International Enthusiasm Week (1-10)
Happy Cat Month
11 puzzling phrases and their meanings
Language changes over time. In particular, It is fun to learn about expressions and phrases that were once commonly known, but that puzzle us today. Fifty years from now, will people know what “bad hair day,” “big brother,” and “Elvis has left the building” mean?
Here are some phrases that were once in common use, along with their definitions.
1. Bee’s knees — means the height of perfection. (Also, “the cat’s pajamas,” “the cat’s meow.”) The phrase originated in the late 1700s to describe something insignificant; however, in the 1920s, it came to mean the opposite, according to the Oxford Dictionaries. Example: I love Matthew Inman’s latest comic; it’s the bee’s knees.
2. At sixes and sevens — means in a state of confusion or disarray. Phrase came from the numbers on dice and cards. To gamble on these numbers was considered reckless. Example: These schedule changes have employees at sixes and sevens.
3. Dog days — refers to the beginning of July to mid-August to coincide with the rising of Sirius, the brightest star in the constellation Canis Major. This is also the hottest period of summer. Example: In sweltering Memphis, it feels like the dog days last all summer.
4. Fair to middling — means average or so-so. The phrase came from the grades of commercial cotton. Cotton was rated from fine to inferior. Middling meant it was good, but not the best. Example: There’s a fair to middling chance your press release won’t be read if you use that headline.
5. Hack — a metaphor for a person hired to do something or who does low-grade work. From the Old English term hackney, which is an ordinary horse suitable for general use. Example: One look at his writing samples, and we knew Stan was a hack.
6. Hatchet man — a person employed to carry out an unpleasant assignment requiring ruthlessness. The term originally described a person serving in the military whose job was to march in front of the troops and clear the way for them. Example: With layoffs looming, we wondered whether Tim was hired to be the hatchet man.
7. Rest on your laurels — to live off your reputation or refrain from further effort because you are satisfied with what you have already achieved. In the ancient Pythian games, winners were crowned with a wreath of laurels. Laurels came to symbolize victory and distinction. Example: He will rest on his laurels, telling everyone who will listen about the award he won in 2005.
8. Make a beeline — means to go directly and quickly to. The phrase came from the belief that bees always flew in a straight line to the hive. Example: After the last town hall meeting, we all made a beeline for the nearest bar.
9. Pig in a poke — something bought or received without prior examination or knowledge. A poke is a small sack. A dishonest farmer, claiming to be selling a young pig, might instead place a cat in the bag. Example: When hiring freelance writers, always ask for writing samples. Otherwise you could end up with a pig in a poke.
10. See a man about a horse — this phrase is said when you are unwilling to state your true destination. The saying comes from the 1866 play, “Flying Scud,” in which a character extricates himself from an uncomfortable situation by saying, “Excuse me Mr. Quail, I can’t stop; I’ve got to see a man about a dog.”
11. Toe the line — means to conform to defined rules or standards. Original meaning was to position one’s toes next to a marked line to be ready to start a race or some other undertaking. Example: You need to toe the line and do what you are told.
“The secret of joy in work is contained in one word – excellence. To know how to do something well is to enjoy it.”
~ Pearl Buck
requisite REK-wuh-zit, adjective:
1. Required by the nature of things or by circumstances; indispensable.
2.That which is required or necessary; something indispensable.
Requisite derives from Latin requisitus, past participle of requirere, “to require.”
301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
1609 – Henry Hudson discovered the island of Manhattan. The exact date is not known.
1709 – The first major group of Swiss and German colonists reached the Carolinas.
1752 – The Gregorian Adjustment to the calendar was put into effect in Great Britain and the American colonies followed. Now 11 days needed to be accounted for and Sept. 2 was selected to be followed by Sept. 14. People rioted thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives.
1777 – Revolutionary War: Cooch’s Bridge – Skirmish of the Revolutionary War in New Castle County, Delaware where the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time by a force under General William Maxwell.
1783 – Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain. The treaty bears the signatures of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and John Jay.
1783 – Mackinac Island, Michigan, passed into US hands following the Paris Peace Treaty.
1811 – John Humphrey Noyes was born in Vermont. He founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists) in 1848.
1812 – Settlers are killed in the Pigeon Roost Massacre in Indiana. a band of about a dozen marauders, said to have been Shawnees, who, scouring the locality and going from cabin to cabin, murdered within a space of an hour, twenty-two persons, sixteen of them being children and five of them women.
1826 – The USS Vincennes commanded by William Finch, leaves New York City to become first United States warship to circumnavigate the globe.
1833 – The first successful penny newspaper was published. Benjamin H. Day issued the first copy of “The New York Sun”. By 1826, circulation was the largest in the country at 30,000. New York’s population was over 250,000.
1838 – Dressed in a sailor’s uniform and carrying identification papers provided by a Free Black seaman, future abolitionist Frederick Douglass boards a train in Maryland on his way to freedom from slavery.
1855 – Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking Little Thunder’s Brule Sioux at the Battle of Blue Water in Nebraska. They killed 100 men, women, and children.
1861 – Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.
1864 – Civil War: Battle of Berryville, VA.
1891 – Cotton pickers organized a union & strike in Texas.
1895 – The first professional American football game is played, in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, between the Latrobe YMCA and the Jeannette Athletic Club. (Latrobe won the contest 12-0).
1901 – Miss Ellen Stone, a Protestant missionary from Haverhill, Mass., was kidnapped in Bulgaria by a Macedonian revolutionary gang, who demanded $110,000 in gold.
1902 – Start of Sherlock Holmes “Adventure of Illustrious Client.”
1906 – Joe Gans defended his lightweight boxing title against Battling Nelson in Goldfield, Nevada. He was the first African-American World Boxing Champion.
1908 – Orville Wright began two weeks of flight trials that impressed onlookers with his complete control of his new Type A Military Flyer. In addition to setting an altitude record of 310 feet and an endurance record of more than one hour, he had carried aloft the first military observer, Lieutenant Frank Lahm.
1918 – The United States recognized the nation of Czechoslovakia.
1918 – Five soldiers were hanged for alleged participation in the Houston Race Riot of 1917, or the Camp Logan Riot. It was a mutiny by 156 African American soldiers of the Third Battalion of the all-black Twenty-fourth United States Infantry. It occupied most of one night, and resulted in the deaths of four soldiers and sixteen civilians.
1918 – World War I: Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line.
1925 – The dirigible “Shenandoah” crashed near Caldwell Ohio. The 682-foot Shenandoah, a dirigible built by the U.S. Navy in 1923, broke apart in mid-air, killing fourteen persons aboard.
1928 – Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) discovered, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect.
1929 – The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 381.17. It was the peak of the bull market of the 1920s.
1935 – Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph.
1938 – The 1940 Olympic site was changed from Tokyo, Japan, to Helsinki, Finland.
1939 – World War II: Europe: Britain and France declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland. After Germany ignored Great Britain’s ultimatum to stop the invasion of Poland, Great Britain declares war on Germany, marking the beginning of World War II in Europe.
1940 – Artie Shaw and his Gramercy Five recorded “Summit Ridge Drive,” “Special Delivery Stomp,” “Keepin’ Myself for You” and “Cross Your Heart” in Hollywood for RCA Victor.
1940 – The first showing of high definition color TV.
1940 – World War II: Europe: US gave Britain fifty destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease.
1940 – World War II: Europe: In France more than 700,000 books were seized from bookshops and destroyed. The “Otto lists,” or liste Otto, were comprised of books banned by the German occupying authorities in Vichy France.
1940 – World War II: Europe: In Germany the SS banned Free Masons, Rotary & Red Cross.
1941 – World War II: Europe: Nazis made the first use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz on Russian prisoners of war. Karl Fritzsch was the deputy camp commandant responsible.
1942 – World War II: In response to news of its coming liquidation, Dov Lopatyn leads an uprising in the Ghetto of Lakhva, in present-day Belarus.
1943 – World War II: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces for the first time in the war.
1944 – World War II: US forces entered Belgium at Peruwelz led by reconnaissance scout James W. Carroll on his Harley-Davidson motorcycle.
1944 – World War II: Holocaust: The 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews including diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the transport train from Westerbork to Auschwitz, arriving three days later.
1944 – World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army captured Lyons, France. French troops liberate Lyon.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe” by Johnny Mercer, “Gotta Be This or That” by Benny Goodman and “You Two-Time Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts.
1945 – World War II: General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese commander of the Philippines, surrendered to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio.
1951 – The television soap opera “Search for Tomorrow” made its debut on CBS. From 1953 to 1955 it featured Don Knotts as the neurotic Wilbur Peterson.
1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’m Walking Behind You” by Eddie Fisher, “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “Vaya Con Dios” by Les Paul & Mary Ford and “A Dear John Letter” by Jean Shepard & Ferlin Husky all topped the charts.
1954 – The US Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed.
1956 – Tanks were deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee.
1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Wooden Heart” by Joe Dowell, “Michael” by The Highwaymen, “You Don’t Know What You’ve Got (Until You Lose It)” by Ral Donner and “Tender Years” by George Jones all topped the charts.
1961 – The federal minimum wage was raised to $1.15 per hour. An amendment extended coverage of the $1.00 wage primarily to employees in large retail and service enterprises as well as to local transit, construction, and gasoline service station employees.
1964 – President Johnson (D) signed the Wilderness Act and designated 9 million acres as an area “where the Earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain.”
1963 – The federal minimum wage was raised to $1.25 for all under the original “1938 Fair Labor and Standards Act”.
1964 – US attorney general Robert Kennedy resigned.
1964 – The federal minimum wage was raised to $1.15 for those covered by the 1961 Amendments.
1965 – Preparing a move to Anaheim, the LA Angels baseball team change their name to California Angels.
1965 – The federal minimum wage was raised to $1.25 for those covered by the 1961 Amendments.
1966 – The 24th World Sci-Fi Convention honored Gene Roddenberry.
1967 – The original version of the television game show “What’s My Line?,” hosted by John Charles Daly, broadcast its final episode after more than 17 years on CBS.
1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones, “Sugar, Sugar” by The Archies, “Put a Little Love in Your Heart” by Jackie DeShannon and “A Boy Named Sue” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1970 – Vince Lombardi (57), Green Bay Packers and Washington Redskins football coach, died in Washington, D.C.
1971 – The Watergate team broke into Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist’s office.
1972 – In San Francisco the Playland-at-the-Beach amusement park was bulldozed on Labor Day Weekend.
1976 – Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars and takes the first close-up, color photos of the planet’s surface.
1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Best of My Love” by Emotions, “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb, “(Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher” by Rita Coolidge and “Don’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1977 – The “Mary Tyler Moore Show” was last broadcast on NBC-TV.
1979 – Hurricane David struck along the central Florida coast, leaving several people dead and millions of dollars in damage.
1980 – Prof. W. Jackson Davis of UC Santa Cruz uncovered a report that indicated government officials had been aware for almost 20 years that nuclear waste containers, dumped off the California coast, were damaged and leaking.
1981 – California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law making Martin Luther King’s birthday a state holiday. The legislation was the result of four years of efforts by students at Oakland Tech High School.
1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Power of Love” by Huey Lewis & The News, “St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)” by John Parr, “Freeway of Love” by Aretha Franklin and “Love is Alive” by The Judds all topped the charts.
1986 – In Connecticut Barbara Pelkey (30) of Wallingford, a New Haven suburb, was raped and murdered. Kenneth Ireland (20) was convicted in 1989 and sentenced to 50 years in prison. In 2009 Ireland was released from prison and granted a new trial after DNA testing showed he could not have committed the crime.
1988 – On the presidential campaign trail, Democrat Michael Dukakis paid a visit to Ellis Island in New York, while Republican George Bush met reporters at his official Washington residence.
1989 – “Into the Woods” closed at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 764 performances.
1990 – Dr. David Acer, a Florida dentist, died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his patients with the HIV virus.
1991 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
1992 – Baseball owners voted 18-9-1 to ask commissioner Fay Vincent to resign.
1993 – The US Labor Department reported the nation’s unemployment rate edged down to a two-year low of 6.7 percent the previous month.
1997 -Arizona Gov. Fife Symington, the great-grandson of steel baron Henry Clay Frick, was found guilty by a jury on 7 counts of lying to get millions in loans to shore up his collapsing real estate empire. He was later pardoned.
1997 -The U.S. Senate voted to ban most federal financing for abortions provided by the managed-care industry.
1999 – NASA temporarily grounded its space shuttle fleet after inspections had uncovered damaged wires that could endanger a mission.
2000 – In California 5.2 earthquake was centered in Napa and injured over 40 people.
2001 – St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Bud Smith became the 16th rookie in modern history to throw a no-hitter, shutting down San Diego in a 4-0 win.
2001 – Hewlett-Packard announced plans to buy Compaq Computer in a $25 billion stock swap. The bid was expected to eliminate as many as 15,000 jobs.
2001 – FBI snipers shot and killed Grover T. Crosslin (47) at his Rainbow Farms campground in Vandalia, Mich., following a 4-day standoff. Crosslin was burning buildings on his property, which was the target of civil forfeiture proceedings.
2002 – The US Senate opened debate on legislation creating a new Homeland Security Department.
2002 – McDonald’s announced it will use a new soy-corn oil to reduce the levels of trans fat and increase polyunsaturated fat in its fried products.
2002 -The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 355 to 8308. Nasdaq fell 51 to 1263.
2003 – Paul Hill, a former minister who said he murdered an abortion doctor and his bodyguard to save the lives of unborn babies, was executed in Florida by injection, becoming the first person put to death in the United States for anti-abortion violence.
2004-US Medicare announced a 17.4% increase in premiums for doctor visits.
2004 – The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.
2004 – Former President Clinton was hospitalized in New York with chest pains and shortness of breath; he ended up undergoing heart bypass surgery.
2005 – President Bush ordered more than 7,000 active duty forces to the Gulf Coast as his administration intensified efforts to rescue survivors and send aid to the hurricane-ravaged Gulf Coast in the face of criticism it did not act quickly enough.
2005 – In Nevada over 35,000 people gathered in the Black Rock Desert for the 20th burning of the Burning Man.
2005 – US Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist (80), 33 years on the Supreme Court died in Arlington, Va. He oversaw the high court’s conservative shift and presided over the impeachment trial of President Clinton.
2006 – Nina Reiser (31) of Oakland, Ca., went missing. On Oct 10 police arrested Hans Reiser (42), her estranged husband on suspicion of murder.
2007 – Steve Fossett (b.1944), tycoon turned record seeker, disappeared in Nevada after flying from the Flying M Ranch, owned by billionaire Baron Hilton. In 2002 Fosset became the first person to fly around the world in a balloon. Portions of his remains were found October 2, 2008.
2007 – A fire began east of Morgan Hill, Ca., that burned 47,760 acres in and around Henry W. Coe State Park. Margaret Pavese was later charged with a misdemeanor for accidentally starting the fire when burning trash near her cabin.
2007 – In California temperatures headed back toward triple digits, the seventh day of a heat wave that has contributed to blackouts leaving thousands without air conditioning.
2008 – In Pasadena, Texas, a suburb of Houston, Dannette Gillespie (38) orchestrated her daughter (15) and Vanessa Anne Ocampo (19) in the robbery and killing of Eugene Palma (75), which netted them $15. On Sep 7 all three were charged with murder.
2009 – The San Francisco Bay Bridge was completely shut down at 8pm to replace a 300-foot section of the bridge as part of the project to replace the entire eastern span by 2013. The original estimated cost of $132 million was now projected at $527.6 million.
2009 – In the US Virgin Islands two ticket agent contractors who worked for Delta Airlines and an airport employee were arrested after being indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of conspiracy to smuggle illegal immigrants into the US.
2010 – A weakened Hurricane Earl delivered only a glancing blow to North Carolina’s Outer Banks on its way up the East Coast, flooding roads on the narrow vacation islands and knocking out power but staying farther offshore than feared.
2010 – BP successfully replaced a failed blowout preventer from atop its ruptured Gulf of Mexico oil well.
2011 – Heavy rains from Tropical Storm Lee were falling in southern Louisiana and pelting the Gulf Coast as the storm’s center trudged slowly toward land.
2012 – In Minnesota the Black Bear Casino Resort near Carlton cooked up a world-record bacon cheeseburger that’s 10 feet in diameter and weighed a record 2,014 pounds. It included 60 pounds of bacon, 50 pounds of lettuce, 50 pounds of sliced onions, 40 pounds of pickles and 40 pounds of cheese.
2012 – Democrats unveiled a party platform at their national convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, that echoes President Barack Obama’s call for higher taxes on wealthier Americans while backing same-sex marriage and abortion rights.
2013 – The president of the Casper, Wyo., NAACP met behind closed doors with an organizer of the KKK chapter from Great Falls, Mont. — and the meeting actually ended with a crossover membership. The meeting — between Jimmy Simmons of the NAACP with John Abarr of the KKK — was the first of its kind in history.
2013 – Ariel Castro, sentenced to life in prison for the kidnapping, rape and beatings of three Cleveland women he held captive for years in his house, was found hanged in his prison cell.
1925 – Hank Thompson, American singer (d. 2007)
1942 – Al Jardine, American musician (the Beach Boys)
KRZYZOWSKI, EDWARD C.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company B, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Tondul, Korea, from 31 August to 3 September 1951. Entered service at: Cicero, Ill. Born: 16 January 1914, Chicago, Ill. G.O. No.: 56, 12 June 1952. Citation: Capt. Krzyzowski, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy as commanding officer of Company B. Spearheading an assault against strongly defended Hill 700, his company came under vicious crossfire and grenade attack from enemy bunkers. Creeping up the fire-swept hill, he personally eliminated one bunker with his grenades and wiped out a second with carbine fire. Forced to retire to more tenable positions for the night, the company, led by Capt. Krzyzowski, resumed the attack the following day, gaining several hundred yards and inflicting numerous casualties. Overwhelmed by the numerically superior hostile force, he ordered his men to evacuate the wounded and move back. Providing protective fire for their safe withdrawal, he was wounded again by grenade fragments, but refused evacuation and continued to direct the defense. On 3 September, he led his valiant unit in another assault which overran several hostile positions, but again the company was pinned down by murderous fire. Courageously advancing alone to an open knoll to plot mortar concentrations against the hill, he was killed instantly by an enemy sniper’s fire. Capt. Krzyzowski’s consummate fortitude, heroic leadership, and gallant self-sacrifice, so clearly demonstrated throughout three days of bitter combat, reflect the highest credit and lasting glory on himself, the infantry, and the U.S. Army.
GOMEZ, EDUARDO C.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Company 1, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: September 3, 1950, Tabu-dong, Korea . Born: October 28, 1919, Los Angeles, CA, Entered Service at: Departed: Yes (01/29/1972) Date Issued: 3/18/2014
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Sergeant Eduardo C. Gomez distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company I, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division during combat operations against an armed enemy in Tabu-dong, Korea on September 3, 1950. That afternoon, while conducting combat patrol, Sergeant Gomez’ company was ruthlessly attacked by a hostile force which moved within seventy-five yards of the command post before it was immobilized by rocket fire. However, an enemy tank and multiple enemy machineguns continued to rake the company perimeter with devastating fire. Realizing the tank posed a serious threat to the entire perimeter, Sergeant Gomez voluntarily crawled thirty yards across an open rice field vulnerable to enemy observation and fire, boarded the tank, pried open one of the hatches on the turret and dropped an activated grenade into the hull, killing the crew. Wounded in the left side while returning to his position, Sergeant Gomez refused evacuation. Observing that the tripod of a .30 caliber machinegun was rendered inoperable by enemy fire, he cradled the weapon in his arms, returned to the forward defensive positions, and swept the assaulting force with withering fire. Although his weapon overheated and burned his hands and his painful wound still bled, Sergeant Gomez maintained his stand and, upon orders to withdraw in the face of overwhelming enemy superiority, remained to provide protective fire. Sergeant Gomez continued to pour accurate fire into the enemy ranks, exacting a heavy toll in casualties and retarding their advance. Sergeant Gomez would not consent to leave his post for medical attention until the company established new defensive positions. Sergeant Gomez’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.
OUELLETTE, JOSEPH R.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company H, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Yongsan, Korea, from 31 August to 3 September 1950. Entered service at: Lowell, Mass. Birth: Lowell, Mass. G.O. No.: 25, 25 April 1951. Citation: Pfc. Ouellette distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy in the Makioug-Chang River salient. When an enemy assault cut off and surrounded his unit he voluntarily made a reconnaissance of a nearby hill under intense enemy fire to locate friendly troop positions and obtain information of the enemy’s strength and location. Finding that friendly troops were not on the hill, he worked his way back to his unit under heavy fire. Later, when an airdrop of water was made outside the perimeter, he again braved enemy fire in an attempt to retrieve water for his unit. Finding the dropped cans broken and devoid of water, he returned to his unit. His heroic attempt greatly increased his comrades’ morale. When ammunition and grenades ran low, Pfc. Ouellette again slipped out of the perimeter to collect these from the enemy dead. After collecting grenades he was attacked by an enemy soldier. He killed this enemy in hand-to-hand combat, gathered up the ammunition, and returned to his unit. When the enemy attacked on 3 September, they assaulted his position with grenades. On six occasions Pfc. Ouellette leaped from his foxhole to escape exploding grenades. In doing so, he had to face enemy small-arms fire. He continued his resistance, despite a severe wound, until he lost his life. The extraordinary heroism and intrepidity displayed by Pfc. Ouellette reflect the highest credit on himself and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the military service.
WATKINS, TRAVIS E.
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company H, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division Place and date: Near Yongsan, Korea, 31 August through 3 September 1950. Entered service at: Texas. Birth: Waldo, Ark. G.O. No.: 9, 16 February 1951. Citation: M/Sgt. Watkins distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When an overwhelming enemy force broke through and isolated 30 men of his unit, he took command, established a perimeter defense and directed action which repelled continuous, fanatical enemy assaults. With his group completely surrounded and cut off, he moved from foxhole to foxhole exposing himself to enemy fire, giving instructions and offering encouragement to his men. Later when the need for ammunition and grenades became critical. He shot two enemy soldiers 50 yards outside the perimeter and went out alone for their ammunition and weapons. As he picked up their weapons he was attacked by three others and wounded. Returning their fire he killed all three and gathering up the weapons of the five enemy dead returned to his amazed comrades. During a later assault, six enemy soldiers gained a defiladed spot and began to throw grenades into the perimeter making it untenable. Realizing the desperate situation and disregarding his wound he rose from his foxhole to engage them with rifle fire. Although immediately hit by a burst from an enemy machine gun he continued to fire until he had killed the grenade throwers. With this threat eliminated he collapsed and despite being paralyzed from the waist down, encouraged his men to hold on. He refused all food, saving it for his comrades, and when it became apparent that help would not arrive in time to hold the position ordered his men to escape to friendly lines. Refusing evacuation as his hopeless condition would burden his comrades, he remained in his position and cheerfully wished them luck. Through his aggressive leadership and intrepid actions, this small force destroyed nearly five-hundred of the enemy before abandoning their position. M/Sgt. Watkins’ sustained personal bravery and noble self-sacrifice reflect the highest glory upon himself and is in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain), 2d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division, US Army. Place and date: Renouf, France, 14 June to 3 September 1944. Entered service at: Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 2 July 1941. Date and place of birth: 25 August 1919, Buffalo, New York. Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain) Matt Urban, l 12-22-2414, United States Army, who distinguished himself by a series of bold, heroic actions, exemplified by singularly outstanding combat leadership, personal bravery, and tenacious devotion to duty, during the period 14 June to 3 September 1944 while assigned to the 2d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On 14 June, Captain Urban’s company, attacking at Renouf, France, encountered heavy enemy small arms and tank fire. The enemy tanks were unmercifully raking his unit’s positions and inflicting heavy casualties. Captain Urban, realizing that his company was in imminent danger of being decimated, armed himself with a bazooka. He worked his way with an ammo carrier through hedgerows, under a continuing barrage of fire, to a point near the tanks. He brazenly exposed himself to the enemy fire and, firing the bazooka, destroyed both tanks. Responding to Captain Urban’s action, his company moved forward and routed the enemy. Later that same day, still in the attack near Orglandes, Captain Urban was wounded in the leg by direct fire from a 37mm tank-gun. He refused evacuation and continued to lead his company until they moved into defensive positions for the night. At 0500 hours the next day, still in the attack near Orglandes, Captain Urban, though badly wounded, directed his company in another attack. One hour later he was again wounded. Suffering from two wounds, one serious, he was evacuated to England. In mid-July, while recovering from his wounds, he learned of his unit’s severe losses in the hedgerows of Normandy. Realizing his unit’s need for battle-tested leaders, he voluntarily left the hospital and hitchhiked his way back to his unit hear St. Lo, France. Arriving at the 2d Battalion Command Post at 1130 hours, 25 July, he found that his unit had jumped-off at 1100 hours in the first attack of Operation Cobra.” Still limping from his leg wound, Captain Urban made his way forward to retake command of his company. He found his company held up by strong enemy opposition. Two supporting tanks had been destroyed and another, intact but with no tank commander or gunner, was not moving. He located a lieutenant in charge of the support tanks and directed a plan of attack to eliminate the enemy strong-point. The lieutenant and a sergeant were immediately killed by the heavy enemy fire when they tried to mount the tank. Captain Urban, though physically hampered by his leg wound and knowing quick action had to be taken, dashed through the scathing fire and mounted the tank. With enemy bullets ricocheting from the tank, Captain Urban ordered the tank forward and, completely exposed to the enemy fire, manned the machine gun and placed devastating fire on the enemy. His action, in the face of enemy fire, galvanized the battalion into action and they attacked and destroyed the enemy position. On 2 August, Captain Urban was wounded in the chest by shell fragments and, disregarding the recommendation of the Battalion Surgeon, again refused evacuation. On 6 August, Captain Urban became the commander of the 2d Battalion. On 15 August, he was again wounded but remained with his unit. On 3 September, the 2d Battalion was given the mission of establishing a crossing-point on the Meuse River near Heer, Belgium. The enemy planned to stop the advance of the allied Army by concentrating heavy forces at the Meuse. The 2d Battalion, attacking toward the crossing-point, encountered fierce enemy artillery, small arms and mortar fire which stopped the attack. Captain Urban quickly moved from his command post to the lead position of the battalion. Reorganizing the attacking elements, he personally led a charge toward the enemy’s strong-point. As the charge moved across the open terrain, Captain Urban was seriously wounded in the neck. Although unable to talk above a whisper from the paralyzing neck wound, and in danger of losing his life, he refused to be evacuated until the enemy was routed and his battalion had secured the crossing-point on the Meuse River. Captain Urban’s personal leadership, limitless bravery, and repeated extraordinary exposure to enemy fire served as an inspiration to his entire battalion. His valorous and intrepid actions reflect the utmost credit on him and uphold the noble traditions of the United States.
|GILLENWATER, JAMES R.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 3 September 1899. Entered service at: Rye Cove, Va. Birth: Rye Cove Va. Date of issue: 15 March 1902. Citation: While on a scout drove off a superior force of insurgents and with the assistance of one comrade brought from the field of action the bodies of two other comrades, one killed and the other severely wounded.
|LEAHY, CORNELIUS J.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 3 September 1899. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 May 1902. Citation: Distinguished gallantry in action in driving off a superior force and with the assistance of one comrade brought from the field of action the bodies of two other comrades, one killed and the other severely wounded, this while on a scout.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 42d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Masons Island, Md., 3 September 1861. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 28 September 1841, Ireland. Date of issue: 22 March 1898. Citation: Assisted a wounded comrade to the riverbank and, under heavy fire of the enemy, swam with him across a branch of the Potomac to the Union lines.
V-J Day (the formal signing)
7 Up (or Seven Up) is a brand of a lemon-lime flavored soft drink. The franchise for the brand is held by Dr Pepper/Seven Up in the United States, by Britvic in Great Britain, by C&C in Ireland and by PepsiCo in the rest of the world.
The product has been reformulated several times since its launch in 1929; in 2006, it underwent another reformulation, becoming “100% Natural” with five ingredients: “filtered carbonated water, high fructose corn syrup, natural citric acid, natural flavors, natural potassium citrate”.
The origin of the 7 Up name is not clear. The most popular story is that its creator named the soft drink after seeing a cattle brand with the number 7 and the letter u. Other rumors suggest that the name reflects the drink’s seven flavors and carbonation, that the bottle contained seven ounces, that its creator came up with the name while playing dice, or that even it was the 7th large commercial lemonade brand that taste the same.
Marketing Themes over the years:
You Like It, It Likes You (1936)
The Fresh Up Family Drink (1952)
Fresh up with 7 Up (1957)
Nothing does it like 7 Up! (1958)
Get real action, 7 Up your thirst away (1963-1964)
Wet ‘n’ Wild (1965, 1966)
The (Diet) Uncola. (1967-1990s) (some with charismatic actor Geoffrey Holder)
Crisp refreshing 7 Up (1960s-1970s)
It’s 7 Up, it’s Uncola (1975)
UNdo it with 7 Up (1977-78)
America is turning 7 Up (1978-79)
Feelin’ 7 Up (1980)
Canada’s turning 7 Up (1980) Canada
7 Up, The Difference is Clear (1982)
Never Had It, Never Will (1980s, reference to 7 Up not containing caffeine)
The feeling of Christmas. (December 1980s)
Put some Un in your life (diet). (early 1990s)
When you want the taste of UN, there’s only one (early 1990s, used concurrently with previous slogan)
On the spot. (late 1980s – early 1990s)
Now that’s refreshing. (1990s)
6 Up was not enough. We went one louder. (1994)
It’s an up thing. (1995)
Make 7 Up Yours. (1999)
Are you an Un? (Late 1990s-Early 2000s)
Seven flavors in one drink. (2008)
“Bheja fry .. 7 Up try” (2008)
“It’s way more better than cola, it’s 7 Up (Secondary Slogan used with Richard Karn to promote summer 7 Up commercials)
Ridiculously Bubbly. (2009, in spots with Brad Garrett)
“Failures are few among people who have found a work they like enough to do it well. You invest money in your work; invest love in it too. Like your work. Like the materials and the tools with which you work. Like the people with whom you work. Like the place where you work. It pays well.”
