S. inventor of safety razor.
1917 - Jane Wyman (d.2007), film star, was born as Sarah Jane Mayfield Fulks in St. Joseph, Mo. First wife of Ronald Reagan.
1928 – Walter “Fritz” Mondale, U.S. Senator, Vice President (1977-81), Democratic presidential nominee 1984.
1931 – Alvin Ailey, American choreographer, dancer, and founder of Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater.
1938 – Juan Carlos, King of Spain.
1945 – Diane Keaton, American film actress, director, and producer.
1969 – Marilyn Manson, (born Brian Hugh Warner), American musician and the lead vocalist of the band Marilyn Manson.
MILLER, FRANKLIN D.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces. Place and date: Kontum province, Republic of Vietnam, 5 January 1970. Entered service at: Albuquerque, N. Mex. Born: 27 January 1945, Elizabeth City, N.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Miller, 5th Special Forces Group, distinguished himself while serving as team leader of an American-Vietnamese long-range reconnaissance patrol operating deep within enemy controlled territory. Leaving the helicopter insertion point, the patrol moved forward on its mission. Suddenly, one of the team members tripped a hostile booby trap which wounded four soldiers. S/Sgt. Miller, knowing that the explosion would alert the enemy, quickly administered first aid to the wounded and directed the team into positions across a small stream bed at the base of a steep hill. Within a few minutes, S/Sgt. Miller saw the lead element of what he estimated to be a platoon-size enemy force moving toward his location. Concerned for the safety of his men, he directed the small team to move up the hill to a more secure position. He remained alone, separated from the patrol, to meet the attack. S/Sgt. Miller single-handedly repulsed two determined attacks by the numerically superior enemy force and caused them to withdraw in disorder. He rejoined his team, established contact with a forward air controller and arranged the evacuation of his patrol. However, the only suitable extraction location in the heavy jungle was a bomb crater some one-hundred fifty meters from the team location. S/Sgt. Miller reconnoitered the route to the crater and led his men through the enemy controlled jungle to the extraction site. As the evacuation helicopter hovered over the crater to pick up the patrol, the enemy launched a savage automatic weapon and rocket-propelled grenade attack against the beleaguered team, driving off the rescue helicopter. S/Sgt. Miller led the team in a valiant defense which drove back the enemy in its attempt to overrun the small patrol. Although seriously wounded and with every man in his patrol a casualty, S/Sgt. Miller moved forward to again single-handedly meet the hostile attackers. From his forward exposed position, S/Sgt. Miller gallantly repelled two attacks by the enemy before a friendly relief force reached the patrol location. S/Sgt. Miller’s gallantry, intrepidity in action, and selfless devotion to the welfare of his comrades are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
*WALKER, KENNETH N.
Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Army Air Corps, Commander of V Bomber Command. Place and date: Rabaul, New Britain, 5 January 1943. Entered service at. Colorado. Birth: Cerrillos, N. Mex. G.O. No.: 13, 11 March 1943. Citation: For conspicuous leadership above and beyond the call of duty involving personal valor and intrepidity at an extreme hazard to life. As commander of the 5th Bomber Command during the period from 5 September 1942, to 5 January 1943, Brig. Gen. Walker repeatedly accompanied his units on bombing missions deep into enemy-held territory. From the lessons personally gained under combat conditions, he developed a highly efficient technique for bombing when opposed by enemy fighter airplanes and by antiaircraft fire. On 5 January 1943, in the face of extremely heavy antiaircraft fire and determined opposition by enemy fighters, he led an effective daylight bombing attack against shipping in the harbor at Rabaul, New Britain, which resulted in direct hits on nine enemy vessels. During this action his airplane was disabled and forced down by the attack of an overwhelming number of enemy fighters.
National Spaghetti Day
In 1946 U.S. Marine General Roy S. Geiger observed the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll and instantly recognized that atomic bombs could render amphibious landings difficult because of the dense concentrations of troops, ships and material at the beachhead. The Commandant of the Marine Corps convened a special board, the Hogaboom Board, that recommended that the USMC develop transport helicopters in order to allow a more diffuse attack on enemy shores. It also recommended that the USMC stand up an experimental helicopter squadron and HMX-1 was commissioned in 1947 with Sikorsky HO3S-1s. In 1948 the Marine Corps Schools came out with Amphibious Operations—Employment of Helicopters (Tentative), or Phib-31, which was the first manual for airmobile operations. The Marines used the term vertical envelopment instead of air mobility or air assault. HMX-1 performed its first vertical envelopment from the deck of an aircraft carrier in an exercise in 1949.
After the start of the Korean War, four HMX-1 helicopters were attached to VMO-6 and sent to the Pusan Perimeter in 1950. They were used for battlefield observation and control as well as medical evacuation and the rescue of fliers. During the Battle of Chosin Reservoir they were used for liaison between the different Marine units strung along the western edge of the Chosin Reservoir. The Marines began commissioning transport helicopter squadrons flying Sikorsky HRS-1s in 1951. After moving to Korea, these units began performing aerial resupply and aerial assault. HMR-161 transported over 200 Marines and 18,000 pounds of cargo in the first combat helicopter air assault in history in Operation Summit in September 1951. The first battalion-sized combat helicopter air assault was that of the 3rd Battalion 7th Marines in October 1951 in Operation Bumblebee.
In addition, the U.S. Army had their first combat test of the Piasecki H-21 helicopter in Korea. It was unofficially called the “Flying Banana” because of its banana-like appearance.
“Whether it’s praise, love, criticism, money, time, power, punishment, space, sorrow, laughter, need, pain, or pleasure… the more of it that you give, the more of it you will receive.”
~ Mike Dooley
inkhorn INK-horn, adjective:
1. Affectedly or ostentatiously learned; pedantic.
2. A small bottle of horn or other material formerly used for holding ink.
Inkhorn derives from the name for the container formerly used (beginning in the 14th century) for holding ink, originally made from a real horn. Hence it came to refer to words that were being used by learned writers and scholars but which were unknown or rare in ordinary speech.
1110 – First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon.
1493 – Columbus left new world on return from first voyage.
1563 – The final session of the Council of Trent is held (it opened on December 13, 1545).
1619 – Thirty-eight colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God (this is considered by many to be the first Thanksgiving in the Americas).
1639 – Jeremiah Horrocks made the first observation of a transit of Venus. (November 24 under the Julian calendar.)
1674 – Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek (the mission would later grow into the city of Chicago, Illinois).
1777 – Prince Hall, founder of the first African-American Masonic lodge petitioned the Massachusetts legislature for fund to return to Africa. The plan is the first recorded effort by African-Americans to return to their homeland.
1780 – A snowstorm hits Washington’s army at Morristown, New Jersey.
1783 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, US General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.
1791 – The first issue of The Observer, the world’s first Sunday newspaper, is published.
1847 – Samuel Colt rescues the future of his faltering gun company by winning a contract to provide the U.S. government with 1,000 of his .44 caliber revolvers.
1850 – The first American ice-skating club was organized in Philadelphia, PA.
1861 – Civil War: Forty Marines left Navy Yard, Washington, D.C. to garrison Ft. Washington.
1863 – Four wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton.
1863 – Civil War: Union General Henry Halleck, by direction of President Abraham Lincoln, orders General Ulysses Grant to revoke his infamous General Order No. 11 that expelled Jews from his operational area.
1863 – Civil War: Blockading ship USS Quaker City captures the sloop Mercury carrying dispatches emphasizing desperate plight of the South.
1864 – Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea – At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman’s campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta (Union forces did suffer more than three times the Confederate casualties, however).
1865 – Civil War: A landing party under Acting Master James C. Tole from U.S.S. Don captured several torpedoes and powder on the right bank of the Rappahannock River about six miles from its mouth.
1867 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange movement).
1872 – The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the British brig Dei Gratia (the ship was abandoned for 9 days but was only slightly damaged).
1875 – Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison and flees to Cuba, then Spain.
1881 – The Los Angeles Times is first published.
1885 – Dr. William West Grant of Davenport, Iowa, performed what is believed to be the first successful appendectomy in the U.S. His patient was 22-year-old Mary Gartside, on whom he performed surgery by opening her abdomen and removing a perforated appendix. She recovered and lived until 1919, when she died from an unrelated illness.
1896 – Utah is admitted into the Union as the 45th state. The capital: Salt Lake City; bird: seagull; flower: sego lily; nickname: Beehive State. The entrance of Utah into the Union followed the Mormon’s abandonment of polygamy.
1902 – The French offered to sell their Nicaraguan Canal rights to the U.S. After some political shenanigans a route through Panama was selected instead.
1906 – Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity in the United States established for men of African descent, was founded at Cornell University.
1910 – Commissioning of USS Michigan (BB-27), the first U.S. dreadnought battleship.
1912 – Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 75,157 miles center-to-center.
1914 – “Mona Lisa” was returned to the Louvre Museum after it was stolen.
1918 – US President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
1920 – First black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League organized.
1921 – The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe ‘Fatty’ Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.
1921 – Congress overrode President Wilson’s veto, reactivating the War Finance Corps to aid struggling farmers.
1923 – WEAF and WNAC conducted the first wired simulcast. The audio connection was made by telephone, and the show ran about 5 minutes.
1928 – The “Dodge Victory Hour” debuted with Al Jolson in New Orleans, Fred Stone in Chicago and Paul Whiteman in New York and Will Rogers from his home in Beverly Hills. The cost to produce this one show was $67,600.
1928 – Marines participated in the Battle of Quilali during the occupation of Nicaragua.
1932 – NBC Red debuted “The Carnation Contented Hour”. The show was as a showcase for top singers and musicians.
1935 – Bob Hope became the Master of Ceremonies of the radio series, “Intimate Revue”, sponsored by Bromo Seltzer with Jane Froman, James Melton and the Al Goodman Orchestra.
1936 – The first pop music chart based on national sales was published by “Billboard” in its first music hit parade. The first Music Popularity Chart was calculated in July 1940.
1943 – Joseph Stalin appears as Time’s 1942 “Man of the Year.”
1943 – World War II: US Task Force 67, commanded by Admiral Ainsworth, bombards the Japanese base at Munda, on New Georgia. This escalates the final evacuation of the Japanese from Guadalcanal.
1944 – World War II: U.S. aircraft begin dropping supplies to guerrilla forces throughout Western Europe.
1943 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.
1945 – By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations (the UN was established on October 24, 1945).
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “Dance Ballerina Dance” by Vaughn Monroe, “How Soon” by Jack Owens, “Serenade of the Bells” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Don Cornell) and “I’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1950 – RCA Victor announced that it would manufacture long-playing (LP) records.
1952 – Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.
1953 – Korean War: Fifth Air Force mounted a 124-plane strike against the Huichon supply center.
1953 – Tufted plastic carpeting was introduced by Barwick Mills. The new carpet was said to be mothproof and stain resistant.
1954 – Elvis Presley strolled into the Memphis Recording Service and put $4 on the counter. He recorded “Casual Love Affair” and “I’ll Never Stand in Your Way.”
1956 – During a Carl Perkins recording session also involving Jerry Lee Lewis and Johnny Cash at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee, Elvis Presley visits the studio and jams with Perkins and Lewis extensively with the tape recorders rolling. (Cash reportedly participates briefly in the jam before leaving the studio with his wife and daughter.) The four men become known as the Million Dollar Quartet (1:08:42), and the complete tape from this legendary session is eventually released on compact disc (CD) in 1987.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “Memories are Made of This” by Dean Martin, “The Great Pretender” by The Platters, “Band of Gold” by Don Cherry and “Sixteen Tons” by Tennessee Ernie Ford all topped the charts.
1957 – “Collier’s” magazine was published for the last time. The periodical was published for 69 years.
1957 – Elvis Presley reports to Kennedy Veterans Hospital, Memphis, TN, for an Army pre-induction physical.
1958 – “April Love” by Pat Boone topped the charts
1958 – Sir Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland.
1958 – Sputnik 1 reenters atmosphere & burns up.
1959 – Luna 1 (Mechta), a Soviet craft, becomes first craft to leave Earth’s gravity.
1959 – A monkey returns to Earth safely, after being launched 55 miles high into outer space by the United States space program.
1960 – “El Paso” by Marty Robbins topped the charts.
1962 – First automated (unmanned) subway train (New York City NY).
1962 – Gene McDaniels recorded “Point of No Return“.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “There! I’ve Said It Again” by Bobby Vinton, “Louie Louie” by The Kingsmen, “Forget Him” by Bobby Rydell and “Love’s Gonna Live Here” by Buck Owens all topped the charts.
1965 – LBJ’s “Great Society” State of the Union Address.
1965 – The Fender Guitar Company was sold to CBS for $13 million.
1969 – Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.
1969 – Surfer Greg Noll rides a 65-foot high wave off the North Shore of Oahu, still the highest ocean surfing ever recorded.
1969 – “I Heard it Through the Grapevine“ by Marvin Gaye topped the charts.
1971 – The Montreux Casino in Switzerland is set ablaze by someone wielding a flare gun during a Frank Zappa concert; the incident would be noted in the Deep Purple song “Smoke on the Water“.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Brand New Key” by Melanie, “American Pie” by Don McLean, “An Old Fashioned Love Song” by Three Dog Night and “Kiss an Angel Good Mornin’” by Charley Pride all topped the charts.
1974 – President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over tape recordings and documents that had been subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee. Marking the beginning of the end of his Presidency.
1975 – “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” by Elton John topped the charts
1978 – Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco, California’s first woman mayor (she served until January 8, 1988).
1979 – Ohio officials approve an out-of-court settlement awarding $675,000 to the victims and families in the 1970 shootings at Kent State University, in which four students were killed and nine wounded by National Guard troops.
1980 – President Carter announces US boycott of Moscow Olympics.
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Escape (The Pina Colada Song)” by Rupert Holmes, “Please Don’t Go” by K.C. & The Sunshine Band, “Send One Your Love” by Stevie Wonder and “Happy Birthday Darlin’” by Conway Twitty topped the charts.
1980 – The rock group Led Zeppelin formally announces its breakup.
1984 – Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.
1985 – Congressman William H. Gray is elected chairman of the House Budget Committee, the highest congressional post held by an African American.
1986 – “Say You, Say Me” by Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1987 – An Amtrak train bound from Washington to Boston collided with Conrail engines approaching from a side track, 16 people were killed.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Faith” by George Michael, “So Emotional” by Whitney Houston, “Got My Mind Set on You” by George Harrison and “Somewhere Tonight” by Highway 101 all topped the charts.
1989 – Aircraft (VF-32) from USS John F. Kennedy shoot down two hostile Libyan MIG’s over the Mediterranean.
1991 – Journalist Terry Anderson is released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.
1991 – US airline Pan Am ends operations.
1991 – Marines evacuated 260 U.S. and foreign citizens from the American Embassy, Mogadishu, Somalia, during Operation Eastern Exit.
1992 – Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia, east Africa.
1995 – Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-GA) was formally elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. He was the first Republican to hold the post in 40 years and the first Georgia Speaker in over 100 years.
1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.
1999 – Minnesota inaugurated pro wrestler Jesse Ventura as its 38th governor.
2001 – Lisa Beamer, wife of Todd Beamer, through the Todd M. Beamer Foundation, registers the trademark “Let’s Roll” with the United States Patent and Trademark Office less than three months after his death in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States.
2002 – The US Postal Service announced an increase in 1st class stamps to 37 cents from 34 to take place June 30.
2002 – US Army Special Forces Sgt. Ross Chapman (31) was killed by enemy fire near Khost, Afghanistan. He became the first US soldier to die there by enemy fire.
2002 – Antonio Todde, an Italian shepherd listed by Guinness as the world’s oldest man, died just shy of his 113th birthday. “Just love your brother and drink a good glass of red wine every day.”
2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
2005 – The 109th US Congress convened and took up tsunami aid. The Republican edge was 55 to 45.
2005 – Wade Boggs was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility, and Ryne Sandberg made it with just six votes to spare on his third try.
2006 – The US Supreme Court allowed federal prosecutors to take custody of “enemy combatant” Jose Padilla so he could face criminal charges.
2006 – In a triple-overtime game that began Jan. 3 and finished after midnight, No. 3 Penn State beat No. 22 Florida State 26-23 in the Orange Bowl.
2006 – Nancy Pelosi became Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. She was the first woman to hold the position.
2007 – The 110th Congress convened with Democrats in control of both the House and Senate for the first time in a dozen years.
2008 – Flights were grounded and trucks overturned in Northern California as wind gusted to 80 mph during the second wave of the arctic storm that has sent trees crashing onto houses, cars and roads.
