Organize Your Medical Information Month
General Pulaski Memorial Day
Pastor or Clergy Appreciation Day
The Curse of the Billy Goat
As the story goes, Vasili “Billy Goat” Sianis, a Greek immigrant who owned a nearby tavern (the now-famous Billy Goat Tavern), had two $7.20 box seat tickets to Game 4 of the 1945 World Series between the Chicago Cubs and the Detroit Tigers, and decided to bring his pet goat, Murphy (or Sinovia according to some references), with him. Sianis and the goat were allowed into Wrigley Field and even paraded about on the playing field before the game before ushers intervened. They were led off the field. After a heated argument, both Sianis and the goat were permitted to stay in the stadium occupying the box seat for which he had tickets. However, before the game was over, Sianis and the goat were ejected from the stadium at the command of Cubs owner Philip Knight Wrigley due to the animal’s objectionable odor. Sianis was outraged at the ejection and allegedly placed a curse,”Them Cubs, they aren’t gonna win no more,” upon the Cubs that they would never win another pennant or play in a World Series at Wrigley Field again and left the States to vacation in his home in Greece.
Following a third-place finish in the National League in 1946, the Cubs would finish in the league’s second division for the next 20 consecutive years. This streak finally ending in 1967, the year after Leo Durocher became the club’s manager. Vasilli Sianis died in 1970. Since that curse, the cursed Cubs have not won a National League pennant or played in a World Series –the longest pennant drought in Major League history.
They have tried everything including having Sam Sianis, nephew of Vasilli, “Billy”, Sianis, bring a goat out onto Wrigley Field many times in attempts to break that curse. On Opening Day in 1984 and 1989 (in both years, the Cubs went on to win their division), in 1994 to stop a home losing streak, and in 1998 for the wild card play-in game (which the Cubs won). In 2003 (The Chinese zodiac’s Year of the Goat), a group of Cubs fans headed to Houston with a billy goat named “Virgil Homer”. They attempted to gain entrance to Minute Maid Park, home of their division rivals, the Astros. They were denied entrance so they unfurled a scroll, read a verse and proclaimed they were “reversing the curse.” The Cubs won the division that year and then came within five outs of playing in the World Series but were undone by an eight-run rally from the Florida Marlins’. They then lost the following game and with it the series.
In another bizarre twist, it was reported that a butchered goat was hung from the Harry Caray’s, long-time Chicago announcer, statue on October 3, 2007. The Chicago Sun-Times wrote: “If the prankster intended to reverse the supposed billy goat curse with the stunt, it doesn’t appear to have worked.” While the Cubs did win the NL Central Division title in 2007 and 2008, they were swept in the first round of the playoffs in both years. The sweeps were in 2007 by the Arizona Diamondbacks and in 2008 by the Los Angeles Dodgers. The elimination by Arizona came on October 6, the same date, 62 years earlier, that the goat appeared at Wrigley Field in 1945.
The act was repeated before the home opener in 2009, this time a goat’s butchered head being hung from the statue. The act was futile as the Cubs were eliminated from postseason contention on September 26, 2009. Cubs fans have also brought in priests that have blessed the field, stadium, and dugout. Nothing has worked.
Through the 2011 World Series Chicago has still not been in the running.
“Wherever two or three are gathered in my name, there I am among them.” – Matthew 18:20
From the perspective of the Founding Fathers, the first quality of a good citizen is that he or she votes. Full enfranchisement was the reason the American colonists separated themselves from Great Britain. Thus, a good citizen will never miss an opportunity to cast a vote. Although it is clichéd, the idea of one person and one vote is sacred to our governing system.
1797 Inaugural address
“I’ve always felt it was not up to anyone else to make me give my best.”
~ Akeem Olajuwon
avuncular uh-VUHNG-kyuh-luhr, adjective:
1. Of or pertaining to an uncle.
2. Resembling an uncle, especially in kindness or indulgence.
Avuncular comes from Latin avunculus, “maternal uncle.”
1521 – Pope Leo X conferred the title of “Defender of the Faith” on England’s Henry VIII for his support of Catholic principles. Henry VIII denounced Martin Luther’s teachings.
1726 – Benjamin Franklin returned to Philadelphia from England.
1767 – Surveying for the Mason–Dixon Line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
1776 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Valcour Island – A big defeat for the inexperienced American Navy on Lake Champlain at the hands of a British fleet of 87 gunships. In this 7-hour most of the American flotilla of 83 gunships is crippled with the remaining ships destroyed in a second engagement two days later. It was the first naval battle fought during the American Revolution.
1779 – Revolutionary War: Polish nobleman General Casimir Pulaski was killed while fighting for American independence during the Revolutionary War Battle of Savannah, Ga.
1809 – Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies at the age of 35 under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand. It has been speculated that personal and professional problems may have driven him to suicide, but some people believe he was murdered.
1811 – Inventor John Stevens’ boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
1824 – Marquis de Lafayette visits the Washington Navy Yard during his year- long tour of America.
1862 – Civil War: The Confederate Congress in Richmond passed a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service.
1862 – Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
1863 – Civil War: Skirmish at Rheatown, Henderson’s Mill, Tennessee.
1865 – Civil War: President Johnson paroled CSA Vice President Alexander Stephens.
1867 – Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule applied for a patent on their new direct action typewriter.
1868 – Thomas Edison patented his first invention, an electric voice machine.
1871 – Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after three days, 300 people killed.
1878 -William Preston Longley was hung on thi day. Better known as “Wild Bill” Longley, he is regarded as one of the most lethal gunfighters of the Old West. He had a notoriously short fuse and killed upon the slightest provocation.Outlaw Wild Bill Longley, who killed at least a dozen men, was hanged, but it took two tries; on the first try, the rope slipped and his knees drug the ground.
1879 – The first annual conference of the National Guard Association is held.
1881 – Roll film for cameras was patented by David H. Houston. His many patents ranged from a disc plow to a portable camera. George Eastman bought twenty-one patents on cameras from him.
1887 – A patent for the adding machine was granted to Dorr Eugene Felt of Chicago, Illinois. His Comptometer was the first practical key-driven calculator with sufficient speed, reliability and economic benefit.
1887 – A. Miles patented the elevator.
1890 – In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
1890 – First 100-yard dash under 10 seconds was accomplished by John Owens 9-4/5 secs, Washington, DC.
1896 – The crew of the Pea Island (North Carolina) Life-Saving Station performed one of their finest rescues when they saved the passengers and crew of the schooner E.S. Newman, after that ship ran aground during a hurricane.
1899 – Byron Bancroft Johnson, president of baseball’s Western League, renamed it as the American League.
1906 – The San Francisco school board ordered the segregation of Oriental schoolchildren, inciting Japanese outrage.
1907 – The freighter Cyprus foundered during a storm on Lake Superior, while on its second voyage hauling iron ore from Superior, Wis., to Buffalo, NY. All but one of the Cyprus’ 23 crew members died.
1910 – Former president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch aviation field, St. Louis, Missouri.
1910 – Buffalo Bill’s Wild West and Pawnee Bill’s Far East combined shows arrived in San Francisco. They set up on 8 acres at 12th and Market with a big arena and 22 tents.
1910 – The San Francisco Rotary Club offered a $10,000 prize to the aviator who first flies from SF to New York.
1911 – Ty Cobb (AL) and Frank Schulte (NL) are first MVPs, each gets an automobile.
1913 – World Series : Philadelphia Athletics (4) vs New York Giants (1).
1919 – The first transcontinental air race ended.
1923 – The first political telecast, sponsored by the Democratic National Committee, aired from New York.
1929 – JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 states.
1932 – Franklin D. Roosevelt receives letter from Einstein about atom bomb.
1932 – First political telecast was the Democratic National Committee at CBS, New York City.
1935 – In San Francisco five tons of molten glass escaped from a break in a 300-ton furnace at the 15th and Folsom streets plant of Owens-Illinois Co. An emergency pit caught most of the escaping glass.
1936 – “Professor Quiz”, first radio quiz show premieres.
1939 – Albert Einstein informs Franklin D. Roosevelt of possibilities of atomic bomb.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance – On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
1943 – World War II: The US submarine Wahoo, Under the command of Dudley “Mush” Morton, was sunk by the Japanese navy as it returned from its seventh patrol. All 79 crewmen died.
1943 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (1). They become the first team to win ten World Series.
1948 – “The Brighter Day”, a soap opera, premiered on radio.
1948 – World Series: Cleveland Indians (4) vs Boston Braves (2)
1950 –Korean War: Task Force 77 Aircraft destroy North Korean vessels off Songjin and Wonsan and north of Hungham.
1950 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
1951 – Korean War: A Marine battalion was flown by transport helicopters to a frontline combat position for the first time, when HMR-161 lifted the 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, and its equipment, during Operation Bumblebee, northeast of Yanggu, Korea.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett, “I Get Ideas” by Tony Martin, “Cold, Cold Heart” by Tony Bennett and “Always Late (With Your Kisses)” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1952 – Two USAF 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing F-86 Sabre jet pilots shot down enemy aircraft. It was future ace Captain Clyde A. Curtin’s first aerial victory of the war.
1952 – “I Went to Your Wedding” by Patti Page topped the charts .
1958 – NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
1958 – “It’s All In The Game” by Tommy Edwards topped the charts.
1961 – USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 216,874 feet.
1962 – “McHales Navy” with Ernest Borgnine premiered on television.
1963 – Vietnam: A US National Security Action memorandum that recommended plans to withdraw 1,000 US Military personnel by the end of the year was approved. The memo followed McNamara’s return from a trip to South Vietnam.
1963 – Vietnam: Navy medical team from Norfolk, VA begins massive inoculation program to safeguard against outbreak of typhoid in the wake of Hurricane Flora.
1967– CHART TOPPERS – “The Letter” by The Box Tops, “Never My Love” by The Association, “Little Ole Man (Uptight-Everything’s Alright)” by Bill Cosby and “Turn the World Around” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1967 – World Series record three consecutive home runs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, and Rico Petrocelli) by the Boston Red Sox.
1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard. It made 163 orbits. The mission lasted 10 days and 20 hours. Recovery was by HS-5 helicopters from USS Essex (CVS-9).
1969 – “Sugar, Sugar” by the Archies topped the charts.
1971 – Frank McGee becomes news anchor of the Today Show.
1972 – There was an attempted prison escape at the Washington DC jail.
1972 – A race riot occurs on the United States Navy aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off the coast of Vietnam during Operation Linebacker.
1975 – Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the guest host.
1976 – George Washington’s appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies of the United States by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 is approved by President Gerald R. Ford.
1980 – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen topped the charts.
1982 – The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship which sunk on July 18th 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near to Portsmouth.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler, “Making Love Out of Nothing at All” by Air Supply, “King of Pain” by The Police and “Don’t You Know How Much I Love You” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1983 – The last hand cranked telephones in the US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct dial.
1984 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
1984 – Vice President candidate debate-Geraldine Ferraro (D) and George Bush (R).
1985 – Arab-American activist Alex Odeh was killed by a bomb blast in Santa Ana, Calif.
1986 – “When I Think of You” by Janet Jackson topped the charts.
1989 – The US House narrowly approved an amendment to an appropriations bill that would restore Medicaid for abortions in cases of rape or incest. President Bush later vetoed the bill, and the veto was upheld.
1990 – Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & The Funky Bunch/Loleatta Holloway, “Emotions” by Mariah Carey, “Do Anything” by Natural Selection and “Where Are You Now” by Clint Black all topped the charts.
1991 – Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harassed her.
1992 – First 3-way presidential debate (Bush-Clinton-Perot).
1996 – In Operation Global Sea US officials arrested 34 members of a drug trafficking network operated primarily by Nigerian women. Jumoke Kafayat Majekodunmi, aka Kafi, used a women’s clothing store in Chicago as the center of operations.
1996 – US FBI agents arrested seven in West Virginia for plotting to bomb the national fingerprinting records facility in Charleston.
1996 – Time Warner completed its $7.6 billion acquisition of Turner Broadcasting.
1996 – Ford buys rights to named Detroit domed stadium for $40 million.
1997 – “Candle In The Wind” by Elton John topped the charts.
1999 – The Lord of the Rings movies begin principal photography.
2000 – The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown using Space Shuttle Discovery.
2001 – In NYC Mayor Giuliani rejected a $10 million donation from Saudi Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal due to an attached press release that said the US should re-examine its policies in the Middle East and adopt a more balanced stance toward the Palestinian cause.
2001 – The Pentagon confirmed the first US death in Operation Enduring Freedom. Air Force Sgt. Evander Earl Andrews was killed in a fork lift accident in Qatar.
2001 – Abdul Salam Zaeem, Afghan ambassador to Pakistan, said US bombing in Afghanistan killed some 100 noncombatants in the Torghar region near Jalalabad. The total civilian casualties since Oct 7 was estimated at 170.
2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
2002 – The US Senate voted to give war powers to President George W. Bush as part of the ongoing conflict between the United States and Iraq.
2002 – Jimmy Carter is honored with the Nobel Peace Prize.
2002 – United States embassy guards in Tel Aviv, Israel, stopped a suicide bomber from setting off a bomb in a crowded beachfront cafe.
2003 – A team of eighteen doctors in Dallas, Texas, began a complicated separation surgery in an attempt to give Ahmed and Mohamed Ibrahim, 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt, a chance at independent lives. The 34-hour operation went well.
2004 – Light crude oil for November closed in New York City at a record $53.64 per barrel.
2005 – The US Army Corps of Engineers said it had finished pumping out the New Orleans metropolitan area, which was flooded by Hurricane Katrina six weeks earlier and then was swamped again by Hurricane Rita.
2006 – In Chicago businessman Antoin Rezko (51), top advisor and fund-raiser for Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich, was indicted for scheming to collect kickbacks from companies doing business with the state.
2006 – A small plane, carrying New York Yankees pitcher Cory Lidle (b.1972) and instructor Tyler Stanger, crashed into a 50-story condominium tower on Manhattan’s Upper East Side killing both men. It was not clear who was at the controls.
2007 – The Bush administration reported that the federal budget deficit had fallen to $162.8 billion in the just-completed budget year, the lowest amount of red ink in five years.
2010 – Brett Favre first player to throw 500 TD passes and threw for 70,000 yards.
2010 – The Hobbit is set to be most expensive movie ever. The New Zealand company, Wingnut Films, is waiting for the green light for its planned adaptation. The first one, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, is scheduled for release December 14, 2012. The second one, The Hobbit: There and Back Again, is scheduled for release December 13, 2013.
2011 – US Senate blocks Obama’s $447 billion jobs plan. Republicans and Democrats joined together because of the increased spending required.
2011 – Two men were charged and Iran implicated, in bomb plot to kill the Saudi ambassador while he was in the United States.
2012 – A U.S. appeals court has overturned a district court order that had banned the sale of Samsung’s Galaxy Nexus in the US.
1821 – George Williams, English founder of the YMCA (d. 1905)
1844 – Henry Heinz, American food manufacturer (d. 1916)
1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (d. 1962)
1962 – Joan Cusack, American actress
KEARBY, NEEL E.
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Near Wewak, New Guinea, October 11th, 1943. Entered service at: Dallas, Tex. Birth: Wichita Falls, Tex. G.O. No.: 3, 6 January 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy, Col. Kearby volunteered to lead a flight of four fighters to reconnoiter the strongly defended enemy base at Wewak. Having observed enemy installations and reinforcements at four airfields, and secured important tactical information, he saw an enemy fighter below him, made a diving attack and shot it down in flames. The small formation then sighted approximately twelve enemy bombers accompanied by thirty-six fighters. Although his mission had been completed, his fuel was running low, and the numerical odds were twelve to one, he gave the signal to attack. Diving into the midst of the enemy airplanes he shot down three in quick succession. Observing one of his comrades with two enemy fighters in pursuit, he destroyed both enemy aircraft. The enemy broke off in large numbers to make a multiple attack on his airplane but despite his peril he made one more pass before seeking cloud protection. Coming into the clear, he called his flight together and led them to a friendly base. Col. Kearby brought down six enemy aircraft in this action, undertaken with superb daring after his mission was completed.
*BLACKWELL, ROBERT L.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company K, 119th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near St. Souplet, France, October 11th, 1918. Entered service at: Hurdle Mills, N.C. Birth: Person County, N.C. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: When his platoon was almost surrounded by the enemy and his platoon commander asked for volunteers to carry a message calling for reinforcements, Pvt. Blackwell volunteered for this mission, well knowing the extreme danger connected with it. In attempting to get through the heavy shell and machinegun fire this gallant soldier was killed.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company M, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: At Brancourt, France, October 11th, 1918. Entered service at: Westville, S.C. Born: 8 October 1898, Westville, S.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While Sgt. Hilton’s company was advancing through the village of Brancourt it was held up by intense enfilading fire from a machinegun. Discovering that this fire came from a machinegun nest among shell holes at the edge of the town, Sgt. Hilton, accompanied by a few other soldiers, but well in advance of them, pressed on toward this position, firing with his rifle until his ammunition was exhausted, and then with his pistol, killing six of the enemy and capturing ten. In the course of this daring exploit he received a wound from a bursting shell, which resulted in the loss of his arm.
National Chiropractic Month
Bring Your Teddy Bear to Work & School Day
In Radio Ten Code this date means “standing-by”
Urban legend describes the glue as an accidental solution to battle wounds during World War II, however, its actual evolution is a little different. The chemicals were discovered in 1942 in a search for materials to make clear plastic gun sights for the war, and scientists stumbled upon a formulation that stuck to everything that it came in contact with. Super glue deserves its name: a one-square-inch bond can hold more than a ton of weight. It was invented by Dr. Harry Coover of Kodak Laboratories. The main ingredient in super glue is cyanoacrylate, which bonds almost instantly when exposed to moisture; since there is no moisture inside the bottle or tube of glue, it does not stick to the inside. At the end of the war, it was lost but in 1951, cyanoacrylates were rediscovered by Eastman Kodak researchers Harry Coover and Fred Joyner. They recognized its true commercial potential, and it was first sold as a commercial product in 1958.
In a now-famous demonstration conducted in 1959, Dr. Coover displayed the strength of this new product on the early television show “I’ve Got a Secret,” where he used a single drop placed between two steel cylinders to lift the host of the show, Garry Moore, completely off of the ground.
In 1964 Eastman submitted an application to use cyanoacrylate glues to seal wounds to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Soon afterward Dr. Coover’s glue did find use in Vietnam–reportedly in 1966 cyanoacrylates were tested on-site by a specially trained surgical team, with impressive results. According to an interview with Dr. Coover by the Kingsport Times-News: Coover said the compound demonstrated an excellent capacity to stop bleeding, and during the Vietnam War, he developed disposal cyanoacrylate sprays for use in the battle field.
“If somebody had a chest wound or open wound that was bleeding, the biggest problem they had was stopping the bleeding so they could get the patient back to the hospital. And the consequence was–many of them bled to death. So the medics used the spray, stopped the bleeding, and were able to get the wounded back to the base hospital. And many, many lives were saved,” Coover said. “This was very powerful. That’s something I’m very proud of–the number of lives that were saved,” he said.
Ironically, the Food & Drug Administration hadn’t given approval for the medical use of the compound at that point. But the military used the substance, anyway. The FDA finally did improve an improved cyanoacrylate glue that was developed for medical applications called “2-octyl-cyanoacrylate.” This compound causes less skin irritation and has improved flexibility and strength–at least three times the strength of the butyl-based compound (reference 2). As a result, in 1998 the FDA approved 2-octyl cyanoacrylate for use in closing wounds and surgical incisions, and in 2001 approved it for use as a “barrier against common bacterial microbes including certain staphylococci, pseudomonads, and Escherichia coli” (reference 2). This latest incarnation was marketed under the name Traumaseal as well as the more popular Dermabond.
Cyanoacrylate glues also find use in medicine for orthopedic surgery, dental and oral medicine (marketed as Soothe-n-Seal), veterinary medicine (Nexaband), and for home use as Band Aid brand Liquid Bandage. It even has been explored as a potential treatment for emphysema, where it can be used to seal off diseased lung passages without the need for invasive surgery.
More uses are being discovered as time advances. Another use includes super glue fuming and it is sometimes used in criminal investigations to detect latent fingerprints.
Approximately 90% of U.S. homes have a tube of super glue.
In a new development, it has been discovered that superglue changed to a fine mist can be used to lift heretofore invisible fingerprints by law enforcement.
2 Thessalonians 3:16
When you need a blessing in troubled times . . . May the Lord of peace himself give you his peace at all times and in every situation. The Lord be with you.
“One of the best reasons for literacy is that it makes people better voters, and hence, better citizens. Every man has in politics as well as religion a right to think and speak and act for himself,” Adams wrote. “I must judge for myself, but how can I judge, how can any man judge, unless his mind has been opened and enlarged by reading? A man who can read will find… rules and observations that will enlarge his range of thought and enable him the better to judge who has and who has not that integrity of heart and that compass of knowledge and understanding which form the statesman.”
“When you face your fear, most of the time you will discover that it was not really such a big threat after all. We all need some form of deeply rooted, powerful motivation – it empowers us to overcome obstacles so we can live our dreams.”
~ Les Brown
commodious kuh-MOH-dee-us, adjective: Comfortably or conveniently spacious; roomy; as, a commodious house.
Commodious derives from the Latin commodus, “conforming to measure, hence convenient or fit for a particular purpose,” from com-, “with” + modus, “measure.”
680 – Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shi’a Muslims as Aashurah.
732 – At Tours, France, Charles Martel killed Yemenite general Abd el-Rahman and halted the Muslim invasion of Europe. Islam’s westward spread was stopped by the Franks at the Battle of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poitiers).
1582 – This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000-30,000 in the Caribbean. This was the deadliest storm ever recorded.
1802 – First non-indian settlement in Oklahoma. This was a trading post which was established by the Chouteau Brothers, of St. Louis.
1845 – United States Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, Maryland. It started with fifty midshipmen students and seven professors.
1846 – Alexis the Tocqueville wrote about the “Algerian problem.” The problem was the on-going one involving the Barbary pirates (muslim).
1850 – The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal was completed and opened for business along its entire 184.5 mile length from Washington, D.C. to Cumberland, Maryland.
1863 – Civil War: The Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee, resulted in 166 casualties.
1865 – The first U.S. patent for a billiard ball of a composition material resembling ivory was patented by John Wesley Hyatt. The first ones didn’t work well but improved rapidly.
1863 – The first telegraph line to Denver was completed.
1870 – South Carolina Republican Gov. Robert Scott (1826-1900) was re-elected, on the strength of the black vote. The Ku Klux Klan was enraged and a wave of terror began the following day.
1877 – Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer was buried at West Point in New York.
1886 – The dinner jacket made its U.S. debut at a ball in Tuxedo Park, New York. It was named tuxedo, after its venue. Griswold Lorillard designed it.
1887 – Thomas Edison organized the Edison Phonograph Company.
1899 – I.R. Johnson patented the bicycle frame.
1902 – The Wright brothers’ third test glider is launched at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina.
1908 – Sports reporters form a professional group that will become the Baseball Writers Association of America.
1911 – Henry Ford received a patent for an automobile transmission mechanism.
1911 – California voters approved amendments by Republican Gov. Hiram Johnson that included the recall, initiative and referendum process as part of his progressive reform package.
1913 – The U.S.-built Panama Canal was completed with the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, concluding one of the largest construction projects in history.
1918 – WW I: While President Woodrow Wilson was attempting to establish “peace without victory” with Germany, the German UB-123 torpedoed RMS Leinster, a civilian mail and passenger ferry, off the coast of Ireland.
1920’s – To Live In The 20’s (5:57)
1920 – The Chicago Cardinals traveled across town to visit the Tigers and played to a scoreless tie. Although a game has not finished with a 0-0 score since 1943, in the 1920s it was not an uncommon occurrence.
1923 – NY Giants & NY Yankees become first teams to play each other for 3 consecutive World Series.
1923 – First American-built rigid airship, Shenandoah, is christened. It used helium gas instead of hydrogen.This meant that the airship was non-explosive.
1924 – World Series: Washington Senators (4) vs New York Giants (3). It was the Senators first win.
1926 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs New York Yankees (3)
1928 – “You’re the Cream in My Coffee” … comes from “Hold Everything”, opened on Broadway.
1931 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs Philadelphia Athletics (3)
1932 – “Betty & Bob” (14:16) premiers on radio, sponsored by Folger’s Coffee. It is considered one of the first true network soap operas, as the characters suffered through trials and tribulations.
1932 – “Judy and Jane” began on radio.
1933 – A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage while en route from Cleveland, Ohio to Chicago, the first case in the history of commercial aviation.
1933 – Dreft, the first detergent with synthetic surfactants for home use was marketed by Procter & Gamble.
1935 – George Gershwin’s opera “Porgy and Bess” opened on Broadway.
1937 – The Mutual Broadcasting System debuted “Thirty Minutes in Hollywood.”
1937 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs New York Giants (1)
1940 – “Moonlight and Roses“, by Lanny Ross, was recorded on the Victor label.
1941 – Seven weeks before Pearl Harbor, The destroyer USS Kearney is attacked by a German, submarine. In the attack, ten sailors are killed and scores injured. America suffers its first war casualties in World War II.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: 1,300 Austrian Jews were transported to Theresienstadt.
1943 – Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.
1944 – World War II: Holocaust: Eight-hundred Gypsy children are systematically murdered at the Auschwitz death camp.
1944 – World War II: Nearly two hundred of Admiral Halsey’s planes struck Naha, Okinawa’s capital and principal city, in five separate waves. The city was almost totally devastated.
1945 – World Series: Detroit Tigers (4) vs Chicago Cubs (3).
1948 – Carlos Prio became Cuba’s last democratically elected president. He was ousted by Batista in 1952.
1950 – Korean War: The 1st Cavalry Division’s 8th Cavalry Regiment crossed the 38th parallel in the vicinity of Kaesong. The ROK 3rd Division entered Wonsan on the East Coast.
1951 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs New York Giants (2).It was Joe DiMaggio’s final game.
1951 – President Harry S. Truman signs the Mutual Security Act, announcing to the world, and its communist powers in particular, that the U.S. was prepared to provide military aid to “free peoples.”
1953 – “St. George and the Dragonet” by Stan Freberg topped the charts.
1956 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (3)
1957 – World Series: The Milwaukee Braves defeated the New York Yankees in Game 7, 5-0.
1957 – “Zorro” premiered on television starring Guy Williams as the masked hero and debuted on ABC.
1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, the finance minister of Ghana, after the official had been refused service in a Dover, DE, restaurant.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s All in the Game” by Tommy Edwards, “Rock-in Robin” by Bobby Day, “Tea for Two Cha-Cha” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra and “Bird Dog” by The Everly Brothers all topped the charts.
1958 – “77 Sunset Strip” premiered on ABC-TV. The private detective series starred Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., Roger Smith, and Edd Byrnes.
1959 – “Mack the Knife” by Bobby Darin topped the charts.
1959 – The first global airline service was announced by Pan American World Airways.
1960 – “Mr. Custer” by Larry Verne topped the charts.
1960 – The U.S. Navy was given the responsibility for program management and technical direction for Project SPASUR, the first U.S. universal satellite detection and tracking network.
1964 – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison topped the charts.
1964 – Shangri-Las released “Leader Of The Pack.”
1965 – The “Vinland Map” was introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440 by Norse explorer Lief Eriksson. Fifty years before Columbus?
1965 – The Red Baron made his first appearance in the “Peanuts” comic strip.
1965 – The Supremes made their first appearance on the “Ed Sullivan Show.”