~ Clarence E. Flynn
explicate EK-spluh-kayt, transitive verb:
To explain; to clear of difficulties or obscurity.
Explicate comes from Latin explicare, “to unfold; to unfold the meaning or sense of; to explain, expound, or interpret,” from ex-, “out” + plicare, “to fold.”
490 BC – Phidippides runs first marathon seeking aid from Sparta vs Persia
44 BC – Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
44 BC – The first of Cicero’s Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them altogether.
31 BC – Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium – Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
1666 – The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings including St. Paul’s Cathedral.The fire, having started at Pudding Lane, began to demolish about four-fifths of London. It started at the house of King Charles II’s baker, Thomas Farrinor, after he forgot to extinguish his oven.
1775 – The Hurricane of Independence was a hurricane that hit the Outer Banks of North Carolina. in September of 1775. It is believed to have killed at least 4,140 people, making it the eighth deadliest Atlantic hurricane of all time. In an era where hurricanes were viewed as omens from God, what this storm meant to the colonists about the justness of their cause would yield unexpected results.
1775 – Hannah, the first American war vessel was commissioned by General George Washington.
1789 – The Treasury Department, headed by Alexander Hamilton, was created in New York City.
1838 – Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani (d.1917), last sovereign before annexation of Hawaii by the United States, was born. Lili’uokalani, the last monarch of Hawaii (1891-1893). She composed Hawaii’s most famous song “Aloha Oe.”
1842 – A letter by Abraham Lincoln (31) in the Sangamon Journal satirized the Illinois State Auditor’s call for state taxes to be paid in silver or gold. This in part led auditor James Shields to challenge Lincoln to a duel.
1858 – Lincoln makes speech about when you can fool people. Tradition has come to attribute this quote to his speech at Clinton, IL on September 2, 1858 where he stated: “You can fool all the people some of the time and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time.”
1862 – Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George McClellan to full command after General John Pope’s disastrous defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
1864 – Civil War: Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s forces enter Atlanta, Georgia a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city.
1870 – Samuel Augustus Maverick (b.1803), Texas lawyer, politician, land baron and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, died. His name is the source of the term “maverick”, first cited in 1867, which means independent minded.
1883 – Oberlin College is founded by John Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart.
1885 – One hundred-fifty white miners in Rock Springs, Wyoming, brutally attack their Chinese coworkers, killing 28, wounding 15 others, and driving several hundred more out of town.
1894 – Forest fires ravaged over 160,000 acres and destroyed Hinckley, Minnesota. About 600 people died.
1897 – The first issue of “McCall’s” magazine was published. The magazine had been known previously as “Queens Magazine” and “Queen of Fashion.”
1901 – Vice President Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” at the Minnesota State Fair.
1910 – Alice Stebbins Wells was admitted to the Los Angeles Police Force as the first woman police officer to receive an appointment based on a civil service exam.
1918 – Baseball season ends due to WW I.
1921 – First Miss America contest held in Atlantic City, has eight entries.
1921 – At the Battle of Blair Mountain in West Virginia an army of 10 to 15 thousand miners and their families faced a private army of some 2,000 men and 2,100 state and federal troops.
1925 – The U.S. Zeppelin the USS Shenandoah crashes, killing 14.
1927 – Sophie Tucker recorded her signature song, “Some of These Days.”
1930 – First non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs). Dieudonne Costes and Le Brix fly the Breguet 19 Super Bidon biplane “Point d’Interrogation” (Question Mark) in first nonstop westbound fixed-wing aircraft flight between European and American mainlands, over the North Atlantic, 3,852 miles from Paris to New York City.
1931 – “15 Minutes with Bing Crosby” debuted on CBS. Crosby’s Legendary Years
1935 – Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: A large hurricane hits the Florida Keys. Estimates of the dead reached 500-800. Some 260 WW I veterans were killed in the Labor Day hurricane as well as over 160 permanent residents. Prior to 1950, hurricanes weren’t named at all.
1936 – First transatlantic round-trip air flight. The flight, originating in the United States, is made by Richard Merrill and Harry Richman flying the “Lady Peace”.
1938 – The first railroad car equipped with fluorescent lighting.
1940 – The US Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’ll Be Seeing You” by The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Frank Sinatra), “Swinging on a Star” by Bing Crosby, “It Could Happen to You” by Jo Stafford and “Soldier’s Last Letter” by Ernest Tubb all topped the charts.
1944 – World War II: Troops of the U.S. First Army entered Belgium.
1944 – World War II: George Bush ejects from a burning plane. Bush piloted one of four aircraft from VT-51 that attacked the Japanese installations on Chichi Jima. Bush waited four hours in his inflated raft, several fighters circled protectively overhead until he was rescued by the lifeguard submarine U.S.S. Finback. For this action Bush received the Distinguished Flying Cross.
1945 – World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: the Instrument of Surrender of Japan is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts.
1950 – In Oakland, Ca., the Children’s Fairyland opened at Lake Merritt. 6,000 children streamed through the instep of Old Mother Hubbard’s Shoe. Walt Disney based his theme park on Fairyland and stole away the first director, Dorothy Manes, with a higher salary. It was reconstructed in 1998.
1951 – Korean War: Twenty-two F-86 Sabre jets clashed with 40 MiG-15s in a 30-minute dogfight over the skies between Sinuiju and Pyongyang. The air battle resulted in the destruction of four MiGs.
1951 – Korean War: Marine Helicopter Transport Squadron 161, equipped with HRS-1s, arrived Pusan, Korea.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Auf Wiedersehn, Sweetheart” by Vera Lynn, “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home” by Johnnie Ray, “Half as Much” by Rosemary Clooney and “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels” by Kitty Wells all topped the charts.
1952 – Dr. Floyd J. Lewis first used a deep freeze technique in heart surgery.
1956 – Tennessee National Guardsmen halted rioters protesting the admission of twelve Blacks to schools in Clinton, TN.
1957 – Pres. Eisenhower signed the Price-Anderson Act, which limited firms’ liability in commercial nuclear disasters. The Price-Anderson Nuclear Industries Indemnity Act, a United States federal law, has since been renewed several times since its passage.
1957 – Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus (D) called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Central High School in Little Rock. Pres. Eisenhower soon responded with Federal troops to enforce federal law for integration. His father was a socialist.
1958 – President Eisenhower signed the National Defense Education Act, which provided aid to public and private education to promote learning in such fields as math and science.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley, “Walk-Don’t Run” by The Ventures, “The Twist” by Chubby Checker and “Alabam” by Cowboy Copas all topped the charts.
1961 – “Wooden Heart” by Joe Dowell topped the charts.
1962 – Ken Hubbs, of the Chicago Cubs, set a major-league baseball fielding record when he played errorless for his 74th consecutive game.
1963 – CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television’s first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
1963 – The integration of Tuskegee High School was prevented by state troopers assigned by Alabama Gov. George Wallace (D). Wallace had the building surrounded by state troopers.
1965 – The Beatles received a gold record for their single “Help!”
1966 – Frank Robinson, professional baseball player, was named MVP of the American League.
1967 – “Ode to Billy Joe” by Bobbie Gentry topped the charts.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “People Got to Be Free” by The Rascals, “Born to Be Wild” by Steppenwolf, “Light My Fire” by Jose Feliciano and “Mama Tried” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1969 – The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
1969 – The first Internet message was a packet switch delivered to UCLA from BBN Corp. (Bolt Beranek and Newman). The first two machines of ARPANET were connected at Prof. Len Kleinrock’s lab at UCLA.
1969 – NBC-TV canceled “Star Trek.” The show had debuted on September 8, 1966.
1971 – Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer primarily due to a collision between the 2nd baseman and the referee.
1972 – “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan topped the charts.
1972 – Dave Wottle of the United States won the men’s 800-meter race at the Munich Summer Olympics.
1974 – Pres. Gerald Ford signed the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. It was passed partly in response to Studebaker employee pension losses in 1963.
1975 – Joseph W. Hatchett was sworn in as first Black supreme court justice in the South since Reconstruction. He served on the Florida Supreme Court.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee, “You Should Be Dancing” by Bee Gees, “Let ’Em In” by Wings and “(I’m A) Stand by My Woman Man” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1978 – “Grease” by Frankie Valli topped the charts.
1978 – Graham Salmon set the world’s record for 100 meters by a blind man (11.4 seconds).
1980 – In the San Francisco Bay Area US District Judge William Ingram found Mafia boss Joseph Bonanno guilty of conspiracy to influence witnesses before a federal grand jury investigating the Santa Clara Valley business affairs of his two sons.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “What’s Love Got to Do with It” by Tina Turner, “Missing You” by John Waite, “Stuck on You” by Lionel Richie and “Let’s Fall to Pieces Together” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1984 – “Zorba” closed at the Broadway Theater in New York City after 362 performances.
1985 – It was announced that the Titanic had been found on September 1 by a U.S. and French expedition 560 miles off Newfoundland. The luxury liner had been missing for 73 years.
1986 – Cathy Evelyn Smith was sentenced to three years in prison for involuntary manslaughter in connection with the overdose death of John Belushi. She only served eighteen months.
1987 – In Moscow, the trial begins of 19-year-old pilot Mathias Rust, who flew his Cessna aircraft into Red Square in May 1987.
1988 – Democrat Michael Dukakis welcomed back former top aide John Sasso to his presidential campaign, nearly a year after Sasso resigned because of his role in torpedoing the campaign of Democratic Senator Joseph Biden.
1989 – “Cold Hearted” by Paula Abdul topped the charts.
1990 – Ninth no-hitter of 1990: Blue Jay Dave Steib beats Cleveland 3-0.
1990 – Brian Watkins (22), a tourist from Utah, was stabbed in the heart and died in New York City while defending his family from muggers.
1990 – Dozens of Americans reached freedom in the first major airlift of Westerners from Iraq during the month-old Persian Gulf crisis.
1992 – The United States and Russia agreed to build a space station.
1992 – The Southern California Gas Company purchased the first motor vehicles powered by natural gas.
1993 – The United States and Russia formally ended decades of competition in space by agreeing to a joint venture to build a space station.
1994 – The US government reported the nation’s unemployment rate for August was unchanged from July, at 6.1 percent.
1995 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland, Ohio.
1995 – President Clinton marked the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, saying it taught Americans that “the blessings of freedom are never easy or free.”
1995 – “You Are Not Alone” by Michael Jackson topped the charts.
1996 – The US launched cruise missiles at selected air defense targets in Iraq to discourage Sadam Hussein’s military moves against a Kurd faction.
1997 – It was reported that 52,000 books, fiction and non-fiction, would be published this year in the US.
1997 – In Miami Beach, Florida US postal worker, Jesus Antonio Tamayo (64) shot and critically injured his former wife, Manuela Acosta (62) and a friend and then killed himself.
1998 – Tropical Storm Earl hit the Florida Panhandle. It was expected to reach hurricane strength with winds over 74 mph.
1998 – Tropical Storm Isis grew into a hurricane and hit the tip of Baja California.
1998 – A Swissair MD-11 jetliner crashed off Nova Scotia with 229 people aboard and all were feared dead. The New York to Geneva flight had 136 Americans on board.
1999 – Cal Ripken, Jr. hit his 400th home run.
1999 – President and Mrs. Clinton had signed a contract to purchase a $1.7 million house in Chappaqua, New York, ending a months-long guessing game over where the couple would live after leaving the White House.
2000 – The California opening for the 6,356 mile American Discovery Trail was celebrated at Crissy Field in San Francisco. The 15-state trail is the result of an 11-year effort backed by Backpacker Magazine and the American Hiking Society.
2000 – In Nevada some 28,000 people gathered for the finale of the Burning Man festival in the Black Rock Desert.
2001 – The Nevada Burning Man festival came to a close. Also burned was “The Mausoleum,” a plywood temple built over several weeks and dedicated to the dead.
2002 – Glenn Tilton was named chairman, president and chief executive officer of United Airlines parent UAL Corp.
2002 – Consolidated Freightways Corp. of Vancouver, Wa., filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and laid off 15,500 people nationwide.
2003 -A federal appeals court in San Francisco threw out more than 100 death sentences in Arizona, Montana and Idaho because the inmates had been sent to death row by judges instead of juries.
2003 – Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden says that his organization is working on “serious projects“, and that his priority is to usebiological weapons against the United States.
2003 -A forest fire erupts in the Gorge of the Columbia River to the east of Cascade Locks, Oregon, forcing the closure of a 47-mile section of Interstate 84.
2004 – Pres. Bush pledged “a safer world and a more hopeful America” as he accepted his party’s nomination for a second term at the Republican National Convention in New York.
2004 – A military jury at Camp Pendleton, Calif., convicted Marine Sgt. Gary Pittman of dereliction of duty and abuse of prisoners at a makeshift detention camp in Iraq.
2005 – Pres. Bush made a tour of damages from Hurricane Katrina in Alabama, Mississippi and New Orleans. He acknowledged that current relief results were not acceptable. A National Guard convoy packed with food, water and medicine rolled into New Orleans to bring relief suffering multitudes and put down the looting and violence.
2005 – In New Orleans Henry Glover (31) was shot and killed by police, who then burned his body. In 2010 a US federal grand jury indicted three current and two former New Orleans police officers in the shooting.
2005 – In New Orleans police Officer Ronald Mitchell shot and killed Danny Brumfeld (45) outside the city’s convention center. In 2011 Mitchell was convicted of lying about the aftermath of the deadly shooting.
2005 – The US Labor Department reported the August unemployment rate was 4.9%, a four-year low.
2006 – In Nevada’s Black Rock Desert the Burning Man art festival culminated with the burning of a 40-foot wooden man.
2006 – Offices of at least six Alaska legislators, including Republican Senate President Ben Stevens, son of the senior Republican U.S. Senator Ted Stevens, are raided by federal agents searching for possible ties between the lawmakers and VECO, an Anchorage based company whose executives are major contributors to political campaigns.
2008 – A gunman goes on a shooting spree that leaves six people, including a police deputy, dead, and four injured, in Alger, Washington,
2008 – Google’s new Web browser, named Chrome, became available for download.
2008 – New Orleans residents were blocked from returning home due to damage from Hurricane Gustav, but Mayor Nagin said they would be allowed back on Sep 4.
2009 – Two American journalists held by North Korea for illegal entry admit to crossing the border but claim North Korean guards arrested them on the Chinese side of the border and dragged them back into the country.
2009 – US federal prosecutors hit Pfizer Inc. with a record-breaking $2.3 billion in fines for illegal drug promotions surrounding the marketing of thirteen drugs.
2009 – BP announced the discovery of oil at its new Tiber Prospect oil reserve in the Gulf of Mexico. It later estimated the reserve held between four and six billion barrels of oil. Its Deepwater Horizon rig had drilled down seven miles to reach the oil.
2010 – The US Justice Dept. sued Joe Arpaio, the sheriff of Arizona’s Maricopa county, for failing to turn over documents in an investigation of his aggressive operations against illegal immigrants.
2010 – The US Postal Service issued a new 44-cent stamp recognizing Mother Teresa (1910-1997) for her humanitarian work.
2010 – A tropical storm warning is issued for the coast of Long Island in New York as Hurricane Earl approaches the east coast of the United States.
2010 – An oil rig explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, west of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig that exploded in April. No one was killed.
2012 – The Washington Post reported that U.S. special operations personnel temporarily halted the training of all Afghan army and police recruits while a full background check of 27,000 people is ongoing.
2013 – Endurance swimmer Diana Nyad became the first person to swim from Cuba to Florida without a shark cage arriving in Key West two days after starting her 110-mile trek. Nyad, 64, arrived at the beach just before 2 p.m. EDT, about 53 hours.
2014 – American journalist Steven Sotloff was beheaded by a bloody, murderous group called ISIS. President Obama had no comment.
2014 – A teacher, Patrick McLaw, in Cambridge, Maryland has been suspended from teaching, banned from school property, had his home searched, and been taken in for emergency medical evaluation because of a novel he wrote under a pseudonym in 2011, three years before he was hired. As part of this epic overreaction the school where McLaw taught was swept for bombs and guns and police remain on duty there.
1884 – Dr. Frank C. Laubach, Christian missionary (d. 1970)
1937 – Peter Ueberroth, American sport executive
1946 – Billy Preston, American musician (d. 2006)
1948 – Christa McAuliffe, the first civilian passenger on a space mission, was born in Boston, Mass. She and the six other crew members on the space shuttle Challenger perished in an explosion shortly after launch.
1948 – Terry Bradshaw, American football player
1952 – Jimmy Connors, American tennis player
|LEE, DANIEL W.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Troop A, 117th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron. Place and date: Montreval, France, 2 September 1944. Entered service at: Alma, Ga. Born: 23 June 1919, Alma, Ga. G.O. No.: 14, 4 February 1946. Citation: 1st Lt. (then 2d Lt. ) Daniel W. Lee was leader of Headquarters Platoon, Troop A, 117th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, at Montreval, France, on 2 September 1944, when the Germans mounted a strong counterattack, isolating the town and engaging its outnumbered defenders in a pitched battle. After the fight had raged for hours and our forces had withstood heavy shelling and armor-supported infantry attacks, 2d Lt. Lee organized a patrol to knock out mortars which were inflicting heavy casualties on the beleaguered reconnaissance troops. He led the small group to the edge of the town, sweeping enemy riflemen out of position on a ridge from which he observed seven Germans manning two large mortars near an armored half-track about one hundred yards down the reverse slope. Armed with a rifle and grenades, he left his men on the high ground and crawled to within thirty yards of the mortars, where the enemy discovered him and unleashed machine-pistol fire which shattered his right thigh. Scorning retreat, bleeding and suffering intense pain, he dragged himself relentlessly forward He killed five of the enemy with rifle fire and the others fled before he reached their position. Fired on by an armored car, he took cover behind the German half-track and there found a panzerfaust with which to neutralize this threat. Despite his wounds, he inched his way toward the car through withering machinegun fire, maneuvering into range, and blasted the vehicle with a round from the rocket launcher, forcing it to withdraw. Having cleared the slope of hostile troops, he struggle back to his men, where he collapsed from pain and loss of blood. 2d Lt. Lee’s outstanding gallantry, willing risk of life, and extreme tenacity of purpose in coming to grips with the enemy, although suffering from grievous wounds, set an example of bravery and devotion to duty in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 3d U.S. Infantry. Place and date: Near Fort Dodge, Kans., 2 September 1868. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Bucks County, Pa. Date of issue: Unknown. Citation: While detailed as mail courier from the fort, voluntarily went to the assistance of a party of four enlisted men, who were attacked by about fifty Indians at some distance from the fort and remained with them until the party was relieved.
Labor Day 2014
The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883.
In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected as the holiday, as originally proposed, and the Central Labor Union urged similar organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York and celebrate a “workingmen’s holiday” on that date. The idea spread with the growth of labor organizations, and in 1885 Labor Day was celebrated in many industrial centers of the country.
The first governmental recognition came through municipal ordinances passed during 1885 and 1886. From them developed the movement to secure state legislation. The first state bill was introduced into the New York legislature, but the first to become law was passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887.
Although the movement to have Labor Day had been happening for quite some time, in September 1892, union workers in New York City took an unpaid day off and gathered in Union Square to support the holiday.
In 1894 President Cleveland made a campaign promise to enact the holiday to win votes and he followed through with his promise. By this time 23 other states had adopted the holiday in honor of workers, and on June 28 of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories.
In 1898, the head of the American Federation of Labor, Samuel Gompers, called it “the day for which the toilers in past centuries looked forward, when their rights and their wrongs would be discussed…that the workers of our day may not only lay down their tools of labor for a holiday, but upon which they may touch shoulders in marching phalanx and feel the stronger for it.”
The form that the observance and celebration of Labor Day should take were outlined in the first proposal of the holiday — a street parade to exhibit to the public “the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations” of the community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and their families. This became the pattern for the celebrations of Labor Day.
In 1909. by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of that year, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.
The character of the Labor Day celebration has undergone a change in recent years, especially in large industrial centers where mass displays and huge parades have proved a problem. This change, however, is more a shift in emphasis and medium of expression. The outrageous displays of violence and vile behavior in places such as Minnesota have started to turn Americans against the unions.
In 2011, on Sunday August 28th, the Marathon County Central Labor Council in Wausau, Wisconsin said that “GOP politicians aren’t welcome in this year’s Labor Day parade.” They claimed that until today they apparently thought they were the only sponsor of said parade, “organizers choose not to invite elected officials who have openly attacked worker’s rights.” On Tuesday August 30th, the Labor Council found out from Wausau Mayor Jim Tipple that they are not the parade’s only sponsor. after being told by the town’s mayor that it couldn’t exclude GOP politicians from a Labor Day parade unless it reimbursed the city for its out-of-pocket costs. The union changed its position after being told by the town’s mayor that it couldn’t exclude GOP politicians from a Labor Day parade unless it reimbursed the city for its out-of-pocket costs.
“Fires can’t be made with dead embers, nor can enthusiasm be stirred by spiritless men. Enthusiasm in our daily work lightens effort and turns even labor into pleasant tasks.”
grandiloquent gran-DIL-uh-kwuhnt, adjective:
Lofty in style; pompous; bombastic.
5509 BC – The world was created, according to the Byzantine Empire.
1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years — the longest of any major European monarch.
1752 – The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.
1772 – Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
1781 – French fleet traps British fleet at Yorktown, VA.
1799 – Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan).
1807 – Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire.
1819 – The first plow with interchangeable parts was patented by Jethro Wood.
1821 – William Becknell led a group of traders from Independence, Mo., toward Santa Fe on what would become the Santa Fe Trail.
1858 – First transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month. The cable was tested using very weak currents but the engineer in charge, Wildman Whitehouse, started by applying very high voltages.
1859 – First Pullman sleeping car in service.
1859 – The largest recorded geomagnetic storm occurred. Aurorae were seen around the world, those in the northern hemisphere even as far south as the Caribbean; those over the Rocky Mountains were so bright that their glow awoke gold miners, who began preparing breakfast because they thought it was morning. People who happened to be awake in the northeastern US could read a newspaper by the aurora’s light. The aurora was visible as far from the poles as Cuba and Hawaii. It was observed for the first time by astronomer Richard C. Carrington.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
1862 – Civil War: A federal tax was levied on tobacco, especially that grown in Confederate states.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four-month siege by General Sherman.
1864 – Battle of Petersburg, VA.
1865 – Joseph Lister performs first antiseptic surgery.
1866 – Manuelito, the last Navaho chief, turned himself in at Fort Wingate, New Mexico.
1878 – First female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston).
1887 – Emile Berliner filed for a patent for his gramophone which we now called a record player. Berliner’s legacy lives on in his trademark (later adopted by RCA): a picture of a dog listening to “his master’s voice” issuing from a gramophone.
1890 – First baseball tripleheader-Boston vs Pittsburgh.
1894 – A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, kills more than 400 people. It appears that this was the second-deadliest fire in the history of Minnesota, surpassed only by the 1918 Cloquet Fire.
1897 – The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
1906 – Pitcher Jack Coombs of the American League’s Philadelphia Athletics went 24 innings.
1914 – The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
1922 – New York City law requires all “pool” rooms to change name to “billiard”.
1922 – The first daily news program on radio. “The Radio Digest” was edited by George Thompson and heard on WBAY in New York City at 4:30 pm.
1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war.
1939 – George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
1939 – Adolf Hitler signs an order to begin the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people.
1941 – World War II: Jews living in Germany were required to wear a yellow Star of David.
1942 – A federal judge in Sacramento, CA, upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.
1942 – World War II: First Seabee unit to serve in a combat area, 6th Naval Construction Battalion, arrives on Guadalcanal.
1945 – Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season.
1945 – USS Benevolence (AH-13) evacuates civilian internees from two internment camps near Tokyo, Japan.
1945 – Americans received word of Japan’s formal surrender that ended World War II. Because of the time difference, it was Sept. 2 in Tokyo Bay, where the ceremony took place.
1949 – “Martin Kane, Private Eye” debuted on NBC-TV. You-Tube has numerous episodes.
1951 – CHART TOPPERS – “Because of You” by Tony Bennett, “Come On-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney, “Shanghai” by Doris Day and “Always Late (With Your Kisses)” by Lefty Frizzell all topped the charts.
1954 – Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) became pastor at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1956 – Elvis bought his mom a pink Cadillac.
1959 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sea of Love” by Phil Phillips, “Sleep Walk” by Santo & Johnny, “I’m Gonna Get Married” by Lloyd Price and “The Three Bells” by The Browns all topped the charts.
1961 – TWA Flight 529, a Lockheed Constellation L-049 propliner, crashed shortly after takeoff from Midway Airport in Chicago, killing all seventy-three passengers and five crew on board; it was at the time the deadliest single plane disaster in US history.
1962 – “Sheila” by Tommy Roe topped the charts.
1962 – UN announced Earth’s that human population has hit 3 billion.
1967 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ode to Billie Joe” by Bobbie Gentry, “Pleasant Valley Sunday” by The Monkees, “Baby I Love You” by Aretha Franklin and “I’ll Never Find Another You” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1969 – A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power , which was later transferred to the People’s Committees .
1969 – There was a race riot in Hartford, Connecticut.
1970 – The last episode of “I Dream of Jeannie” aired on NBC-TV. The show premiered was on September 18, 1965.
1970 – Dr. Hugh Scott of Washington, D.C., became the first Black superintendent of schools in a major U.S. city.
1971 – Danny Murtaugh of the Pittsburgh Pirates gave his lineup card to the umpire with the names of nine black baseball players on it. This was a first for Major League Baseball.
1972 – “Back Stabbers” by the The O’Jays received a gold record.
1972 – Bobby Fischer (US) defeats Boris Spassky (USSR) for world chess title.
1973 – “Brother Louie” by the Stories topped the charts.
1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
1975 – CHART TOPPERS – “Get Down Tonight” by K.C. & The Sunshine Band, “How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You)” by James Taylor, “At Seventeen” by Janis Ian and “Rhinestone Cowboy” by Glen Campbell all topped the charts.
1975 – The last original episode of the American television series Gunsmoke airs on CBS after a record 20-year run.
1975 – NY Met Tom Seaver is first to strike out 200 in 8 consecutive seasons.
1976 – U.S. Rep. Wayne L. Hays, D-Ohio, resigned in the wake of a scandal in which he admitted having an affair with secretary Elizabeth Ray.
1977 – First TRS-80 Model I computer sold.
1977 – Bobby C. Wilks became the first Black in the Coast Guard to reach the rank of captain.
1979 – LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask.
1979 – “My Sharona” by Knack topped the charts.
1979 – Pioneer 11 makes first fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings. It passes the planet at a distance of 13,000 mi.
1982 – Max speedometer reading mandated at 85 MPH.
1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
1982 – The US Congress created the 110,000 acre Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument.
1983 – CHART TOPPERS – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police, “Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)” by Eurythmics, “Maniac” by Michael Sembello and “You’re Gonna Ruin My Bad Reputation” by Ronnie McDowell all topped the charts.
1983 – The KAL flight 007 was downed by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered Soviet airspace. Two hundred sixty-nine people were killed aboard the Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 including sixty-one Americans, among them Georgia Representative Larry McDonald.
1984 – “What’s Love Got to Do with It” by Tina Turner topped the charts.
1985 – A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic. The wreck site is located 963 miles northeast of New York and 453 miles southeast of the Newfoundland coast.
1986 – Paul McCartney released his “Press to Play” album. (1:08:38)
1986 – Jerry Lewis raised a record $34 million for Muscular Dystrophy during his annual telethon for Jerry’s kids over the Labor Day weekend.
1987 – In California S. Brian Wilson (46), Vietnam veteran, had his legs sliced off when a munitions train at the Concord Naval Weapons Station ran him over during the Nuremberg Actions protest against weapons shipments to Central America.
1990 – “If Wishes Came True” by Sweet Sensation topped the charts.
1991 – CHART TOPPERS – “(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” by Bryan Adams, “Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)” by Roxette, “Wind of Change” by the Scorpions and “You Know Me Better Than That” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1991 – The Burning Man Festival came to the Black Rock Desert in Nevada from Baker’s Beach in San Francisco.
1993 – Louis Freeh was sworn in as the director of the FBI.
1995 – A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio.
1997 – The 32nd annual Muscular Dystrophy Telethon, led by Jerry Lewis, ended with a record $50.5 million pledged.
1997 – The second phase of the minimum wage raise to $5.15 per hour went into effect.
1997 – In Bosnia several hundred Bosnian Serbs attacked some 300 armed US troops in an effort to take back a key TV transmitter that was seized by the Americans last week. The melee was a standoff.
1998 – Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 56th and 57th home runs, breaking the one-season record set by Hack Wilson in 1930.
1999 – Twenty-two of baseball’s 68 permanent umpires found themselves jobless, the fallout from their union’s failed attempt to force an early start to negotiations for a new labor contract.
1999 – Attorney General Janet Reno ordered US marshals to FBI headquarters to seize an infrared videotape containing a recording of FBI communications made during the 1993 FBI assault of the Branch Davidian sect in Waco, Texas. FBI officials had stated that no tape of that stage of the operation existed.