2009 – New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson withdraws his nomination to be the next United States Secretary of Commerce because of an ongoing federal investigation into possible pay-to-play politics.
2010 – NASA’s Kepler telescope detects its first five extrasolar planets. The discovery of extrasolar planets has intensified interest in the possibility of extraterrestrial life.
2010 – A gunman opens fire in the lobby of the Lloyd D. George Federal District Courthouse in Las Vegas, Nevada, containing the offices of Senators Harry Reid and John Ensign. A court security officer was killed and a U.S. Marshal injured before the assailant was shot dead.
2011 – White House announces that President Obama will appoint Richard Cordray as head of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau while Congress is out of town.This is an act that is in total and utter disregard of the U.S. Constitution.
2012 – Republican primary candidate and former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney wins the 2012 Iowa Caucus, with candidate and former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum behind by eight votes; Congressman Ron Paul had a strong showing in third place. After her poor showing during the Iowa caucus, presidential candidate Michele Bachmann ends her campaign.
2013 - U.S. Rep. Jose Serrano, D-N.Y., and a supporter of President Obama, has introduced House Joint Resolution 15 to repeal the 22nd Amendment and thus abolish presidential term limits. It was assigned to committee.
2014 - The New Orleans Saints win a playoff game on the road for the first time…EVER. The score was Saints 26, Philadelphia Eagles 24. Shayne Graham hit the winning field goal as time expired.
1585 – John Cotton, American Puritan leader (d. 1652)
1643 – Sir Isaac Newton, English scientist.
1785 – Jacob Ludwig Grimm, German librarian; author, with his brother, of fairy tales.
1809 – Louis Braille, French, inventor of reading system for the blind.
1813 – Sir Isaac Pitman, English educator and inventor of shorthand.
1838 – Charles Sherwood Stratton, “General Tom Thumb,” American entertainer with PT Barnum.
1840 – Crazy Horse, Oglala Sioux chief (d. 1877)
1895 – Leroy Randle Grumman, American aeronautical engineer and founder of Grumman Aircraft.
1912 – Pappy Boyington, American pilot. WW II Hero and Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1988)
1939 – Dyan Cannon (born Samile Diane Friesen), American film and television actress.
1941 – Maureen Reagan, daughter of Ronald Reagan and Jane Wyman; step-daughter of Nancy Reagan.
1944 – Dennis Wilson, American musician (The Beach Boys) (d. 1983)
1973 – Tyra Banks, American supermodel
*JACHMAN, ISADORE S.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Flamierge, Belgium, 4 January 1945. Entered service at: Baltimore, Md. Birth: Berlin, Germany. G.O. No.: 25, 9 June 1950. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty at Flamierge, Belgium, on 4 January 1945, when his company was pinned down by enemy artillery, mortar, and small arms fire, two hostile tanks attacked the unit, inflicting heavy. casualties. S/Sgt. Jachman, seeing the desperate plight of his comrades, left his place of cover and with total disregard for his own safety dashed across open ground through a hail of fire and seizing a bazooka from a fallen comrade advanced on the tanks, which concentrated their fire on him. Firing the weapon alone, he damaged one and forced both to retire. S/Sgt. Jachman’s heroic action, in which he suffered fatal wounds, disrupted the entire enemy attack, reflecting the highest credit upon himself and the parachute infantry.
SNYDER, WILLIAM E.
Rank and organization: Chief Electrician, U.S. Navy. Born: 24 February 1883, South Bethlehem, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 58, 2 March 1910. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Birmingham, for extraordinary heroism, rescuing G.H. Kephart seaman, from drowning at Hampton Roads, Va., 4 January 1910.
MANNING, HENRY J.
Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1859, New Haven, Conn. Accredited to: Connecticut. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: Serving on board the U.S. Training Ship New Hampshire, off Newport, R.I., 4 January 1882. Jumping overboard, Manning endeavored to rescue Jabez Smith, second class musician, from drowning.
Rank and organization: Ship’s Printer, U.S. Navy. Born: 1847, Brooklyn, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S. Training Ship New Hampshire off Coasters Harbor Island, near Newport, R.l., 4 January 1882, and endeavoring to rescue Jabez Smith, second class musician, from drowning.
National Chocolate Covered Cherry Day
J.R.R. Tolkien Day
Congressional Seats taken
Under the terms of the Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution, congressional terms begin at noon on January 3 of every odd-numbered year. As such all members of the U.S. House of Representatives and one-third of all U.S. Senators are sworn in on January 3 every two years. A Congress lasts until January 3rd of the next odd-numbered year. Therefore the 112th Congress will begin on January 3, 2011 and end on January 3, 2013. The Twentieth Amendment became effective in January 1934, during the 73rd Congress. Thus the first session of the 73rd Congress convened in March 1933, but the second session convened in January 1934.
House of Representatives have no assigned seating except that Democrats sit on the left from the rear and the Republicans on the right. The Senate does have assigned seating and it can be located by clicking here.
“It must be borne in mind that the tragedy of life doesn’t lie in not reaching your goal. The tragedy lies in having no goal to reach. It isn’t a calamity to die with dreams unfulfilled, but it is a calamity not to dream. It is not a disaster to be unable to capture your ideal, but it is a disaster to have no ideal to capture. It is not a disgrace not to reach the stars, but it is a disgrace to have no stars to reach for. Not failure, but low aim is a sin.”
~ Benjamin E. Mayes
exegesis ek-suh-JEE-sis, noun;
plural exegeses -seez:
Exposition; explanation; especially, a critical explanation of a text.
Exegesis comes from Greek, from exegeisthai, “to explain, to interpret,” from ex-, “out of” + hegeisthai, “to lead, to guide.” Thus an exegesis is, at root, “a leading or guiding out of” a complexity.
1431 – Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
1496 – Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
1521 – Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
1777 – American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
1823 – Stephen F. Austin received a grant from the Mexican government and began colonization in the region of the Brazos River in Texas.
1825 – Rensselaer School, the first engineering college in the U.S. is opened in Troy, New York. It is now known as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
1834 – The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin (Texas Hero) in Mexico City.
1840- First deep sea sounding. At latitude 27 degrees, 26 minutes S. and longitude 17 degrees, 29 minutes W, soundings of two thousand four hundred and twenty-five fathoms of line were obtained.
1847 – General Winfield Scott, who has taken command of the Gulf expedition in Mexico, orders 9000 men from General Taylor’s force to assault Vera Cruz.
1848 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first president of the independent African Republic of Liberia. Liberia, which means “Land of the Free,” was founded as an independent nation for free-born and formerly enslaved Blacks.
1861 – Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
1861 – Civil War: The state of Georgia takes over Federal Fort Pulaski. It will return to Federal hands in April of 1862.
1870 – Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
1871 – Henry W. Bradley of Binghamton, NY patents oleomargarine.
1872 – First patent list (The Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office) issued by US Patent Office.
1876 – First free kindergarten in US opens in Florence, MA.
1888 – The 91 cm refracting telescope at Lick Observatory is used for the first time. It was the largest telescope in the world at the time.
1888 – First wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, DC
1899 – The first known use of the word automobile, in an editorial in The New York Times.
1903 – South Dakota’s Wind Cave National Park was established.
1904 – Marines from USS Dixie arrive in Panama.
1911 – US postal savings bank inaugurated.
1920 – WW I: The last of the U.S. troops depart France.
1920 – The Boston Red Sox sell Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for a sum of $125,000 and a loan of more than $300,000.
1922 – First living person identified on a US coin.
1924 – English explorer Howard Carter discovers the sarcophagus of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.
1925 – Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
1933 – Marines pulled out of Nicaragua. 5th Marine Regiment departs.
1938 – The March of Dimes is established by Franklin D. Roosevelt to fight polio. It accomplished its mission within 20 years.
1938 – “Woman in White” is first broadcast on the NBC Red network. The program remains on the radio for the next ten years. It was one of the first to feature real doctors and nurses in leading roles.
1939 – Tennis legend Don Budge played a pro tennis match, his first in Madison Square Garden, NY, before 16,725 spectators. Budge was touring the country as the top U.S. tennis player, having won the grand slam of tennis (Australian, French and U.S. Opens and Wimbledon) the year before.
1940 – The “Southland Shuffle” was recorded on Bluebird Records by Charlie Barnet and his orchestra. A young trumpet player named Billy May was featured.
1943 – First missing persons telecast (New York City, NY)
1943 – World War II: A US B-17 bomber was downed over France following a bombing run over a German submarine base in southern France. John Roten, navigator, was the only survivor. Roten spent 28 months as a POW.
1944 – CDR Frank Erickson flies plasma in a Coast Guard HNS-1 helicopter from Brooklyn to a hospital in Sandy Hook, NJ in the first recorded mission of mercy conducted by a rotary wing aircraft.
1944 – World War II: Top Marine ace Major “Pappy” Boyington captured after shooting down 28 aircraft. He was shot down over the island of Rabaul and was captured by a Japanese submarine. He spent the remaining balance of the War as a prisoner. Watch a 1957 “To Tell The Truth” to see, “Will the Real Pappy Boyington, please stand up!!“
1945 – World War II: Admiral Chester W Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan itself.
1945 – World War II: VMF-124 and VMF-213 from the USS Essex struck Formosa and the Ryukyu Islands in the first Marine land strike off a carrier. In the two-day attack against Formosa the Marines destroyed 100 aircraft with loss of only 22 aircraft.
1947 – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ole Buttermilk Sky” by The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Mike Douglas & The Campus Kids), “The Old Lamplighter” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Billy Williams), “For Sentimental Reasons” by Nat King Cole and “Divorce Me C.O.D.” by Merle Travis all topped the charts.
1951 – Korean War: As massive numbers of Chinese troops crossed the frozen Han River east and west of Seoul, the Eighth Army began evacuating the South Korean capital.
1952 – Dragnet is first broadcast on NBC-TV. The last episode played September 10, 1970.
1953 – Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
1953 – “I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus” by Jimmy Boyd topped the charts.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Mr. Sandman” by The Chordettes, “Let Me Go, Lover” by Joan Weber, “The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane” by The Ames Brothers and “More and More” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1957 – Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
1958 – The Air Force forms two squadrons of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) armed with medium-range ballistic missiles.
1959 – Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state. The capital – Juneau; State bird – willow ptarmigan; State flower – forget-me-not and its nickname is The Last Frontier.
1959 – “Chipmunk Song” by David Seville and the Chipmunks topped the charts
1961 – The United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba. President was Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1961 – The SL-1, a government-run reactor near Idaho Falls, Idaho, leaks radiation, killing three workers.
1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Telstar” by The Tornadoes, “Bobby’s Girl” by Marcie Blane, “Go Away Little Girl” by Steve Lawrence and “Don’t Let Me Crossover” by Carl Butler & Pearl (Dee Jones) all topped the charts.
1964 – Jack Paar Show, shows a clip of the Beatles singing “She Loves You.” This became the first Beatles US TV show appearance.
1964 – Barry Goldwater announced that he was a candidate for the U.S. Presidency. Later that year he lost. Lyndon B. Johnson: 43,126,506; Goldwater: 27,176,799.
1966 – The Psychedelic Shop, the world’s first Head shop, opened on Haight Street near Ashbury in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco.
1967 – Jack Ruby, the man who shot accused presidential assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies of cancer in a Dallas hospital.
1967 – Patent for an apparatus for solar cooling and heating a house was received by Harry Thomason.
1969 – Thirty thousand copies of the John Lennon, Yoko Ono album, “Two Virgins”, were confiscated by police in Newark, New Jersey. The nude photo of John and Yoko on the cover violated pornography laws in the state.
1970 – “Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head” by B. J. Thomas topped the charts
1971 – “My Sweet Lord/Isn’t It a Pity” by George Harrison, “Knock Three Times” by Dawn and “Black Magic Woman” by Santana and “Rose Garden” by Lynn Anderson all topped the charts.
1973 – Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George Steinbrenner.
1976 – “Saturday Night” by the Bay City Rollers topped the charts.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “Le Freak” by Chic, “Too Much Heaven” by Bee Gees, “My Life” by Billy Joel and “The Gambler” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1980 – Gold hits record $634 an ounce.
1981 – John Lennon’s “(Just Like) Starting Over” and the album “Double Fantasy” topped the pop music charts just weeks after the death of the former Beatle.
1983 – Tony Dorsett of the Dallas Cowboys makes the longest run from scrimmage (99 yards) in NFL history.
1984 – A woman died at Disneyland after falling from a ride. She had apparently unfastened her seatbelt while on the Matterhorn bobsled.
1986 – President Ronald Reagan orders economic sanctions against Libya in retaliation for its involvement in terrorist attacks in Rome and Vienna.
1987 – Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Walk Like an Egyptian” by the Bangles, “Everybody Have Fun Tonight” by Wang Chung, “Notorious” by Duran Duran and “Mind Your Own Business” by Hank Williams, Jr. all topped the charts.
1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving British Prime Minister in the 20th Century.
1990 – Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces.
1991 – Hockey Hall of Famer Wayne Gretzky scores his 700th goal.
1991 – Gulf War: The British government announces the expulsion of 75 Iraqis from the country.
1993 – In Moscow, George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
1993 – The NFL Comeback Game was played. In an AFC Wild Card game, the Buffalo Bills comeback from a 35-3 deficit against the Houston Oilers and win the game in overtime 41-38, the largest comeback in NFL history.
1995 – The U.S. Postal Service raised the price of the first-class stamp to 32 cents.
1999 – The Mars Polar Lander launches.
1999 – Israel detains, later to expel, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
1999 – Chicago dug out from their biggest snowstorm in more than 30 years. Diggers measured 22 inches at O’Hare International Airport.
2000 – The last “Peanuts” comic strip is created by Charles Schulz.
2003 – Ohio State University becomes the first NCAA Division I football team to complete a season 14-0 by winning the Tostitos Fiesta Bowl over the University of Miami 31-24, and is crowned BCS National Champion.
2003 – The US Coast Guard Cutter Boutwell departed Alameda in preparation for supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom. She began operations in the Arabian Gulf on 14 February 2003.
2003 – US warplanes hit an al Qaeda compound in the Khost region south of Tora Bora and Islamic fighters near Baghran were reported to be in negotiations.
2004 – The NASA spacecraft Spirit landed on Mars at the Gusev Crater. It was the 4th successful US landing on Mars.
2005 – President Bush tapped his father, former President Bush, and former President Clinton to help raise tsunami relief funds.
2005 – Heavy snow shut down a major highway north of Los Angeles and slowed post-holiday travel in the Sierra Nevada as Californians grappled with a 2nd week of stormy weather.
2006 – Jack Abramoff, the US lobbyist who spawned a congressional corruption scandal, pleaded guilty to 3 felonies and pledged to cooperate in a criminal probe edging closer to former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay.
2006 – The Committee to Protect Journalists reported that forty-seven journalists were killed in 2005, and that more than three-quarters were murdered to silence their criticism of punish them for their work. Iraq accounted for twenty-two of the deaths.
2007 - The Dow Jones closed at 12,621.77, The GDP for the previous quarter was 3.5%, The Unemployment rate was 4.6%, President George Bush’s Economic policies set a record of 52 straight months of JOB GROWTH!
2007 - Representative Barney Frank took over the House Financial Services Committee and Senator Chris Dodd took over the Senate Banking Committee. The economic meltdown that happened 15 months later was in
BANKING AND FINANCIAL SERVICES!
2007 – Iraq arrested three men who were present at Saddam Hussein’s execution, including the person believed to have recorded the event on a cell phone camera.
2010 – The U.S. and Britain close their embassies in the capital of Yemen because of continuing threats from Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.
2010 – President Barack Obama ends a 22-year-old immigration ban preventing those with HIV/AIDS from entering the United States. He said this could “encourage people to get tested and get treatment.”
2011 – Investments in Facebook totaling US$500 million lead to speculation that its value could be as high as US$50 billion.
2011 – Republican U.S. Representative Darrell Issa calls for Attorney General Eric Holder to resign over lack of progress in prosecuting Julian Assange, and plans are announced of holding a congressional inquiry into Wikileaks and Assange.
2011 – Scientists are investigating the sudden dieoff of over 5,000 Red-winged Blackbirds in Beebe, Arkansas, United States, on New Year’s Eve.
2012 – Voters in Iowa go to the polls for electoral caucuses, with Mitt Romney defeating Rick Santorum by 8 votes in the Republican Party contest, and Ron Paul following in third place.
2013 – Ted Cruz has been sworn in as U.S. senator form Texas and says his first order of business will be introducing a bill he knows will never pass. Cruz is a Cuban-American and former state solicitor general. He is the first Hispanic to represent Texas in the Senate. He has pledged that his first bill would seek to repeal “every syllable of every word” of the Obama administration’s health care reform law.