1965 – Ronald Reagan spoke at Coalinga Junior College and called for an official declaration of war in Vietnam. As of October 2011, the U.S. has not declared war since 1941.
1966 – CHART TOPPERS – “Cherish” by The Association, “Reach Out I’ll Be There” by Four Tops, “96 Tears” by ?(Question Mark) & The Mysterians and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1966 – Simon and Garfunkel release the album “Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme“. (Full album 28:33)
1967 – The Outer Space Treaty, which prohibits the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, entered into force.
1968 – World Series: Detroit Tigers (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (3)
1970 – “Tears Of A Clown” was released by Smokey Robinson & The Miracles.
1970 – “Cracklin’ Rosie” by Neil Diamond topped the charts.
1970 – Former Illinois Secretary of State Paul Powell (b.1902) died. Investigators found nearly half a million dollars in cash and checks, from unsuspecting drivers paying for their license plates, crammed into shoe boxes inside his hotel room.
1970 – During the October Crisis, Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte was kidnapped by the Quebec Liberation Front, a militant separatist group. He was found dead a week later.
1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
1971 – “Upstairs, Downstairs” premiered on TV.
1973 – Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, accused of accepting bribes, pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigned. He was the first U.S. Vice President to resign in disgrace.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Honestly Love You” by Olivia Newton-John, “Nothing from Nothing” by Billy Preston, “Then Came You” by Dionne Warwicke & The Spinners and “I Love My Friend” by Charlie Rich all topped the charts.
1976 – In New Jersey the Meadowlands’ Giant’s Stadium opened with an NFL game between the Giants and Dallas Cowboys.
1977 – Joe Namath played the last game of his National Football League (NFL) career. “Broadway Joe” was the first quarterback to pass for more than 4,000 yards in one season. He completed 1,886 passes for 27,663 yards and 173 touchdowns in 12 seasons with the Jets and a final try with the Los Angeles Rams in 1977.
1978 – US President Jimmy Carter signs a bill into law that authorizes the minting of the Susan B. Anthony dollar.
1979 – “The Rose,” starring Bette Midler, premiered in Los Angeles, CA.
1979 – Panama assumes sovereignty over Canal Area (ie Canal Zone).
1980 – The Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope network in N.M. was dedicated.
1981 – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Jack & Diane” by John Cougar, “Eye in the Sky” by The Alan Parsons Project, “I Keep Forgettin’ (Every Time You’re Near)” by Michael McDonald and “Yesterday’s Wine” by Merle Haggard/George Jones all topped the charts.
1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the Achille Lauro cruise ship hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
1987 – “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake topped the charts.
1987 – Tom McClean finished rowing across the Atlantic Ocean. It set the record at 54 days and 18 hours.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Close to You” by Maxi Priest, “Praying for Time” by George Michael, “Something Happened on the Way to Heaven” by Phil Collins and “Friends in Low Places” by Garth Brooks all topped the charts.
1990 – World Series: The Oakland A’s swept to the American League pennant and their third straight World Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-to-1.
1990 – The space shuttle “Discovery” landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California, ending a virtually flawless four-day mission.
1991 – Greyhound Bus ends bankruptcy.
1991 – The US Senate Judiciary Committee prepared to re-open the confirmation hearing of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, accused of sexual harassment by former aide Anita Hill.
1991 – Former U.S. postal worker Joseph Harris shoots two former co-workers to death at the post office in Ridgewood, New Jersey. The night before, Harris had killed his former supervisor, Carol Ott, with a three-foot samurai sword, and shot her fiance.
1992 – Iraq released U.S. munitions expert Clinton Hall, two days after he’d been taken prisoner in the demilitarized zone separating Iraq and Kuwait.
1994 – Iraq announced it was withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border; seeing no signs of a pullback, President Clinton dispatched 350 additional aircraft to the region.
1994 – Americans Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell won the Nobel Prize in medicine for “their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells.”
1997 – Defying the Republican Congress a second time, President Clinton vetoed a ban on certain late-term abortion procedures.
1998 – David Sheldon Boone (46), a former Pentagon analyst, was arrested for selling top defense secrets to the former Soviet Union. He was lured back to the US from Germany.
1999 – In Texas six college students of Texas A-and-M University were killed just after midnight as they got out of their cars for a party at Tau Kappa Epsilon in College Station. The driver of a pickup that hit them had fallen asleep.
2000 – The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, co-inventor of the computer chip.
2001 – President George W. Bush presented a list of 22 most wanted terrorists with rewards equaling $5 million dollars.
2001 – In Florida a third case of anthrax was identified in a 35-year-old woman who worked in the same office as Robert Stevens. The strain was reported to match one from Iowa in the 1950s commonly used by lab researchers.
2001 – Rep. Nancy Pelosi of California was elected House Democratic Whip, the No. 2 House Democratic leader and the highest post ever held by a woman in Congress.
2002 – The House of Representatives voted 296-133 to give President George W. Bush the authority to use military force against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, with or without United Nations support. The next day, the Senate joined the House in approving 77-23 the use of America’s military against Iraq. They did not, however, declare war.
2002 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 247 to 7,533.95. NASDAQ rose 49 to 1,163.
2003 – The flagship channel of the Adventist Television Network (ATN), Hope Channel is launched.
2004 – Tropical Storm Matthew floods southeastern Louisiana, dropping as much as 7 inches of rain.
2004 – Christopher Reeve who played Superman in the movie passes away.
2004 – The 2004 movie Alien Vs Predator takes place on this date (Fictional).
2005 – Three New Orleans officers accused of near fatally beating Robert Davis and assaulting a cameraman who taped the ordeal, plead not guilty.
2005 – Allegations that New Orleans police looted 200 cars (41 Cadillacs) are under investigation by Louisiana police.
2005 – In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Joel Holland, a retired Washington state firefighter, won the annual Safeway World Championship Pumpkin Weigh-Off, presenting a gigantic pumpkin that weighed 1,229 pounds.
2005 – Widespread desertion, suicide, and crime among New Orleans police officers has been reported in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
2006 – BP shuts down the Prudhoe Bay oil fields due to losing power as a result of high winds.
2006 – The Diocese of Davenport, Iowa, became the 4th Catholic diocese in the US to file for bankruptcy amid the clergy abuse scandal.
2007 – Robert Levy (64), mayor of Atlantic City, NJ, resigned. He had gone missing for two weeks after being accused of lying about his military record.
2007 – Thousands of Chrysler LLC autoworkers walked off the job after the automaker and the United Auto Workers union failed to reach a tentative contract agreement before a union-imposed deadline.
2007 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: In Cleveland, Ohio, Asa H. Coon (14), armed with two revolvers, opened fire at the SuccessTech Academy alternative school, wounding two students and two teachers before fatally shooting himself.
2008 – Ed Jew, former San Francisco supervisor, pleaded guilty to one count each of mail fraud, bribery and extortion as part of a scheme to shakedown Chinese immigrant owners of tapioca drink shops in the sunset District for $84,000 in bribes.
2009 – The U.S. Supreme Court announced that it will hear the case of McDonald v. City of Chicago, and decide whether the right to keep and bear arms secured by the Second Amendment protects Americans from overreaching state and local governments.
2009 – President Barack Obama announces he will end the “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy against homosexuals serving in the U.S. military.
2009 – Christy Harp of Jackson Township, Ohio, won the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers annual weigh-off with a world record 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
2009 – In Idaho a bus carrying a high school marching band went off of I-15 killing one adult and injuring several students.
2010 – The Philadelphia Phillies sweep the Cincinnati Reds in the 2010 National League Division Series.
2011 – American economists Thomas J. Sargent and Christopher A. Sims win the 2011 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
2011 – Governor Rick Scott of Florida signs the death warrant for Oba Chandler, convicted of the murder of three women in 1989, with the execution set for November 15.
2011 – In basketball, National Basketball Association Commissioner David Stern cancels the first two weeks of the 2011–12 NBA season due to the ongoing lockout.
2012 – The SpaceX Dragon capsule was securely bolted to the Harmony module of the International Space Station at 9:03 a.m. EDT. The hatch between the newly arrived spacecraft and the Harmony module is scheduled to be opened tomorrow.
2012 – Toyota recalled 7.43 million cars, trucks and SUVs worldwide to fix faulty power window switches that can cause fires. This was the largest recall in Toyota’s 75-year history.
2012 – In Florida a section of a parking garage collapsed at Miami-Dade College killing two people.
2014 – Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy has declared a Public Health Emergency in his state, authorizing the “isolation of any individual reasonably believed to have been exposed to the Ebola virus.” The State of Public Health Emergency allows bureaucrats to detain and force-vaccinate people without due process – despite not one single case being found in CT.
1731 – Henry Cavendish, English physicist. He is generally credited with having discovered hydrogen.
1900 – Helen Hayes (Brown), American actress.
BONG, RICHARD 1. (Air Mission)
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Over Borneo and Leyte, October 10th, to 15 November 15th, 1944. Entered service at: Poplar, Wis. Birth: Poplar, Wis. G.O. No.: 90, 8 December 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty in the Southwest Pacific area from 10 October to 15 November 1944. Though assigned to duty as gunnery instructor and neither required nor expected to perform combat duty, Maj. Bong voluntarily and at his own urgent request engaged in repeated combat missions, including unusually hazardous sorties over Balikpapan, Borneo, and in the Leyte area of the Philippines. His aggressiveness and daring resulted in his shooting down eight enemy airplanes during this period.
CARTER, ROBERT G.
INDIAN WARS PERIOD
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: On Brazos, River, Tex., October 10th, 1871. Entered service at: Bradford, Mass. Birth: Bridgeport, Maine. Date of issue: 27 February 1900. Citation: Held the left of the line with a few men during the charge of a large body of Indians, after the right of the line had retreated, and by delivering a rapid fire succeeded in checking the enemy until other troops came to the rescue.
DARROUGH, JOHN S.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 113th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Eastport, Miss., October 10th, 1864. Entered service at: Concord, Morgan County, Ill. Birth: Kentucky. Date of issue: 5 February 1895. Citation: Saved the life of a captain.
Curious Events Day
Leif Erickson Day
Moldy Cheese Day
Picture this. You are a trained pilot being asked to fly in an aluminum,aerodynamically shaped box at over 750 miles per hour (Mach 1; speed of sound). The engine or engines pushing you that fast are producing incredible amounts of thrust. While the actual amount of thrust on the F-22 Raptor is classified, several external scientists have estimated that it produces 35,000 lbs of thrust with afterburner and in two engines for 70,000 lbs of thrust.
All of a sudden everything that can go wrong does and your choice is to crash or eject and this decision has to happen NOW!!! That is what happened to U.S. Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady was helping to enforce the no-fly zone over northern Bosnia on June 2, 1995. A Bosnian-Serb surface-to-air missile(SAM) struck his F-16. With the plane disintegrating around him, O’Grady reached down between his knees grabbed the pull handle of his ejection seat and ejected from the aircraft. A loud bang occurred caused by the canopy separating. O’Grady was blasted into the air along with his seat. His parachute deployed after he was a safe distance from the aircraft. O’Grady survived the ejection from his F-16.
The forces on a pilot during an ejection are incredible and are only for the physically fit in excellent condition. An aircraft such as the F-22 flies along at 1275 mph. In using the Force Dynamic formulas (weight x speed) it means that were you to stop suddenly, your body would continue until it was stopped weighing 255,000 lbs. (200 pound man). Now the aircraft is suddenly stopped, your body is suddenly stopped but what is not yet stopped are your internal organs. They will continue at weight x speed until they too stop. There would never be a scenario where that would be survivable. Enter the ejection seat designed to separate you from that scenario. In some photos it would appear that you are being ejected backwards when, in fact, you left forward but the aircraft is still going forward and you are already slowing down. The G-forces hitting your body could be up to 20G’s or 20x your normal weight on terra firma.
Ejection seats made by Martin-Baker have saved over 7100 lives worldwide.
HISTORICAL VIDEO: Ejection seat development.
VIDEO: Hilarious G-Force Training
Proverbs 5: 15- 21 Living Bible
15 Drink from your own well, my son—be faithful and true to your wife. 16 Why should you beget children with women of the street? 17 Why share your children with those outside your home? 18 Be happy, yes, rejoice in the wife of your youth. 19 Let her breasts and tender embrace[e] satisfy you. Let her love alone fill you with delight. 20 Why delight yourself with prostitutes, embracing what isn’t yours? 21 For God is closely watching you, and he weighs carefully everything you do.
“The congress of the United States possesses no power to regulate, or interfere with the domestic concerns, or police of any state: it belongs not to them to establish any rules respecting the rights of property; nor will the constitution permit any prohibition of arms to the people;…”
“If, for example, a law be passed by congress, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates, or persuasions of a man’s own conscience or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to assemble peaceably, or to keep and bear arms; it would, in any of these cases, be the province of the judiciary to pronounce whether any such act were constitutional, or not; and if not, to acquit the accused from any penalty which might be annexed to the breach of such unconstitutional act.”
Saint George Tucker
from the appendix of Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England (1803)
“The future is not some place we are going, but one we are creating. The paths are not to be found, but made. And the activity of making them changes both the maker and their destination.”
~ John Schaar
bloviate BLOH-vee-ayt, intransitive verb:
To speak or write at length in a pompous or boastful manner. Bloviate is from blow + a mock-Latinate suffix -viate. Compare blowhard, “a boaster or braggart.” Bloviation is the noun form; a bloviater is one who bloviates.
28 B.C. – The Temple of Apollo was dedicated on the Palatine Hill in Rome.
1000 – Leif Erikson supposedly landed on North American mainland near Newfoundland, soon setting sail for Greenland.
1290 – Last of 16,000 English Jews, expelled by King Edward I, left. The country was on the verge of bankruptcy. The debt to Jewish bankers was written off and all Jews were expelled from England.
1470 – English king Henry VI was restored to the throne after being deposed in 1461. However, six months later he was again deposed and then murdered in the Tower of London.
1604 – Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.
1635 – Religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He went on to found Rhode Island, found the first Baptist church in America, and edit the first dictionary of Native American languages.
1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later Yale University) was chartered in New Haven, Connecticut.
1767 – The survey party of Mason and Dixon came to a halt after 233 miles when Indians of the Six Nations said they had reached the end of their commission.
1776 – San Francisco is established by Spanish missionaries on the California coast.
1781 – In the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, American and French armies under General George Washington started bombarding Lord Cornwallis’s British forces at Yorktown, Virginia.
1812 – War of 1812: On Lake Erie, American forces captured two British brigs, the Detroit and Caledonia. Lieutenant Jesse Duncan Elliot set the brig Detroit ablaze the next day in retaliation for the British capture seven weeks earlier of the city of Detroit.
1825 – The first Norwegian immigrants to America arrived on the sloop Restaurationen.
1852 – The Lighthouse Board, which administered the lighthouse system until 1 July 1910, was organized.
1855 – Isaac Singer patented the sewing machine motor.
1855 – Joshua C. Stoddard received a patent for his calliope. Delta Queen
1858 – Mail service via stagecoach between San Francisco, CA, and St. Louis, MO, began.
1863 – Confederate cavalry raiders returned to Chattanooga having attacked Union General William Rosecrans’ supply and communication lines all around east Tennessee.
1863 – Battle of Brandy Station, Va. (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station).
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Tom’s Brook – Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom’s Brook, Virginia.
1867 – The Russians formally transferred Alaska to the US. The U.S. had bought Alaska for $7.2 million in gold.
1871 – The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.
1872 – Aaron Montgomery started his mail order business with the delivery of the first mail order catalog. The firm later became Montgomery Wards.
1873 – LT Charles Belknap calls a meeting at the Naval Academy to establish the U.S. Naval Institute for the purpose of disseminating scientific and professional knowledge throughout the Navy.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson made their longest telephone call to date. It was a distance of two miles.
1888 – The public was first admitted to the Washington Monument, designed by Robert Mills. Steam powered elevators carried visitors to the top in twelve minutes.
1914 – World War I: German forces captured Antwerp, Belgium.
1915 – Woodrow Wilson became the first president to attend a World Series game.
1917 – The 8th Marines was activated at Quantico, Virginia.
1919 – Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds “win” the World Series. The 1919 World Series was played between the Chicago White Sox of the American League and the Cincinnati Reds of the National League. Due to increased enthusiasm in baseball after World War I, Major League Baseball decided on a best-of-nine format for the Series. Eight members of the Chicago franchise conspired with gamblers to throw (intentionally lose) games. The conspiracy is often referred to as the Black Sox Scandal.
1926 – NBC (National Broadcasting Corporation) formed.
1928 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (0)
1930 – Aviator Laura Ingalls landed in Glendale, California, in her Moth biplane, thus completing the first solo transcontinental flight by a woman.
1931 – Russ Columbo’s “Prisoner of Love” was recorded.
1934 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs Detroit Tigers (3).
1935 – “Cavalcade of America” (25:36) was first broadcast on CBS radio.
1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to transmit electricity from the Colorado River 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
1938 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Chicago Cubs (0)
1940 – A German blitz destroyed the altar of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London and left much of the city in flames.
1941 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt requested congressional approval for arming U.S. merchant ships.
1942 – First three schools for enlisted WAVES open at Stillwater, OK (Yeoman), Bloomington, IN (Storekeepers), and Madison, WI (Radiomen).
1943 – “Land of the Lost” (28:21) debuted on ABC radio.
1944 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs St. Louis Browns (2)
1945 – Parade in New York City honors Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz and 13 other Navy and Marine Corps Medal of Honor winners.
1946 – “The Iceman Cometh” opened in New York City.
1946 – The first electric blanket went on sale in Petersburg, VA. It sold for $39.50.
1947 – The Broadway show, “High Button Shoes“, opened.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone, “That Lucky Old Sun” by Frankie Laine, “Someday” by Vaughn Monroe and “Slipping Around” by Margaret Whiting & Jimmy Wakely all topped the charts.
1949 – Harvard Law School began admitting women.
1949 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (1)
1950 – Korean War: Major Eighth Army units assembled along the 38th parallel. Tenth Corps’ 1st Marine Division began embarkation at Inchon for sea movement to Wonsan on the East Coast. The 1st Cavalry Division crossed the 38th parallel north of Kaesong and attacked northward toward Pyongyang.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wake Up Little Susie” by The Everly Brothers, “Chances Are/The Twelfth of Never” by Johnny Mathis, “Jailhouse Rock” by Elvis Presley and “My Shoes Keep Walking Back to You” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1958 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Milwaukee Braves (3)
1961 – US members of communist party were obliged to report themselves to the police.
1961 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Cincinnati Reds (1). The 1961 season witnessed one of the most amazing performances in all of baseball as Yankees teammates Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris went head-to-head for the all-time, single-season homerun record set by another slugger in pinstripes named Babe Ruth.
1966 – World Series: Baltimore Orioles (4) vs Los Angeles Dodgers (0)
1967 – Doc Severinsen replaced Skitch Henderson as musical director of “The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.”
1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection to the trial of the “Chicago Eight” (trial started on September 24).
1971 – Van Morrison’s “Wild Night” was released.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Half-Breed” by Cher, “Loves Me like a Rock” by Paul Simon, “Higher Ground” by Stevie Wonder and “You’re the Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me” by Ray Price all topped the charts.
1974 – Quincy Jones gets his first gold record for “Body Heat.”
1974 – Oskar Schindler died in Frankfurt, Germany. Schindler is credited with saving the lives of about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust. At his request, he was buried in Jerusalem. His wife Emilie died in 2001.
1980 – John Lennon released “Starting Over” on his 40th birthday. It was his first record in five years.
1981 – CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Arthur’s Theme (Best That You Can Do)” by Christopher Cross, “Who’s Crying Now” by Journey and “Midnight Hauler” by Razzy Bailey all topped the charts.
1985 – A 2½-acre garden memorial was dedicated to John Lennon by his widow Yoko Ono. The memorial in New York City’s Central Park is called Strawberry Fields.
1985 – The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt.
1986 – The FOX Network begins broadcasting.
1986 – Joan Rivers debuted her new “The Late Show” on the FOX network.
1986 – United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.
1987 – Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork, his rejection by the Senate a virtual certainty, angrily told reporters he would not ask that his nomination be withdrawn.
1990 – David Hackett Souter was sworn in as a US Supreme Court judge.
1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family’s 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
1992 – The US 102nd Congress adjourned.
1994 – The U.S. sent troops and warships to the Persian Gulf in response to Saddam Hussein sending thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks toward the Kuwaiti border.
1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona. The derailment killed one and injured a hundred.
1995 – Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan and former NAACP exec. Benjamin Chavis propose to lead a march of black men, “the million man march,” on Washington DC.
1996 – In the opening game of the American League Championship series, 12-year-old Jeffrey Maier turned a probable fly out into a game-tying home run by reaching over the right-field wall at Yankee Stadium and sweeping the ball into the stands with his baseball glove. The Yankees won, 5-to-4 in 11 innings.
1998 – Ariel Sharon returned to power in Israel as the country’s new foreign minister.
2000 – Brett Hull (Dallas Stars) scored his 611th National Hockey League (NHL) goal. The goal allowed him to pass his father, Bobby Hull, on the all time scoring list bringing him to number 9.
2001 – Prosecutors in Miami, FL, announced that they would seek a prison sentence if O.J. Simpson was convicted in his road rage trial. Jury selection began for the trial just after the announcement.
2001 – Letters postmarked in Trenton, N.J., were sent to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy; the letters later tested positive for anthrax.
2001 – Hurricane Iris hit Belize with 140 mph winds. Seventeen members of a Virginia diving club and two local sailors were confirmed dead with three missing. Winds nearing 200 mph left 20 people dead.
2002 – The space shuttle “Atlantis” arrived at the international space station, bringing with it a 14 -ton girder.
2002 – Dean Meyers (53) of Gaithersburg, Md., was shot to death in Manassas, Va., in a shooting that appeared to be linked to 6 previous sniper attacks in the area.
2002 – Lawrence Lessig argues Eldred v. Ashcroft in front of the U.S. Supreme Court. The case challenges retroactive copyright extensions passed by Congress, and potentially affects millions of copyrighted works.
2003 – The new peach and blue redesigned US $20 bill made its debut.
2005 – The Houston Astros beat the Atlanta Braves 7-6 in the 18th inning of the longest post-season game in Major League Baseball history.
2005 – A driverless Volkswagen won a $2 million race across the rugged Nevada desert, beating four other robot-guided vehicles that completed a Pentagon-sponsored contest aimed at making warfare safer for humans.
2005 – Three white New Orleans police officers are arrested after a video surfaces showing the officers brutally beating unarmed 64-year old Robert Davis. The victim, who is black, has been charged with public intoxication, resisting arrest, battery on a police officer and public intimidation.
2006 – The US Customs and Border Protection officials, effective today, scrapped their 11-month-old policy of seizing prescription drugs imported through the mail from Canada.
2006 – Google Inc. agreed to acquire YouTube Inc., a leading video-sharing Web site founded by Chad Hurley and Steve Chen, for $1.65 billion in stock.
2006 – American Edmund S. Phelps wins the 2006 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for work on the trade-offs between inflation and unemployment.
2007 – The Dow Jones industrial average reaches its highest point in history, 14,164.53 points before falling into bear market territory during 2008.
2007 – In Texas Ronald Taylor (47), who spent a dozen years in prison for a rape he didn’t commit, was freed based on DNA evidence.
2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 678.91 points to 8,579.19 points.
2008 – Virginia’s Gov. Timothy M. Kaine ordered 570 state employee layoffs, cut college funding by at least 5%, ordered some older prisons closed and postponed state employee raises to deal with a $2.5 billion fiscal crisis.
2008 – Chicago’s Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart halted evictions on foreclosed properties, saying innocent tenants were being put on the street. But bankers said he was breaking the law.
2008 – The U.S. National Security Agency is accused of listening to Americans’ private phone conversations.
2009 – General Motors finalizes a deal to sell Hummer to China’s Sichuan Tengzhong Heavy Industrial Machinery Company.
2009 – Two people die after being overcome by sweat and about nineteen others are hospitalised at a spiritual retreat in Arizona.
2009 – President Barack Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples,” the Nobel Foundation said in Sweden on Friday.
2009 – NASA smacked two spacecraft into the lunar south pole in a search for hidden ice.
2010 – It was reported that Madeleine Pickens, the wife of billionaire T. Boone Pickens, has acquired a Nevada ranch for use as a wild horse sanctuary, the Mustang Monument Preserve. The 14,000 acre property included grazing rights to 540,000 acres of public land.
2010 – In southern Utah a small plane crashed and killed two National park Service law enforcement agents in the Dixie National Forest.
2010 – The New York Yankees sweep the Minnesota Twins to progress to the 2010 American League Championship Series.
2012 – Gas prices in California hit a record high for the third day in a row, a station in San Diego County was charging $5.779 a gallon for regular gas and almost $6 a gallon for premium. Qwik Korner at 2015 East Valley Parkway in Escondido was charging $1.11 more than the state average of $4.558 a gallon for regular unleaded gas. Premium was going for $5.99 a gallon.
2012 – The Sesame Workshop, which runs “Sesame Street,” put out a statement asking the campaign to take down an ad that prominently features Big Bird. The ad mocks Mitt Romney’s vow to end the federal subsidy to PBS. It paints Big Bird as the shady criminal mastermind behind a raft of financial scandals.
2013 – A gunman,Thomas Piccard, retired VA police officer, reportedly opened fire on a federal courthouse in West Virginia before being shot and killed by authorities.
According to West Virginia Metro News, the gunman used a rifle and reloaded at least twice, before authorities returned fire fatally wounding the man. The outlet reported that no one other than the shooter was injured.
2015 – SCHOOL SHOOTING: Four people were shot at the Northern Arizona University campus in Flagstaff, AZ. According to the Northern Arizona University Police Department, the four victims included one dead, and three wounded. The shooter is in custody. Campus is not locked down.
1837 – Francis Parker, American educator and founder of progressive elementary schools.
1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist, known as the “Father of the Modern Drugstore.”
1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-born American evangelist.
1891 – Otto Schnering, American candy bar entrepreneur.
1940 – John Lennon, British singer-songwriter, member of The Beatles.
*BURRIS, TONY K.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Company L, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: vicinity of Mundung -ni, Korea October 9th, 1951. Entered service at: Blanchard, Okla. Birth: Blanchard, Okla. G.O. No.: 84, 5 September 1952. Citation: Sfc. Burris, a member of Company L, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty. On 8 October, when his company encountered intense fire from an entrenched hostile force, Sfc. Burris charged forward alone, throwing grenades into the position and destroying approximately fifteen of the enemy. On the following day, spearheading a renewed assault on enemy positions on the next ridge, he was wounded by machine gun fire but continued the assault, reaching the crest of the ridge ahead of his unit and sustaining a second wound. Calling for a 57mm. recoilless rifle team, he deliberately exposed himself to draw hostile fire and reveal the enemy position. The enemy machine gun emplacement was destroyed. The company then moved forward and prepared to assault other positions on the ridge line. Sfc. Burris, refusing evacuation and submitting only to emergency treatment, joined the unit in its renewed attack but fire from hostile emplacement halted the advance. Sfc. Burris rose to his feet, charged forward and destroyed the first emplacement with its heavy machine gun and crew of six men. Moving out to the next emplacement, and throwing his last grenade which destroyed this position, he fell mortally wounded by enemy fire. Inspired by his consummate gallantry, his comrades renewed a spirited assault which overran enemy positions and secured Hill 605, a strategic position in the battle for “Heartbreak Ridge,” Sfc. Burris’ indomitable fighting spirit, outstanding heroism, and gallant self -sacrifice reflect the highest glory upon himself, the infantry and the U.S. Army.