2000 – Pres. Clinton put the anti-missile national defense system on hold and passed the decision for moving the project forward to his successor, President George Bush.
2001 – The Los Angeles Sparks won the WNBA championship, defeating the Charlotte Sting 82-to-54.
2001 – The US issued a 34 cent stamp featuring Arabic calligraphy that says “Eid Mubarek,” a greeting used to celebrate the 2 holiest Islamic holidays, Aid al-Fitr for the end of Ramadan fasting, and Eid al-Adha for the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca.
2003 – During a Labor Day trip to Richfield, Ohio, President Bush announced he was creating a high-level government post to nurture the manufacturing sector.
2004 – Accused U.S. Army deserter Charles Jenkins said he will surrender to the US to face charges that have dogged him since he vanished from his unit in South Korea nearly 40 years.
2004 – Republican National Convention: U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney accepts re-nomination and harshly criticizes Democratic candidate John Kerry.
2005 – In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina unknown assailants opened fire on a UH-60 Black Hawk military helicopter at New Orleans Superdome, halting evacuations.
2005 – The California Senate passes the first bill to allow same-sex marriage in the United States.
2006 – Disrupting the start of the Labor Day weekend, the remnants of Tropical Storm Ernesto drenched the Mid-Atlantic region, cut power to more than 400,000 customers and forced evacuations. Three people were reported killed in North Carolina and Virginia.
2006 – US federal agents began rounding up illegal immigrants in Stillmore, Georgia. More than 120 illegal immigrants were loaded onto buses bound for immigration courts in Atlanta. Hundreds more fled Emanuel County.
2007 – Idaho Republican Senator Larry Craig resigns from the United States Senate effective 30 September following a guilty plea to a disorderly conduct charge following his arrest in a restroom at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport.
2007 – It was reported that it is now more expensive to execute someone in the US that to jail him for life. In North Carolina each capital case was said to cost some $2 million to legal fees.
2007 – In an unusual college football upset, Appalachian State defeated #5-ranked Michigan at Michigan Stadium by a score of 34-32. This is the first time a team from the second-tier NCAA Division I FCS has defeated an AP-ranked Division I FBS opponent. Armanti Edwards was the quarterback for the underdog Mountaineers.
2008 – Hurricane Gustav smashed into the Gulf coast as a Category 2 storm with 110-mph winds just southwest of New Orleans, where levees held as waves splashed over. Seven people were killed, ninety people were injured and 750,000 people were left without power in Louisiana. The GOP convention opened at the Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul, Minn., in an abbreviated session due to Hurricane Gustav. Alaska’s Gov. Palin, GOP candidate for the vice-presidency, disclosed that her daughter, Bristol (17), is 5 months pregnant.
2009 – Former heavyweight world champion boxer Muhammad Ali visits the birthplace of his great-grandfather in Ennis, Ireland.
2009 – A top State Department official said the US has released $214 million of an aid package to help Mexico fight drug trafficking, including funds for five helicopters for the military to be delivered by year’s end.
2009 – In San Francisco charges were filed against 5 workers of the Public Utilities Commission and 2 workers at city approved vendors in a scam that bilked the city of over $200,000 in goods from 2003-2007.
2009 – In Southern California the Station wildfire continued to rage with 53 homes up in smoke, thousands more threatened and new rounds of evacuations as towering flames crackled close to foothill neighborhoods just 15 miles north of downtown Los Angeles.
2010 – Apple Inc. launches Ping.
2010 – The United States changed commanders in Iraq, beginning the final phase of American military involvement in the country despite political uncertainty and persistent violence.
2010 – In Maryland police shot and killed James J. Lee after he took 2 employees and a security officer hostage at the headquarters of the Discovery Channel.
2011 – Egyptian Islamic Jihad’s senior cleric has publicly stated that if they come to power in Egypt, they’ll institute Shar’iah law, enslave or ‘convert’ Christians, exterminate those who don’t prefer enslavement or Islam, form ‘Islamic battalions’ to conquer the region, and then the world, and enforce Shar’iah law on the entire world.
2011 – Ohio officials said the Lake Erie Correctional Institution in Ashtabula county has been sold to Corrections Corporation of America for $72.7 million. This was the first US prison to be sold to a private company.
2012- ICE Chief of Staff Suzanne Barr, a top official at Immigration and Customs Enforcement, has resigned following allegations by several subordinates of lewd behavior.
2012 – Tent cabins in Yosemite National Park, U.S., are closed after officials notify 3,100 recent visitors of an outbreak of Hantavirus.
2012 – Environmentalists vow to legally fight the federal end of protecting the wolf in Wyoming, saying the species still needs protection to maintain its successful recovery.
1875 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (d. 1950)
1923 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969). He was the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion from September 23, 1952 to November 30, 1956.
1933 – Conway Twitty, American singer (d. 1993)
1939 – Lily Tomlin, American actress and comedian
1950 – Dr. Phil, American talk show host
1955 – Billy Blanks, American martial artist
1957 – Gloria Estefan, Cuban singer
JONES, WILLIAM A., III
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Air Force, 602d Special Operations Squadron, Nakon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. Place and date: Near Dong Hoi, North Vietnam, 1 September 1968. Entered service at: Charlottesville, Va. Born: 31 May 1922, Norfolk, Va. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Col. Jones distinguished himself as the pilot of an A-1H Skyraider aircraft near Dong Hoi, North Vietnam. On that day, as the on-scene commander in the attempted rescue of a downed U.S. pilot, Col. Jones’ aircraft was repeatedly hit by heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire. On one of his low passes, Col. Jones felt an explosion beneath his aircraft and his cockpit rapidly filled with smoke. With complete disregard of the possibility that his aircraft might still be burning, he unhesitatingly continued his search for the downed pilot. On this pass, he sighted the survivor and a multiple-barrel gun position firing at him from near the top of a karst formation. He could not attack the gun position on that pass for fear he would endanger the downed pilot. Leaving himself exposed to the gun position, Col. Jones attacked the position with cannon and rocket fire on two successive passes. On his second pass, the aircraft was hit with multiple rounds of automatic weapons fire. One round impacted the Yankee Extraction System rocket mounted directly behind the headrest, igniting the rocket. His aircraft was observed to burst into flames in the center fuselage section, with flames engulfing the cockpit area. He pulled the extraction handle, jettisoning the canopy. The influx of fresh air made the fire burn with greater intensity for a few moments, but since the rocket motor had already burned, the extraction system did not pull Col. Jones from the aircraft. Despite searing pains from severe burns sustained on his arms, hands, neck, shoulders, and face, Col. Jones pulled his aircraft into a climb and attempted to transmit the location of the downed pilot and the enemy gun position to the other aircraft in the area. His calls were blocked by other aircraft transmissions repeatedly directing him to bail out and within seconds his transmitters were disabled and he could receive only on 1 channel. Completely disregarding his injuries, he elected to fly his crippled aircraft back to his base and pass on essential information for the rescue rather than bail out. Col. Jones successfully landed his heavily damaged aircraft and passed the information to a debriefing officer while on the operating table. As a result of his heroic actions and complete disregard for his personal safety, the downed pilot was rescued later in the day. Col. Jones’ profound concern for his fellow man at the risk of his life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Air Force and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha 3312. Place and date: Phuoc Long Province, Vietnam, September 1, 1969 . Born: June 15, 1937, Corpus Christi, TX Entered Service at: Corpus Christi, TX Departed: No Date Issued: 3/18/2014
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Sergeant First Class Jose Rodela distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as the company commander, Detachment B-36, Company A, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces during combat operations against an armed enemy in Phuoc Long Province, Republic of Vietnam on September 1, 1969. That afternoon, Sergeant First Class Rodela’s battalion came under an intense barrage of mortar, rocket, and machine gun fire. Ignoring the withering enemy fire, Sergeant First Class Rodela immediately began placing his men into defensive positions to prevent the enemy from overrunning the entire battalion. Repeatedly exposing himself to enemy fire, Sergeant First Class Rodela moved from position to position, providing suppressing fire and assisting wounded, and was himself wounded in the back and head by a B-40 rocket while recovering a wounded comrade. Alone, Sergeant First Class Rodela assaulted and knocked out the B-40 rocket position before successfully returning to the battalion’s perimeter. Sergeant First Class Rodela’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.
HENRY, FREDERICK F.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company F, 38th Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Vicinity of Am-Dong, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Clinton, Okla. Birth: Vian, Okla. G.O. No.: 8, 16 February 1951. Citation: 1st Lt. Henry, Company F, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. His platoon was holding a strategic ridge near the town when they were attacked by a superior enemy force, supported by heavy mortar and artillery fire. Seeing his platoon disorganized by this fanatical assault, he left his foxhole and moving along the line ordered his men to stay in place and keep firing. Encouraged by this heroic action the platoon reformed a defensive line and rained devastating fire on the enemy, checking its advance. Enemy fire had knocked out all communications and 1st Lt. Henry was unable to determine whether or not the main line of resistance was altered to this heavy attack. On his own initiative, although severely wounded, he decided to hold his position as long as possible and ordered the wounded evacuated and their weapons and ammunition brought to him. Establishing a one-man defensive position, he ordered the platoon’s withdrawal and despite his wound and with complete disregard for himself remained behind to cover the movement. When last seen he was single-handedly firing all available weapons so effectively that he caused an estimated fifty enemy casualties. His ammunition was soon expended and his position overrun, but this intrepid action saved the platoon and halted the enemy’s advance until the main line of resistance was prepared to throw back the attack. 1st Lt. Henry’s outstanding gallantry and noble self-sacrifice above and beyond the call of duty reflect the highest honor on him and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
KAHO’OHANOHANO, ANTHONY T.
Place and Date: Chupa-ri, Korea, 1 September, 1951 Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty Private First Class Anthony T. Kaho’ohanohano, Company H, 17th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Chupa-ri, Korea, on 1 September 1951. On that date, Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano was in charge of a machine-gun squad supporting the defensive positioning of Company F when a numerically superior enemy force launched a fierce attack. Because of the enemy’s overwhelming numbers, friendly troops were forced to execute a limited withdrawal. As the men fell back, Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano ordered his squad to take up more defensible positions and provide covering fire for the withdrawing friendly force. Although having been wounded in the shoulder during the initial enemy assault, Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano gathered a supply of grenades and ammunition and returned to his original position to face the enemy alone. As the hostile troops concentrated their strength against his emplacement in an effort to overrun it, Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano fought fiercely and courageously, delivering deadly accurate fire into the ranks of the onrushing enemy. When his ammunition was depleted, he engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat until he was killed. Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano’s heroic stand so inspired his comrades that they launched a counterattack that completely repulsed the enemy. Upon reaching Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano’s emplacement, friendly troops discovered 11 enemy soldiers lying dead in front of the emplacement and two inside it, killed in hand-to-hand combat. Private First Class Kaho’ohanohano’s extraordinary heroism and selfless devotion to duty are in keeping with the finest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 7th Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
|KOUMA, ERNEST R.
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant (then Sfc.) U.S. Army, Company A, 72d Tank Battalion. Place and date: Vicinity of Agok, Korea, 31 August and 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Dwight, Nebr. Born: 23 November 1919, Dwight, Nebr. G.O. No.: 38, 4 June 1951. Citation: M/Sgt. Kouma, a tank commander in Company A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. His unit was engaged in supporting infantry elements on the Naktong River front. Near midnight on 31 August, a hostile force estimated at 500 crossed the river and launched a fierce attack against the infantry positions, inflicting heavy casualties. A withdrawal was ordered and his armored unit was given the mission of covering the movement until a secondary position could be established. The enemy assault overran two tanks, destroyed one and forced another to withdraw. Suddenly M/Sgt. Kouma discovered that his tank was the only obstacle in the path of the hostile onslaught. Holding his ground, he gave fire orders to his crew and remained in position throughout the night, fighting off repeated enemy attacks. During one fierce assault, the enemy surrounded his tank and he leaped from the armored turret, exposing himself to a hail of hostile fire, manned the .50 caliber machine gun mounted on the rear deck, and delivered pointblank fire into the fanatical foe. His machine gun emptied, he fired his pistol and threw grenades to keep the enemy from his tank. After more than nine hours of constant combat and close-in fighting, he withdrew his vehicle to friendly lines. During the withdrawal through eight miles of hostile territory, M/Sgt. Kouma continued to inflict casualties upon the enemy and exhausted his ammunition in destroying three hostile machine gun positions. During this action, M/Sgt. Kouma killed an estimated 250 enemy soldiers. His magnificent stand allowed the infantry sufficient time to reestablish defensive positions. Rejoining his company, although suffering intensely from his wounds, he attempted to resupply his tank and return to the battle area. While being evacuated for medical treatment, his courage was again displayed when he requested to return to the front. M/Sgt. Kouma’s superb leadership, heroism, and intense devotion to duty reflect the highest credit on himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
|SMITH, DAVID M.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company E, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Yongsan, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Livingston, Ky. Born: 10 November 1926, Livingston, Ky. G.O. No.: 78, 21 August 1952. Citation: Pfc. Smith, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action. Pfc. Smith was a gunner in the mortar section of Company E, emplaced in rugged mountainous terrain and under attack by a numerically superior hostile force. Bitter fighting ensued and the enemy overran forward elements, infiltrated the perimeter, and rendered friendly positions untenable. The mortar section was ordered to withdraw, but the enemy had encircled and closed in on the position. Observing a grenade lobbed at his emplacement, Pfc. Smith shouted a warning to his comrades and, fully aware of the odds against him, flung himself upon it and smothered the explosion with his body. Although mortally wounded in this display of valor, his intrepid act saved five men from death or serious injury. Pfc. Smith’s inspirational conduct and supreme sacrifice reflect lasting glory on himself and are in keeping with the noble traditions of the infantry of the U.S. Army.
STORY, LUTHER H.
Rank and organization Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Agok, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Georgia. Born: 20 July 1931, Buena Vista, Ga. G.O. No.: 70, 2 August 1951. Citation: Pfc. Story, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. A savage daylight attack by elements of 3 enemy divisions penetrated the thinly held lines of the 9th Infantry. Company A beat off several banzai attacks but was bypassed and in danger of being cut off and surrounded. Pfc. Story, a weapons squad leader, was heavily engaged in stopping the early attacks and had just moved his squad to a position overlooking the Naktong River when he observed a large group of the enemy crossing the river to attack Company A. Seizing a machine gun from his wounded gunner he placed deadly fire on the hostile column killing or wounding an estimated one hundred enemy soldiers. Facing certain encirclement the company commander ordered a withdrawal. During the move Pfc. Story noticed the approach of an enemy truck loaded with troops and towing an ammunition trailer. Alerting his comrades to take cover he fearlessly stood in the middle of the road, throwing grenades into the truck. Out of grenades he crawled to his squad, gathered up additional grenades and again attacked the vehicle. During the withdrawal the company was attacked by such superior numbers that it was forced to deploy in a rice field. Pfc. Story was wounded in this action, but, disregarding his wounds, rallied the men about him and repelled the attack. Realizing that his wounds would hamper his comrades he refused to retire to the next position but remained to cover the company’s withdrawal. When last seen he was firing every weapon available and fighting off another hostile assault. Private Story’s extraordinary heroism, aggressive leadership, and supreme devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and were in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the military service.
|TURNER, CHARLES W.
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, 2d Reconnaissance Company, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Yongsan, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Massachusetts. Birth: Boston, Mass. G.O. No.: 10, 16 February 1951. Citation: Sfc. Turner distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. A large enemy force launched a mortar and automatic weapon supported assault against his platoon. Sfc. Turner, a section leader, quickly organized his unit for defense and then observed that the attack was directed at the tank section 100 yards away. Leaving his secured section he dashed through a hail of fire to the threatened position and, mounting a tank, manned the exposed turret machine gun. Disregarding the intense enemy fire he calmly held this position delivering deadly accurate fire and pointing out targets for the tank’s 75mm. gun. His action resulted in the destruction of seven enemy machine gun nests. Although severely wounded he remained at the gun shouting encouragement to his comrades. During the action the tank received over fifty direct hits; the periscopes and antenna were shot away and 3 rounds hit the machine gun mount. Despite this fire he remained at his post until a burst of enemy fire cost him his life. This intrepid and heroic performance enabled the platoon to withdraw and later launch an attack which routed the enemy. Sfc. Turner’s valor and example reflect the highest credit upon himself and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
|RYAN, THOMAS JOHN
Rank and organization: Ensign, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Yokohama, Japan, 1 September 1923. Entered service at: Louisiana. Born: 5 August 1901, New Orleans, La. Citation: For heroism in effecting the rescue of a woman from the burning Grand Hotel, Yokohama, Japan, on 1 September 1923. Following the earthquake and fire which occurred in Yokohama on 1 September, Ens. Ryan, with complete disregard for his own life, extricated a woman from the Grand Hotel, thus saving her life. His heroic conduct upon this occasion reflects the greatest credit on himself and on the U.S. Navy, of which he is a part. (Medal presented by President Coolidge at the White House on 15 March 1924.)
Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864. Entered service at: Washington, Pa. Birth: Washington, Pa. Date of issue: 22 April 1896. Citation: Voluntarily led a detached brigade in an assault upon the enemy’s works.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 14th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864. Entered service at: Ann Arbor, Mich. Born: 1839, Ireland. Date of issue: 28 April 1896. Citation: In a charge by the 14th Michigan Infantry against the entrenched enemy was the first man over the line of works of the enemy, and demanded and received the surrender of Confederate Gen. Daviel Govan and his command.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company A, 74th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864. Entered service at: Warsaw, Ind. Birth: Seneca County, Ohio. Date of issue: 7 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag of 8th and 19th Arkansas (C.S.A.).
|MATTINGLY, HENRY B.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 10th Kentucky Infantry. Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Marion County, Ky. Date of issue: 7 April 1865. Citation: Capture of flag of 6th and 7th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.A.).
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Daniel Shays’ parents emigrated from Ireland to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the 1730s. Patrick and Margaret (Dempsey) Shays married in 1744 and set up housekeeping in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. In 1747, Margaret gave birth to Daniel, the second of what would be a family of six children. Little is known of Daniel’s early life, but a few fragments of surviving information are suggestive in light of his later career and reputation. We know that, in common with other young men without land of their own, Daniel Shays hired himself out to work. According to a contemporary, by the early 1770s, Shays was living on a farm in Brookfield, where he was paid above the going rate for a laborer in recognition of his performance as a “smart, active” man. The same resident recalled that the young Daniel Shays “had much taste for the military.” When young men assembled for militia training days, some armed only with wooden guns and swords, Shays enthusiastically drilled them. Hard worker or not, men like Daniel Shays without a trade or land to farm, generally delayed marriage until their mid-twenties. At the age of 25, Daniel Shays appeared in the town records in 1772 with Abigail Gilbert when the couple published their intention to wed. Their first child, Daniel junior, was born in 1773. Other children followed, including two daughters. It is not known how many children were born to Daniel and Abigail, although an elderly Daniel Shays would refer to the difficulty of maintaining a “large and Expensive family.” As war with England seemed ever more likely, the old militia exercises assumed a more serious character. Daniel seems never to have faltered in his commitment to the American, or Patriot, cause. He did not remain a member of the Brookfield militia, however. At some point between 1774 and 1775, Daniel and Abigail moved west to Shutesbury, where Shays joined militia from Shutesbury, Amherst and Leverett. His experience in drilling may explain why he appeared on the company roll as Sergeant Daniel Shays. When Captain Reuben Dickinson’s company marched to Cambridge in 1775 following the fighting at Lexington and Concord, Shays received 18 shillings, 10 pence for 11 days of service. Captain Shays was not the only Massachusetts resident suffering financial hardship during the recession that had followed a brief post-war boom. The determined attempt by the Massachusetts Legislature to pay off the state’s war debt through an aggressive taxation policy despite the hard times proved disastrous. The government’s insistence that people pay their taxes in hard money rather than in goods or paper currency made a bad situation worse. The little gold and silver in circulation was not in the hands of farmers, whose assets were tied up in land, livestock and produce. Pelham joined dozens of towns across the Commonwealth in petitioning for debtor relief, and for laws lowering judicial court fees and government salaries.
A wave of farm foreclosures in western Massachusetts swept the young republic to its first episode in class struggle. Demonstrators and rioters protested high taxation, the governor’s high salary, high court costs and the assembly’s refusal to issue paper money (an inflationary measure highly favored by the debtor class).
Opposition had coalesced around Daniel Shays, a Revolutionary Warveteran. At first, the activity was limited to meetings and petitions to Massachusetts government in Boston. The matter escalated when the Massachusetts Supreme Court indicated eleven leaders of the movement as disorderly, riotous, and seditious. Shays responded by raising a militia of 700 men, many unpaid veterans of the Continental Army. They marched first for Worcester where they closed down the commonwealth’s supreme court, then turned west to Springfield where they broke into the jail to free imprisoned debtors. The barns of some government officials were burned. Wealthy Bostonians, who feared the rebellion in the west, contributed money for soldiers under the command of General Benjamin Lincoln. The rebels were routed in a skirmish in January 1787. Shays escaped toVermont and was later pardoned. Others were not so fortunate – 150 were captured and several sentenced to death. George Washington and others urged compassionate treatment of the rebels and pardons were eventually granted. It is interesting to note the role reversal of such people as Samuel Adams. In early revolutionary times, Adams was among the most vocal and radical critics of the existing government. By the 1780s, however, Adams had become an establishment figure and urged death sentences for the leading Shays rebels. Abigail Adams also had no compunctions with regard to the rebels. In a letter to Thomas Jefferson, while she was in London late 1787 and he was in Paris, she described the uprising: “Ignorant, restless deperadoes, without conscience or principles, have led a deluded multitude to follow their standard, under pretense of grievances which have no existence but in their imaginations.” She lauded the firm steps taken to put down the rebellion. The next statewide election in Massachusetts altered the assembly’s complexion and led to passage of a number of measures designed to improve the farmers’ conditions. However, conservative forces were deeply disturbed by the anarchy in the west and became increasingly committed to strengthening the central government.
“The average pencil is seven inches long, with just a half-inch eraser – in case you thought optimism was dead.”
~ Robert Brault, software developer, writer (1972- )
pugnacious puhg-NAY-shuhs, adjective: Inclined to fight; combative; quarrelsome.
Pugnacious comes from Latin pugnare, “to fight,” from pugnus, “fist.”
1521 – Cortes captured the city of Tenochtitlan, Mexico, and set it on fire. Mexico-Tenochtitlan, was the capital of the Aztec empire, which was built on an island in Lake Texcoco in what is now central Mexico. The city was largely destroyed in the 1520s by Spanish conquistadors, Mexico City was erected on top of the ruins and, over the ensuing centuries, most of Lake Texcoco has gradually been drained.
1688 – Death in London of John Bunyan, English author of The Pilgrim’s Progress. 1777 – Samuel Mason, a captain in command of Fort Henry on the Ohio frontier, survives a devastating Indian attack only to become one of the young nation’s first western desperados.
1778 – Revolutionary War: British killed 17 Stockbridge Indians in Bronx during Revolution.
1786 – Shays’ Rebellion began in Massachusetts.Captain Daniel Shays led an armed mob and prevented the Northampton Court from holding a session in order to prevent debtors, mostly poor farmers, from being tried and put in prison.
1802 – Captain Meriwether Lewis left Pittsburgh to meet up with Captain William Clark and begin their trek to the Pacific Ocean.
1819 – The cutters Alabama and Louisiana captured the privateer Bravo in the Gulf of Mexico. The master, Jean Le Farges — a lieutenant of Jean Lafitte — was later hanged from the Louisiana’s yardarm on the Mississippi River.
1835 – An angry mob in Charleston, South Carolina, seized U.S. mail containing abolitionist literature and burned it in public.
1842 – US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress. James Melville Gilliss was put in charge of the project and is credited with its founding.
1842 – Micah Rugg patented a nuts & bolts machine.
1852 – The United States Congress passed legislation creating the first prestamped envelopes.
1852 – The Lighthouse Board was created and charged with administering the Lighthouse Service, as the Revenue Cutter Service was again decentralized.
1864 – Civil War: General William T. Sherman launches the attack that finally secures Atlanta, Georgia, for the Union, and seals the fate of Confederate General John Bell Hood’s army, which is forced to evacuate the area. Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia, 1900 casualties.
1864 – At the Democratic convention in Chicago, General George B. McClellan was nominated for president. McClellan ran on a Copperhead platform claiming the war had been a failure and was hopelessly lost.
1865 – The US Federal government estimated the American Civil War had cost about eight-billion dollars. Human costs have been estimated at more than one-million killed or wounded.
1881 – First US tennis championships were held. The event was at the Newport Casino in Rhode Island, where it remained for 34 years.
1886 – First major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston, SC. It was one of the largest historic earthquakes in eastern North America, and by far the largest earthquake in the southeastern United States.110 people were killed.
1887 – Thomas Edison patented the Kinetoscope, the forerunner of the motion picture camera.
1888 – The body of Mary Ann “Polly” Nichols, the first victim of Jack the Ripper, was found mutilated in Buck’s Row, London.
1894 – Phillies “Sliding Billy” Hamilton steals seven bases in a single game.
1895 – John Brallier is paid US$10 plus expenses to play football for the Latrobe, Pennsylvania YMCA, making him the first professional football player. His team won 12-0.
1896 – Announcement of gold in the Yukon. George Washington Carmack, Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie, with their “Bonanza” gold discovery on Rabbit Creek, charted a new course for life in the Yukon.
1897 – Thomas Edison patented a kinetographic camera. Edison had actually invented and built his motion picture camera by 1891 but it took six years for the patent to be approved.
1902 – Mrs. Adolph Landenburg introduces the split skirt for horseback riding in Saratoga Springs, NY.
1903 – The first automobile trip from San Francisco to New York City was completed. Most roads were little more than muddy wagon paths, and when those stopped the travellers could only follow along railroad tracks or trust in their sense of direction as they set out across the vast plains and desert.
1909 – The A.J. Reach Co. patented the cork-centered baseball.
1919 – John Reed formed the Communist Labor Party in Chicago, with the motto, “Workers of the World unite!”
1920 – The first radio news program was broadcast August 31, 1920 by station 8MK in Detroit, Michigan.
1934 – First football all star game-Bears tie collegians 0-0 in Chicago.The College All-Star Game was a preseason American football game played annually (except in 1974) from 1934 to 1976 between the National Football League champions and a team of star college seniors from the previous year.
1935 – President Roosevelt (FDR) signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents.
1935 – First national skeet championship (Indianapolis). L.S. Pratt of Indianapolis was the winner. A 14-year-old boy, Dick Shaughnessy of St. Louis, captured the second title with a score of 248 out of a possible 250. During World War II, skeet played an important role in training aerial gunners since skeet targets closely resembled the flight paths of enemy planes and shooting at them taught “lead”. 1939 – Frank Sinatra recorded “All or Nothing at All” with the Harry James Band. 1939 – World War II: Europe: There was a staged “Polish” assault on radio station in Gleiwitz by Nazis dressed as Poles to “provoke” war, an excuse for Germany to invade Poland the next day to start World War II.
1939 – World War II: Europe: Nazi leader Adolf Hitler signed an order to attack Poland, and German forces moved to the frontier.
1940 – US National Guard assembled. They will be mobilized for one year, extended to two, to train and assist in war games to test new tactics.
1940 – The FBI created a Disaster Squad to assist civilian authorities in identifying persons who died in a Virginia plane crash. FBI personnel were among the victims. 1941 – Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly debuts on NBC.
1941 – World War II: US Agricultural Secretary Claude Wickard announces that meat rationing will probably be necessary.
1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal. Japanese General Kawaguchi lands 1200 troops on the island.
1943 – World War II: American carrier based aircraft strike Marcus island. The Independence, Essex and Yorktown are involved. These ships are part of the newly formed Fast Carrier Task Force.
1943 – The USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named for a African-American person, is commissioned.
1944 – World War II: US 4th Corps (part of US 5th Army) advances after German forces conduct withdrawals from some positions along the Arno River.
1944 – World War II: Carrier task group begins three-day attack on Iwo Jima and Bonin Islands.
1945 – World War II: General MacArthur establishes the supreme allied command at the main port of Tokyo, as the first foreigner to take charge of Japan in 1000 years. 1945 – World War II: The remaining Japanese troops in the Philippines formally surrender.The Japanese garrison on Marcus Island surrenders to the American Admiral Whiting.
1946 – Superman returned to radio on the Mutual Broadcasting System after being dropped earlier in the year. Bud Collyer, later of TV’s “Beat the Clock”, played Clark Kent aka Superman on the radio series.
1949 – Six of the 16 surviving Union veterans of the Civil War attended the last-ever encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, held in Indianapolis, Indiana.
1950 -CHART TOPPERS – “Mona Lisa” by Nat King Cole, “Play a Simple Melody” by Bing Crosby,“Sam’s Song” by Bing & Gary Crosby and “Goodnight Irene” by Red Foley-Ernest Tubb all topped the charts.
1950 – Brooklyn Dodger’s Gil Hodges hits four home runs & a single in a game vs Braves. He drove in 9 runs in the Dodgers 19-3 rout of the Boston Braves at Ebbets Field. He got homers off of Boston Braves pitchers Warren Spahn, Normie Roy, Bob Hall and Johnny Antonelli.
1950 – Korean War: Far East Air Force B-29s completed air strikes on the docks and railway yards at Songjin and the industrial factory at Chinnampo. From Aug. 28-31, aircraft dropped 326 tons of bombs on Songjin and 284 tons on Chinnampo.
1950 – Korean War: The second battle of the Naktong Bulge began as the North Korean I Corps crossed the lower Naktong River in a well-planned attack against the U.S. 2nd and 25th Infantry Divisions.