2013 – Congressman Ron Paul, Texas, has introduced H.R. 1146, The American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2009. H.R. 1146 would get the United States completely out of the United Nations.
2014 - The Ft. Wayne Women’s Health Center in Ft. Wayne, Indiana, is the first surgical abortion clinic to officially shut down in 2014 following a record-breaking year where 87 surgical abortion clinics permanently closed.
106 B.C.E. – (Marcus Tullius) Cicero, Roman statesman.
1624 – William Tucker, the first Black believed to have had his birth recorded in the New World.
1760 – John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835) He is most well known for being one of less than 90 dragoons that fought under Colonel William Washington during the Battle of Cowpens in the American Revolutionary War. Dragoons commanded huge power upon the battlefield at the time because of their ability to incite fear within the enemy infantry. “The shock of a cavalry charge often proved decisive in gaining a victory.”
1793 – Lucretia Coffin Mott, American women’s rights advocate and founder of the first Women’s Rights Convention.
1892 – J.R.R. Tolkien, British writer best known as the author of the high fantasy classic works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.
1909 – Victor Borge, Danish entertainer (d. 2000) was a humorist, entertainer and world-class pianist affectionately known as the Clown Prince of Denmark and the Great Dane.
1945 – Stephen Stills, American singer and songwriter.
1956 – Mel Gibson, is an American-born, Australian-raised actor, film director, film producer and screenwriter. In 2004, he directed and produced The Passion of the Christ, a controversial but hugely successful film that portrayed the last hours of the life of Jesus Christ.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Marine Squadron 214. Place and date: Central Solomons area, from 12 September 1943 to 3 January 1944. Entered service at: Washington. Born: 4 December 1912, Coeur D’Alene, Idaho. Other Navy award: Navy Cross. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and valiant devotion to duty as commanding officer of Marine Fighting Squadron 214 in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Central Solomons area from 12 September 1943 to 3 January 1944. Consistently outnumbered throughout successive hazardous flights over heavily defended hostile territory, Maj. Boyington struck at the enemy with daring and courageous persistence, leading his squadron into combat with devastating results to Japanese shipping, shore installations, and aerial forces. Resolute in his efforts to inflict crippling damage on the enemy, Maj. Boyington led a formation of twenty-four fighters over Kahili on 17 October and, persistently circling the airdrome where sixty hostile aircraft were grounded, boldly challenged the Japanese to send up planes. Under his brilliant command, our fighters shot down 20 enemy craft in the ensuing action without the loss of a single ship. A superb airman and determined fighter against overwhelming odds, Maj. Boyington personally destroyed twenty-six of the many Japanese planes shot down by his squadron and, by his forceful leadership, developed the combat readiness in his command which was a distinctive factor in the Allied aerial achievements in this vitally strategic area.
|TURNER, GEORGE B.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Battery C, 499th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, 14th Armored Division. Place and date. Philippsbourg, France, 3 January 1945. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Born: 27 June 1899, Longview, Tex. G.O. No.: 79, 14 September 1945. Citation: At Phillippsbourg, France, he was cut off from his artillery unit by an enemy armored infantry attack. Coming upon a friendly infantry company withdrawing under the vicious onslaught, he noticed two German tanks and approximately seventy-five supporting foot soldiers advancing down the main street of the village. Seizing a rocket launcher, he advanced under intense small-arms and cannon fire to meet the tanks and, standing in the middle of the road, fired at them, destroying one and disabling the second. From a nearby half-track he then dismounted a machinegun, placed it in the open street and fired into the enemy infantrymen, killing or wounding a great number and breaking up the attack. In the American counterattack which followed, two supporting tanks were disabled by an enemy antitank gun. Firing a light machinegun from the hip, Pfc. Turner held off the enemy so that the crews of the disabled vehicles could extricate themselves. He ran through a hail of fire to one of the tanks which had burst into flames and attempted to rescue a man who had been unable to escape; but an explosion of the tank’s ammunition frustrated his effort and wounded him painfully. Refusing to be evacuated, he remained with the infantry until the following day, driving off an enemy patrol with serious casualties, assisting in capturing a hostile strong point, and voluntarily and fearlessly driving a truck through heavy enemy fire to deliver wounded men to the rear aid station. The great courage displayed by Pfc. Turner and his magnificently heroic initiative contributed materially to the defense of the French town and inspired the troops about him.
Boo Boo Bear’s Birthday
(Yogi Bear’s Friend)
Teapot Dome Scandal
In 1922, Albert B. Fall, U.S. Secretary of the Interior, leased, without competitive bidding, the Teapot Dome fields to Harry F. Sinclair, an oil operator, and the field at Elk Hills, California, to Edward L. Doheny.
He had received bribes or no interest loans from those two which brought indictments for conspiracy and accepting bribes for Fall. He was convicted of accepting bribes and sentenced to one year in prison and fined $100,000.
The Teapot Dome Scandal is an event in US history that has lost its prominence over time. Incidents such as World War II are significant enough that they remain with us for decades, the Teapot Dome Scandal is one of those occurrences that gets pushed out of mind until it is remembered in a solitary paragraph here or there.
The scandal itself had a huge impact at the time. The large amount of media attention that it generated “made it the first true symbol of government corruption in America.” The “Teapot Dome” referred to an area in Wyoming where oil fields were located. Oil fields in Elk Hills and Buena Vista Hills, in California, were also involved in the scandal. These oil fields were designated as reserves for the U.S. Navy, and were stored on public land. There had been turmoil regarding the oil in the first place, as many politicians and oil corporations “opposed the restrictions placed on the oil fields, claiming that the reserves were unnecessary and that American oil companies could provide for the Navy.”
A particularly prominent opponent of the reserves was Senator Albert B. Fall. A Republican from New Mexico, he and his allies convinced President Harding to appoint him as Secretary of the Interior in 1921. It was then that the Teapot Dome Scandal started.
The oil reserves had been under the care of Edwin C. Denby, who was the Secretary of the Navy at the time. Once Senator Fall was named Secretary of the Interior, he persuaded Denby to hand the reserves over to his department. Fall leased the rights to the reserves to Harry Sinclair, the owner of Mammoth Oil. He did this completely legally, due to the General Leasing Act passed in 1920. He also leased the Elk Hills reserves to Edward L. Doheny, from Pan American Petroleum. He did this “in exchange for personal loans at no interest.” That was illegal.
In addition to the interest-free loans from Doheny, Senator Fall received gifts totaling nearly $404,000 from both men. This too was illegal; up until then it had been completely legitimate. It is possible that he would have been able to get away with it, but his sudden improvement in his wayof life got a lot of peoples attention. Where had he acquired this sudden, large amount of wealth?
In April of 1922, the Wall Street Journal exposed him. The next day, April 15th, Senator John Kendrick, a Democrat from Wyoming, “introduced a resolution that set in motion one of the most significant investigations in Senate history.” (U.S. Senate, 1) Senator Robert La Follette of Wisconsin directed the Senate Committee on Public Lands to lead the investigation.
La Follette chose Democrat Thomas J. Walsh, the panel’s “most junior minority member”, to lead the investigation. The Republicans approved of this choice, because they knew that the investigation would be a long string of unanswered questions and dead-ends. Meanwhile, the scandal was fading from the media. People were moving on with other issues.
While Fall stepped backward, covering his tracks as he went. Walsh uncovered the dealings that Fall had made with Denby, Doheny and Sinclair-but realized that they were legal. Fall destroyed all of the incriminating records, and it seemed like he would get away free. Everything was accounted for, though there was a giant problem: Where did Fall get his fortune? It was here that Walsh discovered Fall’s shady dealings; specifically, the $100,000 interest-free loan from Doheny.
A series of lawsuits were brought against Fall and other defendants that had been implicated in the scandal. The Supreme Court, in 1927, ruled that the oil fields had been leased illegally. The reserves were then handed back over to the Navy.
Senator Fall was found guilty of bribery and sentenced to pay $100,000, along with having to serve a one-year prison sentence, in 1929. He was the “first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for his actions in office.” Harry Sinclair refused to cooperate with federal officials, and was fined $100,000 when he was charged with contempt. He also served a prison sentence. Edward Doheny was acquitted.
The effect on the population of the country was tremendous. Big-business Republicans were voted out of office during the Depression-era elections, though, both sides of the political spectrum were affected by the scandal; citizens’ trust in politics was starting to waver. Amazingly, President Coolidge (President Harding had died, so Coolidge had taken over at this point) received little damage to his reputation as a result of the scandal. He was able to minimize attachment to it, and handle it discreetly.
This was the start of a new era of politics-an era of “dirty” politics in which there were more corrupt men in office than honest. It is no wonder that around this time, people started becoming more apathetic towards politics, and we are still feeling the apathy today.
“Don’t be afraid if things seem difficult in the beginning. That’s only the initial impression. The important thing is not to retreat; you have to master yourself.”
regent (REE-juhnt) adjective
One who rules for a limited period, on behalf of a king or queen who
is a minor, absent, or ill.
[From Latin regent-, present participle of regere (to rule). Ultimately
from the Indo-European reg- (to move in a straight line, to lead or rule)
that is also the source of regime, direct, rectangle, erect, rectum,
alert, source, and surge.]
1788 – Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1800 – Free Black community of Philadelphia PA petitions Congress to abolish slavery.
1811 – Senator Timothy Pickering, a Federalist from Massachusetts, became the first senator to be censured. Pickering was accused of violating congressional law by publicly revealing secret documents communicated by the president to the Senate. He did it in an effort to prove President James Madison had acted unconstitutionally in seizing part of West Florida from Spain.
1818 – The British Institution of Civil Engineers is formed.
1832 – First Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens.
1837 – The first National Negro Catholic Congress is held in Washington. D. C.
1839 - French pioneering photographer Louis Daguerre took the first photograph of the moon. Unfortunately it was lost when on 8 Mar 1839, a fire burned his laboratory to the ground.
1842 – First US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Fairmount, PA.
1859 – Erastus Beadle published “The Dime Book of Practical Etiquette.”
1860 – The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris. Vulcan was the name given to a small planet proposed to exist in an orbit between Mercury and the Sun in a 19th-century hypothesis. This hypothesis has now been rendered obsolete by Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity.
1861 – Civil War: The USS Brooklyn is readied at Norfolk to aid Fort Sumter.
1861 – Civil War: Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing the Washington D.C. militia.
1863 – Civil War: The Battle of Stones River concludes when the Union troops of William Rosecrans defeat Confederates under Braxton Bragg at Murfeesboro, TN.
1870 - Construction began on the Brooklyn Bridge to cross the East River, New York City with a single span, a breadth of 1,600 feet navigable water.
1872 – Brigham Young is arrested for bigamy due to having 25 wives.
1882 – John D. Rockefeller unites his oil holdings into the Standard Oil trust.
1890 – Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer for the White House.
1890 – Record 19’2″ alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny.
1893 – Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America introduces railroad chronometers.
1893 – First US commemoratives & first US stamp to picture a woman issued. The stamps were the 1 cent “Columbus in sight of land” and the 5 cent “Columbus soliciting aid of Isabella.” The first stamp to include a portrait of a woman was the 1902 Martha Washington eight-cent stamp.
1900 – John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
1900 – The Chicago Canal opened.
1904 – U.S. Marines are sent to Santo Domingo to aid the government against rebel forces.
1906 – W H Carrier patents air conditioner.
1910 – First junior high schools in US open in Berkeley, CA. McKinley School housed seventh and eighth grade students.
1911 – Brooklyn Dodgers president Charles Ebbets announces purchase of grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000.
1920 – The Palmer Raids begin in the United States. The Palmer Raids were a series of controversial raids by the U.S. Justice and Immigration Departments from 1918 to 1921 on the radical left in the United States. The raids are named for Alexander Mitchell Palmer, United States Attorney General under Woodrow Wilson.
1921 – Religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time. KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday service of the city’s Calgary Episcopal Church.
1923 – U.S. Interior Secretary Albert Fall resigns due to the Teapot Dome scandal. Teapot Dome is a reference to an oil field on public land in Wyoming, so named because of a rock resembling a teapot overlooking the field. It is also a phrase commonly applied to the scandal that rocked the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
1929 – Canada and the United States agree on a plan to preserve Niagara Falls.
1933 - US troops leave Nicaragua.
1935 – Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
1936 – First electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis MO.
1939 – Time Magazine named chancellor Adolf Hitler its “Man of the Year. “
1941 – The Andrews Sisters recorded “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy.“
1941 – World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
1941 – World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program with a stated goal of building 200 freighters. Over 2,700 ships will eventually be constructed by the end of the war.
1942 – World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces.
1942 – World War II: The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey. It was opened with Navy Airship Patrol Group 1 and Air Ship Squadron 12.
1943 – World War II: US troops on Guadalcanal launch another assault up Mount Austen. Some progress is made but the Gifu strongpoint remains in Japanese control.
1945 – An American Sikorsky helicopter is used in convoy escort duties for the first time.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “It Might as Well Be Spring” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Billy Williams), “I Can’t Begin to Tell You” by Bing Crosby with the Carmen Cavallaro Orchestra, “Symphony” by The Freddy Martin Orchestra (vocal: Clyde Rogers) and “Silver Dew on the Blue Grass Tonight” by Bob Wills all top the charts.
1949 – Luis Muñoz Marín became the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
1951 – Korean War: C-47 dropped flares to illuminate B-26 and F-82 night attacks on enemy forces for the first time.
1953 – NBC-TV presented the “The Life of Riley.”
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Oh! My Pa-Pa” by Eddie Fisher, “Changing Partners” by Patti Page, “Stranger in Paradise” by Tony Bennett and “Let Me Be the One” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.
1957 – The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange and Los Angeles Oil Exchange merge.
1957 – Gene Fullmer defeated Sugar Ray Robinson to earn the world middleweight boxing title.
1959 – The first artificial satellite to orbit the sun, Luna 1, is launched by the U.S.S.R.
1959 – CBS radio cancels four soap operas. “Our Gal Sunday”, “This is Nora Drake”, “Backstage Wife” and “Road of Life” were all cut.
1960 – Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1960 – “Why” by Frankie Avalon topped the charts.
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” by The Tokens, “Run to Him” by Bobby Vee and “The Twist” by Chubby Checker and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.
1963 – Vietnam War: Viet Cong down five U.S. helicopters in the Mekong Delta. 30 Americans are reported dead.
1965 – The New York Jets sign University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
1965 – Voter registration drive, led by Martin Luther King Jr., started in Selma, Alabama.
1965 – “I Feel Fine” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1966 – Vietnam: American G.I.s move into the Mekong Delta for the first time.
1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. Air Force F-4 Phantom jets down seven communist MiG-21s over North Vietnam.
1968 – Dr. Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant.
1969 – Vietnam: Operation Barrier Reef began in Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Someday We’ll Be Together” by Diana Ross & The Supremes and “Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head” by B.J. Thomas, “Holly Holy” by Neil Diamond and “(I’m So) Afraid of Losing You Again” by Charley Pride topped the charts.
1971 – “My Sweet Lord” by George Harrison topped the charts.
1971 – The tobacco industry was banned from buying advertisements on television and radio.
1974 – Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum US speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo. Federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.
1975 - Kenneth C. Brugger discovered the long-unknown winter destination of the monarch butterfly in the mountains of Mexico. Within the territory of only 200 square meters, there are around 20 million butterflies. The area was cold and covered with oyamel trees and pine trees, a few kilometers from rural towns.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “How Deep is Your Love” by Bee Gees, “(Every Time I Turn Around) Back in Love Again” by L.T.D., “Baby Come Back” by Player and “Here You Come Again” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.
1982 – “Physical” by Olivia Newton-John and “Faith” by George Michael topped the charts.
1983 – The smash musical, “Annie“, closed on Broadway after 2,377 performances.
1985 – The Rebels of UNLV beat Utah State in three overtime periods. The final score of 142-140 set a new NCAA record for total points in a basketball game (282). The game took over three hours to play.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Say You, Say Me” by Lionel Richie, “Party All the Time” by Eddie Murphy, “Alive & Kicking” by Simple Minds and “Have Mercy” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1987 – The most-watched college football game was played . Joe Paterno’s Nittany Lions of Penn State defeated the Miami Hurricanes, 14-10, at the Fiesta Bowl in Tempe, Arizona. The game was so popular that it beat “Dallas” and “Falcon Crest” in the TV ratings.
1989 - PTL founders Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker returned to the television pulpit for the first time in two years, broadcasting from a borrowed house in Pineville, N.C.
1990 – David Norman Dinkins began his first working day as mayor of New York City with a 7:00 a.m. appearance on NBC-TV’s ‘Today’ show. He was the the first African-American mayor of America’s largest City.