*YOUNG, ROBERT H.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company E, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: North of Kaesong, Korea, October 9th, 1950. Entered service at: Vallejo, Calif. Born: 4 March 1929, Oroville. Calif. G.O. No.: 65, 2 August 1951. Citation: Pfc. Young distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. His company spearheading a battalion drive deep in enemy territory, suddenly came under a devastating barrage of enemy mortar and automatic weapons crossfire which inflicted heavy casualties among his comrades and wounded him in the face and shoulder. Refusing to be evacuated, Pfc. Young remained in position and continued to fire at the enemy until wounded a second time. As he awaited first aid near the company command post the enemy attempted an enveloping movement. Disregarding medical treatment he took an exposed position and firing with deadly accuracy killed five of the enemy. During this action he was again hit by hostile fire which knocked him to the ground and destroyed his helmet. Later when supporting tanks moved forward, Pfc. Young, his wounds still unattended, directed tank fire which destroyed three enemy gun positions and enabled the company to advance. Wounded again by an enemy mortar burst, and while aiding several of his injured comrades, he demanded that all others be evacuated first. Throughout the course of this action the leadership and combative instinct displayed by Pfc. Young exerted a profound influence on the conduct of the company. His aggressive example affected the whole course of the action and was responsible for its success. Pfc. Young’s dauntless courage and intrepidity reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Marine Fighting Squadron 121, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Place and date: Over Guadalcanal, October 9th, to 19 November 1942, 15 and 23 January 1943. Entered service at: South Dakota. Born: 17 April 1 915, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Citation: For outstanding heroism and courage above and beyond the call of duty as executive officer of Marine Fighting Squadron 121, First Marine Aircraft Wing, at Guadalcanal. Engaging in almost daily combat with the enemy from 9 October to 19 November 1942, Capt. Foss personally shot down twenty-three Japanese planes and damaged others so severely that their destruction was extremely probable. In addition, during this period, he successfully led a large number of escort missions, skillfully covering reconnaissance, bombing, and photographic planes as well as surface craft. On 15 January 1943, he added three more enemy planes to his already brilliant successes for a record of aerial combat achievement unsurpassed in this war. Boldly searching out an approaching enemy force on 25 January, Capt. Foss led his eight F -4F Marine planes and four Army P -38’s into action and, undaunted by tremendously superior numbers, intercepted and struck with such force that four Japanese fighters were shot down and the bombers were turned back without releasing a single bomb. His remarkable flying skill, inspiring leadership, and indomitable fighting spirit were distinctive factors in the defense of strategic American positions on Guadalcanal.
*KANDLE, VICTOR L.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near La Forge, France, October 9th,1944. Entered service at: Redwood City, Calif. Birth: Roy, Wash. G.O. No.: 37, 11 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. On 9 October 1944, at about noon, near La Forge, France, 1st Lt. Kandle, while leading a reconnaissance patrol into enemy territory, engaged in a duel at pointblank range with a German field officer and killed him. Having already taken five enemy prisoners that morning, he led a skeleton platoon of sixteen men, reinforced with a light machinegun squad, through fog and over precipitous mountain terrain to fall on the rear of a German quarry stronghold which had checked the advance of an infantry battalion for two days. Rushing forward, several yards ahead of his assault elements, 1st Lt. Kandle fought his way into the heart of the enemy strongpoint, and, by his boldness and audacity, forced the Germans to surrender. Harassed by machinegun fire from a position which he had bypassed in the dense fog, he moved to within fifteen yards of the enemy, killed a German machinegunner with accurate rifle fire and led his men in the destruction of another machinegun crew and its rifle security elements. Finally, he led his small force against a fortified house held by two German officers and thirty enlisted men. After establishing a base of fire, he rushed forward alone through an open clearing in full view of the enemy, smashed through a barricaded door, and forced all thirty-two Germans to surrender. His intrepidity and bold leadership resulted in the capture or killing of three enemy officers and fifty-four enlisted men, the destruction of three enemy strongpoints, and the seizure of enemy positions which had halted a battalion attack.
*COLYER, WILBUR E.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 1st Engineers, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Verdun, France, October 9th, 1918. Entered service at: South Ozone, Long Island, N.Y. Birth: Brooklyn, N.Y. G.O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Volunteering with two other soldiers to locate machinegun nests, Sgt. Colyer advanced on the hostile positions to a point where he was half surrounded by the nests, which were in ambush. He killed the gunner of one gun with a captured German grenade and then turned this gun on the other nests silencing all of them before he returned to his platoon. He was later killed in action.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company H, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: Near Consenvoye, France, October 9th, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born. 24 August 1886, Bergen, Norway. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: When his company had reached a point within 100 yards of its objective, to which it was advancing under terrific machinegun fire, Pvt. Loman voluntarily and unaided made his way forward after all others had taken shelter from the direct fire of an enemy machinegun. He crawled to a flank position of the gun and, after killing or capturing the entire crew, turned the machinegun on the retreating enemy.
SCHMIDT, OSCAR, JR.
Rank and organization: Chief Gunner’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Place and date: At sea, October 9th,1918. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Born: 25 March 1896, Philadelphia, Pa. G.O. No.: 450, 1919. Citation: For gallant conduct and extraordinary heroism while attached to the U.S.S. Chestnut Hill, on the occasion of the explosion and subsequent fire on board the U.S. submarine chaser 219. Schmidt, seeing a man, whose legs were partly blown off, hanging on a line from the bow of the 219, jumped overboard, swam to the sub chaser and carried him from the bow to the stern where a member of the 219’s crew helped him land the man on the afterdeck of the submarine. Schmidt then endeavored to pass through the flames amidships to get another man who was seriously burned. This he was unable to do, but when the injured man fell overboard and drifted to the stern of the chaser Schmidt helped him aboard .
Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Woodstock, Va., October 9th, 1864. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Allegany County, N.Y. Date of issue: 14 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 32d Battalion Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).
The Great Chicago Fire
The summer of 1871 was very dry, leaving the ground parched and the wooden city vulnerable. What caused the fire to grow so quickly and burn so fast was a preponderance of ballon houses. The balloon house was invented in Chicago by Augustine Taylor and used light weight planks and nails instead of heavy timbers that were mortised together. The end product looked like it would blow away in a high wind, like a balloon, thus the name.
On Sunday evening, October 8, 1871, just after nine o’clock, a fire broke out in the barn behind the home of Patrick and Catherine O’Leary at 13 DeKoven Street on the northeast corner of Dekoven (1100S) and Jefferson (600W) streets . How the fire started is still unknown today, but Mrs. O’Leary’s cow often gets the credit. The belief that a kerosene lamp was overturned during the milking a cow is more myth than truth.
Conditions at the time were more probably due to the weather conditions. Chicago was experiencing constant dry winds. That combined with an exhausted fire department, a malfunction of the city’s alarm system and the total unpredictability in determining the fire path. The firefighters, exhausted from fighting a large fire the day before, were first sent to the wrong neighborhood. When they finally arrived at the O’Leary’s, they found the fire raging out of control. The blaze quickly spread east and north. Wooden houses, commercial and industrial buildings, and private mansions were all consumed in the blaze.
After two days, rain began to fall. On the morning of October 10, 1871, the fire died
out, leaving complete devastation in the heart of the city. At least 250 people were dead, 100,000 people were homeless, and $200 million worth of property was destroyed. The entire central business district of Chicago was leveled. The fire was one of the most spectacular events of the nineteenth century, the fire burned out of control in the tinder-dry city for more than 24 hours, and it is recognized as a major milestone in the city’s history.
The city was so quickly rebuilt that by 1875, few traces of the fire remained. Many
people still believe that Mrs. O’Leary’s cow kicked over a lantern which started the fire. The Chicago City Council once passed a resolution exonerating the cow and apologizing to the O’Leary family. Pegleg O’Sullivan kicked over a lantern after breaking into the O’Leary dairy barn to steal milk for a whiskey punch party.
Proverbs 6:16- 22
16 These six things doth the Lord hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him:
17 A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,
18 An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief,
19 A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.
20 My son, keep thy father’s commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
21 Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck.
22 When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee.
“The militia of these free commonwealths, entitled and accustomed to their arms, when compared with any possible army, must be tremendous and irresistible. Who are the militia? Are they not ourselves? Is it feared, then, that we shall turn our arms each man against his own bosom. Congress have no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and every other terrible implement of the soldier, are the birth-right of an American … the unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people.”
– Tenche Coxe, The Pennsylvania Gazette, Feb. 20, 1788
“A certain amount of opposition is a great help to a man. Kites rise against, not with the wind.”
~ John Neal
in‧trigue /v. ɪnˈtrig; n. ɪnˈtrig, ˈɪn [v. in-treeg; n. in-treeg, in-treeg] verb, -trigued, -tri‧guing, noun
– Used as a verb (with object)
1. to arouse the curiosity or interest of by unusual, new, or otherwise fascinating or compelling qualities; appeal strongly to; captivate: The plan intrigues me, but I wonder if it will work.
2. to achieve or earn by appealing to another’s curiosity, fancy, or interest: to intrigue one’s way into another’s notice.
– Used as a noun
3. to plot craftily or underhandedly.
4. to accomplish or force by crafty plotting or underhand machinations.
5. to draw or capture: Her interest was intrigued by the strange symbol.
6. to carry on a secret or illicit love affair.
7.the use of underhand machinations or deceitful stratagems.
8. a plot or crafty dealing: political intrigues.
876 – Charles the Bald was defeated at the Battle of Andernach. Louis the Young beat Charles the Bare.
1775 – Officers decided to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army.
1812 – Boat party under Lt. Jesse D. Elliott captures HMS Detroit and Caledonia in Niagara River.
1823 – Erie Canal inaugurated at Albany,NY.
1837 – The schooner Cumberland ran ashore on Core Banks, North Carolina. The nasty weather that caused the wreck was due to hurricane that came to be known as Racer’s Storm. The Cumberland was carrying coffee, animal hides and cigars from the Caribbean island of Curaçao to New York.
1842 – Commodore Lawrence Kearny in USS Constitution addresses a letter to the Viceroy of China, urging that American merchants in China be granted the same treaty privileges as the British. His negotiations are successful.
1862 – Union and Confederate forces fought at Perryville, Kentucky in a one-day battle that stopped the South’s attempt to bring that border state into the Confederacy.
1865 – An earthquake hit San Francisco.
1869 – Franklin Pierce (64), the 14th president (1853 -1857) of the United States, died in Concord, N.H.
1871 – Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these. It burned about 17,450 buildings, killing 250 people and left nearly 100,000 people homeless, although the Peshtigo Fire killed as many as 2,500 people making it the deadliest fire in United States history.
1888 – Melville Fuller is sworn in as the 8th Chief Justice of the United States.
1895 – The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in Philadelphia.
1899 – Philippine Insurrection:: A force of 375 Marines under command of future Commandant George F. Elliott, attacked and captured the insurgent town of Novaleta, Luzon, Philippine Islands, and linked up with U.S. Army troops. There were eleven Marine casualties.
1901 – Domino Sugar was trademark registered.
1904 – First Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY).
1904 – “Little Johnny Jones” opened in Hartford, CT. The show became a hit several times, due in part to a little ditty which became quite popular. “Give My Regards to Broadway.” James Cagney version 1942 @ 2:16
1906 – Karl Ludwig Nessler of London demonstrated the first machine to put permanent waves in hair. It was a six-hour process and the client wore a dozen brass curlers, each weighing two pounds.
1912 – The First Balkan War (against Turkey) began — from which World War I arose.
1915 – World War I: The Battle of Loos, in World War I, ended. There was loss of over one hundred thousand French, British, and German lives in this battle. It marked the first use of poisonous gas by the British, which drifted back to the British trenches.
1918 – World War I – In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Army Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills twenty-five German soldiers and captures one-hundred thirty-two. After this event he was promoted to sergeant and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
1919 – The first transcontinental air race in the U.S. began; 63 planes competed in the round-trip aerial derby between California and New York. Lieutenant Belvin W. Maynard, flying a Havilland-4 with a Liberty motor, won the 5,400-mile race across the continent and back.
1919 – The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives passed the Volstead Prohibition Enforcement Bill. It was named for Representative Andrew Volstead of Minnesota and enforced the ban on the sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages. This rang in the era of prohibition.
1922 – World Series: New York Giants (4) vs New York Yankees (0)
1922 – Lilian Gatlin became the first woman pilot to fly across the United States.
1927 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Pittsburgh Pirates (0)
1930 – World Series: Philadelphia Athletics (4) vs St. Louis Cardinals (2)
1934 – Bruno Hauptmann was indicted for murder in the death of the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh. He had been caught with $14,000 of the Lindbergh baby ransom money.
1935 – “The O’Neills” debuted on the CBS Radio Network.
1935 – Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet.)
1938 – Norman Rockwell published his famous self-portrait in the “Saturday Evening Post.”
1938 – The film “In Old Chicago,” with Tyrone Power and Alice Faye, was a musical that built up to the Chicago fire.
1939 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Cincinnati Reds (0)
1940 – World Series: Cincinnati Reds (4) vs Detroit Tigers (3)
1941 – The Benny Goodman Orchestra recorded “Buckle Down Winsocki“, with Tom Dix.
1941 – World War II: Holocaust – Construction began on the 430-acre Birkenau extermination camp, 1.5 miles away from Auschwitz.
1942 – World War II: Third Battle of the Matanikau was a U.S. success: the Marines mauled a Japanese infantry regiment and disrupted their offensive by capturing assembly and artillery positions on the east bank of the Matanikau.
1944 – “Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet” debut on CBS radio
1945 – President Harry Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
1948 – CHART TOPPER – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent), “It’s Magic” by Doris Day and “Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long, Long Way)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1949 – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War: U.N. forces crossed into North Korea from South Korea.
1952 – Korean War: Operation RED COW, a joint Navy -Air Force mission against enemy positions near Kaesong, was conducted with Navy F2H Banshee fighter jets from Task Force 77 providing fighter escort for Air Force B -29 Super Fortress bombers.
1952 – “The Complete Book of Etiquette” was published for the first time.
1953 – Birmingham, Alabama, barred Jackie Robinson’s Negro-White All-Stars from playing there. Robinson gave in and dropped white players from his group.
1955 – “Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing” by Four Aces topped the charts.
1955 – “The Big Surprise” was a television quiz show broadcast in the United States by NBC from today to June 9, 1956, and from September 18, 1956, to April 2, 1957. It was a hastily created show written by NBC in response to the ratings success of The $64,000 Question. The Big Surprise offered a grand prize of $100,000. The series was originally hosted by Jack Barry through March 3, 1956, after which he was replaced by Mike Wallace for the rest of the run.
1955 – USS Saratoga launched. It was billed as the world’s most powerful aircraft carrier.
1956 – Don Larsen pitched the first (and only, to date) perfect game in the World Series as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0.
1956 – The show “Lawrence Welk’s Top Tunes and New Talent” debuted.
1956 – CHART TOPPER – “Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2)” by Bill Doggett, “Canadian Sunset” by Hugo Winterhalter & Eddie Heywood, “The Green Door” by Jim Lowe and “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1957 – Walter O’Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California.
1957 – Jerry Lee Lewis recorded the song “Great Balls Of Fire.” He was at Sun
Records with Elvis.
1958 – “Bat Masterson” was an American Western television series which showed a fictionalized account of the life of real-life marshal/gambler/dandy Bat Masterson. The title character was played by Gene Barry.
1959 – LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in the World Series.
1960 – “My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own” by Connie Francis topped the charts.
1960 – Yankee Bobby Richardson’s hits a World Series grand slam off relief pitcher Clem Labine.
1960 – USS Constellation (CV-64) was launched, a Kitty Hawk-class aircraft carrier, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the “new constellation of stars” on the flag of the United States.
1961 – Whitey Ford set the World Series record for consecutive scoreless innings.
1964 – CHART TOPPER – “Oh, Pretty Woman” by Roy Orbison, “Do Wah Diddy Diddy” by Manfred Mann, “Dancing in the Street” by Martha & The Vandellas and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1966 – “Cherish” by the Association topped the charts.
1966 – Wyoming’s Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52).
1968 – Vietnam War: Operation Sealords – United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
1970 – Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon’s October 7 peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.”
1970 – Soviet Union author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.
1972 – The TV series “Hec Ramsey” premiered with Richard Boone as a gunfighter intrigued with new methods of criminology.
1974 – “Then Came You“, by Dionne Warwick and The Spinners, went solid gold this day.
1974 – President Gerald Ford’s WIN (Whip Inflation Now) program was announced in response to a high inflation rate. Consumer prices rose 12.2 percent in 1974.
1974 – The Franklin National Bank, the 20th largest US bank, collapsed in obscure circumstances.
1977 – “Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band” by Meco topped the charts.
1978 – Ken Warby set the world water speed record at 317.627 mph.
1979 – “Sugar Babies” opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway. It continued for 1208 performances.
1980 – CHART TOPPER – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen, “Give Me the Night” by George Benson, “Drivin’ My Life Away” by Eddie Rabbitt and “Do You Wanna Go to Heaven” by T.G. Sheppard all topped the charts.
1980 – Bob Marley collapsed onstage during a show in Pittsburgh, PA. It was the last show he would ever perform. He died seven months later of cancer.
1981 – An explosive device at the Univ. of Utah was defused. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
1983 – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler topped the charts.
1984 – Anne Murray won the Country Music Association’s Album of the Year Award for “A Little Good News“. Murray was the first woman to achieve this award.
1987 – U.S. helicopter gunships in the Persian Gulf sank three Iranian patrol boats after an American observation helicopter was fired on. (Two of six Iranian crewmen taken from the water later died.)
1989 – The Oakland A’s won the American League pennant for the second year in a row by defeating the Toronto Blue Jays.
1990 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount.
1991 – A slave burial site was found by construction workers in lower Manhattan. The “Negro Burial Ground” had been closed in 1790. Over a dozen skeletons were found.
1991 – The U.S. Senate postponed its vote on Clarence Thomas’ Supreme Court nomination to investigate allegations that he’d sexually harassed a former aide, Anita Hill.
1991 – A federal judge in Anchorage, Alaska, approved a five-billion-dollar settlement against Exxon for the Valdez oil spill.
1992 – The U.S. Postal Service announced the commemorative stamp booklet that would include Bill Haley, Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, Clyde McPhatter, Dinah Washington, and Otis Redding.
1993 – The U.S. government issued a report absolving the FBI of any wrongdoing in its final assault in Waco, TX, on the Branch Davidian compound. The fire that ended the siege killed as many as 85 people.
1994 – President Clinton, responding to the massing of Iraqi troops near the Kuwaiti border, warned Saddam Hussein not to misjudge “American will or American power” as he ordered additional U.S. forces to the region.
1997 – A jury in South Carolina ordered Chrysler Corp. to pay $262.5 mil to the parents of a 6-year-old boy killed in a 1994 accident due to a defective rear latch. $250 mil was for punitive damages.
1998 – In Port Arthur, Texas, an incinerating plant operated by Waste Management began burning a diluted batch of napalm.
1998 – Astronomers reported sighting galaxies 12 billion light-years away using the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) on the Hubble Space Telescope.
1999 – It was reported that the US Congress had approved $1 billion over 20 years for 7 luxury aircraft for the Pentagon’s top commanders.
1999 – Laila Ali, the 21-year-old daughter of Muhammad Ali, made her professional boxing debut by knocking out opponent April Fowler 31 seconds after the opening bell in Verona, New York.
1999 – A damage award to State Farm auto insurance customers swelled to nearly $1.2 billion after a judge in Illinois ruled that the nation’s largest auto insurer committed fraud by using generic auto-body repair parts.
2001 – President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security. Tom Ridge, former Governor of Pennsylvania, was sworn in as director.
2001 – A second case of anthrax was reported with Ernesto Blanco (73), a co-worker of the man who died Oct 5 in Florida.
2002- A federal judge approved U.S. President George W. Bush’s request to reopen West Coast ports, to end a caustic 10-day labor lockout. The lockout was costing the U.S. economy an estimated $1 billion to $2 billion a day.
2002 – Two Kuwaitis opened fire on U.S. troops on a military exercise on a Kuwait’s Failaka Island in the Persian Gulf, fatally wounding a Marine in what the Interior Ministry called a “terrorist” attack.
2003 – Siegfried Fischbacher and his manager announced that the “Siegfried and Roy” show at the Mirage was canceled permanently.
2003 – In Arizona officials at Safford Middle School strip-searched Savana Redding (13) after she was suspected of distributing 4 ibuprofen pills. In 2009 the US Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the school officials had violated her rights.
2004 – At Alderson Federal Prison Camp, WV, Martha Stewart began her five-month prison sentence. The sentence was imposed for Stewart lying about a stock sale.
2005 – In New Orleans Robert Davis, a retired elementary teacher, was repeatedly punched in the head by police in an incident caught on videotape. Davis was not drunk, put up no resistance and was baffled by what happened. In Dec two police officers were fired for the incident.
2005 – Auto-parts maker Delphi Corp. filed for bankruptcy, hurt by high wage and benefit costs. It was the biggest bankruptcy filing in US automotive history.
2007 – U.S. athlete Marion Jones returns the five medals she won at the Sydney Olympics and accepts a two-year ban from the sport after admitting to her use of a prohibited substance.
2007 – Air crews conduct search and rescue missions for an airplane carrying 8-10 skydivers and there pilot that is believed to have crashed in a mountainous area of the Washington 45 miles west of Yakima. The wreckage was found with no sign of survivors.
2009 – A New York City jury convicted Anthony Marshall (85), the son of Brooke Astor, of grand larceny and conspiracy in a scheme to force the socialite to change her will before she died at age 105 in 2007.
2009 – In Arizona twenty-one people were taken to area hospitals with illnesses ranging from dehydration to kidney failure after being overcome while sitting in a sweat-lodge at the Angel Valley resort in Sedona.
2010 – President Barack Obama praised outgoing national security adviser Jim Jones and named close aide Tom Donilon (55) as his top security adviser, elevating a skeptic of the US troop surge in Afghanistan to oversee a major review of the war.
2010 – President Obama signed a law on providing the disabled easier access to technology.
2010 – The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 11,000 for the first time in five months.
2010 – The United States economy shed 95,000 more jobs than expected in September.
2011 – Roger Williams (87), pianist and composer, died in Los Angeles. His 1955 hit “Autumn Leaves” was the only piano instrumental to reach No.1 on the billboard pop charts. His hits also included “Born Free,” “the Impossible Dream” and “Lara’s Theme.”
2014 – Batman honored by the U.S. Postal Service to celebrate 75 Years of the revered super hero. He will join the elite ranks of American pop-culture icons that have been given this honor.
2014 – In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Thad Starr (45) of Pleasant Hills, Oregon, won the 39th annual giant pumpkin contest with a 1,775 gourd, a local record. The world record was recently set in Massachusetts by a 2,009-pound specimen.
1810 – James Wilson Marshall, American carpenter and wheelwright, discoverer of gold in the American West.
1838 – John Milton Hay, American diplomat and statesman, poet, and author.
1890 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American fighter pilot in World War I, aviation pioneer, and airlines executive.
1895 – Juan Perón, President of Argentina (1946-1955 and 1973-74).
1941 – Rev. Jesse Jackson, American civil rights leader.
1943 – Chevy Chase, American comedian and actor
1949 – Sigourney Weaver, American actress
BROWN, BOBBIE E.
Rank and organization: Captain, U S. Army, Company C, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Crucifix Hill, Aachen, Germany, October 8th, 1944. Entered service at: Atlanta, Ga. Born: 2 September 1903, Dublin, Ga. G.O. No.: 74, 1 September 1945. Citation: He commanded Company C, 18th Infantry Regiment, on 8 October 1944, when it, with the Ranger Platoon of the 1st Battalion, attacked Crucifix Hill, a key point in the enemy’s defense of Aachen, Germany. As the leading rifle platoon assaulted the first of many pillboxes studding the rising ground, heavy fire from a flanking emplacement raked it. An intense artillery barrage fell on the American troops which had been pinned down in an exposed position. Seeing that the pillboxes must be neutralized to prevent the slaughter of his men, Capt. Brown obtained a pole charge and started forward alone toward the first pillbox, about 100 yards away. Hugging the ground while enemy bullets whipped around him, he crawled and then ran toward the aperture of the fortification, rammed his explosive inside and jumped back as the pillbox and its occupants were blown up. He rejoined the assault platoon, secured another pole charge, and led the way toward the next pillbox under continuous artillery mortar, automatic, and small-arms fire. He again ran forward and placed his charge in the enemy fortification, knocking it out. He then found that fire from a third pillbox was pinning down his company; so he returned to his men, secured another charge, and began to creep and crawl toward the hostile emplacement. With heroic bravery he disregarded opposing fire and worked ahead in the face of bullets streaming from the pillbox. Finally reaching his objective, he stood up and inserted his explosive, silencing the enemy. He was wounded by a mortar shell but refused medical attention and, despite heavy hostile fire, moved swiftly among his troops exhorting and instructing them in subduing powerful opposition. Later, realizing the need for information of enemy activity beyond the hill, Capt. Brown went out alone to reconnoiter. He observed possible routes of enemy approach and several times deliberately drew enemy fire to locate gun emplacements. Twice more, on this self-imposed mission, he was wounded; but he succeeded in securing information which led to the destruction of several enemy guns and enabled his company to throw back two powerful counterattacks with heavy losses. Only when Company C’s position was completely secure did he permit treatment of his three wounds. By his indomitable courage, fearless leadership, and outstanding skill as a soldier, Capt. Brown contributed in great measure to the taking of Crucifix Hill, a vital link in the American line encircling Aachen.
ANDERSON, JOHANNES S.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 132d Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: At Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Finland. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While his company was being held up by intense artillery and machinegun fire, 1st Sgt. Anderson, without aid, voluntarily left the company and worked his way to the rear of the nest that was offering the most stubborn resistance. His advance was made through an open area and under constant hostile fire, but the mission was successfully accomplished, and he not only silenced the gun and captured it, but also brought back with him twenty-three prisoners.
*COSTIN, HENRY G.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company H, 115th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: Near Bois -de -Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Baltimore, Md. Birth: Baltimore, Md. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: When the advance of his platoon had been held up by machinegun fire and a request was made for an automatic rifle team to charge the nest, Pvt. Costin was the first to volunteer. Advancing with his team, under terrific fire of enemy artillery, machineguns, and trench mortars, he continued after all his comrades had become casualties and he himself had been seriously wounded. He operated his rifle until he collapsed. His act resulted in the capture of about one-hundred prisoners and several machineguns. He succumbed from the effects of his wounds shortly after the accomplishment of his heroic deed.
DOZIER, JAMES C .
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company G, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Montbrehain, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Rock Hill, S.C. Born: 17 February 1885, Galivants Ferry, N.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: In command of 2 platoons, 1st. Lt. Dozier was painfully wounded in the shoulder early in the attack, but he continued to lead his men displaying the highest bravery and skill. When his command was held up by heavy machinegun fire, he disposed his men in the best cover available and with a soldier continued forward to attack a machinegun nest. Creeping up to the position in the face of intense fire, he killed the entire crew with handgrenades and his pistol and a little later captured a number of Germans who had taken refuge in a dugout nearby.
FOSTER, GARY EVANS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company F, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Montbrehain, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Inman, S.C. Birth: Spartanburg, S.C. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: When his company was held up by violent machinegun fire from a sunken road, Sgt. Foster with an officer went forward to attack the hostile machinegun nests. The officer was wounded, but Sgt. Foster continued on alone in the face of the heavy fire and by effective use of handgrenades and his pistol killed several of the enemy and captured eighteen others.