1951 – The former enemies of World War II reconvened in San Francisco to finalize negotiations on the peace treaty to formally end WW II. Japan agreed to pay the Int’l. Red Cross about $15 per POW while the allies agreed not to bring charges against it. 1951 – Korean War: The last United Nations Command offensive of the war occurred when the 1st Marine Division began its assault against the Punchbowl from Aug. 31 to Sept. 3. The 2nd Infantry Division seized Bloody Ridge at a cost of 2,700 casualties.
1954 – Seventy people were killed when Hurricane Carol hit the northeastern coast of the U.S.
1955 – First microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, TX).
1955 – First sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, IL.
1957 – “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds topped the charts.
1958 – CHART TOPPERS – “Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)” by Domenico Modugno, “Little Star” by The Elegants, “My True Love” by Jack Scott and “Blue Blue Day” by Don Gibson all topped the charts.
1959 – Sandy Koufax set a National League record by striking out 18 hitters.
1961 – A concrete wall replaced the barbed wire fence that separated East Germany and West Germany — the Berlin Wall.
1962 – Last flight of a Navy airship made at NAS Lakehurst, NJ.
1963 – “My Boyfriend’s Back” by the Angels topped the charts.
1963 – Walter Cronkite named anchor of the “CBS Evening News”.
1964 – California officially became the most populated state of the United States. 1965 – Congress establishes the Dept of Housing & Urban Development.
1965 – The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.
1965 – President Johnson signs into law a bill making it illegal to destroy or mutilate a U.S. draft card, with penalties of up to five years and a $10,000 fine.
1966 -CHART TOPPERS – “Summer in the City” by The Lovin’ Spoonful, “Sunny” by Bobby Hebb, “See You in September” by The Happenings and “Almost Persuaded” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1966 – Final original episode of McHale’s Navy.
1968 – “People Got to Be Free” by the Rascals topped the charts.
1969 – Boxer Rocky Marciano died in an airplane crash in Iowa.
1971 – Dave Scott becomes first person to drive a car on the Moon.
1972 – Vietnam War: U.S. weekly casualty figures of five dead and three wounded are the lowest recorded since record keeping began in January 1965.
1972 – At the Munich Summer Olympics American swimmer Mark Spitz won his fourth and fifth gold medals, in the 100-meter butterfly and 800-meter freestyle relay.
1974 – “The Partridge Family” television show ended.
1974 – In federal court, John Lennon testified the Nixon administration tried to have him deported because of his involvement with the anti-war demonstrations at the 1972 Republican convention in Miami, FL.
1974 – CHART TOPPERS – “(You’re) Having My Baby” by Paul Anka, “I Shot the Sheriff” by Eric Clapton, “Tell Me Something Good” by Rufus and “The Grand Tour” by George Jones all topped the charts.
1974 – Carole King’s “Jazzman” was released.
1976 – George Harrison (1943-2001) was found guilty of plagiarizing “My Sweet Lord.”
1978 – Emily and William Harris, founding members of the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA), pleaded guilty to four charges related to the 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst.
1979 – Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with the Sun.
1980 – The Polish trade union Solidarity was formed in Gdansk.
1981 – $100 tickets went on sale for the highest-priced play in Broadway history. The popularity of Nicholas Nickleby gained unexpected momentum in the 1980s with the success of the Royal Shakespeare Company’s eight-and-a-half-hour stage production. It came with dinner.
1981 – The 30-year contract between ‘Mr. Television’, Milton Berle, and NBC-TV expired.
1982 – CHART TOPPERS – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor, “Hurts So Good” by John Cougar, “Abra-ca-dabra” by The Steve Miller Band and “Fool Hearted Memory” by George Strait all topped the charts.
1985 – “The Power of Love” by Huey Lewis & the News topped the charts.
1985 – The “Night Stalker” killer, Richard Ramirez, was captured by residents in Los Angeles.
1986 – Eighty-two people were killed when a small private plane collided with a Aeromexico DC-9 over Cerritos, CA.
1987 – The US Justice Department challenged the constitutionality of the 1978 Ethics in Government Act, which provided for the appointment of independent counsels. The Supreme Court upheld the law.
1988 – Five-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins.
1988 – A Delta Boeing 727 crashed during takeoff at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport in Texas. Fourteen people were killed in the accident that was later blamed on the crew’s failure to set the wing flaps in their proper position.
1989 – The Rolling Stones began their first concert tour in eight years at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia, PA.
1990 – Ken Griffey Sr. & Jr. were the first father-and-son combo to play on same baseball team.
1990 – CHART TOPPERS – “Vision of Love” by Mariah Carey, “Come Back to Me” by Janet Jackson, “If Wishes Came True” by Sweet Sensation and “Next to You, Next to Me” by Shenandoah all topped the charts.
1990 – East Germany and West Germany signed a reunification treaty.
1991 – In a “Solidarity Day” protest hundreds of thousands of union members marched in Washington, DC.
1992 – Randy Weaver, a white separatist, surrendered to authorities after an eleven day siege at his cabin in Naples, ID.
1993 – Hurricane Emily hit North Carolina’s Outer Banks, killing three people.
1995 – Judge Lance Ito ruled that only two tapes of racist comments by Mark Fuhrman could be played in the trial of O.J. Simpson.
1996 – Iraq: More than 100 members of the Iraqi National Congress in Irbil were captured by Iraqi secret police and apparently executed. The Congress was set up by the US in 1992 as an alternative to Saddam Hussein.
1996 – Three adults and four children drowned at John D. Long Lake in Union, South Carolina when their car rolled into the lake by accident. They had gone to see a monument to the sons of Susan Smith, who drowned her two sons on Oct 25, 1994 when she let her car roll into the lake.
1997 – Princess Diana of Wales died at age 36 in a car crash in Paris. Her companion, Dodi Fayed, and their chauffeur were also killed.
1997 – In Phoenix, Az., bounty hunters in search of a bail jumper killed a couple that apparently knew nothing about the sought bail jumper.
1998 – “Titanic” became the first movie in North America to earn more than $600 million.
1998 – In Gaithersburg, Md., boxer Mike Tyson assaulted two motorists following a minor chain-reaction collision. In 1999 he was convicted of assault and sentenced to one year in jail.
1998 – Madonna filed suit against the YMCA to prevent it from building a high-rise residential tower near Lincoln Center in New York City, NY.
1999 – Detroit’s teachers went on strike, wiping out the first day of class for 172-thousand students in one of the largest teachers’ strikes in years. The walkout lasted nine days.
2000 – President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have gradually repealed inheritance taxes, saying it would have benefited the wealthiest Americans while threatening the nation’s financial well-being.
2001 – In Montana a helicopter assigned to the 25,500-acre Fridley fire crashed and 3 crewmen were killed.
2002 – The Los Angeles Sparks beat the New York Liberty 69-66 to defend their WNBA championship.
2003 – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency declassifies carbon dioxide as a pollutant, a move seen as leading to the elimination of restrictions on industrial emissions of the controversial gas.
2004 – US astronomers reported finding two planets orbiting distant stars. One was near 55 Cancri, 41 light-years away; the other was near Gliese 436, 33 light-years away.
2004 – Iraq: A video purporting to show the methodical, grisly killings of twelve Nepalese construction workers kidnapped in Iraq was posted on a Web site linked to a militant group operating in Iraq.
2004 – Tropical Storm Gaston flooded Richmond and other parts of central Virginia with a foot or more of rain. Five people were killed.
2005 – The Bush administration said it will release oil from federal petroleum reserves to help refiners affected by Hurricane Katrina.
2005 – New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin announced that the planned sandbagging of the 17th Street Canal levee breach had failed. At the time, 85% of the city was underwater.
2005 – At least 25,000 of Hurricane Katrina’s refugees, a majority of them at the New Orleans Superdome, began traveling in a bus convoy to Houston and will be sheltered at the 40-year-old Astrodome.
2006 – President George Bush, speaking in Salt Lake City, predicted victory in the war on terror, likening the struggle against Islamic fundamentalism with the fight against Nazis and communists.
2006 – NASA awarded a multibillion contract to Lockheed Martin Corp. to send astronauts to the moon and maybe on to Mars. The projected Orion crew exploration vehicle program will cost an estimated $7.5 billion through 2019. 2007- The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco denied an appeal from the Teamsters, the Sierra Club and other groups on Aug. 31, to allow Mexican trucks to cross or borders with no controls.
2007 – Mike Nifong, the disgraced former district attorney of Durham County, N.C., was sentenced to a day in jail after being held in criminal contempt of court for lying to a judge when pursuing rape charges against three falsely accused Duke University lacrosse players.
2007 – Democratic Party fundraiser Norman Hsu surrenders to the San Mateo County sheriff’s office on a 15-year-old felony warrant. 2007 – A federal appeals court allowed the US Navy to resume underwater sonar blasts in anti-submarine warfare tests off of Southern California, saying military needs come before whales. 2008 – New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin orders the mandatory evacuation of the city ahead of Hurricane Gustav.
2009 – In southern California a massive fire in the Angeles National Forest nearly doubled in size overnight, threatening 12,000 homes in a 20-mile-long swath of flame and smoke and surging toward a mountaintop broadcasting complex.
2009 – Florida’s Gov. Crist signed a 20-year gambling pact with the Seminole Indian tribe, which agreed to pay Florida $12.5 million a month for 30 months for running, currently illegal, slot machines and blackjack games.
2009 – The Walt Disney Co. said it is buying Marvel Entertainment Inc. for $4 billion in cash and stock, bringing such characters as Iron Man and Spider-Man into the family of Mickey Mouse and WALL-E.
2010 – President Barack Obama marked the symbolic end of US combat operations in Iraq. Vice President Joe Biden presided over the formal end to US combat operations in Iraq.
2010 – In Arkansas a medical helicopter crashed in Van Burn County killing three crew members trying to reach a person injured in a traffic accident.
2010 – Senator Lisa Murkowski concedes defeat in the Alaskan Republican primary election to challenger to Joe Miller.
2011- Wildfires severely damage homes and infrastructure in the US states of Texas and Oklahoma.
2012 – A shooting at a Pathmark grocery store in Old Bridge, New Jersey, kills at least three people. Old Bridge is a bedroom suburb of New York City located across the Raritan Bay from Staten Island, and it is about 25 miles from Manhattan, and about 30 miles south of Newark.
1880 – Wilhelmina, Dutch queen (1890-1948).
1897 – Fredric March (Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel), American Academy Award-winning actor.
1903 – Arthur Godfrey, American television host (d. 1983)
1908 – William Saroyan, American Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright.
1918 – Alan Jay Lerner, American songwriter, lyricist.
1935 – Eldridge Cleaver, American black activist.
1945 – Itzhak Perlman, Israeli violinist.
KOUMA, ERNEST R. KOREAN WAR
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant (then Sfc.) U.S. Army, Company A, 72d Tank Battalion. Place and date: Vicinity of Agok, Korea, 31 August and 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Dwight, Nebr. Born: 23 November 1919, Dwight, Nebr. G.O. No.: 38, 4 June 1951. Citation: M/Sgt. Kouma, a tank commander in Company A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. His unit was engaged in supporting infantry elements on the Naktong River front. Near midnight on 31 August, a hostile force estimated at five hundred crossed the river and launched a fierce attack against the infantry positions, inflicting heavy casualties. A withdrawal was ordered and his armored unit was given the mission of covering the movement until a secondary position could be established. The enemy assault overran two tanks, destroyed one and forced another to withdraw. Suddenly M/Sgt. Kouma discovered that his tank was the only obstacle in the path of the hostile onslaught. Holding his ground, he gave fire orders to his crew and remained in position throughout the night, fighting off repeated enemy attacks. During one fierce assault, the enemy surrounded his tank and he leaped from the armored turret, exposing himself to a hail of hostile fire, manned the .50 caliber machine gun mounted on the rear deck, and delivered pointblank fire into the fanatical foe. His machine gun emptied, he fired his pistol and threw grenades to keep the enemy from his tank. After more than nine hours of constant combat and close-in fighting, he withdrew his vehicle to friendly lines. During the withdrawal through 8 miles of hostile territory, M/Sgt. Kouma continued to inflict casualties upon the enemy and exhausted his ammunition in destroying three hostile machine gun positions. During this action, M/Sgt. Kouma killed an estimated two-hundred-fifty enemy soldiers. His magnificent stand allowed the infantry sufficient time to reestablish defensive positions. Rejoining his company, although suffering intensely from his wounds, he attempted to resupply his tank and return to the battle area. While being evacuated for medical treatment, his courage was again displayed when he requested to return to the front. M/Sgt. Kouma’s superb leadership, heroism, and intense devotion to duty reflect the highest credit on himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
*LYELL, WILLIAM F. KOREAN WAR
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company F, 17th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chup’a-ri, Korea, 31 August 1951. Entered service at: Old Hickory, Tenn. Birth: Hickman County, Tenn. G.O. No.: 4, 9 January 1953. Citation: Cpl. Lyell, a member of Company F, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When his platoon leader was killed, Cpl. Lyell assumed command and led his unit in an assault on strongly fortified enemy positions located on commanding terrain. When his platoon came under vicious, raking fire which halted the forward movement, Cpl. Lyell seized a 57mm. recoilless rifle and unhesitatingly moved ahead to a suitable firing position from which he delivered deadly accurate fire completely destroying an enemy bunker, killing its occupants. He then returned to his platoon and was resuming the assault when the unit was again subjected to intense hostile fire from two other bunkers. Disregarding his personal safety, armed with grenades he charged forward hurling grenades into one of the enemy emplacements, and although painfully wounded in this action he pressed on destroying the bunker and killing six of the foe. He then continued his attack against a third enemy position, throwing grenades as he ran forward, annihilating four enemy soldiers. He then led his platoon to the north slope of the hill where positions were occupied from which effective fire was delivered against the enemy in support of friendly troops moving up. Fearlessly exposing himself to enemy fire, he continuously moved about directing and encouraging his men until he was mortally wounded by enemy mortar fire. Cpl. Lyell’s extraordinary heroism, indomitable courage, and aggressive leadership reflect great credit on himself and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
GREBE, M. R. WILLIAM CIVIL WAR
Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 4th Missouri Cavalry. Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 31 August 1864. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Born: 4 August 1838, Germany. Date of issue: 24 February 1899. Citation: While acting as aide and carrying orders across a most dangerous part of the battlefield, being hindered by a Confederate advance, seized a rifle, took a place in the ranks and was conspicuous in repulsing the enemy.
Rowing on the Ocean
In 1896 Frank Samuelsen (died 1946) and George Harbo (died of pneumonia in 1909), were recent emigrants from Norway to the United States. Harbo, a surfboat fisherman, and Samuelsen, a merchant seaman, were scraping by, digging clams at Atlantic Highlands on the New Jersey coast, decided that they would make a name for themselves by rowing across the Atlantic Ocean. The inspiration for their scheme was Richard Fox, the publisher of Police Gazette, who had backed previous schemes that today might feature in the Guinness Book of Records. With his support and their meager savings, an 18-foot shiplap (clinker-built) oak rowboat was built with water-resistant cedar sheathing with a couple of watertight flotation compartments and two rowing benches. The boat was fitted with rails to help them right it if capsized, a feature that saved their lives in mid-ocean. With a compass, a sextant, a copy of the Nautical Almanac oilskins and three sets of oars lashed safely in place, they set out from The Battery in New York City June 6, 1896, and arrived 55 days later in the Scilly Isles.
“The world stands aside to let anyone pass who knows where he is going.”
~ David Starr Jordan
supposititious suh-poz-uh-TISH-uhs, adjective:
1. Fraudulently substituted for something else; not being what it purports to be; not genuine; spurious; counterfeit.
2. Hypothetical; supposed.
30 B.C. – Cleopatra, the seventh queen of Egypt, committed suicide.
1645 – American Indians and the Dutch made a peace treaty at New Amsterdam. New Amsterdam later became known as New York.
1682 – William Penn sailed from England and later established the colony of Pennsylvania in America.
1780 – General Benedict Arnold betrayed the US when he promised secretly to surrender the fort at West Point to the British army. Arnold whose name has become synonymous with traitor fled to England after the botched conspiracy.
1781 – The French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse arrived in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution. The fleet defeated British fleet under Admiral Graves at the Battle of Chesapeake Capes.
1806 – New York City’s second daily newspaper, the “Daily Advertiser,” was published for the last time.
1809 – Charles Doolittle Walcott first discovered fossils near Burgess Pass. He named the site Burgess Shale after nearby Mt. Burgess.
1813 – Marines aboard the USS President helped capture the HMS brig Shannon.
1813 – Creek Indians massacred over 500 whites at Fort Mims Alabama. The fort was 35 to 40 miles north of Mobile, Alabama near Bay Minette, Alabama.
1836 – The city of Houston, TX is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
1850 – Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
1861 – Civil War: Union General John Fremont declared martial law throughout Missouri and made his own emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the state. However, Fremont’s order was countermanded days later by President Lincoln. Fremont was soon relieved of command after refusing Lincoln’s order to rescind his proclamation and adhere to the terms of the August 6 Confiscation Act.
1862 – Civil War: Union forces, commanded by Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell, were defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia. McDowell was then relieved of his command until he was sent to command the Department of the Pacific in 1864, where he finished the war.
1862 – Civil War: In the Battle of Altamont, Tennessee, Confederates beat Union forces.
1862 – Civil War: Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout Union forces under General Horatio Wright.
1862 – Civil War: U.S.S. Passaic launched at Greenpoint, New York. A newspaper reporter observed: “A fleet of monsters has been created, volcanoes in a nutshell, breathing under water, fighting under shelter, steered with mirrors, driven by vapor, running anywhere, retreating from nothing.
1863 – Civil War: A detachment of the Marine Brigade, assigned to Rear Admiral Porter’s Mississippi Squadron, captured three Confederate paymasters at Bolivar, Mississippi. The paymasters, escorted by 35 troops who were also taken prisoner, were carrying $2,200,000 in Confederate currency to pay their soldiers at Little Rock.
1872 – The Neptune Line steamer Metis sank in 30 minutes off Watch Hill, RI. Of 104 passengers and 45 crew, only 33 survived.
1879 – Former Confederate General John Bell Hood (b.1831), died of yellow fever in a New Orleans epidemic.
1880 – Diablo, a chief of the Cibecue Apache, is killed during a battle with a competing band of Indians. Known as Eskinlaw to his own people, Diablo was a prominent chief of the Cibecue Apache, who lived in the White Mountains of Arizona.
1881 – The first stereo system, for a telephonic broadcasting service, was patented in Germany by Clement Adler.
1885 – Thirteen thousand meteors were seen in one hour near Andromeda.
1892 – The Moravia, a passenger ship arriving from Germany, brought cholera to the United States.
1901 – Scottish inventor Hubert Cecil Booth patented the vacuum cleaner.
1905 – Ty Cobb’s first major league at bat (Detroit Tigers). He hit a double in his first at-bat in a game against the NY Highlanders. The Tigers won, 5-3.
1906 – Hal Chase became first Yank to hit three triples in a game.
1910 – Yankee Tom Hughes pitches nine no-hit innings but loses to Cleveland 5-0 in eleven innings
1913 – Umpire forfeits game when fans in bleachers try to distract Giants.
1913 – Navy tests Sperry gyroscopic stabilizer (automatic pilot).
1914 – World War I: The first German plane bombed Paris and two people were killed.
1922 – The New Orleans Rhythm Kings recorded “Tiger Rag“. It was released on the General record label.
1926 – The first running of the Hambletonian happened in Syracuse, New York. Guy McKinney was the first horse to win first place in the famous race.
1929 – Near New London, CT, 26 officers and men test Momsen lung to exit submerged USS S-4.
1932 – Pre-WWII Europe: Nazi leader Hermann Goering was elected president of the Reichstag.
1935 – The US Revenue Act increased taxes on inheritances, gifts and higher income individuals.
1939 – NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph.
1941 – World War II: The Nazis severed the last railroad link between Leningrad and the rest of the Soviet Union.
1942 – World War II: At Guadalcanal, the American forces receive 18 more fighters and 12 dive bombers.
1942 – World War II: The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between August 30 and September 6, 1942 during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. The combatants were the Afrika Korps, commanded by Erwin Rommel (“the Desert Fox”) and the British Eighth Army, commanded by Bernard Montgomery.
1944 – World War II: Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, fell to Soviet troops.
1945 – World War II: American and British forces land in the Tokyo area. The US 11th Airborne Division flies in to Atsugi airfield, while the US 4th Marine Regiment of the US 6th Marine Division lands in the naval base at Yokosuka.
1945 – World War II: Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up the Allied occupation headquarters.
1945 – World War II: A proclamation to the German people is signed today formally announcing the establishment of the Allied Control Council and its assumption of supreme authority in Germany.
1945 – A pale green Super Six coupe rolled off the Hudson Company’s assembly line, the first post-World War II car to be produced by the auto manufacturer.
1949 – CHART TOPPERS – “You’re Breaking My Heart” by Vic Damone, “Room Full of Roses” by The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Don Cornell), “Some Enchanted Evening” by Perry Como and “I’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love)” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1950 – Korean War: The USAF organized Detachment F of the 3rd Rescue Squadron in Korea and equipped it with Sikorsky H-5 helicopters.
1950 – Korean War: The U.S. 1st Cavalry Division relieved the ROK 1st Division on the Naktong River front.
1952 – “Half As Much” by Rosemary Clooney topped the charts.
1952 – Korean War: Captain Leonard W. Lilley of the 4th Fighter Interceptor Wing scored his first aerial victory. He went on to become an F-86 Sabre ace.
1956 – In Louisiana the two-lane Lake Pontchartrain causeway opened. A second span was added in 1969.
1956 – A white mob prevented the enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas.
1957 – CHART TOPPERS – “Love Letters in the Sand” by Pat Boone, “Tammy” by Debbie Reynolds, “Whole Lot of Shakin’ Going On” by Jerry Lee Lewis and “(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts.
1958 – “Little Star” by The Elegants topped the charts.
1960 – A partial blockade was imposed on West Berlin by East Germany.
1963 – The hot-line communications link (the Red Phone) between Washington, D.C. and Moscow went into operation.
1965 – CHART TOPPERS – “I Got You Babe” by Sonny & Cher, “Help!” by The Beatles, “California Girl’s by The Beach Boys and “Yes, Mr. Peters” by Roy Drusky & Priscilla Mitchell all topped the charts
1965 – Thurgood Marshall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a Supreme Court justice. Marshall was the first black justice to sit on the Supreme Court.
1965 – Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball.
1966 – Vietnam: Hanoi Radio announces that Deputy Premier Le Thanh Nghi has signed an agreement with Peking whereby the People’s Republic of China will provide additional economic and technical aid to North Vietnam.
1968 – The Beatles’ “Hey Jude” was released.
1969 – “Honky Tonk Women” by the Rolling Stones topped the charts.
1972 – President Nixon announced that John Dean had completed his investigation into the Watergate wiretapping debacle. And he added that no one from the White House was involved. Well, good.
1972 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono played their “One To One” concert at New York’s Madison Square Garden.
1973 – CHART TOPPERS – “Brother Louie” by Stories, “Live and Let Die” by Wings, “Let’s Get It On” by Marvin Gaye and “Everybody’s Had the Blues” by Merle Haggard all topped the charts.
1974 – “The Brady Bunch“, a typical 1970s scrubbed-face American family sitcom aired on TV Sept. 26, 1969. This was the final episode.
1975 – “Get Down Tonight” by K. C. & the Sunshine Band topped the charts
1976 – Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1979 – First recorded occurrence-comet hits sun.
1979 – Hurricane David devastated the tiny Caribbean island of Dominica as it began a rampage through the Caribbean and up the eastern seaboard of the United States that claimed some 1,100 lives.
1980 – “Sailing” by Christopher Cross topped the charts.
1980 – Cher made an unannounced appearance as vocalist with Black Rose at a concert in New York’s Central Park.
1981– CHART TOPPERS – “Endless Love” by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie, “Slow Hand” by Pointer Sisters, “Stop Draggin’ My Heart Around” by Stevie Nicks with Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers and “(There’s) No Gettin’ Over Me” by Ronnie Milsap all topped the charts.
1981 – The Rolling Stones released their “Tattoo You” LP.
1983 – Lt. Col. Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first Black astronaut to travel in space. He was on the Space Shuttle Challenger.
1984 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and several others, were inducted into the Sportscasters Hall of Fame.
1984 – The space shuttle Discovery lifted off for the first time. On the voyage three communications satellites were deployed.
1986 – “Higher Love” by Steve Winwood topped the charts.
1986 – Roger Clemens of the Boston Red Sox became the first 20-game winner of the year. Clemens was the first Red Sox pitcher to achieve that feat since 1978.
1987 – A redesigned space shuttle booster, created in the wake of the Challenger disaster, roared into life in its first full-scale test-firing near Brigham City, Utah.
1989 – CHART TOPPERS – “Right Here Waiting” by Richard Marx, “Cold Hearted” by Paula Abdul, “Hangin’ Tough” by New Kids on the Block and “Are You Ever Gonna Love Me” by Holly Dunn all topped the charts.
1989 – A federal jury in New York found “hotel queen” Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax evasion but acquitted her of extortion. Helmsley served 18 months behind bars, a month at a halfway house and two months under house arrest.
1990 – President Bush told a news conference that a “new world order” could emerge from the Gulf crisis.
1991 – At the World Track and Field Championships in Tokyo, Mike Powell jumped 29 feet, 4 and 1/2 inches for a new world record.
1991 – Dottie West was critically injured in a car accident while en route to perform at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, TN. She died five days later.
1992 – The television series “Northern Exposure” won six Emmy Awards, including best drama series, while “Murphy Brown” received three Emmys, including best comedy series, in a ceremony marked by satirical jabs directed at Vice President Dan Quayle.
1993 – “Late Show with David Letterman” debuted on CBS-TV.
1994 – Usher’s first studio album, “Usher”, was released.
1994 – Oasis’ first studio album, “Definitely Maybe”, was released.
1994 – The largest U.S. defense contractor was created when the Lockheed and Martin Marietta corporations agreed to a merger.
1994 – Rosa Parks was robbed and beaten by Joseph Skipper. Parks was known for her refusal to give up her seat on a bus in 1955, which sparked the civil rights movement.
1994 IBM announced it would not oppose Microsoft’s attempt to trademark the name “Windows.”
1996 – An expedition to raise part of the Titanic failed when the nylon lines being used to raise part of the hull snapped.
1996 – Dick Morris, the campaign strategist for President Bill Clinton, resigned due to exposure in a sex scandal.
1996 – The California Legislature sent a bill to Gov. Wilson that would mandate chemical castration of child molesters.
1997 – “Mo Money Mo Problems” by The Notorious B.I.G. topped the charts.
1997 – Philip Noel Johnson, an armored car driver believed to have stolen $22 million, was arrested at the Texas border. Johnson later pleaded guilty to charges of kidnapping, money laundering and interfering with interstate commerce. He received 25 years in prison.
1997 – Americans and others in the Western Hemisphere learned of the deaths of Princess Diana, her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed, and their driver, Henri Paul, in a car crash in Paris. Bodyguard Trevor Rees-Jones survived. Because of the time difference, it was the morning of Aug. 31 in Paris when Diana was pronounced dead.
2001 – U.S. warplanes launch strikes against Iraqi “military targets” after Iraq claims that it has shot down a U.S. spy plane.
2001 – It was reported that some 40,000 tax forms were destroyed or concealed at a Pittsburgh processing center run by Mellon Bank.
2002 – Major League Baseball players reached agreement with team owners on a four-year labor deal. This action averted a strike that threatened to drive away the sport’s already embittered fans. It was the first time since 1970 that players and owners had agreed to a new collective bargaining agreement without a work stoppage.
2002 – In Washington, DC, some 35,000 gathered for the 39th annual meeting of the Islamic Society of North America.
2003 – Harley-Davidson celebrated its 100th anniversary in Milwaukee with a parade of 10,000 motorcycles. Some 250,000 bikers packed the roads around Milwaukee for a three-day celebration.
2003 – A flashflood swept cars off the Kansas Turnpike in Emporia and at least four children were killed with two more missing.
2003 – In Gerlach, Nevada, a woman riding an “art car” at the counterculture Burning Man festival died when she accidentally fell under the vehicle’s wheels. The weeklong festival, theme name “Beyond Belief,” peaked Saturday night with the torching of a 70-foot-high wooden effigy of a man. Burning Man is a week-long annual event held in the Black Rock Desert in northern Nevada. The event begins on the last Monday in August, and ends on the first Monday in September.
2004 – Republicans opened their convention in NYC with speeches by Rudolph Giuliani and Sen. John McCain.
2005 – A US Congressional study said the US is the largest supplier of weapons to developing nations, delivering more than $9.6 billion in arms to Near East and Asian countries last year.
2005 – A US federal court ordered Palestinian Authority assets in the US frozen in order to pay a $116 million judgement for the 1996 killing of an American in Israel.
2005 – The death toll in Mississippi from Hurricane Katrina passed 100. Flooding reached 11 feet in Mobile, Ala. Breaches in at least 2 levees from Lake Pontchartrain put parts of New Orleans under 20 feet of water. Mayor Ray Nagin estimated that 80% of New Orleans was flooded. Tourists snapped pictures of looters in the French Quarter.
2007 – In a serious breach of nuclear security, a US B-52 bomber armed with six nuclear warheads flew cross-country unnoticed; the Air Force later punished 70 people.
2008 – In Black Rock City, Nevada, the 40-foot Burning Man was set aflame. This year’s festival, themed the American Dream, was marked by a 10-story steel frame tower built by union workers of recycled materials.