1990 -The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended the day above 2,800 for the first time, at 2,810.15.
1991 – Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC, becoming the first African-American woman to lead a city of that size and importance.
1994 - The new Republican mayor of New York City, Rudolph Giuliani, delivered his inaugural address in which he called for unity while promising to crack down on crime and tackle the city’s budget problems.
1995 – Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (estimated 15 billion light years away).
1996 - Former Interior Secretary James Watt pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of attempting to sway a grand jury investigating 1980s influence-peddling at the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
1997 - In Las Vegas the New York New York casino-hotel hosted a private party prior to opening to the public at 12:35 a.m.
1997 - In the US Northwest a week of heavy rain and melting snow caused many rivers to overflow. Downtown Reno was under water and casinos closed and visitors were trapped in Yosemite National Park. Highway 50 to Lake Tahoe was closed and expected to be out for a month.
1997 – Letter bombs began arriving into the US from Egypt. Four were addressed to the Washington bureau of Al-Hayat, an Arab language daily. Others went to Leavenworth, Kansas. They contained the plastic explosive Semtex.
1998 - The defense in the Terry Nichols trial rested its case in the penalty phase after calling nine witnesses who pleaded for his life.
1999 – A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches of snow at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches at Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
2000 - Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr., former US Navy commander, died at age 79. He and his son authored “My Father, My Son” in 1986.
2002 – Troops of the 101st Airborne Division begin to replace Marines that have been in Kandahar, Afghanistan since November of 2001.
2002 - The #5 Florida Gators beat #6 Maryland 56-23 in the Orange Bowl.
2003 - United States Army division commanders began a war game at US V Corps headquarters at Heidelberg, Germany, called VICTORY SCRIMMAGE.
2004 – Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
2004 – US Army Captain Kimberly Hampton is killed from hostile fire in Iraq. She is the first female helicopter killed in the line of duty and the first female killed in the war from South Carolina.
2004 - U.S. Representative Ralph Hall from Texas files for reelection and switches parties from Democrat to Republican.
2004 - No leap second is added this year. This is the fifth year in a row without a leap-second after 28 years of adding leap-seconds to compensate for the slowing of the Earth’s rotation.
2005 - The death toll from the Dec 26 Tsunami was expected to hit 150,000.
2005 - In El Dorada, Ark., firefighters evacuated hundreds of residents as they fought a blaze in a hazardous waste warehouse.
2005 - The Washington Post and Reuters report that the US government is preparing to keep suspected terrorists in detention without charge for life.
2006 - #4 Ohio State beat #5 Notre Dame 34-20 in the Fiesta Bowl.
2006 – An explosion in a coal mine leads to the death of 12 of 13 miners in the Sago Mine disaster in West Virginia.
2006 – Independence Air, formerly known as Atlantic Coast Airlines, said it will shut down on Jan 5. The DC based carrier only began operations Jun 16, 2004.
2006 - Police are investigating the New Year’s Day murder of Bryan Harvey, who with his wife and two young daughters were found dead with their throats slashed in the basement of their South Side Richmond, Virginia, home, which was then set afire. Harvey was former singer and guitarist of 1980s band House of Freaks.
2007 – New York City commuter Wesley Autrey Sr. saved a 19-year-old student who had fallen onto subway tracks by leaping down and pulling the teen and himself into the trough between the tracks as a train passed over them.
2007 - Seven policemen charged in a deadly Danziger Bridge shooting in the chaotic aftermath of Hurricane Katrina turn themselves in at a New Orleans city jail.
2007 - Former US President Gerald Ford’s state funeral takes place at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. His casket is later moved to his hometown Grand Rapids, Michiganfor burial on Wednesday January 3, 2007.
2008 – Gold prices swept to a record high of $861.10 above the key $850-an-ounce mark, driven by surging oil, a weaker dollar and simmering geopolitical tensions.
2011 – US President Barack Obama signs the 9/11 health bill into law to cover the cost of medical care for rescue workers and others sickened by toxic fumes and dust after the 2001 attack on the World Trade Center.
2012 – Mount Rainier National Park Washington State is closed as police conduct a manhunt for a man who shot dead a park ranger on New Year’s Day; the gunman, Benjamin Barnes, is eventually found dead.
2013 - President Barack Obama signs the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, intended to prevent the “fiscal cliff”.
2014 - Obamacare started yesterday promising health insurance all Americans. In actuality its left more Americans without coverage than before the law was passed. More than 4.7 million Americans had their health insurance canceled as a result of many of the thousand-plus-page law’s new rules but the Department of Health and Human Services confirmed Tuesday that between federal and state exchanges, just 2 million Americans have signed up for the coverage resulting in a net loss of almost 3 million insurance plans.
1647 – Nathaniel Bacon, English-born American colonist (d. 1676)
1920 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born American science fiction writer, author of almost 500 books.
1936 – Roger Miller, American singer, songwriter, and musician.
1938 – David Bailey, English photographer
1939 – Jim Bakker, Former American televangelist.
1942 – Dennis Hastert, 59th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
1968 – Cuba Gooding Jr., American actor
*EDWARDS, JUNIOR D.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Clear Creek, Ariz., 2 January 1873. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
New Years Day
Julian Day 1 was 4713 BC, no particular event was recorded, but it became Julian day number 1 as a result of John W. F. Herschel’s establishing a useful time system for astronomy by adopting the initial epoch of Joseph Justus Scaliger‘s cycle of 7980 years. This is useful for astronomers’ calculations of the dates of eclipses. For this purpose, the Julian day number of a day is defined as the number of days since noon GMT on 1 Jan 4713 B.C. in the Proleptic Julian Calendar, and each Julian day number runs from noon to noon.«
January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Here a calendar year refers to the order in which the months are displayed, January to December. The first day of the medieval Julian year was usually a day other than January 1. This day was adopted as the first day of the Julian year by some European countries between 1522 and 1579 (that is, before the creation of the Gregorian calendar in 1582). The British Empire (including its American colonies) did not adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1752. This change can lead to dating confusion between Old Style and New Style dates. The Gregorian calendar as promulgated in 1582 did not specify that January 1 was to be either New Year’s Day or the first day of its numbered year. Although England began its numbered year on March 25 (Lady Day) between the thirteenth century and 1752, January 1 was called New Year’s Day, which was a holiday when gifts were exchanged. 364 days (365 in leap years) remain in the year after this day. At 12 midnight on December 2014, the Julian date is 2,456,658.5
The Mummers Day Parade
Mummery traces its roots to ancient Roman laborers who ushered in the festival of Saturnalia by marching in masks while exchanging gifts and satirizing the issues of the day. In the 1600s, Swedish settlers to Philadelphia’s outskirts honored Christmas by beseeching their neighbors for dessert and liquor by dressing up, chanting and shooting firearms.
The party eventually migrated to New Year’s Day and evolved into a series of neighborhood parades; then, as immigrants moved to the area from Ireland and Italy, each group added their own cultural flair to the local customs. In 1901, the tradition began in earnest with the first recognized and judged Mummers Parade. The term “Mummer” is German and means “to costume or masquerade.”
The parade begins at 10 a.m. and ends sometime before 7:00 p.m. Fancy Brigades hold two ticketed competitions at the Pennsylvania Convention Center – the first at 12:00 noon and the second at 5:00 p.m. (See below for ticket information.) The revelry then moves to Two Street for a party the goes well into the early morning hours.
The day’s highlight is the parade itself, which begins in South Philadelphia in the morning and winds its way up Broad Street to City Hall approximately eight hours later. Each division knows its role: the Comics, often dressed as wenches, satirize issues, institutions and people; the Fancies impress with their glamorous outfits that rival those of royalty; the String Bands gleefully play banjoes, saxophones and percussion instruments; and the Fancy Brigades produce tightly choreographed theatrical extravaganzas.
And ye, who have met with Adversity’s blast,
And been bow’d to the earth by its fury;
To whom the Twelve Months, that have recently pass’d
Were as harsh as a prejudiced jury -
Still, fill to the Future! and join in our chime,
The regrets of remembrance to cozen,
And having obtained a New Trial of Time,
Shout in hopes of a kindlier dozen.
fait accompli fay-tah-kom-PLEE; fet-ah-, noun;
plural faits accomplis same or -PLEEZ:
An accomplished and presumably irreversible deed or fact.
45 BC - The Julian calendar first takes effect. This day is first celebrated as New Year’s Day.
404 - The last known gladiator competition in Rome takes place.
1500 - Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral searched the coast of Brazil and claimed the region for Portugal.
1586 - Francis Drake, who left England on a new voyage to America last September, made a surprise attack on the heavily fortified city of Santo Domingo in Hispaniola, forcing the governor to pay a large ransom.
1600 - Scotland begins using the Julian calendar.
1660 - Samuel Pepys starts his diary.
1673 - Regular mail delivery begins between New York and Boston.
1676 - John Eliot, “the apostle to the Indians,” translates the Scriptures into the Massachusett language, spoken by the Massachusett and Wampanoag Native American nations. It is the first Bible to be published in North America. (actual date unknown).
1772 - The first traveller’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London for the first time.
1780 - American patriots conduct a continuing guerrilla campaign against the British in the territory surrounding Augusta, Georgia.
1781 - Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia, marking the end of the Revolutionary War.
1782 - The supporters of the British cause, the Loyalists, begin to leave the US, mainly for Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
1788 - Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipated their slaves.
1797 - Albany replaces New York City as the capital of New York.
1800 - The Dutch East India Company ceases to exist.
1801 – The first known asteroid, 1 Ceres, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
1802 - A mammoth cheese was presented to President Thomas Jefferson at the White House. In summer 1801, Rev. John Leland urged the ladies of his church in Cheshire, Massachusetts to produce a mammoth cheese to give to the president to recognize his support of religious liberty. The trip to the White House started in November 1801 on a six-horse wagon. Jefferson wrote that it was 4-ft 4½-in diam., 15-in thick.
1804 - French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and first country independent in the West Indies.
1804 - The tradition of the Marine Band serenading the Commandant was established.
1808 - The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.
1813 - The Allies defeated Napoleon at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig.
1815 - At New Orleans, British commander Sir Edward Pakenham leads an attack against the US fortifications around the city. Under General Andrew Jackson, the US Artillery proves superior, and the British are forced to withdraw in order to await reinforcements.
1818 - An official reopening of the White House took place after being repaired from burning by British during War of 1812.
1818 - Mary Shelley’s novel “Frankenstein”, or “The Modern Prometheus” is published.
1824 - The Camp Street Theatre opened as the first English-language playhouse in New Orleans.
1831 - William Lloyd Garrison of Massachusetts, began publishing his newspaper “The Liberator”, dedicated to the abolition of slavery.
1831 - the Genesee Farmer and Gardener’s Journal began publication with an eight-page issue. It was the first American agricultural journal written directly from practical experience.
1840 – First recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, New York City, NY
1845 - The Cobble Hill Tunnel, in Brooklyn, was finished.
1850 - The first iron pile lighthouse in the U.S. built on Minot’s Ledge, Mass., just outside the Boston Harbor and the lamp was lit. The loss of 40 ships there in 1832-41, showed a light was badly needed. It was the first lighthouse in the U.S. to be exposed to the ocean’s full fury. It was feared to be unsafe by its keepers, who reported it swayed badly in storms. The structure was swept away in a great gale on April 16, 1851.
1853 - The first practical U.S. steam fire engine began service in Cincinnati, Ohio, named the Uncle Joe Ross, after a city councilman, who championed it. Four horses pulled the three-wheeled, 5-ton carriage. It could pump six water streams, or a single water stream, 1-3/4″ diam., up to 240 ft range.
1862 – Civil War: First US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000). In order to support the CIVIL WAR effort, Congress enacted the nation’s first income tax law. It was a forerunner of our modern income tax in that it was based on the principles of graduated, or progressive, taxation and of withholding income at the source. In addition sales and excise taxes were added, and an “inheritance” tax also made its debut.
1862 - Civil War: The U.S.S. Yankee, Lieutenant Eastman, and U.S.S. Anacostia, Lieutenant Oscar C. Badger, exchanged fire with Confederate batteries at Cockpit Point, Potomac River; The Yankee was damaged slightly.
1863 - Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, calling on the Union army to liberate all slaves in states still in rebellion as “an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity.” Three million slaves were declared to be “then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
1863 – Civil War: Confederate warships defeated Union blockading forces at Galveston in a fierce surprise attack combined with an assault ashore by Confederate troops that resulted in the capture of the Northern Army company stationed there.
1863 – Civil War: Confederate General Braxton Bragg and Union General William Rosecrans readjust their troops as the Battle of Murfreesboro continues.
1863 – The first claim under the Homestead Act is made by Daniel Freeman for a farm in Nebraska.
1863 – Joseph Merlin invented roller skates with no brakes. He went to a costume ball and crashed into a large mirror. James Plimpton invented roller skates WITH brakes.
1872 - The Holtermann nugget was mined at Hill End, New South Wales in Australia; weighing 630 lbs — the largest gold nugget ever found.
1874 - New York City annexed the Bronx.
1876 - The first modern New Year’s Day Mummers’ Parade was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was a boisterous Swedish custom of celebrating the end of the calendar year with noise making and shouting was combined with the tradition of the British mummery play.
1880 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal.
1888 - The first municipal health laboratory in the U.S. was established in Providence, Rhode Island. It was run by Dr Charles V. Chapin, a pioneer epidemiologist, assisted by Dr Gardner T. Swarts as the Medical Inspector.
1889 – The University of Pennsylvania became the first U.S. university to have a professor of psychology with the appointment of James McKeen Cattell as the first academic to have the title in that field.
1890 - The first Tournament of Roses is held in Pasadena, California.
1892 - Ellis Island opens to begin accepting immigrants to the United States. Fifteen-year-old Annie Moore (15) of County Cork, Ireland, was the first immigrant to be processed through Ellis. The new facility replaced Castle Garden, which was closed because of massive overcrowding and corruption.
1896 – Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays
1897 – First football game between African-American colleges-Atlanta University 10, Tuskegee 0
1898 - New York City annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs,Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
1900 - A New York editorialist wrote that the 20th century began in the United States with “a sense of euphoria and self-satisfaction, a sure feeling that America is the envy of the world.”
1901 – The first official Mummers Parade is held.
1902 - The first radio broadcast demonstration in the U.S. was given by Nathan B. Stubblefield. His voice was the first to be carried on the air-waves (“wireless” – without any wires used for the transmission).
1902 - The first Rose Bowl game is played in Pasadena, California, with the University of Michigan beating Stanford University by a score of 49-0.
1903 -The first transpacific cable from the U.S. was landed at Honolulu, Hawaii and the first message was telegraphed to President Theodore Roosevelt in Washington. Cable Ship Silvertown had laid 2,620 miles of cable since leaving San Francisco, California, on December 14, 1902.
1907 - President Theodore Roosevelt shook a record 8,513 hands in one day.
1907 - The Pure Food and Drug Act became law in the United States.
1908 - For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York City’s Times Square to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.
1909 - The milk pasteurization law took effect in Chicago, Illinois, which in July 1908 became the first American city to pass such a law. Any milk sold in the city was required to have been pasteurized, or must be from cows that had been tuberculin tested.
1909 - Drilling began on the Lakeview Gusher. The Lakeview Gusher Number One is often regarded as the largest recorded U.S. oil well gusher. Located along Taft-Maricopa Highway (California State Route 33) in Kern County, California. The Center for Land Use Interpretation identifies the coordinates as 35°04′48″N, 119°23′35″W.
|1910 - The Hydrox “biscuit bonbon,” a chocolate sandwich cookie with creme filling, was introduced in the U.S., the first of its type in America.
1912 - A Massachusetts law reducing the work-week from fifty-six to fifty-four hours for women and children, went into effect.
1913 - Post office begins parcel post deliveries and issued the world’s first stamp to depict an airplane (a biplane) went on sale at U.S. Post Offices.
1914 – First scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot).The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line offered two flights in each direction daily, at $5 fare each way. The flight traveled 18 miles in about 23 minutes, mostly following the Tampa Bay coast, and at an elevation of 80 feet when crossing the open water of Tampa Bay.
1915 - Aspirin was made available for the first time in tablet form. The pills were manufactured by Bayer pharmaceuticals in Germany. The medicine had previously been sold in powder form from May 1, 1899.
1918 - The first gasoline pipeline began operation along the 40 miles Salt Creek to Casper, Wyoming.
1919 - The first national park in the eastern United States was established on Maine’s Mt. Desert Island, originally called Lafayette National Park but was renamed Acadia National Park in 1929.