GREGORY, EARL D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Headquarters Company, 116th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: At Bois -de -Consenvoye, north of Verdun, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Chase City, Va. Birth: Chase City, Va. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: With the remark “I will get them,” Sgt. Gregory seized a rifle and a trench -mortar shell, which he used as a handgrenade, left his detachment of the trench -mortar platoon, and advancing ahead of the infantry, captured a machinegun and three of the enemy. Advancing still farther from the machinegun nest, he captured a 7.5 -centimeter mountain howitzer and, entering a dugout in the immediate vicinity, single -handedly captured nineteen of the enemy.
*HALL, THOMAS LEE
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date. Near Montbrehain, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Fort Mill, S.C. Birth: Fort Mill, S.C., G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: Having overcome two machinegun nests under his skillful leadership, Sgt. Hall’s platoon was stopped eight-hundred yards from its final objective by machinegun fire of particular intensity. Ordering his men to take cover in a sunken road, he advanced alone on the enemy machinegun post and killed five members of the crew with his bayonet and thereby made possible the further advance of the line. While attacking another machinegun nest later in the day this gallant soldier was mortally wounded.
HOLDERMAN, NELSON M.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 307th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Northeast of Binarville, in the forest of Argonne, France, October 2nd -October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Santa Ana, Calif. Birth: Trumbell, Nebr. G.O. No.: 11, W.D., 1921. Citation: Capt. Holderman commanded a company of a battalion which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy. He was wounded on the 4th, 5th, and 7th of October, but throughout the entire period, suffering great pain and subjected to fire of every character, he continued personally to lead and encourage the officers and men under his command with unflinching courage and with distinguished success. On 6 October, in a wounded condition, he rushed through enemy machinegun and shell fire and carried two wounded men to a place of safety.
KARNES, JAMES E.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Estrees, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Knoxville, Tenn. Born: 1889, Arlington, Tenn. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: During an advance, his company was held up by a machinegun, which was enfilading the line. Accompanied by another soldier, he advanced against this position and succeeded in reducing the nest by killing three and capturing seven of the enemy and their guns.
McMURTRY, GEORGE G.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: At Charlevaux, in the forest of Argonne, France, 2 -October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 6 November 1876, Pittsburgh, Pa. G.O. No.: 118, W.D., 1918. Citation: Commanded a battalion which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy and although wounded in the knee by shrapnel on 4 October and suffering great pain, he continued throughout the entire period to encourage his officers and men with a resistless optimism that contributed largely toward preventing panic and disorder among the troops, who were without food, cut off from communication with our lines. On 4 October during a heavy barrage, he personally directed and supervised the moving of the wounded to shelter before himself seeking shelter. On 6 October he was again wounded in the shoulder by a German grenade, but continued personally to organize and direct the defense against the German attack on the position until the attack was defeated. He continued to direct and command his troops, refusing relief, and personally led his men out of the position after assistance arrived before permitting himself to be taken to the hospital on 8 October. During this period the successful defense of the position was due largely to his efforts.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 115th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: Bois -de -Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Los Angeles, Calif. Birth: Middleboro, Mass. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: While leading his platoon against a strong enemy machinegun nest which had held up the advance of two companies, 2d Lt. Regan divided his men into three groups, sending one group to either flank, and he himself attacking with an automatic rifle team from the front. Two of the team were killed outright, while 2d Lt. Regan and the third man were seriously wounded, the latter unable to advance. Although severely wounded, 2d Lt. Regan dashed with empty pistol into the machinegun nest, capturing thirty Austrian gunners and four machineguns. This gallant deed permitted the companies to advance, avoiding a terrific enemy fire. Despite his wounds, he continued to lead his platoon forward until ordered to the rear by his commanding officer.
SAMPLER, SAMUEL M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company H, 142d Infantry, 36th Division. Place and date: Near St. Etienne, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Altus, Okla. Birth: Decatur, Tex. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: His company having suffered severe casualties during an advance under machinegun fire, was finally stopped. Cpl. Sampler detected the position of the enemy machineguns on an elevation. Armed with German handgrenades, which he had picked up, he left the line and rushed forward in the face of heavy fire until he was near the hostile nest, where he grenaded the position. His third grenade landed among the enemy, killing two, silencing the machineguns, and causing the surrender of twenty-eight Germans, whom he sent to the rear as prisoners. As a result of his act the company was immediately enabled to resume the advance.
SLACK, CLAYTON K.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company D, 124th Machine Gun Battalion, 33d Division. Place and date: Near Consenvoye, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Madison, Wis. Born: 23 February 1896, Plover, Wis. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Observing German soldiers under cover fifty yards away on the left flank, Pvt. Slack, upon his own initiative, rushed them with his rifle and, single -handed, captured ten prisoners and two heavy -type machineguns, thus saving his company and neighboring organizations from heavy casualties.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 6 January 1897, South Weymouth, Mass. Appointed from: Connecticut. Citation: For exceptionally meritorious service and extraordinary heroism while attached to Squadron C, 1st Marine Aviation Force, in France. 2d Lt. Talbot participated in numerous air raids into enemy territory. On October 8th, 1918, while on such a raid, he was attacked by nine enemy scouts, and in the fight that followed shot down an enemy plane. Also, on 14 October 1918, while on a raid over Pittham, Belgium, 2d Lt. Talbot and another plane became detached from the formation on account of motor trouble and were attacked by twelve enemy scouts. During the severe fight that followed, his plane shot down one of the enemy scouts. His observer was shot through the elbow and his gun jammed. 2d Lt. Talbot maneuvered to gain time for his observer to clear the jam with one hand, and then returned to the fight. The observer fought until shot twice, once in the stomach and once in the hip and then collapsed, 2d Lt. Talbot attacked the nearest enemy scout with his front guns and shot him down. With his observer unconscious and his motor failing, he dived to escape the balance of the enemy and crossed the German trenches at an altitude of fifty feet, landing at the nearest hospital to leave his observer, and then returning to his aerodrome.
TURNER, HAROLD L.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company F, 142d Infantry, 36th Division. Place and date: Near St. Etienne, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Seminole, Okla. Born: 5 May 1898, Aurora, Mo. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: After his platoon had started the attack Cpl. Turner assisted in organizing a platoon consisting of the battalion scouts, runners, and a detachment of Signal Corps. As second in command of this platoon he fearlessly led them forward through heavy enemy fire, continually encouraging the men. Later he encountered deadly machinegun fire which reduced the strength of his command to but four men, and these were obliged to take shelter. The enemy machinegun emplacement, twenty-five yards distant, kept up a continual fire from four machineguns. After the fire had shifted momentarily, Cpl. Turner rushed forward with fixed bayonet and charged the position alone capturing the strong point with a complement of fifty Germans and one machineguns. His remarkable display of courage and fearlessness was instrumental in destroying the strong point, the fire from which had blocked the advance of his company.
WARD, CALVIN JOHN
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company D, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Estrees, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Morristown, Tenn. Born: October 1898, Green County, Tenn. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: During an advance, Pvt. Ward’s company was held up by a machinegun, which was enfilading the line. Accompanied by a noncommissioned officer, he advanced against this post and succeeded in reducing the nest by killing three and capturing seven of the enemy and their guns.
YORK, ALVIN C.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company G, 328th Infantry, 82d Division. Place and date: Near Chatel -Chehery, France, October 8th, 1918. Entered service at: Pall Mall, Tenn. Born: 13 December 1887, Fentress County, Tenn. G.O. No.: 59, W.D., 1919. Citation: After his platoon had suffered heavy casualties and three other noncommissioned officers had become casualties, Cpl. York assumed command. Fearlessly leading seven men, he charged with great daring a machinegun nest which was pouring deadly and incessant fire upon his platoon. In this heroic feat the machinegun nest was taken, together with four officers, 128 enemy soldiers and several guns.
DURHAM, JOHN S.
ank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 1st Wisconsin Infantry. Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., October 8th, 1862. Entered service at: Malone, St. Croix County, Wis. Born: 1843, New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 20 November 1896. Citation: Seized the flag of his regiment when the color sergeant was shot and advanced with the flag midway between the lines, amid a shower of shot, shell, and bullets, until stopped by his commanding officer.
SURLES, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 2d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., October 8th, 1862. Entered service at: Steubenville, Ohio. Born: 24 February 1845, Steubenville, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 August 1891. Citation: In the hottest part of the fire he stepped in front of his colonel to shield him from the enemy’s fire.
Thousands of years before there were movies, there was popcorn. The oldest ears of popcorn ever found were discovered in the Bat Cave of west central New Mexico in 1948 and 1950. Ranging from smaller than a penny to about 2 inches, the oldest Bat Cave ears are about 4,000 years old. Bat Cave is now an archaeological site. The name actually refers to a complex of rock shelters, occupied from about 10,000 years ago up to the present, with evidence of early maize agriculture.
Archeologists have found very old corn pollen just below Mexico City. The pollen found there is almost exactly the same as that today. Popcorn probably grew first in Mexico, though it was also used in China and India hundreds of years before Columbus reached the Americas. In tombs in Peru, archaeologists found ancient kernels of popcorn that are so well preserved that they can still pop.
Popcorn was probably an important part of life in the ancient Americas. On a 1,700-year-old painted funeral urn found in Mexico, a corn god is shown wearing a headdress of popcorn. Decorated popcorn poppers from around the same time have been found in Peru.
In 1519, Cortes got his first sight of popcorn when he invaded Mexico and came into contact with the Aztecs. In the 1600’s popcorn was very important to the Aztec and probably Mayan cultures. Bernardino de Sahagún (1499 – October 23, 1590) was a Franciscan friar and missionary priest who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain (now Mexico). He wrote, “And also a number of young women danced, having so vowed, a popcorn dance. As thick as tassels of maize were their popcorn garlands. And these they placed upon (the girls’) heads.” Popcorn was an important food for the Aztec Indians, who also used popcorn as decoration for ceremonial headdresses, necklaces and ornaments on statues of their gods, including Tlaloc, the god of rain and fertility.
Popcorn is fun and, if young kids are around, can be slightly scary with all these little explosions. When I was a kid (first half of the last century) my mom used a pressure cooker on an electric range. She would put in the oil, add the kernel’s, put the lid on the pan and lock it in place. Our job was to keep the pan moving so the kernels would not burn.
Once all the explosions stopped we would pull the pan off the burner and mom would open the pan. I was always amazed at the little brown things that went in and the big white things that came out. Here is what “scientifically” happens:
Each kernel of popcorn contains a certain amount of moisture and oil. Unlike most other grains, the outer hull of the popcorn kernel is both strong and impervious to moisture and the starch inside consists almost entirely of a hard, dense type. As the oil and the water are heated past the boiling point, they turn the moisture in the kernel, which has a moisture-proof hull, into a superheated pressurized steam. Under these conditions, the starch inside the kernel gelatinizes, softens and becomes pliable. The pressure continues to increase until the breaking point of the hull is reached: a pressure of about 135 psi and a temperature of 180 °C(356 °F). The hull ruptures rapidly, causing a sudden drop in pressure inside the kernel and a corresponding rapid expansion of the steam, which expands the starch and proteins of the endosperm into airy foam. As the foam rapidly cools, the starch and protein polymers set into the familiar crispy puff.
That and some butter and salt and it is time to start the movie.
Proverbs 3: 7-8 Living Bible
7-8 Don’t be conceited, sure of your own wisdom. Instead, trust and reverence the Lord, and turn your back on evil; when you do that, then you will be given renewed health and vitality.
“If the representatives of the people betray their constituents, there is then no resource left but in the exertion of that original right of self-defense which is paramount to all positive forms of government, and which against the usurpations of the national rulers may be exerted with infinitely better prospect of success than against those of the rulers of an individual State. In a single State, if the persons intrusted with supreme power become usurpers, the different parcels, subdivisions, or districts of which it consists, having no distinct government in each, can take no regular measures for defense. The citizens must rush tumultuously to arms, without concert, without system, without resource; except in their courage and despair.”
– Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 28, Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
“Success is peace of mind, a direct result of self-satisfaction in knowing that you did your best to become the best that you are capable of becoming, and not just in a physical way: seek ye first the kingdom and His righteousness and all these things will be yours as well.”
~ John Wooden (The Greatest Coach Ever)
stanch STONCH; STANCH, transitive verb:
To stop the flowing of; to check in its course; also, to stop the flowing of blood from; as, “to stanch a wound.”
Stanch is from Old French estancher, “to stop a liquid from flowing.”
3761 BC – The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar.
1492 – Christopher Columbus misses Florida when he changes course.
1520 – First public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain.
1571 – The Battle of Lepanto was fought between Christian allied naval forces and the Ottoman Turks attempting to capture Cyprus from the Venetians. It was the last great clash of galley ships.
1542 – Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast.
1763 – George III of Great Britain issued Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement.
1765 – Twenty-eight delegates from nine American colonies met at the Stamp Act Congress in New York City to protest Parliaments’ British Stamp Act, which imposed a direct tax on the colonies to raise revenue for a standing army in America.
1777 – Revolutionary War: Americans beat the British in the Battle of Second Saratoga and the Battle of Bemis Heights. During the battle General Benedict Arnold was shot in the leg. Another bullet killed his horse, which fell on Arnold, crushing his leg.
1780 – Revolutionary War: Battle of Kings Mountain American Patriot militia defeat Loyalist irregulars led by British colonel Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.
1785 – Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot tribes signed a treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States.
1793 – During the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine. He had been condemned for treason.
1806 – The first carbon paper was patented by its English inventor, Ralph Wedgwood.
1816 – The first double-decked steamboat, the “Washington,” arrives in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1826 – The first gravity-powered railroad went into operation, the Granite Railway from Quincy to Milton, Massachusetts.
1846 – The first issue of the “Daily News,” edited by Charles Dickens, was published.
1853 – Dr. Russell L. Hawes patented the envelope folding machine.
1863 – Two Confederate ships drive away two Union ships as the Rebels recapture Sabine Pass, Texas, and open an important port for the Confederacy.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Darbytown Road – the Confederate forces’ attempt to regain ground that had been lost around Richmond is thwarted.
1864 – Civil War: Capture of the C.S.S. “Florida” — Union Warship captures the U.S.S. “Wachusett” — Confederate raider ship while in port in Bahia, Brazil.
1868 – Cornell University opened in Ithaca, New York.
1882 – Baseball: First World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0.
1896 – Dow Jones began reporting an average of the prices of 12 industrial stocks in the Wall Street Journal.
1903 – The US and Columbia sign the Hay-Herran Treaty, giving the US a 99 year lease and sovereignty over the Panama Canal Zone.
1908 – The Sullivan Ordinance was passed in New York City making smoking by women illegal. The measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
1912 – US troops begin the occupation of Tiensin, China to protect US interests and the US diplomatic legation.
1913 – The Ford Motor Company started operation of the first assembly line. It could turn out a car in three hours.
1916 – Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland College in the most lopsided victory in American college football. The 1916 Georgia Yellow Jackets team set a record for the largest margin of victory in college football history (or in the history of any other American football competition, for that matter) in a game against Cumberland College, 222-0. The Yellow Jackets led 63-0 after the first quarter and 126-0 at halftime. Tech added 54 more points in the third quarter and 42 in the final period.
1919 – The Dutch airline KLM, the oldest existing airline, was established.
1922 – The first radio network was formed. It was a network of just two stations. WJZ in Newark, NJ teamed with WGY in Schenectady, NY to bring the World Series game direct from the Polo Grounds in New York.
1927 – Yank Herb Pennock retires first 22 Pittsburg Pirates in world series game.
1927 – The first opera broadcast over a national radio network was presented in Chicago, IL. The opera was “Faust”.
1928 – Herbert Hoover was elected 31st President of the United States of America (1929-1933).
1931 – First infrared photograph, Rochester, New York.
1933 – World Series: New York Giants (4) vs Washington Senators (1).
1935 – World Series: Detroit Tigers (4) vs Chicago Cubs (2).
1937 – Solo boater Buzz Homstrom rowed his homemade boat JULIUS F into the mouth of Lodore Canyon, on his way to rowing through the Grand Canyon.
1938 – Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter J.
1939 – “Kate Hopkins, Angel of Mercy” was heard for the first time on CBS radio.
1940 – Artie Shaw’s orchestra recorded Hoagy Carmichael’s standard, “Star Dust“.
1941 – The United States lifted the ban on arms to the Soviet Union.
1943 – World War II: Japan executes 100 American civilian prisoners on Wake Island.
1943 – World War II: A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.
1944 – World War II: Uprising at Auschwitz, Jews burn down crematoriums.
1944 – Forces chosen for the Anzio landing set sail from Naples.
1946 – “The Fat Man” debuted on ABC radio.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Wish I Didn’t Love You So” by Vaughn Monroe, “Feudin’ and Fightin’ – Dorothy Shay, “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” by Perry Como, “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1949 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, known as Tokyo Rose, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for treason.
1950 – U.S.-led United Nations forces crossed the 38th parallel into North Korea, in response to North Korea’s invasion of South Korea.
1950 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Philadelphia Phillies (0)
1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts.
1950 – The “Frank Sinatra Show” premiered on CBS. This Saturday night show was broadcast weekly from 9:00 p.m. 10:00 p.m., leading to a radio series, also on CBS, called “Meet Frank Sinatra”.
1951 – The Western Hills Hotel in Fort Worth, TX became the first hostelry to feature all foam-rubber mattresses and pillows.
1952 – “American Bandstand” debuts on a local Philadelphia station.
1952 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (3).
1954 – Marian Anderson became the first Black opera singer in New York’s Metropolitan Opera.
1954 – The Nautilus was launched in Groton, CT. It was the first atomic-powered submarine. U.S. First Lady Mamie Eisenhower broke the traditional bottle of champagne across the bow.
1954 – Transistor calculator displayed.
1954 – The gas turbine automobile was introduced in New York City.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love is a Many-Splendored Thing” by The Four Aces, “Autumn Leaves” by Roger Williams, “Moments to Remember” by The Four Lads, “The Cattle Call” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1958 – US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury.
1959 – Far side of Moon seen for first time, compliments of USSR’s Luna 3.
1959 – A U.S. House subcommittee began investigations of allegedly rigged TV quiz shows.
1960 – Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy and Republican opponent Richard M. Nixon debated for a second time on television.
1960 – The TV series “Route 66” premieres.
1961 – “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee topped the charts.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy signed the documents of ratification for a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
1965 – The official world’s longest hole-in-one occurred when on the 447 yard 10th hole of the Miracle Hills CG Robert Mitera blasted a 447 yard drive which happened to be the exact length of the hole.
1967 – “The Letter” by Box Tops topped the charts.
1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America adopted its film-rating system.
1970 – The Boeing 747 made its first commercial flight from New York to London for Pan American.
1970 – ABC-TV presented “The Johnny Cash Show” in prime time.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “Maggie Mae/Reason to Believe” by Rod Stewart, “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” by Joan Baez, “Superstar” by the Carpenters and “Easy Loving” by Freddie Hart all topped the charts.
1972 – “Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me” by Mac Davis topped the charts.
1975 – President Gerald Ford signs law allowing admission of women into service academies (Public Law 94 -106).
1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.
1978 – “Kiss You All Over” by Exile topped the charts.
1980 – Gold was valued at $850 an ounce.
1981 – Egypt’s parliament named vice president Hosni Mubarak to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat.
1982 – Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice’s musical “Cats,” opened on Broadway. It closed after a record 7,485 performances.
1984 – Walter Payton passes Jim Brown as NFL’s career rushing leader.
1985 – Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship “Achille Lauro” in the Mediterranean Sea with more than 400 people aboard. After demanding the release of 50 Palestinian prisoners held in Israel, the terrorists kill Leon Klinghoffer, an elderly disabled American tourist, throwing him and his wheelchair overboard. The 413 people were held hostage for two days in the seizure that was masterminded by Mohammed Abul Abbas.
1985 – The United States announced it would no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions. This was in response to a June 25, 1985, World Court ruling that U.S. involvement in Nicaragua violated international law.
1985 – Lynette Woodward was chosen as the first woman on the Harlem Globetrotters.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Didn’t We Almost Have It All” by Whitney Houston, “Here I Go Again” by Whitesnake, “Lost in Emotion” by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam and “You Again” by The Forester Sisters all topped the charts.
1989 – Rickey Henderson steals a record 8 bases in a playoff (5 games).
1989 – “Miss You Much” by Janet Jackson topped the charts.
1994 – A jury in Manassas, VA, acquitted Lorena Bobbitt by reason of temporary insanity of maliciously wounding (severing his penis) her husband John. She accused him of sexually assaulting her.
1994 – Iraqi troops moved south toward Kuwait. Pres. Clinton dispatched a carrier group, 54,000 troops and warplanes to the gulf area after Iraqi troops were spotted moving south toward Kuwait. The Iraqis pulled back.
1995 – A crowd of over 100,000 people were sitting or standing in Central Park to see Pope John Paul II.
1997 – Newt Gingrich was fined as the U.S. House of Representatives voted for first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.
1998 – A former White House intern said on tape that she had an affair with President Clinton.
1999 – American Home Products Corp. resolved one of the biggest product liability cases in history by agreeing to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that the fen-phen diet drug caused heart problems.
1999 – The U.S. Coast Guard intercepted a ship headed for Houston, TX, that had over 9,500 pounds of cocaine aboard. It was one of the largest drug busts in U.S. history.
1999 – It was reported that American fighter jets had begun using non -explosive concrete bombs to destroy military targets in northern Iraq.
2001 – Afghanistan: Operation Enduring Freedom begins with carrier air strikes, and ship and submarine Tomahawk strikes.
2001 – The Al -Jazeera TV network from Qatar showed video footage of Osama bin Laden praising Allah for the September 11th terrorist attacks.
2002 – Space Shuttle Atlantis flies mission STS-112, its last mission before the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
2002 – In an address to the nation to support his action against Iraq, President Bush labeled Saddam Hussein a “homicidal dictator” and said the threat from Iraq was unique and imminent: “We refuse to live in fear.”
2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, an Austrian immigrant known as a film actor and former Mr. Universe, was elected governor of California. The election was a recall of Gov. Gray Davis just eleven months into his second term due to the state’s perilous financial condition.
2003 – It was announced by the U.S. Census Bureau that estimates showed that the Hispanic population had passed the black population for the first time.
2003 – Yasser Arafat swore in new Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia and a skeleton emergency Cabinet.
2003 – California voters recalled Gov. Davis. Among the replacement candidates, Arnold Schwarzenegger won with 3.74 million votes or 49%. Propositions 53 on racial privacy and 54 on state infrastructure funding were defeated.
2005 – The Senate voted to give President Bush $50 billion more for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and US military efforts against terrorism, money that would push total spending for the operations beyond $350 billion.
2006 – The NY Yankees were eliminated from the first round of the AL playoffs, losing to Detroit 8-3 in Game 4. It was the second straight year New York lost in the opening round.
2006 – In Virginia the Bush family christened the USS George H.W. Bush, the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier named after the 82-year-old former president.
2007 – Chad Schieber (35), a Michigan police officer, died and dozens of others needed medical care while running the Chicago Marathon as record heat and smothering humidity forced race organizers to shut down the course midway through the event.
2007 – A Cessna 208 Grand Caravan crashed in the Cascade Mountains after it left Star, Idaho, near Boise, en route to Shelton, Wash., northwest of Olympia. Nine skydivers and the pilot were killed. Searchers found the wreckage the next day.
2008 – The US Federal Reserve announced a radical plan to buy massive amounts of short-term debt in a dramatic effort to break through the severe credit clog. The Fed began lending unsecured to companies for the first time in its history.
2008 – Republican John McCain and Democrat Barack Obama held their 2nd presidential debate. Tom Brokaw of NBC, the moderator, screened their questions and also chose others that had been submitted online.
2009 – The war in Afghanistan entered its 9th year.
2010 – Israel buys 20 F-35I variant radar-evading fighter jets from the United States, Israel’s first batch of advanced fighter jets
2010 – The War in Afghanistan marks its ten year anniversary.
2012 – SpaceX launched a rocket to the International Space Station tonight at 20:35 Eastern. It will be delivering a half-ton of supplies. Public relations kit.
2012 –Drew Brees with the New Orleans Saints broke Johnny Unitas’ 52-year old record of 47 consecutive games with a touchdown pass. Brees threw his 48th with a 40-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Devery Henderson with 2:58 to play in the first quarter for a 7-7 tie. Uniquely Henderson wears No. 19 the same number Unitas wore.
2013 – The US House of Representatives today voted 400-1 to pass House Concurrent Resolution 58 calling on Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel to allow the continued performance of religious services on military installations during the government shutdown. The government had shut them down.
2014 – The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals invalidated Idaho’s marriage laws and legalized same-sex marriage in that state, which allowed Idaho county clerks to begin issuing same-sex marriage licenses a week later.
1853 – James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (d. 1916)
1905 – Andy Devine, American actor (d. 1977)
1931 – Cotton Fitzsimmons, American basketball coach most well-known for the Phoenix Suns (d. 2004)
1943 – Oliver North, U.S. Marine and politician
1957 – Michael W. Smith, American Christian singer
WATKINS, LEWIS G.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company I, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, October 7th,1952. Entered service at: Seneca, S.C. Born. 6 June 1925, Seneca, S.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a guide of a rifle platoon of Company I, in action against enemy aggressor forces during the hours of darkness on the morning of 7 October 1952. With his platoon assigned the mission of retaking an outpost which had been overrun by the enemy earlier in the night, S/Sgt. Watkins skillfully led his unit in the assault up the designated hill. Although painfully wounded when a well-entrenched hostile force at the crest of the hill engaged the platoon with intense small-arms and grenade fire, he gallantly continued to lead his men. Obtaining an automatic rifle from one of the wounded men, he assisted in pinning down an enemy machine gun holding up the assault. When an enemy grenade landed among S/Sgt. Watkins and several other Marines while they were moving forward through a trench on the hill crest, he immediately pushed his companions aside, placed himself in a position to shield them and picked up the deadly missile in an attempt to throw it outside the trench. Mortally wounded when the grenade exploded in his hand, S/Sgt. Watkins, by his great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, saved the lives of several of his comrades and contributed materially to the success of the mission. His extraordinary heroism, inspiring leadership, and resolute spirit of self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
HARRIS, JAMES L.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 756th Tank Battalion. Place and date: At Vagney, France, October 7th, 1944. Entered service at: Hillsboro, Tex. Birth: Hillsboro, Tex. G.O. No.: 32, 23 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 7 October 1944, in Vagney, France. At 9 p.m. an enemy raiding party, comprising a tank and two platoons of infantry, infiltrated through the lines under cover of mist and darkness and attacked an infantry battalion command post with hand grenades, retiring a short distance to an ambush position on hearing the approach of the M -4 tank commanded by 2d Lt. Harris. Realizing the need for bold aggressive action, 2d Lt. Harris ordered his tank to halt while he proceeded on foot, fully ten yards ahead of his six-man patrol and armed only with a service pistol, to probe the darkness for the enemy. Although struck down and mortally wounded by machinegun bullets which penetrated his solar plexus, he crawled back to his tank, leaving a trail of blood behind him, and, too weak to climb inside it, issued fire orders while lying on the road between the two contending armored vehicles. Although the tank which he commanded was destroyed in the course of the fire fight, he stood the enemy off until friendly tanks, preparing to come to his aid, caused the enemy to withdraw and thereby lose an opportunity to kill or capture the entire battalion command personnel. Suffering a second wound, which severed his leg at the hip, in the course of this tank duel, 2d Lt. Harris refused aid until after a wounded member of his crew had been carried to safety. He died before he could be given medical attention.