2009 – In Utah a fire, which already destroyed three houses and covered over fifteen square miles, threatened the rural town of New Harmony.
2010 – The Hewlett-Packard Co. agreed to pay $55 million to settle a Justice Dept. probe on overcharges in a kickback scheme. The settlement involved a False Claims Act lawsuit dating back to 2004.
2010 – In Seattle, Wa., John Williams, a Native American homeless woodcarver, was shot and killed by police officer Ian Birk, who had ordered him to drop his small knife. The shooting was later ruled unjustified, but prosecutors said they would not file criminal charges.
2011 – Hurricane Irene’s death toll reached 40 in the US plus three people in the Dominican Republic and one in Puerto Rico. Vermont suffers its worst flooding in 100 years and New Jersey suffers extensive flooding with Passaic County, Mercer County and Middlesex County worst affected.
2012 – Mitt Romney accepted the Republican presidential nomination.
2012 -President Obama issues an Executive Order — Accelerating Investment in Industrial Energy Efficiency.
1797 – Mary was an English novelist, the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. She was married to the notable Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.
1893 – Huey Long, American politician (d. 1935) He was an American politician from the U.S. state of Louisiana. A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies. He served as governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935.
1898 – Shirley Booth, American actress (d. 1992)
1908 – Fred MacMurray, American actor (d. 1991)
1918 – Ted Williams, baseball player (d. 2002)
1930 – Warren Buffett, American entrepreneur. With an estimated current net worth of around US$42 billion, he is ranked by Forbes as the second-richest person in the world, behind only Microsoft chairman Bill Gates.
|WALSH, KENNETH AMBROSE
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron 124, U.S. Marine Corps. Place and date: Solomon Islands area, 15 and 30 August 1943. Entered service at: New York. Born: 24 November 1916, Brooklyn, N.Y. Other Navy awards: Distinguished Flying Cross with 5 Gold Stars. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty as a pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron 124 in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands area. Determined to thwart the enemy’s attempt to bomb Allied ground forces and shipping at Vella Lavella on 15 August 1943, 1st Lt. Walsh repeatedly dived his plane into an enemy formation outnumbering his own division six to one and, although his plane was hit numerous times, shot down two Japanese dive bombers and one fighter. After developing engine trouble on 30 August during a vital escort mission, 1st Lt. Walsh landed his mechanically disabled plane at Munda, quickly replaced it with another, and proceeded to rejoin his flight over Kahili. Separated from his escort group when he encountered approximately fifty Japanese Zeros, he unhesitatingly attacked, striking with relentless fury in his lone battle against a powerful force. He destroyed four hostile fighters before cannon shellfire forced him to make a dead-stick landing off Vella Lavella where he was later picked up. His valiant leadership and his daring skill as a flier served as a source of confidence and inspiration to his fellow pilots and reflect the highest credit upon the U.S. Naval Service.
INTERIM 1871 – 1898
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cibicu Creek, Ariz., 30 August 1881. Entered service at: Washington Township, Knox County, Maine. Born: 15 June 1848, Washington Township, Knox County, Maine. Date of issue: 4 November 1882. Citation: Conspicuous and extraordinary bravery in attacking mutinous scouts.
|CARTER, WILLIAM H.
INTERIM 1871 – 1898
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cibicu, Ariz., 30 August 1881. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Nashville, Tenn. Date of issue: 17 September 1891. Citation: Rescued, with the voluntary assistance of two soldiers, the wounded from under a heavy fire.
INTERIM 1871 – 1898
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cibicu, Ariz., 30 August 1881. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 20 July 1888. Citation: Bravery in action.
Rank and organization. Private, Company F, 6th New Jersey Infantry. Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 17 September 1897. Citation: The flag of his regiment having been abandoned during retreat, he voluntarily returned with a single companion under a heavy fire and secured and brought off the flag, his companion being killed.
|ESTES, LEWELLYN G.
Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, Volunteers. Place and date: At Flint River, Ga., 30 August 1864. Entered service at: Penobscot, Maine. Birth: Oldtown, Maine. Date of issue: 29 August 1894. Citation: Voluntarily led troops in a charge over a burning bridge.
|HAIGHT, JOHN H.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 72d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Bristol Station, Va., 27 August 1862. At Manassas, Va., 29-30 August 1862. Entered service at: Westfield, N.Y. Born: 1 July 1841, Westfield, N.Y. Date of issue: 8 June 1888. Citation: At Williamsburg, Va., voluntarily carried a severely wounded comrade off the field in the face of a large force of the enemy; in doing so was himself severely wounded and taken prisoner. Went into the fight at Bristol Station, Va., although severely disabled. At Manassas, volunteered to search the woods for the wounded.
|RANNEY, MYRON H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 13th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Franklinville, N.Y. Date of issue: 23 March 1895. Citation: Picked up the colors and carried them off the field after the color bearer had been shot down; was himself wounded.
|RHODES, JULIUS D.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 5th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Thoroughfare Gap, Va., 28 August 1862. At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. Entered service at: Springville, N.Y. Birth: Monroe County, Mich. Date of issue: 9 March 1887. Citation: After having had his horse shot under him in the fight at Thoroughfare Gap, Va., he voluntarily joined the 105th New York Volunteers and was conspicuous in the advance on the enemy’s lines. Displayed gallantry in the advance on the skirmish line at Bull Run, Va., where he was wounded.
|ROOSEVELT, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K. 26th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Chester Pa. Birth: Chester, Pa. Date of issue: 2 July 1887. Citation: At Bull Run, Va., recaptured the colors, which had been seized by the enemy. At Gettysburg captured a Confederate color bearer and color, in which effort he was severely wounded.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 5th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Brooklyn, N.Y. Date of issue: 17 September 1897. Citation: Under heavy fire voluntarily carried information to a battery commander that enabled him to save his guns from capture. Was severely wounded, but refused to go to the hospital and participated in the remainder of the campaign.
More Herbs, Less Salt Day
Chop Suey Day
Anniversary of John the Baptist being beheaded
It has been forty-one years (2014) since the events of Watergate first became identified in the Nixon Administration. Known as the Watergate scandal, it was a political scandal that occurred in the mid- 1970s as a result of the June 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters located in the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. It was specific to the Nixon administration’s attempted cover-up of its involvement.
In the following investigation, the scandal produced the indictment, trial, conviction and jailing of forty-three people, including dozens of top Nixon administration officials.
It all began with the arrest of five men for breaking and entering into the (DNC) headquarters on June 17, 1972. The FBI determined that cash found on the burglars came from a slush fund used by Nixon’s Committee for the Re-Election of the President (CREP).
By July 1973, evidence was mounting quickly against the president’s staff, including testimony by former staff members in an investigation by the Senate Watergate Committee. It was during these hearings that the existence of a tape recording system in the President’s office was revealed.
The taping system was installed in various rooms of the White House on February 16, 1971. It was installed in two rooms in the White House: the Oval Office and the Cabinet Room. Three months later, microphones were added to President Nixon’s private office in the Old Executive Office Building, and the following year microphones were installed in the presidential lodge at Camp David.
Nixon was not the first president to record his White House conversations; the tradition began with resident Franklin D. Roosevelt and continued under Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson. All of these systems were manual recording systems except the Nixon system which was automatically activated by voice. The recorders were turned off on July 18, 1973, shortly after they became public knowledge. The tape recordings produced hundreds of Sony TC-800B open-reel tapes. In these tapes only nine were identified as being involved with the scandal by White House aide Alexander Butterfield. Special Counsel Archibald Cox, a former Solicitor General under President Kennedy, asked District Court Judge John Sirica to subpoena eight of the tapes that were relevant to confirming the testimony of White House Counsel John Dean.
Only a very few individuals knew of the existence of the taping system. The recordings were produced on as many as nine Sony TC-800B machines using very thin 0.5 mil tape at the extremely slow speed of 15/16 inches per second. The tapes contain over 3500 hours of conversation. Hundreds of hours of discussions were on foreign policy, including planning for the 1972 Nixon visit to China and visit to the Soviet Union. Only 200 hours of the 3500 contain references to Watergate.
The existence of the White House taping system was first confirmed by Senate Committee staff member Donald Sanders, in a July 13, 1973 in an interview with White House aide Alexander Butterfield.
Three days later after the televised testimony of Butterfield, he was asked about the possibility of a White House taping system by Senate Counsel Fred Thompson. On July 16, 1973, Butterfield told the committee that Nixon had ordered a taping system installed in the White House to automatically record all conversations; it was possible to concretely verify what the president said, and when he said it. Only a few White House employees had ever been aware that this system existed.
It all exploded when Special Counsel Archibald Cox, a former United States Solicitor General under President John F. Kennedy, asked District Court Judge John Sirica to subpoena eight relevant tapes to confirm the testimony of White House Counsel John Dean.
” In any moment of decision,
The best thing you can do is the right thing.
The worst thing you can do is nothing.”
~ Theodore Roosevelt
repast \rih-PAST\, noun:
Something taken as food; a meal.
Repast comes from Old French repaistre, “to feed,” from Latin re- + pascere, “to feed.” It is related to pasture, “the grass grown for the feeding of grazing animals, or the land used for grazing.”
30 – According to some Christian traditions, John the Baptist was beheaded.
70 -The Temple of Jerusalem burned after a nine-month Roman siege. The Second Temple of Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome’s 10th Legion and the Jews there were exiled. In the Jewish War the Israelites tried unsuccessfully to revolt against Roman rule.
1533 – Atahuallpa, the 13th and last emperor of the Incas, died by strangulation at the hands of Francisco Pizarro’s Spanish conquistadors. His death marked the end of 300 years of Inca civilization.
1708 – Haverhill, Mass., was destroyed by French & Indians.
1758 – The New Jersey Assembly established a permanent home for the Lenni-Lenape in Burlington County. It was the first “Indian reservation”.
1776 – Revolutionary War: General George Washington retreated during the night from Long Island to New York City.
1776 – Americans withdrew from Manhattan to Westchester.
1778 – Revolutionary War: British and American forces battle indecisively at the Battle of Rhode Island.
1786 – Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens. It was also to protest the seizure of property for the non-payment of debt.
1828 – Robert Turner of Ward, MA received a patent for his self-regulating wagon brake.
1831 – Michael Faraday demonstrated the first electric transformer. Faraday had discovered that a changing magnetic field produces an electric current in a wire, a phenomenon known as electromagnetic induction.
1833 – The United Kingdom legislates the abolition of slavery in its empire.
1839 – Fifty-three Africans were seized near modern-day Sierra Leone, taken to Cuba and sold as slaves. On this day, the slaves, led by Cinque, seized control of the ship, asking to be taken back to Africa. The crew secretly changed course and took them back to Long Island, where they stood trial.
1854 – Daniel Halladay patented a self-governing windmill.
1861 – Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
1861 – Civil War: The U.S.S. Yankee and the U.S.S. Reliance engaged a Confederate battery at Marlborough Point, Virginia.
1861 – Civil War: Four U.S. steamers engaged Confederate battery at Aquia Creek, Virginia, for three hours.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd was released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC.
1862 – Civil War: Second Battle of Bull Run.
1862 – US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation.
1863 – Civil War: Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley sank in Charleston harbor for the first time.
1864 – Civil War: While removing Confederate obstructions from the channel leading into Mobile Bay, five sailors were killed and nine others injured when a torpedo exploded. Admiral Farragut regretted the unfortunate loss but knew the channel had to be cleared. His famous quote still resonates, “Damn the torpedoes.”
1869 – The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world’s first rack railway.
1877 – Brigham Young (76), the second president of the Mormon Church, died in Salt Lake City, Utah.
1883 – Seismic sea waves (tsunami) created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in the English Channel.
1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents the world’s first motorcycle in Germany.
1885 – The first prizefight under the Marquis of Queensberry Rules was held in Cincinnati, OH. John L. Sullivan defeated Dominick McCaffery in six rounds.
1885 – Boxing’s first heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves & 3-minute rounds.
1892 – Pop (Billy) Shriver (Chicago Cubs) caught a ball that was dropped from the top of the Washington Monument in Washington, DC.
1893 – Whitcomb Judson received a patent for the “clasp locker,” a clumsy slide fastener and forerunner to the zipper.
1896 – The Chinese-American dish chop suey was invented in New York City by the chef to visiting Chinese Ambassador Li Hung-chang.
1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
1909 – AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 508.5 feet .
1909 – World’s first air race was held in Rheims France. American Glenn Curtiss won.
1915 – US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk in accident.
1916 – Congress created the US Naval reserve.
1916 – The Marine Corps Reserve was founded.
1916 -Congress authorized Treasury to establish ten Coast Guard air stations but appropriated only $7000 for an instructor and assistant.
1922 – The first radio advertisement is broadcast on WEAF-AM in New York City.
1929 – John Jacob Raskob (1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced the construction of the world’s tallest building, the Empire State Building.
1942 – Japanese naval forces enter Milne Bay.
1942 – The American Red Cross announced that Japan had refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
1944 –Pennsylvania’s 28th Infantry Division leads the American contingent in the “Liberation Day” parade down the Champs Elysees as Paris explodes with joy after the Germans withdraw from the city.
1944 – The United States government gives official recognition to the Polish Home Army. At Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C., senior Allied representatives conclude their meetings to discuss postwar security.
1945 – General MacArthur was named the Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan.
1945 – USS Iowa (BB-61) and USS Missouri (BB-63) enter Tokyo Bay in support of landing of occupation forces to take place next day.
1945 – U.S. airborne troops landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.
1945 – Secret Army and Navy reports of official enquiries into the raid on Pearl Harbor are made public. The blame is placed on a lack of preparedness, confusion and a breakdown of inter-service coordination.
1946 – Ella Fitzgerald and The Delta Rhythm Boys recorded “It’s a Pity to Say Goodnight”.
1946 – J.E. Feenstra, Nazi military police commandant, was executed.
1948 – CHART TOPPERS – “A Tree in the Meadow” by Margaret Whiting, “You Call Everybody Darlin’” by Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent), “It’s Magic” by Doris Day and “Bouquet of Roses” by Eddy Arnold all topped the charts.
1949 – Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
1949 – At the University of Illinois, a nuclear device was used for the first time to treat cancer patients.
1952 – Korean War: In the largest bombing raid of the Korean War, 1,403 planes of the Far East Air Force bombed Pyongyang, North Korea.
1953 – “No Other Love“ by Perry Como topped the charts.
1954 – The San Francisco International Airport’s (SFO) Terminal 2 opened with a ceremony led by Mayor Robinson. Mills Field became San Francisco Airport.
1956 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Prayer” by The Platters, “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley, “Allegheny Moon” by Patti Page and “I Walk the Line” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1957 – Senator Strom Thurmond set a record by filibustering the Civil Rights Act of 1957 for 24 hours and 18 minutes, although the bill ultimately passed.
1958 – United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1958 – Alan Freed’s “Big Beat Show” opened at the Fox Theatre in Brooklyn, NY.
1959 – “The Three Bells“ by The Browns topped the charts.
1962 – A US U-2 flight saw SAM launch pads in Cuba.
1962 – The lower level of the George Washington Bridge opened.
1964 – CHART TOPPERS – “Where Did Our Love Go” by The Supremes, “The House of the Rising Sun” by The Animals, “C’mon and Swim” by Bobby Freeman and “I Guess I’m Crazy” by Jim Reeves all topped the charts.
1964 – Walt Disney Pictures released their classic musical film, Mary Poppins, starring Julie Andrews and Dick van Dyke. “Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious!”
1964 – Roy Orbison’s “Oh, Pretty Woman“ was released.
1965 – Astronauts Cooper & Conrad complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5. They splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean after eight days.
1966 – San Francisco’s Candlestick Park rocked on August 29, 1966, as the Beatles (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) performed their final public concert.
1966 – Mia Farrow withdrew from the cast of the ABC-TV’s “Peyton Place.”
1967 – Final TV episode of “The Fugitive”.Dr. Richard Kimble (David Janssen), wrongly accused of murdering his wife, escapes custody while en route to Death Row and must elude police and Lt. Philip Gerard (Barry Morse).
1967 – Yankees-Red Sox battle in a 8 hours & 19 minutes doubleheader.
1968 – Maine Sen. Edmund Muskie was chosen to be the Democratic nominee for vice president at the party’s convention in Chicago.
1968 – Senator Abraham Ribicoff strongly criticized Chicago’s Mayor Daly for his strong-arm tactics in controlling protestors at the Democratic National Convention.
1970 – “War” by Edwin Starr topped the charts.
1970 – The Kinks’ single “Lola” was released.
1970 – Ruben Salazar (42), a Latino journalist for KMEX, was killed by a tear gas canister fired by a sheriff’s deputy following an anti-war demonstration in East Los Angeles.
1971 – Hank Aaron first in the NL to drive in 100 or more runs in each of 11 seasons.
1971 – In San Francisco two men burst into the Ingleside Police Station and fired through a hole in a bullet-proof glass window killing Sgt. John Young (45). A civilian clerk was wounded. Black Panthers were suspected. Three men were charged in 1975 but charges were dismissed in 1976.
1972 – CHART TOPPERS – “Brandy (You’re a Fine Girl)” by Looking Glass, “Alone Again (Naturally)” by Gilbert O’Sullivan, “Long Cool Woman (In a Black Dress)” by The Hollies and “If You Leave Me Tonight I’ll Cry” by Jerry Wallace all topped the charts.
1973 – U.S. President Nixon was ordered by Judge John Sirica to turn over the Watergate tapes. Nixon refused and appealed the order.
1974 – Moses Malone became the first basketball player to go straight from high school to the pros when he joined the Utah Stars.
1977 – St Louis Cardinal Lou Brock eclipses Ty Cobb’s stolen bases record at 893. The record he beat was held by Ty Cobb for 49 years.
1977 – Three people were arrested in Memphis after trying to steal Elvis’ body. As a result his body was moved to Graceland.
1980 – CHART TOPPERS – “Magic” by Olivia Newton-John, “Sailing” by Christopher Cross, “Take Your Time (Do It Right)” by The S.O.S. Band and “Drivin’ My Life Away “by Eddie Rabbitt all topped the charts.
1981 – “Endless Love“ by Diana Ross & Lionel Richie topped the charts.
1983 – The anchor of the USS Monitor, from the U.S. Civil War, was retrieved by divers.
1984 – Edwin Moses won his 108th consecutive 400-meter hurdles race.
1985 – In Missouri the St. Louis Union Station, purchased by a New York financier, reopened as a Grand Hyatt hotel. The massive, Romanesque-style building, designed by architect Theodore Link in 1894.
1986 – The former “American Bandstand” studio was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The studio is in Philadelphia,PA.
1986 – The Beatles performed their last public concert. The San Francisco event at Candlestick Park drew some 24,000 people.
1987 – “La Bamba“ by Los Lobos topped the charts.
1988 – CHART TOPPERS – “Monkey” by George Michael, “I Don’t Wanna to Go on with You like That” by Elton John, “I Don’t Wanna Live Without Your Love” by Chicago and “The Wanderer” by Eddie Rabbitt all topped the charts.
1988 – Macy’s Tap-o-Mania sets Guiness record.
1990 – A defiant Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declared in a television interview that America could not defeat Iraq, saying, “I do not beg before anyone.”
1991 – The Supreme Soviet voted to suspend formally all activities of the Communist Party.
1994 – Mario Lemieux announced that he would be taking a medical leave of absence due to fatigue, an aftereffect of his 1993 radiation treatments. He would sit out the National Hockey Leagues (NHL) 1994-95 season.
1995 – While shooting the music video for Meat Loaf’s “I’d Lie for You,” a pilot and cameraman were killed in a helicopter crash in the Sequoia National Forest about 150 miles north of Los Angeles, CA.
1995 – At the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles, without the jury present, tape recordings of police detective Mark Fuhrman were played in which Fuhrman could be heard spouting racial invectives.
1996 – Isaac Hayes, who co-wrote the Stax classic “Soul Man,” sent a protest letter to presidential candidate Bob Dole requesting Dole to stop using his song, which his supporters had changed to “I’m A Dole Man.”
1996 – In San Francisco, dancers from the North Beach Lusty Lady Club voted on union representation with the Service Employees International Union, Local 790. The vote passed 57 to 15. The contract was ratified Apr 10, 1997.
1997 – In New York City some 7,000 protestors marched across the Brooklyn Bridge to protest police brutality and the assault on Abner Louima.
1998 – Northwest Airlines pilots went on strike after their union rejected a last-minute company offer.
1999 – Hurricane “Dennis” wallowed along the coast toward the Carolinas, prompting evacuation orders for the fragile Outer Banks barrier islands.
2000 – Montana Gov. Marc Racicot asked Pres. Clinton to declare the state a federal disaster area due to the wildfires.
2001 – George Rivas, the ringleader of the biggest prison breakout in Texas history, was sentenced to death for killing an Irving, Tx., policeman, Aubrey Hawkins, while on the run.
2002 – The federal government approved a plan to store Colorado River water under the Mohave Desert and tap it for use by Southern California during times of drought.
2002 – A judge in Norwalk, Conn., sentenced Michael Skakel, a Kennedy cousin, to 20 years to life in prison for the 1975 murder with a golf club of Connecticut neighbor Martha Moxley.
2003 – Jeffrey Lee Parson (18), suspected of writing a variant of the “Blaster,” a virus-like computer worm, was arrested in his hometown, the Minneapolis suburb of Hopkins.
2003 – Surgeons in Baltimore, Maryland, remove a woman’s heart, rebuild its upper chambers from bovine and human tissue, and reinstall it in her body.
2003 – Rep. Bill Janklow, R-S.D., was charged with felony manslaughter in a car accident that claimed the life of motorcyclist Randolph E. Scott. Janklow was later convicted and served 100 days in jail.
2004 – Tropical Storm Gaston makes landfall at Bulls Bay, South Carolina, with near hurricane strength 70 mph winds.
2004 – Tens of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Manhattan to protest President Bush’s foreign and domestic policies as Republican delegates gathered to nominate the president for a second term.
2005 – Hurricane Katrina made a second landfall as a Category 3 storm near Empire, Buras and Boothville, Louisiana at 6:10 a.m. (CDT)after first previously striking Southeast Florida on 25 August. This date is now known as Black Monday to New Orleanians and many residents of the Gulf Coast. The rescue and response effort was one of the largest in Coast Guard history, involving units from every district, saving 24,135 lives and conducting 9,409 evacuations. Katrina ripped two holes in the curved roof of the Louisiana Superdome, letting in rain as thousands of storm refugees huddled inside. In Mississippi many of the 13 floating casinos in Biloxi and Gulfport smashed historic homes and buildings. The Grand Casino Biloxi destroyed the historic Hotel Tivoli. Storm surges and winds from Katrina unleashed at least 40 oil spills and some 193,000 barrels of oil and other petrochemicals were driven across fragile marshy ecosystems southeast of New Orleans. The death toll from Katrina eventually reached at least 1,600. An estimated 300 Louisiana residents died out of state; some 230 people perished in Mississippi. Property damage estimates were in the hundreds of billions of dollars.
2005 – In New Orleans 34 people died at a Tenet Healthcare hospital after Hurricane Katrina knocked out power and the temperature inside the building rose to more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit). The hospital’s windows couldn’t be opened.
2005 – An oil rig tore free of its moorings as Hurricane Katrina lashed the Alabama coast, before surging downriver and smashing into a suspension bridge. 92% of crude and 83% of natural gas production were shut down, as Gulf of Mexico rigs were evacuated.
2005 – The annual Burning Man Festival in Nevada planned to introduce BORG2, an event within the main event concentrating on art projects.
2005 – A Connecticut man known on the Internet as “illwill” pleaded guilty in Manhattan federal court to charges relating to the theft of the source code to Microsoft Corp.’s Windows operating software.
2005 – Jude Wanniski (b.1936), economist and journalist, died. He coined the term supply-side economics in 1975 to describe the theory that cutting personal income tax rates would lead to increased investment and create economic growth.
2006 – President George Bush visited New Orleans one year after Hurricane Katrina devastated the region to offer comfort and hope to residents.
2006 – Public school teachers in Detroit begin a strike after failing to reach an agreement with school district officials.
2006 – Omeed Aziz Popal (29), a native of Afghanistan, killed one pedestrian in Hayward, Ca., and injured another sixteen people at eleven locations in San Francisco in a driving rampage. San Francisco police finally rammed him down at California and Spruce streets. In 2008 a San Francisco judge ruled that Popal was legally insane.
2006 – In East Oakland, Ca., Anthony Quintero (24), a Brink’s guard, was killed during a robbery that involved his partner Clifton Wherry Jr. and Dwight Campbell, who shot Quintero.
2007 – Fellow Republicans called on Idaho Sen. Larry Craig to resign and party leaders pushed him from senior committee posts as fallout continued over his arrest at a Minneapolis airport restroom and guilty plea to disorderly conduct.
2007 – The US Air Force accidentally flew a nuclear-armed B-52 bomber from North Dakota to Louisiana. On October 19 the Air Force said 70 service members would be punished for widespread disregard of rules.
2007 – A new report said CEOs of American companies made an average of $10.8 million last year, more than 364 times the average pay of American workers. The 14th annual study was a joint report from the Institute for Policy Studies and United for a Fair Economy.
2007 – Richard Jewell, the former security guard who was wrongly linked to the 1996 Olympic bombing, was found dead in his west Georgia home; he was 44.
2008 – John McCain, on his 72nd birthday, tapped little-known Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin (44) to be his vice presidential running mate.
2008 – In Oklahoma a train slammed into a propane tanker truck triggering an explosion that killed two people.
2009 – California Gov. Schwarzenegger declared a state of emergency in Mariposa County due to a wild fire in Yosemite National Park.
2009 – In southeast Georgia seven people were found dead inside a dingy mobile home at a trailer park built on the grounds of a historic US plantation near Brunswick.
2010 – President Barack Obama pledges to restore the Gulf Coast on the fifth anniversary of Hurricane Katrina in a speech in New Orleans.
2012 – Hurricane Isaac arrives in the US city of New Orleans on the seventh anniversary of Hurricane Katrina hitting the city.
2012 -Yahoo News has fired Washington bureau chief David Chalian after he was caught on a hot-mic during an online video broadcast today saying that Mitt Romney and his wife Ann had no problem with African Americans suffering as a result of Hurricane Isaac. “They’re not concerned at all. They’re happy to have a party with black people drowning,” Chalian said.
2012 – Bill Brockmiller, president of the Western Wisconsin AFL- is arrested in a prostitution sting.
2013 – The Alaska Environmental Crimes Task Force sent eight armed agents wearing body armor to the tiny remote town of Chicken, Alaska to check for dirty water. Agents descended on the small community of only 17 residents and dozens of seasonal miners. According to some miners, armed agents checked for violations of the Clean Water Act, which covers how water is discharged. It was first reported on September 3, 2013.
2014 – NASA is warning a new sunspot spewing powerful X-class flares is beginning to rotate to a position directly in line with Earth. A direct hit on Earth from an X-class flare could cause major disruptions – or even destruction – to the U.S. electrical grid, which already is very vulnerable, as well as to life-sustaining critical infrastructures dependent on the grid to function.
1632 – John Locke, English philosopher.
1809 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, American physician, author, poet.
1876 – Charles Kettering. He held more than 300 U.S. patents. He invented the all-electric starting, ignition, and lighting system for automobiles. All-electric starters replaced crank ignitions for automobiles. First incorporated in the 1912 Cadillac, all-electric starting aided in the growth of the U.S. auto industry. His patents included a portable lighting system, Freon, a World War I “aerial torpedo,” a treatment for venereal disease, an incubator for premature infants, and an engine-driven generator called the “Delco”.
1915 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress.
1924 – Dinah Washington was a blues, R&B and jazz singer.
1936 – John McCain, American politician
1938 – Elliott Gould, American actor
1940 – James Brady, American White House Press Secretary and gun control activist
1958 – Michael Jackson, American entertainer (d. 2009)
*McVElGH, JOHN J.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U .S. Army, Company H, 23d Infantry, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Brest, France, 29 August 1944. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. G.O. No.: 24, 6 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty near Brest, France, on 29 August 1944. Shortly after dusk an enemy counterattack of platoon strength was launched against 1 platoon of Company G, 23d Infantry. Since the Company G platoon was not dug in and had just begun to assume defensive positions along a hedge, part of the line sagged momentarily under heavy fire from small arms and two flak guns, leaving a section of heavy machineguns holding a wide frontage without rifle protection. The enemy drive moved so swiftly that German riflemen were soon almost on top of one machinegun position. Sgt. McVeigh, heedless of a tremendous amount of small arms and flak fire directed toward him, stood up in full view of the enemy and directed the fire of his squad on the attacking Germans until his position was almost overrun. He then drew his trench knife. and single-handed charged several of the enemy. In a savage hand-to-hand struggle, Sgt. McVeigh killed one German with the knife, his only weapon, and was advancing on three more of the enemy when he was shot down and killed with small arms fire at pointblank range. Sgt. McVeigh’s heroic act allowed the two remaining men in his squad to concentrate their machinegun fire on the attacking enemy and then turn their weapons on the three Germans in the road, killing all three. Fire from this machinegun and the other gun of the section was almost entirely responsible for stopping this enemy assault, and allowed the rifle platoon to which it was attached time to reorganize, assume positions on and hold the high ground gained during the day.
|JONES, CLAUD ASHTON
Rank and organization: Commander, U.S. Navy. Place and date: U.S.S. Memphis anchored off Santo Domingo City, 29 August 1916. Born: 7 October 1885, Fire Creek, W.Va. Accredited to: West Virginia. (1 August 1932.) Citation: For extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as a senior engineer officer on board the U.S.S. Memphis, at a time when the vessel was suffering total destruction from a hurricane while anchored off Santo Domingo City, 29 August 1916. Lt. Jones did everything possible to get the engines and boilers ready, and if the elements that burst upon the vessel had delayed for a few minutes, the engines would have saved the vessel. With boilers and steam pipes bursting about him in clouds of scalding steam, with thousands of tons of water coming down upon him and in almost complete darkness, Lt. Jones nobly remained at his post as long as the engines would turn over, exhibiting the most supreme unselfish heroism which inspired the officers and men who were with him. When the boilers exploded, Lt. Jones, accompanied by two of his shipmates, rushed into the fire rooms and drove the men there out, dragging some, carrying others to the engine room, where there was air to be breathed instead of steam. Lt. Jones’ action on this occasion was above and beyond the call of duty.