1919 - Edsel Ford became president of the Ford Motor company, taking over from his father, Henry Ford. They become sole owners of the company by purchasing stock of the other shareholders.
1920 - Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer and his assistant J. Edgar Hoover, begin prosecution of what he perceives as a “Red Menace.”
1923 - The Angelus Temple, a spiritual palace in the Echo Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, was dedicated by Canadian-born evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944), organizer of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel.
1924 - The first U.S.patent for ink paste was issued to Frank Buckley Cooney of Minneapolis, Minn. (No. 1,479,533). Paste ink was designed to be rendered fluid for use by the addition of water.
1925 – The American astronomer Edwin Hubble announces the discovery of galaxies outside the Milky Way.
1928 - Utah’s Bryce Canyon National Monument was established.
1928 – The first high-rise office building in the world with air-conditioning installed during construction – the Milam Building – opened in San Antonio, Texas.
1934 - Alcatraz Island becomes a U.S. federal prison.The first prisoners arrived in August 11, 1934.
1934 - Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring” (Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses). This was the most infamous sterilization program of the 20th century took place under the most infamous regime of the 20th century: the Third Reich. This law was one of the first acts by Adolf Hitler after achieving total control over the German state.
1934 - Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., the US bank guarantor, became effective.
1934 – A state law took effect mandating the use of safety glass for windshields and windows in new vehicles registered in Pennsylvania.
1935 - Bucknell University wins the first Orange Bowl 26-0 over the University of Miami and in the Sugar Bowl Temple is defeated by Tulane 20-14.
1935 - Wirephoto™ by AP News® was invented. It enabled the transmission of photographs by wire to member newspapers.
1935 - Eastern Airlines hired Eddie Rickenbacker as GM.
1937 – The first Cotton Bowl game is played in Dallas, Texas. TCU defeats Marquette University 16-6.
1937 – At a party at the Hormel Mansion in Minnesota, a guest won $100 for naming a new canned meat – Spam. SPAM was originally called Hormel Spiced Ham without much success.
1939 - William Hewlett and David Packard found Hewlett-Packard.
1942 – The Declaration by the United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
1942 – Rose Bowl played in Durham, North Carolina due to Japanese threat. Oregon 20- Duke 16.
1944 – World War II: American aircraft attack a Japanese convoy off Kavieng, New Ireland. The planes are from the carrier task group led by Admiral Sherman.
1945 – World War II: In Operation Bodenplatte, the German Luftwaffe makes a series of heavy attacks on Allied airfields in Belgium, Holland and northern France.This was the last major offensive of the Luftwaffe.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Fence Me In” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “There Goes that Song Again” by Russ Morgan, “I’m Making Believe” by Ella Fitzgerald & The Ink Spots and “I’m Wastin’ My Tears on You” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1946 – ENIAC, US first computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert. Though not the first ever computer, ENIAC is regarded as the first successful, general digital computer. It weighed over 60,000 lb, and contained more than 18,000 vacuum tubes.
1946 - The U.S. Coast Guard, which had operated as a service under the U.S. Navy since 1 November 1941, was returned to the U .S. Treasury Department, pursuant to Executive Order 9666, dated 28 December 1945.
1946 - An American soldier accepts the surrender of about 20 Japanese soldiers who only discovered that the war was over by reading it in the newspaper.
1947 – The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after the World War II, merge to form the Bizone, that later became the Federal Republic of Germany.
1948 - The first U.S. motion picture newsreel in color was taken at the Tournament of Roses and the Rose Bowl Game, Pasadena, California. Warner Brothers-Pathe started showing this first color newsreel to theatre audiences on 5 Jan 1948. It was made using the Cinecolor process. *
1950 – “Rudolph, The Red-nosed Reindeer” by Gene Autry topped the charts
1950 - Mary T. Sproul commissioned as first female doctor in Navy
1951 – Zenith Radio Corporation of Chicago demonstrated the first pay-per-view television system, offering three movies, “April Showers,” “Welcome Stranger” and “Homecoming.”
1951 - As almost half a million Chinese Communist and North Korean troops launched a new ground offensive. They take Inchon and Kimpo Airfied. Fifth Air Force embarked on a campaign of air raids on enemy troop columns.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “Why Don’t You Believe Me” by Joni James, “Because You’re Mine” by Mario Lanza, “Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes” by Perry Como and “What a Lonesome Life it’s Been” by Skeets McDonald all topped the charts.
1953 – Ten full-length observation “Super Dome” railroad cars began service on the Hiawatha trains of the Milwaukee Railroad operating between Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Seattle and Tacoma.
1954 - The first color telecast originating from the west coast of the U.S. showed the Tournament of Roses parade hosted by Don Ameche in Pasadena, California. It was viewed by the audiences of the National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) network in 21 cities (with remaining cities showing the program in black and white.)
1958 - The U.S. Coast Guard ceased listening continuously for distress calls on 2670 kilocycles replacing the monitoring 21882 kilocycles same as all other monitoring nations. .
1959 - Fulgencio Batista, president of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.
1960 – AFL Championship was played between the Houston Oilers and the Los Angeles Chargers. The final score was Houston 24 to LA 16. The head coach for Houston was Lou Rymkus (1919-1998). The quarterbacks were George Blanda for Houston and Jack Kemp for LA. The game was played in Jeppesen Stadium, Houston, TX.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Are You Lonesome To-night?” by Elvis Presley, “Wonderland by Night” by Bert Kaempfert, “Exodus” by Ferrante & Teicher and “Wings of a Dove” by Ferlin Husky all topped the charts.
1962 - Decca Records turn down the Beatles.
1962 - US Navy SEAL teams established.
1962 - The last signals from the OSCAR 1 satellite were received as its non-rechargeable battery failed. The OSCAR 1 (Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio) was the first Amateur Radio satellite, launched on 12 Dec 1961.
1963 - The first U.S. electric power plant to use hyperbolic-shaped cooling towers was placed in commercial service at Ashland, Kentucky by the Kentucky Power Company. It was designed to cool 120,000 gallons of water per minute.
1964 - An ordinance banning the open-burning of all materials on land within New York City limits took full effect upon the expiration of the two-year exemption for builders and building wreckers.
1966 – A twelve day New York City transit strike begins.
1966 – “The Sounds of Silence” by Simon & Garfunkel topped the charts.
1966 – US cigarette packs have to carry “Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health”.
1966 – Vietnam War: First Marine Division, First Regiment, USMC advance elements arrive in Vietnam.
1967 – Vietnam War: Operation Sam Houston begins as a continuation of border surveillance operations in Pleiku and Kontum Provinces in the Central Highlands by units from the U.S. 4th and 25th Infantry Divisions.
1967 - The first fluoridation law in the U.S. went into effect in Connecticut, requiring fluoridation of public water supplies serving 20,000 or more population, to prevent dental cavities.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Heard It Through the Grapevine” by Marvin Gaye, “For Once in My Life” by Stevie Wonder, “Stormy” by Classics IV featuring Dennis Yost and “Wichita Lineman” by Glen Campbell all topped the charts.
1970 - Jimi Hendrix, Buddy Miles, and Billy Cox are recorded live at the Fillmore East. The resulting album, Band of Gypsys, is the last Hendrix album to be released before his death. This song is from that album, “Machine Gun.”
1970 - President Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act into law.
1971 - Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
1972 - ”Promises Promises” closed at Shubert Theater New York City after 1281 performances.
1974 - The US government Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, established by Congress in 1972, began providing new benefits for the aged, blind and disabled.
1975 – A jury convicts former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell and former White House aides John Ehrlichman and H.R. Haldeman on all counts in the Watergate cover-up case.
1975 – The federal minimum wage was set at $2.10 per hour for 1938 and 1961 groups. It was set at $2.00 for 1966 non-farm group and $1.90 per hour for farm employment.
1976 - NBC replaced the peacock logo.
1976 - The federal minimum wage was set at $2.30 per hour for 1938 and 1961 groups. It was set at $2.20 for 1966 non-farm group and $2.00 per hour for farm employment.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright)” BY Rod Stewart, “You Don’t Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)” by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr., “You Make Me Feel Like Dancing” by Leo Sayer and “Sweet Dreams” by Emmylou Harris all topped the charts.
1977 - The federal minimum wage was set at $$2.30 for 1966 non-farm group and $2.20 per hour for farm employment.
1978 - The US Federal Minimum Wage, set at $2.65 an hour for all covered groups. There were no longer any subgroups.
1978 - US copyright law of 2007 held that the rights to songs written before this date expire 75 years after they were published. US songs written after 1978 would hold their copyright for 50 years after the death of the songwriter.
1979 – Formal diplomatic relations are established between the People’s Republic of China and the United States of America.
1979 – The federal minimum wage is set at $2.90 per hour.
1980 - The federal minimum wage is set at $3.10 per hour.
1981 - The federal minimum wage is set at $3.35 per hour.
1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. TCP/IP became the standard for Internet protocol.
1984 - AT&T is broken up into twenty-two independent units.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Like a Virgin” by Madonna, “The Wild Boys” by Duran Duran, “Sea of Love” by The Honeydrippers and “Why Not Me” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1985 – The Internet’s Domain Name System is created.
1985 - AT&T, the American telephone company, divested local operating to seven independent companies, and henceforth was limited to the long-distance market. Thus ended a monopoly that had previously been sanctioned and regulated by the government. This was required by the 1982 settlement of the 1974 U.S. Justice Department antitrust lawsuit.
1985 - The first US mandatory seat belt law went into effect in New York State.
1985 - The Coast Guard cutter Citrus was rammed by the Motor Vessel Pacific Star during a boarding incident. The Pacific Star then sank after being scuttled by her crew. There were no casualties. The seven crewmen were arrested on drug charges.
1988 – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
1990 - David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City’s first African-American mayor.
1991 – Oklahoma became the first state in the U.S. to implement electronic highway toll collection. It was installed on existing toll roads. Drivers with an optional windshield mounted transponder device could pass at highway speeds through designated lanes of toll plazas.
1992 - A hospital without a policy of no-smoking indoors would risk losing accreditation by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). That would put their Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements in jeopardy. The smoke-free environment, mandated for accreditation by the Commission, was for the health of the patients. This was the first U.S. industry-wide ban on smoking in the workplace.
1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement comes into effect.
1995 – Gary Larson’s “Far Side” cartoon panel ended a 14-year run.
1995 – The Draupner wave, a single giant wave measured on New Year’s Day 1995, finally confirmed the existence of freak waves, which had previously been considered near-mythical.
1996 - In the US it became illegal to manufacture or import freon, a refrigerant for car air-conditioners, due to its effect on the ozone.
1997 – US withdraws completely from the UN Industrial Development Organization.
1997 - The line-item veto became officially available to Pres. Clinton. Later, The US Supreme Court would rule it unconstitutional.
1998 – The 109th Rose Bowl Parade in Pasadena was held and University of Michigan beat Washington State 21-16.
1998 – Law goes into effect in California banning smoking in all bars and nightclubs. It already was illegal to smoke in the state’s restaurants and cafes.
1999 – The Euro currency is introduced.
2000 – As the world celebrates, no major crisis arises from the dreaded Y2K computer ‘millennium bug’.
2000 - The Jewish calendar year was 5760 and the new year scheduled for September 30.
2000 - Wisconsin beat Stanford, 17-to-9, to become the first Big Ten team to win consecutive Rose Bowls.
2001 - No. 4 Washington beat No. 14 Purdue 34-to-24 in the Rose Bowl.
2002 - No. 2 Oregon defeated No. 3 Colorado 38-16 in the Fiesta Bowl.
2002 – The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially enters into force. It establishes a program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over the entire territory of its participants. The treaty is designed to enhance mutual understanding and confidence by giving all participants, regardless of size, a direct role in gathering information about military forces and activities of concern to them.
2003 - Oklahoma beats Washington State 34-14 in the Rose Bowl.
2003 – Georgia defeated Florida State 26-13 in the Sugar Bowl.
2003 – Notre Dame lost to North Carolina State 28-6 in the Gator Bowl.It was its sixth straight bowl loss.
2003 - More than two dozen surgeons stopped working in West Virginia to protest the high cost of malpractice insurance.
2003 - Joe Foss (87), former South Dakota Gov. and World War II hero, Medal of Honor recipient who also served as president of the National Rifle Association and commissioner of the American Football League, died at an Arizona hospital.
2004 - The University of Southern California defeated the University of Michigan, 28-14, in the Rose Bowl.
2004 - The US Navy seized a 4th drug-smuggling vessel in the Persian Gulf with about 2,800 pounds of hashish. Street value was estimated at $11 million.
2006 - The US Medicare prescription drug plan went into effect.
2007 - The 9th-ranked Boise State Broncos completes a perfect season with a 43-42 overtime victory over No. 7 Oklahoma in the Fiesta Bowl.
2007 – Southern California beat Michigan 32-18 in the Rose Bowl.
2007 - In Denver, Colorado, Broncos football player Darrent Williams was killed in a drive-by shooting in the early morning and two people with him were injured.
2008 - In Arizona new laws targeting employers who hire illegal immigrants took effect.
2008 - The Michigan Wolverines upset No. 9 Florida 41-35 in the Capital One Bowl to win their first bowl game since 2003.
2009 – Virgin Galactic and the U.S. state of New Mexico sign a US$150-250 million agreement to launch sub-orbital commercial space flights at Spaceport America, near Las Cruces and Truth or Consequences.
2009 - Bank of America purchased Merrill Lynch to save it from bankruptcy. It was later revealed that the company had awarded $3.6 billion in bonuses to over 39,000 employees just before the acquisition by BofA. The bonuses included $121 million to four top executives.
2009 - The United States handed over control of the Green Zone and Saddam Hussein’s presidential palace to Iraqi authorities in a ceremonial move described by the country’s prime minister as a restoration of Iraq’s sovereignty.
2010 – In the Rose Bowl the No. 8 Ohio Buckeyes won a 26-17 victory over No. 7 Oregon.
2011 – 108th Mummers Parade - Highlights – Filmed at Broad street and Washington Avenue,Philadelphia Pennsylvania. This is the 108th Mummers Day Parade. Mummers tradition dates back to 400 BC and the Roman Festival of Saturnalias where Latin laborers marched in masks throughout the day of satire and gift exchange. This included Celtic variations of “trick-or-treat” and Druidic noise-making to drive away demons for the new year. Reports of rowdy groups “parading” on New Years day in Philadelphia date back before the revolution. Prizes were offered by merchants in the late 1800′s. January 1, 1901 was the first “official.”
2011 – Public workers face outrage as budget crises grow. Across the nation, a rising irritation with public employee unions is palpable, as a wounded economy has blown gaping holes in state, city and town budgets.
2011 – Over a thousand dead blackbirds and other fowl fall out of the sky in Arkansas after a violent tornado outbreak and hailstorm.
2012 – 123rd Rose Bowl Parade in Pasadena. Camera location: Orange Grove and Colorado. (1:50:27)
2012 – The second of NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory spacecraft is in orbit around the moon.
2013 – 124th Rose Bowl Parade in Pasadena.
2014 -The manufacture and import of 60- and 40-watt incandescent light bulbs is now illegal — one more setback in the fight against government interference into the daily lives of the American people.
2014 - Uncle Sam—AKA the federal government—went on a New Year’s Eve binge, adding a net of $125,202,709,546.99 to its total debt in just the one day of Dec. 31, 2013, according to the U.S. Treasury.
2014 - The body of 24-year-old Lauren Bump was discovered on a trail in O.P. Schnabel Park, San Antonio, TX. She had been stabbed multiple times. The murderer, Christian Ivan Bautista, 29 is an illegal alien with a long list of crimes. She was stabbed to death on a jogging trail located in the Northwest section of the city on New Year’s Eve,
1735 - Paul Revere, American patriot (1735- 1818)
1745 - Anthony Wayne, American general and statesman (1745 - 1796)
1750 - Frederick Muhlenberg, First Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (1750-. 1801)
1752 - Betsy Ross, American seamstress (1752- 1836)
1860 - George Washington Carver, American educator (1860- 1943)
1895 - J. Edgar Hoover, American, founding director of the Federal Bureau of Investigations.
1900 - Xavier Cugat (Francisco Deulogeo), Spanish violinist, composer, band leader.
1909 - Barry Goldwater, US Senator, 1964 Republican Presidential nominee.
1919 - J.D. (Jerome David) Salinger, American novelist and short story writer.
1922 - Rocky Graziano, American boxer (1922-. 1990)
1931 - John Le Carré is the pseudonym of David John Moore Cornwell, an English writer of espionage novels.
1935 - B. (Bernard) Kliban, American cartoonist.