BARKLEY, JOHN L.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company K, 4th Infantry, 3d Division. Place and date: Near Cunel, France, October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Blairstown, Mo. Born: 28 August 1895 Blairstown, Mo. G.O. No.: 44, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pfc. Barkley, who was stationed in an observation post half a kilometer from the German line, on his own initiative repaired a captured enemy machinegun and mounted it in a disabled French tank near his post. Shortly afterward, when the enemy launched a counterattack against our forces, Pfc. Barkley got into the tank, waited under the hostile barrage until the enemy line was abreast of him and then opened fire, completely breaking up the counterattack and killing and wounding a large number of the enemy. Five minutes later an enemy 77-millimeter gun opened fire on the tank pointblank. One shell struck the drive wheel of the tank, but this soldier nevertheless remained in the tank and after the barrage ceased broke up a second enemy counterattack, thereby enabling our forces to gain and hold Hill 25.
HILL, RALYN M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company H, 129th Infantry, 33d Division. Place and date: Near Donnevoux, France, October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Oregon, Ill. Born: 6 May 1899, Lindenwood, Ill. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: Seeing a French airplane fall out of control on the enemy side of the Meuse River with its pilot injured, Cpl. Hill voluntarily dashed across the footbridge to the side of the wounded man and, taking him on his back, started back to his lines. During the entire exploit he was subjected to murderous fire of enemy machineguns and artillery, but he successfully accomplished his mission and brought his man to a place of safety, a distance of several hundred yards.
TALLEY, EDWARD R.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company L, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Ponchaux, France, October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Russellville, Tenn. Born: 8 September 1890, Russellville, Tenn. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: Undeterred by seeing several comrades killed in attempting to put a hostile machinegun nest out of action, Sgt. Talley attacked the position single -handed. Armed only with a rifle, he rushed the nest in the face of intense enemy fire, killed or wounded at least six of the crew, and silenced the gun. When the enemy attempted to bring forward another gun and ammunition he drove them back by effective fire from his rifle.
WHITTLESEY, CHARLES W.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: Northeast of Binarville, in the forest of Argonne France, October 2nd through October 7th, 1918. Entered service at: Pittsfield, Mass. Birth. Florence, Wis. G.O. No.: 118, W.D., 1918. Citation: Although cut off for 5 days from the remainder of his division, Maj. Whittlesey maintained his position, which he had reached under orders received for an advance, and held his command, consisting originally of 46 officers and men of the 308th Infantry and of Company K of the 307th Infantry, together in the face of superior numbers of the enemy during the five days. Maj. Whittlesey and his command were thus cut off, and no rations or other supplies reached him, in spite of determined efforts which were made by his division. On the 4th day Maj. Whittlesey received from the enemy a written proposition to surrender, which he treated with contempt, although he was at the time out of rations and had suffered a loss of about 50 percent in killed and wounded of his command and was surrounded by the enemy.
BELPITT, W. H.
Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy. Born: 1859, Sydney, Australia. (Letter No. 126, 27 October 1884, LCDR Iverson, U .S. Navy.) Citation: On board the U.S.S. Monocacy, Foochow, China, October 7th, 1884. Jumping overboard from that vessel on the morning of this date, Belpitt sustained, until picked up, a Chinaman who had been thrown into the water by the capsizing of a canoe.
National Crime Prevention Month
Physician Assistant Week
Steven Paul “Steve” Jobs died (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) He was an American computer entrepreneur and inventor. He was co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. Jobs also previously served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, following the acquisition of Pixar by Disney. He was credited in Toy Story (1995) as an executive producer. He was a giant in his field. He was a very multi-faceted creative thinker.
Jennifer Elisabeth Mendez is a fan of Steve Jobs and she wrote: – Some thoughts….
Steve Jobs embodied the way for many people to learn to start “thinking out of the box” To think and become differently. Creating and developing newer avenues which embodied ways of thought and creativity and to literally and deliberately stand out. The formation, creation and leadership of Pixar Animation of which was a risk that he took is such an example in the animation entertainment sector.
Indeed it was a risk, but in the forefront that is what visionary leadership is about, that is what visionary leadership expects and comes from within entrepreneurship.
We can only take a look for example at the decline in business with Hollywood Video which closed up shops for the most part along with Blockbuster Video that struggles to remain in business and needs to continually reposition itself within the marketplace which lost tremendous market share because of a small little company that went thinking out of the box in the name of Netflix. Think of what Borders Books could have done if the company leadership started to think out of the box instead of keeping its eye right in the book for example.
Jobs of course one of the early pioneers with his leadership that enable the gaming sector for such units as PlayStation and the XBox to emerge through much animation and digital foresight and skill. I am reminded by having been a Regional Account Executive for PlayStation at its inception into the marketplace and with playing such games of today compared to 1997 for example is a totally diferent contrast, but defines how far and how quickly technology has evolved and enhanced in such a short period of time due to his leadership and vision.
No doubt Apple is a different sort of company because Jobs himself literally did not want for his creation nor company he co-founded to become carbon copy nor follow suit with others companies, but wanted to engineer and produce much differently.
The invention and bringing forth of the ‘i Mac’ was one of the catalysts that thrusted not only Apple to international stardom sort of speak along with leading a forefront within computing manufacting sector, but in changing the way we communicate by phone and computers to how we watch and enjoy films to how music is produced in studios today.
Though I have never had an ‘i Mac’ myself personally I can attest that it did have a different feel and sense to it. The ‘i Mac’ like many of its counterparts is not perfect, but nonetheless the system in itself is one that many of its counterpart could not compete with. Newer products in marketplace have forged from both his direction and visionary leadership.
His genius, intelligence along with creativity and sheer talent brought forth a way that technology will never be the same forging forward many newer avenues to spring forth thanks to his visionary leadership. Steve Job’s business model for Apple is one that many companies ought to embrace, endear and follow suit.
For a young man who still had so much of life ahead of him to look forward towards unfortunately got short due to cancers venom could also be said of this man that he also had the ear of a number of presidents along with captains and leaders of industry.
Jobs leadership embodies many to be different, to stand out differently and to stand apart from the ordinary and the rest of the pack to that of the “being extraordinary.”
As an example, if General Motors with all their bean counting executives would have retained the Saturn division how much down the road it would have been if it continued to evolved and become GM’s most profitable and well oil machine. But, to
that end GM did not have the right vision.
I could not have said it better!! Wayne
Proverbs 30: 12-19 King James Version
12 There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness.
13 There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up.
14 There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men.
15 The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough:
16 The grave; and the barren womb; the earth that is not filled with water; and the fire that saith not, It is enough.
17 The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
18 There be three things which are too wonderful for me, yea, four which I know not:
19 The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.
“The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the ceaseless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe in blood for centuries.”
James Madison — 1803 letter objecting use of gov. land for churches
“It is almost as difficult to keep a first class person in a fourth class job, as it is to keep a fourth class person in a first class job.”
~ Paul H. Dunn
pejorative pih-JOR-uh-tiv, adjective:1. Tending to make or become worse.
2. Tending to disparage or belittle.
3.A belittling or disparaging word or expression.
Pejorative is derived from the past participle of Late Latin pejorare, “to make worse, to become worse,” from Latin pejor, “worse”
1536 – William Tyndale, author of the Tyndale Bible, was ordered by King Henry VIII to be garroted and burned for his crimes. His crime was translating the Bible from Latin to English.
1683 – The first Mennonites arrived in America aboard the Concord. They arrived in present-day Philadelphia to begin Germantown, one of America’s oldest settlements.
1721 – Deaths from smallpox in Boston reached 203 with 2,757 people infected.
1769 – English naval explorer Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, landed in New Zealand.
1780 – Over 1500 Patriot fighters assembled on the outskirts of Cowpens, South Carolina, to confront Loyalist forces of British Major Patrick Ferguson.
1781 – Americans and French began the siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown, the last battle of Revolutionary War. They began digging the first parallel trenches, a distance of 500 to 600 yards from the enemy’s works.
1835 – The people of Michigan approved an new state constitution by a vote of 6,299 to 1,359. The constitution repudiated slavery and safeguarded personal liberty.
1847 – Charlotte Bronte’s novel “Jane Eyre” was published in London.
1857 – The American Chess Association organized. The first major US chess tournament was held in New York City.
1858 – US Marines conduct the Battle of Waya in the Fiji Islands.
1861 – The U.S.S. Flag, Commander Louis C. Sartori, captured Confederate blockade running schooner Alert near Charleston.
1866 – The first peacetime train robbery in the USA occurred when robbers boarded the Ohio & Mississippi train shortly after it left Seymour, Indiana. They broke into one safe and tipped the other off the train before jumping off.
1876 – The American Library Association was founded at Philadelphia.
1883 – The Orient Express completed its first run from Paris to Constantinople (now Istanbul); it took nearly 78 hours.
1884 – Naval War College was established in Newport, Rhode Island.
1889 – Thomas Edison showed his first motion pictures.
1893 – Nabisco Foods invented Cream of Wheat.
1917 – US Congress passed the Trading With the Enemy Act, which allowed the US to seize the property of enemy nationals.
1918 – The USS Otranto sank between Scotland and Ireland. 425 people died.
1923 – First NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
1924 – Marines from the gunboat Asheville landed in Shanghai and withdrew on October 24th.
1927 – The first successful talking picture was shown: “The Jazz Singer,” starring Al Jolson (Warner Brothers), in New York City.
1928 – Nationalist General Chiang Kai-shek became president of China.
1936 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs New York Giants (2).
1939 – In an address to the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler denied having any intention of war against France and Britain.
1939 – World War II: Hitler announced plans to resolve “The Jewish problem.”
1941 – Electric photography (xerography) was patented by Chester Carlson.
1941 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (1)
1942 – World War II: In New Guinea, the 32nd Division begins movement along the Kapa Kapa Trail.
1943 – World War II:In night Battle of Vella Lavella, three U.S. destroyers attack nine Japanese destroyers to stop evacuation of Japanese troops from Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands.
1943 – World War II: Himmler ordered the acceleration of “Final Solution.”
1945 – Baseball: Bill Sianis and his pet billy goat are ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series.
1945 – World War II: Major General Keller E. Rockey, Commanding General, III Amphibious Corps, accepted the surrender of 50,000 Japanese troops in North China on behalf of the Chinese Nationalist government.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “To Each His Own” by Eddy Howard, “Five Minutes More” by Tex Beneke, “South America, Take It Away” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters and “Wine, Women and Song” by Al Dexter all topped the charts.
1947 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (3).
1948 – An American B-29 crashed near Waycross, Ga., during a test flight from Robins AFB. Details of the flight were kept as military secrets.
1949 – President Harry Truman signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Act, totaling $1.3 billion in military aid to NATO countries.
1949 – American-born Iva Toguri D’Aquino, convicted of being Japanese wartime broadcaster Tokyo Rose, was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison and fined $10,000.
1951 – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett topped the charts/
1951 – Korean War: In a night assault, Hill 931, the highest peak at Heartbreak Ridge, was secured by troops of the 2nd Infantry Division’s 23rd Infantry Regiment after bitter fighting.
1952 – Korean War: The battle for White Horse Mountain in the Chorwon Valley took place.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Hey There” by Rosemary Clooney, “I Need You Now” by Eddie Fisher, “If I Give My Heart to You” by Doris Day and “I Don’t Hurt Anymore” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1955 – A United Airlines plane bound for San Francisco crashed in Wyoming killing 66 people. It was the worst commercial airline crash to date in US history.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1956 – Dr. Albert Sabin discovered oral polio vaccine. Sabin developed an oral vaccine against polio. It began to be used in 1961 and by 1965 was widely used.
1958 – The US nuclear sub USS Seawolf remained a record 60 days under the North Pole.
1961 – U.S. president John F. Kennedy, advised Americans to build or buy a bomb shelter to protect them from atomic fallout in the event of a nuclear exchange with the Soviet Union.
1962 – Commissioning of USS Bainbridge (DLGN -25), first nuclear -powered destroyer. It was powered by two pressurized water reactors.
1963 – World Series: Los Angeles Dodgers (4) vs New York Yankees (0).
1965 – Patricia Harris took a post as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium, becoming the first African-American U.S. ambassador.
1965 – Supremes release “I Hear a Symphony“.
1966 – Baltimore Oriole Jim Palmer, 20, is youngest to pitch a World Series shutout against the Dodgers.
1966 – Vietnam War: Hanoi insisted the United States must end its bombings before peace talks could begin.
1966 – LSD is declared illegal in the United States.
1969 – Special Forces Captain John McCarthy was released from Fort Leavenworth Penitentiary, pending consideration of his appeal to murder charges.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough” by Diana Ross, “Lookin’ Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light” by Creedence Clearwater Revival, “Candida” by Dawn and “There Must Be More to Love Than This” by Jerry Lee Lewis all topped the charts.
1970 – Elvis Presley recorded “You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me.”
1973 – War erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel on the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur, beginning the Yom Kippur War. It will last until October 25th.
1973 – “Half-Breed” by Cher topped the charts.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Kiss You All Over” by Exile, “Hopelessly Devoted to You” by Olivia Newton-John, “Summer Nights” by John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John & Cast and “Heartbreaker” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.
1979 – Pope John Paul II, on a U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House.
1981 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists at a military rally.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & The News, “Friends and Lovers” by Gloria Loring & Carl Anderson, “When I Think of You” by Janet Jackson and “Always Have Always Will” by Janie Frickie all topped the charts.
1987 – The Senate Judiciary Committee voted 9 to 5 against the nomination of Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court, and both supporters and opponents predicted rejection by the full Senate.
1987 – Microsoft announced its first Windows application, Excel. The spreadsheet program preceding Excel was called MultiPlan. It was an early spreadsheet program developed by Microsoft. Known initially by the code name “EP” (for “Electronic Paper”), it was introduced in 1982 as a competitor for VisiCalc.
1990 – The space shuttle “Discovery” blasted off on a four -day mission. Liftoff occurred 12 minutes after two-and-a-half-hour launch window opened at 7:35 a.m. EDT. It was the heaviest payload to date. Launch Weight: 259,593 lbs.
1991 – Cable News Network obtained and aired a videotape made in Beirut, Lebanon, of American hostage Terry Anderson, who quoted his captors as saying they would have “very good news.”
1991 – Reports surfaced that a former personal assistant to Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill, had accused Thomas of sexually harassing her from 1981-1983.
1993 – Basketball superstar Michael Jordan announced his retirement. Jordan attempted a minor-league baseball career, but returned to the Chicago Bulls in March 1995.
1994 – Michael Jordan announced his retirement from professional basketball to play professional baseball.
1995 – 51 Pegasi, in the constellation of Pegasus, 47.9 light-years away from Earth, was discovered to be the first major star apart from the Sun to have a planet (and extrasolar planet) orbiting around it.
1995 – Boeing Company’s largest group of union workers went on a 69-day strike after voting down a new three-year contract offer.
1997 – The space shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth, bringing home American astronaut Michael Foale after more than four tumultuous months aboard Mir and Astronaut CDR Wendy B. Lawrence, USN returns from mission of STS -86.
1997 – In a blow to both Democrats and Republicans, President Clinton used his line-item veto to kill 38 military construction projects that Congress had added to a spending bill that cost $287 million.
1998 – Eddie DeBartolo Jr. pleaded guilty in federal court in Louisiana for failing to report that former governor Edwin Edwards extorted $400,000 from him for a casino license.
1999 – The NFL voted to place an expansion team in Houston after Bob McNair agreed to pay $700 million for a franchise to begin in 2002.
2000 – The US jobless rate was reported at 3.9%, a 3-decade low.
2001 – Cal Ripken played his last game in the major leagues as his Baltimore Orioles lost to the visiting Boston Red Sox 5-1.|
2002 – Almost 200 cargo ships carrying food, manufacturing equipment and retail goods sat idle all along the U.S. West Coast after four days of talks failed to bring an end to the longest work stoppage in the region in 30 years.
2003 – The annual Nobel Prize in Medicine went to Paul C. Lauterbur (74) of the Univ. of Illinois and Sir Peter Mansfield (69) of the Univ. of Nottingham, for their work that led to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
2003 – A fire in Yazoo City, Miss., left 5 children (1½-10) dead. Their mothers were at a nightclub.
2003 – Roadside bombings in central Iraq killed three U.S. soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter and wounded six other service members.
2005 – Bomb blasts killed six Marines in western Iraq. US forces killed 29 militants in offensives aimed at uprooting al-Qaida insurgents.
2006 – In Virginia opening ceremonies were held for the new $13 million American Civil War Center in Richmond’s former Civil War gun foundry.
2008 – Stock markets around the world fell on fears that the global financial crises will worsen. The DJIA fell 800.06 intraday ending down 369.88 to close at 9555.50. Oil prices closed at $87.81, its lowest settlement since February 6.
2008 – Bank of America said it will modify troubled mortgages with up to $8.4 billion in interest rate and principal reductions for nearly 400,000 customers of Countrywide Financial Corp.
2008 – Mother’s Cookies, an Oakland, Ca. institution for 92 years, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Delaware.
2009 – NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) said the Spitzer Space Telescope has discovered the biggest but never-before-seen ring around the planet Saturn. The diffuse ring doesn’t reflect much visible light and is so huge it would take 1 billion Earths to fill it.
2010 – Documents were released in which the national oil spill commission’s staff described “not an incidental public relations problem” by the White House in the wake of the April 20 oil spill accident. The report said, the administration made erroneous early estimates of the spill’s size, and President Barack Obama’s senior energy adviser went on national TV and mischaracterized a government analysis by saying it showed most of the oil was “gone.”
2010 – President Barack Obama awards a Medal of Honor posthumously to Robert James Miller of the US Army Green Berets for “conspicuous gallantry … at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty” while fighting in the War in Afghanistan on January 25, 2008.
2010 – Tornadoes hit Bellemont, Arizona, just west of Flagstaff at exit 185 from I-40, resulting in at least seven people being injured.
2010 – Facebook launched a new way for members to organize their friends, archive personal information and a new dashboard to control personal information sought by 3rd party applications and Web sites.
2011 – In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Annette Morales-Rodriguez (33), who had faked a pregnancy, kidnapped Maritza Ramirez Cruz (23), killed her and cut out her full term fetus, who died in the process.
2012 – San Francisco police arrested 11 men and nine women as protesters marched through the financial district and tossed projectiles at officers. Police believed the anarchist group known as Black Bloc was involved.
2013 -During a shooting at a motorcycle clubhouse in Fresno, California, one man is killed and 12 others are injured.
2015 – Five people — ages 17, 24, 23, 26 and 55 — were shot Tuesday afternoon in West Baltimore, MD. All victims were shot in the lower extremities.
2015 – Obama administration announced that President Obama would veto a defense authorization bill if it did not close down Guantanamo Bay.
2015 – ABC Family announced plans to change its name this January because it want more adults watching its TV shows — not little kids or families. The station’s new name will be Freeform. Executives at ABC Family announced Tuesday in a press release they plan to appeal to an age group they call “Becomers,” people between 14 and 34.
1289 – King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (d. 1306)
1846 – George Westinghouse, American inventor, developer of AC electricity, founder of Westinghouse Electric Company.
1905 – Helen Wills Moody, American professional tennis champion.
1906 – Janet Gaynor (Laura Gainor), American actress, winner of the first Academy Award.
1914 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer, anthropologist, and author.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 130th Field Artillery, observer 50th Aero Squadron, Air Service. Place and date. Near Binarville, France, October 6th, 1918. Entered service at: Wichita, Kans. Birth: Wichita, Kans. G.O. No.: 56, W.D., 1922. Citation: 2d Lt. Bleckley, with his pilot, 1st Lt. Harold E. Goettler, Air Service, left the airdrome late in the afternoon on their second trip to drop supplies to a battalion of the 77th Division, which had been cut off by the enemy in the Argonne Forest. Having been subjected on the first trip to violent fire from the enemy, they attempted on the second trip to come still lower in order to get the packages even more precisely on the designated spot. In the course of his mission the plane was brought down by enemy rifle and machinegun fire from the ground, resulting in fatal wounds to 2d Lt. Bleckley, who died before he could be taken to a hospital. In attempting and performing this mission 2d Lt. Bleckley showed the highest possible contempt of personal danger, devotion to duty, courage, and valor.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, pilot, U.S. Army Air Corps, 50th Aero Squadron, Air Service. Place and date: Near Binarville, France, October 6th, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 21 July 1890, Chicago, Ill. G.O. No.: 56, W.D., 1922. Citation: 1st. Lt. Goettler, with his observer, 2d Lt. Erwin R. Bleckley, 130th Field Artillery, left the airdrome late in the afternoon on their second trip to drop supplies to a battalion of the 77th Division which had been cut off by the enemy in the Argonne Forest. Having been subjected on the first trip to violent fire from the enemy, they attempted on the second trip to come still lower in order to get the packages even more precisely on the designated spot. In the course of this mission the plane was brought down by enemy rifle and machinegun fire from the ground, resulting in the instant death of 1st. Lt. Goettler. In attempting and performing this mission 1st. Lt. Goettler showed the highest possible contempt of personal danger, devotion to duty, courage and valor.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company A, 307th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: In the Argonne Forest, France, October 6th, 1918. Entered service at: Hornell, N.Y. Birth: Tyrone, N.Y. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While engaged with two other soldiers on patrol duty, he and his comrades were subjected to the direct fire of an enemy machinegun, at which time both his companions were wounded. Returning to his company, he obtained another soldier to accompany him to assist in bringing in the wounded men. His assistant was killed in the exploit, but he continued on, twice returning safely bringing in both men, being under terrific machinegun fire during the entire Journey.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company C, 3d Wisconsin Cavalry. Place and date: At Baxter Springs, Kans., October 6th,1863. Entered service at: Janesville, Rock County, Wis. Birth: Allegany, N.Y. Date of issue: 30 March 1898. Citation: While in command of two companies of Cavalry, was surprised and attacked by several times his own number of guerrillas, but gallantly rallied his men, and after a severe struggle drove the enemy outside the fortifications. 1st Lt. Pond then went outside the works and, alone and unaided, fired a howitzer three times, throwing the enemy into confusion and causing him to retire.
It is so good that October is National Chili Month. Chili is something people eat year-round but October when the temperatures start dropping is the best time. It is also the time for chili contests and there are as many ways to make chili as there are ingredients to use. In recent years people have started making turkey chili and vegetarian chili. They are good when made right and at contests you will find some of the best whether at a sanctioned meet or at your church as a fundraiser. If you don’t have a chili recipe in your family, it is time to start experimenting. In my family we have one that is difficult to make but the rewards are great. It is called “Oklahoma” chili and I think it came from a cousin that lived in Terral, OK on the Oklahoma-Texas border near Wichita Falls, TX. Here is how to make it:
The two major pieces of equipment you need is a very large cast iron frying pan and a large pot.
Shopping List: Five pounds of onion (don’t cry), five pounds of hamburger, one can of Mexican chili beans, two packs of Texas chili spices, two large cans of stewed tomatoes, garlic and salt to taste. The hard-to-get item is three to five pounds of suet or the fat around steaks, etc. Normal grocery stores no longer carry it but find a butcher shop where they cut their own meat and ask them for some.
How to: Start by using the cast iron pan and cook down the suet as far as you can. You are creating the grease you will need to cook the onions. My pan is 16” across and the goal is to get about an inch or more of grease.
Pull the very cooked suet out and start adding the onion chopped. Size of the chop is up to you and put all of the onion in the pan. Cook at slightly hotter than medium. Stir and move the onions around about every fifteen minutes until very brown. The process is called carmelizing.
Put the onions into the stockpot and start cooking the hamburger in the cast iron pan. The grease won’t be used so get the leanest meat you can get from the store (93% or leaner.) As any batch gets done, put it in the stockpot and stir with the onions. Start after the first batch goes in, add both cans of the tomatoes, drained; the Mexican chili beans, drained; both packs of spices. Now stir and as more meat gets done add it to the pot. Now, let it all simmer for about an hour. This is best put together either the day before or early in the day.
Before serving test for taste and add garlic, salt. Adjust its heat with your favorite method.
Two other kinds of chili that have become common are turkey chili and vegetarian chili. Here are sample recipes for both.
Turkey Chili Recipe
- 2 cups chopped onion
- 4 garlic cloves, chopped fine
- 1 cup chopped green pepper
- 1/4 cup olive oil
- 2 (35 oz) cans stewed tomatoes, crushed
- 2 (15 oz) cans kidney beans, drained
- 2 Tbsp tomato paste
- 3/4 cup chicken or turkey stock
- 2 Tbsp chili powder (or up to 4 Tbsp if you like it really hot)
- 1 Tbsp ground cumin
- 1 Tbsp dried hot red pepper flakes
- 1 teaspoon dried oregano
- 1 Tbsp salt, plus more if desired to taste
- 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
- 3 to 4 cups of shredded, cooked turkey meat
- Shredded cheddar cheese, chopped red onion, sour cream for optional garnish.
1 In a large, 8-quart, thick-bottom pot, cook the onion and green pepper over medium high heat, stirring, until golden, about 5 minutes. Add the garlic, chili powder, cumin, and red pepper flakes and cook, stirring, for a minute or two more. Add a bit more olive oil if needed.
2 Add tomatoes, tomato paste, stock. beans, oregano, salt, pepper, and cooked turkey meat. Bring mixture to a simmer and reduce heat to low. Simmer, uncovered, for an hour.
3 Salt to taste. Add 1 to 3 teaspoons of sugar to take the edge of the acidity of the tomatoes if desired.
The chili may be made in advance and chilled for 2 days, or frozen for 2 months.
Serve with shredded cheddar cheese, chopped red onion, and or sour cream. Serve alone, over rice, or with corn bread.
Makes about 12 cups. Serves 8.
Craig’s Easy Vegan Chili
2 – cans pinto beans (15 oz)
1 – can kidney beans (15 oz)
1 – can chopped green chili’s (4 oz)
1 – can diced tomatoes
1 – can stewed tomatoes (I blend these)
1 – onion (chopped)
1/2 t salt
1/2 t pepper
chili powder to taste
Put all the veggies, salt and pepper in a crock pot and simmer on low for 12 hrs. Stir every 3 hrs. and add chili powder until it has a kick but not nuclear. Serve with whole grain crackers or tortilla chips and enjoy!
This is a great month so enjoy!!!
I Samuel 2: 6-9
6 The Lord killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
7 The Lord maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up.
8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the Lord‘s, and he hath set the world upon them.
9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
“Because religious belief, or non-belief, is such an important part of every person’s life, freedom of religion affects every individual. State churches that use government power to support themselves and force their views on persons of other faiths undermine all our civil rights. Moreover, state support of the church tends to make the clergy unresponsive to the people and leads to corruption within religion. Erecting the wall of separation between church and state, therefore, is absolutely essential in a free society. We have solved the great and interesting question whether freedom of religion is compatible with order in government and obedience to the laws. And we have experienced the quiet as well as the comfort which results from leaving every one to profess freely and openly those principles of religion which are the inductions of his own reason and the serious convictions of his own inquiries.”
Thomas Jefferson — in a speech to the Virginia Baptists, 1808
“Laughter is the brush that sweeps away the cobwebs of your heart.”
~ Mort Walker, creator of Beetle Bailey
erudite AIR-yuh-dyt; -uh-dyt, adjective:
Characterized by extensive reading or knowledge; learned.
Erudite comes from Latin eruditus, from e-, “out of, from” + rudis, “rough, untaught,” which is also the source of English rude. Hence one who is erudite has been brought out of a rough, untaught, rude state.
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1775 – At a meeting in Philadelphia, the 2d Continental Congress used the word “Marines” on one of the earliest known occasions. It directed General George Washington to secure two vessels on “Continental risque and pay”, and to give orders for the “proper encouragement to the Marines and seamen” to serve on the two armed ships.