*RUD, GEORGE WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Chief Machinist’s Mate, U.S. Navy. Place and date: U.S.S. Memphis anchored off Santo Domingo City, 29 August 1916. Born: 7 October 1883, Minneapolis, Minn. Accredited to: Minnesota. (1 August 1932.) Citation: For extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while attached to the U.S.S. Memphis, at a time when that vessel was suffered total destruction from a hurricane while anchored off Santo Domingo City, 29 August 1916. C.M.M. Rud took his station in the engine room and remained at his post amidst scalding steam and the rushing of thousands of tons of water into his department, receiving serious burns from which he immediately died.
|WILLEY, CHARLES H.
Rank and organization: Machinist, U.S. Navy. Place and date: U.S.S. Memphis anchored off Santo Domingo City, 29 August 1916. Entered service at: Massachusetts. Born: 31 March 1889, East Boston, Mass. G.O. No.: –1 August 1932. Citation: For extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while serving on board the U.S.S. Memphis, at a time when that vessel was suffering total destruction from a hurricane while anchored off Santo Domingo City, 29 August 1916. Machinist Willey took his station in the engineer’s department and remained at his post of duty amidst scalding steam and the rush of thousands of tons of water into his department as long as the engines would turn, leaving only when ordered to leave. When the boilers exploded, he assisted in getting the men out of the fireroom and carrying them into the engineroom, where there was air instead of steam to breathe. Machinist Willey’s conduct on this occasion was above and beyond the call of duty.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company L, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Little Muddy Creek, Mont., 7 May 1877; at Camas Meadows, Idaho, 29 August 1877. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Boston, Mass. Date of issue: 28 February 1878. Citation: Gallantry in action with hostile Sioux, at Little Muddy Creek, Mont.; having been wounded in the hip so as to be unable to stand, at Camas Meadows, Idaho, he still continued to direct the men under his charge until the enemy withdrew.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Place and date: U.S.S. Pawnee off Baltimore Inlet, 29 August 1861. Born: 1825, Baltimore, Md. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863. Citation: Embarked in a surfboat from the U.S.S. Pawnee during action against Fort Clark, off Baltimore Inlet, 29 August 1861. Taking part in a mission to land troops and to remain inshore and provide protection, Swearer rendered gallant service throughout the action and had the honor of being the first man to raise the flag on the captured fort.
|WALTON, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization. Private, Company C, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Hell, Petersburg, Va., 29 August 1864. Entered service at: Upper Oxford, Pa. Birth: Chester, Pa. Date of issue: 6 August 1902. Citation: Went outside the trenches, under heavy fire at short range, and rescued a comrade who had been wounded and thrown out of the trench by an exploding shell.
One of the great truths of life is that failure is an integral part of success. Many people try things, fail and then give up. The real tragedy is that they gave up. In every failure there is a lesson to be learned. To be successful then you take the lessons learned and re-apply them to the next attempt to succeed. Winston Churchill grabbed the essence of this when he said, “Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm.” Michael Jordan also grasped this idea and displayed it with this quote, “I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed.”
Even, sometimes, you will run into people who do not want you to succeed even though they might not verbally say that to you personally. When the statements get back to you they can often hurt and cause disappointment and discouragement. Do not take these to heart. Dale Carnegie once said, “Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest stepping stones to success.” Keeping this in mind will certainly help you overcome these two maladies successfully.
What about the people who talked me down or said very demeaning things about me? First, forgive them, not necessarily to their face but certainly in your heart. Unforgivingness will most assuredly drag you down and delay your success. One very good description of unforgivingness is, “lighting yourself on fire and hoping the other person dies of smoke inhalation.” Instead of being unforgiving, practice what David Brinkley believed, “A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him.”
The final truth is this Malcolm Forbes quote, “Failure is success if we learn from it.”
The famous failures below are now well known and their names are synonymous with success, but it wasn’t always that way. At one point the idea of these people reaching the heights they reached would have seemed absurd. Many didn’t just fail, they failed in spectacular fashion.
Abraham Lincoln -First went into politics at the age of 23 when he campaigned for a seat in the Illinois General Assembly and failed. He then opened a general store which failed after only a few months. Eight more failures and he was the President of the United States.
Robert M Pirsig - His well known book ‘Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance’ was rejected by 121 publishers. Since finally being published in 1974 it has gone on to sell millions of copies in 27 languages.
Michael Jordan - The most famous name in basketball was actually cut from his high school basketball team. He, himself, says he lost almost 300 games (that’s more games than many NBA players have court time in), missed over 9000 shots at goal (again more shots than an average NBA player even takes) and 26 times he was given the ball to take the game winning shot and MISSED. He is considered one of the most successful basketball players ever.
John Wayne - Before his successful acting career he was rejected from the United States Naval Academy and then went on to only receive one Oscar in his whole acting career.
Steven Spielberg - Dropped out of high school and applied to attend film school three times but was unsuccessful due to his C grade average.
Beethoven - His music teacher once told him that he was a hopeless composer.
Harry S Truman - This former US President was rejected by the US Military & Naval Academies due to his poor eyesight. At one point he was a clerk in a newspaper mailroom, and also an usher in a movie theater.
Babe Ruth - This baseball legend struck out 1,330 times.
Henry Ford - The Ford Motor Co was Henry Ford’s third business, the first two didn’t work out.
Winston Churchill - This former British Prime Minister did poorly in school and had a speech impediment in his early years.
Marilyn Monroe - She spent much of her younger years in foster homes. One of her first jobs, during the Second World War, was inspecting parachutes.
Walt Disney - He was fired by the editor of a newspaper for lacking in ideas.
Soichiro Honda - The founder of Honda was turned down for an engineering job by Toyota after World War Two.
Masaru Ibuka and Akio Morita - These two were the founders of Sony, but one of their first products was an electric rice cooker. They only sold 100 or so of these cookers because they tended to burn rice rather than cook it.
Albert Einstein - He learned to speak at a late age and performed poorly in school.
Thomas Edison - As a boy he was told by his teacher that he was too stupid to learn anything.
John Grisham - This best selling novelist’s first novel was rejected by sixteen agents and twelve publishing houses.
Isaac Newton - He failed at running the family farm and did poorly in school.
Emily Dickinson was told by a magazine editor that he could not publish her poems because they failed to rhyme.
F.W. Woolworth, when employed in a dry goods store, was not allowed to wait on customers because the owner didn’t think he was smart enough.
Most of these people are now household names and there is no reason that you can’t be as well. It is simply a matter of your commitment to your success.
“Character cannot be developed in ease and quiet. Only through experience of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened, ambition inspired, and success achieved.”
~ Helen Keller
plethora \PLETH-uh-ruh\, noun:
1. An abnormal bodily condition characterized by an excessive amount of blood in the system.
2.Excess; superabundance.Plethora comes from the Greek plethora, “a fullness,” fromplethein, “to be full.”
29/30AD Aug 28, John the Baptist was beheaded by King Herod, perhaps at the whim of Salome.
888 – Today was the last day until February 2, 2000 that all of the digits in the date were even. The last “odd-numbered” date was November 19,1999. Zero is generally considered to be an even number.
1565 – St. Augustine, Florida, established. It is the oldest surviving European settlement in the United States.
1609 – Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.
1640 – The Indian War in New England ended with the surrender of the Indians.
1676 – Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, was killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.
1777 – Revolutionary War – Battle of Cooch’s Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware. It was a minor skirmish action between American militia and Hessian troops.
1830 – The passenger-carrying train locomotive “Tom Thumb” was demonstrated.
1837 – Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins began to manufacture Worcester Sauce.
1845 – Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
1862 – Civil War:Confederate General Robert E. Lee, by splitting his smaller army and using flanking maneuvers, succeeds in routing the Union
1862 – Civil War:The Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, VA.
1862 – Civil War:Confederate spy Belle Boyd was released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC.
1862 – Civil War: Mistakenly believing the Confederate Army to be in retreat, Union General John Pope attacks, began the Battle of Groveten. Both sides sustained heavy casualties.
1867 – Captain William Reynolds of the U.S.S. Lackawanna raises U.S. flag over Midway Island and took formal possession of these islands for the U.S.
1883 – John Montgomery (d.1911 in a glider crash) made the first manned, controlled flight in the US in his “Gull” glider, whose design was inspired by watching birds.
1884 – First known photograph of a tornado is made. The original sepia tone photograph was taken by F. N. Robinson of Howard, Dakota Territory.
1884 – Mickey Welsh strikes-out first nine men he faces.
1898 – Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink “Pepsi-Cola”.
1898 – Marines defended American interests in Valparaiso, Chile.
1907 – UPS is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington. Nineteen-year-old Jim Casey founded the American Messenger Company in Seattle with $100 borrowed from a friend. In 1919, the company expanded beyond Seattle and changed it name to United Parcel Service.
1917 – Ten suffragists were arrested as they picketed the White House.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson signed Executive Order 3160 which returned the Coast Guard to the administrative control of the Treasury Department from the Navy after World War I.
1922 – The first Walker Cup, the oldest international team golf match in America, was held.
1922 – WEAF in New York City airs first radio commercial (Queensboro Realty-$100 for 10 mins)
1931 – “You Rascal You” was recorded by Henry Allen, with the Luis Russell Band.
1938 – Northwestern U awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy. The honorary degree was Master of Innuendo and Snappy comeback.
1938 – Mauthausen concentration camp began operating in Austria.
1941 – The Football Writers Association of America was organized.
1941 – President Franklin Roosevelt handed down an executive order establishing the Office of Price Administration (OPA). Charged with controlling consumer prices in the face of war, the OPA wheeled into action, imposing rent controls and a rationing program which initially targeted auto tires.
1942 – World War II: First and Second Battalion, 7th Marines leave Pago Pago for combat.
1942 – World War II: At Guadalcanal, the Japanese received more reinforcements brought in by Admiral Tanaka’s 2nd Destroyer Flotilla, nicknamed the “Tokyo Express.”
1944 – World War II: Elements of US First Army cross the Marne River at Meaux. The US Third Army is approaching Reims.
1944 – World War II: The German garrisons in Toulon and Marseilles surrender.
1944 -World War II: German 19th Army is cut off, to the south of Montelimar, by forces of the US 7th Army.
1945 – World War II: Goring, Ribbentrop, and 22 others former Nazi government officials are indicted as war criminals.
1945 – US forces under General George Marshall landed in Japan.
1947 – CHART TOPPERS – “Peg o’ My Heart” by The Harmonicats, “I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder” by Eddy Howard, “Ask Anyone Who Knows” by The Ink Spots and “Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)” by Tex Williams all topped the charts.
1949 – A riot prevented Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill, NY. A fundraising concert for the widows and orphans of the Spanish Civil War turned into the Peeksill riots.
1951 – Oral B (the famous line of dental products) was trademark registered.
1952 – Korean War: Units on USS Boxer (CV-21) launch explosive-filled drone which explodes against railroad bridge near Hungnam, Korea. First guided missile launched from ship during Korean Conflict.
1954 – “That’s All Right (Mama)” b/w “Blue Moon of Kentucky” became Elvis’ first hit single.
1954 – “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts topped the charts.
1955 – CHART TOPPERS – “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley & His Comets, “The Yellow Rose of Texas” by Mitch Miller, “Seventeen” by Boyd Bennett & His Rockets and “I Don’t Care” by Webb Pierce all topped the charts.
1955 – Black teenager Emmett Till is murdered in Mississippi, allegedly for whistling to a white woman and calling her “baby.”
1957 – Senator Thurmond began a 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill.
1961 – “Wooden Heart (Muss I Denn)” by Joe Dowell topped the charts.
1961 – “Please Mr. Postman” was released by the Marvelettes.
1963 – CHART TOPPERS – “Fingertips -Pt 2” by Little Stevie Wonder, “Hello Mudduh, Hello Fadduh!” by Allan Sherman, “Candy Girl” by Four Seasons and “Ring of Fire” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts.
1963 – During a 250,000-person civil rights rally in at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. Peter, Paul & Mary performed “Blowin’ In The Wind“.
1963 – Evergreen Point Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opens.
1964 – The Beatles appeared on the cover of “LIFE” magazine.
1964 – Race riots took place in Philadelphia.
1965 – “I Got You Babe” by Sonny & Cher topped the charts.
1965 – Navy CDR Scott Carpenter and nine aquanauts enter SeaLab II, 205 ft. below Southern California’s waters to conduct underwater living and working tests.
1965 – Astronauts Cooper & Conrad complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5.
1965 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong were routed in the Mekong Delta by U.S. forces, with more than 50 killed.
1968 – Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention.
1971 – CHART TOPPERS – “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart” by The Bee Gees, “Take Me Home, Country Roads” by John Denver, “Signs” by Five Man Electrical Band and “Good Lovin’ (Makes It Right)” by Tammy Wynette all topped the charts.
1971 – “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart?” by the Bee Gees topped the charts.
1972 – Vietnam War: Captain Charles B. DeBellevue, in an F-4 out of Udorn Air Base in Thailand, shoots down his fifth MiG near Hanoi.
1972 – David Bowie and the Spiders from Mars made their debut at Carnegie Hall in New York.
1972 – Mark Spitz captured the first of his seven gold medals at the Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany.
1973 – Judge John Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over secret Watergate tapes. Nixon refused and appealed the order.
1973 – Abbie Hoffman (1936-1989), “cultural revolutionary,” was busted for smuggling and dealing cocaine. He went underground for seven years and became the environmental activist Barry Freed.
1976 – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee topped the charts.
1978 – Donald Vesco rode 21′-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598 mph.
1979 – CHART TOPPERS – “My Sharona” by The Knack, “The Main Event/Fight” by Barbra Streisand, “After the Love Has Gone” by Earth, Wind & Fire and “The Devil Went Down to Georgia” by Charlie Daniels Band all topped the charts.
1981 – The National Centers for Disease Control announce a high incidence of Pneumocystis and Kaposi’s sarcoma in gay men. Soon, these will be recognized as symptoms of an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.
1981 – “The New York Daily News” published its final afternoon edition. The paper had been in a yearlong battle with “The New York Post”.
1981 – John Hinckley, Jr. pled innocent to the charge of attempting to kill President Ronald Reagan. Hinckley was later acquitted by reason of insanity.
1982 – “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor topped the charts.
1982 – The burlesque musical “Sugar Babies” closed at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC after 1208 performances.
1984 – The Jacksons’ Victory Tour broke the record for concert ticket sales. The “Victory” tour, included 55 concerts with an attendance of over 2 million people.
1986 – US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is sentenced to 365 years imprisonment and fined $410,000 for espionage for the Soviet Union.
1987 – CHART TOPPERS – “Who’s That Girl” by Madonna, “La Bamba” by Los Lobos, “Luka” by Suzanne Vega and “Why Does It Have to Be (Wrong or Right)” by Restless Heart all topped the charts.
1987 – A fire damaged the Arcadia, Fla., home of Ricky, Robert and Randy Ray, three hemophiliac brothers infected with the AIDS virus whose court-ordered school attendance sparked a local uproar. The Ray family moved to Sarasota, Fla.
1990 – Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.
1990 – Twenty-seven people were killed and 350 injured when a tornado struck in Will County in Chicago.
1990 – Two college students were found and believed to be the fourth and fifth victims in an apparent serial killing near the University of Florida at Gainesville.
1991 – After subway motorman Robert Ray fell asleep drunk in New York his train derailed, killing 5 people and injuring 133. He was charged with manslaughter.
1991 – A helicopter from USS America (CV-66) rescues three civilian sailors who spent ten days in a lifeboat eighty miles off Capt May, NJ after their sailboat capsized.
1993 – Billy Joel’s album “River of Dreams” hit #1 in the U.S.
1994 – A Drug Enforcement Agency plane crashed in Peru killing 5 U.S. agents.
1995 – The biggest bank in the U.S. was created when Chase Manhattan and Chemical Bank announced their $10 billion deal.
1996 – Britain’s Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales, are divorced.
1998 – Over 6,000 pilots of Northwest Airlines went on strike.
2002 – Federal grand juries charged six men in Detroit with conspiring to support al-Qaeda’s terrorism as members of a sleeper cell.
2002 – In Texas Toronto Patterson was executed for the 1995 killing of a cousin when he was 17.
2003 – A US Defense Department survey found that nearly one in five female Air Force Academy cadets said they had been sexually assaulted during their time at the academy.
2003 – Two small pipe bombs exploded at Chiron Corp., Emeryville, Ca. Animal rights activists were suspected.
2004 – George Brunstad, at age 70, became the oldest person to swim the English Channel. The swim from Dover, England, to Sangatte, France, took 15 hours and 59 minutes.
2005 – A mandatory evacuation is ordered by New Orleans, Louisiana mayor Ray Nagin and Louisiana governor Kathleen Blanco as Hurricane Katrina moved nearer to Louisiana.
2006 – Prosecutors in Colorado abruptly dropped their case against John Mark Karr in the slaying of JonBenet Ramsey, saying DNA tests failed to put him at the crime scene despite his repeated insistence he’d killed the 6-year-old beauty queen.
2006 – Rice farmers in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi and Texas sued BayerCrop Science alleging that its genetically modified rice has contaminated the nation’s crop.
2006 – US Sen. Barack Obama urged Kenyans to take control of their country’s destiny by opposing corruption and ethnic divisions in government during a policy speech at the main university in his father’s homeland.
2007 – In North Carolina Dwayne Allen Dail (39), a man who remained in prison for 18 years after being wrongly convicted of a 1987 child rape, was released after new DNA testing cleared him of the crime.
2007 – The annual Small Arms Survey said there are nine guns for every 10 people in the United States.
2009 – The Los Angeles County coroner has ruled that Michael Jackson’s death was a homicide involving a combination of drugs.
2009 – The space shuttle Discovery with 7 astronauts blasted off from Cape Canaveral just before midnight to bring supplies to the int’l. space station.
2010 – A large gathering of people attend Glenn Beck’s “Restoring Honor” rally at the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
2011 – Hurricane Irene spawns a confirmed tornado in Delaware that destroys a home and damages others. At least five people died in Maryland. The storm reaches New York City with 370,000 people having been evacuated from low lying areas. The state of Vermont is badly affected by the storm with the towns of Wilmington, Brattleboro and Dover all badly flooded and at least one death.
2013 – The largest rocket ever to be launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base had a successful lift-off. The Delta IV Heavy rocket was launched with a $1 billion spy satellite for the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) “in support of national defense,” according to aerospace engineering firm United Launch Alliance (ULA).
1749 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and scientist (d. 1832)
1774 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American-born Catholic saint (d. 1821)
1828 – (O.S.) – Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
1899 – Charles Boyer, French actor but also famous in America.
1921 – Nancy Kulp, an American actress best known as “Miss Jane Hathaway” on the popular television series The Beverly Hillbillies. (d. February 3, 1991)
1930 – Ben Gazarra is an American actor in television and motion pictures.
1982 – LeAnn Rimes is an American singer-songwriter and actress, best known for her work in country music.
|*JIMENEZ, JOSE FRANCISCO
Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company K, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam, 28 August 1969. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 20 March 1946, Mexico City, Mex. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a fire team leader with Company K, in operations against the enemy. L/Cpl. Jimenez’ unit came under heavy attack by North Vietnamese soldiers concealed in well camouflaged emplacements. L/Cpl. Jimenez reacted by seizing the initiative and plunging forward toward the enemy positions. He personally destroyed several enemy personnel and silenced an antiaircraft weapon. Shouting encouragement to his companions, L/Cpl. Jimenez continued his aggressive forward movement. He slowly maneuvered to within 10 feet of hostile soldiers who were firing automatic weapons from a trench and, in the face of vicious enemy fire, destroyed the position. Although he was by now the target of concentrated fire from hostile gunners intent upon halting his assault, L/Cpl. Jimenez continued to press forward. As he moved to attack another enemy soldier, he was mortally wounded. L/Cpl. Jimenez’ indomitable courage, aggressive fighting spirit and unfaltering devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and of the U.S. Naval Service.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 1st U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Smithfield, Va., 28 August 1864. Entered service at: New Hampshire. Birth: Andover, N.H. Date of issue: 23 January 1896. Citation: In an attack upon a largely superior force, his personal gallantry was so conspicuous as to inspire the men to extraordinary efforts, resulting in complete rout of the enemy.
|RHODES, JULIUS D.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 5th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Thoroughfare Gap, Va., 28 August 1862. At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. Entered service at: Springville, N.Y. Birth: Monroe County, Mich. Date of issue: 9 March 1887. Citation: After having had his horse shot under him in the fight at Thoroughfare Gap, Va., he voluntarily joined the 105th New York Volunteers and was conspicuous in the advance on the enemy’s lines. Displayed gallantry in the advance on the skirmish line at Bull Run, Va., where he was wounded.
Within a four city block square area of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania can be found a maternity ward of extreme proportions. This maternity ward is not only larger than what would be found in any hospital, but in delivery as well, for here was born not a child, but a nation. Encompassed within the area named ‘Independence National Historical Park’ can be found – Independence Hall, Carpenters’ Hall, Graff House and City Tavern. This article seeks to focus on the ward’s delivery room – Independence Hall.
During the years 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as the nation’s capital. It was here the new government, founded on the rights of the individual citizens, met – and passed – its first tests.
The formation of the United States came about by the diligent work of men, imperfect individuals interlaced with faults and failures; but filled with the dream to create for themselves and generations to come a republic which would allow them, with hard work and determination, to become all that God had put them on earth to be.
At the time of its groundbreaking in 1732, Independence Hall became the most ambitious public building to be constructed within the thirteen colonies. The stately red brick building of Georgian style was commissioned by Pennsylvania’s colonial legislature. Andrew Hamilton and Edmund Woolley were the designers with Woolley the chosen builder. Hamilton, the original ‘Philadelphia lawyer,’ guaranteed the building’s completion. Constructed on a pay-as-you-go basis, it was finished in a piecemeal fashion. Twenty-one years later, in 1753, it was completed. The building’s highest point is 135’. Two smaller buildings adjoin Independence Hall – Congress Hall on the west side and Old City Hall on the east.
During the years 1732 – 1799, Independence Hall served as the statehouse of Pennsylvania. From 1775 to 1783, Independence Hall was the site of the Second Continental Congress. The Constitutional Convention took place here during the summer of 1787. In 1816, Pennsylvania’s governor signed a contract which sold the statehouse to the City of Philadelphia, though it would be two more years before the city took possession of the deed.
Within the walls of Independence Hall, the Declaration of Independence was adopted. In addition, this was the place where the Constitution of the United States was debated, drafted and signed. The oldest federal constitution in existence, the U. S. Constitution was created by a conference of delegates from 12 of the original 13 colonies, with Rhode Island the only colony not to have a delegate in attendance. Presided over by George Washington, the conference stretched from May to September of 1787. The Constitution became effective in March 1789 after New Hampshire approved it on June 21, 1788; the ninth state to do so.
During the time Philadelphia served as the nation’s capital, the section of the building known as Congress Hall would be responsible for attaching nick-names to the two sections of Congress – the Senate and the House. The Senate received the nickname ‘upper house,’ not because it outranked the House of Representative, but because the senators met on the second floor of Congress Hall while the representatives in the ‘lower house,’ met on the main floor.
In 1830, Independence Hall underwent one of many restorations by a Greek revival architect named John Haviland. In 1950, a committee from the National Park Service had the building restored to its 1776 appearance.
Independence Hall has its picture displayed on both the reverse of the bicentennial minting of the Kennedy half dollar and the back of the US $100 bill. The reverse of the US $2 bill shows the Assembly Room.
” Imagination – sparks dreams and laughter, Dissolves barriers, expands knowledge and lights the mind. Imagination also holds captive in dark places, the weak and strong. It magnifies courage, and destroys the enormous insurmountable fear that kills.”
~ Wayne C. Church
stu‧pen‧dous / [stoo-pen-duhs, styoo-]–adjective
1. causing amazement; astounding; marvelous: stupendous news.
2. amazingly large or great; immense: a stupendous mass of information.
[Origin: 1965–70; < L stupendus, ger. of stupēre to be stunned
55 B.C. – Julius Caesar lands in Britain for the first time.
1660 – John Milton’s books were burned in London because of the author’s attacks on King Charles II
1665 – “Ye Bare & Ye Cubb” is first play performed in N America (Accomac, Va). Dates vary for the first performance, but official Virginia historians link it to August 27th.
1667 – Earliest recorded hurricane in US (Jamestown Virginia).
1776 – Battle of Long Island, in present day Brooklyn, New York, British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
1780 – Marines guarding workmen cutting masts for the Navy pursued Indians near Reading, Pennsylvania.
1832 – Black Hawk, leader of the Sauk-Indians, gave himself up.
1855 – Clara Barton becomes the first female federal employee to achieve equal status. She found a position as a patent clerk.
1858 – The second of seven of the Lincoln-Douglas debates in the 1858 Illinois senatorial race of took place in Freeport, Ill.
1859 – Col. Edwin Drake was the first in the U.S. to strike oil — at Titusville, Pennsylvania. The first commercial oil well was pumping out 20 barrels of crude oil a day. This source of crude oil, or petroleum, opened up a new inexpensive source of power and quickly replaced whale oil in lamps.
1861 – Civil War: Union ships sail into North Carolina’s Hatteras Inlet, beginning a two-day operation that secures the area for the Federals and denies the Confederates an important outlet to the Atlantic. Union troops took Fort Clark.
1862 – Civil War: Confederate soldiers attacked Loudoun County, Virginia during the Second Battle of Bull Run.
1864 – Civil War: The U.S.S. Niphon and the U.S.S. Monticello conducted an expedition up Masonboro Inlet, North Carolina, to silence a Confederate battery which was reported to have been erected in the vicinity.
1881 – A hurricane hit Florida and the Carolinas; about 700 died. (MC, 8/27/01)
1883 – Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons. The resulting tidal waves in Indonesia’s Sunda Strait claimed some 36,417 lives in Java and Sumatra.
1889 – Charles G. Conn of Elkhart, IN patented the metal clarinet.
1889 – Boxer Jack Dempsey was defeated for the first time by George LaBlanche.
1892 – Fire seriously damaged New York’s original Metropolitan Opera House. It was located at Broadway and 39th Street.
1894 – The Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. The provision within for a graduated income tax was later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1896 – The crew of the Lifesaving Station at Fourth Cliff, Massachusetts, responded to a traffic accident in front of the station.
1910 – Thomas Edison demonstrated the first “talking” pictures in his New Jersey laboratory.
1912 – Edgar Rice Burroughs’ “Tarzan of the Apes” was published for the first time in the October issue of the All-Story magazine. The title was: “Tarzan of the Apes ~ A Romance of the Jungle.” Fifteen cents would get you a copy.
1913 – Lt Peter Nestrov performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev.
1917 – A squadron of minesweepers departs the U.S. for service off France.
1918 – Frank Bacon starred as “Lightnin” lit up the Gaiety Theatre in NYC.
1921 – J E Clair of Acme Packing Co of Green Bay granted an NFL franchise. J.E. Clair paid tribute to those who worked in his plant by naming the team the Green Bay Packers.
1927 – Parks College, America’s oldest aviation school, opens. Parks College became the first federally approved school of aeronautics, receiving Air Agency Certificate #1.
1928 – Fifteen nations signed the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, outlawing war and calling for the settlement of disputes through arbitration. Forty-seven other countries eventually signed the pact.
1930 – Wiley Post won the National Air Race Derby, from Los Angeles to Chicago. The fuselage was inscribed, “Los Angeles to Chicago 9 hrs. 8 min. 2 sec. August 27, 1930.”
1932 – John M. Miller, at the National Air Races did a perfect loop-the-loop in his autogyro.
1937 – George E.T. Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH. It was done at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah in a Rolls-Royce-powered Thunderbolt.
1937 – The automobile division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works is spun off into the Toyota Motor Corporation.
1939 – Hans von Ohain’s and the world’s first jet-propelled plane, the Heinkel He-178, made its first flight at Marienehe, at the Heinkel Airfield in north Germany. Hans von Ohain’s aircraft became the first jet-powered airplane to fly. It remained airborne for 7 minutes. Erich Warsitz piloted the first jet-propelled flight.
1939 – Singer Allan Jones recorded “I’m Falling in Love with Someone“.
1942 – World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese submarine I-26 damages the USS Saratoga. It will remain out of action until October.
1942 – World War II: The Coast Guard Cutter Mojave rescues 293 men from a torpedoed transport, Chatham in the Strait of Belle Isle.
1942 – World War II: Cuba declared war on Germany, Japan and Italy.
1944 – World War II: USS Stingray (SS-186) lands men and supplies on Luzon, Philippines to support guerilla operations against the Japanese.
1944 – World War II: Two-hundred Halifax bombers attack oil-installations in Hamburg.