1942 - Country Joe McDonald, American musician (Country Joe and the Fish)
YANO, RODNEY J.T.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Air Cavalry Troop, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment. Place and date: Near Bien Hao, Republic of Vietnam, 1 January 1969. Entered service at: Honolulu, Hawaii. Born: 13 December 1943, Kealakekua Kona, Hawaii. Citation: Sfc. Yano distinguished himself while serving with the Air Cavalry Troop. Sfc. Yano was performing the duties of crew chief aboard the troop’s command-and-control helicopter during action against enemy forces entrenched in dense jungle. From an exposed position in the face of intense small arms and antiaircraft fire he delivered suppressive fire upon the enemy forces and marked their positions with smoke and white phosphorous grenades, thus enabling his troop commander to direct accurate and effective artillery fire against the hostile emplacements. A grenade, exploding prematurely, covered him with burning phosphorous, and left him severely wounded. Flaming fragments within the helicopter caused supplies and ammunition to detonate. Dense white smoke filled the aircraft, obscuring the pilot’s vision and causing him to lose control. Although having the use of only one arm and being partially blinded by the initial explosion, Sfc. Yano completely disregarded his welfare and began hurling blazing ammunition from the helicopter. In so doing he inflicted additional wounds upon himself, yet he persisted until the danger was past. Sfc. Yano’s indomitable courage and profound concern for his comrades averted loss of life and additional injury to the rest of the crew. By his conspicuous gallantry at the cost of his life, in the highest traditions of the military service, Sfc. Yano has reflected great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
|MacGlLLlVARY, CHARLES A.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 71st Infantry, 44th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Woelfling, France, 1 January 1945. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Birth: Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: He led a squad when his unit moved forward in darkness to meet the threat of a breakthrough by elements of the 17th German Panzer Grenadier Division. Assigned to protect the left flank, he discovered hostile troops digging in. As he reported this information, several German machineguns opened fire, stopping the American advance. Knowing the position of the enemy, Sgt. MacGillivary volunteered to knock out one of the guns while another company closed in from the right to assault the remaining strong points. He circled from the left through woods and snow, carefully worked his way to the emplacement and shot the two camouflaged gunners at a range of three feet as other enemy forces withdrew. Early in the afternoon of the same day, Sgt. MacGillivary was dispatched on reconnaissance and found that Company I was being opposed by about six machineguns reinforcing a company of fanatically fighting Germans. His unit began an attack but was pinned down by furious automatic and small arms fire. With a clear idea of where the enemy guns were placed, he voluntarily embarked on a lone combat patrol. Skillfully taking advantage of all available cover, he stalked the enemy, reached a hostile machinegun and blasted its crew with a grenade. He picked up a submachine gun from the battlefield and pressed on to within ten yards of another machinegun, where the enemy crew discovered him and feverishly tried to swing their weapon into line to cut him down. He charged ahead, jumped into the midst of the Germans and killed them with several bursts. Without hesitation, he moved on to still another machinegun, creeping, crawling, and rushing from tree to tree, until close enough to toss a grenade into the emplacement and close with its defenders. He dispatched this crew also, but was himself seriously wounded. Through his indomitable fighting spirit, great initiative, and utter disregard for personal safety in the face of powerful enemy resistance, Sgt. MacGillivary destroyed four hostile machineguns and immeasurably helped his company to continue on its mission with minimum casualties.
|CHEEVER, BENJAMIN H., JR.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White River, S. Dak., 1 January 1891. Entered service at: Washington, D.C. Born: 7 June 1850, Washington, D.C. Date of issue. 25 April 1891. Citation: Headed the advance across White River partly frozen, in a spirited movement to the effective assistance of Troop K, 6th U.S. Cavalry.
|HOWZE, ROBERT L.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company K, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White River, S. Dak., 1 January 1891. Entered service at: Overton, Rusk County, Tex. Born: 22 August 1864, Overton, Rusk County, Tex. Date of issue: 25 July 1891. Citation: Bravery in action.
|KERR, JOHN B.
Rank and organization: Captain, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White River, S. Dak., 1 January 1891. Entered service at: Hutchison Station, Ky. Birth: Fayette County, Ky. Date of issue: 25 April 1891. Citation: For distinguished bravery while in command of his troop in action against hostile Sioux Indians on the north bank of the White River, near the mouth of Little Grass Creek, S. Dak., where he defeated a force of 300 Brule Sioux warriors, and turned the Sioux tribe, which was endeavoring to enter the Bad Lands, back into the Pine Ridge Agency.
|KNIGHT, JOSEPH F.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Troop F, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White River, S. Dak., 1 January 1891. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Danville, IL. Date of issue: 1 May 1891. Citation: Led the advance in a spirited movement to the assistance of Troop K, 6th U.S. Cavalry.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White River, S. Dak., 1 January 1891. Entered service at: Washington, D.C. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 4 February 1891. Citation: With five men repelled a superior force of the enemy and held his position against their repeated efforts to recapture it.
|SMITH, CORNELIUS C.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Near White River, S. Dak., 1 January 1891.Entered service at: Helena, Mont. Birth: Tucson, Ariz. Date of issue: 4 February 1891. Citation: With 4 men of his troop drove off a superior force of the enemy and held his position against their repeated efforts to recapture it, and subsequently pursued them a great distance.
|BOURKE, JOHN G.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862-1 January 1863. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 16 November 1887. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company G, 116th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Dutch Gap Canal, Va., 1 January 1865. Entered service at:——. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 8 December 1898. Citation: After the fuse to the mined bulkhead had been lit, this officer, learning that the picket guard had not been withdrawn, mounted the bulkhead and at great personal peril warned the guard of its danger.
Rank and organization. Private, Company B, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862 to 1 January 1863. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: 10 June 1841, Frankford, Pa. Date of issue: 18 November 1887. Citation: Gallantry in action.
NEW YEARS EVE
Auld Lang Syne
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
and never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
and days of auld lang syne?
For auld lang syne, my dear,
for auld lang syne,
we’ll take a cup of kindness yet,
for auld lang syne.Should auld acquaintance be forgot
and never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
and days of auld lang syne?
And here’s a hand, my trusty friend
And gie’s a hand o’ thine
We’ll tak’ a cup o’ kindness yet
For auld lang syne
The song, “Auld Lang Syne” is sung at the stroke of midnight in almost every English-speaking country in the world to bring in the new year. At least partially written by Robert Burns in the 1700′s, it was first published in 1796 after Burns’ death. Early variations of the song were sung prior to 1700 and inspired Burns to produce the modern rendition. An old Scotch tune, “Auld Lang Syne” literally means “old long ago,” or simply, “the good old days.”
“I shall pass this way but once. Any good that I can do Any kindness I can show To any human being, Let me do it now. Let me not defer nor neglect For I shall not pass this way again.”
evanescent \ev-uh-NES-unt\, adjective:
Liable to vanish or pass away like vapor; fleeting.
Evanescent is from Latin evanescere, “to vanish,” from e-, “from, out of” + vanescere, “to disappear,” from vanus, “empty.”
192 - Lucius A.A. Commodus (31), Emperor of Rome (180-192), was murdered. His mistress Marcia, Chamberlain Eclectus, and praetorian prefect Laetus hired the wrestler Narcissus to strangle Commodus after they found their names on an imperial execution list.
1384 - John Wycliffe, English religious reformer and bible translator, died.
1492 - 100,000 Jews were expelled from Sicily.
1600 – British East India Company is chartered.
1695 – A window tax is imposed in England, causing many shopkeepers to brick up their windows to avoid the tax.
1744 – James Bradley announces discovery of Earth’s motion of nutation (wobble).
1775 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army generals Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold.
1775 – Revolutionary War: George Washington ordered recruiting officers to accept free blacks into the army.
1776 – Rhode Island establishes wage & price controls to curb inflation.
1781 – The first modern bank in the U.S., the Bank of North America, was organized by Robert Morris and received its charter from the Confederation Congress. It began operating in Philadelphia.
1783 – Import of African slaves was banned by all of the Northern American states.
1831 – Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
1841 – The State of Alabama enacted the first dental legislation in the U.S.
1852 - The richest year of the gold rush ended, with $81.3 million in gold produced.
1861 – Civil War: Biloxi, Mississippi, surrendered to a landing party of seamen and Marines covered by U.S.S. Water Witch, New London, and Henry Lewis; a small Confederate battery was destroyed, two guns and schooner Captain Spedden captured.
1862 –Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union (thus dividing Virginia in two).
1862 – Civil War: The Battle of Stones River is fought near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Union General William Rosecrans’ army repelled two Confederate attacks.
1862 – Civil War: Union ironclad ship “Monitor” sinks off Cape Hatteras NC.
1877 – President Rutherford B. Hayes became the first U.S. President to celebrate his silver (25th) wedding anniversary in the White House.
1879 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time.
1879 – Gilbert/Sullivan’s “Pirates of Penzance” premieres in New York NY.
1879 – Cornerstone laid for Hawaii’s Iolani Palace (only royal palace in US).
1891 – New York’s new Immigration Depot was opened at Ellis Island, to provide improved facilities for the massive numbers of arrivals.
1896 – 25th auto built in US.
1897 – Brooklyn’s last day as a city, it incorporates into New York City (1/1/1898).
1904 – The first New Year’s Eve celebration is held in Times Square, then known as Longacre Square, in New York, New York.
1907 – For the first time a ball drops at Times Square to signal the New Year.
1909 – Manhattan Bridge opens.
1911 – Marie Sklodowska Curie received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her isolation of the element of metallic radium and other earlier discoveries in the field of chemistry. She was the first person to be awarded a second Nobel Prize, eight years after she became the first woman ever to be honored with a Nobel Prize.
1916 – The Hampton Terrace Hotel in North Augusta, South Carolina, one of the largest and most luxurious hotels in the United States at the time, burns to the ground.
1923 – The chimes of Big Ben are broadcast on radio for the first time by the BBC.
1923 – First transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester.
1923 – Singer Eddie Cantor opened in the lead role of “Kid Boots.”
1929 – Guy Lombardo performs “Auld Lang Syne” at the Roosevelt Hotel in New York City for the first time.
1934 – Helen Richey becomes first woman to pilot an airmail transport.
1935 – A patent was issued for the game of Monopoly assigned to Parker Brothers, Inc., by Charles Darrow of Pennsylvania.
1938 – Dr R N Harger’s “drunkometer”, first breath test, introduced in Indiana.
1941 – World War II: America’s last automobiles with chrome-plated trim were manufactured on this day. Starting in 1942, chrome plating became illegal.
1942 – World War II: Commissioning of USS Essex (CV-9), first of new class of aircraft carriers, at Norfolk, VA.
1942 – World War II: After five months of battle, Emperor Hirohito allowed the Japanese commanders at Guadalcanal to retreat.
1943 – New York City’s Times Square greets Frank Sinatra at the Paramount Theater.
1944 – World War II: On Leyte, various Japanese counterattacks in the northwest are repulsed by American forces.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Fence Me In” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “There Goes that Song Again” by Russ Morgan, “I’m Making Believe” by Ella Fitzgerald & The Ink Spots and “I’m Wastin’ My Tears on You” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1946 – President Harry Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
1947 – Roy Rogers and Dale Evans were married.
1949 – “Mule Train” by Frankie Laine topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War: The 726th Transportation Truck Company, the first Army National Guard unit in Korea, arrived at Pusan.
1951 – First battery to convert radioactive energy to electrical announced.
1951 – The “Wild Bill Hickok” radio series premieres on TV.
1951 – Korean War: The U.S. Navy destroyer USS Marshall fired over 5,600 five-inch shells at enemy positions in eastern Korea during the month of December. This was more than she had fired against the enemy during all of her service in World War II.
1951 – Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $12 billion.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Why Don’t You Believe Me” by Joni James, “Because You’re Mine” by Mario Lanza, “Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes” by Perry Como and “Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes” by Skeets McDonald all topped the charts.
1953 – Willie Shoemaker shatters record, riding 485 winners in a year.
1955 – General Motors becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion in a year.The company’s annual report to stockholders listed a net income of $1,189,477,082 in revenues.
1955 – “Sixteen Tons” by Tennessee Ernie Ford topped the charts.
1958 – Willie Shoemaker first jockey to win national riding championship 4X.
1958 – Cuban dictator Batista flees.
1960 – The Pendletones become The Beach Boys.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “Are You Lonesome Tonight?” by Elvis Presley, “Wonderland by Night” by Bert Kaempfert, “Exodus” by Ferrante & Teicher and “Wings of a Dove” by Ferlin Husky all topped the charts.
1961 – Green Bay Packers shutout New York Giants 37-0 in NFL championship game.
1961 – Beach Boys play their debut gig under this name. The group had made their live performing debut at a Ritchie Valens memorial concert.
1962 – “Match Game” (23:22) debuts on NBC with host Gene Rayburn.
1963 – “Dear Abby” show premieres on CBS radio (runs 11 years).
1963 – Jerry Garcia & Bob Weir played music together for the first time. Weir and Garcia spent the night playing music together and then decided to form a band. The band they formed was Mother McCree’s Uptown Jug Champions, which became the Warlocks, and then the Grateful Dead.
1965 – California became the largest state in population.
1966 – Monkee’s “I’m a Believer” hits #1 & stays there for 7 weeks.
1967 – First NBA game at Great Western Forum, Los Angeles Lakers beat Houston 147-118.
1967 – Dubbed by the sports media as “The Ice Bowl”, the game-time temperature at Lambeau Field was about −15 °F, with a wind chill around −48 °F. Lambeau Field’s turf-heating system malfunctioned, and when the tarpaulin was removed from the field before the game, it left moisture on the field, which flash-froze in the extreme cold, leaving an icy surface that got worse as more and more of the field fell into the shadow of the stadium. Packers win “The Ice Bowl” 21-17. It was the coldest championship game ever.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Heard It Through the Grapevine” by Marvin Gaye, “For Once in My Life” by Stevie Wonder, “Stormy” by Classics IV featuring Dennis Yost and “Wichita Lineman” by Glen Campbell all topped the charts.
1968 – Vietnam War: The bloodiest year of the war comes to an end. At year’s end, 536,040 American servicemen were stationed in Vietnam, an increase of over 50,000 from 1967.
1970 – Congress authorizes the Eisenhower dollar coin.
1972 – Leap second day; also in 1973-79, 1987, 1998….. The Earth is rotating slower and slower over time, while the atomic clocks are not slowing down. On one average day the difference is around 0.002 seconds, which means around 1 second in 500 days. The clocks are programmed to add a second on these days. Since 1972, a total of 24 seconds have been added. This means that the Earth has slowed down 24 seconds compared to atomic time since then.
1972 – The Miami Dolphins edged the Pittsburgh Steelers 21-17 in the AFC championship game and the Washington Redskins beat the Dallas Cowboys 26-3 in the NFC championship game.
1974 – Private U.S. citizens were allowed to buy and own gold for the first time in more than 40 years.
1974 – Free agent pitcher Catfish Hunter signs with Yankees.
1974 – Lindsey Buckingham & Stevie Nicks join Fleetwood Mac.
1974 – Popular Electronics displays Altair 8800 computer.
1975 – Elvis Presley performed before 60,000 fans at the Silverdome in Pontiac, MI. He earned $800,000 for the concert — a world record for a single concert by a single artist.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright)” by Rod Stewart, “You Don’t Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)” by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. and “You Make Me Feel Like Dancing” by Leo Sayer all topped the charts.
1977 – “How Deep Is Your Love” by the Bee Gees topped the charts.
1978 – “Magic Show” closes at Cort Theater NYC after 1859 performances.
1979 – At year end oil prices were 88% higher than at the start of 1979.
1980 – Hockey’s New York Islanders greatest shutout margin (9-0) vs Chicago Black Hawks.
1981 – CNN Headline News debuts.
1983 – The AT&T Bell System is broken up by the United States Government.
1983 – “Say, Say, Say” by Paul McCartney & Michael Jackson topped the charts.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Like a Virgin” by Madonna, “The Wild Boys” by Duran Duran, “Sea of Love” by The Honeydrippers and “Why Not Me” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1985 – Ricky Nelson, his fiancee, Helen Blair, and five members of the Stone Canyon Band were killed in a plane crash a mile southeast of DeKalb, Texas. Nelson was 45. Fire in the passenger cabin forced the pilots of Nelson’s DC-3 to attempt an emergency landing in a field. The aircraft hit wires and a pole, then crashed into trees where it was extensively damaged by impact and fire. The crew escaped through the cockpit windows, but none of the passengers got out.
1986 – A fire at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, kills 97 and injures 140.
1986 – The State of Florida passed Illinois to become the fifth most populous state in the U.S. In the lead: California, New York, Texas, and Pennsylvania.