1793 – French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
1813 – During the War of 1812, British troops allied with Indians under Tecumseh, were defeated at the Battle of the Thames near Ontario, Canada, by General William H. Harrison’s American forces. Tecumseh was killed in the battle.
1863 – Confederate ship David seriously damages USS New Ironsides with a spar torpedo off Charleston, South Carolina.
1864 – At the Battle of Allatoona Pass, a small Union post was saved from Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood’s army. One-third of Union troops died repulsing Southern forces.
1877 – Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians and 418 tribal members surrendered to U.S. General Nelson A. Miles in the Bear Paw Mountains, Montana, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short.
1880 – First ballpoint pen with its own ink supply and retractable tip was patented by Alonzo T. Cross.
1892 – The Dalton Gang was nearly wiped out while trying to rob two banks simultaneously in their hometown of Coffeyville, Kansas. Emmett Dalton, the only survivor, was wounded and sentenced to life in prison.
1900 – The 1900 Wright Glider was the brothers’ first to be capable of carrying a man. The glider was first flown as an unmanned kite near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Next, Wilbur rode as pilot while men on the ground held tether ropes attached to the airborne craft.
1905 – Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
1915 – Germany issued an apology and promises for payment for the 128 American passengers killed in the sinking of the British ship Lusitania.
1916 – Corporal Adolf Hitler was wounded in WW I.
1921 – The World Series of baseball was broadcast on the radio for the first time.
1924 – The first Little Orphan Annie strip appeared in NYC Daily News.
1930 – The New York Philharmonic Orchestra was heard on the air over CBS radio from Carnegie Hall for the first time.
1930 – Laura Ingalls became the first woman to make a transcontinental airplane flight.
1930 – “The Fighting Priest” began airing on CBS radio. (Not on You Tube).
1931 – Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon belly landed Miss Veedol, a Bellanca CH-200 monoplane, in Wenatchee, WA after flying non-stop across the Pacific Ocean. The flight originated in Japan and took about forty-one hours.
1934 – “Hollywood Hotel” became the first major network radio to originate from Hollywood, CA.
1936 – Coaxial cable strung between New York City and Philadelphia made it possible for the first intercity telecast.
1937 – President Roosevelt is quoted as saying, “the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading,” The President called for a “quarantine” of aggressor nations. This would include Germany.
1939 – “I Wonder Who’s Kissing Her Now” was recorded by Perry Como and the Ted Weem’s Orchestra.
1942 – World Series: St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs New York Yankees (1)
1942 – Aircraft from the carrier Hornet attack Japanese shipping off of Bougainville, but have little effect.
1943 – World War II: Patrol Squadron 6 (VP -6 CG) was officially established. This was an all-Coast Guard unit. Its home base was at Narsarssuak, Greenland.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “I’m Gonna Love That Guy” by The Benny Goodman Orchestra (vocal: Dottie Reid) and “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1945 – Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers’ studios. Warner firefighters sprayed the strikers with fire hoses. By the end of the day, some 300 police and deputy sheriffs had been called to the scene and over 40 injuries were reported.
1947 – U.S. President Harry Truman delivered the first televised White House address. The subject was the international food crisis occurring at the time.
1949 – WSAZ, West Virginia’s first television station, begins broadcasting in Huntington.
1950 – Groucho Marx’s “You Bet Your Life” (29:25) had its TV premiere.
1952 – “Inner Sanctum” was heard for the last time on ABC radio.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “You, You, You” by The Ames Brothers, “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford and “I Forgot More Than You’ll Ever Know” by The Davis Sisters all topped the charts.
1953 – Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1953 – World Series: New York Yankees (4) vs Brooklyn Dodgers (2)
1955 – The play “The Diary of Anne Frank” opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
1957 – Minitrack, a satellite tracking net developed by the Naval Research Laboratory, becomes operational. This network, with stations from Maine to Chile, tracked the Vangard satellite.
1958 – The record charts were taken over by a folk song for the first time. The Kingston Trio scored with “Tom Dooley.”
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee, “The Mountain’s High” by Dick & DeeDee, “Crying” by Roy Orbison and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.
1962 – The Beatles release their first single, “Love Me Do,” in Britain.
1962 – THE name’s Bond… James Bond.” Bond strode stylishly into a film for the first time in the now classic “Dr. No,” released today, introducing himself with the immortal line over a high-stakes game of baccarat.
1965 – Henry Mancini received a gold record for the soundtrack LP from the movie, The Pink Panther.
1966 – Near Detroit, Michigan, there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
1968 – “White Room” by Cream was released.
1968 – “Magic Carpet Ride” was released by Steppenwolf.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Jean” by Oliver, “Little Woman” by Bobby Sherman and “Since I Met You, Baby” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1969 – A Cuban defector entered U.S. airspace undetected and landed a MIG-17 at an Air Force base near Miami, Florida.
1969 – Dianne Linkletter jumps to her death from her apartment in West Hollywood. Art Linkletter, her father, claimed that she was under the influence of LSD at the time of her death.
1974 – American David Kunst completed the first round-the-world journey on foot, taking four years and twenty-one pairs of shoes to accomplish the 14,450-mile journey across four continents.
1975 – “Cat’s in the Cradle” was released by Harry Chapin.
1975 – Democratic Senator Frank Church of Idaho charged that the CIA tried to kill Cuban President Fidel Castro during the administrations of three US presidents.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band” by Maco, “Keep It Comin’ Love” by KC & The Sunshine Band, “Don’t Stop” by Fleetwood Mac and “Daytime Friends” by Kenny Rogers all topped the charts.
1982 – Chicago Tylenol murders: Johnson & Johnson initiates a nationwide product recall in the United States for all products in its Tylenol brand after several bottles in Chicago are found to have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “Money for Nothing” by Dire Straits, “Cherish” by Kool & The Gang, “Oh Sheila” by Ready For The World and “Lost in the Fifties Tonight (In the Still of the Night)” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1986 – Soldiers from Nicaragua’s Communist government shot down a U.S. cargo plane found to be carrying military supplies to the Contras, who were waging a guerilla war against the ruling Sandinista government. Survivor Eugene Hasenfus admitted he was employed by the CIA.
1986 – “Business World” began airing on ABC-TV. The half-hour program was hosted by correspondent Sander Vanocur.
1988 – In a debate between candidates for vice president of the U.S., Democratic Lloyd Bentsen told Republican Dan Quayle, “You’re no Jack Kennedy.”
1989 – A jury in Charlotte, North Carolina, convicted former PTL evangelist Jim Bakker of using his television show to defraud followers.
1990 – NASA astronaut and Coast Guard CDR Bruce Melnick made his first space flight when he served as a Mission Specialist aboard the space shuttle Discovery on Space Shuttle Mission STS -41, which flew from 6 to 10 October 1990.
1999 – MCI WorldCom, Inc. announced a $115 billion deal to take over Sprint Corporation.
2000 – In the only debate of vice-presidential candidates during the 2000 campaign Dick Cheney and Joe Lieberman (90:00) debated over national TV from Centre College in Danville, Ky.
2001 – Tom Ridge resigned as Governor of Pennsylvania to become President Bush’s Homeland Security Advisor.
2001 – Moses Malone was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
2001 – Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 71st and 72nd record home runs at Pacific Bell Park off of pitcher Chan Ho Park of the Los Angeles Dodgers surpassing Mark McGwire’s single-season home run total.
2001 – In Alaska Daniel Carson Lewis (37) was arrested for shooting a hole into the oil pipeline, which cause the leakage of up to 280,000 of gallons.
2003 – The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.
2004 – The US vetoed an Arab-backed UN Security Council resolution demanding that the Jewish state immediately end military operations and called the resolution “lopsided and unbalanced.” 11 of 15 voted in favor with 3 abstentions.
2004 – Supermarket janitors in California won a $22.4 million settlement against three grocery chains and a cleaning contractor in a class-action suit over failure to pay for overtime.
2005 – Defying the White House, US senators voted 90-9 to approve an amendment that would prohibit the use of “cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” against anyone in U.S. government custody.
2005 – A video showing two Iraqi men being beheaded for allegedly spying for the United States was posted on a militant Islamic Web site, and the Ansar al-Sunnah Army claimed it had carried out the executions.
2006 – Wal-Mart Stores Inc. rolled out its $4 generic drug program to the entire state of Florida after a successful test in the Tampa area.
2006 – The House ethics committee opened an expansive investigation into the unfolding congressional page sex scandal that resulted in the resignation of US Rep. Mark Foley, R-Fla.
2006 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 16.24 to 11,866.69, to close at record high for the 3rd day in a row. NASDAQ rose 15.39 to 2,306.
2007 – Topps Meat Co. of Newark, NJ, founded in 1940, said a massive meat recall has forced it out of business. Government scientists have yet to determine the source of the E. coli contamination.
2008 – The United States opened a trade office in Libya to boost economic ties with them.
2009 – Don Hill, a former Dallas Mayor Pro Tem, was convicted in a bribery and extortion scheme that prosecutors called the largest in Dallas history.
2009 – The United States Federal Trade Commission issues regulations for writers of blogs.
2009 – President Barack Obama delays a meeting with the Dalai Lama until after a visit to China.
2010 – Steven Hayes is found guilty of murdering three women of the same family in Connecticut during a home invasion in 2007, now he is facing the death sentence or life imprisonment.
2012 – THE name’s Bond… James Bond celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Bond legacy. The movie franchise has become one of the most successful in history, with the 22 Bond films taking more than five billion dollars.British diva Adele released a clip of the theme song for “Skyfall,” the 23rd and newest Bond film, on her website as anticipation built for its worldwide premiere on Oct. 23.
1703 – Jonathan Edwards (d.1758), US, theologian and philosopher (Original Sin). He helped promote the “Great Awakening” of religious fervor that broke out in Protestant churches in New Jersey in the 1720s and spread to New England in the 1730s.
1830 – Chester Arthur, 21st President of the United States of America (1881-1885).
1882 – Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist.
1902 – Ray Kroc, American entrepreneur, McDonald’s founder.
1917 – Allen Ludden (Ellsworth) TV host: Password, The G.E. College Bowl, Liar’s Club; married to actress Betty White; (d 1981)
1922 – Bil Keane, cartoonist: Family Circus
*KRAUS, RICHARD EDWARD
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 24 November 1925, Chicago, Ill. Accredited to: Minnesota. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 8th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on October 5th, 1944. Unhesitatingly volunteering for the extremely hazardous mission of evacuating a wounded comrade from the front lines, Pfc. Kraus and 3 companions courageously made their way forward and successfully penetrated the lines for some distance before the enemy opened with an intense, devastating barrage of hand grenades which forced the stretcher party to take cover and subsequently abandon the mission. While returning to the rear, they observed 2 men approaching who appeared to be marines and immediately demanded the password. When, instead of answering, 1 of the 2 Japanese threw a hand grenade into the midst of the group, Pfc. Kraus heroically flung himself upon the grenade and, covering it with his body, absorbed the full impact of the explosion and was instantly killed. By his prompt action and great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, he saved the lives of his 3 companions, and his loyal spirit of self -sacrifice reflects the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his comrades.
BALCH, JOHN HENRY
Rank and organization: Pharmacist’s Mate First Class, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Vierzy, France, and Somme -Py, France, 19 July and October 5th, 1918. Entered service at: Kansas City, Mo. Born: 2 January 1896, Edgerton, Kans. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, with the 6th Regiment, U.S. Marines, in action at Vierzy, on 19 July 1918. Balch unhesitatingly and fearlessly exposed himself to terrific machinegun and high -explosive fire to succor the wounded as they fell in the attack, leaving his dressing station voluntarily and keeping up the work all day and late into the night unceasingly for 16 hours. Also in the action at Somme -Py on 5 October 1918, he exhibited exceptional bravery in establishing an advanced dressing station under heavy shellfire.
ELLIS, MICHAEL B.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 28th Infantry, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Exermont, France, October 5th, 1918. Entered service at: East St. Louis, Ill. Born: 28 October 1894, St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 74, W.D., 1919. Citation: During the entire day’s engagement he operated far in advance of the first wave of his company, voluntarily undertaking most dangerous missions and single -handedly attacking and reducing machinegun nests. Flanking one emplacement, he killed two of the enemy with rifle fire and captured seventeen others. Later he single -handedly advanced under heavy fire and captured twenty-seven prisoners, including two officers and six machineguns, which had been holding up the advance of the company. The captured officers indicated the locations of four other machineguns, and he in turn captured these, together with their crews, at all times showing marked heroism and fearlessness.
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: ——. Birth:Canada East. Date of issue:19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry during the pursuit and fight with Indians.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Salem, Mass. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in pursuit of and fight with Indians.
Rank and organization: Private, Hospital Corps, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Leech Lake, Minn., October 5th,1898. Entered service at: Hay Creek, Minn. Born: 21 December 1877, Achern, Germany. Date of issue: 21 August 1899. Citation: For distinguished bravery in action against hostile Indians. [Note: This, the last Medal of Honor won in an Indian campaign, was awarded for an action during the uprising of Chippewa Indians, on Lake Leech, northern Minnesota, 5 October 1898.]
DOSHIER, JAMES B.
Rank: Post Guide during Indian Wars. Place: Holliday Creek, Texas. Little Wichita River. Date: October 5th, 1870. Entered service: Fort Richardson, Texas. Born: Warren County, Tennessee, 2 May 1820. G.O. No. – – – – – Issue date: 19 November 1870. Issue place: – – – – – Citation: Gallantry in action and on the march. (In 1916, the general review of all Medals of Honor deemed 900 unwarranted. This recipient was one of them. In June 1989, the U.S. Army Board of Correction of Records restored the medal to this recipient.)
GRIMES, EDWARD P.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to October 5th, 1879. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Dover, N.H. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: The command being almost out of ammunition and surrounded on three sides by the enemy, he voluntarily brought up a supply under heavy flre at almost point blank range.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 2 -October 5th, 1879. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Boynton, Va. Date of issue: 22 September 1890. Citation: Voluntarily left fortified shelter and under heavy fire at close range made the rounds of the pits to instruct the guards, fought his way to the creek and back to bring water to the wounded.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action and in pursuit of Indians.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to October 5th, 1879. Entered Service at: – – – – – – – – -. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., October 5th, 1870. Entered service at: – – – – – -. Birth: Pittsburgh, Pa. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
CROFT, JAMES E.
Rank and organization: Private, 12th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery. Place and date: At Allatoona, Ga., October 5th, 1864. Entered service at: Janesville, Wis. Birth: England. Date of issue: 20 March 1897. Citation: Took the place of a gunner who had been shot down and inspired his comrades by his bravery and effective gunnery, which contributed largely to the defeat of the enemy.
Right-Brainers Rule!! Month
Ten-Four Day (OK!)
National Taco Day
Ten codes are an abbreviated way of sending messages and, to a certain extent, securing communications between groups using two-way radios. These codes provided are sort of a standard among the users of citizen band radios. There are other sets of codes, for example, used by law enforcement that follow the general format but they are made more specific to law enforcement. As you can imagine, some are more popular than others. It is not necessary that you memorize all of the code but use it as a reference if you hear something that you’re not sure about.
Use the code is developed for your organization it would be useful to make some unchangeable. For example 10-1 “Receiving poorly” is one to leave alone as well as 10-2 and 10-4. For local conditions definitions can also be expanded. An example would be 10-4 which in the Code is listed as Ok, Message Received. The local usages, however, could include “Yes”, or any other affirmation. Others that could stay include 10-6, Busy; 10-7, Out of Service or Meal Break; 10-8 is “In Service”; 10-9 “Repeat”;10-10, “Standing By” and 10-19 which usually means “Return to Base” or “I am proceeding to…”. All of the rest of them are used so infrequently that they can be used as needed.
Here are some suggestions to consider. If staff are sometimes put into situations where there is a potential for risk, establish a procedure where they use a code to enter the area and the procedure would be to send help if they don’t respond with an all clear within a certain number of minutes. In the hotel industry there may be times when security is called upon to check rooms to make sure they are unoccupied. Again, use two codes to start and stop the check. In the real estate industry the same procedure could be used for agent safety.
Wayne C. Church, CPP
Board Certified in Security Management
|10 Code||Description||10 Code||Description|
|10-1||Receiving Poorly||10-34||Trouble at this Station|
|10-2||Receiving Well||10-35||Confidential Information|
|10-3||Stop Transmitting or, nicely, Shut Up!!||10-36||Correct Time is|
|10-4||Ok, Message Received||10-37||Wrecker Needed at|
|10-5||Relay Message||10-38||Ambulance Needed|
|10-6||Busy, Stand by||10-39||Message Delivered|
|10-7||Out of Service, Leaving||10-41||Turn to Channel|
|10-8||In Service, Subject to Call||10-42||Traffic Accident at|
|10-9||Repeat Message||10-43||Traffic Tie-Up at|
|10-10||Standing by||10-44||Have a Message for|
|10-11||Talking too Rapidly||10-45||All Units Within Range, Please Report|
|10-12||Visitors Present||10-50||Break Channel|
|10-13||Advise Weather/Roads||10-60||What is Next Message Number?|
|10-16||Make Pick-Up at||10-62||Unable to Copy. Use Phone.|
|10-17||Urgent Business||10-63||Net Directed to|
|10-18||Anything for Us?||10-64||Net Clear|
|10-19||Return to Base or Go To||10-65||Awaiting Your Next Message/Assignment|
|10-20||My Location is||10-67||All Units Comply|
|10-21||Call by Phone||10-70||Fire at|
|10-22||Report in Person to||10-71||Proceed. Transmission in Sequence.|
|10-23||Stand by||10-77||Negative Contact|
|10-24||Completed Last Assignment.||10-81||Check Room #|
|10-25||Can You Contact?||10-82||Reserve Room for|
|10-26||Disregard Last Info.||10-85||My Address is|
|10-27||Moving to Channel.||10-91||Talk Closer to Microphone.|
|10-28||Identify Your Station.||10-93||Check my Frequency on This Channel.|
|10-29||Time is Up for Contact||10-94||Give me a Long Count.|
|10-30||Does not Conform to FCC Rules||10-99||Mission Completed. All Units Secure.|
|10-33||Emergency Traffic||10-100||Restroom break needed|
Proverbs 3: 1b -5
If you want a long and satisfying life, closely follow my instructions. 3 Never tire of loyalty and kindness. Hold these virtues tightly. Write them deep within your heart. 4-5 If you want favor with both God and man, and a reputation for good judgment and common sense, then trust the Lord completely; don’t ever trust yourself.
“It is only when the people become ignorant and corrupt, when they degenerate into a populace, that they are incapable of exercising the sovereignty. Usurpation is then an easy attainment, and an usurper soon found. The people themselves become the willing instruments of their own debasement and ruin. Let us, then, look to the great cause, and endeavor to preserve it in full force. Let us by all wise and constitutional measures promote intelligence among the people as the best means of preserving our liberties.”
James Monroe — First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1817
“The reason most people never reach their goals is that they don’t define them, or ever seriously consider them as believable or achievable. Winners can tell you where they are going, what they plan to do along the way, and who will be sharing the adventure with them.”
~ Denis Watley
ten-four / [ten–fawr, –fohr] –interjection Citizens Band Radio Slang.
A part of the ten code, a set of code numbers each beginning with the number ten and used as a code to describe different situations: originally used by the police, now used in CB and other radio communications.(used to express affirmation or confirmation). Examples: people use this to say yes, affirmative, right, okay.
1535 – The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
1636 – The General Court of the Plymouth Colony instituted a legal code, the first composed in North America.
1648 – The first volunteer fire department was established in New York by Peter Stuyvesant.
1776 – Marines participated in the USS Wasp’s capture of a British ship off the coast of New England.
1777 – George Washington’s troops launched an assault on the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania. British General Sir William Howe repels George Washington’s last attempt to retake Philadelphia, compelling George Washington to spend the winter at Valley Forge.
1783 – The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the War for Independence, and as the last of the Navy’s ships were sold, the Continental Navy and Marines were disbanded.
1795 – General Napoleon Bonaparte led the rout of counterrevolutionaries in the streets of Paris.
1821 – LT Robert F. Stockton, USN, sails from Boston for Africa to carry out his orders to help stop the international slave trade. Stockton will be instrumental in the founding of Liberia.
1854 – Honest Abe Lincoln made his first great political speech. It was three hours, ten minutes.
1861 – Civil War: The Union ship USS South Carolina captured two Confederate blockade runners outside of New Orleans, La.
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Corinth, Mississippi, ended in a Union victory, though failing to destroy Van Dorn’s Confederate force.
1874 – Kiowa leader Santanta, known as “the Orator of the Plains,” surrendered in Darlington, Texas. He was later sent to the state penitentiary, where he committed suicide October 11, 1878.
1881 – Edward Leveaux received a patent for the player piano.
1883 – First run of the Orient Express.
1893 – The first professional football contract was signed by Grant Dibert for the Pittsburgh AC.
1895 – The first U.S. Open golf tournament was held, at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island. Horace Rawlins, 19 years old, won the tournament.
1904 – First day of the New York City subway. 350,000 people rode the 9.1 miles of tracks.
1905 – Orville Wright piloted the first flight longer than 30 minutes. The flight lasted 33 minutes, 17 seconds and covered 21 miles.
1906 – US Marines protected Americans during revolution in Cuba.
1909 – The first airship race in the U.S. took place in St. Louis, MO.
1909 – The Cunard liner “Lusitania”, later sunk by the Germans in WW I, crossed the Atlantic in four days, 15 hours and 52 minutes.
1915 – The Dinosaur National Monument was established. The area covered part of Utah and Colorado.
1916 – The California State Federation of Labor maintained its policy of banning Japanese workers from joining labor unions.
1918 – There was an explosion at the T.A. Gillespie Co. munitions yard in Morgan, NJ. Coast Guardsmen from Perth Amboy responded. When fire threatened a trainload of TNT, these men repaired the track and moved the train to safety, thus preventing further disaster. Two Coast Guardsmen were killed in this effort.
1922 – The entire World Series was broadcast over radio for the first time over WJZ and WGY. Writer Grantland Rice does the announcing.
1924 – NY Giants become first team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series.
1927 – The first actual work of carving began on Mount Rushmore.
1931 – The comic strip “Dick Tracy” made its debut in the Detroit Daily Mirror. The strip was created by Chester Gould.
1933 – “Esquire” magazine was published for the first time.
1939 – Perry Como recorded “That Old Gang of Mine” with the Ted Weems Orchestra.
1943 – “Is You is or is You Ain’t My Baby?” recorded by Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five.
1943 – World War II: Aircraft from USS Ranger sink five German ships and damage three in Operation Leader, the only U.S. Navy carrier operation in northern European waters during World War II.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore, “Is You is or is You Ain’t” by Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters, “It Had to Be You” by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley all topped the charts.
1948 – Gordon MacRae hosted the premiere of “The Railroad Hour” on ABC radio.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “You Belong to Me” by Jo Stafford, “Wish You Were Here” by Eddie Fisher, “I Went to Your Wedding” by Patti Page and “Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” by Hank Williams all topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: Task Force 77 aircraft encounter MIG-15 aircraft for the first time.
1952 – Flying an F-86 Sabre, future jet ace Captain Manuel J. Fernandez, Jr., 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, scored his first aerial victory of the war.
1954 – Comedienne Spring Byington began “December Bride” — on CBS.
1955 – World Series: Brooklyn Dodgers (4) vs New York Yankees (3). This was the Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory.
1956 – “Playhouse 90” debuted on CBS-TV.
1956 – Two U.S. Air Force F-89 aircraft crashed in rugged mountain terrain about four miles from Mount Olympus, WA. Ground search elements from other services located and evacuated the four crew members, one of whom had died.
1957 – The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, officially beginning the Space Age.
1957 – STAR TREK TIMELINE: According to Star Trek: Enterprise (Episode 27) Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite launched by Humans. It was built by the Earth’s Soviet Union, and was launched on October 4, 1957..Vulcans investigating, crash-landed near Carbon Creek, Pennsylvania. The closest reference to be found is Big Creek, Pennsylvania less than a half mile from the Beltsville Airport. Three Vulcans, T’Mir, Mestral and Stron, that were survivors of a crashed ship visited Johnnies Market after winning enough money to buy food in a game of pool at the Pine Tree bar. Among the foods they bought were “cryogenically frozen television dinners” (TV Dinners).
1957 – “Leave It to Beaver” premiered on TV. The last episode aired September 12, 1963.
1958 – The first transatlantic passenger jet service was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation (now British Airways) with flights between London and New York.
1958 – “It’s All In The Game” by Tommy Edwards topped the charts.
1959 – Luna 3 was launched by the USSR and became the first satellite to photograph the Moon’s distant side.
1959 – First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA).
1960 – Courier 1B Launched; first active repeater satellite in orbit.
1965 – Pope Paul VI arrived at Kennedy International Airport in New York City on the first visit by a pope to the United States. He visited to address the United Nations.
1966 – “Sunny” by Bobby Hebb earns gold record.
1967 – First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers.
1969 – Baseball’s first divisional playoff games.
1969 – The song “Suite: Judy Blue Eyes” was released by Crosby, Stills & Nash.
1969 – “Sugar, Sugar” by the Archies topped the charts.
1970 – Janis Joplin (b.1943) was found dead in a seedy Hollywood motel of a heroin overdose at age 27.
1972 – Judge John Sirica imposed a gag order on the Watergate break-in case.
1975 – “Fame” by David Bowie topped the charts.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Play That Funky Music” by Wild Cherry, “I’d Really Love to See You Tonight” by England Dan & John Ford Coley, “A Fifth of Beethoven” by Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band and “Here’s Some Love” by Tanya Tucker all topped the charts.
1976 – In Gregg v. Georgia, the Supreme Court lifted the ban on the death sentence in murder cases, restoring capital punishment, which had not been practiced since 1967.
1976 – Barbara Walters joined Harry Reasoner at the anchor desk of the “ABC Evening News” for the first time.
1980 – “Another One Bites the Dust” by Queen topped the charts.
1982 – Frank Rosenthal (1929-2008), Las Vegas casino operator, survived a car bomb when his Cadillac exploded as he turned the key. He ran the mob-owned Stardust, Fremont, Hacienda and Marina casinos.
1983 – Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 mph (1,019 km/h), driving Thrust 2 at the Black Rock Desert of Nevada.
1984 – US government closes down due to budget problems.
1985 – The Shiite Muslim group Islamic Jihad announced that they had killed American hostage William Buckley. Later another American hostage said that he believed that Buckley had died four months earlier from torture.
1986 – “Stuck with You” by Huey Lewis & the News topped the charts.
1987 – National Football League owners staged their first games since the players union went on strike, with non-striking and replacement personnel. It was called “Scrub Sunday”.
1993 – Dozens of Somalis dragged an American soldier through the streets of Mogadishu. A videotape showed Michael Durant being taken prisoner by Somali militants.
1995 – Hurricane Opal hit the Gulf of Mexico and made landfall in Destin, Florida.
1996 – A judge in Philadelphia issued an injunction preventing major-league baseball umpires from striking for the remainder of the postseason over an incident in which Roberto Alomar of the Baltimore Orioles spat on umpire John Hirschbeck.
1997 – Hundreds of thousands of men attended a Promise Keepers rally on the Mall in Washington, DC.
1997 – “4 Seasons Of Loneliness” by Boyz II Men topped the charts.
1998 – Davis Gaines performed as the Phantom in the show “Phantom of the Opera” for the 2,000th time.
2001 – Authorities confirmed that an editor at the tabloid “The Sun” in Boca Raton, Florida, had contracted the inhaled form of anthrax; he died the following day.