1945 – World War II: US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender. The armada includes 23 aircraft carriers, 12 battleships, 26 cruisers, 116 destroyers and escorts, 12 submarines and 185 other vessels. In addition to the American and British ships, there are ships from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the Netherlands represented. It is probably the greatest display of naval might in history.
1945 – World War II: B-29 Superfortress bombers began to drop supplies into Allied prisoner of war camps in China.
1946 – CHART TOPPERS – “To Each His Own” by Eddy Howard, “Surrender” by Perry Como, “They Say It’s Wonderful” by Frank Sinatra and “New Spanish Two Step” by Bob Wills all topped the charts.
1949 – “Some Enchanted Evening“ by Perry Como topped the “Billboard” charts.
1954 – CHART TOPPERS – “Sh-Boom” by The Crew Cuts, “The Little Shoemaker” by The Gaylords, “Hey There” by Rosemary Clooney and “I Don’t Hurt Anymore” by Hank Snow all topped the charts.
1954 – The first white men crossed the Arctic Circle’s Northwest Passage in a pair of icebreakers.
1955 – The “Guinness Book of World Records” was first published. It posted sales of 80 million in 1997.
1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock“ tops the “Billboards” chart.
1958 – The Arkansas Legislature voted 94-1 to pass a law allowing Gov. Orval E. Faubus to close public schools in the face of forced integration. Ray S. Smith (1924-2007) was the only dissenting legislator.
1959 – First ship firing of a Polaris missile, USS Observation Island (EAG-154).
1960 – “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1961 – Francis the Talking Mule is the mystery guest on “What’s My Line”
1962 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Loco-Motion” by Little Eva, “Things” by Bobby Darin, “You Don’t Know Me” by Ray Charles and “Wolverton Mountain” by Claude King all topped the charts.
1962 – The United States launched the Mariner 2 space probe, which flew past Venus the following December.
1965 – Aug 27- Sep 13, Hurricane Betsy killed 75 in Louisiana & Florida. Betsy left New Orleans under seven feet of water.
1966 – “Summer in the City” by Lovin’ Spoonful topped the charts.
1966 – The Association’s “Cherish” was released.
1966 – There was a race riot in Waukegan, Illinois.
1967 – Brian Epstein, manager of the Beatles, was found dead in his London flat from an overdose of sleeping pills.
1970 – CHART TOPPERS – “Make It with You” by Bread, “Spill the Wine” by Eric Burdon & War, “War” by Edwin Starr and “Don’t Keep Me Hangin’ On” by Sonny James all topped the charts.
1972 – Haiphong, North Vietnam’s major port received its first bombings from U.S. warplanes. U.S. aircraft flatten North Vietnamese barracks near Hanoi and Haiphong as part of ongoing Operation Linebacker I, part of President Nixon’s response to the NVA Easter Offensive.
1977 – “Best of My Love” by the Emotions topped the charts.
1978 – CHART TOPPERS – “Grease” by Frankie Valli, “Miss You” by The Rolling Stones, “Boogie Oogie Oogie” by A Taste of Honey and “Talking in Your Sleep” by Crystal Gayle all topped the charts.
1978 – Cincinnati Reds Joe Morgan is first to hit 200 HRs & have 500 stolen bases.
1981 – Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard the Andrea Doria. The Andrea Doria was a luxury liner that had sank in 1956 in the waters off of Massachusetts.
1983 – “Every Breath You Take” by The Police topped the charts.
1984 – President Reagan announces the “Teacher in Space” project. More than 11,000 teachers applied. The teacher that was eventually chosen was Christa McAuliffe from New Hampshire. She died in the Challenger disaster on January 28, 1986.
1985 – 20th Space Shuttle Mission – Discovery 6 launched. It left for a seven-day mission in which three satellites were launched and another was repaired and redeployed.
1986 – CHART TOPPERS – “Papa Don’t Preach” by Madonna, “Higher Love” by Steve Winwood, “Venus” by Bananarama and “Strong Heart” by T.G. Sheppard all topped the charts.
1986 – Nolan Ryan, while with the Houston Astros, earned his 250th career win against the Chicago Cubs.
1988 – “Monkey” by George Michael topped the charts.
1989 – Chuck Berry performed his tune Johnny B. Goode for NASA staff in celebration of Voyager II’s encounter with the planet Neptune.
1991 – The first flight of the YF23 V-22 Osprey tiltrotor took place.
1996 – California Governor Pete Wilson signed an order that would halt state benefits to illegal immigrants.
1997 – “I’ll Make Love to You” by Boyz II Men topped the charts.
1997 – Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy was charged with seeking and accepting more than $35,000 dollars in trips, sports tickets and favors from companies that did business with his agency.
1998 – Two suspects in the bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya were sent to the United States to face charges.
1999 – A boarding team from the Coast Guard Cutter “Munro” discover 172 illegal Chinese migrants aboard the fishing vessel “Chih Yung” off the coast of Mexico.
1999 – The US Federal Communications Commission announced new government wiretapping rules intended to help law enforcement authorities keep pace with advances in phone technology.
2001 – Work began on the future site of a World War II memorial on the U.S. capital’s historic national Mall. The site is between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial.
2001 – Intel unveiled a 2-GHz Pentium 4 chip.
2003 – Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing approximately 34,646,416 miles from Earth. At that time, Mars appeared approximately 6 times larger and 85 times brighter in the sky than it ordinarily does.
2003 – A moving crew rolled a massive Ten Commandments monument out of the rotunda of the Alabama Judicial Building to comply with a federal court order as protesters knelt, prayed and chanted, “Put it back!”
2004 – A fire at a University of Mississippi fraternity house killed 3 students.
2005 – US Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said US home prices could fall as the housing surge “inevitably” slows.
2006 – In Kentucky a Comair commuter jet carrying 50 people, crashed in a field and caught fire shortly after taking off in light rain. The co-pilot was the sole survivor.
2007 – Sen. Larry Craig, R-Idaho, said in a statement he was not involved in any inappropriate conduct when he was arrested at the Minneapolis airport and should have not pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct.
2008 – In Honolulu Marcus Eriksen and fellow eco-mariner Joel Paschal celebrated the end of their 2,600-mile voyage on what they call the JUNK raft.
2008 – US scientists said they have transformed ordinary pancreas cells in living mice into a rarer type of cell that churns out insulin opening possibilities for future treatment of disease.
2009 – Senator Edward Kennedy died. He served nearly 50 years in the U.S. Senate, serving alongside 10 presidents
2009 – Toyota confirmed that it would stop making cars at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, Ca., idling some 4,700 workers.
2010 -The US Department of Justice closes an antitrust probe into a proposed merger of United Airlines and Continental Airlines clearing the way for shareholders to vote on the proposal.
2010 – Former President Jimmy Carter secures the release of US citizen Aijalon Gomes from North Korea.
2011 – ExxonMobil sues Obama administration for canceling deepwater well worth ‘billions of barrels of oil’.
2011 – TX gun dealer sues Obama administration on unconstitutional executive order regulations.
2012 – In a bloody and traumatic start to the school year at Perry Hall High School in the Baltimore suburb of White Marsh, Md, a 15-year-old student brought a disassembled shotgun to school on the first day of class today. He put the weapon together on campus and entered the cafeteria where he shot and critically wounded another student.
2012 – The Republican National Committee starts their nominating convention in the face of Hurricane Isaac. It will miss Tampa but is bearing down on New Orleans.
2014 – A man in Stratford. NJ, shot and killed his hospitalized wife and then tried to kill himself, prompting investigators to search their home, where their son, 35, was found fatally shot. There were two shots fired killing Denise Wychowanec, 62 year old.
2014 – All schools in Pickerington, Ohio, were placed on lockdown after an unknown man made a threatening call to the Pickerington North High School, Fairfield County Sheriff Dave Phalen confirmed to the Washington Free Beacon. The man, who claimed to have an AK-47, said he planned to launch an attack on the school and kill students over his apparent anger at the Middle East conflict.
551 B.C. – Confucius (K’ung Fu-tzu), Chinese philosopher.
1770 – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher.
1890 – Man Ray, American photographer, painter, filmmaker.
1899 – C.S. Forester, British author (d. 1966) an English novelist who rose to fame with tales of adventure with military themes. His most notable works were the 11-book Horatio Hornblower series, about naval warfare during the Napoleonic era, and The African Queen (1935; filmed in 1951 by John Huston).
1908 – Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States of America (1963-1969).
1910 – Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu), Macedonian-born Nobel Peace Prize-winner, missionary, humanitarian.
HARTELL, LEE R.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Battery A, 15th Field Artillery Battalion, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kobangsan-ni, Korea, 27 August 1951. Entered service at: Danbury, Conn. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. G.O. No.: 16, 1 February 1952. Citation: 1st. Lt. Hartell, a member of Battery A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. During the darkness of early morning, the enemy launched a ruthless attack against friendly positions on a rugged mountainous ridge. 1st Lt. Hartell, attached to Company B, 9th Infantry Regiment, as forward observer, quickly moved his radio to an exposed vantage on the ridge line to adjust defensive fires. Realizing the tactical advantage of illuminating the area of approach, he called for flares and then directed crippling fire into the onrushing assailants. At this juncture a large force of hostile troops swarmed up the slope in banzai charge and came within ten yards of 1st Lt. Hartell’s position. 1st Lt. Hartell sustained a severe hand wound in the ensuing encounter but grasped the microphone with his other hand and maintained his magnificent stand until the front and left flank of the company were protected by a close-in wall of withering fire, causing the fanatical foe to disperse and fall back momentarily. After the numerically superior enemy overran an outpost and was closing on his position, 1st Lt. Hartell, in a final radio call, urged the friendly elements to fire both batteries continuously. Although mortally wounded, 1st Lt. Hartell’s intrepid actions contributed significantly to stemming the onslaught and enabled his company to maintain the strategic strongpoint. His consummate valor and unwavering devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service.
GREGG, STEPHEN R.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 143d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Montelimar, France, 27 August 1944. Entered service at: Bayonne, N.J. Birth: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 31, 17 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 27 August 1944, in the vicinity of Montelimar, France. As his platoon advanced upon the enemy positions; the leading scout was fired upon and 2d Lt. Gregg (then a Tech. Sgt.) immediately put his machine guns into action to cover the advance of the riflemen. The Germans, who were at close range, threw hand grenades at the riflemen, killing some and wounding seven. Each time a medical aid man attempted to reach the wounded, the Germans fired at him. Realizing the seriousness of the situation, 2d Lt. Gregg took one of the light .30-caliber machine guns, and firing from the hip, started boldly up the hill with the medical aid man following him. Although the enemy was throwing hand grenades at him, 2d Lt. Gregg remained and fired into the enemy positions while the medical aid man removed the seven wounded men to safety. When 2d Lt. Gregg had expended all his ammunition, he was covered by four Germans who ordered him to surrender. Since the attention of most of the Germans had been diverted by watching this action, friendly riflemen were able to maneuver into firing positions. One, seeing 2d Lt. Gregg’s situation, opened fire on his captors. The four Germans hit the ground and thereupon 2d Lt. Gregg recovered a machine pistol from one of the Germans and managed to escape to his other machine gun positions. He manned a gun, firing at his captors, killed one of them and wounded the other. This action so discouraged the Germans that the platoon was able to continue its advance up the hill to achieve its objective. The following morning, just prior to daybreak, the Germans launched a strong attack, supported by tanks, in an attempt to drive Company L from the hill. As these tanks moved along the valley and their foot troops advanced up the hill, 2d Lt. Gregg immediately ordered his mortars into action. During the day by careful observation, he was able to direct effective fire on the enemy, inflicting heavy casualties. By late afternoon he had directed 600 rounds when his communication to the mortars was knocked out. Without hesitation he started checking his wires, although the area was under heavy enemy small arms and artillery fire. When he was within 100 yards of his mortar position, One of his men informed him that the section had been captured and the Germans were using the mortars to fire on the company. 2d Lt. Gregg with this man and another nearby rifleman started for the gun position where he could see five Germans firing his mortars. He ordered the two men to cover him, crawled up, threw a hand grenade into the position, and then charged it. The hand grenade killed one and injured two, 2d Lt. Gregg took the other two prisoners, and put his mortars back into action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Davidson Canyon near Camp Crittenden, Ariz., 27 August 1872. Entered service at:——. Birth: Wexford, Ireland. Date of issue: 4 December 1874. Citation: In command of a detachment of four men defeated a superior force.
Women’s Equality Day
Cherry Popsicle Day
National Dog Day
Women’s Equality Day Established
Joint Resolution of Congress, 1971
Designating August 26th of each year as Women’s Equality Day WHEREAS, the women of the United States have been treated as second-class citizens and have not been entitled the full rights and privileges, public or private, legal or institutional, which are available to male citizens of the United States; and WHEREAS, the women of the United States have united to assure that these rights and privileges are available to all citizens equally regardless of sex; and WHEREAS, the women of the United States have designated August 26th, the anniversary date of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, as symbol of the continued fight for equal rights: and WHEREAS, the women of United States are to be commended and supported in their organizations and activities, NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that August 26th of each year is designated as “Women’s Equality Day,” and the President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation annually in commemoration of that day in 1920, on which the women of America were first given the right to vote, and that day in 1970, on which a nationwide demonstration for women’s rights took place.
“ Don’t walk in front of me, I may not follow. Don’t walk behind me, I may not lead. Just walk beside me and be my friend.”
~ Albert Camus
tete-a-tete \TAYT-uh-TAYT; TET-uh-TET\, adjective: 1. Private; confidential; familiar. 2. A private conversation between two people. 3. A short sofa intended to accommodate two persons. Tete-a-tete comes from the French, literally “head-to-head.”
55 B.C. – Roman forces under Julius Caesar invaded Britain.
1346 -The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armored knights is established at the Battle of Crécy in the Hundred Years War
1429 – Joan of Arc made a triumphant entry into Paris.
1498 – Michelangelo was commissioned to make the “Pieta.”
1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia.
1775 – Rhode Island Resolve: Rhode Island delegates to Continental Congress press for creation of Continental Navy to protect the colonies.
1791 – John Fitch, an American inventor, clockmaker, entrepreneur and engineer, was granted a United States patent for the steamboat.
1818 – Illinois becomes the 21st state. 1839 –
The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island. The U.S.S. Washington, a U.S. Navy brig, seized the Amistad York, and escorted it to New London, Connecticut.
1842 – The U.S. Congress established the fiscal year, which begins on July first.
1843 – Charles Thurber patented a typewriter.
1847 – Liberia was proclaimed an independent republic. Freed American slaves founded Liberia.They modeled their constitution after that of the US, copied the US flag, and named their capital Monrovia, after James Monroe.
1862 – Civil War: The Second Battle of Bull Run begins. Confederate General Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson encircles the Union Army under General John Pope.
1863 – Civil War: Battle of Rocky Gap, WV, (White Sulphur Springs).
1865 – Civil War ends with Naval strength over 58,500 men and 600 ships.
1873 – First public school kindergarten in the U.S. was authorized in St. Louis, MO 1883 – The volcano Krakatoa erupted in the largest recorded explosion.
1902 – Arthur McCurdy obtained a patent for a daylight developing tank for roll film. 1903 – The patent for a flashlight was issued to Conrad Hubert. The patent number is 737,107. It is for a flashlight with an on/off switch in the now familiar cylindrical casing containing lamp and batteries.
1907 – Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds. 1908 – Tony Pastor (b.1837), singer and actor, died. He is considered to be the father of American vaudeville.
1920 – US Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. The amendment had been first introduced in Congress in 1878 and gave women the right to vote.
1929 – The first US roller coaster was built.
1935 – The US Public Utilities Act gave federal agencies powers to regulate gas and electric companies.
1937 – President Roosevelt signed the Judicial Procedure Reform Act, a compromise on his judicial reorganization plan.
1939 – WXBS of New York City televised the first major league baseball games. The event was a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field. The Reds won first, 5-2; the Dodgers, second, 6-1.
1942 – World War II: Japanese troops landed on New Guinea, Milne Bay. 1942 – World War II: Seven thousand Jews were rounded up in Vichy, France.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: At 2.30 am in Chortkiav, western Ukraine, the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of their houses, divided them into groups of 120, and deported 2000 to Belzec death camp. Five hundred of the sick and children are murdered on the spot.
1944 – World War II: US 12th Army Corps crossed the river Seine East of Paris.
1944 – World War II: Bulgaria announced that it had withdrawn from the war and that German troops in the country were to be disarmed.
1945 – CHART TOPPERS – “If I Loved You” by Perry Como, “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como, “On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe” by Johnny Mercer, “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter all topped the charts. 1945 – The Japanese were given surrender instructions on the U.S.S. Missouri at the end of World War II. 1947 – First African-American baseball pitcher Don Bankhead (Hit a HR on first at bat). 1949 – The US submarine Cochino (SS-345) sank off Norway following an electrical fire and battery explosion a day earlier. A second battery explosion made “Abandon Ship” the only possible order, and Cochino sank. 1950 – “Goodnight Irene” by the Weavers with Gordon Jenkins topped the charts. 1953 – CHART TOPPERS – “I’m Walking Behind You” by Eddie Fisher, “No Other Love” by Perry Como, “You, You, You” by The Ames Brothers and “Hey Joe!” by Carl Smith all topped the charts. 1955 – First color telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup). 1957 – Ford Motor Company unveiled the Edsel. It was supposed to Ford’s new luxury car. 110,847 of the cars were built before Ford pulled the plug due to lack of sales. 1957 – The Soviet Union announces that it has successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) capable of being fired “into any part of the world.” 1958 – Alaskans went to the polls to overwhelmingly vote in favor of statehood. 1961 – CHART TOPPERS – “Tossin’ and Turnin’” by Bobby Lewis, “Wooden Heart” by Joe Dowell, “Michael” by The Highwaymen and “Tender Years” by George Jones all topped the charts. 1962 – Mariner 2 launched for first planet flyby (Venus). The spacecraft discovered ground temperatures as high as 428o C (800o F). Radio contact was lost on January 3, 1963. 1967 – “Ode to Billy Joe” by Bobbie Gentry topped the charts. 1968 – As the Democratic National Convention began in Chicago, thousands of antiwar demonstrators protested the Vietnam War and its support by presidential candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey. 1969 – CHART TOPPERS – “Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones, “Sweet Caroline” by Neil Diamond, “Put a Little Love in Your Heart” by Jackie DeShannon and “A Boy Named Sue” by Johnny Cash all topped the charts. 1969 – Donald “Shorty” Shea (b.1933), a Hollywood stuntman, was murdered by members of the Manson family about this time. The location of his body was not discovered until 1977. 1971 – NY Giant football team announces its leaving the Bronx for NJ in 1975.They were getting a new sports complex to be built in East Rutherford. 1971 – A Joint Resolution of Congress declared that August 26th each year is Women’s Equality Day. 1972 – “Brandy (You’re a Fine Girl)” by Looking Glass topped the charts. 1973 – The University of Texas at Arlington became the first accredited school to offer belly dancing. 1977 – CHART TOPPERS – “Best of My Love” by Emotions, “(Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher” by Rita Coolidge, “Easy” by Commodores and “Way Down” by Elvis Presley all topped the charts. 1978 – “Grease” by Frankie Valli topped the charts. 1980 – John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey’s Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada. It was disguised as a new “computer.” 1981 – Voyager 2 took photo’s of Saturn’s moon Titan. 1982 – Rickey Henderson tied Lou Brock’s 1974 record of 118 stolen bases. 1985 – CHART TOPPERS – “The Power of Love” by Huey Lewis & The News, “St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)” by John Parr, “Freeway of Love” by Aretha Franklin and “Real Love” by Kenny Rogers & Dolly Parton all topped the charts. 1985 – Thirteen-year-old AIDS patient Ryan White began “attending” classes at Western Middle School in Kokomo, Indiana, via a telephone hook-up at his home. School officials had barred Ryan from attending classes in person. 1987 – The US stock market began a two-month decline of 41%. 1987 – President Ronald Reagan proclaims September 11, 1987 as 9-1-1 Emergency Number Day. 1987 – The Fuller Brush Company announced plans to open two retail stores in Dallas, TX. The company that had sold its products door to door for 81 years. 1987 – Sonny Bono, formerly of Sonny & Cher, announced that he was running for mayor of Palm Springs, CA. He won the election. 1987 – The US stock market began a two month decline of 41%. 1988 – Republican presidential nominee George Bush denounced Democrat Michael Dukakis’ criticism of Reagan administration drug policies as “an insult,” one day after the Massachusetts governor called U.S. dealings with Panamanian General Manuel Noriega “criminal.” 1989 – “Right Here Waiting” by Richard Marx topped the charts. 1989 – A team from Trumbull, Conn., became the first American team since 1983 to win the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pa. 1990 – The fifty-five Americans at the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border. 1992 – A mistrial was declared in the Iran-Contra cover-up trial of CIA spy Clair George. 1992 – A “no-fly zone” was imposed on the southern one-third of Iraq. The move by the U.S., France and Britain was aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims. 1993 – Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and 14 co-defendants entered innocent pleas in federal court in New York, a day after their indictment on charges of conspiring to wage terrorism against the United States. 1993 – Landlady Dorothea Puente was convicted in Monterey, Calif., of murdering three of her boardinghouse tenants; she was later sentenced to life without parole. 1995 – “Kiss From a Rose” by Seal topped the charts. 1996 – After two vetoes, President Bill Clinton signed welfare reform into law with the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. The act ended entitlement welfare and gave a block grant to the states, called TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families). 1996 – Barbara Jewell asked U.S. President Clinton to clear her son’s name in connection with the Centennial Olympic Park bombing. Richard Jewell was later cleared by the Justice Department. 1996 – A Cuban court convicted fugitive U.S. financier Robert Vesco of economic crimes. He was sentenced to thirteen years in prison. 1997 – It was announced that researchers at Johns Hopkins had found a gene that causes colon cancer in some people of Jewish ancestry. 1998 – U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno ordered a review of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. 1998 – U.N. weapons inspector Scott Ritter resigns, saying the Security Council and the United States have failed to take a tougher stand against Iraq. 1998 – A $225 million rocket and communication satellite exploded after take-off at Cape Canaveral. 1998 – Hurricane Bonnie drifted ashore in North Carolina and began creeping up the coast, packing heavy rains and high winds. 1999 – Attorney General Janet Reno pledged that a new investigation of the 1993 Waco, Texas, siege would “get to the bottom” of how the FBI used potentially flammable tear gas grenades against her wishes and then took six years to admit it. 2000 – United Airlines signed a tentative accord with its 10,000 pilots following 20 months of negotiations. 2000 – The Houston Comets won their fourth straight WNBA championship by defeating the New York Liberty 79-73. 2001 – The Tokyo Kitasuna beat Apopka, Fla., 2-1 to win the Little League championship in South Williamsport, Pa. 2001 – IBM computer scientists reported that they had constructed a working logic circuit within a single molecule of carbon fiber known as a carbon nanotube. 2002 – Vice President Dick Cheney, speaking at a Veterans of Foreign Wars convention in Tennessee, warned that there is “no doubt” that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is amassing weapons of mass destruction for use against America and its allies. 2003 – The Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) releases 200 page final dossier over the space shuttle Columbia’s destruction (and the death of its seven astronauts). It states the cause is from NASA’s cultural traits, lack of funds, and insufficient safety program. 2003 – The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) forecast a US deficit of $401 billion this year and $480 billion in 2004. 2003 – President Bush, in a speech to the American Legion, defends the Iraq policy, declaring the United States had hit terrorism in overthrowing the government of Saddam Hussein. President Bush vows “no retreat” from Iraq, states that the United States may carry out other pre-emptive strikes. 2003 – O.J. Simpson, giving an interview to Playboy, states that he is still innocent, but says his “dream team” lawyers saved him. Without the money to pay for a “dream team” of lawyers, he says he would not have prevailed by being acquitted. 2004 – MIT named Yale neuroscientist Susan Hockfield as its new president, the first woman to ever hold that job. 2005 – Florida’s Gov. Bush signed legislation giving people the right to meet “force with force. 2005 – Utility crews in South Florida scrambled to restore power to more than one million customers blacked out by Hurricane Katrina. 2006 – NASA delays the launch of the Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-115) for 24 hours. Lightning struck the space shuttle launch pad on Friday but no damage was caused. 2007 – Tornadoes hit parts of central and southeast Ohio as hundreds of thousands of people in the Midwest are without power. 2007 – The $95 million Hawaii Superferry made its maiden run from Honolulu to Maui as environmentalists protested. The 349-foot giant catamaran, named Alakai, carried over 500 passengers and 150 cars for the 3-hour trip. 2007 – Flying the Friendly Skies: Iran vowed to use a new 2,000-pound “smart” bomb against its enemies and unveiled mass production of the new weapon. 2008 – California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a measure for a statewide bullet train system to be placed on the November ballot. 2008 – California Attorney General Jerry Brown said he expected raids on medical pot clubs that sell for big profits in the Bay Area. 2008 – In the second day of the Democratic Convention in Denver, Senator Hillary Clinton endorsed Senator Barack Obama for the US presidential nomination. 2008 – An Ohio jury convicted Andrew Siemaszko, a former nuclear plant engineer, of hiding information in 2001 about reactor corrosion at the Davis-Besse plant along Lake Erie. 2009 – Court orders Christian student to attend public school. She has been ordered into government-run public school for having “sincerely held” religious beliefs. The court said that the girl’s Christian faith was a “bit too sincerely held and must be sifted, tested by, and mixed among other worldviews.” 2009 – In California Phillip Garrido (58) and his wife Nancy (55) were arrested for their 1991 kidnapping of Jaycee Lee Dugard (11) from a bus stop outside her home in South Lake Tahoe. Police freed Dugard and her 2 children who were fathered by Garrido, who had kept them in tents in a fenced, backyard compound in Antioch, Ca. 2009 – In southern California the Station Fire began in Los Angeles County and soon grew to become the largest wildfire in county history. It did not get contained until Sep 1. 2011 – As Hurricane Irene moved toward the East Coast, government officials: 1. sent the US Second Fleet out of its base in Naval Station Norfolk to ride the storm out at sea. 2. declared a “state of emergency” in North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Connecticut. 3. made plans to shut down New York City’s subway and bus system beginning at noon on Saturday, 8/27. 2011 – The Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing’s all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the FAA.
694 – Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755) 1743 – Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, French chemist, known as the “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He stated the first version of the Law of conservation of matter, recognized and named oxygen (1778) as well as hydrogen, disproved the phlogiston theory, introduced the Metric system, invented the first periodic table including 33 elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature. 1874 – Lee De Forest, American physicist, inventor of the Audion vacuum tube, considered the “Father of radio.” 1884 – Earl Biggers, author (“Charlie Chan” detective series). 1898 – Peggy Guggenheim, art patron and collector 1906 – Albert Sabin, Polish-born American polio researcher. 1910 – Mother Teresa, Humanitarian Activist and Worker (d. 1997) 1921 – Ben Bradlee, editor, journalist, executive (Washington Post). 1935 – Geraldine Ferraro, (Rep-D-NY) first female Democrat VP candidate (1984). 1945 – Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security
|BACON, NICKY DANIEL VIETNAM WAR|
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 4th Battalion, 21st Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade, Americal Division. Place and date: West of Tam Ky, Republic of Vietnam, 26 August 1968. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 25 November 1945, Caraway, Ark. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Bacon distinguished himself while serving as a squad leader with the 1st Platoon, Company B, during an operation west of Tam Ky. When Company B came under fire from an enemy bunker line to the front, S/Sgt. Bacon quickly organized his men and led them forward in an assault. He advanced on a hostile bunker and destroyed it with grenades. As he did so, several fellow soldiers including the 1st Platoon leader, were struck by machine gun fire and fell wounded in an exposed position forward of the rest of the platoon. S/Sgt. Bacon immediately assumed command of the platoon and assaulted the hostile gun position, finally killing the enemy gun crew in a single-handed effort. When the 3d Platoon moved to S/Sgt. Bacon’s location, its leader was also wounded. Without hesitation S/Sgt. Bacon took charge of the additional platoon and continued the fight. In the ensuing action he personally killed 4 more enemy soldiers and silenced an antitank weapon. Under his leadership and example, the members of both platoons accepted his authority without question. Continuing to ignore the intense hostile fire, he climbed up on the exposed deck of a tank and directed fire into the enemy position while several wounded men were evacuated. As a result of S/Sgt. Bacon’s extraordinary efforts, his company was able to move forward, eliminate the enemy positions, and rescue the men trapped to the front. S/Sgt. Bacon’s bravery at the risk of his life was in the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
|DAY, GEORGE E. VIETNAM WAR|
Rank and organization: Colonel (then Major), U.S. Air Force, Forward Air Controller Pilot of an F-100 aircraft. Place and date: North Vietnam, 26 August 1967. Entered service at: Sioux City, Iowa. Born: 24 February 1925, Sioux City, Iowa. Citation: On 26 August 1967, Col. Day was forced to eject from his aircraft over North Vietnam when it was hit by ground fire. His right arm was broken in three places, and his left knee was badly sprained. He was immediately captured by hostile forces and taken to a prison camp where he was interrogated and severely tortured. After causing the guards to relax their vigilance, Col. Day escaped into the jungle and began the trek toward South Vietnam. Despite injuries inflicted by fragments of a bomb or rocket, he continued southward surviving only on a few berries and uncooked frogs. He successfully evaded enemy patrols and reached the Ben Hai River, where he encountered U.S. artillery barrages. With the aid of a bamboo log float, Col. Day swam across the river and entered the demilitarized zone. Due to delirium, he lost his sense of direction and wandered aimlessly for several days. After several unsuccessful attempts to signal U.S. aircraft, he was ambushed and recaptured by the Viet Cong, sustaining gunshot wounds to his left hand and thigh. He was returned to the prison from which he had escaped and later was moved to Hanoi after giving his captors false information to questions put before him. Physically, Col. Day was totally debilitated and unable to perform even the simplest task for himself. Despite his many injuries, he continued to offer maximum resistance. His personal bravery in the face of deadly enemy pressure was significant in saving the lives of fellow aviators who were still flying against the enemy. Col. Day’s conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Air Force and reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Armed Forces.
|*HANDRICH, MELVIN O. KOREAN WARPosthumously|
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 5th Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Near Sobuk San Mountain, Korea, 25 and 26 August 1950. Entered service at: Manawa, Wis. Born: 26 January 1919, Manawa, Wis. G.O. No.: 60, 2 August 1951. Citation: M/Sgt. Handrich, Company C, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. His company was engaged in repulsing an estimated 150 enemy who were threatening to overrun its position. Near midnight on 25 August, a hostile group over 100 strong attempted to infiltrate the company perimeter. M/Sgt. Handrich, despite the heavy enemy fire, voluntarily left the comparative safety of the defensive area and moved to a forward position where he could direct mortar and artillery fire upon the advancing enemy. He remained at this post for 8 hours directing fire against the enemy who often approached to within 50 feet of his position. Again, on the morning of 26 August, another strong hostile force made an attempt to overrun the company’s position. With complete disregard for his safety, M/Sgt. Handrich rose to his feet and from this exposed position fired his rifle and directed mortar and artillery fire on the attackers. At the peak of this action he observed elements of his company preparing to withdraw. He perilously made his way across fire-swept terrain to the defense area where, by example and forceful leadership, he reorganized the men to continue the fight. During the action M/Sgt. Handrich was severely wounded. Refusing to take cover or be evacuated, he returned to his forward position and continued to direct the company’s fire. Later a determined enemy attack overran M/Sgt. Handrich’s position and he was mortally wounded. When the position was retaken, over 70 enemy dead were counted in the area he had so intrepidly defended. M/Sgt. Handrich’s sustained personal bravery, consummate courage, and gallant self-sacrifice reflect untold glory upon himself and the heroic traditions of the military service.
|THORNTON, MICHAEL INTERIM 1871 – 1898|
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1856, Ireland. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S. Tug Leyden, near Boston, Mass., 26 August 1881, and sustaining until picked up, Michael Drennan, landsman, who had jumped overboard while temporarily insane.
|WEISSEL, ADAM INTERIM 1871 – 1898|
Rank and organization: Ship’s Cook, U.S. Navy. Born: 1854, Germany. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 326, 18 October 1884. Citation: For jumping overboard from the U.S. Training Ship Minnesota, at Newport, R.l., 26 August 1881, and sustaining until picked up by a boat from the ship, C. Lorenze, captain of the forecastle, who had fallen overboard.
|STANLEY, EDWARD INDIAN WARS|
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Seneca Mountain, Ariz., 26 August 1869. Entered service at:——. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Economic Stimulus and how they work:
The Yellow Pine Stimulus
It is a slow day in the small Idaho village of Yellow Pine, and the streets are deserted. Times are tough, everybody is in debt, and everybody is living on credit.