1988 – Mario Lemieux became the first player in National Hockey League history to score one each of the five types of goals in a single game: an even-strength goal, a power-play goal, a short-handed goal, a penalty shot and an empty-net goal.
1988 – “Every Rose Has Its Thorn” by Poison topped the charts.
1988 - The “Fog Bowl” was the name given to this NFL playoff game between the Philadelphia Eagles and Chicago Bears. A heavy, dense fog rolled over Chicago’s Soldier Field during the 2nd quarter, cutting visibility to about 15-20 yards for the rest of the game. The Bears ended up winning 20-12.
1989 – Jockey Kent Desormeaux sets record with 598 wins in a year.
1990 – Garry Kasparov holds his title by winning the World Chess Championship match against his countryman Anatoly Karpov.
1990 – The Sci-Fi Channel on cable TV begins transmitting.
1991 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is officially dissolved.
1992 – President Bush visited Somalia, where he saw firsthand the famine racking the east African nation. He praised U.S. troops that provided relief to the starving population.
1993 – Barbra Streisand does her first live public concert in 20 years.
1993 - Former IBM chairman Thomas J. Watson died in Greenwich, Conn., at age 79.
1994 - John C. Salvi III, accused of killing two receptionists at two Boston-area abortion clinics on Dec 30, was arrested in Norfolk, Va.
1994 – Bosnia: The first US tanks crossed a pontoon bridge over the Sava River from Croatia to Bosnia to start the deployment of 20,000 US troops under IFOR, the Implementation Force under NATO command.
1995 – The last strip of the popular comic Calvin and Hobbes is published.
1995 - President Clinton and Monica Lewinsky engaged in their third sexual encounter. By this time Lewinsky was a member of the staff of the Office of legislative Affairs.
1997 – Quaker Oats settles a lawsuit involving the immoral use of child subjects in radioactivity experiments circa 1945-56.
1997 – Microsoft purchases Hotmail.
1997 – Michael Kennedy, 39-year-old son of the late U.S. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, was killed in a skiing accident on Aspen Mountain in Colorado.
1997 - The US State Dept. reported that Iraq had ordered the summary execution of “hundreds if not thousands” of political detainees in recent weeks.
1998 - In New Orleans a truck loaded with fireworks exploded prior to a New Years Eve show. Two technicians were killed.
1999 – Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President.
1999 – The United States Government handed Panama Canal control over to Panama.
1999 – TERRORISM: Ahmed Ressam AKA Benni Noris or the Millennium Bomber planned (1967-05-19) to bomb Los Angeles International Airport . Prior to implementation of the plan he was arrested, convicted and sentenced to 22 years in prison.
1999 - An arson attack of the genetic research building at Michigan State University caused $3.7 million in damages.
2001 - Notre Dame tapped Tyrone Willingham to be its football coach, replacing George O’Leary, who’d resigned because of misstatements about his academic and athletic achievements on his resume; Willingham became the first African-American head coach in any sport for the Irish.
2001 - The US planned to deploy elements of the 101st Airborne Division to replace Marines near Kandahar. US troops moved by helicopter to Helmand province, the region where Mohammed Omar was suspected to be.
2001 - New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani spent his final day in office praising police, firefighters, and other city employees, and said he had no regrets about returning to private life.
2002 - US executions for the year rose from 66 to71 with 33 in Texas.
2003 - Neal Batson ended his tenure as bankruptcy examiner of Enron. The 18-month probe had a final tab of $90 million. It included lawyer rates of as much as $600 an hour.
2003 - Chicago regained the title of America’s murder capital. It finished 2003 with 599 homicides.
2004 – The official opening of Taipei 101, the current tallest skyscraper in the world, standing at a height of 1,670 feet.
2004 - The U.S. government pledges $350,000,000 for relief due to the Indonesian earthquake on December 26th..
2005 – AT&T and SBC Communications merge, SBC name is dropped. A new AT&T is formed.
2005 – Dick Clark, in his first television appearance since his stroke in 2004, helped to ring in the new year in Times Square.
2005 – Guillermo Martinez (18) died in a Tijuana hospital one day after he was shot by a US Border Patrol agent near a metal wall separating that city from San Diego.
2005 - After heavy rains, Napa, California experienced its worst flooding in 20 years.
2006 – The US Medicare prescription drug plan went into effect.
2006 – Colorado Gov. Bill Owens and Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius declared statewide emergencies after a winter storm dumped as much as three-feet of snow across much of the Plains. Snowdrifts reached ten feet and twelve people died in four states.
2006 – The International Federation of Journalists announced that the year 2006 was the deadliest for journalists and media workers worldwide, with at least 155 murders and unexplained deaths.
2006 - The number of U.S. military deaths in Iraq reaches 3,000 since the 2003 U.S. invasion.
2007 – In Ohio a drunken driver went about four miles down a highway in the wrong direction before his pickup truck slammed into a minivan, killing a woman and four children and injuring three others. All 8 had been visiting family in Michigan and were returning to Maryland.
2007 – In San Francisco Albert Collins (30) shielded his daughter (9) from gunfire in the Sunnydale public housing project and was killed becoming the city’s 98th homicide victim.
2007 – The International Federation of Journalists said at least 134 media workers were killed on assignment this year, most of them in Iraq, which has become the most dangerous place for journalists since the start of the US-led war there.
2008 – In Aspen, Colorado, James Chester Blanning (72), walked into two downtown banks after noon and left gift-wrapped bombs made of gasoline and cell phone components. He had skied competitively as a teen but had grown bitter about his hometown.
2009 – Revelers ringing in 2010 will be treated to both a blue moon and a lunar eclipse occur. According to popular definition, a blue moon is the second full moon in a month.
2009 – In St. George, Utah, a trailer at an RV park containing some 19 pet pythons caught fire. 11 of the snakes survived.
2009 – Patrick Stewart, the actor who played Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek: The Next Generation and Professor X in X-Men, is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
2010 – Tornadoes touch down in midwestern and southern United States, including Washington County, Arkansas; Greater St. Louis, Sunset Hills, Missouri, Illinois and Oklahoma, with a few tornadoes in the early hours of January 1, 2011. A total of thirty-six tornadoes touched down, resulting in the deaths of nine people.
2011 – A 4.0-magnitude earthquake hits Ohio, with no immediate reports of damage.
2011 – President Barack Obama signs the National Defense Authorization Act into law allowing the indefinite imprisonment of any United States citizen under suspect of terrorism without need of trial.
2012 - The U.S. will miss the midnight deadline and head over the “fiscal cliff”, after the House of Representatives announces it will not vote on the deal on Monday night.
2012 - University of Rochester Medical Center in Rochester, New York, announces that a particularly harmful type of space radiation may accelerate the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
1491 – Jacques Cartier, French explorer (d. 1557)
1720 – Charles Edward Stuart, the “Young Pretender” to the British throne.
1815 – George Gordon Meade, the Union general who defeated Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1869 – Henri Matisse, French painter, designer.
1880 – George Marshall, U.S. Secretary of State, designer of Marshall Plan, Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff during World War II.
1884 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-born American cosmetic executive.
1908 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian Holocaust survivor (d. 2005)
1943 – John Denver, American musician (d. 1997)
1947 – Wayne C. Church, editor of Unerased History
1959 – Val Kilmer, American stage and film actor.
*COOK, DONALD GILBERT
Rank and organization: Colonel, United States Marine Corps, Prisoner of War by the Viet Cong in the Republic of Vietnam. Place and date: Vietnam, 31 December 1964 to 8 December, 1967. Entered Service at: Brooklyn, New York. Date and place of birth: 9 August 1934, Brooklyn New York. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while interned as a Prisoner of War by the Viet Cong in the Republic of Vietnam during the period 31 December 1964 to 8 December 1967. Despite the fact that by so doing he would bring about harsher treatment for himself, Colonel (then Captain) Cook established himself as the senior prisoner, even though in actuality he was not. Repeatedly assuming more than his share of their health, Colonel Cook willingly and unselfishly put the interests of his comrades before that of his own well-being and, eventually, his life. Giving more needy men his medicine and drug allowance while constantly nursing them, he risked infection from contagious diseases while in a rapidly deteriorating state of health. This unselfish and exemplary conduct, coupled with his refusal to stray even the slightest from the Code of Conduct, earned him the deepest respect from not only his fellow prisoners, but his captors as well. Rather than negotiate for his own release or better treatment, he steadfastly frustrated attempts by the Viet Cong to break his indomitable spirit. and passed this same resolve on to the men whose well-being he so closely associated himself. Knowing his refusals would prevent his release prior to the end of the war, and also knowing his chances for prolonged survival would be small in the event of continued refusal, he chose nevertheless to adhere to a Code of Conduct far above that which could be expected. His personal valor and exceptional spirit of loyalty in the face of almost certain death reflected the highest credit upon Colonel Cook, the Marine Corps, and the United States Naval Service.
BOURKE, JOHN G.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862-1 January 1863. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 16 November 1887. Citation: Gallantry in action.
FARQUHAR, JOHN M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 89th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 6 August 1902. Citation: When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established.
FOLLETT, JOSEPH L.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st Missouri Light Artillery. Place and date: At New Madrid, Mo., 3 March 1862; at Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Birth: Newark, N.J. Date of issue: 19 September 1890. Citation: At New Madrid, Mo., remained on duty though severely wounded. While procuring ammunition from the supply train at Stone River, Tenn., was captured, but made his escape, secured the ammunition, and in less than an hour from the time of his capture had the batteries supplied.
FREEMAN, HENRY B.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Mount Vernon, Ohio. Birth: Mount Vernon, Ohio. Date of issue: 17 February 1894. Citation: Voluntarily went to the front and picked up and carried to a place of safety, under a heavy fire from the enemy, an acting field officer who had been wounded, and was about to fall into enemy hands.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Medina County, Ohio. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 12 December 1894. Citation: Voluntarily conveyed, under a heavy fire, information to the commander of a battalion of regular troops by which the battalion was saved from capture or annihilation.
PRENTICE, JOSEPH R.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 19th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: ——. Born: 6 December 1838, Lancaster, Ohio. Date of issue: 3 February 1894. Citation: Voluntarily rescued the body of his commanding officer, who had fallen mortally wounded. He brought off the field his mortally wounded leader under direct and constant rifle fire.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 21st Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Hancock County, Ohio. Date of issue: 17 September 1897. Citation: Voluntarily and under a heavy fire, while his command was falling back, rescued a wounded and helpless comrade from death or capture.
Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, England. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island, which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor off Hatteras, 31 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Wagg distinguished himself by meritorious conduct during this operation.
WHITEHEAD, JOHN M.
Rank and organization: Chaplain, 15th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Westville, Ind. Born: 6 March 1823, Wayne County, Ind. Date of issue: 4 April 1898. Citation: Went to the front during a desperate contest and unaided carried to the rear several wounded and helpless soldiers.
It’s About Time Week 26-31
Falling Needles Family Fest Day
The Gadsen Purchase
James Gadsden, U.S. Minister to Mexico, and General Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico, signed the Gadsden Purchase in Mexico City on December 30, 1853.
In 1852 Gadsden agreed to pay Santa Anna $10,000,000 for a strip of territory south of the Gila River and lying in what is now southwestern New Mexico and southern Arizona. Many Americans were not especially proud of the Guadalupe-Hidalgo Treaty and considered the price of the Gadsden Purchase as “conscience money.”
The treaty settled the dispute over the exact location of the Mexican border west of El Paso, Texas, giving the U.S. claim to approximately 29,000 square miles of land in what is now southern New Mexico and Arizona. At the rest stop on 1-10 West bound in Arizona just outside of Casa Grande is the marker erected to commerate the signing of the treaty.
U.S. Secretary of War Jefferson Davis had sent Gadsden to negotiate with Santa Anna for this tract of land which many people, including Davis, believed to be strategic for the construction of the southern transcontinental railroad. Many supporters of a southern Pacific railroad route came to believe that a transcontinental route which stretched through the Gadsden Purchase territory would greatly advantage southern states should hostilities break out with the north.
The first transcontinental railroad was, however, constructed along a more northerly route by the “big four” of western railroad construction—Collis P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. A southern transcontinental route through territory acquired by the Gadsen Purchase was not a reality until 1881 when the tracks of the “big four’s” Southern Pacific met those of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe in the Territory of New Mexico.
As we close this year here are a couple good quotes for the future:
“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.”
And another from Eleanor
“You gain strength, courage, and confidence by every experience by which you really stop to look fear in the face. You are able to say to yourself, ‘I lived through this horror. I can take the next thing that comes along.”
dehisce (di-HIS) verb intr.
1. To burst open, as the pod of a plant.
[When a peapod is ripe after a long wait and bursts open, it's yawning,etymologically speaking.
2. To gape.
The term dehisce comes from Latin dehiscere, (to split open), from hiscere (to gape, yawn), from Latin hiare (to yawn).
Another term that derives from the same root is hiatus.]
1731 – First US music concert of classical music in the American colonies took place in Boston. The event, billed as “a Concert of Music on sundry Instruments” was held at the home of a Mr. Pelham, an engraver, dancing master and dealer in tobacco, among other things.
1803 – The United States took formal possession of the territory of Louisiana.
1809 – Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston.
1813 – The British burned Buffalo, N.Y., during the War of 1812.
1817 – Kamehameha I’s Brazilian physician was the first to cultivate coffee in Hawaii.
1835 – After gold discovery in Georgia, Cherokees are forced to move.
1853 – Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest. The treaty established the final boundaries of the southern United States.
1854 – Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company, first in US, incorporated.
1861 – Banks in the United States suspended the practice of redeeming paper money for metal currency, a practice that would continue until 1879.
1862 – The draft of the Emancipation Proclamation was finished and circulated around Lincoln’s cabinet for comment.
1862 – Civil War: USS Monitor sinks in a storm off Cape Hatteras, NC. Many artifacts from Monitor, including her turret, cannon, propeller, anchor, engine and some personal effects of the crew, have been conserved and are on display at the Mariners’ Museum of Newport News, Virginia.
1863 – Civil War: An Expedition from U.S.S. Pursuit, destroyed two salt works at the head of St. Joseph’s Bay, Florida.
1873 – The American Metrological Society was formed in New York City to improve systems of weights, measures and money.
1879 – “Pirates of Penzance” was the only Gilbert & Sullivan opera to have its official premiere in New York.
1903 – A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois kills over 600. Matinee patrons for “Mr Bluebeard” panicked despite efforts by comedian Eddie Foy (47) to calm the crowd.
1905 – Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho because of his role in quelling a miners’ strike in 1899,.
1907 – The Mills Commission issued its final report, concluding that Abner Doubleday was the inventor of the sport of baseball, a claim Doubleday himself had never made.
1918 – John E Hoover decides to be called J Edgar Hoover.
1922 – The USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) was established. One of America’s greatest enemies.
1924 – Edwin Hubble announces the existence of other galaxies. Scientists, at the time, weren’t sure if the “fogginess” that they were seeing were stars or what they were.
1936 – The United Auto Workers union stages its first sit-down strike. It was at the Fisher Body Plant in Flint, MI.
1936 – The famous feud between Jack Benny and Fred Allen begins.
1938 – Electronic television system patented by V K Zworykin.
1940 – California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway. It is the first freeway in the U.S. state of California, connecting Los Angeles with Pasadena alongside the Arroyo Seco.It is also known as the Pasadena Freeway or the 110.
1941 – World War II: Admiral Ernest J. King assumes duty as Commander in Chief, United States Fleet.
1942 – Frank Sinatra opened at New York’s Paramount Theatre. For what was scheduled to be a 4-week engagement, Sinatra’s shows turned out to be so popular that he was booked for an additional 4 weeks.
1942 – The radio program, “Mr. and Mrs. North”, debuts on the NBC Radio network. It was a radio mystery series that ran from 1942 to 1954. It originated in New Yorker short stories written by Richard Lockridge in the 1930s.
1943 – World War II: On New Britain, the US First Marine Division, as part of Operation Cartwheel, captures the Japanese airfield at Cape Gloucester.
1944 – World War II: The US 8th Corps (part of US 3rd Army) launches attacks northward, against the German 5th Panzer Army, from a line between Bastogne and St. Hubert with Houffalize as the objective.
1944 – Coast Guard-manned USS FS-367 takes survivors from USS Mariposa at San Jose, Mindoro, Philippine Islands. The Mariposa was a Liberty ship carrying gasoline; it was sunk off Occidental Mindoro by Allied torpedoes after devastating Japanese air attack.
1944 – World War II: General Groves, head of the Manhattan Project, reports that the first two atomic bombs should be ready by August 1, 1945.