2001 – In Washington, DC, Reagan National Airport re-opened. The airport had been closed since the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.
2001 – New York City announced a $105 billion financial loss due to 9-11.
2002 – Richard C. Reid pleaded guilty to trying to blow up a trans-Atlantic flight with explosives hidden in his shoes and declared himself a follower of Osama bin Laden.
2002 – John Walker Lindh, the so-called “American Taliban,” received a 20-year sentence after a sobbing, halting plea for forgiveness before a federal judge in Alexandria, Va.
2004 – Mike Melville piloted SpaceShipOne and captured the $10 million Ansari X Prize.
2006 – A US federal court awarded $143 million to 3 closed nuclear power plants because the government failed to remove spent fuel rods. The 3 Yankee company reactors were located in Connecticut, Maine, and Massachusetts.
2006 – A Philadelphia jury awarded a woman $1 million and her husband $500,000 in compensatory damages after finding that Wyeth’s hormone replacement drug Prempro was a cause of her breast cancer.
2007 – MASS SHOOTING: Former city maintenance worker John Ashley shot five people in a law office in Alexandria, La., killing two of them; Ashley was shot and killed by police following a standoff.
2007 – In Philadelphia Mustafa Ali (36), a convicted bank robber, shot and killed two armored car guards servicing an ATM outside a bank. Several schools were locked down amid a massive manhunt for the gunman, who was arrested the next day.
2009 – Eight U.S. service members and two members of the Afghan National Security Force were killed in a battle with militants in eastern Afghanistan.
2009 – In New Hampshire Kimberly Cates (42) was killed and her daughter, Jaimie (11) was gravely wounded following a machete attack by Steven Spader during a home invasion by 4 teenagers.
2010 – MASS SHOOTING: A gunman in Gainesville, Florida shoots six people, killing his father before committing suicide.
2011 – In basketball, the National Basketball Association cancels the remainder of the preseason due to the 2011 NBA lockout, with cancellation of games in the regular season occurring if the lockout continues for another week.
2012 – The FBI conducts its investigation into the attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, in one day.
2013 – President Obama’s shut down of parks and memorials continues and escalates. Today the barricaded WWII Memorial was wired shut. Many more non-government funded activities were shutdown as the president tried to increase the pain on the American people.
1626 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1712)
1822 – Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States of America (1877-1881).
1862 – Edward Stratemeyer, American author, creator of the characters the Hardy Boys, Rover Boys, Nancy Drew and the Bobbsey Twins.
1884 – Damon Runyan, American journalist, storywriter.
1895 – Buster Keaton, American actor.
1924 – Charleton Heston (Charles Carter), American Academy Award-winning actor.
1928 – Alvin Toffler, American author, futurist.
1963 – A.C. Green, American basketball player
1976 – Alicia Silverstone, American actress
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Place and date: Peleliu Island, Palau Group, October 4th, 1944. Born: 12 June 1923, Neafus, Ky. Accredited to: Kentucky. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island, Palau Group, during a savage hostile counterattack on the night of 4 October 1944. Stationed with another Marine in an advanced position when a Japanese handgrenade landed in his foxhole Pfc. Phelps instantly shouted a warning to his comrade and rolled over on the deadly bomb, absorbing with his own body the full, shattering Impact of the exploding charge. Courageous and indomitable, Pfc. Phelps fearlessly gave his life that another might be spared serious injury, and his great valor and heroic devotion to duty in the face of certain death reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
MENDOZA, MANUEL V.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, Company B, 250th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division. Place and date: Mt. Battaglia, Italy, October 4, 1944 Born: June 15, 1922, Miami, AZ Entered Service at: Phoenix, AZ Departed: 12/12/2001 Date of Issue: 3/18/2014
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Staff Sergeant Manuel V. Mendoza distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Platoon Sergeant with Company B, 350th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division during combat operations against an armed enemy on Mt. Battaglia, Italy on October 4, 1944. That afternoon, the enemy launched a violent counterattack preceded by a heavy mortar barrage. Staff Sergeant Mendoza, already wounded in the arm and leg, grabbed a Thompson sub-machinegun and ran to the crest of the hill where he saw approximately 200 enemy troops charging up the slopes employing flame-throwers, machine pistols, rifles, and hand grenades. Staff Sergeant Mendoza immediately began to engage the enemy, firing five clips and killing ten enemy soldiers. After exhausting his ammunition, he picked up a carbine and emptied its magazine at the enemy. By this time, an enemy soldier with a flame-thrower had almost reached the crest, but was quickly eliminated as Staff Sergeant Mendoza drew his pistol and fired. Seeing that the enemy force continued to advance, Staff Sergeant Mendoza jumped into a machinegun emplacement that had just been abandoned and opened fire. Unable to engage the entire enemy force from his location, he picked up the machinegun and moved forward, firing from his hip and spraying a withering hail of bullets into the oncoming enemy, causing them to break into confusion. He then set the machinegun on the ground and continued to fire until the gun jammed. Without hesitating, Staff Sergeant Mendoza began throwing hand grenades at the enemy, causing them to flee. After the enemy had withdrawn, he advanced down the forward slope of the hill, retrieved numerous enemy weapons scattered about the area, captured a wounded enemy soldier, and returned to consolidate friendly positions with all available men. Staff Sergeant Mendoza’s gallant stand resulted in thirty German soldiers killed and the successful defense of the hill. Staff Sergeant Mendoza’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company K, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: In the forest of Argonne, France, October 4th, 1918. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 10 March 1894, Buffalo, N.Y. G.O. No.: 50, W.D., 1919. Citation: He took out a patrol for the purpose of attacking an enemy machinegun which had checked the advance of his company. Before reaching the gun he became separated from his patrol and a machinegun bullet shattered his right arm. Without hesitation he advanced on the gun alone, throwing grenades with his left hand and charging with an empty pistol, taking one prisoner and scattering the crew, bringing the gun and prisoner back to the first-aid station.
MADISON, JAMES JONAS
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve Force. Born: 20 May 1884, Jersey City, N.J. Appointed from: Mississippi. Citation: For exceptionally heroic service in a position of great responsibility as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga, when, on October 4th, 1918, that vessel was attacked by an enemy submarine and was sunk after a prolonged and gallant resistance. The submarine opened fire at a range of 500 yards, the first shots taking effect on the bridge and forecastle, one of the two forward guns of the Ticonderoga being disabled by the second shot. The fire was returned and the fight continued for nearly two hours. Lt. Comdr. Madison was severely wounded early in the fight, but caused himself to be placed in a chair on the bridge and continued to direct the fire and to maneuver the ship. When the order was finally given to abandon the sinking ship, he became unconscious from loss of blood, but was lowered into a lifeboat and was saved, with thirty-one others, out of a total number of 236 on board.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company M, 28th Infantry, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Exermont, France, October 4th, 1918. Entered service at: Oquawka, Ill. Birth: Silver Run, Md. G.O. No.: 43, W.D., 1922. Citation: While his company was being held up by heavy enemy fire, Pvt. Morelock, with three other men who were acting as runners at company headquarters, voluntarily led them as a patrol in advance of his company’s frontline through an intense rifle, artillery, and machinegun fire and penetrated a woods which formed the German frontline. Encountering a series of five hostile machinegun nests, containing from one to five machineguns each, with his patrol he cleaned them all out, gained and held complete mastery of the situation until the arrival of his company commander with reinforcements, even though his entire party had become casualties. He rendered first aid to the injured and evacuated them by using stretcher bearers ten German prisoners whom he had captured. Soon thereafter his company commander was wounded and while dressing his wound Pvt. Morelock was very severely wounded in the hip, which forced his evacuation. His heroic action and devotion to duty were an inspiration to the entire regiment.
ROBERTS, HAROLD W.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army Company A, 344th Battalion, Tank Corps. Place and date: In the Montrebeau Woods France October 4th, 1918. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: San Francisco, Calif. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Cpl. Roberts, a tank driver, was moving his tank into a clump of bushes to afford protection to another tank which had become disabled. The tank slid into a shell hole, ten feet deep, filled with water, and was immediately submerged. Knowing that only one of the two men in the tank could escape, Cpl. Roberts said to the gunner, “Well, only one of us can get out, and out you go,” whereupon he pushed his companion through the back door of the tank and was himself drowned.
ARCHER, JAMES W
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 59th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 4th, 1862. Entered service at: Spencer, Ind. Birth: Edgar, Ill. Date of issue: 2 August 1897. Citation: Voluntarily took command of another regiment, with the consent of one or more of his seniors, who were present, rallied the command and led it in the assault.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 82d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 22d or 28th North Carolina (C.S.A.).
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 43d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 4th, 1862. Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio. Born: 10 November 1834, Columbus, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 August 1893. Citation: Conspicuous gallantry in restoring order at a critical moment and leading his regiment in a charge.
|Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy Day
National Science Fiction Day
National Cream Puff Day
Teapot Dome Scandal
|In 1922, Albert B. Fall, U.S. Secretary of the Interior, leased, without competitive bidding, the Teapot Dome fields to Harry F. Sinclair, an oil operator, and the field at Elk Hills, California, to Edward L. Doheny.
He had received bribes or no interest loans from those two which brought indictments for conspiracy and accepting bribes for Fall. He was convicted of accepting bribes and sentenced to one year in prison and fined $100,000.
The Teapot Dome Scandal is an event in US history that has lost its prominence over time. Incidents such as World War II are significant enough that they remain with us for decades, the Teapot Dome Scandal is one of those occurrences that gets pushed out of mind until it is remembered in a solitary paragraph here or there.
The scandal itself had a huge impact at the time. The massive of media attention that it generated “made it the first true symbol of government corruption in America.” The “Teapot Dome” referred to an area in Wyoming where oil fields were located. Oil fields in Elk Hills and Buena Vista Hills, in California, were also involved in the scandal. These oil fields were designated as reserves for the U.S. Navy, and were stored on public land. There had been turmoil regarding the oil in the first place, as many politicians and oil corporations “opposed the restrictions placed on the oil fields, claiming that the reserves were unnecessary and that American oil companies could provide for the Navy.”
A particularly prominent opponent of the reserves was Senator Albert B. Fall. A Republican from New Mexico, he and his allies convinced President Harding to appoint him as Secretary of the Interior in 1921. It was then that the Teapot Dome Scandal started.
|The oil reserves had been under the care of Edwin C. Denby, who was the Secretary of the Navy at the time. Once Senator Fall was named Secretary of the Interior, he persuaded Denby to hand the reserves over to his department. Fall leased the rights to the reserves to Harry Sinclair, the owner of Mammoth Oil. He did this completely legally, due to the General Leasing Act passed in 1920. He also leased the Elk Hills reserves to Edward L. Doheny from|
Pan American Petroleum. He did this “in exchange for personal loans at no interest.” That was illegal.
In addition to the interest-free loans from Doheny, Senator Fall received gifts totaling nearly $404,000 from both men. This too was illegal; up until then it had been completely legitimate. It is possible that he would have been able to get away with it, but his sudden improvement in his way of life got a lot of people’s attention. Where had he acquired this sudden, large amount of wealth?
In April of 1922, the Wall Street Journal exposed him. The next day, April 15th, Senator John Kendrick, a Democrat from Wyoming, “introduced a resolution that set in motion one of the most significant investigations in Senate history.” (U.S. Senate, 1) Senator Robert La Follette of Wisconsin directed the Senate Committee on Public Lands to lead the investigation.
La Follette chose Democrat Thomas J. Walsh, the panel’s “most junior minority member”, to lead the investigation. The Republicans approved of this choice, because they knew that the investigation would be a long string of unanswered questions and dead-ends. Meanwhile, the scandal was fading from the media. People were moving on with other issues.
While Fall stepped backward, covering his tracks as he went. Walsh uncovered the dealings that Fall had made with Denby, Doheny and Sinclair-but realized that they were legal. Fall destroyed all of the incriminating records, and it seemed like he would get away free. Everything was accounted for, though there was a giant problem: Where did Fall get his fortune? It was here that Walsh discovered Fall’s shady dealings; specifically, the $100,000 interest-free loan from Doheny.
A series of lawsuits were brought against Fall and other defendants that had been implicated in the scandal. The Supreme Court, in 1927, ruled that the oil fields had been leased illegally. The reserves were then handed back over to the Navy.
Senator Fall was found guilty of bribery and sentenced to pay $100,000, along with having to serve a one-year prison sentence, in 1929. He was the “first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for his actions in office.” Harry Sinclair refused to cooperate with federal officials, and was fined $100,000 when he was charged with contempt. He also served a prison sentence. Edward Doheny was acquitted.
The effect on the population of the country was tremendous. Big-business Republicans were voted out of office during the Depression-era elections, though, both sides of the political spectrum were affected by the scandal; citizens’ trust in politics was starting to waver. Amazingly, President Coolidge (President Harding had died, so Coolidge had taken over at this point) received little damage to his reputation as a result of the scandal. He was able to minimize attachment to it, and handle it discreetly.
This was the start of a new era of politics-an era of “dirty” politics in which there were more corrupt men in office than honest. It is no wonder that around this time, people started becoming more apathetic towards politics, and we are still feeling the apathy today.
“The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?”
|“A free people ought not only to be armed and disciplined but they should have sufficient arms and ammunition to maintain a status of independence from any who might attempt to abuse them, which would include their own government.”
“Don’t be afraid if things seem difficult in the beginning. That’s only the initial impression. The important thing is not to retreat; you have to master yourself.”
regent (REE-juhnt) adjective
One who rules for a limited period, on behalf of a king or queen who is a minor, absent, or ill. [From Latin regent-, present participle of regere (to rule). Ultimately from the Indo-European reg- (to move in a straight line, to lead or rule) that is also the source of regime, direct, rectangle, erect, rectum, alert, source, and surge.]
1788 – Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1800 – Free Black community of Philadelphia PA petitions Congress to abolish slavery.
1811 – Senator Timothy Pickering, a Federalist from Massachusetts, became the first senator to be censured. Pickering was accused of violating congressional law by publicly revealing secret documents communicated by the president to the Senate. He did it in an effort to prove President James Madison had acted unconstitutionally in seizing part of West Florida from Spain.
1818 – The British Institution of Civil Engineers is formed.
1832 – First Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens.
1837 – The first National Negro Catholic Congress is held in Washington. D. C.
1839 – French pioneering photographer Louis Daguerre took the first photograph of the moon. Unfortunately it was lost when on 8 Mar 1839, a fire burned his laboratory to the ground.
1842 – First US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Fairmount, PA.
1859 – Erastus Beadle published “The Dime Book of Practical Etiquette.”
1860 – The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris. Vulcan was the name given to a small planet proposed to exist in an orbit between Mercury and the Sun in a 19th-century hypothesis. This hypothesis has now been rendered obsolete by Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity.
1861 – Civil War: The USS Brooklyn is readied at Norfolk to aid Fort Sumter.
1861 – Civil War: Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing the Washington D.C. militia.
1863 – Civil War: The Battle of Stones River concludes when the Union troops of William Rosecrans defeat Confederates under Braxton Bragg at Murfeesboro, TN.
1870 – Construction began on the Brooklyn Bridge to cross the East River, New York City with a single span, a breadth of 1,600 feet navigable water.
1872 – Brigham Young is arrested for bigamy due to having 25 wives.
1882 – John D. Rockefeller unites his oil holdings into the Standard Oil trust.
1890 – Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer for the White House.
1890 – Record 19’2″ alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny.
1893 – Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America introduces railroad chronometers.
1893 – First US commemoratives & first US stamp to picture a woman issued. The stamps were the 1 cent “Columbus in sight of land” and the 5 cent “Columbus soliciting aid of Isabella.” The first stamp to include a portrait of a woman was the 1902 Martha Washington eight-cent stamp.
1900 – John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
1900 – The Chicago Canal opened.
1904 – U.S. Marines are sent to Santo Domingo to aid the government against rebel forces.
1906 – W H Carrier patents air conditioner.
1910 – First junior high schools in US open in Berkeley, CA. McKinley School housed seventh and eighth grade students.
1911 – Brooklyn Dodgers president Charles Ebbets announces purchase of grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000.
1920 – The Palmer Raids begin in the United States. The Palmer Raids were a series of controversial raids by the U.S. Justice and Immigration Departments from 1918 to 1921 on the radical left in the United States. The raids are named for Alexander Mitchell Palmer, United States Attorney General under Woodrow Wilson.
1921 – Religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time. KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday service of the city’s Calgary Episcopal Church.
1923 – U.S. Interior Secretary Albert Fall resigns due to the Teapot Dome scandal. Teapot Dome is a reference to an oil field on public land in Wyoming, so named because of a rock resembling a teapot overlooking the field. It is also a phrase commonly applied to the scandal that rocked the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
1929 – Canada and the United States agree on a plan to preserve Niagara Falls.
1933 – US troops leave Nicaragua.
1935 – Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
1936 – First electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis MO.
1939 – Time Magazine named chancellor Adolf Hitler its “Man of the Year. ”
1941 – The Andrews Sisters recorded “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy.”
1941 – World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
1941 – World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program with a stated goal of building 200 freighters. Over 2,700 ships will eventually be constructed by the end of the war.
1942 – World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces.
1942 – World War II: The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey. It was opened with Navy Airship Patrol Group 1 and Air Ship Squadron 12.
1943 – World War II: US troops on Guadalcanal launch another assault up Mount Austen. Some progress is made but the Gifu strongpoint remains in Japanese control.
1945 – An American Sikorsky helicopter is used in convoy escort duties for the first time.
|1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “It Might as Well Be Spring” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Billy Williams), “I Can’t Begin to Tell You” by Bing Crosby with the Carmen Cavallaro Orchestra, “Symphony” by The Freddy Martin Orchestra (vocal: Clyde Rogers) and “Silver Dew on the Blue Grass Tonight” by Bob Wills all top the charts.|
1949 – Luis Muñoz Marín became the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
1951 – Korean War: C-47 dropped flares to illuminate B-26 and F-82 night attacks on enemy forces for the first time.
1953 – NBC-TV presented the “The Life of Riley.”
|1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Oh! My Pa-Pa” by Eddie Fisher, “Changing Partners” by Patti Page, “Stranger in Paradise” by Tony Bennett and “Let Me Be the One” by Hank Locklin all topped the charts.|
1957 – The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange and Los Angeles Oil Exchange merge.
1957 – Gene Fullmer defeated Sugar Ray Robinson to earn the world middleweight boxing title. He is a former American middleweight boxer and world champion.
1959 – The first artificial satellite to orbit the sun, Luna 1, is launched by the U.S.S.R.
1959 – CBS radio cancels four soap operas. “Our Gal Sunday”, “This is Nora Drake”, “Backstage Wife” and “Road of Life” were all cut.
1960 – Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1960 – “Why” by Frankie Avalon topped the charts.
|1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” by The Tokens, “Run to Him” by Bobby Vee and “The Twist” by Chubby Checker and “Walk on By” by Leroy Van Dyke all topped the charts.|
1963 – Vietnam War: Viet Cong shoot down five U.S. helicopters in the Mekong Delta. 30 Americans are reported dead.
1965 – The New York Jets sign University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
1965 – Voter registration drive, led by Martin Luther King Jr., started in Selma, Alabama.
1965 – “I Feel Fine” by the Beatles topped the charts.
1966 – Vietnam: American G.I.s move into the Mekong Delta for the first time.
1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. Air Force F-4 Phantom jets down seven communist MiG-21s over North Vietnam.
1968 – Dr. Christian Barnard (d. 2001) performed the first successful heart transplant. Dr. Barnard’s first heart transplant patient, Louis Washkansky, lived only 18 days. His second, Dr. Philip Blaiberg, lived more than 19 months.
1969 – Vietnam: Operation Barrier Reef began in Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
|1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Someday We’ll Be Together” by Diana Ross & The Supremes and “Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head” by B.J. Thomas, “Holly Holy” by Neil Diamond and “(I’m So) Afraid of Losing You Again” by Charley Pride topped the charts.|
1971 – “My Sweet Lord” by George Harrison topped the charts.
1971 – The tobacco industry was banned from buying advertisements on television and radio.
1974 – Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum US speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo. Federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.
1975 – Kenneth C. Brugger discovered the long-unknown winter destination of the monarch butterfly in the mountains of Mexico. Within the territory of only 200 square meters, there are around 20 million butterflies. The area was cold and covered with oyamel trees and pine trees, a few kilometers from rural towns.
|1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “How Deep is Your Love” by Bee Gees, “(Every Time I Turn Around) Back in Love Again” by L.T.D., “Baby Come Back” by Player and “Here You Come Again” by Dolly Parton all topped the charts.|
1982 – “Physical” by Olivia Newton-John and “Faith” by George Michael topped the charts.
1983 – The smash musical, “Annie”, closed on Broadway after 2,377 performances.
1985 – The Rebels of UNLV beat Utah State in three overtime periods. The final score of 142-140 set a new NCAA record for total points in a basketball game (282). The game took over three hours to play.
|1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Say You, Say Me” by Lionel Richie, “Party All the Time” by Eddie Murphy, “Alive & Kicking” by Simple Minds and “Have Mercy” by The Judds all topped the charts.|
1987 – The most-watched college football game was played . Joe Paterno’s Nittany Lions of Penn State defeated the Miami Hurricanes, 14-10, at the Fiesta Bowl in Tempe, Arizona. The game was so popular that it beat “Dallas” and “Falcon Crest” in the TV ratings.
1989 – PTL founders Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker returned to the television pulpit for the first time in two years, broadcasting from a borrowed house in Pineville, N.C.
1990 – David Norman Dinkins began his first working day as mayor of New York City with a 7:00 a.m. appearance on NBC-TV’s ‘Today’ show. He was the the first African-American mayor of America’s largest City.
1990 -The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended the day above 2,800 for the first time, at 2,810.15.
1991 – Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC, becoming the first African-American woman to lead a city of that size and importance.
1994 – The new Republican mayor of New York City, Rudolph Giuliani, delivered his inaugural address in which he called for unity while promising to crack down on crime and tackle the city’s budget problems.
1995 – Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (estimated 15 billion light years away).
1996 – Former Interior Secretary James Watt pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of attempting to sway a grand jury investigating 1980s influence-peddling at the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
1997 – In Las Vegas the New York New York casino-hotel hosted a private party prior to opening to the public at 12:35 a.m.
1997 – In the US Northwest a week of heavy rain and melting snow caused many rivers to overflow. Downtown Reno was under water and casinos closed and visitors were trapped in Yosemite National Park. Highway 50 to Lake Tahoe was closed and expected to be out for a month.
1997 – Letter bombs began arriving into the US from Egypt. Four were addressed to the Washington bureau of Al-Hayat, an Arab language daily. Others went to Leavenworth, Kansas. They contained the plastic explosive Semtex.
1998 – The defense in the Terry Nichols trial rested its case in the penalty phase after calling nine witnesses who pleaded for his life.
1999 – A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches of snow at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches at Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
2000 – Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr., former US Navy commander, died at age 79. He and his son authored “My Father, My Son” in 1986.
2002 – Troops of the 101st Airborne Division begin to replace Marines that have been in Kandahar, Afghanistan since November of 2001.
2002 – The #5 Florida Gators beat #6 Maryland 56-23 in the Orange Bowl.
2003 – United States Army division commanders began a war game at US V Corps headquarters at Heidelberg, Germany, called VICTORY SCRIMMAGE.
2004 – Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
2004 – US Army Captain Kimberly Hampton is killed from hostile fire in Iraq. She is the first female helicopter killed in the line of duty and the first female killed in the war from South Carolina.
2004 – U.S. Representative Ralph Hall from Texas files for reelection and switches parties from Democrat to Republican.
2004 – No leap second is added this year. This is the fifth year in a row without a leap-second after 28 years of adding leap-seconds to compensate for the slowing of the Earth’s rotation.
2005 – The death toll from the Dec 26 Tsunami was expected to hit 150,000.
2005 – In El Dorada, Ark., firefighters evacuated hundreds of residents as they fought a blaze in a hazardous waste warehouse.
2005 – The Washington Post and Reuters report that the US government is preparing to keep suspected terrorists in detention without charge for life.
2006 – In the Fiesta Bowl, #4 Ohio State beat #5 Notre Dame 34-20 .
2006 – An explosion in a coal mine leads to the death of 12 of 13 miners in the Sago Mine disaster in West Virginia.
2006 – Independence Air, formerly known as Atlantic Coast Airlines, said it will shut down on Jan 5. The DC based carrier only began operations Jun 16, 2004.
2006 – Police are investigating the New Year’s Day murder of Bryan Harvey, who with his wife and two young daughters were found dead with their throats slashed in the basement of their South Side Richmond, Virginia, home, which was then set afire. Harvey was former singer and guitarist of 1980s band “House of Freaks.”
2007 – New York City commuter Wesley Autrey Sr. saved a 19-year-old student who had fallen onto subway tracks by leaping down and pulling the teen and himself into the trough between the tracks as a train passed over them.
2007 – Seven policemen charged in a deadly Danziger Bridge shooting in the chaotic aftermath of Hurricane Katrina turn themselves in at a New Orleans city jail.
2007 – Former US President Gerald Ford’s state funeral takes place at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. His casket is later moved to his hometown Grand Rapids, Michigan for burial on Wednesday January 3, 2007.
2008 – Gold prices swept to a record high of $861.10 above the key $850-an-ounce mark, driven by surging oil, a weaker dollar and simmering geopolitical tensions.
2011 – President Barack Obama signs the 9/11 health bill into law to cover the cost of medical care for rescue workers and others sickened by toxic fumes and dust after the 2001 attack on the World Trade Center.
2012 – Mount Rainier National Park Washington State is closed as police conduct a manhunt for a man who shot dead a park ranger on New Year’s Day; the gunman, Benjamin Barnes, is eventually found dead.
2013 – President Barack Obama signs the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, intended to prevent the “fiscal cliff”.
2014 – Obamacare started yesterday promising health insurance all Americans. In actuality its left more Americans without coverage than before the law was passed. More than 4.7 million Americans had their health insurance canceled as a result of many of the thousand-plus-page law’s new rules but the Department of Health and Human Services confirmed Tuesday that between federal and state exchanges, just 2 million Americans have signed up for the coverage resulting in a net loss of almost 3 million insurance plans.
2015 – Abu Anas al-Libi, a one-time associate of Osama bin Laden, dies in New York, while awaiting trial for allegedly plotting the bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
1647 – Nathaniel Bacon, English-born American colonist (d. 1676)
1920 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born American science fiction writer, author of almost 500 books.
1936 – Roger Miller, American singer, songwriter, and musician.
1938 – David Bailey, English photographer
1939 – Jim Bakker, Former American televangelist.
1942 – Dennis Hastert, 59th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
1968 – Cuba Gooding Jr., American actor
|*EDWARDS, JUNIOR D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Company E, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Changbong-ni, Korea, January 2nd, 1951. Entered service at: Indianola, Iowa. Born: 7 October 1926, Indianola, Iowa. G.O. No.: 13, 1 February 1952. Citation: Sfc. Edwards, Company E, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When his platoon, while assisting in the defense of a strategic hill, was forced out of its position and came under vicious raking fire from an enemy machine gun set up on adjacent high ground, Sfc. Edwards individually charged the hostile emplacement, throwing grenades as he advanced. The enemy withdrew but returned to deliver devastating fire when he had expended his ammunition. Securing a fresh supply of grenades, he again charged the emplacement, neutralized the weapon and killed the crew, but was forced back by hostile small-arms fire. When the enemy emplaced another machine gun and resumed fire, Sfc. Edwards again renewed his supply of grenades, rushed a third time through a vicious hail of fire, silenced this second gun and annihilated its crew. In this third daring assault he was mortally wounded but his indomitable courage and successful action enabled his platoon to regain and hold the vital strongpoint. Sfc. Edwards’ consummate valor and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the utmost glory upon himself and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the infantry and military service.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Clear Creek, Ariz., January 2nd, 1873. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallantry in action.