A tourist visiting the area drives through, stops at the lodge, and lays a $100 bill on the table saying he wants to inspect the rooms upstairs to pick one for the night. As soon as he walks upstairs, the lodge owner grabs the bill and runs next door to pay his debt to the bar.
The bar owner takes the $100 and runs down the street to retire her debt at the store. The store owner takes the $100 and heads off to pay his bill to his wood supplier.
The guy that cuts firewood takes the $100 and runs to pay his debt to the local prostitute, who has also been facing hard times and has had to offer her “services” on credit.
The hooker rushes to the lodge and pays off her room bill with the lodge owner.
The lodge proprietor then places the $100 back on the table so the traveler will not suspect anything. At that moment the traveler comes back down the stairs, states that the rooms are not satisfactory, picks up the $100 bill and leaves.
No one produced anything. No one earned anything. However, the whole village is now out of debt and looks to the future with a lot more optimism.
And that, ladies and gentlemen, is how a “Stimulus Package” works.
“It is amazing what can be accomplished, When you don’t care who gets the credit.”“
~ John Wooden
Relating to a communication meant to generate an atmosphere of social relationship rather than to convey some information.
When you bump into your neighbor on your way out and say, “How are ya?”you’re engaging in phatic communion. The idea is not to inquire your
neighbor’s state of affairs but simply to create a feeling of shared
[Coined by anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942). From Greek phatos, from phanai (to speak), which also gave us prophet and aphasia (loss of ability to understand language as a result of an injury).]
79 – Gaius Plinius Secundus, [Plinius Maior], Roman admiral, writer, died in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
325 – Council of Nicaea ended with adoption of the Nicene Creed establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity. The Council also decreed that priests cannot marry after their ordination.
1212 – Children’s crusaders under Nicolas (10) reached Genoa.
1346 – New Weapon: Edward III of England defeated Philip VI’s army at the Battle of Crecy in France. The English overcame the French at the Battle of Crecy. The longbow proved instrumental in the victory as French knights on horseback outnumbered the British 3 to 1. At the end of the battle 1,542 French lords and knights were killed along with 20,000 soldiers. The English lost two knights and eighty men.
1540 – Explorer Hernando de Alarcon traveled up the Colorado River.
1609 – Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
1718 – Hundreds of French colonists arrived in Louisiana, some settling in what is now New Orleans.
1765 – In protest over the stamp tax, American colonists sacked and burned the home of Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson.
1789 – Mary Ball Washington, mother of George, died.
1814 – War of 1812: Washington, D.C. is burned and White House is destroyed by British forces during the War of 1812. All 3,000 volumes were destroyed. To restart the library Thomas Jefferson sold his personal library, the largest and finest in the country, to the Congress. The purchase of Jefferson’s 6,487 volumes for $23,940 was approved in 1815.
1829 – President Jackson made an offer to buy Texas but the Mexican government refused.
1830 – The “Tom Thumb” steam locomotive, designed by Peter Cooper, ran its famous race with a horse-drawn car. The horse won because the engine, which had been ahead, broke down.
1835 – Ann Rutledge (22), said to be Abraham Lincoln’s first true love, died in New Salem, IL during a wave of typhoid that hit the town. This sad event left Lincoln severely depressed.
1835 – The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax. The Hoax refers to a series of six articles that were published in the newspaper beginning today about the supposed discovery of life and even civilization on the Moon. The discoveries were falsely attributed to Sir John Herschel, perhaps the best-known astronomer of his time.
1840 – Joseph Gibbons of Albion, Michigan patents the seeding machine.
1843 – Steam frigate Missouri arrives at Gibraltar completing first Trans-Atlantic crossing by U.S. steam powered ship.
1857 – The California gold rush town of Columbia burned down in a second fire that was blamed on a Chinese cook. Miners soon evicted all Chinese from the town.
1861 – Civil War: John LaMountain began balloon reconnaissance ascensions at Fort Monroe, Virginia.
1862 – Civil War: US Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton authorized Gen. Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves.
1862 – Civil War: Union and Confederate troops skirmished at Waterloo Bridge, Virginia, during the Second Bull Run Campaign.
1864 – Civil War: Confederate troops secure a vital supply line into Petersburg, Virginia, when they halt destruction of the Weldon and Petersburg Railroad by Union troops.
1864 – A combination rail and ferry service became available from San Francisco to Alameda, Ca.
1875 – Navy Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel (in 21 hours, 45 minutes).
1879 – New York’s Madison Square Garden displayed a real floating ship in a gigantic water tank as Gilbert and Sullivan’s operetta, “H.M.S. Pinafore”, was performed.
1901 – Clara Maass, army nurse, sacrificed her life to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever. She was twenty-five at the time of her death.
1908 – “Allen Winter” wins US first $50,000 trotting race.
1908 – The National Association of Colored Nurses was formed.
1910 – Yellow Cab is founded.
1912 – First time an aircraft recovers from a spin. He recovered and lived by breaking the rules and turning to the right. The conventional wisdom was to turn to the left.
1914 – World War I: The library of the Catholic University of Leuven is deliberately destroyed by the German Army. Hundreds of thousands of irreplaceable volumes and Gothic and Renaissance manuscripts are lost.
1916 – The National Park Service was established.It was established within the Department of the Interior by the Organic Act. Horace Albright and Stephen Mather helped persuade the US Congress to establish the organization.
1920 – The first airplane to fly from New York to Alaska arrived in Nome.
1920 – First US woman to win in Olympics (Ethelda Bleibtrey). She set a world record for the 100-metre freestyle race of 1 min 13.6 sec in the final race. She set another world record (4 min 34 sec) in the 300-metre freestyle. Her third gold medal came in the 4 x 100-metre relay.
1921 – The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain occur. For five days in late August and early September, in Logan County, West Virginia, some 10,000 armed coal miners confronted 3,000 lawmen and strikebreakers, called the Logan Defenders, who were backed by coal mine operators during an attempt by the miners to unionize the southwestern West Virginia coalfields. The battle ended after approximately one million rounds were fired, and the United States Army intervened by presidential order.
1921 – The United States, which never ratified the Versailles Treaty ending World War I, finally signed a peace treaty with Germany.
1922 – Cubs beat Phillies 26-23 in highest scoring major-league game.
1925 – Asa Philip Randolph (36) began to organize the Pullman Sleeping Car Porters’ Union.
1928 – An expedition led by Richard E. Byrd set sail from Hoboken, N.J., on its journey to Antarctica.
1932 – Amelia Earhart completes transcontinental flight.
1937 – Pullman signed a contract with the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, one of the first substantive victories for African-American workers.
1940 – The first parachute wedding ceremony was performed by Rev. Homer Tomlinson at the New York City World’s Fair for Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward. The minister, bride and groom, best man, maid of honor and four musicians were all suspended from parachutes. At the end of the ceremony they were released.
1941 – Skinnay Ennis and his orchestra recorded the tune “Don’t Let Julia Fool Ya.”
1941 – World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt signed the bill appropriating funds for construction of the Pentagon.
1942 – World War II: Holocaust: German SS began transporting Jews of Maastricht, Netherlands to concentration camps.
1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
1942 – World War II: Five Navy nurses who became POWs on Guam repatriated . Chief Nurse Marion Olds and nurses Leona Jackson, Lorraine Christiansen, Virginia Fogerty and Doris Yetter were taken prisoner on Guam shortly after Pearl Harbor and transported to Japan.
1943 – World War II: U.S. forces completed the occupation of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II. The US lost Hill 700 to the Japanese meant defeat for the American forces on Bougainville.
1944 – World War II: Paris was liberated by Allied forces after four years of Nazi occupation.
1944 – World War II: In France eleven US planes were shot down when a squadron was overwhelmed in a dogfight with 80 German fighters. Five pilots survived and eluded capture. Two pilots were captured. The remains of three missing were later recovered.
1944 – “Dammit colonel, I’m looking up at Notre Dame!” became the battle cry of an on-going feud between two former Guard units as each claim the bragging rights as to which American unit was the first to actually enter the city of Paris.
1944 – CHART TOPPERS – “Amor” by Bing Crosby, “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby, “Time Waits for No One” by Helen Forest and “Is You Is or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” by Louis Jordan all topped the charts.
1945 – World War II: General Yamashita informs the commander of the US 32nd Division that he has ordered all Japanese troops in the Philippines to lay down their arms.
1945 – John Birch, Baptist missionary and US army intelligence specialist, was killed by Chinese Communists. His death is considered the first US death in the struggle against communism.
1945 – Coast Guard Cutter “Magnolia” sank in a collision off Mobile Bay with the loss of one man.
1946 – Ben Hogan won his first major golf title. He captured the PGA (Professional Golfers’
Association) championship at Portland, OR.
1947 – Marine Major Marion Carl in D-558-I sets world aircraft speed record, 650.6 mph. He was shot to death in Oregon by a house robber in 1998 at age 82.
1948 – The House Un-American Activities Committee holds first-ever televised congressional hearing: “Confrontation Day” between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss.
1949 – NBC radio debuted “Father Knows Best.” The show moved to TV in 1954.
1950 – President Harry Truman ordered the Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike. The railroads were returned to their owners two years later.
1950 – The US Navy hospital ship USS Benevolence sank after it was struck by the SS Mary Luckenbach in dense fog in the Golden Gate. Twenty-three crew members of the Benevolence died. San Francisco fisherman John A. Napoli single-handedly rescued seventy people from the Benevolence. In 1961 US Congress passed a bill to pay Napoli for his efforts.
1951 – Korean War: Twenty-three fighters from USS Essex (CV-9) escort Air Force heavy bombers attacking Najin, Korea since target was beyond range of land-based fighters.
1951 – “Come On-a My House” by Rosemary Clooney topped the charts.
1952 – CHART TOPPERS – “Auf Wiedersehn, Sweetheart” by Vera Lynn, “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home” by Johnnie Ray, “Kiss of Fire” by Georgia Gibbs and “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels” by Kitty Wells all topped the charts.
1956 – “Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel” by Elvis Presley topped the charts.
1958 – The game show “Concentration” premiered on NBC-TV.
1958 - “Little Star“ by the Elegants & “Bird Dog“ by the Everly Brothers topped the charts.
1958 – President Eisenhower signed a measure providing pensions for former U.S. presidents and their widows.
1960 – CHART TOPPERS – “It’s Now or Never” by Elvis Presley, “Walk-Don’t Run” by The Ventures, “The Twist” by Chubby Checker and “Alabam” by Cowboy Copas all topped the charts.
1960 – AFL begins placing players names on back of their jerseys.
1960 – The 17th summer Olympics opened in Rome. Wilma Rudolph (1940-1994), was the first Black to win three gold medals in a single Olympiad.
1962 – “The Loco-Motion” by Little Eva topped the charts.
1964 – The Beatles received a gold record for their hit single “A Hard Day’s Night“.
1967 – George Lincoln Rockwell, founder of the American Nazi Party, was shot to death in the parking lot of a shopping center in Arlington, Va. Former party member John Patler was later convicted of the killing.
1968 – CHART TOPPERS – “People Got to Be Free” by The Rascals, “Born to Be Wild” by Steppenwolf, “Light My Fire” by Jose Feliciano and “Already It’s Heaven” by David Houston all topped the charts.
1968 – Arthur Ashe became the first Black to win the US tennis singles championship.
1970 – British singer and pianist Elton John made his U.S. concert debut at the Troubadour in LA.
1971 – Contract awarded to Lockheed Shipbuilding “to build the world’s most powerful icebreaker for the US Coast Guard,” Polar Star, the first of the Polar-Class of icebreakers.
1972 – In Great Britain, computerized axial tomography (CAT scan) was introduced.
1973 – The Allman Brothers’ “Ramblin’ Man” was released.
1975 – Bruce Springsteen’s album “Born to Run” was released.
1976 – CHART TOPPERS – “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” by Elton John & Kiki Dee, “You Should Be Dancing” by Bee Gees, “Let ’Em In” by Wings and “Bring It on Home to Me” by Mickey Gilley all topped the charts.
1978 – The Turin shroud believed to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ went on display for the first time in 45 years.
1979 – “My Sharona“ by Knack topped the charts
1980 – The Broadway musical “42nd Street” opened in New York City for 3486 performances.; the show’s director, Gower Champion, died earlier that day.
1981 – Jeff Schwartz, sets solo record for trampoline bouncing (266:09)
1981 – The US spacecraft Voyager 2 came within 63,000 miles of Saturn’s cloud cover, sending back pictures and data about the ringed planet and its moons.
1982 – The group, Fleetwood Mac, received a gold record for the album “Mirage”.
1984 – CHART TOPPERS – “Ghostbusters” by Ray Parker Jr., “What’s Love Got to Do with It” by Tina Turner, “Stuck on You” by Lionel Richie and “Long Hard Road (The Sharecropper’s Dream)” by Nitty Gritty Dirt Band all topped the charts.
1984 – The latest fad toys: robotic action figures that fought galactic battles. They were called Transformers.
1985 – STS 51-I (Space Shuttle Discovery) was scrubbed at T –9 min because of an onboard computer problem.
1985 – Samantha Smith, the schoolgirl whose letter to Yuri V. Andropov resulted in her famous peace tour of the Soviet Union, was killed with her father in an airplane crash in Maine.
1987 – Dow Jones Industrial Average reached a record 2722.42.
1988 – Challenger Center opens its classroom doors in Houston.
1988 – NASA launched space vehicle S-214.
1989 – NASA scientists received stunning photographs of Neptune and its moons from Voyager 2.
1989 – Rep. Barney Frank, D-Mass., acknowledged hiring a male prostitute as a personal employee, then firing him after suspecting the aide was selling sex from Frank’s apartment.
1990 - “Vision of Love“ by Mariah Carey topped the charts.
1990 – The United Nations gave the world’s navies the right to use force to stop vessels trading with Iraq.
1991 – Thousands of abortion foes rallied at a stadium in Wichita, Kan., where six weeks of anti-abortion protests led by Operation Rescue resulted in more than 2,600 arrests.
1992 – It was reported by researchers that cigarette smoking significantly increased the risk of developing cataracts.
1992 – Hurricane Andrew devastated the Louisiana coast.
1992 – President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton appeared separately before the American Legion in Chicago; Bush cited his World War II military service while Clinton sought to bury the controversy over his Vietnam-era draft status.
1993 – Amy Biehl, Stanford graduate and Fulbright scholar from Newport Beach, CA , was killed in South Africa by a mob stoning her and stabbing her to death..
1993 – Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman was indicted by a federal grand jury for terrorist activities, one of which was the World Trade Center bombing.
1993 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 3,652.09, an all-time high.
1994 – Jimmy Buffett’s plane flipped after taking off in Nantucket, MA. He swam to safety.
1994 – The US Senate passed a $30 billion crime bill, a major victory for President Clinton.
1996 – President Clinton began a whistle-stop train trip in Huntington, W.Va., that would take him to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
1997 – The tobacco industry agreed to an $11.3 billion settlement with the state of Florida.
1997 – Dow Corning Corp. offered $2.4 billion to settle claims from more than 200,000 women with illnesses related to silicone breast implants.
1997 – The Wall Street Journal reported that the US government would pay 1,000 teaching hospitals not to train doctors in specialties where there is a glut.
1997 – NASA sent a Delta rocket aloft with the Ace solar observatory, Advanced Composition Explorer. The 5-year $110 million project will go into orbit at a point 1 million miles from Earth and 92 million miles from the Sun where the gravity of Earth and Sun balance.
1997 – It was reported that the US government would pay 1,000 teaching hospitals not to train doctors in specialties where there is a glut.
1998 – Gary Coleman plead innocent to the charge that he hit a woman in a mall after she had sought his autograph. Coleman was working at the mall as a security guard.
1998 – Hurricane Bonnie hit North Carolina with winds up to 115 mph.
1998 – Dolly Parton released the album “Hungry Again.”
1998 – In Cincinnati, Ohio, four boys under the age of 11 were charged in the sexual assault of a 7-year-old girl.
1999 – In Miami, Florida, federal agents arrested 50 American Airline workers for smuggling drugs and weapons.
1999 – The FBI, reversing itself after six years, admitted that its agents might have fired some potentially flammable tear gas canisters on the final day of the 1993 standoff with the Branch Davidians near Waco, Texas.
2000 – Daniel Wiant (35), former executive of the American Cancer Society, pleaded guilty to embezzling nearly $8 million from the charity.
2000 – In West Virginia the new $75 million Robert C. Boyd Green Bank Telescope, the world’s largest fully steerable radio telescope, was dedicated following almost 10 years of construction.
2000 – Iraqi War: German intelligence confirmed that it had discovered a secret Iraqi missile factory near Baghdad. Some 250 technicians were reported working on ARABIL-100 short-range missiles.
2001 – University of Chicago doctors announced that they a kept a human kidney operating for 24 hours in a machine that simulated a warm human body.
2003 – NASA launched the largest-diameter infrared telescope ever in space. The Spitzer Space Telescope is the final mission of NASA’s Great Observatories Program.
2003 – Pete Sampras announces his retirement from competitive tennis.
2004 – Astronomers reported the discovery of a planet 14 times as massive as Earth near the star Mu Arae which is 50 light years away (300 trillion miles).
2004 – An Army investigation found that 27 people attached to an intelligence unit at Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad either approved or participated in the abuse of Iraqi prisoners.
2005 – Hurricane Katrina makes her first landfall in the US, crossing the Miami-Dade and Broward county line as a Category 1 hurricane. It left four people dead.
2005 – The US base closing commission voted to shut down the Army’s historic Walter Reed hospital.
2005 – In Southern California summer heat and the loss of key transmission lines forced power officials to impose rolling blackouts, leaving as many as half a million people without power for an hour at a time.
2006 – The US Navy debuted “SSN Texas”, its newest nuclear-powered submarine.
2006 – A college student’s checked luggage on a Continental Airlines flight that had arrived in Houston from Buenos Aires, Argentina, was found to contain a stick of dynamite.
2006 – The Alabama Supreme Court ruled that Richard Scrushy, the fired CEO of HealthSouth Corp., must repay $47.8 million in bonuses he received during a massive financial fraud at the medical services chain.
2007 – Wyoming Republicans decided to hold their delegate selection process on Jan 5, 2008, before both Iowa and New Hampshire.
2007 – A lawyer for missing coal miners in the Crandall Canyon mine in Utah says that a sixth probe has not found enough space for the men to survive.
2008 – The Democratic Convention opened in the Pepsi Center of Denver, Colorado, where Sen. Edward Kennedy passed the party’s crown to Barack Obama.
2008 – US immigration agents uncovered some 350 suspected undocumented workers in a raid on the Howard Industries electrical equipment plant in Laurel, Mississippi.
2009 – The US White House forecast a 10-year federal deficit of $9 trillion, more than the sum of all previous deficits since America’s founding.
2009 – Sony Corp. unveiled a new electronic book reader for the American market, dubbed the “Daily Edition.” It was scheduled to become available in December for $399 and compete with Amazon’s Kindle.
2009 – Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (b.1932) of Massachusetts, died at his home on Cape Cod after a yearlong struggle with brain cancer.
2009 – The Morris Fire begins near Morris Dam in the Angeles National Forest. This fire is thought to have been caused by arson and is the first in a series of wildfires to burn through Southern California in 2009.
2009 – The United States budget deficit for 2009 will reach $1.6 trillion, the highest ever recorded.
2010 – The California Energy Commission approved the Beacon Solar Energy Project, which a Florida company plans to build on the western edge of the Mojave Desert. This was the first in a series of large scale solar projects planned in California.
2010 – Former President Jimmy Carter arrives in North Korea to negotiate for the release of US citizen Aijalon Gomes.
2011 – Berkshire Hathaway, the conglomerate headed by Warren Buffett, announces a plan to invest $5 billion in Bank of America.
2011 – Norfolk, Virginia declares a mandatory evacuation of lowlying areas in advance of Hurricane Irene. It will start by 8am Saturday morning.
2011 – The New York Yankees hit three grand slam home runs in a single game, the first time such a feat has occurred, to win over the Oakland Athletics.
2012 – Neil Armstrong, the Apollo 11 astronaut who became the first human being to set foot on another world, has died. He was 82.In a statement his family said Armstrong had passed away following complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures.
2012 – Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus announced Saturday that the GOP would cancel Mondays convention events due to Tropical Storm Isaac.
2013 – FACEBOOK BLACKOUT – Thousands of facebook bloggers deactivated their accounts for this 24 hour period.
2013 – An improvised explosive device (IED) was detonated next to the Coos Bay Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The memorial, which sits in a public park in Coos Bay, Oregon, and includes a cross, recently became a target of the ACLU and the Wisconsin-based Freedom From Religion Foundation, which demanded the cross be removed because it violates the so-called “separation of church and state.”
2014 – The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California issued an opinion holding that California’s 10-day waiting period for nearly all firearm sales violates the Second Amendment.
1819 – Allan Pinkerton, American, started first private detective agency and served as Abraham Lincoln’s personal bodyguard..
1836 – Bret Harte, American writer (d. 1902) Best remembered for his accounts of pioneering life in California.
1900 – Sir Hans Adolf Krebs, German-born English Nobel Prize-winning biochemist.
1909 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian-born American dancer, actress.
1913 – Walt Kelly, American cartoonist, creator of the character Pogo.
1918 – Leonard Bernstein, American conductor, composer.
1919 – George Wallace, American politician (d. 1998)
1927 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (d. 2003)
1930 – Sir Thomas Sean Connery, Scottish-born Academy Award-winning actor.
1931 – Regis Philbin, American television host
1958 – Tim Burton, American film director
*SEAY, WILLIAM W.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, 62d Transportation Company (Medium Truck), 7th Transportation Battalion, 48th Transportation Group. Place and date: Near Ap Nhi, Republic of Vietnam 25 August 1968. Entered service at: Montgomery, Ala. Born: 24 October 1948, Brewton, Ala. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Seay distinguished himself while serving as a driver with the 62d Transportation Company, on a resupply mission. The convoy with which he was traveling, carrying critically needed ammunition and supplies from Long Binh to Tay Ninh, was ambushed by a reinforced battalion of the North Vietnamese Army. As the main elements of the convoy entered the ambush killing zone, they were struck by intense rocket, machinegun and automatic weapon fire from the well concealed and entrenched enemy force. When his convoy was forced to stop, Sgt. Seay immediately dismounted and took a defensive position behind the wheels of a vehicle loaded with high-explosive ammunition. As the violent North Vietnamese assault approached to within ten meters of the road, Sgt. Seay opened fire, killing two of the enemy. He then spotted a sniper in a tree approximately seventy-five meters to his front and killed him. When an enemy grenade was thrown under an ammunition trailer near his position, without regard for his own safety he left his protective cover, exposing himself to intense enemy fire, picked up the grenade, and threw it back to the North Vietnamese position, killing four more of the enemy and saving the lives of the men around him. Another enemy grenade landed approximately three meters from Sgt. Seay’s position. Again Sgt. Seay left his covered position and threw the armed grenade back upon the assaulting enemy. After returning to his position he was painfully wounded in the right wrist; however, Sgt. Seay continued to give encouragement and direction to his fellow soldiers. After moving to the relative cover of a shallow ditch, he detected three enemy soldiers who had penetrated the position and were preparing to fire on his comrades. Although weak from loss of blood and with his right hand immobilized, Sgt. Seay stood up and fired his rifle with his left hand, killing all three and saving the lives of the other men in his location. As a result of his heroic action, Sgt. Seay was mortally wounded by a sniper’s bullet. Sgt. Seay, by his gallantry in action at the cost of his life, has reflected great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
|GARMAN, HAROLD A.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company B, 5th Medical Battalion, 5th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Montereau, France, 25 August 1944. Entered service at: Albion, Ill. Born: 26 February 1918, Fairfield, Ill. G.O. No.: 20, 29 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. On 25 August 1944, in the vicinity of Montereau, France, the enemy was sharply contesting any enlargement of the bridgehead which our forces had established on the northern bank of the Seine River in this sector. Casualties were being evacuated to the southern shore in assault boats paddled by litter bearers from a medical battalion. Pvt. Garman, also a litter bearer in this battalion, was working on the friendly shore carrying the wounded from the boats to waiting ambulances. As one boatload of wounded reached midstream, a German machinegun suddenly opened fire upon it from a commanding position on the northern bank 100 yards away. All of the men in the boat immediately took to the water except one man who was so badly wounded he could not rise from his litter. Two other patients who were unable to swim because of their wounds clung to the sides of the boat. Seeing the extreme danger of these patients, Pvt. Garman without a moment’s hesitation plunged into the Seine. Swimming directly into a hail of machinegun bullets, he rapidly reached the assault boat and then while still under accurately aimed fire towed the boat with great effort to the southern shore. This soldier’s moving heroism not only saved the lives of the three patients but so inspired his comrades that additional assault boats were immediately procured and the evacuation of the wounded resumed. Pvt. Garman’s great courage and his heroic devotion to the highest tenets of the Medical Corps may be written with great pride in the annals of the Corps.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Agua Fria River, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Agua Fria River, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Agua Fria River, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Seneca Mountain, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at:——. Birth: Canada. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Seneca Mountain, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at:——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Seneca Mountain, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Seneca Mountain, Ariz., 25 August 1869. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 March 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st New York Light Artillery. Place and date: At Reams Station, Va., 25 August 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 22 December 1822, Ireland. Date of issue: 31 October 1890. Citation: The command having been driven from the works, he, having been left alone between the opposing lines, crept back into the works, put 3 charges of canister in one of the guns, and fired the piece directly into a body of the enemy about to seize the works; he then rejoined his command, took the colors, and ran toward the enemy, followed by the command, which recaptured the works and guns.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863; At Reams Station, Va., 25 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Green County, Pa. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: While a sergeant and retiring with his company before the rapid advance of the enemy at Gettysburg, he and a companion stopped and carried to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade; in this act both he and his companion were severely wounded. A year later, at Reams Station, Va., while commanding a skirmish line, voluntarily assisted in checking a flank movement of the enemy, and while so doing was severely wounded, suffering the loss of an arm.
|ROHM, FERDINAND F.
Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date. At Reams Station, Va., 25 August 1864. Entered service at: Jumata County, Pa. Birth: Juniata County, Pa. Date of issue: 16 October 1897. Citation. While his regiment was retiring under fire voluntarily remained behind to succor a wounded officer who was in great danger, secured assistance, and removed the officer to a place of safety.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 5th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Waterloo Bridge, Va., 25 August 1862. Entered service at: Oswego, N.Y. Birth: Tioga County, N.Y. Date of issue: 11 June 1895. Citation: Voluntarily assisted in the burning and destruction of the bridge under heavy fire of the enemy.