1948 – The play “Kiss Me, Kate” opens for the first of 1,077 performances. It opened at New Century Theater New York City.
1949 – First UHF television station operating regular basis (Bridgeport CT).
1950 – “The Tennessee Waltz” by Patti Page topped the charts.
1950 – The body of Eighth Army commander Lieutenant General Walton Walker, killed in a jeep accident on Dec. 23, was flown to the United States for burial in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Slowpoke” by Pee Wee King, “Sin (It’s No)” by Eddy Howard, “Down Yonder” by Del Wood and “Let Old Mother Nature Have Her Way” by Carl Smith all topped the charts.
1951 – “The Roy Rogers Show” premiered on TV.
1952 – Sinbad, the canine-mascot of the cutter Campbell during World War II, passed away at his last duty station, the Barnegat Lifeboat Station, at the ripe old age of 15.
1953 – The first color television sets go on sale for about USD at $1,175 each. For perspective, annual salaries were $4000, the average car price was $1650, gas was $.20 per gallon and a one carat diamond was $399.
1954 – First use of 24-second shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston)
1954 – Pearl Bailey opened on Broadway in “House of Flowers.”
1954 – James Arness makes his dramatic TV debut. He starred in “The Chase” on the “Lux Video Theatre.”
1956 – The New York Giants defeated the Chicago Bears, 47-to-7, to win the NFL Championship Game.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Why” by Frankie Avalon, “The Big Hurt” by Miss Toni Fisher, “It’s Time to Cry” by Paul Anka and “El Paso” by Marty Robbins all topped the charts.
1959 – The George Washington, first ballistic missile sub is commissioned.
1961 – “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” by The Tokens topped the charts.
1961 – Jack Nicklaus lost his first attempt at pro golf to Gary Player in an exhibition match in Miami, FL.
1962 – Singer Brenda Lee’s home was destroyed by fire.
1963 – Congress authorizes the Kennedy half dollar.
1964 – “Let’s Make a Deal” premiered on television.
1967 – Beatles’ “Hello Goodbye” single tops the charts.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hello Goodbye” by The Beatles, “Woman, Woman” by The Union Gap, “Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)” by John Fred & His Playboy Band and “For Loving You” by Bill Anderson & Jan Howard all topped the charts.
1969 – Peter, Paul and Mary received a gold record for the single, “Leaving On a Jet Plane“.
1969 – The US Federal Aviation Administration certified the Boeing 747-100 for commercial service.
1969 – Pres. Nixon signed the Tax Reform Act of 1969. The US Congress (both Democrat) had enacted legislation that created a minimum tax (later known as the Alternative Minimum Tax, AMT) after the IRS revealed that about 155 high-income households had paid no tax in 1966.
1970 – Vietnam: The South Vietnamese Navy receives 125 U.S. vessels in a ceremony marking the end of the U.S. Navy’s four-year role of river patrol combat.
1972 – “Me and Mrs. Jones” by Billy Paul topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: President Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam and announces peace talks.
1973 – First picture of a comet from space (Comet Kohoutek-Skylab).
1974 – Beatles are legally disbanded.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Let’s Do It Again” by The Staple Singers, “Saturday Night” by Bay City Rollers, “Love Rollercoaster” by Ohio Players and “Convoy” by C.W. McCall all topped the charts.
1976 – The Smothers Brothers, Tom and Dick, played their last show at the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas and retired as a team from show business.
1977 – Ted Bundy escapes from his cell in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
1977 – President Jimmy Carter holds first news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
1978 – Ohio State dismisses Woody Hayes as its football coach. He was fired after having a temper tantrum during the Gator Bowl against Clemson and striking a Clemson linebacker named Charlie Bauman who had intercepted an Ohio pass.
1978 – “Le Freak” by Chic topped the charts.
1980 – After 25 years, the longest-running prime-time US TV series “The Wonderful World of Disney” is cancelled by NBC.
1980 – The Selective Service System sent a warning to Mickey Mouse at Disneyland in Anaheim, California: Register for the draft or else! The Selective Service said that Mickey was in violation of registration compliance. Of course, Mickey, age 52 at the time, sent in his registration card proving that he’s a World War II veteran.
1981 – The 14 remaining LORAN-A stations closed down at midnight, ending Loran-A coverage, which began during World War II. is a terrestrial radio navigation system using low frequency radio transmitters in multiple deployment to determine the location and speed of the receiver. In August 2010 all LORAN operations ceased with the more powerful advent of GPS.
1981 – Wayne Gretzky scores his 50th goal in 39 games, still a National Hockey League record.
1982 – Anthony Shaffer’s “Whodunnit” premieres in New York NY
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Say Say Say” by Paul McCartney & Michael Jackson, “Say It Isn’t So” by Daryl Hall-John Oates, “Union of the Snake” by Duran Duran and “Houston (Means I’m One Day Closer to You)” by Larry Gatlin & The Gatlin Brothers all topped the charts.
1983 – ‘Dr. J’, Julius Erving, of the Philadelphia 76ers, scores to become the ninth professional basketball player to score 25,000 points.
1987 – Manufacturers of all-terrain vehicles agreed to withdraw the three-wheel model from dealers’ inventories
1988 – President Reagan and President-elect Bush subpoenaed to testify in the trial of Oliver North.
1989 – “Another Day in Paradise” by Phil Collins topped the charts.
1989 – A Northwest Airlines DC-10, target of a telephoned threat, flew safely from Paris to Detroit amid extra-tight security.
1990 – Iraq’s information minister (Latif Nussayif Jassim) said President Bush “must have been drunk” when he suggested Iraq might withdraw from Kuwait, and added: “We will show the world America is a paper tiger.”
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Black or White” by Michael Jackson, “It’s So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday” by Boyz II Men, “All 4 Love” by Color Me Badd and “My Next Broken Heart” by Brooks & Dunn all topped the charts.
1991 – The remains of two American hostages slain in Lebanon, William Buckley and Marine Col. William R. Higgins, arrived in the United States for burial.
1993 – Israel and the Vatican establish diplomatic relations.
1994 – John Salvi opened fire at two abortion clinics in suburban Boston and killed 2 clinic receptionists, Lee Ann Nichols and Shannon Lowney.
1995 – A US military policeman, Martin John Begosh, became the first American injured in NATO’s fledgling Bosnia peace mission when his Humvee hit an anti-tank mine.
1995 – The Salem Baptist Church in Gibson Co., Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
1996 – The Clinton administration said that doctors who prescribe marijuana could be excluded from Medicare and Medicaid programs and lose the right to prescribe drugs.
1998 – Iraq again fired at US warplanes the missile site was destroyed in response.
1999 – Beatle George Harrison and his wife were attacked in their home in Henley-on-Thames during a robbery. Though Harrison was stabbed in the chest four times, he and his wife were able to subdue the assailant until police arrived.
1999 -MASS SHOOTING: In Tampa, Fla., Silvio Izquierdo-Leyva, an employee at the Radisson Bay Harbor Inn, shot and killed four co-workers and a motorist as he tempted to steal a car before police arrested him.
1999 – In Oregon an 80-foot power-line tower was toppled 26 miles east of Bend. It was described as an isolated case of criminal mischief.
1999 – Sarah “Sadie” Clark Knauss, listed by the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest person with a verifiable date of birth, died in Allentown, Pennsylvania, at age 119.
2001 - Rev. Jack Brock of the Christ Community Church and his wife Sharon burned Harry Potter books in Alamogordo, NM, after calling them “a masterpiece of satanic deception.”
2002 – TERRORISM: In Yemen a suspected Muslim extremist, hiding his gun cradled like a baby, slipped into the Jibla Baptist Hospital and opened fire, killing three American missionaries.
2003 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announces a ban on the sale of dietary supplement ephedra.
2003 – The Bush administration banned the use of meat from all sick or lame animals.
2003 – U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft recuses himself and his office from the Plame affair.
2003 - FedEx agreed to acquire Kinko’s for $2.2 billion.
2004 – In Tennessee two couples were charged with defrauding Wal-Mart of $1.5 million in 19 states by switching UPC bar codes.
2004 - Arkansas vowed to appeal after a judge struck down a 1999 rule barring the state from placing a foster child in any household with a gay member.
2005 – It was revealed the Justice Department had opened an investigation into the leak of classified information about President Bush’s secret domestic spying program.
2005 - President Bush, unhappy with Congress for not permanently extending the U.S.A. Patriot Act, signed a bill renewing the anti-terrorism law for a few weeks.
2005 – US stock markets finished the year flat with the DJIA down 49.48 for the year, closing at 10717.50.
2005 – In Germany the US Air Force handed over the keys to Rhein-Main Air Base to the operator of Frankfurt International Airport in a final act of closure for the base, which for 60 years hosted American forces.
2006 – Saddam Hussein is hanged at a former military intelligence headquarters in Baghdad’s Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah. Within hours of his death, bombings killed at least 80 people.
2006 - The body of Gerald Washington (57), mayor-elect of Westlake, Louisiana, was found shot to death in the parking lot of a former school. He was the first black man elected to lead the largely white town. On Jan 2 investigators ruled his death a suicide.
2008 - Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich named former state Attorney General Roland Burris (71) to replace Barack Obama as state senator. The surprise move put opponents in the uncomfortable position of trying to block Burris from becoming the Senate’s only black member.
2008 – A US federal judge awarded more than $65 million to several men who were captured and tortured by North Korea after the communist country seized the U.S. spy ship USS Pueblo on Jan 23, 1968. North Korea never responded to the lawsuit.
2009 – The US government gave GMAC Financial Services an additional $3.8 billion in cash and took a majority stake in the auto lender.
2010 - Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour frees two sisters 16 years into double life terms received for armed robbery of two men for $11, citing one of the sister’s “medical condition creates a substantial cost to the state of Mississippi.”
2011 – The stock for McDonald’s rose 31 percent in 2011, the largest gain in the Dow Jones Industrial Average, while Bank of America fell 59 percent, the largest loss in the Dow Jones.
2012 - President Barack Obama puts pressure on Republicans to accept a deal aimed at avoiding a tax and spending “fiscal cliff”, as the end-of-year deadline looms.
2012 -Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is hospitalized after doctors discover a blood clot related to the concussion she suffered earlier this month
39 – Roman Emperor Titus (d. 81) was a Roman Emperor (79-81) of the Flavian dynasty. Before being Emperor he was the general that lead the destruction of Jerusalem in 70.
1851 – Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman and politician (d. 1929) He was an American business tycoon who made most of his money selling Coca-Cola. He also served as mayor of Atlanta, Georgia from 1916 to 1919. Candler Field, the site of the present-day Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport was named after him, as is Candler Park in Atlanta.
1865 – Rudyard Kipling, English novelist, short story author, poet, Nobel Prize for Literature winner.
1867 – Simon Guggenheim, American philanthropist.
1914 – Bert Parks, American television host (d. 1992)
1920 – Jack Lord, American actor (d. 1998) He was best known for his starring role as Steve McGarrett in the American television program Hawaii Five-O from 1968 to 1980.
1928 – Bo Diddley (Ellas Bates, Ellas McDaniel), American rhythm and blues singer.
1935 – Sandy Koufax, baseball player
1959 – Tracey Ullman, English comedienne.
1975 – Tiger Woods, American pro golfer.
HOWARD, ROBERT L.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 30 December 1968. Entered service at: Montgomery, Ala. Born: 11 July 1939, Opelika, Ala. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. 1st Lt. Howard (then Sfc .), distinguished himself while serving as platoon sergeant of an American-Vietnamese platoon which was on a mission to rescue a missing American soldier in enemy controlled territory in the Republic of Vietnam. The platoon had left its helicopter landing zone and was moving out on its mission when it was attacked by an estimated two-company force. During the initial engagement, 1st Lt. Howard was wounded and his weapon destroyed by a grenade explosion. 1st Lt. Howard saw his platoon leader had been wounded seriously and was exposed to fire. Although unable to walk, and weaponless, 1st Lt. Howard unhesitatingly crawled through a hail of fire to retrieve his wounded leader. As 1st Lt. Howard was administering first aid and removing the officer’s equipment, an enemy bullet struck one of the ammunition pouches on the lieutenant’s belt, detonating several magazines of ammunition. 1st Lt. Howard momentarily sought cover and then realizing that he must rejoin the platoon, which had been disorganized by the enemy attack, he again began dragging the seriously wounded officer toward the platoon area. Through his outstanding example of indomitable courage and bravery, 1st Lt. Howard was able to rally the platoon into an organized defense force. With complete disregard for his safety, 1st Lt. Howard crawled from position to position, administering first aid to the wounded, giving encouragement to the defenders and directing their fire on the encircling enemy. For 3 1/2 hours 1st Lt. Howard’s small force and supporting aircraft successfully repulsed enemy attacks and finally were in sufficient control to permit the landing of rescue helicopters. 1st Lt. Howard personally supervised the loading of his men and did not leave the bullet-swept landing zone until all were aboard safely. 1st Lt. Howard’s gallantry in action, his complete devotion to the welfare of his men at the risk of his life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
NOLAN, RICHARD J.
Rank and organization: Farrier, Company I, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White Clay Creek, S. Dak., 30 December 1890. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 1 April 1891. Citation: Bravery.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White Clay Creek, S. Dak., 30 December 1890. Entered service at:——. Birth: Sweden. Date of issue: 13 April 1891. Citation: Bravery.
VARNUM, CHARLES A.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At White Clay Creek, S. Dak., 30 December 1890. Entered service at: Pensacola, Fla. Birth: Troy, N.Y. Date of issue: 22 September 1897. Citation: While executing an order to withdraw, seeing that a continuance of the movement would expose another troop of his regiment to being cut off and surrounded, he disregarded orders to retire, placed himself in front of his men, led a charge upon the advancing Indians, regained a commanding position that had just been vacated, and thus insured a safe withdrawal of both detachments without further loss.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 3d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Texas, 30 December 1891. Entered service at:——. Birth: Patriot, Ind. Date of issue: 25 April 1892. Citation: While carrying dispatches, he attacked a party of three armed men and secured papers valuable to the United States.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wounded Knee Creek, and White Clay Creek, S. Dak 29-30 December 1890. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany Date of issue: 23 June 1891. Citation: Conspicuous bravery.
GRISWOLD, LUKE M.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Massachusetts. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor, 30 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous rescue of the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Griswold, after rescuing several of the men, became separated in a heavy gale with other members of the cutter that had set out from the Rhode Island, and spent many hours in the small boat at the mercy of the weather and high seas until finally picked up by a schooner fifty miles east of Cape Hatteras.
HESSELTINE, FRANCIS S.
Rank and organization: Colonel, 13th Maine Infantry. Place and date: At Matagorda Bay, Tex., 29-30 December 1863. Entered service at: Maine. Born: 10 December 1833, Bangor, Maine. Date of issue: 2 March 1895. Citation: In command of a detachment of one-hundred men, conducted a reconnaissance for two days, baffling and beating back an attacking force of more than a thousand Confederate cavalry, and regained his transport without loss.
HORTON, LEWIS A.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1839, Bristol Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island, which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor, 30 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Horton, after rescuing several of the men, became separated in a heavy gale with other members of the cutter that had set out from the Rhode Island and spent many hours in the small boat at the mercy of the weather and high seas until finally picked up by a schooner fifty miles east of Cape Hatteras.
Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Bridgeport, Conn. Accredited to: New Hampshire, G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island, which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor, 30 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous rescue of the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Jones, after rescuing several of the men, became separated in a heavy gale with other members of the cutter that had set out from the Rhode Island, and spent many hours m the small boat at the mercy of the weather and high seas until finally picked up by a schooner fifty miles east of Cape Hatteras.
Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy. Born: 1834, Ireland. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in rescuing men from the stricken Monitor in Mobile Bay, on 30 December 1862. After the Monitor sprang a leak and went down, Logan courageously risked his life in a gallant attempt to rescue members of the crew. Although sacrificing his life during the hazardous operation, he had made every effort possible to save the lives of his fellow men.
McKEEN, NINEVEH S.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 21st Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 30 December 1862. At Liberty Gap, Tenn., 25 June 1863. Entered service at: Marshall, Clark County, Ill. Birth: Marshall, Clark County, Ill. Date of issue: 23 June 1890. Citation: Conspicuous in the charge at Stone River, Tenn., where he was three times wounded. At Liberty Gap, Tenn., captured colors of 8th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.A.).
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Philadelphia, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor, 30 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Moore after rescuing several of the men, became separated in a heavy gale with other members of the cutter that had set out from the Rhode Island, and spent many hours in the small boat at the mercy of the weather and high seas until finally picked up by a schooner fifty miles east of Cape Hatteras.