National Communicate with your Kids Month
Squirrel Appreciation Week 1-7
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways
Our “freeway system” is part of a much bigger plan than just going from coast to coast to coast on nice smooth roads.
Planning for what is now known as the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called “The Interstate System,” began in the late 1930’s. The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1938 called on the Bureau of Public Roads (BPR), the predecessor of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), to study the feasibility of a toll-financed system of three east-west and three north-south superhighways. The BPR’s report, Toll Roads and Free Roads, demonstrated that a toll network would not be self-supporting. Instead, the BPR’s report advocated a 26,700-mile interregional highway network.
In the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1944, the Congress acted on these recommendations. The act called for designation of a National System of Interstate Highways, to include up to 40,000 miles “… so located, as to connect by routes, direct as practical, the principal metropolitan areas, cities, and industrial centers, to serve the National Defense, and to connect at suitable points, routes of continental importance in the Dominion of Canada and the Republic of Mexico.”
The Interstate route marker is a red, white, and blue shield, carrying the word “Interstate”, the State name, and the route number. Officials of AASHTO developed the procedure for numbering the routes. Major Interstate routes are designated by one- or two-digit numbers. Routes with odd numbers run north and south, while even numbered run east and west. For north-south routes, the lowest numbers begin in the west, while the lowest numbered east-west routes are in the south. By this method, Interstate Route 5 (I-5) runs north-south along the west coast, while I-10 lies east-west along the southern border.
The Milepost numbering system — All Interstate routes are mileposted beginning at the most westerly or southerly point. The beginning point is milepost ‘0’. If the first interchange on the route is located between milepost 4.0 and 5.0, it is numbered as Interchange #4. The next interchange, if located at milepost 8.7, would be numbered as Interchange #8, etc. With this system the motorist can easily determine the location and distance to a desired interchange.
For more information and statistics go to:
Psalm 25 : 1-5
1 Unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.
2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
3 Yea, let none that wait on thee be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.
4 Shew me thy ways, O Lord; teach me thy paths.
5 Lead me in thy truth, and teach me: for thou art the God of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day.
“No religious doctrine shall be established by law.”
Elbridge Gerry, Annals of Congress 1:729-731
“If you are going to achieve excellence in big things, you develop the habit in little matters. Excellence is not an exception, it is a prevailing attitude.”
~ Colin Powell
excellence / – [ek-suh-luhns] –noun
the fact or state of excelling; superiority; eminence: his excellence in mathematics
an excellent quality or feature: Use of herbs is one of the excellences of French cuisine
[Origin: 1275–1325; ME excellencie < L excellentia. See excellent, -ency]
2333 BC – Establishment of the Kingdom of Korea (in the name of Joseon).
42 BC – First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius. (Remember Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare? Recognize any real names?)
1678 – The Taj Mahal, an architectural masterpiece, was completed after 22 years’ work.
1776 – Congress borrowed five million dollars to halt the rapid depreciation of paper money in the colonies.|
1778 – British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska.
1789 – George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Corinth, in Mississippi, a Union army defeated the Confederates.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving. Credit for establishing Thanksgiving as a national holiday is usually given to Sarah J. Hale, editor and founder of the Ladies’ Magazine in Boston.
1872 – Bloomingdale’s department store opened in New York City.
1873 – Captain Jack and three other Modoc Indians were hanged in Oregon for the murder of General Edward Canby.
1876 – Johns Hopkins University opened.
1876 – John L. Routt, the Colorado Territory governor, was elected the first state governor of Colorado in the Centennial year of the U.S.
1899 – The motor-driven vacuum cleaner was patented by J.S. Thurman of St. Louis, MO.
1901 – The Victor Talking Machine Company was incorporated. After a merger with Radio Corporation of America the company became RCA-Victor.
1902 – President Theodore Roosevelt became the first president to personally intervene in a labor dispute when he met with miners and coalfield operators from the Pennsylvania anthracite coalfields in an attempt to end their five month strike.
1906 – W.T. Grant opened a 25-cent department store on this day.
1906 – SOS Adopted as international distress signal.
1910 – San Francisco new police Chief Seymour closed down dancing of the “bunny hug” and the “hug-me-tight” in the Tenderloin. Dances of 1910 to 1920
1913 – Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%).
1918 – World War I: Marines made German offensive in the French Alps town of Mont Blanc. The 4th Marine Brigade assaulted Blanc Mont in fierce fighting. The next day was the Marines’ bloodiest.
1957 – The comedy series “The Real McCoys” premiered on ABC-TV. Richard Crenna and Walter Brennan starred. Brennan was head of a West Virginia clan that moves to the LA San Fernando Valley.
1920 – NFL (then American Pro Football Association) plays first games.
1922 – Rebecca L. Felton, a Democrat, became the first female senator in U.S. history when she was appointed to the Senate by Governor Thomas W. Hardwick of Georgia to serve out the remaining term of Thomas E. Watson.
1922 – First facsimile photo send over city telephone lines, Washington, DC.
1931 – Comic strip “Dick Tracy” first appeared in the “New York News.”
1940 – U.S. Army decided to use airborne/parachute soldiers.
1940 – Wold War II: Holocaust: In France the Vichy government passed a law that placed great restrictions on French Jews.
1941 – The movie “The Maltese Falcon” opened in New York.
1941 – World War II: Adolf Hitler stated in a speech that Russia was “broken” and they “would never rise again.”
1941 – World War II: Nazi’s blew up six synagogues in Paris.
1942 – First successful launch of A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany: the first man-made object to reach space.
1944 – World War II: U.S. troops cracked the Siegfried Line north of Aachen, Germany.
1945 – Elvis Presley appeared in a talent show at the age of ten. It was his first public appearance. He won 2nd place and $5.
1946 – “A Day in the Life of Dennis Day” (31:06) began airing on NBC-TV.
1947 – The first telescope lens 200” in diameter completed.
1951 – Bobby Thompson won the pennant for the New York Giants by hitting a home run off of Ralph Branca of the Brooklyn Dodgers at the New York Polo Grounds before 20,000 empty seats.
1951 – CBS-TV aired the first coast-to-coast telecast of a prizefight. Dave Sands defeated Carl Olson at Soldier Field in Chicago.
1952 – The first video recording on magnetic tape was made in Los Angeles, Ca.
1952 – The situation comedy “Our Miss Brooks,” formerly a radio show, premiered on CBS with Eve Arden again in the title role. Robert Rockwell played her love interest, the biology teacher.
1952 – “Ozzie and Harriet” premiered on television. There were 435 episodes and the last show was aired September 3, 1966.
1954 – “Father Knows Best” premiered on NBC. Its last telecast was April 5th, 1963.
1955 – “Captain Kangaroo” premiered on television. It ended in the year 1993.
1955 – The Disney sponsored “Mickey Mouse Club” began on ABC TV and ran until the year 1959.
1957 – “The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom” (25:46) premiered on ABC-TV.
1960 – “The Andy Griffith Show” premiered on TV.
1961 – “The Dick Van Dyke Show” premiered on TV.
1961 – Jimmie Rodgers, Fred Rose, and Hank Williams became the first to be inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame.
1962 – Astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma Seven on a nine-hour flight.
1962 – The San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers to win baseball’s National League Pennant. This was important because they both were New York teams.
1962 – The play, “Stop the World, I Want to Get Off!” opened on Broadway.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Letter” by The Box Tops, “Never My Love” by The Association, “Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie” by Jay & The Techniques and “Laura (What’s He Got That I Ain’t Got)” by Leon Ashley all topped the charts.
1967 – William J. Knight (d.2004), US Air Force test pilot, set a speed record in a rocket-powered X-15-2A that reached 4,520 mph. Knight later served as a California state senator (1996-2004).
1968 – American Independent Party presidential candidate George Wallace tapped retired Air Force Gen. Curtis E. LeMay to be his running mate.
1970 – Baseball umpires called their first strike, a one-day strike, of the first game of the championship playoffs, the first by umpires in major league history.
1972 – The USA and USSR signed final SALT accords limiting submarine-carried and land-based missiles.
1974 – Frank Robinson was named Major League Baseball’s first African-American manager, for the Cleveland Indians.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Total Eclipse of the Heart” by Bonnie Tyler, “Making Love Out of Nothing at All” by Air Supply, “(She’s) Sexy + 17” by Stray Cats and “New Looks from an Old Lover” by B.J. Thomas all topped the charts.
1985 – Space Shuttle Atlantis flys its maiden voyage. (STS-51-J).
1988 – The space shuttle Discovery landed safely after its four-day mission. It was the first American shuttle mission since the Challenger disaster.
1989 – Art Shell became the first African-American to coach a professional football team, the Los Angeles Raiders.
1990 – A storeowner in Florida was found guilty of distributing obscene material. The material in question was 2 Live Crew’s “As Nasty As They Wanna Be” album. The man was later fined $1,000.
1990 – Less than a year after East Germany opened its borders to the West and took down the Berlin Wall, East Germany and West Germany became a united and sovereign state.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Adore Mi Amor” by Color Me Badd, “Good Vibrations” by Marky Mark & The Funky Bunch/Loleatta Holloway, “Emotions” by Mariah Carey and “Where Are You Now” by Clint Black all topped the charts.
1992 – President Bush vetoed a measure to re-regulate cable television. Congress overrode the veto two days later.
1992 – William Gates, the college-dropout founder of Microsoft, headed the Forbes magazine 400 list of the richest Americans with a net worth of 6.3 billion dollars. His assets reached 51 billion in 2005. In 2015 is was 79.2 billion.
1993 – Today marks the Battle of Mogadishu in Somolia. Our Army’s Rangers and Special Operations Forces displayed extraordinary heroism. The battle killed 19 Americans and wounded at least 80 others. Please help me honor them for their selfless service and sacrifice.The story of the battle, made famous by the movie “Black Hawk Down” is something everyone should see.
1995 – O.J. Simpson, a former professional football star, was acquitted of the 1994 murder of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald L. Goldman, in Los Angeles.
1995 – In Texas three young crooks stole a suitcase from a walk-in storage locker in North Austin. The suitcase contained some $80,000 in coins stashed by Gary Karr, David Roland Waters and Danny Raymond Fry, who were implicated in the disappearance of atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair.
1997 – In Humboldt County, Ca., two protestors attached themselves to bulldozers of the Pacific Lumber Company. Sheriff’s deputies applied pepper spray directly to the eyes of the protestors using cotton swabs and Q-tips.
1997 – In Idaho the US Forest Service arranged a land swap with the Riley Creek Lumber Co. to preserve an ancient cedar grove at Upper Priest Lake. Riley Creek paid less than $2 million in 1992 for the grove and obtained $8.7 million worth of federal land in exchange.
2001 – The U.S. Senate approved an agreement normalizing trade between the United States and Vietnam.
2001 – Pres. Bush endorsed a $60-75 billion stimulus package to pull the US out of recession.
2001 – Barry Bonds (San Francisco Giants) broke Babe Ruth’s major league single-season record for walks at 171.
2001 – Near Manchester, Tennessee, Damir Igric (29), a Croatian passenger on a Greyhound bus, slit the throat of the bus driver and caused a roll over that killed seven people including Igric.
2002 -Police hunted for a “skilled shooter” who murdered five random victims over 16 hours with a high-powered rifle in Montgomery County, Maryland, just a short distance from Washington DC. A 6th victim was killed in DC. James Buchanon (39), Premkumar Walekar (54), Sarah Ramos (34), Lori Ann Lewis Rivera (25) and Pascal Charlot (72) became the 2nd to 6th victims.
2002 – Hurricane Lili gave Louisiana’s coast a 100 mph battering.
2003 – In Las Vegas a tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy during a performance. It was Horn’s 59th birthday. Roy survived the attack after being dragged offstage. The tiger, a seven-year-old male named Montecore, was debuting in his first show.
2005 – President Bush nominated White House counsel Harriet Miers (b.1945) to the Supreme Court, turning to a lawyer who has never been a judge to replace Sandra Day O’Connor and help reshape the nation’s judiciary.
2005 – Representative Tom DeLay, a powerful ally of President George W. Bush, was indicted on a new charge of money laundering as his lawyers moved to dismiss a previous conspiracy indictment filed last week.
2005 – The US search for bodies due to Hurricane Katrina ended with a toll of 964.
2006 – Americans John C. Mather and George F. Smoot won the 2006 Nobel Prize in physics for work that helped cement the big-bang theory of the universe and deepen understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars.
2006 – A federal grand jury indicted Colma City, Ca., Councilman Philip Lum Jr. for allegedly taking gifts from the owner of the Lucky Chances Casino and then voting on matters that benefited the cardroom.
2006 – The DJIA rose 56.99 to 11,727.34, to close at a new record high above one set on Jan 14, 2000. Nasdaq rose 6.05 to 2,243.
2007 – US federal authorities said they had rounded up more than 1,300 illegal immigrants in Southern California during the past two weeks in the largest sweep of its kind.
2008 – O.J. Simpson found guilty in armed robbery trial. A jury has found O.J. Simpson guilty in a Las Vegas armed robbery and kidnapping case. Mr. Simpson faced twelve charges stemming from a September 2007 confrontation in a casino hotel room in which he and five cohorts departed with hundreds of items of sports memorabilia.
2008 – The US House of Representatives voted 263-171 for the $700 billion economic rescue plan and Pres. Bush quickly signed the bill. Wall Street fell 157 points to 10,325.38, its lowest close since October 2005, as more economic bad news was made public.
2008 – United States Protection and Investigations, a Houston security company, was indicted on charges of defrauding the US government for work done during the Afghanistan war and rebuilding efforts.
2008 – In Alabama a collision on a rural highway between an eighteen-wheeler and a state van killed six applicants for prison jobs and their driver.
2010 – The United States issues a travel alert to its citizens across Europe, warning that it suspects they may become the target of a commando-style attack.
2011 – An appeals court in Perugia, Italy threw out the murder conviction against Amanda Knox in the death of her British roommate Meredith Kercher, and ordered Knox freed after four years in Italian prisons.
2013 – President Obama tried to shut down Mount Vernon, home of George Washington, which is totally funded privately with the exception of some minor parking lot maintenance. It is one of those national treasures that privately owned.
2013 – A woman in an black sedan crashed into the East Gate of the White House in a minor fender bender. Police went to stop the woman and she took off with her car. A police chase around Washington DC occurred. The chase continued until police rammed her car into a light pole. Police then shot the woman as she attempted to exit her vehicle.
2013 – California’s governor, Jerry Brown, signed a bill granting illegal immigrants driver’s licenses.
2014 – A cyberattack against JPMorgan Chase and 9 other financial institutions that compromised over 83 million accounts is disclosed. The attack is considered one of the largest data breaches in history.
2016 – Bass Pro Shops acquires Cabela’s for $5.5 billion, combining two retailers for outdoor enthusiasts.
2016 – 2016 Atlantic hurricane season – Heavy rains from Hurricane Matthew’s outer bands drench Haiti and Jamaica, killing a Haitian fisherman. The Category 4 storm, with 140 mph ((220 km/h) maximum sustained winds), is heading towards western Haiti, eastern Cuba, and the southeastern and central Bahamas.
1790 – John Ross, Chief of the United Cherokee Nation (1839-1866).
1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette advisor (d. 1960)
1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist.
1916 – James Herriott, Scottish author and veterinarian.
1925 – Gore Vidal, American writer.
1941 – Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans), American singer.
CARTER, TY M.
Rank and organization: Specialist, U.S. Army, 61st Cavalry Regiment, B Troop, 3d Squadron. Place and date: Outpost Keating, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan, October 3rd, 2009 Entered service at: Antioch, CA Born: 25 January 1980, Spokane, WA Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, Specialist Ty M. Carter distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Scout with Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Kamdesh District, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan on October 3, 2009. On that morning, Specialist Carter and his comrades awakened to an attack of an estimated 300 enemy fighters occupying the high ground on all four sides of Combat Outpost Keating, employing concentrated fire from recoilless rifles, rocket propelled grenades, anti-aircraft machine guns, mortars and small arms fire. Specialist Carter reinforced a forward battle position, ran twice through a 100 meter gauntlet of enemy fire to resupply ammunition and voluntarily remained there to defend the isolated position. Armed with only an M4 carbine rifle, Specialist Carter placed accurate, deadly fire on the enemy, beating back the assault force and preventing the position from being overrun, over the course of several hours. With complete disregard for his own safety and in spite of his own wounds, he ran through a hail of enemy rocket propelled grenade and machine gun fire to rescue a critically wounded comrade who had been pinned down in an exposed position. Specialist Carter rendered life extending first aid and carried the Soldier to cover. On his own initiative, Specialist Carter again maneuvered through enemy fire to check on a fallen Soldier and recovered the squad’s radio, which allowed them to coordinate their evacuation with fellow Soldiers. With teammates providing covering fire, Specialist Carter assisted in moving the wounded soldier 100 meters through withering enemy fire to the aid station and before returning to the fight. Specialist Carter’s heroic actions and tactical skill were critical to the defense of Combat Outpost Keating, preventing the enemy from capturing the position and saving the lives of his fellow Soldiers. Specialist Ty M. Carter’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division and the United States Army
CLINTON L ROMESHA
Rank and Organization: Staff Sergeant, Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division Place and Date: October 3rd, 2009 Combat Outpost Keating, Kamdesh District, Nuristan Province, Afghanistan. Entered service: Lake City, CA Born: August 1981, Lake City, CA Citation: Staff Sergeant Romesha distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Section Leader, during combat operations against an armed enemy. On that morning, Staff Sergeant Romesha and his comrades awakened to an attack by an estimated 300 enemy fighters occupying the high ground on all four sides of the complex, employing concentrated fire from recoilless rifles, rocket propelled grenades, anti-aircraft machine guns, mortars and small arms fire. Staff Sergeant Romesha moved uncovered under intense enemy fire to conduct a reconnaissance of the battlefield and seek reinforcements from the barracks before returning to action with the support of an assistant gunner. Staff Sergeant Romesha took out an enemy machine gun team and, while engaging a second, the generator he was using for cover was struck by a rocket-propelled grenade, inflicting him with shrapnel wounds. Undeterred by his injuries, Staff Sergeant Romesha continued to fight and upon the arrival of another soldier to aid him and the assistant gunner, he again rushed through the exposed avenue to assemble additional soldiers. Staff Sergeant Romesha then mobilized a five-man team and returned to the fight equipped with a sniper rifle. With complete disregard for his own safety, Staff Sergeant Romesha continually exposed himself to heavy enemy fire, as he moved confidently about the battlefield engaging and destroying multiple enemy targets, including three Taliban fighters who had breached the combat outpost’s perimeter. While orchestrating a successful plan to secure and reinforce key points of the battlefield, Staff Sergeant Romesha maintained radio communication with the tactical operations center. As the enemy forces attacked with even greater ferocity, unleashing a barrage of rocket-propelled grenades and recoilless rifle rounds, Staff Sergeant Romesha identified the point of attack and directed air support to destroy over 30 enemy fighters. After receiving reports that seriously injured soldiers were at a distant battle position, Staff Sergeant Romesha and his team provided covering fire to allow the injured soldiers to safely reach the aid station. Upon receipt of orders to proceed to the next objective, his team pushed forward 100 meters under overwhelming enemy fire to recover and prevent the enemy fighters from taking the bodies of their fallen comrades. Staff Sergeant Romesha’s heroic actions throughout the day-long battle were critical in suppressing an enemy that had far greater numbers. His extraordinary efforts gave Bravo Troop the opportunity to regroup, reorganize and prepare for the counterattack that allowed the Troop to account for its personnel and secure Combat Outpost Keating. Staff Sergeant Romesha’s discipline and extraordinary heroism above and beyond the call of duty reflect great credit upon himself, Bravo Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division and the United States Army.
*GARY L. GORDON
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant, U.S. Army. Place and date: October 3rd, 1993, Mogadishu, Somalia. Entered service at: —– Born: Lincoln, Maine. Citation: Master Sergeant Gordon, United States Army, distinguished himself by actions above and beyond the call of duty on 3 October 1993, while serving as Sniper Team Leader, United States Army Special Operations Command with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia. Master Sergeant Gordon’s sniper team provided precision fires from the lead helicopter during an assault and at two helicopter crash sites, while subjected to intense automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenade fires. When Master Sergeant Gordon learned that ground forces were not immediately available to secure the second crash site, he and another sniper unhesitatingly volunteered to be inserted to protect the four critically wounded personnel, despite being well aware of the growing number of enemy personnel closing in on the site. After his third request to be inserted, Master Sergeant Gordon received permission to perform his volunteer mission. When debris and enemy ground fires at the site caused them to abort the first attempt, Master Sergeant Gordon was inserted one hundred meters south of the crash site. Equipped with only his sniper rifle and a pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon and his fellow sniper, while under intense small arms fire from the enemy, fought their way through a dense maze of shanties and shacks to reach the critically injured crew members. Master Sergeant Gordon immediately pulled the pilot and the other crew members from the aircraft, establishing a perimeter which placed him and his fellow sniper in the most vulnerable position. Master Sergeant Gordon used his long range rifle and side arm to kill an undetermined number of attackers until he depleted his ammunition. Master Sergeant Gordon then went back to the wreckage, recovering some of the crew’s weapons and ammunition. Despite the fact that he was critically low on ammunition, he provided some of it to the dazed pilot and then radioed for help. Master Sergeant Gordon continued to travel the perimeter, protecting the downed crew. After his team member was fatally wounded and his own rifle ammunition exhausted, Master Sergeant Gordon returned to the wreckage, recovering a rifle with the last five rounds of ammunition and gave it to the pilot with the words, “good luck.” Then, armed only with his pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon continued to fight until he was fatally wounded. His actions saved the pilot’s life. Master Sergeant Gordon’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest standards of military service and reflect great credit upon him, his unit and the United States Army.
*SHUGHART, RANDALL D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army. Place and date: October 3rd, 1993, Mogadishu, Somalia. Entered service at: —– Born: Newville, Pennsylvania. Citation: Sergeant First Class Shughart, United States Army, distinguished himself by actions above and beyond the call of duty on 3 October 1993, while serving as a Sniper Team Member, United States Army Special Operations Command with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia. Sergeant First Class Shughart provided precision sniper fires from the lead helicopter during an assault on a building and at two helicopter crash sites, while subjected to intense automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenade fires. While providing critical suppressive fires at the second crash site, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader learned that ground forces were not immediately available to secure the site. Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader unhesitatingly volunteered to be inserted to protect the four critically wounded personnel, despite being well aware of the growing number of enemy personnel closing in on the site. After their third request to be inserted, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader received permission to perform this volunteer mission. When debris and enemy ground fires at the site caused them to abort the first attempt, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader were inserted one hundred meters south of the crash site. Equipped with only his sniper rifle and a pistol, Sergeant First Class Shughart and his team leader, while under intense small arms fire from the enemy, fought their way through a dense maze of shanties and shacks to reach the critically injured crew members. Sergeant First Class Shughart pulled the pilot and the other crew members from the aircraft, establishing a perimeter which placed him and his fellow sniper in the most vulnerable position. Sergeant First Class Shughart used his long range rifle and side arm to kill an undetermined number of attackers while traveling the perimeter, protecting the downed crew. Sergeant First Class Shughart continued his protective fire until he depleted his ammunition and was fatally wounded. His actions saved the pilot’s life. Sergeant First Class Shughart’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest standards of military service and reflect great credit upon him, his unit and the United States Army.
BART, FRANK J.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company C, 9th Infantry, 2d Division. Place and date: Near Medeah Ferme, France, October 3rd, 1918. Entered service at: Newark, N.J. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pvt. Bart, being on duty as a company runner, when the advance was held up by machinegun fire voluntarily picked up an automatic rifle, ran out ahead of the line, and silenced a hostile machinegun nest, killing the German gunners. The advance then continued, and when it was again hindered shortly afterward by another machinegun nest this courageous soldier repeated his bold exploit by putting the second machinegun out of action.
KELLY, JOHN JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps, 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division. Place and date: At Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born. 24 June 1898, Chicago, Ill. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. (Also received Navy Medal of Honor.) Citation: Pvt. Kelly ran through our own barrage 100 yards in advance of the front line and attacked an enemy machinegun nest, killing the gunner with a grenade, shooting another member of the crew with his pistol, and returning through the barrage with eight prisoners.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps, 78th Company 6th Regiment. Born: 24 June 1898, Chicago, Ill. Accredited to: Illinois. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.) Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division, in action with the enemy at Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Pvt. Kelly ran through our own barrage a hundred yards in advance of the front line and attacked an enemy machinegun nest, killing the gunner with a grenade, shooting another member of the crew with his pistol, and returning through the barrage with eight prisoners.
*PRUITT, JOHN HENRY
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division. Place and date: At Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 4 October 1896, Fayettesville, Ark. G.O. No.: 62, W.D., 1919. (Also received Navy Medal of Honor.) Citation: Cpl. Pruitt single-handedly attacked two machineguns, capturing them and killing two of the enemy. He then captured 40 prisoners in a dugout nearby. This gallant soldier was killed soon afterward by shellfire while he was sniping at the enemy.
*PRUITT, JOHN HENRY (Navy Medal)
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 4 October 1896, Fayettesville, Ark. Accredited to: Arizona. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.) Citation: For extraordinary gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 78th Company, 6th Regiment, 2d Division, in action with the enemy at Blanc Mont Ridge, France, October 3rd, 1918. Cpl. Pruitt, single-handed attacked two machineguns, capturing them and killing two of the enemy. He then captured forty prisoners in a dugout nearby. This gallant soldier was killed soon afterward by shellfire while he was sniping the enemy.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, Cleveland, Ohio. Accredited to: Ohio. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Hunchback in the attack on Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. When an ignited shell, with cartridge attached, fell out of the howitzer upon the deck, Seaman Barton promptly seized a pail of water and threw it upon the missile, thereby preventing it from exploding.
Rank and organization: Boatswain’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1827, New York. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Breen remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
BURBANK, JAMES H.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 4th Rhode Island Infantry. Place and date: At Blackwater, near Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. Entered service at: Providence, R.I. Born: 5 January 1838, Holland. Date of issue: 27 July 1896. Citation: Gallantry in action while on detached service on board the gunboat Barney.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1834, Baltimore Md. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Lakin remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 4th East Tennessee Infantry. Place and date: At Minville, Tenn., October 3rd, 1863. Entered service at: Tennessee. Born: 1841, Hawkins County, Tenn. Date of issue: 11 June 1895. Citation: Went to the aid of a wounded comrade between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.
McCAMMON, WILLIAM W.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 24th Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 3rd, 1862. Entered service at: Montgomery County, Mo. Birth: Ohio. Date of issue: 9 July 1896. Citation: While on duty as provost marshal, voluntarily assumed command of his company, then under fire, and so continued in command until the repulse and retreat of the enemy on the following day, the loss to this company during the battle being very great.
MURPHY, DENNIS J. F.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 14th Wisconsin Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., October 3rd, 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 22 January 1892. Citation: Although wounded three times, carried the colors throughout the conflict.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Sweden. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Peterson remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1841, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Whitehead in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. When his ship became grounded in a narrow passage as she rounded a bend in the Blackwater River, Smith, realizing the hazards of lowering a boat voluntarily swam to shore with a line under the enemy’s heavy fire. His fearless action enabled his ship to maintain steady fire and keep the enemy in check during the battle.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1832, Pennsylvania. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., October 3rd, 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Williams remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.